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243.Education

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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
А.Н. Войткова
EDUCATION
Иркутск 2013
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ББК 81.43.1 – 923
В 65
Печатается по решению редакционно-издательского
государственного лингвистического университета
Рецензенты:
совета
Иркутского
канд. пед. наук, доцент кафедры рекламы и связей
с общественностью ИГЛУ
Ю.С.Заграйская
канд. филол. наук, доцент кафедры иностранных языков
БГЭУ
И.Н.Зырянова
Войткова, А.Н.
В 65 Education : учеб. пособие / сост. А.Н. Войткова. – Иркутск: ИГЛУ, 2013. –
60 c.
Учебное пособие содержит обширный аутентичный практический текстовой и
аудиальный материал по актуальным проблемам межкультурной коммуникации, практикуму
по культуре речевого общения и профессиональной сферы изучаемого языкаи направлено на
формирование профессиональной дискурсивной иноязычной компетенции.
Предназначено для студентов среднего (среднепродвинутого) уровня, обучающихся в
вузах с расширенной сеткой преподавания английского языка, а также для студентов 24 курса лингвистического университета неязыковой направления «Музеология и охрана
объектов культурного наследия».
ББК 81.43.1 – 923
© Войткова А.Н., 2013
© Иркутский государственный
лингвистический университет, 2013
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Contents
Part 1 Introduction to Education: schools
 The way pupils behave at school
 Truancy
Part



2 Education system in the UK & Wales
British education system made simple
Педагогическая терминология в пяти странах английского языка
Target Education Vocabulary
Pre-intermediate level
Intermediate level
Upper-intermediate level
Part 3 Personalities
 Teacher’s personalities (CE inter 3.5. p 26)
 The Ideal Students
 British school stereotypes
Part




4 Higher Education
A School boy from Eton
Vocabulary Part 4
Kan Robinson: changing an education paradigm
What is the gap year?
Part 5 Cooperative Learning
 Cooperative Kids
 Education: is everyone cheating?
Part 6 IT Technolgies in learning
 Exams : for & against
Part 7 Education in Russia
 Na dne znanii
 School leaving Parties in Russia vs Proms in the USA
Supplement
Watch the best movies about education
1. Dead poets’ society
2. The Emperor’s club
3. Mona Lisa’s smile
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References
Part 1 Introduction to Education
Mark Twain said…. Never let school
Interfere with your education
The way pupils behave at school: what is more important –
knowledge or social skills? Comment on the epigraph of this
part.
1. a) Warm-up. Discuss:
Two people are describing their school life:
 It's really boring. The uniform is so old fashioned. Most of
the lessons are a waste of time. (Tom)
 Sometimes it was hard but I enjoyed it. I hated the exams. I
made some really good friends there. (Sophie)
Which person is studying at school now? Which person is remembering their life
at school? What do you remember most about your school days?
What was your attitude to school? What should a good school
be like?
b1) Read the story and answer questions: 1. Was Sarah a good student
when she was young? 2. When did things start to go wrong? 3. Why was Sarah in
trouble with her teachers? 4. Why do you think her personality has changed?
My daughter Sarah used to be the
perfect student. Even at kindergarten her
teachers said she was a really intelligent
girl. When she grew up, she was always
put into the 'A' stream in all her subjects.
Her friends even gave her the nickname
Einstein because she was so smart.
Suddenly, when she was fifteen years old,
everything started to go wrong. One night,
she came home late from school I thought that she had gone round to her friend's
house, but two weeks later we discovered that she had been given a detention period
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for smoking in school. We talked to her teachers and they told us that she was a clever
child, but she misbehaved in class. She had been staying away from school and she'd
missed a lot of lessons. They were always giving her lines to write for playing truant
or refusing to wear the school uniform. Three days later, the headteacher called and
told me that Sarah was in trouble again (this time for stealing some CD's from another
student). At first I thought that there must be some mistake! My daughter always used
ft be a swot, not a bully!
b2) Match the words on the left with the definitions on the
right.
1. to play truant
a. clothes worn by all the children at school.
2. detention
b. to stay away from school
3. bully
с a group of high ability children.
4. 'A'-stream
d. 'I must not talk in class, I must not talk in class...'
5. uniform
e. students who are unpopular because they work too hard.
6. lines
f. a school for children under five years old.
7. nickname
g. a special name for your school friends or enemies, h.
8. swots
staying late after school as a punishment.
9. kindergarten
i. a tough kid who likes to fight weaker children.
How many of these things are familiar from your schooldays?
Now Sarah's father wants to have a serious talk with his
daughter. Put their conversation
c)
in the correct order.
 Sarah. Where do you think you're
going?
 OK. They say that I stole some CDs.
But they're lying! I didn't do anything.
 Sarah, why don't you just grow up and
explain what happened. Your teacher
said that the police interviewed you
this morning.
 I'm meeting Joe and we're going to a party.
 You're not going anywhere! Sit down and explain what's going on. Why did
the school telephone me this morning?
 I've got no idea. You tell me.
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Now use your imagination and write down
the end of the dialogue. Act out the
conversation. Compare your ending with
another group.
Role play
School reports
At the end of every school term, the teachers have to write a short report about each
student in their class. Here is Sarah's report:
Autumn Term
Dear Mr and Mrs Armstrong,
Sarah was a perfect student She always used to try hard in class. Since her fifteenth
birthday, her attitude has changed and we do not understand what has f; happened.
She often plays truant and when she does come to class she disrupts the lesson by
talking. She rarely does her homework. She failed every subject except, -human
biology in her last examinations. She is only 15
years old but she seems to ' be more interested In
boys than in studying at school. Her class work is
poor. Last week she was given a detention
because she was caught smoking in the toilets! In
short, she has become the worst student in the
class! Please contact me so that we can arrange
an appointment to discuss Sarah's behaviour.
Your Sincerely,
I.Cane (Class teacher)
Sarah's mother was very worried about the bad report. She arranged an appointment
to visit the school and discuss Sarah's problems. The teacher suggested that Sarah
should also come to the meeting.
Student A
Student В
Student С
You are Sarah's mother. You are Mrs. Cane,
You are Sarah.
You can't understand
Sarah's teacher.
Talk to your mother and your
why Sarah's behaviour Discuss the problems teacher about your life at school
has changed. Discuss
with her mother.
and answer their questions.Are
the situation with Sarah Why do you think
you unhappy ? Are you worried?
and her teacher. Is it the Sarah is behaving so Do you have problems? Is
school's fault, or
badly now?
something wrong at home? What
Sarah's, or yours
,or who, is the reason for your
perhaps?
behaviour?
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2. Look at Sarah’s school report below. Which do you think are
her favorite / least favorite lessons?
Maths
English
History
55
95
58
Art
French
Science
95
90
50
Computer Studies
P.E.
90
65
Music
95
Tries hard , but needs to concentrate more
An able student – shows great promise
Must do more revision. Can’ t remember facts &
figures!
Makes full use of her imagination & creativity
Has a flair for languages
Can’t quite gasp the need of to experiment in
order to get results
An interested & an eager student
Participates, but doesn’t really enjoys the
lessons
A gifted student – plays both piano& guitar
extremely well
b) What kind of career do you think Sarsh might choose later
on in her life? Put a tick or cross by the careers below.
doctor
accountant
translator
artist
…..
journalist
Singer
P.E. teacher
Fashion
……
/composer
designer
Discuss her career in pairs, giving reasons.
c) Make up your school report. And Compare your career with
the one that might have been.
3. Listening. Truancy
4. Listening 1.2. Listen to 3 people
three people talking about what used
to like and dislike about school & put
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the correct letters in the spaces provided.
Too much homework
Not enough sport
School underfunded
Games in classes
Dedicated teachers
Drama classes
Likes
Dislikes
Bill Sanders
Sarah Ford
Clair Sharpe
Which of the phrases did you hear in the recording
What I hated most …
My favorite was ……
What used to make me angry was…
I knew I was in for a treat when ….
The depressing thing about it was….
Sometimes I really got fed up with…
The worst thing about was….
I was at my happiest when …
Write some sentences that describe your school life on a piece
of paper. Put all pieces of paper together. Take turns to
choose a sentence, read it out & try to guess who wrote it.
Your Vocabulary Bank
Part 2 Education system in the UK & Wales
1. Listening 2. Listen to Ellen talking about the British system
education system. What does she say about the things below?
Use can/can’t/ have to / don’t have to in your answers.
 RE (religious education)
 Maths GCSE* & university
 PE (physical education)
 The age of fourteen
 Maths & English
 The age of sixteen
 Geography & History
 General Certificate of Secondary
Education
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b) Write five similar sentences about the education system in
your country
2. Read & do exercise below.
British education made simple
Over the next few issues, Nick Mclver will explain
some of the major institution of British society. The
first of this series of articles deals with education in Britai» The British education
system is confusing to natives - to the outsider it looks almost impossible to
understand! Read this (and the article on page 22), complete the exercise at the end,
and hopefully all will become clearer...
What are the main types of schools in England and Wales?
There are many different types of school in Britain. There are, however, only three
main systems:
The comprehensive system
More thanJK)% of children who go to state schools in England and Wales go to
schools in the comprehensive system - a system introduced in the 1960s. Children go
to a primary (or first) school at the age of five. Depending on the policy of the Local
Education Authority, they may go directly to the upper school - usually called the
comprehensive school - at the age of 11. Alternatively,
they may go to a middle school for three or four years
before going to the upper school. The comprehensive
system is non-selective. This means that all children go
from bne school to another without taking any exams, and
without being selected according to their abilities.
The selective system
In some areas of Britain, you can still find a different, and
older, system of education (introduced in 1944). This is a
selective system - children are selected for certain schools
according to their ability. All children go to a primary
school until the age of 11. They then take an examination called the 1 _1.:plus. Those
who are successful go to a grammar school, where they receive a more academic
education.
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Those who fail the exam go to a secondary modern school, where tht . receive an
education which is less academic, and more intended to train them for a job when they
leave at the age of 16.
The private (independent) system
About 7% of children go to private schools. There are three levels of private school primary schools (age four to eight) and preparatory (prep) schools (eight to 13). At the
age of 13 children take an examination. If they pass, they go on to public school,
where they usually remain until they are 18. Many prep and most public schools are
boarding schools - the children live at the school during the school terms. Be careful although these schools are called "public", they are, in fact, private, and it can be very
expensive to send your child to such a school.
Within the three systems, there are several varieties of schools. For instance, you can
find:
• schools for boys only
• schools for girls only
• mixed schools - for boys and girls
• voluntary schools - often with a religious background - such as Roman Catholic
schools.
You can see that the British education system is rather confusing. This chart will help
you: follow the arrows to see the possibilities which are open to a British child up to
the age of 16.
Examinations
The public examinations taken by British schoolchildren are: GCSEs (the General
Certificate of Secondary Education). Pupils usually take their GCSEs at the age of 16.
Some children take three or four; others take as many as ten or eleven.
Pupils who have passed their GCSEs may remain at school for another two
years and take their "A" (Advanced) level exams. All grammar and most
comprehensive schools have a sixth form, where pupils study for their "A"
levels. Any student who wants to go to university needs to pass at least two or
three "A" levels.
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b) See how well you have understood the British education
system: Here are two young British people with different
educational experiences. Fill in the missing words to complete
the story of their lives at school. Use the information on the
preceding pages to help you.
My name's Maggie Turnbull, and I'm seventeen. I first went to 1................
school when I was 2................ years old. I left there at the age of
nine, and went on to a 3................ school, and then to a comprehensive.
I took ten 4................and now I'm in the 5................form studying
maths, chemistry and physics for my 6................exams.
I'm Philip Powell. I'm seventeen, and I work in a factory. After 7................
school I failed my 8................exam, and went to a 9................school.
I passed four 10................and left school when I was 11.................
c) Watch the video on YouTube ‘Schools in Britain’ & sum up
the ideas in writing
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wH_xy3uLbqE
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3. a) Look at the statistics. Then complete the following
sentences with some of these words and expressions. You
may need to use some of them more than once.
nearly
less than more very few
not many some
a quarter three
quarters nearly all far more a few quite a few the majority
1.................British pupils go to private schools.
2.................British pupils go to state schools.
3................American than British pupils go to private schools.
4. Almost................of British pupils leave school at 16.
5.................American pupils leave school at 16.
7................. 10% of British pupils go on to full-time J
6.................55% of American pupils go on to full-time higher education.
8.................of American pupils obtain the High School Diploma.
9.................of British pupils pass A Level.
10.................American than British pupils go on to
GCSE: General Certificate of Secondary Education - taken at age 16.
A Level: Advanced Level - taken at age 18.
b) What do these cartoons mock at?
"I often say, Mrs Dent, Vd rather have your little Christopher
in my class than all the bright, clever ones!"
"Oh, by the way ... according to my teacher I'm suffering
from a lack of discipline in the home. See to it, will you?"
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Surf the net & bring in some other cartoons related to the topic of
education
c) Listening 2.1. Listen to two people discussing the issue of public vs
state schooling. What are they saying about: cost, quality of education,
increased life changes?
What do you agree with most? Discuss.
3. a) Render the ideas
Педагогическая терминология в пяти странах английского
языка
Известно, что системы
просвещения США, Канады,
Австралии и Новой Зеландии
унаследовали многие черты,
присущие системе просвещения
Великобритании. Однако под
влиянием особенностей
географических черт, исторического
развития и ряда других факторов в
этих странах появились национально-специфические черты систем
просвещения, что нашло отражение в лексике, в частности в разном употреблении общеанглийских лексических единиц (использовании разных синонимов
для обозначения одного и того же понятия, употреблении единого термина,
несовпадающего, однако, в разных вариантах английского языка по объему
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выражаемого понятия, стилю и частотности употребления и т. п.). Цель данной
статьи — познакомить читателя с этими различиями.
Во всех пяти рассматриваемых системах образования учебные заведения
делятся на государственные, т. е. полностью или частично контролируемые
государством (1)*, и независимые, или частные (2); учебные заведения делятся
также на светские <3) и религиозные (4), чаще в школы католические. Понятия
«религиозная школа» как наименование типа учебных заведений и
«религиозная школа» как конкретное учебное заведение (5) различаются во всех
пяти странах английского языка. В таблице 1 приводятся соответствующие
названия, принятые в Великобритании (в дальнейшем изло- жении — BE),
США (АЕ), Канаде (СЕ), Австралии (АиЕ) и Новой Зеландии (NZE). (* Цифра
в скобках служит для обозначения соответствующего понятия в
таблице).
Таблица 1
АuЕ
NZE
public
как в АЕ
как в BE как в BE
government
non-government
как в BE
как в BE
nonкак в АЕ
affiliated/
nonsectarian
affiliated/ как в АЕ
sectarian
parochial separate
как в BE
как в BE
как в BE
как в BE
No.
BE
AE
1
2
state/maintained
independent/private
3
non-denominational/secular
4
denominational/ nonsecular
voluntary
CE
church-affiliated,
как в АиЕ
parish
Следует отметить, что во всех пяти системах образования
государственные школы бесплатные, иногда родители участвуют в расходах по
содержанию школы, приобретению оборудования и т. д; светские частные и
религиозные школы платные, причем плата за обучение в светских частных
школах значительно выше, чем в религиозных.
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Для того чтобы осмыслить иерархию управления системой образования в
пяти странах английского языка (6), необходимо иметь в виду, что понятия
«государство», «государственный» обычно передаются в BE и NZE словом state,
в АЕ и АиЕ — словом federal (state в АЕ и АиЕ —«штат»), в СЕ и АиЕ —словом
Commonwealth (таким образом, в АиЕ практически одинаково широко
употребляются два синонима данного понятия — federal, Commonwealth).
Необходимо также знать, что в Канаде управление системой образования
находится в ведении отдельных провинций (provinces), а не государства в
целом. В остальных четырех странах управление системой образования осуществляется государством через министерство образования (7); в этих странах
существует должность министра образования страны (8). Местные органы
управления учебными заведениями (9) и лицо, возглавляющее эти органы (10),
действуют во всех пяти странах. Каждой школой руководит директор (11).
Лексика, обозначающая указанные понятия, приводится в таблице 2.
Прежде чем приступить к обязательному обучению, дети могут посещать
дошкольное учреждение (12), а также подготовительный класс (13). Затем они
учатся в начальной школе (14) и в средней школе (15); в обоих типах школ
существует деление на классы (16). Соответствующие названия приводятся в
таблице 3.
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До 70-х гг. все
школьники, обучавшиеся в государственных школах Великобритании, сдавали
экзамен, получивший название eleven-plus examination, в соответствии с
результатами которого они поступали в один из трех типов школ (17).
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К 1979 г. приблизительно 3/4 описываемых учебных заведений были
преобразованы в единую школу (18), в которую дети поступают без экзаменов и
которая дает ученикам как теоретическую, так и практическую подготовку.
Известны разные формы единой школы, например: 1) для учащихся от 11 до 18
лет; 2) для детей от 11 до 16 лет, которые затем могут поступить в учебное
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заведение, связанное с единой школой (19). Частные школы в Великобритании
— это прежде всего знаменитые «паблик скулз» (20), многие из которых были
основаны еще в средние века (например: Winchester, Eton, St. Paul's, Shrewsbury,
Westminster, Merchant Taylor*s, Rugby, Harrow, Charterhouse). Прежде чем
поступить в «паблик скул», ученики занимаются в подготовительной школе
(21). Описываемые здесь понятия, а также лексические единицы, обозначающие
сходные понятия в других странах английского языка, приводятся в таблице 4;
данную таблицу завершает описание систем школ заочного обучения (22), которые играют важную роль в странах, имеющих большую, но малозаселенную
территорию (в Канаде, Австралии).
Несмотря на то , что экзамен, определяющий уровень способностей детей
(eleven-plus examination), отменен в большинстве школ Великобритании,
деление учеников на потоки в зависимости от их способностей (23) сохраняется
как в этой стране, так и в других странах английского языка (существуют
различные способы обозначения такого деления, например с помощью букв
английского алфавита: IA — класс хорошо успевающих учеников, 1В — класс
среднеуспевающих, 1С — класс слабоуспевающих; такие классы занимаются
обычно по разным программам, что не позволяет большинству детей перейти в
класс более сильных учеников). В процессе обучения школьники получают
отметки (24), сдают разнообразные экзамены (25), в том числе и выпускные
(26).
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По окончании обучения им выдается соответствующий документ (27).
Данные понятия приводятся в таблице 5. - В заключение хотелось бы отметить,
что, поскольку в каждой из пяти стран английского языка нет единой системы
образования, приводимая классификация лексических единиц в определенной
степени условна — в разных районах или даже в отдельных школах
страны могут употребляться различные синонимы для обозначения одного и
того же педагогического термина. Кроме того, при постоянно происходящем
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взаимодействии национальных вариантов английского языка термины
интенсивно заимствуются и начинают функционировать в двух и более вариантах.
В. В. ОЩЕПКОВА, Москва
Ин. языки в школе № 1
b) Comment on the video on the
YouTube “Березовский об
образовании в России и в
Англии”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WldMkHSIwXI
с) Which of the followings are the
aims of education. Rank them in order of importance, then
compare with your partner.
 to develop understanding of other
people / culture
 to learn social skills
 to prepare for life in the workplace
 to become aware of how the past
has affected the present
 to develop critical thinking
Which school subjects / activities help with achieving the
above mentioned aims.
Sum up the ideas discussed in class in writing
4. Listening 2.1.2. No more school. You’ll hear Simon giving an
opinion of home schooling. What are his ideas?
Target Education Vocabulary
Vocabulary Part 1 School (pre-intermediate level)
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1 Subjects. A) Match the following
school subjects with their definitions:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
history
music
maths
economics
physics
f. chemistry
g. biology
h. IT (information technology)
i. geography
j. art
1. The study of plant, animal and human life.
2. The study of the world's physical features,
climate, populations etc.
3. The study of the past.
4. The study of painting and drawing.
5. How to use computers.
6. The study of heat, sound, electricity etc.
7. Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus etc,
8. The study of elements and how they combine and react.
9. The study of financial systems.
10. Playing instruments and singing.
Now mark each subject either *S' (science subject) or 'A' (arts
subject).
In Britain everyone has to do PE (physical education) and RE (religious education).
Many people study languages, usually French, Spanish or German. Classics is the
study of Latin, Greek, and perhaps ancient history.
b) Listening 2.2. Listen to two students talking about attending
evening classes at a local college. What do students think of
their classes.
2 Exams. Cross out the verb which does not collocate:
do I make I take I sit I pass I fail
exam
Complete the dialogue with the
correct form of these verbs:
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re-sit
pass
fail
revise
A: Hi Тага, I'm so happy. I (1)......all my exams. I even got a grade A in
English!.
B: I didn't do too badly, but I (2)...... biology. That means 1*11 have to (3)...... it
next term.
A: Oh no, I'm so sorry. You spent ages on biology, didn't you? What
happened?
В : Well, I guess I just didn't (4)......hard enough. Perhaps I'll get it next time.
3 Your school career Use these verbs:
passed
graduated
nursery
sat
got
secondary
doing
applied
university
college
degree
When I was very young I went to a playgroup and then a (1).........school. When I was
five, I started at the local (2).........school. School is compulsory in Britain for
everybody between five and sixteen years old, but in lots of other countries children
don't start until they are seven.
My primary school was mixed, but when I was eleven, I went to an all-boys (3).........
school. My favourite subjects were maths and English. After five years at secondary
school, I decided to go to sixth form (4)..........
In my last year in the sixth form I (5)........ exams in four subjects - maths, physics,
chemistry, and geography. I (6)......... them all and (7).........A grades in maths and
physics.
I (8).........for a place at (9)......... to study astronomy. It was a three-year
(10).........course. 1(11)......... with first class honours. I thought about
(12).........a postgraduate degree, but decided it was time to get a job and earn some
money.
Most people go to state schools but some parents pay to send their children to private
schools. In England the best known private schools are called public schools.
Sometimes students live for the whole term at their boarding school. The most
traditional are still single-sex schools but most are now co-educational (co-ed).
Americans go to high school and then college. Pupils is used until children leave
primary school; after that we usually call them students.
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4 The school buildings. Match the different places with their
definitions:
1. classroom 2. hall 3. playground 4. gym 5. playing fields 6. staff room
7. chemistry / physics lab 8. library
a. where you play football and other sports
b. the teachers' room
c. where students go during breaks
d. a quiet place to read or look things up
e. where you have most of your lessons
f. a special room where you can do experiments
g. a big room where the whole school can meet for assembly
h. where you do PE
5. a) Remembering your schooldays. Complete the text below
with these words:
grade strict hour period rules discipline uniform
School was very different when I was young. We all had to wear a school (1).........
There were lots of (2)........and the teachers were very (3).........We had to
stand up whenever a teacher came into the room. Once a week we had a (4)........and
anybody who got a (5)........D or E had to do extra work during the lunch (6)......... My
favourite subject was art, but we only had that for one (7)........a week. Schools are
more relaxed nowadays, but when you look at the problems in society, I think perhaps
we should bring back some of the (8).........
Is discipline strict in the schools in your country? Do you (or
did you) like school?
b) Listening 2.3. My first day at school. You’ll hear a woman
recall her first day at school. Put the phrases in order in which
the woman talks about them
 when she met Emily
 watching her mother leaving
 lots of noise & children
 during the swimming class
 when her mother came to collect
 playing games with other children
her
 having an ice-cream with her
 walking through the main gate with
mother
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her mother
6. a) Being good or bad at school. Put the phrases below into
the correct list:
a. work hard.
b. always do your homework,
с get into trouble a lot.
d. play around in class.
e. pay attention all the time.
f. pick things up really quickly.
g. skip lessons.
1. If you are good at school, you:
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
2. If you aren't a good student, you:
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
b) Listening 2.4. Mr. and Mrs Wellorf are having an interview
with Professor Blunt. He is the owner of Blunt School for
Geniuses where their daughter, Lucy, is studying & answer the
questions.
 How do Mr and Mrs Wellfor change between the beginning & the end of the
interview?
 How well do you think Lucy is really doing at school?
7. School staff. Match the following school staff with their job
descriptions:
head teacher
caretaker head of department
PE teacher
deputy head learning support assistant
1.I teach football and hockey and other sports.
2.I run the English department.
3. I provide extra help in the classroom.
4.I make sure the doors are locked at night.
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librarian
lab technician
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5. I'm the boss!
6. I'm in charge of the library.
7. I'm number 2!
8.1 help the science teachers prepare their experiments.
The person who helps older students decide what to do
when they leave school is the careers adviser.
Vocabulary Part 2 (intermediate level)
1. In the classroom
Look at the drawing of the classroom
below and write the numbers 1-28 next to
the following words.
biro/ballpoint pen cupboard overhead ruler
(blackboard
desk
projector satchel/
bookcase
duster
pencil
schoolbag
calculator
exercise
pencil
set square
calendar
book
sharpener shelf ;
(a piece of) chalk felt-tip pen protractor textbook
(a pair of)
globe
|pupil
timetable
robber
compasses
glue
wall chart
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2. British schools and institutions
a) Read the definitions below and write the numbers 1-18 next
to following words.
boarding school
playschool
primary school
co-educational school
Polytechnic
Sixth-Form College
College of Further
prep school
state school
Education
private school
Teacher Training College
comprehensive school
public school
The Open University
evening classes
nursery school
university
1 This is a school which is run by the government and where education is free.
2 This is a school which is not supported by government money and where parents
have to pay for their children's education. It is sometimes called an independent
school.
3 This is the school a child attends from the age of 5 to the age of 114 This is a school for children between 3 and 5 years of age. Most of them are run by
local education authorities.
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5 This is an institution where students study for degrees and where academic research
is done. The most famous ones are Oxford and Cambridge.
6 This is the school a child attends after the age of 11 and until he or she is 16 or 18.
7 This is similar to a nursery school but is not usually run by the local education
authority. It is an informal school where children learn to play with other children as
well as learning other things through play rather than formal lessons.
8 This is usually a private school where the pupils live during the term and only go
home to their parents during the holidays.
9 This is the most common type of state secondary school where pupils of all abilities
and backgrounds are taught together.
10 This is a private school for pupils up to the age of 13, where they are made ready
(or prepared) to attend a school for older pupils, usually a public school.
11 This college specializes in training people to become teachers.
12 This is a college for people who have left school and want more qualifications at a
lower level than a degree. Here, the courses are often linked to some kind of practical
training, for example, typing, hairdressing, etc.
13 This is a special type of university, open to everyone, which uses radio and
television for teaching and the students' work is sent to them by post.
14 These are courses for adults held in most towns—usually in the evenings —where
students, for a small fee, study a variety of things, from French to flower arranging.
15 This is a college which specializes in preparing people for particular jobs in
science, industry, etc.
16 This is a private school which provides secondary education for pupils between
the ages of 13 and 18. Usually it has a long tradition and fees are expensive. Two of
the most famous ones are Eton and Harrow.
17 This is a school for pupils between the ages of 16 and 18, who are preparing to
take their A-level examination.
18 This is a school where boys and girls are taught together in the same buildings and
classrooms.
b) Now place the following words in the correct places in the
chart below.
College of Further Education, comprehensive school, nursery school, playschool,
Polytechnic, prep school, primary school, public school, Sixth-Form College,
Teacher Training College, university
Schools for children under 5
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State schools (5-18)
Private schools (5-18)
Higher education (people who have left school)
3. Who's who in education. Match the people (1-15) on the left
with a definition (a-o) from the right Write your answers in the
boxes at the top of the next page.
1 apprentice
2 caretaker
3 expert
4 governor
5 graduate
6 headteacher
7 lecturer
8 principal
9 pupil
10 scholar
11 staff
12 student
13 tutor
14 undergraduate
15 vice-chancellor
a A person (usually a child) who attends a school.
b A student who has completed a first degree course at a university or college.
с Either a teacher at a university who teaches small groups of students or
someone who privately teaches one pupil or a small group of pupils, often at
home.
d A person who teaches at a college or university.
e A young person who works for a number of уears with someone - usually for
low wages - in order to learn their skills, e.g. a hairdresser.
f The person in charge of a university.
g A person who studies an academic subject, e.g. Greek, and knows a lot about
it.
h A person who is very skilled at doing something or who knows a lot about a
subject.
i All the people who work at a school, college or university.
j A person who is a member of the committee which controls a school.
к A student at a college or university who is studying for his or her first degree.
1 The person in charge of a school or college, m The person in charge of a
school.
n The person who looks after a school and is responsible for repairs, cleaning,
etc.
о A person who is studying at a college or university.
4. Verbs to do with education. Write the missing verbs in the
sentences below. Choose from the following list Make changes
where necessary.
attend
behave
do one's homework
enrol
expel
learn (something)
by heart
leave school
pass
play truant
punish
study
recite
praise
revise
fail
sit/take (an exam)
specialize
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1 She_____________at 16 to go and work in her cousin's shop.
2 The headteacher_____________the school football team for
doing so well in the local Cup.
3 I can't come out tonight, I'm afraid. I've got to_____________ for a test tomorrow.
4 Children from the age of 5 to 11 usually______________ a primary school.
5 None of the teachers could control the boy. When he finally tried to set fire to the
school, the headteacher was forced to _____________him. Since he has gone, things
have been a lot
more peaceful.
6 When he went to the Sixth-Form College he decided to _____________in
languages.
7 This course is very popular. If you want a place on it you'd better
_____________today.
8 The teacher told the class that their home work was to _____________a
poem_____________and that she would ask them to_____________it in class the
following week.
9 She went to university to_____________mathematics.
10 In a mixed class, boys generally______________worse than girls.
11 He was very upset when he _____________ his exams, especially as he thought
he had done so well.
12 She spends at least two hours every night ____________her
13 He was a very strict teacher and always______________ his pupils if they forgot
to do their homework or misbehaved in class.
14 We are going to______________the Cambridge First Certificate examination at
the end of next month.
15 'At the end of the term we shall______________ you all to find out how good you
are in English and maths,' the teacher told the class.
16 To______________means to stay away from school without permission.
17 She was extremely intelligent and found it very easy to _______ all her exams.
5. Other useful words to do with education
Write the missing words in the sentences below. Choose from
the following:
absent
academic
assignment
deputy head
detention
form
playground
compulsory
course
lecture mark
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staff-room
subjects
tutorial
vacation
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
1 My daughter is in the fifth______________ of the local comprehensive school.
2 The teacher gave her a very high______________for her essay.
3 If you get a_____________to a school or university, your studies are paid for by
the school or university or some other organization.
4 My favourite_____________at school were English, art and music.
5 A teacher usually fills in a____________._ every day to show which children are
children are_______ (at school) and which ________ (not there).
6 When he was a student at university he used to work during the summer
_____________as a waiter.
7 If the headteacher is ill or away, the______________usually takes over the
running of the school.
8 A_____________is when a teacher at a university or college gives a prepared talk
to a group of students.
9 You don't usually talk about homework at university. You use the word
_____________instead.
10 The_____________is where teachers in a school relax, prepare their lessons, mark
their books, etc.
11 Education in Britain is _____ between the ages of 5 and 16.
12 Theteacherpunishedthechildbyputtingherin____________,
that is, she was made to stay after school and do extra work.
13 A______________is when a teacher at a university or college discusses a subject
with a group of students.
14 In Britain, the school or_____________year starts in September and ends in July.
It is divided into three____________.
15 She went on a___________ to learn about word-processing.
16 During the break, the children were made to go out into the
17 A_____________ is when a teacher at a university or college gives an individual
lesson to one or more students.
18 We usually have our physical education lessons in the ____________________
Vocabulary Part 3 (upperintermediate level)
1. Match the words in column A
with the correct definition in
column B. Then complete the
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sentences below with words from column A.
Column A
1 grade
2 to learn sth by heart
3 diploma
4 edutainment
5 mark
6 certificate heart
7 undergraduate
8 to revise
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Column В
a sth officially received on completion
of training
b educational and entertaining
с mark of А, В, С, etc
d grade out of 10 or 20, etc
e to learn sth for a test or exam
f sb studying for first university
g paper awarded by college or by U.S. high school
h to know sth very well
On graduation day, all the high school graduates received their...................
I can't come out tonight as I’m ....................for tomorrow's test
Ten out of ten is the best.................... anyone can get
He didn't need notes as he had teamed the speech.....................
We will need to see photocopies of your GCSE _...............
Is this video series really ...,............ or is it just a gimmick?
Although Eric got a D...................., in the exam, it was a narrow fail.
In the USA, first-year.................... are called freshmen.
2 a) Read the text below and Jill each blank with one suitable
word.
graduate in up into do from in through win at color sit top with
Lionel Mendax: Curriculum
I was a child prodigy, and went to the most expensive and most academically
demanding schools in the country. I was a model student and was popular both
1) ............. my teachers and my classmates, I was elected class president for six years
2)................ I passed every exam I 3)......... for with flying 4)..............; and came
5)..........,. of my class in every subject I took, I also excelled 6).,.............- sports, in
my final year at school, I 7)................ a scholarship to Cambridge University,
Cambridge was child's play and I sailed ............... every exam I
took, finally getting a first class honours degree 9)..,.....„.„ natural
sciences, On graduating 10).............Cambridge, I went on to Oxford
to 11).....„...,..„. research 12)...............atomic particles. 13) ……………….
completed my research, I took 14) ....... a teaching post at
Harvard, where I lectured 15)................astrophysics. I am presently
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teaching post- 16) ……………... students everything they do not know about nuclear
physics at the Sorbonne University in Paris. Oh well, it keeps me occupied, and it's a
job.
b) Read the text below and decide which option (A, В,С оr D)
best fits each
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
A hardened
A running
A gifted
A grey
A evacuated
A thrown
A harsh
A on
A false
A eviction
A made
A fell
В heavy
В playing
В upstanding
В borderline
В expelled
В pitched
В light
Bat
В pretend
В extraction
В did
В went
C compulsive
С making
С skilled
С futile
С evicted
С discarded
С stringent
С in
Стоек
С expulsion
С assisted
С let
D addictive
0 doing
0 strict
D debatable
D expired
D hurled
D lenient
D by
D fake
D evacuation
D sat
D dropped
Lionel Mendax: The Truth
it was my misfortune to be Lionel Mendax's form master in his last year at
school. Lionel was a 0) compulsive liar and an inveterate cheat who, when
not 1) ................truant, plagued the hell out of both myself and my
teaching colleagues. Contrary to his own inflated opinion of his intellectual
abilities, Lionel was not a 2)........... student Far from it. He was at best
a 3)....................candidate for his GCSE exams and as such it was perhaps
a blessing that he was 4)....................from the school before he took them.
It is only fair, however, that I should give Lionel credit where credit is due. No
one had ever been 5).......,___...... out of Greyfriars School before.
Notwithstanding that, even our ridiculously e)............. and excessively
liberal headmaster could not ignore the fact that Lionel had been caught
cheating 7) .................. every single one of his 8).................... GCSE
Exams. After his 9)................, he 10)....................a course in printing
and design at the local technical college, but soon 11).................... out.
3. Read the text and complete the following tasks.
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a Put these words in the blanks. Use them once unless
otherwise indicated.
as at by in (2) off on out of outside through
b Decide which of these people wrote this passage.
As for the rest, I gradually switched A). algebra and geometry I did so well B).
____. Arithmetic, ___that my total mark in three exams one year was three per cent.
Maths could be made tolerable only C) ______ boring holes in the master's
chalk with the point of a compass, then packing the hole with the heads of matches
and filling the end with chalkdust so that the chalk would explode like a firework as
he wrote his obscure theorems D)________ the blackboard. German was memorable
only for the odd little master who cycled to work and parked his bike E) ______ the
classroom window. During the time it took him to walk along the outside of the
building to the entrance and then back along the corridor to the-classroom the
trick was to haul his bike F)________. the window, take it to pieces and then lay the
bits on his desk. We did it once too often and he stormed G)________the classroom
to fetch the Dean, but by the time the two master» returned it had been reassembled
and put back through the window H)________ its original parking place. History I
could have enjoyed but they never told you any of the interesting stuff: that Napoleon
was I)________agony the night before Waterloo and got no sleep because he had to
lie on his stomach; or that Wellington had a reputation J)________a womanizer.
Instead it was all: Battle of Austerlitz 1805, Battle of Waterloo 1815, Congress of
Aix-la-Chapelle 1818.1 picked up my schoolbag at night but it would never be
opened until it returned to the classroom the next day.
с) Find three things about the writer's schooldays that were
different from your own experience.
d) Complete these tasks.
a Either explain the trick with the chalk, or the trick with the master's bike
b What is Waterloo, when was it and who took part?
c List three important dates that pupils in your country always learn.
4. a) Decide which of the words in the box can go in which
sections of the chart. You can put words in more than one
column.
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kindergarten high school college playgroup nursery school comprehensive
public school preparatory school sixth form reception class evening classes
polytechnic technical college university master mistress teacher lecturer
professor tutor head teacher headmaster headmistress deputy head student
pupil graduate postgraduate doctorate playground classroom lecture
theatre
Pre-school Education (0-5)
Primary Education (5-Л)
Secondary Education (11-16+)
Further Education
Higher Education
Adult Education
b Some of the words in the box refer to private education in
Britain rather than state education. Which are they?
5. a) Read the conversation and put the children's names into
the correct columns.
Behaviour problem
Learning problems
HEADTEACHER: How's your class getting on, Miss Keane?
MISS KEANE:
Well, how can I put it? Samantha's a very slow learner, Tom's
permanently disruptive, Jemma's illiterate, Sarah never pays attention, Jeffrey has
numeracy problems, Sasha goes to the special needs teacher because she's too brainy,
Dulai's mind keeps wandering, Stella is conscientious but seems to have learning
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difficulties, Bill's so absent-minded he forgets his own name, Mary's dyslexic, and the
Mi shram sisters (Penny and Jasmin) seem to have no concept discipline at all.
Otherwise the class is fine!
b) Say in your own words what Miss Keane thinks the peoblem
is with each pupil
c) Can you make the adjectives into nouns by adding appropriate suffixes?
clever bright intelligent brainy a genius brilliant gifted thick silly
idiotic stupid daft dim moronic absent-minded
Decide where the following words describing clever and not so
clever people should go on me grid below.
Very clever
brainy
Formal English
informal English
Very unintelligent
d) Explain the
pun in the
following
cartoon.
f) How would
your teachers
have described
you if they had
wanted to be: i negative? ii positive?
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g) Describe a fellow pupil from your early school years who
had either behaviour or learning problems.
6. Which verbs go with which nouns? Tick the boxes.
test
exam
degree distinction school university
cram for
get
get into
get a place at
expel from
exclude from
send down
from
take
pass
fail
resit
b What can you put between^ the verbs and the nouns? The, a
or nothing?
c) Use the expressions from exercise above to complete
these exchanges.
a -How well did you do in the test? - Oh, I’m afraid I________it. I’m going to have
to do it again.
b - You look happy! Yes, I've just________Cambridge University.
с - Why were you________university? -Because I cheated in the final exams.
d - Have you got your exam results yet? - Yes, and I did better than I thought.
I________
7. a) Now discuss the following: Which is the worst of these
activites, in your opinion?
 playing truant
 being the teacher's pet
 being bullied
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What is the best memory you have from your schooldays?
What is the worst?
What subjects were you best at?
What subjects were you worst at?
b) In school we are taught that valuable learning is the result
of attendance; that the value of learning increases with the
amount of input; and, finally, that this value can be measured
and documented by grades and certificates.
In fact, learning is the human activity which
least needs manipulation by others. Most
learning is not the result of instruction. It is
rather the result of unhampered
participation in a meaningful setting.
Ivan Illich Deschooling Society
We don't need no education We don't
need no thought control No dark sarcasm
in the classroom Teacher leave them kids
alone Hey teacher leave them kids alone.
Pink Floyd Another Brick in the Wall
Part 3 Personalities in Education
1.
a) Look at the list of qualities
below. Which, in your opinion, are the
most important ones needed to be a
good teacher? Listen to the tape and
tick (V) the ones which are
mentioned.
A good teacher should:
a
b
с
d
e
f
g
speak clearly
establish a friendly relationship with students
have a lot of confidence in front of large groups
understand students' individual needs
encourage students to be creative
keep tight control of a group of students
give students a lot of praise and support
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h attend refresher courses regularly
i spend time preparing lessons thoroughly
j punish students who don't work hard enough
Which qualities do you think a good teacher should have?
Write sentences as in the example.
e.g. I strongly believe that a good teacher should be able to understand students'
individual needs.
b) Listening 3.1. A teacher I’ll never forget (upper-intermediate
level). Listen to four people talking about a teacher they’ll
never forget. What characteristics of a good & a bad teacher
do they mention?
Discuss the questions?
Wdy did Allen like his teacher? What are some of the things he’d do?
Why didn’t John like his teacher? What are some of the things he used to do?
What does Liz say about her teacher? What will she never forget?
What comments do they all make about their teacher name?
2. THE IDEAL STUDENT. Listening. Look at the descriptions of
students. They were written by various
English language teachers. Your task is
to identify which sentences refer to an
ideal student & which is totally to nonideal student. Think also about which
teachers you would & would not like
to be taught by.
a) the ones who introduce themselves saying :" Hello,
my name is John" & you say : "Was one of your
parents English" thinking that their name really is "John" not Jan" or whatever.
b) Those that always want to know what every single word means
c) The kind that answers questions which were obviously intended for another
student
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d) Someone who takes a real interest not just in the language but in the culture as
well
e) Ones that do their home work not because they have to but because they want to
f) Students who ask ridiculous questions , like we say to think 'about' not to think 'to'
g) Students who ask difficult questions that really test your knowledge
h) As long as they reasonably young & very attractive , I really couldn't care how
good or bad their English is
i) Ones that are incredibly attentive about getting every word they say as
grammatically correct as possible
j) People who insist on talking to you in English even when they meet you in the
street
k) Ones that always congratulate you on every occasion
Hear follow up sentences to the ones that you discussed. You
have to match the follow-up with the original . Then you have
to reassess your original answers & confirm which teachers
you would or would not like to be taught by
3. Teachers & parents.
You’ll hear a conversation which takes place in a teacher’s
office between a teacher, Mr.Brown & two parents, James &
Linda Eliot. Answer questions 1-16 by putting T (for teacher), J
(for James Eliot), L (Linda Eliot) in the boxes provided
1
2
3
4
5
6
Who is anxious at first? ____________
Who is offended? ____________
Who is worried about Sarah changing schools? ____________
Who thinks Sarah is sociable? ____________
Who doesn't want Sarah to go to a girls-only school? ____________
Who thinks Sarah should change schools at the end of the year? _______
b) Comment on the cartoon below. What is being mocked at?
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4. British school stereotypes
a) Warm-up. Discuss:
 How was your school social life? Did you enjoy it? Or did you hate it?
b) Read the text & discuss the school stereotypes in the UK &
in Russia
Of course, your experience at school depended on many things, the school itself,
the teachers and the pupils. What are British school children like, you may wonder.
Well, most of time they're just like school children from all over the world. They
want things like extra playtime, no homework and permission to go to the toilet
when the class gets boring. However, in every British class there are some distinct
types of pupil. We've identified a few of these stereotypes and we'd like to tell you
all about them.
TYPES OF STUDENT
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The Nerd
The
nerd
knows
absolutely nothing about
fashion, popular music or
sport. They are generally
excellent at Maths and
Science and are usually
highly intelligent. At
school they are often the victim of cruel
jokes or comments because of their clothes
and hair. Nerds hate sport and they hate
gym class, especially on cold winter days
when they have to go out and play football.
They stand on the pitch trying to keep warm
and hoping no one will notice them. They
spend the whole of the lesson trying to avoid
the ball. They are usually blamed for any
poor performance by their team. In class
they sit there day-dreaming and thinking
about nuclear physics and things like that. At
home they love reading, playing computer
games and surfing the net. Nerds want to be
Bill Gates when they are older.
The Class Weirdo
The class weirdo is the quiet student
who sits at the back of the class and
never says a word. Class weirdoes spend
their time in class doodling and writing
"I hate life" all over
their books. Out of
school, they enjoy
smoking, shoplifting and cruelty to
animals. They frequently skive off.
They hate their parents and the only
time they talk to
them is to ask for
money. Class weirdoes want to burn the
school down. According to statistics,
about 10% of British children suffer
from mental disorders such as anxiety,
depression, obsessions, and paranoia.
This explains why there are so many
weirdoes in British schools.
The Bully
Bullies spend their school lives
thinking of cruel jokes to play on the
weaker students. Some of their
favourites include:
Toilet Flushing: this consists of
putting the victim's head down the
toilet and pulling the chain.
The Strip: this involves stripping the
victim and inviting other pupils to come and laugh.
Wedgies: this consists of lifting the victim up,
putting the victim's pants over a coat-hook and
leaving them in a most embarrassing position.
Book Stealing: this involves stealing books and
throwing them in a puddle, making them wet and
dirty.
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The know-it-all
The know-it-all spends class time
thinking of questions to ask the
teacher. They are the ones who
always put their hands up first
when the teacher asks a question even if they don't know the
answer. "Me! Me!" they shout
until they get the teacher's
attention.
They love it when they do well
in exams and they'll let the rest
of the class know all about it,
saying things like, "hey! Look
what I got in the history exam",
or "didn't you pass? I did".
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Tax collection: this consists of inviting the victim to
Know-it-alls want to be prime
make a "voluntary" donation of one pound a day to
ministers when they're older.
the bully.
When they're older, bullies want to be soldiers,
police officers or school P.E. teachers.
The Class Joker
The Teacher's Pet
The class joker will do
The teacher's pet is
anything to get attention,
the one who
even at
loves to help the
the risk of looking silly or
teacher. They sit in
getting into trouble. They
the front of the class
love playing tricks on the
and are always
teacher. Some of their
asking if there's
favourites include leaving
anything they can
drawing pins on the teacher's seat and
do. They love to
throwing paper aeroplanes around the class hear the teacher say "good boy" or "good
when the teacher isn't looking. They are
girl". They will quite happily snitch on their
popular with their classmates, and even the classmates when someone has been naughty.
teacher finds them amusing at times,
Out of class they spend their time drawing
although they would never admit it. At
pictures and writing letters to the teacher.
home they are often bored because there is When they are older, teacher's pets want to be
no one to impress. They spend the evening teachers.
sitting on the sofa eating chocolate or
preparing things to say the following day at
school. As adults they often become
clowns.
The Swot
The Class Leader
The swot always turns up at school neat,
The
class leader is the
tidy and perfectly organised. They have pencil s p o r t y ,
cases with everything they could possibly
Bank good-looking one with
need for class: rulers, coloured pens, pencils, trendy parents. They know
etc. In class, they pay careful attention to
what clothes to wear, what
everything the teacher says and take detailed music to listen to and generally
notes. They study hard for all
how to be cool. In class they
their exams and always do
often pass secret notes around to other
well. Their work is always
pupils. They like to control the class by
perfect and beautifully predeciding who their best friend is. In the
sented.
playground, they form exclusive gangs or
they won't go out to play
cliques. They also organise games and make
until
they've
finished
cruel decisions about who can join in. At
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everything. When they aren't studying, they
enjoy stamp collecting, sticking pictures in
albums or playing with educational games
on the computer. They have very supportive
parents who often actively help with
homework or class projects. Swots want to
be university research scientists when they are
older.
The Trendies
The trendies are the group of kids who
think they are better than all the rest.
They experiment with drink and drugs
earlier than the other kids and they
think they're really cool. They often
listen to obscure music that no one else
has ever heard of or can even
understand. They have their own uniform
that makes them easily identifiable. They
often become civil servants or English
teachers.
home they spend their time reading
magazines or gossiping to their friends on
the phone. Class leaders often become
salespeople, clerks or estate agents.
c) Talking point.
 Make a review what kind of pupil you were at school.
Describe the personalities of school friends
 Talk about group mates. What kind of students are you?
Which school stereotypes seems to be offensive & which ones
seems to be positive ones? Why?
d) Vocabulary. Make up sentences with the words & pharses
below
a nerd n someone who doesn't know
a know-it-all n a person who thinks
how to make friends and wears bad
they know everything about
clothes
everything
a pitch n the place where you play
a weirdo n a strange person
football
to doodle vb to randomly draw on
to blame vb to say that someone is books
responsible for something
to shoplift vb to steal from a shop
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to day-dream vb to be thinking when
you should be concentrating on
something else
a bully n a person who attacks smaller,
weaker people
to strip vb to take off clothes
pants n clothing that you wear under
your trousers
a coat-hook n an object for hanging
your coat. They are usually on doors
a puddle n a small area of water that
occurs after it rains
a P.E. teacher abbr Physical
Education. A teacher who teaches
sport and physical education
to skive off phr vb inform not to go to
class
a teacher's pet n the student that
loves the teacher
to snitch vb to inform someone about
something bad that other people have
done
a drawing pin n a small, metal object
used for sticking paper on the wall
a swot n a person who studies a lot
a pencil case n an object for keeping
pencils, pens, etc
a ruler n an object for drawing straight
lines
trendy adj fashionable
estate agent n a person who helps
you to buy or sell a house
www.hotenglishmagazine.com/
http://www.diets.ru/post/401134/
Part 4 Higher education
1. a)You’ll hear a radio report about ways to get into a British
University. Before you listen discuss the following:
 What is the procedure for going to university in your country? How difficult /
easy is it?
 Is there a way for older people (e.g. over 30 years old) to go to university in
your country? What is it?
b) You’ll hear the following words in the recording. Recall or
find out their meanings, then discuss how they are connected
with university entry.
A-levels skill shortage formal qualifications financial assistance
c) Now listen to the recording. For questions 1-8, fill the gaps
with a word or short phrase
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University applicants can choose from ten to thousands of 1 ________________
Students may take their A-levels 2___________________ or a mixture of both.
Others may study full time 3 _________________ to obtain an HND.
Students with poor A-level results may do a 4 ________________________
The new hospitality degree combines academic study with 5 ________________
6________________ should contact admission staff directly.
Return-to-study courses are available at 7_________________education collages.
8 _________________ is a way of obtaining funding for university study &
opportunities for work experience.
d) Discuss: Do you think it is important for universities to offer
vocational courses as well as academic ones?
2. a) Read and answer.
 Why should Nick feel privileged to
be at Eton?
 Why does he think it's a handicap
to go there?
 Why are his teachers not pleased
with him?
 Why did the headmaster send two
boys home?
A schoolboy at Eton
'I know I should feel privileged being here at Eton. It's costing my father a
fortune in fees, as he keeps telling me. But actually, I think it can be a handicap in life
to go to a school like Eton. People think we're arrogant and snobbish, with no brains
or talent.
'All right so I'm not particularly brainy. I'm not the academic type. I don't want
to go to university. I want to be a musician. At the moment I'm making a 'demo' tape
to send round to record companies and it's really annoying my old man/
Nick Harrington is eighteen and in his final year at Eton
College. He's taking three 'A' levels this summer in Maths,
Physics and Computer Studies. However, his teachers are
not happy with his work. They think he's spending too
much time playing his guitar and reading music magazines.
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Nick has his own room at Eton where he sleeps and studies. He goes home for
the weekend twice a term" but otherwise doesn't get much freedom.
'We're allowed to go into town in the afternoons but we're not supposed to go
into pubs. And we're certainly not allowed out of school after six o'clock in the
evening. Last term the headmaster sent two boys home for a week because they met
some girls in a pub. I think that’s ridiculous. Anyway, I don't really care any more.
I'm leaving school at the end of term and then I can do what I like.'
b) Discuss:
1 Why do you think Nick's parents wanted him to go to Eton?
2 What do you think Nick's relationship with his father is like?
3 What do you think Nick doesn't like about Eton?
About you
 Was your school like Eton in any way?
 Are there many private schools in your country?
 What sort of people go to these schools?
c) VOCABULARY. 1 In pairs, discuss the difference in meaning
between the following:
private/state school day/boarding school primary/secondary school to go to
college/to get into college to take/pass/fail an exam to get a pass/good grade/degree
2 Listening. a) Before you listen Look at the statements on
the right. Which ones indicate that the speaker a) approves of
b) disapproves of schools like Eton?
1 'I
think
all
3 'People
who go to
public
schools are
snobs.
They think
they're
better than anyone else.'
private education is unfair.'
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4 'I don't
think there's
anything
wrong in
paying for
your
2 'I'd like to go to Eton if I
could be sure of getting
better 'A' level grades
there.'
5 'I honestly think they
have no idea how anyone
lives in the real world.
education.'
b) Three other people give their opinions of public schools like
Eton. Listen and note whether the speaker approves or
disapproves of these schools.
c) Discuss: In groups, talk about the advantages and
disadvantages of going to a school like Eton, using the
expressions below.
Giving an opinion
Agreeing
Disagreeing
/ think (that). . .
So/Nor do I.
Oh, I don't/Oh, I do.
I honestly think (that) ... I agree.
I'm not sure I agree.
I don't think (that) ...
/ think you're right. I really don't agree.
I disagree.
1 'I think all private education is unfair.'
2 'I'd like to go to Eton if I could be sure of getting better 'A' level grades there.'
3 'People who go to public schools are snobs. They think they're better than anyone
else.'
4 'I don't think there's anything wrong in paying for your education.'
5 'I honestly think they have no idea how anyone lives in the real world.'
d) Consult any reference book & make a report of what Eton
school is like
Vocabulary Part 4 Higher education
1 After school. Use these verbs to complete the text below:
stayed on applied got in
do left
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When I got to 16, some of my friends (1)..... school to get jobs, but most (2)............
I wanted to (3)........sociology, but it wasn't possible at my school, so I (4)........
to the local technical college. There were over fifty applicants for only twenty places,
so I was really pleased when 1(5).........I really enjoyed the course.
Now do the same with this text:
results
college
entry
course degree
prospectus diploma high
I had wanted to be a doctor but the (6)...... requirements to study medicine at
university are very (7)......and my exam (8).......... weren't good enough, so I got the
(9)........ from my local (1.0)..........to see what alternatives there were. In the end, I
got onto a (11)..........in business administration. I got a(12)........, but I still sometimes
wish I'd been able to go to university and get a (13)........ .
Further education (FE) usually means going to a college to do a vocational course or
degree. Higher education (HE} usually means doing a degree at a university.
2 Expenses. Complete this text about paying for higher
education with these words:
part-time expenses fees grant loan accommodation
Going to university is expensive. First, there's the tuition.........Then there are all the
books you need. Then, if you live away from home, you have to pay for your...........
The university halls of residence are not cheap.Then you have all your other
living.........A few students get a........, but most have to take out a student........from the
bank, which can take years to pay off! Most students have to do a........job in order to
survive.
3 A student's week. Use these words to complete the text:
reading
lectures
presentation
term
options
seminar
notes
tutor
handout lists
1. I've got two........this morning and then I need to go to the library to do some
background........before tomorrow.
2. On Wednesday I've got to give a short ........at my English..........
3. I can't go to my history lecture on Thursday morning. I'll ask Jeff to pick up an
extra copy of the.......and I can borrow his lecture ........
4. Professor Barnes is the only lecturer who gives handouts and his reading........
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really save me a lot of time.
5. Later in the week, I've got to see my ........to decide what........I'm
going to do next........
University teachers are called lecturers. In the UK the heads of university
departments and some very important academics are Professors. Professor is not
used for any other kind of teacher. In America professor is a much more widely used
term.
4 Subjects and specialists. What do you call a person who is a specialist in these
subjects? Complete the list, using your dictionary if necessary. Then mark the
stress.
1. physics
.............
6. history
.............
2. philosophy
.............
7. mathematics
.............
3. psychology
.............
8. chemistry
.............
4. sociology
..............
9. astronomy
.............
5. architecture
.............
10. engineering
We say "He's studying engineering/' "He's got a degree in engineering."
5 Talking about your course. Use these words to complete the
sentences:
placement
qualifications
specialise
academic
assignment
vocational
drop out
tutorial
qualify
1. The........year begins in September and runs to the end of June.
2. So, what are you doing this weekend? - I'll probably be at home finishing the
........I have to hand in on Monday.
3. Hi Mark, where have you been? I haven't seen you for ages. - No, I've been away
doing a work ........in an insurance company for the last four months.
4. The more............you have, the more chance you have of finding a better job.
5. I wish I had done something more useful than philosophy - something
more.........like nursing or hotel management.
6. Next year I have to decide which area of medicine I want to...........in.
7. Dr Hurst seems very remote in her lectures but when you have a........with her,
she's really friendly and helpful.
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8. Mandy doesn't seem very happy at the moment. Is she finding the course difficult?
- Yes, I think she's going to........and get a job.
9. What will this course.........you to do?
6. Graduating. A) Use these words in the situations below:
finals
paper
revising
graduation
graduate
deadline
term coursework
results dissertation
1. It's your last.......at university, isn't it? - Yes, I've
already done my oral, so now I've got to submit four
pieces of............ The........is next Friday. Then I've
got to do a 10,000-word...........and hand it in by the
end of May. Then I can relax.
2. Hi Susie, I haven't seen you around much recently.
- No, I've been at home..........most nights. I've got
my........next month. I can't wait till it's all over. Can
you believe it, we don't get our........ until the end of
July?
3. Overall, the exams weren't too bad but the
American history........was really
difficult.
4. It's my........ceremony next week. I think my parents are looking forward to it more
than I am. I don't think they realize being a........doesn't guarantee you a
job like it used to.
b) In American English semester is used instead of term.
In Britain your first (undergraduate) degree is а В A (arts or humanities) or a BSc
(science). If you do post-graduate study, you may get an MA or an MSc. After
several years' original research and publishing a thesis, you can get a PhD (Doctor
of Philosophy). Undergraduates usually write essays; a long essay is called a
dissertation. A thesis is longer still and contains original research. Remember the
different pronunciations of the noun graduate and the verb to graduate.
What do you the following letters stand for?
a BSc b Bed с MSc d MD e BA f MA g MPhil
h PhD
7. a) Recent reports have shown that in Britain some (but not
alt) private schools have
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better exam results than state schools, and girls sometimes
do better academically at single-sex schools than at coeducational schools. For boys there is no difference.
On the basis of the above information and your own opinions,
which square of the chart below would you choose for your
child? Why?
Private
State
Single-sex
Co-educational
6. Describe the education of some or all of the following people.
a yourself
b your mother or father
с a rock and/or movie star
d a famous historical figure from your country
Say what kind of educational establishment(s) you/they went
to and how you/they got on there.
b) Listening 4.4. Gender in education. Write down as much as
you can.
8. a) Watch the video on the YouTube “Why I Hate School But
Love Education--Spoken Word”. Discuss the message.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y_ZmM7zPLyI
b) Watch another video on the YouTube “RSA Animate Changing Education Paradigms” by Kan Robinson. Comment
on the idea.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zDZFcDGpL4U
9. Comment on the quote about
education. Give a 1-minute talk.
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1. Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. William Butler
Yeats
2. “You can never be overdressed or overeducated.” ― Oscar Wilde
3. “Intelligence plus character-that is the goal of true education.” ― Martin
Luther King Jr.
4. “Education: the path from cocky ignorance to miserable uncertainty.” ― Mark
Twain
5. “Study without desire spoils the memory, and it retains nothing that it takes
in.” ― Leonardo da Vinci
6. “[Kids] don't remember what you try to teach them. They remember what you
are.” ― Jim Henson, It's Not Easy Being Green: And Other Things to
Consider
7. “I am not a teacher, but an awakener.” ― Robert Frost
8. “The task of the modern educator is not to cut down jungles, but to irrigate
deserts.” ― C.S. Lewis
9. “Anyone who stops learning is old, whether at twenty or eighty. Anyone
who keeps learning stays young.” ― Henry Ford
Surf the net & Bring in the favorite quote of yours. Expain its
idea.
c) Comment on the cartoon about education. What is being
mocked at?
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4. Read the text & answer the question in the title.
What is a Gap Year?
A gap year is a period of time when students take a break from formal education to
travel, volunteer, study, intern, or work. A gap year is also referred to as a deferred
year, year out, year off, time out, time off. A gap year experience can last for several
weeks, a semester, or up to a year or more. Typically a gap year is taken between high
school graduation and starting college, during college, or between college and starting
graduate school or a career.
The gap year concept has its origins in the UK, and since the 1990's taking time out
has become a right of passage for tens of thousands of UK students. The gap year is
becoming increasingly popular with US students. One reason is that parents are more
open to the idea today than in the past. Studies have been conducted by leading
universities like Harvard that conclusively show that students who take a year out
before college are more focused and motivated when they arrive on campus than
those who don't take this detour. Harvard's admissions department is so convinced of
the benefits of a gap year that they offer the option to every admitted freshman in their
acceptance letter.
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Taking time out between high school and college used to evoke fear that the student
would not follow through with college. Today, the college admissions offices at both
private and state run colleges and universities are getting more requests from students
to defer enrollment, and are freely granting these requests provided the student can
demonstrate they have specific goals and will better prepare them to succeed in
college. This trend is great news for both colleges,students and parents. Given the fact
that the dropout rate amongst US college freshman is nearly 30 percent (according to
the National Center for Education Statistics), the gap year option is fast becoming a
viable alternative for many students.
http://www.planetgapyear.com/gap-year-def
Part 5 Cooperative Learning
1. a) Read the following summary, then listen to the tape and
fill in the gaps.
The idea remains that students are 1) ......................... containers which a
teacher fills with knowledge. However, this approach no longer works. The teacher's
role is no longer simply to feed information to students. Facts are
available in 2)........................on CD ROMS and on the 3)............................
What students need are the 4).............to find this information. Cooperative
learning encourages 5)..........................., tolerance and helpfulness towards
others. Students work in pairs, in threes and in 6)............of four. The teacher
is the 7)...............not the master. Brett Melville, a pupil, says: "In our class, we
have time to discuss issues and 8)..............in detail." Lynne Gedye, a teacher, says:
"The children's response was 9).........................." Cooperative learning turns the
classroom from a competitive arena into a place where learning facts and life skills is
10)..............and effective.
b) You are going to read a text about a new teaching method.
Seven sentences have been removed from the article. Choose
from the sentences A-H the one which fits each gap (1-6).
There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.
There is an example at the beginning (0).
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COOPERATIVE KIDS
The concept of cooperative learning is alien to
all of us who were taught the traditional way,
but it offers our children the adventure of
finding their own answers. Di Lilford reports.
If you took a doctor from the 19th century and
put her in a modern operating theatre, she
would have no idea what to do, but if you put a teacher from the 19th century into a
modern classroom she would be able to carry on teaching without pause.
0
D
The idea remains that students are empty containers which the teacher fills with
knowledge, and that all stu-t dents have to do is listen and write.
Education consultant Alyce Miller says: "This approach does not work in today's
changing world. We are not teaching creative problem-solving. We encourage
competition, believing that this brings out the best in people." But this is not so.
1
She goes on to say that the teacher's role is no longer to feed students with
information. "The facts are available in libraries, on CD ROMS and on the Internet.
What students need are the skills to find this information, to use it and to think
creatively in order to solve the problems of our world."
Miller believes that cooperative learning is the future of I education and thinks of it as
the best way to encourage responsibility, tolerance and helpfulness towards others.
2
ln cooperative learning classes, the traditional classroom physical layout is
abandoned.
3
Pupils learn to work first in pairs, then in threes, and finally in teams of four.
Students are required to participate actively in discussing and shaping their own
knowledge. The teacher, who is still very important to the process, becomes the helper
rather than the master.
Aarnout Brombacher, head of the mathematics department at Westerford High
School, says: "The incorrect assumption that many people make about cooperative
learning is that it is merely group work. It is much, much more.
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4
With this technique, most of the time in the classroom is spent teaching them these
skills - life skills."
Brett Melville, a 17-year-old pupil at the school, agrees. "You learn the same material
as you would using the normal method, but this way you learn how to work with
others at the same time. In our class, we are given enough time to discuss issues and
problems in detail."
5
One teacher, Lynne Gedye, has been using cooperative learning in her classes for two
years. She says, "This year we have several pupils in the class who can hardly speak a
word of English. I was tearing my hair out, wondering what to do, but I need not have
worried. The children's response was amazing.
6
All in all, it seems that cooperative learning turns the classroom from a competitive
arena into a place where learning facts and life skills is both more fun and more
effective for pupils and teachers alike.
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
Children do not sit in a straight rows of desks facing the teacher, but
rather face one another to make it easier to share ideas.
The strong ones coached the weak ones endlessly so that they could
participate in the question time.
However, she believes that this method is not suitable for all pupils.
Teaching methods have hardly changed in one hundred years
She says that good relationships are the key to effective learning
Encouraging children to concentrate on getting the best marks destroys
motivation & take the fun out of learning
He adds it might take longer than simply listening to the teacher lecture,
but the students remember much more afterwards
It recognizes that pupils do not have the skills to work together
c) Read the text again and make notes under the following
headings, then talk about cooperative learning.
♦ STUDENTS' ROLE ♦ TEACHER'S ROLE ♦ BENEFITS ♦ CLASSROOM
LAYOUT
What skills do the pupils gain from cooperative learning?
Would you enjoy being taught this way?
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Vocabulary Revision
3
Fill in the correct word.
1 I could get a job as a secondary school .................... now, but I want to continue
studying to become a university................. (teacher/ lecturer)
2 History is my favourite ..................., but today's .................. wasn't very
interesting. (lesson/subject)
3 My primary school only has 300 ............... but there are over 5,000 ................ at
my brother's university, (pupils/students)
4 Frank got good .................. in all of his school exams, so he was able to go to
university to do a .................. (grades/ degree)
5 There will be no lectures during the last ........................of my history
....................... as we are expected to study for exams then. (course/ term)
6 I got an extra............for remembering the name of Napoleon's horse, so my
final......... for the test was 19 out of 20! (point/mark)
7 The...............of the arts 'acuity used to be the..............................of a primary
school. (dean/headmaster)
8 When I went to.....................•........... I only saw my parents during the Holidays,
but now that I go to a................................I see them
every night, (day school/boarding school)
9 It is necessary to pay school fees in order to go to a .........................., whereas a
........ ................is run by the state and is therefore free, (comprehensive school/private
school)
10 My brother and sister go to а......................... .................., but I go to
а............................ where there are only girls, (co-educational school (single-sex
school)
4. Is everyone cheating?
a) Read the following article. Discuss it with your classmates.
Gypsum Colo. – I high school graduate has
confessed to cheating on an English literature test – 47
years ago. High school principal mark Starkben said he
got one-page, handwritten letter from a 65 year-old
grandmother who admitted she & a friend stole the
answer to a Shakespeare test in the fall of 1957.
‘I know it makes no difference now (after 47
years), except may be this will keep some students from cheating and help them to
be honest – conscience never let you forget – there is forgiveness with God, and I
have that, I felt I still needed to confess to the school.
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Starkbein said he read the letter aloud to every home room class as a lesson in
following your conscience.
‘You could have heard a pin drop’, he said
b) Listen to the text “The whys & hows of
cheating” & write true of false.
1. Most students think that cheating is wrong.
2. Students cheat because it's a challenge.
3. Students are very worried about getting Into college.
4. Students cheat even though their parents teach them
not to.
5. Teachers shouldn't give multiple-choice tests,
6. Cheaters should not be punished too severely.
7. Some students cheat using picture phones.
c) Listen to another text “More students
are cheating, More college are fighting back” & Check (V) the
questions you can answer
1. How can students cheat using the Internet?
2. Are students confused about cheating? Why?
3. What does the group represented by each percentage believe about cheating?
41% 30% 60% 27% 45%
4. What is the purpose of an honor code?
5. How is each college or university handling cheating?
• Duke University
• University of Maryland
• Cornell University
• Wellesley College
6. Do honor codes reduce cheating? Why or why not?
Discuss:
 Compare the attitudes of the
university officials quoted in the
both text
 Would the solutions to cheating
stated in fist text work at a
college or university? Why or why not?
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 Does your school has an honor code? What happens to
cheaters at your school? Is the punishment consistent?
d) Listen to one more text related to the topic “The
Economics of cheating” & answer the questions:
1. What was the writer’s job in college?
2. Did he come from a wealthy family?
3. What did he see in the mailboxes every week?
4. Why was this such a temptation?
5. What reasons did he think of for stealing the answers?
6. What did he do in the end ? Why?
7. How does he feel about the decision? Why?
e) Number each action from 1 to 10One being the least dishonest and
10 being the most dishonest.
____ Helping a friend with homework.
____ Helping a friend on a test.
____Taking a paragraph or two from the Internet
and inserting it into your work.
____Writing test answers on your arm.
____Looking at a friend's paper during an exam.
____ Buying a paper from an essay service on the
Internet
____Stealing a test from your teacher's drawer.
____Asking a friend to edit an essay for you.
____ Borrowing an old .test from a student who took the course last year.
____Talking to a friend about your answers on a take-home test.
Compile the class opinions from the survey above. Discuss the
results.
Part 6 IT Technologies in learning
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1. Fill in the gaps with the correct
word derived from the words in
bracket.
The Internet has changed
1)........................(communicate) as we know it.
From education to 2)...................... (advertise) this
new 3)............................. (technology) advance
has affected 4) ............... (practical) every aspect
of our lives. Magazines, newspapers and even books are "on-line" and can be read on
the computer.
You can find 5)...........................(inform) on any topic - the 6)........................
(possible) are 7)...................... (end). The Internet can (8)........................ (instant)
connect you to other computers, allowing you to "chat" with people all over the
world. It's actually very easy to learn how to use the system, and once you're on-line,
you'll never want to turn the computer off! The (9) ...........................
(develop) of such technology has come a long way. These (10).....................(amaze)
electronic devices have changed many people's lives forever.
b) Listening. Look at the following notes & decide which can
be done by computers. Then, listen to some students
expressing their opinions and tick the boxes. How correct
were your guesses.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
teach a grammatical structure
print out information or composition
help students to revise for tests & exams
help students with their personal problems
enable students to contact other people around the world
encourage students to work together
have information available when you need it
stop an argument in the classroom
help students with pronunciation
teach new vocabulary
c) Write a paragraph about “Are IT technologies a blessing or a
curse in today’s education?”
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Explain the different ways in which computers can be used to
help learners.
2. Exams: for & against. Read the article below & Discuss the
pros & cons of taking an exam process.
Examinations Exert Pernicious Influence on Education
We might marvel at the progress made in every field of study, but the methods of
testing a man's knowledge and ability remains as primitive
as ever they were. It really is extraordinary that after all
these years' revolution, educationists have still failed to
devise anything more efficient and reliable than
examinations.
Despite the entire pious claim that examinations test what
you know, it is common knowledge that they often do the
exact opposite. They may be a good means of testing
memory, or the knack of working rapidly under extreme
pressure, but they can tell you nothing about a man's true
ability and aptitude.
As anxiety-makers, examinations are second to none, since they are the keys for many
things. They are the mark of success or failure in our society. Your whole future may
be decided in one fateful day. It doesn't matter that you weren't feeling very well, or
that your mother died. Little things like that don't count: the exam goes on. No one
can give of his best when he is in mortal terror, or after a sleepless night, yet this is
precisely what the examination system expects him to do.
The moment a child begins study, he enters a world of vicious competition where
success and failure are clearly defined and measured. . Can we wonder at the
increasing number of ‘drop-outs': young people who are written off as utter failures
before they have even embarked on a career? Can we be surprised at the suicide rate
among students?
A good education should, among other things, train you to think for yourself. The
examination system does anything but that. What has to be learnt is rigidly laid down
by a syllabus, so the student is encouraged to memorize.
Examinations do not motivate a student to read widely, but to restrict his reading; they
do not enable student to seek more knowledge, but induce cramming (to study rapidly
under pressure for an examination). They lower the standards of teaching, for they
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deprive the teacher of all freedom. Teachers themselves are often judged by
examination results and instead of teaching their subjects, they are reduced to training
their students in exam techniques which they despise. Therefore, in order to get high
score, some students started to use spy-camera for cheating on examination.
The most successful candidates are not always the best educated; they are the best
trained in the technique of working under duress. The results on which so much
depends are often nothing more than a subjective assessment by some anonymous
examiner. Examiners are only human. They also make mistakes when they get tired
and hungry. Yet they have to mark stacks of hastily scrawled scripts in a limited
amount of time. They work under the same sort of pressure as the candidates. And
their word is magnificent. After a judge's decision you have the right of appeal, but
not after an examiner's.
There must surely be many simpler and more effective ways to assess a person's true
abilities. Is it cynical to suggest that examinations are merely a profitable business for
the institutions that run them? This is what it boils down to in the last analysis .
http://www.articlesbase.com/news-and-society-articles/examinations-exert-pernicious-influence-oneducation-3688430.html
Part 7 Education in Russia
1. The education system in Russia
Here is some information on pre-school, primary and
secondary education in Russia. Updated 2011.
Education in Russia is organised and coordinated by the state,
which ensures that general education is free and available for
everyone. Most schools are state schools but private schools have also been
established in recent years.
Education usually begins with pre-school before the age of six, although it is
not compulsory. Children typically go to kindergartens or other pre-schools
which focus on both intellectual and
physical activities. The next step is
primary school, which is part of the
general education programme.
General education in Russia
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comprises three stages: primary education, which lasts for four years; basic
general education lasting for five years and secondary education which lasts
for two to three years.
Russian general education is aimed at the intellectual, emotional, moral and
physical development of the individual. It aims to develop the abilities that will
allow a student to adapt to life in society as well as helping individuals to
make conscious choices concerning professional education.
General education normally consists of 34 weeks of study per year and 27 to
36 hours of study per week. The academic year typically runs from 1
September to the beginning of June. School examinations are in June.
The language of instruction is Russian in all state-accredited educational
institutions, except in pre-schools. Citizens of the Russian Federation also
have the right to receive their basic general education in their native
languages.
General education is compulsory. The basic curriculum for has some
compulsory fields of study such as the Russian language, foreign languages,
mathematics, history, politics, natural sciences etc. Every school designs its
own curriculum, which is based on state requirements, and there can be some
extra or optional disciplines. InMoscow, there are also schools that specialise
in certain subjects, such as maths, music, arts, and sports. These schools can
also offer extra education for children, alongside the general courses.
After completing primary and basic general education, the students participate
in final examinations. They are awarded a Certificate of Basic General
Education, Attestat ob Osnovom Obshchem Obrazovani, which entitles the student to
be admitted to either secondary general education, to vocational education or to nonuniversity level higher education.
After completing the secondary general education, the students need to pass the State
final attestation (final examinations), after which they will be awarded a Certificate of
Secondary General Education, Attestat ob Sredem Obshchem Obrazovanii. This
school leaving certificate will allow students to continue to higher education: either
vocational education or both non-university and university level education.
Recently, References
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new types of secondary schools have emerged called gymnasium and lyceum, which
can be both state owned or private. The duration of studies can exceed that of
secondary general schools, and the educational programmes can be more advanced.
In total, general education takes 11 years to complete. Children are enrolled in schools
at the age of six and normally they finish school by the age of 17.
If Russian poses a language barrier, there are also a number of international schools in
Moscow offering education in English or in other languages.
http://www.expatica.ru/education/school/The-education-system-in-Russia_15732.html
2. Watch some documentaries about education in Russia on
the YouTube site & organize a round-table discussion
 На дне знаний – специальный корреспондент (2008)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NavwmL7HabQ
 Болванская система образования ч.1 и ч.2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lzQOF_Uyq0Q
 Новая система образования в России
(http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZIus1-VV97c)
School leaving parties in Russia vs Proms in the USA
The Best Night of Their Lives
1.
a) Warm-up. Discuss the title of the article.
 What do you think has been the best night of your life?
 What in the future do you expect to be an important night? If you were planning
your ideal night, who would be there girlfriend or boyfriend, family or friends?
b1) Gist-read the text & answer the questions:
 What are the upsides and downsides of going to a prom?
 What do you have to plan?
High School Prom
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Having a big party (called a 'prom') in the junior and senior years of high school is a
great American tradition. It's a special night which people plan very carefully, and
remember for the rest of their lives.
The season. The high school prom season usually starts in April and continues
through May. Planning starts as
early as February however,
when the magazines and stores
begin to show prom fashions.
There is a lot of organization
to be done.
The location. Proms are
held in many different places.
Some schools still hold their
proms in school gymnasiums
but this is considered a bit oldfashioned now. Most high
schools today have their Junior
(first year of high school) and
Senior (last year of high
school) proms at a hotel or country club.
Clothes.Girls spend a long time deciding what kind of dress to wear and
fashions change from year to year, and from school to school. Fashions range from
cocktail dresses to full ball gowns and can be extremely glamorous. Sometimes girls
have their dresses specially made by dressmakers. Each year there are different styles,
but as the proms are quite traditional occasions, classic clothes are usually a good
choice. Boys generally wear tuxedos.
The date.One of the most important aspects of the prom night is finding a
date. It doesn't have to be a regular boyfriend or girlfriend, but you do have to
know who your date will be some time in advance of the prom so that you can р1ал
it together. Sometimes the issue of having a prom date can put a lot of pressure on
the students. No one wants to go to the prom alone and people can get really upset
about it if they don't find a date.
Prom night. Boys are expected to buy a 'corsage' for their female dates. This is
a small flower arrangement which they wear on their left lapel or on their wrist. Girls
also wear a 'boutonniere' on their dresses, which is usually a carnation. The
presentation of the corsage to the girl happens before the prom usually at her parents'
house. Parents sometimes allow the kids to have a small party at their home before
they go to the prom where they eat something and take photos or have photos taken
by a professional photographer. Often students hire limousines to take them to the
prom. Usually they share the cost of this with two or three other couples. Sometimes
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at the prom the students elect a prom king and queen, who are the most popular
couple of the year. They are given crowns and lead the dancing when the music starts
again.
Taken from Timesaver. Reading. Photocopiable lessons (Intermediate/ Advanced) by Grisewood. E.
b2) Re-read the text & put the verb in brackets into its correct
form
1. Students start ......................... their proms in February. (to plan)
2. Formal dress is usually ......................... at the prom. (to wear)
3. Not finding a date can be ........................for some students. (to upset)
4. A boy will ........................th e corsage to his date at her parents' house before the
prom. (to present)
5. ......................... limousines can be costly so the price is usually shared by several
students. (to hire)
6. Prom kings and queen are usually ......................... by the students. (to elect)
c1) Let’s roleplay.
Act out the situation you are given. Perform your roleplay in
front of the class.
Student A
Student B
You really want to go to the
You don't want to go to the prom. Try to
prom but your friend doesn't.
persuade Student A not to go either.
Try to persuade him / her to go Mention all the things that you dislike
too.
about the proms.
c2) Divide into small groups & plan a party from your
graduation school. Think about the place, the music, the
clothes, food & drink, special shows & displays, awards, etc.
 How would your party be similar to a high school prom and how would it be
different?
Finally, Make a poster advertising their party and display them
on your classroom walls.
2. Talking point. Let’s compare the ways Russian school
leaving parties (and ‘last school bell’) & proms in the USA are
held.
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a) Warm-up. Discuss:
 What are the attributes of ‘last bell’ party I Russia in every May 25?
b) Read the article below taken from the blog of an American
teacher who worked in Russian school.
TUESDAY, MAY 25, 2010
"Last Bell" 2010
Today is a very special day in Russia...
It's the "Last Bell," the "Последный Звонок."
Unlike in the USA, in Russia there are two parts
to Graduation. Today is the "Last Day of
Classes," and in one month, after all the seniors
will have taken their national exams, they'll
have their "Graduation."
I'll keep today's entry brief, in part
because I'm so darn tired! But first of all, just
check out what Russians can do with balloons!
Such decorations are standard here... I've never
seen such chains and configurations in the
USA... The balloon below says, "Graduate."
Our school always sets out a "red carpet"
for the special day. Students in grades 5 through
10 line up, as do all family members, visiting
alumni, and teachers. We then have a ceremony
when each senior is congratulated and then walks to the school's gates.
We then take buses to a theater, where we have a VERY involved and neat
ceremony. Naturally, there were more balloon decorations...
The ceremony featured tributes by the second and seventh graders, high
schoolers, recent alumni, teachers and parents. The second graders were
ENCHANTING! They performed little poems about each graduate, while classmates
acted them out. They were SO clever and spot on! The seniors LOVED it! The
seventh graders were also super... How I love this year's seventh graders... I've
worked with them for the past two years, and I will each year I'm here, seeing them
through... When those kids graduate,
wherever I am, I will be SO proud...
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The seniors this year bestowed honorary degrees upon all the teachers,
highlighting their strengths... I was honored for being "Patient." Even-headed, calmly
reacting to all situations, treating kids fairly and respectfully. Wow. What an honor...
If only I truly always felt that way... I try so hard to treat my girls that way, and so
often fall tremendously short...
After the ceremony, we all gathered at a popular monument in Moscow for a
huge group shot--and I realized that Natalia would be able to see us from our living
room window, albeit in the distance! She was so excited when I called home.. She
grabbed her binoculars ("Yay!" for the big sister with the Nancy Drew/spy
obsession!), and then saw me and a whole bunch of my colleagues waving to her!
On my way home, I passed these
seniors from another school—dressed in the
much more traditional "Last Bell" attire. Most
Russian eleventh graders wear Soviet school
uniforms (with the skirts MUCH shorter than
they ever would have been prior to 1991)
today... With the requisite big white bows in
their hair!
Most Russian girls wear SPIKED high
heels with their dresses and aprons, creating
an awfully bizarre image... We've had an new
American teacher this year, a young man, and
it was amusing to watch his "Are you kidding
me? Their parents and their schools actually
encouraged them to dress that way??!"
reaction today! It is odd.... When the weather
is sunny, Red Square is taken over completely by swarms of students coming for
pictures!
http://americangirlsinmoscow.blogspot.ru/2010/05/last-bell-2010.html
Russian traditions “Last school bell”
Ring, ring, ring, tolls the little school bell ... yes, it's
the end of class ... FOREVER!!
Young Russians celebrate their graduation from highschool in quite a unique way, and mark the occasion with an
event called Последний звонок (The Last Bell).
If you were to travel to Russia around May 25, and it
was your first visit to this grand nation, you may be inclined
to think that Russian teenagers are quite eccentric! You'll see
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young girls wearing short dark dresses with white lacy aprons, together with fluffy
white bows in their hair, white knee-high socks and black shoes, and teenage guys
wearing business suits adorned with a colourful, shoulder-to-hip diagonal sash,
somewhat reminiscent of a Miss Universe competition!
But the outfits are all part of a long standing tradition, with black and white
uniforms representing the standard attire of school students supposedly in pre-Soviet
times, in the period of the Tsars. It should be noted that Russian teenagers are in fact
very fashionable, but for this one special day they put away their designer clothes and
embrace tradition.
Apparently when the Soviets came to power the black-and-white uniforms for
females were prohibited as they represented the Tsarist regime, but in the 1930s Stalin
reversed this decision and the uniforms for girls were reinstated (however, the white
bows were only ever
worn in elementary
school). On the other
hand, male children were
dressed in Tsarist style
military uniforms, that
were later replaced in the
1950s by standard,
business-style suits.
Since the
dissolution of the Soviet
Union, school children
wear roughly whatever
they want, and high-school playgrounds can sometimes look like an outdoor fashion
parade, as Russian teens tend to dress up significantly more than their Western
counterparts. So the special outfits - the black and white pinafores and business suits
with a sash - are generally only worn for the Last Bell ceremony.
http://listen2russian.com/russian-culture/last-bell/last-bell.html
REFERENCES
1. Upstream Advanced
2. Wavelengh Intermediate
3. Headway Upper-intermediate
4. Target vocabulary
5. Blueprint 3
6. Hot Topics 3
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7. English Vocabulary organizer
8. Streetwise Upper-intermidiate
9.
Учебное издание
Войткова Анастасия Николаевна
EDUCATION
Учебное пособие
Печатается в авторской редакции
Подписано в печать 12.12.2012. Формат 60х90/16.
Тираж 100 экз. Поз.плана 55к**. Усл.печ. 4,5.
Зак. №
Иркутский государственный лингвистический университет
664025, г.Иркутск, ул. Ленина, 8
71
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