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Камерун
???????
2. ????????
??????????: 5�?00? ?. ?. 11�?00? ?. ?. / 5.11667�
?. ?. 11.91667� ?. ?.
?????? ???????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???
(??????????? ????), ??????????? ? ??????. ??? ????? ????? ?????????????? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????????? (??????? ????????????) ? ???????? ??????????. ????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????????
???????????? ??????? (4100 ?). ????? ???? ????
????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ?????????. ? ??????????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? 2460 ? (?. ??????-?????),
??????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ???????? ???????? ????????. ? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??????????? ????????? ????????????? ?????, ?????????? ??? ????? ????? ?????????? ????????. ? ??????
?? ??? ??????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ???????, ?????????? ?? ?????? ? ?????????????? ?????? ???????. ??????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????????????????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???, ????????????? ? ????????? ?????. ??????? ???-??????
???????? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?????.
?? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????????????? ????? ? ???? ?? ??????, ?????????,
???????, ?????? ??????, ????????, ????????, ??????,
?????, ??????, ?????.
?????????? ????? ????????
???????? (??. Cameroun, ????. Cameroon), ?????????? ? ??????????? ???????? (??. R閜ublique du Cameroun, ????. Republic of Cameroon, ?? ????. Rio dos
Camar鮡s ? �??? ????????�) ? ??????????? ? ???????? ????? ??????????? ??????, ?? ???-?????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ????? (????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????).
3. ??????
????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????? ??????. ?? ??? ??????
??????????????, ?????????-???????, ? ?????? ? ??
?????? ? ?????????????????, ? ????????? ?????
? ????? ????? (????????????????? ?????? ?????? ?
??? ?? ????? ?????????? ?? 4 ?? 7 ???????). ????????
? ???-???????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ? ?????
??????? ????? ? ?????? (?? 9655 ?? ??????? ? ???)
? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ? ????.
1. ?????????
?????????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????????. ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?? 200
??. ????????????? ????????? ????? ? ????? 320
??. ???????? ?? ??????-?????? ? ????????, ?? ?????? ? ??????-??????? ? ? ?????, ?? ??????? ? ?
????????????????????? ???????????, ?? ??? ? ?
???????, ??????????? ????? ? ?????????????? ???????.
4. ??????????
?????? ? ??????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????, ?? ??????????? ???????? ?????? ? ??????-???????, ???? ??????? ??????? ? ????? ???. ?????????? ?????, ??????? ??????? ??????? ????????? ? ????????, ????1
2
9
??????????????? ??????????
???? ??????. ????, ??????? ?????? ?? ???????? ????- 6. ?????????
??? ??? ???????, ??????? ? ?????, ?????????? ??????? ???????? ??????. ????, ??????? ?? ???-??????, ??????????? ????????? ? 19,3 ??? (?????? ?? ????
??????? ? ?????, ????????????? ???????? ?????. 2010).
??? ??????????????????? ???? ??????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ? 2,2 % (???????????? ? 4,25 ??????????????: ??????, ?????, ??????????.
????? ?? ???????).
??????? ????????????????? ????? ? 53 ???? ? ??????, 55 ??? ? ??????.
???????????? ??????? ?????????????? (???) ?
5,1 % (?????? ?? 2007 ???).
5. ????? ? ?????
? ?????? ????????????? ????? 250 ?????????? ?????.
???????? ??????? ? ???? (21 %), ???????? (19 %),
????? (11 %), ?????? (10 %), ????? (7 %).
??????????? ????? ? ??????????? ? ??????????.
??. ?????: ?????? ?????????? ????????? ?????- ??????? ? 40 % ??????????? ??????, 40 % ??????????? ????????
???, 20 % ??????????.
???? ? ?????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ??????. ? ??????????? ????? ????????????
????? ??? ??????????? ???? ????????. ???????? ??????? ??????, ??????? ??????, ?????????, ??????.
????? ?????? ?????, ???????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????: ????????? ???? ???????? ??????, ?????, ??? ?????, ????, ??????; ???????? ??????, ??????
?????? ? ??????, ?????? ?????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ?????????. ????? ????? ???????? ? ????????????? ??????? (???????) ??????????, ????? ???
???? ?? ????? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ? ?????; ??? ????????? ???????????? ? ???????? ????????? ? ??? ???????????? ????. ????????? ????????????? ??????? ????????????? ? ?????? ?? ??: ?? ????
???????? ?? ????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????, ?? ????? ??????? ? ??????????? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ? ?????????????????????? ????, ??????????? ?? ??? ????????
????????????? ??????????????? ?????? ? ????? ??
????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ? ??????.
?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????????????
???? ???? 3000 ? ????????? ??????? ??????. ?????
????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????.
??????????? ? 77 % ??????, 60 % ?????? (??????
2001 ????).
????????? ????????? ? 57 % (? 2008).
7. ???????
8. ???????
?????????? ?????????? ???????? ???? ??????. ????? ?? ???????????? ?????-???????????? ???????
? ?????? ?????. ? XV ???? ?????? ??????? ????,
????????????? ? ??????? ?????. ? 1472 ???? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ? ???????????. XVI ???? ??????, ????????????? ? ????????????? ?????,
???????? ????????? ?? ????? ????????. ? 1884?
1916 ???? ??????? ???????? ????????. ? 1916 ????
????? ?????-???????????? ????????. ???? ????? ?
???? 1922 ???? ???????????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ???????????????
? ????????. ??????? ??????? ????????????? 1 ????? ??????? ??????????? ????? ????? 9000 ????? ?? 1960. ? 1960-? ????? ????? ??????????? ????????
?????? ????????, ????? ???????????? 1000 ?????? ?????????????? ? ???????? ?????????.
????, ????? 300 ????? ?????????????, 200 ?????
??????????????. ? ????? ??????? ?????????????
??????? (????????, ??????, ?????, ????????, ?????, 9. ??????????????? ??????????
????????, ???????), ?????, ????????, ??????????
???????? (?????, ?????????). ? ???????? ????????????? ??????, ???????, ????????, ?????? ????- ??????? ???????? ???????????. ??????????? ???????, ???????, ??????, ?????, ??????????? ???? ? ?? ????????? ? 1972 ????. ??????? ?????? ? ??????
????????. ?????? ? ?????? ?????. ? ?????????? ??- ???????????, ?????????????? ???????????????.
??? ??????????? ????? 130 ????? ???, ????? ????- ????? ??????????? ? ?????????, ?????????? ?????
??? ????? ?????? ???????????, ? ????? ?????, ???- ????????? ?????????????????. ????????? ???????????, ????????. ? ????? ?????????? ?????? ?????- ???? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ?? 7 ??? (?? ???? ???????-?????? ? ?????????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ??????). ???????? ????????? ???? ???? ?????????. ?????? ????????????? ?????? ???? ???- ?????? ???? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ? 6 ???????? ????, ??????, ?????.
???? 1982 ???? (????????? ?????? ?????????? ???-
10.1
??????? ????????
3
??? ? ??????? 2011 ????, ?? ??? ????? ??????? ????). ???????? ????????? (70 % ??????????, 20 % ???)
?????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????????? ? ????, ?????, ??????, ??????, ??????, ?????????,
????????, ??????????; ????????????; ?????????????.
? ?????????????? ?? ????? ? ???????-?????????.
??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ? ???????????? ????????? ?
180 ?????????. ???????? ??????????????? ????????? ?? 1996 ????, ????????????? ???????? ???????
?????? ? ?????? ? ??????? 100 ????????? (?? 10 ??????? ?? ?????? ?? 10-?? ?????????), ?? ??????? 70 ????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????,
? 30 ? ??????????? ???????????. ?????? ????? ????
??? ?? ???????????.
?????????????? (13 % ??????????, 30 % ???) ?
?????? ? ??????????? ?????, ???????????? ????????, ??????? ??????????????, ??????????????? ??????, ????????, ?????????????, ?????? ??????????.
????? ???????????? ? 17 % ??????????, 50 %
???.
10.1. ??????? ????????
???????? ??????? ? 1961 ???? ???????? �?????????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????� ? ?????? ??????? ? 2008 ???? ? 4,7 ???? ????.
????? 140 ???? ? ??????????.
???????? ?????????? ?????? ? ????? ????? ? ?????????????, ?????????????, ?????-????, ????????,
????, ??????.
9.1. ?????????????????????????????? ???????
???????? ?????????? ? ??????? 19,4 %, ??????
13,2 %, ??? 10,4 %, ??????? 8 %, ?????????? 7,9
%, ????? 7,8 %.
?????? ? 2008 ???? ? 4,3 ???? ????.
???????? ????????? ?????? ? ???????????? ??????, ???????????? ????????, ???????, ??????????????.
???????? ?????????? ? ??????? 21,2 %, ???????
13,9 %, ????? 9,6 %, ??????? 6,1 %.
11. ??????? ????????
?????? ?
? ????????????? ??????????? ????? ???
? ??????????? ???????????? ????????
? ??????????-??????????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ???? (?????)
? ???
????? ????????
12. ???????????????
10. ?????????
????????? ??????? ????? ? ????????????? ????????
??? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ????? ?? ???????? ???????????????? ? ??????
??????. ??? ?? ???? ????????? ? 2009 ???? ? 2,3
???. ????. (11-? ????? ? ?????? ??????, 180-? ?????
? ????). ?????? ????? ???????? ????????? ? ????
????? ????????. ??????? ??????????? ? ????? 30 %.
??????????????? ? ???????? ???????? ?? ??????
??????. ??????? ????? ?????????? ?? ?????????
??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ??????????? ?????????????. ?????????? ????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ??? ???????, ????????, ?????? ???????,
??????????, ??????????, ????????? ?????. 5,5 % ????????? ? ???????? ?? 15 ?? 49 ??? ???????? ???. ??
?????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ????????.
4
16 ??????????
13. ???????????
?????? ???????????? ??????????? ? 70 ??? ???????? ??? (2008 ???).
14. ?????
15. ??. ?????
16. ??????????
[1] Census.gov. Country Rank. Countries and Areas Ranked
by Population: 2013. U.S. Department of Commerce
(2013). ????????? 9 ??? 2013. ???????????? ?? ?????????????? 9 ??? 2013.
[2] Human Development Report 2013. UN (2013). ????????? 14 ????? 2013. ???????????? ?? ?????????????? 10 ??? 2013.
<a
class='CategoryTreeLabel
CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory'
href='/wiki/%D0%9A%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%B3%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%8F:%D0%9A%D0%B0%D0%B
5
17. ????????? ??????? ? ???????????, ?????? ? ????????
17.1. ?????
? ??????? ????????: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D0%B0%D0%BC%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%83%D0%BD?oldid=
76586497 ??????: Suisui, Drbug, Romanm, Fleminra, Monedula, Maximaximax, Nikiforov, Wulfson, HedgeBot, Kaganer, Obersachse,
Hashar, YurikBot, Stassats, Okman, Phoenix, PuzzletChung, Zwobot, Lt-wiki-bot~ruwiki, Volkov, Skirienko, Messir, Anton n, LJay,
VanHelsing.16, Dmitri Lytov, Filrus85, Vlad2000Plus, Frantony, Golddim, Escarbot, ZsergheiBot, ??????? ?????, ????????,
Thijs!bot, JAnDbot, Andrey Kartashov, CommonsDelinker, Alex Smotrov, Radziun,
, Buffon, Nickst, DorganBot, VolkovBot,
Idioma-bot, TXiKiBoT, Liquid-aim-bot, Tandava, Synthebot, Paralingua, VVVBot-temp, SieBot, Loveless, Alexmagnus, BotMultichill,
INSAR, AlleborgoBot, Byrialbot, ????????, Nickpo, Anahoret, PipepBot, Ivanchay, Eugene M,
robot, Alex717, Dimitris,
FlrnBot, ToePeu.bot, DragonBot, LA2-bot, Savinsasha, Bomale, OKBot, Volk59, BodhisattvaBot, Sotin, LatitudeBot, Tat1642, Vong,
Ds02006, ??????? ?????????, Innv, MelancholieBot, Pinkponk, Deinocheirus, Hamelia, Goo3, FRL, Michaello, HerculeBot, Amirobot,
Luckas-bot, Nallimbot, Ptbotgourou, LEMeZza, Rubinbot, Mark Ekimov, Dimabel, Rartat, Alexander von Reichstadt, Obersachsebot,
Kroschka Ru, ArthurBot, Xqbot, Leokand, GhalyBot, Schekinov Alexey Victorovich, LucienBOT, Valerytembi4, Rufus Total, Mathew
Pifagor, Dmitriy01, Overandaway, Kunaeff, Treisijs, Alexandronikos, VAP+VYK, TobeBot, KamikazeBot, Convallaria majalis,
???????? ????????, ?????? ?. ??????, EmausBot, Temi4-hik, Chtototakoe, Kalendar, Sentinel R, Raye Penber, Gerard, GrouchoBot,
Z閞oBot, HRoestBot, Satlen, OneLittleMouse, ChuispastonBot, WikitanvirBot, Neytiri M.D., ??????22, Movses-bot, KrBot, Vestnik-64,
WebCite Archiver, SpaceRu, MerlIwBot, MBHbot, Mikyauho, ??. ??????, AvocatoBot, Karz, JhsBot, Gipoza, Hd esq, ????????,
Stas1995, NicciRicci, DvoreBot, TheVovaNik, Glovacki, Citing Bot, Ghiutun, Heinrich2015 ? ??????: 43
17.2. ???????????
? ????:Africa_(orthographic_projection).svg
????????:
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/86/Africa_
%28orthographic_projection%29.svg ????????: CC BY-SA 3.0 ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: Martin23230
? ????:Cameroon_COA.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b5/Coat_of_arms_of_Cameroon.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: From Brands of the World.com ????????: ??????????, vectorisation by Connormah (?)
? ????:Cameroon_Map.jpg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/be/Cameroon_Map.jpg ????????: Public
domain ??????: [1] from the Perry-Casta馿da Library Map Collection. ????????: CIA
? ????:Commons-logo.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: This version created by Pumbaa, using a proper partial circle and SVG geometry features. (Former versions used to
be slightly warped.) ????????: SVG version was created by User:Grunt and cleaned up by 3247, based on the earlier PNG version,
created by Reidab.
? ????:Flag_Belgium_brussels.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/eb/Flag_Belgium_brussels.svg ????????: CC BY 3.0 ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: Ssolbergj
? ????:Flag_of_Algeria.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/77/Flag_of_Algeria.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: SVG implementation of the 63-145 Algerian law "on Characteristics of the Algerian national emblem" ("Caract閞istiques
du Drapeau Alg閞ien", in English). ????????: This graphic was originaly drawn by User:SKopp.
? ????:Flag_of_Andorra.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/19/Flag_of_Andorra.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: Llibre de normes gr鄁iques per a la reproducci� i aplicaci� dels signes d'Estat per als quals el Govern 閟 autoritat
competent (Aprovat pel Govern en la sessi� del dia 5 de maig de 1999) ????????: HansenBCN
? ????:Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/92/Flag_of_Belgium_%28civil%
29.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Benin.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0a/Flag_of_Benin.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: Drawn by User:SKopp, rewritten by User:Gabbe
? ????:Flag_of_Burkina_Faso.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/31/Flag_of_Burkina_Faso.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Burundi.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/50/Flag_of_Burundi.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims). ????????: ????????
?? ?????? ??????????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????????. ???????????????? SKopp (??????????? ?? ????????? ?? ????????? ?????).
? ????:Flag_of_Cameroon.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4f/Flag_of_Cameroon.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: Drawn by User:SKopp ????????: (of code) cs:User:-xfi? ????:Flag_of_Canada.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cf/Flag_of_Canada.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: See below ????????: Created by E Pluribus Anthony / User:Mzajac
? ????:Flag_of_Canton_of_Bern.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/30/Flag_of_Canton_of_Bern.svg
????????: Public domain ??????: offizielle PDF ????????: ??????????<a href='//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q4233718'
title='wikidata:Q4233718'><img
alt='wikidata:Q4233718'
src='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/
Wikidata-logo.svg/20px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png' width='20' height='11' srcset='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/
thumb/f/ff/Wikidata-logo.svg/30px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png
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? ????:Flag_of_Canton_of_Fribourg.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cb/Flag_of_Canton_of_
Fribourg.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: offizielle PDF ????????: ??????????<a href='//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q4233718'
title='wikidata:Q4233718'><img
alt='wikidata:Q4233718'
src='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/
Wikidata-logo.svg/20px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png' width='20' height='11' srcset='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/
thumb/f/ff/Wikidata-logo.svg/30px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png
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6
17
????????? ??????? ? ???????????, ?????? ? ????????
? ????:Flag_of_Canton_of_Geneva.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/83/Flag_of_Canton_of_
Geneva.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: offizielle PDF ????????: ??????????<a href='//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q4233718'
title='wikidata:Q4233718'><img
alt='wikidata:Q4233718'
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thumb/f/ff/Wikidata-logo.svg/30px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png
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? ????:Flag_of_Canton_of_Jura.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/74/Flag_of_Canton_of_Jura.svg
????????: Public domain ??????: offizielle PDF ????????: ??????????<a href='//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q4233718'
title='wikidata:Q4233718'><img
alt='wikidata:Q4233718'
src='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/
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? ????:Flag_of_Canton_of_Neuch鈚el.svg
????????:
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/57/Flag_
of_Canton_of_Neuch%C3%A2tel.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: offizielle PDF ????????: ??????????<a
href='//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q4233718'
title='wikidata:Q4233718'><img
alt='wikidata:Q4233718'
src='https://upload.
wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/Wikidata-logo.svg/20px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png'
width='20'
height='11'
srcset='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/Wikidata-logo.svg/30px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png
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data-file-height='590' /></a>
? ????:Flag_of_Canton_of_Valais.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/34/Flag_of_Canton_of_Valais.
svg ????????: Public domain ??????: offizielle PDF ????????: ??????????<a href='//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q4233718'
title='wikidata:Q4233718'><img
alt='wikidata:Q4233718'
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? ????:Flag_of_Canton_of_Vaud.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/df/Flag_of_Canton_of_Vaud.
svg ????????: Public domain ??????: offizielle PDF ????????: ??????????<a href='//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q4233718'
title='wikidata:Q4233718'><img
alt='wikidata:Q4233718'
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thumb/f/ff/Wikidata-logo.svg/30px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png
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https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/
Wikidata-logo.svg/40px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png 2x' data-file-width='1050' data-file-height='590' /></a>
? ????:Flag_of_Chad.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4b/Flag_of_Chad.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: Quelle � Fonto: http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/td.html ????????: SKopp & others (see upload log)
? ????:Flag_of_C魌e_d'Ivoire.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fe/Flag_of_C%C3%B4te_d%
27Ivoire.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: Jon Harald S鴅y
? ????:Flag_of_Djibouti.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/34/Flag_of_Djibouti.svg ????????: CC0
??????: From the Open Clip Art website. ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Equatorial_Guinea.svg ????????:
Guinea.svg ????????: CC0 ??????: ? ????????: ?
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/31/Flag_of_Equatorial_
? ????:Flag_of_France.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c3/Flag_of_France.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/de/frankreich_3/frankreich-entdecken_244/
portrat-frankreichs_247/die-symbole-der-franzosischen-republik_260/trikolore-die-nationalfahne_114.html ????????: This graphic
was drawn by SKopp.
? ????:Flag_of_French_Guiana.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/29/Flag_of_French_Guiana.svg
????????: Public domain ??????: Conseil G閚閞al de la Guyane ????????: Madden
? ????:Flag_of_French_Polynesia.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/db/Flag_of_French_Polynesia.
svg ????????: CC0 ??????: From the Open Clip Art website ????????: User:Nightstallion
? ????:Flag_of_Gabon.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/04/Flag_of_Gabon.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Guadeloupe_(local).svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/04/Flag_of_Guadeloupe_
%28local%29.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: drawing by Pierre Gay, uploader User:Denelson83
? ????:Flag_of_Guernsey.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fa/Flag_of_Guernsey.svg ????????:
CC0 ??????: From the Open Clip Art website. ????????: User:Nightstallion
? ????:Flag_of_Guinea.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ed/Flag_of_Guinea.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Haiti.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/56/Flag_of_Haiti.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: Coat of arms from: Coat of arms of Haiti.svg by Lokal_Profil and Myriam Thyes ????????: (colours and size changes
of the now deletied versions) Madden, Vzb83, Denelson83, Chanheigeorge, Zscout370 and Nightstallion
? ????:Flag_of_India.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/41/Flag_of_India.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: Self-made, based from ISI 1:1968 Specification for the national flag of India (cotton khadi)
17.3. ????????
User:SKopp
17.3
????????
7
? ????:Flag_of_Italy.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/03/Flag_of_Italy.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: There has been a long discussion on the colors of this flag. Please read the talk page before editing or reverting this
image. Pantone to RGB performed by http://www.pantone.com/pages/pantone/colorfinder.aspx ????????: see below
? ????:Flag_of_Jersey.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1c/Flag_of_Jersey.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Lebanon.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/59/Flag_of_Lebanon.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: ? ????????: Traced based on the CIA World Factbook with some modification done to the colours based on
information at Vexilla mundi.
? ????:Flag_of_Louisiana.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e0/Flag_of_Louisiana.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: From the xrmap flag collection 2.7. ????????: User:....
? ????:Flag_of_Luxembourg.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/da/Flag_of_Luxembourg.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1972/0051/a051.pdf#page=2, colors from
http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1993/0731609/0731609.pdf ????????: Drawn by User:SKopp
? ????:Flag_of_Madagascar.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bc/Flag_of_Madagascar.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Mali.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/92/Flag_of_Mali.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Martinique.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/52/Flag_of_Martinique.svg ????????:
CC0 ??????: Dessin de Pierre Gay pour Flags of the World ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Mauritania.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/43/Flag_of_Mauritania.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Mauritius.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/77/Flag_of_Mauritius.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: Zscout370
? ????:Flag_of_Mayotte_(local).svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4a/Flag_of_Mayotte_%28local%
29.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: from the xrmap flag collection 2.9. ????????: from the xrmap flag collection 2.9.
? ????:Flag_of_Monaco.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ea/Flag_of_Monaco.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Morocco.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2c/Flag_of_Morocco.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: Flag of the Kingdom of Morocco
<a data-x-rel='nofollow' class='external text' href='http://81.192.52.100/BO/AR/1915/BO_135_ar.PDF'>Moroccan royal decree (17
November 1915), BO-135-ar page 6</a>
????????: Denelson83, Zscout370
? ????:Flag_of_New_Brunswick.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fb/Flag_of_New_Brunswick.svg
????????: CC0 ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: Drawn and adapted by E Pluribus Anthony from and in accordance with
above noted website.
? ????:Flag_of_New_Caledonia.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/Pro-Independence_Flag_of_
New_Caledonia.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: User:WarX
? ????:Flag_of_Niger.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f4/Flag_of_Niger.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????:
The ?burnt orange? color in the top band and circle is Pantone(166), i.e. RGB(224,82,6) = #E05206 on sRGB CRT screen, or
CMYK(0,65%,100%,0) for process coated print, BUT NOT light orange #FF7000 which is somewhere between Pantone(130C) and
Pantone(151), and is even lighter than X11 orange! See http://www.seoconsultants.com/css/colors/conversion/100/ The central white band
is plain D65 reference white = RGB(255,255,255) = #FFFFFF.
????????: Made by: Philippe Verdy User:verdy_p, see also fr:Utilisateur:verdy_p.
? ????:Flag_of_Nunavut.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/90/Flag_of_Nunavut.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: Sodipodi?s Clipart Gallery ????????: James Leigh
? ????:Flag_of_Quebec.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5f/Flag_of_Quebec.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: SVG based on this file ????????: (Vector graphics image by Krun)
? ????:Flag_of_Rwanda.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/17/Flag_of_Rwanda.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: http://www.primature.gov.rw/component/option,com_docman/task,doc_download/gid,859/Itemid,95/ ????????: ???
????????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ? ??????? Inkscape ? ????? ??????????????? ???????..
? ????:Flag_of_Saint-Martin_(local).svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dd/Flag_of_Saint-Martin_
%28fictional%29.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: based on Flags of the World, the source reports it as ?dubious? ????????:
uploader
? ????:Flag_of_Saint-Pierre_and_Miquelon.svg
????????:
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/74/Flag_of_
Saint-Pierre_and_Miquelon.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: courtesy an e-mail from the author of xrmap. Modifications by
Denelson83 ????????: User:....
? ????:Flag_of_Saint_Barthelemy_(local).svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/df/Flag_of_Saint_
Barthelemy_%28local%29.svg ????????: CC BY 2.5 ??????: FOTW was used as a reference for the size of the arms in the white field.
????????: The arms are from User:Manassas's Image:Blason St Barth閘閙y TOM entire.svg.
? ????:Flag_of_Senegal.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fd/Flag_of_Senegal.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: Original upload from Openclipart : Senegal. However, the current source code for this SVG file has almost nothing in
common with the original upload. ????????: Original upload by Nightstallion
8
17
????????? ??????? ? ???????????, ?????? ? ????????
? ????:Flag_of_Switzerland.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f3/Flag_of_Switzerland.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: PDF Colors Construction sheet ????????: User:Marc Mongenet
Credits:
? ????:Flag_of_Togo.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/68/Flag_of_Togo.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Tunisia.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/ce/Flag_of_Tunisia.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: http://www.w3.org/ ????????: entra頽eur: BEN KHALIFA WISSAM
? ????:Flag_of_Valle_d'Aosta.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/90/Flag_of_Valle_d%27Aosta.svg
????????: Public domain ??????: legge regionale della Valle d'Aosta del 16 marzo 2006, n. 6 ????????: F l a n k e r
? ????:Flag_of_Vanuatu.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bc/Flag_of_Vanuatu.svg
????????:
? ????:Flag_of_Wallonia.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/42/Flag_of_Wallonia.svg ????????: CC0
??????: Coq de Paulus ????????: ????????????: Tom Lemmens
? ????:Flag_of_Yukon.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/69/Flag_of_Yukon.svg ????????: CC0 ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_the_Central_African_Republic.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6f/Flag_of_the_
Central_African_Republic.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: User:Nightstallion
? ????:Flag_of_the_Comoros.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/94/Flag_of_the_Comoros.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims). ????????:
???????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????????. ???????????????? Nightstallion (??????????? ?? ????????? ??
????????? ?????).
? ????:Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/
6f/Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????:
Nightstallion
? ????:Flag_of_the_Northwest_Territories.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c1/Flag_of_the_
Northwest_Territories.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: w:File:NWT flag.svg ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_the_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/92/Flag_of_the_
Republic_of_the_Congo.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_the_Seychelles.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fc/Flag_of_Seychelles.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: [1], for the RGB approximations [2] ????????: User:Vxb83
? ????:Flag_of_the_United_States.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a4/Flag_of_the_United_States.
svg ????????: Public domain ??????: SVG implementation of U. S. Code: Title 4, Chapter 1, Section 1 [1] (the United States Federal
?Flag Law?). ????????: Dbenbenn, Zscout370, Jacobolus, Indolences, Technion.
? ????:LocationAfrica.png ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0f/LocationAfrica.png ????????: Public
domain ??????: map adapted from PDF world map at CIA World Fact Book ????????: see above
? ????:Location_Cameroon_AU_Africa.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/42/Location_Cameroon_
AU_Africa.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: Alvaro1984 18
? ????:Regional_Flag_of_Reunion.gif ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/ru/8/84/Regional_Flag_of_Reunion.gif
????????: ?????????????? ????????????? ??????: ??????????? ? ????? [1]. ????????:
??????????? ?????????? ?? ?????? (?????????? ????????? ????)!
??? ??????????? ?????? (?? ??????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????) ??? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ???
?????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????????? ? 10.
? ????:Searchtool.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/61/Searchtool.svg ????????: LGPL ??????: http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/GNOME/sources/gnome-themes-extras/0.9/gnome-themes-extras-0.9.0.tar.gz ????????: David Vignoni,
Ysangkok
? ????:Wikinews-logo.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/24/Wikinews-logo.svg ????????: CC BYSA 3.0 ??????: This is a cropped version of Image:Wikinews-logo-en.png. ????????: Vectorized by Simon 01:05, 2 August 2006
(UTC) Updated by Time3000 17 April 2007 to use official Wikinews colours and appear correctly on dark backgrounds. Originally
uploaded by Simon.
? ????:Wikisource-logo.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg ????????: CC
BY-SA 3.0 ??????: Rei-artur ????????: Nicholas Moreau
? ????:Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dd/Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.
svg ????????: CC BY-SA 3.0 ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: AleXXw
? ????:Wiktionary-logo-ru.png ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bc/Wiktionary-logo-ru.png ????????:
CC BY-SA 3.0 ??????: Russian Wiktionary ????????: One half 3544, VPliousnine
? ????:???._?????_????????.png ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/ru/8/84/%D0%A4%D0%B8%D0%B7._%
D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%82%D0%B0_%D0%9A%D0%B0%D0%BC%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%83%D0%BD%D0%B0.png
????????: CC BY-SA 3.0 ??????: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Cameroon_Topography.png ????????: Sadalmelik (???????
???????: ????? ?. ?.)
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? Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
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