Департамент образования и науки Кемеровской области Государственное казенное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Ленинск-Кузнецкий горнотехнический техникум Обычаи и традиции Великобритании Руководитель проекта: Червоткина Светлана Евгеньевна Выполнил: Канищев Алексей Дмитриевич Отделение ПРУМ Курс 3 Номинация: Обычаи и традиции: мост от прошлого к будущему Contents 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Holidays of Great Britain Christmas traditions in the UK Culinary traditions of the UK Musical British traditions Wedding traditions in the UK Royal British traditions Tea traditions in the UK Celebration of Easter in the UK Holidays of Great Britain On the 1st of January the British celebrate the New Year. On the 17th of March the Irish are celebrating St. Patrick's Day. 25th of December is Christmas and 26Th of December is Boxing Day. Also some other holidays are considered to be the public ones :Good Friday and Easter Monday( the first day after Easter, May Day, Spring Bank Holiday( the last Monday in May or the first in June); August Bank Holiday ( the last Monday in August or the first Monday in September During holidays almost all organizations do not work. . Halloween is celebrated on October 31th on the eve of all Saints' Day. St. Valentine's Day is celebrated on the 14 th of February. There is a tradition of sending anonymous "valentines" on this holiday. Unusual British traditions Such traditions of Great Britain and Russia are not similar. In Russia there are no such traditions. Cheese rolling Pearly king and queen Dancing around the maypole The contest of posing faces "Football in the mud." "Kick-shin" Christmas traditions in the UK •Christmas dinner includes traditional dishes such as roast goose (Wales, Ireland), stuffed turkey or plum-pudding. •Houses in the UK are decorated with the branches of holly, symbolizing prosperity, and mistletoe - meaning hospitality and fertility. There is a tradition of hanging children’s stockings by the fireplace on Christmas Eve and putting presents to them. Culinary traditions of the UK •The basis of any British snack is tea. •Breakfast is the basis of the daily diet of the English, as it is the energy for the whole day. •More and more British families prefer lunch rather than dinner. Usually for lunch the British eat soup, sandwiches of a triangular shape with white bread, a cucumber and lettuce. •There is a unique set of local dishes: turkey from Norfolk, tender lamb meat, fried pies, duck from Aylesbury. Musical British traditions The period between July and September is a busy time for music-lovers of Great Britain as the Henry Wood Promenade Concerts –the Proms are usually held at this time. The audience gathers at the Royal Albert Hall to listen to the best examples of classsical music. From London tradition of military music festivals spread throughout Europe. The most talented and famous composers of contemporary life are John Lennon and Paul McCartney — the founders of the legendary group “The Beatles”, whose music still influences new generations. Wedding traditions in the UK Bride and groom prepare for the wedding, the wedding ceremony is conducted with rehearsals The bride’s outfit usually includes “something old, something new, something borrowed, something blue. Weddings traditionally are held in the afternoon, after which guests are welcome for lunch, which is called the "wedding breakfast". Wedding tradition that exists to this day - bride puts a coin into a shoe under the heel for the welfare of the new family. Royal British traditions •The queen is the official head of the United Kingdom and the British Commonwealth of Nations. •The ceremony in memory of those killed during the two World Wars takes place at the Whitehall on the second Sunday in November. More than 30 thousand people attend receptions at the Royal garden every year. Awards are given to the British people by the Queen at Buckingham Palace 20 times a year. Tea traditions in the UK •In accordance with English tea etiquette, the choice of teas cannnot be limited to one kind of tea. Typically a choice of teas is from 8 to 10. •British are famous for their tradition of 5 o’clock tea. •Tea table is placed near the fireplace in the living room. The tablecloth is usually blue or white. Celebration of Easter traditions in the UK •Easter in the UK - is one of the most important holidays of the year. At dawn on Easter Sunday, people organize in churches concerts of organ music and services. •On Easter day the locals in the streets hand out candies and toys to children. •Celebrations last until dawn on Easter Outdoor Play This day for many people is a more important religious holiday than Christmas. • Павлоцкий, В.М. Знакомимся с Британией [Текст]: книга для чтения по страноведению/ В.М. Павлоцкий. – Санкт-Петербург: Оракул, 1999. – 413 с. • Нестерова, Н.М. Страноведение. Англия [Текст]: Учебное пособие для студентов вузов/ Н.М. Нестерова. – Ростов-на-Дону: Феникс. 2001.-320 с. • Сатинова, В.Ф. Британия и британцы [Текст]: Пособие для студентов высших и средних специальных учебных заведений/ В.Ф. Сатинова. – Минск: Вышэйшая школа, 2004. – 334 с.