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Огородыч №6 2013

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DJIO)J;OB.
llOJIOC HJIIf KpanHHOK. MSIKOTb CO'IHaSI,
KH~
"
Hblll
nnu
B
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opraiJ
BCe 0
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TaMJU\
Iu;eCTI
Bbt~
Pa31
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BbiCeB
KYJO p
paiu;Hl
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Me.n;ne
...
B TPOnvtKVl
KH:pOBKe B ¢a3e Tpex nepBhiX JIHCTOqKOB. Ilepe;D; llHKHpOBKOH rpyHT nponHBaIOT paCTBOpOM MapraHQOBKH ;D;JISI npOtPHJiaKTHKH
qepHOH HO:>KKH. qepe3 He;o;eJIIO nocne nHKHpOBKH
npOBO;D;SIT nO;D;KOpMKy KOMnJieKCHhiM MHHepaJihHhiM
y;o;o6peHHeM. O;D;HoMecSiqHYIO pacca;o;y MO:>KHO naChiHKOBaTh H HaqHHaTh
pa3MHO:>KeHHe naChiHKaMH
( qepeHKaMH).
IlaChiHKH
6epYT C 7-8 JIHCTO~aMH,
YKOpeHeHHe npOBO;D;SIT B
Top¢e. KopeiiiKH noSIBJISIIOTCSI B TeqeHHe 7-10 ;D;Heft:.
KCTATH!
He:>KH<UI, apoMaTHruJ, yMepeHHO CJia)];KruJ, no BKycy H 3anaxy CHJihHO HanOMHHaiOIQaSI AJ>IHIO CO cneQHClmqecKHM
npHBKycoM. CeMeHa BO MHorwx nno;o;ax OTCYTCTBYIOT.
IloJiy'leHHbie C p8CC8Abl D8CbiHKH MOlKHO YKOpeHJITb HCDOCpeACT8CHHO 8 rpyHT, OAH8KO 8 3TOM
CJiy'lae yKopeueuue oyAeT npoxoAHTb rop83AO MCAJICHHee, 'ICM 8
KOMH8THOH MHHH-TCDJIH'IKe. Ilpu
KCTATH!
n08biWCHHH yp08HJI BJialKHOCTH
BKyc nenuuo uuorAa uanoMnuaeT TpODH'ICCKHe cJlpyKTbi, y HeKOTOpbiX
cJlopM
MOlKeT
CJierKa lKry'IHM, a npu
803AYXa AO
90-100% yKopeueuue
50% ObiCTpee.
npoxoAUT ua
ObiTb
8bipa~u8a­
uuu 8 yCJio8usx c neAOCTaTO'IHLIM
OC8eiqeHHCM DJIOAbi DOJIY'IBIOTCJI
npeCHbiMH, HCAOCT8TO'IHO CJI8AKHMH H HMeJOT spKO 8blpalKeHHbiH orype'IHbiH npHBKyc.
nnll.\eBaR 4eHHOCTb
B nnop;ax 3Toro 3K30THqecKoro
tPPYKTa cop;ep:>KHTCSI 60JibiiiOe KOJIHqecTBO KapOTHHa, :>KeJie3a, caxapoB,
opraHHqecKHX KHCJIOT. IJpaKTuqecKH
Bee caxapa pe;o;yQHpyiOIQHe, TO ecTh
OHM npeKpacm:5 ycBanBaiOTCSI. KpoMe
TOro, B nnop;ax npHCYTCTBYIOT BCe BHTaMHHhl rpynnbr B u neKTHHOBhie BeIQeCTBa.
Bblpall.\nBaHne
Pa3MHO:>KaeTcSI nennHo ceMeHaMH H
qepeHKaMH. CeMeHa oqeHh MeJIKHe,
BhiCeBaiOT HX B KOHQe SIHBapSI B JierKYIQ phiXJIYIO rpYHTOBYIO CMeCb, npopaiQHBaiOT npu TeMnepaType +28°C.
IJOCJie n051BJieHHSI BCXOJJ;OB TeMnepaTypy CHH:>KaiOT JJ;HeM ):10 + i8°C, H0%10
;o;o + l5°C, B TeqeHHe MeCSIQa CHOBa nocTeneHHo noBhiiiiruJ ee Ha 4-5 rpa;o;ycoB. B nepBblli MeCSIQ ceSIHQhi paCTYT
Me;o;neHHO, o;D;HaKo HY:>KJJ;aiOTC51 B nu-
BhiCa;D;KY B rpyHT npoBO;D;SIT qepe3
45-50 ;D;HeH nocne nHKHpOBKH. C MOMeHTa BhiCa;D;KH B rpYHT ;D;O C03peBaHH51
npoxown oT 90 ;o;o 100 ;o;Heli:. OmwMaJihHhiH TeMnepaTypHhiH pe:>KHM
;o;omKeH co6nro;o;aThCSI B npe;o;enax
+22 ... +28°C. KaK KYJihType cBeTOJII06HBoli:, nenHHO He06XO;o;uM BhiCOKHH
ypoBeHh OCBeiQeHHOCTH. B OTHOIIIeHHH noJIHBa Heo6xo;D;HMO co6JIIO;o;aTh
Mepy, nepeysna:>KHeHHe noqshr pacTeHHSI nepeHOCSIT nJIOXO H B03HHKaeT yrpo3a 3a60JieBaHH51 KOpHeBhiMH rHHJISIMH. 0DTHMaJihHaSI BJia:>KHOCTh B03;D;yXa
70-80%, O;D;HaKO, B nepHO;D; OnhiJieHHSI
ee He06XO;D;HMO CHH3HTh ;IJ;O 60%. IJoqBa ;D;JISI BhiCa;D;KH Ca:>KeHQeB ;D;OJI:>KHa
6hiTh XOpOIIIO ;o;peHHpOBaHa, HMeTh
Heft:TpaJihHhlli ypoBeHh KHCJIOTHOCTH H ;D;OCTaTOqHo nJIO;D;OpO;D;HOH.
BAJKHO!
H36LITOK 830T8 B DO'IBC
ue AOnycKaeTcs, noCKOJibKY Bbl3bmaeT
6ypHbm uereTaTHBHLiii
pOCT
paCTeHHJI
H
cHH:lKeuue DJioAOHOWeHHJI,
.(VrSI ¢opMHpOBaHHSI CHJihHOrO pacTeHHSI 06SI3aTeJihHO e:>KeHe;D;eJihHOe
naChiHKOBaHHe. nyqiiie naChiHKH BhiJiaMhiBaTh, HX MO:>KHO HCnOJih30BaTh
;D;JISI ;D;aJihHeli:mero YKOpeHeHHSI. O;D;HaKO nepepacTaiOIQHe naChiHKH, 'IT06br
He TpaBMHpOBaTb CTe6eJih, Jiyqiiie
cpe3aTh OCTphiM H qwcThiM CeKaTOpOM, ;o;e3HHtPHQHPYSI ero nepe;o; Ka:>KAJ>IM cpe30M.
3aiQHTa nenuHo OT Bpe;D;HTeneli: ;o;ocTaToqHo cno:>KHhiH npoQecc npu
BhipaiQHBaHHH DJIOJJ;OB B 3aiQHIQeHHOM
rpYHTe. IlaYTHHHhiH KJieiQ, TenJiuqHaSI
6eJIOKphiJIKa, nepcHKOB<UI TJISI, CJIH3HH, KOJIOpa)];CKHH :>KYK, MypaBhH, nnoJJ;OBbie MYXH - BOT p;aneKo He noJIHhlli
nepeqeHh JII06HTeJieH nOJiaKOMHTbCSI
BKycHoli: 3K30THKOH. .[VISI 6oph6hr c
Bpe;D;HTeJISIMH peKOMeHJJ;yeTCSI HCnOJih30BaTh TaKHe npenapaThl, KaK cl>HTOBepM, AKTeJIJIHK, HeopoH, Ilerac, XoCTaKBHK.
;D;nSI nonyqeHHSI xopoiiiero ypo:>KaSI
peKOMeHJJ;yeTCSI npOBO;D;HTh OllhiJieHHe,
B COJIHeqHbie JJ;HH, 6JIH)Ke K nOJIYJJ;HIO,
cnerKa yp;ap5151 mo6hiM npeJJ;MeToM no
IIInanepe, Ha KOTopoli: p;ep:>KaTcSI no6eru neDHHo. 3TOT cnoco6 noMoraeT
llhiJihQe p;o6paThCSI p;o necTHKa. KpoMe Toro, Hy:>KHo BpeMSI OT BpeMeHu OTKphiBaTh TenJIHQY, qT06hi apoMaT
QBeTKOB npHBJieKaJI HaCeKOMhiX-OnbiJIHTeJieH.
Kor;o;a HacrynaeT BpeMSI c6opa ypo:>Ka51, He06XO;D;HMO nop;rOTOBHTh ynaKOBOqHYIO 6YMary H 51IQHKH, qT06bi cpa3Y 3aBOpaqwBaTb nnO;Lihl B 6YMary H
YKJiaW>maTh HX Ha xpaHeHHe. KpoMe
TOro, y xopOIIIO C03peBIIIHX tPPYKTOB
peKoMeHJJ;yeTcSI npH c6ope ypo:>KaSI ocTaBJISITh nnop;OHO:>KKy. B npoxna)];Hbrx
ycnoBH51X xpaHeHHe B03MO:>KHO p;o 2,5
Jlapuca llempoBCIUlR
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1
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TWCti'ICAC'IHJI 81Wpaii&HINICTCJI 110 IICCM MHPC He
TCMIIKO UK ytep8llleiiNe C8A8 NAN /JI)MA, HO H
UK I&CIIIIdiwn 080IIUIU KYA1tfYP8. I ~pao­
IIIM~
AC C ~oro «aSpaa'UIO» 03Ha'NICT
«CHAitiiO ~»,'ITO IIIIONIC COOIIIeTCnycT
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n
JI
Vb gpeaHero pogo
JieKapcTBeHHaSI (ame~aSI). 0Ha npoH3-
Hhle COJilf, yrJieBOII:hl, KapOTHH, BlfTa-
Po~~: AcnaparycoB oqeHh )l;pemmif If
pacTaeT Ha BCeH eBponeHCKOH qacTlf
MHHhl rpyllllhi
300 BH)l;OB. Pacnpo-
Pocclflf, B 3ana):IHOH If Cpe)l;Heif EBpone,
Jie3Hhie
Ha KaBKa3e, B CH6Hplf.
TOJihKO BKYCHhiM, HO If noJie3HbiM npo-
HaCqlfThmaeT 6oJiee
CTPaHeHhi OHlf B AcppHKe, A3lflf, IO)I(HOH If CeBepHoif AMepHKe, EBpone,
Cpe)l;lf3eMHOMOphe,
lflwm
If ABcTpa-
Jllflf. 0rnOCSITCSI K CeMeitcTBY Cnap)l(e-
Bh!X. OrJilfqlfTeJihHOH OC06eHHOCThiO
3THX BbiCOKO)l;eKopaTlfBHhiX paCTeHlfif
SIBJISieTCSI HaJilfqlfe y HHX KJia):IO)l;lfif JllfCTOBhiX lfJilf liTJIOBlfii:HhiX JIO)I(Hh!X
JllfCTheB, BhiDOJIHSIIOJ.IzyiX cp~ JllfCTa If no3BOJISIIOJ.IzyiX acnaparycaM npHcnoco6HThcSI K )l(lf3Hlf B ycJIOBIDIX ~~:e­
cpli:qliTa BJiarn. BJiaro~~:apSI KJI3fiOII:lfSIM,
3TlfM MHOrOqlfCJieHHhiM liTJIOBH)l;HhiM
BeTO~aM,
pacTeHlfSI BhiTJISI)l;SIT HapSI)l;-
Hh!Mlf If H3~1Mlf. ~eTYT acnaparyChi o6hi'IHO MeJ!KlfMlf, 3eJieHOBaTh!Mlf,
co6paHHhiMlf B KlfCTlf lfJilf ~ u;BeTO~aMlf,
llJIOil:hl -
KpyrJihie, SlrO)l;006pa3Hhie, y
60Jihlill1HCTBa
qepHeiO~e
•
BH)l;OB
SlpKO-KpaCH:Qie,
no Mepe co3peBaHHSI.
Cpe)l;lf MHOroqlfCJieHHhiX )l;lfKopacTY-
J.IzyiX BHII:OB acnaparyca Iill1poKo pacnpoCTPaHeHa H BeChMa nonyJISIPHa cnap)l(a
:.:~JieMeHThi
- Bee 3TH no-
)l;eJiaJilf cnap)l(y He
)l;yKTOM llHTaHlfSI. IlpH nOMO~ cnap-
KCTATH!
Cnap*a JieKapcT8euuaJI oLIJia
H38ecrna e~e 8 ,l],pe8neM ErunTe
u ,l],pe8neM PuMe, ee n3oopa}KeuuJI 8CTpeqafOTCJI Ha HCKOTOpLIX
naMJITHHKax 3Toro nepnop,a. ,l],JIJI
Mep,u~uncKux ~eJieil p,pe8uue anTeKapu 8Lipa~H8aJIH ee u 8 cpep,uue 8eKa, no JIHWL K XVIII 8eKy
oua, KaK 08o~naJI KYJILTypa, cTaJia nonyJIJtpua u 8 Poccuu. ,l],JIJI
npurOT08JICHHJI HCDOJIL308aJIHCL
MOJIOP,Lie, coquLJe u ue}KHLie nooeru, OOJiap,aro~ue cne~u«Jlnqec­
KHM apOMaTOM H TOHKHM 8KYCOM,
L.J.efle6HO V1 geKOpOTV18HO
Cnap)l(a JieKapcTBeHHaSI He Hanpac-
a
:~
)l(lf MO)I(HO 6hiJIO HOpMaJilf30BaTh KpO-
E)j
BSIHOe )l;aBJieHlfe, nOMep)l(aTh pa601J'
TeMI
cep~~:e~oif MhiiiiQhi, yJiyqlill1Th pa60Ty
noqeK, cocy~~:oB If cep~~:Qa. YnOTpe6Jie-
TOM
Hlfe B llHIQY Cnap)l(lf nOMOraJIO npH He-
JIHB
Bp03ax, :.:lnHJienclflf If TaXHKap)l;lfH, OKa-
KO
3hmaJio MoqeroHHoe ~~:eiicTBlfe If Hc-
HHeJ
nOJih30BaJIOCh B KaqecTBe KpOBOOqlfCTlfTeJihHOrO cpe)l;CTBa npH
po~~:a
pa3JI~oro
ChlllSIX, 3K3eMe.
0)l;HaKO HapSI)l;y c Jieqe6Hh!Mlf If nHru;eBh!Mlf u;eHHOCTSIMH, cnap)Ka JieKapCTBeHHaSI y)l(e B )l;peBHlfe BpeMeHa lfCnOJih30BaJiaCh If KaK pacTeHlfe )l;eKopaTHBHoe, cJiy)l(lfJia BeJIHKOJiellHhiM
YK-
parneHHeM Ca):IOB, OTTeHSIJia CBOHMlf
Ha MeCTe KOTOphiX 3aTeM Ha
)l(eHCKHX 3K3eMnJISipax 3aBSI3hffiaiOTCSI
B, PP If C
a)l(ypHhiMH
lf3~IMlf
BeTBSIMH u;oe-
TO~Oe MHoroo6pa3He KJiyM6, co3)l;aBaSI )l(lfBOllHCHhie KOMll03lfQHH.
I
pHo
p
Pa
ceMI
cam
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pac1
TPID
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HO noJiyqlfJia TaKoe Ha3BaHHe.
qaJihHO lfCnOJih30BaJIOCh KaK u;eJie6HOe
Bb1paw,vtaaHI.-1e
rpyt
cpe)l;CTBO )l;JISI JieqeHlfSI MHOrHX He)l;y-
Acnaparyc OTHOCHTCSI K TpaBSIHlfc-
ceMc
roB. PacTHTeJihHhie 6eJIKlf, MIDiepaJih-
ThiM MHOrOJieTHlfKaM, paCTeHlfe 3TO
pace
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03EAEHEHII1E
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pacTH Ha OWfOM MecTe .£10
20
neT. OT-
CTaBJI5110T B TeMHOe H TeiTJioe MeCTO,
llOCKOJibKY CeMeHa BCXO.[ISIT B TeMHOTe.
~ npoBeTPHBaiOT,
3-4 .!IHSl
JIWiaeTCSl MOp030CTOHKOCTbiO, XOpO-
PaJ B
lllO nepeHOCHT XOJIO.[IHbJe 3HMbl H np11
~o6br npe.[IOTBpaTHTb ITOSIBJieHHe ITJie-
.[IOCTaTO~OM
ceHH. qepe3
CJIOe CHera B .[IOITOJIHH-
TeJibHOM )'KpblTHH He H)l)K.!IaeTCSl.
3-4
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30-40
no'lllbl. CaAOBO.[Ibi scero MHpa aKTHBHO
Mepe pocTa nepeBaJIHBasr B .[lpyrHe,
6oJiblllero o6oeMa. Ilocne noSIBJieHHSl
eM
BCXO.[IOB B OTKpbiTOM rpYHTe 11X npope-
.[IHTb
)KHBaJOT, OCTaBJI5151 paCCTOHHHe Me)K.[Iy
KarrbmaiOT,
pacTeHHSlMH He MeHee
15 eM.
yMepeHHbiM ITOJIHBOM 11 He60JiblllHMH
nop~ no.[IKopMKH.
A
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TOJlbKO H3 lKeHCKHX 3K3eMDJISipax,
JIHKOJieiTHbiX 6yCHHOK,
aJiei0~11X Ha.
<}:>oHe )KeJITeiO~eft JIHCTBhi.
DJIO)J;f>l
npespaTHTCSI B
DOSIBJISIIOTCSI
OCeHLIO OH oy,IJ;eT yKpameH aJILI•
MH Hro,IJ;aMu.
A ec.iiH ua lHMY O,IJ;HH
CTeOeJIL C SirO,IJ;3MH OCT3BHTb He
cpe33HHbiM, BeCHOH SirO,IJ;bl yna,IJ;yT
B rpyuT u npopacTyT, a BLI, ue
npuJiaraSI ocooLIX ycuJiuif, cnycTSI
KCTATH!
MeCSI~·,IJ;pyroif DOJIY'IHTe HeCKOJIL·
Cnap:lKa - pacTeuue ,IJ;By,IJ;oMuoe,
KO 33Me'laTeJibHbiX MOJIO)J;LIX 3K·
no3TOMY ua o,IJ;nnx KycTax pacnoJIO:lKeHLI TOJILKO My:lKcKue
leMDJISipos acnaparyca.
~BeTKH,
a ua ,IJ;pyrux - TOJILKO lKeHcKue, ua
)J;aJibHeftlliHft yxo.r~ Ja paccaAoft Ja-
KOTOpLIX H 33BSI3biB310TCSI SirO,IJ;O·
KJIIOqaeTcsr B nponoJIKe, pbiXJieHHH noq-
OOp33HLie DJIOALI. l.J,BeTeT B HIO·
Bhi H llO.[IKOpMKax, KOTOpbie npOBO.[ISIT
ue-uiOJle.
owrospeMeHHO c
ITO.[IKOpMKa -
IIH-
KapHC-
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l!le!Aa-
IIepsasr
Enaro.r~apsr xopollleft KOpHesoft CHC-
He06XO.[IHMa Cpa3y ITOCJie ITOSIBJieHHSl
BCXO.[IOB, BTOpaSI - opraHHqeCKHMH Y.£106peHHSIMI1 -
pH0.£1 HeCKOJibKO .[IOITOJIHHTeJibHblX no-
crrycTsr. Mono.[lbie paCTeHHSl K
KOMITJieKCHblM MHHepaJibHblM Y.£I06peHHeM, pacTeHHIO He noMelllaiOT.
Pa3MHo~eHV!e
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CeMeHaMH, KOTOpble BhiCeBaiOT Ha pacCa.[ly JIH60 B paCCaAHble ~ B KO~e
MapTa, JIH60 cpa3y B OTKpb!TbrH rpYHT B
Ko~e Masr. IIpe.[IBapHTeJibHO ceMeHa
3aMaqJ1BaJOT Ha HeCKOJibKO CYTOK B Ten-
JlyiO BO.[Iy, e)l{e):IHeBHO ee MeHSIH . .3aTeM
paCKJia.[lbiBaiOT CeMeHa Ha BJia)KHYIO
TPffilO'IK)' H ocTasJI5110T Ha
6-8
wreft,
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rpYHT, YBJia)KH5IJOT ero H JaAeJibmaiOT
3 CM Ha
5 CM .[lpyr OT .[lpyra, Bbl-
HC-
ceMeHa Ha rny6HHY He 6onee
3'1'0
paCCTOHHHH .[10
npoB0.£1HTCSl
3-4
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'IHC~oro
nonHBaMH.
aMMHa~oft CeJIHTPOH -
TeMe acnaparyc He Hy)l{.[laeTcsr B qac-
JIHBOB, COBMe~eHHhiX C llO.[IKOpMKOH
OCTpbiM HO)I{OM
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3-4 ro,IJ;a on
CKOJILKY
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ca,IJ;HTL O)J;HH }l{eHCKHH 3K3eMDJISip.
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Kpacas~
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ITJieKCHblM MHHepaJibHblM Y.£100peHHeM
Kasr CJia.[IKHM HeKTapOM TOJICTSIKOB-
B HapSI.[IHbrx
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MO~HLIH u 34J4JeKTHLIH KYCT. llo-
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nponOJIKOH H pbiXJieHHeM rpYHTa, OHH
J1
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KCTATH!
B Ka'leCTBe
qepel
oceHH KYCThi acnaparyca npespaTSITCSl
Ha
pa3pe3aiOT Ha .[leJieHKH H BbiCa)KJ1BaJOT
OT BpeMeHH Bbl 6y.[leTe 6aJIOBaTh HX
llJMeJieft, OllhiJISIIO~X ~BeTKH.
.r~op~aHHe e~e
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HHSl yqaCTKOB, llOCKOJibKY np11 Bb!COKHX
~pHbre, He)I{HbJe H B03.£1YlllHbie, Ky-
HC-
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ncnoJib3yiOT acnaparyc .[IJISI 03eJieHe-
CBOI1 H3Sllll,HhJe BeTBI1, .[IOBOJibCTBYSICb
3HMy 11X
scxo.[lbr. IIpn Bhlp~aHHH pacCa.[lbi B
TasJI5110T Ha
CThi acnaparyca TSIHYT K COJIHbllllKY
Ha
6HpaiOT CaMbre CHJibHhie paCTeHHSl 11
llHKHpyiOT B He6o.rrhll1He roplllOqKfi, no
pacTeHHSl
CTe6JI51.
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pocTa SlBJISleTcsr HaJIWIHe nno.r~opowroft
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paCCaAHhiX ffil.Ull(ax OKpelllllHe BCXO.[Ibl
yxo.r~ Ja HHM Tpe6yeTcsr MHHHMaJibHhlli.
oKa-
CHCTeMy 11
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3To no3BOJISieT no)JJI;ep)KHBaTh ,ll,eKopaTHBHOCTh KJIYM6 H CaAOBhiX QBeTO'IHhiX
KOMll03HQHH ,li,O rny6oKOH oceHH.
ITpn nocaAKe aMapaHTa cneAYeT yqnThiBaTh, 'I<rO n;BeTO'IHhie copTa BhipacTaiOT ,li,O 1,5 MeTPOB BhiCOTOH, a OBOIIJ;Hhie - ,li,O 3 MeTpOB.
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03-38
iJ;OB.OJibHO
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uoro nepno~J;a ~J;810T 6oJihwyro 3eJieuyro Macey (~J;o
200 JIHCTheB ua pacTenuu),
no npu noca~J;Ke uenocpe~J;­
CTBenuo B rpyHT 38~BCCTH
ue ycneoaroT. ,1J;JI.H noJiy'leHH.H CCMJIH peKOMeH~yeTCJI
Bblp8~HB8Tb paCTCHHJI 'lepe3 pacca~J;y.
nocee ceMRH
CpoKH nocaAKH 3aBHCSIT oT
Toro, KaKHM cnoco6oM Bhi HaMepeHhi pa3MHO)KHTh pacTeHHSI. .[VIS!
nony'IeHHSI pacc~I Heo6xoAHMo BhiceBaTh CeMeHa OpHeHTHpOBO'IHO 3a 1
MeCSIIJ; ,li,O BhiCaAKff Ca)KeHIJ;eB B rpYHT.
B KOHIJ;e MaPTa - Ha'Iane anpeJISI rOToBSIT SIIQHKH AJISI pacc~I HJIH Top¢S1Hbie ropliiO'IKH, 3allOJIHJIIOT HX pbiXJIOH
llO'IBOH, yona)KHJIIOT llOBepXHOCTh H
3aAeJihiBaiOT ceMeHa Ha rny6HHY ,li,O 1 ,5
CM. ITpn OllTHMaJihHOH TeMneparype
+20°C BCXOAbi ITOSIBJISIIOTCSI 'Iepe3 6-10
AHeH. ~ C paCCaAOH BhiCTaBJISilOT
Ha CBeTJIOe MeCTO, BCXOAbi peryJISipHO
nonHBaiOT. Ha nocTOSIHHoe MecTo MOJIOAbie pacTeHHSI BhiCa)KHBaiOT nocne
B03BpaTHhiX 3aMopo3KOB. Ca)KeHIJ;hi
xoporno nepeHOCSIT nepecaAKy, OAHaKo
peKOMeHAYeTCSI BhiCa)KHBaTh HX B OTKphiThrH rpYHT C KOMOM 3eMJIH Ha KOpeliiKaX, 'ITO ll03BOJIHT paCTeHHSIM \)biCTpee aAallTHpOBaThCSI K HOBhiM ycnoBHSIM.
ITpn noceBe ceMSIH HenocpeACTBeHHO B rpYHT IiO'IBY fOTOBSIT 3apaHee,
BHOCSIT CMeCh MHHepaJihHhiX YA06peHHH H3 pac'IeTa 25-30 r/ti. TeMneparypa llO'IBhl AOJI)KHa 6hiTh He MeHee
+15°C. 3aTeM llOBepXHOCTh rpyHTa
TIIJ;aTeJihHO pbiXJISIT, pa3paBHHBalOT H
BhiCeBaiOT ceMeHa Ha rny6HHY He 6onee 1,5 CM.
KCTATll!
'1To6&I ceMena pacnpe~J;eJI.HJIHCb
6oJiee paBHOMCpHO, HX MO)KHO
CMeW8Tb C KpynHbiM DCCKOM HJIH
MeJIKHMH onHJIKaMn. IIoCJie noceoa DOBepXHOCTb DO'IBbl peKOMCH, ,IzyeTCJI CJICfK8 DpHK8T8Tb.
BcxOAbi noSIBJISIIOTCSI qepe3 8-12 AHe:H.
fu npope)KHBaiOT, OCTaBJISISI
Me~
paCTeHHSIMH paCCTOSIHHe 35-50 CM.
ITocne BhiCaAKff pacc~r B rpYHT
yxoA 3a Ca)KeHIJ;aMH B nepBhrn MecSI~
3aKJIIO'IaeTCSI B 'IaCTOM U: peryJISIPHOM
nonHBe, nponoJIKe, pbiXJieHHH nooepxHOCTH nO'IBhi n noAKOpMKe. ITo Mepe
pocTa y Ca)KeHIJ;eB pa3BHBaeTCSI xopoliiaSI KOpHeBaSI CHCTeMa, YXOAS!In:aSI rJiy60KO B rpYHT, ll03TOMY 'IaCTOTY llOJIHBOB COKpaiiJ;aiOT.
KCTATll!
IIpu noceoe ceM.HH nenocpe~J;CT­
oenuo B OTKpbiTbiH rpyHT DOJIBHBWHCCJI BCXOIJ;bl B TC'ICHHe nepBbiX
3 HCiJ;CJib paCTyT CJia6o, D03TOMY
y~J;aJieuue copn.HKOB npooo~J;.HT peryJI.Hpuo u T~aTeJibHO. .lJ;aJILneilwuil pOCT C8)KCH~eB 6y~J;eT COCTaBJIJITb !1;0 7 CM B CYTKH.
ITpu: HH3KOH llJIOAOp0AHOCTH llO'IBhl
llOAKOpMKy pacTeHU:H He06XOAHMO
npoBOAHTh He MeHee 4 pa3 3a oech oereTan;u:oHHhrn nepHOA. ,J:Vrn llOAKOpMKH
XOpOliiO llOAXOAHT paCTBOp 30Jihl B
pac'IeTe 200-250 r Ha Be@O BOAbi u:
paCTBOp KOpOBSIKa B nponopQHH 1:5.
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onpeAenSieTCSI no U:3MeHeHHIO oKpacKH
CTe6JISI - OH CTaHOBHTCSI 6eneChiM.
Coop· ceMSIH peKoMeHAYeTcSI Ha'IHHaTh
B cyxym noroAY, cpe3aSI MeTeJIKH c
HH)KHHX AO ~epXHHX U: npH HeOOXOAHMOCTH ,li,OCyrnHBaSI HX. CeMeHa nerKo
BhiChffialOTCSI 0:3 COQBeTHH, HX npoceu:BalOT U: COOHpaiOT B llOJIOTHSIHhrH MeliiO'IeK AJISI XpaHeHHSI.
Mapuua KpaB'IeHKO
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B
nocJie11.HHe 11.eCJITH-
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HCCJie11.0B3TeJibCKHX HHCTHTYTOB BO
BCeM MHpe H3Y'I310T ero COCTaB, a
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1
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KCTATH!
AMapaHT JIBJISieTC.H HCTO'IHUKOM BUT3MUHOB, KpaxMaJia, caxapa, MUHepaJJbHbiX COJJeH, MHKp03JJeMeHTOB,
MaCJJa, DeKTHHa, npOTenua, 3MUHOKUCJJOT. llo DUTaTeJJbHOH l(eHHOCTU ero 6eJJOK
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npeBOCXO~nT · KyKypy3y,
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npHMeHeHHe 3TOrO 'JYAO-pacTeHH.sl B KOCMeTOJIOrHH H
BKyc MOJIOAblX JIHCTbeB HaiTOMHHaeT IITITHHaT, H3 HHX roTOB.s!T CaJiaTbl,
cyllhi, HCllOJih3YJOT npH npHrOTOBJieHHH
HapOAHOH MeAHQHHe ll03BOJIHeT 6hiCTpo A06HThC.sl OMOJia)I(HBaiOI:Qero H pereHepHpYJOI:Qero 3cpcpeKTa H OqJJC-
6JIIOA H3 pbi6hi H MHCa, A06aBJI.siiOT B 3aneKaHKH, COyChl, Ha-
THTh opraHH3M OT TOKCHHOB, paAHOHYKJilJAOB, yKpeiTHTh
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HMMYHHYIO cHcTeMY.
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A,
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HBJIHIOIQeec.s~ CHJihHe:ii:lliHM aHTHOKClJAaHTOM. CeMeHa TaK)I(e o6)1(apHBaiOT AJIH A06asnemrn B BhiiTe'IKy, ITYAHHrH, 3aneKaHKH, OJiaAbH. MyKy H3 ceM.srH A06asn.sriOT B xne6o6yJIO'IHhie H MaKapOHHbie H3AeJIH.sl, Kpyny HCITOJih3YIOT B AlJeTH'!eCKOM H AeTCKOM ITHTaHHH AJI.sl npHrOTOBJieHH.s! Kaiii H
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...
39
3b..OPOBOE nV1TAHV1 E
AMAPAHTOBO-OBCHHbiM XnE6
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a.Mapanma, I cma~ean
06CRHOU MJICU, 2 cmaiCana ICUnRmiCO, 2 lf.JI. COJIU,
Il4 cma~eana caxapa,
I 0 2 cyxux opoJttJtteu,
Il4 cma~eana 'IJmb menJIOU BOObt, 4 cma~eana
nrueHU'IHOU MJICU.
llPHfOTOBJIEHHE. CAeJiaTb aMapaHToso-oscjlliyro
CMecb MYKJI, npoceRTh B 6oJiblllyK> KaCTJ>IOJIIO. Caxap H
COJib pacT80pHTh B KHnRTKe H AOOaBHTh K cMecH, pa3MelllaTb H OCTaBHTh OCThmaTh. Pa3BeCTH Apo:>IOKH B TenJioii
BOAe, OCTaBHTb Ha 2-3 MHHyTbi, 3aTeM nepeJIHTh B KaCTpiOJIIO c TeCTOM, pa3MelllaTb. lloCTeneHHo AOOaBJIRTh 4 cTaKaua npoceRHHOH llllleHH'IHOH MYJ<H, 3aMelliHBaR OAHOPOWIOe
recTo. CTOJI nochmaTh MYJ<OH, BhiDO)KHTh TecTo H BhiMeIIIHBaTh, llOKa OHO He nepeCTaHeT npHJIHnaTh K pyKaM. Pa3AeJIHTb Ha 2 qaCTH, cq,opMHp08aTh KpyrJihie HJIH OBaJibHhie
6ynKH, BhmO)KHTh ua cMa3aHHhrn MacnoM npoTHBeHL. OcTaBHTh 8 TenJIOM MecTe ua paccnoifKy. KorAa TecTo noAHHMeTCR B AHa pa3a, OCaAlfTh ero H CHOBa AaTh llOAHRThCR.
BhmeKaTh 8 AYXOBKe npH TeMneparype 180-200°C AO 30JioTHCTOH KOpoqi(H (30-40 MHHyT).
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peouca, I 00 2 CMemanw UJIU
I cm.JI. pacmume.~~bnozo Mac.tJa,
COJib, nepeq no 6Kycy.
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paCTHTeJihHhiM MaCJIOM.
200 2
dH
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llPHfOTOBJIEHHE. KaPTo<PeJib nope3aTh Ky6HKaMH
-~-.III!!I!IIP"-----, H OTBapHTb B 6yJihOHe AO
rOTOBHOCTH. JlHCTbSI aMapaHTa H Iu;aBeJISI Kpynuo
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ua cpeWieM orne. CnerKa
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uenpephiBHO llOMelliHBaR. HaKphiTb KphllliKOU H OCTaBHTb
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nMPOr M3 nMCTbEB AMAPAHTA
HHrPE,l{HEHTbl: 2 cmaJCana MJICU, 112 C1tUIICIIIIa MoJioJCa, 112 cmaJCana BOObt, 112 cmaJCana pacmume.tlbnow
MOCJJa, 25 l MapUlpUHa UJIU CJIU60'111020 Mac.tJa, J()()-4()() l
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I cm.JI. pacmume.~~bnozo Mac.tJa, C0J1b, nepeq - no 61CJCJ•
ITPI1fOTOBJIEHI1E.
MyKy npoceRTh, Ao6aBHTh Iu;enOTKy COJIH, 3aMeCHTb Tecro, nocreneuuo AOOaBJIU MOJIOKO, BOAY, pacTHTeJibHoe n pa3MSirqeuuoe
CJIHBO'lHOe
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KOMHaTHOH TeMnepaT)'I>e.
3aTeM <i>OPMY WU1 BhmeqKH CMa3aTh paCTHTeJih.__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __. HhiM MaCJIOM, 8hiDO)KHTb
TeCTO, CAeJiaB «60pTHKH», H 8hllleKaTb B AYX08Ke npu TeMnepaType 200°C. .[I;JISI HaqlfHKH JIHCTbSI aMapaHTa KpYfiHO
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ua Kpynuou TepKe, cMeruaTh c ~OM, Ao6aBHTh OCTbl8lliiiA
aMapauT, coJib H nepeu;, nepeMeruaTb. HaquHKy BhillO)KHTh
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KOTnETbl M3 nMCTbEB AMAPAHTA
HHrPE,l{HEHTbl: 500 2 C6e:NtUX JIUcmbe6 a.Mapanma,
Riiqa, I AJIC06Uif0, 2 ay6'1uJCa 'lecnoKa, 50 2 mBepoozo
Cbtpa, 4 cm.JI. cyxux 6e.t~btx x.t~e6nbtx ~epowe~e, 2 cm.JI.
2
MJICU, COJib, nepeq no BKycy, Mac.tJO pacmume.tJbHOe O.IUI
Jttap~eu, I 00 2 CMemanbt, I cm.JI. co~ea JIUMona.
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tteCHOK H Chip, 2 CT.JI. XJieOHbiX KpollleK, 2 CT.JI. npocejlliHOH nrneHHttuou MYKn,
conh,
nepeu;.
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llJIOCKHe
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C COKOM JIHMOHa H
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(Cyp~RUS ESCUlENT~us), OTHOCIATCH
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6eJIKOBhiX BellleCTB. ITo BKycy cepMeBHHa qycpbl HaiiOMHHaeT cpyH,rzyK JIJIH
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