Выполнил: Руководитель проекта: Ломов Вячеслав Викторович Немкова Наталья Николаевна Студент 2 курса специальности «Программирование в компьютерных системах»; группа П-29. Преподаватель иностранных языков Winston Churchill (1874 –1965) Family and early life Military career Government Churchill in World War II Post-war Churchill My opinion and attitude Family Father He has born in a rich family. His father was Lord Randolph Churchill from famous British family. His mother was Jeanette Jerome, daughter of American businessman. His brother was John Strange SpencerChurchill, who fought in World War I, after war he became a businessman. Brothers were very close. Mother Early life Churchill, aged seven His parents hadn’t enough time for cradle their son and they took a governess. He became very close to his governess. Winston learnt badly in several schools and he was sent to Harrow School. Within few weeks, he joined the Harrow Rifle Corps. After school he tried 3 times to pass the exam for the British Royal Military College. He studied there well. Up to this time relationship with his parents was distant, but he loved them both. His father died when he was 21 and Churchill knew him by reputation instead relationship. Military Career Churchill enjoyed his short but eventful military career in the British Army. While in Army, he wrote military reports for newspapers and wrote also 2 books on his experiences. He joined the Army in 1895 and left in 1899. Later he worked as a war correspondent for the Morning Post(newspaper). In this time he was taken prisoner by the Boers on the Boer War while on a scouting expedition. When he returns in Britain, he wrote the book "London to Ladysmith". Government In 1900 Churchill became a member of Parliament in the Conservative Party. He supported social reforms. In 1904 Churchill did change his party to the Liberal Party, because he was unconvinced that Conservative Party wants social justice. 1905 On the 12th of September 1908, Winston and Clementine Hozier were married in St. Margaret's Westminster. They have got 5 children: Diana, Randolph, Sarah, Marigold and Mary. Winston and his future wife before marriage He was elected a member of Parliament in 1908 and president of the Board of Trade. Churchill was on the side for reduce a military expenses. Churchill became a initiator of a law about minimal wage. It was a first law, that makes a rates of working day's duration. At start of World War I he was a first lord of Admiralty and he was so good at it. Later he rejoined the British Army as a commander. In 1917, he was appointed minister of munitions(war industry, probably) and gave nice results again. 1915 In 1922 he rejoined the Conservative Party and make some reforms. In 1929 with defeat of Conservative Government he was out of government. Next few years he spent for writing and published A History of English Speaking Peoples. 1924 Churchill in World War II At start of War with Germany he was appointed as Lord of Admiralty and member of the war cabinet. Neville Chamberlain(prime minister) worked so bad, he got so much critic and later Churchill was appointed as prime minister 1939 He made a good vibe in government to get resistance to Nazi and created the foundation for an union with the USA and the Soviet Union. He wanted to make social reforms after war, but he was defeated in the election in July 1945. Churchill in a post-war world Next 6 years he was a leader of opposition party and gave an impact on world relations. In 1951 he returned into a government as a minister of defense and prime minister. In 1953 Churchill was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II. He died on January 24, 1965 at his London home at age 90. One interesting visit In January 1911, Churchill showed his tougher side when he made a controversial visit to a police siege in London. The house caught fire during the siege and Churchill prevented the fire brigade from extinguishing the flames, stating that he thought it better to "let the house burn down," rather than risk lives rescuing the occupants. My opinion and attitude I did not think seriously something like “Stop, something is wrong with this biography… The Man can’t be so perfect and doesn’t make failures. ” Churchill gave to us so much very useful quotes and I think we must be grateful for this. I think that need for your quotes is a fastest path to make yourself better(but of course not single). You can direct your character in needed direction almost without work, just using memory. But without people like Churchill we couldn’t have it. I really can’t understand how politician from aristocratic family can be on a side for social reforms and I think he was a good ruler for Great Britain in this time. Thanks you for attention, I was glad to share this information with you. Ссылки на источники https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winston_C hurchill 2. http://www.biography.com/people/winst on-churchill-9248164 3. http://cleargrammar.com/quotes/c/Winst on_Churchill/page-1.html 4. http://www.winstonchurchill.org 1.