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425.Перевод в сфере кино

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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Е.А. Княжева
Учебное пособие
Издательско-полиграфический центр
Воронежского государственного университета
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Утверждено научно-методическим советом факультета РГФ 21 января
2011 г., протокол № 1
Рецензент канд. филол. наук, доц. кафедры теории перевода и межкультурной коммуникации С.В. Никитина
Учебное пособие подготовлено на кафедре ТП и МК факультета РГФ Воронежского государственного университета.
Рекомендуется для студентов 4-го курса д/о и 5-го курса в/о факультета романо-германской филологии Воронежского государственного университета.
Для специальности 031202 – Перевод и переводоведение
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Задание 1. Выполните предпереводческий анализ и перевод
The world of American film and film-making is so far-reaching a topic that
it deserves, and often receives, volumes of its own. Hollywood, of course,
immediately comes to mind, as do the many great directors, actors, and actresses
it continues to attract and to produce. But then, one also think of the many
independent studios throughout the country, the educational and documentary
series and films, the socially relevant tradition in cinema, and the film
departments in universities such as the University of Southern California (USC),
the University of California in Los Angeles (UCLA), or New York University
which have trained directors such as Francis Ford Coppola, George Lucas, and
Steven Spielberg. However, to speak only of “the American cinema” is
For over 50 years, American movies have continued to grow in popularity
throughout the world. Generations have grown up watching American films (and
viewing Americans through them!), for better or for worse. Television has only
increased this popularity. What most national television systems across the globe
have in common is the large proportion of American films they choose to run. In
many cases, these American films, old or new, are shown more often than are the
home-grown variety.
The great blockbusters of film entertainment that stretch from Gone with
the Wind to Star Wars receive the most attention. A look at the prizes awarded at
the leading international film festivals will also demonstrate that as an art form,
the American film continues to enjoy considerable prestige. Even when the theme
is serious or, as they say, “meaningful”, American films remain “popular”. In the
past decade, movies which treated alcoholism, divorce, the danger of nuclear
power and weapons, inner city blight, the effects of slavery, the plight of Native
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Americans, poverty, and immigration have all received awards and international
recognition. And, at the same time, they have done well at the box office.
Задание 2. Подберите русские соответствия названиям следующих
жанров игрового кино
Action; adventure; animation; biography; comedy; crime; disaster;
documentary; drama; family film; fantasy; film noir; gangster film; horror;
musical; short; thriller; war; western.
Задание 3. Сопоставьте английские и русские версии названий
переводческие решения, представленные в таблице 1.
Таблица 1 – Названия фильмов (США)
New in Town
Замерзшая из Майами
House of Wax
Дом восковых фигур
Tropic Thunder
Солдаты неудач
Happy Feet
Делай ноги
Top Gun
Лучший стрелок
Особо опасен
Die Hard
Крепкий орешек
Yes, man
Всегда говори «да»
Если свекровь – монстр
Quantum of Solace
Квант милосердия
Die Another Day
Умри, но не сейчас
The Spirit
Операция «Валькирия»
Wings of Desire
Небо над Берлином
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Таблица 1 – Продолжение
Into the Blue
Добро пожаловать в рай!
Mr. Brooks
Кто вы, Мистер Брукс?
Cinderella Man
The Human Stain
Запятнанная репутация
Задание 4. Переведите следующие имена собственные с учётом
правил международной фонетической транскрипции
Johnny Depp; Samuel L. Jackson; Sandra Bullock; Morgan Freeman;
Keanu Reeves; Elijah Wood; Drew Barrymore; Dustin Hoffman; George
Clooney; Paul Giamatti; Stephen Root; Al Pacino; Julianne Moore; Gwyneth
Paltrow; Scarlet Johansson; Rob Schneider.
Задание 5. Проанализируйте жанрово-стилистические характеристики следующего текста и определите связанные с ними переводческие проблемы. Переведите и отредактируйте текст.
Julia Roberts: Top 5/Bottom 5 DVDs by Christine Champ
At the height of her reign as America's celluloid sweetheart, Julia Roberts
lit up the silver screen with her genuine glow of warmth, innocence,
vulnerability, devil-may-care chutzpah and quirky, bouncy, girl-next-door charm.
Then, somewhere around the time she earned an Oscar for Erin
Brockovich, things began to change. First, she fell into a formulaic rut of
damsels-in-distress rom-coms. Then she matured to chilly, calculating femmes
fatales. The glow began to dim. Take a peek at the Duplicity trailer: Her smile's
as wide as ever, but the humor has withered away.
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Has Julia perhaps done a deal with the devil for diva-dom, only to lose her
Hollywood soul?
In the meantime, let's all jiggle our movie memories around until past and
present blur for a flashback of some of JR's most heartwarming and hollow
Top 5
Sleeping With the Enemy
A darker take on Roberts as yet another breakable yet brave brown-eyed
girl all the more admirable for her Olympian escape and teary-eyed terror. And
finally JR meets her leading man, big-hair match.
Steel Magnolias
Who wouldn't want to save Shelby? She's childishly sweet on the surface,
with a heartbreaking hopefulness and depth beneath. (Julia also dignifies a "drink
your juice" diabetic disaster scene that could have gone comically wrong.)
Pretty Woman
Never has prostitution, or a prostitute, been so innocent or enchanting. We
shouldn't buy it, but JR seduces us, and we do.
Mystic Pizza
Fired by passion and an impulsive sense of self-preservation, this pretty,
pizza-pauper on the wrong side of the delivery route, may screw things up but at
least Daisy, (and Roberts), gives it "a 100 percent."
Erin Brockovich
A balkier and nobler than usual, but still believable, Oscar-worthy heroine
who at last champions more than her own love life.
Bottom 5
Notting Hill
"I'm just a girl ..." I've said it before I'll say it again: Boohoo Julia. (And
Hollywood.) Boo. Hoo. Your suffering is as sincere as your acting in this film.
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Runaway Bride
All shtick and no substance make Julia and this Gere-Roberts rematch very
dull. JR's romantic-melancholy routine is just as stale here as it was in Notting
You know you're being blackmailed by Steven Spielberg when ...
You're cast to play Tinkerbell to Robin Williams' Peter Pan. In Julia's
smallest role yet (ha, ha) she delivers Tinkerbell with the affectation you'd expect
from an adolescent boy, in a middle school play, sucking helium backstage
before each scene.
The Mexican
Clearly, Gandolfini's this movie's muse. Julia and Brad, however, prove an
uninspiring pair. Neither manages to make screen sparks fly in their shared
scenes, and JR ends up stiff and shrew-y.
Sarandon vs. Roberts. Old dame vs. young usurper. Mom vs. stepmom.
Girls, get ready to snipe in a catfight with little subtlety or chemistry from either
Задание 6. Переведите и прокомментируйте следующие реалии из
сферы кино
Golden Globe; Independent Spirit; Saturn Award; MTV Movie Awards;
Golden Raspberry; Academy Special Achievement Award; Academy Scientific
and Technical Award; The Irving G.Thalberg Memorial Award; Jean Hersholt
Humanitarian Award.
Задание 7. Подберите русские соответствия названиям следующих
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Executive producer; director; assistant director; director of photography;
camera operator; equipment operator; lighting technician; sound mixer/sound
engineer; score recordist; foley artist; costume designer; art director/production
designer; set designer/ scenic artist; animation artist; make-up artist; digital
modeler; special effects supervisor; FX artist; visual effects supervisor/digital
effects supervisor; dialogue editor; music editor; technical director; production
designer; safety supervisor.
Задание 8. Подберите русскоязычные соответствия названиям
следующих номинаций
Best picture; best actor in leading role; best actress in leading role; best
cinematography; best director; best adapted screenplay; best original score; best
original song; best film editing; best actor in supporting role; best actress in
supporting role; best visual effects; best foreign language film; best costume
design; best makeup; best animated feature; best animated short feature; best
documentary feature; best documentary short subject; best live action short film.
Задание 9. Переведите с листа следующие тексты
Slumdog Millionaire. An eighteen year-old from the slums of
Mumbai finds himself competing on the game show “Who Wants to Be a
Millionaire”, where the questions he must answer offer a look back at his
earlier life. The show’s host, however, insists that he must be cheating and
takes steps to force young Jamal to admit that a boy from such an
impoverished background could not possibly possess the knowledge
necessary to win the show’s top prize.
Achievement in Cinematography
Achievement in Directing
Achievement in Film Editing
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Achievement in Music Written for Motion Pictures (Original
Best Motion Picture of the Year
Achievement in Sound Mixing
Adapted Screenplay
Achievement in Music Written for Motion Pictures (Original
The Dark Knight. Gotham City appears to be heading toward
a relatively crime-free future, because of the efforts of Batman, District
Attorney Harvey Dent, and Lieutenant Jim Gordon, and Bruce Wayne
hopes he will soon be able to abandon his secret identity. The arrival of the
terrifying Joker, however, whose actions are motivated solely by his desire
to outwit the Caped Crusader, forces Wayne to continue in his role as the
city’s best hope against the powers of evil.
Achievement in Sound Editing
Performance by an Actor in a supporting Role
The Curious Case of Benjamin Button. Benjamin Button’s
life begins at the close of World War I, when he is born with the body of
an old man. As the years pass, however Benjamin discovers that he is
gradually becoming younger even as he grows older in experience and
wisdom – a situation that informs his relationship with the lovely Daisy,
who reenters his life periodically as they grow closer together in physical
Achievement in Visual Effects
Achievement in Makeup
Achievement in Art Direction
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выполните полный письменный перевод следующего текста Says What a ride! Heart-racing action, suspense and
adventure – it is thrilling family entertainment in the great hallowed Disney
Disney takes another whack at “Witch Mountain” having found success
more than three decades ago with Escape to Witch Mountain and its sequel.
Now the story has been contemporized and Bourne-ified to create what is
essentially a nonstop, breathless race across long winding roads and two worlds
competing for superiority. As in the original, two children with extraordinary
powers seek to save Earth and their own planet from evil forces. They waste no
time jumping into a hapless Las Vegas taxi driver’s cab ordering him to put the
pedal to the metal. It soon becomes clear the secret to their quest lies somewhere
in Witch Mountain, a place where top-secret government activity has been going
on for years. With their own alien military leaders in favor of a violent takeover
and the U.S. leaders ready for confrontation, these two teens, Sara and Seth, plus
their cabbie, Jack Bruno, race against time to find a better solution for both of
their worlds.
Fast becoming Disney’s go-to guy, Dwayne Johnson (formerly known as
The Rock) follows up his hit football comedy, The Game Plan with another
family-oriented tale in which he, again, gets upstaged by kids. His Jack Bruno
proves the perfect foil this time as he gets to be funny, cynical, commanding and
heroic all in the course of about 97 minutes. As events careen out of his control,
Johnson grows increasingly exasperated and that’s part of the fun. As Sara, a
smart extraterrestrial teen, Anna-Sophia Robb (Bridge to Terabithia) is ideally
cast bringing a nice believability to the role without falling into stereotypes. Seth
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is well played but with one-note earnestness by Alexander Ludwig, who still
comes off a little too robotic at times. As an astrophysicist who gets caught up in
the trio’s predicament, Carla Gugino is a delight. Lead among the antagonists is
Irish actor Ciaran Hinds who is properly mean and heartless when it comes to
aliens of any stripe. Director Garry Marshall has an amusing cameo as a selfstyled UFO expert, and there are brief, but welcome, appearances by the allgrown-up Kim Richards and Ike Eisenmann, who played the ‘70s incarnation
of the alien kids in the earlier films. Richards’ face-to-face meeting with Robb is
especially sweet.
The filmmakers wisely keep the retro tone of the book and earlier films
while using state-of-the-art visual effects and movie magic. A lot of sci-fi movies
have come along since Escape to Witch Mountain premiered in 1975 – see Star
Wars, Close Encounters and E.T. And while Witch Mountain circa 2009 won’t
do anything to make us forget those classics, it’s good fun -- like welcoming back
an old friend.
There’s no complexity in sight, and the story isn’t given a lot of time to
breathe. We barely get to know Jack Bruno before the kids have hijacked his cab
and the whirlwind begins. A little more exposition and plot development would
have been welcomed for those with an attention span beyond two minutes.
There are lots of first-rate action set pieces including a collision with a
train and a chase through a Vegas casino, but the climactic spaceship battle can’t
be topped. Kids are going to eat this sequence up.
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Задание 11. Выполните предпереводческий анализ и перевод
следующего текста
Cinema of the United Kingdom
The United Kingdom has had a major influence on modern cinema. The
first moving pictures developed on celluloid film were made in Hyde Park,
London in 1889 by William Friese Greene, a British inventor, who patented the
process in 1890. It is generally regarded that the British film industry enjoyed a
'golden age' in the 1940s, led by the studios of J. Arthur Rank and Alexander
The British directors Alfred Hitchcock and David Lean are among the most
critically acclaimed of all-time, with other important directors including Charlie
Chaplin, Michael Powell, Carol Reed and Ridley Scott. Many British actors have
achieved international fame and critical success, including Julie Andrews, Sean
Connery, Vivien Leigh, David Niven, Laurence Olivier, Peter Sellers. Some of
the most commercially successful films of all time have been produced in the
United Kingdom, including the two highest-grossing film franchises (Harry
Potter and James Bond). Ealing Studios has a claim to being the oldest
continuously working film studio in the world.
Despite a history of important and successful productions, the industry has
often been characterised by a debate about its identity and the level of American
and European influence. Many British films are co-productions with American
producers, often using both British and American actors, and British actors
feature regularly in Hollywood films. Many successful Hollywood films have
been based on British people, stories or events, including Titanic, The Lord of the
Rings, Pirates of the Caribbean and the 'English Cycle' of Disney animated films.
In 2009 British films grossed around $2 billion worldwide and achieved a
market share of around 7% globally and 17% in the United Kingdom. UK boxoffice takings totalled £944 million in 2009, with around 173 million admissions.
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The British Film Institute has produced a poll ranking what they consider to be
the 100 greatest British films of all time, the BFI Top 100 British films. The
annual British Academy Film Awards hosted by the British Academy of Film and
Television Arts are the British equivalent of the Oscars.
Задание 12. Переведите следующие имена собственные с учётом
правил международной фонетической транскрипции
Catherine Zeta-Jones; Vanessa Redgrave; Kate Winslet; Anthony Hopkins;
Christopher Lee; Hugh Grant; Colin Firth; Daniel Radcliffe; Michael Caine;
Rupert Everett; Daniel Craig; Keira Knightley; Orlando Bloom; Emily Blunt;
Dame Judi Dench; Julie Walters; Kate Beckinsale; Tilda Swinton; Terence
Stamp; Tim Roth.
Задание 13. Сопоставьте исходную и переводную версии названий
следующих британских фильмов. Прокомментируйте данные переводческие решения/стратегии, представленные в таблице 2
Таблица 2 – Названия фильмов (Великобритания)
My Beautiful Laundrette
Моя прекрасная прачечная
A Room With a View
Комната с видом
Distant Voices, Still Lives
Далёкие голоса, застывшие жизни
The Remains of the Day
На исходе дня
The Crying Game
Жестокая игра
Shallow Grave
Неглубокая могила
The Madness of King George
Безумие короля Георга
Secrets & Lies
Тайны и ложь
Nil by Mouth
Не глотать
Gosford Park
Touching the Void
Касаясь пустоты
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Таблица 2 – Продолжение
My Summer of Love
Моё лето любви
The Curse of the Were-Rabbit
Проклятие кролика – оборотня
Man On Wire
Человек на проволоке
Fish Tank
The King’s Speech
Король говорит
Brassed Off
Дело – труба
The English Patient
Английский пациент
The Full Monty
Мужской стриптиз
Shakespeare in Love
Влюблённый Шекспир
Topsy Turvy
Задание 14. Переведите с листа следующий текст
British Academy Film Awards
BAFTA's annual film awards ceremony is known as the British Academy
Film Awards, rewarding the best work of any nationality seen on British cinema
screens during the preceding year. Since 2008 the ceremony has been held at the
Royal Opera House in London’s Covent Garden having taken place since 2000 in
the flagship Odeon cinema on Leicester Square. The ceremony previously took
place in April or May, but from 2002 onwards has taken place in February, in
order to precede the Oscars.
In order for a film to be considered for a BAFTA nomination its first
public exhibition must be in a cinema and it must have a UK theatrical release in
a public UK cinema for no fewer than seven days in the calendar year that
corresponds to the upcoming Awards. A film must be feature length and films
from all countries are eligible in all categories, with the exception of Outstanding
British Film, Outstanding Debut, Short Film and Short Animation which are for
British films only.
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The 2010 ceremony was held on 21 February, also at the Royal Opera
House. The Major Awards winners in 2010 included: The Hurt Locker (Film);
Kathryn Bigelow (Director), for The Hurt Locker; Colin Firth (Leading Actor),
for A Single Man;Carey Mulligan (Leading Actress), for An Education; Christoph
Waltz (Supporting Actor), for Inglourious Basterds; Mo'Nique (Supporting
Actress), for Precious; Mark Boal (Original Screenplay), for The Hurt Locker;
Jason Reitman and Sheldon Turner (Adapted Screenplay), for Up In The Air;
Michael Giacchino (Music), for Up In The Air; Pete Docter (Animated Film), for
Up In The Air.
Задание 15. Прокомметируйте и переведите следующие реалии.
Cannes Film Festival; Edinburgh International Film Festival; Berlinale:
Berlin International Film Festival; Palm Springs International Short Film
Festival; Melbourne International Film Festival; Sundance Film Festival; The
Other Venice Film Festival; Arcipelago; Viebbale: Vienna International Film
Задание 16. Выполните предпереводческий анализ и перевод
следующего текста.
Film Review: Notting Hill
Hugh Grant returns to screens as the star of Notting Hill
By BBC News Online's Bella Hurrell
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The year was 1994 and white weddings were back in style. Bridal outfitters
everywhere blessed Hugh Grant and the film Four Weddings and a Funeral for
injecting romance into the cynical 1990s.
Now the self-deprecating English gentleman is back in the follow-up film
Notting Hill. The bittersweet romantic comedy is not a sequel but it does portray
the same sort of mildly eccentric Brits that the rest of the world - particularly
America - seems to find so amusing.
Written by Richard Curtis, famous for his UK comedies like Blackadder,
the film is a feelgood summer movie and likely to put Notting Hill indelibly on
the tourist map.
Grant plays William Thacker, a bumbling, shy but essentially good sort of
chap with a winsome smile.
Thacker is the owner of a rundown bookshop in trendy Notting Hill. Into
his life walks movie star Anna Scott (Julia Roberts). A complicated romance
ensues with Thacker falling for Scott, and vice versa. Despite the "she loves me,
she loves me not" vacillation, a happy ending is never really in doubt.
Notting Hill is less frothy than its successful predecessor and its characters
a little more down on their luck. In an after-dinner game where each guest relates
their failings, one describes the unsuccessful Thacker as 'used to be handsome but
now a bit squishy round the edges'.
The film also deals with the nature of fame. Roberts' Anna Scott, who is
hounded by the British tabloids, spends much of her time trying to avoid scandal.
She angrily comments that yesterday's news is never forgotten, it just goes into a
cuttings file to resurface again and again - a point that has particular resonance
for Grant after his 1995 arrest in Hollywood.
Overshadowing Grant and Roberts, the real star of the film is Thacker's
slobbish Welsh flatmate Spike, played by Rhys Ifans. Spike spends most of the
film lounging around in his greying underwear contemplating life from a pile of
pizza boxes and offering sage advice in a hammy Welsh lilt.
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Even now, the men's nylon Y-front industry is doubtless rubbing its hands
together at the merchandising possibilities.
Задание 17. Выполните полный письменный перевод следующего
Stardom and work ethic
Hugh Grant has called being a successful actor a mistake and has
repeatedly talked of his hope that film stardom would just be "a phase" in his life,
lasting no more than ten years. He pins his lack of interest in acting on two
different thoughts: first, that he drifted into the job as a temporary joke at age 23
and finds it an immature way for a grown man to spend his time; and secondly,
because he believes to have already given the one remarkable comic performance
he had hoped to create on screen. Grant has constantly described himself as a
reluctant actor, who chooses to be neutral about his career and works mostly with
friends from previous collaborations.
He has stuck to the genre of comedy, especially the romantic comedy, for
the entirety of his mainstream movie career and never ventures to play characters
who are not British. While some film critics, such as the respected Roger Ebert,
have defended the limited variety of his performances, others have dismissed him
as a one-trick pony. Eric Fellner, co-owner of Working Title Films and a longtime collaborator of Grant said, "His range hasn't been fully tested, but each
performance is unique." A majority of Grant's popular movies in the 1990s
followed a similar plot that captured an optimistic bachelor experiencing a series
of embarrassing incidences to find true love, often with an American woman. In
earlier films, Grant was adept at plugging into the stereotype of a repressed
Englishman for humorous effects.
Grant's screen persona of later films, in the new millennium, gradually
developed into a cynical, self-loathing cad. According to Carina Chocano,
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amongst film critics, the two tropes most commonly associated with Grant are
that he reinvented his screen persona in Bridget Jones's Diary and About a Boy
and dreads the possibility of becoming a parody of himself. His preference for
levity over dramatic range has been a controversial topic in establishment circles,
prompting him to say:
“I've never been tempted to do the part where I cry or get AIDS or save
some people from a concentration camp just to get good reviews. I genuinely
believe that comedy acting, light comedy acting, is as hard as, if not harder than
serious acting, and it genuinely doesn’t bother me that all the prizes and the good
reviews automatically by knee-jerk reaction go to the deepest, darkest, most
serious performances and parts. It makes me laugh”.
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Учебное издание
Княжева Елена Александровна
Учебное пособие
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Тираж 100 экз. Заказ 227.
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