Министерство образования и науки Республики Тыва Государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение Среднего профессионального образования Республики Тыва «Кызылский транспортный техникум» ( ГБОУ СПО РТ «Кызылский ТТ» ) Презентация В номинации: Обычая и традиции: мост от прошлого к будущему. На тему: Традиция празднования Шагаа. ФИО: Искендерова Гюльнара Ильхам кызы Фото: Отделение: Экономико-правовое Курс: ЮР-21 ФИО руководителя: Бахарева Бэлла Алексеевна 1 План: 1.The concept Shagaa holiday; 2. Shagaa Tuvan New Year; 3. The tradition of celebrating Shagaa; 4. Events during the celebration Shagaa; 5. Bibliography; 6. The end. Shagaa - this is a new year on the lunar calendar, one of the largest festivals in the calendar Tuvan. Celebration of the New Year falls on the beginning of the White lunar month (on the European calendar is the end of January-February). The date of the holiday is determined Lama. New Year does not begin at midnight, and at sunrise on the first day of the New Year. The exact time of the ancient Tuva determined by own hand: it was thought that the change of night and day is the moment when it becomes possible to see the lines on his palm. New Year in Tuva meet in the spring, because only after calving cattle attributable to early spring, could be considered a complete annual cycle. the New Year time is perceived as a special, sacred, when passing the gap between the past and the future, accompanied by a struggle between good and evil. In celebration of Shagaa intricately intertwined pagan traditions and religious canons. Shagaa meet at the bend of the two arms of the Yenisei with night shamanic cleansing fires; a hundred meters from this action at dawn, before the temple as burning fire "san", but pronounced Buddhist prayers and good wishes, and no one feels the inconvenience during the transition boundaries of different traditions. A few days before the Shagaa village territory or alla thoroughly cleaned. The dwellings inside and outside cleaned of snow, dirt and dust. Felt carpets, leather pack bags, bedding, clothing, shoes, take out and clean the snow, all the old thrown away or burned. These New Year chores inherently - expulsion ritual defilement and evil spirits from the house. On Shagaa even the poorest arats must show hospitable, on holiday in each yurt take out specially stockpiled products. In anticipation Shagaa prepare a large number of treats for all who will go on a holiday visit. In the old stingy rich battered by the poor it is in step. The night before Shagaa advisable not to sleep, at least between 3 and 6 am the night - after the new year begins at midnight and sunrise on the first day of the New Year. It is believed that New Year's Eve Buddha circles on his chariot land and if he caught sleeping people, he accepts them for the dead, and does not bless. Usually, at this time (not in the churches in the church services) home reading children stories, play traditional games and wait for dawn. At dawn the men kindle san, "treat" food of the fire and say wishes for the coming year. Mistress greet the first ray of the sun freshly brewed tea, splashing it on the established tradition in the direction of light parts. After greeting the sun, earth, and most home - Tuva, be sure to treat this tea children and anyone else who is in the tent. In three steps away from the entrance to the tent set "san" - the censer, which kindle charcoal from the hearth. Three days before the steps and within a month after the New Year can not commit indiscretions, including drinking alcohol. During this period, a hundredfold increase good deeds, and so the same - the reverse. One of the most important components of spectacular holiday in the old days were "eaters" competition with a very significant prize money. The strength and agility of the men was confirmed not only in the merrymaking, but his heroic appetite. Rich Tuva exhibited horse and cut the fattest sheep oholoschennogo - IRT. The huge Chinese boiler (used only at funerals and weddings) titled "Tanma tos", is determined by its capacity (nine abysses), fit the whole carcass. Defeated feast - pick up a horse. In our time, the night before the arrival step in Buddhist temples Tuva festive prayers. All night working universal gym "Subedei" open Music and Drama Theatre, where he also held a celebratory prayer service. Early in the morning on the mountain on the outskirts of Doge Kyzyl performed the rite of San Salyr. Happy on the Arata area arranged street festivals, theater and philharmonic festive concert of masters of arts of Tuva. The first day Shagaa passes in visits to relatives and exchange gifts. Список используемой литературы: 1. http://www.sayanring.com/glossary/shagaa/ 2. http://ulughem17.ru/district/news/tuvan_traditions_shagaa/ Thank you four your attention!