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830.Практикум по грамматике английского языка

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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Федеральное агентство по культуре и кинематографии
Кемеровский государственный университет культуры и искусств
Кафедра иностранных языков
ПРАКТИКУМ ПО ГРАММАТИКЕ
АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА
ДЛЯ СТУДЕНТОВ I КУРСА
Кемерово 2006
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Утвержден на заседании кафедры иностранных языков 15.12.05 г.,
протокол № 6.
Рекомендован к изданию учебно-методическим советом КемГУКИ
09.02.2006 г., протокол № 4.
Практикум по грамматике английского языка: для студентов I курса /
сост.: Денисенко М. В., Золотарева С. А., Коваленко Е. А. и др.; под общ. ред.
Бондаренко С. В. – Кемерово: КемГУКИ, 2006. – 62 с.
Составители:
Денисенко М. В. – ст. пр.,
Золотарева С. А. – пр.,
Коваленко Е. А. – пр.,
Поползина Л. П. – ст. пр.,
Ртищева О. В. – пр.,
Юдина Т. Н. – ст. пр.
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
1. ОПРЕДЕЛИТЕЛИ СУЩЕСТВИТЕЛЬНОГО
Вариант I
I. Вставьте артикли «a», «an», «the» или «нулевой артикль».
1.
2.
3.
4.
_____ lake Erie is one of _____ five Great Lakes in _____ North America.
Rita is studying ______ English and ______ math this semester.
_____ Queen Elizabeth II is _____ monarch of _____ Great Britain.
Last year____Smiths went on holiday to ____ London with their friends____
Browns.
5. While we were in ______ Alaska, we saw _____ Eskimo village.
II. Вставьте артикль или соответствующее притяжательное местоимение.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Anne broke _____ arm skiing.
He’s got ____ pain in _____ chest.
She hit me on ____ head.
He stood there, ____ eyes closed and _____ hands in _____ pockets.
I looked at him in ____ eyes.
III. Вставьте little / a little; few / a few.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
It is _______ use trying to change her mind.
Could you possibly give me ________ help?
Unfortunately, he had ______ friends.
Cactuses need _______ water.
His ideas are very difficult, but ______ people understand them.
IV. Вставьте «a», «an», «the», «some» или «any», где необходимо.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Peter travelled in ______ third-class carriage with _____ Americans.
I didn’t find _____ English books on the shelf.
____ postgraduate is _____ second degree course.
I’ve got _____ money.
At university ______ people who teach you are called lecturers.
V. Вставьте артикли «the», «a» или «нулевой артикль» со словами such,
all, same.
1. I’ve never seen such _______ film before.
2. I know such _____ people.
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
3.
4.
5.
6.
They’ve made such ______ great progress.
This summer we’ll go to _____ same place as last year.
She had strong opinions on all _____ subjects.
Of all _____ newspapers I read this morning only one carried an interesting
article.
VI. Выберите правильный вариант: another, other, the other, others, the
others.
1.
2.
3.
4.
This pen isn’t working. Please give me ________ .
This dictionary has a page missing. Please give me _________ .
He doesn’t need those books. He needs _______.
There are seven students from Japan. _______are from Iran, and ________
are from ________ places.
5. If you‘re still thirsty, I’ll make _______ pot of coffee.
Вариант II
I. Вставьте артикли «a», «an», «the» или «нулевой артикль».
1. _____ Civil War was fought in _____ United States between 1962 and 1965.
2. There are only _____ few seats left for ______ tonight’s musical at ______
University.
3. _____ Australia is _____ interesting country and _____ Australians are very
friendly, happy people.
4. No one in ______ Spanish class knew _____ correct answer to _____ Mrs.
Perez’s question.
5. Harry has been admitted to _____ school of Medicine at ____ Midwestern
University.
II. Вставьте артикль или соответствующее притяжательное местоимение.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
That dog’s hurt _____ tail.
Ann’s got ___ cold in ______ throat.
Tom’s got _____ pain in ______ stomach.
The man put ____ hand into ______ pocket and took out _____ wallet.
He hit him on ______ leg.
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
III. Вставьте little / a little; few / a few.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
She only wanted ________ love.
His ideas are very difficult, and _______ people understand them.
Give the roses ________ water every day.
I only need ________ minutes to get ready.
Never before have we had so _______ time in which to do so much.
IV. Вставьте «a», «an», «the», «some» или «any», где необходимо.
1. _______ grant is _______ money _______ students receive from ______
government to pay for education and accommodation.
2. Have you got ________ English magazines?
3. Do you prefer ________ book of poetry or _______ adventure stories?
4. He’s got ________ interesting films in English.
5. _______ MA (Master of Art) is _______ degree that you get on _______
undergraduate degree course.
V. Вставьте артикли «the», «a» или «нулевой артикль» со словами
such, all, same.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
He has never read such ______ book before.
Martin has never made such _____ great advertising.
I ate such _______ food.
It was just ______ same girl I met yesterday.
All _____ students like working on the Internet.
When Tom fell ill his mother took all ______ usual measures.
VI. Выберите правильный вариант: another, other, the other, others,
the others.
1. I don’t want this book. Please give me _______.
2. Six people were in the store. Two were buying meat. _______ was looking at
magazines. _______ was eating a candy bar. _______ were walking around
looking for more food.
3. This glass of milk is sour. _______ glass of milk is sour too.
4. There are thirty people in the room. Twenty are from Latin America and
________are from ________ countries.
5. We looked at four cars today. The first two were far too expensive, but _____
ones were reasonably priced.
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Вариант III
I. Вставьте артикли «a», «an», «the» или «нулевой артикль».
1. _____ Florida State University is smaller than ______ University of Florida.
2. Scientists hope to send _____ expedition to ______ Mars during _______
1990s.
3. ______ Mount Rushmore is the site of ______ magnificent tribute to ______
four great American presidents.
4. _______ Browns visited _______ Hyde park and went on ______ boat trip on
_____ Thames.
5. ______ Statue of Liberty was a gift of friendship from France to _____
United States.
II. Вставьте артикль или соответствующее притяжательное местоимение.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Helen hurt ________ foot very badly yesterday.
Martin touched her on _____ arm.
I pushed him in ______ back.
This is ______ brother Tom and that is ________ wife Betty with _______
children.
5. Mike embraced her round ________waist.
III. Вставьте little / a little; few / a few.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
________ learning is a dangerous thing.
Men of ________ words are the best men.
Nadia drank _________ coffee and no alcohol.
Slowly, ________ children began coming to school.
________ teenagers in the village could read.
IV. Вставьте «a», «an», «the», «some» или «any», где необходимо.
1. She is at _____ school. If you go by ______ tram, you will be just in _____
time to meet her.
2. Have _______ of _______ artists arrived?
3. Tuition is ________ cost of ________ teaching of your course.
4. I could not answer _______ of his questions.
5. ________ graduate is someone who has not finished his degree yet.
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
V. Вставьте артикли «the», «a» или «нулевой артикль» со словами
such, all, same.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Tom has never got such _____ news.
He has never heard such _____ story before.
We’ll go to ______ same town as last time.
My brother cooked such _______ good food.
All ______ her friends are from university.
Of all_______ people she met only Tom was her real friend.
VI. Выберите правильный вариант: another, other, the other, others,
the others.
1. This book has two pages missing. Please give me ________ .
2. The army was practicing its drills. One group was doing artillery practice.
______ was marching; ________ was at attention; and _________ was practicing combat tactics.
3. This chemical is poisonous. ________ ones are poisonous too.
4. There are five students from England. _________ are from Australia, and
______ are from America.
5. If you’re still interested in Foreign Literature, I’ll give you _______ book.
2. ПРЕДЛОГИ
Вариант I
I. Вставьте предлог места: in, on, at, from, between, of.
1. The children aren’t … school today. They’re sick … bed.
2. Istanbul is … Europe and Asia. Half of the city is … Asia and half is …
Europe.
3. Piccadilly Circus is … the center … London.
4. Boston isn’t far … New York.
5. Don’t sit … the grass. It’s wet.
II. Вставьте предлог направления: to, into, out of, through, up, down,
in, at, from.
1. A thief very often enters a house … a window.
2. Many children think we get milk … a bottle.
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
3. A man came … the house and got … a car.
4. Every evening I walk … six flights of stairs to get … my flat.
5. Be careful! Don’t fall … the stairs.
III. Вставьте предлог времени: at, during, from, in, on, to.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
The leaves fall from the trees … October.
His father was born … August 20, 1937.
The new year begins … midnight.
He’s always very busy … the beginning … the end of the week.
I went to sleep … the film.
IV. Выберите необходимый предлог.
1. Could I speak … Linda?
a) for
b) out
c) to
2. Come back again … Tuesday.
a) in
b) on
c) till 3. Can you come back again … ten minutes?
a) for
b) on c) in 4. How long are you going to stay here … March?
a) in
b) on
c) till
5. I don’t think she is as intelligent … her sister.
a) like
b) for
c) as
6. English food is different … French food.
a) with b) from
c) in
7. I wish to apply … this job.
a) about
b) of
c) on
8. I want just to look … things in a shop.
a) for
b) by
c) of
9. One ticket … London, please.
a) to b) for
c) in
10. What is this film … ?
a) with
b) on
c) to Вариант II
I. Вставьте предлог места: in, on, at, from, between, of.
1. Hawaii is … California and Japan.
2. The earth is … a solar system.
d) –
d) for
d) from
d) for
d) –
d) after
d) for
d) at
d) into
d) about
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
3. There are aspirins … the medicine cabinet. They are … the top shelf.
4. Our summer house is … the side … a mountain.
5. The earth is far … the sun.
II. Вставьте предлог направления: to, into, out of, through, up, down,
in, at, from.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
When do we arrive … Cairo? When do we arrive … the airport?
Radio waves travel … the air.
The water in my town comes … the mountains.
He usually returns … his office at five in the afternoon.
Why are you looking … the window?
III. Вставьте предлог времени: at, from, in, on, to, before, after, for.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Everybody is nervous … exams.
George stayed with us … three days.
We lived in Canada … 1982 … 1999.
We were tired … our visit to the museum.
Christmas is … December 25.
IV. Выберите необходимый предлог.
1. I want to take a trip … the world.
a) along
b) around
c) across
d) about
2. Jane isn’t at work this week. She’s … holiday.
a) in
b) for
c) till d) on
3. Did you stay at a hotel or … friends?
a) with
b) at c) by d) over
4. There is a big neon sign … the side of my office building.
a) in
b) on
c) at
d) up
5. She went … the room smiling.
a) to
b) down
c) into
d) –
6. Where do you come … ?
a) from b) with
c) in
d) after
7. The house is … fire! Call the fire brigade!
a) about
b) of
c) on
d) in
8. Some people talk … their work all the time.
a) for
b) about
c) after
d) over
9. Water boils … 100 degrees Celsius.
a) –
b) in
c) by
d) at
10. I don’t use car very often. I prefer to go … bike.
a) with
b) on
c) by d) in
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Вариант III
I. Вставьте предлог места: in, on, at, from, between, of.
1.
2.
3.
4.
We are far … the sun. The sun is … the center … our solar system.
Most students don’t like to sit … front … the teacher’s desk.
I always keep milk … the top shelf of the refrigerator.
The Museum of Modern Art … New York City is … West 53rd Street … Fifth
and Sixth Avenues.
5. Do you usually have dancing … your parties?
II. Вставьте предлог направления: to, into, out of, through, up, down,
in, at.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I don’t want to take an umbrella … work today.
News travels fast … the medium of radio.
Do you usually bring a lot of work home … the office?
It’s more difficult to climb … a mountain than it is to climb … .
What time do we get … Athens? When do we arrive … Athens?
III. Вставьте предлог времени: at, before, from, in, on, to, until.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
They’re going away tomorrow. They’ll be away … Friday.
Lisa isn’t doing anything special … Saturday evening.
Are you busy … the moment?
Don’t forget to close the window … you go out.
It’s 5.25 now. The train leaves … 5.30. It leaves … five minutes.
IV. Выберите необходимый предлог.
1. Have you had any more complaints … the food?
a) for
b) about
c) with
d) in
2. Don’t be angry … me. I didn’t mean any harm.
a) with
b) of
c) by d) for
3. I prefer coffee … tea.
a) for
b) by c) into d) to
4. It doesn’t depend … me.
a) in
b) on
c) with
d) from
5. Thank you very much … the present.
a) for
b) like
c) with
d) to
6. The workers will finish their work … the end of the week.
a) by
b) to
c) in
d) after
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
7. He is lying on the grass … beautiful flowers.
a) about
b) between
c) among
d) in
8. When it comes to money, she takes … her father.
a) after
b) by
c) off
d) in
9. Did you hear the result … the football match?
a) from
b) for
c) in
d) of
10. He was hoping to go … holiday to Nepal in the summer.
a) in
b) on
c) to d) at
3. ЧИСЛИТЕЛЬНЫЕ
Вариант I
I. Напишите числами.
Model: three – 3.
eight –
twelfth –
third –
fourteen –
twenty –
thirty five –
eighty sixth –
ninety two –
One hundred and sixty seven –
Two thousand eight hundred and ninety three –
II. Напишите словами.
Model: 11 – eleven.
20 –
13 –
46 –
157 –
634 –
22-й –
3-й –
58-й –
100-й –
41-й –
III. Заполните пропуски сведениями о себе и своей семье (словами).
Model: He is … son in the family. – He is the second son in the family.
1. I was born on … (дата).
2. My mother’s birthday is on … (дата).
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
3. We live in a … -room flat number … .
4. Our flat is on … floor.
5. My friend’s name is … . This year was his … birthday.
IV. Какой месяц первый (второй, пятый и т. д.)
Model: The first – January.
The third –
The twelfth –
The ninth –
The second –
The fifth –
The sixth –
The tenth –
The eighth –
V. Напишите эти цены словами.
Model: 100 $ – one hundred dollars.
12 $
1,15 $
10. 5 $
25 ½ $
Вариант II
I. Напишите числами.
Model: three – 3.
two –
nine –
thirteen –
eighth –
second –
forty seven –
twelve –
eighty –
Two hundred and twenty three –
Six thousand four hundred and sixty one –
II. Напишите словами.
Model: 11 – eleven.
14 –
40 –
52 –
114 –
581 –
12
9-й –
16-й –
31-й –
2000 -й –
42-й –
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
III. Заполните пропуски сведениями о себе и своей семье (словами).
Model: He is … son in the family. – He is the second son in the family.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I was born on … (дата).
My mother’s birthday is on … (дата).
We live in a … -room flat number … .
Our flat is on … floor.
My friend’s name is … . This year was his … birthday.
IV. Выполните арифметические действия и напишите результат
словами.
Model: 20 + 48 = sixty eight
100 + 75 =
280 – 80 =
1200 : 2 =
6x8=
625 x 2 =
360 : 60 =
V. Напишите эти цены словами.
Model: 100 $ – one hundred dollars.
25 $
5,15 $
38. 5 $
24 ½ $
Вариант III
I. Напишите числами.
Model: 11 – eleven.
20 –
21 –
25 –
30 –
33 –
40 –
50 –
52 –
60 –
70 –
80 –
90 –
99 –
100 –
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II. Образуйте порядковые числительные и напишите предложения.
Model: January is (1) month. – January is the first month.
January is (1).
February is (2)
March (3)
April (4)
May (5)
June (6)
July (7)
August (8)
September (9)
October (10)
November (11)
December (12)
III. Напишите даты словами.
Model: 1st January – the first of January
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
13th February –
20th March –
30th April –
15th May –
18th June –
IV. Заполните пропуски сведениями о себе и своей семье (словами).
Model: He is … son in the family. – He is the second son in the family.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I was born on … (дата).
My mother’s birthday is on … (дата).
We live in a … -room flat number … .
Our flat is on … floor.
My friend’s name is … . This year was his … birthday.
V. Выполните арифметические действия и напишите результат
словами.
Model: 20 + 48 = sixty eight.
5 + 11 =
18 + 12 =
28 + 50 =
14
12 x 3 =
50 : 2 =
48 : 3 =
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
4. МЕСТОИМЕНИЯ
Вариант I
I. Составьте предложения по образцу, используя притяжательный падеж
существительных и притяжательные местоимения.
Model: Peter/cat. – This is Peter’s cat. It is his cat. This cat is his.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The girls / ribbons. –
Ben / bicycle. –
The boys / notebooks. –
Mr Snowdon / TV. –
Molly / car. –
II. Раскройте скобки, поставив местоимения в правильную форму.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Give (мне) (ее) book to read. (Моя) is not interesting.
We are (их) relatives, not (ваши).
Are these (его) keys? No, they are (ее).
Are those guys (ваши) friends?
(Его) sister is here, and where is (моя)?
III. Заполните пропуски местоимениями myself, himself, herself, itself,
yourself, ourselves, themselves.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. My father always repairs his car … .
The Baxters built their house all by … .
Steve, wash …, you are very dirty.
Children, wash the dishes …, please.
Alice enjoyed … in Scotland.
IV. Заполните пропуски местоимениями some, any, no, every или
производными от них.
1. Have you got … mistakes in your test? Unfortunately, I have … , but Bill has
… mistakes at all.
2. Did you say … ? – No, I said … . I know … about it and he doesn’t know …
about it either.
3. We have been … since April. Let’s go … .
4. Dorris never tells … about her plans.
5. There is … butter on the table, but there is … cheese.
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V. Выберите нужное местоимение – it, one, ones.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I like this story by M. Twain better than the other … .
Is there a bank near here? – Yes, there’s … at the end of this street.
… looks like rain, doesn’t …?
These cups are dirty. Can we have some clean …?
… is … of those things that … can’t do oneself.
Вариант II
I. Составьте предложения по образцу, используя притяжательный падеж
существительных и притяжательные местоимения.
Model: Peter/cat. – This is Peter’s cat. It is his cat. This cat is his.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Ann / hamster. –
The dog / tail. –
The cow / food. –
The students / books. –
Bill / phone number. –
II. Раскройте скобки, поставив местоимения в правильную форму.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Give (ему) (его) pen. He likes to write with it. It’s always with (ним).
We know (их) very well. They are the friends of (наши).
Is this (ее) room? I am not sure. I think it is (его).
We asked (их) to live with (нами) at (нашей) summer cottage.
I asked (ее) to help (ему) to do (его) report.
III. Заполните пропуски местоимениями myself, himself, herself, itself,
yourself, ourselves, themselves.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
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The film … was not very interesting, but we enjoyed the music.
We prepared the dinner by … .
Don’t worry, I’ll pay for … .
My grandparents grow their vegetables … .
The old man was walking up the street talking to … .
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IV. Заполните пропуски местоимениями some, any, no, every или
производными от них.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Jenny was sitting alone. She wasn’t with … .
«What did you eat?» – «… . I wasn’t hungry».
There are … beautiful flowers in the garden.
Are you doing … this evening?
There isn’t … orange juice in the fridge.
V. Выберите нужное местоимение – it, one, ones.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Look at all those lovely paintings! Which … do you like the best?
Where is my dictionary? Is … on my desk?
From that window … can see a beautiful square.
… was a lovely day yesterday, wasn’t …?
I have only two cameras. Which … do you want to use?
Вариант III
I. Составьте предложения по образцу, используя притяжательный падеж
существительных и притяжательные местоимения.
Model: Peter/cat. – This is Peter’s cat. It is his cat. This cat is his.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Father / salary. –
Granny / geese. –
Aunts / children. –
The boy / jeans. –
Nigel / email. –
II. Раскройте скобки, поставив местоимения в правильную форму.
1. Show (нам) (нашего) new teacher. We know (их) very well. They are the
friends of (наши).
2. Show (ему) (мой) magazine, please.
3. All (ваши) bags are in (их) car. Take (их).
4. Where are (их) glasses? Show (их) to (нам).
5. How long are you waiting for (нас)?
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III. Заполните пропуски местоимениями myself, himself, herself, itself,
yourself, ourselves, themselves.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Selfish people are always thinking about … .
Be careful! Don’t hurt … on that machine.
Does your mother do her hair …?
Let’s make a toast to … .
What a stupid mistake I made! I really don’t understand it … .
IV. Заполните пропуски местоимениями some, any, no, every или
производными от них.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
… clocks are very big such as Big Ben and the Kremlin clock.
You should ask … to help you with this work.
What a hot day! Let’s have … to drink.
If I have … free time, I’ll go … tonight.
I don’t know … news, and I have … to tell you.
V. Выберите нужное местоимение – it, one, ones.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Which keys are yours? – The … on the table.
Why do we always go to the same restaurant? Let’s go to a new … .
Isn’t this a beautiful ring? Do you want …?
Here are two good paintings. Which … do you like?
The homework last night was easy, but I didn’t do … .
5. СТЕПЕНИ СРАВНЕНИЯ
ПРИЛАГАТЕЛЬНЫХ И НАРЕЧИЙ
Вариант I
I. Образуйте сравнительную и превосходную степени сравнения
от следующих прилагательных и наречий.
Model: tall – taller – the tallest
tall
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interesting
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slowly
big
busy
little
cheap
handsome
bad
useful
good
high
little
wet
II. Закончите предложения, поставив прилагательные в сравнительную
или превосходную степени сравнения.
Model: She is … player in our group. (good) – She is the best player in our
group.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
That’s … film I’ve ever seen. (boring)
He’s … man I know. (handsome)
The coffee is very weak. I like it a bit … . (strong)
She lives three miles … away from the office than I do. (far)
Our hotel is … than all the others in the town. (cheap)
Which is … day of the year? (long)
The Russian grammar is … than the English one. (difficult)
She was a small woman, a little … (short) than Roy and considerably … .
(thin)
10. I suppose she was … creature I ever saw in my life. (beautiful)
III. Заполните пропуски, используя «as … as», «not so … as», «than»,
«the … the». Предложения переведите.
Model: There were not s o many people at this concert as at the last one.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
She is not … beautiful … her sister.
An old picture may be … impressive … a new one.
My friends arrived earlier … I expected.
… longer she waited … more impatient she became.
The Amazon is far longer … the Thames.
… warmer it got, … more time we spent on the beach.
The Browns have less money … the Blacks.
Their house is about three times … big … ours.
English is … difficult … German.
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IV. Переведите следующие словосочетания и предложения на английский язык.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
лучший спектакль года;
более талантливый художник;
самый молодой музыкант;
такой же важный, как;
не такая дорогая, как.
Чем больше смотрю я на эту
картину, тем больше она мне
нравится.
7) Эта песня самая популярная сейчас.
8) Этот фильм такой же интересный,
как и тот.
9) Какой вид спорта ваш самый
любимый?
10) Последняя глава в этом романе
самая интересная.
V. Выберите нужный вариант.
1. New York is … city of the USA.
a) the largest
b) the large
c) largest
d) most largest
2. I think that he speaks English … than Ann.
a) bad
b) worst
c) badly
d) worse
3. My left arm is … than my right one.
a) stronger
b) more stronger c) more strong
d) strongest
4. Shakespeare is … to understand than Agatha Christie.
a) difficult
b) more difficult
c) most difficult
d) the most difficult
5. She’s got 3 children and her … has just started school.
a) oldest
b) eldest
c) the oldest
d) the eldest
6. Catherine the Great was one of … rulers in Russia.
a) most famous b) the most famous c) famousest
d) much famous
7. The three musicians play on … stage.
a) a new
b) a newer
c) the newest
d) newest
8. She speaks in … voice than the last time.
a) a loud
b) a louder
c) the loudest
d) loudest
9. Is it … to go there by car or by train?
a) cheap
b) cheaper
c) the cheapest
d) cheapest
10. This is … problem she has ever had.
a) a great
b) a greater
c) the greatest
d) greatest
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Вариант II
I. Образуйте сравнительную и превосходную степени сравнения
от следующих прилагательных и наречий.
Model: hot – hotter – the hottest
many
cheap
boring
beautiful
hard
famous
comfortable
hot
funny
old
difficult
far
light
fine
silly
II. Закончите предложения, поставив прилагательные в сравнительную
или превосходную степени сравнения.
Model: What’s … way to get to the station? (quick) – What’s the quickest
way to get to the station?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
The church i s … building in the town. (old)
If we don’t walk …, we we’ll never arrive on time. (fast)
Eight is late; could you possibly get here … ?(early)
In spring the days are … than in winter. (long)
Health is … than wealth. (good)
Which is … month of the year? (short)
You’ll find your way around the town … if have a good map. (easily)
Which is … kind of sport? (dangerous)
My job is a bit boring sometimes. I’d like to do something … .
(interesting)
III. Заполните пропуски, используя «as … as», «not so … as», «than»,
«the … the». Предложения переведите.
Model: It’s later … I thought. – It’s later than I thought.
1.
2.
3.
4. She is … tall… her father.
Is it… good … you expected?
The Volga is longer… the Thames.
… less we speak English … worse for us.
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5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Better late … never.
… harder I work at this problem … more interesting it seems to me.
This text is not … difficult … that one.
The devil is not … black … people paint him.
I don’t know … many people … you do.
IV. Переведите следующие словосочетания и предложения на английский язык.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
не такой опытный, как;
труднейший конкурс;
более интересный спектакль;
такой же прекрасный, как;
самое сложное задание.
Чем больше я знаю его, тем
лучше я понимаю его.
7) Ф. Шопен был одним из прекраснейших пианистов и одним из величайших
композиторов.
8) Лучше поздно, чем никогда.
9) Какой цвет тебе нравится
больше всего?
10) Ваши туфли более модные и более
удобные.
V. Выберите нужный вариант.
1. Is Text 10 … than Text 9?
a) the most difficult b) most difficult
c) more difficult
d) difficult
2. The weather today is … than it was yesterday.
a) cold
b) the coldest
c) colder
d) more colder
3. This street is … than the next one.
a) wider
b) more wider
c) widest
d) the most wide
4. Those decorations are … than these.
a) beautiful
b) the
most c) more beautibeautiful
ful
5. She is … student in our group.
a) good
b) better
6. This is … film I’ve ever seen.
a) interesting
b) the
most
interesting
c) the best
d) best
c) more interesting
7. Of the two skirts, that one is the … .
a) smart
b) smarter
c) smartest
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d) most beautiful
d) most
ing
interest-
d) the smartest
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8. These trousers are too small. I need … size.
a) a large
b) a larger
c) the largest
d) largest
9. I’m not so … as a horse.
a) strong
b) stronger
d) strongest
c) the strongest
10. China has got … population in the world.
a) a large
b) a larger
c) the largest
d) largest
Вариант III
I. Образуйте сравнительную и превосходную степени сравнения
от следующих прилагательных и наречий.
Model: tall – taller – the tallest
careful
fast
late
nice
low
heavy
popular
well
lazy
little
nervous
bright
bad
good
simple
II. Закончите предложения, поставив прилагательные в сравнительную
или превосходную степени сравнения.
Model: What’s… river in the world? (long) – What’s the longest river in the
world?
1. It was … day of my life. (bad)
2. We had a great holiday. It was one of the … holidays we’ve ever had.
(enjoyable)
3. Is a tiger … than a leopard? (large)
4. He was a bit depressed yesterday but he looks … today. (happy)
5. I prefer this chair to the other. It’s … one. (comfortable).
6. Spring is … time for me in the year. (busy)
7. Health and happiness are … than money. (important)
8. Don’t worry. The situation isn’t so bad. It could be … . (bad)
9. The hotel was surprisingly cheap. I expected it to be … . (expensive)
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III. Заполните пропуски, используя «as … as», «not so … as», «than»,
«the … the». Предложения переведите.
Model: She is as happy as her mother.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Mary is … young … Ann.
… longer is the night, … shorter is the day.
Football is more popular … basketball.
I answered it … well … I could.
«How long can I stay with you?» – «You can stay … long … you like».
… more we know about our past … better we see our future.
This task is not … important … that one.
… sooner you come … better.
The Baltic Sea is not … warm … the Black Sea.
IV. Переведите следующие словосочетания и предложения на английский язык.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
чем меньше, тем лучше;
лучший фильм года;
самая яркая деталь;
такой же интересный, как;
более яркий цвет.
Какая телевизионная программа
самая популярная в нашей
стране?
7) Аня – лучшая студентка в
группе.
8) Чем раньше ты встанешь, тем
больше ты сделаешь.
9) Дружба крепче, чем сталь
10) Этот текст не такой трудный,
как ты думаешь.
V. Выберите нужный вариант.
1. January is … month of the year.
a) cold
b) coldest
c) the coldest
d) colder
2. Moscow is … than St. Petersburg.
a) large
b) larger
c) the largest
d) more larger
3. The Caucasus are … mountains in Europe.
a) high
b) higher
c) more higher
d) the highest
4. The Baltic Sea is … than the Black Sea.
a) cold
b) colder
c) the coldest
d) more colder
5. Oxford is … university in Britain.
a) old
b) older
c) the oldest
d) oldest
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6. She is … girl among my friends.
a) happy
b) happiest
c) the happiest
7. My case isn’t very … . Yours is … .
a) heavy
b) heavier
c) the most heavy
d) the most happiest
d) most heaviest
8. The weather was not very … yesterday but it’s … today.
a) good
b) better
c) the best
d) bettest
9. She has … job of all.
a) a difficult
b) a more difficult
c) the most difficult
10. This room is not so … as that one on the first floor.
a) comfortable b) more com- c) the
most
fortable
comfortable
d) most difficult
d) most comfortable
6. ПОРЯДОК СЛОВ
Вариант I
I. Составьте предложения из данных слов.
Model: It, glass, is, a, with, doors, cupboard. – It is a cupboard with glass doors.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
rooms, in, are, furnished, all, the, nicely, the, flat.
go, sometimes, town, we, of, for, a, out, picnic.
large, your, is, or, flat, small?
article, is, interesting, there, anything, the, in?
got, a, you, have, room, separate?
II. Напишите предложение в повелительном наклонении для каждой
ситуации, используя данные глаголы: close, open, talk, pass, take.
Model: The students are standing up in class. The teacher says: Sit down.
1. A man is sitting in the dentist’s chair. The dentist says to him: ____________
_________ .
2. The door of the house is open. The father says to his son: _______________
_________ .
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3. A passer-by asks you where the museum is. You know it’s the next street on
the left. You say: ___________ .
4. You’re talking to your friend in class. The teacher says: _________________
__________ .
5. Your brother wants to drink sweet tea. The sugar-pot is on the table next to
you. He says: __________________________.
III. Задайте вопросы к подчеркнутым членам предложения.
Model: I usually get up at 7 o’clock. – When do you usually get up?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
My grandparents live in a new residential area.
His surname is Fulton.
My mother’s birthday is on the second of February.
I write with the left hand.
They will have a house-warming party next week.
IV. Сопоставьте начало и конец вопроса.
Model: 1d.
1. She is his aunt,
2. They are Americans,
3. There aren’t any theatres in this town,
4. He hasn’t done his homework,
5. You won’t be late next time,
a) has he?
b) will you?
c) aren’t they?
d) isn’t she?
e) are there?
V. Сопоставьте ответ с началом вопроса и закончите его.
Model: He is late every morning. – How often is he late?
1. He drinks six cups of coffee every day.
2. It took me 20 minutes to finish the task.
3. I have been to fifteen countries so far.
4. We visit our grandparents twice a week.
5. She is about forty.
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How many …
How long …
How much …
How old …
How often…
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VI. Скажите о наличии некоторых предметов в определенных местах,
используя следующие словосочетания.
Model: fourteen students/class – There are fourteen students in the class.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
many pages/the book
bath/the flat
park/city centre
library/here
a lot of mistakes/test
VII. Скажите об отсутствии некоторых предметов в определенных
местах, используя следующие словосочетания.
Model: students/class – There aren’t any students in the class.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
food/in the fridge
carpet/by the bed
cooker/in the kitchen
hot water/in the house
new blocks of flats/in this residential area
VIII. Задайте общие вопросы о нахождении предметов в следующих
местах.
Model: in the kitchen – Is there a table in the kitchen? Are there any stools in
the kitchen?
On the shelf; in the centre of the city; opposite the TV set.
IX. Перефразируйте предложения, используя структуру there is/are.
Model: The house has got a garage. – There is a garage in the house.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
The flat has got three rooms and a kitchen.
The dining room has got two big windows.
The house has got all modern conveniences.
We are four in the family.
The wardrobe is empty.
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Вариант II
I. Составьте предложения из данных слов.
Model: White, glass, has, this, doors, cupboard. – This white cupboard has glass
doors.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
The, is, to, 9 o’clock, he, listen, going, news, to.
Watching, TV, children, the, are, a, on, cartoon.
English, usually, do, day, you, speak, every?
You, before, always, bed, in, midnight, are?
Saturdays, she, shopping, on, go, does?
II. Напишите предложение в повелительном наклонении для каждой
ситуации, используя данные глаголы: close, open, turn off, not touch,
go away.
Model: The students are standing up in class. The teacher says: Sit down.
1. It’s the beginning of the lesson. The students’ books are on their desks.
The teacher says: __________ .
2. It’s afternoon. The lights are still on. You say to somebody: _______________
_________ .
3. The mother is cooking. The oven is hot. She tells her child: _______________
_________ .
4. You don’t want to see anybody. You say: _____________________ .
5. It’s too cold in the room and the window in open. She says:_______________
________ .
III. Задайте вопросы к подчеркнутым членам предложения.
Model: I usually get up at 7 o’clock. – When do you usually get up?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
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My relatives live in a new residential area.
His surname is Fulton.
They visit me at the week-end.
I am in a hurry because I am late for the lecture.
He is having a bath at the moment.
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IV. Сопоставьте начало и конец вопроса.
Model: 1c.
1. He has got many relatives,
2. People will save the environment,
3. Her parents don’t come from Russia,
4. You like good comedies,
5. Your cousin has been to many countries,
a) don’t you?
b) won’t they?
c) hasn’t he?
d) hasn’t she?
e) do they?
V. Сопоставьте ответ с началом вопроса и закончите его.
Model: He is late every morning. – How often is he late?
1. I’ve been studying English for seven years.
2. They are quite young.
3. My uncle is a basketball player. His height is about
two metres.
4. There are twenty-six students in our group.
5. I have been to fifteen countries so far.
How many …
How tall …
How long …
How many…
How old…
VI. Скажите о наличии некоторых предметов в определенных местах,
используя следующие словосочетания.
Model: fourteen students/class – There are fourteen students in the class.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
book/the shelf
three sons/the family
cupboard/the kitchen
four rooms/the house
two armchairs/the living room
VII. Скажите об отсутствии некоторых предметов в определенных
местах, используя следующие словосочетания.
Model: students/class – There aren’t any students in the class.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
any top students/in his group
a blackboard/in the classroom
many computers/in the institute
any bread/at home
many countries/in the world
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VIII. Задайте общие вопросы о нахождении предметов в следующих
местах.
Model: in the kitchen – Is there a table in the kitchen? Are there any stools in the
kitchen?
By the window, in the cottage, in the yard, on the desk.
IX. Перефразируйте предложения, используя структуру there is/are.
Model: The house has got a garage. – There is a garage in the house.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
You can find a fridge in the kitchen.
You haven’t got any cat food at home.
This book has got two hundred pages.
I can’t see any banks in this street.
How many faculties has the university got?
Вариант III
I. Составьте предложения из данных слов.
Model: White, glass, has, this, doors, cupboard. – This white cupboard has glass
doors.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Do, getting, early, I, not, up, like.
Home, at, returned, a, they, past, quarter, ten.
There, carpet, in, is, the, of, middle, a, nice, the, room.
Be able, to, our, we, continue, will, work, tomorrow?
On, you, to, would, holidays, where, go, like?
II. Напишите предложение в повелительном наклонении для каждой
ситуации, используя данные глаголы: close, open, help, answer, buy.
Model: The students are standing up in class. The teacher says: Sit down.
1. The students can’t do the test. They ask the teacher: ____________________ .
2. The window is open and it’s cold. The woman asks:____________________ .
3. You have no bread at home and your son is going shopping. You tell him: ___
_______________ .
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4. The teacher asks you a question. He says:______________________ .
5. The doctor wants to examine your throat. She says: ____________________ .
III. Задайте вопросы к подчеркнутым членам предложения.
Model: I usually get up at 7 o’clock. – When do you usually get up?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I come home at 5. 30p. m. as a rule.
We usually have dinner late in the evening.
My friends usually visit me at the week-ends.
The teacher was angry because the students missed the lecture.
He is talking on the phone at the moment.
IV. Сопоставьте начало и конец вопроса.
Model: 1c.
1. He has got many friends,
2. People will save the tropical rainforests,
3. He doesn’t come from France,
4. You like studying,
5. Your aunt has been to many countries,
a) don’t you?
b) won’t they?
c) hasn’t he?
d) hasn’t she?
e) does he?
V. Сопоставьте ответ с началом вопроса и закончите его.
Model: He is late every morning. – How often is he late?
1. It took me 30 minutes to clean the room.
2. I don’t have much money on me.
3. I have been to five capital cities so far.
4. I have my hair cut once a month.
5. She is not so young.
How much …
How long …
How many …
How old …
How often…
VI. Скажите о наличии некоторых предметов в определенных местах,
используя следующие словосочетания.
Model: fourteen students/class – There are fourteen students in the class.
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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
parks/the city
lamp/the desk
rug/the floor
milk/the fridge
five faculties/the university
VII. Скажите об отсутствии некоторых предметов в определенных
местах, используя следующие словосочетания.
Model: students/class – There aren’t any students in the class.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
many people/in the library
any top students/in this group
video/in the classroom
many laboratories/in the institute
sugar/at home
VIII. Задайте общие вопросы о нахождении предметов в следующих
местах.
Model: in the kitchen – Is there a table in the kitchen? Are there any stools in the
kitchen?
At the back of the theatre, on the walls, under the sofa.
IX. Перефразируйте предложения, используя структуру there is/are.
Model: The house has got a garage. – There is a garage in the house.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
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You can find a washing machine in the bathroom.
You haven’t got any milk in the fridge.
This is a nine-storey block of flats.
I can’t see any telephone box on the corner of the street.
How many administrative districts has the city got?
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7. ГЛАГОЛ «TO BE»
Вариант I
I. Заполните пропуски соответствующей формой глагола «to be» (am,
is, are, was, were, will be), обращая внимание на обстоятельство
времени.
Model: I am a bit lonely these days.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. She doesn’t know why she … so tired today.
There … a big square in the centre of the town many years ago.
She … excited about her birthday.
How old … he? He … about 20.
What colour … her eyes? They … blue.
Entry tests … not difficult last year.
I … glad to help you tomorrow.
There … a lot of things to learn at our faculty.
… you interested in art?
II. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной форме.
Model: He is a great artist. – Is he a great artist?
AN AMERICAN ARTIST
Anton Refrigier is an original and talented American painter. He is a great
artist. His big mosaics and wide monumental paintings are very popular in America.
They are brilliant. Refrigier is not an academic painter. His style is modern. He is
a great colourist. His landscapes, portraits and still-lifes are emotional and fine. As
for me I am interested in his art.
III. Напишите следующие предложения в отрицательной форме.
Model: It was warm yesterday. – It wasn’t warm yesterday.
1. I am glad to see them.
2. We were busy yesterday.
3. He is late today.
4. The days are rainy in October.
5. There is enough salt in the soup.
6. It is Monday today.
7. They are afraid of snakes.
8. She is proud of her children.
9. I am at the Academy now.
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IV. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.
Model: What is your name? – My name is Michael.
1. What is your name?
2. You are a student, aren’t you?
3. How old are you?
4. When were you born?
5. Where are you from?
6. What are your favourite subjects at
the University?
7. Are you fond of travelling?
8. Who is your favourite writer?
(composer, artist, musician, etc.)
9. Is your family large or small?
10. What is your mother’s hobby?
V. Переведите на английский язык.
Мой отец – талантливый дизайнер. Ему 47 лет. Его полное имя Джон
Смит. Он довольно красивый мужчина. Его хобби – спорт. Моя мама – врач.
Ей 40 лет. Она очень привлекательная женщина. Она высокая и стройная.
Мои родители очень занятые люди. Они счастливы.
Вариант II
I. Заполните пропуски соответствующей формой глагола «to be» (am,
is, are, was, were, will be), обращая внимание на обстоятельство
времени.
Model: There is a stadium not far from my house.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Here … the book you need.
There … four theatres in our city.
… they at the Academy yesterday?
I … busy tomorrow.
London … the capital of the UK.
There … a lot of beautiful flowers in my garden last summer.
He … going to enter our institute.
I think that three days … not enough for a good holiday.
Russia … the first country to send a man into space.
II. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной форме.
Model: My favourite film is «Vassa». – Is your favourite film «Vassa»?
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«VASSA» BY GLEB PANFILOV
My favourite film is «Vassa». Its director is Gleb Panfilov. His productions
are popular in our country. Panfilov is an experienced film-maker. His films are
first-class. Some of his films are «The Beginning», «Valentina» and «The Theme».
They are well-known to Russian film-goers. «Vassa» is a screen adaptation of a
play by M. Gorky. As for I. Churikova as «Vassa», she is very good. Her acting
is good.
III. Напишите следующие предложения в отрицательной форме.
Model: He is afraid of dogs. – He is not afraid of dogs.
1. She is an experienced painter and a
real master.
2. There is a grand piano on the stage.
3. They are fond of pop music.
4. There is a new block of flats in this
street.
5. His name is very well-known today.
6. She was good at English.
7. She will be angry with me.
8. The weather is usually fine
in summer.
9. They were at the institute
yesterday.
IV. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.
Model: What is your surname? – My surname is Ivanov.
1. What is your surname?
2. What is your date of birth?
3. What is your hobby?
4. Are you fond of pop music?
5. Who are your favourite pop-singers?
6. When are you free this week?
7. Are all students present at the
lesson today?
8. Your lessons are over at 4. 20,
aren’t they?
9. Is your time-table good?
10. Is it easy to choose a profession?
V. Переведите на английский язык.
Меня зовут Михаил. Я – русский. Мне 19 лет. Я – студент 2-го курса
института культуры. Я – музыкант. Мой отец – врач. Его зовут Николай, ему
45 лет. Моя мама – библиотекарь. Ее имя – Елена. Ее любимое занятие –
чтение. Я люблю своих родителей.
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Вариант III
I. Заполните пропуски соответствующей формой глагола «to be» (am,
is, are, was, were, will be), обращая внимание на обстоятельство
времени.
Model: My room is clean and tidy.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. There … a good film on TV yesterday evening.
It … difficult to find a job now.
How old … you? – I … 18.
There … a sofa and two armchairs in our living-room.
My mother … the only person I could talk to.
Health … priceless.
There … only two faculties at our institute in 1972.
Two heads … better than one.
Where … you from?
II. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной форме.
Model: Nikita Mikhalkov is my favourite director. – Is Nikita Mikhalkov your
favourite director?
MY FAVOURITE DIRECTOR
There are many Russian film directors that I am fond of. But Nikita Mikhalkov
is my favourite at the moment. I am always glad to see his new productions. Most
of his films are a success with the public. Some of his films are rather complicated.
My friends are great cinema-goers too. And what about you?
III. Напишите следующие предложения в отрицательной форме.
Model: They are late for the classes today. – Are they late for the classes today?
1. He was a bad pupil when he studied
at school.
2. The actor’s performance was bad and
the director was angry.
3. I was fond of dancing when I was a
child.
4. There are some books on the shelf.
5. There are a few popular songs in her
programme.
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6. The pictures of this book are
bright.
7. Jack and I are students of the
Conservatoire.
8. The end of this film is dull.
9. She was very glad to see us.
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IV. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.
Model: What are your parents? – My parents are teachers.
1. What is your address?
2. What are your parents?
3. You are a student of the Academy,
aren’t you?
4. When is your lunch-break?
5. Are you free on Sunday?
6. Who is your friend?
7. Is he fond of reading?
8. Who is his favourite Russian
poet?
9. What are your future plans?
10. You are happy, aren’t you?
V. Переведите на английский язык.
Меня зовут Джордж. Я – бизнесмен. Мне 30 лет. Наша семья большая.
Мои родители немолодые. Моя сестра – студентка. Ее зовут Аня. Она не замужем. Мой брат – учитель. Его имя – Джон. Он женат. Имя его жены – Кэт.
Кэт – профессиональная певица.
8. ГЛАГОЛ «TO HAVE»
Вариант I
I. Заполните пропуски соответствующей формой глагола «to have» (have,
has, had, will have).
Model: I never have lunch.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Did they … a car when they were living in London?
Good-bye! I hope you … a nice time.
Suzanne … a child a few weeks ago. It’s her second child.
George … a part-time job. He works three mornings a week.
Every week … 7 days and every year … 12 months.
Fields … eyes, and woods … ears.
Did you … a rest after classes yesterday?
We … a lecture on history last week.
II. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной форме.
Model: English people have tea many times a day. – Do English people have tea
many times a day?
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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. They have many apple trees in their garden.
My friend usually has dinner at our institute canteen.
I have got a new tape-recorder.
They had a good time out of town yesterday.
His grandfather has short grey hair.
III. Напишите следующие предложения в отрицательной форме.
Model: English people have tea many times a day. – English people don’t have
tea many times a day.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I had an art studio in the centre of the city two years ago.
She has a rehearsal today.
In June we have four exams.
She has got a large collection of stamps.
I had some questions after the lecture.
IV. Переведите на английский язык.
1. У нас много работы в апреле.
2. У нее есть ребенок.
3. У них много вопросов.
4. У нас нет англо-русского словаря.
5. У них не было билетов на этот
спектакль.
6. У меня не было перерыва вчера.
7. У Ани в 10 часов урок музыки, не
так ли?
8. Есть ли у вас дедушка и бабушка?
9. У вас есть компьютер?
10. У твоего брата есть автомобиль?
V. Дополните разделительные вопросы.
Model: We have three lessons today, don’t we?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
She usually has a shower in the morning, … ?
He had a terrible toothache yesterday, … ?
You haven’t got an English text-book today, …?
The English alphabet has 26 letters, …?
They will have a rehearsal tomorrow, …?
Вариант II
I. Заполните пропуски соответствующей формой глагола «to have» (have,
has, had, will have).
Model: We’ll have a lecture on history tomorrow.
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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Ann … long fair hair when she was a child.
Excuse me, can I … a look at your newspaper, please?
We … dinner in the most expensive restaurant yesterday.
Our family … a rest in the countryside last summer.
The child … milk before going to bed.
… you got a car?
Did Mr. Brown … a little house in the country a few years ago?
Do you usually … a rest after dinner?
II. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной форме.
Model: We usually have a big breakfast. – Do we usually have a big breakfast?
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. My sister has got a nice hat.
The students have classes six days a week.
She has got a large family.
He had a letter for you.
This actor has a brilliant talent.
III. Напишите следующие предложения в отрицательной форме.
Model: I usually have a big breakfast. – I don’t usually have a big breakfast.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
We have experience in photography.
Our group has many special subjects this term.
They have got a rich library at home.
We had a meeting yesterday.
They had a rest after the classes yesterday.
IV. Переведите на английский язык.
1. У него есть гитара, не так ли?
2. У них слишком много мебели.
3. Вы обедаете в институте или дома?
4. У них нет вопросов.
5. У вашего брата есть семья?
6. В прошлом году у моего друга
не было стипендии.
7. У нее нет вечером занятий.
8. Есть ли у нее чувство юмора?
9. У меня было только два экзамена в январе.
10. У него нет денег.
V. Дополните разделительные вопросы.
Model: We have three lessons today, don’t we?
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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
We don’t have enough money to buy these books, …?
English people have tea many times a day, …?
She doesn’t have coffee in the evening, …?
Our family had a rest abroad last summer, …?
They will have a lesson of English tomorrow, …?
Вариант III
I. Заполните пропуски соответствующей формой глагола «to have»
(have, has, had, will have).
Model: English people have many old customs and traditions.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. I usually … a sandwich and a cup of coffee for my lunch.
When I first met Sue, she … long hair.
We … a party last Saturday.
My mother … a good ear for music.
The English alphabet … 26 letters.
He … a lot of trouble with his car yesterday.
When did you … English lessons?
… he got a bicycle?
II. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной форме.
Model: She has a computer. – Does she have a computer?
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. We have breakfast at 8 in the morning.
She has coffee in the morning.
He had a lot of friends when he was a child.
Mary’s daughter has a charming voice.
The students have free time now.
III. Напишите следующие предложения в отрицательной форме.
Model: She has a computer. – She doesn’t have a computer.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
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She has got a telephone at home.
He had many good teachers at school.
I have got a country house not far from Kemerovo.
They had a concert last week.
She has got a lot of money.
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IV. Переведите на английский язык.
1. У этих детей нет родителей.
2. Есть ли у вас вопросы к преподавателю?
3. У студентов нашего факультета много
экзаменов в июне.
4. Есть ли у вас музыкальный инструмент
дома?
5. У меня не было свободного времени
вчера.
6. У него нет домашних животных.
7. У нас теоретические дисциплины (предметы) утром,
а специальные после обеда.
8. У меня есть новая кассета.
9. У вас есть брат или сестра?
10. У вас есть собака, не так
ли?
V. Дополните разделительные вопросы.
Model: We have three lessons today, don’t we?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
She will have an exam next week, …?
He hasn’t got a guitar, …?
English people have many old customs and traditions, …?
There was a letter for you on the table, …?
They will have a party in a month, …?
9. МОДАЛЬНЫЕ ГЛАГОЛЫ
Вариант I
I. Заполните пропуски соответствующей формой модальных глаголов
и их эквивалентов.
Model: Pete is a keen musician. He plays the flute and can also play the piano.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
You … … read an interesting job advertised in the paper.
It’s a pity I … … get a ticket to the concert.
… … you design any new models for our party?
You … … take part in the game at the youth centre.
We … … afford expensive furniture.
… … I make a report on the drawing collection?
He … … exhibit his own collection of drawings for the public.
While we were walking through the gallery we … … see the display of some
landscapes.
9. You … … look after this valuable book carefully.
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II. Выберите правильный вариант модальных глаголов и их
эквивалентов.
Model: The graduates should know modern methods of designing.
a) should
b) has to
c) mustn’t
1. Young people … choose any types of activities which give them mental relaxation and good exercises.
a) can
b) needn’t
c) has to
2. My friend says that we … be interested in visiting historical places.
a) must
b) can’t
c) had to
3. They seem … to collect the antique after graduating from the Academy.
a) must
b) be able
c) may
4. Young people … know how to plan their leisure time.
a) should
b) mustn’t
c) could
5. You … miss lectures any more.
a) could
b) mustn’t
c) may
6. … I participate in organising the folk festival?
a) need
b) can’t
c) has to
7. … we attend the symphony concerts regularly?
a) have to
b) may
c) can’t
8. You … consult the librarian about new information technologies.
a) should
b) has to
c) may not
9. … you agree that Advertising is a waste of money?
a) must
b) should
c) can
III. Откройте скобки, поставив глагол в Past Simple.
Model: You had to look for a job in marketing. (have to)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
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This product … be designed in our local newspaper. (have to)
It was so crowded that I … find a spare place in the hall. (can’t)
How much … you remember without looking at the text? (can)
As the ship entered the harbour, we … see the statue of Liberty. (can)
They were told that they … leave the hotel and enjoy the scenery. (can)
I have forgotten to bring my camera, so I … take any photos. (can’t)
The customers … read the ad about this new perfume. (must)
Cheques … only be accepted with a bank card. (must)
… I join a club? (can)
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IV. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
The students should visit the museum after the lecture.
You mustn’t take notes, it is forbidden.
My friend says that we must be interested in visiting historical places.
Today’s young people can be called the tele-reading generation.
Ballet-dancers need to relax after hard trainings.
V. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной форме.
Model: He can read. – Can he read?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
The students had to read meaningful texts for the exams.
We need to read this dull article.
The students can make a project «Welcome to my hometown».
Our friends are able to make up colouful ads for the show.
Good marketing can be a major factor in the company’s success.
Вариант II
I. Заполните пропуски соответствующей формой модальных глаголов
и их эквивалентов.
Model: May I leave my report on your desk?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
She … … buy a dictionary.
We … … read this book for our discussion.
You … … find fashionable clothes at the boutique.
If it is a popular restaurant, you … … to book a table in advance.
A university lecturer … … be late today.
You … … apply for a job in the accounts department of the Academy.
They … … be more attentive at the lessons.
Anyone … … make mistakes.
You … … drive on the left in England.
II. Выберите правильный вариант модальных глаголов и их
эквивалентов.
Model: She has to graduate from the academy in a year.
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a) may
b) has to c) must
1. What … … you do in that situation?
a) should
b) can
c) have to
2. … … you use any of these phrases in your story?
a) can
b) must
c) have to
3. He … … be your Dean.
a) can
b) must
c) have to
4. I think you … … make a report about your good results.
a) mustn’t
b) should
c) can’t
5. My sister … … pass the exams in advance because she has got a backache.
a) has to
b) couldn’t
c) have to
6. The tourists … … live outdoor and enjoy the scenery.
a) could
b) mustn’t
c) has to
7. … … you agree that Advertising is a waste of money?
a) must
b) should
c) can
8. When we have free time, we usually do something that … … amuse us.
a) have to
b) can
c) may
9. … … I take this colorful advert?
a) may
b) have to
c) can’t
III. Откройте скобки, поставив глагол в Past Simple.
Model: That girl couldn’t pass the exams last year. (can’t)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
… … your father speak any foreign languages? (can)
Jane … … be able to help the students. (may)
Ann … … not take part in the concert. (may)
I … … get a driving license. (must)
Sometimes he … … work at the weekends. (must)
Julia … … wear glasses since her childhood. (have to)
The students … … play football at this time. (be to)
… … you phone to the Dean’s office? (can)
The student … … to pass five credits and three exams. (be to)
IV. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
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What can you say about some English traditions?
Where could I find the timetable of our faculty?
She must have seen this film.
John might be working in this office.
They could have stayed at a hotel.
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V. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной форме.
Model: He can read. – Can he read?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
You must know the most famous case in legal history.
She can receive a grant for her course.
You have to take notes at the lecture today.
They should carry out some research work.
Ann may study for a second degree (Master of Science).
Вариант III
I. Заполните пропуски соответствующей формой модальных глаголов
и их эквивалентов.
Model: He can speak German without making mistakes.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
… … we make up any sentences with these expressions?
They … … repair the roads.
The students … … to take notes at the lecture.
… … I have a word with you?
My aunt … … to give up drinking coffee.
Do you think I … … borrow your pen?
The children … … play in the streets.
… … I take part in the discussion of this question?
During my stay in Paris I … … visit many museums.
II. Выберите правильный вариант модальных глаголов и их
эквивалентов.
Model: I went to Spain so I could study Spanish.
a) have to
b) could
c) can
1. … … I do the washing up for you?
a) can’t
b) can
c) mustn’t
2. Tom … … make a decision to buy a new car.
a) could
b) have to
c) needn’t
3. Sorry, but you … … use my camera.
a) may
b) can’t
c) has to
4. How much … … you remember without looking at the text?
a) may
b) can
c) couldn’t
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5. I … … leave my car in the carpark.
a) had to
b) has to
c) were to
6. Cheques … … be accepted only with a bank card.
a) can
b) has to
c) should
7. He … … enter the club without a card.
a) have to
b) could
c) should
8. They won’t … … drive a car until they are eighteen.
a) were to
b) have to
c) be able to
9. The house repairs … … cost more than the house is worth.
a) may
b) have to
c) need
III. Откройте скобки, поставив глагол в Past Simple.
Model: You had to pay attention to this fact. (have to)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
He … … work as an interpreter. (can)
I … … use a thermometer for measuring temperature. (may)
The teacher … … explain this rule to the students again. (have to)
We … … exchange French money into American money. (must)
She … … include these figures in her report. (must)
We … … walk home last night because there were no buses. (have to)
… … you possibly carry this bag for me? (can)
What TV programmes … … you watch last Sunday? (can)
You … … make a little less noise. (may)
IV. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
We must have taken a wrong map.
You must enjoy having a relaxation.
Your friends will be able to take part in organising a festival.
He may be clever, but he hasn’t got much common sense.
This custom must be carried from the 18th century.
V. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной форме.
Model: He can read. – Can he read?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
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The roof must be repaired.
This ad could be a problem.
The walls of the room must be washed.
A sports center could be built on the empty site.
The New Year may bring everybody their heart desires.
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10. PRESENT SIMPLE ИЛИ PRESENT PROGRESSIVE
Вариант I
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple (do/does)
или Present Progressive (am/is/are doing).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
How do you start work on the Film? – I (read) the script and (make) notes.
I (make) notes of our interview. I hope you don’t mind. – No, that’s OK.
What languages (you speak)? – English, French and Spanish.
I’m glad we (do) this interview in English. My French isn’t very good.
Who (play) that guitar? – My son, when he has time.
II. Выберите правильный вариант: Present Simple (do/does) или Present
Progressive (am/is/are doing).
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Vegetarians are people who (don’t eat / are not eating) meat.
Look out! My husband (comes / is coming).
Some people still think the sun (goes / is going) round the earth.
I (play / ‘m playing) tennis every weekend.
Who (sits / ‘s sitting) in my chair?
III. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple (do/does)
или Present Progressive (am/is/are doing).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Jason (not/come) with us this evening.
What (this sign/mean)?
We (usually/meet) at the sports centre every Wednesday afternoon.
Greg (train) for the next Olympic Games.
Michael Burns is very rich. He (own) a department store.
John and Marry (play) chess at the moment.
Peter (not/usually/have) bacon and eggs for breakfast.
My father (buy) a newspaper every day.
Мr and Mrs Dean (not/go) to Mexico tomorrow.
(Pierre/speak) English?’ – ‘No, but he (speak) French.’
Вариант II
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple (do/does)
или Present Progressive (am/is/are doing).
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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Who (play) the piano upstairs? – My sister. She’s got a concert tomorrow.
What (she play)? – I think it’s a piece by Mozart.
(She play) anything else? – The violin. She’s very musical.
Your daughter’s very keen on sport, isn’t she? – She (play) tennis.
Where is she now? – She (play) tennis, as usual.
II. Выберите правильный вариант: Present Simple (do/does) или Present
Progressive (am/is/are doing).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
What (happens / is happening) in golf if you lose the ball?
An alcoholic is a person who (drinks / is drinking) too much and can’t stop.
Look! She (wears / ‘s wearing) the same shoes as me.
What (are you looking / do you look) at? – A strange bird.
I (stay / ‘m staying) with John for a few weeks until my flat’s ready.
III. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple (do/does) или
Present Progressive (am/is/are doing).
1. Jack (seem) to be unhappy these days.
2. Sam (stay) with his aunt at the moment.
3. It rarely (snow) in my country.
4. The bus (leave) at half past five.
5. My parents (look for) a new house at the moment.
6. Water (boil) at 100°C.
7. I (think) about your father.
8. I (not/see) what the problem is.
9. Why (you/look) at me like that?
10. Now I (understand) what she wants.
Вариант III
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple (do/does) или
Present Progressive (am/is/are doing).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
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What’s that delicious smell? – My husband (cook).
Is that usual? – Yes, normally I (go) shopping and my husband (cook).
Who (play) that guitar? – My son, when he has time.
What a lovely clock! – It (not work). I’m afraid it’s been broken for years.
Could I use your phone? – I’m afraid it (not work) at the moment.
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II. Выберите правильный вариант: Present Simple (do/does) или Present
Progressive (am/is/are doing).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
We (usually stay / ‘re usually staying) with Peggy when we got to Chicago.
Can you explain why water always (runs / is running) downhill?
What (do you do / are you doing) with my coat?
Nobody (gets / is getting) up early for fun.
Not many passenger planes (fly / are flying) faster than sound.
III. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple (do/does)
или Present Progressive (am/is/are doing).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
What time (you/get up) in the morning?
(you/go) to Tom’s party on Saturday night?
Sharon (always/complain) about the weather. She’s never happy.
Jason (know) a lot of British people.
The children (build) a sandcastle at the moment.
The moon (shine) at night.
I (think) he’s away.
You (know) what I (mean).
She (always/complain).
We (always/start) at nine.
11. PAST PROGRESSIVE ИЛИ PAST SIMPLE
Вариант I
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple (did) или Past
Progressive (was/were doing).
1. At six o’clock this morning I (have) a wonderful dream, but then the alarm
(go) on.
2. When I walked in they (talk) about babies.
3. I saw Sid when I (come) to work this morning. He (do) shopping.
4. She (meet) her husband while she (travel) in Egypt.
5. While I (talk) to Mrs Singleton somebody (walk) into my office and (steal) the
computer.
6. When Jake (come) in everybody (stop) talking.
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7.
8.
9.
10.
I (look) out of the window and (see) that we (fly) over the mountains.
I (wake) up to find that water (pour) through the bedroom ceiling.
He (break) his leg while he (play) football.
She (tell) me she (have) a bad time with her husband.
II. Выберите правильный вариант: Past Simple (did) или Past Progressive
(was/were doing).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
This time yesterday I (was lying/lay) on the beach.
I (went/was going) to see how she was and found she (cried/was crying).
Todd often (was riding/rode) horses when he was a boy.
Mother (was breaking/broke) the vase while she (was dusting/dusted) it.
Steve (had/was having) an accident yesterday.
I (cleaned/was cleaning) the window when the telephone rang.
Вариант II
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple (did) или Past Progressive (was/were doing).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
I (clean) the house while he (work) in the garden.
When we (find) the cat it (play) under the bed.
Joan (have) a shower when the window cleaner (come).
Grandma (knit) while Grandpa (smoke) his pipe.
When I (arrive) home, Father (paint) the front door.
Bob and Sally (walk) when it (start) to rain.
What (you/talk) about when I (come) in?
I (read) my newspaper when they (knock) at the door.
As Fiona (wash) the glass, she (cut) her finger.
My brother (build) a sandcastle while I (swim) in the sea.
II. Выберите правильный вариант: Past Simple (did) или Past Progressive
(was/were doing).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
50
Bill (wrote/was writing) a letter when his mother came home.
It (rained/was raining) while I was waiting for the bus.
I (played/was playing) the guitar when I was young, but I don’t any more.
Debbie (was singing/sang) in the school choir many years ago.
Liz (cleaned/was cleaning) the windows when I saw her.
He (watched/was watching) TV when the telephone rang.
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Вариант III
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple (did) или Past
Progressive (was/were doing).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
I (have) dinner when the lights (go out).
They (walk) in the park when the storm (break).
She (cook) when she (burn) her finger.
When they (get up) this morning it (rain).
James (watch) television while Sally (read) a book.
While Sam (play), his mother (make) lunch.
Grandma (sit) in the garden when we (come) home.
Ron (sleep) when someone (knock) at the door.
They (talk) when the boss (come).
The dog (eat) a bone while the cat (chase) a mouse.
II. Выберите правильный вариант: Past Simple (did) или Past Progressive
(was/were doing).
1. Dad (was driving/drove) while Mum (looked/was looking) at the map.
2. Dad (hurt/was hurting) his finger while he (worked/was working) in the
garden.
3. We (were going/went) swimming every week when we were young.
4. Simon (was dancing/danced) when he fell and hurt his leg.
5. Why (did you laugh/were you laughing) all through your history lesson yesterday?
6. I (drank/was drinking) a glass of milk every day when I was a child.
12. PAST SIMPLE ИЛИ PRESENT PERFECT
Вариант I
I. Выберите правильный вариант: Present Perfect (have/has done) или
Past Simple (did).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I (haven’t seen / didn’t see) much of Ann lately.
Who is she? – I (‘ve never seen / never saw) her before.
I (‘ve done / did) a lot of stupid things in my life.
She (has left / left) school last year.
When (have you got / did you get) married?
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II. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect (have/has done)
или Past Simple (did).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Mr and Mrs Patel (win) two free tickets to Paris in a TV show last week.
First, Robert (brush) his teeth, then he (go) to bed.
«(you/ever/see) a lion?» – «Yes, I saw one when I (go) to Kenya in 1996».
I (not/see) my family for two years.
«Where’s John?» – «He (go) fishing for one day with his father».
My sister (not/play) the violin since she was twelve.
I (already/see) this film. Let’s watch something else.
Last week, Fred (fall) off a ladder and (break) his arm.
I (never/hear) such a moving song before.
Jennifer (always/want) to get Harrison Ford’s autograph.
Вариант II
I. Выберите правильный вариант: Present Perfect (have/has done) или
Past Simple (did).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I (went/have gone) to the gym yesterday.
(Have you written/Did you write) to Simon lately?
He (played/has played) rugby for the first time last week.
We (saw/have seen) him at the swimming pool yesterday.
I (have not seen/did not see) Sam for a long time.
II. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect (have/has done)
или Past Simple (did).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
I (play) a lot of tennis this year.
She (have) six different jobs since she left school.
He (run) away from school three times when he was fourteen.
How many cups of coffee (you/drink) today?
In those days, Andrew (come) to stay with us most weekends.
Shakespeare (write) poems as well as plays.
Since my brother lost his job, he (write) two books.
I’m not cooking today, I (cook) all the meals yesterday. In fact, I (cook) most
of the meals this week.
9. Would you believe I (make) twenty-three phone calls today?
10. Our team (just/lose) eight games one after the other.
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Вариант III
I. Выберите правильный вариант: Present Perfect (have/has done)
или Past Simple (did).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I’m sorry. I (haven’t finished / didn’t finish) yet.
I (‘ve often wondered / often wondered) what he does for a living.
He (has caught / caught) the plane at eight this morning.
I (‘ve read / read) a lot of her books when I was at school. (Have you seen / Did you see) any good films recently?
II. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect (have/has
done) или Past Simple (did).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
You (be) a beautiful baby.
I (not/read) her latest book.
(you/visit) India?
My great-grandmother (live) in Glasgow.
Columbus (not/discover) America: the Indians already (know) where it was.
Amazing news! Scientists (discover) a new planet!
Who (give) Shakespeare his first job?
How many times (you/be) in love?
I (never/enjoy) a holiday as much as this one.
(you/hear) the thunder? – No, nothing wakes me up.
13. УПОТРЕБЛЕНИЕ ВРЕМЕН
Вариант I
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect Progressive
(have/has been doing) или Present Perfect (have/has done).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
That man (stand) outside for hours.
The castle (stand) on that hill for 900 years.
Ann (garden) all afternoon. She (plant) a lot of rose bushes.
James (go) out every night this week.
He (see) a lot of Alexandra recently.
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II. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен:
Present Perfect, Past Perfect; Past Simple, Past Progressive; Present
Perfect Progressive, Past Perfect Progressive.
1. Reports are coming in that a train (crash) near Birmingham. According to
eyewitnesses, it (hit) a concrete block which somebody (put) on the line.
2. Halfway to the office Paul (turn) round and (go) back home, because he (forget) to turn the gas off.
3. I (do) housework all day today. I (clean) every room in the house.
4. I (lie) in bed thinking about getting up when the doorbell (ring).
5. It wasn’t surprising that she (start) getting toothache. She (not go) to the dentist for two years.
6. I (play) a lot of bridge recently.
7. When I (get) home everybody (watch) TV.
8. We (not see) your mother for ages.
9. How long (you learn) English?
10. London (change) a lot since we first (come) to live here.
III. Выберите правильный вариант: Past Simple (did) или Past Perfect
(had done).
1. I (be) sorry that I (not/be) nicer to him.
2. Nobody (come) to the meeting because Angela (forget) to tell people
about it.
3. I (see) her before somewhere – I (know).
4. Because he (not/check) the oil for so long, the car (break) down.
5. She couldn’t find the book that I (lend) her.
Вариант II
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect Progressive
(have/has been doing) или Present Perfect (have/has done).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
54
How long (you/wait)?
I (wait) long enough. I’m going.
Her family (farm) this land since the tenth century.
She (only/farm) for two years, but she’s doing very well.
I (learn) German for six years.
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II. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен:
Present Perfect, Past Perfect; Past Simple, Past Progressive; Present
Perfect Progressive, Past Perfect Progressive.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
How many times (you/see) this film? – This is the first time I (see) it.
Who’s that? – I (never/see) him before in my life.
I hear Joe (get) married last summer.
I (often/wonder) where she (get) her money.
(You/read) Pam Marshall’s latest book?
They (just/discover) a new fuel – it’s half the price of petrol and much
cleaner.
(You/hear) the storm last night?
My sister (be) married three times.
While she (talk) on the phone the children (start) fighting and (break)
a window.
He used to talk to us for hours about all the interesting things he (do)
in his life.
III. Выберите правильный вариант: Past Simple (did) или Past Perfect
(had done).
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
After she (clean) the house, she (watch) TV.
The boys (finish) their homework before they (go) out to play.
Sarah (wash) the dishes by the time her husband (arrive).
When Henry (arrive) at the theatre, the play (already start).
The phone (ring) after he (lock) the door.
Вариант III
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect Progressive
(have/has been doing) или Present Perfect (have/has done).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I (learn) most of the irregular verbs.
My mother (do) all her Christmas shopping.
I (do) Christmas shopping all day.
I (clean) the car. Doesn’t it look nice?
You look tired. – I (wash) clothes all day.
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II. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен:
Present Perfect, Past Perfect; Past Simple, Past Progressive; Present Perfect Progressive, Past Perfect Progressive.
1. You know, she (stand) looking at that picture for the last twenty minutes.
2. The old cross (stand) on top of the hill as long as anybody can remember.
3. I (spend) a lot of time travelling since I (get) this new job.
4. When I (be) at school we all (study) Latin.
5. After he (finish) breakfast he (sit) down to write some letters.
6. When I (meet) him he (work) as a waiter for a year or so. 7. I (never learn) to ski.
8. (you/finish) with the bathroom yet?
9. We (live) in Scotland until I (be) eighteen.
10. She (have) a hard life, but she’s always smiling.
III. Выберите правильный вариант: Past Simple (did) или Past Perfect
(had done).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
She (tell) me she (work) in France and Germany.
They (never/find) where he (hide) the money.
It was a film that I (never/hear) of.
When she (come) in, we all knew where she (be).
The lesson (already/start) when I (arrive).
14. ПАССИВНЫЙ ЗАЛОГ
Вариант I
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Passive Voice.
Model: The office (clean) twice a week. – The office is cleaned twice a week.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
56
Chinese (speak) in Singapore.
The Taj Mahal (build) around 1640.
The new hospital (open) next year.
She (interview) now.
I realised I (follow).
You (invite) to Andy’s party?
He found that all his money (steal).
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8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
These computers (make) in Korea.
Passengers (ask) not to speak to the driver.
Sorry about the noise – the road (mend).
The village church (burn down) last year.
A Roman pavement (just find) under Oxford Street.
II. Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice. При необходимости используйте by … .
Model: They will buy the new sofa on Friday. – The new sofa will be bought on
Friday.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Shakespeare wrote «Hamlet».
They have arrested her for shoplifting.
They are repairing your car now.
People in Chile speak Spanish.
Has anybody asked Peter?
My mother made this ring.
Electricity drives this car.
Somebody will tell you where to go.
A drunken motorist knocked her down.
The Chinese invented paper.
They don’t sell stamps in bookshops.
Thousands of tourists visit the Parthenon every year.
III. Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice двумя
способами.
Model: His father gave Billy a new bicycle.
a) Billy was given a new bicycle by his father.
b) A new bicycle was given to Billy by his father.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Fred has offered Mary a watch.
Lisa is sending Tim an invitation.
She brought me some oranges.
Sonia gave me some money.
Jack will show me the new car.
They paid him a lot of money for the job.
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Вариант II
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Passive Voice.
Model: The office (clean) twice a week. – The office is cleaned twice a week.
1. These flowers (send) to me yesterday by one of my fans.
2. The dishes (wash) by my brother. It’s his duty.
3. The letters (already post).
4. This pretty tablecloth (give) to me last year for my birthday.
5. The criminals (punish) for their crimes next month.
6. The boxes (just move) to my new house.
7. Jack (promote) to senior manager this year.
8. Those pictures (paint) by my father while he was on holiday last summer.
9. I (inform) by the police as soon as they found out about the robbery.
10. Your car (deliver) to your house the day after tomorrow.
11. I (recently ask) to take part in a show on TV.
12. The bridge (repair) at the moment.
II.
Передайте следующие предложения
необходимости используйте by … .
в
Passive
Voice.
При
Model: They will buy the new sofa on Friday. – The new sofa will be bought on
Friday.
1. She uses this saucepan for cooking spaghetti.
2. I finished my homework tonight.
3. They clean their bedroom.
4. We put these clothes away.
5. The boss gave the secretary some letters to type.
6. We are eating this cake now.
7. Sally sent Peter a birthday card.
8. We take the dog for a walk.
9. The cat is not chasing the mouse.
10. Do they produce oil in Spain?
11. Did a dog bite him?
12. Edward has not recorded a new song.
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
III. Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice двумя
способами.
Model: His father gave Billy a new bicycle.
a) Billy was given a new bicycle by his father.
b) A new bicycle was given to Billy by his father.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Mr. Brown sent us a wedding invitation.
He showed them his new car.
Mrs. Fox presented her nephew a red ball.
Mary will give her husband an interesting book to read.
The bank is going to pay them a lot of money.
Jim has bought George a watch.
Вариант III
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Passive Voice.
Model: The office (clean) twice a week. – The office is cleaned twice a week.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Australia (discover) by Captain Cook.
Jim’s car (steal) last night.
Champagne (made) in France.
The missing climber (find) yesterday.
The floor (not clean) yet.
All the food (eat) by the time I got there.
The project (finish) by Wednesday afternoon.
Her bags (carry) by the chauffeur now.
His portrait (paint) by a famous artist next week.
The dishes (already wash).
The house (decorate recently).
The center (visit) by the King two years ago.
II. Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice. При необходимости используйте by … .
Model: They will buy the new sofa on Friday. – The new sofa will be bought
on Friday.
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1. The pop star sang the song.
2. The chef hasn’t made dinner.
3. An explorer has found a dinosaur egg.
4. Mrs. Gates will look after the baby.
5. They won’t take him home after the party.
6. Someone left the front door open.
7. Jenny didn’t break the window.
8. Someone is using the computer.
9. His brother taught him to drive.
10. Many people speak English.
11. The doctor had already told him to go on a diet.
12. The author is writing a new book.
III. Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice двумя
способами.
Model: His father gave Billy a new bicycle.
a) Billy was given a new bicycle by his father.
b) A new bicycle was given to Billy by his father.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
60
Her mother wrote me a letter.
The boss gave the secretary some letters to type.
Someone sent Helen some flowers.
Jack will present her a new vase.
They bought their children three books.
Tom is sending Jane a telegram.
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Содержание
1. Определители существительного............................................................ 3
2. Предлоги..................................................................................................... 7
3. Числительные.............................................................................................. 11
4. Местоимения.............................................................................................. 15
5. Степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий.........................
18
6. Порядок слов............................................................................................. 25
7. Глагол «to be»........................................................................................... 33
8. Глагол «to have»....................................................................................... 37
9. Модальные глаголы................................................................................... 41
10. Present simple или present progressive..................................................... 47
11. Past progressive или past simple...........................................................49
12. Past simple или present perfect.............................................................51
13. Употребление времен.............................................................................. 53
14. Пассивный залог...................................................................................... 56
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Подписано к печати 03.05.06. Бумага офсетная. Гарнитура «Таймс».
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