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191.Adaptive Physical Culture

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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
ДЕПАРТАМЕНТ ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И МОЛОДЁЖНОЙ ПОЛИТИКИ
ХАНТЫ-МАНСИЙСКОГО АВТОНОМНОГО ОКРУГА – ЮГРЫ
ГОУ ВПО ХМАО – ЮГРЫ
«СУРГУТСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКИЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ»
Кафедра лингвистического образования
и межкультурной коммуникации
ADAPTIVE PHYSICAL CULTURE
(АДАПТИВНАЯ ФИЗИЧЕСКАЯ КУЛЬТУРА)
У ЧЕБНОЕ ПОСОБИЕ
для студентов направления подготовки
034400.62 Физическая культура для лиц
с отклонениями в состоянии здоровья
Профиль «Адаптивное физическое воспитание»
Сургут – 2014
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УДК 811.111:796-056.26(07)
Печатается по рекомендации отдела
ББК 81.432.1я73+
сертификации и методического сопровождения
+75.110я73
образовательного процесса СурГПУ
А 20
Учебное пособие утверждено
на заседании кафедры ЛингвОМКК
20 марта 2014 года, протокол № 11
Рецензент:
Н.В. Гераскевич, кандидат педагогических наук, доцент
кафедры лингвистического образования и межкультурной коммуникации
Сургутского государственного педагогического университета.
А 20
Adaptive Physical Culture (Адаптивная физическая культура):
учеб. пособие для студентов направления подгот. 034400.62
Физическая культура для лиц с отклонениями в состоянии
здоровья. Профиль «Адаптивное физическое воспитание» /
Гос. образоват. учреждение высш. проф. образования ХМАО–
Югры «Сургут. гос. пед. ун-т» ; авт.-сост. А. В. Коваленко. –
Сургут : РИО СурГПУ, 2014. – 81, [1] с.
Учебное пособие для развития умений и навыков чтения и перевода
текстов по специальности, расширения лексического запаса студентов
в области профессиональной терминологии. Кроме того, пособие нацелено
на развитие навыков профессионально ориентированной устной речи. Разработанная система предтекстовых, текстовых и послетекстовых упражнений, а также серия творческих заданий направлены на решение познавательно-коммуникативных задач в процессе чтения, формирование умений
и навыков чтения и возможного использования полученной информации
в будущей профессиональной деятельности
Пособие предназначено для студентов направления подготовки
034400.62 Физическая культура для лиц с отклонениями в состоянии здоровья Профиль «Адаптивное физическое воспитание».
УДК 811.111:796-056.26(07)
ББК 81.432.1я73+75.110я73
© Сургутский государственный педагогический университет, 2014
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CONTENTS
Предисловие ............................................................................ 4
Unit 1. Myths and Facts about People with Disabilities ................ 11
Unit 2. New methods and trainers
of adaptive physical culture for patients with cerebral failure ........ 16
Unit 3. London 2012 Paralympics ............................................... 21
Unit 4. Alexey Ashapatov – a Paralympian athlete from Surgut ... 27
Unit 5. A regional project «Our Champion» –
public support for Paralympic athletes ......................................... 32
Unit 6. O. Vladykina - Swimmer, Paralympics double-champion .. 37
Unit 7. Paralympic Athletes met with Khanty-Mansiysk pupils ......... 43
Unit 8. Medical Rehabilitation ..................................................... 48
Unit 9. Disability Etiquette ........................................................... 53
Appendix (Crosswords) ............................................................ 57
Glossary .................................................................................... 74
Литература ............................................................................... 79
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Предисловие
Учебная дисциплина «Иностранный язык» играет важную роль
в процессе подготовки будущего специалиста так, как является средством формирования профессиональной направленности, т.е. интереса к будущей профессии и стремления получить знания по возможно большему числу коммуникационных каналов.
Студенты будут использовать иностранный язык для решения
практических задач, например, для поиска необходимой информации
по профилю своей специальности. В этой связи любой специалист
должен уметь, как минимум, работать с литературой на иностранном
языке и точно понять важную для него информацию, а также быть в
курсе достижений в интересующей его области. Обучение чтению преследует практические, образовательные и воспитательные цели. Чтение во многом реализует познавательную функцию языка, и правильный подбор текстов дает возможность использовать, полученную в них
информацию и для расширения общего кругозора студентов, и в воспитательных целях. При чтении развивается языковая наблюдательность,
и студенты внимательнее относятся к языковому оформлению своих
мыслей. Таким образом, владение иностранным языком становится в
настоящее время одним из условий профессиональной компетентности
специалиста. Иностранный язык постепенно и прочно входит в необходимый перечень требований, описываемых в квалификационных характеристиках специалиста XXI века, и поэтому требует особого отношения к
себе как предмету вуза.
Отличительные для конца XX – начала XXI века изменения в характере образования – в его направленности, целях, содержании – все
более явно ориентируют его на «свободное развитие человека», на творческую инициативу, самостоятельность обучаемых, конкурентоспособность, мобильность будущих специалистов. Одним из способов интенсификации учебной деятельности студентов, повышения уровня их
мотивации к изучению иностранного языка и развивающих активность
и творчество, умение работать в команде является компетентностный
подход к обучению иностранного языка.
Предлагаемое учебное пособие, безусловно, играет важную
роль в профессиональной подготовке студента так, как будущий специалист должен уметь работать со специальной литературой на иностранном языке по профилю направления подготовки. Данное пособие
составлено с учетом компетентностного подхода в обучении иностран-
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ному языку. Для этого студенты должны овладеть определенными интеллектуальными, творческими и коммуникативными умениями. Это значит,
что они должны уметь работать с текстом (выделять основную мысль,
осуществлять поиск необходимой информации в иноязычном тексте),
анализировать информацию, делать обобщения и выводы, уметь работать с разнообразным справочным материалом, а также уметь вести
дискуссию, слушать и слышать собеседника, отстаивать свою точку
зрения, подкреплять ее вескими аргументами, уметь идти на компромисс с собеседником, уметь лаконично излагать свои мысли.
Процесс изучения дисциплины «Иностранный язык» направлен
на формирование следующей компетенции:
– способность владеть одним из иностранных языков на уровне
бытового общения (ОК-18).
В соответствии с квалификационной характеристикой выпускника
специальности 034400.62 Физическая культура для лиц с отклонениями
в состоянии здоровья Профиль «Адаптивное физическое воспитание»,
разработаны функциональные карты компетенции, в которых представлены требования к знаниям и умениям по иностранному языку.
Предлагается следующий алгоритм работы по формированию компетенции:
1. Ознакомление студентов с проблемой.
2. Групповое изучение проблемной ситуации.
3. Поиск совместного или командного решений.
4. Оформление необходимых документов.
5. Обсуждение принятых решений.
6. Сравнение решений с решениями, принятыми представителями компании.
7. Анализ своей деятельности: положительные и отрицательные
стороны, поиск ошибок, выявление вклада в решение проблемы каждого члена команды, и т.п.
8. Выводы и предложения.
Предполагается, что учебная группа делится на команды, распределяет роли внутри команды, каждый участник выполняет те или
иные функции в зависимости от предложенной проблемной ситуации.
При принятии решений студенты выполняют различные задания, которые предполагают использование как рецептивных, так и перцептивных
видов речевой деятельности, результаты деятельности оформляются
как в устной, так и в письменной форме.
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Общая трудоемкость курса составляет 8 ЗЕТ или 288 часов. Объём аудиторной и самостоятельной работы составляет 50% на 50%. формы занятий – практические занятия. Объём контроля текущей успеваемости, рубежной и промежуточной аттестации составляет примерно 1 ЗЕТ
(38 часов).
Учебное пособие «Adaptive Physical Culture» рассчитано на студентов направления подготовки 034400.62 Физическая культура для лиц
с отклонениями в состоянии здоровья Профиль «Адаптивное физическое
воспитание» и составлено в соответствии с требованиями Федерального
государственного образовательного стандарта Российской Федерации к
обязательному минимуму содержания основной образовательной программы дисциплины «Иностранный язык». Учебное пособие разработано
в соответствии с учебной программой по английскому языку для студентов специальности 034400.62 Физическая культура для лиц с отклонениями в состоянии здоровья Профиль «Адаптивное физическое воспитание» и направлено на развитие языковых навыков и коммуникативных
умений студентов, таких, как чтение, перевод и говорение. В этом и заключается актуальность предлагаемого пособия. Учебное пособие
«Adaptive Physical Culture» является дополнительным к основному учебнику под редакцией Агабекян И.П. Английский язык для бакалавров. Ростов н/Д.: Феникс, 2012. – 382 с.
Основная цель пособия – знакомство студента с языком специальности, а именно развитие навыков и умений чтения и перевода текстов по специальности, расширение лексического запаса студентов в
области профессиональной терминологии. Кроме того, пособие нацелено на развитие навыков профессионально ориентированной устной речи.
Цель реализуется в следующих задачах:
1. Уметь работать с аутентичными текстами по профилю специальности – понимать основное содержание прочитанного и находить в
тексте конкретную информацию.
2. Овладеть определенным минимумом лексических единиц иноязычной терминологии направления адаптивной физической культуры,
английскими эквиваленты основных слов и выражений профессиональной речи на иностранном языке.
3. Сформировать лексические умения и навыки владения устной
речевой деятельностью на основе базисных знаний и умений по английскому языку полученных в средней школе.
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4. Совершенствовать навыки устной речи, в том числе уметь вести
профессионально-ориентированные беседы на английском языке с помощью упражнений коммуникативного характера и посредством создания
ситуаций общения (мозговой штурм, ролевая игра, проектная работа,
мультимедийная презентация, дискуссия).
Настоящее пособие состоит из 9 блоков (Units), тематика которых соответствует программе обучения иностранному языку студентов
специальности 034400.62 Физическая культура для лиц с отклонениями
в состоянии здоровья Профиль «Адаптивное физическое воспитание»
в вузе и последовательности указанных разделов:
1. Myths and Facts about People with Disabilities.
2. New methods and trainers of adaptive physical culture for patients
with cerebral failure.
3. London 2012 Paralympics.
4. Alexey Ashapatov – a Paralympian athlete from Surgut.
5. A regional project «Our Champion» – public support for Paralympic
athletes.
6. O. Vladykina – Swimmer, Paralympics double-champion.
7. Paralympic Athletes met with Khanty-Mansiysk pupils.
8. Medical Rehabilitation.
9. Disability Etiquette.
Все блоки построены по единой схеме. В каждом блоке представлены аутентичные тексты, связанные со спецификой специальности. После текста, по необходимости, предлагаются Notes (сноски, примечания)
для снятия лексических трудностей. После каждого текста представлены
упражнения на контроль понимания текста и развитие навыков перевода.
Предтекстовые задания (Before you read) направлены на моделирование
фоновых знаний, необходимых и достаточных для рецепции текста,
на устранение смысловых и языковых трудностей его понимания и одновременно на формирование умений и навыков чтения, выработку «стратегии понимания». В текстовых заданиях (Ex. 1–6) студентам предлагаются
коммуникативные установки, направленные на решение познавательно-коммуникативных задач в процессе чтения. Послетекстовые задания
(Ex. 7–8) предназначены для проверки понимания прочитанного, для
контроля за степенью сформированности умений чтения и возможного
использования полученной информации в будущей профессиональной
деятельности. В качестве завершающего этапа работы по теме в конце
каждого блока (Ex. 9) предлагаются творческие задания коммуникатив-
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ного характера: проект, ролевая игра, мозговой штурм, мультимедийная
презентация и др. способствующие формированию навыков устной речи, в том числе для ведения профессионально-ориентированной беседы на английском языке. Все упражнения направлены на достижение
основной цели данного пособия.
Большое количество заданий позволяет преподавателю выбирать упражнения для работы на занятиях и организации самостоятельной работы студентов. Характер и содержание упражнений определяется
их целью. Дополнительно к данному учебному пособию по представленным темам для использования на занятиях предлагаются небольшие видеофильмы (10-15 мин) с разработанными заданиями. Кроссворды, представленные в приложении (Appendix), помогут студентам не
только в занимательной форме проверить и закрепить термины и терминологические словосочетания по будущей специальности, но и будут
развивать кругозор студентов, повышать мотивацию, а также прививать
интерес к изучению иностранного языка.
В конце пособия предлагается словарь (Glossary), где дается перевод терминов.
Апробация материалов данного пособия проводилась в учебном
процессе на занятиях по английскому языку студентов специальности
034400.62 Физическая культура для лиц с отклонениями в состоянии здоровья Профиль «Адаптивное физическое воспитание» СурГПУ с 2012 г.
по 2013 г. Ключи к упражнениям и кроссвордам предлагаются в отдельном издании, которым, в основном, должны пользоваться преподаватели при работе со студентами.
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ФУНКЦИОНАЛЬНАЯ КАРТА КОМПЕТЕНЦИИ
(034400.62 Адаптивная физическая культура) (ОК-18)
Способность владеть одним из иностранных языков на уровне бытового общения
Знаниевый
1
№
Ориентировочный
№
2
18.1.1. Знание особенно- 1,29 18.2.1. Понимание значимо- 1
стей основ межкультурсти осуществления качестной коммуникации стран
венной устной и письменной
изучаемого языка
коммуникации в современном поликультурном пространстве
18.1.2. Знание литера1
турных норм иностранного языка, в том числе
правописных
Операциональный
3
№
Опыт
4
18.3.1. Владение навыками 1
речевого (устного и письменного) этикета в области
межличностного общения
и профессиональной коммуникации на иностранном
языке
18.4.1. Опыт осуществления устной и письменной коммуникации
на иностранном языке
с использованием основной иноязычной терминологии направления
адаптивной физической
культуры
18.2.2. Понимание значимо- 1,7, 18.3.2. Владение способа- 1,12 18.4.2. Опыт составления
служебных документов
сти культурологических осо- 8,29 ми работы с научнона иностранном языке
методической литературой
бенностей стран изучаемого
на иностранном языке
языка для успешного осуществления межкультурного
общения
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Прод ол ж ен ие
Знаниевый
1
18.1.3. Знание основной 1
иноязычной терминологии направления адаптивной физической культуры, русские
эквиваленты основных
слов и выражений профессиональной речи на
иностранном языке
18.1.4. Знание функцио- 1
нальных стилей и особенностей их взаимодействия на иностранном
языке
18.1.5. Знание междуна- 1
родных стандартов видов
служебных документов;
языковых формул и правил оформления официальных документов на
иностранном языке
10
№
Ориентировочный
№
2
Операциональный
№
3
Опыт
4
18.2.3. Осознание необходи- 1
мости толерантно воспринимать социальные и культурные различия стран
изучаемого языка
18.3.3. Владение методами 1
речевых коммуникаций
на иностранном языке
18.4.3. Опыт реферирования и аннотирования
иностранной литературы
по специальности
18.2.4. Уметь распознавать 1
литературные нормы языка,
приемы устной и письменной
коммуникации на иностранном языке, правила оформления официальных документов
18.3.4. Владение методами 1, 10
поиска и использования
источников информации
на иностранном языке
18.4.4. Опыт поиска специальной информации
в области профессиональной деятельности
на иностранном языке
из зарубежных источников; работа с иностранными сайтами
18.4.5 Опыт ведения
деловой переписки
с иностранными партнерами
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Unit 1
TEXT 1.
Myths and Facts about
People with Disabilities
B EFORE YOU READ :
Are there any people with disabilities in your surrounding? Are
they similar or differ from you? Do you know any myths about people
with disabilities? What are they? Read the following text and find out
whether you are right or not.
Everybody is fighting some kind of stereotype, and people with
disabilities are no exception. The difference is that barriers people
with disabilities face begin with people's attitudes – attitudes often
rooted in misinformation and misunderstandings about what it's like
to live with a disability.
Myth 1: People with disabilities are brave and courageous.
Fact: Adjusting to a disability requires adapting to a lifestyle, not bravery and courage.
Myth 2: All people who use wheelchairs are chronically ill
or sickly. Fact: The association between wheelchair use and illness
may have evolved through hospitals using wheelchairs to transport
sick people. A person may use a wheelchair for a variety of reasons,
none of which may have anything to do with lingering illness.
Myth 3: Wheelchair use is confining; people who use wheelchairs are «wheelchair-bound». Fact: A wheelchair, like a bicycle or
an automobile, is a personal assistive device that enables someone
to get around.
Myth 4: All persons with hearing disabilities can read lips.
Fact: Lip-reading skills vary among people who use them and are
never entirely reliable.
Myth 5: People who are blind acquire a «sixth sense». Fact:
Although most people who are blind develop their remaining senses
more fully, they do not have a «sixth sense».
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Myth 6: People with disabilities are more comfortable with
«their own kind». Fact: In the past, grouping people with disabilities
in separate schools and institutions reinforced this misconception.
Today, many people with disabilities take advantage of new opportunities to join mainstream society.
Myth 7: Non-disabled people are obligated to «take care of»
people with disabilities. Fact: Anyone may offer assistance, but most
people with disabilities prefer to be responsible for themselves.
Myth 8: Curious children should never ask people about their
disabilities. Fact: Many children have a natural, uninhibited curiosity
and may ask questions that some adults consider embarrassing.
But scolding curious children may make them think having a disability is «wrong» or «bad». Most people with disabilities won't mind answering a child's question.
Myth 9: The lives of people with disabilities are totally different
than the lives of people without disabilities. Fact: People with disabilities go to school, get married, work, have families, do laundry, grocery shop, laugh, cry, pay taxes, get angry, have prejudices, vote,
plan and dream like everyone else.
Myth 10: It is all right for people without disabilities to park
in accessible parking spaces, if only for a few minutes. Fact: Because accessible parking spaces are designed and situated to meet
the needs of people who have disabilities, these spaces should only
be used by people who need them.
Myth 11: People with disabilities always need help. Fact: Many
people with disabilities are independent and capable of giving help.
If you would like to help someone with a disability, ask if he or she
needs it before you act.
Myth 12: There is nothing one person can do to help eliminate
the barriers confronting people with disabilities. Fact: Everyone can
contribute to change. You can help remove barriers by:
– understanding the need for accessible parking and leaving
it for those who need it;
– encouraging participation of people with disabilities in
community activities by using accessible meeting and event sites;
– understanding children's curiosity about disabilities and
people who have them;
– advocating a barrier-free environment;
– speaking up when negative words or phrases are used
about disability;
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– writing producers and editors a note of support when they
portray someone with a disability as a «regular person» in the media
accepting people with disabilities as individuals capable of the same
needs and feelings as yourself, and hiring qualified disabled persons
whenever possible.
From Myths and Facts about People with Disabilities: [Электронный ресурс]. –
Режим доступа : http:// easterseals.com›…facts-about-disability/ myths …
Дата обращения: 20.04.2012.
EXERCISES
Exercise 1. Put in the missing letters. Check yourself with
a dictionary: w-e-lc-a-r, -xc-p-i-n, c-r-os-ty, mi-u-de-s-an-ing, bl-nd,
a-si-ta-ce, -ou-a-e, -is-b-li-y, m-si-fo-m-ti-n, e-vi-on-ent.
Exercise 2. Find the right pronunciation of these words
in a dictionary, read them and explain their meaning: a disabled
person, lip-reading skills, to be responsible for smb, to be chronically
ill, to help someone with a disability.
Exercise 3. Match the words with their definitions and
translate them into Russian.
1. stereotype
2. disability
3. misunderstanding
4. courage
5. wheelchair
6. independent
7. capable
8. illness
9. support
10. assistance
a. an informal disagreement between people
b. not influenced or controlled in any way
by other people, events or things
с. skilful and effective or having enough
ability or power to do smth
d. the state of feeling unhealthy
e. a lack of the physical or mental power
or skill to do smth
f. smb's help
g. the ability to control fear and to deal with
danger, pain and uncertainty
h. to help smb emotionally or practically
i. a fixed set of ideas that is generally held
about the characteristics of a particular type
of person or thing, which are wrongly believed to be shared by all the people and
things of that type
j. a chair on wheels which people who are
unable to walk use for moving around
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Put your answers in this table. Model:
1. i
6.
2.
7.
3.
8.
4.
9.
5.
10.
Exercise 4. Give Russian equivalents to the following
words and expressions, learn them and use in your topics.
to need help
misinformation and misunderstandings
lip-reading skills
to have an uninhibited curiosity
to have a «sixth sense»
to be independent and capable
to remove barriers
to be responsible for oneself
people with disabilities
to join mainstream society
to live with a disability
to transport sick people
Exercise 5. Read and translate the text «Myths and Facts
about People with Disabilities» with a dictionary. Choose sentences which help you to tell about misunderstandings of
people’s disabilities.
Exercise 6. Choose the best word to complete the sentences. Check yourself with a dictionary.
a) courage
e) stereotypes
b) disability
f) supported
c) wheelchair
g) assistance
d) independent
h) misunderstanding
1. Many teachers and parents are concerned that racist … are
being passed on to children through toys and books.
2. She is deaf, but refused to let her … prevent her from doing
what she wants to do.
3. They showed great ... when they found out about their
baby's disability.
4. He spent the last ten years of his life in a … after a fall
which left him paralysed from the waist down.
5. My family has always … me in whatever I've wanted to do.
6. The family is calling for an … enquiry into the cause of the
death.
7. His ridiculous comments were obviously based on a
complete … of the situation.
8. Teachers can't give pupils any … in exams.
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Exercise 7. Read the text «Myths and facts about people
with disabilities» and answer the following questions.
1. What are people's attitudes to the disabled people?
2. How many myths about people with disabilities do you know?
3. Are all people who use wheelchairs chronically ill or sickly?
4. A wheelchair is a personal assistive device, isn't it?
5. What do most people who are blind acquire? Does each
of them have a «sixth sense»?
6. Do many people with disabilities take advantage of new
opportunities at present time?
7. Who is obligated to take care of people with disabilities?
8. Should curious children ask people about their disabilities?
Why not?
9. Are the lives of people with disabilities totally different from
the lives of people without disabilities?
10. What can you say about the parking spaces for people
with disabilities?
Exercise 8. Make an information map to collect information
about people with disabilities.
People with disabilities
to be brave and courageous
Exercise 9. Creative task.
Brainstorming. Brainstorm all your ideas and thoughts and
make computer presentations «Myths and Facts about People with
Disabilities». (Pay attention to the rules of brainstorming).
Rules of Brainstorming
1. Express no negative evaluation of any idea presented.
2. Work for quantity, not quality – the longer the list of ideas,
the better.
3. Expand on each other's ideas, piggyback – if someone's
idea prompts an idea in your head, then share it with your group.
4. Encourage zany, far-out ideas.
5. Record each idea, at least by a key word or phrase.
6. Set a time limit for the brainstorming session and hold strictly to it.
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Unit 2
TEXT 1.
New methods and trainers
of adaptive physical culture f
or patients with cerebral failure
B EFORE YOU READ :
You are a future specialist of adaptive physical culture. You
will work and treat patients with disabilities. What methods and trainers of adaptive physical culture for patients with disabilities, for example
cerebral failure, do you know? Read the following text and find out
whether you are right or not.
Nowadays 3-5% of children suffer from cerebral palsy. Additionally, many adults especially elderly ones develop cerebral paralyses as a result of strokes and traumas. Patients that unable to master basic moving skills and care for themselves become a heavy
burden for their families and the state. They loose the ability to socialize. Therefore before attending physicians and relatives of such
patients there is a challenge: in short terms to restore the vital impellent functions of the patient. For the decision of this problem we have
offered new effective methods of physical therapy: fixing massage
and ontogenetic gymnastics. At fixing massage a body of the patient
is in the fixed position, except for that part of a body which is exposed to massage or undergo after massage gymnastic. Such way
of massage prevents formation and development of pathological
movements, which considerably complicate or in general interfere
with development of vital impellent skills, to prevent or remove deformations of extremities and the body, to normalize a muscular
tone, to remove influence of pathological tonic reflexes. Usual natural
development of impellent activity occurs in strict sequence, from
more simple movements to more complex. If a person fails to product one basic movement he appears unable to carry out the whole
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series of more complex movements, which are formed on a basis
of this elementary movement. Therefore we have developed a
necessary sequence of exercises in moving therapy that resembles
the normal ontogenetic sequences of development of impellent
activity of in a child as it occurs ontogenetically. The ontogenetic
gymnastics enables achieving target results with much lesser
physical and mental pressure of the patient and therapist, and for
shorter (in 2-3 times) terms. In addition, we, together with professor
J.G Zhukovsky have developed new trainers for adaptive physical
culture. All proposed methods have patent protection: crawlers system
(RU 2277895. 2006.), fixing system (RU 2277888. 2006), ram-type
system (RU 2277407. 2006), kangaroo system (RU 2272609. 2006.),
marionette (puppet) system (RU 2272608. 2006.), pedal system
(RU 2268026. 2006), combined system (RU 2264202. 2005.), ways
of treatment (RU 2260417. 2005).
High efficiency of the developed physical therapy is recorded by
8 video films showing that the children who were labeled as untreatable, with the help of ontogenetic gymnastics and fixing massage have
mastered for short terms the complete set of the base movements
necessary for self-maintenance in the subsequent life. These abilities
are extremely important for the future of the children and render great
relief and satisfaction to their parents. The proposed methods of
physical therapy can be also applied successfully in healthy patients of
various ages.
From Programm Abstracts: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа : http://
www.congress-euromedica.de/new. Дата обращения: 08.01.2011.
EXERCISES
Exercise 1. Put in the missing letters. Check yourself with
a dictionary: -e-ebr-l -al-y, sa-i-fa-ti-n, -h-ra-y, -y-na-ti-s, -a-ie-t,
-h-si-i-n, -ha-le-ge, a-a-ti-e, d-fo-ma-i-n, -a-ho-og-c-l.
Exercise 2. Find the right pronunciation of these words
in a dictionary, read them and explain their meaning: cerebral
palsy, a result of strokes and traumas, fixing massage and ontogenetic gymnastics, a necessary sequence of exercises.
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Exercise 3. Match the words with their definitions.
1. cerebral palsy
2. to suffer
3. stroke
4. trauma
5. muscle
6. sequence
7. therapy
8. to massage
9. burden
10. to undergo
a. severe emotional shock and pain caused
by an extreme upsetting experience
b. a difficult duty or responsibility you have
to bare
c. treatment which helps someone feel better,
grow stronger, etc., especially after an illness
d. a sudden change in the blood supply to a
part of the brain, which can cause a loss of the
ability to move particular parts of the body
e. to experience something which is unpleasant or involves a change
f. one of many tissues in the body that can
tighten and relax to produce movement
g. a physical condition involving permanent
tightening of the muscles which is caused by
damage to the brain around or before the
time of birth
h. a series of related things, events or the
order in which they follow each other
i. to experience physical or mental pain
j. to rub, press or hit someone's body with
regular repeated movements, esp. in order
to relax them or to reduce stiffness or pain
in their joints or muscles
Put your answers in this table. Model:
1. g
6.
2.
7.
3.
8.
4.
9.
5.
10.
Exercise 4. Learn new words and word combinations and
use them in your topics.
to become a heavy burden for smb
vital impellent skills
to become a heavy burden for smb
adaptive physical culture
a necessary sequence of exercises
to have patent protection
a result of strokes and traumas
to suffer from cerebral palsy
to normalize a muscular tone
physical and mental pressure
to loose the ability to socialize
the developed physical therapy
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Exercise 5. Read and translate the text with a dictionary.
Choose sentences which help you to tell about new methods
and trainers of adaptive physical culture for patients with cerebral failure.
Exercise 6. Choose the best word to complete the sentences. Check yourself with a dictionary.
a. traumas
e. muscles
stiff.
b. sequence
f. to underwent
c. burden
g. suffers
d. stroke
h. massaging
1. She … terribly in the winter when it's cold and her joints get
2. She suffered a … which left her unable to speak.
3. I've got a dreadful ache in my neck. Would you mind …
it for me?
4. «I don't want to be a ... to you» her elderly father said.
5. She … an operation on a tumour in her left lung last year.
6. He flexed his … so that everyone could admire them.
7. A good aerobics instructor will teach you the basic …
of moves which you then simply repeat.
8. Five years of psychotherapy helped him to deal with his
childhood … .
Exercise 7. Read the text «New methods and trainers
of adaptive physical culture for patients with cerebral failure»
and answer the following questions.
1. How many children do suffer from cerebral palsy
nowadays?
2. What new effective methods of physical therapy do physician
and trainers offer for patients with cerebral palsy?
3. What kind of massage do you know? Can you describe it?
Have you ever heard about fixing massage?
4. Can you describe ontogenetic gymnastics? Have you ever
heard about it?
5. Why do physicians offer physical therapy which consists
of fixing massage and ontogenetic gymnastics?
6. What new trainers have been developed by professor
J.G. Zhukovsky?
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7. Can we also apply the proposed methods of physical therapy in healthy patients?
8. What other methods of adaptive physical culture for patients
with cerebral failure can you propose?
Exercise 8. Make an information map to collect information
about new methods and trainers of adaptive physical culture for
patients with cerebral failure.
New methods
and trainers
to normalize a muscular tone
Exercise 9. Creative task.
Project work. You have read some information about new
methods and trainers of adaptive physical culture for patients with
cerebral failure. Imagine that in three years you’ll finish our university
and begin to work in the health centre in our town. Now try to make
up your own methods of physical therapy for people with disabilities.
Try to show your own project with diagrams, pictures, tables and
schemes. Show it to other students and prove that your new methods will be the most effective for patients with cerebral palsy.
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Unit 3
TEXT 1.
London 2012 Paralympics
B EFORE YOU READ :
Can you give a definition of the Paralympic Games? Who
takes part in them? Are they similar or differ from the Olympic
Games? What can you tell us about the Paralympic Games? Read
the following text and find out whether you are right or not.
The Paralympic Games are a major international multi-sport event where
athletes with a physical disability compete; this includes athletes with mobility
disabilities, amputations, blindness and
cerebral palsy. There are Winter and
Summer Paralympic Games, which
are held immediately following their
respective Olympic Games. All Paralympic Games are governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC).In this picture you can see the flag of the Paralympic
Games. Paralympic Games become more and more popular. Thousands of sportsmen and sportswomen who have refused to give up
and are ready to face a challenge take part in them. Their positive
attitude to life is an inspiration to many. People who have become
invalids for various reasons understand that their life can be interesting and useful. Life itself is a total miracle.
A lot of Paralympic sportsmen had had a terrifying experience
before they understood it. For example, Alex Ashapatov was a famous sportsman when he lost his leg in an accident in 2002.
He continued going in for sport and won several competitions first
in volley-ball then in disk-throwing. Olesya Vladykina who won the
swimming competition in Beijing 2008 Paralympics won a victory
over herself. Among other Paralympic sportsmen they took part
in the 2012 Summer Paralympics.
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The 2012 Summer Paralympics opening ceremony was held
on 29 August 2012, starting at 20:30 BST and marking the official
opening of the 2012 Summer Paralympics in London, England. The
show – named Enlightenment – had Jenny Sealey and Bradley
Hemmings as its artistic directors. Queen Elizabeth II officially
opened the Games. The ceremony was performed in front of a capacity audience of 80,000 people.
In the tense battle between the best of the best, Russian
sportsmen defended our nation’s athletic honour and our flag. They
made a very significant input into Russia’s overall achievements.
What can be a greater example of people's will for victory and
achievement drive than the Olympic Games? Only the Paralympics
are an amazing show of amazing people. This year has become the
most successful for Russian Paralympic sportsmen concluding the
London Games with a total of 102 medals and taking the second
place in an unofficial medal count.
London 2012 Paralympics General Medal Count (top 10)
1.
Country
People’s Republic
of China
Gold
Silver
Bronze
Total
95
71
65
231
2.
Russian Federation
36
38
28
102
3.
Great Britain
34
43
43
120
4.
Ukraine
32
24
28
84
5.
Australia
32
23
30
85
6.
United States
of America
31
29
38
98
7.
Brazil
21
14
8
43
8.
Germany
18
26
22
66
9.
Poland
14
13
9
36
Netherlands
10
10
19
39
10.
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Vladimir Putin met at the Kremlin with members of the Russian
Paralympic team – champions and medalists at the London Paralympics. Vladimir Vladimirovich congratulated them on their exceptional results at the Games in London and thanked them for their
enormous contribution to developing sports in Russia, as well as all
of Russian society. The President wished our sportsmen good
health, moral courage, and many more brilliant, well-deserved triumphs.
The President presented state decorations to gold medalists
at the London Paralympics. Five athletes were awarded the Order
of Honour, and 37 – the Order of Friendship. The Russian Paralympic team came in second in the overall team ranking thus
achieving its best Paralympic result ever. The Russian athletes won
a total of 102 medals, including 36 gold, 38 silver and 28 bronze
medals, and set 14 world records in swimming and track-and-field.
From London 2012 Paralympics: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа :
http://www.itv.com http://lenta.ru. Дата обращения: 08.01.2011.
From London 2012 Paralympics: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа :
http://sochi2014.su›en/media/press-center/38949/ Дата обращения: 08.01.2011.
NOTES
Beijing [bei'ʤiŋ] – the capital of China.
BST (British Summer Time) – is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated
Universal Time (UTC). It is generally only used during the summer.
EXERCISES
Exercise 1. Put in the missing letters. Check yourself with
a dictionary: -n-pi-at-on, -on-r-b-ti-n, b-i-dn-ss, -er-m-ny, m-b-li-y, ri-m-h, -e-ali-t, c-al-en-e, -oc-e-y, -o-g-at-la-e.
Exercise 2. Find the right pronunciation of these words in
a dictionary, read them and explain their meaning: a major
international multi-sport event, to refuse to give up, to win a competition, to defend nation’s athletic honour.
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Exercise 3. Match the words with their definitions.
1. athlete
2. blindness
3. amputation
4. team
5. contribution
6. achievement
7. inspiration
8. audience
9. ceremony
10. discipline
a. cutting off a part of the body
b. the group of people together in one place
to watch or listen to a play, film, someone
speaking, etc
c. something that you do or give to help produce
or achieve something together with other people, or to help make something successful
d. something very good and difficult that you
have succeeded in doing
e. a person who is very good at sports, esp.
one who enters sports competitions and who
is healthy and strong
f. someone or something that gives you ideas
for doing something
g. the ability to control yourself or other people, even in difficult situations
h. a set of formal acts, often fixed and traditional, performed on important social or religious occasions
i. a number of people or animals who do
something together as a group
j. unable to see
Put your answers in this table. Model:
1. e
6.
2.
7.
3.
8.
4.
9.
5.
10.
Exercise 4. Learn new words and word combinations and
use them in your topics.
the International Paralympic Committee
moral courage
a major international multi-sport event
to face a challenge
to have a terrifying experience
to refuse to give up
to defend nation’s athletic honour
a capacity audience
blindness and cerebral palsy
to win a competition
to congratulate smb on smth
an exceptional result
well-deserved triumphs
an unofficial medal count
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Exercise 5. Read and translate the text with a dictionary.
Choose sentences which help you to tell about London 2012
Paralympics.
Exercise 6. Choose the best word to complete the sentences. Check yourself with a dictionary.
a. audience
e. ceremony
b. blindness
f. athlete
c. inspiration
g. achievement
d. team
h. contribution
1. Her … doesn't stop her from having a full and active life.
2. He became a professional … at the age of 16.
3. She has been an … to us all.
4. It was a real ... effort – everyone contributed something
to the success of the project.
5. The secret to public speaking is to get the ... on your side.
6. An Olympic silver medal is a remarkable ... for one so young.
7. She didn't make much of a ... at today's meeting, did she?
8. Queen Elizabeth II officially opened the … at the 2012 Summer Paralympic Games.
Exercise7. Read the text «London 2012 Paralympics» and
answer the following questions.
1. Who usually takes part in the Paralympic Games?
2. When do winter and summer Paralympic Games usually
held?
3. Who governs all Paralympics Games?
4. Can you describe the flag of the Paralympic Games?
5. Where and when did the 2012 Summer Paralympic take
place?
6. Who officially opened these Games?
7. How many medals did Russian sportsmen win during these
Games?
8. What place did Russian team take in an unofficial medal
count?
9. What state decorations did Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin
present to gold medalists at the London Paralympics?
10. How many world records did our sportsmen set in swimming and track-and-field?
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Exercise. 8. Make an information map to collect information
about London 2012 Paralympics.
London 2012
Paralympics
an international multisport event
Exercise 9. Creative task. Unscramble these words to find
the 7 Winter Olympic Sports.
1. hecoky cie ___________________________________________
2. singtak
___________________________________________
3. ibegobslh ___________________________________________
4. gelu
___________________________________________
5. tibahnol
___________________________________________
6. giiinsk
___________________________________________
7. ilnugcr
___________________________________________
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Unit 4
TEXT 1.
Alexey Ashapatov –
a Paralympian athlete from Surgut
B EFORE YOU READ:
Have you ever had a chance to meet with Paralympic
champions? Do any of them live in your region or town? What kind
of sport do they go in for? Read and translate the following text and
learn more information about one of your countrymen.
Alexey Ashapatov was born on October 30,
1973 in Saratov. He graduated from the Perm State
University in 1996. After serving in the army in Noyabrsk, Alexey decided to live and work in the north.
Alexey Ashapatov played professionally in volleyball
teams of Noyabrsk, Nizhnevartovsk and Surgut:
«Torum» and «ZSK-Gazprom».
He lost his leg in an accident in 2002 but in
spite of this accident Alexey continued to go in for
sport and became a master of sports in sitting
volleyball. In addition to volleyball he seriously goes in for other kinds
of sports: International Master of Sport in armwrestling and honored
master of sports of athletics, the absolute European champion in discus among people with physical disabilities. He is trained by the
honored coach of Russia Valeriy Prokhorov.
In 2004 Alexei Ashapatov took part in the World Armwrestling
Federation Championship.
Alexey Ashapatov also took part in the 2008 Summer Paralympics in Beijing, China. There he won two gold medals, one in the
men's F57-58 shot put and the other in the men's F57-58 discus
throw. On September 30, 2009 in the Kremlin Alexei Ashapatov was
awarded the Order of Honour.
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In this photo gold medalist Alexey Ashapatov poses on the
podium during the Victory Ceremony for the men's Shot Put –
F 57/58 on Day 6 of the London 2012 Paralympic Games at Olympic
Stadium. He has won a gold medal in the discus throw in the men’s
wheelchair category at the Paralympic Games in London, in his best
attempt setting a new world record. Alexey Ashapatov truly demonstrated the highest level of athleticism and his will and ambition to
become a true winner, and confidently made Russian team one of the
leaders in Paralympic sports.
ALEXEY ASHAPATOV
Medal record
Paralympic Games (Paralympic athletics)
Competitor for
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
2008 Beijing
2008 Beijing
2012 London
2012 London
Russia
Men's Shot Put F57-58
Men's Discus Throw F57-58
Men's Discus Throw F57-58
Men's Shot Put F57-58
During the Opening Ceremony of the London 2012 Paralympics at the Olympic Stadium on August 29, 2012 in London athlete
Alexey Ashapatov carried the flag.
On September 10, 2012 in the Kremlin Aleksey Ashapatov
was awarded the Order of Friendship by the President of Russia
Vladimir Putin.
The Paralympic swimming champion is presenting a series of
films depicting Sochi’s dedication to the Paralympic Games. One of the
films will be about shot put and discus thrower, Aleksey Ashapatov.
Now Alexey Ashapatov is the fifth-year student of the Surgut
State Pedagogical University. All teachers and students of our university are proud of Alexey Ashapatov, one of the leaders in Paralympic sports. For each of us Alexey Ashapatov serves as a bright
example of a positive, honest and courageous outlook on life.
From Aleksey_Ashapatov: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа :
http://www.csi ugra.ru/imena/aleksey_ashapatov. Дата обращения: 15.10.2013.
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EXERCISES
Exercise 1. Put in the missing letters. Check yourself with
a dictionary: a-m-re-tli-g, -h-m-ion, -e-i-ati-n, -er-mo-y, -h-el-ha-r,
c-a-h, -t-e-pt, -o-r-g-ou-, -e-o-d, -o-r-ge-us.
Exercise 2. Find the right pronunciation of these words
in a dictionary, read them and explain their meaning: people with
physical disabilities, to become a master of sport, to set a new world
record, the Paralympic Games.
Exercise 3. Match the words with their definitions.
1. countryman
2. athlete
3. to award
4. ceremony
5. arm-wrestling
6. championship
7. winner
8. Paralympics
9. dedication
10. podium
a. a formal event that is performed on important social or religious occasions
b. a competition to find the best team or player
in a particular game or sport
c. a small, raised area, sometimes with a tall
table on it, that someone stands on when they
are performing or speaking
d. someone from the same country as you
e. to give money or a prize following an official
decision
f. someone who wins a game, competition, or
election
g. when someone says that something has
been made or done to show love and respect
for someone else
h. a game played by two people who place the
elbows (= the middle part of the arm where it
bends) of one of their arms on a table, hold
hands, and then try to push the other person's
hand down onto the table
i. someone who is very good at a sport and
who competes with others in organized events
j. an international sports competition for people
who have a disability (= a condition that makes
it difficult for a person to do the things that
other people do)
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Put your answers in this table. Model:
1. d
6.
2.
7.
3.
8.
4.
9.
Exercise 4. Learn new words
use them in your topics.
people with physical disabilities
the absolute European champion
the men’s wheelchair category
the winners of the World Cup
to become a master of sport
5.
10.
and word combinations and
an award ceremony
the Paralympic Games
to be a bright example
to set a new world record
the honored coach of Russia
Exercise 5. Read and translate the text with a dictionary.
Choose sentences which help you to tell about our countryman
a Paralympian athlete from Surgut Alexey Ashapatov.
Exercise 6. Choose the best word to complete the sentences. Check yourself with a dictionary.
a. podium
e. ceremony
b.dedication
f. awarded
c. championship
g. arm-wrestling
d. proud
h. winners
1. Do you like watching ... on television?
2. The world ... will be held in this country next year. .
3. She thanked the staff for their ... and enthusiasm.
4. The university has ... her a $500 travel grant.
5. Tears ran down her face as she stood on the winner's ... .
6. To find out who are the lucky ... of our competition, Samantha is going to draw some names out of the bag.
7. A lot of people were present at the opening ... of the Olympic Games.
8. He's very ... of his daughter's achievements.
Exercise 7. Read the text «Alexey Ashapatov – a Paralympian athlete from Surgut» and answer the following questions.
1. Where and when was Alexey Ashapatov born?
2. What could you learn about A. Ashapatov's early sport career?
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him?
3. What sport did Alexey go in for after the accident?
4. Who is A. Ashapatov's coach? What can you tell us about
5. What kinds of sports does A. Ashapatov go in for now?
6. What Paralympic Games did he take place? Tell us about
his achievements?
7. A. Ashapatov carried the flag of our team during the Opening Ceremony of the London Paralympics, didn't he?
8. What award did A. Ashapatov get from the President of Russia Vladimir Putin?
9. Do you agree that A. Ashapatov is an example of a courageous outlook on life?
10. What do you know about A. Ashapatov's life after the
Paralympics in London in 2012?
Exercise 8. Make an information map to collect information about a Paralympian athlete from Surgut Alexey Ashapatov.
Alexey Ashapatov
to be International
Master of Sport in armwrestling
Exercise 9. Creative task.
Project work «The most famous Paralympic athlete from
Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra». Imagine that you
are going to conduct a survey about Paralympic athletes. Now you
are a second-year-student of Physical culture department of Surgut
State Pedagogical University. At last you have got a chance to interview Alexey Ashapatov who has just come back from the competition. Make up as many questions as you can for the survey.
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Unit 5
TEXT 1.
A regional project «Our Champion» –
public support for Paralympic athletes
Before you read:
Have you ever taken part in any projects in your school or university? What were they about? There is a project «Our Champion»
in of Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra. What is this
project in your opinion about? Read the following text and find out
whether you are right or not.
As part of the first IPC Biathlon and Cross-Country Skiing
World Championships held in Russia, the Sochi 2014 Organizing
Committee has announced a regional Programme of public support
for athletes participating in the Paralympic Games. The Programme
will be known as «Our Champion».
The main objective of the initiative is to promote the Russian
Paralympic Team and to improve public recognition for athletes with
a disability who live in different regions of our country. The «Our
Champion» Programme will enable the residents of different Russian
regions to learn more about their fellow-countrymen who have overcome adversity and excelled in reaching the winner's podium at Russian and international sports events.
The first athlete to receive the «Our Champion» title was
Aleksey Ashapatov, Paralympic champion and record-breaker at
the Beijing 2008 Paralympic Games, the London 2012 Paralympic
Games and a resident of Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug –
Ugra. A commemorative certificate was presented to him by Mikhail
Terentiev, Paralympic Champion and the General Secretary of the
Russian Paralympic Committee.
The «Our Champion» Project is an exciting way for Russian
people to learn about the Paralympic athletes in their country who
have achieved real feats on the path to sporting victory. The «Our
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Champion» Project will evoke a response in the hearts of all Russians, and that the World Championship itself will be very successful.
Mikhail Terentiev, the General Secretary of the RPC, said that
the World Championship was the best evidence that large international sports events for people living with a disability could be recognized for their success in Russia. He was confident that the
whole country would learn from the experience of Khanty-Mansiysk
Autonomous Okrug – Ugra and that the Games in Sochi would be
a success.
Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra is the first Russian region to support the programme of raising awareness among
the Russian population about the Paralympic Games and Values.
One of the most important elements of the Programme is the «Our
Champion» Project, which embodies the spirit of the Paralympic
Movement.
Sochi has already developed a number of initiatives for
Paralympic Awareness programs and to note is an «Accessibility
Map» demonstrating barrier-free access to the Paralympic areas
in the city.
From Sport: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа : http: // sochi2014.
su›en/media/press-center/38949/. Дата обращения: 03.09.2013.
NOTES
an «Accessibility Map» – карта доступности
EXERCISES
Exercise 1. Put in the missing letters. Check yourself with
a dictionary: -ia-h-on, -ha-p-o-sh-p, c-m-it-e-, -u-po-t, r-co-ni-ion,
-is-bi-it-, -it-e, -e-i-ent, s-c-es-ful, -m-r-ve.
Exercise 2. Find the right pronunciation of these words in
a dictionary, read them and explain their meaning: to be recognized for smth, a number of initiatives, a resident, Khanty-Mansiysk
Autonomous Okrug – Ugra.
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Exercise 3. Match the words with their definitions.
1. biathlon
2. the Paralympic
Games
3. team
4. to go in for sport
5. initiative
6. to improve
7. resident
8. success
9. awareness
10. accessibility
a. to do sport regularly
b. the ability to make decisions and do
things without needing to be told what to do
c. to get better or to make something better
d. easy to understand
e. someone who lives in a particular place
f. when you know about something
g. a group of people who play a sport or
game together against another group of
players
h. a sports competition that combines
skiing and shooting a rifle (= gun)
i. when you achieve what you want to
achieve
j. an international sports competition for people
who have a disability (= a condition that makes
it difficult for a person to do the things that
other people do)
Put your answers in this table. Model:
1. h
6.
2.
7.
3.
8.
4.
9.
5.
10.
Exercise 4. Learn new words and word combinations and
use them in your topics.
to improve public recognition for smb
to be a resident
a commemorative certificate
to evoke a response
to be recognized for smth
to be very successful
a basketball/football team
a number of initiatives
an «Accessibility Map»
the Paralympic Movement
Exercise 5. Read and translate the text with a dictionary.
Choose sentences which help you to tell about a regional project
«Our Champion» which is a public support for Paralympic athletes.
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Exercise 6. Choose the best word to complete the sentences. Check yourself with a dictionary.
a. biathlon
e. accessible
b. residents
f. team
c. awareness
g. to improve
d. initiative
h. success
1. Which ... are you on?
2. ... is a sporting event in which the competitors must ski
along a 20-kilometre area of land carrying a gun and shoot at four
fixed objects.
3. We need someone who can work on their own ... .
4. Every year thousands of students come to London ... their
English.
5. The hotel bar was only open to ... .
6. Her ... is due to hard work and determination.
7. Environmental ... is increasing all the time.
8. They are attempting to make opera ... to a wider audience.
Exercise 7. Read the text «A regional project «Our Champion» – public support for Paralympic athletes» and answer the
following questions.
1. What is the main objective of a regional project for Paralympic athletes?
2. What is its name?
3. Who announced about public support for athletes participating in the Paralympic Games?
4. Who was the first athlete to receive the «Our Champion»
title?
5. What did the General Secretary of the Russian Paralympic
Committee present to Aleksey Ashapatov?
6. What was the first Russian region which supportrd this programme?
7. The «Our Champion» project embodies the spirit of the
Paralympic Movement, doesn't it?
8. What does an «Accessibility Map» demonstrate?
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Exercise 8. Make an information map to collect information
about a regional project «Our Champion» – public support for
Paralympic athletes.
«Our Champion»
a regional project
Exercise 9. Creative task.
Discussion. Think of your own examples of communication
with differently-abled people. Tell the students about any situations
you witnessed involving physically or mentally challenged people?
How did you feel? What did you see?
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Unit 6
TEXT 1.
Olesya Vladykina – Swimmer,
Paralympic double-champion
B EFORE YOU READ :
You have already learnt a lot of information about the Paralympic Games,
Paralympic champions and competitors. Look
at the photo of this young sportsman. What
can you tell us about her? What kind of sport
does she go in for? What is she famous for?
Read the following text and find out whether
you are right or not.
Olesya Vladykina was born on February
14, 1988 in Moscow. She studied at Moscow
State University of Railway Engineering.
Olesya has been a professional swimmer for almost 10 years.
A year before the Paralympic Games the tourist bus had rolled down
in Thailand, she had survived the horrible accident but lost her arm
and her back was seriously bruised. Olesya Vladykina was only
23 years old.
But the passion for swimming and her desire to take part in the
Beijing 2008 Paralympic Games helped her to return to life.
Just five months after the accident, Olesya became a
Paralympic champion, breaking the world record in the 100m
Breaststroke S8 in Beijing’s Aquatics Centre. She dedicated this gold
medal to her friend, who had died in the accident.
Two years later, O.Vladykina proved her class, winning the
world title in the 100m Breaststroke at the 2010 IPC Swimming
World Championships in Eindhoven, the Netherlands. She added
a silver medal in the 200m Individual Medley and two bronze medals
in the 50m Freestyle and the 4x100m Medley Relay.
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At the 2011 IPC Swimming European Championships, Vladykina
impressed her rivals by winning a total of seven medals, including
the gold medals in her favourite event, the 100m Breaststroke,
as well as the 200m Individual Medley and the 50m Freestyle. In addition, she won two silver medals (100m Freestyle, 4x100m Medley
Relay) and two bronze medals (100m Backstroke, 4x100m Freestyle
Relay).
Most people would have become depressed after such a tragedy but Olesya amazed everybody by her courage. She didn’t waste
time feeling sorry for herself but began to train hard. Strange as
it may appear her disability gave her secret power. Here is the result:
she got a gold Olympic medal. Olesya thinks that only extreme moments make you use your potential. Her motto is «Never give up!».
On September 30, 2009 in the Kremlin Olesya Vladykina was
awarded the Order of Friendship and the Order of Honour on September 10, 2012.
Olesya Vladykina
Medal record
Paralympic swimming
Competitor for
Gold
Gold
Silver
Bronze
Russia
Paralympic Games
Women's 100 metre breaststroke SB8
Women's 100 metre breaststroke SB8
Women's 200 metre individual medley
SM8
2012 London
Women's 100 metre backstroke S8
2008 Beijing
2012 London
2012 London
Russia came second in the unofficial medal count at the
London Paralympics, earning 36 gold medals. One of the big winners
of the Games is a young lady from Moscow. She lost an arm in a car
accident, but still managed to set a new world record in swimming –
beating the time she set with her gold medal-winning effort four years
ago in Beijing. Now you know this hero’s name...
The Paralympic swimming champion is presenting a series
of films depicting Sochi’s dedication to the Paralympic Games. The first
film will be a biographical sketch on Olesya Vladykina.
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Olesya Vladykina is an ambassador for the Sochi 2014
Paralympic Winter Games. She believes these Games can help
change perceptions of people with a disability around the world. This
young woman is essentially encouraging and giving confidence to those
who find themselves in difficult life situations, breaking the usual stereotypes and hang-ups and generally changing the public’s attitudes toward
people’s capabilities, broadening the horizons of hope.
From Olesya Vladykina: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа : http: //
paralympic.org›athlete/olesya-vladykina. Дата обращения: 08.12.2012.
NOTES
The Order of Friendship – Орден Дружбы
The Order of Honour – Орден Почета
EXERCISES
Exercise 1. Put in the missing letters. Check yourself
with a dictionary: -wi-m-r, -r-a-ts-r-ke, -ac-s-ro-e, c-u-a-e, -u-te-f-y,
-r-e-ty-e, -o-to, -i-al, -t-re-ty-e, c-n-i-en-e.
Exercise 2. Find the right pronunciation of these words
in a dictionary, read them and explain their meaning: to be
a professional swimmer, to return to life, to break the world record,
to be an ambassador for smth.
Exercise 3. Match the words with their definitions.
1. breaststroke
2. individual medley
3. backstroke
4. butterfly
5. freestyle
a. a short phrase that expresses someone's
purpose or beliefs
b. a sports competition, especially a
swimming race, in which each competitor
can use any style or method they choose
c. the ability to deal with dangerous or
difficult situations without being frightened
d. trusting someone's ability or believing
that something will produce good results
e. a swimming competition in which each
of four swimmers in a team uses a different method of swimming
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6. motto
7. courage
8. to train
9. rival
10. confidence
f. a way of swimming in which you push
your arms forward and then to the side,
while you kick your legs backwards
g. someone or something that is competing with another person or thing
h. a way of swimming on your front by kicking
with your legs while raising your arms together
out of the water and then bringing them down
in front of you
i. to prepare for sport by physical exercise
j. a style of swimming on your back
Put your answers in this table. Model:
1. f
6.
2.
7.
3.
8.
4.
9.
5.
10.
Exercise 4. Learn new words and word combinations and
use them in your topics.
to be an ambassador for smth
brain damage
to be a professional swimmer
to win a medal
an extreme dangerous sport
to return to life
to break the world record
to signal for help
to take part in smth
people’s capabilities
Exercise 5. Read and translate the text with a dictionary.
Choose sentences which help you to tell about Olesya
Vladykina, a professional swimmer and Paralympic doublechampion.
Exercise 6. Choose the best word to complete the sentences. Check yourself with a dictionary.
a. courage
b. to train
c. the Order
of Honour
d. confidence
e. freestyle
f. motto
g. the Order
of Friendship
h. breaststroke
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1. Her ... is, «Work hard, play hard».
2. Can you do ..., Rosie?
3. He won the 400 metres ... .
4. Kate's new to the job, but I've got every ... in her.
5. The soldiers fought with great ... .
6. I've had ... myself to be more assertive at work.
7. ... is awarded for special merit in strengthening peace,
friendship, cooperation and understanding between nations.
8. The Order of the Badge of Honour was replaced by ... by
a Decree of the Presidium of the USSR on 28 December 1988.
Exercise 7. Read the text «Olesya Vladykina – Swimmer,
Paralympic double-champion» and answer the following questions.
1. Where and when was Olesya Vladykina born?
2. Where did she study?
3. What kind of sport does Olesya go in for professionally?
4. What tragedy had happened with Olesya when she was
23 years old?
5. Whom did Olesya Vladykina dedicate her gold medal during
Beijing 2008 Paralympic Games?
6. How many medals did she win at the 2011 Swimming European Championship?
7. What state awards does Olesya Vladykina have for her
sport achievements?
8. Olesya Vladykina is an ambassador for the Sochi 2014
Paralympic Winter Games, isn't she?
Exercise 8. Make an information map to collect information
about Olesya Vladykina, a swimmer and Paralympic doublechampion.
Olesya Vladykinа
to be a professional swimmer
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Exercise 9. Creative task.
Useful acronyms and their meanings.
IOC
I _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ l _ ly _ pi _ co _ _itt _ _
IPC
In _ _ _ nat _ _ nal p _ r _ lym _ ic co _ _ i _te _
NOC
Nati _ _ _ l o _ _ _ _ _ c co _ _ i _ _ _ e
NPC
N _ _ _ o _ _ _ p _ _ _ _ y _ _ _ c _ om _ _ _ t _ _
OCOG
Or _ an_ _ i _ g
g___s
UDAC
Un _ fo _ m
ce _ tre
FOH
Fr _ nt of h _ u _ e
BOH
_ ac _ of h _ u _ e
FOP
F _ e _ d of p _ _ y
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co _ _ i _ t _ _
distri _ utio _
of
the
o_____c
and a _ _ redita _ i _ n
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Unit 7
TEXT 1.
Paralympic Athletes met with
Khanty-Mansiysk pupils
B EFORE YOU READ :
How many Paralympic athletes from
Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra
do you know? What are they famous for? Have
you ever heard about the Paralympic athlete
Olga Sergienko? What kind of sport does she
go in for? Read and translate the following text
and learn more information about your strong
and brave countrymen.
As part of the «Our Champion» Project,
Aleksey Ashapatov and Olga Sergienko met
local school pupils from Khanty-Mansiysk. The
children were taught about Paralympic sport and the Sochi 2014 volunteers introduced them to the Mascots for the Games.
Paralympic athletes Olga Sergienko and
Alexey Ashapatov carried out a demonstration
lesson for pupils of 4th, 5th and 11th grade
of Khanty-Mansiysk gymnasium № 1. The demonstration lesson was carried out in the network
of Russia’s population awareness of Paralympic
Games program realization. You know already
a lot of interesting facts from Alexey Ashapatov’s life and now meet Olga Sergienko. Olga
was born on September 11, 1971, in Zhanatas, Zhambyl region, Kazakh SSR. She is International Master of Sports of Russia in powerlifting, International
Master of Sports of Russia in athletics among people with physical
disabilities. Olga is trained by the coach Eduard Isakov. She works
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as an athlete – instructor in the Budget establishment of the
Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra «Center of Disabled
Sports» in Khanty-Mansiysk now.
Paralympic athletes told children about the way they got good
results. According to Olga Sergienko, the main secret are self-belief,
patience and the ability to overcome difficulties.
Alexey Ashapatov claimed that he was very proud to be a part
of our national team in International competitions. He was thankful
to Khanty-Mansy Autonomous Okrug for the conditions created for
athletes with physical disabilities. Alexei admitted that there was the
opportunity to do sport on the professional level, there was a comfortable infrastructure. That was highly important for people, like they
were.
Children asked Olga and Alexey a lot of questions about their
sport career and private life. There was an autograph session at the
end of the meeting. Pupils admitted that the meeting was highly important for them. Julia Kaneva, the pupil of 5b class, said that it was
interesting for her to learn what ways the Paralympic athletes train
themselves, about their achievements.
The teacher of the primary school Larisa Opletaeva said after
the meeting that they taught pupils to be nice with physically disabled
people, they removed the communication barriers. That meeting was
useful for the pupils. For lot of them it was a stimulus to go in for
sport.
From Paralympic Athletes met with Khanty-Mansiysk pupils: [Электронный
ресурс]. – Режим доступа : http://ugrasport.com/parabiathlon/?p =1285&lang=en.
Дата обращения: 07.01.2013.
EXERCISES
Exercise 1. Put in the missing letters. Check yourself with
a dictionary: -ol-nt-er, -w-re-e-s, -n-ro-u-e, -ar-e-, -a-r-er, -ut-g-a-h,
o-p-r-u-ity, i-f-a-tru-tu-e, c-m-e-it-on, -n-t-u-tor.
Exercise 2. Find the right pronunciation of these words
in a dictionary, read them and explain their meaning: a local
school pupil, to do sport on the professional level, to work as an athlete - instructor, International Master of Sports.
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Exercise 3. Match the words with their definitions.
1. ambassador
2. volunteer
3. mascot
4. self-belief
5. patience
6. stimulus
7. career
8. coach
9. network
10. game
a. a toy or a child that a person or a team takes
with them to bring them luck
b. something that makes something else happen, grow, or develop more
c. someone whose job is to teach people to improve at a sport, skill, or school subject
d. a job that you do for a long period of your life
and that gives you the chance to move to a
higher position and earn more money
e. the main official sent by the government of
a country to represent it in another country
f. an entertaining activity or sport that people
play, usually needing some skill and played according to rules
g. a person who does something, esp. helps
other people, willingly and without being forced
or paid to do it
h. a system or group of connected parts
i. the quality of being able to stay calm and not
get angry, especially when something takes a
long time
j. trust in your own abilities
Put your answers in this table. Model:
1. e
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Exercise 4. Learn new words
use them in your topics.
to do sport on the professional level
the ability to overcome difficulties
to work as an athlete – instructor
to be a part of the national team
to be thankful to smb for smth
and word combinations and
to train oneself
to be proud of smth
an autograph session
self-belief and patience
a physically disabled person
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Exercise 5. Read and translate the text with a dictionary.
Choose sentences which help you to tell about Paralympic athletes who met with Khanty-Mansiysk pupils.
Exercise 6. Choose the best word to complete the sentences. Check yourself with a dictionary.
a. patience
e. mascot
b. volunteer
f. stimulus
c. game
g. coach
d. ambassador
h. career
1. Britain's ... in Moscow has refused to comment.
2. The Health clinic is relying on ... to run the office and
answer the telephones.
3. That teddy bear has been his lucky ... in every exam he's
ever taken.
4. Making small scale models takes a lot of ... .
5. The report provided the ... for more studies.
6. He's hoping for a ... as a police officer.
7. A ... is responsible for managing and training a person
or a team.
8. Football is an exciting ... .
Exercise 7. Read the text «Paralympic athletes met with
Khanty-Mansiysk pupils» and answer the following questions.
1. Why did Paralympic athletes meet with Khanty-Mansiysk pupils?
2. What did pupils learn during this meeting?
3. What new facts did you learn about Olga Sergienko?
4. What is the main secret of life, according to Olga Sergienko?
5. What questions did children ask Olga and Aleksey?
6. How can you explain the words «an autograph session»?
7. What is pupil's attitude to the meeting with famous Paralympic sportsmen?
8. What is the teacher's attitude to this meeting?
9. The meeting with Olga Sergienko and Aleksey Ashapatov
was a stimulus for pupils to go in for sport, wasn't it?
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Exercise 8. Make an information map to collect information about Paralympic Athletes Aleksey Ashapatov and Olga
Sergienko's meeting with Khanty-Mansiysk pupils.
Meeting with pupils
to be taught about
Paralympic sport
Exercise 9. Creative task.
Read the quotes by Robert M. Hensel, an international
poet-writer and public activist born with a birth defect, and
choose those that are connected with the picture.
Ability:
#1. I choose not to place
"DIS", in my ability.
#2. We, the ones who are
challenged, need to be heard.
To be seen not as a disability,
but as a person who has and will
continue to bloom.
#3. As a disabled man, let
my life be a reflection of the endless amount of ability that exists
in each and everyone of us.
#4. Know me for my abilities, not my disability.
#5. Limitations only go so far.
#6. Placing one foot in front of the other, I've climbed to higher
lengths. Reaching beyond my own limitations, to show my inner
strength. No obstacle to hard, for this warrior to overcome. I'm just
a man on a mission, to prove my disability hasn't won.
#7. My disability has opened my eye's to see my true abilities.
#8. When everyone else says you can't, determination says,
«YES YOU CAN».
#9. I have a Disability yes thats true, but all that really means
is I may have to take a slightly different path than you.
#10. I don't have a dis-ability, I have a different-ability.
From http://roberthensel.webs.com
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Unit 8
TEXT 1.
Medical Rehabilitation
B EFORE YOU READ :
Read and translate the definitions of different types of medical
rehabilitation. Can you give a definition of medical rehabilitation?
What kinds of medical rehabilitation do you know? Try to explain them.
Read the following text and find out whether you are right or not.
Medical rehabilitation is a branch of medicine that aims to enhance and restore functional ability and quality of life to those with
physical impairments or disabilities. It focuses on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disabilities to help individuals live with
greater independence. Medical rehabilitation also promotes quality
of life for individuals with disabilities through education and prevention programs.
Early intervention is designed to help infants and toddlers work
toward developmental goals at the time in their lives when they are
most ready to learn and can most benefit from intervention. Qualified
professionals work with children from birth to age 3 who are experiencing or are at risk for developmental delays to optimize development and achieve the highest possible level of functioning.
Physical therapy services focus on enhancing or restoring
mobility that may have been lost due to injury, disease, aging or
congenital abnormality. Physical therapists use exercise, therapy,
assistive devices and special techniques to encourage independence at work, home, school and in the community.
Occupational therapy services focus on developing a child
or adult's ability to perform activities of daily life, such as bathing,
dressing and feeding, by enhancing or restoring function that may
have been lost due to injury, disease, aging or congenital abnormality.
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Speech and hearing therapy services focus on enhancing or
restoring communicative skills or swallowing capabilities lost due
to injury, disease, aging or congenital abnormality. Speech therapists
use special techniques and equipment, exercise and evaluation tools.
Assistive technology includes equipment and services that allow individuals with disabilities to overcome barriers in the home,
on the job, at school or just about anywhere.
Recreational therapy includes services that incorporate rehabilitation sessions for people with disabilities into fun, everyday activities. Programs provide leisure time and recreation such as individual
and team sports, exercise and craft classes, adapted aquatics, social
events, outings and camping.
Outpatient medical rehabilitation, social work, nursing and
specialty services are also included in rehabilitation.
A typical rehabilitation program may include:
 Screening.
 Assessment and diagnosis.
 Goal-setting.
 Medical care and treatment.
 Social, psychological and other types of counseling and
assistance.
 Training in self-care activities.
 Fitting of assistive devices.
 Specialized education services.
 Vocational guidance, training and placement, follow-up and
referral.
From Medical Rehabilitation: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа :
http://report.nih.gov/ Дата обращения: 17.01.2012.
EXERCISES
Exercise 1. Put in the missing letters. Check yourself with
a dictionary: -e-ab-lit-t-on, -h-r-py, t-e-t-ent, a-s-s-an-e, t-c-no-o-y, qu-p-ent, i-p-ir-ent, i-j-r-, -i-e-se, -bn-rm-li-y.
Exercise 2. Find the right pronunciation of these words
in a dictionary, read them and explain their meaning: medical
rehabilitation, to enhance and restore functional ability and quality
of life, medical care and treatment, a rehabilitation program.
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Exercise 3. Match the words with their definitions.
1. rehabilitation
2. to enhance
3. to restore
4. impairment
5. prevention
6. toddler
7. benefit
8. mobility
9. outpatient
10. screening
a. to make something good exist again
b. something that helps you or gives you an advantage
c. to harm something and make it less good
d. to find out if people have an illness by doing
medical tests on them
e. a child who has just learned to walk
f. the ability to move freely or be easily moved
g. to help someone live a normal life again after
they have had a serious illness
h. someone who is treated in a hospital but does
not sleep there at night
i. when you stop something happening or stop
someone doing something
j. to improve something
Put your answers in this table. Model:
1. g
6.
2.
7.
3.
8.
4.
9.
5.
10.
Exercise 4. Learn new words and word combinations and
use them in your topics.
an education and prevention program
physical therapy
medical care and treatment
a physical therapist
psychological assistance
to overcome barriers
to restore quality of life
occupational therapy
a rehabilitation program
medical rehabilitation
Exercise 5. Read and translate the text with a dictionary.
Choose sentences which help you to tell about medical rehabilitation as a branch of medicine that aims to enhance and restore
functional ability and quality of life to those with physical impairments or disabilities.
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Exercise 6. Choose the best word to complete the sentences. Check yourself with a dictionary.
a. enhanced
e. mobility
b. benefit
f. congenital
c. restore
g. screened
d. impaired
h. rehabilitate
1. We want to ... the victims of the accident.
2. Winning that award greatly ... her reputation.
3. Three wins in a row helped ... the team's confidence.
4. A recurring knee injury may have ... his chances of winning
the tournament.
5. I've had the ... of a happy childhood.
6. Some neck injuries cause total loss of ... below the point
of injury.
7. Babies are routinely ... for the condition.
8. ... diseases or problems are ones that people have from
when they are born.
Exercise 7. Read the text «Medical Rehabilitation» and
answer the following questions.
1. What is the aim of medical rehabilitation?
2. It focuses on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of
disabilities, doesn't it?
3. Whom is early intervention designed for?
4. When do qualified professionals begin to work with children?
5. What do physical therapy services focus on?
6. What kind of activities of daily life occupational therapy
focus on?
7. Who helps to restore communicative skills lost due to injury?
8. What does assistive technology include?
9. What does recreational therapy include for people with disabilities?
Exercise 8. Make an information map to collect information
about medical rehabilitation.
Medical rehabilitation
to be a branch of medicine
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Exercise 9. Creative task.
Common Signs. Match the sign with the description.
1. Information. 2. First Aid. 3. Meeting Point. 4. Child Services.
5. Lost and Found. 6. Pedestrian Crossing. 7. Slippery Surface.
8. Cloakroom. 9. No Smoking. 10. Emergency Exit. 11. Accessible.
12. Hearing Loop. 13. Toilets. 14. No access. 15. Ramp. 16. Elevator.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
k.
l.
m.
n.
o.
p.
Put your answers in this table. Model:
1.
9.
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2.
10.
3.
11.
4.
12.
5.
13.
6.
14.
7.
15.
8.
16.
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Unit 9
TEXT 1.
Disability Etiquette
B EFORE YOU READ :
Can you give a definition of etiquette? What rules of disability
etiquette do you know? Try to explain them. Read the following text
and find out whether you are right or not.
People with disabilities are entitled to the same courtesies you
would extend to anyone, including personal privacy. When you offer to
assist someone with a vision impairment, allow the person to take your
arm. This will help you to guide, rather than propel or lead, the person.
Call a person by his or her first name only when you extend
this familiarity to everyone present. Don't patronize people who use
wheelchairs by patting them on the head. Reserve this sign of affection for children.
When talking with someone who has a disability, speak directly to him or her, rather than through a companion who may be
along. Don't be embarrassed if you happen to use common expressions, such as «See you later» or «I've got to run», that seem to relate to the person's disability.
To get the attention of a person who has a hearing disability,
tap the person on the shoulder or wave your hand. Look directly
at the person and speak clearly, slowly and expressively to establish
if the person can read your lips. Not everyone with hearing impairments can lip-read. Shouting won't help, but written notes will.
When talking with a person in a wheelchair for more than
a few minutes, place yourself at the wheelchair user's eye level
to spare both of you a stiff neck.
If you would like to help someone with a disability, ask if he or she
needs it before you act, and listen to any instructions the person may
want to give. When giving directions to a person in a wheelchair, consider distance, weather conditions and physical obstacles such as stairs,
curbs and steep hills. When directing a person with a visual impairment,
use specifics such as «left 5 meters» or «right 2 meters».
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Be considerate of the extra time it might take a person with
a disability to get things done or said. Let the person set the pace
in walking and talking. When planning events involving persons with
disabilities, consider their needs ahead of time. If an insurmountable
barrier exists, let them know about it prior to the event.
From Disability Etiquette: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа :
http://report.nih.gov. Дата обращения: 15.06.2011.
EXERCISES
Exercise 1. Put in the missing letters. Check yourself with
a dictionary: -r-v-cy, -ti-u-t-e, -a-il-a-ity, -he-l-ha-r, e-p-es-i-n, a-t-nton, d-re-ti-n, -i-ta-ce, -b-ta-le, -n-u-mo-n-a-le.
Exercise 2. Find the right pronunciation of these words
in a dictionary, read them and explain their meaning: personal
privacy, disability etiquette, to use common expressions, a physical
obstacle.
Exercise 3. Match the words with their definitions.
1. overcome
2. etiquette
3. courtesy
4. privacy
5. vision
6. patronize
7. embarrass
8. stiff
9. pace
10. abnormality
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a. polite behaviour, or a polite action or remark
b. to speak to or behave towards someone as
if they are stupid or not important
c. not easily bent or moved
d. something abnormal, usually in the body
e. the speed at which someone or something
moves, or with which something happens or
changes
f. to defeat or succeed in controlling or dealing
with something
g. to cause someone to feel nervous, worried,
or uncomfortable
h. the ability to see
i. someone's right to keep their personal matters
and relationships secret
j. the set of rules or customs that control
accepted behaviour in particular social groups
or social situations
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Put your answers in this table. Model:
1. f
6.
2.
7.
3.
8.
4.
9.
Exercise 4. Learn new words and
use them in your topics.
to give a direction to smb in a wheelchair
to call a person by his/her first name
to use common expressions
to get the attention of smb
an insurmountable barrier
5.
10.
word combinations and
personal privacy
disability etiquette
a physical obstacle
to use a wheelchair
to patronize a person
Exercise 5. Read and translate the text with a dictionary.
Choose sentences which help you to tell about disability etiquette.
Exercise 6. Choose the best word to complete the sentences. Check yourself with a dictionary.
a. etiquette
e. patronizing
neck.
b. courtesies
f. vision
c. stiff
g. embarrass
d. privacy
h. overcome
1. Sitting still at a computer terminal all day can give you a ...
2. Eventually she managed to ... her shyness in class.
3. Social ... dictates that men cannot sit while women are
standing.
4. The president welcomed the Queen with the usual ... .
5. The new law is designed to protect people's ... .
6. He has poor ... in his left eye.
7. Stop ... me – I understand the play as well as you do.
8. I didn't want to ... her in front of her friends.
Exercise 7. Read the text «Disability Etiquette» and answer the following questions.
1. Can you help people with disabilities to cross the street?
2. Is it polite when you pat people who use wheelchairs
on their heads?
3. Whom can you pat on the head?
4. How must we talk with someone who has a disability?
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5. Can you use such common expressions as «See you later»
or «I've got to run»? Why? Why not?
6. What must you do to get the attention of a person who has
a hearing disability?
7. In what way must you speak with this person?
8. How should you speak with a person in a wheelchair?
9. Must you always help someone with a disability?
10. What must you know when you give directions to a person
in a wheelchair?
Exercise 8. Make an information map to collect information about disability etiquette.
Disability Etiquette
ple?
Exercise 9. Creative task.
Which of these words can be used to describe these peo* invalid
* handicapped
* wheelchair user
* disabled
* wheelchair bound
* black
* afro-caribbean
* nigger
* coloured
* dark-skinned
* grandma
* old
* senior citizen
* elderly
* a pensioner
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to speak directly to smb
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№1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
*
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
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ACROSS:
1. A way of swimming in which you push your arms forward and
then to the side, while you kick your legs backwards. 4. The main official
sent by the government of a country to represent it in another country.
10. To help someone live a normal life again after they have had a serious
illness. 13. Treatment which helps someone feel better, grow stronger,
etc., especially after an illness. 14. Easy to understand. 16. A fixed set
of ideas that is generally held about the characteristics of a particular type
of person or thing, which are wrongly believed to be shared by all the
people and things of that type. 17. Someone from the same country as
you. 18. To defeat or succeed in controlling or dealing with something.
19. When you achieve what you want to achieve.
DOWN:
2. A physical condition involving permanent tightening of the muscles which is caused by damage to the brain around or before the time
of birth. 3. An entertaining activity or sport that people play, usually needing
some skill and played according to rules. 5. Someone who wins a game, competition, or election. 6. A formal event that is performed on important social
or religious occasions. 7. Something that makes something else happen,
grow, or develop more. 8. Not easily bent or moved. 9. A sports competition that combines skiing and shooting a gun. 11. Something abnormal,
usually in the body. 12. A way of swimming in which you push your arms
forward and then to the side, while you kick your legs backwards. 13. A child
who has just learned to walk. 15. The state of feeling unhealthy.
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1
№2
2
3
4
5
6
9
7
10
8
11
12
13
14
15
17
16
*
18
19
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ACROSS:
2. To have a lot of problems because of a particular thing. 4. The
treatment of an illness or injury over a fairly long period of time. 6. A group
of people who play a game or sport together against another group.
9. A group of people who come to watch and listen to someone speaking
or performing in public. 11. Someone who competes in sports competitions,
especially running, jumping, and throwing. 13. The action of pressing and
rubbing someone's body with your hands, to help them relax or to reduce
pain in their muscles or joints. 15. A good idea about what you should do,
write, say etc, especially one which you get suddenly. 16. A disease caused
by damage to the brain before or during birth which results in difficulties
of movement and speech. 18. A lack of the physical or mental power or skill
to do something. 19. Something important that you succeed in doing by your
own efforts.
DOWN:
1. The order that something happens or exists in, or the order it is
supposed to happen or exist in. 3. A mental state of extreme shock caused
by a very frightening or unpleasant experience. 5. An important social or
religious event, when a traditional set of actions is performed in a formal way.
7. Unable to see. 8. A building for public events, especially sports and large
rock music concerts, consisting of a playing field surrounded by rows of seats.
10. A way of training someone so that they learn to control their behaviour and
obey rules. 12. An important social or religious event, when a traditional set
of actions is performed in a formal way. 13. One of the pieces of flesh inside
your body that you use in order to move, and that connect your bones together. 14. To cut off someone's arm, leg, finger etc during a medical operation. 17. An important victory or success after a difficult struggle.
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№3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
12
9
11
13
14
15
16
17
18
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ACROSS:
1. To make something return to its former state or condition. 3. The
speed at which something happens or is done. 4. An advantage, improvement, or help that you get from something. 5. To talk to someone in a way
which seems friendly but shows that you think they are not as intelligent or do
not know as much as you. 6. To improve something. 7. To make someone
feel ashamed, nervous, or uncomfortable, especially in front of other
people. 8. Polite behaviour and respect for other people. 12. A condition
in which a part of a person's mind or body is damaged or does not work
well. 16. The ability to move easily from one job, area, or social class
to another. 17. To help someone to live a healthy. 18. An activity or sport
in which people compete with each other according to agreed rules.
DOWN:
2. To successfully control a feeling or problem that prevents you from
achieving something. 3. The state of being able to be alone, and not seen
or heard by other people. 5. When something bad is stopped from happening. 9. Someone who goes to a hospital for treatment but does not stay for
the night. 10. The formal rules for polite behaviour in society or in a particular
group. 11. Something that is wrong with part of someone's body. 13. Medical
tests that are done on a lot of people to make sure that they do not have
a particular disease. 14. Ability to see. 15. A very young child who is just
learning to walk.
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1
№4
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
14
13
15
16
17
18
19
20
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ACROSS:
1. A way of swimming in which you push your arms out and then
bring them back in a circle towards you while bending your knees towards
your body and then kicking out. 4. The feeling that you can trust someone or
something to be good, work well, or produce good results. 6. Someone who
represents a particular sport because they behave in a way that people admire. 7. A short sentence or phrase giving a rule on how to behave, which
expresses the aims or beliefs of a person, school, or institution. 8. To teach
someone the skills of a particular job or activity, or to be taught these skills.
11. A person, group, or organization that you compete with in sport. 13. The
ability to continue waiting or doing something for a long time without becoming angry or anxious. 15. A way of swimming on your back by moving first one
arm then the other backwards while kicking your feet. 17. When someone
achieves a high position in their job, course, sport, in society etc. 19. A swimming race in which swimmers can use any style they choose, usually crawl.
20. Something that helps a process to develop more quickly or more
strongly.
DOWN:
2. Easy to obtain or use. 3. Someone who does a job willingly without
being paid. 5. The quality of being brave when you are in danger, in pain,
in a difficult situation. 9. A way of swimming by lying on your front and moving your arms together over your head while your legs move up and down.
10. A system of lines, tubes, wires, roads etc that cross each other and are
connected to each other. 12. Knowledge or understanding of a particular
subject or situation. 14. An animal or toy, or a person dressed as an animal,
that represents a team or organization, and is thought to bring them good
luck. 16. A job or profession that you have been trained for, and which you
do for a long period of your life. 18. Someone who trains a person or team
in a sport.
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1
№5
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
*
11
-
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
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ACROSS:
1. A competition to find which player, team etc is the best in a particular sport. 3. The ability to make decisions and take action without waiting
for someone to tell you what to do. 4. To make something better, or to
become better. 7. The action of pressing and rubbing someone's body
with your hands, to help them relax or to reduce pain in their muscles or
joints. 9. An act of dedicating something to someone, or a ceremony
where this is done. 11. A sport in which two people fight by holding each
other by arms and trying to make each other fall to the table. 12. A sports
competition in which competitors ski across fields and then shoot a gun.
15. Someone who lives or stays in a particular place. 16. A small raised
area for a sport winner to stand on. 18. Someone from your own country.
19. To officially give someone something such as a prize or money
to reward them for something they have done.
DOWN:
1. An important social or religious event, when a traditional set of actions is performed in a formal way. 2. An international sports competition for
people who have a disability. 5. A way of training someone so that they learn
to control their behaviour and obey rules. 6. A group of people who play a
game or sport together against another group. 8. An international sports
event held every four years for disabled athletes who cannot use a part
of their body properly. It is held after the Olympic games, in the same city.
10. Someone who competes in sports competitions, especially running, jumping, and throwing. 13. A person that has won something. 14. The action
of hitting the ball in games such as tennis, golf, and cricket. 17. A group
of people who play a game or sport together against another group.
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1
№6
2
3
6
4
5
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
*
17
18
19
20
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ACROSS:
4. To give money or a prize following an official decision. 6. A severe
emotional shock and pain caused by an extremely upsetting experience.
11. A person who is very good at sports or physical exercise, especially one
who competes in organized events. 12. To experience physical or mental
pain. 15. A fixed idea that people have about what someone or something
is like, especially an idea that is wrong. 16. An illness, injury, or condition
that makes it difficult for someone to do the things that other people do.
17. To cut off a part of the body. 18. A very great success, achievement,
or victory (= when you win a war, fight, or competition), or a feeling of great
satisfaction or pleasure caused by this. 19. An occasion when someone
does not understand something correctly. 20. A person from your own country.
DOWN:
1. A sudden change in the blood supply to a part of the brain,
sometimes causing a loss of the ability to move particular parts of the
body. 2. A number of people who do something together as a group.
3. The ability to control your fear in a dangerous or difficult situation.
5. A chair on wheels that people who are unable to walk use for moving
around. 7. Unable to see. 8. A physical condition involving permanent
tightening of the muscles that is caused by damage to the brain around
or before the time of birth. 9. A set of formal acts, often fixed and traditional, performed on important social or religious occasions. 10. A person
who is very good at sports or physical exercise, especially one who competes in organized events. 13. Something that you contribute or do to help
produce or achieve something together with other people, or to help make
something successful. 14. One of many tissues in the body that can tighten
and relax to produce movement.
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1
2
3
4
№7
5
6
7
-
8
9
11
10
12
*
13
-
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
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ACROSS:
1. A sports competition that combines skiing and shooting a rifle.
6. An important official who works in a foreign country representing his or her
own country there, and who is officially accepted in this position by that
country. 7. A sports competition, especially a swimming race, in which each
competitor can use any style or method they choose. 8. A number of people
who do something together as a group. 12. To return someone or something
to a good or healthy condition, state, or way of living. 13. A game played by
two people who place the elbows (= the middle part of the arm where
it bends) of one of their arms on a table, hold hands, and then try to push the
other person's hand down onto the table. 15. The ability to wait, or to continue doing something despite difficulties, or to suffer without complaining
or becoming annoyed. 16. Able to be reached or easily got. 19. A person
who does something, especially helping other people, willingly and without
being forced or paid to do it. 20. A person, animal, or object that is believed
to bring good luck, or one that represents an organization.
DOWN:
2. Knowledge that something exists, or understanding of a situation
or subject at the present time based on information or experience. 3. An international sports competition for people with physical disabilities, which
happens every four years immediately after the Olympics. 4. Trust in your
own abilities. 5. Specialized medical deterioration in the functioning of a body
part, organ, or system which can be temporary or permanent, and which can
result from injury or disease. 9. A way of swimming in which you lie on your
back and move one arm and then the other straight behind you so that they
pass the sides of your head, while kicking with your legs. 10. A person who
lives or has their home in a place. 11. A way of swimming in which the arms
make a circular movement in front of the body while the knees are brought
up towards the body and then kicked out and back. 14. To improve the quality, amount, or strength of something. 17. The achieving of the results
wanted or hoped for. 18. A short sentence or phrase that expresses a belief
or purpose.
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№8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
*
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
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ACROSS:
3. The act of stopping something from happening or of stopping
someone from doing something. 4. To find out if people have an illness
by doing medical tests on them. 6. Something that achieves positive results. 10. A high-level competition to decide who is the best, especially
in a sport. 12. A person, group, etc. competing with others for the same
thing or in the same area. 14. A person who is very good at sports or
physical exercise, especially one who competes in organized events.
16. An international sports competition for people with physical disabilities,
which happens every four years immediately after the Olympics. 18. The set
of rules or customs that control accepted behaviour in particular social
groups or social situations. 19. The ability to move freely or be easily moved.
DOWN:
1. A physical condition involving permanent tightening of the muscles
which is caused by damage to the brain around or before the time of birth.
2. Someone who wins a game or competition. 5. A set of formal acts, often
fixed and traditional, performed on important social or religious occasions.
7. Something abnormal, usually in the body. 8. To be brave and confident
enough to do what you believe in. 9. Someone whose job is to teach people
to improve at a sport. 10. Something that you contribute or do to help produce or achieve something together with other people, or to help make
something successful. 11. The ability to wait, or to continue doing something
despite difficulties, or to suffer without complaining or becoming annoyed.
13. An illness, injury, or condition that makes it difficult for someone to do the
things that other people do. 15. A helpful or good effect, or something intended to help. 17. Not easily bent or moved.
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GLOSSARY
A ____
abnormality [æbnɔː'mæləti] – аномалия
accessibility [əksesə'bɪləti] – доступность
achievement [ǝ´ʧi:vmǝnt] – достижение
aging ['eɪdʒɪŋ ∫] – старость
ambassador [æm'bæsədə] – посол
amputation [æmpju´teiʃǝn] – ампутация
arm-wrestling ['a:m resliŋ] – армрестлинг
assistance [ǝ′sistǝnts] – помощь
athlete [´æθli:t] – атлет
audience [´o:diǝnts] – публика, зрители
award [ə'wɔːd] – награждать
awareness [ə'weənəs] – осведомленность
B ____
backstroke ['bækstrəʊk] – плавание на спине
benefit ['benɪfɪt] – польза
biathlon [baɪ'æθlən] – биатлон
blindness [´blaindnǝs] – слепота
breaststroke ['breststrəʊk] – плавание брассом
burden [′b3:d(ə)n] – ноша, бремя
butterfly [′bʌtəflaɪ] – баттерфляй
С ____
capability [keipə′biliti] – способность
capable [′keipǝbl] – способный
career [kə'rɪə] – карьера
cerebral [′seribrǝl] – церебральный
ceremony [´serimǝni] – церемония
championship ['tʃæmpiənʃɪp] – чемпионат
coach ['kəʊtʃ] – тренер
confidence ['kɒnfɪdəns] – уверенность
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congenital [kənэdʒenɪtəl] – врожденный
contribution [kontri´bju: ʃǝn] – вклад
countryman [kΛntrimǝn] – земляк, соотечественник
courage [′kΛri d3] – смелость
courtesy ['kɜːtəsi] – внимание, любезность
curb [kɜːb] – бордюр
D ____
dedicate [′dedikeit] (to) – посвящать
dedication [dedɪ'keɪʃən] – посвящение, преданность делу
disability [disǝ′biliti] – инвалидность, нетрудоспособность
discipline [´disǝplin] – дисциплина
E ___
embarrass [ɪm'bærəs] – смущаться
endeavour [en′devə] – попытка, стремление
endeavour [en′devə] – пытаться, стараться
endurance [in′djuərəns] – выносливость
enhance [ɪn'hɑːns] – укреплять
etiquette ['etɪket] – этикет
F ____
freestyle [′friːstaɪl] – плавание вольным стилем
frustration [frΛs′trei∫ən] – крушение надежд
G ____
game [geim] – игра
go in for sport – заниматься спортом
goal [gəul] – цель
graduate (from) – заканчивать университет
H ___
hill [hil] – холм, возвышенность
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I ___
illness [′ilnǝs] – болезнь
impairment [ɪm'peəmənt] – недостаток
improve [ɪm'pruːv] – улучшать
independent [indi′pendǝnt] – независимый
individual [ɪndɪ'vɪdʒuəl] medley [′medli] – комплексное плавание
initiative [ɪ'nɪʃətɪv] – инициатива
inspiration [inspi´reiʃǝn] – вдохновение
insurmountable [ɪnsə'maʊntəbl̩] – непреодолимый
L ___
lip-read – чтение по губам
M ___
mascot ['mæskɒt] – талисман
massage [′mæsa:ʤ] – делать массаж
misunderstanding [misΛndǝ′stændiŋ] – непонимание
mobility [məʊ'bɪlɪti] – подвижность
motto [' mɒtəʊ] – девиз
muscle [′mΛsl] – мускул, мышца
N ___
needs [ni:dz] – потребности
network ['netwɜːk] – сеть, сообщество
neuropsychiatry [′nju:rəsai′kaiətri] – нейропсихиатрия
O ___
obstacle ['ɒbstɪkl̩] – препятствие
outpatient [aʊt'peɪʃənt] – амбулаторный больной
overcome [əʊvə'kʌm] – преодолевать
P
pace [peis] – темп
palsy [′po:lzi] – паралич
Paralympic Games [ˌpærə'lɪmpɪk'geɪmʒ] – Паралимпийские игры
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Paralympics [ˌpærə'lɪmpɪks] – Паралимпийские игры
patience ['peɪʃəns] – терпение
patronize ['pætrənaɪz] – относиться свысока
physical education [′fizikəl] – физическое воспитание
podium [' pəʊdiəm] – подиум
prevention [prɪ'venʃən] – профилактика
privacy ['prɪvəsi] – частная жизнь
R ___
rehabilitation [riːhəbɪlɪ'teɪʃən] – реабилитация
resident ['rezɪdənt] – постоянный житель страны
restore [rɪ'stɔː] – восстанавливать
rival ['raɪvəl] – соперник
S ___
screening [sk'riːniŋ] – делать анализ
self-belief [self bə'liːf] – вера в себя
sequence [´si:kwǝnts] – последовательность
shoulder ['ʃəʊldə] – плечо
stairs [steəz] – лестница
steep [sti:p] – крутой
stereotype [′steriǝtaip] – стереотип
stiff [stif] – онемевший
stimulus ['stɪmjələs] (plural stimuli ['stɪmjəlaɪ])– стимул
stroke [′strouk] – удар, паралич
success [sək′ses] – успех
suffer [′sΛfǝ] – страдать
support [sǝ′po:t] – поддержка
T ___
team [ti:m] – команда
therapy [′θerǝpi] – терапия, лечение
tissue [′tisju:] – биол. ткань
toddler ['tɒdlə] – малыш
train ['treɪn] – тренировать
trauma [′tro:mǝ] – травма
triumph [′traɪəmf] – триумф
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U ___
undergo [Λndə′gou] – испытывать, подвергаться чему-либо
V ___
vision ['vɪʒən] – зрение
volunteer [vɒlən'tɪə] – волонтер
W ___
wheelchair [′wi:lʧeǝ] – кресло на колесах для инвалидов
winner ['wɪnə] – победитель
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ЛИТЕРАТУРА
Основная литература
1. Колкер, Я.М., Устинова, Е.С., Еналиева, Т.М. Практическая методика
обучения иностранному языку : учеб. пособие для студентов филол.
фак. высш. пед. учеб. заведений. – 2-е изд., стер. – М. : Издательский центр «Академия», 2008. – 264 с.
2. Мильруд, Р.П. Методика преподавания английского языка. – М. :
2004. – 253 с.
3. Федеральный Государственный Образовательный стандарт высшего профессионального образования по направлению подготовки
050100 Педагогическое образование (Квалификация (Степень) «Бакалавр»): [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа : http://edu.tltsu.ru›
sites/site.php Дата обращения: 22.02.2010.
4. Dudley-Evans. Developments in English for Specific Purposes. / DudleyEvans, M. St John. – Cambridge University Press, 2009. – 317 p.
Дополнительная литература
5. Sheelagh, D. Reading Other Subjects through English / D. Sheelagh,
Christine Price. – Oxford University Press, 2010. – 168 p.
6. Fried-Booth, D. Project Work / D. Fried-Booth. – Oxford University Press,
2012. – 136 p.
Интернет-ресурсы
7. What is accessible: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа : http://www.
tspu.wikispaces.com/file/view/What is accessible.doc/431244100/ Дата
обращения: 22.04.2012.
8. The Quotes Project | Illustrated Quotes from Movies, Music and Celebrities: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа : http://roberthensel.
webs.com/. Дата обращения: 01.05.2011.
9. Myths and Facts about People with Disabilities: [Электронный ресурс].
Режим доступа: http:// easterseals.com›…facts-about-disability/myths…
Дата обращения: 20.04.2012.
10. From Programm Abstracts: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа :
http:// www.congress-euromedica.de/new. Дата обращения: 08.01.2011.
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11. London 2012 Paralympics: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа :
http://www.itv.com http://lenta.ru. Дата обращения: 08.01.2011.
12. London 2012 Paralympics: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа :
http://sochi2014.su›en/media/press-center/38949/ Дата обращения:
08.01.2011.
13. Aleksey Ashapatov: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа : http://www.
csi-ugra.ru/imena/aleksey_ashapatov. Дата обращения: 15.10.2013.
14. From Sport: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа: http: // sochi2014.su›
en/media/press-center/38949/. Дата обращения: 03.09.2013.
15. From Olesya Vladykina: [Электронный ресурс]. Режим доступа: http: //
paralympic.org›athlete/olesya-vladykina. Дата обращения: 08.12.2012.
16. From Paralympic Athletes met with Khanty-Mansiysk pupils: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа : http://ugrasport.com/parabiathlon/?p=
1285&lang=en. Дата обращения: 07.01.2013.
17. From Medical Rehabilitation: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа :
http://report.nih.gov/ Дата обращения: 17.01.2012.
18. From Disability Etiquette: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа :
http://report.nih.gov. Дата обращения: 15.06.2011.
19. ArmoredPenguin: [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа : http://www.
armoredpenguin.com. Дата обращения: 11.01.2014.
Список использованных в работе словарей
20. Ахманова, О.С. Англо-русский и русско-английский словарь = English-Russian and Russian-English Dictionary / О.С. Ахманова. – 3-е изд.,
стер. – М. Рус. яз., 2009. – 741, [4] с.
21. Англо-русский синонимический словарь = English-Russian Dictionary
of synonyms / авт. Ю.Д. Апресян и др. – 4-е изд., стер. – М. : Рус. яз.,
1999. – 544 с.
22. Новый большой англо-русский словарь = New English-Russian
Dictionary : в 3 т. Ок. 250 000 лекс. единиц. Т. 2 : C–Q / Ю.Д. Апресян,
Э.М. Медникова, А.В. Петрова. – 3-е изд., стереотип. - М. : Рус. яз.,
2009. – 832 с.
23. Сиполс, О.В. Англо-русский учебный словарь с синонимами и антонимами = Learner's Dictionary for Students of Science and Humanities:
Общенаучная лексика / О.В. Сиполс, Г.А. Широкова. – М. : Флинта,
2008. – 608 с.
24. Словарь современного английского языка : в 2-х т. – М. : Рус. яз.,
2010. – Т. 1 A–L – 626 с.
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25. Словарь современного английского языка: В 2-х т. – М. : Рус. яз.,
2010. – Т. 2 M–Z. – 1229 с.
26. Эйто, Дж. (Ayto, J.). Словарь новых слов английского языка = The
Longman register of new Words / Дж. Эйто; ред. М.В. Харламова. – М. :
Рус. яз., 2011. – 434 p.
27. Cambridge International Dictionary of English. – Cambridge University
Press, 2011. – 1773 p.
28. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English International Students
Edition, Pearson Educational Limited, 2009. – 954 p.
29. Macmillan Essential Dictionary for learners of English, 2013. – 861 p.
30. New Junior: English Dictionary. New Edition. – London: Longman Group
UK Limited, 2009. – 379 p.
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ADAPTIVE PHYSICAL CULTURE
(АДАПТИВНАЯ ФИЗИЧЕСКАЯ КУЛЬТУРА)
Учебное пособие
для студентов направления подготовки
034400.62 Физическая культура
для лиц с отклонениями в состоянии здоровья
Профиль «Адаптивное физическое воспитание»
Дизайн обложки – С.М. Десяткова
Техническая редакция, вёрстка – С.М. Десяткова
Сдано в печать 11.09.2014 г. Формат 6084/16
Печать цифровая. Гарнитура Arial
Тираж 40 экз. Заказ № 41. Усл. п.л. 3,4
Редакционно-издательский отдел
Сургутского государственного педагогического университета
628417, г. Сургут, 50 лет ВЛКСМ, 10/2
Отпечатано в РИО СурГПУ
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