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Коморы
??????
??????????: 12�?00? ?. ?. 44�?00? ?. ?. /
12.18333� ?. ?. 44.23333� ?. ?.
?????????? ????????? ????????, ??????????
?????? ??????? ???????. ??????? ???????? (??????????), ??????? (??????) ? ????? (??????)
????? ??, ??????????? ???????? ????? ????? ?????
??????????
?????????? ???? ????????? ?????[4]
???????? ? , ????? ????? ????????????? ????????
???, ? ?????? ????? (???????) ?????????? ?????
????????? ??????? (?? 2002 ???? ? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????) ? ?????? �????????? ???????� ???????, ?? ?? ????
??????????? ? ????????? ??????. ??????????? ? ?????????? ???? ????????? ????????.
????????? ?????? ? ???????? ????? ????????????? ?????? ????? ? ??????????? ?????? ??????? (2361
??????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ? ?????- ?). ??????? ???????, ???????? ??????????? ??????? ??????????. ??????? ? 1862 ??� (? ???????? ??. ?????? ???????????, ??????? ? ??????. ??????????? (?????) ? 2 235 ??瞇2] ). ????????? ? 784 ??? ?? 1100 ?? 3000 ?? ? ???. ??????? ????? ????745 ??????? (? 2015 ????[3] , ??? ????? ??????? (??- ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ??????, ?????), ? ??? ? ????? 1 000 000 ???????[5] ), ??????? ?? ????????????? ??????? ? ????????????? ???????.
??????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????????. ??????? ? ??????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ??????.
????.
???????? ????? ?? ????????? ????? al-qamar (????????), ??? ???????? �???�. ???? ???????????? ??
????? ???????????.
1.1. ???????
??????????? ????? ? ????????? (??????????? ??????????????
????? ???????), ??????????? ? ????????. ???????- ?????????????? ???????????? ???????? ??????????,
???????? ??????? ? ?????.
????????? ???????, ???????, ???????? ???????,
?????????.
???????? ???
1. ?????????
?? ??????? ??????? ???? ?? ????????? ???????? ??
????? ? ?????? ???????????, ????????????? ?????
?? 2 ????????.
2. ???????
2.1. ??????? ???????
???? ?? ??????????? ??????????????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ? V ???? ?. ?. ? XII ????
????????? ????? ??? ?????? ????????? ?????, ?????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ????????? ?????? (?????????? ??????????? ????????). ??????? ???????
??????? ? 1598 ???? ??????????? ????????????????
?. ?????????. ??????? ?????????????? ? ?????
???????????? ???????????? ?? ???????? ? 1610-? ????? ????????? ??????? ??-?? ?????? ??????? ???????. ????? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ?????????????? ?????????? ????? ????? ?????????, ????????
??????? ??????, ???????????? ????????? ?? ??????
(??????).
????? ?????
???????????
???????????
??
? 1600-? ????? ???????? ?????? ????? ????????? ???????????????? ????? ????????? ?? ??????, ????? ????????? ?????1
2
2 ???????
?? ? ??????? ??????????. ????????? ????? ??? ??????????? ???????, ??????? ???????? ???? ????????? ???????? ? ????????. ? 1785 ???? ? ????? ??????? ????? ??????????? ?????? ? ???????????, ??-??
???? ? ?????? XIX ???? ?????? ??????? ???????????
????????? ? ?????? ? ???????? ?????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???????????.
????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????
??????? (???), ??????????? ??? ???????: ??????,
?????-????? ? ??????. ??????????? ???? ???????????? ?????????????????? ?????? ????? ????????.
???? ????? ??? ?????????, ??????????? ?????????,
??????? ???????????, ? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ????????.
2.2. ???????????? ??????
? ?????? 1975 ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ? ???
? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????????.
???????, ??????? ????????????? ???, ? ????????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ???????? ??????? ??????
????? �?????????????? ???????�.
? 1841 ???? ??????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ? ?
1843 ???? ?? ???? ?? ?????????????. ? 1886?1892 ????? ?????????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ??????,
?????-????? ? ??????. ? 1909 ????????? ?????- 2.3. ????? ????????? ?????????????
????? ???????? ??????????? ????????, ? ? 1912 ???? ? ???????????????? ????????? ??????????? ? ? ?????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ?????????????????.
???? 3 ??????? 1975 ???? ? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ???????????? ?? ????????- ????, ??????????????? ???? ??? ??????????? �???? ??????, ???????? ? ????. ??????? ????? ???- ??????????? ??????????� ?????????????? ???????
?? ???????????? ? ???????????? ??????????????. ????????? ???????? ? ????????????? ????????? ??
????? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???- ?????? ??????????? ??????????, ???????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???????? ????? ??????- ????? ? ?????????, ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????
????? ??????? ? 1947 ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????????????? ???????????,
?? �???????? ??????????�. ? 1957 ???? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ??????. ????????????? ??????????????????? ????? (? 1961 ???? ??? ??????- ???????????? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ? ????? ???????? ?????? ?. ?. ????), ? 1961 ???? ?????????????? ?????????? ? ??????. ??? ?????????
????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????. ??????? ? ???????? ????????????? ????????.
?????????????? (????? ???????? ????????, ??????? ? ??? 1978 ????????? ????? ?????????, ??????????? ??????? ????????) ??????? ? 1968 ????. ??????- ??? ??????????? ????????? ????? ??????? (???
?????????? ????? ? 1968 ???? ??? ????????? ?? ????- ?????? ????, ?????? ????? ??????? ? ?. ????????? ??????? (?????? ???????) ? ????? ?????? (???- ??). ???????????? ???????????? ?????????????????
??? ?????-?????). ????????????? ?????????? ???- ????????, ??????? ??????????? ? ??????? ????????,
?????? ????????.
?????????? ????? ??????? ?????????????, ???????????? ???????????? ???????????, ?????????????? ???? ??????????? ??????????, ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ????????????? ????????????, ???- ?????????? ????????? ? ????????.
????? ? 1962 ????: �?????????????? ???? ?????- ???????? ??????????? 1978 ???? ?????? ????????????? ????????� (????, ?????? ?. ?. ??????) ? ??? ???? ? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? �????? ???????� (?????? ?????? ??- ???? ??????? (?????) (??. R閜ublique F閐閞ale Isla????????????? ????????) ? �?????????????? ???- mique des Comores; ????. (?????? ?? ????? ????????? ??????????,
???????? ?????????? ??????� (???), ?????????? ????????? ? ? ??????????? ?????????, ? ????? ??????????? �????? ?????� ??? �????? ???????�. ? ????? ??????????????? ????????. ????? ???????? ??1963 ???? ????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ???? ??????????? ??????? (1979) ???????????? ???????????? �??????? ?? ???????????? ???????????? ?? ???? ???????? �???????? ???? ?? ????????�
????????? ????????� (????????), ?????????? (�?????�, ?????? ? 1982 ????).
??? ??????? ???????????-???????????????? ???????? ?? ????????. ?? ?????????? ? 1970 ???? ???- 6 ??????? 1979 ???? ??????????? ????????? ???
??????? ?????
???????? ??? ????????? ? �????? ???????? ?????� ???????? ?? ???????????? ?????????
[6]
??
??????
?????
(???????).
(???). ? 1972 ???? ?? ??????? ?????-????? ???????
?????????????? ?????? ?. ?????????, ??????????�????? ??????� (�???�).
?? ??????????? ?? ??????? ????????????? (??????? ???? ? 1984 (99 % ???????), ? ?????????? ????? ??1974 ????) ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????- ??????????? ???????? ??????? ? ?????? 1989 ???? ?
?????? ????????????. ?? ???, 96 % ??????? ?????- ??????????, ? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ????.
??? ??????, ?????-????? ? ?????? ????????????? �?� ??? ????????? ?? ???????, ? 64 % ????????? ??????? ??????? ? �?????�. 6 ???? 1975 ????
??????? ?????? ????????? ? ????????????? ???????
????????????? ?????? 1990 ???? ?????? ? ???????? ???????????????? (??????? 14 ????????? ??????). ??????????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? (55,3 % ???????). ?????????? ???????????? ???-
3.1
?????
??? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ? ????????
1995 ????, ??????????????? ???????????? ??????????. ? 1996?1998 ????? ????????????? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ??????????. ????? ???????????
(1996) ????????? ????????????? ????????????????
? ?????? ? ???????? ??????????????? ???????.
????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ???? ????? ?. ????????. ????????? ?????????????? ????????? (?
??? ????? ??-?? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ?
????????) ? ?????????? (?????????????? ? ????????????? ??????? ????????????? ????????? ?????? ?
?????? ? 1997 ????) ????????????????? ???????? ?
??????. ? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? 30 ??????
1999 ???? ? ?????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????. ? 2001 ???? ????????????????? ?????? ????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ????????
?????? ? ??????.
3
3.1. ?????
??????????? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????? ??
????????? ?????????? ????? ? ??????? ? 500 ???????, ? ????? 500 ?????? ??? ???????. ???????
? ???????? ??????? ? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ??????????????? ???, ???????? ????????? ?????????????? ? ????????? ??????????. ??????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ????????
? ????????????? ????????? ????????. ??????? ????? ????????? ??????? ???? ? ????? ???????????? ??????? (DLEM) ?? ???????. ??????? ?? ???????????
???? (1500 ???.) ?????????? 3 % ??? (?? 2002 ???).
4. ???????????????? ???????
????? ?????????? 21 ??????? 2001 ???? ???????????
???????? ????? ???????????[7][8] , ???????????????
???????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????. ??????
????? ?????????? ???? ????????? ???????? (???).
?? ????????????? ??????? 14 ?????? 2002 ???? (????????????? ????????? ??? ? ????????? ? ??? ????) ??????? ?. ????????. ? ?????-?????? ???? ??
???? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ? ??????. ??????????? ??????? ?????-????? ?????? ? ???
2002 ???? ????????? ?. ???????? ?. ?. ?????? (63
% ???????).
???????? ??????????? ??????????? 2001 ????, ????
????????? ???????? ??????? ?? 4-? ?????????? ????????, ??????? ????? (???????)[7] , ??????????????
???????. ?????????? ?????? ???????? ?????? 3 ?????????? ??????? (???????), ??????????????? ?????????? ????????, ?? ??????? ??????????? 16 ?????????.
?? ??????????? 2001 ????, ?????? ????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?????? (????? ???), ?????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ? ????? ?? 4-? ?????????? ????????
??????????? ???? ????????? ????????[7] .
??????????? ????????? ? 784 745 ??????? (??????
?? ???? 2015 ????)[3] .
5. ?????????
?? ?????? ???????? ????????? 2012 ???? ????????? ?????? ????????? 724 294 ????????[3] (??? ?????
?????? ??????? (??????) ????????? ?????????????? ??????? (?????), ? ??? ? ????? 936 900 ???. ??????????????[9] ? ???? ??????? ? ???????? ? ???? ???).
???????? ????, ??????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????- ??????? ??????? ? 2,7 % (???????????? ? 4,8 ?????????? ???????? ?????.
????? ?? ???????).
??????? ????????????????? ????? ? 61 ??? ? ??????, 66 ??? ? ??????.
????-??????? ?????? ? ?????????? (?????? ?????????-?????????????? ?????????????) ? ????? 95
3. ??????????????? ??????????
%, ????? (????? ?????) ? 1,5 %, ????? ? 0,5 %,
??????????? ? 0,5 %, ? ?????: ?????, ????????,
??????????. ????????? ? ??????? ?????? (?????? ??????? (?? 0,2 %).
26 ??????? 2010 ????, ? ????????? ? 26 ??? 2011 ??????? ? ??????????? ???????? ? ???????????,
??).
??????????? ????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ?????
?? ??????????? 2001 ???? ????????? ?????? ??????- (??????????? ??????? ? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ??? ? 4 ????, ?????????? ???????????? ???? ?? ??).
???? ????????, ?? ???????[8] . ? 2002 ???? ??????????? ??? ?????? ????? ???????? ? ????????, ? 2006 ??????? ? ? ???????? ??????????-???????, ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ? ???????. ??????????? ??? ????? ?????????-??????, ???????? ? ????? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ?????- ?????????? ? ?????????-???????? (??. ??????????
?? ????????? ????????).
??? ??????.
????????? (?????????) ? 33 ????????, ?? ??? 18 ??- ??????????? ? 63 % ?????? ? 39 % ?????? (??????
???????? ???????? ????????????, 15 ? ?????????- 2003 ????).
?? ???? ????????, ?? 5-?????? ????.
????????? ????????? ? 28 %.
4
10
6. ?????????
?????? ? ???? ?? ????????? ?????????? ????. ???
?? ???? ????????? ? 2009 ???? ? 1 ???. ????. (209? ????? ? ????). ???? ?????? ???????? ? 60 % ?????????. ????????? ??????? ?????????????, ??????
??????? ???????????? ??????? ????, ??????? ????
?????????, ??????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ??????. ?????? ?? ???????????? ???? ???????????????
? ???, ???????? ??????? ??????? ????????, ???????? ???????? ???? ? ???????. ????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ? ???????? ????????????, ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ???????????? ???????????, ???????? ???????????????, ????????? ??????, ????????? ???? ?????????.
???????? ????????? (40 % ???, 80 % ??????????)
? ??????, ????????, ?????-?????, ?????, ??????,
??????, ?????? (???????); ???????????.
?????????????? (4 % ???) ? ??????????.
????? ???????????? ? 56 % ???.
??????? ? 2006 ???? ? 32 ??? ????. ? ??????, ?????????? (??????????? ????????), ????????, ?????.
???????? ?????????? ? ??????? 31 %, ?????? 17
%, ?????? 11 %, ???????? 10 %, ???????? 8 %.
?????? ? 2006 ???? ? 143 ??? ????. ? ??? ? ??????
??????????????, ??????????????? ??????, ?????????????, ??????, ???????????? ????????.
???????? ?????????? ? ???????? 14 %, ???????
13 %, ????? 11 %, ??? 9 %, ??? 6 %.
?????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ????? ???.
7. ??. ?????
? ????????? ???????
? ??????? ????? ? ???????? ????? ?????
8. ??????????
[1] La Constitution comorienne
[2] 2235 ??� ? ??????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????? ??????? ????? (???????) ? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ???????. ??????????? ???????? ??? (34/69 ?? 06.12.1979) ???????? ?? ???????????? ????????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????
(???????). ??? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? 1862 ??�
[3] Comoros portail de donnees ?????????????? ??????
?????
[4] ????? ????. ???. ??????? ?. ?.; ????: ??????????????, ???? �??�, 2007 ISBN 5-9523-0164-9
??????
[5] ?? ??????? (??????? ???????) ???????????? ?? ????????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??? ?? 1 ????
2015 ???? ????????? ????? ?????????? 770 058 ???????, ????????? ??????? ? 233 993, ?? ???? ???????? 1 004 051 ???????. (POP/1-1: Total population
(both sexes combined) by major area, region and country,
annually for 1950?2100 (Medium fertility, 2010?
2100).xls)
[6] ??????????? ????????? ??? (34/69 ?? 06.12.1979)
?????? ? ????????? ??????? ???????
[7] ??????????? ????? ????????? ???????? (??????? ??
??????????? 23 ??????? 2001 ????)
[8] ??????????? ????????? ????????
[9] ????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ??????????
??????????, Lenta.ru (26 ????? 2008). ????????? 23
?????? 2010.
9. ??????????
? ???????? ?. ?. ?????? ????????? ???????. ?
?.: ????????????, 2007. ? 352 ?. ? (????????????????? ??????????). ? 2000 ???. ? ISBN
978-5-478-00729-4.
10. ??????
?
?????????: ?????: ??????
5
11. ????????? ??????? ? ???????????, ?????? ? ????????
11.1. ?????
? ?????? ????????: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%8B?oldid=78647304 ??????: Komap, Drbug, Romanm, Robbot, Fleminra, Maximaximax, Yegorm, HedgeBot, Ornil, YurikBot, Rokur, APTEM, Volkov,
Cheops, ???? ??????????, Redline, Don Alessandro, VanHelsing.16, Alghenius, Maksim-bot, Sasha Krotov, Frantony, Scrub, ?.?.
??????, Edwardspec TalkBot, Insider, User?101, Escarbot, ZsergheiBot, TuvicBot, StraSSenBahn, Thijs!bot, Kartmen, JAnDbot,
Andrey Kartashov, V.A.KeRneL, Nickst, VolkovBot, ??????? ????????, Idioma-bot, TXiKiBoT, Chath, Synthebot, Cantor, SieBot,
UncleMartin, Gerakibot, AlleborgoBot, ??????, Nickpo, Bortorix, Eugene M, Dimitris, ToePeu.bot, DragonBot, MUSTANG16, ?? ???,
?????????, OKBot, Konyasha, Alexbot, DenLv, BelCorvus, BOTarate, Volk59, ????? ???????, BodhisattvaBot, ????????? ????????, Tat1642, Vong, VlsergeyBot, Lokal Profil, MelancholieBot, CarsracBot, HerculeBot, Amirobot, Wanka89, Luckas-bot, Nallimbot,
Rubinbot, Harry Tolkiger, Prokurator11, Rartat, Obersachsebot, Kroschka Ru, ArthurBot, Sant?r, Xqbot, ??????????? ??????????,
Leokand, ?????? ?????, LucienBOT, Valerytembi4, MastiBot, Dsds55, Rufus Total, Daryona, Boodjoom85, Jim Fitzgerald, RedBot,
KamikazeBot, ?????? ?. ??????, TjBot, EmausBot, Temi4-hik, Raye Penber, Xlien, GrouchoBot, Z閞oBot, J vekilov, Damien86,
Hatifnatter, Wolkodlak, ChuispastonBot, H2Bot, WikitanvirBot, RosssW, CocuBot, Movses-bot, KrBot, Vestnik-64, ?????? ??????,
MerlIwBot, MBHbot, KPu3uC B Poccuu, AvicBot, Pompidou~ruwiki, AvocatoBot, What?sGoingOn, Senior Strateg, Stas1995, 484UUU,
NN21, TheVovaNik, Wjatschko, GiorgiXIII, Heinrich2015, ??????, ???? ??????????? ? ??????: 40
11.2. ???????????
? ????:Arrow_Blue_Right_001.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/45/Arrow_Blue_Right_001.svg
????????: Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: User:Sameboat
? ????:Cn-map.png ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e3/Cn-map.png ????????: Public domain ??????:
? ????????: ?
? ????:Coat_of_arms_of_Comoros.svg
????????:
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/61/Coat_of_arms_of_
Comoros.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: national symbol. ????????: Tonyjeff, based on national symbol, with the help of
users AnonMoos, Kafka1, Omar86 and ????? ????.
? ????:Commons-logo.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: This version created by Pumbaa, using a proper partial circle and SVG geometry features. (Former versions used to
be slightly warped.) ????????: SVG version was created by User:Grunt and cleaned up by 3247, based on the earlier PNG version,
created by Reidab.
? ????:Emblem_of_the_Arab_League.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b0/Emblem_of_the_Arab_
League.svg ????????: GFDL ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: Jeff Dahl
? ????:En-us-Comoros.ogg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/39/En-us-Comoros.ogg ????????: Public
domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: Dmcdevit
? ????:Flag_Belgium_brussels.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/eb/Flag_Belgium_brussels.svg ????????: CC BY 3.0 ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: Ssolbergj
? ????:Flag_of_Algeria.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/77/Flag_of_Algeria.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: SVG implementation of the 63-145 Algerian law "on Characteristics of the Algerian national emblem" ("Caract閞istiques
du Drapeau Alg閞ien", in English). ????????: This graphic was originaly drawn by User:SKopp.
? ????:Flag_of_Andorra.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/19/Flag_of_Andorra.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: Llibre de normes gr鄁iques per a la reproducci� i aplicaci� dels signes d'Estat per als quals el Govern 閟 autoritat
competent (Aprovat pel Govern en la sessi� del dia 5 de maig de 1999) ????????: HansenBCN
? ????:Flag_of_Bahrain.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2c/Flag_of_Bahrain.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: http://www.moci.gov.bh/en/KingdomofBahrain/BahrainFlag/ ????????: Source: Drawn by User:SKopp, rewritten by
User:Zscout370
? ????:Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/92/Flag_of_Belgium_%28civil%
29.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Benin.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0a/Flag_of_Benin.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: Drawn by User:SKopp, rewritten by User:Gabbe
? ????:Flag_of_Burkina_Faso.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/31/Flag_of_Burkina_Faso.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Burundi.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/50/Flag_of_Burundi.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims). ????????: ????????
?? ?????? ??????????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????????. ???????????????? SKopp (??????????? ?? ????????? ?? ????????? ?????).
? ????:Flag_of_Cameroon.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4f/Flag_of_Cameroon.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: Drawn by User:SKopp ????????: (of code) cs:User:-xfi? ????:Flag_of_Canada.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cf/Flag_of_Canada.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: See below ????????: Created by E Pluribus Anthony / User:Mzajac
? ????:Flag_of_Canton_of_Bern.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/30/Flag_of_Canton_of_Bern.svg
????????: Public domain ??????: offizielle PDF ????????: ??????????<a href='//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q4233718'
title='wikidata:Q4233718'><img
alt='wikidata:Q4233718'
src='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/
Wikidata-logo.svg/20px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png' width='20' height='11' srcset='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/
thumb/f/ff/Wikidata-logo.svg/30px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png
1.5x,
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/
Wikidata-logo.svg/40px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png 2x' data-file-width='1050' data-file-height='590' /></a>
6
11
????????? ??????? ? ???????????, ?????? ? ????????
? ????:Flag_of_Canton_of_Fribourg.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cb/Flag_of_Canton_of_
Fribourg.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: offizielle PDF ????????: ??????????<a href='//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q4233718'
title='wikidata:Q4233718'><img
alt='wikidata:Q4233718'
src='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/
Wikidata-logo.svg/20px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png' width='20' height='11' srcset='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/
thumb/f/ff/Wikidata-logo.svg/30px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png
1.5x,
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/
Wikidata-logo.svg/40px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png 2x' data-file-width='1050' data-file-height='590' /></a>
? ????:Flag_of_Canton_of_Geneva.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/83/Flag_of_Canton_of_
Geneva.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: offizielle PDF ????????: ??????????<a href='//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q4233718'
title='wikidata:Q4233718'><img
alt='wikidata:Q4233718'
src='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/
Wikidata-logo.svg/20px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png' width='20' height='11' srcset='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/
thumb/f/ff/Wikidata-logo.svg/30px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png
1.5x,
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/
Wikidata-logo.svg/40px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png 2x' data-file-width='1050' data-file-height='590' /></a>
? ????:Flag_of_Canton_of_Jura.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/74/Flag_of_Canton_of_Jura.svg
????????: Public domain ??????: offizielle PDF ????????: ??????????<a href='//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q4233718'
title='wikidata:Q4233718'><img
alt='wikidata:Q4233718'
src='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/
Wikidata-logo.svg/20px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png' width='20' height='11' srcset='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/
thumb/f/ff/Wikidata-logo.svg/30px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png
1.5x,
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/
Wikidata-logo.svg/40px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png 2x' data-file-width='1050' data-file-height='590' /></a>
? ????:Flag_of_Canton_of_Neuch鈚el.svg
????????:
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/57/Flag_
of_Canton_of_Neuch%C3%A2tel.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: offizielle PDF ????????: ??????????<a
href='//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q4233718'
title='wikidata:Q4233718'><img
alt='wikidata:Q4233718'
src='https://upload.
wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/Wikidata-logo.svg/20px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png'
width='20'
height='11'
srcset='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/Wikidata-logo.svg/30px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png
1.5x,
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/Wikidata-logo.svg/40px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png 2x' data-file-width='1050'
data-file-height='590' /></a>
? ????:Flag_of_Canton_of_Valais.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/34/Flag_of_Canton_of_Valais.
svg ????????: Public domain ??????: offizielle PDF ????????: ??????????<a href='//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q4233718'
title='wikidata:Q4233718'><img
alt='wikidata:Q4233718'
src='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/
Wikidata-logo.svg/20px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png' width='20' height='11' srcset='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/
thumb/f/ff/Wikidata-logo.svg/30px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png
1.5x,
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/
Wikidata-logo.svg/40px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png 2x' data-file-width='1050' data-file-height='590' /></a>
? ????:Flag_of_Canton_of_Vaud.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/df/Flag_of_Canton_of_Vaud.
svg ????????: Public domain ??????: offizielle PDF ????????: ??????????<a href='//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q4233718'
title='wikidata:Q4233718'><img
alt='wikidata:Q4233718'
src='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/
Wikidata-logo.svg/20px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png' width='20' height='11' srcset='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/
thumb/f/ff/Wikidata-logo.svg/30px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png
1.5x,
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/
Wikidata-logo.svg/40px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png 2x' data-file-width='1050' data-file-height='590' /></a>
? ????:Flag_of_Chad.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4b/Flag_of_Chad.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: Quelle � Fonto: http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/td.html ????????: SKopp & others (see upload log)
? ????:Flag_of_C魌e_d'Ivoire.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fe/Flag_of_C%C3%B4te_d%
27Ivoire.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: Jon Harald S鴅y
? ????:Flag_of_Djibouti.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/34/Flag_of_Djibouti.svg ????????: CC0
??????: From the Open Clip Art website. ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Egypt.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fe/Flag_of_Egypt.svg ????????: CC0 ??????: From the Open Clip Art website. ????????: Open Clip Art
? ????:Flag_of_Equatorial_Guinea.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/31/Flag_of_Equatorial_
Guinea.svg ????????: CC0 ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_France.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c3/Flag_of_France.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/de/frankreich_3/frankreich-entdecken_244/
portrat-frankreichs_247/die-symbole-der-franzosischen-republik_260/trikolore-die-nationalfahne_114.html ????????: This graphic
was drawn by SKopp.
? ????:Flag_of_French_Guiana.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/29/Flag_of_French_Guiana.svg
????????: Public domain ??????: Conseil G閚閞al de la Guyane ????????: Madden
? ????:Flag_of_French_Polynesia.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/db/Flag_of_French_Polynesia.
svg ????????: CC0 ??????: From the Open Clip Art website ????????: User:Nightstallion
? ????:Flag_of_Gabon.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/04/Flag_of_Gabon.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Guadeloupe_(local).svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/04/Flag_of_Guadeloupe_
%28local%29.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: drawing by Pierre Gay, uploader User:Denelson83
? ????:Flag_of_Guernsey.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fa/Flag_of_Guernsey.svg ????????:
CC0 ??????: From the Open Clip Art website. ????????: User:Nightstallion
? ????:Flag_of_Guinea.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ed/Flag_of_Guinea.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Haiti.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/56/Flag_of_Haiti.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: Coat of arms from: Coat of arms of Haiti.svg by Lokal_Profil and Myriam Thyes ????????: (colours and size changes
of the now deletied versions) Madden, Vzb83, Denelson83, Chanheigeorge, Zscout370 and Nightstallion
? ????:Flag_of_India.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/41/Flag_of_India.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: Self-made, based from ISI 1:1968 Specification for the national flag of India (cotton khadi)
11.3
????????
7
11.3. ????????
User:SKopp
? ????:Flag_of_Iraq.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f6/Flag_of_Iraq.svg ????????: Public domain
??????:
? This image is based on the CIA Factbook, and the website of Office of the President of Iraq, vectorized by User:Militaryace ????????:
Unknown, published by Iraqi governemt, vectorized by User:Militaryace based on the work of User:Hoshie
? ????:Flag_of_Italy.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/03/Flag_of_Italy.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: There has been a long discussion on the colors of this flag. Please read the talk page before editing or reverting this
image. Pantone to RGB performed by http://www.pantone.com/pages/pantone/colorfinder.aspx ????????: see below
? ????:Flag_of_Jersey.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1c/Flag_of_Jersey.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Jordan.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c0/Flag_of_Jordan.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Kuwait.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Flag_of_Kuwait.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: SKopp
? ????:Flag_of_Lebanon.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/59/Flag_of_Lebanon.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: ? ????????: Traced based on the CIA World Factbook with some modification done to the colours based on
information at Vexilla mundi.
? ????:Flag_of_Libya.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/05/Flag_of_Libya.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: File:Flag of Libya (1951).svg ????????: ???????? ??? ????? SVG-????? <a data-x-rel='nofollow' class='external
text' href='//validator.w3.org/check?uri=https%3A%2F%2Fcommons.wikimedia.org%2Fwiki%2FSpecial%3AFilepath%2FFlag_of_
Libya.svg,<span>,&,</span>,ss=1'>?????????</a>.
? ????:Flag_of_Louisiana.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e0/Flag_of_Louisiana.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: From the xrmap flag collection 2.7. ????????: User:....
? ????:Flag_of_Luxembourg.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/da/Flag_of_Luxembourg.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1972/0051/a051.pdf#page=2, colors from
http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1993/0731609/0731609.pdf ????????: Drawn by User:SKopp
? ????:Flag_of_Madagascar.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bc/Flag_of_Madagascar.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Mali.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/92/Flag_of_Mali.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Martinique.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/52/Flag_of_Martinique.svg ????????:
CC0 ??????: Dessin de Pierre Gay pour Flags of the World ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Mauritania.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/43/Flag_of_Mauritania.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Mauritius.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/77/Flag_of_Mauritius.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: Zscout370
? ????:Flag_of_Mayotte_(local).svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4a/Flag_of_Mayotte_%28local%
29.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: from the xrmap flag collection 2.9. ????????: from the xrmap flag collection 2.9.
? ????:Flag_of_Monaco.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ea/Flag_of_Monaco.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Morocco.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2c/Flag_of_Morocco.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: Flag of the Kingdom of Morocco
<a data-x-rel='nofollow' class='external text' href='http://81.192.52.100/BO/AR/1915/BO_135_ar.PDF'>Moroccan royal decree (17
November 1915), BO-135-ar page 6</a>
????????: Denelson83, Zscout370
? ????:Flag_of_New_Brunswick.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fb/Flag_of_New_Brunswick.svg
????????: CC0 ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: Drawn and adapted by E Pluribus Anthony from and in accordance with
above noted website.
? ????:Flag_of_New_Caledonia.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/Pro-Independence_Flag_of_
New_Caledonia.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: User:WarX
? ????:Flag_of_Niger.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f4/Flag_of_Niger.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????:
The ?burnt orange? color in the top band and circle is Pantone(166), i.e. RGB(224,82,6) = #E05206 on sRGB CRT screen, or
CMYK(0,65%,100%,0) for process coated print, BUT NOT light orange #FF7000 which is somewhere between Pantone(130C) and
Pantone(151), and is even lighter than X11 orange! See http://www.seoconsultants.com/css/colors/conversion/100/ The central white band
is plain D65 reference white = RGB(255,255,255) = #FFFFFF.
????????: Made by: Philippe Verdy User:verdy_p, see also fr:Utilisateur:verdy_p.
? ????:Flag_of_Nunavut.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/90/Flag_of_Nunavut.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: Sodipodi?s Clipart Gallery ????????: James Leigh
? ????:Flag_of_Oman.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dd/Flag_of_Oman.svg ????????: CC0 ??????: ? ????????: ?
8
11
????????? ??????? ? ???????????, ?????? ? ????????
? ????:Flag_of_Palestine.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/00/Flag_of_Palestine.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: ??????????? ??????. Based on Law No. 5 for the year 2006 amending some provisions of Law No. 22 for the
year 2005 on the Sanctity of the Palestinian Flag ????????: Orionist, previous versions by Makaristos, Mysid, etc.
? ????:Flag_of_Qatar.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Flag_of_Qatar.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: Drawn by User:SKopp ????????: (of code) cs:User:-xfi? ????:Flag_of_Quebec.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5f/Flag_of_Quebec.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: SVG based on this file ????????: (Vector graphics image by Krun)
? ????:Flag_of_Rwanda.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/17/Flag_of_Rwanda.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: http://www.primature.gov.rw/component/option,com_docman/task,doc_download/gid,859/Itemid,95/ ????????: ???
????????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ? ??????? Inkscape ? ????? ??????????????? ???????..
? ????:Flag_of_Saint-Martin_(local).svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dd/Flag_of_Saint-Martin_
%28fictional%29.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: based on Flags of the World, the source reports it as ?dubious? ????????:
uploader
? ????:Flag_of_Saint-Pierre_and_Miquelon.svg
????????:
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/74/Flag_of_
Saint-Pierre_and_Miquelon.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: courtesy an e-mail from the author of xrmap. Modifications by
Denelson83 ????????: User:....
? ????:Flag_of_Saint_Barthelemy_(local).svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/df/Flag_of_Saint_
Barthelemy_%28local%29.svg ????????: CC BY 2.5 ??????: FOTW was used as a reference for the size of the arms in the white field.
????????: The arms are from User:Manassas's Image:Blason St Barth閘閙y TOM entire.svg.
? ????:Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0d/Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia.svg
????????: CC0 ??????: the actual flag ????????: ??????????<a href='//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q4233718' title='wikidata:
Q4233718'><img
alt='wikidata:Q4233718'
src='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/Wikidata-logo.
svg/20px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png'
width='20'
height='11'
srcset='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/
Wikidata-logo.svg/30px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png 1.5x, https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/Wikidata-logo.svg/
40px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png 2x' data-file-width='1050' data-file-height='590' /></a>
? ????:Flag_of_Senegal.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fd/Flag_of_Senegal.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: Original upload from Openclipart : Senegal. However, the current source code for this SVG file has almost nothing in
common with the original upload. ????????: Original upload by Nightstallion
? ????:Flag_of_Somalia.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a0/Flag_of_Somalia.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: see below ????????: see upload history
? ????:Flag_of_Sudan.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/01/Flag_of_Sudan.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: www.vexilla-mundi.com ????????: Vzb83
? ????:Flag_of_Switzerland.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f3/Flag_of_Switzerland.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: PDF Colors Construction sheet ????????: User:Marc Mongenet
Credits:
? ????:Flag_of_Syria.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/53/Flag_of_Syria.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: see below ????????: see below
? ????:Flag_of_Togo.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/68/Flag_of_Togo.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Tunisia.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/ce/Flag_of_Tunisia.svg ????????: Public
domain ??????: http://www.w3.org/ ????????: entra頽eur: BEN KHALIFA WISSAM
? ????:Flag_of_Valle_d'Aosta.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/90/Flag_of_Valle_d%27Aosta.svg
????????: Public domain ??????: legge regionale della Valle d'Aosta del 16 marzo 2006, n. 6 ????????: F l a n k e r
? ????:Flag_of_Vanuatu.svg ????????:
Public domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bc/Flag_of_Vanuatu.svg
????????:
? ????:Flag_of_Wallonia.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/42/Flag_of_Wallonia.svg ????????: CC0
??????: Coq de Paulus ????????: ????????????: Tom Lemmens
? ????:Flag_of_Yemen.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/89/Flag_of_Yemen.svg ????????: CC0 ??????: Open Clip Art website ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_Yukon.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/69/Flag_of_Yukon.svg ????????: CC0 ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_the_Arab_League.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2b/Flag_of_the_Arab_League.
svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: Flad
? ????:Flag_of_the_Central_African_Republic.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6f/Flag_of_the_
Central_African_Republic.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: User:Nightstallion
? ????:Flag_of_the_Comoros.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/94/Flag_of_the_Comoros.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims). ????????:
???????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????????. ???????????????? Nightstallion (??????????? ?? ????????? ??
????????? ?????).
? ????:Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/
6f/Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????:
Nightstallion
11.3
????????
9
? ????:Flag_of_the_Northwest_Territories.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c1/Flag_of_the_
Northwest_Territories.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: w:File:NWT flag.svg ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_the_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/92/Flag_of_the_
Republic_of_the_Congo.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_the_Seychelles.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fc/Flag_of_Seychelles.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: [1], for the RGB approximations [2] ????????: User:Vxb83
? ????:Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cb/Flag_of_the_
United_Arab_Emirates.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ? ????????: ?
? ????:Flag_of_the_United_States.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a4/Flag_of_the_United_States.
svg ????????: Public domain ??????: SVG implementation of U. S. Code: Title 4, Chapter 1, Section 1 [1] (the United States Federal
?Flag Law?). ????????: Dbenbenn, Zscout370, Jacobolus, Indolences, Technion.
? ????:Gnome-globe.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f3/Gnome-globe.svg ????????: LGPL ??????: http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/GNOME/sources/gnome-themes-extras/0.9/gnome-themes-extras-0.9.0.tar.gz ????????: David Vignoni
? ????:LocationAfrica.png ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0f/LocationAfrica.png ????????: Public
domain ??????: map adapted from PDF world map at CIA World Fact Book ????????: see above
? ????:Location_Comoros_AU_Africa.svg ????????: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/25/Location_Comoros_
AU_Africa.svg ????????: Public domain ??????: ??????????? ?????? ????????: Alvaro1984 18
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