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Scottish customs and traditions

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Выполнила: cтудентка 1 курса ГАПОУ ПО
«Пензенский многопрофильный
колледж»
Гуманитарное отделение
Специальность «Туризм»
Затеева Ольга Максимовна
Руководитель проекта:
Манцерева Ольга Александровна
The plan
1. Scotland.
2. The Edinburgh International Festival.
3. Highland Games
4. The National Musical Instrument of the Scots.
5.Clans and Tartans.
6.Scottish Independence
7.Sources
Scotland
Scotland occupies
the northern third
of the island of
Great Britain. As
well as mainland
Scotland, there are
many Islands and
groups of Islands,
including Shetland,
Orkney, and the
Hebrides.
Scotland is considered to be
more cloudy, rainier and less
sunny than England with its
cold winters.
The capital of Scotland is
Edinburgh. It’s population is
about 5 million people.
Also this country is famous for a big variety of
different interesting customs and traditions.
The Edinburgh International Festival
The Edinburgh International Festival takes place
in the capital of Scotland every year in August
and September. The idea of the festival is to
show the best arts of international and
Scottish culture.
The Edinburgh International Festival
By invitation from the Festival Director, the
International Festival brings top class
performers of music (especially classical
music), theatre, opera and dance from around
the world to perform. The festival also hosts a
series of visual art exhibitions, talks and
workshops.
Highland Games
Scottish Highland Games, at which sports
(including tossing the caber, putting the
weight and throwing the hammer), dancing
and piping competitions take place, attract
large numbers of spectators from all over the
world.
Highland Games
These meetings are held every year in different
places in the Scottish Highlands. They include
the clans led by their pipers, dressed in their
kilts, tartan plaids, and plumed bonnets, who
march round the arena.
There is also a competition for the best-dressed
Highlander.
Highland Games
Highland dancing is performed to bagpipe
music, by men and women, such as the Sword
Dance and Reel. The Games reflected the
tough life of the early Scots.
The National Musical Instrument of
the Scots
The bagpipes are usually associated with the
Scots. But the real origin of this extraordinary
musical instrument in Europe is Near East .
The Bagpipes appeared in Scotland due to
vikings. They are first recorded in the 16th
century during the reign of James I, who was a
very good player, and probably did much to
make it popular.
The National Musical Instrument
of the Scots
The Bagpipe has been considered a national
Scottish instrument for a long time.
The National Musical Instrument of
the Scots
The magic sounding of the Bagpipes is
because of sharp timbre, loudness and
accompaniment of the main melody with
bourdon tone. The sound of the bagpipes is
very stirring. The old Highland clans and later
the Highland regiments used to go into battle
to the sound of the bagpipes.
Clans and Tartans
The Gaelic word ‘clan’ means ‘family’ or
‘descendants’ and the great clans of the 16th
and 17th centuries were indeed very similar to
enormous families, ruled by powerful chiefs.
Sometimes there were fierce battles between
different clans but nowadays the McKenzies,
the Campbells and the Lindsays all live in
peace with each other.
Clans and Tartans
The wearing of tartans or coloured checks was
common in the Highlands before the defeat by
the English in 1745. Originally, the tartan was
worn as a single piece of cloth, drawn in at the
waist and thrown over the shoulders. Each
clan has its own tartan.
Scottish Independence
When Alexander III died, Scotland was left
without a ruler. Edward I of England was asked
to settle this question by guardians. At first he
proclaimed himself to be overlord of Scotland
and chose John Balliol as the king. The
majority accepted, but the Scots were against
Edward I to be their overlord.
Scottish Independence
Soon the people of Scotland began to fight for
their independence. They found a leader
against the English. It was William Wallace. He
destroyed an army, which was sent to
Scotland. After that king Edward defeated
Wallace after a great battle.
Scottish Independence
Some years later the English captured the leader
of Scotland and killed him. Soon the Scots found
Robert Bruce – their new leader. Edward I sent an
army against him, and Bruce had to hide in the
Highlands. But some years later he was ready to
fight and near Bannockburn in 1314 the Scots
won the independence. After that Bruce was king
of Scotland till his death.
England and Scotland were united only in 1603.
If you are in need of a good rest and have an
interest in history, then you should visit Scotland.
Sources
http://www.pipeband.ru/bagpipe
https://ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Волынка
http://www.scotland.org/whats-on/scotlandsfestivals/highland-games/highland-gamestraditions/
Автор
profobrazovanie
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