close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

644.Английский язык Типичные ошибки и как их избежать

код для вставкиСкачать
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Министерство образования и науки Российской Федерации
Ярославский государственный университет им. П. Г. Демидова
Кафедра иностранных языков естественно-научных факультетов
Английский язык
Типичные ошибки и как их избежать
Практикум по самопроверке студентами
своих знаний
Рекомендовано
Научно-методическим советом университета
для студентов, обучающихся по направлению
Прикладная информатика в экономике
Ярославль
ЯРГУ
2012
1
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
УДК 811.111(076.5)
ББК Ш 143.23я73
А 64
Рекомендовано
Редакционно-издательским советом университета
в качестве учебного издания. План 2012 года
Рецензент
кафедра иностранных языков естественно-научных факультетов ЯрГУ
Составители: Т. В. Шульдешова, С. В. Волкова
А 64
Английский язык: Типичные ошибки и как их избежать: практикум по самопроверке студентами своих знаний / сост.
Т. В. Шульдешова, С. В. Волкова; Яросл. гос. ун-т им. П. Г. Демидова. – Ярославль: ЯрГУ, 2012. – 48 с.
Методические указания состоят из 4 частей, охватывающих
разные уровни компетенции. Кроме тренировочных упражнений,
даются необходимые грамматические правила и пояснения, касающиеся особенностей сочетаемости предлагаемых единиц на
уровне речи. Оценка результатов самостоятельной работы студентов организуется как единство двух форм – самоконтроля и контроля со стороны преподавателя. Источником материала послужили
работы современных отечественных и зарубежных авторов.
Предназначены для студентов, обучающихся по специальности
230700.62 Прикладная информатика в экономике (дисциплина
«Английский язык», цикл Б1), очной формы обучения, а также для
всех желающих совершенствовать свои знания в английском языке.
УДК 811.111(076.5)
ББК Ш 143.23я73
© ЯрГУ, 2012
2
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
LEVEL А
PRONOUNS – МЕСТОИМЕНИЯ
В английском языке, кроме обычных притяжательных местоимений (my, your, our, etc.), существуют так называемые абсолютные притяжательные местоимения, после которых не нужно
упоминать имя предмета, определяемого ими. Например: – Чья
это программа? – Его. (Ее, наша…) – Whose program is this? –
His. (Hers, ours…)
Задание: измените следующее предложение по всем лицам по
следующей схеме:
This is my program. – This program is mine.
Ex. 1. Underline the correct word (Подчеркните правильное
слово)
1. Don't take that camera. It's my / mine
2.They lost their / they tickets.
3. That luggage is ours / us.
4. Paris is her / she favourite city.
5. The strawberry ice cream is your / yours.
6. Just as they unpacked the things for them / their picnic, it began to rain.
7. Ben was very proud of him / his holiday photos and showed
them to everyone.
8. Jean had an accident while driving her / hers car.
В английском языке есть основные неопределенные местоимения some, any, no, every, которые могут входить в состав
сложных местоимений, заменяющих существительные и наречия.
Ex. 2. Underline the correct word(s) in bold. (Подчеркните правильное выделенное слово / слова.)
1. Sue needs to buy some / something fruit to make a fruit salad,
2. Tim called Phil's house, but anyone / no one answered the
phone.
3. I'm hungry, but I haven't got no / any bread to make a sandwich.
4. Paul doesn't feel well. He isn't going somewhere / anywhere
tonight.
5. I'm sure Frank is going to buy Vivienne something / nothing
for their anniversary.
6. Do you know no one / anyone by the name of Marilyn Moore?
3
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
7. We had any / no mail today.
8. Jimmy does something / nothing but watch TV all day,
9. I feel like going somewhere / anywhere by the sea this weekend.
10. Is there some / any orange juice in the fridge?
Ex. 3. Underline the correct word(s) in bold.
1. I didn't tell them anything / nothing about your plans.
2. There was no one / anyone to meet me at the airport.
3. It will take you some / any time to understand the new computer program.
4. There is anything / something I'd like to tell you.
5. I'm not going nowhere / anywhere tonight.
6. Nobody / Somebody is allowed to enter this office
7. If no one / anyone asks for me, tell them to ring later.
8. Somebody / Anybody took my bag by mistake.
9. We had no / any money left after shopping all morning,
10. Have I said anything / nothing to upset you?
В русском языке неопределенное местоимение много употребляется как с исчисляемыми, так и с неисчисляемыми существительными (много сахара, много книг). В английском языке с этими
существительными употребляются разные местоимения: much sugar, many books. То же относится и к обозначению мало. По-русски:
мало сахара, мало книг. По-английски: little sugar, few books.
Ex. 4. Underline the correct word(s) in bold. (Подчеркните правильное слово.)
1. How many / much biscuits would you like?
2. There isn't many / much sugar in this tea.
3. How many / much chocolates did you eat?
4. I didn't use many / much eggs to make the omelette.
5. There isn't many / much milk left.
6. How many / much hot dogs would you like?
7. You didn't put many / much salt in the soup.
8. How many / much bacon do you need?
9. There isn't many / much lettuce in this salad.
10. We haven't got many / much wine for the party.
Ex. 5. Tick the correct sentences. (Отметьте галочкой правильное предложение.)
1. a) Can I have an egg, please?
b) Can I have some egg, please?
4
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
2. a) Would you like any milk?
b) Would you like some milk?
3. a) Is there many ice cream left?
b) Is there any ice cream left?
4. a) We don't need many strawberries.
b) We don't need much strawberries.
5. a) I`d like a little sugar please.
b) I’d like a few sugar please.
6. a) Would you like a meat?
b) Would you like some meat?
7. a) There are a few biscuits left.
b) There are a little biscuits left.
8. a) There isn't many juice in the fridge.
b) There isn't much juice in the fridge.
9. a) I’d like any Coke, please,
b) I'd like some Coke, please.
10. a) Is there any ketchup?
b) Is there some ketchup?
PREPOSITIONS – ПРЕДЛОГИ
Ex. 6. Choose the correct preposition (Выберите правильный
предлог.)
1. In China, you should never be late________ appointments (назначенная встреча).
A at B in C for
2. When you visit a Japanese house, leave your shoes ________
the door.
A in B on C at
3. English people don't like it if you push_________ a queue.
A into B onto C at
4. «Don't talk_______your mouth full», his mother said.
A at B with C about
5. In some countries you can't kiss________ public.
A in B on C at
6. «You must pay the rent_________time», said Mrs Battersby.
A at B for C on
7. My father said I must be home_________ 11 pm.
A on B by C in
5
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
8. The teacher said we mustn't write_________the desks.
A on B in C over
Ex. 7. Translate into English:
1. Вам лучше a) всегда приходить вовремя, b) не влезать без
очереди, c) не разговаривать с полным ртом, d) не целоваться на
людях.
2. Я знаю, что должна a) быть на работе не позднее 9 часов
утра, b) вовремя платить за учебу (pay the fees), c) не заглядывать
в чужие (other people`s) письма.
ADJECTIVES – ПРИЛАГАТЕЛЬНЫЕ
Ex. 8. Сomplete the table with correct forms of degrees of comparison – дополните таблицу правильными формами степеней
сравнения.
Adjectives
Comparative сравнительная степень
Superlative превосходная степень
the largest
safer
sunny
more popular
the best
worse
much
many
the most
less
The Position of Adjectives before Nouns
(Порядок следования прилагательных перед определяемым существительным)
Прилагательные делятся на два класса: прилагательноемнение (beautiful) и прилагательное-факт (large, round). В функции определения прилагательное-факт занимает определенное
место в зависимости от своего значения:
1
2
3
4
5
величина – возраст – цвет – происхождение – материал
6
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Мы видим, что чем более постоянен признак существительного, тем он к нему ближе. It was a beautiful large round wooden
table. – В данном примере мы видим, что прилагательное-мнение
занимает самое отдаленное место от определяемого слова table,
поскольку мнение непостоянно. За ним следуют обозначения величины и формы. Ближе всего к слову table стоит обозначение
материала как самой постоянной характеристики предмета.
Ex. 9. 1. Определите характер прилагательного: a nice little
girl; an interesting non-standard program, an intelligent young man.
2. Расположите в правильном порядке: eyes – big, blue; bag –
black, small, plastic; song – Russian, old, tender; shirt – cotton, white,
fashionable.
VERBS & TENSES – ГЛАГОЛЫ и ВРЕМЕНА
Ex. 10. Tick the correct sentence. Отметьте галочкой правильное предложение.
1. a) Are you going out tonight?
b) Do you go out tonight?
2. a) Tony reads a book at the moment.
b) Tony is reading a book at the moment.
3. a) What have you done yesterday?
b) What did you do yesterday?
4. a) Have you ever eaten snake?
b) Did you ever eat snake?
5. a) We've been to Malta last summer.
b) We went to Malta last summer.
6. a) He's flying to Athens tonight.
b) He has flown to Athens tonight
7. a) He was born on 6th May, 1959.
b) He born on 6th May, 1959.
Ex. 11. Tick the correct sentence. Отметьте галочкой правильное предложение.
1. a) Anna is painting pictures in her free time
b) Anna paints pictures in her free lime.
2. a) I am driving my son to school every day.
b) I drive my son to school every day,
3. a) Steve is playing tennis at the moment.
b) Steve plays tennis at the moment.
7
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
4. a) Jill watches TV every weekend.
b) Jill is watching TV every weekend.
5 a) Mum cooks dinner at the moment.
b) Mum is cooking dinner at the moment.
6 a) He phones his friend right now.
b) He is phoning his friend right now.
MODAL VERBS – МОДАЛЬНЫЕ ГЛАГОЛЫ
Ex. 12. Underline the correct modal verbs.
1. You shouldn't / should always wear a seatbelt.
2. Should / Can I have a glass of water, please?
3. Harvey can't / should take singing lessons because he has a
fantastic voice.
4. You can / can’t go to the cinema tonight, because you have to
do your homework.
5. You mustn't / should play music after eleven o'clock at night.
6. Andy can't / should take the bus instead of the car to save money.
7. it's cold! Must / Can you close the window, please?
8. You shouldn't / can't leave the electricity on when you go on
holiday.
9. You mustn't / can drink and drive
10. You can't / shouldn't forget to lock your door before you
leave the house.
Ex. 13. Underline the correct word.
1 There are / were twenty people at the party last night.
2 Can / Could you speak French?
3 Sam has got / got blue eyes and thin lips.
4 I can't / couldn't walk when I was one year old.
5 My father is / was a doctor. He works in a hospital.
Ex. 14. Correct the mistakes.
Model: Tim
cook when he was six. ... couldn't..
1. They didn't had computers a hundred years ago. ..................
2. We are at the park yesterday. ...................
3. I have a lot of toys when I was ten. ..................
4. He can paint when he was four. ..................
5. Anne was at school at the moment. ...................
6. There isn't an airport here then. ..................
7. Rosie could swim very well now. ..................
8
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
8. Washington and Lincoln was Presidents of the USA. ..................
9. Did he has a computer then? ..................
Ex. 15. Translate into English:
1. Вчера вечером в парке было множество народу.
2. Вы говорите по-польски?
3. У моей подруги большие голубые глаза.
4. Отец у меня работает в больнице.
5. У римлян не было сотовых телефонов.
6. Тогда здесь не было этого здания.
7. Женщины не были президентами США.
8. А у Гагарина был компьютер?
CHOOSE THE RIGHT WORD –
ВЫБОР ПРАВИЛЬНОГО ПО СМЫСЛУ СЛОВА
Ex. 16. Underline the correct word(s) in bold
1. Canoes are a primitive / modern means of transport.
2. I think you're wasting / slowing down your time.
3. I can't stand / believe Steven, I really don't like him.
4. What`s the wrong / matter with the TV? I can't hear it.
5. I'm sure there is a logical / strange explanation for what he did.
6. The aliens took / erased their memories.
Ex. 17. Circle the right word. Обведите правильное слово.
1. The museum is a tall / small / modern / heavy building.
2. You can stay in a luxurious / polluted / cheap / expensive hotel.
3. The nightlife is crowded / tnteresting / dull / boring.
4. You can have dinner in a very romantic /clean / famous / delicious restaurant.
5. The streets are dangerous / safe /crowded / friendly.
Ex. 18. Cross the wrong word. Зачеркните неправильное слово.
1. Although the lake is man-made / traditional it is still beautiful.
2. Unfortunately, pollution has broken / damaged the monument.
3. You can find out more at the information desk / table.
4. Stonehenge is a famous building / landmark.
5. They have been invited to the opening / open day of a new art
gallery.
6. The artist had used water colours in his painting / carving.
7. The telephone was invented / discovered by Alexander Graham
Bell.
9
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
8. The Romans completed / located the Colosseum in 82 AD.
9. They told us not to touch the exhibitions / exhibits.
10. Entry to the museum was free of / from charge.
Ex. 19. Correct the mistakes in this text. Исправьте ошибки в
тексте.
The small, sunny island of Antigua is one of the more beautiful
islands in the Caribbean. Two hundred years ago, many of the large
buildings were houses or shops. Today, they were nice hotels with
comfortable rooms. The Carlisle Bay club is close by a beautiful
beach and is very less expensive than some of the other hotels. There
are many interesting places to visit. The most popular for tourists are
the Ebenezer Church and the Admiral's Museum. You can buy great
gifts for your friends and family. The souvenir shops in English Harbour are the most cheap and the best. There are also many wonderful
restaurants. For some of the much delicious Caribbean dishes, go to
the Calypso Cafe in Redcliffe Street.
For a romantic and peaceful holiday, there is nowhere nicer as
Antigua.
Ex. 20. а) Choose the most suitable or correct translation. Выберите наиболее подходящий или правильный перевод.
б) Find the mistakes and correct them. Найдите ошибки и исправьте их.
1. I expected Paul being a tall, 1. а) Я представлял себе Поля
dark man.
высоким и смуглолицым;
б) Я ожидал, что Поль будет
высоким и смуглолицым.
2. Anybody told me the truth.
2. а) Хоть бы кто-нибудь сказал мне правду;
б) Никто не говорил мне правды.
3. The boy which works at the 3. а) Мальчик, который работает
shop is quite friendly.
в магазине, очень дружелюбен;
б) Мальчик, кто работает в магазине, очень дружелюбен.
4. She doesn't likes travelling by 4. а) Ей не нравится путешест10
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
plane.
5. I have lived here since ten
years.
6. James is having all the Beatles'
records.
7. She dresses well and smell
nice too.
8. He asked her not to disturbing
him.
9. I stoped at the flower shop to
buy some flowers.
10 . Shall we go for a drive on
my car?
вие самолетом;
б) Она не любит летать самолетом.
5. а) Я живу здесь уже 10 лет;
б) Я прожил здесь целых
10 лет.
6. а) Джеймс имеет все записи
Биттлз;
б) У Джеймса есть все пластинки Биттлз.
7. а) Она одевается хорошо и
пахнет приятно тоже;
б) Она хорошо одевается и
пахнет тоже приятно.
8. а) Он попросил ее не допускать беспокойства;
б) Он попросил ее не беспокоить его.
9. а) Он остановился у цветочного магазина …;
б) Он зашел в цветочный магазин …
10. а) Отправимся в поездку на
моей машине?
б) Прокатимся на моей машине?
Are you sure you have overcome (преодолели) level A? If so,
pass on to level B. Good luck!
11
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
LEVEL B
Ex. 21. Correct the mistakes as in the example.
1. There aren’t
carrots left. .....many…..
2. There are any eggs in the fridge. .. …………..
3. There is a few tea left in the teapot. …………….
4. Would you like a apple? …………….
5. is there many cheese left? …………….
6. Do you want an hamburger? …………….
7. How much oranges do you need? …………….
8. There are a little grapes left in the fridge. ……………
9. Are there some olives on that pizza? ……………
10. Would you like some doughnut? ……………
Ex. 22. Underline the correct adjective in bold.
1. The food was delicious / horrible. All the that we tasted were
well-cooked and freshly made.
2. The service was extremely fast / slow. We had to wait for half
an hour before a waiter appeared.
3. The staff were very helpful and polite / rude. Our waiter took
the time to explain the menu to us in detail.
4. The menu was boring / varied and had a great selection of salads, pastas and meat dishes.
5. The food was rather expensive / cheap. We had to pay almost
£50 for two people.
6. The restaurant was quite quiet / noisy. The music was so loud
that I couldn't hear what my wife was saying.
Ex. 23. Underline the correct time expression.
1. The man in front of me kept talking during / while the concert.
2. She started a diet all day yesterday / yesterday.
3. Gill was writing a letter during / while Steve was doing the
washing-up.
4. He had a car accident two weeks ago / for the last two weeks.
5. This time last Saturday / By last Saturday, I was lying on a
beach eating ice cream.
6. He was riding his bike while / when he saw the dog.
7. The man was climbing through the window just as / while the
policeman walked into the room.
8. They were cooking all day / during yesterday.
12
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
9. The tired child slept at night / all night long.
10. She phoned him at seven o'clock now / last night.
Ex. 24. Underline the correct verb.
1. I'm a doctor, so I mustn't make / do mistakes at work.
2. The staff in this office practice / work very long hours.
3. We studied / learnt about sharks at school today.
4. When are you passing / taking your driving test?
5. I've got a job interview this morning, so wish / give me luck!
Ex. 25. Translate the questions.
1. Почему мне нельзя ошибаться в работе?
2. Какой рабочий день у служащих в этом офисе?
3. А когда вы учили в школе про акул?
4. Когда вы сдаете на права?
5. Зачем желать ему удачи? (Why should we…..?)
Ex. 26. Correct the sentences as in the example.
1. He
(catches) the bus to school every morning.
2. She go to the beach last weekend.
3. They use to live near the city centre.
4. I am do the washing-up at the moment.
5. Pam didn't used to have short hair.
6. My father cooking dinner last night.
7. They are play basketball now.
8. David don't like watching TV.
Ex. 27. Underline the correct word: adjective or adverb?
1. The girl smiled sweet / sweetly as she accepted the flowers.
2. Sudden / Suddenly, they heard the sound of someone coming
up the stairs.
3. He gentle / gently picked up the tiny puppy.
4. They were scared when they heard the heavy / heavily footsteps.
5. He closed the door soft / softly he didn't want to wake the
children.
6. He was careful / carefully not to drop the vase.
7. She did good / well in her tests.
Ex. 28. Underline the correct word.
1. He sat in the comfortable/comfortably armchair.
2. The singers sang very good/well.
3. Sudden/Suddenly, he started to run.
13
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
4. The exam was very easy/easily.
5. They reached the river safe/safely.
6. They knew they were lucky/luckily to be alive.
7. She opened the door quiet / quietly.
8. They saw a bright / brightly light in the sky.
9. Tony climbed slow / slowly down the ladder.
10. The actor held his award proud / proudly.
Ex. 29. Correct the sentences, as in the example, so that it can be
a logical story.
1. Mary was with her husband in her bedroom. ….alone…
2. Mary was unhappy, so she decided to go to bed. ………….
3. She heard a loud voice downstairs. …………
4. She walked calmly to the door. …………
5. She could hear strange music downstairs. …………
6. She felt very angry, so she called the police. …………
7. Ten minutes later, she heard the police car outside. …………
8. She walked into the kitchen and saw a policeman
on the floor. …………
9. «I'm so sorry, Steve!» she whispered loudly. …………
10. «It's my brother,» she explained. …………
Ex. 30. Read the sentences below and underline the correct linking word/phrase.
Make up a list (сделайте список) of these words/phrases with
their Russian equivalents.
1. For example / In conclusion, I think that owning a motorcycle
has both good and bad points.
2. Shopping at second-hand shops has many advantages. Firstly /
Also, you can buy quality clothes for very low prices.
3. The clothes in this shop are beautiful. What is more / On the
other hand, they aren’t expensive.
4. Being a nurse is a rewarding job, but / also it can be tiring at times.
5. Travelling by yourself can be very exciting. Finally / On the
other hand, it can be dangerous.
6. All in all /Unfortunately, I believe that owning a mobile phone
makes our lives easier.
7. John is a very generous man. For example / However, he loves
giving gifts to his friends.
14
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
8. The Grill House is a great restaurant for meat lovers. Also /
However, if you are a vegetarian, you should try Green Leaves in
Broad Street.
Ex. 31. Underline the correct word.
1. Have you never/ever been to Lisbon?
2. Flight 201 for New York hasn't left yet/already.
3. John has been here for/since two weeks.
4. We have yet/already visited the Science Museum.
5. Melanie has ever/never been to a concert at the Royal Albert Hall.
6. A: Have you booked a hotel room? B: Yes, I've/usf/yet booked
one.
7. Peter hasn't travelled by boat for/since he was five years old.
8. This is the most comfortable hotel I've never/ever stayed at.
Ex. 32. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the verbs in
brackets. The pronoun in brackets denotes the subject.
1. A: ....................................(you/go) to the bazaar yet?
B: Yes, I ............(go) there yesterday. I............ (buy) some souvenirs.
2. A: What..............(you/do) tonight? Would you like to go to the
cinema?
B: I'm sorry, I can't. I...............(have) dinner with some friends.
3. A: How long ............... (you/be) here?
B: We.............(be) here for three days. We..........(arrive) on
Monday morning.
4. A: Where............... (Mike/live)?
B: He...........(live)in the city centre.
5. A: ..................(you/visit) them yet?
B: No, not yet. I................. (go) there this afternoon.
6. A: .................. (you/buy) the tickets yet?
B: No, I haven't. I ..............(buy) them this afternoon.
Ex. 33. Underline the correct: word,
1. A: Guess what? I won first prize in the competition!
B: What / How wonderful!
2. A: Somebody stole Jake's car.
B: What / How a pity! It was brand new.
3. A: Ruby's moving to France!
B; What / How a surprise! Why is she moving there?
4. A: Guess where John and I are going this summer? Brazil!
B: What / How exciting!
15
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
5. A: I was stuck in traffic for hours! B: What / How terrible!
6. A: Look at the diamond ring George gave me for our wedding
anniversary.
B: What / How a gorgeous gift!
Ex. 34. Translate into English:
1. Какой сюрприз! 2. Какой ужас! 3. Как чудесно! 4. Какой
великолепный вид! 5. Какая жалость! 6. Как интересно!
Ex. 35. Find the mistakes and correct them, as in the first sentence:
1. There's
| man standing at the door.
2. You weren't late for school, was you?
3. What kind of you to invite us!
4. «How old are you?» Mary said me.
5. Why don't you take a umbrella with you?
6. How a naughty boy he is!
7. She didn't forget to call, didn't she?
8. Ken told me don't to use his computer,
9. That's a dog that bit me!
10. Fred asked Katie too buy some eggs.
Ex. 36. Translate into English:
1. Мать не велела сыну пользоваться газовой плитой (the gas
stove). 2. Ты ведь не забудешь позвонить? 3. Какая умная девочка! 4. Как мило с вашей стороны! 5. Вот тот самый человек, который помог мне. 6. Я ведь не опоздал на совещание (meeting)?
Ex. 37.
1. The atmosphere at the concert was amazing / generous.
2. Colourful / Noisy kites filled the sky at the rock-festival.
3. This celebration is a(n) kind / annual event.
4. I love going to rock / sound concerts.
5. When my party was over I felt amusing / exhausted.
6. The firework display was really stunning / playful.
В английском языке глаголы говорения, соответствующие
русским сказать, говорить, спросить, ответить и т. д., они
употребляются по особым правилам. Глагол say + Something (неодушевленное существительное), Say+to somebody (одушевленное существительное). В этом случае далее следует прямая речь.
Например: 1. He said a few nice words and left. 2. He said to me,
«How kind of you!»
16
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Say+that вводит дополнительное придаточное предложение,
передающее косвенную речь, без упоминания адресата. Например: He said that it was kind of me.
Tell+somebody вводит косвенную речь с упоминанием адресата и переводится в соответствии с ситуацией как сказать, рассказать, (не) велеть. Например: He told me (that) it was kind of me.
Ask, answer (спросить, ответить) употребляются в соответствии с логикой контекста.
Ex. 38. Find the mistakes and correct them.
1. He asked me what was the time, I told that it was three o'clock,
2. She asked me that I had a pet, I said her that I had a dog.
3. Mike said Joanne if she would like to go to the cinema.
«Yes, I'd love to,» she told.
4. I asked him why had he done that. He said that he haven't done
anything.
Ex. 39. Следующие фразы помогут вам провести дискуссию по
предложенной ниже информации об использовании компьютера.
Уважаемые коллеги
Господин председатель
Тема моего выступления
Я буду говорить о...
Как вам известно...
Давайте сравним...
А теперь, что касается
Между прочим
Давайте рассмотрим
Я думаю...
Я хочу сказать...
Кроме того
Это ясно?
Это правильно/неправильно
Имеются ли вопросы?
Имеются ли замечания?
Благодарю за внимание
Можно спросить?
Да, конечно
Боюсь, что вы ошибаетесь
Естественно...
Dear Colleagues
Mr. Chairman
The subject of my report is
I'll speak about...
As you know...
Let's compare...
Now as to
By the way
Let us consider
I think..., I believe...
I mean...
Besides
Is that clear?
That's right/wrong
Any questions?
Any remarks?
Thanks for your time / listening
May I ask a question?
Yes, certainly
I'm afraid you are wrong
Naturally...
17
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Text for discussion
Nowadays people use computers a lot. Some of them are really
addicted to them. Our students are sometimes not an exception. So
teachers decided to study the question of using computers by our students and, moreover, the dangers the students face while using them.
We presented the results in a report and were praised for this work.
Now we would like to share our ideas with you and attract your attention to some vital problems caused by the use of the computers.
THE AIMS OF OUR PRESENTATION ARE:
• to identify the potential risks of using the Internet with students;
• to realize how cyberbullying can affect students and make
suggestions in order to resolve it;
• to list a set of rules to keep children safe on the Internet;
• to recommend a number of sites which can be used by children to help them manage the risks of the Web.
The Internet offers huge opportunities for work and play and 1 won't
take your time mentioning well-known advantages and disadvantages of
using the Internet which are discussed in the English lessons.
Advantages of using the Internet:
- information to support homework;
- leisure activities such as music, films and sports;
- chat live, play online games and share files with people from
around the world;
- publish information about yourself and your interests on personal web pages;
- find other people who share your obsessions.
In our English lessons dedicated to the Web we also discuss disadvantages of the Net such as:
Disadvantages:
- social isolation;
- wasting time on games;
- terrorists' communication via the Net;
- planting viruses;
- stealing information;
- health hazards of sitting in front of the screen and losing all
sense of time.
18
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Прямая и косвенная речь
Существует два способа передачи речи говорящего – прямой
и косвенный.
После слов, которые вводят прямую речь, ставится запятая
или двоеточие, а прямая речь заключается в кавычки (кавычки
по-английски обозначаются знаком «...»).
Не said, «The plane has just taken off». Он сказал: «Самолет
только что поднялся».
При передаче прямой речи в косвенной необходимо соблюдать правила согласования времен и производить все требующиеся по смыслу замены личных и притяжательных местоимений и
вспомогательных глаголов.
Не said, «We are going back to our
country.»
Не said that they were going back to
their country.
He says, «I`ll come.»
He says that he will come.
Он сказал: «Мы возвращаемся на
родину.’
Он сказал, что они возвращаются
родину.
Он говорит: «Я приду».
Он говорит, что (он) придет.
Кроме того, при передаче прямой речи в косвенной происходят следующие изменения.
Прямая речь
Косвенная речь
here здесь
this/these это, эта, этот, эти
now сейчас
today сегодня
yesterday вчера
ago тому назад
tomorrow завтра
tomorrow завтра
next week на следующей неделе
there там
that/those то, та, тот, те
then тогда
that day в тот день
the day before накануне
before до этого, раньше
the next day на следующий день
the following day
the following week на следующей
неделе
last week на прошлой неделе
the previous week на предыдущей
неделе
The secretary said, «He is flying to The secretary said he was flying to
London tomorrow».
London the next day (the following
day).
She said, «I felt well last week».
She said she had felt well the previous week
19
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Примечание. Если прямая речь передается в косвенной в течение того же дня, то вышеуказанные изменения не производятся, и
если место действия не меняется, то here не меняется на there.
Ten minutes ago he said, «I feel bad today». She said, «It's warm
here». (She is in the room.)
Ten minutes ago he said he felt bad today. She said it was warm
here. (She is still in the room.)
При передаче специальных вопросов в косвенной речи глагол
say, вводящий вопрос в прямой речи, меняется на глагол ask и
далее идет косвенный вопрос с порядком слов повествовательного предложения.
Не says, «How long will it take you He asks how long it will take
me to get to London?»
«Who has done it?», she said. She asked who had done it.
При передаче общих вопросов в косвенной речи употребляются союзы if или whether.
Не says, «Have you filled in the He asked if I had filled in the
declaration?»
Если прямая речь вводится глаголом say с указанием лица, к
которому обращаются, то при передаче прямой речи в косвенной
возможны два варианта.
Не said to me, «I have no time.»
1. He said to me that he had no time.
2. He told me that he had no time.
Если в прямой речи стоят предложения в повелительном наклонении, то при передаче их в косвенной речи вместо глагола
say употребляются глаголы tell, ask, после которых обязательно
указывается лицо, к которому обращаются, и далее идет инфинитив глагола в утвердительной или отрицательной форме.
She said, «Give me your pen, Tom.» She asked Tom to give her
his pen.
He said, «Open your books.» He told us to open our books.
His mother said: «Don't open the His mother told us not to open
the window».
20
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Вопросы в косвенной речи
Ex. 40. 1). Use the Present Perfect or the Past Indefinite in questions in the following text; 2). Put the questions into Indirect Speech,
e.g.: He asked me whether I was a soldier by profession. I answered in
the affirmative.
— Are you a soldier by profession?
— Yes.
— How long you (to be) in the army?
— Twenty-five years.
— When you (to join) the army?
— In 1932.
— Where you (to serve) during the war?
— First on the territory of the Ukraine, then in the Far East.
— You (to see) much fighting in the Ukraine?
— A good deal.
— How long you (to remain) there?
— For over a year.
— Why you (to be) sent to the Far East?
— I (to be) wounded.
— What sort of wound it (to be)?
— A bullet through the shoulder.
— How many times you (to be) wounded during the war?
— Three times.
We are sure you have overcome Level B and can pass on to
LEVEL C
Find the mistakes and correct them.
Ex. 41.
1. We reached our destination after a three-hours drive.
2. My parents never leave me stay out late at night.
3. The teacher told us to do Exercise 9 in page 23.
4. They were said to leave the room by noon.
5. Sally is an efficient secretary.
6. Joe met Sally in his way to the library.
7. For everyone's surprise, the Eagles won the cup.
8. Nicky is a very good friend of my.
Vocabulary: destination – место назначения, by noon – к полудню, won the cup – выиграли кубок.
21
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Ex. 42. Translate into English:
1. Туристы добрались до места назначения после пятичасового перелета. 2. Не позволяйте детям гулять допоздна. 3. Ко всеобщему удивлению нам велели освободить номер к вечеру.
4. Преподаватель задал нам второе упражнение на семьдесят пятой странице. 5. По дороге в университет я встретил старого приятеля. 6. Ему нужна квалифицированная помощница.
Ex. 43.
1. We spent the all day by the sea.
2. Greg goes to his work on foot
3. I'm writting to you from sunny Barbados.
4. When I left Peter hadn't stilt come. ?
5. Let's go to Mary's party, will we?
6. He's the most interesting person I`ve always met.
7. This fairy tale has many and nice pictures.
8. I have yet cooked the meal,
9. I don't like all the kinds of music.
10. John always is late for work.
11. She was never teached French.
12. He spoke in a very softly voice.
13. Do you know what is the time?
14. He told me to not bother the dog.
15. Paul couldn't manage to find a job.
Ex. 44. Translate into English:
1. Всю эту неделю мы провели у озера. 2. Я пишу Вам, чтобы
сообщить о сбое в программе. 3. Когда я уходил, оператор еще не
пришел. 4. Я в жизни не встречала интереснее человека. 5. Периферийное оборудование мы уже подключили. 6. Мне никакая живопись не нравится. 7. Том никогда не опаздывает на занятия в
компьютерном классе. 8. Меня никогда не обучали водить автомобиль. 9. Сколько сейчас времени? Вы знаете, который час?
10. У Софии очень тихий голос. Но когда она велит детям не приставать (bother) к ней, они всегда слушаются (obey). 11. Я редко
хожу на работу пешком.
Ex. 45.
1. The best way to know her is to talk to her.
2. He insisted to carry my suitcase.
3. I have been working here from 1992.
22
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
4. My sister is elder than me.
5. Each of them didn't have a car.
6. Do you know who did start the fight?
7. Ann has got three childs.
8. People are believing he stole the money
9. He asked me a cup of tea.
10. He has been standing their for an hour.
Vocabulary:
insist – настаивать; start the fight – начать драку, ссору;
stole – украл.
Ex. 46. Translate into English:
1. Он настаивал на том, чтобы помочь мне. 2. Я живу в этом
городе с самого рождения. 3. Алекс старше, а не моложе Дэна.
4. Ни у кого из нас не было денег. 5. Вы знаете, кто прекратил
строительство? 6. У нее двое детей. 7. Люди верят, это он угнал
машину. 8. Он попросил у меня ручку и бумагу. 9. Ваша сестра
сидит там уже целый час.
Ex. 47.
1. My flat is in the fourth floor.
2. I am waiting for you for an hour.
3. The shop was full with people.
4. Can I lend your book for a minute?
5. It is no need to finish it tonight.
6. She made a party for her birthday last Saturday.
7. I passed my holidays in Spain.
8. Tom past all his exams.
9. Can you talk Chinese?
10. Jerry is very high.
11. Ann was at the bus stop expecting the bus.
12. Steve enjoys to watch horror films.
13. Paul didn't have a difficulty learning to play the flute.
14. They refused to pay for the damages.
15. Sheila took three luggages with her.
Ex. 48. Translate into English.
1. Я была на остановке и ждала автобуса. 2. Наш офис находится на первом этаже. 3. Могу я позаимствовать у вас ручку буквально на минуту? 4. Племянник у меня очень большого роста.
5. Мы сдали благополучно все экзамены и хотим провести кани23
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
кулы в Египте. – А вы говорите по-арабски? – Нет, но я говорю
по-английски. Мне не нужно учить арабский. В Египте полно
людей, которые знают или понимают английский. – Желаю Вам
приятного отдыха! – Спасибо. А после Египта мы и отметим мой
день рожденья. Приходите! – Не откажусь.
Ex. 49. Look at the text below. Some lines are correct, so put a tick (•)
next to them. Some others include an extra word which you must cross out.
1. Most people believe
life on our planet will
2. certainly be very different in 100 years.
3. Some people think about that we may be living
4. on some one other planet, like Mars.
5. That could be happen because the population
6. on Earth will have increased so much. Others
7. believe that we won't need to eat a food,
8. as we do so now. Scientists may have discovered
9. food pills, which we will take them with a glass of
10. water. In this way, the problem of feeding the
11. billions of people on Earth will have be solved.
Ex. 50. Translate into English:
Большинство полагает; одни думают, что; это могло бы случиться; другие считают, что; как мы поступаем сейчас; может, к тому
времени ученые откроют; таким образом проблема и будет решена.
Clauses of Purpose (Придаточные цели)
Purpose is expressed by;
to – infinitive e.g. He is studying to be a lawyer.
so that + will/can (present/future reference) e.g.
Ill take my umbrella so that I won't get wet,
so that + would/could (past reference) e.g. / took
my umbrella so that I wouldn't get wet
Ex. 51. Translate into English.
1. Я учусь на программиста, а мой брат – на врача. 2. Я постараюсь овладеть облачными вычислениями (cloud computing) с тем,
чтобы научить им других. 3. Туристы взяли с собой палатки, чтобы
не промокнуть и не простудиться. 4. Нужно учить английский, чтобы чувствовать себя удобно (feel comfy) за границей. 5. Чтобы не
опоздать на поезд, он взял такси. 6. Наша команда много тренировалась, чтобы выиграть кубок. 7. Ученые, может, придумают какиенибудь таблетки, чтобы нам не нужно было есть пищу, как сейчас.
24
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
ERROR CORRECTION
Ex. 52. Cross out the unnecessary words or put a tick (•) next to
the correct lines as in the first two sentences.
1. The two main causes of air pollution •
2. in our cities are
cars and factories. Both
3. release harmful gases into the air which
4. not only damage the atmosphere, but and also
5. cause breathing problems among city-dwellers,
6. By banning of cars from city centres and
7. increasing fines to be paid by companies which
8. allow their factories to make harm the environment,
9. we could to improve the condition of the
10. air in our cities by considerably.
Task 1. Translate the text.
Vocabulary:
cause – причина; вызывать
pollution – загрязнение
release – выпускать
harmful – вредный
damage – (наносить) ущерб
breathing – дыхание
city-dwellers – обитатели городов
ban – не допускать
increase – повышать
fine – штраф
improve – улучшить, исправить
condition – состояние
considerably – значительно.
Ex. 53. Change the text so that it can discuss water pollution. Use
the words : water, sewerage, waste, rivers, lakes, seas, health.
Ex. 54. Find the mistakes and correct them.
1. My flat is in the fourth floor.
2. I am waiting for you for an hour.
3. The shop was full with people,
4. Can I lend your book for a minute?
5. It is no need to finish it tonight.
6. She made a party for her birthday last Saturday,
7. I passed my holidays in Spain.
25
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
8. Tom past all his exams.
9. Can you talk Chinese?
10. Jerry is very high.
11. Ann was at the bus stop expecting the bus,
12. Steve enjoys to watch horror films.
13. Paul didn't have a difficulty learning to play the flute.
14. They refused to pay for the damages.
15. Sheila took three luggages with her.
PRONOUNS
Both refers (относится ) to two people or things. It has a positive
meaning and takes a verb in the plural. It is the opposite of neither/not either.
Torn and David are Welsh. Both Tom and Sarah are Welsh. Both
of them are Welsh. They are both Welsh. Both boys are Welsh.
Neither (ни тот ни другой) is used before singular countables
(исчисляемые существительные в единственном числе) . It refers
to two people or things.
Neither of takes (согласуется с) a verb either in the singular or plural.
а) Neither of them is rich. b) Neither of them are rich.
Neither man is rich.
None refers to more than two people or things. It has a negative
meaning and isn't followed by a noun. None of can be used with
nouns or object pronouns, followed by a verb either in the singular or
plural. It is the opposite of all.
Tom, David and Peter haven't seen the play. a)None of the boys
have seen the play. b) None of the boys has seen the play. c) None of
the them have seen the play. d) None of them has seen the play.
All refers to more than two people or things. It has a positive
meaning and takes a verb in the plural. It is the opposite of none.
All the guests enjoyed the performance. All of them were very
pleased. They were all very pleased.
All + that clause means «everything» and takes a singular verb.
All that he wished for came true.
Ex. 55. Translate into English.
1. Мы все теоретики, никто из нас не владеет этим языком
программирования. 2. Все, что вы говорите, очень интересно.
3. Никто из студентов не пропускает этих лекций. 4. Никто из них
не спрашивал меня об этом. 5. Они все квалифицированные спе26
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
циалисты. 6. Ни тот ни другой у нас не учатся (не являются нашими студентами). 7. Вы оба сдали экзамен на «хорошо», вы значительно улучшили свои знания по математике.
Ex. 56. Choose between 'no one' and 'none' to use it in the following sentences:
1. ... tried to teach her anything. 2.... of us is perfect; we all make
mistakes. 3. ... of us knew how ill she was. 4. I'm sure you heard it from
Mary, ... else could tell you that. 5. ... had anything to gain by his death.
6. I wanted some mere coffee but there was ... left. 7. ... of them knows
his duty yet. 8. We had ... to give us accurate information, let alone advice. 9. Philip slowly mounted the stairs. ... of his family was yet up. 10.
I looked around the room, expecting to see piles of books; ... were visible. 11. ... of us knows how much he has suffered. 12. Since ... had an
answer to his question, silence fell in the room. 13. He asked for food
but his mother said there was ... . 14.... of the new men have been able to
pass the test. 15. Of all the girls he phoned ... were at home. 16. During
that time he saw ... who could tell him what had gone wrong. 17. ... of us
were sure of the facts. 18. «Where are the apples?» «There are ... .» 19.
A hundred yards or so from the cottage stood a brick house that looked
unfinished. ... in the party gave it a second thought.
Ex. 57. Use 'both', 'either' or 'neither' in the following sentences:
1. We drove along a wide road with trees on ... side. 2. Ed and I
were... very big men. 3. He invited us..., but I knew he felt it irregular;
he did not want... of us at a family party. 4. The verandah stretched on ...
side of me. 5. The first apple pie of the season was on the table and a
large dish of purple grapes. Muriel was too angry to touch .... 6. I could
hear them ... , but saw ... . 7. Cords were drawn on ... side of the picture
gallery on days when the public were admitted. 8. These are ... very gloomy rooms. I'm afraid ... will suit me. 9. ... his legs were broken in the
accident. 10. «Which of the two newspapers would you like?» «Oh, ...
will do.» 11. She had brown shining hair which hung down on ... side of
her face. 12. «What are you going to have, orange juice or Coke?» «... .
I'm not thirsty.» 13. «Tell ... your mother and father that I'm expecting
them tonight.» «I'm afraid I won't see ... of them today.» 14. «Which job
are you going to take?» «I'm afraid ... .» 15. She can play with the tennis
racket in ... hand. 16. By that time ... his sisters had got married. 17.
There were trees on ... bank. 18. You can borrow ... of my two cameras.
19. Nick and Tom are ... my friends. But ... is in the town now. They are
27
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
... in the Navy. 20. «What have you written, a short story or an essay?»
«I'm afraid it doesn't come within ... description.» 21. «... the jars, the big
one and the small one, are empty. You can take ... of them.» «I'm afraid
... will do.» 22. «She's either very ill or has gone away.» «What can one
do about it in ... case?»
REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS (myself, yourself, himself, herself,
itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves)
▀ Reflexive pronouns take the verbs like behave (вести себя) ,
burn (жечь), cut (резать), enjoy (радоваться, веселиться), hurt
(поранить), kill (убить), look (смотреть), dry (сушить). In this
case the subject and the object refer to one and the same person or
thing. E.g.: They enjoyed themselves at the party.
▀ Reflexive pronouns take the verbs like be, look, feel, seem, to describe emotions and situations. E.g.: Ellen was beside herself with anger.
▀ Some verbs are not used, as a rule, with reflexive pronouns:
wash, shave, (un)dress, meet, etc. E.g.: I am the first to wash as I am
the first to wake up.
But these verbs can be used with reflexive pronouns when we
speak about children or animals. E.g.: Harry can wash himself although he is only two years old.
Ex. 58. Supply reflexive pronouns for the following sentences
where necessary.
1. We enjoyed ... at the dance. 2. She had made. .. very unpopular.
3. Why is she sitting all by ... in the dark? 4. Jessica looked at ... in the
long mirror. 5. I liked having lodgings of my own, where I could be
by … . 6. I closed the door behind ... 7. Every man is important to …
at one time or another. 8. All day the children were beside ... with excitement. 9. The young leaves unfolded to their utmost and the fields
generously spread... on either hand. 10. He was amiability .... 11. I
found ... doing nearly all the talking.
Ex. 59. Underline the correct word
1. Janine tied / wrapped up her hair back with a ribbon.
2. Due to crashing waves the boat began to drown / sink.
3. He pulled / dragged the door open and walked into the shop.
4. It's a five-minute / ftve-moment walk to the bus stop from my
house.
5. Frances was listening / hearing to music on the radio.
28
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
6. My brother screams and behaves / treats like a baby whenever
he can't have his own way.
7. If Susie works hard / hardly, she will get promoted.
8. He was killed / died in the plane crash.
9. The bag slipped from her hands and the groceries spread / scattered all over the street.
10. Peter is reading / studying for his final exams.
ERROR CORRECTION
Ex. 60. Look at the text below. Some lines are correct, so put a tick (•)
next to them. Some others include an extra word which you must cross out.
1. It is be believed that the first form of football ………….
2. originated around 1,000 BC in China where it ………….
3. was being called 'Isu-chu’. In the western world, ………….
4. the earliest references to the game can be found ………….
5. in Homer's poetry from where it was known ………….
6. as 'episkuros». According to some, football's ………….
7. popularity spread from Greece to the Rome, from ………….
8. where the Romans had took it to Britain. The ………….
9. birthday of modern football is in October 26th ………….
10. 1863, which is when the Football Association ………….
11. made then its first set of rules. ………….
Ex. 61. Underline the correct word.
1. It’s a three-hour voyage / journey to and from work.
2. Samurai warriors / soldiers were well known for their bravery.
3. Jason got himself into an embarrassing situation / condition
when he wrongly accused Paul of stealing his watch.
4. Janet and I are partners / colleagues as we work at the same
company.
5. Thomas Edison was a famous explorer / inventor. he created
many things that had never been made before.
6.We’re going to draw / paint the kitchen in the spring.
Ex. 62. Translate the questions.
1. Сколько времени занимает дорога на работу и домой?
2. Чем были знамениты воины-самураи?
3. Почему Джейсон поставил себя в неловкое положение?
4. Как называются люди, работающие в одной компании?
5. Что изобрел Томас Эдисон?
6. Когда они собираются красить кухню?
29
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
A piece of useful information
NEED can take an –ing form or a passive infinitive.
e.g. Your hair needs cutting. = Your hair needs to be cut.
Put the verb in the correct forms.
1. Your shoes need (polish). 2. Your trousers need (iron). 3. My
kitchen needs (paint)/ 4. These mistakes need (correct). 5. The disk
needs (clean).
Ex. 63. Find the mistakes (both grammar and lexical) and correct
them.
1. Terry is elder than me.
2. Last week I went to visit my own uncle in Bristol.
3. The students were hearing to their teacher explain the problem.
4. Paul went on work early today.
5. The boy was laying on the bed, fast asleep.
6. She understood her mistake and blushed in embarrassment.
7. Where should I put all these furniture?
8. She is the girl who she saw the murder.
9. We must hurry; we have no time to loose.
10. When you will come back, I’ll tell you all about it.
Vocabulary:
explain – объяснять
fast asleep – крепко спящий
blushed – вспыхнуть, покраснетъ
embarrassment – смущение, замешательство.
Ex. 64. Cross out the unnecessary words, or put a tick next to the
correct lines, as in the examples.
1. During our holidays, I decided to go on a skiing trip.
2. My friends and I we left on a snowy morning.
3. We’re been looking forward to arriving at the ski
4. resort by late afternoon. Unfortunately, we got caught in
5. a heavy snowstorm while be driving on the motorway.
6. My friend told me to stay calm and helped me put
7. the chains on the tyres. When we finally arrived, the snow
8. was fresh and perfect for the skiing. We skied all day
9. and then we relaxed in a beautiful ski lodge.
10. It was a very much nice ski trip after all.
Ex. 65. Find the mistakes and correct them.
1. While I get ready for school, I listen music.
30
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
2. It's so hot; let's go for swimming.
3. I'll wait you at the bus stop.
4. His mother made him to tell the truth.
5. Marie did a lot of mistakes in the test.
6. Can you please close the TV? I want to go to sleep.
7. I made the shopping in half an hour.
8. The little boy saw a nightmare last night and ran to his parents»
room.
9. We should dust the house; it isn't very clear.
10. I saw a dress in a shop window that looked the same with yours.
Ex. 66. Find the mistakes and correct them.
1. She is thinking of go to university.
2. He does a lot of mistakes.
3. She looks as an angel.
4. Tom managed to reach to the top shelf.
5. The National Bank was stolen last Monday,
6. Would you like coming with us?
7. Sue felt asleep while she was watching TV.
8. She's getting her hairs cut today.
9. He said me to follow him.
10. Sheila and Peter are on holiday to Miami.
Ex. 67. Underline the correct words.
1 Can you imagine / guess what it would be like to live on a tropical island?
2. Susan is a British member / citizen.
3. The answers / resutis of the survey show that people are becoming more aware of environmental problems,
4. She decided to die / dye her dress green.
5. This club is very popular / well-known with teenagers in the area.
6. The sky was very clear / clean – there were no clouds at all.
More pieces of useful information about direct and indirect speech
Indirect questions are used when we ask for information politely. They are introduced with Do you know...? Can/Could you tell
me...?, Have you any idea...? Would you mind...? and I'd like to
know... .The word order of indirect questions is the same as in statements (повествовательном предложении). When the indirect question starts with I'd like to know... the question mark is omitted (опускается), e.g. How old is he? d like to know how old he is.
31
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
e.g. a) Direct question: What time does the bus leave?
Indirect question: Do you know what time the bus leaves?
b) Direct question: Will he be out of the office long?
Indirect question: Have you any idea if he will be out of the office long?
Ex. 68. Translate into English.
1. Я хочу узнать: а) когда прибывает поезд 78, b) Кто отвечает за это мероприятие (event), с) почему этот компьютер так медленно работает. 2. Будьте добры упростить обработку данных.
3. А Вы вообще-то знаете: а) когда он вернется, b) где находится
эта группа, с) что здесь прямой порядок слов, d) что вы сделали
здесь ошибку.
Special Introductory Verbs – Особые глаголы обобщения
косвенной речи (обещать, отказаться, согласиться, выругаться и т. п.)
When we wish to report the meaning of a speaker's words we often use appropriate reporting verbs (introductory verbs),
Study these examples:
a) Direct speech: «I'll buy you a new bicycle!» Reported speech:
He promised to buy her a new bicycle, or He promised that he would
buy her a new bicycle.
b) Direct speech: «No, I won't talk to him.» Reported speech;
She refused to talk to him.
c) Direct speech: «You ought to stay in bed.» Reported speech:
He advised me to stay in bed.
d) Direct speech: «I'm sorry I forgot your birthday.» Reported
speech: She apologised for forgetting / having forgotten my birthday.
e) Direct speech: 'Let's listen to some musk.'« Reported speech:
He suggested listening to some music.
Necessary changes in the indirect Speech – Необходимые изменения в грамматике английской косвенной речи
Present Simple ■» Past Simple «He walks to school» she said
She said (that) he walked to school (also; walks)
Present Continuous *» Past Continuous «He is walking to
school,» 'she said. She said (that) he was walking to school
Past Simple •» Past Perfect «He walked to school» she said. She
said (that) he had walked to school.
32
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Past Continuous «* Past Perfect Continuous «He was walking
to school» she said. She said (that) he had been walking to schoo/.
Past Simple/Past Continuous do not change in time clauses,
«He called me while I was having lunch,» she said. She said (that) he
called / had called while she was having lunch.
Future Simple ■* would + bare infinitive «He will drive to
work,» she said. She said (that) he would drive to work
Present Perfect «• Past Perfect «He has walked to school,» she
said. She said (that) he had walked to school
Present Perfect Continuous –* Past Perfect Continuous «He
has been walking to school» she said. She said (that) he had been
walking to school. проверено.
Certain adjectives can be used metaphorically: silky hair
(smooth and soft, like silk), but a silk shirt (a shirt made of silk), a
stony face (a disapproving look), but a stone church (a church made
of stone), golden hair (blond hair), but a gold coin (a coin made of
gold), feathery leaves (soft and delicate, like feathers), but a feather
cushion (a cushion containing feathers), leathery skin (tough and
hard), but leather trousers (trousers made of leather).
Ex. 69. Underline the correct adjective.
1. Her golden / gold hair shone in the sunshine.
2. My husband gave me an expensive golden / gold ring for
Christmas.
3. His stony / stone expression told me he wasn't pleased with me.
4. We stayed in an old stony / stone farmhouse in Wales.
5. That's a fantastic silky / silk blouse!
6. The children loved stroking the dog's silky / silk coat.
7. The butcher tried to sell me some horrible, leathery / leather
steak today.
8. Motorcyclists wear leathery / leather jackets to protect themselves from the cold.
9. Do you know where I can find a feathery / feather duster?
10. Feathery / Feather snowflakes started falling to the ground.
Ex. 70. Translate into English.
1. Он подарил ей на свадьбу золотое кольцо с бриллиантом.
2. Я хочу купить путевку (тур) по Золотому кольцу. 3. У ребенка
были легкие пушистые волосы. 4. Лицо преподавателя выражало
33
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
неодобрение. 5. Теперь у многих на даче кирпичные дома.
6. В жаркую погоду удобны легкие шелковые платья. 7. Бифштексы в этом ресторане жесткие, как подошва. 8. Этот крем делает вашу кожу шелковистой.
Direct and Reported (косвенная) speech – Revised and Expanded
We use say in direct speech. We also use say in reported speech
when say is not followed by the person the words were spoken to (когда адресат не упоминается). We use tell in reported speech when it
is followed by the person the words were spoken to (когда адресат
упоминается).
e.g. Direct speech: He said to me, «I am tired» Reported speech:
He said (that) he was tired. Reported speech: He told me (that) he
was tired.
Expressions with say: say good morning/evening, etc; say something; say one's prayers; say so; say a few words; say no more; say for
certain, etc.
Expressions with tell: tell the truth; tell a lie; tell (somebody) the
time; tell somebody one s name; tell a story; tell somebody a secret;
tell somebody the way; tell one from another; tell somebody's fortune;
tell somebody so; tell the difference, etc.
Ex. 71. Underline the correct word.
1. People were blowing / whistling horns in the streets throughout
the carnival.
2. The crowd cheered / grabbed wildly when the singer walked
onto the stage.
3. Eskimos put / wear warm clothing because it is cold where
they live.
4. Listen / Hear to me when I'm talking to you!
5. The soldiers agreed to give / spare the prisoner's life and let
him go.
6. The children gathered / grouped around their teacher to listen
to the story.
7. The policeman waited calmly / patiently for the woman to explain what had happened.
8. Todd shouldn't have gone sailing in this weather. He must have
lost / missed his mind!
34
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Useful expressions
Giving advice: What about...., If I were you, I'd ..., You should ...,
You ought to ...., Why don't you ..., It would be a good idea to ..., The
best thing you can do is ..., I strongly advise you to ... , You shouldn't
..., You could. Finish with: I hope this helps you. Let me know what
happens. Things will get better soon.
Ex. 72. Translate into English.
1. Надо прислушиваться к мнению опытных работников.
2. На вашем месте я бы не поехала туда в отпуск. 3. А как насчет
общения по скайпу? 4. Может, вы могли бы рассказать мне чтонибудь об этих сообщениях. 5. Неплохо было бы выслушать и
другую сторону (the other party). 6. Вам бы надо сходить к врачу.
7. Я вам настоятельно советую одеваться теплее.
Ex. 73. Find the mistakes and correct them.
1. Last night I went to the cinema with a friend of me.
2. She heard the man to scream for help.
3. That event changed their Iifes dramatically.
4. Farmers grow up wheat in the fields.
5. When we heard the joke we laughed loud.
6. «I would like to thank all those who are hear today».
7. Peter borrowed me some money so that I could pay for my ticket.
8. The heavy rain prevented us for playing outdoors.
9. She ran quickly but still lost the bus.
10. He was late for the meeting, as usually.
Ex. 74. Translate into English:
один мой приятель, одолжить денег, опоздать (на транспорт),
громко, помешать кому-то что-то сделать, выращивать, как
обычно.
ERROR CORRECTION
Ex. 75. Put a tick (галочку) next to the sentences which are correct and cross out ( X ) the unnecessary word (a grammar element) in
the sentences that are incorrect.
1. When they will finish redecorating their flat, they'll have a party.……….
2. I don't know if they will go on with the project as
planned……….
3. She will be upset unless you not invite her to your party.……….
35
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
4. When will you let me know about your decision?……….
5. Check the address before you will post the letter. ……….
6. They are going to sell this house and buy a bigger one……….
7. I'll give you a call as soon as I will have the results……….
8. If I will finish early, I may go to the cinema with Lucy……….
Ex. 76. Translate into English.
1. Она расстроится, когда увидит этот ужасный шрам. 2. Я не
поступлю в Кембридж, если только Вы не поможете мне с математикой. 3. Я сообщу Вам, как только приеду домой. 4. Проверьте свой багаж, прежде чем выйти из вагона. 5. Никто не знает, собираются ли они продавать этот дом. 6. Если Вы согласитесь
продолжить этот проект в соответствии с планом, то Вы можете
рассчитывать на большой бонус. 7. Я позвоню Вам, если закончу
работу пораньше.
Some useful information on WORD FORMATION
We can add – able or – ible to nouns or verbs to form their adjectives, e.g. predict – predictable, horror – horrible
Ex. 77. Fill in the gaps with the correct adjective
1 I must sell my car, so I will accept any............. (reason) offers.
2. In order to lose weight, one must follow a................. (sense) diet.
3. Cindy is.............. (response) for keeping the accounts in her office.
4. This sofa is very soft and................. (comfort).
5. She always wears very................. (fashion) clothes.
6. I don't think the excuse he made for being late was .........(believe).
Ex. 78. Translate into English:
разумные цены, модный костюм, удобное помещение, отвечать за результаты эксперимента, невероятный успех, разумное
предложение, предсказуемое поведение, ужасное происшествие
(incident).
Ex. 79. Cross out the unnecessary words.
1. She is starts work at 9 o'clock.
2. I haven't never seen a koala bear before.
3. He sat by the window and had watched the cars going by.
4. Everyone has enjoyed last night's concert.
5. Tom was supposed to have be here an hour ago; where is he?
6. Susan is being late for work much too often.
7. Tony had left for the airport at six o'clock this morning.
8. Was the weather being nice while you were on holiday?
36
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
9. Delia has lived here for two years before she moved to London.
10. Mother went to the doctor because her back had ached.
Ex. 80. Underline the correct item.
1. I'll ring you as / as soon as the plane lands.
2. Everything had been prepared until / by the time the guests arrived.
3. After / As I was waiting for the bus it began to rain.
4. I'll know how much the tickets cost when / until I go to the travel agent's.
5. While / After she was teaching the lesson the lights went out.
6. They went into the cinema while / just as the film started.
7. We didn't go out until / /after It had stopped snowing.
8. You mustn't interrupt me while / until I am speaking.
More pieces of useful grammar information
Time clauses are introduced with: after, as, as long as, as soon as,
just as, since, before, by the time, when, while, till/until, whenever,
etc. Time clauses follow the rule of the sequence of tenses. This means
that when the verb of the main sentence is in a present or future form, the
verb of the time clause is in the present form. When the verb of the main
sentence is in a past form, the verb of the time clause is in a past form too.
We do not normally use will/would in time clauses; we use present
forms. e.g. I`ll phone you when I get home (not: when I will get home).
I went to bed after I had done my homework, (not: after I did my
homework).
By the time = before, not later than – . e.g. She had finished
cleaning by the time Paul came – …к тому времени, когда Поль
пришел. By the time is used with a non-perfect form of the verb/
Until = up to the time when. Until is used with a Perfect form of
the verb. e.g. They waited until everyone had left, then started cleaning. Они ждали до тех пор, пока все не ушли, и тогда начали
уборку. They didn't start cleaning until everyone had left. – Они не
начинали уборку, пока все не ушли.
Ex. 81. Translate into English:
1. Он лечил животных, пока не началась война. 2. Актеры не начинали спектакля, пока зрители не перестали разговаривать. 3. Я ходил по городу, пока не увидел приличное кафе. 4. Мать читала детям
сказку, пока они не уснули (fall asleep). 5. К тому времени, когда программист вернулся, компьютер уже почистили. 6. К тому времени,
когда я познакомился со Смитом, я уже возглавлял отдел продаж.
37
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
COMMON MISTAKES
Ex. 82. Find and correct them.
1. Could you open the radio so I can listen to the news?
2. Can I lend your car? Mine's at the garage and I need to do some
shopping.
3. My brother has got long hairs.
4. I'm afraid you did wrong about the answer to question ten, so
you lose five points.
5. I look forward to see you when you visit our town again.
6. After a hard day at work, John loves sitting in a
comfortable armchair and seeing TV.
7. Sheila is studying hard because she has to give a test
tomorrow.
8. If you see Thomas, be sure to tell hello for me.
9. I like to pass my time doing creative things like painting
and playing the guitar.
10. We’ll go out as soon as the news will be finished.
USED TO / BE USED TO / GET USED TO
Used to is used to express past habitual (привычный) actions and
peкmanent (постоянный) states. e.g. When I was a child, I used to
walk to school every day.
Be/Get used to expresses habitual actions and means «be/get accustomed to» – «привыкнуть к» or «be in the habit of” – «иметь
привычку». It is followed by an -ing form or a noun. e.g. / have got
used to getting up at 4 am since I started working at the bakery.
Ex. 83. Make sentences according to the model.
a) like ice-cream/hate it – David used to like ice-cream, but now
he hates it.
b) live in the country/ in the city –
c) get up late/early –
d) have short hair/long haire) be short/tall –
Ex. 84. Rewrite each sentence or question with used to. Do not
change the meaning.
a) I was in the school tennis team.
b) Sophie had long hair when she was at school.
c) Mary didn't listen when her teachers were speaking.
d) Ricardo got up at 6.00 when he was training for the Olympics.
38
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
e) What did you usually do on Saturday evenings?
f) Becky was afraid of dogs when she was a girl.
g) We always gave our teachers presents at the end of term.
h) Did you live next door to Mrs Harrison?
i) My brother wore glasses when he was small.
Ex. 85. Complete the sentences with your personal details.
a) I used to eat................................................., but now I don't.
b) I used to hate..............................................., but now I love it.
c) I didn't use to drink..................................., but now I`ve got
used to.
d) I used to read................................................., but now I don't.
e) I didn't use to watch.................................. on television, but
now I I`ve got used to.
f) I used to get up at....................... on Saturdays, but now I don't.
g) I used to play..............................., but now I play...................
h) I didn't use to have............................................. for breakfast,
but now I I`ve got used to.
* Ago (= back in time from now) is used with the Past Simple.
e.g. She left an hour ago.
* Before (= back in time from a specific past point) e.g. He told
me she had left an hour before. It can also be used with present or past
forms to point out than an action preceded another. e.g. She had finished cooking before the guests arrived.
* Already is used with Perfect tenses in a middle or end position
in statements or questions. e.g. She has already typed the letters. Has
she posted the letters already?
* Yet is used with Perfect tenses in negative sentences after a
contracted auxiliary verb or at the end of the sentence. e.g. He hasn`t
yet arrived. He hasn't arrived yet. It can also be used at the end of
questions. e.g. Has he arrived yet?
* Since expresses a starting point. e.g. He has been living in
Swansea since 1989.
* For expresses the duration of an action. e.g. They've been in
Madrid for two months.
Ex. 86. Find the mistakes and correct them.
1. You needn't to buy him a pair of shoes.
2. He didn't succeed to pass his exams.
39
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
3. There were a lots of people at the meeting.
4. She insisted to help us move the furniture.
5. The police is looking for the missing boy.
6. I haven't got any informations about the date of the concert.
7. I quiet disagree with your ideas.
8. He's the most helpful person I have never met.
9. He explained us how the machine worked.
10. The ambulance carried the injured woman to hospital.
11. Take me a cup of coffee, please.
12. I haven't talked to Sally since ages.
13. She was very upset that she couldn't stop crying.
14. He visited Rome, where he stayed with his aunt there.
15. I met Ann, which had been abroad since 1990.
Ex. 87. Underline the correct word.
1. She nearly dropped / fell the expensive vase on the floor
2. The boat's passengers were relieved / refreshed to see land after the frightening storm.
3. This house remembers / remlnds me of my childhood home.
4. The old lady had deep freckles / wrinkles around her eyes.
5. We had reached / arrived Brighton by 2 o'clock.
6. The builder climbed up the ladder / staircase which was leaning against the side of the house.
7. Terry told me that I was welcome / accepted to visit him anytime.
8. I don't realise / understand why he spoke so rudely to you.
Ex. 88. Underline the correct word.
1 The doctor studied / examined my injury and said it wasn't serious.
2. James was frightened / depressed for weeks after he lost his job.
3. The cat lay sleeping on one of the tree's large twigs / branches.
4. The hunter shot / fired the deer with his rifle.
5. There are only a few large jungles / forests left in Europe.
6. We bought a(n) atlas / map of the town so we wouldn't
get lost.
7. It's sharply / bitterly cold today, isn't it?
8. A dog bit him when he was young and he still has the scar /
bruise on his leg.
9. My parents told me never to speak to aliens / strangers.
10. She gasped / sighed in terror when she saw the burglar.
40
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
WORD FORMATION
Most adjectives end in: -ful e.g. wonder – wonderful, -al e.g. nation – national or –ous e.g. marvel – marvellous.
Adjectives describing physical conditions end in -y e.g. wind –
windy.
Adjectives referring to feelings end in –y e. g. hunger — hungry.
Adjectives describing the lack (отсутствие) of some quality end
in – less.
Ex. 89. Form adjectives from the following words:
danger, beauty, wave, rock, child, music, fame, fear, thirst, crowd,
classic, sun.
ERROR CORRECTION
Ex. 90. Underline the correct word.
1. The sandy coast / beach was full of sunbathers.
2. The haunted house is the most popular sight / attraction at the
funfair.
3. To be a good basketball player you have to be high / tall.
4. He gave her an expensive gold / golden ring.
5. The man was still alive / lively when the ambulance reached the
hospital.
Ex. 91. In the following exercise you are given sentences. Some of
them are correct and others contain an unnecessary word. The mistakes
have to do with wrong formation of tenses and adverbs which go with
them. Read the sentences carefully, put a tick (галочку) next to the ones
which are correct and cross out the unnecessary word in the others.
1. He is often talks about going abroad.
2. They have discussed the details in the last meeting.
3. Have you been tasted Indian curry?
4. He likes telling jokes.
5. They have been swimming for half an hour.
6. We haven't already finished packing.
7. He is being ill today.
8. They have been taking English lessons since 1994.
Ex. 92. Underline the correct word.
1. Bill often goes red when he speaks to strangers as he's rather
shy / cowardly.
2. If you have a trouble / problem with your teeth, you should see
a dentist.
41
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
3. Toby and Jane don't want to begin /start a family until Toby
gets a better job.
4. David did quite well in the athletics competition; he won /
gained three medals.
5. You have to be tough and hard-working to succeed / achieve in
the acting profession.
6. Since he retired, my father has guided / led a quiet life.
Ex. 93. Translate into English.
Вести беспокойную жизнь; застенчивая девочка; трусоватый
пес; преуспеть в свой профессии; добиться высоких результатов;
выиграть соревнования; завоевать что-либо в спорте; начать самостоятельную жизнь; обзавестись семьей.
Ex. 94. Underline the correct word.
1. We must try / test the brakes of the car before we set out on our
journey.
2. The old / ancient man had a wrinkled face.
3. The boy tried to steal / rob sweets from the corner shop.
4. Can I have some time to think / believe over your proposal before I give you an answer?
5. It was a beautiful, clean / clear day yesterday, so we went to
the beach.
6. After dinner, I always have a piece of chocolate cake for desert
/ dessert.
7. The children's laughter feels / fills the house with joy.
LEVEL D
Correcting Tasks and Categorizing Mistakes
Individual sentences
Ex. 95.
a. identify the mistake in each sentence
b. rewrite the sentences in correct English using the following
code, mark each mistake:
0 points = a slip(о г о вор ка ) which is so unimportant as to
be hardly worth mentioning
1 point = a mistake of form, but where comprehension is not impeded (не препятствует пониманию)
2 points = shows a fundamental misunderstanding (неправильное понимание) of a particular structure
42
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
3 points = serious mistakes where you do not understand what
the student means.
Set 1
1. She asked me where did I come from.
2. The book was into the bag.
3. The problem was that the door wasn't keyed.
4. He's fond of cooking himself and for me.
5. She was about herself very sensible.
6. Which of the two jokes do you think is best?
7. If I realy want to speak quickly english, I think that the better
way is to go into England.
8. If we'd have known about the problem, we would have told you.
9. I am a Spanish girl and I'd like learning English from June to
September this year.
10. I would like to know informations about your English course.
11. My favourite book is 'Damien' of Hermann Hesse.
12. Some people and I was looking for the mysterious monster.
13. It is a lively city and expected about the future.
14. Yesterday it really happened something strange.
15. I was affraid because I thought, this guy wants to kill me.
16. How is the earth like?
17. I like very much to read.
18. Many people in my company speaks English.
19. Dear Sir, I will go to Cambridge next week, and I'd like to
know...
20. For me, is a very attractive place.
Set 2
1. I'm tired. Can we make a break?
2. It happened the same thing to me.
3. We were there on summer.
4. Did you heard what happened this morning?
5. I hope the Government isn't going to higher the taxes.
6. I think the price of books in France is the double.
7. Where's the pen what I left on the desk?
8. Our bags were controlled when we arrived at Gatwick.
9. I think you haven't met her before.
10.1 work in export department.
43
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Set 3
1. I give people informations about theatre and such things.
2. I have several brother-in-laws.
3. I have a work in a chemical company.
4. We go out for shopping on Saturday mornings.
5. Where do you eat at lunchtime? -I used to have lunch on a coffee bar.
6. Could you do the next one, please?
7. I mustn't go out every night. I can stay in and watch TV if I want to.
7. Then after that rings the telephone.
8. When we arrive in the morning, everybody do his own work
without talking.
9. We others came later.
Set 4
1. It's been discussing about capital punishment for a few years.
2. She saw two men was leaving Mrs Thompson's house.
3. The second hotel is chipper than the first one.
4. Please reply by litter immediately.
5. My anunt with heir children were stilling also at a strange
man were sharing them the cabenit.
6. Our Company chose your Hotel for accommodate the 50 participants of our two-day conference on Monday, 7th December and
Tuesday 8th December.
7. Elizabeth went out and knocked her neighbour.
8. Meanwhile the Prince was looking after his animals a big
white wolf appeared at the park gate.
9. The children were enthusiast about the day.
10. How is she look like?
Set 5
1. You was remember me of a friend.
2. We do the extrusions plastic.
3. The population was getting more.
4. He seems to be historic teacher.
5. Have you ever been such an experience when you were young?
6. This woman likes to make traditionally pullovers.
7. The TV crew are taking photos for the man.
8. I change my decide.
9. Prices are getting more expensive.
44
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Compositions and longer passages.
Ex. 96. Suggested Tasks:
a. underline each piece of English which you believe to contain a
mistake
b. decide if you think re-writing or reformulation of the passage
is i) necessary ii) possible
c. re-write or reformulate the passage if necessary and possible
d. re-read your version and ask yourself if you could rewrite any
of it into more natural English
e. ignoring the individual mistakes, give each composition a mark
out of 10 for communication of content
Correcting Tasks
Composition 1
Dear Sally, Tank-you for your letter (november 1989!!) your Christmas card and your photos (beautiful). And now Easter is already gone. So
I decided to write you, at last.
Life in Cambridge is OK.
We really enjoying our house and our little garden. We bought a rose
last sunday called 'golden shower'. Now it is in the garden, and should be
clairnb along the wall.
We have got a new fence becose the old one was blowed-down from
the strong wind 2 months ago.
The last two weeks I worked very hard, from 8.30 in the morning until 7.00 o'clock in the evening, becose we have held a big and urgent order
from Japan.
But I'm still very bad pay.
Mike is very busy, too; this evening he is gone to a party. It's half
party, half work for him, but it's plenty of drink and music. (I hate partys.)
We are both tired and we need a rest. If we can, we will take a week
off in May or June. I'd like to go to Cornowel. And in September we want
to go to Crete.
I hope that you are both happy, and with nice jobs, and you Sally OK
with your studies.
You are welcome in Cambridge at any time. I'm looking fourwards to
your next letter. Love, Francesca.
45
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Composition 2
Dear Alberto.
How are you. Thank you letter for me. you will stay here just 2
weeks, but I think too short. because Yokohama is a very big city, and
there? are a lot of beautiful place.
And I finded a good hotel but I couldn't find park near the hotel but
near bud and trin station. so you can simply singtseeing. Yours
Composition 3
A black train moved from London to Bristol. Two children and their
aunt were in the train. After the train moved, a mistery man entered into
their compartment and he asked her if I could sit here. He was polite and
talkative. Soon, they was chatting very well. Children were glad. Because
he started to say an interesting story.
'Once upon a time, a beautiful girl live in a small village. She liked
nature so she always went to village of park.
One day she went go to the park again. She walked and sang songs.
Then she met a handsome men. He was prince. He was looked good
men. While she thought he told her, 'Good morning, what a beautiful
day.' In first she was surprised. Then she said 'Good morning, Yes, I
think so.' They started to walk together in the park.
But the day wasn't beautiful for sheep and pigs. Because a wolf ran
towards them and it attacked to eat them. Prince and girl heart their voice
while stand near a small lake. Prince told her to wait here. He was very
quick. He used gun and wounded wolf from it's leg. It escaped. Sheep
and pigs survived.
In the end of the story, beautiful girl and prince got married and they
lived happy until endless.
Mistery man said 'Story finished and I must put in the train.' Children
shouted 'DON'T GO, PLEASE, DON'T GO STAY WITH US.'
Composition 4 (in reply to a letter asking for advice)
When I was high-school student same problem, and the first. I
asked my good friend; and he said you should be sent letter for her But
I couldn't do it. because. I'm too shy. and my friend tought me good
advice, he said I suggest you make to her friend and you should about
ask her.
46
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Composition 5
Traditional houses
Traditional houses are quite strong, they are cheap to build, they
have many disadvantages like the roofs do not last very long, they leak
so rats and other animals make their homes there, also they spread disease. The rooms are often very small'with many families, they cook in
the same area, sometimes small children are sleeping close to the fire,
and'the toilet may be a long way away. Stairs can be a problem, sometimes too steep, for particularly old people with accidents and broken
bones because they fall and hurt themselves, as well as children of course
playing on the stairs. But modern flats can be safer and more impersonal,
all one on top of the other people can lose the feeling of living in a community being like living in so many little boxes all the same.
Composition 6
As you travel to Hong Kong as a business man, you will not have
too much time to sightseeing and you are mostly interested in hotels and
shopping.
In Hong Kong the hotels are almost all provided with the best shopping facilities and it will be very easy.
Other shops are easily to reach because of the facilities to move
in Hong Kong. Taxis, buses or trams are? available at every time of the
day and they can bring you to the heart of Hong Kong, Tsim Shei Tsui
where shopping is very easy. 'Golden Mile' another district for shopping
you will find many jewellery.
Hotels are all surrounded by suberb places to sight see or to shop.
Some Hotels are located near the promenade and the place is very likely
for joggers other Hotels are surrounded by ornamental gardens.
I will enclose you some brochures and photos of different hotels
so you can make your own choice.
Оглавление
LEVEL А .......................................................................................................................... 3
LEVEL B ........................................................................................................................ 12
LEVEL C ........................................................................................................................ 21
LEVEL D ........................................................................................................................ 42
47
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Учебное издание
Составители:
Шульдешова Татьяна Васильевна
Волкова Софья Викторовна
Английский язык
Типичные ошибки и как их избежать
Практикум по самопроверке студентами
своих знаний
Редактор, корректор М. В. Никулина
Правка, верстка М. В. Никулина
Подписано в печать 01.11.2012. Формат 60 841/16.
Усл. печ. л. 2,79. Уч.-изд. л. 2,08.
Тираж 22 экз. Заказ
.
Оригинал-макет подготовлен
в редакционно-издательском отделе ЯрГУ.
Ярославский государственный университет им. П. Г. Демидова.
150000, Ярославль, ул. Советская, 14.
48
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
251
Размер файла
630 Кб
Теги
644, типичные, язык, избежать, английский, ошибки
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа