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Folks arts and crafts of Melenki

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Автор: Власова Мария Васильевна
учитель английского языка
МБОУ «СОШ №1 имени Героя
Советского Союза Каманина Николая
Петровича» г. Меленки,
Владимирская область
Конкурс дидактических материалов «Земля Владимирская»
Одной земли огромной дети,
Мы – дети множества земель,
Своя у каждого на свете
Особенная колыбель,
Свои холмы, путей излуки,
Неповторимый свой язык,
Тревоги, горести и муки,
Характер, поступь, посвист, лик…
…Узнать, таков закон природы,
И человек не виноват,
Когда народы и народы
Друг в друга пристально глядят…
И, может быть, проникновенье
В иную жизнь, во нрав иной
Таит надежду на спасенье…
Cпасенья жаждет шар земной.
Л. Васильева
Тема: Народное искусство и ремёсла Меленок
Краткая аннотация
Включение краеведческих материалов о культуре, истории и быте
родного края является важным источником стимулирования интереса к
изучению иностранного языка. Данный текст предназначен для изучения на
уроках английского языка и во внеклассной работе с учащимися 7-8 класса
при изучении тем “Talking about Countries and Nationalities”, “My town”.
Цель разработки: обеспечить вхождение в культурную среду региона
путём
ознакомления
с
историей
народных
промыслов
и
ремёсел
Меленковщины.
Задачи разработки: - создать условия для развития лексикограмматических, коммуникативных навыков учащихся.
- формировать умения работать с текстом, искать нужную информацию в
тексте, отвечать на вопросы, аргументировать свою точку зрения.
- развивать внимание и память учащихся.
- способствовать повышению мотивации к изучению английского языка.
Разработанный дидактический материал может быть использован как
дополнительный материал при работе над темой «Folk art and crafts». В
соответствии с возрастными особенностями обучающихся предлагается
сочетание
эмоционально-познавательной
и
познавательно-поисковой
методики изучения истории народных промыслов родного края на уроках
английского языка.
I.
Pre-reading tasks
1: Look at these photos and try to predict what the topic is going to be
about. Answer my questions, please.
1
3
2
4
5
6
What can you see here?
Have you ever seen these wonderful masterpieces?
Guess what crafts are found in the town of Melenki.
What do you know about this town?
What would you like to know about this town?
Find information and say what Melenki is famous for?
What kind of crafts are there in your place?
2: Match the words to their translation. Practice reading the following
words and word combinations. Learn them by heart.
художественные промыслы
1. лоза
2. ремесленник
3. шелковая нить
4. мастерская
5. вышивка
6. ремесло
7. головной убор
8. национальный костюм
9. шедевр
10. трудоёмкий
11.сувенир
arts and crafts
a. embroidery
b. headwear
c. ceramics
d. osier
e. workshop
f. traditional dress
g. craftsman
h. handicraft
i. handmade
j. souvenir
k. traditional toy
12традиционная игрушка
10. сделано вручную
14. керамика
15. ярмарка
16. экологически чистый
l. labour-intensive
m. masterpiece
n. silk fringe
o. ecologically friendly
p. fair
Your answers:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
3: Make the associations to the following words:
Craft ___________
to make ____________
unique ____________
____________
_____________
_____________
____________
_____________
_____________
____________
_____________
____________
____________
______________
_____________
II Reading
1.
Look at the illustrations and the variants of the title. Predict what the
text might be about.
The variants of the title:
1. FOLK ART AND CRAFTS OF MELENKI
2. EVERY MAN HAS HIS HOBBY-HORSE
3. EVERY CONTRY HAS ITS CUSTOMS
4. CUSTOMS IN MELENKI
1.
2.
3.
4.
2. Read the text and check your predictions. What crafts are popular in
Melenki?
3. Read the text for general understanding and choose the best title for it.
4. Divide this text into 4 parts, choose a correct photo for each part of the
text and find the title of these illustrations in the text.
The 1st part
The 2nd part
The 3rd part
The 4th part
Photo №____
Photo №_____
Photo №____
Photo №____
The town in which I was born is rich with great persons, orthodox churches,
beautiful nature and picturesque scenery. And also Melenki is rich in its national
creativity. I would like to tell about it in details. There are a lot of handicrafts in
my hometown. I am really proud of our old traditions and history.
The embroidery is a bright original craft of Russian national arts and crafts.
Embroidery represents a decorative masterpiece, executed golden, blue, green and
red silk fringes on a white or beige background. As for traditional elements of
embroidery - they are grassy patterns, red juicy berries of a mountain ash and wild
strawberry, flowers, branches and birds. This traditional art craft arose a long time
ago in our province and today we have some workshops with handmade traditional
headwear, dresses and traditional toys.
One more famous Russian national craft is the potter’s craft. It is famous for
its unique, original and ecologically friendly ceramic. Since the beginning of the
XIX century the village Korovino is the center of ceramic production. Potters were
known simply economic or fancy dishes, traditional toys. Already since the XVIII
century the potter’s craft has preserved features of the ancient pottery. Today the
family dynasty of potters Malakhovs revives and preserves the equipment of
manufacturing of pottery, art treatment techniques and their range. The potters
used local, plastic, fireproof white and red clay for the manufacture of cookware.
Clay is stored in deep pits for 2-3 years. Thereafter, the clay is in production. A
master, using one piece of clay pulls it and gives the product the desired shape.
Green, yellow and brown are the traditional colors of Malakhov’s production.
One more excellent and distinctive craft in our region is the osier weaving. It
is a folk craft of baskets and cradles, tables and armchairs, bags and vases from
osier, which exists in the village Lyakhi. The twigs of osier are served as the
material for production. This kind of craft appeared in ancient times. This work is
labour-intensive. This ecologically friendly production is in demand.
It seems to me, that national craft of each country can help you understand
the originality and uniqueness of this country. You can come and see our folk arts
and crafts in Melenki. Every year in September we celebrate The Potato Day. It is
a real folk fair. You can take part in master classes and see our craftsmen at work,
visit workshops, make and buy some souvenirs. It’s always fun and useful. . In my
opinion, everyone in every country must know some information about arts and
crafts in his (her) country.
5. Read the text and the statements belоw, find out whether you
understood the text correctly (True, False, Not Stated)
1. There are special traditional workshops in Melenki. __________
2. Melenki is rich with great persons, orthodox churches, beautiful nature
and picturesque scenery._____________
3. Melenki is the center of ceramic production.__________
4. A potter uses grey, yellow and black colors for his production. ________
5. All inhabitants of this town can make masterpieces._________
6. The Potato Day is an old tradition of this town. _________
7. The osier weaving appeared in ancient times.__________
III After reading the text
1. Read the text, see video
http://www.1tv.ru/sprojects_utro_video/si33/p101349/pg1/v82 and
answer the questions:
1. What are potters’ names?
2. Where are the clay dishes produced?
3. What can you tell about the stages of this production?
4. Would you like to try to work on the potter's wheel?
5. Have you ever tried to cook in the clay pots?
2. Russia has many skillful artists, architects and workmen .They have
produced many masterpieces. Russian souvenirs are of great value and of
high quality. They can always tell a story of a history, culture and geography
of a place where they were made. Hardly any visitor leaves the country
without buying something which will remind them of the country later.
a) What folk handicrafts do you know?
Would you like to know more?
What is the most popular souvenir from Russia?
b)
Imagine, your foreign friend will come to you in Melenki.
Where would you take him? What Russian souvenirs would you offer your
friends?
c) Work in pairs.
You and your friend are thinking of a present for a foreign guest. There
are different possibilities. This is what you think about each of them.
Use these word combinations:
She has already got it.
It’s a very common present.
I would rather buy another gift.
It’s the most popular souvenir.
It’s really attractive.
I’m sure she will like it.
She doesn’t collect them.
It’s too expensive.
I doubt she will like it.
It’s a real masterpiece.
They call it a Russian miracle.
It’ a genuine art.
It’s hand-made.
The colors are too bright.
It’s quite an ordinary present.
I have already given her such a present.
It’s one of Russian treasures.
Each pattern is never repeated.
What a fine work!
It’s too heavy.
I don’t think she’ll admire it.
Floral ornament reproduces the beauty of nature.
She likes practical things.
d) You need to buy a shawl for your foreign friend. You have 300 roubles.
Ask a shop assistant about
- size
- colour
- price.
Your friend will play the role of a shop assistant and begin the
conversation. Ask her the questions.
Remember to:
- be active and polite
- ask all the questions
- choose the present.
3. Make up a plan of the text, choosing the key words and retell the text.
4. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Peter
who writes:
…At school we are preparing the holiday “Traditions and customs from
different countries”. Could you tell me about any famous Russian folk arts and
crafts? Have you ever been on the fair? What is it? What do you know about
craftsmen and workshops? Are there any crafts in your hometown?
I’ve got to go now! It’s time to sleep. Write me back soon!
Keep in touch,
Peter
Write back to Peter.
In your letter
- tell him about 3 famous Russian folk handicrafts
- tell him about arts and crafts in your place
- ask 3 question about crafts and customs in Britain
Write 100 – 140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
5.Project “Russian fair”
- Imagine, you were on the real Russian fair in Melenki, celebrated the
Potato Day, made and bought some souvenirs.
- make a report about this fair
- tell about your favourite craft
- make a presentation about folk arts and crafts in your place
KEYS:
Pre-reading tasks
№2:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
d
g
n
e
a
h
b
f
m
l
j
k
i
c
p
o
Reading
№4
The 1st part
The 2nd part
The 3rd part
The 4th part
Photo 2
Photo 1
Photo 4
Photo 3
We have some
workshops
with
handmade
traditional
headwear, dresses
and
traditional
toys.
A master, using
one piece of clay,
pulls it and gives
the product the
desired shape.
It is a folk craft of
baskets
and
cradles, tables and
armchairs,
bags
and vases from
osier, which exists
in
the
village
Lyakhi.
It is a real folk fair.
You can take part
in master classes
and
see
our
craftsmen at work,
visit workshops,
make and buy
some souvenirs.
№5
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
T
T
F
F
NS
NS
T
Источники:
Вышивка http://modnoerukodelie.ru/upload/iblock/361/a.slvysh.f05.jpg
Хохлома https://encryptedtbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSoae5ff4LrjxAmASZ5qDtawGDREDsYj
-uJVKugr0L0Z3vQ0MTml0ZuuF24
Лозоплетение http://belkolart.ru/wpcontent/uploads/2013/11/0_b2ee4_2b10fd7d_XL.jpeg
Глиняный горшок http://b1.culture.ru/c/6608.jpg
Гжель http://vospitatel.com.ua/images/g/gjel2.jpg
Павловский платок http://magput.ru/pics/large/71834.jpg
Гончар http://www.murom-mama.ru/images/Korovino21.jpg
Вышивка в музее г. Меленки http://rozamira.ucoz.ru/_pu/22/58700070.jpg
Лоза http://articles.agronationale.ru/upload/stories/promysly/loza-04.jpg
Видео http://www.1tv.ru/sprojects_utro_video/si33/p101349/pg1/v82
Автор
mariya.vlasova87
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