Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Московской области «Колледж «Подмосковье»» Презентация Студента отделения: строительство и эксплуатации зданий и сооружений Группы 23 СД-14 Осиповой Веры Станиславовны Руководитель: Калашникова Ирина Викторовна John Ronald Reuel Tolkien creativity, and contribution to the culture of the country The plan: 1. Biography • Childhood • Youth • Early career • "Tolkien boom" • Death 2. Designing languages 3. The work and heritage Biography John Ronald Reuel Tolkien – English writer, linguist, known as the author of the books «The Hobbit”, «The Silmarillion”, “The Lord of the rings", which brought together the legends and the author of invented languages about a fantasy world. Tolkien was an Oxford Professor of the English language. He is considered "the Father of fantasy literature" Childhood John Ronald Reuel Tolkien born 3 January 1892 in Bloemfontein. His parents, Arthur Tolkien and Tolkien Mabel, arrived in South Africa shortly before the birth of her son in connection with the promotion of the head of the family. February 17, 1894 born Hilary Arthur Reuel, brother of the Professor. Mabel Tolkien John with his brother In February 1896, after Arthur's death, the family returned to England. Mabel is left alone with two children and a modest income, but trying to find a foothold in life, she dives into religion and gives children a religious education. As a result Tolkien life remains a religious man. Youth Edith Brett In 1908 Tolkien met Edith Brett, who had a great influence on his work. Love prevented John to go to College, and girl was his senior by three years. Her father took John's word that he will not meet with Edith until he was 21. Tolkien had fulfilled his promise. He wrote Edith a letter in which declared his love and offered his hand and heart. The girl was engaged to another man, but she returned the ring to the groom, and agreed to marry Tolkien. The couple lived together for 56 years and raised four children. Early career In 1914, Tolkien enlisted in the Corps military training, to delay conscription and to obtain a bachelor's degree. In 1915 Tolkien graduated from the University and went into the service; he was soon called to the front and participated in the First world war. At the same time he began writing the legends of middleearth, which would later become "the Silmarillion". For children he wrote, spoke, and then wrote "the Hobbit". The book is very popular and offer Tolkien to write a sequel. The work took a long time and was completed in 1954. In 1948 he finished work on the novel "Lord of the rings". Along with trilogy, it was necessary to publish the Silmarillion, but the Publisher didn't go for it. And only after 2 years, when "the Lord of the rings" became popular, Director of the publishing house agreed to publish the whole novel. Death After his wife's death in 1971, Tolkien returned to Oxford. In late 1972 he suffered greatly from pain in the abdomen. 28 August 1973 Tolkien went to the other. August 30, Sunday, he attended the event on the occasion of the birthday of the wife of the friend. Felt good, but the night was bad and he was taken to the clinic, where they found a stomach ulcer. Despite optimistic forecasts of doctors, by Saturday, the disease has evolved, and in the night of Sunday September 2, 1973, John Ronald Reuel Tolkien died at the age of 81 years. Spouses were buried in one grave. Designing languages In childhood John and his friends invented several languages to communicate with each other. Passion for learning languages and the creation of new stayed with him for life. Tolkien is the Creator of artificial languages: Quenya – the language of the high elves, Sindarin – the language of the grey elves. He knew several dozen languages. The work and heritage The works of Tolkien have had an enormous influence on world culture of the 20th and 21st century. They have been adapted for film, theatrical productions. "The Lord of the rings" was filmed, but the most famous version of the films are Peter Jackson. Subsequently, Jackson took over the film adaptation of the novel "the Hobbit". The works of English writer John Ronald Reuel Tolkien brought him fame during his lifetime and great glory after death. The impact of his work on the culture of English-speaking countries, it is difficult to overestimate. Tolkien wanted to create for England a mythology, which she was almost deprived. Tolkien has influenced not only literature, but also to other areas of the arts. It's music, visual arts. Themes from Tolkien is presented in symphonic music. This is the soundtrack to his film adaptations. Composer Howard shore received the award "Oscar" for the soundtrack to the film trilogy "the Lord of the Rings. Howard Shore Many well-known fantasy writers admit that they turned to this genre under the influence of Tolkien's epic, such as Robert Jordan, Nick Perumov, Terry Brooks. As well-known works of Tolkien's "Children jurina", “The Road goes into the distance and into the distance", “The Return of Beachton, son Beorhthelm" and others. Литература 1. Гаков Вл. Век Толкина (к 100-летию со дня рождения писателя). — М.: Знание, 1992, сборник научной фантастики, выпуск 36. 2. Карпентер Х. Дж. Р. Р. Толкин. Биография. 3. Муравьев, В. Предыстория. Дж.Р.Р.Толкиен. Хранители. М., "Радуга", 1988. 4. Crabbe, K.W. J.R.R.Tolkien. New York, 1988. 5. Shippey, T.A. Creation from Philology in 'The Lord of the Rings’. J.R.R.Tolkien. Scholar and storyteller. Essays in memoriam. L., 1979 Thanks For Watching!