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Традиционная одежда Шотландии:килт
II I Всероссийский конкурс мультимедийных
презентаций на иностранном языке
«Страны изучаемого языка-вчера, сегодня, завтра»
Обычаи и традиции: мост от прошлого к будущему
The traditional clothes of Scotland: a Kilt
Автор:
Зыкова Виктория Сергеевна
ГБПОУ
“Пермский педагогический колледж № 1”
Специальность :
«Преподавание в начальных классах»,2 курс
Руководитель : Шестакова Вера Павловна
Content
1. What is a kilt?
2. A little of history
3. The Scottish kilt:
3.1.Types of check in the history of a kilt:
3.1.1. Caledonia
3.1.2. Black watch
4. Мodern kilts:
4.1.Nowadays kilts
4.2. Kinds of check in the modern fashion:
4.2.1. glencheck
4.2.2. vichy
4.2.3. pepita
4.2.4. pied-de-poule
4.2.5.gingham
5. The Queen family in a kilt
6.Sousers
What is a kilt?
The kilt is a knee-length non-bifurcated skirt-type garment with
pleats at the rear, originating in the traditional dress of men and
boys in the Scottish Highlands of the 16th century.
A little of history
The earliest description of a large rug in the Highlands of
Scotland dates back to 1594 year.
Their outerwear is a mottled robe variety of colors, with many
folds up to mid-calf, with a belt around the waist, worn over the
foot.
The word "kilt" probably comes from the Scotts kilt, meaning
"wraps around the body of the clothes." In turn, the word comes
from the Scottish drevneisl. kjilt («fold"), which came from the
Vikings, who had a similar, but c tartan, folded clothes.
In the Highlands with its rainy climate and mountainous terrain, large plaid was
irreplaceable. He gave freedom of movement, warms, dries quickly, which can not be said
of his trousers. At night, he turned into a warm blanket. When in battle required maximum
freedom of movement, plaid can be easily reset and rush to the attack without clothes.
In 1746 after the suppression of the last Jacobite rebellion, the British authorities have
banned the wearing of the kilt, plaid large and any other national dress of tartan. Hard ban
acted as much as 36 years. Large plaid kilt and survived thanks to the Highlander regiments
of the British Army, the soldiers were officially equipped blankets and other elements of the
national dress.
One of the earliest depictions of the kilt is
this German print showing Highlanders in
about 1630
Although the kilt is a traditional Scottish clothing, part of the national culture of the
Scots, he became quite recently. Only in the middle of the XIX century kilt became
popular among the Scottish nobility and intelligentsia, and was subsequently adopted
by the inhabitants of the plains and the whole of the Scottish diaspora abroad. Other
modern representatives of the Celtic group - Irish, Welsh, Manx residents - also took
wearing a kilt (albeit to a lesser extent compared with the Scots).
The Scottish kilt
The Scottish kilt displays uniqueness of design, construction, and convention which
differentiate it from other garments fitting the general description.
It is a tailored garment that is wrapped around the wearer's body at the natural waist
(between the lowest rib and the hip) starting from one side (usually the wearer's left),
around the front and back and across the front again to the opposite side.
The fastenings consist of straps and buckles on both ends,
the strap on the inside end usually passing through a slit in the waistband to be buckled
on the outside; alternatively it may remain inside the waistband and be buckled inside.
A kilt covers the body from the waist down to the centre of the knees.
Types of check in the history of kilt
Today, each clan created even more options tartans: everyday ( Bole dark), hunting
(more green) and the front, which is replaced by the background color to white - it
makes the image more colorful.
Caledonia
Caledonia is universal tartan which can wears
every Scottish regardless of the clan. The name
comes from the Romans, who called Caledonia
north of Britain. Primary colors Caledonia: red
with blue, black, green, white and orange
stripes.
Scotsmen in the war with Englishmen wearied
“Caledonia”
Black watch
Black Watch - one of the most popular
tartans. This tartan name in honor of the
Black Watch - squads created to deal with
the Irish horse thieves and pirates. In
"Black Watch" includes four fighters
"plains" clans: Grants, Routers, Campbell
and Munro. Every clan has given a new
tartan "Guardians" his thread. Since this
unit is considered the ancestor
shotlanldskoy Army, the name "Black
Watch" dald and created in 1725
Regiment of Scotland - in fact, if it was a
division of the local police authorities to
resolve conflicts with the mountaineers.
"Black Guards" fought in the Crimean War, in India
and in Africa. In World War I most of the regiment
fought in France (except the 2nd Battalion, sent to
Mesopotamia and Palestine, and 10 Battalion, was
sent to the Balkans). Later, the regiment was
attached to the 51 Division of the Mountain.
During World War II, "Black Watch" fought in virtually
every major British military operations. In 1940, the 1st
Battalion was captured along with most of the 51
Division
Мodern kilts:
Nowadays kilts
Nowadays mane women wear kilted
skirts. They are perfect for many
occasions - from a dinner with family to
a rock concert!
By the way, they are different from old
fashion men kilted skirts.
Kinds of check in the modern fashion
glencheck
In General originating glenchek of land
nearby Loch ness lake. It is especially
loved monarch - that is why the French
have this pattern was called "Prince of
Wales", the English - Welsh Prince, the
Austrians - ester-hazy", i.e. the names
of the nobles, at the time, gave their
preference to tissues such vulgar origin.
vichy
The name of the Vichy pattern was named after the French town where it
was invented in 1850 by two local weaver. Cell Vichy - constant attribute of
Provence and country style. Cotton tight Vichy fabric is obtained by weaving
the same width of the longitudinal and transverse filaments, typed in two
different colors. Traditional color blue or red and their shades on a white
background. This is the kind of cage used the French designer Jacques
Esterel when creating wedding dresses Brigitte Bardot in 1989.
pepita
Pepita is a tissue in the small two-color cell, each no more than 1 see generally, black
and white or black and brown colors. Its name such cell received in honor of the
Spanish dancer Joseph de La Oliva, who had a particular affection for this pattern.
This fabric is plain or twill weave, for its basis is used yarn of different colors. For a
simple and uncomplicated design Pepita was originally used only for sewing linen and
pyjamas.
pied-de-poule
We have this famous pattern called a chicken or goose foot, Germany - cock-cage,
in England - the teeth of the hound (houndstooth). This black-and-white
checkerboard with light hand Coco Chanel who popularized the pattern, is
considered a symbol of refinement and good taste. Coco Chanel often drew ideas
for their collections in the wardrobe of men - there originates pattern chicken foot angles cells like popping over the border of the square. The result is a pattern of
small squares with extended corners diagonally.
gingham
An hin is a lightweight cotton fabric, vertical and horizontal stripes which form the
cells, the background is white color, the stripes were bright. The name of an hin
comes from the Malaysian word genggang, which means "striped".
An hin was introduced in the seventeenth century in Europe and then in America,
where it was used in production, as an inexpensive and durable fabric. An hin
embodies the spirit of youth with the effect of informality.
argyle
The Argyle pattern is created on the basis of a chess Board, it consists of
diamond-shaped cells, with transverse stripes of contrasting color. It is believed
that this variation Scottish tartan of clan Campbell, who settled in the territorial
area of Argyll. The Argyle was first played in 1897, when the weavers have
mastered
a
new
technology
known
as
intarsia.
In practice this pattern was developed by Pringle of Scotland, which used it in
the production of knitted underwear and stockings.
Queen family in a kilt
Queen Elizabeth II
is a fan of Scottish
traditional wears
Charles likes to
appear in front of
public in a kilt
Nowadays kilted skirts are very popular. Many girls in the different countries prefer to wear
such kind of skirts because they look really fashionable and unusual.
As for me I like this kind of skirts too.
And some years ago I caught the interest where these skirts came from. I have known that
kilts are the traditional clothes of Scotland.
And by this project I’d like to show the wonderful and long history of Scottish traditional
dressing from past times till nowadays.
While doing this project I was really fond of this and it was the good pastime to know
something new.
I’m so surprised that Scottish still follow and save own traditions.
And now I’d like to introduce my project to you. I hope it will let you know lots of interesting
and useful information about kilts.
Soucers
http://www.heritageofscotland.com/Skirts--Tartan--women/cid,118751260,index.php#.VPbslCusUSY
http://modagid.ru/articles/1778
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kilt
http://www.istpravda.ru/pictures/7107/
https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D0%B
8%D0%BB%D1%82
Автор
vera.05.05
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традиции, обычаи, килт
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