close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

1000 советов дачнику №6 (март 2016)

код для вставки
Полезное и интересное издание для всех, у кого есть приусадебный участок. Просто и доступно о саде, огороде, цветниках, домашних животных. Любительская пасека, как разбудить клубень бегонии, острый перец в комнате и на грядке, выбор зимостойкой чере
0'11N6 RDAIINf/11 Zflllmfl
~All Cf/~()6()~()6 U DZDPD~NUKD6
r-------------------------~-----------~
-
Orse4aeM Ha sonpocbl
nolfeMy nAGIf ~~l­
CI\M3YH
n) XO'IY y3HaTb1 'ITO 3a paCTeHMe nyK'1'( cnM3yH, 'leM none3eH, KaK ero Bblpa!> IQMBaTb.
IOmtH MAC110BA, r. MaaHoao
0Tae'faeT
HaTanbH C0110HOBW-I,
!>
y'feHbiM arpOHOM
J1yK-Cmt3yH ( nOH1!1KaiO[Uit1Vl,
)l(efle31!1CTbiVl, MaHrblp) - TOJlCTOe
np1!13eMI!1CTOe pacreHII1e, o6pa3yIOLUee, B OTJ11!1Yit1e or APYrll1x nyKOB, He AYAY8Tble, a nJlOCKI!1e Jllt1CTbfl C OBaflbHbiM1!1 KOH~8Mit1 AD
3 CM W1!1p1!1H0Vl 111 40 CM Afllt1HOVl.
0Hit1 OYeHb COYH~e 1!1 xpynK1!1e,
np111 HaAflOMe 061!1JlbHO BbiAeflfiiOT
ryCTO~ COK, 3a YTO llYK 1!1 nOilYYI!1Jl
csoe Ha3BaHI!1e. A noHMKBIOU(MM
ero H83biB810T 3a crpellK1!1-~BeTo­
HOCbl (BbiCOTOVI AO 50 CM), noxo)1(1!1e Ha YeCHOYHble. 0Hit1 AO ~Be­
TeH1!1fl He BblnpfiMJlfiiOTCfl, a CTOfiT
C nOHI!1KweV! rOflOBOVI.
L..I,BeTeT CJ11!13YH Ha BTOpOVI rOA.
Co~seTII1fl B BII1Ae wap1!1KOB c 6eno-po30BbiMI!1 1!1Jllt1 Jllt1Jl0Bb1Mit1 ~Be­
TOYKaMI!1 CMOTpSlTCSl OYeHb np1!1BJleKaTeJlbHO.
HacTOfiLUeVI llYKOBI!1~bl y CJ11!13yHa
HeT, npOCTO B Hlt1)1(HeVI Y8CTI!1 06pa3yeTCfl YTOfl[UeHII1e Alt18MeTpOM
1,5-2 CM, COCTOSl[Uee 1!13 COYHbiX
6eJlbiX YewyV!. Y HeKOTOpbiX COpTOB TaKaS! JlQ)I(Hafl llYKOBI!1~a 6blsaeT AOBOJlbHO KpynHOVl.
8 Alt1KO~ np1!1pOAe CJ11!13YH np01!13pacraeT KpynHbiMI!1 KYPTII1HaMI!1 Ha
KaMeHI!1CTbiX CKJlOHaX 1!1 nyrax B
C1116111p111 111 ropHOM Amae, rAe wlt1poKo 1!13BeCTeH KaK MBHTblp.
0AH8 1!13 rflaBH~X ~eHHOCTeVI
::noro nyKa - cnoco6HOCTb orpaLUI!1BaTb MOflOAble Jllt1CTbfl npaKTit1YeCK1!1 KpyrflbiVI roA. MaKC111MYM
111x np111XOAII1TCfl Ha secHy 111 HaYano nera. Ero fllt1CTbfl 3111MYIOT nOA
CHerOM, He nOAMep3afl, 1!1 BeCHOVl
CHOBa H8Yit1H810T paCTI!1, OCTaBaSlCb snonHe CbeA06HbiM1!1. TorAa
)l(e H8Yit1H8eT OTpaCTaTb HOB8SI 3eJleHb. n111CTbfl He nonera10r 111 AOfl-
ro He rpy6e10r,
CTaHOBSHCfl )l(eCTKOBaTbiMI!1 TOJlbKO
BO BpeMSl 1!110JlbCKOrO ~BeTeHI!1Sl.
HaKpbiB rpfiAKY
BeCHOVl nneHKOVl,
MO)I(HO nOilYYI!1Tb
cyneppaHHIOIO
3efleHb. A OTKOnaB OCeHbiO YaCTb
KOpHeB111LUa 1!1 BbiC8Ait1B B rOpWOK C
nflOAOPOAHOVI CaAOBOVI nOYBOVI (AO
nOCTaHOBKI!1 Ha BblrDHKY ero llYYWe
COAep)l(aTb B XOilOAe, B nOABafle),
CpbiBaTb Blt1TaMI!1Hbl 1!1 31!1MOVl.
Ha 3aMeTKY
3eneHoe nepo cmt3yHa
HMeeT 6oraTeHWHH XHMH'feCKHH cocTaa. Ero nHCTbH- HaCTOHil.laH KnaAOBaH BHTaMHHOB rpynnbl B, C, P, aKTHBHbiX
<IJr.tTOHJ.lHAOB, caxapoa H MHHepanbHbJX Bell.leCTB. 3TO paCTeHHe- none3HeiiwaH nr.tll.leBaH
A06aaKa npH ManoKpoBHH H
HH3KOM ypoaHe reMorno6HHa.
np111 scex npOY111.X AOCTOI.1Hcrsax
CJ11!13YH 06JlaAaeT e[Ue OAHI!1M, peAKt.1M AllSI nyKa, - nt.1LUeBbiM. 8 HeM
npaKTI!1YeCKI!1 HeT ropeYI!1, 1!1MeeTCfl
Jllt1Wb JlerK1!1Vl YeCHOYHbiVl apOM8T.
no3TOMy 3TOT llYK OXOTHO eAfiT AeTit1 111 see , yeV! opraHI!13M He nepeHOCI!1T YeCHOK 1!1Jllt1 penYaTbiVl flyK.
~aLUe scero ero 111CnOllb3YIOT Allfl
npll1rOTOBfleHII1SI CaJlaTOB, B KaYeCTBe A06aBKI!1 B ropf!Yit1e 6JliOA8 111
3aKyCKII1.
3eneHb MO)I(HO 3aroraB11111BaTb
snpoK (3aMopa)I(II1BaTb, cywii1Tb, coJlii1Tb), a JlO)I(Hble llYK0BKII1 - Mapt.1HOBaTb.
1000
8blpa[Uit1B8Tb llYK-Cfllt13YH Ha OAHOM Mecre cneAyer He 6onee 5-6
neT. Pa3pocwll1eCSI rHe3Aa A81lSIT
B Mae 1!1Jllt1 asrycre ( ecn111 He pacca)l(lt1BaTb, KOJ11!1YeCTBO Jllt1CTbeB
noVIAeT Ha y6blflb). Ca)l(aiOT AeneHKI!1 (B Ka~OVI no 3-4 llYKOBK1!1)
npOCTOpHO, OCT8Bflflfl Me)I(AY pacTeHI!1SlMI!1 20-25 CM, Me~y PfiA8Mit1 - 35-40 CM, rny6111Ha nocaAKIII - 3-4 CM. np111 3TOM CJleAyeT
1!1MeTb B B111AY, YTO Klt1Cllafl nOYBa
cepbe3HO YXYAWaeT BKYC flyKOBOro nepa, np1t1o6pera101.1.1ero Henp1!1fiTHYIO rope%.
np111 pa3MH0)1(eHI!11!1 CeMeH8Mit1 IIIX
CeiOT C paHHeVI BeCHbl (Ha paccaAY) AD cepeA111Hbl nera (B rpyHr),
YT06bl CefiH~bl ycnefllt1 YKOpeHt.1TbCfl AO 38MOp03KOB.
Cnii13YH snaron106111s, BblpaLU111saTb ero HY)I(HO Ha ADCTaTOYHO
ysna)I(HeHHbiX yyacrKax. Xopowo
YAaercs:~ TOflbKO Ha nflOAOPOAHbiX
nOYBaX. np111 nOArOTOBKe rp51AKI.1
BHOCfiT nepenpeBWIIII:i HaB03 1!1Jllt1
KOMnOCT (nO 6 Kr Ha KB.M) 1.1 APeBeCHYIO 30fly (0,5 11). noAK8PMillt1BaTb ero )l(enarellbHO nocne Ka)I(AOVI cpe3KIII )I(IIIAK111M OpraHt.1YeCKI!1M YA06peHII1eM (Hanp1!1Mep,
H8B03HOI:i )1(11)1(el:i, pa3BeA8HHOVl
1:1 0) 1!1Jllt1 KOMnlleKCHbiM Mlt1H8pallbHbiM.
C()6emtHI OtllfHUKY
N~6. 2016
4l-1rareJH1 AellHTCH onbiTOM
ACGBOMCKG$1 MHOrMe A8'1HMKM )l(anytOTCJI1 'ITO He MOryT
BblpaCTMTb ~aeTHYtO Kanyay. MoM aaM coseT: Ca)l(aMTe BMeCTO ~BeTHOM - caBOMCKYIO.
no BKYCHOTe M none3HOCTM OHa He yaynaeT
~BeTHOM KanyCTe, a BOT BblpalQMB8Tb ee CO·
aceM He cno*Ho, ace npaKTM'IeCKM TaK *e,
KaK M An.A 6enOKO'IaHHOM. Ho CaBOMCKYIO Kanyay PeAKO BCTpeTMWb Ha rp.AAKaX HaWMX oroPOAHMKOB. MO)I(eT, M3-3a TOrO, 'ITO nMCTb.A y Hee
ny3blp'laTble M MOplQMHMCTble?
)
Bblpa~liiBaiO
casot1CKYIO KanyCTY
~e 6onee
25 neT. 8Ha4ane - 106111net1Hyl0 2170 111 BepTIO 1340, TaK
KaK ceMSIH APYrlilx copTOB npaKTlil4eCKlil He 6brno B npOAa.>Ke. Cet14ac noSIBlilnlilcb copTa pa3Horo cpoKa C03peBaHli1Sl, pa3nli14HbiX CpOKOB
xpaHeHliiSl CBe.>Kelll npOAYKI...\111111 Iii OTnli14HOrO BKyCa. 1113 HliiX BCeX Sl OTAaJla npeAn04TeHlile paHHeMy coPTY E11eHa 111 cpeAHecnenoMy rlil6pli1AY Menlilcca F1. nepBblt1 ynoTpe611SleM cpa3y nocne cpe3Klil, a
K04aHbl MeJwtCCbl BbrpacTaiOT K cepeAliiHe oceHlil , ee eAliiM AO SlHBaPSl - <t>espanSl, TaK KaK oHa xopowo
xpaH!IITCSl HeCKOnbKO MeCSll...\eB.
Bc10 KanycTy Bbrpa~liiBaiO 4epe3 paccaAy. PaHHIOIO BbrcesaiO s
ropW04Klil B KOHI...\e MapTa, a B KOH1...\e anpenSl - nepBbiX 4111cnax MaS!
BbiCa)l(liiBaiO CeSIHI...\bl B OTKpb1Tblt1
rpyHT. PaccaAy MemtCCbl F1 pa~y
B XOnOAHOM pacCaAHliiKe BMeCTe
C 6enOK04aHH0171 KanycT0171. 8 OTKpb1Tblt1 rpyHT BbiCa.>KliiBaiO B KOHI...\e
MaS! - Ha4alle liiiOHSl. BcSl nno~aAb
nOCaAKlil COCTaBnSleT 10 KB.M .
3eMnSl y MeHSl Ha y4aCTKe AepHOBO-nOA30nliiCTaSl, cpeAHlillll cyrnliiHOK. OpraHliiKY BHOwy pa3 s 3-4
rOAa li13-3a 60nbWOrO Ae<J>liiU,liiTa,
60nbWe npliiXOAliiTCSl «Ha.>KliiMaTb»
Ha MliiHepanKy. A nOCKOnbKY BCSIK3Sl MliiHepMKa KliiCnliiT n04By, 06Sl3aTellbHO BHOWy OCeHbiO nOA Ka nyCTY AOnOMliiTOBYIO MYKY ( 5 Kr Ha
BCIO nno~aAb - 10 KB.M) Iii XnOpliiCTblt1 Kan111t1 (1 CTaKaH), a BeCHOt1 5-6 BeAep KOMnOCTa Ill no 1 CTaKaHY AB0171Horo cynep<J>oc<J>aTa 111 M04eBli1Hbl. PaccaAy BbiCa)l(liiBaiO Herny6oKo, AO nepBbiX H3CTOSI~II1X nliiCTbeB, Iii peAKO, 4T06bl paCCTOSIHlile
Me)I(Ay paCTeHliiSIMlil 6blnO 50-60 CM.
Yxa)I(II1Bal0, KaK 3a o6bi4H0171 Ka-
nycTOt1 : nOJ1111B , pbiXJleHII1e Me)I(AYPSIA111171 111 ABe nOAKOPMKII1 . nepByiO
.>K111AKYIO nOAKOPMKY HII1TpO<J>OCK0171
(3 CT. nO)I(Kl-1 Ha 10 n BOAbl) npOBO.>KY 4epe3 20 AHelll nocne BbiCaAKI-1 .
BTOpyiO - np111 <J>opMII1posaHII1111 K04aHa: Ha 10 Jl BOAbl paCTBOpSIIO no
2 CT. nO.>KKII1 (6e3 rOpK111) XI10p!IICTOro Kanii1Sl 111 AB0171Horo cynep<J>oc<t>aTa. npOTI-18 BpeAII1Tefle171 06bi4HO
111CnOnb3YIO Ta6a4HYIO nblnb .
np04111Tana, 4TO M8KCII1ManbHOe
KOnll14eCTBO 1...\eHHbiX Be~eCTB COxpaHSleTCSl B casot1cKot1 KanycTe,
He npoweAwet1 TennosyiO o6pa60TKY· nosTOMy B OCHOBHOM AenaeM 1113
Hee canaTbl. V1 e~e c HeiO nony4aIOTCSI 04eHb BKYCHble rony6U,bl.
3HH3HAa nAP'iEHKO,
r. 'ieXOB MOCKOBCKOH o6n.
<I:»OTO aBTOpa
BblpalQMB810 KYP·
B nepsbre 4aCbl )l(l!13Hlil 1...\blnmn HaAO HanOliiTb - 3TO Xo'ly paccKa3aTb,
ysenli14111BaeT Bbl)l(liiBaeMOCTb.
KaK KOpMntO ~bl·
KopMliiTb Ha4111Hal0 4epe3 15-20 4acos. B nepsbrt1
nn.AT paHHero
AeHb AaiO 1113Menb4eHHOe KPYTOcsapeHHOe 511711...\0. Co
ao3pacra.
BTOpOrO AHSI A06aBnSIIO HeMHOfO MaHKlil Iii 3eneHlil ,
MOpKOBb. Men Iii paKyWe4HliiK CTaBniO C nepsoro AHSI.
8 nepBble Tplil AHSI AaiO KOpM 6-8 pa3 B TaKOM KOnli14eCTBe, 4T06bl 1...\blnnSITa 3a 30 MliiHYT see CKneBbiBanlil. Ha H04b OHlil nony4aiOT MenKo AP06neHoe 3epHo 111 nweHo.
C nSITOrO AHSI ysenli14li1Bal0 Aa4y 3epHa, B MeWaHKY A06aBnSIIO o6e3)1(111peHHblt1 TBOpOr Iii li13Menb4eHHYIO KOCTb, He nepe)l()l(eHHYIO Iii He ycTapeBwyiO.
noTOM B pal...\liiOH BKJ1104al0 6enKOBble KOpMa. '-lliiCTaSl BOAa CTOliiT nOCTOSlHHO, Iii nplil Aa4e o6e3.>KlilpeHHOt1 npOCTOKBaWlil BOAY He y6111pa10.
no Mepe pacTa MOnOAHS!Ka ysenli14li1Bal0 Aa4y MOPKOBlil, KapTO<J>enSl, nyKa
111 cyxoro KOpMa. Ll,bmnSITa pacTyT nOABlii.>KHbiMlil , y HliiX 6neCTSl~ee onepeHlile, XOpOWO pa3Bli1Tblt1 KOCTSIK.
Jh1AHH CABEHKOBA, c neTpoBcKoe TaM6oscKo171 o6n.
1000 C()eem()e d(fi(HliKY
N96, 2016
AHeBHl--1K caAOBOAa
AnpeAb
YXOA 30 CDAOM
8 anpene C3A OCB060>t<AaeTCSI
OT CHe>KHOro noKpoaa. B yronKax y~aCTKa C ceaepHOH CTOpOHbl, B 33TeHeHHbiX MeCT3X
ynnOTHIIIBWIIIHCSI CHer TaeT MeAneHHO. EMy Hy>t<HO noMO~b: pa3pywbTe CHe>KHYIO KOPKY Ill pa36pocaHTe cHer no y~aCTKy. Mn111
paCCblnbTe no HeMy TOPcl>SIHYIO
KPOWKy, 30ny, nllOAOPOAHYIO
3eMmo, KanMHHbte YA06peHMSI
6yporo ~BeTa - 3TO 3Ha~MTenb­
HO yCKOpiiiT T3SIHMe CHera.
HaBOAJ.iM nopRAOK
Cpasy noc11e Tas:JHI!Is:J cHera, Kor,o.a seM1151 eli.\e He sn111Ta11a s11ary,
He xo,o.~t~Te no ca,o.y-oropo,o.y, YT06bl He HapywaTb CTPYKTYPY noYBbl .
noc11e ee no,o.c~xaHI!151 OYI!ICTI!ITe yYaCTOK OT npOW110fO,D.HI!IX 111!1CTbeB 111 Mycopa (ec11111 He c,o.e11a11111
3TO OCeHbiO), TaK KaK TaM np1!1Talii111!1Cb nepe31!1MOBaBwltle spe,o.~t~Te111!1
111 6o11e3Hiil.
nepe110naTbTe KOMnOCTHYIO 3eM1110. 0Ha saM nplllrO,D.I!ITes:~ llplil noea,o.Ke ,o.epesbeB 111 OBOLl.\HbiX KY11bTyp.
Ha rasoHax 111 s ea,o.y, r,o.e Me)J(AYPs:JAb51 6~11111 saces:~H~ TpasoA,
Bblrpe61!1Te MeTa1111111YeeKI!IMII1 rpa61151Miil see oeTaTKI!I npow11oro,o.HeA TpaBbl (0e06eHHO 8 TeX MeeTaX, r,o.e oHa noKpbiTa posOBbiM
Ha11eTOM). ns:~THa CO MXOM onpbJeHI!ITe 1%-HbiM paeTBOpOM >Ke11e3HOrO Kynopoca (1!13 pacYeTa 5 11 Ha
1 KB.M nopa)J(eHHOA n110li.\a,D.Itl), a
Yepes ,o.se He,o.e11111 Bblrpe6~t~Te era
rpa611s:JMI!I.
06pe3aeM BOBpeMR
npo,o.o11>KaATe o6pesKy, npope>KIIIBaHL'Ie 111 <t>opM111posaHL'Ie KPOH
3,D.OpOB~X n110,D.OB~X ,o.epesbeB,
noKa He pacnyCTI!111111eb noYKI!I. Ee111!1 BeTBI!I elt111bHO nO,D.Mep311L'I, He
enewL'ITe 111x BblpesaTb, TaK KaK
8 3TO speM51 eli.\e HeT 51eHOeTI!I 0
eTeneHI!I nospe>K,D.eHIIIA. 0T110>Kii1Te
sTy pa6oTy Ha HaYa110 11eTa, Kor,o.a npos:~ss:~Tcs:~ nospe>K,D.eHHble MeeTa. Oeo6eHHO 3TO KaeaeTes:~ C111!1BOBbiX Ill BIIIWHeBbiX ,o.epeBbeB, TaK
fi·a~epjH&le n~~MeiTisl
KaK OHI!I Yali.\e scero no,o.sep>KeHbl
no,o.MepsaHI!IJO.
,lJ,o HaYa11a paenyeKaHI!151 noYeK
npose,o.111Te eaH~t~TapHyJO o6pesKy
s:JfO,D.HbiX KyeTapHIIIKOB. 8 nepsyiO
OYepe,D.b 3TY pa60TY HY>KHO OKOHYI!ITb Ha KyeTaX CMOpO,D.IiiHbl, Kpbl)J(QBH111Ka Iii )1(1!1M0110eTI!I, TaK KaK
nOYKIII y HliiX npOCblnaJOTe51 OYeHb
paHo . Y,o.a11s:1ATe see no11oMaHHble,
e11a6b1e, ycoxw111e 111 6o11bHble seTBill.
~llYAb~~
•!•
ECillil 6epe3a paHbWe
nycTMT _ 11eTo
llMCT pac ecllM OllbXa HanepeA
cyxoe, a
>KAlil xollOAOB "'
6epe3~1
A~~e\'1.
•
38
-
e3~
Hble HO"'M B KOH~e
o>KatO.
yCpOKa y 6epe3 - SleTO
anpeMilSI •!• HOfO
"'"ll\'tBbiM.
6yAeT AO~nM
Bpe>K,D.eHHble, OeTa11bHble nO,D.Bs:J>KI!ITe K wna11epe 11111111 K011y. KOHUbl
sepxyweK seex no6eros yKopOTiiiTe eeKaTOpOM Ha 10-15 CM, a ee11111
OHiil nospe>K,D.eHbl MOp030M, TO ,0.0
nepsoA s,o.oposoA nOYKL'I.
Ha seM1151Hii1Ke o6pe>KbTe yebl,
erpe6~t~Te eTapbJe saeoxw111e 111!1eTbs:J, BbiKOnaATe nopa)J(eHHble BlilpyeaMiil 111 HeMaTO,o.oA paeTeHI!Is:J .
Bee s~pesaHHOe HY>KHO co6paTb, BbiHeeTIII 1!13 ea,o.a 111 e>KeYb.
Y YepHOA eMOpO,D.I!IHbl Bblpe)J(bTe
see BeTKiil cTapwe 4-5 11eT, ocTaBI!IB B3aMeH TaKOe )J(e K0111!1YeeTBO
CaMbiX MOLl.\HbiX 3,D.OpOBbiX npOW110rO,D.HiiiX o,o.H011eTHI!IX no6eros. nopa>KeHHbJe eMOpO,D.I!IHHbiM nOYKOBbiM
K11eli.\OM Bblpe)J(bTe Ha neHeK y eaMOA seM11111. 111eKpll1s11eHHble noYepHeawllle MaKyWKI!I O,D.H011eTHI!IX npltlpoeTOB BeTOK (OHI!I nopa>KeHbl MYYHI!ICTOA poeoA) epe>KbTe ,0.0 eTapoA
,o.peseeliiHbl.
Y Kpbi)J(OBHI!IKa, KpaeHOA 111 6e110A
noc11e Tas:JHiils:J eHera 111 no,o.ebleMopo,o.~t~Hbl Bblpe)J(bTe see seTKiil
xaHII151 nOYB~ npose,o.~t~Te no,o.eTapwe 8-10 11eT, B3aMeH OeTaBbTe KOPMKY ,o.epesbeB Iii KyeTapHIIIxopowo pasBI!ITbJe no6er111 npow11o- KOB a30TH~Miil y,o.o6peHI!Is:JMI!I.
ro ro,o.a. Y Kpbi)J(OBHI!IKa 8 UeHTpe Ky- npwMepHble A03bl TBepAbiX a30THbiX YA06peHHH
CTa y,o.a11111Te M0110npH cpeAHeM ypOBHe niiOAOPOAHR nol.fBbl
AYIO nopOC11b, YT0noA KYCTbl CMOPOAMHbl Ill Kpbi>KOBHMKa - no
6bl Bee OeTaBWI!IeC51 seTKI!I xopowo 25-30 r 3MMIII3~HOH CellMTpbl 11111111 no 17-20 r
OCBeli.\a111!1eb e011H- MO~eBMHbl Ha 1 KB.M npMCTBOilbHOrO Kpyra.
noA nllOAOBble AepeBbSI - 9-12 r MO~eBMHbl
UeM.
lllllM
3MMIII3~HOH CellMTpbl.
Css:~saHHble
111
ECilM
OCeHbiO He BHOCIIIIlMCb cl>occl>opHble M
np~t~rHyTble K seMK311111MHble
YA06peHMSI, B Ka~eCTBe nOAKOpMKM
11e c oceHiil no6er111
BHOCSIT
KOMnlleKCHble
(HIIITPOcl>OCKY, HMTpOaMMa11111Hbl pa3Bs:J)J(II1Te, Bblpe)J(bTe no- MOcl>OCKY MAP·) -no 30-50 r/KB.M.
TsepAble (aMM~t~aYHYIO ceil~t~Tpy,
MOYeBitiHY 1t1 AP.) BHOCs:tT spa36poc no sceA npoeK~Itlltl KPOH~
c nocileAytOw,eA nepeKonKoA ltlilltl
pbiXileHitleM npltiCTBOilbHbiX KpyrOB. >K~t~AK~t~e opraH~t~YeCK~t~e YA06peHitls:t - B KOilb~eBble KaHaBKitl,
CAeilaHHble Yepe3 Ka)I(Able 0,5 M
OT CTBOila Aepesa AO BHeWHeA
rpaH~t~~~ npoeK~Itlltl KPOH~ c noCileAytaw,eA 3aCblnKOA lt!X nOYBOA.
np~t~ 3TOM )l(lti)I(Y pa3BOA51T BOAOA
B COOTHOWeHitlltl 1 :2, KOPOBs:tK 1:8-10, m~t~Y~t~A noMeT- 1:15. Ha
6-ileTHee AepeBO AOCTaTOYHO 4050 il paCTBOpa. noA s:trDAHble KyCTbl BHOCs:tT no 10 il.
3aW,HTHM OT «rOCTeH»
Ka)I(A~A CaAOBOA CTpeMitiTCs:t
J
BblpaCT~t~Tb
3AOPOBble 1t1 KpacltiBble s:trOAbl ~t~ ¢PYKTbl. Ho Heilb3s:t 3apaHee npeAyraAaTb, KaK~t~e
1t1 B KaKOM KOillt!YeCTBe speAit!Teilltl 1t1 60ile3Hit1 np~t~AYT «B rOCTitl»
B saw C8A. no3TOMy ilYYWe 3TO
HawecTs~t~e ynpeA~t~Tb npo¢~t~ilaK­
Meponplt151Tit151Mit1, KOTOpble BKiliOYaiOT
KaK MeXaH~t~YeCK~t~e, TaK lt1 Xlt!Mit!YeeK~t~e enoco6bl 6opb6bl.
T~t~YeCKit1Mit1 paHHeBeCeHH~t~Mitl
nPOTir1B BPEA1r1TEJ1E~
• Ao Ha6yxaH~t~s:t noYeK Bblpe)l(bTe
1t1 eO)I(r~t~Te BeTKitl, 3aCeileHHble s:tA~aMitl speA~t~Teilelil, YAail~t~Te rHe3Aa
6os:tpbiWH~t~~, 3ilarory30K, MYM~t~¢~t~­
~~t~posaHHble nilOAbl.
e 0YitleTit1Te WT8M6bl eTapbiX AepesbeB or orcraswelil KOPbl. Hailo)l(lt!Te ilOBYitle nos:tea (3TO B KaKOiii-TO
Mepe cnaeer OT ~seroeAa). noeile
~BeTeHit151 eHMMit!Te ltiX lt1 eO)I(r~t~Te.
Ecil~t~ nos:tea eAeilaHbl lt13 MewKoB~t~Hbl, noer~t~palilre ~t~x s w,eilOYM, a
BbiCyweHHble 1t1 npon~t~TaHHble MHceKTitl~lt!AaM~t~ CHOBa H8il0)1(1t1Te Ha
eTBOilbl AepesbeB.
• B HaYaile pacnyeKaH~t~s:t noYeK
(3eileHblli1 KOHyC) np~t~ nOs:tBileHitlltl
)l(yKOB-AOilrOHOCitiKOB eTp51XHit1Te lt!X C AepesbeB Ha nOAeTitlilKY C
noeileAYIOW.~t~M yH~t~YTO)I(eH~t~eM. 8Ty
onepa~~t~IO nposeA~t~Te 2-3 pa3a s
yTpeHHitle YaCbl np~t~ TeMnepaType
He Bblwe +1o·c.
e Eeilltl B npOWilOM rOAY 6blil0 MHOrD ~BeTOeAa, TO OT HaYaila pacnycKaH~t~s:t AO 3eileHoli1 nOYKM
o6pa6oraAre Aepesbs:t OAHMM lt13
npenapaTos: K~t~HM~t~Ke (2,5 Mil/10
il BOAbl), TaHpeK Milltl 6~t~OTillt1H (3
Mil/1 0 il BOAbl) 1t1 AP· 8Tit1Mit1 npenapaT8Mit1 MO)I(HO o6pa60T8Tb AO
HaYaila ~BeTeHit151 KyCT~ eMOpO-
A~t~Hbl
1t1
KPbi)I(OBH~t~Ka
OT
Tilltl.
nPOTir1B 6011E3HE~
• Ao paenyeKaH~t~s:t
noYeK see nilOAOB~e
Aepesbs:t 1t1 KYCTapH~t~­
Kitl OnpbiCHit!Te 3%-HOiil
60pAOeKOii1 )l(ltiAKOeTbiO,
MeAHbiM ltlilltl )l(eile3HbiM
KynopocoM (100 r/10 il
BOAbl).
• BTopytO o6pa60TKY
npOBeAit!Te B MOMeHT
paeKpbiTitls:t noYeK ~t~ nos:tBileH~t~s:t 3eileHbiX KOHYit!KOB illtiCTbeB ( <<MbiWit!Hble YWKitl»). npenapaTbl - 1 %-Has:t 60PA0eKas:t )l(ltiAKOCTb, KOililOMAHas:t cepa (50-1 00 r
Ha 10 il BOAbl), T~t~OBitiT
A)l(eT (30-80 r), PaeK
(1 ,5-2 Mil), Xopyc (23,5 r), CKop (2 Mil), Tona3 (1 Mil) 1t1 AP·
• TpeTbe onpbleK~t~Ba­
H~t~e npOBOAit!Te cpa3y
noeile ~sereH~t~s:t. npenapaTbl 1t1 A03bl Te )l(e, YTO 1t1 np~t~ BTOpOiil o6pa60TKe.
TOHKOCTH noCaAKH
ECilltl s JO)I(HbiX perlilOHax nocaAKY
nilOAOBbiX Aepesbes 1t1 KYCTapH~t~KOB
MO)I(HO npOBOAit!Tb KaK seeHOiil, TaK
1t1 OCeHbiO, TO B eesepHbiX ilYYWitle
pe3yilbTaTbl noilyYatOTes:t np111 seceHHiilX nocaAKax. Oco6eHHO 3TO
KaeaeTCs:t AepesbeB. Bee nocaAKM
HY)I(HO 3asepw~t~Tb AO paenyeKaHitls:t
noYeK.
nocaAOYHble 51Mbl H8Yit1H81i1Te KOnaTb, KaK TOilbKO OTTaeT 3eMil51,
YT06bl ycKop~t~Tb ee nporpesaH~t~e.
Aeilalilre 3TO 3a 1,5-2 HeAeilltl AO
noeaAKiil, YT06bl nOYBa yeneila BblseTp~t~TbCs:t.
ECilltl XOTI!1Te nOC8Aii1Tb Ca)l(eHe~
Ha Meere BbiKOpYeBaHHOrO AepeBa, )l(eilaTeilbHO OTeTyn~t~Tb OT Hero XOT51 6bl Ha 1-1,5 M. noeaAOYHYIO 51MY BbiKOnaATe B 1,5 pa3a Wlilpe 1t1 rily6)1(e o6bll.fHOA 1t1 3anonH~t~Te
ee CBe)l(eA nilOAOPOAHOiil nOYBOA,
B3s:tTOA e oropoAa. A 3eMiliO lt13 s:tMbl
pa36poeali1Te s Me)I(Ayps:tAbs:t ~t~llltl no
oropOAY·
B noeaAOI.fHble s:tMbl sHeelllTe neperHOA ltlilltl pa3il0)1(1t18Witli1es:t KOMnoer, ¢oc¢opHble 1t1 Kail~t~AHble
6eCXilOPH~e YA06peHitls:t. ECilltl
nOYBa Kli1eil851, BHeC~t~Te 1!13BeCTK0Bble MaTep~t~ailbl. Cse)l(~t~A Haso3
1t1 a30THble Ml!lHepailbHble YA06pe-
Ba>KHbiH MOMeHT
npH nocaAKe Ha nec'faHbiX
nO'fBaX Ha AHO SIMbl yKJlaAbiBatOT CI10M ri1HHbl HI1M cyri1HHKa, nepeMewaHHoro c neperHOeM (T01111.lHHOM 5-10 CM).
0H yny'fwaeT BOAHbiH pe>KHM
no'fBbl B rpaHH._.ax nocaAO'fHOM SIMbl.
Hltls:t BHOelt!Tb Heilb351, T8K KaK OHitl
38TPYAH5110T npl!l)l(lt!BaeMOCTb Ca)l(eH~eB.
CileA~t~Te 3a rily6~t~HOA noeaAKitl. Y npaB~t~ilbHO noea)l(eHHoro
Aepes~a KOpHesas:t weAKa (rpaHM~a Me)I(AY KOpHeBOiil CltiCTeMOA
1t1 H83eMHOi1 l.faeTbiO) ltlilltl MeeTO
np~t~BitiBKitl Ha KilOHOBOM nOABOe
AOil)I(Hbl H8XOAit1TbC51 Ha 6-8 CM
BbiWe KpaeB 51Mbl, eCilltl XOilMitiK
lt13 nilOAOPOAHOA nOYBeHHOA CMeCitl Ha AHO 51Mbl 6bl11 HaeblnaH 3apaHee 1t1 ynilOTHitlilCs:t. Ecilltl )l(e OH
HaCblnaH B AeHb nOCaAKitl, TO 3TO
paeeTOs:tH~t~e AOil)I(HO 6b1Tb ew.e
60ilbwe, YT06bl nocile ocaAKM noYBbl B s:tMe KOpHeBas:t wei1Ka OKa3ailaCb Ha yposHe nosepxHOCTM
3eMillt1.
np~t~ nocaAKe ca)l(eH~es CMOPOAII1Hbl, Kpbi)I(OBH~t~Ka, 06ilen~t~­
XIt1, )l(ltiMOilOCTitl KOpHeByiO weAKY Ha cynees:tx, ilerK~t~X 1t1 epeAHitiX
cyril~t~HKax MO)I(HO 3arily6mnb Ha
5-6 CM.
BeceHHRR
nepenpHBHBKa
Anpeilb - xopowee speMs:l Ails:!
npliiBI!IBOK. 8 3TOT neplt10A npOBOAs:!T B OCHOBHOM nplt1Bit1BK1t1 YepeHKOM AJls:l nepenplt1Bit1BK1t1 lt1 IleYeHit1s:l
AepesbeB.
K MOMeHTY nplt1Bit1BK1t1 YepeHKit1
AOJDKHbl H8XOAit1TbCs:l B COCT0s:!Hit11t1
nOKOs:l. GaMble pacnpocrpaHeHHble
1t1 npocTble no lt1cnonHeHit110 - nplt1Bit1BKit1 npocro~ 111 ynyYweHHO~ Kanyillt1posKo~. B 6oKoso~ 3ape3, 3a
KOpy, s pacw.en, snpliiKilaA s:l3biY-
KOM. nplt1 npOBeAeHit11t1 nplt1Bit1BOK
88)1(H0, YT06bl CJ101t1 K8M61t1s:l - BHyrpeHHit1e Cil01t1 KOpbl - nplt1B0s:l (YepeHKa) 111 nOAB05l (nepenplt1Bit1BaeMo~ Yacrlt1 Aepesa) lt1Meillt1 Halt160ilbWYIO nilOW.8Ab COnplt1KOCHOBeHit15l. no3TOMY Killt1HOBit1AHble cpe3bl
Ha YepeHKe AOJl)I(Hbl liiMeTb a6COJ110THO ril8AKit1e Iii pOBHble cpe3bl.
KonynHpOBKY nplt1MeH5liOT nplt1
OAit1HaKoso~ TOilW.1t1He nOAB05l 1t1
nplt1B05l, HO nplt1 3TOM AOnyCKaeTCs:l pa3Hit1Ua s AlilaMerpax He 6onee
25%.
nplt1Bit1BKY B pac~en lt1CnOilb3Y-
lOT H8 pa3HbiX no Alt18Merpy nOABOe
1t1 np1t1soe. Ee MO)I(HO npoBOAit1Tb c
paHHe~ BeCHbl (AO H8Y8118 COKOABit1)l(eH1t15l) Iii AO KOHU8 1...\BeTeHiils:l.
nplt1Bit1BK8 B 60KOBOH 3ape3
YA06Ha TOrAa, KOrAa y Aepesa BeTKit1 lt1MeiOT Alt18MeTp OKOilO 2,5 CM,
HO Cillt1WKOM KpynHble AJ15l np1!1Bit1BKit1 KOnyJllt1pOBKO~ 1t1 HeAOCTaTO'iHO
KpynHble Ails:! nplt1Bit1BKI!I 3a KOPY
lt1Illt1 s pacw.en.
nplt1Bit1BKY 33 KOpy nplt1MeHs:IIOT
B nepliiOA COKOABiil)l(eHiils:l, KOrAa
H~HO nplt1Bit1B8Tb BeTBit1 cpeAHero
111 60ilbworo Alt1aMerpos.
3a60Tbl OBO~eBOAO
CnyCTiiiTe 3acros:~swyi0Cs:l rany10 BOAY c Hlt13Kit1X
MeCT YY8CTK8.
•!• CH1t1Mit1Te yKpb1Tit15l c rps:~A, 38H5lTbiX 031t1MbiM YecHOKOM 1t1 llyKOM, C ABY- 1t1 MHOrOileTHiiiX 31t1MYIOW.It1X
OBOW.HbiX pacreHiil~: cnap)l(lt1, peseHs:~, w.asens:~, nerpyWKIII, ceilbAepes:~ 111 AP·
O no Mepe nOAC~X8Hit15l nOYB~ nOAKOpMIIITe lt1X
a30THbiMit1 YA06peHit15lMit1. noApbiXlllt1Te Me)I(Ayps:~Abs:l
rpa6Ils:!Mit1 lt1Illt1 npy)l(lt1HHO~ Ts:lnKO~, YT06bl 38Ael18Tb
YA06peHit15l, coxpaHit1Tb seceHHIOIO Bilary s noYse 1t1
YllYYWit1Tb B03AYWHbl~ pe)l(lt1M KOpHeBO~ Clt1CTeMbl 3Tit1X
•!•
pacreHit1~.
•!• 8 HaKpbiTble c npowiloro ce30Ha napH1t1Kit1 Ha6poca~re CHera, YT06bl Hanlt1T8Tb nOYBY Bilaro~.
•!• Ec111t1 yKpbiTit15l c napHit1KOB Ha 31t1MY CHit1Maere, TO
3a 2-2,5 HeAeillt1 AO BbiCaAKit1 paccaAbl lt1Illt1 nocesa
OBOW.HbiX KYllbTyp HaKpo~re 1t1x nileHKO~, YT06bl noYsa
1t1 B03AYX s Hlt1X xopowo nporpeillt1Cb.
•!• 3a 5-7 AHe~ AO nocesa lt1Illt1 BbiCaAKit1 paccaAbl
npoBeAit1Te o6e33apa)l(lt1BaHit1e nOYBbl B napHit1Ke lt1Illt1
renillt11...\e.
Or Blt1pyCHbiX lt1HQ>eKI...\It1~ noYsy npOillt1B810T Klt1n5lTKOM (10-15 Il Ha KB.M) 1t1 yKpbiBaiOT csepxy yKpbiBHbiMit1
Mareplt18Il8Mit1 AJ15l TOMJ1eHit15l: COilOMO~, arpOTK8HbiO,
nneHK0(;1 ... YeM BbiWe TeMneparypa nporpesa noYBbl,
reM IlY'iWe. MO)I(HO npOillt1Tb noYsy 1 %-HbiM pacrsopoM Mapr8HI...\OBK1t1.
Or rp1116Ho~ lt1HQ>eKI...\It11t1 nOYBY npOillt1B810T 1t1J11t1 onpbiCKit1BaiOT 0AHit1M lt13 61t10QlyHrlt11...\lt1AOB (raMalt1p, <tl1t1TOCnOplt1H, Tp1t1xoQ>nop, 6aKTOQllt1T).
•!• EC111t1 opraHit1YeCKit1e YA06peHit15l He BHOC1t1Illt1 OCeHbiO, BHeCit1Te lt1X nplt1 nOllHOM C03peB8Hit11t1 nOYBbl nOA
nepeKonKy 1t1J11t1 nepenawKy. 8peM5l Me)I(Ay pa36pacblsaHit1eM 1t1 38naWKO~ OpraHit1Kit1 AOJ1)1(H0 6b1Tb COKpaw,eHO AO Mlt1Hit1MyMa ()l(eilaTeilbHO He 60ilee 2-3 'i8COB), 'iT06bl He BbiBeTplt1B8IlC5l 830T.
Ba>KHbl~
MOMeHT
-
CBe>KiiiH H3B03 BeCHOH MO>KHO BHOCHTb TOnbKO noA orypl.lbt, Ka6a~KH, TbiKBY H APYrHe TbiKBeHHbte. noA APYrHe KynbTypbt - TOnbKO nonypa3nO>KHBWit1HCJI H nepenpeBWHH, a TaK>Ke KOM·
nocr HnH neperHOH.
•!• He AO>Kit1Aa51Cb Hacros:~w.ero renna, noce~re xoilOAOCTO~Kit1e KYllbTYPbl Ails:! paHHeJleTHero norpe6JleHit15l
(MOpKOBb, peAit1C, A8~KOH, Ma~CKYIO peAbKy, llyK-YepHYWKy, ropox, canaTbl, w.aseilb, wnlt1HaT, yKpon, nerpywKy, KOplt18HAp, J11061t1CTOK, Ms:ITy).
Ps:~AOM c peAit1COM, Aa~KOHOM 1t1 APYrlt1Mit1 KanycTHbiMit1 KYllbTypaMit1 noce~re wnlt1HaT. OH noMO>KeT 38W.It1Tit1Tb liiX OT KpeCTOI...\BeTHOiil 6IlOWKit1.
•!• Ails:~ ycKopeHit15l npopacraHit15l ceMs:~H 1t1 nos:~sileHit1s:l
BCXOAOB rp51AK1t1 yKpO~Te nlleHKO~. nocne n05lBlleHit15l
BCXOAOB nlleHKY CH1t1Mit1Te, YT06bl 0Hit1 He crope111t1. EcIllt1 YCTaHOBit1Jl8Cb XOilOAH85l norOAa (a ew,e Xy)l(e - C
HOYHb1Mit1 3aMopo3KaM1t1), nocraBbTe AYrlt1 1t1 HaKpo~re
nileHKO~ lt1Illt1 llyTp8Cit1IlOM.
Coser or npaKTJ~~Ka
"'T06bl yMeHbWMTb KOnM"tecTBO COpHSIKOB Ha
rpSI.QKax, npeaHa3Ha~.teHHbiX anSI Tennomo6MBbiX
KynbTyp, HaKpOMTe 3TM y~.taCTKM KYCKaMM CTapOM
nneHKM,~.tT06blcnposouMposaTbnpopacTaHMe
COpHbiX ceMSIH. KaK TOnbKO nOSIBSITCSI BCXO,Qb1 1
npo6opOHYMTe y~.taCTOK rpa6nSIMM B HeCKOnbKO
cneaos M cHosa HaKpoi1Te nneHKOM. K nocaaKe
KynbyYpHbiX paCTeHMM nO"tBa 3Ha"tMTenbHO O"tMCTMTCSI OT COpHSIKOB.
l
•!• 80 BTOpOiil nOJlOBI.1He anpeJl51 B XOJlO.!J.HbiX pacC8.!J.H1.1K8X no.o. speMeHHbiM1.1 yKpbiTI.151MI.1 Bblcesalilre
Ha pacca.o.y cpe.o.Hen03AHI.1e J..1JlJ..1 n03AHJ..1e copra KanycTbl. Ho He 3a6y.LJ.bTe 3anpaBJ..1Tb noYBY opraHJ..1YeCKJ..1MJ..1 J..1 MJ..1HepaJlbHbiMJ..1 YA06peHJ..151MJ..1 1.1 nOArDTOBI.1Tb
ceMeHa. V1x nepe.o. nocesoM 2 Yaca nporpesalilre s
rennolil so.o.e np1.1 reMneparype 48-5o·c J..1JlJ..1 o6pa6oralilre <Pvnocnop1.1HOM-M.
~Mei:1re
s BJ~~AY
KanycTa He TepnMT KMCnbiX no~.ts. 0Ha mo6MT cse>Kee M3BeCTKosaHMe. EcnM M3BeCTb He
BHOCMnM c oceHM, caenai1Te 3TO npM noaroTosKe no~.tBbl nepea nocesoM (Ha 1 KB.M- 0,5-0,8 Kr
,QOnOMMTOBOM MYKM MnM 1 Kf 30nbl).
YxoA 3a paccaAoii
•!• CsoespeMeHHO pacn1.1K1.1pylilre ce51HU,bl KYJlbTyp,
Bblp8W,J.1B8eMbiX Ha paccagy B AOMe Ha nOAOKOH HJ..1Ke .
•!• Cne.o.1.1re , YT06bl nOYBa B noca.o.OYHbiX eMKOCTSIX
He nepecblxana 1.1 scer.o.a 6b1Jla yMepeHHO ysna:>KHeHa.
•!• LJepe3 Ka:>K.LJ.ble 2 He.o.enL-1 non1.1salilre pacca.o.y
CJla6biM paCTBOpOM MapraHU,OBKL-1, 3TO J..1368BI.1T pacTeHL-151 or 3a6onesaHJ..1171.
•!• 8 TenJlble AHL-1 np1.1yYaii1Te Ce51HU,bl K Hapy:>KHOMY
B03AYXY, BbiHOC51 Ha 6aJlKOH J..1JlJ..1 JlO.!J.)I(L-110. BHaYaJle Ha 30-40 MI.1HyT, a C K8)1(.lJ.biM AHeM BpeMSI 3aK8Jli.1BaHI151 yseni.1YI1Balilre . np11 conHeYHOH noro.o.e nepsble
.LJ.HI-1 np1.1TeH5lli!Te pacca.o.y OT npS!MbiX COJlHe4HbiX Jly4elil, 4T06bl He 06:>Ke4b He:>KHble Jli1CT04KJ..1.
•!• Bblcesalilre s or.o.enbHble eMKOCTI.1 - craKaHYJ..1KJ..1,
ropwOYKI-1 1-1 .o.p. - ceMeHa orypu,os, Ka6a4KOB, AbiHb,
ap6y30B 1-1 APYfi-1X TbiKBeHHbiX KYJlbTyp AJ151 nocne.o.yIOW,ero Bblpaw,l.1saHI.151 1-1x s seceHHI-1X napH1.1Kax 1.1 nonyYeHI-151 paHHelil npO.LJ.YKU,I-11.1 (C yYeTOM nOrDAHO-KJllo1M8TI-14eCKI-1X ycnos1-1ll1 sawero peri-10Ha).
noArOTOBbTe
KnocaAKe Kapro<f>ellb
B HaYane MecS~u,a .o.ocraHbTe 1.13 norpe6a see ceMeHHble KJly6Hio1 Kapro¢eJl51. nepeCMOTpi-1Te J..1X,
60JlbHble 1.1Jll-1 c npi-13HaKaMI-1 6one3Helli y.o.an1.1Te, a
ocranbHble noMeCTI-1Te s csernoe noMew,eHI-1e, r.o.e
TeMneparypa B03AYXa +5 ... + 1o·c. Csepxy Kapro¢eJlb MO:>KHO yKpbiTb nnoTHbiM cnaH60HAOM, YT06bl
He na.o.an11 Ha Hero np51Mble conHe4Hble nyYI-1 . K KOHU.Y anpens:~ - HaYany MaS! nony41-1Te npeKpacHbllli noca.o.oYHbllil Marep1.1an.
Or 6one3Helil Kny6HI-1 nepe.o. caMolil noca.o.Kolil onpbiCK1.1BaiOT npenaparaMI-1 Arar 25K (AJ151 100 Kr Kny6Helil - 13 r Ha 1 Jl BO.O.bl), ¢1-1TOCnOp1.1H-M ( 10 r /5 Jl
BO.!J.bl Ha 20 Kr KJly6Helil), MaKCI-1M (40 MJl/1 Jl BO.!J.bl
Ha 100 Kr) 1-1 AP ·
KapTo"'enb Bblca>KMBaiOT, Koraa no~.tsa
nporpeeTCSI AO +8°C. AnSI 6biCTpei1wero nporpesaHMSI no~.tBbl noa paHHMM KapT~enb rpSIAbl yKpbiBaiOT HeTKaHbiM yKpbiBHbiM MaTepManoM (cnaH60H.QOM, nyYpacMnoM) M nneHKOM.
HMKonai1
•
POrOB~OB,
arpoHOM
cJ)oyo asTopa
WKolla oropoAHV1Ka
PaccGAa: nMta.l·l·A·~
M BOCnMTGHMe
5e33a6orHoe Aercrso
MapT - caMbiM pacca~HbiM MeCHq. OT ceMe'IKa
~0 TOrO MOMeHTa, KOr~a paCTeHMSI 6y~YT rOTOBbl
nepecenMTbCSI Ha rpSI~KY1 B ~OMaWHMX ycnOBMSIX
OHM npOM~YT HeCKOnbKO CTa~MM ( CeMeHa, BCXO~bl, CeSIHI.tbl ••• ) . M B Ka)I(AOM CTa~MM y HMX - CBOM
noTpe6HOCTM. Ha~eeMCH, 'ITO HawM coaeTbl no
BOCnMTaHMIO M OMTaHMIO OOMOrYT OrOpO~HMKaM
o6ecne'IMTb MOnO~OM nopocnM 6e33a6oTHOe ~eT­
CTBO. B~b MMeHHO C pacca~bl Ha'IMHaeTCH OYTb
K ypo)l(aiO - xopoweMy MnM He O'feHb.
Ka>KAOMY ceRHI.\Yu
CBOJ.i nOAXOA
KaK npaBIMlO, OT nocesa AO BbiCaAKIII pacTeHIIIVi 8 OTKpbiTbiVi rpyHT
npOXOAIIIT OKOilO ABYX MeC51U,eB,
nplll STOM CaMble Ba)I(Hble - nepBble ABe HeAelllll. 3anac niiiTaTellbHbiX BeW.eCTB B CeMeHaX AOBOilb HO orpaHIIIYeH, o6biYHO ero xsaTaeT lliiiWb Ha TO, YT06bl BbiHeCTIII
CeM51AOillll Ha nosepXHOCTb. A Aallee AilS! aKTIIIBHoro pocTa ce51Hu,es Hy)I(Hbl opraHIIIYeCKIIIe sew.eCTBa, Bblpa60TaTb KOTOpble pacTeHIIIe CnOC06HO TOilbKO nplll nOMOW.III cpOTOCIIIHTe3a .
MeHbwe scero XllonoT AOCTas-
ll51eT paccaAa TOMaTOB. KaK TOilbKO 3aMeTIIITe nepBble neTellbKIII BCXOAOB, He
A0)1(1-1Aa51Cb n051BileHIII51 OCTallbHbiX,
CHHMaViTe nlleHKY 1-1 nepecTaBil51ViTe eMKOCTIII Ha GaMble CBeTilble 1-1
npOXIlaAHble nOAOKOHHHKI-1 ( 13-15•C
HOYbiO 1-1 16-18•C AHeM). TaKOVi TeMnepaTypHbiVi pe)I(HM HY)I(HO noAAep)I(HBaTb B TeYeHHe HeAelll-1, np111 HeM
paCTeHI-151 He BbiT51rHBaiOTC51, TaK KaK
pa3BI-1BaeTC51 B OCHOBHOM KOpHeBa51 CHCTeMa . Ao6HTbC51 sTore MO)I(-
llyYeVi, He Ha nOilb3Y 111M Ill pe3KOe CHIII)I(eHIIIe Blla)I(HQCTI-1 nOCile
HO, npiiiOTKpbiB cpopTOYKY llllllll paMy
CTeKilOnaKeTOB B nOilO)I(eHIIIe «npOBeTpHBaHHe». 3aTeM TeMnepaTypy
nOBbiWaiOT Ha 2-3 rpaAyCa.
npOTIIIBHOM CllyYae 6e3 AOCTaTOYHOrO KOiliiiYeCTBa B03Ayxa pOCTKIII
nor1116HyT OT neperpesa llllllll np111
ClliiiWKOM BbiCOKOVi Blla)I(HQCTIII nOIlSiryT OT llepHOU HOJKK/11.
CHSITIIISI nlleHKIII . nyYWIIIVi BbiXOA AallbHeViwee COAep)l(aHIIIe He)l(eHOK s TenlliiiYHbiX ycllOBIIISIX. BaplllaHTOB MO)I(eT 6b1Tb MHOrO, rllaBHOe
- yKpbiTIIIe 1113 nlleHKIII llllllll nllaCTIIIKa A01l)I(HQ CTaTb HaMHOro CB060AHee, YeM OHO 6blll0 AO nOSIBileHI-151
BCXOAOB, 1.11llll )l(e ero ClleAyeT 3aMeHI.1Tb Ha HeTKaHbiVi MaTeplllall. 8
~T06bl Bbl 3Ha/IJ.1
MoM MeTOA
Am• 6naronon y'IHOro noRBneHHR BCXOAOB nepl.la Hy)l(·
Ha TeMnepayYpa B npeAenax 23·27°C, 6a KIIa)l(aHa • 25· 30°C,
TOMaTOB • 22·24°C.
nepU,bl Ill 6aKJla)l(aHbl - 6ollee
«TPYAHble AeTKI-1». K TaKHM OTHOCHTCSI Ill BCSI
U,BeTOYHaSI «MellOYb» ( neTyHHSI,
ll06elliiiSI). lt1x
He)I(Hble BCXOAbl 6051TCSI SlpKIIIX COilHeYHbiX
BOCnJ.1TaHJ.1R
Y MeHSI AilS! «TPYAH~x AeTOK»
CBOVi MeTOA BOCm1TaHIIISI . BHaYalle
npopaUJ.IIIBaiO IIIX CeMeHa B HeBbiCOKIIIX KOHTeV!Hepax C np03paYHbiMIII KPbiWKaMIII s He60ilbWOM Clloe
paccaAHOro rpyHTa (Ho Yaw.e scero - Ha 6yMa)I(HOVi callcpeTKe) . KaK
TOilbKO y CeMSlH nOSIBil5110TC51 KOpeWKIII, OT6111pa10 «BbiCKOYeK» Ill nepeHOWY B TenlliiiYKil1 1113 nllaCTIIIKOBbiX 6YTblllOK . PacKilaAbiBaiO npopocTKil1 paBHOMepHO (Ha paCCTOSIHIIIil1 1,5 CM) Ha 5-7 -CaHTIIIMeTpOBbiVi CllOVi rpyHTa Ha rlly6111HY B 1
CM Ill )KAy BCXOAOB.
1000 cosemofJ
a(J'IHUKY
NR6. 2016
HMe~re s BHAY
Ecmt npopocTKM BbiCaAMTb
a xonoAHYIO no~ay, Aa e114e
3aTeM cpa3y ompaaMTb nnowKY Ha nOAOKOHHMK, MO>KHO
noTepneTb HeyAa~y. Aa>Ke
Y>Ke HaKniOHYBWMeCR CeMeHa
Tennoni06MBbiX KynbyYp MOryY HaAonro 3aMepeTb, aTOM
norM6HyYb.
MO)f(HO, KOHeYHO, cpa3y nocestTb
ceMeHa a M~H~-napH~YK~. Ho Aeno
B TOM, "'TO AJlSI npopacTaHIIISI 3TIIIX
KYllbTYP Hy)f(Ha AOBOJlbHO BbiCOKaSI
TeMnepaTypa, C03AaTb ee npo~e
B He60llbW~X eMKOCTSIX C MallbiM
06beMOM nOYBbl. nepBble 2-3 AHSI
MOry Aep)f(aTb noceBbl Ha 06bi"'HOH
::meKTp~yecKor/1 rpenKe, nocTaB~B
o6orpes Ha «1, (KCTaTIII, ceri!Yac a
npoAa)f(e ~MeiOTCst cne~~allbHbre
paCCaAHble KOBp~K~). A KaK TOJlbKO
CeMeHa HaYII!HaiOT HaKJleBbiBaTbCSI,
nepecTaBJlSIIO eMKOCTIII n06Jllll)f(e K
OTOn~TellbHbiM paA~aTOpaM. K TOMY )f(e a M~H~-napH~YK~ y)f(e nonaAaiOT TOJlbKO Te pOCTK~, "'TO BbiCKOY~Jllll nepBbiM~, TO eCTb ~Melllll
BbiCOKYIO 3Hepr~IO npopacTaH~st. A
3Ha'l~T, np~ npaB~JlbHOM yxOAe ~
Aanee 6YAYT ll~A~posaTb. CeMeHa,
npopocw111e n03)f(e, TO)f(e He Bbr6pacbrBaiO, OHIII AO nopbr AO speMeHIII HaxOAS!TCSI B CTpaXOBOM cpOHAe. EClllll Ha6~pa10 HY)f(HOe MHe KOJl~YeCTBO paCCaAbl ~3 «BbiCKOYeK»,
TO paCCTaiOCb C H~MIII 6e3 CO)f(aJleHIIISI. Ec11111 Her, nyYwllle ~cnonb3YIO Allst nononHeH~st paccaAHbiX
PstAOB. Ce10 ceMeHa scerAa c 3anacoM ~3 pacYeTa, YTO ~3 1 0 nocestHHbiX AO rpstAKIII AOriiAeT He 60nee 5 WTYK.
r11asHoe - co611tOAaTb
6a11aHc
np~
B~pa~~BaH~~
pacCaA~
sa)f(HO co6niOAaTb 6anaHc cseTa, TeMnepaTypbr ~ sna)f(HOCT~. B
KOMHaTHbiX ycnos~stx nerYe scero orperyn~po­
sarb non~s. Hellb3st
AOnyCKaTb B~C~Xa­
H~SI nOYBbl. nep~bl Ill
6aK1la)f(aHbr Hy)f(AaIOTCst so snare
60llbWe TOMaTOB,
HO nOJl~BaTb ~X
HaAO pe)f(e, XOTS!
~ o6~1lbHee . nosepxHocrHbre nocesbr onpbrCK~BaIOT ~3 nynbsep~3aropa ~11~ non~saiOT
~3 wnp111~a 6e3 ~rllbl,
BCe OCTaJlbHble - MO)f(HO
~3 lleHKIII. np111 3TOM Hy)f(HO
nOMH~Tb, "'TO C~JlbHOe nepeYBJla)f(HeH~e o6brYHO np~BOA~T
K ~3He)f(II!BaHIIIIO Ill BbiTS!rii!BaHIIIIO
paccaAbl ~ MO)f(eT cnoco6cTsosaTb
3a6onesaH~IO ee 48pHOM HO>KKOM.
no3TOMy TaK Ba)f(HO HariiT~ 30110TYIO
cepeAIIIHy, nplll KOTOpOr/1 CeSIH~bl 6yAYT pacTIII KpenK~M~ 111 3AOPOBbiMIII.
8 OCTallbHOM ClleAyeT pyKOBOACTBOBaTbCSI np~H~IIInOM: YeM 60Jlbwe cseTa, TeM nyYwe. Ecn~ ero He
xsaTaeT, HY)f(HO seeM~ B03MO)f(HbiM~ cnoco6aMIII CHIII)f(aTb TeMnepaTYPY ~ BJla)f(HOCTb .
BCIO CBOIO pacCaAy Sl Bbrpa~~­
BaiO, AOBOllbCTBYS!Cb TOJlbKO TeM
OCBe~eHIIIeM, KOTOpOe IIIMeeTCSI Ha
IO)f(HbiX nOAOKOHHIIIKaX MOer/1 KBapTIIIPbl. l.JT06bl C03AaTb AilS! cestH~eB
yCJlOB~SI, 611~3K~e K np~pOAHbiM
(AHeM CBeTJlO ~ ren110, a HO"lbiO
TeMHO Ill npOXllaAHO), Aep~ nllOWK~ C H~M~ C yrpa AO BeYepa Ha caMOM CBeTJlOM nOAOKOHH~Ke, a KOrAa CTeMHeeT, COCTaBllS!IO ~X Ha nOll
KyxH~ ~ OTKpbrsaiO <f>oprOYKy.
ECJllll OKHa KBapTIIIp~ B~XOAS!T
Ha cesep, a AOnOllHIIITellbHOe ocse~eH~e np~A 3TOM He no KapMaHy, ~MeeT CMbiCll nocestTb paccaAY TaK, YT06bl OCHOBHaSI MaCCa ceMSIH B30Wlla BO BTOpOr/1 nOllOBIAHe
Mapra, KOrAa AHIA CTaHyT AlliAHHee.
np~A xopoweM yxoAe MOllOAbre pacreH~SI 6brCTpo HasepcTaiOT yny~eH-
CoseT or npaKTJ.1Ka
3aMeTMB1 ~TO He BCe pOCTKM C6pOCMnM CeMeHHble wanO~KM 1 He
cneWMTe MX OT6paKOBbiBaTb. TaKoe ~aCTO cny~aeTCR C rM6pMAHbiMM CeMeHaMM1 a CTORT OHM HeAeWeBO. npoMCXOAMT 3TO He M3·3a MX
nnoxoro Ka~ecraa, a M3·3a MenKoro noceaa MnM cnMWKOM cyxoro
B03Ayxa B KBapTMpe ( 06bi~HO B TennM~HbiX ycnOBMRX TaKMX CeHH·
1.1ea acrpe~aeTCR Mano ). OnpbiCKai1Te noceabl BOAOM M3 nynbaepM3aTopa, a ~epe3 5·10 MMHyY OCTOpO>KHO CHMMMTe CeMeHHYIO 060nO~KY nMHI.IeTOM, CTapaRCb He noapeAMTb npM 3TOM nMCTO~KM.
•
\..
1000
ctHJemtHJ Otll/HliKY
NH6. 2016
Ha 3aMeTKY
EcnM HO~M RCHble M CBeTMT
nonHaR nyHa MnM >Ke a OKHa
3arnRAb1BaiOT ynM~Hble ~OHa­
pM, 3aTeHRMTe OT HMX paccaAY· B Tenne pacreHMR Ml14YT
CBeT M TRHyYCR K TOMy, KOTO·
pbiM MMeeTCH. 3a HO~b OHM
ycneaaiOT AOBOnbHO CMnbHO
BblpaCTM, a aeAb HaM HY>KHa
KpenKaR KopeHacTaH paccaAa.
HOe speMS!. A nllOAOHOC~Tb lAM BCe
paBHO np~AeTCSI HaW~M, He BCerAa LU,eApbiM Ha COllH~e fleTOM, TaK
"'TO nyCTb npiABbiKaiOT K TaKOMY OCse~eHIAIO c AeTCTBa.
OnacHbJe colleTaHHR
CaMbre onacHbre coYeTaHIIISI AilS!
BCXOAOB - XOllOAH~e nOAOKOHHIIIKIII, nepeyBJla)f(HeHHaSI nOYBa ~
CKB03HSIKIII. 4T06br KOPH~ cestH~es
He CTpaAa/1111, nOAJlO)f(IIITe nOA eMKOCTIII C HIIIMIA KYCKIII neHOnllaCTa
IAlliA AepesstHHbre AO~eYKIA. He
CTO~T CTaB~Tb ~X 6111A3KO ~ K OKOHHOMY CTeKily.
AoBOllbHO speAHbiM AJJst cestH~es
S!BilS!eTCSI KaK ClliAWKOM cyxor/1, TaK
Ill Blla)f(HbiH B03AyX. 8 nepBOM CllyYae IACnapeH~e Bllarlll JliiiCTbSIMIII
CTaHOBIIITCSI HaCTOflbKO IIIHTeHC~B­
HbiM, "'TO Ma/lOMOLU,Hble KOpeWKIA
He B COCTOSIHIIIIA 06ecneY~Tb pacTeH~SI BOAOH. KaK pe3yllbTaT, 3aMeA11S!eTCSI cpOTOCIIIHTe3, pacCaAa
HaYIIIHaeT ~CnbiTbiBaTb CTpeCC. noBbiWeHHaSI cyxOCTb rpyHTa npiABOAIIIT K yselliAYeH~IO KOH~eHTpa~~IA
cone~ s sepxHeM cnoe ( ee nerKo
o6Hapy)I(~Tb no 6eno~ ~n~ )l(emo-
sarol/1 coneso~ KOpKe), YTO Aeli1crsyer Ha pacreH~~ yrHera10w,eo
B oron~renbH~~ ce30H sna)I(HOCTb B03AyXa B KBapr~pax naAaer AO Karacrpo¢w-1ecK~ H~)I(­
H~x 3HaYeH~~o lt1cnpas~rb nono)l(eH~e MO)I(HO, nOCTaB~B eMKOCT~
c BOAO~ Ha 6arape~o Aon~sarb
ee np~AeTC~ pa3 B HeCKOnbKO
AHe~o lt1n~ )l(e M~Hyr 15-20 nonaP~Tb KOMHary yr10r0M, nocras~s
ero rop~30HranbHO Ha Merann~­
YecKyiO nOACTaBKY ~n~ Ha rny6oKYIO rapenKyo 80 BTOpOM cnyYae
c~nbHO
ysen~Y~saerc~
p~cK
3a-
ra
npow,e, AOCTaTOYHO
~n~ ~3MenbYeHHOro neperHo~ .
npeAsap~renbHO nopbiXn~s 3y6o-
6onesaH~~ rp~6HbiM~ 6one3H~M~,
HO cnpas~rbc~ c sro~ npo6neMO~
Y~CTKO~
nOYBY Me)I(Ay BCXOAaM~ ~
s nnowKy c yronKa K~n~­
YeHoli1 BOA~YK~ (M0)1(H0 wnp~l.\eM) o
Boo6w,e raKa~ nOACblnKa none3Ha BCeM CeHHU,aMo 0Ha He TOnbKO
n03BOnHeT nOMep)I(~BaTb He06XOA~MYIO sna)I(HOCTb B cy6crpare, HO
ew,e ~ o6ecneY~saer MOnOAeHbnoAn~s
peryn~pHO
nposerp~sarb nocaAK~o
ECIU1 CefiHIJ,bl
nOTRHYIU1Cb
K~e pacreH~~ He06XOA~MbiM~ n~­
Ecn~ ce~HU.bl, HecMorp~ Ha see
nonbiTK~ C03AaTb ~M 6naronp~~r­
rarenbHbiM~
Hble ycnos~~. sce-raK~ nor~Hyn~Cb,
He nepe)l(~sa~reo Ha AaHHOM srane see ew,e MO)I(HO ~cnpas~Tbo AocrarOYHO nOACblnaTb CBe)l(erQ rpyH-
Bble
sneMeHraM~
s nep-
AH~ ~X )1(~3H~o
HaTanbS1 COJlOHOB~~'
y'4eHbiM arpOHOM
CI>OTO aBTOpa
ECTb ~AeH!
MopKOBb
8 Kl\eTKY
Ha cal\......"-~·-·;. ..-·-
Oropo"HMKaM M3aecTHO, KaK cno*HO
nOCeJITb MOpKOBb C He06XO"MMbiM MHTepaanOM M a npo.,.ecce ee pocra He ynycrMTb
apeMJI npope)f(MBaHMJI. npoi4MTaB B *YPHane coseT HaKneMaaTb ceMeHa Ha TyaneTHYtO
6yMary, pewMna ycoaepweHCTBOBaTb npot.~ecc, M BOT y)f(e HeCKOnbKO neT HaKneM&atO
MenKMe CeMeHa Ha 6yMa)f(Hble CTOnOBble
canclleTKM c pMcyHKOM a KneT0'4Ky. Tenepb
BCe MOM 3HaKOMble "enatOT TaK )f(e M 0'4eHb
"OBOnbHblpe3ynbTaTOM.
An~ pa6orbl noHaA06Hrc~ Kne~crep ~3 MYK~, can¢erK~ B KneTKy, Can<f>eTK~ OAHOTOHHble, 3y60Y~CTK~o
Bap111M Kne~crep ~ AaeM eMy OCTbiTbo Ha can¢erKY B KneTKY OCTOPO)I(HO HaMa3biBaeM pyKOVl Kne~crep
TOHK~M cnoeMo noArorosneHHble 1-1 npocyweHHble ce-
MeHa BbiCblnaeM B 6niOAU,eo
CMaY~saeM KOHYII1K 3y6oY~CTK~t~ Kne~crepoM 1-1 aKKyparHO MaKaeM s 6niOAU.e c ceMeHaM~t~o CrapaeMc~
3au,emnb OAHO ceMH-Itl nepeHecr~t~ ero Ha can¢erKyo
HaKne~t~sarb Heo6xoA~MO no OAHOMY ceMeH~t~ Yepe3
ABe KneTKitl o lt1 TaK B Ka)I(AOM P~AY o
KaK ronbKO can¢erKa 6yAeT 3anonHeHa ceMeHaM~t~,
OCTOpO)I(HO HaKpbiBaeM ee OAHOTOHHOill canQ>eTKOVlo
np~t~ BbiCbiXaH~~ CeMeHa OKa)l(yTC~ Me)I(Ay ABYMH can<f>erKaMI-1 It! He 6yAyT OTKne~t~BaTbC~o CanQ>eTKitl MO>KHO
pa3nO)I(~t~Tb Ha KyxOHHOM crone ~t~n~t~ KneeHKe o OcrasnHeM lt!X CYW1t1TbC51 Ha HOYb, CH~t~MaeM (OH~ cnerKa
Ae¢opM~t~pyiOTC~) It! KnaAeM Me)I(Ay ra3eTaMitl, a CaMI-1
ra3eTbl - nOA rHer
KorAa ceMeHa HaKneeHbl, a can¢erK~t~ BbiCyweHbl 1-1
Bblnp~MneHbl, pe)l(y lt!X Ha nonOCKitl nO KneTKaM (BOT
AnH 3TOrO ~ HY)I(Hbl OAHOTOHHble canQ>eTKI-1, YT06bl
KnerK~t~ He c6~t~samtCb) o nonyYaeM nonoCKIA c ceMeHaM~t~ Yepe3 ABe KneTKitlo
8eCHOii1 Ha rpHAKe AenaiO 60p03AKitl, KnaAy B Hlt!X
nonocoYK~ c ceMeHaM~t~ 1-1 3aCblnaiO 3eMneillo Ecn~t~ BblcaAKa MOPKOB~ Bblnana Ha serpeHblli1 AeHb , noniABaiO
6opo3AK~ BOAOII1 o nonocK~t~ c ceMeHaM~t~ np~t~Kne~t~sa­
IOTC~ K sna)I(HO~ 3eMne, YTO 3HaY~renbHO o6nerYaer
nocaAKYo Ecn~t~ ocran~t~cb n~t~wH~e nonocoYK~t~ c ce MeHaM~t~, lt!X MO)I(HO nocaA~t~Tb BAOnb rp~AOK C APYri-1Mitl KynbTypaMitl ~t~nltl nOA ~6nOHitl, ~n~ BAOnb CaAOBbiX
AOPO)I(eKo OceHbiO MOpKOBb Aaer xopow~t~ill ypo)l(a~o
noAo6HbiM cnoco6oM HaKne~t~saiO 1-1 ceMeHa ne rpywK~t~, cenbAepe~. peA~Ca, MHOr~t~e ceMeHa u,seros It! TOMaTOB Ha pacCaAy o PeA~C KneiO B Ka>KAYIO
KneTOYKY It! pe)l(y He Ha nonOCKI-1, a Ha KneTKitl (lt!X TaK
nerye ca>Karb)
HaTanbS1 PACCTPblr~HA,
r. CM6ai:t, 5awKopTOCTaH. Cl>oTo asTopa
0
1000 cosemos OtlliHUKY
Ng6, 2016
Orse4aeM Ha sonpocbl
3TOT KOBGpHbl
'PY3GpH03
HanMWMTe, no*anyticTa, o ~y3apMo3e
TOMaTOB. KaK OH npO.RBn.ReTCJI Ha pa3HbiX
CTa"MJIX pa3BMTMJ1? KaK C HMM 60pOTbCJ1?
TaTbRHa J1ABPYWif1HA,
n. KneTHSI 6pSIHCKOM o6n.
t7
OTse~aeT
H~t~KonaM POrOB~OB,
.)
arpOHOM
<byaapM03 , 111/H-1 cpyaap~t~oa­
Hoe yBRA8HIIIe TOMaTOB - rp1116Hoe 3a6onesaHI.1e, Bbl3bJBaeMoe
rp11160M Fusarium oxysporum. 8
HacTOt~w.ee speMt~ BbJHBlleHo TPIII
BIIIAa ~nora rp1116a, nopa:>t<a10w.ero,
KpOMe TOMaTOB, nepU,bl Ill 6aKlla:>KaHbl. 8 TenlliiiYHbiX yC110Br.151X 3a60lleBaHIIIe pacnpocTpaHeHo nosceMeCTHO, a B IO:>KHbiX periiiOHaX
CTpaHbl YaCTO BCTpeYaeTC51 Ill B OTKpbiTOM rpyHTe.
rpr.16b1 Fusarium oxysporum nOYBeHHble naToreHbl, AOnroe speM51 COXpaHt~IOW,IIIeC51 Ha paCTI.1TellbHbiX OCTaTKaX, B nOYBe 1.1 cy6CTpaTaX B BIIIAe MIIIU,elllll51 Ill XllaMI.1AOcnop . PacnpocTpaH5110TC51 Yepe3
nOYBy, C BOAOill A1151 nOlliiiBa 1.1 TexHr.1KOill.
<by3ap11103 nopa:>t<aeT COCYAI.1CTYIO
CIIICTeMy pacTeH1.1ill, npOHI.1Ka51 1113
nOYBbl Yepe3 KOpHeByiO Cl!lCTeMy.
3aTeM rp1!16Hr.1U,a pacnpocTpaHt~­
eTC51 no COCyAaM B pa3Hble YaCTIII
CTe61151, YepeWKI.1, nllOAOHO:>KKI-1,
nllOAbl 1-1 CeMeHa.
np111 3a60lleBaHIIIIII y Ce51HU,eB
:>t<ellTeiOT 111 onaAaiOT ceMt~AOllb-
Ha 3aMerKy
Pa3BIIITIIIIO aa6oneaaHIIIR
cnoco6cTaytOT peaKMe nepenaAbl TeMnepa-rypbl H BI18>KHOCTIII nO~Bbl H B03Ayxa, HH3K8SI
OCBe~eHHOCTb, nOBb!.UJeHIIIe
TeMnepaTypbl no~Bbl AO 27280C, HanH~He a HeM rannoBbiX HeMaTOA, MeXaHH~eCKHe
noape>KAeHHR,cnoco6CTaytO~~~~e npoHHKHOBeHHIO HHcpeKLIHH B KOPHH.
•...
1000 cosemfHJ
Ofi'IHUKY
Hble Jlr.1CTOYKIII,
OHIII OTCTaiOT B poCTe Ill yBt~AaiOT. Y
B3pOCJlbiX paCTeHIIIill BHaYalle :>KellTeiOT Hlll:>t<HIIIe 11111CTbtl, Ha61110AaeTCtl
YBHAaHIIIe s AHesHbJe YaCbl Ill OTCTaBaHIIIe s pocTe . Co
speMeHeM B 30He KOpHeBOill wee-1KIII 11111111 YYTb BbJWe n051BlltleTCH po30Bblill HalleT. 8 KOHeYHOM IIITOre y
pacTeHIIItl OTMIIIpaiOT KOpHIII, KOTOpble MOryr nOKpbiBaTbC51 6ellbiM HalleTOM, B pe3yllbTaTe OHO n0r1116aeT.
MeponpJ1HTJ1R
no 6opb6e c J1H<f>eK4J1e~
•!• Co61110AeHIIIe cesoo6opoTa.
803BpaT Ha CTapoe MeCTO nOCaAKIII
He paHbwe, YeM Yepe3 4 roAa.
•!• 06513aTellbHOe YHIIIYTO:>KeHIIIe
BCeX paCTIIITeJlbHbiX OCTaTKOB.
•!• nponapiiiBaHIIIe nOYBbl Ill pacCaAHOrO rpyHTa nepeA nocesoM 111
nocaAKOill napoM np111 TeMnepaType
90-1 00•c B TeYeHI!le YaCa.
•!• 8bJpaW,IIIBaHIIIe yCTOiiiYIIIBbiX K
3a6onesaHIIIIO copTOB 111 r1116p111AOB .
8 HaCT051W,ee BpeM51 60llbWIIIHCTBO
r1116p111AHbiX TOMaTOB YCTOiiiYIIIBbl K
¢y3apiii03HOMY yBHAaHI.110 (ApneKIIIH F1, Aspopa F1 , PyccKIIIill pa3-
OT
Mep F1, 01151 F1, Hawa Mawa F1,
8epe51 F1, Ka111116p F1, YcnaAa F1 ,
3111MH5151 BIIIWH51 F1' rollAMap F1'
T011CT51YOK F1 Ill AP -).
•!• np111 06Hapy:>t<eHIIIIII 60llbHbiX
pacTeHIIIill 111x YAa115110T 111 YHIIIYTO:>t<aIOT, a nOYBY npOlliiiBaiOT 6IIIOQ:lyHriiiU,IIIAaMIII (TpiiiXOQ:lllOp, 6aKTOQ:liiiT, <biiiTOcnopiiiH-M, AlliiiPIIIH-6 ,
raMalllp, Tp111xou,111H 111 AP -) c nocneAYIOW.IIIM pbiXlleHIIIeM 11111111 nepeKOnKOill Ha r11y6111Hy 10-20 CM.
3TIII npenapaTbJ IIICnOllb3YIOT A1151
3aMaYIIIBaHIIItl CeM51H, o6e33apa:>t<IIIBaHIII51 nOYBbl nepeA noceBOM 11111111
BbiCaAKOill paCCaAbl, a TaK:>Ke Allt!
OnpbiCKIIIBaHIIItl paCTeHIIIill BO BpeM51 sereTaU,It11t1.
nplllrOTOBlleHitle pa60Yit1X pacTBOpOB, CpOKitl IIIX IIICnOllb30BaHit151 ,
A03bl npOnlt1CaHbl B lt1HCTPYKU,It1t!X
no nplt1MeHeHit110 npenapaTOB, no3TOMy scerAa nposep51ii1Te 111x Halllt1YIIIe .
PEAAKUHH. AoporMe "'MTaTenM, ecnM y sac B03HMKnM
sonpOCbl no yXOfJ.Y 3a CaAOBbiMM MnM KOMHaTHbiMM pacTeHMHMM, npMCblnaMTe MX Ha HaW nO"'TOBbiM MnM ::meKTpOHHbiM
a"pec. AenMTeCb" csoMM onbiTOM BblpatqMBaHMH ca"OBbiX,
~BeTO"'HbiX M oropOfJ.HbiX KynbyYp.
"'T06bl nony"'MTb B03Harpa>t<AeHMe 3a ony6nMKOBaHHOe OMCbMO, yKa>KMTe CBOM {J.aHHble (KaKMe- CMOTpMTe Ha CTp.
)I{AeM BaWMX OMCeM!
N96, 2016
35).
~-~---------
-
---
-
---
---
-
- --
A36yKa oropOIJ.HltlKa
H npMnp
M CGI\GT,
rop'IH~a - OAHa H3 caMbiX mo6HMbiX H nonynJipHbiX npHnpaa. roTOBHT-
CSI 3Ta cne~HJI H3 CeMJIH
OAHOHMeHHbiX pacTeHHH.
npOABHHyYble OI"OPOAHHKH
3HatoT, 'ITO none3Hbl OHM
He TOnbKO AllJI HapOAa, HO
H AllJI OI"OPOAa. npH06li.\HTecb K OCBOeHHIO 3TOH YHHKanbHOH KynbyYpbl, H OHa
B03AaCT BaM CTOpH~eH.
KaKaR rop•n1u,a
HaCTORII.\aR
Cyw,ecrsyeT Tp1!1 BI!1Aa OAHOileTHI!1X paCTeHI!1Vl, CeMeHa KOTOpbiX
CJly)J(aT CblpbeM A1151 1!13rOTOBJleH1!151 3HaMeHI!1TOVI np111npasb1 - ropYI!1U.bl (Mustard). 3ro 6e11a51 (oHa
)Ke - )Kenra51, 1!1fll!1 aHrfli!1VtCKa51),
Cl!13a51 (KOp1!14HeBa51, pyCCKa51, 1!1fll!1
capemcKa51) 111 yepH a51 , 1!1fll!1 ¢paHU.Y3CKaSI ropY1!1U,a. 1113 HI!1X 6oTaHI!1·
Kl!1 CYI!1Ta10T HaCT051W,eV! TOflbKO OA·
HY- 6e11y10. 0Ha OTHOCI!1TC51 K POAY
ropY1!1U,a, OCTaJlbHble ABe - YepHaSI
111 Cl!13a51 - K POAY Kanycra. Y Ky111!1Hapos )Ke Ha3BaHI!1e Hacroa~aa
3aKpenll1flOCb 3a ropY1!1u,eVI YepHoVI.
Ee KYflbTI!1BII1PYIOT so <l>paHU.I!1111,
AHrfll!11!1, 111Tafll!11!1, PyMbiHI!11!1, TypU,1!11!1, K111rae 111 B APYrll1x crpaHax.
no sceVI Espone ( oco6eHHO ee
n106sn s CKaHAII1HaBI!11!1 111 H1!1AepnaHAax) 111 s AMep1!1Ke 6onee pacnpocrpaHeHa 6ena51 ropY1!1u,a. KaK
COpHSIK OHa BCTpeYaeTCSI npaKTI!1YeCKIII no BCeVI POCCI!11!1.
111, HaKOHeu,, Hawa rop•mu,a - pycCKaSI, Cl!13aSI, KOpiiiYHeBaSI, lllfll!1 capenTCKaSI (Capema - ropoA s noBOfl)Kbe, rAe B 1765 rOAY nepeceJleHU,bl 1!13 repMaHI!11!1 OCHOBaJ11!1 nepBbiVl 3aBOA A1151 nOilyYeHI!151 ropYIIIYHOrO MaCJla, B HbiHeWHee BpeM51
BXOAII1T B COCTaB 8onrorpaAa). Ee
1!1HOrAa C4111Ta10T np1!1pOAHbiM rl!16p1!1AOM 6eflOVl 1!1 YepHOVl rOp41!1U,bl.
CeVIYac pyccKaSI ropY1!1U,a nori!1XOHbKY BbiTeCHSleT YepHyiO, TaK KaK
oHa 6onee )KryYaSI 111 ypo)KaV!HaSI. 111
Macna s HeV! 6onbwe (AO 47%).
Tai1Ha >Ke/noro
nopowKa
8 XIV seKe OAI!1H ¢111noco¢ raK
Han111can o ropY1!1u,e: «Cyxocrb, a
raK)Ke renno s ropY1!1YHOM 3epHbiWKe ManoM 51A 1!13rOH5ler, pO)J(Aaer
cne3y, a ronosy YI!1CTI!1T». OcrpoVI
ee Aena er rfl111K031!1A
CIIIH1!1rp1!1H - TaK
no-HayY-
Ha 3aMeTKY
CeMeHa rop'IM.,.bl - xopoWMM MCTO'IHMK HeHaCblllleHHbiX )I(MpHbiX KMcnOT 0Mera -3,
OHM COAep)l(aT Kanb... MM, MapraHe._., MarHMM, <IJoc<IJop, )l(ene3o, nMil.leBble aonoKHa, HMa._.MH, 6enKM, ceneH M ... MHK.
1000
HOMY Ha3biBaercSI sew,ecrso, coAep)J(aw,eec51 s 3epHax. 8 YI!1CTOM '
B111Ae OHO npecHoe, )J(ryYI!1M craHOBI!1TCSI TOflbKO np111 CMeWI!1BaHI!11!1 C BOAOVt. EC111!1 XOT51T nonyYIIITb ropY1!1U.Y no3nee - nopowoK
pa3BOA51T rennoV! BOAOVI, ec11111 noMSlr'-le - Kl!1nsHKOM.
nonynSJpHa51 np111npasa 6b1Baer
AByx BI!1AOB - nOpOWKOBaSI 1!1 3epHI!1CTa51. Ha'-11!1HaiOT OHI!1 csoV! nyrb
K HaWeMy CTOfly OAI!1HaKOBO. rop'-11!1'-IHble CTpyYK1!1 C061!1pa10T, BblflyW,I!1BaiOT 1!13 HI!1X 3epHa 111 cywar.
3areM 1113 ceMSIH, npeAHa3HaYeHHbiX AilSI nopOWKOBOVl rOp'-I1!1U,bl,
Bbi)KI!1MaiOT rOp'-I1!14HOe MaCJlO, noCfle Yero nepeMaflbiBaiOT 111x s nopowoK, KOTOpbiVl CMeWI!1BaiOT C 80AOVt, yKCYCOM, paCTI!1TeflbHbiM MaC110M, caxapOM, COflbiO 1!1 npSIHOCTSI·
Ml!1. TaKaS! ropY111u,a caMaS! )J(ryYaSI,
OAHaKO He Cfli!1WKOM nOfle3HaSI 1!1
apoMaTHaSI, TaK KaK fliiiWeHa MHOri!1X U,eHHbiX BeW,eCTB, KOTOpbiM1!1
6oraro rop41!1'-IHOe Macno.
3epH1!1CTYIO AeflaiOT HeCKOJlbKO IIIHa'-le. 3epHa 1!13·
Meflb'-laiOT U,e111!1KOM, BMeCTe C MaCJlOM , n03TOMY np111npasa nony'-laeTCSI OYeHb
apoMarHaSI. 0Ha
MeHee SIApeHaSI ,
np111 3TOM ocrpora ee TO)J(e 6blsaer pa3HoVI: '-leM
Meflb4e nOMOfl, TeM
ocrpee.
Hei!1CKyweHHble fll06111renll1 ocrpoVI np111npaBbl Moryr
coeemoe
dQ'IHIIKY
N~6. 2016
nOAYMaTb, 4TO npii1HL.4111nll1a11bHOii1
pa3HII11..4bl Me)KAY nopOWKOBOiil 111
3epHOBOii1 rop41111..4eli1 HeT, BeAb nopOWOK - 3TO npOCTO 1113Me11b4eHHble 3epHa. HO 3TO He TaK. np111
npOII13BOACTBe nOpOWKOBOV! rop41111..4bl 111Cn011b3yeTC5l )I(MbiX, He 4TO
111HOe, KaK OTXOAbl, OCTaBW111eC5l
noc11e OT)Kit1Ma ropYII14HOro Mac11a.
Bnoc11eACTBII1111 np111 np~t~rOTOB11e­
HII1111 1113 Hero np111npaBbl Bb1Ae11eHHOe rOp41114HOe MaC110 3aMeH5leTC5l Ha 6o11ee Aewesoe: coesoe,
pancosoe 11111111 nOAC011H84Hoe. ~
8C11111 nopOWOK np111Aa8T npOAYKTy 11111Wb SAKOCTb 111 pe3KOCTb, TO
111M8HHO rop41114H08 MaCJlO - n011b3y 111 Hill Ha 4TO He nOX0)1(1118 BKYC 111
apoMaT.
06>KHratOll\e BKYCHble
3Be3AOV1 scex np111npas C4111TaeTc5l AH>KOHCK3SI, 11111111 $paHU.Y3·
cKast rop41111..4a. Ee 1113roTaB11111BaiOT
1113 1113M811b48HHOrO 11111111 1..4811bHOrO CeM8HII1 YepHOiil rOp41111..4bl, A06aB115l5l BMeCTO YKCyca BIIIHO 11111111
K111C11blli1 COK He3pellOrO BIIIHOrpaAa. ,lJ.115l pa3H006pa31115l OCTpOTbl 111
1..4BeTa ee 3epHa MOryT CM8W111BaTb
c 6e11oli1 111 capemcKolil rop41111..4eli1.
~3 capemcKolil rop4111U,bl npOII13BOA5lT pyCCKYIO rOp4111L.J,y, CJlaB5lll.\YIOC5l CaMbiM OCTpbiM 111 TepnKIIIM
BKyCOM, a TaK)K8 n011y4aiOT apoMaTHOe MaC110. 3HaMeH1!1Ta5l AOH·
cKast rop41111..4a (11111111 rapAan) AS11aeTc5l c A06as11eHII1eM pacco11a co11eHbiX oryp1..4os.
~3 6e1101i1 rOp41111..4bl rOTOBSlT TaK
Ha3biBaeMyiO MHrKYIO aMepHKaHCKYIO 11111111 eaponeHCKYIO rop41111..4Y·
0HII1 He Bbl3biBaiOT CJ1e3 1113 r11a3, a
T011bKO nOA48PKII1BaiOT BKYC OCHOBHOrO 61110Aa. ~3 Hee )1(8 BblnYCKaeTCSl Opll1rii1Ha11bHa5l cj>pyKTOBaSI,
11111111 HTanbstHCKast rop41111..4a. B ee
COCTaB BXOASlT rOp41114Hblli1 nopoWOK, KOHC8pBII1POBaHHbl9 ¢pyKTbl,
MeA 111 6e110e BIIIHO.
3elleHoe
YA06peHHe
B KaYeCTB9 YA06p9HII15l Ha CaAOBbiX yYaCTKaX
Bblpall.\111BaiOT
rop41111..4Y 6e11y10
111 cap9mcKyiO.
3TII1 paCT9HII15l
3a
KOPOTKII11i1
CpOK AaiOT MHOro 6yli1Holi1 3elleHII1. PacTII1 OHII1 MOryT Ha 11106biX no4Bax C pH OT 048Hb
K111CJ10ii1 AO ll.\e1104HOV1.
CeMeHa npopacTaiOT np111
TeMnepaType -3·c. BcxOAbl
BbiA9P)KII1BaiOT KpaTKOBp8M9HHble 3aMOp03KII1 AO -5·C. 3911eHyiO
Macey CKaWII1BaiOT, KOrAa Jlii1CTb5l y
paCT9HII15l C88)KII18, C04Hble, 11Y4We AO Maccosoro 1..4B9TeHII15l. B cp9AH9M
nep1110A OT nocesa AO 3aAe11K111 rop41111..4bl B nOYBY COCTaB115l8T ABa MeC5ll..4a. ,lJ.ll5l 3aCeBa OAHOVI COTK111 Tp96yeTC5l 150-250 r C9M5lH. C910T 111x,
C119rKa 3aA911biBa5l s noYsy. C11eAyIOil.\YIO KY11bTYPY BbiCa)l(lt1BaiOT He paHe9, YeM 49p93 3-4 HeAe11111 nOC11e
CKaW111BaHII15l 38119HOii1 MaCCbl.
rop41111..4a 0611aAaeT M011\H~MII1
aHTII16aKTepll1a11bHbiMII1, npOn1BOrpii16KOBbiMII1, aHTII1C8nTII149CKII1MII1 111
npOTII1BOBOCna11111Te11bH~M111 CBOV!CTBaMI/1. noc119 ee Bblpall.\111BaHII15l
Ha rp5lAKaX CHII1)1(aeTC5l 3a6011eBa8MOCTb paCT8HII11i1 TaKII1MII1 pacnpOCTpaH9HHbiM111 601183H5lMII1, KaK ¢111TO<f>TOp03, pii130KTOHII103, napwa
K11y6Heli1, ¢y3apii103Hbl9 rHII1Jlll1, B
TOM 4111Clle 111 y KapT0¢91151.
He 11106111T rop41114Hbl9 noceBbl 111
npOB01104HII1K. ,lJ.115l 60pb6bl C HIIIM
HOPMY BbiCesa YB8111114111BaiOT AO 5 r
Ha KB.M.
B nepaoH AeKaAe Mast a y>Ke noApocwHe noceBbl rop'IHU.bl,
npoH3BeAeHHble a TennHu.e a anpene, st BbiCa>KH&aiO pacca,Qy noMHAOpoa. nocne TOrO KaK OHH TpOHYTCSI B pOCT, cpe3al0 rOp'IHU.Y
Ha ypoaHe no'l&bl H ocTaanstiO a Ka'lecrae Mynb'IH. OceHbiO noMHAOPbl B TennHU.e ,Qep>Ky AOnro, AO OKTS16pst, n03TOMY H 03AOPOBHTb
nO'IBY nony'laeTCSI TOflbKO aeCHOH.
AHanorH'IHO, HO TOflbKO B aarycre, 8 rOp'IH'IHble noce&bl MO>KHO
BbiCa,QHTb pacca,Qy 3eMnHHHKH. npH 3TOM 3eneHyiO Macey ,Qa>Ke He
HY>KHO cKawHaaTb oceHbiO, a MOP03bl oHa 3alQHTHT MOnOAble po3eTKH OT BbiMep3aHHSI.
1000
C()8em()8 aa'IHliKY
N96, 2016
He MeHee none3eH cyxolil nopowoK rOp41111..4bl, 111M YaCTO Onbi11111BaIOT nOYBY AJ15l 3all.\111Tbl OT Cllii13Heli1.
3¢¢9KTII1B8H 111 HaCTOiil 1113 nOpOWKa. PacTsopoM 1113 Hero xopowo
onpbiCKII1BaTb n110A0Bbl8 A8P8Bb5l
4epe3 2-3 H8A811111 nOCJ19 1..4BeTeHII15l AJ15l 60pb6bl C 11111CTOrpbi3Yil.\111MII1 ryc9HII11..4aMII1, a s nepsolil no11oBII1He 11eTa - Kpbi)KOBHIIIK 111 CMopoA111HY OT OrH8BKII1 111 nll11111111bll.\111Ka 111
KanycTy OT T11eli1 111 ryceHII11..4. ,ll.115l
sToro 6epyT 100 r cyxolil rop41111..4bl
Ha 10 J1 BOAbl 111 HaCTaii1BaiOT ABOe
cyroK. 3aTeM npOL.48)1(111BaiOT, a neP9A ynoTpe6119HII19M pa36as115liOT
Hanon011aM C BOAOH.
Ao6aBbTe s cso~
paU,HOH
0 TOM, 4TO 1113 )I(MbiXa C9M5lH rop41111..4bl capemcKolil no11yYaiOT nopewoK, 1113 KOToporo Ae11aiOT rop41111..4Y «BblpBII1 r11a3» 111 rop41114HII1KII1,
111389CTHO BCeM. A BOT 0 TOM, 4TO
OHa OAHa 1113 CaMbiX paHHIIIX XOJ10AOCTOHK111X ca11aTHbiX KY11bTYP. 3HaIOT H8MHOrll19. Me)KAY TSM, rOp41111..4a - 6111113Ka5l POACTB8HHII11..4a TaKOiil
MOAHOVI HbiH49 pyKOJlbl, HO no CKOpocn9110CTII1 60118e noxo)l(a Ha 911.\e
OAHOrO COPOAII14a - Kpecc-Ca11aT.
OT noc9sa AO y6opKII1 nepsolil 3e118H111 npoxOAII1T BC9ro 10-14 AHelil!
rop41114Hb18 11111CTb5l H8)KHble, C04Hbl8 111 YA111BII1TellbHO Kpac~t~Bble.
B9CHOV1 Ce5lTb rop41111..4Y Hy)KHO cpa3y, KaK n03BOJ1111T nOYBa
(B cpeAHelil no11oce sTo anpellb Malil). npoAOll)KaTb noc9B MO)KHO
s 11110119-asrycTe 111 AO cep9A111Hbl
~-----------------------------------------------------------------------------~~~ --------
CeHT516p51. npOBO)J,SlT ero 06biYHO
B HeCKOJlbKO npltleMOB, Yepe3 Ka:>K)J,ble 10-15 JJ,He~, :no no3B011Her
)J,Jllt!TellbHOe speMH nonyYaTb cse)I(YIO s~ttraM~t~HHYIO 3eneHb. BcxOJJ.bl
nepeHOCHT He60JlbWltle 3aMOp03Klt1, OHltl 3aMep3aiOT Itt OTTalt!BaiOT
6e3 Blt!JJ.lt!MbiX nospe)I()J,eH~tt~. nor~tt6atOT pacreHlt!H npltl reMneparype
YxoJJ, 3aKlltOYaercH s npononKax,
npope)l(~t~BaHltlltl ( ecn~t~ pacryr rycro) 1t1 perynHpHOM non~ttse, ~t~HaYe
pacTeHlt!Sl 6biCTpO BblrOHSlT U,BeTOHOCHbl~ CTe6ellb, a lllt!CTbSl YBHHyT.
P03eTKY MO)I(HO y6~ttpaTb u,ellltiKOM ltlllltl OT)J,ellbHbiMltl Jllt!CTbS!Mltl,
KOTOpble )J,06aB115110T B CaJlaTbl Itt
cynbl. rope% np~tt rennoso~ o6pa6orKe lt!CYe3aer, 1t1 rorJJ,a ~ttx He
OTlllt!Ylt!Tb OT KanyCTbl.
ropY~ttu,a 6blcrpo Alt!Yaer 1t1 nerKO pa3MHO)I(aercH caMocesoM. CeMeHa, OCTaBWltleCH B nOYBe, )J,OllrQ
COXpaHSliOT BCXO)I(eCTb.
KcraTltl, ropY~ttu,a - OTlllt!YHaH
KYllbTypa )J,llSl nOllyYeHlt!Sl Mlt!Kp03elleHlt1. B 3elleHbiX pocrKax npeo6naJJ,atOr acKop6lt1HOBaH Klt!CllO-
-1o·c.
ra 1t1 pyr~t~H - npeKpacHOe npOTlt!BOU,lt!HrOTHOe
cpeJJ,CTBO, npeJJ,ynpe)I(,IJ,atO~ee crapeH~tte
CTeHOK KpOBeHOCHbiX COCy)J,OB. s:J
o6biYHO ce10 ropYlt!U.Y B CMeCltl C
Kpecc-canaroM:
BHaYaJle BbiCeBaiO Kpecc-canaT,
a 4epe3 3-4 AHH ropY~ttu,y. 3eneHb
cpe3atO Ha 14-20-~
npM noKynKe ceMRH He nepenyraitTe canaTHYIO rop'IH.._Y
( capenTCKYIO) c 6enoit, Hcnonb3yeMOH KaK CHAepaT. nHCTbSI
6enoit rop'IH.._bl onyweHHble H
ManonpMrOAHbl AnSI eAbl.
Bee rp~tt ropYlt!U.~ ~ttcnollb3YIOT
TaK)I(e 8 Map~t~HaJJ,ax. lt1x ceMeHa He
TOJlbKO nplti)J,aiOT 3aroT08KaM OCTpO-
Ty, HO Itt npeJJ,OXpaHSliOT OT nOHBlleHlt!Sl nneceH~tt. Cy~ecT8YIOT MHOrOY~ttcneHHble peu,embl n~t~Kyne~ 1t1
JJ,pyrlt!X Maplt!Ha)J,OB, B COCTa8 KOTOpbiX 8XO)J,51T Itt U,ellble CeMeHa, Itt
rop4lt14Hbl~ nopowoK.
TaTbRHa Mr..1POH~r..1K,
arpOHOM-CeMeHOBOA
Lf~rareJH1 AellHTCH onbiTOM
03HMbiH LfeCHOK:
~~H He nocGAHI\H B C OK
Ha npaKTMKe 'laCTo cny'laeTCSI TaK, 'ITO 03MMbiM
'lecHoK npttXOAMTCJI BbiCa)l(ttBaTb aecHoM. KoHe'IHO,
AeiiO 3TO pMCKO&aHHOe, H01 KaK Sl Y6eAMnaCb Ha nM'IHOM
OnbiTe, He COBCeM 6e3HaAe)I(Hoe. MO)I(eT1 e11.1e KTO-TO, KaK
M Jl, He ycnen nocaAMTb 'leCHOK caoeapeMeHHo, n03TOMY
MOM coseT no nocaAKe ero aeCHoM npttAeTCJI KaK pa3 KCTaTM.
llYYlti~OCb TaK, YTO no3anpoWll0lt1 oceHbiO 5I He CMorna
nonaCTb Ha y4aCTOK Hltl 8 OKT516pe,
Hltl 8 HOH6pe, YT06bl, KaK 1t1 nono)l(eHo, nOCaJJ,lt!Tb 03lt!Mbl~ 4eCHOK 8
om~t~MallbHbl~ cpoK. K 8eCHe y MeHSl OCTallCSl ,IJ,080llbHO 60JlbWO~ 3anac rOJ1080K, TaK KaK Ha nOCaJJ,Ky 5I
He lt13paCXO,IJ,08alla Hltl O,IJ,HO~.
B Mapre 11YK08lt!U.bl Ha4alllt1 aKTlt18HO npopacraTb. s:l oro6pa11a
caMble KpynHble 1t1 KpenK~tte 3y6Klt1, c6pbi3Hyna 80JJ.O~, 3a8epHyna
B nllOTHYIO MOKpytO ra3ery, CJ10)1(lt1lla 8 nOlllt13TltllleHo8bl~ naKeT 1t1 3acyHyna B OBO~HOe OT)J,eJleHltle XOllO)J,ltlllbHlt!Ka. Bee 8peMH, YTO naKer HaXO)J,lt!JlCSl TaM, neplt!O)J,lt!Ye-
C
CKltl 8b1Hlt1Mana ero 1t1 c6pbl3r~ttsana
3y6Klt1 80)],0~. r)J,e-TO 4epe3 MeCs:tU,
Ha Hlt!X nOS18lt!Jllt!Cb )J,Jllt!HHble 6ellble
KOpewKltl, 1t1 s:t paccaJJ,~ttlla 3y6Klt1 8
SlW,lt!K 8 7 -CaHTlt!MeTp08bl~ CllO~
rpyHTa. MO)I(HO 6blllO 8b1Ca,IJ,~t~Tb ~ttx
Itt Ha rpH)J,Kltl, HO K TOMY 8peMeHlt1 C
3eMne~ ew.e He803MO)I(HO 6blllO pa6orarb.
B cepeJJ.lt!He anpe11S1 paccaJJ,~ttlla
rOT08YIO paccaJJ,y Ha nOCTOSlHHOe
Mecro. ,D,anee yxa)l(~tt8ana, KaK 1t1
06biYHO 3a 03lt!MbiM 4eCHOKOM 8eCHO~: Yepe3 HeJJ,elltO nocne nocaJJ,Kltl nopbiXllltllla 1t1 noJJ,KOPMltllla pacTeH~t~Sl aMMltla4HO~ CeJllt!TpO~ (1 CT.
llO)I(Ka Ha 8eJJ,po BOJJ.bl), 3aTeM pacCblnana Ha rps:tJJ,Ke 30lly 1t1 3aMyllbY~ttpo8ana n048Y neperHoeM.
Co3pen aror YeCHOK Ha He,IJ,e1110 n03)1(e, 4eM 06biYHO. K MOeMy
YJJ.lt18JleHlt110, llYKOBlt!U,bl OKa3alllt!Cb
KpynHbiMltl 1t1 pacnan~t~Cb Ha 3y6Klt1.
Bee aro 8peMH S1 nepe)l(~tt8ana, YTO
nOllYYY MellKYIO O,IJ,H03y6Ky. XOTSl
B MOeM Clly4ae S1 Itt TaKOMy ypO)I(aiO 6bllla 6bl paJJ,a. Tenepb y)l(e
3HatO: pa3 4eCHOK npowen craJJ,ltltO
S1p08lt13aU,ltllt1 ( OXJla)I()J,eHlt!Sl) 8 XOJlO)J,ltlllbHlt!Ke, OH 06S13aTellbHO JJ,aCT
He O,IJ,H03y6Klt1, a rQJlOBKltl, pacnaJJ,aiO~ltleCs:t Ha 3y6K~tt. A ecn~tt 3a
Hlt!M ew.e 1t1 xopowo yxa)l(lt18aTb, ro
OKa~TCSl OHltl Hlt14YTb He Mellb4e,
4eM npltl 06bi4HbiX OCeHHlt!X CpOKaX ce8a.
AneHa CI>OKr..1HA, r. Kanyra
CI>OTO 3BTOpa
'lOOO co8emo8 o_afiHliKY N£6, 2016
Orse4aeM Ha sonpocbl
~ ~ XoTenocb 6bl Y3HaTb
p- no6onbwe o WHHWHn-
!.> ne. HanHWHTe, noHCanyMcTa, KaK Bblpall.lHBaTb
3TOro 3BepbKa B AOMe: ycnOBMJI COAepHCaHHR, KOpMneHHJI H T.A.
TaMCMH POMAWMHA,
r. Bonrorp&A
WHHWH
B 40MGW
t
OTBe&~aeT
IOpMM XAP'fYK,
AMPeKTop nneMeHHoro
nMTOMHMK8«P83BeAeHMe
WMHWMnn B POAOBOM
YC8Ab6e», KpacHOA8PCKMM Kp.
WIIIHWIIIJlJla - nyWHOiil rpa80SIAHbllil 38epeK, Koroporo np111 co6mo AeHIIIIII HeKOTOpbiX yCJ108IIIIil MO:>KHO
COAep>KaTb B Wlllporax OT CO'llll AO
HOpiiiJlbCKa Ill MaraAaHa. Ee MO:>KHO COAep:>KaTb KaK AOMawHero niiiTOMI...\a (AilS! Aerelil, 8 aooyrOilKax,
o¢>111cax 111 T.A.) , a raK:>Ke AJlSI pa38eAeHIIISI Ill npOAa:>KIII, '-ITO SKOHOMIIIYeCKIII 8blrQAHO: paCXOA KOpMa He60JlbWOiil , aarpaTbl Ha 60JlbWII1e noMew,eHII1SI 111 8blryilbl OTCYTCT8YIOT.
W111HWIIIIlila - nOilll1raMHOe :>KII180THOe . 8 AIIIKOM COCTOSIHIII111 Ha
OAHOro CaMI...\a npii1XOA111TCSI OT Tpex
AO CeMII1 CaMOK.
np111 KJleTO'lHOM COAep:>KaHII1111
nyYwe scero Aep:>KaTb WII1HWII1J1Jl
napaMII1 (OA111H CaMeL\+ OAHa CaMKa), rorAa nocne pO:>KAeHII1SI w,eHK08 CaMI...\a 1113 KileTKII1 YAaJlSITb HeT
He06XOAIIIMOCTII1.
8 reYeHIIIe HeAeJllll nocne
po:>KAeHIIISI noroMcrsa caMKa
cnapiiiBaeTCSI C CaMUOM.
W1!1HWII1J1Jla pa3MHO:>KaeTCSI MeAileHHO (nO
cpasHeHIIIIO, Hanpli1Mep,
c KPOiliiiKaMIII). CYII1TaerCSI , '-ITO nplll OnTII1MailbHbiX ycnoBIIISIX coAep:>KaHIIISI OAHa cpeAHeCTaTIIICTIIII.feCKaSI CaMKa MO:>KeT
npii1HOCII1Tb 3a 0Aii1H OKOT
3-5 WIIIHWII1J1Jl AO rpex pa3
B rOA. 6epeMeHHOCTb y WIIIHWII1Ilil B cpeAHeM AiliiiTCSI 105117 AHelil.
1000 C()tJemoe
aaf/HUKY
Pa3Mep KJleTKII1 AilS! COAep:>KaHII1SI
napbl 83pOCJlbiX 3BepbK08 C nOTOMCTBOM - 5Qx5Qx5Q CM. Ee HeCJlO:>KHO CAeilaTb caM111M. 8 KaYecrse noMew,eHII1SI AilS! COAep:>KaHii1SI MO:>KHO 111CnOJlb308aTb KOMHaTy 8 AOMe
11111111 cyxy10, xopowo seHTII111111pyeMYIO KOMHaTy B X03SIIiJCTBeHHOiil noCTpOiiiKe. 0KHa nOMeW,eHIIISI C 60JlbW111M KOJlllll.feCTBOM KJleTOK AOJl:>KHbl
BbiXOAIIITb Ha 80CTOK 11111111 Ha 3anaA,
a PS!Abl KneroK HY:>KHO ycraHaBJlli1sarb BAOJlb OKOH, 'lT06bt BCe OHIII
6b1Jllll OA111HaK080 OC8ew,eHbl. 8a:>KHO 3aKpbiTb OKHa CeTKaMII1, l.fT06bl
He 6biJlO Myx. TeMneparypa 8 noMell.\eHii11!1 AOJl:>KHa nOAAep>KIIIBaTbCSI Ha
ypOBHe +18 ... +20"C, XOTSI WIIIHW1!1JlIla JlerKO nepeHOCIIIT HII13KII1e TeMneparypbl 111 8 cyxoM noMew,eHI!1111 xopowo ce6SI Yyscrsyer np111 reMneparype '~YTb 8btwe HYJlSI. 8btCOKaSI
BJla:>KHOCTb npli1 nOHII1:>KeHHOiil TeMneparype cnoco6cr8yer pa38111Tii110
Ng6, 2016
rp1116KOBbiX 3a6onesaHII1Iil, CHIII:>KeHIIIIO pO:>KAaeMOCTII1, y8eJ11!11.feHIIIIO
nOTpe6JleHIIISI KOpMOB Ill 8 Kpali!HIIIX
CJlyl.faSIX np111BOAIIIT K naAe>Ky.
WIIIHWII1J1Jla He 11106111r pe3KIIIX ,
HeO:>KIIIAaHHbiX 38YK08. 38epbKii1
pear111py10T Ha HII1X nOBbiWeHHOii!
Hepso3HOCTbiO, arpecc111elil, nep1110Aii1YeCKii1M 6ecnnOAIIIeM. K nocroSIHHbtM MOHOTOHHbiM 38yKaM 111 wyMaM Wli1HWIIIJ1Jla 6biCTpO npli18b1Kaer.
0CH08HOe 060PYAOBaHII1e KJleTOK - STO CTeKJlSIHHble 11111111 KepaMII1lfeCKII1e MIIICKII1, CTaKaHbl. 0HII1
TSI:>KeJlble, 111x He raK nerKo nepe8epHyrb, :>KII180THble 111X He rpbl3yT.
W111HWII1J1Jla - rpasOSIAHOe :>KII1BOTHOe, B npll1pOAHbiX YCJlOBIIISIX A080JlbCT8yeTCSI 8eCbMa 6eAHOiil paCTIIITeJlbHOiil n111w,elil, 60JlbWYIO YaCTb roAa - cyxolil. nosTOMY
111 8 AOMaWHIIIX ycnos111s:~x ee KOpMneHII1e 6a3111pyeTCSI Ha Cyxii1X KOpMaX (CeHO, Kpynbl 8 8111Ae AP06JleHOiil nweHIIII..lbl, KYKYPY3bl, 08CSIHbiX
XJlOnbeB «repKYlleC» , cyx111e BeTOI.fKIII SI6JlOHII1, IIIBbl, sep6bt, nJlOAbl
W111nOBHII1Ka 111 60SipbiWHII1Ka).
KOpMSIT WII1HWIIIJ1JlY OA111H
pa3 B AeHb (B3pOCJlaSI
oco6b 8 roA CbeAaer 8-12
Kr KOpMa). 8 KileTKe noCTOSIHHO AOJl:>KHa 6b1Tb 80Aa.
Heo6XOAIIIMO pa3 B ABe
HeAeJllll y6111parb 111 '-1111CTIIITb KJleTKY, a TaK:>Ke pa3
B 2-3 MeCSIUa npOBOAIIITb ee
Ae3111H¢>eKU11110.
W111HWIIIJ1Jlbl :>KIIIBYT 1521 rDA, nJlOASITCSI AO 9-12 JleT
oYeHb xopowo.
- ---
~--
--~----
-~------
-------
---
----
----
4lt1TaTelllt1 AellfiTCfl onbiTOM
TbiKBG HG H4•••11
fP$14Ke
TbiKBa - O'leHb none3HbiM 0801.1.11 B HeM
MHOrO KapOTMHa, BMTaMMHOB. TOnbKO BOT y
HaC B CM6MpM OHa He acerAa YAaeTCSI. neTO
'laCTO 6biBaeT XOnOAHbiM, M TbiKBbl npOCTO H e
ycneaatOT BblpaCTM M Bbl3peTb. HeCKOnbKO neT
Ha3aA y MeHSI cny'laMHO nony'IMnOCb BblpaCTMTb
xopowMe TbiKBbl . Tenepb Sl HeMHoro ycoaepweHcraoaana nepabiM onbiT M ca>KatO TbiKBbl TOnbKO TaK.
CHaYana paCCKa)Ky, KaK y MeH51
no11y<.tlf1110Cb s nepsbt(;; pa3 BbtpacTli1Tb xopow111t1 ypo)Kat/t. Ha y<.taCTKe
11e )Ka11 n pow11o r OAH1t1i:1 Ha so3, e11o)KeHHbti:1 S He6011bWYIO Ky <.ty. BecHOi:1 Mbl ero pa3o 6pa111.1, CAe11a111.1
rp51AKif1, A06aSif1111f1 S 11YHKif1, a He6011bWOe K0111f1YeCTSO TaK 1.1 OCTa110Cb 11e)KaTb Ha 3eM11e . Ha TOM
MecTe y MeH51 6bt110 3an11aH1.1posaHo n o caAif1Tb TbtKsy. 51 He cTana
y61.1paTb Haso3 c :nol:1 rp51AKif1, a
crpe6na ero s He6011bWOi:1 xonMif1K.
CAenana yr11y6neHif151, n0110)K!f111a s
Hlf1X no no11seApa xopowel:1 n110AOPOAHOi:1 3eM111f1 1.1 n0111.111a. C11oi:1 Haso3a Ha X011Mif1Ke 6bt11 scero caHTif1MeTpos 20, Aa11bWe W11a 06btYHa51 oropOAHa51 3eM1151.
BbtCaAif111a paccaAy s 3Tif1 11YHKif1.
TaK KaK A e 11o 6bt110 s lf110He, Hlf1YeM ee He nplf1KPbtBa11a. T011bKO Ha
nepsbtx nopax OT eo11Hu,a - nepes e pHyTbtMif1 s e ApaMif1 6e3 AHa. noCMKif1 pery1151PHO no111.1sa11a. TbtKsa
6btCTp0 nplf1)Kif111aeb 1.1 eTa11a aKTif1SHO paCTif1.
B 3TOT )Ke AeHb nocaAif111a elL.I,e
Tp1.1 Ce51HU,a T~KS~ Ha 06~YHYIO
rp51AKY. V1 TO)Ke A06as1.111a s 11YHK!f1
no no11seApa neperH051.
PaCCMa 6bt11a OAif1HaKOBOi:1. YXOA
3a Hei:1 - TO)Ke. Ho y)Ke <.tepe3 naPY HeAe11b eTa11a 3aMeTHa pa3Hif1u,a
Me~y SbiCa)KeHHbiMif1 paCTeHif151Mif1.
Te, YTO poc111.1 Ha Has03HO~ rp51AKe,
Ha<.taJ11.1 06rOH51Tb S pa3BHT!f11f1 COCeAe(;; e o6btYHOi:1. B 1.11011e n11eT1.1
y Hlf1X 6bt111f1 'f)Ke no 5-7 M B AJ11.1HY
lf1 aKTif1BHO HapalL.I,!f1Ba111.1 B Wlf1Pif1HY
M0110Abte no6er1.1. 51 1.1x pa3110)Kif111a s 6op03Abl, HO OHif1 see pasHo
Mewa111.1 pacTeHif151M Ha APYrlf1x rp51-
AaX. np1.1W110eb o6pe3aTb 111!1WHif1e.
B nepsy10 o<.tepeAb YAa111.111a see
6ecn110AH bte 1.1 HOBble no6er1.1, KoTOpbte elL.I,e He ycne11111 elf111bHO pa3pac TII1Cb. noTOM eTa11 a YAa1151Tb 111
APYrlile, YT06bt He C111f1WKOM Me wa111.1. f11aSHbte cTe6111.1 pew1.111a noKa
He np1.1LL.I,If1nbiBaTb, a OHI/1 see pOC111!1
1.1 poc111.1. Ha K~OM pacTeHI11f1 no11YYif1110Cb no n51Tb He6011bWif1X 3aS513ei:1 TbiKSO<.teK. 0eTa11bHbte oTu,seTa111.1 1.1 omaAa111.1.
6 bt11 y)Ke KOHeu, 1!1101151, 1.1 5I p e w11111a
YAa111f1Tb y n11eTetlt see MaKyWKI!I 111
OCTaSWif1eC51 111f1WHif1e n06er1.1. np1.1W110eb, KOHeYHO, C Hlf1Mif1 n OS031f1TbC51, TaK KaK n11eTif1 HapOC111f1 OYeHb
T011eTble. KOrAa YAa115111a n11eT111, 3aMeTif111a, '-ITO nOA Ka)KAblM nnOAOM
Ha OCTaBWii1XC51 Bbtpoe HOBbttlt T011 CTbl~ 6e11b1Vt KOpeHb. nycKa51 AOn011HI!1Te11 b Hble KOPHif1, TbtKsa no11y<.taeT
A06asoYHoe n1.1TaH1.1e 1.13 3eM111!1. A
e lL.I,e OHif1 C11'f)KaT AI151 YAep)K1!1saH1!151
n11eT1.1 S OAHOM n0110)KeHI!11f1, YT06bl
OHa He nepesopaY!f1Ba11aCb seTpOM.
Ha coceAHetlt rp51Ae nn e Tif1 6bt111f1
AOS011bHO eKpOMHbiX pa3Mepos. Ha
Ka)KAOM paeTeHif11f1 5I ocTas1.111a no
OAHOMY·Asa n110Aa, 6 0 11bWe 0Hif1
npOeTO He CMOr111f1 6bt npOKOpM1!1Tb
lf1 SbtpaeT!f1Tb.
Becb a s rycT TbtKBbt 11e)Ka1llf1 111 Ha111.1Sa111.1eb. 51 XOAif111a lf1 CMOTpe11a ,
KaK OHif1 noApacTaiOT. A TbiKSbl poc111.1 C Ka)KAbiM AHeM.
HacTyn11111 ceHT516pb, a sMeeTe c
HI!IM - lf1 yrp03a 3aMOp03KOB B Hawetlt MeeTHOCH1. >KAa11a AO nOC11eAHero, YT06bt TbiKBbl SblpOC111f1
KaK MO)KHO 6011bWe lf1 11YYWe xpaHif111Heb. KaK-TO HOYbiO TeMne paTypa onyCTif111aeb AO 0 rpaAYCOS lf1 111.1-
CTb51, KOTOpble 6bl111f1 Hasepxy, HeMHOrO nOAMep3111f1. Pew1.111a 6011bw e He p1!1cKosaTb 1.1 CH51Tb TbtKSbl .
C ASYX KYCTOS co6pa11a 10 WTyK.
Ha o6~YHOtlt rp51AKe poe COpT
KpowKa 1.1 sr1.1 )Ke 6e3biM51HHbte.
TaKif1X 6011bW1!1X TbtKs TaM He Bblpoc11o. Bee OH!f1 6bt111!1 MeHbwe no
pa3Mepy. no K0111!1YeeTBY TaM n011YYif1110Cb 6011bwe, TaK KaK KpowKa
- n OpU,1.10HHa51 TbiKSa seCOM OK0110
1 Kr, HO n110AOS y Hee Ha pacTeHif11!1 MHOrD .
YpO)KaeM OCTalllf1Cb AOS011bHbl.
XsaT!f1110 Ha 3111MY 111 HaM , 111 )KI!ISOTHbiM.
TbtKSbl Ha Haso3HOVI rp51AKe 5I HliiYe M He nOAKapM111.1Bana, !.1M xsaTI/1110 ni!ITaHI/151 Ill 6e3 nOAKOpMOK.
T011bKO nepsoe speM51 111M Hy)KeH
0611111bHbti:1 111 pery1151pHbttlt n011111s.
noTOM, KOrAa pacTeH1!151 pa3pacryTC51 , s no11111se y)Ke He Hy)!(Aa10Te51. KOpHI!I y HI!IX YXOA51T Ha
6011bWYIO rny6111Hy, OHI1 CaMI!I o6ecneYI!1SaiOT ee651 BOAOVt . B 3TOM
5I y6eAI!I11aeb oceHbiO, KOrAa BbiAepr1.1Ba11a 6oTsy 1113 3eM111!1. CaMa
cnpaB!f1Tbe51 He CMOr11a, np1!1WJ10Cb
3BaTb Ha noMOLL.I,b POACTseHHIIIKOs .
HecK011bKO c11os o SbtpaLL.1,1!1saHiilli1
paccaAbl . 3To Aa)Ke He paccaAa s
n011HOM eMbiC11e CJlOBa, a npopoLL.I,eHHble eeMeHa. TaK KaK see TbiKSbt n11oxo nepeHOC51T nepeeaAKY (s
YeM 5I HeOAHOKpaTHO y6e)!(Aa1laCb
Ha eo6CTSeHHOM OnbtTe) , npopaLL.I,Ii1Bal0 ceMeHa s om111e. HaCblnaiO ero B nJlaCTI!IKOBbiVt KOHTetltHep, ownap1.1sa10 rop51<.tetlt sOAO(;; 111
~y, KOrAa OCTbiHeT. ni!IWHIOIO SOAY C111!1Sal0, YT06bt Onl/111 6bl11 npo-
CTO sna)f(HbiM. PacKilaAbiBaiO cyx1-1e
CeMeHa TbiKBbl, nOilHOCTbiO npi-1KpbiBaiO 1-1X csepxy Oni-1Jl0M 1-1 CTaBJliO B Tennoe MeCTO. LJepe3 HeKOTOpOe BpeMfl OHI-1 Ha'"l!-1HaiOT npOpacTaTb. s:! 1-1x He nepeca)f(HBaiO B
CTaKaH'-lillKI-1, a OCTaBilfiiO npSIMO
B Onllllle AO BbiCaAKI-1 Ha rpfiAKy.
06bi'-IHO OHI-1 ycnesaiOT pa3sepHYTb
K TOMy speMeHI-1 nepBblill HaCTOSIW,I-1111 Ili-1CT illlll-1 Aa)f(e ABa. CTapaIOCb He nepeAep)f(I-1BaTb npopOCTKI-1
B KOHTeiiiHepe, 1-1Ha'"le KOpHI-1 y HI-1X
CillllbHO pa3paCTYTC51 1-1 cnyTaiOTCSI.
np1-1 nepecaAKe npHAeTCSI 1-1x o6PbiBaTb, 1-1 pacTeHHSI 6YAYT AOnro
npl-1)f(I-1BaTbCfl Ha HOBOM MeCTe.
KorAa HacTynaeT speMfl nocaAKI-1 B rpyHT VI yrp03bl 3aMOp03KOB
6onbwe HeT, on1-1n xopowo nonl-1saiO BOAOill H KOPHH He TpaBMI-1pyIOTC51. MO)f(HO npOCTO 6paTb pacTeHI-1e 3a CTe6eneK 1-1 ca)f(aTb s
npillfOTOBJleHHYIO IlYHKY.
npopaW,VIBaHI-1eM CeMfiH M~
ycKOpSieM sereTaU,HIO TbiKBbl. Ecn1-1
noCaAVITb VIX Cpa3y B nO'-IBy, KOTOpafl ew,e He coseeM nporpenaeb,
eeMeHa MoryT npoeTo erHI-1Tb. A
3Aeeb, noKa 3eM1151 nporpesaeTeSI,
paeTeH!-1e enOKOiiiHO pa3BI-1BaeTe51
B KOHT8i11Hepe.
Tenepb eTapaiOeb Bblpaw,I-1 BaTb
TbiKBy I-1MeHHO TaK. Ypo>Kal-1 paAyIOT. TOilbKO ea)f(aiO ee B eTOpOHe OT
rpfiA, 6111-1>1<e K Me)f(e. 111 see nneTVI
nyeKaiO Ha Me>Ky, '-IT06bl OHH He MeWalll-1 APYri-1M paeTeHI-1fiM.
Bee TbiKBbl xpaHSITeSI y MeHSI npoCTO Ha n011y B KBapT!-1pe. ne)f(aT OHI-1
XOPOWO, VIHOfAa AO HOBOfO ypO)f(afl,
He Tep5151 npl-1 3TOM eBOHX BKyeOBbiX
Ka'-!eeTB.
CopTa, noea)f(eHHble B nepBblill
rOA, He 3Hal0 (ceMeHa Aana nOApyra). Bblpaw,!-1sana 1-1x HeeKOllbKO
neT, a B 3TOM fOAY KynVIlla HOBble
eopTa: CnaeTeHa, CnaAKVIill n1-1por
1-1 UyKaT. Bee OHI-1 KpynHonnOAHble
1-1 paHHeenellble. 6YAY paeTI-1Tb I-1X
no ~e onpo6osaHHOill TeXHOilOrHVI.
CseTnaHa WI!1WKI!1HA,
r. To60J1bCK TIOMeHCKOM o6n.
~OTO aBTOpa
KaK no&eAMTb
BMHOfPGAHY~YAMTKY
'
3Hal0, 'ITO MHOrMe ,Aa'IHMKM Mll.lyY 3ciJciJeKTMBHble MeTO,Abl 60pb6bl C BMHOrpa,AHbiMM ynMTKaMM . .SI y ce6R Ha
y'laCTKe 3 TOT aonpoc pewMn H a 990/o M xo'ly no,AenMTbCR
C ,ApyrMMM 'IMTaTenRMM CBOMM MeTO,AOM.
Ka, nonpo6osas ero, YMI-1paeT Ha
MeeTe. Ho 5I I-13MeHI-1Il MeTOA ero
nplllMeHeHI-151. rpaHyllbl 06bi'-IHO
HaXOA51Tefl BO BllarOHenpOHI-1U,aeepsoe, 'ITO~ HY>KHO ~AellaTb, - MOill ynaKOBKe, B AOeTaTO'-IHO ey3TO paHHel-1 BeeHOH nepeKO- XOM BHAe 1-1 nerKO KpOWaTe51. nonaTb y'"laeTOK, TaK KaK y111-1TKI-1 OT- ene seKp~TI-151 ynaKOBKI-1 5I pa3KllaAbiBaiOT 51ii!U,a B 3eM1110 Ha rny- Mellb'ial0 HX AO eoeT051HI-151 MaH6HHY 2-4 eM. noene nepeKonKVI HOill Kpynbl. MO)f(HO !-1enonb30BaTb
M0110AH51K npoeTO He MO)f(eT Bbl- eTynKy, 5I )f(e AeJlaiO 3TO B eTa poll!
KO¢eMOJlKe.
6paTbC51 Ha nosepxHoeTb.
Pa3Mellb'ieHHblill fiA eMeWHBaiO c
KpoMe aToro, np1-1o6peeT1-1
«Snail & slug killer» - 51A OT eni-13- MaHHOill Kpynoill 1-1 MYKOill B paBHbiX
Heill VI Ylli-1TOK (npOAaeTe51, fAe H npOnOpU,VISIX. 3Ty eMeeb paeebmaiO
see npenapaTbl npOTI-1B eenbeKo- B MeeTa npeAnonaraeMoro cKonneX0351illeTBeHHbiX speAI-1Teneill). OH HVISI yni-1TOK. TaKHM o6pa30M ysenl-16biBaeT B BHAe rpaHyll, nOXO)f(HX 'ii-1BaeTc51 nnow.aAb noKpbiTI-151 fiAOM
Ha MellKHe MaKapOWKH. 0'-leHb y'"laeTKa 1-1 MHOfOKpaTHO B03paCTaeT
a¢¢eKTI-1BHOe epeAeTso! YnHT- ero AeilleTBI-1e. Yni-1TKe AOeTaTO'-IHO
n
•
npi-1KOeHyTbe51 K Kpyni-1HKe 51Aa, 1-1
oHa nor1-16aeT.
BI-1HorpaAHa51 ynHTKa K TOMY )f(e
- xopowa51 Ha)f(I-1BKa AJ151 nosn1-1 pbl6bl. s:! Ha KaenHilleKOM no6epe)f(be
110Blll0 pbl6y npaKTI-1'-leCKI-1 TOilbKO Ha Hee (y111-1TKy HY)f(HO pa361-1Tb
Me)f(AY ABYM51 KaMH51MH VI HaeaAHTb eoAep)f(I-1MOe Ha KPIO'-IOK). A
aTo AOnonHHTellbHblill eTHMyn Allfl
e6opa B3pOellbiX yni-1TOK Ha Aa'"le.
KOrAa y ee651 He MOry 1-1X HaiiiTI-1, 5I
HAY 3a YllillTKaMI-1 K eoeeA51M.
A een1-1 y'"leeTb, 'ITO BI-1HorpaAHafl
Ylli-1TKa B esponeilleKOill KyxHe e'-!I-1TaeTe51 Aelli-1KaTeeOM, e10 MO)f(HO
xopowo noy)f(HHaTb. Ho 5I noKa He
npo6osan.
HaAIIIP 1!1CMAI!1nOB, r. 6aKy
....
lfV1TaTeJ1~ ,ll.eJlfiTCR Onb1TOM
Lfec
OK-
BHTQ
MHe HpaBMTCJI B03,AenbiBaTb 'leCHOK.
npe,AnO'IMTaiO 03MMble ero copTa. OHM pa,AyIOT OTnM'IHbiM ypo>KaeM, a caMM nyKOBMI.4bl 6onbWMMM pa3MepaMM. nocKonbKy KynbyYpa
:na 6oraTa BMTaMMHaMM, >KMpaMM, 3ciJMpHbiMM
MacnaMM M ,ApyrMMM none3HbiMM ae~eCTaa­
MM, WMpOKO MCnOnb3yeM 'leCHOK M B canaTaX, M npM npMrOTOBneHMM rop.R'IMX 6niO,A, M
B 3arOTOBKaX. A e~e KaK npociJMnaKTM'IeCKOe
Cpe,ACTBO OT npOCyY,AHbiX 3a6oneaaHMM.
noA '-!eCHOK OTBO)f(y BbiCOKOn110AOPOAHblli1 y'-laCTOK, paHee YA06peHHblli1 nOA npeAWeCTByiOW,yiO
KY11bTypy, rAe Bblpaw,IIIBa11111 paHHIOIO KanycTy 11111111 orypu,bl.
no'-lsy nepeKanbJBaiO Ha my6111Hy
25-30 CM, BHOWY Ha Ka)f(Ablill KBaAPaTHblill MeTp no 5-6 Kr neperH051, 15-20 r Ka11111i71HOJ11 C011111, 2030 r cynep¢>oc¢>aTa. rp51AKY paspaBHIIIBaiO 111 Af151 o6essapa)f(IIIBaHIII51 no'-IBbl onpbiCKIIIBaiO npenapaTOM XOM (40 r Ha 10 11 80Ab1) 1113
pac'-leTa 1 11 Ha 10 K8.M.
03111MbiJ11 CTpe11KYIOW.111111C51 '-leCHOK Bb1Ca)f(Jfl8al0 AO cepeAIIIHbl OKT516p51, '-IT06bl np011130W110 T011bKO
YKOpeHeHIIIe, HO He 6bl110 BCXOA08.
B AeHb nocaAKIII 11YK08111U.bl pasAe115110 Ha sy6KIII 111 Ka111116py10 no
pasMepy. A1151 nocaAKIII IIICn011b3YIO
18
3AOPOBble sy6KIII
Haiii6011bWIIIM AlllaMeTpoM.
Ha rp51AKe AenaiO 6opo3AKIII my6111 HOJI1 8-1 0 CM. 3y6KIII aKKypaTHO
Ca)f(aiO (8 3eM1110 Clll11bHO He BTbiKaiO!) Ha paCCT051HIIIIt1 12-15 CM
APYf OT Apyra B P51AY TaK, '-IT06bl
OT nosepXHOCTIII nO'l8bl AO MaKyWKIIl YeCHOKa 6bl110 He 6011ee 4-5 CM,
a Me)f(Ay 6op03AKaMIII - 20-25 CM.
3aTeM 6op03AKit1 sacbmaiO n0'-180111
111 paspaBHIII8aiO rpa61151MIII. no Mepe noxo110AaHIII51 rp51AKY MY11b'liiiPYIO neperHOeM c11oeM He MeHee
4-5 CM.
8eCHOJ11, KaK T011bKO COJ11AeT CHer,
Ha rp51AKe n051B11SliOTC51 BCXOAbl. A1151
saw,IIITbl pacTeHIIIII1 OT 6o11esHell1
MY11b'-11t1PYIOW.111111 C110111 (neperHOJ/1)
aKKypaTHO CHit1Ma10, CTapa51Cb He
no8peAit1Tb M0110Able 11111CTb51. B Mae
noc11e OTpacTaHIII51 paCTeHit151 nOAKapM111t18aiO MO'-!eBIIIHOJ/1 1113 pac'-!eTa
10-15 r Ha 1 KB.M.
Bo 8peM51 8ereTau,lt1111 pery1151pHO
PbiX1110 noY8y, yAa-
115110 COpH51KIII Ill AO ¢>opMIIIp08aHIII51
11YK081t1U, pacTeHIII51 nOAKapM11111BaiO ·
MIIIHepa11bHb1Mit1 Ill OpraHIII'-IeCKIIIMit1
YA06peHIII51MIII.
8 IIIIOHe C03peBaiOT CTpe11KIII .
YTo6~ n08~CIIITb ypo)f(aJ/1HOCTb
'-leCHOKa, 111x Bbl11aMbiBaiO. OcTaB115110 T011bKO HeCK011bKO CTpe110K
A1151 n011y'leHIII51 6y11b60'-IeK, KOTOpble 111Cn011b3YIO AJ151 03AOPOB11eHIII51 nocaAO'-IHOro MaTep111a11a.
B KOHU.e 111101151 - HaYa11e asrycTa
111t1CTb51 03111MOrO YeCHOKa Ha'lii1HaIOT )f(emeTb. TorAa 8 cyxy10 noroAY nplllcTynaeM K y6opKe. YT06bl
He no8pe)f(AaTb 11YKOBIIIU.bl, npo80AIIIM ee 8A80eM: OAIIIH Blll11aMVI
nOAKanbiBaeT noYsy, APYroJ/1 aKKypaTHO 1113811eKaeT pacTeHIII51. Xopowo npocyW1118aeM noA Ha8ecoM,
saTeM 11111CTb51 VI KOPHII1 o6pesaeM,
3AOP0Bble 11YK08111U,bl K11aAeM Ha
xpaHeHII1e AO oceHHell1 nocaAKII1 111
Af151 Aa11bHell1wero IIICn011b30BaHIII51.
AneKcaHAP WAP~KOB,
A.TepeCM, 'fyBaWMH
CbOTO M3 anb60M3 3BTOpa
1000 cosemfHJ
U([fiHUKY
N~6. 2016
~ACKO'
lr13 rOAa B rOA y Aa'IHMKOB CKannMBatOTCJI
CeMeHa. lr1 Bb16pOCMTb HCanKO, M CeRTb pMCKOBaHHO, BeAb BCXOHCeCTb y HMX yHCe He Ta, HaAeHCHee npMo6pecrM HOBble. nocneAyioiTe MoeMY coaeTY M AaiiTe aaneHCanbiM ceMeHaM waHc
nopaAoBaTb sac ypoHCaeM.
Bee CKOniiiBWIII ee 51 y
MeH51 ceMeHa - yKpona,
nerpywKIII, ca11ara, wniiiHar a, 11YK8-'"IepHyWKIII ,
~aBeJ151 , 6eJ10KO'"I8HHO~
KanyCTbl, ~BeTO'"IHbiX 0AH011eTHIIIKOB (acrp~ , BIIIOJlbl , KaneHAYllbl Ill AP.)
- BbiCesaiO s orKpbiTbl~
rpyHr B Mapre . B pesynbrare ecrecrseHHO~ crparlll<j>IIIKau,llllll y
HIIIX OTKp~saeTC51 BTOpoe AbiXaHIIIe 111 s 6onbWII1Herse esoeM OHII1 A8IOT AOB011bHO APY>KHble
BeXOAbl .
Een11 e~e ne>KIIIT eHer,
eMeraiO ero e rp51AK111,
nponl-1Bal0 no'"IBY rop51'"le~ BOAO~, nOCblnaiO 30-
CbOPMYnA nJO&BM
KPACTEHHRM
110~
11111111 nOpOWKOM KOMn11eKCHOfO YA06peHII151 M
Bb1eesa10 eeMeHa spas6poc. Csepxy npMeblnaiO
111X nonyeaHTII1MeTpOBbiM
e11oeM rop<j>a 11111111 cyxoro neperH051, noe11e '"lero
Ha6paCbiB810 eHer. Ee11111 ero y>Ke Her, yse11111 '"1111Bal0 MY11b'"III1PYI0~111~
C110~ AO 1-1 , 5 eM.
np111 Haeryn11eHMIII Ten110ill norOAbl raKII1e paHHII1e noees~ non aAaiOr
s caMble 611aro npii151THble ye110BII151, KOrAa no'"!Ba AOCTaTO'"IHO CHa6>KeHa snaroill 111 He neperpesaerc51.
ran~ H a
A6PAMOBA,
r. KypraH
T$1HeTC$1 HIJ4MnHHTe
~BeTO'IHble CeRHQbl B AOMaWHMX ycnOBMJIX 'laCTO BbiTRrMaatOTCJI. BbiCaHCeHHaR a
qaeTHMK TaKaR paccaAa He
TOnbKO HeKpaCMBa, HOM AOnro 6oneeT. BblpacTMTb ee KOpeHaCTOM M KYCTMCTOM MHe nOMOraeT
npMaqMnKa.
-~~~~~--
npoBO:>t<y ee, KOrAa y paeeaAbl pa30BbeTe51 He MeHee nsm11 nap HaeT051~MX 11MeTbeB. npM~MnbiB851
paereHMe, YA8115110 eaMyiO sepxHIOIO '"laerb no6era
(sepxywKy) . 3ro saAeP>KMBaer poer l-1 enoeo6ersyer
npo6y>K,D.eHMIO HM>KHMX nO'"IeK, M3 KOTOpbiX MAYT 60KOBble no6erM. Qeo6eHHO nO Hpasy npM~III nKa 0AH011eTHeMy 11eBKOIO, rB03A111Ke Wa6o, <j>110Kcy APYMMOHAa, sep6eHe, ~IIIHHIIIIII, areparyMy, ea11bBII1111.
Ban e H T~Ha
CAMAPir1HA, r . EKaTep~H6ypr
XPYCTRU.lME
OrYP'IMKM
HA3ABHCTb
COCE,QRM!
OrseyaeM Ha sonpocbl
SI&AOH H 41\$1
H
YpaAa
c
~) HanMWMTe, no>KanyMCTa, 0 .H6nOHJIX1 KO-
- , TOpble xopowo paCTYT Ha Ypane M a CM~ 6MpM (CO pTa, peKOMeHAa~MM AIIJI MOnOAbiX
Ca>KeH~ea: KaK COXpaHMTb, 3atqMTMTb M T.A.).
EneHa KPI!trEP, c. rnRAeHb, AnTaMCKMM Kp.
OTse-.aeT
Hr.tKonaA POrOBUOB,
~
arpOHOM
Kn~MaT~~ecK~e ycnos~~ Ypana ~ C~6~p~ xapaKTep~3ytOrc~
cypOBOCTbiO ~ HenpeACKa3yeMOCTbiO , n03TOMy ~6nOH~, Bblpaw,~ ­
saeMble B 3T~X per~OHaX, AOmKHbl
o6naAaTb xopoweill 3~MocroiiiKo­
CTbiO 111 BbiHOCm1BOCTbiO. B Hacro~w,ee speM~ y~eHbiMIII-ceneKu,~­
OHepaM~
C03AaHO 6onbWOe KOCOpTOB, KOTOpble MOryT
pacr111 ~ AaBaTb xopow~e ypo:>Ka~
Aa:>Ke s caMbiX cypoBbiX KniiiMar~­
~eCKIIIX 30Hax. TonbKO An~ 3anaAHO-CI!I6~pcKoro per~oHa, KyAa
BXOAf!T AmaiiiCKIIIill Kpaill, Pecny6n~Ka Anraill, TIOMeHCKa~. 0MCKa~. Hosoc~6~pcKa~. ToMcKa~ 111
KeMeposcKa~ o6nacr111, pailloH~­
posaHO 6onee 60 copros fl6nOHb,
60nbW~HCTBO ~3 KOTOpbiX - anraiiiCKOill ceneKu,lll~.
Copra AmaillcKoe pyM~Hoe, AnraillcKoe Kpan~aroe, AmaillcKoe ~H­
rapHoe, EpMaKOBCKOe ropHoe, Cepe6p~Hoe KOnbiTU,e, CypxyHaill, TonyHaill co3pesa10r s asrycre . nnoAbl Maccoill or 60 r, Klllcno-cnaAKoro BKyCa, xpaH~TCfl OT 15 AO 45
AHeill. Aepesb~ cpeAHepocnble,
o6naAaiOT BbiCOKOill 3111MOCTOiiiKOCTbiO , ycroiii~IIIBbl K napwe.
Anfl oceHHero nepiiiOAa norpe6neH~51 MO:>KHO nopeKOMeHAOBaTb
copra AmaillcKa~ Kpacas111u,a, 5a51Ha, YpanbCKoe HaniiiBHoe, AnraillcKoe nypnyposoe, noAapoK caAOBOAaM, ropHblill CIIIHan, noKnOH
WyKWIIIHy. OH~ raK:>Ke IIIMetOr BblcoKyiO 3111MOCTOiiiKOCTb, yCTOiii~~Bbl
K napwe. nnOAbl Maccoill 50-170 r,
K~cno-cnaAKOro BKyca , xpaH~Tc~
2-4 MeCfiU,a.
nnoA~ copros 3~MHero norpe6neHIII~ (AmbiHaill, AmaillcKoe
nlll~eCTBO
3~MHee, ne6eAIIIHafl neCH~,
¢eHIIIKC amaiiiCKIIIill) xpaHf!TC~ 4-6 MeC~U,eB. 3~MOCTOiiiKOCTb
111 ycroiii~~BOCTb K napwe cpeAna ~ C1116111p~. nocaAKY nnoAOBbiX
Hfl~ ~ BbiWe cpeAHeill. nnOAbl K~C­
no-cnaAKOrO BKyca, Maccoill 50 r 111 AepesbeB HaAe:>KHee np0~3BO­
AIIITb BeCHOVl AO pacnyCKaHI/151 noBbiWe .
Copra Clll6~pcKoill ceneKu,~~ c ~eK, KOrAa no~sa onaer Ha 2 WTbiKa nonaTbl. np111 paHHeVI nocaAKe
MenK~MIII nnOAaM~ B OCHOBHOM BblC03AaiOTC~ XOpOWIIIe ycnOBIII~ An~
paW,IIIBaiOTC~ B KYCTOBIIIAHOill Q:>opMe, a KpynHonnOAHble (Maccoill 6o- npiii:>KIIIBaeMocr~ pacreHIIIVI . B sror
nee 80 r) HOBble copra ~6nOHb - B nep~OA Ha KOpH~X Ha~IIIHaiOT OTpacTaTb scacbiBatOW,IIIe MenKI!Ie
CTnaHU,eBO-KYCTOB~AHOill .
B nocneAH~e Aec~r~neTIII~ B nt0- KopewKIII, a no~K~ ell(e He pac6111renbCKIIIX CaAaX Clll6111pf!KOB ~aCTO nycKatOrcs:~.
Konarb ~Mbl HY:>KHO c oceHIII , raK
MO:>KHO BCTpeT~Tb COpra ~6nOHb,
KOTOpble 6bln~ C03AaHbl Anfl cpeA- KaK paHHeill secHoVI no~sa Ha rnyHeill nonoc~ esponeillcKoill ~acr~ 6~He ew,e Mep3na~ . B nocaAO~HytO
crpaHbl: Men6a, nen~H wa¢>paH- ~My, ecn111 3eMn51 6eAHa ryMyCOM ,
Hblill, 5enblill HaniiiB , nanlllpOBKa, BHOC~T ABa BeApa neperHO~, 500
AHTOHOBKa, Ysnc111, >K~rynescKoe, r cynep¢>oc¢>ara 111 60 r KaniiiVIHbiX
AoYb Kop~~Horo 111 AP· OH~ MeHee YA06peHII!Vl (IIIX He06XOA~MO TW,arenbHO nepeMewarb c sepxHIIIM
3~MOCTOIIIK~e, ~eM copra Clll6~p­
CKOill CeneKU,~III, ~ Bblpaw,~BaiOTCfl cnoeM nO~Bbl , BbiHyrOVI 1113 s:!Mbl).
B Q:>opMe CTnaHU,eB, BbiCOTa KpOHbl
no/IJ.1Bbl
KOTOpbiX He AOn:>KHa npeBbiWaTb 30Cpa3y nocne nocaAK~ ~6no­
80 CM.
H~ o6s:~3arenbHO non~sa10r (He3anocaAKa wyxoA
B~C~Mo OT Bna:>KHOCTIII nO~Bbl) ~3
pac~era 2-3 BeApa Ha Aepesu,e .
$16nOH~ He n106~T 3aryw,eHHbiX
nocne
BniiiTbiBaH~s:l BOAbl nO~BY B
noCaAOK , n03TOMy paCCTOs:IH~e
Me)I(Ay H~M~ :>KenarenbHO II!MeTb He nyHKe HaAO nplllcbmarb cyxoill 3eMMeHee 4 M. Ho ecn~ BbiCa:>K~BaiOT neill, ew,e ny~we - neperHoeM. 3ro
copra C w~pOKOill KpOHOVl, TO pac- npeAOTBpaT~T 6biCTpOe IIICnapeHIIIe
snar111 . Yepe3 2-3 HeAen~ non111s
CTO~H~e yseniii~~BaiOT AO 5-6 M.
nOBTOp~IOT .
Y~IIITbiBa~ cypOBble ycnos111~ Ypa-
Ba>KHbl~ MOMeHT
nonMBaTb HY)I(HO peAKO, HO o6MIIbHO, 'fT06bl npoMa'fMBaTb no'IBY
noA KPOHOH AepesbeB Ha rny6MHY He MeHee
40
eM. PeAKMe, HO o6Mnb-
Hble nOIIMBbl 6011ee ::»ciJclleKTMBHO AeHCTBYIOT Ha pOCT M niiOAOHOWeHMe
R6IIOHM 1 'leM 'laCTble He6ollbWMMM A03aMM. npM MaiiOM nOIIMBe yB/Ia)I(HSieTCSI TO/IbKO sepXHMH CIIOH
(10-15
CM), KOTOpbiH 'lepe3
2-3
AHSI
MCCywaeTCSI, M KOpHM Ha'IMHatOT MCnbiTbiBaTb HeAOCTaTOK nO'IBeHHOH
snarM. K TOMY )l(e npM 'laCTbiX nona.tsax BbiMbiBatOTCR nMTaTellbHble se-
~ecrsa M3 sepXHero CIIOSI nO'IBbl, HapywaeTCR ee B03AYWHbiH pe)I(MM.
8
nocneAYIOW.I!Ie rOAbl nepBbllii nOilliiB nplil He06XOAIIIMOCTIII
npOBOAs:!T B HaYaJle IIIIOH5l. HopMY non111sa onpeAens:~IOT c yYeTOM YBJla)I(HeHI!Is:l nOYBbl Ha rny6111HY KOpHeBOVI CI!ICTeMbl: y MOilOAbiX
5l6JlOHb - AO 40, y nJlOAOHOCs:!W,IIIX
- AO 60 CM. Ans:~ non111sa 1 KB.M
npliiCTBOilbHOVI nilOW,aAI!I Tpe6yeTC5l 40-60 Il BOAbl.
noAKOpMKJ-1
Ecn111 Ha yyacTKe MOW,Hbllii nnoAOPOAHbllii CJlOVI nOYBbl Ill B nocaAOYHble s:!Mbl 6b1Jllil BHeCeHbl YA06peH1115l, TO nepBble 2-3 roAa AepeBb51 He nOAKapMiliiiBaiOT. Ecn111
OHIII He BHOCIIIJli!ICb, TO <t>occ:popHble 111 Kaili!IVIHble YA06peHI!I5l (5060 r cynep<t>oc<t>aTa, 20 r Kani!IVIHOVI COillil Ha 1 KB.M) BHOCs:!T OCeHbiO s roA nocaAKIII . 8 nocneAyIOW,eM IIIX BHOCs:IT Yepe3 Ka)I(Able
2-3 roAa.
A30THble YA06peHI!I5l B nOAKOpMKY AaiOT cnycTs:~ 2-3 roAa nocne
noCaAKIII BeCHOVI, AO pacnycKaHiils:l
nOYeK (nO 15-20 rjKB.M MOYeBIIIHbl
l!lfllll aMMIIIaYHOVI cenliiTPbl). OpraHI!IYeCKI!Ie - pa3 B 2-3 roAa oceHbiO, B KOHI..\e sereTal..\1!1111, YT06bl He
B~3BaTb nosTOpHoro pocTa seTselii. YAo6peHIII5l o6s:~3aTeilbHO 3aAeflbiBaiOT a noYsy.
Ha 3aMeTKY
8
CBR3M C rny60KMM npo·
Mep38HMeM nO'iBbl KOpHeBaR
CHCTeMa A8>Ke C8MbiX 3HMOCTOMKHX copTOB MO>KeT noAMep3HyYb. no3TOMY Ha 3MMY
nocne nepBbiX nOCTORHHbiX 38·
MOp03KOB npHCTBOnbHble KpyrH >KenaTenbHO Mynb'tMpOB8Tb
neperHOeM,TOp~OM,nO'tBOM
M3 Me>KAYPRAMM {Ton~MHOM
10-15 CM), a caepxy YKPbiTb
mtCTBOM, OnHnKaMH H CHeroM.
38Cbln8JOT CHerOM H Ha3eMHYIO
't8CTb paCTeHHM.
<l>opMJ1posaHHe
..
KYCTOBJ1AHOJ1 KpOHbl
SlpyCH8R $OpMOBK8
nocne nOCaAKIII y OAHOlleTHIIIX
Ca)l(eHI..\eB BeCHOiii CTBOJlliiK YKOpaYIIIBaiOT Ha 40-50 CM, nplil
3TOM o6pe3aiOT Ha nOYKY. 1!13
BblpOCWIIIX no6erOB Ha BbiCOTe 10-20 CM OT ypOBHs:l 3eMlllil ocTasns:~IOT TPIII caM~x
CI!IJlbHbiX, a OCTailbHble YKOpaYIIIBaiOT Ha 2-3 nOYKIII.
Ha CJleAYIOW,IIIIii rDA Ha BbiCOTe
30-35 CM OT HI!I)I(Hero s:!pyca OCTaBJls:IIOT 1·2 BeTKI!I Afls:l BTOpOro s:!pyca.
OAIIIHOYHble cKeneTHble seTKIII pacnonaraiOT no npOBOAHIIIKY APYr OT
Apyra Yepe3 1 0-15 CM, a OCTailb·
Hble YKOpaYIIIBaiOT Ha 15-20 CM Afls:l
3aKilaAKIII Ha HI/IX nflOAOBbiX BeTO·
YeK. np111 AOCTI!I)I(eHiillil 516IlOHelii BbiCOTbl 2,2-2,5 M npOBOAHIIIK o6pe3aIOT HaA BepxHelii CKeileTHOiii BeTKOVI.
d)opMOBKa MHOrOCTBOnbHOrO
KYCTa
Y s:!6IlOHb OCTaBils:IIOT OYeHb Hlil3·
Kllllii WTaM6 (5-1 0 CM) Ill 3-4 paBHOMepHO paCTYW,Iile BeTBIII HI!I)I(Hero
s:!pyca, KOTOpble CYIIITaiOTCs:! npOBO·
AHIIIKaMIII. Ha HI/IX <!>OPMIIIPYIOT BeTBill sroporo nops:!AKa 111 o6pacrai0W.Iile BeTOYKIII .
CrnaHL\eso-KycroBJ1AHaR
<J>opMOBKa Aepesa
TaKas:~ <t>opMOBKa no3sons:~eT noBbiCIIITb 3111MOCTOiiiKocTb scero Aepesa 111 nonyYaTb 6onee B~COKI!Ie
ypo)l(al!l. Aepeso np111 3TOM I!IMeeT
CTllaHI..\eBOe OCHOBaHIIIe (WTaM6 Ill
CKeileTHble BeTBIII), KOTOpOe BCerAa A0Jl)I(HO 6b1Tb yKpbiTO cHeroM,
YT06bl s:~6noHs:~ He Bb1Mep3ana Aa)l(e
s caMble cyposble 3111Mb!. Ha HeM
<t>opMIIIPYIOT sepTI!IKallbHYIO KpoHY pa3nliiYHOiii <t>opMbl (KpyrnyiO,
06pe3Ka
¢opMiilpOBaHIIIe KpOHbl BblnOil·
Yepe3 rDA nocne n.ocaAKIII,
a nocneAyiOw,llle rOAbl npoBOAIIITcs:~ npo<t>lllnaKTIIIYecKas:~ o6pe3Ka.
8ecHolii peKOMeHAyeTC51 o6pe3aTb
BeTKIII nO MaKCIIIMyMy, YT06bl aKTIIIBiil3111pOBaTb IIIX pOCT. 3TO 8 CBOIO
OYepeAb cnoco6cTsyeT BbiCOKIIIM
ypo)l(a51M 111 6onee KpynHbiM pa3MepaM nflOAOB.
Hs:leTcs:~
1000
C(J8emtHJ aa'IHUKY
CTnaH1.4eBO·KYCTOBIIIAHa~ KpoHa
NE6. 2016
OBallbHYIO), KOTOpas:! B 06biYHble no
reMnepaTypHbiM noKa3aTens:~M 3111Mbl xopowo coxpaHs:~eTC51 , HO np111
aHOManbHbiX ycnoBIIIs:IX nOAMep3aeT. 8occTaHosneHI!1e KPOHbl npo111CXOA111T 3a 1-2 roAa 6naroAaps:~
COXpaHeHHOMY OCHOBaHIIIIO.
CTllaHI..\eB~e OCHOBaHIII51 <t>opMIIIPYIOT s IIIIOHe-1111011e nocne TOro, KaK np1!1)1(1!18eTC51 Ca)l(eHel..\. np111
J11060i/i <t>OpMe CTJlaHI..\eBOrO OCHOBaHI!I51 Alli!IHa CKelleTHbiX BeTBelii
(nneY) COCTaBlls:leT 1,1-1 ,3 M.
Aaynne-.ee ocHoaaHHe
0TcTyni!IB OT nosepxHOCTIII noYBbl Ha BbiCOTe 15-20 CM, CTBOJli!IK
oTrlll6aiOT roplii30HTanbHO 3eMne
(YT06bl nonyYI!IllCs:l nps:~Molii yron
CO WTaM60M) Ill 3aKpenils:IIOT KPIOYKaMIII. np111 3TOM CTBOJlliiK HY)I(HO
cr1116aTb TOllbKO a CTopoHy w111na,
YT06bl He 6biJ10 pa3J10Ma 8 MeCTe
npi!IBII1BKII1.
Ha BTOpolii roA B MecTe cr1116a
11111111 Hl!l)l(e BblpOCWII11ii BepT111Kallb·
Hbllii no6er OTrll16aiOT B npOTII1BO·
nOJ10)1(HYIO CTOpOHY Ill 3aKpenlls:!IOT napannenbHO 3eMne, c:popM111PY51 BTOpOe nneYO. 8 TaKOM noJ10)1(eHII1111 nneYIII Aep)l(aT 4-5 neT,
nOKa OHII1 OKOHYaTellbHO He OA·
peseCHeiOT. nepBble 3 roAa see sepTII1KallbHble no6erlll, pacTyw,111e 1113 nneY,
J npi!IW,IilnbiBaiOT HaA
TpeTb111M Jli!ICTOM 2-3
'Pa3a 3a ce30H. TonbKO Ha 3-4-VI rOA HaYIIIHaiOT OTpaW,IIIBaTb
Ha Ka)I(AOM nneYe no
3 sepTII1KanbH~x no6era C paCCT051HiileM Apyr OT
Apyra 40-50 CM . PaCCT051·
Hll1e Me)I(Ay nepBbiM no6eroM
Ill WTaM60M COCTaBlls:leT 20-30 CM.
YT06bl ·aKn1BHO w11o seTs11eHIIle, y
Ka)f(Aoro no6era nplllw,lllnbJBaJOT MaKYWKY. 8 Aa11bHe~wee y HIIIX <t>opMIIIPYIOT KpOHbl KaK y o6bJKHOBeHHbiX 516110Hb, T011bKO B MIIIHIIlaTJOpe,
e Y'-leTOM eonOA4111HeHII151 seTse~.
MHoronneLtesoe OCHOBaHHe
cDOpMIIIPOBaHII!e MHOrOn11e4eBOro
OeHOBaHII151 Ha4111HaiOT e MOMeHTa
noeaAKIII ea>KeHu,a, KOTOpbl~ paeno11araJOT s nocaA04HO~ 51Me np51MO 11111111 e11erKa HaK110HHO, 4T06bl
MeeTO Bblpe3KIIl Wlllna eMOTpe110 Ha
10r. KorAa ea>KeHeu, nplll>t<lllsere51,
era eTB011111K OeTOpO>t<HO er1116a10T
s eTopoHy w111na 111 np111wn11111111BaJOT
AepeB51HHbiMIII KPJOYKaMIII. B 1111011e
OAIIIH no6er, paeno11o>t<eHHbl~ 611111>t<e seero K MeeTy er1116a eTB011111Ka, OeTOpmKHO OTrll16aJOT B npOTIIIBOn0110>KHYIO eropoHy. Oera11bHbJe
no6er111 raK>Ke np111r1116aJOT, pasHoMepHo paeno11ara51 111x no orHoweHIIIJO K eTB011111Ky, Ill np111Wnii111111BaIOT K 3eM11e. BeroK A1151 <t>opMIIlposaHII151 pyKaBOB OCTaB115110T eT011bKO, eK011bKO nOe4111TaiOT HY>KHbiM,
OeTa11bHble Bblpe3aiOT Ha KOnbU,O.
0eHOBaHIIle MO>KHO <f>OpMIIlpOBaTb
6e3 er1116aH11151 erson111Ka. noe11e noeaAKIII 0AH011eTKY KOPOTKO (Ha Bbleore 20-30 eM or 3eMn111) o6pe3aJOT 111 pyKasa s reYeHIIle 3-4 neT
<f>OpMIIIPYIOT 1113 no6erOB, BblpOeWIIIX
Hlll>Ke epe3a s BIIIAe eT11aHu,a, pa3Mew,a51 IIIX rOpii130HTallbHO. 8 Aa11bHe~WeM 1113 Ka>K,D.oro pyKasa <t>opMIIIPYJOT sepTIIIKa11bHble no6er111 KaK
0TAe11bHble Aepesu,a. 0KOH4aTe11bHble napaMeTpbl Aepesa - 2-2,5 M
BbleOTO~, AlllaMeTp KpOHbl- AO 5 M.
(T/laHI.\eBaR <j>OpMHpOBKa
R6110HH
cDOpMIIlpOBaHIIle eTilaHU,eBO~
<f>OpMbl KpOHbl Ha4111Ha10T B 11110He-11110/le s roA noeaAKIII, noene TOro KaK ea>t<eHU,bl nplll>KIIIByTe51, Ill
npOA011>KaJOT 3-4 roAa. Crso11111K
KpaCHORpCKIIIM ABynne'fliiM
CTnaHe~
OAH011eTHero ea>t<eHu,a np111r1116aJOT
KpaCHOS1pCKHM ABynne"'HM CT·
nOA np51Mb1M yrllOM Ha BbleOTe 15- naHeU. <f>OpMIIIPYIOT 1113 0AH011eTKIII.
25 eM 111 nplllwnllllllllBaJOT KPIOYKOM K Ha BbleOTe 10-20 eM OT nosepx3eMne 11111111 o6pe3a10r Ha TaKa~ >Ke HOeTIII n04Bbl eTBOnlllK er1116a10T AO
BbleoTe. Bee Bb1poew111e eKener- rOpii130HTallbHOrO nonO>KeHII151 WillHbJe BeTSill, a TaK>Ke BeTSill BTOpOrO nOM BHII13 (4T06bl He nospeAII!Tb
Ill noeneAYJOW.IIIX nOp51AKOB o6pe3- MeeTO npii!BIIIBKIII) 111 3aKpenn5110T
KO~, HaAJlOMOM, npll!rll16aHIIleM Ill 3aKPIOKaMII1. Ha eneAYIOW.IIl~ rOA OAKpen11eHIIleM y 3eM11111 KPJOKaMIII pae- HY 1113 ell111bHbiX seTse~ Hanpas1151nonaraJOT rop!1130HTallbHO, He BbJWe JOT B eTOpOHy, npOTIIIBOnOnO>KHYIO
60-80 eM OT nosepXHOeTIII 3eMnlll, Ill U,eHTpa11bHOMY npOBOAHIIIKy, Ill TOYAep>KII!BaiOT B TaKOM n0110>KeHII1111 B >Ke 3aKpen1151JOT KPJOKaMIII. Ha o6oTeYeHIIle see~ >K1113HIIl Aepesa.
IIIX n11e4ax <f>OpM111PYIOT ropii130H·
cDOpMIIlpOBaHIIle eTnaHU,a npOA011- Ta11bHble seTBIII sToporo 111 6o11ee
>KaeTe51 3-4 roAa. BepTIIIKa11bHbl~ BbleOKIIIX nOp51AKOB.
6axLteBOM crnaHeu, npeAflO>KeH
poeT no6eros noAaB1151JOT nplllrlll6aHIIleM 11111111 HaA110MOM HaA 2-3-M 111 BHeApeH s npoii13BOAeTso A. A.
n111eroM HeeKOnbKO pa3 3a nero. Be- K1113JOPIIIHbiM. Ca>KaJOT ea>KeHU.bl HaT04KIIl, paeTyw,111e BH1113, Bblpe3aJOT K110HHO 11111111 seprii1Ka11bHO. Ho np111
Ha K011bl.I,O.
HaK110HHO~ noeaAKe KOpHeBaS1 ell1Y'leHbiMM u npaKTMKaMu pa3pa6oeTeMa paenonaraere51 Herny6oKo s
TaHo HeeKOflbKO CTf18H~eBbiX cj)OpM noYse 111 6onee noAsep>t<eHa noAKPOHbf: apKTM'leCKafl (KpacHOflpMep3aHIIIJO. Y4111Tb1Ba51, YTO Aepesu,a nplllAeTeH nplll>K111MaTb K 3eM11e,
CKafl), KpaCHOflpCKafl IJ.Bynne'lafl,
np111 noeaA~e ea>KeHeu, pa3Mew,aJOT
6aX'IeBafl, MUHyCMHCKafl U IJ.p.
ApKTH"'eCKHM {KpacHOS1PCKHM) w111noM BHII13. noe11e noeaAKIII seTcrnaHeu, - Ha1116o11ee paenpocTpa- Bill ea>KeHu,a He o6pe3aJOT 111 erson
HeHHaH eTenJOW,a5le51 <f>opMa KpOHbl He yKopaYIIIBaJOT. Ha nposOAHIIIKe
s Hawe~ eTpaHe. 0AHOneTHIIle ea- yepe3 Ka>K,D.ble 30-40 eM <t>opMIIlpy>KeHU,bl HII13KO epe3aiOT (20-25 eM). JOT seTBIII nepsoro nop51AKa, Ha KOOTpaeTaJOw,llle eKeneTHbJe sers111 ( 4- TOPbiX pa3MeW,aJOTe51 Ill Hanpasn516 no6eros), paBHOMepHO OTXOA51- 10Te51 B eso60AHOe npoeTpaHeTBO
W.IIle OT WTaM6a, OTBOA51T B eropo- serKIII BToporo 111 6onee s~eOKIIlx
Hbl nOA npS1MbiM yrnOM Ill nplllWnlll- nOpS1AKOB BeTBJleHII151.
nlllBaiOT KOnbiWKaMIII. Ha Ka>KAO~
MHHYCHHCKHM CTJlaHeU, ea>KaeKenerHo~ seTBIII (nneYe) Ha paeIOT HaKJlOHHO nOA yrnoM 45". AeeT051HII1111 30-40 eM OT OeHOBaHIIIS1 peso paeTeT B OAHY eTOPOHy B Ha<t>opMIIIPYIOT no 4-5 seTse~ sropo- KllOHHOM nOnO>KeHIIIIII Ill AOeTIIlraro nOp51AKa, Ha KOTOpbiX <f>OpMIIlpy- eT BbleOTbl 1,5 M. Ha 3111MY BeTsill
IOT 06paeTaiOW,IIle BeT04KIIl. no6e- AepesbeB n·p111r1116aJOT 111 YKPbJBaJOT
rlll, 3aryw,aJOw,llle KpoHy, np111UJ.IIl- n04BO~, paeTIIITeJlbHbiMIII OeTaTKanbJBaJOT, <f>OpMIIIPYS1 Ha HIIIX MIIllll eHerOM.
HHKonaM POrOB~OB, arpoHOM
KOpOTKYIO o6paeraiOW.YIO
PHCYHKH asropa
Apesee111Hy, KOTOpa51 npeAOXpaH5leT OeHOBH~e CY4bS1
OT eonHe4HbiX O>KOrOB.
101111
C()Bem()B
dttfJHUKY
N96, 21116
AeKopaTi-1BHbte KycrapHi-1Ki-1
CnHpefl: H B
H B Gl\bnHHGp
no>Kanyit, BblpaCTMTb cnMpeto npoaqe, 'leM nto6oit APvroit KpacMao~ae­
yYiqMM KYCTapHMK. 0Ha HenpMxoTnMaa
K ycnOBMJIM npOM3paCT8HMJ11 He O'leHb
Tpe6oaaTenbH8 K nO'IBeHHOMy nnOAOPOAMto, MOp030CTOMKa, xopowo nepeHOCMT CTpM>KKY •
PaccKa)f(y o cso111x cn111peS1x. Ha
MOeM nOABOpbe paCTYT ABa BIIIAa:
cepaSI Ill SlnOHCKaSI. 0HIII COBepweHHO pa3Hble He TOJlbKO nO OKpacKe
COU.B9TIIIIIt, HO Ill no pa3Mepy, nepiiiOAY U.BeTeHIIISI, BpeMeHIII nocaAKIII. CnHpeSI cepaH - pacTeHIIIe BeceHHero cpoKa U.BeTeHIIISI . KycT y
Hee 6onbwollt, pacu.seTaeT B HaYane MaS! 6eJlbiMIII, KaK ¢>aTa HeBeCTbl, U.BeTaMIII. LJacTo KYCTapHIIIK
TaK 111 Ha3biBaiOT - Heaecra. <t>opMIIIPYSI 6enocHe)f(Hble cou.BeTIIISI Ha
npownoroAHIIIX no6erax, U.BeTeT
APY)f(HO, HO HenpOA0Jl)f(IIIT9JlbHO,
BCero-TO OAIIIH MeCSIU., HO CBeTnaSI
JlyYIIICTaSI HOTKa MeflKIIIX 6eneHbKIIIX
U.BeTOYKOB 3anOMIIIHaeTCSI HaAOJlfO.
Cn111pe10 cepy10 non111Bal0 yMepeHHO, paCKIIIAIIICTble, CKJ10HSIIOW,1119CSI
BeTKIII npiiiKPbiBaiOT npiiiCTBOJlbHblllt
Kpyr, n03TOMy Bnara Aep)f(IIITCSI HeAefliO 111 6onee.
B IIIIOHe cn111peS1 cepaSI OTU.BeTaeT, nepeAaBaSI acTa¢>eTy cnHpee
SlnOHCKOM. 3TO KpaCIIIBblllt npSIMO-
•...
1000 co6emotl Ott'INlllfY
CTOSIYIII!It KYCTapHIIIK AO 1 ,5 M BbiCOTO!It, U.BeTeT SlpKIIIMIII MaJliiiHOBbiMIII U.BeTaMIII B nnOTHbiX BepxyWeYHbiX COU.BeTIIISIX. ECfllll BOBpeMSI YAaJlSITb OTU.BeTWIIIe, TO Yepe3 HeKOTOpoe BpeMSI HaYIIIHaeTCSI CJleAyiOW,aSI
BOJlHa U.BeTeHIIISI. 111 TaK - AO CaMOIIt
oceHIII! YKpaweHIIIeM cn111pe111 SIBflSIIOTCSI Ill JliiiCTbSI: CBepxy 3eJleHble,
CHIII3Y CIII30-BOIIIJlOYHble, 3y6YaTble
no KpaiO, np111 pacnycKaHIIIIII nplllo6peTaiOT KpacHoBaTblllt oTTeHOK. A
OCeHbiO CTaHOBSITCSI ew,e SlpYe - OT
)f(emoro 111 KpacHoro AO TeMH0-6arposoro u.seTa (B 3aBIIICIIIMOCTIII OT
COpTa). Bee, YTO HY)f(HO AJlSI ee poCTa Ill pa3BIIITIII51, - 3TO CBOeBpeMeHHaSI npOnOJlKa, nOJliiiB Ill pblXJleHIIIe nOYBbl. B cyxy10 norOAY nOfliiiBaiO «SinOHKY» ABa pa3a B AeHb. nplll
111060111 nOroAe 06Mb1Bal0 KYCT CIIIJlbHOIIt CTpyellt BOAbl - 3TO nOMOraeT
6opOTbCSI C TJlellt. 3a Ce30H npOBO)f(y ABe nOAKOpMKIII. KOrAa MIIIHYeT yrp03a 3aMOp03KOB, BHOWY nOA
KYCT opraHIIIYecKoe YA06peHIIIe.
nepeA U.BeTeHIIIeM nOAKapMJliiiBaiO
KOMnfleKCHbiM MIIIHepaflbHbiM.
CopTOB cn111pe111 celltyac BbiBeAeHo MHOrO. ECTb cpeAIII
HIIIX B~COKOpOCfl~e KyCTapHIIIKIII, H1113KOpOCJlble 111 Aa)f(e KapniiiKOBble. l..lBeTyW,IIIe
BeCHOIIt 06pe3aiOT
nocne u.seTeHIIISI,
neTHIIIe cn111pe111 paHHellt BeCHOIIt
AO pacnycKaHIIISI
noYeK. l.JT06bl
A06111TbCSI 06111JlbHOro paBHOMepHOrO U.BeTeHIIISI,
ClllflbHble no6er111
Ng6, 2016
cnerKa yKopaYIIIBaiOT, 6onee cna6ble o6pe3aiOT Ha TpeTb AfliiiHbl,
CTapble BeTKIII Ca)f(aiOT «Ha neHb».
06w,11111t npiiiHU.IIIn o6pe3KIII TaKollt:
YAaJleHIIIe 3aryw,aiOW,IIIX, TOHKIIIX,
HanpaBneHHbiX BHYTPb KPOHbl no6eroB.
Bee BillA~ cn111pe111 npeKpaCHO
pa3MHO)f(aiOTCSI AeneHIIIeM KYCTa,
OAHOJleTHIIIMIII OApeBecHeBWIIIMIII
YepeHKaMIII 111 ceMeHaMIII. OHIII nerKO nepeHOCSIT nepeCaAKY 111 YKOpeHeHIIIe Ha HOBOM MeCTe .
s:l pa3MHO)f(al0 cn~t~peiO YepeHKaMIII. 06pe3aSI c OTU.BeTwero pacTeHIIISI nOflYOApeBeCHeBWIIIe BeTKill AfliiiHOIIt npiiiMepHO 10 CM, 06paw,aiO BHIIIMaHIIIe Ha TO, YT06bl Ha
Ka)f(AOM YepeHKe OCTaBaJlOCb He
MeHbwe Tpex noYeK. Hltl)f(HIIIIIt cpe3
AellaiO nOA yrnOM 45 rpaAYCOB,
BepxHIIIIII - npSIMOIII. ,D,m1 yMeHbweHIIISI IIICnapeHIIISI OCTaBflSIIO Ha YepeHKe He 6onee AByx JliiiCTOYKOB.
Ca)f(aiO B cy6cTpaT, COCTOSIW,IIIIIt 1113
necKa 111 Top¢>a ( 1:1), HaKpbiBaiO
nneHKOIIt. YKopeHSJeMOCTb 100%HaSJ!
Cn111pe111 - pacTeHIIISI YHIIIKaJlbHble: OTAaBaSI CBOIO KpaCOTy, OHI!I
npaKT111YeCKIII HIIIYerO He Tpe6yiOT
B3aMeH. Hy, MO)f(eT 6b1Tb, TOflbKO
COJlHU.a, yMepeHHOIIt BJ1a)f(H0CTII1
Ill nerKIIIX cyrJliiiHIIICTbiX nOYB. 111 B
6narOAapHOCTb 3a 3TO OHIII 6YAYT
OAIIIHaKOBO XOpOWO CMOTpeTbCSI Ill
B rpynnOBbiX, Ill B OAIIIHOYHbiX nOCaAKaX, MIIIKC60pAepax, )f(ltiBbiX 1113rDPOASIX, y BOAOeMa. A HIII3KOPOCJlble cn111pe111 yKpaCSIT 60PA10Pbl,
pa6aTKIII 111 anbniiiHapllllll.
HaTanHSI KAPKA'-IEBA,
TaMaHb, KpacHOAapcKHM Kp.
<l>oTo H3 anb6oMa asTopa
U.e11e6HaH c1-111a pacreHl-1~
Y4HBHTel\bHbl
<:<qapcKHR CK
KopOBJIK o6paaqaeT Ha ce6JI BHMMaHMe TeM,
'ITO BblpacraeT AO 1,5-2 M B Bblcary. 6narQAapJI
HpKMM 30nOTMCTO->KenTbiM '-'BeTKaM, C06paHHbiM B nMpaMMAanbHYtO MeTenKY, OH BMAeH M3AaneKa. TaK 'ITO npOMTM MMMO M He 3aMeTMTb
ero npOCTO HeB03MO>KHO. «UapCKMM CKMneTp»
- BOT KaK BenM"'atOT B HapoAe 3TO neKapCTBeHHOe pacreHMe a 4»a3e ero '-'aeTeHMJI!
npeAnO"'MTaeT KOpOBJIK CKttneTpOBMAHbiM
nec'laHble not.~Bbl, HO acTpe'laeTCH ae3Ae:
a6ntt3M AOpor, Ha nyrax, no cKnoHaM, no 6eperaM peK, Ha npoceKax, Ha onywKax neca.
3eneH07l
onreKo
C neYe6HO~ ~enb~ TpaBHHKH
HCnOnb3Y~T B OCH OBHOM ~BeTKH,
pe)l(e - nHCTbSl H sepxywKH pacTeHHSl, ew.e pe)l(e - KOpeHb H ceMeHa.
Kop OB~ K C K " n e TpO B "AHhl~
(Verbascum densiflorum) o6naAa-
eT
OTXapKHBa~W,lt1M,
HaBnlt1Ba~W,lt1M,
KP OB OOCTanpOTHBOBOCnaillt1-
TenbHbiM, o6sonaKlt1Ba~W.lt1M, 6oneyTOnSl~W.lt1M,
npOTlt1 BOCYAOP0)1(HbiM, MOYerOHHbiM, BSl~W.HM Ae~-
L.I,BeTKlt1 KOpOBSlKa BXOASIT B COCTaB rpyAHbiX Ya es. VIX HCnOnb3Y~T AilS! neYeHHSl
3a6oileBaHlt1~ AbiXaTenbHbiX nyTe~.
npH socnaneHlt1lt1 nerKHX, KposoxapKaHbe. Oco6eHHO xopow KopoBSIK CKHneTpOBlt1AHbl~ nplt1 3aTSl)I(HOM Kawne Kyplt1nbW.HKa. TaK, AnSI
06nerYeHlt1Sl COCTOS!Hlt1Sl MO)I(HO nplt1fOTOBlt1Tb OTBap Ha MOnOKe: 2 CT.
nO)I(KH ~B8TKOB 3anlt1Tb 300 Mn MOIlOKa, AOB8CTlt1 AO KHneHlt1Sl lt1 BapHTb 3-5 MHHyT. HaCTOSlTb, YKYTaB,
1 YaC, npo~eAHTb. nHTb C MeAOM
lt1nH caxapoM no cTaKaHy Ha HOYb.
HapOAHO~ M8AH~HHe OTBap
nlt1CTb8B KOpOBSlKa nplt1HHMa~T KaK
MOYerOHHOe lt1 npOTHBOBOCnanlt1TenbHOe cpeACTBO nplt1
3a6onesaHlt1SlX MOYesoro ny3blpSl, OTeKax,
B
HSIX noMoraeT nopowoK lt13 cyx1t1x
~B8TKOB ( Cblpbe H~HO XOpOW8HbKO lt13MenbYlt1Tb 1t1 npoces:~Tb Yepe3
Clt1TO).
nplt1 HO~LUe~ 60nlt1 B cycTaBaX
TO)I(e npHrOAHTCSl KOpOBSlK. Cnlt1pTosas:~ Hacro~Ka ero noMO)I(eT o6nerYHTb 6on1t1 npH nOAarpe, pes-
MaTlt13Me, paAlt1KynHTe . AilS! ee
npHrOTOBneHlt1Sl 1 CT. nO>KKY ~BeT­
KOB HY)I(HQ 3anlt1Tb 100 Mil 70-rpaAYCHOfO Cnlt1pTa, HaCTOSlTb B TeMHOM M8CTe 2 HeAenH, np0~8Alt1Tb.
VlcnOilb30BaTb AnSI pacrlt1paHlt1Sl
60nbHbiX M8CT.
TaKy~ Henplt1SlTHY~ npo6neMy,
KaK reMoppo~. TO)I(e MO)I(HO nonbiTaTbCSl Bbln8Ylt1Tb C nOMOW.b~
6one3Hlt1.
Cse)l(lt1e nlt1CTbSl
::noro ~ene6Horo pacTeHlt1Sl, s KOTOpOM 8CTb Cnlt13lt1, 3Q:>HpHb18 MaGna 1t1 rnHK03lt1Abl. A noTOMy npenapaTbl lt13 KOpOBSlKa scpQ:>eKTlt1B-
KOPOBS!Ka npHKnaAbiBa~T
K
paHaM, Sl3BaM,
Ylt1pbSlM, a cyXlt1Mlt1,
lt13M8nbYeHHblMlt1 s nope-
HO 3aW.HW.a~T Cnlt13lt1CTY~ npSlMO~
KHWKH OT BH8WH8f0 B03A8~CTBlt1Sl,
yMeHbWa~T 60nb lt1 OT8YHOCTb
TKaHe~. Xopowee cpeACTBO OT reMoppos:~ - HaCTO~ ~B8TKOB KOpOBSlKa: 1 CT. nO)I(KY lt1X 3ailHTb 1 CTaKaHOM Klt1nSlTKa, HaCTOSlTb 30 Mlt1HyT.
woK, npHCbl-
nHTb rOps:!Ylt1M, MO.>KHO - C M8AOM,
C06n~Aa5l npH 3TOM OBOW,HY~ Alt1eTy.
HaCTO~ ~B8TKOB KOpOBs:!Ka,
KaK ycnoKaHsa~w.ee cpeACTBO,
nOY8YHOKaMeHHO~
na~T
He
AOnro
3a)l(lt1Ba-
~W.lt1e
nplt1
paHbl.
npone)l( -
1000
c()sem()8 04'1HIIKY
N!16, 2016
cneu1.1aJ11.1CTbl peKOMeHAYIOT ni.1Tb
np1.1 sn1.1nenc1.11.1, CYAOporax, rollOBHO~ 60111.1. ~3MellbYeHHWe
useTKI.1 ( 1 AecepTHaSl llO)I(Ka) 3a111.1BaiOT Kl.1nSlTKOM ( 1 CTaKaH), AaiOT
HaCTOS!TbCSl He MeHee 10 MI.1HyT,
nepeA ynoTpe6neHI.1eM npoue)I(I.-1BaiOT. np1.1HI.1MaiOT no 0,5 CTaKaHa
3 pa3a s AeHb nocne eAbl. np1.1 aHri.1He AenaiOT nonocKaHI.-151 TenllbiM
HaCTOeM.
OT 6eccOHHI.1LJ,bl peKOMeHAYIOT
ynOTpe6JlS!Tb ClleAYIOW,1.1~ OTBap:
1 CT. Jl0)1(KY UBeTKOB KOPOBS!Ka 3a111.1Tb 1 CTaKaHOM rOpS!Ye~ BOAbl 1.1
Kl.1nS!TI.1Tb ew,e 3 MI.1HYTbl, HaCTOSlTb, yKyTaB, 2 YaCa. n1.1Tb C MeAOM no 2 CT. Jl0)1(KI.1 Ha HOYb. 3TI.1M
)l(e OTBapOM MO)I(HO nOJlOCKaTb pOT
np1.1 3y6HO~ 60111.1.
HecllO)I(HO np1.1rOTOBI.1Tb MaCJlS!Hbl~ HaCTO~ KOpOBS!Ka ( ero ew,e
Ha3b1BaiOT KOp011eBCKVIM MaC110M). B npo3paYHYIO 6yTblllOYKY
1.1111.1 6aHKY nOMeW,aiOT 3 CT. 110)1(KI-1 UBeTKOB, 3aJ11.1BaiOT 1.1X 100 Mil
0111.1BKOBOrO MaCila (MO)I(HO - OYI.-1W,eHHOrO nOACOilHeYHOrO) 1.1 CTaBSlT Ha nOAOKOHH1.1K, YT06bl nonaAallO COilHUe. HaCTai.1BaiOT 20-30
AHe~, BCTpSlXI.1BaS! pa3 B AeHb, noCile npoue)I(I.1BaiOT 1.1 y61.1pa10T s
X0110AI.11lbHI.1K.
MacnS!HW~ HacTo~ HapOAHWe
11eKap1.1 coseTyiOT np1.1 npo6neMax
c ywaMI.1 : np1.1 socnaneHI.-11.1 cpeAHero yxa, np1.1 <t>YPYHKynax, 3K3eMe B Hapy)I(HOM CllYXOBOM npOXO-
useTKI.-1, 6e3 YaweYeK. CywaT KopoBS!K B TeHI.-1, pacCTI.11laSl T0HKI.1M
CllOeM, 1.111111
s cyw1.111Kax,
np1.1 TeMnepaType AO
4o·c.
Bep-
xywK~<'~
pac-
TeHI.-151 1.1 111.1- ~~~t\n,f!l41t~t£. ~~~~~~
CTbSl llYYWe
~
cywi.1Tb noA
HaBeCOM.
Cyx1.1e
useTKI.1 KopoBS!Ka xpaHI.1Tb
B nllOTHO 3aKpb1TOVl Tape ()l(eCTSlHbiX 1.1111.1 CTeKilSlHHbiX
6aHKax), YT06bl He yJleTYYI.1Ballacb sQ>1.1pHaS! coCTaBilS!IOW,aS!. CpoK xpaHeHI-151
CblpbSl - AO 2 neT.
n1.1CTbSl KOpOBS!Ka CJleAyeT 3anaCaTb BMeCTe CO C60pOM UBeTOB B
conHeYHble AHI-1. Xopowo BblcyweHCepbe3HbtX npontaonoKa3aHble Jli.1CTbS! AJ11.1TellbHOe speMSl coHMM K MCnOnb30B8HMIO KOpOxpaHSliOT cepo-3eJleHbl~ useT. Ha
BHK8 B MeAM~IIIHe He 38ci>IIIK·
BKYC OHI.1 CJlerKa rOpbKOBaTbl, He
c111poaaHo. Ho ace Mbt o'teHb
1.1Me10T H1.1KaKoro 3anaxa.
pa3Hbte, n03TOMY CTOMT Y'tiiiB JleKapCTBeHHWX ueJlSlX peKOTbtBSTb B03MOJKHYIO HenepeMeHAyeTCSl BapiiiTb Jli.1CTbSl B MOJlOHOCMMOCTb 3TOrO paCTeHMH.
Ke, YT06bl, K np1.1Mepy, YHS!Tb 60ilb
KopOBHK, K8K Ill MHOnte APY·
np1.1 O)I(Orax 111111.1 np111 reMoppoe (B
rMe Tpaa~, KaTeropM'teCKIII
BI.1Ae OTBapa AJlS! CI.1AS!YI.1X BaHH).
npOTMBOnOK838H nplll 6epe-
npoTHBOnOKa3aHHR
MeHHOCTIII. &t1 KOHCynbT8~111H
ne~~taw.ero apa~~ta - Heo6xOAIIIMoe ycnoa111e, 'tT06bt A06MTbCH ycnexoa a 6opb6e c co6CTBeHHbtMIII HeAyraMIII.
Ae 1.1 AP·
3orOTOBKO
V1 XpOH8HV18
Kopos~K
L.J,seTKI.1 6epe)I(HO co6111pa10T
B COilHeYHYIO norOAY, n03AHI.1M YTPOM, KOrAa cnaAeT
poca. ,lJ,IlS! nyywero KaYecTsa
CWpbS! HY)I(HO 6paTb TOJlbKO
B KOCM8TV1 Ke
_111 .o.epMaronor~
0 80 CbpaH~HH KOPOBSIK H3A3BHa ynOTpe6nSinH KaK npOTHBOBOCnanHTenbHOe, 6oneyTomiiOIJ4ee cpeACTBO. Hcnonb3YIOT ero H CeM'I3C ·npH aa6oneBaHHSIX KO>KH, nHW3SIX,
HapbiBaX, 3K3eMe.
8 nonbWe KOPOBSIK HCnOnb3yeTCSI Hapy>KHO - AnSI
MbiTbSI ronOBbl npH o6nbiCeHHH.
0 8 repMaHHH «~BeTOK-<J>aKen» (TaK TaM H33bi8310T KOpOBSIK) H3PY>KHO npHMeHSIIOT npH BOCnaneHHH nH~eBOrO
Hepsa.
•...
1000 cfJsemfHI oat~HUKY
NP6, 2016
HacTo~ useTKOB 3TOro pacTeHI.-151
1.1CnOilb3YIOT KaK Hapy)I(HOe MS!rYI.1TeJibHOe cpeACTBO B BI.1Ae KOMnpeCCOB 1.1 np1.1nap0K, B CMeCI.1 C
APYri.1MI.1 neKapcTBeHHbiMI.1 TpasaMI.-1. np1.1MeHS!IOT ero TaK)I(e AilS!
saHH np1.1 HapyweHI.11.1 o6MeHa sew,ecTs, KO)I(HbiX 3a6onesaHI.1S!X, AJlS!
ononaCKI.1BaHI.1Sl sonoc np1.1 ce6opee 1.1 o6JJbiCeHI.11.1.
nycTb 30110TVICTbiM KOpOB~K BaM
o6~3arenbHO noMo>Ker npvr Heo6xo.QvrMocrvr. V1 6y.Qb re, no>Kanyilt-
cra, 3.Q0p0Bbl!
Onbra CTAHKEB&tt'i
CbOTO 8BTOpa
MeJJKOllYKOBlt14Hble s ca
......r.~
nepBOL\B
&ecctpa
BbiCKOLfK
nepabiM no,_apoK BCTynato.....-eM B
CBOM npaaa BeCHbl - ... BeTeHMe 6ecCTpaWHbiX BbiCKO'IeK,
MenKonyKOBM'IHbiX paCTeHMM.
8 HMX eCTb CBOJI HenOBTOpMMaH
npeneCTb. He)f(Hble, HO He06biKHOBeHHO CTOMKMe C03AaHMH no- IliiiCTbSI 111 6yroHbl, noSJBilSIIOTCSI s
HBnHtoTCJI cnOBHO HMOTKY,_a, Ha- nOilHOM U,BeTy Ha nepBbiX nponOnHHH ca,_ B03pO)f(Aato.....-eMCH Ta11111Hax Ill 111C'-IB3aiOT 6eCC11eAHO,
)f(M3Hbto. rnaBHOe - BOBpeMH
KaK BCnbiWKa pa3HOU,B9THOro ¢ee1MX noca,.MTb M HaMTM no,_epsepKa. Y)l(e B 11110H9 y HIIIX C03peXO,_H ..... MX coce,_e...
saiOT ceMeHa, )l(emeiOT 111 npona.o.aM.
lOT 111/lCTbSI.
noc11e TOrO KaK L.I,B9Tbl OTMII1pa10T,
)1(1113Hb paCTeHII1Vi npOTeKaeT B IlyKOBIIIU,S . A CilBAYIOW,eV! BeCHOVI xpynKIIIe 6yTOHbl nOSIBSITCSI BHOBb.
KaK )l(e TaK no11yYaeTCSI, YTO
nepBOU,BeTbl CTOilb CTpeMII1Te11bHbl
B CBOeM pa3BII1TII1111? Ew,e He Be3Ae COWell CHer, a OHIII y)l(e U,BeTyT! Becb CeKpeT 3aK1110'-IeH B MaIleHbKOVi 11yKOBKe. 8 HeV!, KaK B
KIIIH,D,ep-c10pnpll13e, .o.o nopbl .o.o
Bp9M9HII1 3anpS!TaHO paCT9HII19 B
MIIIHIIIaTIOpe . 8 U,eHTpe HaXO,D,SITCSI 3aYaTKII1 U,BeTOB Ill IliiiCTbeB, HO
6011bWaSI YaCTb IlYKOBII1L.I,bl COCT0111T 1113 MSICII1CTbiX YeWyC1 . 8 HII1X COAep)I(IIITCSI TaKoC1 3anac nii1TaTe11bHbiX BeW,eCTB , KOTOpOrO XBaTaeT
AilS! TOrO, '-IT06bl U,BeTOK nyCTIIIIlCSI
B pOCT, KaK TOilbKO eMy nOKa)l(eTCSI, '-ITO .0.1151 3TOrO 111Me10TCSI 6Ilaronpii151THble ycilOBII1SI. 611aro.o.aps:~
KOMnaKTHOCTII1 IlyKOBIIIL.I, IIIX MO)I(HO .o.o11ro xpaHIIITb, nepeso3111Tb. B
TaKOM BIII,D,e nepBOU,BeTbl 06bi'-IHO
nocTynaiOT B npo.o.a)l(y 111 nona.o.aIOT B HaWII1 Ca,D,bl.
Bee paHHeseceHHII1e IlYKOBIIIYHble - s<f>eMepOII1,D,bl. no,D,CHe)I(HI/1KIII, np011eCK111, XII10HO,D,OKCbl, BeCeHH111e 6e3BpeMeHHIIIKII1 Ill 6e110U,BeTHII1K111, c<f>OpMIIIPOBaB C OCeHII1
noYTIII see OHIII 6~cTpo pa3pacTa10TCSI, TaK KaK ,D,aiOT MHOrO ,D,eTOK. A 3HaYII1T, nocaA111B 111x nocso6o.o.Hee, '-IT06bl 6bl110 ,D,OCTaTO'-IHO
MeCTa Ill ,D,Il51 ,D,OYepHIIIX IlyKOBII1YeK, MO)I(HO 3a6b1Tb 0 paCTeHIIISIX
Ha HeCK011bKO 11eT. np111 3TOM C11eAYeT IIIMeTb s BII1.D.Y, '-ITO s nepsble
ro.o.-.o.sa u,seTeHIIIe 6y.o.er He OYeHb
nbiWHbiM. TaK111e noca,D,KIII xopow111
Ha ra30HaX, Me)I(,D,y MHOfOileTHIIIKaMIII, nO,D, KYCTapHII1KaMII1 111 AepeBbSIMIII.
np111 noca.o.Ke nilOTHbiMIII rpyn-
KaK Mbl y)l(e BbiSICHII111111, 6011bWIIIHCTBO 11yKOBII1'-IHbiX U,BeTeT <f>eepii1'-IHO,
HO He,D,011rO. nosTOMY 111Cn011b30BaHII1e 111X B ,D,II13aVIHe Ca,D,a IIIMeeT CBOIII
OC06eHHOCTII1.
CaMas:~
pacnpocTpaHeHHas:~
OWII16Ka - BbiCa)I(II1BaTb 111X nO O,D,HOMy. EA111HII1YHble pacTeHII1SI He Moryr
,D,aTb U,BeTOBOrO nSITHa, 111 ,D,eKOpaTII1BHblli1 3<f><f>eKT OT TaKOC1 nOCa,D,K111 npaKTII1YeCKII1 HyilesoVI. XpynKIIIe
nO,D,CHe)I(H111K111, CU,II11111bl, XOX11aTKII1
naMII1 B nepsy10 )l(e BeCHy YBIIIAIIIM
Kpac111so u,seTyw,111e KYPTII1HKII1 . Ho
Aei1111Tb rHe3.o.a np111.o.erc51 YacTo,
npaKT111YeCKII1 e)l(efO,D,HO , nOTOMy
'-ITO B TeCHOTe U,BeTbl IlYKOBII1'-1HbiX
Me11b'-laiOT Ill KapTII1Ha y)l(e 6y,D,eT He
Ta. 3TOT cnoco6 xopow np111 noca.o.Ke nepsou,seTOB Ha KilyM6ax
Me)I()J,y OAH011eTHII1KaMII1 11111111 B pOKapii1SIX.
MeilK111e IlYKOBII1YKII1 6yAeT YA06Hee nepeca)I(IIIBaTb, ecn111 pa3Me-
npOCTO TepSIIOTCSI cpe,D,II1 ,D,pyriiiX
pacTeH111Vi. nosTOMy IlYYWe Ca)l(aTb
111X KYYHO, rpynnaMII1, XOHI 6bl no
5-7, a IlYYWe- OT 15-30 WTyK.
O.o.HaKo 111 6011bw111e no nllow,a.0.111 nSITHa MeilKOilYKOBII1'-IHbiX He caMble1 xopow1111i1 sap111aHT, 11160 noclle
111CYe3HOBeHII1SI Il111CTbeB OCTaHyTCSI
nycTy10w,111e yYaCTK111 3eM11111. A npll1-
CTII1Tb 111x B cneu,111ai1bHbiX KOP3111HKax. Aa 111 MHOrOYII1C11eHHOe noTOM CTBO 3aTeM He 6y,D,eT 06Hapy)I(II1BaTbCSI B CaMbiX He0)1(111,D,aHHbiX MeCTaX.
po.o.a , KaK 1113BeCTHO, He Tepnii1T nyCTOTbl, 111 STY nilOW,a,D,b MOMeHTailbHO 3aC1MyT COpHSIKIII.
Ew,e O,D,IIIH Ba)I(Hbllil MOMeHT, KO-
paCTeHII1SI OT ,D,pyrii1X 8 TOM, '-ITO B
IlYKOBIIIu,e y)l(e c 11eTa onpe.o.eneHO KOilii1YeCTBO Ilii1CTb8B, KOTOpble
1113 Hee MOryT pa3BII1TbCSI Cile,D,yIOW,eV! BeCHOiil. nosTOMY MeYTa-
TOpbllil H~HO YYIIITbiBaTb, - TO, '-ITO
liepen1Te /U1CTbR
rilaBHOe 0Tilll1'-1111e llyKOBII1'-IHOf0
IOW,l-1e o 11y)f(aliiKe, pacKpaweHHOiii seceHHelii nopolii u,seTHbiMII1
nHTHaMI-1 1113 Me11K011yKOBII1~H~X,
AOmKHbl 3HaTb, ~TO KOCII1Tb rpasy
MO)f(HO 6yAeT 11111Wb C Ha~a11a 11110HH, noc11e roro KaK y HII1X oroMpyr 11111CTbH 111 pacreHII1H BnaAYT B
cnH~Ky. PaccroHHII1e )f(e Me)f(AY
u,sero~Hb1MII1 rpynnaMII1 A011)f(HO
6b1Tb He MeHbWe W111pii1Hbl 3aXBaTa ra30HOKOCII111KII1.
A pew111s cocras111rb 1113 HII1X 6yKer, nOMHII1Te 0 TOM, ~TO OTHHTII1e Ka)f(Aoro 11111cra cyw,ecrseHHO
yMeHbWaer n~TaHII1e 11YKOB111U,~.
noaroMy o6pe3aTb MO)f(HO 11111wb
3aCOXWII1e 11111CTbH.
Aollro~rpatOI.l.\~e
KOM6~Hal\~H
YAa~HaH HaXOAKa AllH CaAOBOAOB, He 111MeiOW,111X B03M0)f(HOCTII1
YAellHTb MHOrO speMeHII1 yXOAY 3a
L.J,BeTH111KaMII1, - BbiCaAKa Me11K011yKOBII1~HbiX BMecre C nO~BOnOKpOB­
HbiMII1 MHOr011eTHII1KaMII1.
no~sonoKpOBH~e A11H TaKoro
U,BeTHII1Ka )f(e11aTe11bHO nOA6111pai'b
1113 YII1C11a cra61111lbHO AeKopaniBHbiX s re~eHII1e scero ce3oHa (6apBII1HOK, T111ape1111a cepAU,e11111CTHaH,
repaHII1, rB03AII1KII1, )f(II1BYYK111 ... ).
nplt1 3TOM Me11K011YK0Bit1"1Hble BbiCa)f(lt1BaiOT npOit13B011bHO He6011bW111MII1 rpynnaMII1 Me)f(AY Ae11eHKaMII1 no~sonoKpOBH~x pacreHII11ii. Y noc11eAH111X y)f(e ~epe3 roA
COMKHYTCH 11111CTbH, 1t1 0Hit1 n011HO-
CTbiO 3aKpOIOT )f(e11TeiOW,YIO 11111crsy. A
BnOC11eACTBII1111 lt1 CTaBWII1e nyCTbiMII1 Mecra.
MO)f(HO 111Cn011b30BaTb
raK)f(e Me11KOu,serHble
HapU,II1CCbl 1t1 Blt1AOBble TI011bnaHbl,
HO
~epe3 5-6
11eT pa3pOCWit1eCH rHe3Aa 11YK0Bit1YHbiX
np111AeTCH pa306paTb, a C HII1MII1
B~KOnaTb lt1 nOYBOnOKpOBHble pacreHit1s:l.
Ew,e OA111H saplt1aHr nocaAKit1 He rpe6y10w,111x BbiKanbiBaHII1H 11yKOBII1~HbiX - C rpynnaMit1 MHOr011eTHit1X pacTeH1t11ii B CMeWaHHbiX u,serHit1Kax. BecHolii, KOrAa
OH111 T011bKO nOs:IB11HIOTCH 1113 3eM11111, r11a3 y)f(e paAYIOT HPKII1e KpaCK111 U,BeTyW,II1X Me11K011YKOBII1~Hb1X,
a 11eroM yBHAaiOW.YIO 3e11eHb noC11eAHII1X np1t1Kpb1BaiOT Ha6paBW111e
Clt111Y MHOr011eTHII1KII1. Xopowii1MII1
naprHepbl A11H nepBOU,BeTOB 6YAYT
pacreHII1H C r11y60KOiii KOpHeBOiii
Clt1CTeMOiii: XOCTbl, nii10Hbl, r111nc0¢11111a MeTe11bYaTaH, 1111111eliiHII1KII1 111
AP· A BOT COCeACTBO C 111MeiOW,II1MII1 nosepXHOCTHYIO KOpHeByiO CII1CTeMy (aCTII111b6aMII1, ¢110KCaM111 ... )
He)f(e11are11bHO.
CamaeM s nepsbiX
PRAax
ra11aHTYCbl, KpOKYCbl, np011eCKII1,
X1110HOAOKCbl, nyWK111HII11t1, nTit1U,eM11eYHII1K111, ps:~6Yit1K111 1t1 APYrlt1e Me11K011YKOBII1YHble paAYIOT HaC CB0111M L.J,BeTeH111eM BeCHOiii OAHII1MII1
1113 nepBbiX, noaroMy 111 Ha nocaAKY oceHbiO npocHTCH s nepBbiX pHAax. nocaAII1Tb 111x C11eAyer s raKoe
speMH, YT06bl AO Hacryn11eHII1H xo110AOB OCTa110Cb He MeHbWe n011yTOpa MeCHU,eB. nyKOBII1U,bl A011)f(Hbl
ycneTb AaTb KOpeWKit1.
B Mecrax nocaAK111 Ae11a10r 11YHK111
11111111 6op03AK111, BHOCs:IT B HII1X KOMn11eKCHble MII1Hepa11bHble YA06peHII1H 111 neperHolii, nepeMew1t1sa10r
C nOYBOiii, nosepx HaCblnaiOT X011MII1K 1113 necKa 111 pa3Mew,al0r 11YKOBK111 AOHbiWKOM BHII13 TaK, YT06bl
He 6bl110 npHMOrO KOHTaKTa C YA06peHII1eM. nyHKY 11111111 6op03AKY 3aCbln810T 3eM11elii 111 c11erKa yn110THHIOT MeCTO nOC8AKit1.
AoHu,e Ka)f(Aolii 11YKOBII1~KII1 A011)f(HO pacno11araTbCH Ha r11y6111He,
COOTBeTCTByiOw,elii 2-3 ee Alt18MerpaM.
Ha 11erK111x noYsax nyKOB111U.bl ca)f(aiOr nor11y6)f(e, Ha TH)f(e11biX 3arny611HIOT MeHbwe. Cn111wKOM Me11Kas:~ nocaAKa Ypesara reM, YTO s
X0110AHYIO 3111MY (oco6eHHO np111
HeAOCT8TO~HOM CHe)f(HOM nOKpOBe) 11YKOB111YKII1 MOryr BbiMep3HYTb.
C APYrOiii CTOPOHbl, He CTOII1T 3a6biB8Tb, "'TO BCe 11YKOBII1"1Hble - 1110-
6111Te11111 CO BpeMeHeM 33KOnaTbCSI
nomy6)1(e.
EC11111 CTOII1T cyxaSI OCeHb, 11YKOnocne nocaAK111 HY)I(HO noll111Tb, a nOYBY 3aMyllbYII1pOB3Tb
TOpcpOM, APeBeCHOVi ~enoV! 11111111
neperHOeM CJlOeM 8 5-7 CM.
BII1~bl
06ecne"'HM
...
npaBHIIbHbiH yxoA
nocne CHSITII1SI yKpbiTII1SI BeCHOVi
cnpeccosaswyiOCSI 3a 3111MY no ..my
BOKpyr nepBO~BeTOB HY)I(HO npOpbiXJlliiTb ( OHII1 O'leHb HY)I(AaiOTCSI
s K111CllOPOAe), nocne yero pacTeHII1SI )l(ellaTellbHO nOAKOPMII1Tb.
nepsyiO nOAKOPMKY AaiOT, KOrAa
3eMns:t nepecTaHeT 6b1Tb Cll111WKOM BJla)I(HOVi. 8 6op03AK111 Me)I(AY PS!AaMII1 (rny6111HOVI 10 CM) BHOCSIT 70-100 f/KB.M HII1TpOaMMOcpOCKII1, Apyroro KOMnfleKCHOrO YA06peHII1SI (11111111 30-50 r aMMIIIaYHOVi
cenii1Tpbl, 60-80 r cynepcpoccpaTa,
30-50 Kallii1ViHOVi COlllll), a nOTOM
npii1CblnaiOT 111x 3eMneVI.
8TOpy10 nOAKOpMKY npoBOAS!T B
HaYaJle ~BeTeHIIISI paCTBOpOM KOpOBS!Ka ( 1:1 0), A063BII18 8 Hero
40 r cynepcpoccpaTa 111 15 r Ka11111ViHbiX YA06peHIIIVi.
Pacca)I(IIIBaTb MellKOllyKOBIIIYHble
HY)I(HO pa3 s 6-8 neT.
MaiiOH3BecTHble
nepsoqseTbl
noMV1MO AaBHO nomo6111BWII1XCSI
CaAOBOAaM nepBO~BeTOB, peKO-
MeHAYIO o6paTII1Tb BHIIIMaHII1e Ha He
T3KIIIe 1113BeCTHble, HO 3cpcpeKTHble
paHHe~BeTy~llle MellKOllYKOBWlHble
KyllbTYPbl.
6eno~seTHHK (Leucojum) 6111113KII1Vi POACTBeHH111K nOACHe)I(HII1Ka. Ero 6eJ1ble ~seTbl HanOMIIIHaiOT KOllOKOllbYIIIKIII Jl3HAbiW3, HO
TOJlbKO OYeHb KpynHble, C 3ell9HbiM111, )l(eJ1TbiMII1, 111HOfAa KpaCHbiMII1
nSITHbiWKaMII1 Ha nenecTKax. 6eno~BeTHII1K OTJliiiYHO YYBCTByeT C96SI
B lll06btX ~BeTHIIIKax, xopowo nepeHOCII1T nonyTeHb, He HY)I(AaeTcs:t
s oco6oM yxoAe. nepeca)I(II1BaiOT
pa3 s 6 neT.
KaHA~K, 11111111 3PHTPOHHYM
(Erythronium) - OA111H 1113 KpaCIIIBeVi-
WII1X nepBO~BeTOB. nliiWb TOJlb KO CXOAIIIT CHer, Ha nosepXHOCTb
39Mlllll np06111B310TCSI Tyr111e T9MH0-60PA0Bble «KJ110BIIIKV1» ero 11111C")"beB. 0TOrpeBWII1Cb Ha COllHU,e ,
OHII1 pacnaXII18310TCSI , CJlOBHO ABe
w111p0K111e naAOWKIII, S!BllSISI MIIIPY
xpynKIIIVi ~BeTOK Ha 111351~HO 11130rHyTOM CTe6ellbKe, nOXO)I(IIIVi Ha
MII1HII1aTIOPHYIO 111111111110. 8 OT11111Yiile
OT APYfii1X nepBOU,BeTOB, OH He
11106111T nepecaAK111. Y3Kiile AlliiiHHble nyKOBIII~bl MOryT )I(IIITb ps:tAOM
no 5-8 neT, He Mewas:t APYf Apyry.
AoYepHII1X nyKOBIII~ o6pa3yeT MallO, 6naro, YTO OHII1 e~e Iii rpbt3yHaM npii1WJ1111Cb He nO BKyCy .
lr1p111AOAHKTHYM (lridodictium),
11111111 nyKOBiiiYHbiVI IApiAC. HecMoTps:t Ha MHO)I(eCTBeHHble OTJ11AYIA51
Me)I(Ay HII1M 111 60POA3TbiM IApliiCOM
B CTpOeHIAIA, OH OYeHb nOXO)I( C
HIAM ~seTaMIA. PacnycKaeTcs:t 1Apii1 AOA111KTII1YM paHHeVi BeCHOVi, KaK
TOllbKO pacTaeT cHer 111 nporpeeTcs:t BepXHIAVi CJlOVi nOYBbl. IJ,BeTOHOC BCero 10-20 CM , HO ~Be­
Tbl A0CT3TOYHO KpynHbl9 (4-8 CM
B A1113MeTpe) 111 scerAa s:tpKOOKpaWeHHble, npaKT111YeCKII1 scex ~se­
TOB P3AYfll1. PacTeHII1e AOCT3TOYHO
HenpiAXOTlliABOe, He Tpe6yeT e)l(efOAHOVi nepeCaAK111 Ill MO>KeT 31!1MOB3Tb Ha OAHOM MeCTe AO 4 JleT.
0Tlllil'lHO pa3MH0)1(3eTC51 BereTaTII1BHO (AeTK3MV1).
AHHa BACir1nbEBA,
CO CTa>KeM
CZ,oyo asTopa
" ntaAMHnb• MOrlr1nEBir1'i
~BeTOBOA
AHeBHl-1K U.B~TOBOAa
AnpeAb
B AOMe
CepeAMHa secHbl - xopowee speMH AIIH pa3MHO>KeHMH M nepecaAKM KOMHaTHbiX paCTeHMM.
Bocnonb3yMTeCb MM, ecnM npMwno speMH 3aMeHMTb CTapble, noTepHBWMe AeKOpaTMBHOCTb, Ha
MonOAble MnM nepecaAMTb 3K3eMnnHpbl, nonHOCTbiO OCBOMBWMe 3eMnHHOM KOM.
0 YT06bl saw111 3e11eHble n~t~TOMU,bl He nocTpaAa111!1
OT 51pKoro BeceHHero C011HU,a 111 He no11y411111111 o>Koros,
npiiiTeH51iiiTe IIIX OT np51MbiX C011He4HbiX 11y4eill.
0 UBeTYUJ,IIIe 111 aKTI!IBHO paCTYW.IIIe 3K3eMn1151Pbl noAKapM11111BaiiiTe pa3 B ABe HeAe11111 C11a6biM paCTBOpOM
KOMn11eKCHOrO YA06peHIII51. no4BY nepeA nOAKOpMKOill
xopowo no11eiiiTe BOAOill .
0 He 3a6b1Bai11Te onpbiCKIIIBaTb pacTeHIII51 111 speM51
OT BpeMeHIII ycTpaiiiBaTb 111M AYW .
0 noAKapMI1111BaiiiTe paccaAy U,BeT04HbiX KY11bTyp,
noce51HHbiX B ¢espa11e 111 MapTe. Xopowo 4epeAOBaTb
nOAKOPMKIII MI!IHepa11bHbiMIII 111 6IIIOYA06peH11151MIII . Ec11111 pacTeHIII51 pa3BIIIBaiOTC51 MeA11eHHO Ill IIIMeiOT yrHeTeHHblill BillA, Aaii!Te BHeKOpHeByiO nOAKOPMKY MIIIKp0311eMeHTaMIII.
0 npiiiW,IIInHI!ITe Ce51HU,bl arepaTyMa, a11111CCyMa, Bep6eHbl , neTyHI!IIII 111 AP., ocTaBIIIB 3-4 napbl HaCT051Ul,IIIX
11111CTbeB. noc11e 3TOill npOU,eAYPbl y HIIIX Ha4111HaiOT pa-
B COAY
0TBeAMTe Tanble BOAb1 1 ecnM noroAa He no3sonMna
CAenaTb 3TO s MapTe. nocne
noACbiXaHMH sepxHero cnoH
nO~Bbl OCB060AMTe ~BeTHM­
KM OT npownorOAHMX paCTMTenbHbiX OCTaTKOB.
cn1 6oKOBble no6er111 111 KYCTI!IKI!I no11y4aiOTC51 6o11ee
nbiWHbiMI!I Ill KpenKI!IMIII.
0 8 nepsoill AeKaAe Mec51u,a 3aKaH41!1BaiOT noceB
11eTHIIIKOB Ha paccaAy. lt1Me10w,111e KpynHble ceMeHa 6a11b3aMIIIH, OAH011eTHI!Ie reopri!IHbl, TareTeC, AIIIMOpQ>OTeKy, U.I!IHHIIIIO 111 AP· - MO>KHO Bblpaw,IIIBaTb 6e3 niiiKIIIPOBKI!I, n03TOMy CeMeHa C11eAyeT paCKJlaAbiBaTb Ha
paCCT051HII1111 2-4 CM APYr OT APYra.
0 EC11111 CTOIIIT Ten11a51 norOAa, B KOHU,e anpe1151 3aiiiMIIITeCb 03e11eHeHHeM 6a11KOHa 11111111 110A>KIIII!I. 8b1Ca>KIIIsai11Te B rOpWKIII Ill 51Ul,IIIKIII paCCaAY 11106111MbiX 11eTHIIIKOB,
AOnro coxpaH5110Ul,IIIX AeKopaTIIIBHOCTb.
A 4T06bl HaC11a)I(AaTbC51 He T011bKO KpaCOTOill, HO Ill
apoMaTaMIII u,BeTyw,~t~x pacTeHIIIill, noceiiiTe ceMeHa
a111!1CCyMa, pe3eAbl, 11eBK051, MaTTIII011bl, AYWIIICTOrO
ropowKa 11111111 Ta6aKa.
0 OcMOTPIIITe nocaAKIII. PacTeH11151, y KOTOpbiX np01!130W110 BblnlllpaHI!Ie KOpHeBOill CIIICTeMbl (TaKOe
4aCTO npOIIICXOAIIIT C aCTIII11b60ill,
reillxepoi/1, npi!IMY110ill, BIII011aMIII,
Maprapi!ITKaMIII 111 APYriiiMIII, IIIMeiOUl,IIIMIII HapaCTaiOUJ,ee BBepx KOpHeBIIIUJ,e), BbiKOnaiiiTe 111 nocaA~t~Te Ha
HY>KHYIO rny6111Hy.
0 nocTeneHHO pacKpbiBaiiiTe po3bl, POAOAeH.o;pOHbl, APYrllle Ten110111061!1Bble KYCTapHIIIKIII (He 3a6biBai11Te o B03MO>KHbiX noxo11oAaH11151X!). 0CB060A111Te OT
yKpb1TIII51 xsoii!Hble pacTeH11151. np~t~TeH51iii­
Te nocaAKIII, 4T06bl 51pKIIIe 11Y4111
C011Hu,a He o6o>Kr11111 111x. Ec11111 np~t~cbma11111 KOpHeByiO
weiiiKy pacTeH~t~ill TOpQ>OM (KOMnOCTOM), OTrpe6111Te ero,
4T06bl AaTb
n04Be no6biCTpee OTTa51Tb.
O He 3aT51riiiBaiiiTe c o6pe3KOill
po3, ycneiiiTe CAe11aTb ee AO TOro, KaK pacTeHIII51 TpOHYTC51 B pOCT.
Cpa3y noc11e o6pe3KIII nOAKOPMIIITe
po3bl, a n04BY noA HIIIMIII 3aMy11b4111pyii!Te.
CHI!IMIIITe YKPbiTI!Ie c K11eMaTIIICOB Ill TO>Ke nOAKOpMIIITe IIIX. no4BY BOKpyr KyCTOB nOAPbiX11111Te Ill
3aMy11b4111pyiiiTe, 4T06bl KOpHeBa51
CIIICTeMa pacTeHIIIill He neperpesa11aCb.
0 KaK T011bKO 3eMJ151 OTTaeT, OTrpe6111Te ee C KOpHeBIIIUl, l!lpi!ICOB C011He4Hble 11Y4111 y6111BaiOT 6aKTepllllll, Bbl3biBaiOW,IIIe IIIX rHIII11b. noAKOPMIIITe paCTeHIII51 n011HbiM MIIIHepa11bHbiM YA06peHHeM.
O npiiiBeAIIITe B nOp51AOK a11bnllliiiCKYIO ropKy: yAa11111Te copH51KI!I
111 cyx111e pacTeHIII51, 3aKpen~t~Te KaMHI-1, nOACblnbTe npl-1 He06XOAIIIMOCTIII rpyHT . A KOrAa nOYBa nporpeeTC51, nOACaAIIITe Ha Or011111BWIIIeC51
MeCTa HOBble paCTeHIII51.
0 8 3TO >Ke BpeM51 MO>KHO pa3Ae111!1Tb 1-1 nepeC8AIIITb MHOr011eTHI-1KI-1.
8 Aa11bHeillweM He 3a6b1Bai11Te pery1151pHo nOJliiiBaTb IIIX.
CboTo JltOAMHIIbl Mor&~~JlEBH~
e
"•
BbiCTaBMB ynbM Ha nace'IHYIO
nnoll.la,AKy, n'lenoao,A 3aKaH'IMaaeT 3MMHee naCCMBHOe CO,Aep)l(aHMe n1.1en M nepexo,AMT K aKTMBHOH «<Ja3e - BeCeHHe-neTHeMy
Ce30Hy. PaHHeH BeCHOH ,AJUI Hero
HacrynaeT ropS1'IaJ1 nopa: HY*HO a KopoTKMH cpoK ycrpaHMTb
HeraTMBHble nocne,ACTBMJ1 3M·
MOBKM M C03,AaTb 6naronpMJ1THble ycnOBMJ1 ,AJ1J1 poCTa
M pa3BMTMJ1 n'lenMHbiX
ceMeH.
BbiCTOBKO n4en
,lJ.ll51 SbiCTaSKL-1 llYI.!We scero nOAXOAL-1T TL-1xoe yTpo. TeMnepaTypa
S03AyXa 60llbWOVi pOllL-1 He L-1rpaeT . ECllL-1 OHa OK8)1(eTCSI -1 ... -4•C,
HL-1'-lero cTpawHoro , n'-lellbl 6YAYT
seCTL-1 ce651 cnoKOVIHee . nocne nollYAHH, KOrAa npL-1rpeeT COJlHbiWKO , OTAellbHble CeMbL-1 CMOryr YaCTL-1'-lHO o6neTeTbC51. BecHOVi so3AYX nporpesaeTCSI 6biCTpo .
,lJ.llSI BbiHOca ynbes noTpe6yeTCSI AOnOllHL-1TellbH851 pa60lla51 CL-1lla . Cnoco6 nepeHOCKL-1 - mo6oVI:
npocTo Ha pyKax , Ha HOCL-111Kax, c
nOMOW,biO HeXL-1TPbiX npHcnoco6neHL-1Vi. Bee 3aSHCHT OT seca, KOHCTpyK~liiL-1 YllbeS, a TaK)I(e HX KOJlL-1YeCTSa. nepeA TeM KaK S3SITb ynei/1
AllSI SbiHOCa, s HeM HY)I(HO nllOTHO
3aKpbiTb neTKH. 3apaHee ::noro AenaTb He CTOL-1T, TaK KaK S rHe3Ae
HapyWliiTCSI S03AYX006MeH H n'-leJlbl npL-1AYT S B036y)I(AeHL-1e . 4T06bl
ynei/1 HeMHOrD 06llerYHTb, KpbiWY
llYI.!We CH51Tb, yrenJleHL-1e )l(e OCTaSHTb TaK, KaK eCTb. Bo speMSI nepeHOCKL-1 HaAO CJleAHTb , l!T06bl L-13
yllbSI He none311L-1 nYellbl. no3TOMY
S351Tb1VI CO CTeJlJla)l(a ynei/1 AOll)l(eH
6b1Tb HanpaSJleH JleTKOM K HOCHJlbW,HKy, L-1AYW,eMy n038AH .
EcnL-1 onacaeTecb, YTO csepxy
none3yT nYellbl, MO)I(HO Ha speMSI
YT0-HL-16YAb Ha6pOCHTb. C nYeJlaML-1
HL-1'-lero He npOL-130ViAeT, 5-10 MHHYT s nollHOCTbiO 3aKpbiTOM ynbe
HliiKaK He nOSJlHSIIOT Ha HX )I(L-13HeAeSITeJlbHOCTb , S03Ayxa xsaTHT.
llaSHOe - He 6ecnOKOHTb L-1X, see
ASH)I(eHL-151 SO speMSI pa60Tbl AOJl)I(Hbl 6b1Tb nllaSHbiML-1, 6e3 pe3KHX
TOllllKOS H CTyKOB .
CeMbH )l(enaTellbHO noMeCTHTb
Ha npownorOAHHe MeCTa. Ho ecnH
nOTpe6yeTCSI '-lTO- JlL-160 H3MeHHTb,
TO llYllWe 3TO CAellaTb ceVII.laC, AO
r
o6neTa. nocne o6neTa nYellbl 3a:
nOMHSIT HOSOe MeCTOpacnOJl0)1(eHL-1e
L-1 He 6YAYT nyTaTbCSI .
noAcTasKH noA YllbL-1 AOll)I(H~
6b1Tb HaAe)I(HbiMH, C He60llbWL-1M
YKllOHOM snepeA. ECllH HO)I(KL-1, KaK
y CTylla, nOA HL-1X llyl!We nOJlO)I(HTb
WL-1POKL-1e nOAKllaAKH: c noTenneHL-1eM 3eMllSI HaYHHaeT OTTaHSaTb H
YllbH MOryT onpoKHAblsaTbCSI.
YcTaHosHs ynei/1 Ha nOACTasKy,
H~HO npL-1KpenHTb npHlleTHYIO AOCKy . neTOK llYI.!We OTKpbiSaTb He
cpa3y, a HeMHOro norOASI, nocne
nepeHOCa ClleAyiOW,HX OAHOrO-ABYX
Yllbes. n ... ellbl HeMHOro ycnOKOSITCSI L-1 He 6YAYT CHJlbHO SbllleTaTb L-13
YllbSI npH OTKpbiTHH neTKa.
MY AOMHKy see nOAp06HO, snllOTb
AO MellO'-lei/1 . B AallbHe£1weM npH
OCMOTpe MHOroe npHrOAL-1TCSI.
npMCT8IIbHOe BHMM8HMe HY)I(HO
y,aenRTb CeMbfiM, B KOTOpbiX n'lellbl
Bbl,aenRIOTCfl CBOMM noae,aeHMBM:
HeaKHtBHble.
Bbln0113aSI
Ha npL-1lleTHYIO AOCKy , cpa3y Hcnpa)I(HSIIOTCSI. B pe3yllbTaTe
He TOJlbKO lleTOK, HO L-1 nepeAHSISI
cTeHKa YllbSI Hcna'-lKaHbl lllcnpa)I(HeHHHML-1. 3TO 3HaYL-1T, '-ITO S rHe3Ae
HeA06pOKa'-leCTSeHHbiVI KOPM L-1Jllil
n'-lellbl 60llbHbl H03eMaT030M;
Q 06neTbiB310TCSI B He60nb~ WOM KOmt'teCTBe. 3TO rOSOpHT 0 TOM , liTO CeMbSI OClla6eJla L-1
MallO'-lL-1ClleHHa;
c:' nonaatOT no neTKY 111 ne-
KoHrponb
30 o6neroM
"="' peAHeH CTeHKe Y11bSI 1 o6neTbi8310TCSI BSinO, eCTb He3H3'tlll·
TenbHble l!lcnpa>KHeHI!ISI Ha nplllneTKe. B rHe3Ae, ecnH 3arllSIHYTb ,
KOpMa MallO, S03M0)1(Hbl L-1Cnpa)I(HeHHSI Ha paMKax. Bee :no yKa3blsaeT Ha orcyTCTsHe MaTKH. TaKL-1e
nl!enoceMbH HY)I(HO B351Tb Ha oco6bl£1 KOHTpOilb (CAellaS nOMeTKY S
naceYHOM )l(ypHane).
no OKOH'-laHHH o6neTa so scex
YllbSIX HY)I(HO coKpaTHTb neTKL-1 AO
2-5 CM (s 38SHCHMOCTI1 OT CL-1Jlbl)
11 no S03M0)1(HOCTL-1 XOTSI 6bl 6er110
ocMoTpeTb He6narononyl!Hble ceMbL-1.
HacKOllbKO MaccosbiM 6yAeT o6neT - 38SHCHT OT TeMneparypbl S03AYXa, CHllbl L-1 COCTOSIHL-151 n'-lellOCeMei/1. 06biYHO OH He6ypHbllii . BHa'-lalle - OTAellbHble CeMbH, HaXOASIW,L-1eCSI Ha 6onee nporpesaeMbiX conH~eM MecTax. 3aTeM, ycllblwas ryn ,
K HHM npHCOeAHHSIIOTCSI OCTallbHble.
Ho 3TO H K llYllWeMy, SeAb KOrAa
cpa3y co scex ynbes nYellbl cTpeMSITCSI Ha 06lleT, TO npOHCXOAL-1T
nyraHH~a (TO eCTb CJleT C OAHHX K
APYfHM). ,lJ.paK s 3TO speMH He 6blsaeT, nOTOMY "'TO SbiWeAWHe L-13
3L-1Mbl n'-lellbl CTepHllbHbl H noKa He
HMeiOT HHAHSHAYallbHOCTH.
n'-lellOSOAY He CTOHT SMeWHSaTbCSI s npo~ecc o6neTa, ny'-lwe S351Tb
naCeYHbli/1 ~pHall lilllH 11L-1CT 6yMarH
H 3anHCbiSaTb OTAellbHO no Ka)I(AO-
1
nepBbl8 pa60Tbl
nocne o6nera
PaHHe£1 secHoVI noroAa YacTo
nepeMeHYHsa 11 6narononyYH~x
AHe£1 AllSI OCMOTpa 6~saeT Ma -
1000 coeemotJ
a(/'IHUKY
N96, 2016
110. nosTOMy HY:>KHO ycneTb OCMOTpeTb KaK MQ)I(HQ 60llbWe CeMe~.
npe)I(Ae scero Heo6xOAI.1M nonH~~ OCMOTp He6naronony~H~X
n~enoceMe~.
B nepsy10 o~epeAb ocMaTp1.1sa-
eM CeMbl.1, KOTOpbte nO~TI.1 He SbiJleTall1.1 (np1.1~1.1HO~ MO:>KeT 6btTb
f01lOAaH1.1e). lt1x MO:>KHO cnaCTI.1,
eC111.1 OKa3aTb nOMOW,b SOSpeM51.
nonpo6ytlne no6pbt3raTb np51MO
Ha n~en TennbtM :>KI.1AK111M caxapHbtM Cll1pOnOM 1.13 nynbsep1113aTOpa. Ecn111 OHII1 0)1(111syr, 3aMeHII1Te
nyCTbte paMK111 Ha KOpMOSbte 1111160
nocTaBbTe Ha paMK111 6aHK111 c caxapHbtM Cll1pOnOM (2 Kr Ha 1 11 SOAbl). KopMOSbte paMKII1 MO)I(HO no3aii1MCTsosaTb y APYrll1x ceMe~ (no
OAHO~ Sbt60pO~HO). EC11111 npii1Wll0Cb OCMaTpii1SaTb CeMbl.1 S 51Hsape, TO S HeKOTOpbtX 1.13 HI.1X Sbl
MOflll.1 Ha61ltOAaTb Kpa~HI.1e paMKI.1, He 3aH51Tbte n~ellaMI.1, 1.1X-T0 1.1
MO)I(HQ S351Tb.
CneAytOW,I.1e A1151 OCMOTpa - ceMbl.1 CO ClleAaMI.1 1.1Cnpa)I(HeHI.1~.
Cli11lbHO onoHoweHHbte 3annecHesenbte paMKII1 HY)I(HO 3aMeH111Tb.
PaMKI.1 c Halll.1~1.1eM pacnllOAa YAa1151Tb Hellb351, 1.1x HaAO xopowo o~l.1cTI.1Tb OT Kana 1.1 nneceHI.1. 0AHOspeMeHHO cneAyeT YAa111.1Tb nOAMOp. np1.1 Cl.11lbHOM 3arp513HeHI.11.1
Yllb51, a TaK:>Ke rHe3Aa n~en )l(eJlaTellbHO nepecaAI.1Tb S ~1.1CTbl~
ynei:1. CTapbti:1, He OTKllaAbtsa51 Ha
nOTOM, 0~1.1CTI.1Tb 1.1 npOAe31.1H<f>1.1U,1.1pOSaTb.
3areM MO)I(HO np1.1cTynarb K ocMOTPY 6e3MaTO~HbtX ceMe~. OH
Heo6xOAI.1M s nepsytO o~epeAb
AJ151 TOrD, ~T06bl nOllHOCTbiO 6b1Tb
ysepeHHbtM, ~TO MaTKI.1 Aei:1cTsl.1renbHO Her. BeAb orcyrcTBI.1e
pacnnoAa - ew,e He noKa3aTellb
OTCYTCTSI.151 MaTKI.1. He 1.1Me51 AOCTaTO~HOrO OnbtTa, n~ellOSOAbl
~aero naHI.1KYtOT. B 6e3MaTO~Hoi:1
ceMbe CllbtWHbt xapaKrepHbti:1 wyM
1.1 SOJlHeHI.1e n~ell. ~T06~ TO~­
HO y6eAII1TbC51 S OTCyrCTSI.1111 MaTKI.1, HY:>KHO AaTb s u,eHTP rHe3Aa
OAHY paMKY OTKpbiTOrO pacnllOAa. Ec111.1 MaTO~HI.1KI.1 6YAYT OTT51HYTbl, 3Ha~I.1T, MaTKI.1 HeT. lt1x orcyTcTsl.1e rosop1.1T 0 TOM, ~TO OHa
eCTb, HO 111.160 HenJ10AHa51, 111.160
cTapa51, 60llbHa51. B n1060M cny~ae S nepSbl~ AeHb OCMOTpa HI.1KaKI.1X Ae~CTSI.1~ np1.1H1.1MaTb He
np111XOAI.1TC51, 3a 1.1CK1ltO~eHI.1eM nOnOJ1HeHI.151 KOPMOS 1.1 COKpaw,eHI.151
rHe3Aa. 06beAI.1H51Tb np1.1AeTC51
•
1000
coeemoe
(}(JfiHUKY
nocne ocMOTpa scei:1
naceKI.1, KOrAa 6yAeT onpeAeneHo,
C KaKOH CeMbeH.
nbtTaTbC51 BbiSeCTI.1 MaTKy
111.160 )I(AaTb
OnllOAOTSOpeH1.151
HennOAHO~ He
CTOII1T, nOTOMY ~TO rpyTHei:1 Her 1.1 6yAYT OHI.1 HeCKOpO.
5ernbl~
OCMOTP
____
,
nocne oKa3aHII151 cpo~Hoi:1
nOMOW.1.1 He6naronony~HbtM
ceMb51M np1.1CTynatOT K OCMOTpy
OCTaJlbHbiX. Ll,ellb 6ernoro OCMOrpa - COCTaSI.1Tb npeAsap1.1TellbHYIO
KapT1.1HY 06w,er0 COCT051HI.151 OCTasWI.1XC51 n~eJlOCeMeH. 80 speM51 TaKOrO OCMOTpa onpeAellSIIOT: 1 - Cl.1lly ceMbl.1 (K0111.1~ecrso yno~eK, 3aH51Tbtx n~enaM111); 2 - Ha11111~1.1e KopMa s u,1.1Q>pax (np1.1MepHo 2-15 111.16o MHOrD, AOCTaTO~HO, MallO); 3 Han1.1~1.1e pacnnoAa scex so3pacTos
(~TO 6yAeT yKa3biBaTb Ha Ha111.1~1.1e
MaTK1.1); 4 - COCT051HI.1e rHe3Aa (~1.1CTOTa S Yllbe, HeT 111.1 CblpOCTI.1, CJleAOS nOHOCa, K0111.1~eCTSO nOAMOpa).
Pa6oraTb HaAO 6btCTpo, ~T06bt
ycneTb AO se~epa ocMorperb see
ceMbl.1. Pa361.1paTb rHe3AO He Hy)I(HO, AOCTaTO~HO 3ar1151HYTb S cepeAii1HY A1151 onpeAeneHI.151 Hanl.1~1.151
pa3HOS03pacrHoro pacnnoAa, nposepii1Tb no Kpa51M Ha111.1~1.1e KOpMa.
nepeHOCHO~ 51W,I.1K C KOpMOSbiMI.1
paMKaMI.1, 3apaHee nporpeTbtMI.1 s
KOMHaTe, AOll)l(eH 6b1Tb BCerAa nOA
pyKo~. B Hero CTas51T 3a6paHHbte
1.13 rHe3Aa nyCTbte, s3aMeH AatOT
nOllHOMeAHble. no OKOH~aHI.11.1 OCMOTpa paMKIII nllOTHO CASIIIratOT, a
rHe3AO xopowo yrenn51tOT c 6oKos
111 csepxy. Ec11111 yrenlliiiTellbHbte noAYWK1.1 OKa)l(yTC51 CbtpbtMIII, 111x cneAYeT 3aMeHII1Tb, raK KaK sna:>KHbt~
yrennlllrenb, KaK 111 sna)I(Ha51 OAe)I(Aa, renna He coxpaH51eT.
YV~crKa AOHbes
8 Yllb51X C OTbeMHbiM AHOM 60llbWIIIX np06JleM C STIIIM He S03HII1KaeT.
np111 OTpii1U,aTellbHOi:1 TeMneparype
N~6.
2016
KOpnyc Yllb51 CHIIIMatOT C AHIIIW,a Ill
CTaSSIT Ha KpbiWKY Yllb51 (nYellbl S
CS513111 C XOllOAOM lleTaTb He MOryr
111 seAYT ce651 cnoKOi:1Ho). AH111w,e
OYI!lW,atOT, Ae3111H<f>111U,1!1pytOT, KOpnyc
S03Spaw,atOT Ha MeCTO, HaKpbtSatOT
KpbiWKOH.
Ecnl!1 )l(e noroAa nn10cosa51 1!1
n~ellbt neratOT, noHaA061!1TC51 3anacHoe AHO. C nOMOW,biO nOMOW,HIIIKa KOpnyc C nYeJlaMIIl nOAH111MaIOT, AH111W,e 1113-nOA Hero y6111pa10T Ill
MeHSIIOT Ha YIIICTOe. nocne OYI.1CTKII1 Ill Ae3111HQ>eKU,111111 OHO nepeXOAI!1T
K ClleAytOw,eMy YllbiO Ill T.A. TaKa51
opraH1!13au,ll151 pa6oT~ rpe6yer,
YT06bl see Yllblll 6btll1.1 CTaHAapTHbiMII1, OAII1HaKOSOrO pa3Mepa.
Ecm1 ynblll c HeOTbeMHbtMIII AOHb51MI!1, TO lllX OYIIICTKa HaMHOfO OCJlO:>KH51eTC51. AenatOT sro nocreneHHO, nocne 6ernoro ocMorpa.
B YllbSIX-lle)l(aKax rHe3AO MO)I(HO
CASIIlHYTb S CTOpOHy 1!1 y6paTb nOAMOp. EC111!1 npOCTpaHCTSa HeAOCTaTO~HO, nOAMOp MQ)I(HQ SbtrpeCTII1
npOSOllOYHO~ KOYeproi:1.
Ha He6onbwoi:1 naceKe no~I.1CTII1Tb
A0Hb51 MO)I(HO so speM51 6ernoro
OCMOTpa, TaK KaK speMSI n03SOJl51eT. 0TAellbHbte ClllllbHbte n~eno­
ceMbll1 ycnesatOT SbtHeCTI!1 nOAMOp
CaMOCT051Tell bHO.
CpeAIII nOAMOpa MOryr 6btTb nYellbt, nor1116W111e OT 3apa3HbtX 6one3He~. nosTOMY secb nOAMOp He06XOA111MO co6paTb S OTAellbHYIO eMKOCTb Ill C)l(eYb.
reHHaAMM ~BAHOB,
n'lenOBOA CO CTa>KeM
Cl>oTo ntaAMMnbl MBAHOBOH
HG CI\GAKOe •••
Aa)f(e Ha OOCTHOM CTOne eCTb MeCTO pa3HbiM
CllaAOCTJIM. KoHe'IHO, Bblne'IKa B OOCT He MO)f(eT 6b1Tb CA06HOM 1 TO eCTb COAep>KaTb JIMI.f,a,
CIIMBO'IHOe Macno, 'ITO-nM60 MOnO'IHOe. 0AHaKO M 6e3 3TMX CKOpOMHbiX npOAYKTOB MO)f(HO C03AaBaTb HaCTOJI~Me o6pa3Lf,bl neKapCKOrO MCKyCCTBa.
nHporc3aMopomeHHOH
6pyCHHKOH HIIHMOHOM
TaKafl Bbme4Ka none3Ha 111 aKryanbHa acer,D,a, a He TOflbKO KBK aTpM6yT nOCTHb/X ,D,Heilt. /11 n111p0r C 38MOpO>KeHHOVt 6pyCHMKOVt 117 fliiiMO-
MopKOBHOoscRHoe ne"'eHbe
HOM - O,D,HO 1173 TeX flBKOMCTB, KOTOpbte npM,D,YTCfl no BKYCY BCeM B
mo6oe apeMfl. '-IT06bt era npMroTOBMTb, He
HY>KHO ,D,a>Ke flii7WHII7Vt pa3 XO,D,IIITb B M8-
lf1Hrpera3MH: HY>KHb/Vt Ha6op npo,D,yKTOB, KBK
0HO He TOflbKO CflB,D,KOe , HO
A1-1eHTbl AnSI TecTa:
npaBMflO, HBVt,D,eTCfl HB KYXHe fll0ew.e
111 O'-leHb none3Hoe!
MyKa - 2 CTaKaHa 1 caxap
6oi1 X03fiVtK/17.
MopKOBKY
- 2-3 CT. no>KKI-1, caxap sanpoce51Tb MYKY 111 BCbrnaTb B
OYII1CTII1Tb ,
Ha.1nbHbliii • 1 naKeTa.1K 1 COAa •
lf1HrpeHee COAY, caxap 111 C011b. nepeHaTeHa KOH'ta.1Ke HO>Ka 1 conb - 1.14enoTAa.1eHTbl: MOpKOBb
MewaTb. Xo110AHbr~ Maprapli!H
Ka, nOCTHbiM Maprapa.1H • 120 r.
• 1 60nbW3S1 1 MyKa • 5 peTb Ha
HaTepeTb Ha TepKe 111 CMewaTb c
AnSI H3'ta.1HKI-1: 6pyCHI-1Ka aaCT. nO>KeK, OBCSIHble XnO· cpeAOCTaflbHbiMii! KOMnOHeHTaMii! AO
Mopo>KeHHaSI - 250-300 r 1 ni-1nbSI • 5 CT. nO>KeK 1 paCTI-1· He~
nOflyYeHII151 TeCTa B BII1Ae KpOWKii! .
MOH • 1 WT., caxap • 5 CT.
TenbHOe Macno - 100 Mn 1 TepKe.
Bbr110~II1Tb 2/3 TeCTa s ¢opMy
no>KeK 1 KpaxMan KapTocaxap - 50-1 00 r a.1na.1 MeA Ao6aAI151
BblneKaHII151, npii1M51Tb.
cJ>enbHbliii • 1 CT.
· 3 CT. nO>KKI-1 1 Kypara • BII1Tb
Jlli!MOH BMeCTe C KO>KYPO~ 1!13Me11b100 r 1 opexa-1 (moMYKY,
Yii1Tb s 611eHAepe. Pa3MOpo~eHHY~
6bJe) - no sKyOBC51Hble
6pyCHii1KY nep~
ey.
X110nb51 ,
MewaTb C 1!13MeflbYeHHbiM 111!1-
paCTI!1Te11bHOe
Mac110, caxap 11111111 MeA, py6neHbre opex111, pacnapeHHy~, Hape3aHHY~ y3KII1MII1 nonocKaM111
Kypary . Bee Tw,aTe11bHO nepeMewaTb , OCTaBII1Tb Ha 15
Mli!HyT, YT06bl MOpKOBb nyCTII111a COK, a XJ10nb51 Ha6yXJ1111. 3aTeM ew,e pa3
nepeMewaTb.
V13 n011YYii1BWe~C51 MaCCbl c¢opMII1posaTb nenewK111 1!1 Bbi110~1!1Tb li!X Ha npo/
6yMa/
ro111 AI151 BbrneKaHII151 .
BbrneKaTb s AYXOBKe B TeYeH111e 15-20 MII1HYT npl-1 TeMnepaType 180 rpaAYCOB.
MOHOM, caxapOM ~~-~~~~~
1!1
KpaxMa110M ,
Yf10)1(1!1Tb Ha TeCTO, pa3pOBH51Tb .
Csepxy nocbr naTb BaHI-111bHbiM caxapoM
111 OCTaBWII1MC51
TeCTOM.
BbrneKaTb B
AYXOBKe np111
TeMnepaType
1 80 rpaAyCOB B
TeYeHI!Ie 30 MII1HyT. Pe3y11b T aT ,
ysepeHa , sac n opa-
T~BeHb, BbiCTflaHHbl~
AYeT.
1000
C()6em()6
Oti'IHliKY
N96, 2016
HHrpeAl-1eHTbt: caxap
CTaKaH, BOA3 • 1 CTaKaH,
0Tfli.·1'/Hb/M 88pM8HT nOCTHOM BblMeA· 2 CT. nO>KKl-1, pa3pbiX·
ne4KM K apOM8THOMY Tp8BRHOMY
nl-1Tenb - 1 naKeTl-1K, KaKao - 2
4810, RrD,[{HOMy KOMnOTy /1111/11 K/11CT. nO>KKl-1, l-1310M • 0,5 CT3Ka·
cen/0.
Ha, l-13Menb'feHHbte opexl-1- 0,5
8 KOBW111K 11111111 KaCTp101110 H
CTaKaHa, paCTl-1TenbHOe MaCCb!naTb caxap, Ha11111Tb BOAY
no - 0,5 CTaKaHa, MyKa - paCTII1TeJlbHOe MaCJlO, HeMHOrO
1 ,5-2 cTaKaHa, KOP"'-'a,
Harperb, ,D,o6as111Tb MeA. Pa3MePl-13HAP - no 1
warb, YT06br caxap 111 MeA pacrsopii1-
MeAOBaR KOBpJ-J>KKa
~enOTKe.
11111Cb. CMewarb B or,D,ellbHOrlr nocy,D,e pa3- .....,..,.,.~,,.. "·J·1;"''""
pbiXJlliiTellb (ero MO)((HO 3aMeHII1Tb 1 Y. 110)((K0Vr
co,D,br), KaKao, npstHOCTII1 . Ao6asii1Tb cMeCb K Macny, so,D,e 111 Me,D,y, xopoweHbKO BbiMeCII1Tb.
Ao6asli1Tb opex111, 111310M. 3areM scbrnarb MYKY c pa3pbrxnll1reneM
(TeCTO ,l1,0Jl)((H0 HanOMII1HaTb no KOHCII1CTeHU,111111 ryCTYIO CMeTaHy) .
KynJ-JHapH~eTOHKOCTJ1
Bee rw,arenbHO, aKKYPaTHO nepeMewarb.
8brneKaTb B cpopMe, CMa3aHHOI7r MaCllOM 111 npii1CblnaHHOI7r MYKOrlr,
roTOBHOCTb KOBpH>KKH nerKO npoBe·
30-35 M111HyT np111 reMneparype 180 rpa,D,ycos. nepeA BbrneKaHII1- pHTb AepeBHHHOH wna>KKOH HnH 3y6oeM MO)((HO nOCblnaTb TeCTO CBepxy JleneCTKaM111 MII1H,D,allst, a MO)(('IHCTKOH: ecnH H3 cepeAHHbl Bbtne'IKH
HO, KaK st , yKpacii1Tb KOBPII1)((KY HeCKOllbKII1MII1 strO,D,KaMlil KlliOKBbl,
OHH BbiXOAHT cyxHMH H 6e3 npHnHnalii3MeJ1bYeHHbiMII1 OpexaMII1.
HHJI KpoweK - KOBPH>KKa roToBa.
nelleHbe Ha paccone
Ell.(e OAMH sapMaHr nocrHoro ne4eHbR K
4810. 5biCTpO, He,[{Oporo /11 BKYCHO!
Coe,D,l!IHl!ITb paccon, pacTII1TellbHOe Macno,
caxap 111 raweHyiO co,D,y. 3areM nocreneHHO BCblnaTb npocestHHYIO MyKy. 3aMeCII1Tb
M51rKOe TeCTO, YT06bl He np11111111na110 K pyKaM. PacKararb ero s nnacr ronw,liiHOrlr 1 CM
Ill Hape3aTb He60llbW111MII1 np51MOyrOllbHII1KaMlil (M0)((H0 C,D,ell8Tb 111 cp111rypHble Bblpe3K111).
8 cepe,D,II1HY K8)((,D,Or7r neYeHKlil MO)((HO nOMeCTl!ITb no pa3MOpO)((eHHOI7r strO,D,Ke (YepHII1KII1,
KlliOKBbl, 6pyCHII1K111).
8biJ10)((111Tb Ha npOTII1BeHb,
CM838HHbll7r paCTII1TellbHbiM M8CllOM. 8brneAl-1eHTbl: paccon
K8Tb B AVXOBKe npll1
(n_y'fwe • noMHAOPreMneparype 180
Hbll-1} • 1 CTaKaH, paCTl-1·
rpa,D,yCOB 15-20
TenbHOe MaCnO • 7-8 CT. MII1HyT.
no>KeK, caxap - 2 CT. no>K' COAa, raweHast yKcy' · 1 't. nO>KKa, MyKa
- 450-500 r, caxapHast nyApa - ~e­
noTKa.
rorosoe
XsopocT
...
Ha MJ1HepanbHOJ1 BOAe
HHrpeAl-1eHTbt: ra3l-1poBaHHaH Mlo1HepanbH3SI
BOA3 • 1 CTaKaH, MyKa
04eHb Mbl n106111M a nocr no- 350-400 r, caxap - 1
xpycrerb c 4aeM raKMMM xsopoCT. nO>KKa, paCTlo1Tenb·
CTMHK8MM!
Hoe Macno - 400 r, caMII1HepanbHYIO BOAY Hanii1Tb s
xapHast nyApa - 1-2
MII1CKY. nocreneHHO scbrna5l s Hee
~enOTKH AJISI 06npoce5lHHYIO MYKY 111 caxap , 3aMeCliiTb ,D,OBOllbHO Kpyroe TeCTO .
PacKaTaTb TeCTO OYeHb TOHK111M CllOeM. Hape3aTb ero np51MOyronbHII1KaMII1 (3//10 eM . ) 8 cepe,D,II1He Ka)((,ll,orlr nnaCTl!IHbl c,D,enarb npo,D,OllbHbrrlr pa3pe3
111 Yepe3 Hero npOT5lHyTb, Bbrsep
O,l1,111H KOHeLJ, .
)f(apl!ITb XBOpOCT B
60ll bWOM K011111YeCTBe Macna . Ka-
neYe-
Hbe OCTYA111Tb 111
nocbrnarb caxapHoVI nyAPOVI.
BaSI
CTeYb
Macny. 8brno)((111Tb Ha 61110,D,O , npl!ICbrnarb
caxapHoVI nyAPOrlr .
«lfro Mcne4b a
sror sonpoc He
nocr?» -
AOil>KeH nocrasMTb X03Ri1Ky s rynMK. KaK Mbl y6et{MI1V1Cb, ,[{a>Ke Af1R rex,
KTO He npe,[{CT8BI1ReT ce6e ,[{0M8WHero YIOT8 6e3 apOM8THOi1
CBe>Keilt Bblne4KVI, CTpOIVIM nOCT He MO>KeT CT8Tb BpeMeHeM,
K01,[{8 npVIXO,[{MTCR orpaHWIMB8Tb ce6R B YAOBOflbCTB/11/11 noB03VITbCR C TeCTOM, nopa,[{OB8Tb ce6R /11 ,[{0M8WHVIX OPVIIMH811bHb/M/11 neKapCKMMVI V13,[{ef1MRM/11.
Onbra
1000 co~emo~ ~tlfiHUKY lh6. 2016
CTAHKEBWi. CI>OTO aBTopa
3eneHBSI
"Kpbi>KQBl<IHB"
CSI!1l.IO
no3M8
nepMOHTOBa
KOHb, "He
Ili06Sil41<111
MeAJleHHOI1 eJAbi"
noCJleAbiW
"npblra"
rpoMKOe
~~A~!"
CTbiYKB
xyJmraHoB
Hl<!J HOrl<l
ero He
y6eper
CM. <j:>OTO
waS!
"BaneHKI<I"
OneHesoA Be14ecreo
1<13 anMaJnn10c
HOro KpaSI Kl<IC!lOPOA
HarnaJH~<~K
3an, rAe
cHaa;inep
B KOM-
PYKY
Ha6~<~aaeT
Xne6
s Ksace
(ycrap.)
"no6eAa",
CTBBWBSI
"6eAoa;i"
"BO>KAb"
y apa6oe
"My3bl·
KanbHoe"
nocnaHI<!e
KoHel.l
ropbi
A~<~nnoMara
Ee
0TB9Tbl Ha CKaHBOPA
HOMepa
KaeKaJCKaSI
n106osb
Wyp~<~Ka
"Her!"
paJMepoM
B nSITb
6yKB
"KapTO<j:>enbHbll1"
yrneBOA
aa~~o:::;:;::::,~~::::K~o:~~- 4~TaTe/1~ AeflHTCH onbiTOM J:$i.~~
Ao~e
41\a ceMa
WHCTbiMH»: nO'IBY CHnbHO pa3pbl:xnJIIOT1 Hape3aiOT KaHaBKH
"'
ft
ft
H, He ynnOTHJIJI HX AHa, BbiCe~
aaiOT ceMeHa. 3TO npHBOAHT K
CeMeHa 111060t.1 KYilbTYPbl 5I BbiCeBaiO Ha
HccyweHHIO aepxHero cnoJI
xopowo ynnoTHeHHoe AHO KaHasoK. no•my ~~~~-
npiiiMIIIHaiO AepeBSIHHbiM 6pycKOM. A npiiiCbina10 CeMeHa pb1XJ10H nOYBOHIIIJllll neperHOeM.
KOrAa nOYBa CHIII3Y ynflOTHeHa, CeMeHa nyYWe
o6ecneYIIIBaiOTCSI snarot1 , KOTopa5l nocrynaeT c Hlll)t(HIII'S cnoes. KpoMe ::noro, np111 npopacTaHIIIIII ceMSIH ynnoTHeHHaSl noYsa MeHbWe
AaeT ycaAKY Ill He o6pbiBaeT KOpeWKIII BCXOAOB. BepXHIIIH pbiXIlbiH CilOH, KOTOpbiM
saKpbiBaiOT ceMeHa, cnoco6cTsyeT 111x nyYweMy nporpesaHIIIIO, a pesynbTaTe pacTeHIII51 YYBCTBYIOT C9651 KOM<f>OpTHO.
HHKOnaH nOHKPATOB, OBO~eBOA co CTa>KeM. Cl)oTO
-
H pa3pbiBY KOpHeH npH
ycaAKe 3eMnH.
4eAbHbiH coset
3aHHMaSICb roAaMH mo6HMbiM AenoM, Mbl
-=~IJil npH06peTaeM HOBble 3H3HHSI H 1.4eHHbiM On biT.
KoMy-To YAaeTCSI BblpaCTHTb Ha CBOeM y~aCTKe
60nbWOM ypO>K3M nOMHAOPOB, KTO-TO e)l(efOAHO C H6nOK3MH 1 y KOfO-TO K ~310 BCerAa BKYCHbiM
H AYWHCTbiM MeA ...
HasepHS!Ka ~ y sac, AOpor~e 'l~TaTen~. ecTb cso~ ceKpeTbl
SblpaW,~SaH~51 CaAOSbiX paCTeH~~ ~ yxOAa 3a AOMaWH~M~ :>K~SOTHbiM~.
Han~W~Te HaM , nOAeJl~TeCb CSO~M OnbiTOM.
Ka:>KAbl~ 'l~TaTeilb, coseT KOTOporo 6yAeT ony6n~KosaH Ha cTpaH~u.ax
Hawe~ ra3eTbl, nony'li.1T s03Harpa:>KAeH~e.
nHwHTe HaM no aApecy: 214020, r. CMoneHcK, a/H 20.
it.
ra3eTa « 1000 COBeTOB Aa~HHKy»
BbiXOAHT 2 pa3a B MeCRI.4
N26 {78) 2016 r.
Y'fl)eAKTenb
"1Enl>1KOB tOpHH BacHnbeBH~
1>13AaTenb
«tOHI>1nA~H»
E-mail: 1OOOdachniky@yuniline.ru
PeAaKU.~51 ocTaSI151eT 3a co6o~ npaso peAaKT~posaTb np~cnaHHble s ee
aApec
n~cbMa .
r- --------------------------------------
~,
: no6eA~Ten~ KOHKypca aHKeT «1000 COBeTOB Aa4H~Ky» :
' 1. A3aPI1H c .r., r . 6eno11pcK, AmaiiicKI1iii KP.;
I 2. A31130Ba r.M., r. Cb13paHb, CaMapcKaSl o6n.;
I 3. 60rAaHOBa E.n ., r. Yenll611HCK;
7. KaHaBI1Ha S.S., c. np!!Mal! 6anKa, SonrorpaAcKaSl o6n.;
8. KY"epeHKO H.S., r. 0MCK;
I 4. 60'IeHKOBa A.VI ., r . KonOMHa, MOCKOBCKal! o6n.; 9. H11KOnaesa H.M., A· Mapl1iiiCKI1e Kapw11, CsepAI 5. En1o1ceesa O.Jl ., r. 6op, HlollKeropoACKal! o6n.;
flOBCKaSl 06n.;
I 6. V1nbi1Hio1'1 S.6., r. HOBOKY3He1..11<, KeMepoBCKall o6n.; 10. Hlo1KOHOBa C.C., r. 611po611AlKaH, EAO.
I
I
I
I
I
L -------------------------------------------~
'!!..'.!!!._.~.!!
www.yuniline.ru
fa3era 3apernc:rpMposaHa <t>eAepanbHOM cnyJK6oi1
no Hat:l30py B ajlepe CBSI3H, 11H$0pMallOOHHbiX
TexHOIIOfHH H MaCCOBbiX KOMM)'HHKallHH (POO<OMHat:POP).
CBH,QeTenbCTBO 0 perHCTpallHH CMI-1 n1o1 N9 <llC77-53871 OT
26 anpen.R 2013 r.
rnaBHbiM peAaKTop
BEPEMbEB tOpMH HHKOnaeBH'f
BblnYCKato~HH peAaKTop
MOnmEBM"' ntoAMHna MBaHOBHa
IAC3TbCH Ha «1000 .coBeTOB A3l.IHIAKY»
MO>KHO c
\\l
ooo
nta6oro Mecswu.a
XyAO>KeCTBeHHbiH AH3aHH HBepcrKa
AIIEKCAHAPOBA ranHHa BnaAHMHpoaHa
.AAPEC Afl.sl nl>1CEM:
214020, r.CMOileHCK, a/fl 20
E-mail:
1000dachniky@yuniline.ru
1\apec peAaKqMit It lt3AClTeiiSI! 214004,
r. CMoneHCK, yn. Hoso-KI-1E!BCKaSI, A· 9a, o$1<: 1.
Ten$H peAaKIIHH: (4812) 358-777
I
OmeYaTaHo B Tl-1norpalj>lo1H «Helprint OY», <l>~o~HnSlH­
A11Sl, r. MHKKenH no 3aKa3}' 000 « IOHio1JlA~H »
noflllMcaHo s ne'iarb: 7.03.2016 s 18.00
no rpaQ>HKY B 18.00. Cl>aKTI1'1ecKM 18.00
YCTaHOBO'IHblii Tl1palK : 360000 3K3.
CB06oAHaSI ueHa
BbiXOA 113 ne'laTI-1: 22.03.2016
no,QnHCHOiii HH,!leKC: 60688
PacnpocrpaHeH!ole B P<l>: 000 «IOHio1JlA~H »,
Ten. 8(4812)358777
noCTaBl!lMK B Pecny6nlo1KY 6enapycb: 'laCTHDe
npe,QnpMSlTI1e «SI ME,llVIA», 220125, r. MHHCK,
np-T He3a81o1CI1MOCTI1, 177-34, Ten. (375-17) 394-8-111
PacnpocrpaHeH11e B Pecny6JIHKe l<a3aXCTaH:
TOO «IOHWIAiiiH KA3AXCTAH», Ten.: 8(727)331-79-
I
48, 8-701-7231269, e-mail: yuniline.kz@yanclex.kz
:----------------------------------------- ~
¢aMI1fli!ISl , liiMSl, OT'IeCTBO*
I
I
-
I
- - - - - - - - - - - - - ,[l,aTa -PO>KAeHIIIII-* - - - - - - -
Saw nonHbli1 a,o,pec, TeneQ>oH*
CneAYIO~HH HOMep BbiMAeT
12.04.2016
©
nepelle'iaTKil MaTepManoB Aonya<aeTCII TDnbKD
C OI!CbMeHHOrD pa3peweHHSl peJli!K411M.
OTseTCTBeHHOCTb 3a co,QepJKaHHe peKnaMbl
HeceT peKnaMO,QaTenb
npH OO,QrOTOBKe HOMepa
•*•
HCOOIIb30BaHbl
HHTepHer-pecypcbl.
*
*
PyKOm1Cio1 He B03BpaUiciiOTCJI H
EU
He peQeH3HPYIOTCSI.
Pe,QaK(lHll He XpaHMT pyKOOHCH, He npHHSITbiE! K ne'laTI1.
®
3neKTPOHHbli1 a.o.pec (ecn111 eCTb)
: f" :
,if-
I
1
1
[colabel
0 YeM XOTefllil 6bl npO'iliiTaTb B 6fll!llKai1WIIIX HOMepax*
Baw111 coeeTbl no Bblpall!I!IBaHIIIIO ca,D.OBbiX 11 .o.eKopaTIIIBHbiX pacTeHIIIi1, co.o.eplKaHIIIIO 1
lKIIIBOTHbiX, naCeKIII (nlil'iHbli1 OnbiT)
1
Ecm1 saw111 coserbl, sonpocbl, 3aMe'laHMR 111 npe,a.no)l(eHMR He BMell.(aKJTCII B aHKery, HanM - 1
WIIITB IIIX Ha OTABflbHOM JIIIICTe .
I
Haw 8,llpec (nO"'TOBbti!t 111 3neKrpOHHbti!t) - Ha 3TOi!t )I(B crpaHML(e a BbtXO~HbtX ~aHHbtX.
•nom1, noMelfeHHble ase3AOlfKO ~, o6HaaTenbHbl K aanonHeHII'IIO
----- ---~
------------ ----
-
1
1
www.ecolabel.eu
Bo3Harpa>KAeHMe 3a ony611HKosaHHblii MaTepHan
MOlKHO RORy'IHTl>lORbKO
npH non HOM yKlllaHHH CI>HO,
flpocb6a co&.JIOTb
aApeca npolKH&aHHll, nponH· ~cnon"'o:~~:ope=..,
CKH H naCROpTHbiX AaHHbiX
"""""'
(HOMep, RM'IHblii HOMep, KeM M KOrAa B~aH).
I Fl/028/001 I
HA O&nO>KKE: PaccaAa
cDoTo nto"MMnbl MOrHnEBH'f
·
16+
~Mma~me
B €11e~¥10~8M
HOMe~e
YAa4Hblill 3KcnepV1MeHr
fl QWCl\fbiP,H bllt en Mpt
a~t$1
ceM$1H
0AHa>KAbl BeCHOH cny'laHHO ycnbiWana B aBT06yce 06pbiBOK pa3roaopa o TOM, KaK noneHo o6pa6aTbiBaTb ceMeHa oryp~oa nepeA nocaAKOH HawaTblpHbiM cnMpTOM. AocnywaTb, B 'leM MMeHHO nOnb3a, He nony'IMnOCb1 nOTOMy
'ITO HY)f(HO 6bmo BbiXOAMTb. Ho nocKonbKY mo6mo MCnbiTbiBaTb HOBble MeTOAb11 TO peWMnacb Ha 3KCnepMMeHT.
CKopaH
noM'Ol.LlJ.b
B'l-1WHeBOMY CaPJN
P~eKHYTb ~ o6pa6oraTb epa3Y see eeMeYK~. npas.o.a, no6o51naeb. 8bl6pana )J.Jl51 aKenepii1MeHra
nHTb wryK. B .o.eHb noea.o.K~ Bbi110:>KII11la 111x Ha 6mo.o.u,e (eeMeHa 6pana eyx111e) ~ KanHyna nll1nerKOVI no Kanne HawaTblpHoro en~pra Ha Ka)K)J.Oe. noYTII1 epa3y
060JlOYKa Ha HlllX
BMeeTO r Jla)J.KOVJ
npespar111naeb s
6yrp111ery10. MHe
ror.o.a no.o.yManoeb, YTO 5I npoer o ~enopr~na
eeMeHa, HO see
:>Ke Bblea.o.~na 111x
Ha nO)J.rOTOBJleHHYIO
rps:JJJ.KY 111 noMeTIIlna Meero noea.o.KII1. VI YTO Bbl .o.yMaere? OrypYII1KII1 ar111 B30W11111 B .o.sa
pa3a 6bleTpee, YeM OeTaJlbHble!
Ha6nJO.o.ana noroM 3a 111x nno.o.oHOweHII1eM, HO pa3HII1U,bl e ,1J.pyrii1MII1 He 3aMeTII1Jla. noJlb3a OT HawaTblpHOrO en111pra 111MeHHO B TOM,
YTO no.o. ero B03.D.eVIcrsl!leM HaMHoro 6biCTpee BCXO)J.SH CeMeHa e
)l(ecTKoVI o6onoYKOVI. rosoPIO raK noroMy, YTO 3Kenep111MeHT nOBTOpll11la
111 Ha Ka6aYKax, 111 Ha
TbiKBax. Pe3ynbrar
OTJ11111.fHbiVJ! VI 3TO
6e3 yrOMII1renbHbiX 3aMal.fii1BaHII1VJ
111 ,IJ.pyrlllX CJlO:>KHbiX
MaHII1nynHu,II1VI.
C rex nop He yc110:>KH5110 6onbwe npou,eee no.o.rorOBKII1 ceM51H
3TII1X KYJlbTYP K noeesy, a K
K3:>K)J.OMY HOBOMY Ce30HY npoero
noKynaiO ny3blpeK Hawarblp51.
1!1pMHa KYAPI!1HA, r. BopoHe>K
r-------------------------------------------,
Orypeu. caJlaTHorg
Ha3Ha4eHLt1H
!ju~~ . . . . ....
YcnosHR
KOHKypca
3anonHHTe aHKeTy "'
npVIwnuTe ee s a.ctpec
pe,llaKqltfltf « 1000 COBeTOB ,lla'IHHKy». 8 Ka)I(,IJ,OM HOMepe pa3btrpbtBaiOTCR ,lleHe)I(Hble npH3bl.
AHKeT&t, npuwe.ctwue s pe.ctaKqHIO nocne s&txo.cta O'lepe.ct' HOrO BblnYCKa ra3eT&I, y'laCTBYIOT B p03blrpb1We npH30B B
• cne.ctYIOU4eM HOMepe. He3anon: HeHH&te aHKeT&t s po3&trp&twe He
, y'laCTBYIOT.
Автор
Wika47
Документ
Категория
Журналы и газеты
Просмотров
86
Размер файла
11 838 Кб
Теги
1000sovetovda4niku06, 1000 советов дачнику №6
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа