The Legendary Russian Pilot – Nikolai Petrovich Kamanin Nikolai Petrovich Kamanin was born on the 18th of October in 1908 in the small town Melenki in Vladimir region. His family wasn’t rich. There were seven children in their family. Nikolai’s father, Peter Ivanovich (1871-1919) was a bootmaker in the artel. He died because of the awful disease – typhus. His mother, Stephanida Danilovna (1879-1964) worked as a weaver at the textile factory. After her husband’s death she worked hard and could give all her children a good education. In 1927 Nikolai Kamanin finished the school in Melenki and entered in Leningrad military-theoretical school (VVS). In 1928 Nikolai graduated from the Leningrad military-theoretical school (VVS). In 1929 he finished the second military pilots’ school of the Red Air-fleet in Borisoglebsk. Nikolai Petrovich Kamanin was very happy with his family. He and his wife Mariya Mihailovna had two sons – Arcadii and Lev. In 1934 Nikolai Petrovich was appointed a commander of the mixed detachment of the planes for the saving of the crew and the passengers of the Ship “Cheluskin”. Nikolai Petrovich Kamanin saved 34 men from the “ice camp”. Nikolai Kamanin took part in the Soviet – Finnish war in 1939-1940. From July 1942 to the end of the Great Patriotic War Nikolai Kamanin was at the front. During the Great Patriotic War I.V.Stalin (in his orders) thanked Nikolai Kamanin 17 times for his heroism and courage! After the war Nikolai Petrovich worked in the Main management of the Civil Air Fleet. From 1960 N.P. Kamanin was responsible for the selection and training of the cosmonauts. Nikolai Petrovich (from the name of VVS) offered to the country the first man who could fly into the space. The name of that man was U.A.Gagarin. From the 1972 Nikolai Petrovich Kamanin was in retirement. He lived in Moscow. Nikolai Petrovich died on the 12th of March in 1982. He was buried at the Novodevichie cemetery. Nikolai Petrovich Kamanin was rewarded by many medals and orders: The title of the Hero of Soviet Union (1934), the Order of Lenin (1934) (three times), the Medal “Golden Star” (1939), the honorary title of the general colonel of the aviation (1967). The Order of October Revolution (1978), the Order of the Red Flag (two times), the Order of Kutuzov (the second degree), the Order of Suvorov (the second degree), (two times). The Memory Medal about the first Man’s Flight into the space and many other Orders and Medals for his heroism and courage. We are very proud of our Hero, our Legendary pilot Nikolai Petrovich Kamanin who was born in Melenki.