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Традиции и обычаи Великобритании

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Кутлубаев Георгий Сергеевич ГБОУ "Южно-Уральский Государственный технический колледж" Боронникова Елена Валерьевна
Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение
«ЮЖНО – УРАЛЬСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ
ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЙ КОЛЛЕДЖ»
Отделение: Экономики и инфраструктуры
2 курс
Кутлубаев Георгий Сергеевич
Руководитель проекта: Боронникова Елена
Валерьевна
Plan:
• The day of St . Patrick
• Cooper's Hill Cheese-Rolling and Wake
• The Queen's Birthday
• The Day of Saint Swithun
• Gurning contests
• Boxing Day - December 26th
• Christmas Dinner
• Christmas Pudding
• A cup of tea
Every country has its customs.
Great Britain has its interesting history and culture. There are many
traditions which differ from Russia:
•The day of St . Patrick
•The Day of Saint Swithun
•The Queen's Birthday
•Gurning contests
•Cooper's Hill Cheese-Rolling and Wake
•A cup of tea
The day of St . Patrick
The Day of St . Patrick in the UK is celebrated on March 17
Saint Patrick's Day was made an official Christian feast day in the early 17th century. Celebrations
generally involve public parades and festivals, and the wearing of green attire or shamrocks. Christians also
attend church services and the Lenten restrictions on eating and drinking alcohol are lifted for the day.
Cooper's Hill Cheese-Rolling and Wake
The Cooper's Hill Cheese-Rolling and Wake is an annual event held on the Spring Bank
Holiday at Cooper's Hill, near Gloucester in England. It is traditionally done by and for the
people who live in the local village of Brockworth, but now people from all over the world
take part.
Cooper's Hill Cheese-Rolling and Wake
The event takes its name from the hill on which it occurs. Each year the event
becomes more and more popular with contestants coming from all across the world to
compete or even simply to watch. In 2013, fifteen people were injured, four seriously,
chasing cheeses down the one in three hill.
The Queen's Birthday
The Queen's Birthday is celebrated twice a year on April 21 and since 1974, it
has been the Saturday in the range 11 – 17 June. Edward VII, who reigned from
1901 to 1910 and whose birthday was on 9 November, after 1908 moved the
ceremony to summer.
The Day of Saint Swithun
Swithun was an Anglo-Saxon bishop of Winchester and subsequently patron saint
of Winchester Cathedral. According to tradition, the weather on his feast day (15
July) will continue for forty days.” If on St Swithun's day it really pours You're
better off to stay indoors”.
Gurning contests
Gurning contests are a rural English tradition, which dates back to 1267 when
King Henry III granted the fair a Royal Charter. The competitions are held regularly
in some villages, with contestants traditionally framing their faces through a horse
collar — known as "gurnin' through a braffin“.
Gurning contests
The only male gurner to win the world title 15 times is Tommy Mattinson (UK), who took the top
prize at the annual Gurning World Championship at Egremont Crab Fair, Cumbria, UK, in 1986–
87 and then 10 times between 1999 and 2010.
Boxing Day - December 26th
In England Boxing Day celebrated on December 26th, is traditionally a time to give gifts to
tradesmen, servants, and friends. The custom is based on a legend of St. Stephen. Nowadays children
carry a long pole with a holly bush at the top - which is supposed to hide a captured wren.
Christmas Dinner
Around Victorian times another traditional Christmas feast was roasted goose or roasted turkey. In
Victorian times, most Londoners would have been familiar with the "goose club", which was a
method of saving to buy a goose for Christmas. The week before Christmas, London meat markets
were crammed with geese and turkeys.
Christmas Pudding
The forerunner of the Christmas pudding, a rich fruit pudding, was called Frumenty, it was served in
Medieval times. Frumenty was a spiced porridge, enjoyed by both rich and poor. Plum puddings are a
very rich, dark pudding made with all sorts of dried fruits, nuts, spices, black treacle and lots sherry or
brandy.
A cup of tea
A cup of tea is almost a symbol of British culture.
1) There is no real tea time
In reality, the British drink tea at every hour of the day, from the minute they get up to last thing
before going to bed. Of course it’s quite likely that a British person will drink tea around the middle of
the afternoon, but it’s also common to drink it with breakfast.
A cup of tea
2) The perfect partner: scones if you order a ‘cream tea’ in the UK, you’ll get a teapot accompanied
by a plateful of these little treats. Delicious!
3) Milk in tea in Britain, people add a certain quantity of milk depending on taste and the tea ends up
being opaque and brown instead of clear.
Conclusion
United Kingdom is a country with a rich history, culture ,
traditions and customs . This country has a good impression and
positive emotions for everybody. I would like to visit the UK ,
especially to visit the feast of St. Patrick , because it interested me
the most. I advise everyone to visit this wonderful country.
Literature list:
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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Patrick%27s_Day
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen%27s_Official_Birthday
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cooper%27s_Hill_Cheese-Rolling_and_Wake
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swithun
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gurn
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Cup_of_Tea
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boxing_Day
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas_dinner
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas_pudding
http://www.learnenglish.de/culture/christmas.html#sthash.HuyAwhKv.dpuf
Автор
geo_kutlubaev
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Трации и обычаи Великобритании, kutlubaev
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