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Гватемала
?????????
3. ???????????????? ???????
??????????: 15�?00? ?. ?. 90�?00? ?. ?. /
15.50000� ?. ?. 90.25000� ?. ?.
???????? ?? (???. Guatemala), ??????????? ?????- ???????????????-??????????????? ?????????
??? ?? (???. Rep鷅lica de Guatemala [re?pu?lika 餰 ????????? ???????? 22 ????????????:
?wate?mala]) ? ??????????? ? ??????????? ???????.
???????? ? ??????????? ?? ???, ?????????? ?? ??????????, ??????? ?? ??????-??????? ? ???????? ??
??????-??????. ????????? ????????? ????? ?? ??????? ? ????? ??????? ?? ???-??????.
?????????? ?? ??????????? ????????? ?? ?????????????????????? ?????????.
1. ???????
2. ???????????? ?????????
???????? ?????: ?????????? ?????????
????????? ? ????????????? ??????????. ??
??????????? 1985 ?. ?????? ??????????? ?
????????????? ???????? ?????????.
?????? ??????????????? ????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????
???????? ?????????? (158 ?????????), ??????????,
??? ? ?????????, ?? 4 ????.
4. ?????????
2.1. ???????????? ??????
???????? ???????????? ?????? (?? ?????? ???????
? ???????? 2015 ????)[3] :
? ??????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ?????????????????, 46 ????;
? ???????????? ???? ??????? ? ????????????????, 33 ?????;
? ?????????????? ?????? ? ??????, 18 ????;
? Todos ? ??????-???????????, 16 ????;
? ????? ???????????? ???????????? ? ???????????????????????, 11 ????;
? ????
??????????????????
????????-???????????, 7 ????;
???????
?
?????????? ????? ?????????
? VIVA ? ?????????????-????????????, 5 ????.
???????: ????????? ???????? ?
???????????, ?????????? ? ????????.
???????????? ????? ??? ????? ????????? ??????.
1
???????,
2
?????????: ????????? ????? ????????: ?????
(????? ??????? ? ???-????) ? ?????????????
(????????? ????, ????? ??????-??????? ? ??????????-??-????????). ?? ????????????? ?????????
??????????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ? ????????? ???? ?????? (??????????, ???-????,
?????????), ??? ????? ???????? ???????? ?????????
???????????, ????????? ??????? ??????. ?? ????????? ????????? ????????? ????? ?????-??-??????
? ??????????, ???????? ??? ?????? ? ??????, ??-??
?????????? ???? ? ????????? ??????? ???? ? ??????.
6
?????????
????? ????????????? (????, ? ?????? ? ???????? ?????
?????? ? ????? ?????????), ??????? ??????, ??????,
??????, ????????? ? ??.
???????? ???: ?????? ????????????. ??????? ?
???? ? ??????. ???? ?????????, ?????????, ???????,
??????????. ??????? ??????????, ?? ???????????
???????, ???. ? ????? ?????????????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ? ???????? ??????? ?? 2 ? ??????
(?? ?????????? ?? ????, ????? ?????????? ???? ?????). ????? 2 ???. ????? ????. ? ????? ?????????
??????????? ?????????-???????, ???? ??????? ?????????????: ????? ???????? ?????????? ???- ?????????? ? ???? ???????? ????????. ?????????
?????? ??????????? ??????? ????? ?????????, ????????? ???? ?????? ????? ? ??????????.
??????????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????- ?????: ?????????? ????? ???????, ???????, ?????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ???, ?????????.
??????? ? ???????? ?????????? (4220 ?) ?
?????????-???????? ???????? ? ???????? ????????-???-??????????? ? ??????-??-???-?????, ???????????? ? ?????? ? ?????????????? ?????????? 5. ?????????
?????-???????, ???????????? ? ??????? ?????????????????? ????? ?????. ?? ??????? ?????? ? ? ???????? ????????? ?????? 50 % ?????????? (14 %
????????? ??????? ????????? ???? ????. ???????- ???), 15 % ? ? ?????????????? (25 % ???), 35 %
?????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????? ? ? ????? ???????????? (61 % ???).
????????.
??? (2009): 69 ???? ???????? (?? ???? ?????????
????? ??????? ????? 83 % ?????????? ?????? (2006 ?? ???????? ????????????? ??????????? ? 5,2 ???.
?.), ??? ???? ?????? ????? ??????????? (1,7 % ? ???). ????., 139-? ????? ? ????). ???? ?????? ???????? ?
???????: ?? ?????????? ?????? ????????????? 33 56 % ????????? (? 2004 ????).
???????, ?? ??????? 3 ?? ??? ??? ???????????? ????- ???????? ????????? ? ???????? ????????, ????????,
??. ???????? ????????? ?????? ???? ? 1541 ????, ??- ??????, ????, ????; ????????????.
??????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ? ?????, ????????? ?????? ??????? ?????????, ? ????? ?????? ?????????????? ? ?????, ??????, ?????? ?????.
?????? (????????? ?????? ?????????? ? 1965 ????). ??????? (7,8 ???? ????. ? 2008): ????, ?????, ?????,
??????: ???????????, ????????????? ??????????? ??????, ?????? ? ?????.
?? ????????? ? ?? ??????? ?????????? 23-27�, ??
??????????? 15-20� ???? (??????-??????) ? ????
(? ??? ?? ???????) ??????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????????????, ??????? ?
???????-?????? ? ????? ?????????? ?? ?10� ? ?? ??????????? ?? 0癧4] . ??????? �???� ? �???� ? ??????
?????? ??????? ? ?????????? ????? ????? ? ????? ?????? ??????????????[5] . ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???????-???. ? ?????? ?????? (? ???
?? ???????) ??-?? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ? ??????????. ????? ???????????? ?????????
? 1998 (?????? ????) ? ? 2005 (????), ? ??????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????. ? ??????? ???????? 1300 ?? ???????.
???????? ?????????? ? ??? 39,4 %, ?????????
12,6 %, ???????? 9,5 %, ??????? 6,6 %, ?????????
4,2 %.
?????? (13,4 ???? ????. ? 2008): ???????, ??????
? ???????????? ????????, ???????????? ?????????,
?????, ?????????, ??????????????.
???????? ?????????? ? ??? 37,1 %, ??????? 9,8
%, ????? 5,8 %, ????????? 4,8 %.
6. ?????????
58,6% ????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????????, ? ??? ????? 57,8% - ?????? (??????), 0,8% - �????� (??????). ??????? ? ???????? ????????? ? ?????? ???? (35,9%): ???? (14,2%),
???? (5,5%), ????????? (4,8%), ????? (3,9%), ?????
(1,4%), ????????? (1,2%), ?????????? (1,1%), ???????? (0,9%), ????? (0,7%), ???? (0,5%), ????? (0,4%)
? ??.; ?????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????????????????????: ? ????? ????????? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? (0,2%). ?? ?????????????? ?????????
????? ?????? ? ??????? ??????, ???????, ???? ?????, ? ????????? ????? ?????????? (2,8%), ????-???????
?????????????: ????? ????? ? ?????? ??-?? ???????? ? ???????????? ????????? ?????????????? ???.
???????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? 4 ??????? 1976 ????, ??????????? 90
% ??????? ? ?????? ??????? ??????? (????? ???????
????? 20 ???. ??????? ? ????? ???????? ???????? ???
?????).
3
?? ??????, ??????? ?????????? ?????? ? ????????? (MSM) ? ???????????? ????????. ???????? ???????????? ????????? ????? (???????) ? ???????????? ??????????????? (MOH), ? ?????? 2007,
? ????????? ???? 10 304 ??????, ? ??????? ?????????? ????????, ???/?????. UNAIDS ?????????,
??? 61 000 ??????? ????? ? ??? ? ?????????, ? 2 700
??????????? ??????? ????????? ??-?? ?????. [1]
????? ??????? ??????, ????? ?????????, ?????????
????? (2,1%), ??????? (0,2%), ??????? ?? ?????????????? (0,1%) ? ??
?? 30 ???? 2012 ???? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? (INE) ?
15 073 375 ???????[6] . ??????? ????????? ????????
2,44 % ?? ???[6] .
?? ?????? ????????????? ???????????? ???????
????? (ENCOVI) ? 2011 ???? ??????????? ?????????? ??????, ??????? ?????????? 60,2 % ?????????,
???????? ?????? ? 39,8 %[6] . ???? ????????? ????????? ? ???????????? ???-???????? ?????? 1,8 %, ?
?????? ?????? 1 %, ? ?????? ?????? 0,1 %[7] . ?????????? ???? ?????????? 11,0 % ????????? ??????
? 95,9 % ? ???????????? ???????????. ??????????
????????? ? 7,8 % ?????????, ????? ? 8,3 %, ???
? 5,2 % ?????????[7] . ? ???????????? ?????? ???? ?????????? 35,3 %, ????????? ? 50,1 %[7] . ? ???????????? ?????-??????? ????? ?????????? 79,1 %
?????????[7] .
?? ???????? 1893 ???? ???????? ?????? ??????????
64,7 % ?????????[8] .
???????? ??????????? ?????????: 1,45 ???.
(1891)[9] ; 3,787 ???. (1950)[10] ; 4,1 ???. (1962)[11] ;
13,6 ???. (?????? ?? ???? 2010).
???????????: 27,4 ?? 1000
??????????: 5,0 ?? 1000
????????? ? 2,2 ?? 1000
?????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ????? ??????
????? ? ????????? ??????????? ????? ??????? ????????? ???????????????. ???????? 2007 ?????????
???????????? ?????????????????? ????? ??????,
?????? ??? 77 ????????? ??????? ???/?????, ?
??????? ????????, ????????? ? ???? ???????: ???????????, ?????????, Izabal, ?????????, Retalhuleu,
???-??????, ? Quetzaltenango. ??????? ?????????, ??? 80 ????????? ??????? ???, ? ??????? ????????, ????????? ????? 15-? 49 ???????, ? 20-? 34
??????, ???????????? ?????? ??? 51 ??????? ????
???????. ???????????? ??????????????? ??? ?????
??????????? ??????? ?????????? 4 ????????, ? ????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????????????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ??? 12 ?????????.
???????????? ??????????????? ??? ????? MSM ?????????? 10 ?????????, ?? ? ?????? ?????????, 18
????????? MSM ???? ???-?????????????? ? 2006,
???????? ???????? ??????, ????????? ??? ???????
??????????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????, ???????????? ? ????????. ???????????? 2002 ????, ????????
UNAIDS ? 2007, ????????, ??? ?????? ???????? ????? MSM ? ????????? ? 10 ??? ???? ??? ?? ????????
????????? ? ?????. ?????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ???????????, ? ???????????????????,
? ??????? ????????, 3.2 ?????????, ? ??????? ????????? ? ????????????? ??????, ? ???????????????? ??? ? 3.3 ?????????. ???????? MOH, ?? ? ?????
??????? ???????? ?? ???????? ????? ??????????,
???????? ????????? ??????????? ??? ????? ?????
??? ????????? ?????. ????????? ?????? ?????????, ??? ??? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?????????
? ????? (????????? ??????????-????????? ??????)
?????????; ??????, ??????????????? ?????? ?????????, ??? ??????? ????????? (?????? ????? ????)
???????????? ????? ?????????? ???????????????
???-????????. ?????? ????????????, ??????, ????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????? ????? ?????????. [1]
????????????????? ?????: 69 ??? ? ??????, 73
???????????: 75 % ??????, 63 % ?????? (?? ???????? ? ??????
???? 2002 ????)
???????????? ??????? ?????????????? (???)
? ?????? ??? ? 1 ????????? ????????? ?????????, ????????? ?????????: 49 %
???????, ??? ?????????, ???? ???-?????????????, ??????????? ???????????? ?????????: ????????? ?????????, ??? ????????, ???? ???????????????- ??????? ???????? ? ???????????. ?? ????????????
??? ????????. ??????, ????????? ? ????? ??????? ???????????? ???????? ?????? ????, ????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ????? ??- ??, ????????, ???????, ??????????, ???????. ???? ?????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ?????? 2010 ???? ?????????????? ?????????. ??? ??? ? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????- ????????? �??????????-???????????? ??????? ??????? ? 1984, ???????? ????????? ?????? ????? ???-
4
??????� ? ?????? ???????????????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ????????? ????? 4 %
?????????[12] .
7. ????????????? ?????????
?????? ???????? ?? ??????????????? ?????? ?????
?????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ? 1880 ????, ????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ??????????? II ? ??????????? ?????? ?????????[13] .
??????????????? ????????? ????? ???? ? ?????????? ??????????? 19 ?????? 1945 ????, ?? ??????????? ???????? ?? ????????, ? ???? 4 ?????? 1991
???? ??????? ?????????? ???????????????? ???????????????????. ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????,
????????????? ????????? ???????? 8 ?????? 1992 ???? ?????????? ????????? ? ???????? ??????????????????????? ????.
? 1995 ???? ? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ?????????. ? 1997 ???? ????? ?????? ? ?????-???? ??????? ?????? ? ????????? ?? ????????????????. ?
2007 ???? ? ????????? ???? ??????? ??????????????? ??????????[14] .
11 ??????????
9. ????????
10. ??????????
[1] Census.gov. Country Rank. Countries and Areas Ranked
by Population: 2013. U.S. Department of Commerce
(2013). ????????? 9 ??? 2013. ???????????? ?? ?????????????? 9 ??? 2013.
[2] Human Development Report 2013(??????????? ??????
? ???????). United Nations Development Programme
(14 ????? 2013). ????????? 14 ????? 2013.
[3] Congresistas se馻lados son reelectos
[4] ?????????. ??????????? ??????????? ??? ??. ????????? 8 ??????? 2013. ???????????? ?? ?????????????? 13 ??????? 2013.
[5] Vidgen, Lucas. Guatemala. Lonely Planet, 2010. ????????? 8 ??????? 2013.
[6] Caracterizaci髇 estad韘tica. Rep鷅lica de Guatemala.
2012 (???.). Instituto Nacional de Estad韘tica (noviembre
de 2013). ????????? 15 ??????? 2015.
[7] Caracterizaci髇. Rep鷅lica de Guatemala (???.).
Instituto Nacional de Estad韘tica. ????????? 15
??????? 2015.
? ???????? 2000 ???? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?
????????? ????????? ????? ??????? ? ??????????.
[8] Mara Loveman. Figure 4.6 Guatemala?s ?Two Principal
Groups? in the 1893 Census // National Colors: Racial
Classification and the State in Latin America. ? New
York: Oxford University Press, 2014. ? P. 159. ? ISBN
978-0-19-933735-4.
? ??????? 2003 ???? ????-????????? ????????? ????
????????? ????? ??????? ??????.
[9] ????????? // ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ?
?????? : ? 86 ?. (82 ?. ? 4 ???.). ? ???., 1890?1907.
? ?????? 2006 ???? ???? ????????? ???????????????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ? ????????????? ??????????????.
[10] ??????? ????????? ????????????. / ???????., ??. ???.
?. ?. ??????????. 2-? ???. ?.10. ?., ???????????????
??????? ???????????? �?????? ????????? ????????????�, 1952. ???.285-288
? ???? 2007 ???? ??????? ????????? ????? ????? ?????? ? ?????????, ?? ????? ??????? ????????? ?????? [11] ?. ?. ??????????. ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????
???????? ????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ? ????????????????? ???????. ?., �??????????�, 1964.
??? ????????? ??????? ?????.
???.139
?????????? ????? ????? ??????? ? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ? 29 ??????? 2012 ????[15] .
[12] ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ?????????
????? ????????? ? ??????? ??????????
[13] ?????????-????????????? ?????????. ??? ??????
[14] ?? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ? ????????? ? ????????
8. ??????????? ????
?? ????????? ?? 2004 ???, ????? ??????????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ????? 15,5 ???.
???. ??????????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ?????
13 ???. ???????;
???: ????? 1 ???. ???.;
???: ????? 1 ???. ???.
[15] ?????????? ????? ????? ??????? ? ??????????
(???.). interfax.ru. ????????? 5 ??????? 2012.
11. ??????????
? ????????? // ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ? ?????? : ? 86 ?. (82 ?. ? 4 ???.). ? ???.,
1890?1907.
12.3
??????
12. ??????
12.1. ??????????????? ?????????
? ????????????? ????????? (???.)
? ??????????? ????????? 1985 ???? (???.)
? ???????????? ???????
? ???????????? ???????
? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????
(???.)
? ??????????? ????????????? ????????
12.2. ???
? 玃rensa Libre�
? 玈iglo Vientiuno�
? 獷l Periodico�
? 獹uatevision�
12.3. ??????
? Literatura (???.)
? Popol Vuh (???.)
? Miguel Angel Asturias (???.)
? Photo Guatemala, Maya & Rigoberta Menchu
(???.)
? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????
�?????? ???????????�
? ??? ??????????????? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ?? ????? �????????????�
? ???????? ? ?????????
? ??????? ???????????? ? ????????? ? 2008 ????
(???.)
? ????????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?????????
5
6
13
????????? ??????? ? ???????????, ?????? ? ????????
13. ????????? ??????? ? ???????????, ?????? ? ????????
13.1. ?????
? ????????? ????????: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%93%D0%B2%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%
BB%D0%B0?oldid=77705888 ??????: Drbug, Romanm, Fleminra, Maximaximax, Torin, Yegorm, HedgeBot, Vervin, Kaganer,
YurikBot, Rokur, Dbf, APTEM, Zwobot, OckhamTheFox, Lt-wiki-bot~ruwiki, JaroslavleffBot, A5b, Gpvos, ??????? ??, LJay,
Maksim-bot, Sasha Krotov, Dmitri Lytov, Pauk, Mashiah Davidson, Dstary, Edwardspec TalkBot, Abarmot, Nejron, Tijones, Escarbot,
ZsergheiBot, ????????, Thijs!bot, JAnDbot, 333~ruwiki, CommonsDelinker, Mithril, ?????????? ????, Rei-bot, Radziun, Nickst,
DorganBot, SashaT, VolkovBot, DodekBot~ruwiki, ??????? ????????, Deerhunter, Idioma-bot, ButkoBot, TXiKiBoT, ?231-567,
?????? ????????, Vitor pk, Synthebot, SieBot, Vladimir Nosov, BotMultichill, AlleborgoBot, Bortorix, Monfornot, DragonBot,
????????? ?. ?????, Savinsasha, OKBot, Sonny, Alexbot, Volk59, Tat1642, Vong, Qkowlew, MelancholieBot, Hamelia, HerculeBot,
LaaknorBot, Amirobot, Programmer71, Luckas-bot, Ptbotgourou, Dim?, Rubinbot, Lazyhawk, JackieBot, Jotterbot, Homoatrox,
Zxabot, Rartat, Al.Neuland, Obersachsebot, ArthurBot, ?????????, Baileys, Almabot, Xqbot, Schekinov Alexey Victorovich, Abzamo,
DenisKrivosheev, Middle urals, LucienBOT, Valerytembi4, MastiBot, Rufus Total, Boodjoom85, Pericluss, Jim Fitzgerald, DobryBrat,
Bopsulai, TobeBot, JenVan, San Sanitsch, ?????? ?. ??????, TjBot, EmausBot, Gamliel Fishkin, Sentinel R, Gerard, ????????
???????, Z閞oBot, Anto110, Villarreal9, W2, Wikifido, ChuispastonBot, H2Bot, WikitanvirBot, CocuBot, Movses-bot, KrBot,
WebCite Archiver, Palaiologos, User 699, MerlIwBot, Shadowcaster, AvocatoBot, ????????, Well-Informed Optimist, ??????
???????, Konstantin Yufa, Kuvir, Unitada, Sinytich, Stas1995, Andiorahn, Shogiru, Slivkov vitali, Yuppiehoyl, SouthWillRiseAgain,
DimaBot, Stef65, Elenalagodavam, Glovacki, Citing Bot, ????? ???, ElisonSeg, Baguette 35 ? ??????: 74
13.2. ???????????
? ????:Coat_of_arms_of_Guatemala.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/15/Coat_of_arms_of_
Guatemala.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: Own work ????????: User:K21edgo
? ????:Commons-logo.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: This version created by Pumbaa, using a proper partial circle and SVG geometry features. (Former versions used to
be slightly warped.) ????????: SVG version was created by User:Grunt and cleaned up by 3247, based on the earlier PNG version,
created by Reidab.
? ????:Flag_of_Belize.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e7/Flag_of_Belize.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????:
? Used
as
Air
Force
insigna
seen
<a
data-x-rel='nofollow'
class='external
//www.airliners.net/photo/Belize---Air/Britten-Norman-BN-2A-21-Defender/0925855/
L/,<span>,&,</span>,sid=4b37e91656bda8ae09cb1eb875668eba'>here</a>
text'
href='http:
? Improved version from xrmap flag collection 2.9.
????????: Caleb Moore
? ????:Flag_of_Costa_Rica_(state).svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bc/Flag_of_Costa_Rica_
%28state%29.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_El_Salvador.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/34/Flag_of_El_Salvador.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: user:Nightstallion
? ????:Flag_of_Guatemala.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ec/Flag_of_Guatemala.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: Own work ????????: User:K21edgo
? ????:Flag_of_Honduras.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/82/Flag_of_Honduras.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Nicaragua.svg
????????:
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/19/Flag_of_Nicaragua.svg
????????: Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ?? ??????: <a data-x-rel='nofollow' class='external text'
href='https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v,<span>,&,</span>,q=cache:tRiqYRg_YJ4J:www.casc.gob.ni/index.php?option%
3Dcom_docman%26task%3Ddoc_download%26gid%3D704%26Itemid%3D4+ley+sobre+los+simbolo+patrios+nicaragua+
2002,<span>,&,</span>,hl=es,<span>,&,</span>,gl=ni,<span>,&,</span>,pid=bl,<span>,&,</span>,srcid=ADGEEShaqFptSDRqZyUoeWlWgMGTvcFvWO
About Characteristics And Use Of Patriotic Symbols of Nicaragua</a> ????????: C records (?????????? � ?????)
? ????:Flag_of_Panama.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ab/Flag_of_Panama.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:GuatemalaProvs.PNG ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/61/GuatemalaProvs.PNG ????????:
CC-BY-SA-3.0 ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Guatemala_(orthographic_projection).svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/70/Guatemala_
%28orthographic_projection%29.svg ????????: CC BY-SA 3.0 ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: Keepscases
? ????:Guatemala_Presidental_Flag.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1c/Flag_of_the_President_
of_Guatemala.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ?????????? ? en.wikipedia ?? ?????????. ????????: ?????????? ???? ????
??? ???????? ?????????? Zscout370 ?? ?????????? ?????????. The author of the actual version is K21edgo.
? ????:Logo_of_the_Central_American_Integration_System.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/
97/Logo_of_the_Central_American_Integration_System.svg ????????: CC-BY-SA-3.0 ??????: http://www.sica.int/ ????????: <a
href='//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Heraldry' title='User:Heraldry'>Heraldry</a>
? ????:Searchtool.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/61/Searchtool.svg ????????: LGPL ??????: http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/GNOME/sources/gnome-themes-extras/0.9/gnome-themes-extras-0.9.0.tar.gz ????????: David Vignoni,
Ysangkok
13.3
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7
? ????:Wikinews-logo.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/24/Wikinews-logo.svg ????????: CC BYSA 3.0 ??????: This is a cropped version of Image:Wikinews-logo-en.png. ????????: Vectorized by Simon 01:05, 2 August 2006
(UTC) Updated by Time3000 17 April 2007 to use official Wikinews colours and appear correctly on dark backgrounds. Originally
uploaded by Simon.
? ????:Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dd/Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.
svg ????????: CC BY-SA 3.0 ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: AleXXw
? ????:Wiktionary-logo-ru.png ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bc/Wiktionary-logo-ru.png ????????:
CC BY-SA 3.0 ??????: Russian Wiktionary ????????: One half 3544, VPliousnine
? ????:_Guatemala_176.jpg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8d/Guatemala_176.jpg ????????: CCBY-SA-3.0 ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: Rialfver ?? ????????????? ?????????
? ????:???._?????_?????????.png ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/ru/6/66/%D0%A4%D0%B8%D0%B7._%
D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%82%D0%B0_%D0%93%D0%B2%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%BB%
D1%8B.png ????????: CC BY-SA 3.0 ??????: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Guatemala_Topography.png ????????: Sadalmelik
(??????? ???????: ????? ?. ?.)
13.3. ????????
? Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
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