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9013.Chemical secret

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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»
Chemical secret
(pre-intermediate level)
Дидактические материалы
Войтковой А.Н.
Иркутск, 2012
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CHEMICAL SECRET
By Tim Vicary
(stage 3 1000 headwоrds)
Oxford Bookworm Library
Thrillers & Adventure
Vicary, Tim. Chemical Secret [Text] | Tim Vicary, Oxford University
Press, 2000 – 72p.
Vocabulary & discussion points
CONTENTS
STORY INTRODUCTION
GLOSSARY
ACTIVITIES: Before Reading
ACTIVITIES: While Reading
1
2
3
4
5
A new start
At home
Rich man
The seals
The new experiment
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
The report
Christine and Simon
The wedding day
I don't believe you
Green world
The Public Enquiry
The future
ACTIVITIES:
After Listening /
Reading
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Before Listening / Reading
1
Read the back cover, and the introduction on the first page.
CHEMICAL SECRET
There are two ways of committing a crime. You can do it with your eyes open, or you
can do it with your eyes closed. Not many of us intend to do wrong, but almost all of us
close our eyes to certain kinds of crime.
But what is a crime? Is it something that the law tells us is wrong, or something that
we know in our hearts is wrong? There are many kinds of crime — crimes of greed, of
violence, of anger and hate. But there are also less obvious crimes — the ones that we
commit against the world: against the sky, the sea, the land. They are the crimes that we
commit against the future and against our children — by closing our eyes and pretending
that we cannot see.
John Duncan is a biologist. When he took the job at the chemical factory, he thought
he was protecting his children. He wanted to buy them the good things of life: a big house,
a boat, exciting holidays . . . But what kind of future was he buying them?
1. commit a crime
2. do it with your
eyes open /
closed
3. greed
4. violence
5. anger
6. law
7. intend to
do
8. obvious
9. take the job
10.protect his children
11.we know in our hearts
12.pretend
Answer the questions:
What kind of person do you think John Duncan is going to be?
Choose Y (Yes) or N (No) for each of these ideas.
1 He is a murderer. Y/N
2 He is an honest man who makes a big mistake. Y/N
3 He is a man who likes money. Y/N
4 He is a man who needs money. Y/N
5 He is a man who loves his children. Y/N
6 He is a dishonest man. Y/N
2 What do you think will happen in the story? Choose the words you
prefer to complete these sentences.
1 John Duncan tells / doesn't tell the truth about his job.
2 The chemical factory kills some people / animals.
3 John Duncan loses / leaves his job at the chemical factory.
4 By the end of the story John Duncan is a rich / poor man.
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3 The story introduction talks about different kinds of crime.
Which of these crimes do you think is worse? Why?
1 A man who kills his wife's lover.
2 A drunk driver who kills somebody in a car accident.
3 Someone who knows the name of a murderer, but doesn't tell the
police.
Chapter 1
A new start
1. Words to be studied before reading or listening.
a) Match the English word with its Russian equivalent.
feel miserable government sailor
Congratulations! silent
правительство, моряк, поздравляю
чувствовать себя жалким, молчаливый
b) Match the beginning of the phrase with its ending
Part 1
1. shake
2. discover
3. in
4. feel
5. be silent
6. as soon as
miserable
possible
a new paint
for a moment
fact
hands with smb
Part 2
1. sail
2. the business
3. borrow
4. do smth to
make
5. feel
around the world in a
boat
money (from smb)
sure that
went well
uncomfortable
c) Transcribe the following words
chemist ...................... (chemistry ......................... (chemical ....................)) biologist
........................ silent .......................
2. Answer the questions:
1. What did Mr Duncan look like? What was he dressed in?
2. Who was the man inside the room? What was his office like? What did Mr David
Wilson look like?
3. Who was Miss Carter? What did she look like?
4. Why did John feel miserable?
5. What was the job like?
6. During the conversation what made John feel uncomfortable?
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7. What were the perks of his job? (perks - an advantage or benefit from a particular good
job)
Part 2 Working with the vocabulary
3. Read the sentences taken from the chapter & Insert the right
preposition & translate the sentences.
1. John Duncan stood ................ and
walked nervously................ the
door.
2. John Duncan shook hands
...................... both of them, and sat
down.
3. He smiled............... John.
4. She was wearing a white coat with a
lot of pens .............. the top pocket.
5. You worked.................. a university
and then ............... two very famous
companies.
6. She sailed ................... the world
alone........... a small boat.'
7. 'And did the business go well?' asked
Wilson. 'Very well ................. first.
8. Wilson remembered the newspaper
reports of the storm and the lives lost .....
sea. He looked at the man who sat
sadly.....front ......... him.
9. That's important ................. us.'
10.He talked ..............two or three minutes
about his work.
11.He stood ...., and held ............. his hand.
Grammar notes
4. (1) Infinitive of purpose: “Inside the room, a man stood up to welcome him” "we
need a biologist to make sure that everything is safe". Make up your sentence in the 6th
place.
1. Мне надо купить эти брюки, чтобы
пойти на вечеринку
2. Ему надо сходить в магазин , чтобы
купить хлеб
3. Он оглянулся ,чтобы удостовериться,
что все здесь
4. Она учит английский чтобы уехать
в Америку
5. Она зашла в комнату, чтобы
удостовериться, что дети спят
6. .........................................................
..........................................................
(2) Structure: “he wished he hadn't come.” (Жаль......)
1. Жаль, что я не красивая
2. Жаль, что погода плохая
3. Жаль, что ты приехал
4. Жаль, что я не изучала английский
(3) Structure: “Wilson's smile grew bigger”. Translate similar phrases &
make a rule for them 'go + adjective"
grow old grow older
grow taller grow pale
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1. Он сильно постарел
2. Она позвраслела
3. Он подрос
4. она побледнела
(4) Structure: “If you come to work.........................”. Translate similar phrases
Translation exercise
5. Read again. While reading find English equivalents for the
Russian words & sentences. Comment on the grammar.
1. Он подошел нервно к двери ……………………………………………….
2. Мужчина встал, чтобы поприветствовать его
………………………………………………. .........................................................
3. Вы работали в двух знаменитых компаниях
………………………………………………. .........................................................
4. Как шел ваш бизнес? Сначала все хорошо было
………………………………………………. .........................................................
5. Нам нужен биолог чтобы удостовериться, что все ,что мы производим безопасно
.........................................................................................................
6. Ему нравиться заставлять людей чувствовать себя маленькими
………………………………………………….........................................................
7. Вы нам нужны как можно скорее
..............................................................................................
8. Она была одета в белый халат с кучей ручек в верхнем кармане
………………………………………………...................................................................
9. Если вы будете работать у нас, то вы будете работать с ней
………………………………………...............................................................................
10.Уилсон попрощался с Джонсоном.
………….....................................................……………..
6. Think up sentences with the words from this chapter (at least 10)
1. commit a crime
2. do it with your eyes
open / closed
3. intend to do
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
be dressed in
discover paint
be silent for a moment
borrow money from
do smth to make sure
feel uncomfortable
make smb do smth
chemistry (chemist /
chemical )
9. in fact
4.
5.
6.
7.
greed
violence
anger
obvious
8. law
9. (dis) honest
10. murder (er)
12. shake hands with smb
13. smile at
14. top pocket.
15. feel miserable
16. sailor
17. government (govern -v)
18. the business went (go) well
19. at first
20. grow old grow older
grow taller grow pale
11. take the job
12. protect his children
13. we know in our hearts
14. pretend
22. Congratulations!
(congratulate smb on )
23. work at a university
24. work for a company
25. sail around the world
alone in a small boat.'
26. reports of the storm and
the lives lost at sea
27. hold out his hand
28. as soon as possible
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10. welcome smb
11. perks
21. be like
29. at first
7. Discuss:
 How can one make somebody feel small? What did the author
mean by this?
Chapter 2
At Home
1. Words to be studied before reading or listening.
a) Match the English word with its Russian
equivalent.
dirty (adj) thick (adj) suppose (v) furniture грязный, огни, предполагать (думать) ,
(n) wallpaper (n)
толстый (густой) , обои, мебель,
lights (n) fried (part.)
жареный
b) Match the beginning of the phrase with its ending
Part 1
1. he ate
2. he tried for
3. he got none
4. she pushed
5. take children on
6. His smile grew
7. I want to go on
8. his luck
9. he was
10. She gave him
Part 2
terrible supper
bigger
of the jobs
terribly unhappy
skiing holiday to ..
has ended
a smile
holiday
the letter across the table
lots of jobs
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
she was good
throw the letter
he robbed
his heart
Turn that TV
live in
they ate
he started
he moved to
away
at her schoolwork
this miserable flat
off
untidy flat
boat-building company
awful food
beat
the bank
c) Transcribe the following words
awful ...................... untidy ........................ heart .......................
2. Answer the questions:
1. How were John Duncan's kids called? What were they doing when her father came
home from work?
2. What was his supper like? Why did he eat awful food?
3. what was the room like? Describe it
4. What life had they lived when his wife was alive?
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5. What did his daughter get for him?
6. What did the letter read? Did his daughter want to go on holiday?
7. What was his daughter good at?
8. How did John react when he learnt his daughter wanted to go on holiday?
9. Did John get on well with his children?
10.What was the news he broke to them?
Part 2 Working with the vocabulary
3. Read the sentences taken from the chapter & Insert the right
preposition & translate the sentences.
1. John's sixteen-year-old daughter,
Christine, was sitting ............ the table
doing her homework.
2. 'Fine, thanks.' Christine gave him a
quick smile, then continued .......... her
work.
3. John got his food ....... the kitchen.
Fried fish and chips.
4. John had had to sell his beautiful house
in the country, and move ............. this
miserable flat.
5. And ........... the last two years, he
hadn't had a job at all.
6. He had tried ............ lots of jobs, and
got none ............. them.
7. She pushed the letter .......... the table,
and he opened it.
8. One of the teachers was taking the
children ............ a skiing holiday
........... the mountains in Switzerland.
9. 'Do you want to go ............... this
holiday, Christine?' he asked.
10.' He looked ............... her carefully
............. his thick glasses.
11.She was a clever, strong girl - good
.............. her schoolwork, good ........
sports.
12.Put your homework ........., Christine and turn that TV ............, Andrew.
13.But they could still talk ................ their
father.
14.The story didn't sound very exciting
............. first.
Grammar notes
4. (1) Linking verbs: “The food didn't taste very good / the story didn't sound exciting
at first ".
The soup
I
The story
The flower
He
(didn't)
(don't)
(doesn't)
(didn't)
(doesn't)
Verb+
taste
feel
sound
smell
look
ADJECTIVE
good (terrible / awful)
good (terrible / awful)
good (terrible / awful) ( to me)
good (terrible / awful)
good (terrible / awful)
** She looked at me strangely
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1.
2.
3.
4.
Хлеб пахнет вкусно
Ты не интересно говоришь
Я чувствую себя плохо
Мороженое было не вкусным
5.
6.
7.
8.
Он выглядел ужасно
Она посмотрела на меня странно
Пошли в кино? -Ладно пошли.
Это было для меня не неинтересно
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. .............................................................
4. .............................................................
2. ............................................................
5. ............................................................
3. ............................................................. 6. .............................................................
(2) Structure: “Do you want to go on this holiday? -Of course, I do.”
1. Он курит? Конечно курит.
2. Ты была в школе? Да, была
3. Ты приготовила суп? - Нет
4. Ты ездила в Италию? - Да, очень
интересно
5. Ты пойдешь завтра на концерт? - Да
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. .............................................................
4. .............................................................
2. ............................................................
5. ............................................................
3. ............................................................. 6. .............................................................
(3) 'be going to' Structure: “We are going to be rich” (2nd meaning). Translate
similar phrases
1. Он завтра опоздает
3. Она нас увидит
2. Он сейчас расплачется
4. Он не сдаст экзамен
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. .............................................................
4. .............................................................
2. ............................................................
5. ............................................................
3. ............................................................. 6. .............................................................
(4) Structure: “I felt my heart beating”. Translate similar
Verb + ing (participle)
Verb+
He (didn't) feel
his heart beating
I (don't)
her
speaking to him
see
She (doesn't) watch him /me
driving away
They (didn't) hear
them
speaking intalian
phrases
As a part of
present (past)
progressive
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1. Я видел, как он переходил дорогу
2. Я слышала, как она пела эту песню
3. я чувствовал как ее рука дрожала
(tremble)
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. .............................................................
4. .............................................................
2. ............................................................
5. ............................................................
3. ............................................................. 6. .............................................................
(5) Structure: “Do you want your children to go on this holiday?”. Translate
similar phrases
He (didn't)
I (don't)
Verb+
want
expect
pronoun
her / them
him /me
Infinitive (to do)
to speak to him
to drive away
1. Она хочет , чтобы я дал ему эту ручку
2. Он ждет, что они приедут завтра
3. Я хочу, чтобы они поняли меня
4. Он хочет, чтобы Петя рассказал
ему правду
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. .............................................................
4. .............................................................
2. ............................................................
5. ............................................................
3. ............................................................. 6. .............................................................
Translation exercise
5. Read again. While reading find English equivalents for the
Russian words & sentences. Comment on the grammar.
1. Она сидела за столом и делала домашнюю работу
…………………………………………...................................................................
2. Кристина ему улыбнулась
……………………........................................................……………………….....….
3. Еда была сухая и невкусная................... ............. ......................................................
4. Он сам плохо готовил и его дети не лучше, а его жена хорошо готовила
………………………………….......................................................................................
5. Он осмотрел свою маленькую и убогую квартирку
……………………………. .........................................................................................
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6. Из окна его квартиры можно было видеть только огоньки из других квартир
………………………………………………….............................................................
7. Им не нужно было думать о деньгах
.......................................................................................................................................
8. Как прошел день в школе? - Нормально
………………………………………………............ .................................................
9. Он много раз пытался устроиться на работу, но не получил ни одну из них
………………………………………..........................................................................
10.Один учитель организует зимний отдых для детей в горах в Швейцарии
……………………….. .....................................................................................
11.Родители, которые хотят, чтобы их дети поехали туда на каникулы, должны
прислать деньги до 25 февраля………………………..
.....................................................................................
12.Ты хочешь поехать? – Конечно, хочу.
……………………….. .....................................................................................
13.Она хорошо училась в школе
……………………….. .....................................................................................
14.Он посмотрел на нее и почувствовал, как его сердце быстро бьется
……………………….. .....................................................................................
15.Ты что ограбил банк?
……………………….. .....................................................................................
16.Он пошел на кухню и налил себе попить
……………………….. .....................................................................................
17.Мне надо с тобой поговорить
……………………….. .....................................................................................
18.Рассказ сначала был неинтересный
……………………….. .....................................................................................
6. Think up sentences with the words from this chapter ( at least
10)
1. break the news
2. the letter read / say
3. dirty (adj)
4. thick (adj)
5. suppose (v)
6. put away
7. dirty (adj)
8. thick (adj)
9. suppose (v)
10. furniture (n)
11. wallpaper (n)
12. sit at a
11. eat his terrible dinner
12. he tried for lots of jobs
13. he got none of them
14. push smth across the table
15. take children on holiday to
16. go on holiday
17. his luck has ended
18. be terribly unhappy
19. lights
20. get oneself a drink
21. be on good terms with
22. give smb a smile
23. be good at schoolwork
24. throw the letter away
25. rob the bank
26. his heart beat
27. Turn that TV off
28. live in miserable flat
29. eat awful food
30. boat-building company
31. move to
32. sound exciting
33. fried
34. go abroad
7. Discuss (or write a paragraph) :
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 What is more important: to live in an expensive house & being
able to go on holidays abroad or be on good terms with your
parents?
Chapter 3
Rich man
1. Words to be studied before reading or
listening.
a) Match the English word with its Russian
equivalent.
thoughtfully (adv) painful (adj) skin (n)
the waste products (n) nasty (adj)
chemicals (n) field (n) afford (v) lawyers
(n) spill (v) upstream (adv) damage (v) acid
(n) salt (n) develop (v)
развивать, больно, отходы, химикаты,
юристы, повредить, кожа, тщательно,
пролить , кислота, соль, поле, позволить
себе, вверх по течению, вредный
b) Match the beginning of the phrase with its ending
Part 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
She showed him
Nothing
They tested the
paint
she developed
the cars look like
they make a lot of
He spilt
he cleaned the waste
products
it kept him
i'll teach you
he had a good job
he was busy
Part 2
could damage it
all over the world
round the factory
money from the paint
new
some of the waste products
off
at last
buying a house
the paint
to sail
awake all night
13. the skin will stay red
14. we are very careful
checked
15. special safe
clothing
16. I'm very pleased to hear that
17. it's carefully
from the river mouth
18. drink water
a big house
19. for heaven's
with the waste products
20. he had to make sure sake
21. I can afford
to enjoy fishing
22. we'll go
fishing
23. she was alive
the paint is safe
24. he was
in a hurry
c) Transcribe the following words
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acid ...................... salt ........................ thoughtfully ....................... afford ..................
lawyer ........................... heaven ..............................
2. Answer the questions:
1. What do Mary & her chemist do with the paint? What were the characteristics of the
paint?
2. How much money was the company beginning to make? What did it mean to the
town?
3. What happened one day when John was working with the paint? How did he feel all
night?
4. What did the doctor say about the pain? What was he interested in?
5. What did John say to assure the doctor that everything is under control?
6. Where did the waste products go after the factory had finished with them?
7. What was john's job at the factory?
8. How did he life changed since he started working at this factory? Where was their
house now?
9. Could he afford a small boat?
10.What was the only thing he was worried about?
Part 2 Working with the vocabulary
3. Read the sentences taken from the chapter & Insert the right
preposition & translate the sentences.
1. Mary Carter showed him .............. the factory
2. The company was beginning to make a lot of
money ............ this paint,
3. and it had brought four hundred new jobs
................ the town.
4. When he was working .............. the paint,
John spilt some ............ the waste products
................... his leg.
5. He cleaned it ............quickly,
6. It kept him awake ............. night.
7. 'I see.' The doctor looked ............ ........... the
window thoughtfully.
8. 'Look, can you give me something to put .....
it, or not?'
9. 'Oh yes.' The doctor began to write something
.............. a piece of paper.
10. 'Put this ............. night and morning, and the
pain will go .......... a day or two.
11. But I'm afraid the skin there will stay red
.............. a year or two.
12. 'Yes, I know.' John smiled ............ him.
13. The house was half a kilometer from the sea,
and its gardens went .......... ............ the
river.
14. 'I mean, not now, of course, but one day when you've finished paying .......... the
house, perhaps?'
15. His children had been poor.......... so long.
16. He had a good job ....... last,
17. John was ..............a hurry.
Grammar notes
4. (1) 'neither... nor' structure : “Neither acid nor salt could damage the paint".
1. Ни ты, ни я не пойдем туда
3. Ни мама, ни папа не будут рады
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2. Ни яблоки, ни груши не вкусные
этому
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
4. .............................................................
7. .............................................................
5. ............................................................
8. ............................................................
6. .............................................................
9. .............................................................
(2) Structure: “These chemicals had something to do with the new paint?"
have something to do with something
have nothing to do with something
1. Я не имею к этому
отношение
2. Ты как то связан с этим?
3. Какое отношение он имеет к тебе?
4. это преступление никак не связано с этим
заводом
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
5. .............................................................
8. .............................................................
6. ............................................................
9. ............................................................
7. .............................................................
10..............................................................
(3) Structure: “There was the only thing that couldn't ”. Translate similar
phrases
1. Единственное, что я хочу - это ты
2. Единственное, что мне надо - это
мороженое
3. Единственное, что нам нужно
сделать это прибраться
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
4. .............................................................
7. .............................................................
5. ............................................................
8. ............................................................
6. .............................................................
9. .............................................................
(4) 'I wish ...' Structure: “He only wished his wife was alive”. Translate
similar phrases
I wish
Something
somebody
were
did
smth
smth
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1. Как я бы хотел, чтобы погода была
хороша
2. Жаль что, я некрасивая
3. Жаль, что тебя здесь нет ( я бы
хотел что бы ты был здесь)
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
4. .............................................................
7. .............................................................
5. ............................................................
8. ............................................................
6. .............................................................
9. .............................................................
(5) for one's sake' Structure: “for heaven's sake”. Translate similar
phrases
1. Сделай это ради моей мамы
2. Она сказала это ради тебя
3. Родители живут ради своих детей
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
4. .............................................................
7. .............................................................
5. ............................................................
8. ............................................................
6. .............................................................
9. .............................................................
Translation exercise
5. Listen (or Read) again. While reading find English equivalents for
the Russian words & sentences. Comment on the grammar.
1. Мэри показала ему фабрику
…………………………………………...................................................................
2. Ни кислота ни соль не могут повредить эту краску
……………………........................................................……………………….....….
3. Из-за боли он не спал всю ночь ................... .............
…………………………………….............................................………………….....
4. Он пролили несколько отходных материалов на ногу
………………………………….......................................................................................
5. На коже появилось краснота и стало больно
……………………………. .........................................................................................
6. Фабрика начала зарабатывать большие деньги и благодаря этому в городе
появилось много рабочих мест
………………………………………………….............................................................
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7. Прикладывайте это ночью и утром. Боль через день два уйдет. Но красное
пятно не сойдет около года
.......................................................................................................................................
8. Это очень вредные химикаты
………………………………………………............ .................................................
9. Не волнуйтесь, доктор, мы очень осторожно обращаемся с химикатами
………………………………………..........................................................................
10.Рад это слышать ……………………….. ............................................................
11.Никто не подходит к химикатам без специальной одежды
........................................................................................................................................
12.Краска проверяется все время
……………………….. .....................................................................................
13.Питьевая вода берется в реке в пяти километрах по вверх течению
……………………….. .....................................................................................
14. Мы производим несколько литров отходов в день
……………………….. .....................................................................................
15.Жаль, что его жена не может разделить с ними эту радость
……………………….. .....................................................................................
16.Это единственное , что он не может дать своим детям
……………………….. .....................................................................................
17.Наши юристы знают об этом
……………………….. .....................................................................................
18.Если я могу позволить себе купить такой дом , то я смогу позволить себе купить
и лодку
……………………….. .....................................................................................
19.Ему надо было протестировать несколько типов новой краски и удостовериться ,
что она безопасна
……………………….. .....................................................................................
20.Он был занят тем, что покупал большой удобный дом
……………………….. .....................................................................................
6. Think up sentences with the words from this chapter ( at least
10)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
thoughtfully (adv)
painful (adj) (pain (n))
skin (n)
the waste products (n)
nasty (adj)
chemicals (n)
field (n)
can (cannot) afford (v)
lawyers (n)
spill (v)
upstream (adv) (stream)
damage (v)
acid (n) salt (n)
develop (v)
a day / an hour / a year
16. show smb round the factory
17. test smth
18. develop the paint
19. the cars look like new
20. make a lot of money
21. cleaned off
22. it kept him awake
23. be in hurry
24. teach smb to sail
25. at last
26. neither ..... nor
27. be busy doing smth
28. the skin will stay red
29. be careful with smth
30. special safe clothing
31. be pleased to hear that
32. be carefully checked
33. the river mouth
34. heaven
35. for heaven's sake
for one's sake
36. he had to make sure
37. go fishing
38. be alive
39. all over the world
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Chapter 4
The seals
1. Words to be studied before reading or listening.
a) Match the English word with its Russian equivalent.
seal (n) tasteless (adj) soft (adj) pretend
(v) feel proud of (v) clear (adj) sandbanks
(n) point to (v) shiny (adj) lift one's head
(v) stare at (v)
in the shallow water notice (v)
wave (n)
морские котики (тюлени), гордиться,
уставиться, показать пальцем на, ясный
(о небе), песчаные пляжи (реки),
поднять голову, притвориться, мягкий,
блестящий, волны, безвкусный,
мелководье, заметить
b) Match the beginning of the phrase with its ending
Part 1
1. The evening
2. Chris was angry
3. She tidied up
4. John felt
5. The sailing was
6. the sky was
7. He pointed
8. Seal mothers lifted
9. in the shallow
10. Father seal stared
Part 2
went badly
the kitchen
fun
angrily at them
proud of his kids
clear
excitedly to
their heads
water
with her father
11. it made me
12. I wish
13. John felt a big smile
14. a few months
15. Friends never came
16.
17.
18.
19.
he was nervous
They sailed
live so close
the world was
20. Nothing can be
wrong
come onto his face
later
I could do it
for meal
to the town
a good place
with the world
about the food
over white-topped waves
feel happy
c) Transcribe the following words
proud ......................stare ........................ excitedly ....................... tasteless ..................
sandbank ........................... shallow ..............................
2. Answer the questions:
1. Who did John invited to his house & why?
2. How did the dinner go? Why were the family member angry with one another?
3. When did Mary come again? Where did John take her & his children out?
4. How did they spend their time? What did John feel? What was the weather like?
5. What did they see in the distance?
6. When they sailed closer to the sandbank what did they see the seals do?
7. Why did John think the world was a good place?
Part 2 Working with the vocabulary
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3. Read the sentences taken from the chapter & Insert the right
preposition & translate the sentences.
1. John invited Mary................... a meal in the
new house.
2. the children's friends never came .................
meals.
3. John was nervous ............... the food
4. Christine was angry ................ her because
she tidied ........... the kitchen
5. But Mary came again, ............ a Sunday, and
John took them all .............. in their new
boat.
6. . He felt proud ............... them, and he
thought they were proud ...........him too.
a. John felt a big smile come
................... his face.
7. The boat sailed fast, ................. small, whitetopped waves.
8. They sailed ................. ............. the mouth
of the river
9. Andrew pointed excitedly ..................... one
of the long, low sandbanks.
10. The baby seals were drinking milk...............
their mothers, climbing .................them, and
playing................ the shallow water.
11. Then a big father seal lifted his head and
stared angrily .....................them.
12. 'I never knew they lived here, so close
............. the town.
13. 'I think nothing can be really wrong ...............
the world, if they can live here, all..................
themselves, with no one looking ...................
them.'
Grammar notes
4. (1) 'it made me feel happy' : Think over the way the sentence can
be translated
1. .........................................................................................................
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
2. .................................................
5. ................................................
3. .................................................
6. ................................................
4. ..................................................
7. ......................................................
(2) 'Passive with pronouns : 'she did what she was told to do'
1. Меня не спросили об этом
2. Им не сказали куда идти
3. Ему не показали, как это делать
4. Мне не предложили эту работу
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
5. .................................................
8. ................................................
6. .................................................
9. ................................................
7. ..................................................
10.......................................................
Translation exercise
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5. Listen (or Read) again. While reading find English equivalents for
the Russian words & sentences. Comment on the grammar.
1. Вечер прошел плохо. Курица была безвкусная, а рис разваренный
………………………………………….....................................................
2. Друзья детей никогда не приходили к ним ни обедать, ни ужинать
……………………........................................................……………………
3. Джон прокатил их всех на своей лодке
…………………………….............................................………………….....
4. Она делала все, что ей говорили
………………….......................................................................................
5. Кататься на лодке под парусом было интересно
.........................................................................................
6. Он почувствовал, как улыбка появилась на его лице
…………………………………………………...............................................
7. Он гордился своими детьми
...........................................................................................................................
8. Небо было голубым и ясным
………………………………………………............ .
9. Тюлени приплывают сюда каждый год, чтобы рожать потомство
………………………………………...............................................................
10.Он зло посмотрел на них ………………………..
11.Он подумал, что жизнь хороша
.....................................................................................
12.Жаль, что я не умею так делать,
……………………….. .....................................................................................
13.Детеныши сосали молоко у своих мам и перелазили через них и играли на
мелководье
……………………….. .....................................................................................
6. Think up sentences with the words from this chapter ( at least
10)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
seal (n)
tasteless (adj)
soft (adj)
pretend (v)
feel proud of ( be proud of)
(v) clear (adj)
bank ( sandbanks (n))
point to (v)
excitedly
shiny (adj)
lift one's head (v)
in the shallow (adj) water
13. The evening went
badly
14. be angry with
15. tidy up the kitchen
16. John felt his smile
come onto his face
17. The sailing was fun
18. the sky was clear
19. notice (v)
20. stare at (v)
21. wave (n)
22. climb over smth
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
it made me feel happy
I wish I could do this
a few months later
come for meal
be nervous about
sail over white-topped
waves
sail down to the bank
live so close to the town
the world was a good place
Nothing can be wrong with
the world
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Chapter 5 The new experiment
1. Words to be studied before reading or
listening.
a) Match the English word with its Russian
equivalent.
sheet (n) a sheet of paper (n) comfort smb
(v) magnifying glass (n) shadow (n)
per (prep) lift (v)
Поднять, в (час\ на литр ), лупа,
успокоить, лист бумаги, простынь
b) Match the beginning of the phrase with its ending
Part 1
1. we test
2. what an awful
thing
3. say smth
4. magnifying
5. she turned round
6. five parts
Part 2
terrible supper
to do!
glass
per million
excitedly
to face him
the waste products
15. he put his hand
on her arm
16. it'll take years
17. a shadow
18. She looked at them
19. a few days
20. hundreds of
21. the room was
full
to comfort her
through magnifying glass
crossed his face
later
unsuccessful experiments
of noises
to build those machines
c) Transcribe the following words
machine ...................... magnifying ........................ awful .......................
2. Answer the questions:
1. What kind of experiment was John making a few days later?
2. How was there with him in the room?
3. Was there a real problem with the waste products yet?
4. After Mary read the results carefully was she happy with them?
5. How did John comfort her?
6. What were the new results of the testing? What was wrong with the chemicals?
7. What was John going to do?
8. How did John & Mary feel? Prove your answer with sentences from the story
Part 2 Working with the vocabulary
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3. Read the sentences taken from the chapter & Insert the right
preposition & translate the sentences.
1. He took her ................. a long, quiet room
............... the back of the factory.
2. The room was full .............. the noises of
small animals.
3. 'Some of these rats have had the waste
products.............. their food and drinking
water.
4. He opened a box ................ the window
5. I gave them a lot — five parts ................
million.
6. He lifted some of the baby rats ...........
............... the box and looked................ them
....................... a magnifying glass.
7. She stared ................. the small animals
............... the magnifying glass.
8. She remembered the beautiful afternoon that
they had spent with John's children,
sailing................ the clear blue water.
9. 'But . . .' She turned................. to face him.
His hand fell from her arm.
10. His eyes looked ............... hers, then
................., ............ .......... the window.
11. She remembered her long years of work, the
hundreds ............... unsuccessful
experiments.
12. She turned, and went quickly ...............
............. the room.
Grammar notes
4. (1) Infinitive of purpose: “He put his hand on her arm to comfort her" / "She
turned round to face him".
1. Чтобы говорить на языке, надо много
читать и слушать
2. Я пошел в магазин, чтобы купить
огурцов
3. Она позвонила ему, чтобы узнать
новости
4. Чтобы говорить на английском
лучше, мне надо читать больше
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. ...........................................................
4. ..........................................................
2. ...........................................................
5. ..........................................................
3. ............................................................
6. ...........................................................
(2) Structure: “it'll take years to build those machines”
1. Мне нужно 5 мин ,чтобы
одеться
2. Сколько времени тебе надо,
чтобы пообедать?
3. Сколько времени ты дела свою домашку?
4. Мне надо 20 мин, чтобы доехать школы
5. Ему надо 10 мин, чтобы прочитать этот
текст
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. ...........................................................
4. ..........................................................
2. ...........................................................
5. ..........................................................
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3. ............................................................
6. ...........................................................
(3) Structure: “No rats had eye”. Translate similar phrases
1. Учителя не пришли на урок
2. Я не заработал денег
3. Никакую информацию нам не дали
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. ......................................................
2. ......................................................
3. .....................................................
4. .................................................
5. .....................................................
6. .....................................................
Translation exercise
5. Read again. While reading find English equivalents for the
Russian words & sentences. Comment on the grammar.
1. Нет ничего серьезного (с химикатами). Заболели только несколько крыс
…………………………………………...................................................................
2. Она дала ему лист бумаги
…………………........................................................……………………….....….
3. Эти крысы ели продукты с химикатами ......................................................
4. Пока крысы не умерли
…………………………….......................................................................................
5. Они скоро родят. И если с детенышами будет все в порядке, то нам не о чем
беспокоится
.........................................................................................
6. Какие ужасные вещи ты делаешь!
………………………………………………….........................................................
7. Он взял из коробки одного детеныша и посмотрел на него через лупу
.....................................................................................................................................
8. Мы выбрасываем в реку не так много химикатов
………………………………………………............
9. Ей стало плохо. Потом была долгая тишина ………………………..
.....................................................................................
10.Потребуются годы чтобы построить оборудование
.....................................................................................
11.Она повернулась и посмотрела ему в лицо
……………………….. .....................................................................................
12.Он положил ей руку на плечо, чтобы успокоить ее
……………………….. .....................................................................................
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13.Он посмотрел на нее , потом отвернулся и посмотрел в окно
……………………….. .....................................................................................
14.Он прикоснулся к ее руке и улыбнулся
……………………….. .....................................................................................
15.Она вспомнила сотни неудачных экспериментов
……………………….. .....................................................................................
6. Think up sentences with the words from this chapter ( at least
10)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
sheet (n)
a sheet of paper (n)
comfort smb (v)
magnifying glass (n)
shadow (n)
lift (v)
stare at (v)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
test smth
what an awful thing to do
say smth excitedly
face smb
five parts per million
unsuccessful
feel ill
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
it'll take years to do smth
build machines
a few days later
hundreds of
be full of smth
7. Discuss :
 What do you think might happen?
Chapter 6
The report
1. Words to be studied before reading or listening.
a) Match the English word with its Russian equivalent.
run a business (adj) light (v)( lit) a
cigarette the woods (n) feel sick (v)
stomach (n) indeed (part.) scientist
employ (v) borrow (v) liar (n) both
shake hands with (v) shiver (v)
дрожать, занимать (деньги), тошнить,
желудок, на самом деле, лжец, вести
бизнес, подкурить сигарету, лес,
поздороваться оба
b) Match the beginning of the phrase with its ending
Part 1
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
1. make
money doesn't
His report took
he shook
he felt
You've worked
he felt cold
Part 2
hands with John
& sick in the stomach
money
comfortable
very well
dry
very hard on the report
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
if people get
No one will ever
he stood still
we employed
we are lucky
your report
he felt his hand
be hurt
says that ....
400 more people
for a moment
ill
a drink of water
shaking
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8.
9.
his mouth was
we are doing
grow on trees
longer that he thought
17. He took
to have you in this
company
c) Transcribe the following words
stomach ...................... scientist ........................ science ...................
scientific ............................. shiver .......................
2. Answer the questions:
1. How much time passed when he went to discuss the results?
2. What’s David's office like? Why did John feel comfortable?
3. What didn't David like in his report? Why?
4. What were David's arguments?
5. Why couldn't they understand each other?
6. Was John going to tell everything to the newspapers?
7. How did David stop him? Do you think that will stop John from telling the truth to the
newspapers?
Part 2 Working with the vocabulary
3. Read the sentences taken from the chapter & Insert the right
preposition & translate the sentences.
1. 'Thanks ..............coming, John.'
2. David Wilson came ..... ....... ...... his
desk
3. 'What?' John stared .............him
..................... surprise.
4. Wilson smiled, and moved his hand
..................the clouds of smoke.
5. We're making millions of pounds every
month................ that, aren't we?'
6. We both know that no drinking water
comes ........... ............ this part of the
river, don't we?
8. And in two kilometres the river goes
......... ....... the sea.
9. John thought of his children, sailing
.............. the river ................their boat.
10. He picked up a sheet of paper, and held it
................ the table ............ John to see
11.
You'll have to sell your house, and
go back.............. living in a nasty little
flat.
He got ................ .......... his desk, came
................ ............. the front, and held ....
his hand.
7. “What I mean is, I don't like the idea ...
the end of your report ".
Grammar notes
4. (1) Sentence-Subject: “What I mean is, I don't like the idea at the end of your
report ".
1. То, что на до мне это когда ты
придешь?
3. Все что ты знаешь - это мало
4. То, что я хочу тебе сказать - это
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2. Все что мне надо - это мороженое
только правду
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. ......................................................
4. ..........................................................
2. .......................................................
5. ..........................................................
3. .......................................................
6. ......................................................
(2) Structure: "Your report says that ......”
1. В газете написано, что он
преступник
2. В письме говориться , что он
не приедет
3. В объявлении сказано, что встрече не
будет
4. В книге идет речь о тех событиях
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. ......................................................
4. ..........................................................
2. .......................................................
5. ..........................................................
3. .......................................................
6. ......................................................
(3) Structure: "Didn't you read that in my report?.”
1. Разве ты не знаешь, что он
убийца?
2. Разве ты не видишь, что
издевается над тобой?
3. Разве он не смотрел этот фильм,
4. Разве ты не боишься змей?
5. Разве он не поедете в Испанию?
6. Разве он не хочет пить?
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. ......................................................
4. ..........................................................
2. ......................................................
5. ..........................................................
.
6. ......................................................
3. ......................................................
.
(4) Structure: Translate & comment on the grammar pattern: "No one
will get ill, because no one drinks that water, John. The newspapers will never know about
it.' -'They will if I tell them.'
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1. Я не пойду в театр. А он пойдет 3. Маша не есть суп, а я ем.
2. Мой отец читает много книг, а
4. Я буду сдавать экзамен по математике, а
мама нет.
она нет.
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. ......................................................
4. ..........................................................
2. ......................................................
5. ..........................................................
.
6. ......................................................
3. ......................................................
.
Translation exercise
5. Read again. While reading find English equivalents for the
Russian words & sentences. Comment on the grammar.
1. Спасибо, что пришел
…………………………………………...........................................................
2. Работа на докладом заняла больше времени, чем он ожидал
……………………........................................................……………………
3. Деньги не растут на деревьях
………………………………...................................................................
4. Она дала ему лист бумаги
…………………........................................................………………………..
5. Из окна было видно на другой стороне реку , лес и поля
……………………………...............................................................................
6. Он почувствовал как его рука дрожит
.........................................................................................
7. Какие ужасные вещи ты делаешь!
…………………………………………………...............................................
8. Ваша зарплата будет в два раза больше
...........................................................................................................................
9. Что случиться если люди заболеют из-за того что он выпью эту воду?
………………………………………………............
10.Никому не причинят вреда ………………………..
.....................................................................................
11.Я скажу , что вы все придумали
.....................................................................................
12.Мы оба знаем что питьевую воду не берут из этой части реки
……………………….. .....................................................................................
13.Он знает как руководить делом и зарабатывать деньги
……………………….. .....................................................................................
14.Вы хороший ученый и мы рады что вы у нас работаете
……………………….. .....................................................................................
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15.Ему стало холодно и его затошнило
……………………….. .....................................................................................
16.Мы заняли 10 миллионов фунтов в прошлой году
……………………….. .....................................................................................
17. Компания не может больше позволить себе занимать больше денег
……………………….. ..............................................................................
18.В вашем докладе говориться, что нам надо построить новое оборудование
……….. .....................................................................................
19. У него пересохло в горле и он выпил глоток воды
……………….. .....................................................................................
6. Think up sentences with the words from this chapter ( at least
10)
1. run a business
2. light ( lit) a cigarette
3. the woods (n)
4. feel sick (v)
5. stomach (n)
6. indeed (part.)
7. scientist
8. employ (v)
9. borrow (v) from
10. liar (n)
11. both
12. make money
13. money doesn't grow on trees
14. His report took longer than
15. he felt cold
16. feel sick in the stomach
17. he felt cold
18. his mouth was dry
19. shiver (v)
20. we are doing very well
21. if people get ill
22. No one will ever be hurt
23. stand still
24. we are lucky to have you
here
25. your report says that....
26. he felt his hand shaking
27. shake hands with (v)
28. take a drink of water
7. Discuss (or write a paragraph) :
 What do you think John will do? What would you do if you were
him?
Chapter 7
Christine & Simon
1. Words to be studied before reading or listening.
a) Match the English word with its Russian equivalent.
adult (n) intelligent (adj) earrings (n) at
first (adv) disease (n) argument (n)
argue (v) lively (adj) article (n) do one's
best (v) on one's own (adv) manage to do
smth (v) bald (adj) environmental
be grateful to (for )
взрослый, умный, живой, имеющий
отношение к окружающей природе,
один (самостоятельно), лысый, суметь
что-то сделать, быть благодарным,
статья на тему…, сережки, сделать все
от себя зависящее, ссора, сначала,
b) Match the beginning of the phrase with its ending
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Part 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Part 2
Your paint meant
Be build with
It’s all
As a father
She hasn’t got a
mother
6. He belongs to
7. He works for
8. She looked at him
9. He is nasty
10. I´ll do
11. How garteful
four hundred jobs
to discuss things with
the local newspaper
my best
because of you
on my own
thoughtfully
environmental group
he seemed foe her help
to him
the money from
company
12. He made her
13. I hope
14. I have to
write
15. I wonder
16. It’s a family
17. He's a nice
young man,
18. He tried
hard
19. I spoke to
20. The
headline
feel important
I suppose
if you could help me
read: ......
matter
my employer
a full-page article on
to smile
we´ll mange to have a
lot of money
c) Transcribe the following words
bald ......................adult .................. disease ................... journalist …………….. suppose
……………….. environmental ………………… employer ……………..
2. Answer the questions:
1. Who did Mary talk to & why? What was her decision?
2. What did John & Mary talk about in the factory restaurant?
3. How has John changed since he came to work at a factory?
4. What help did John ask Mary for? Why?
5. Who was Simon? Why didn’t John get on with him?
6. Did Mary help? What was her help like?
7. What did Simon say about at the meal?
8. What did headline read? What do you think might happen then?
Part 2 Working with the vocabulary
3. Read the sentences taken from the chapter & Insert the right
preposition & translate the sentences.
1. Mary talked to Mr Wilson too, but it was no
good. She came out looking tired and very
sad.
2. For many months she argued with David
Wilson about the danger of the waste
products, but he would not listen to her.
3. Mary decided to move ………… another
company.
4. He talked about the new sports centre at
Andrew's school, which was built
…………….money ………… the paint
company. There were two big, new shops in
the town as well, and a new theatre, and a lot
8. But every time I speak…… him, we argue.
And then Christine always agrees ….. him,
and I get angry ….. her, too. I don't want …..,
Mary, but I do.
9. He belongs …… one of these environmental
groups - Greenworld,
10. 'I think you should marry ……. him,
11. and he's probably very worried …………. it.'
12. he's always nasty …… him.'
13. Mary did try, very hard, before she moved
…… Scotland …. her new job.
14. She spoke ……John …..the phone
15. Mary was invited ….. a special supper
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of new houses.
5. He smiled…………. her across the table, and
took her hand in his.
6. He was singing ………….. himself.
7. she hasn't got a mother to discuss things …...
because of the good news.
…… the meal, John seemed a little nervous,
but happy too.
Grammar notes
4. (1) Sentence-Subject: “He had been happy & lively".
Listen to the chapter again and write out all the sentences on this
grammar pattern (Past Perfect / Present Perfect / Present Perfect
Progressive). Explain the use of these tenses in the context.
7. ......................................................
10...........................................................
8. .......................................................
11...........................................................
9. .......................................................
12.......................................................
(2) Structure: "Nobody’s been hurt, have they?”
5. Все уже здесь, да?
6. Никто не сказал об этом, да?
7. Никого там нет, да?
8. Все были там, да?
(3) Attribute Infinitive Structure: "She hasn’t got a mother to discuss things
with”
She has
There is
She has no
He had
nobody
nothing
mother
nobody
1. Мне надо тебе кое-что
сказать
2. Мне нечего делать
to babysit
to do here
to discuss things with
to talk to
3. Мне надо ручку, чтобы написать это
письмо
4. Вот книга, которую надо прочитать
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. ......................................................
4. ..........................................................
2. .......................................................
5. ..........................................................
3. .......................................................
6. ......................................................
(4) Structure: "I get angry with her, but I don’t want to, but I do.'
1. Иди потанцуй. Не хочу
4. Из-за тебя она расплакалась. – я не хотел
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2. Вы переезжаете туда? –
надеемся
3. Пойдем выпьем. Я бы с
удовольствием
(mean)
5. Я не играю в теннис как раньше (грамм)
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. ...................................................... 4. ..........................................................
2. ...................................................... 5. ..........................................................
.
6. ......................................................
3. ......................................................
.
(5) Confusing vocabulary: "mary smb vs get married to smb vs be married.'
1.
2.
3.
4.
Выходи за меня замуж
Мы поженились в июне
Я замужем
Она вышла замуж за него
5. Она не та женщина, на которой надо
жениться
6. Мы поженимся через месяц
7. Я никогда не была замужем
(6) Clauses of addition: "I don´t know if it will work” / "I don´t know whether it
will work” / I wonder if you could help me
1. Я не знаю, даст ли он мне
ее телефон
2. Мне интересно поговорил
ли он с ней
3. Я сомневаюсь, придет ли он
4. Я хотела бы знать, переедет ли он
туда
5. Я сомневаюсь, заплатит ли он мне
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
7. ......................................................
10...........................................................
8. ......................................................
11...........................................................
.
12.......................................................
9. ......................................................
.
(7) ´used to´structure: " He used to talk to his children a lot, but he doesn't now´´.
1. Я раньше много проводил
времение с ним, сейчас нет
2. Мы раньше много
разговаривали, сейчас нет
3. Он раньше много дарил подарков,
сейчас нет
4. Я раньше была счастливой и живой , а
сейчас я спокойна
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Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. ......................................................
4. ..........................................................
2. ......................................................
5. ..........................................................
.
6. ......................................................
3. ......................................................
.
(8) Newspaper headlines (Present Prefect Active & Passive):
SEALS AT RIVER MOUTH HAVE STRANGE DISEASE
Four baby seals found dead
a) Read the newspaper headlines. Check any new words.
 DANGEROUS PRSISONER ESCAPES
 FLOODS BRING ROAD CHAOS
 KIDNAPPED BABY FOUND
 US CAR WORKERS MADE REDUNDENT
b) Make up sentences with Present Perfect Active & Passive.
Translation exercise
5. listen or Read again. While listening/ reading find English
equivalents for the Russian words & sentences. Comment on the
grammar.
1. Джон был расстроен видеть как она уходит
…………………………………………...........................................................
2. В последний день они обедали в ресторане на заводе
……………………........................................................……………………
3. Завод развивается
………………………………...................................................................
4. Спорт центр был построен на деньги компании
…………………........................................................………………………..
5. Он сильно изменился с тех пор как пришел работать на завод
……………………………...............................................................................
6. Но последние 18 месяцев он погрустнел
.........................................................................................
7. Никто не пострадал , ведь так?
…………………………………………………...............................................
8. Он облысел и начал стареть
...........................................................................................................................
9. Раньше она хотела выйти замуж за него, но сейчас она рада , что он не сделал ей
предложение …………………………………………………..
………………………………………………............
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10.Она не понимала , почему он не приглашал больше ее к себе домой
……………………….. ...............................................................................
11.Я злюсь на нее. Не хочу, но я злюсь. Я чувствую, что теряю ее
.....................................................................................
12.Они покушали , поговорили о лошадях и парусном спорте. Никто ни с кем не
ругался
……………………….. ...................................................- ..................................
13.Папа ненавидит его. – Я уверена, что нет. Ненавидит.
……………………….. .....................................................................................
14.Что мне делать? Я думаю, надо выходит за него замуж. Но я не хочу , чтобы ты
злила своего отца. Это не лучший способ начать свою жизнь с Саймоном
………………………………………………………………..
……………………….. .....................................................................................
15.Если ты хочешь , я могу поговорю с ним? Да можешь?
……………………….. .....................................................................................
16.Он плохо к нему относится
……………………….. .....................................................................................
17. Она была удивлена как внимательно Джон ее слушал. И каким благодарным он
казался ей за помощь
……………………….. ..............................................................................
18.Мы сначала не сможем столько зарабатывать, но в дальнейшем все будет
хорошо.
……….. .....................................................................................
19. Мне надо написать статью на страницу на тему окружающей природы
……………….. .....................................................................................
6. Think up sentences with the words from this chapter (at least
10)
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
1. adult (n)
intelligent (adj)
earrings (n)
at first (adv)
disease (n)
argument (n)
argue (v)
lively (adj)
full-page article (n) on
on one's own (adv) (as a father on
my own)
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
be built with the money from
mean smth for
it’s family matter
make smb feel important
I suppose
The headline (read)
Look at smb thoughtfully
Work for the local newspaper
do one's best (v)
Employer (employ / employee)
Be grateful to ... for
Sing to oneself
23. We’ll manage to have money
24. I wonder if you could ….
25. Have mother to discuss things with
26. Try hard to smth
27. Belong to
28. Be nasty to smb
29. manage to do smth (v)
30. bald (adj)
31. environment (al)
32. on her last day
7. a) Discuss (or write a paragraph):
'I'm too old.' John stared at her angrily. 'It isn't easy for me to get a new job. And Mary, the company
has been making the paint for more than two years now, and no one's been hurt, have they?'
Mary didn't answer for a moment. Then she said, 'Only you.'
'What do you mean, only me?'
She looked at him sadly. His head was bald now, and he was beginning to look like an old man.
Once, she had wanted to marry him. Now, she was pleased that he hadn't asked her.
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'Oh, I just meant your leg, of course.' John still had a painful red place on his leg, and sometimes he
walked badly because of it. But that wasn't what Mary meant.
What did Mary really mean?
b) Do agree:
I think - and he's always talking about it. He thinks only young people are right, and
everyone over twenty-five is always wrong!'
Chapter 8
The wedding day
1. Words to be studied before reading or
listening.
a) Match the English word with its Russian
equivalent.
tail (n) sewage (n) sample (n) unemployed хвост, образец, безработный, стоки,
(adj) reason for (n)
причина чего-либо, спокойный
still (adv)
b) Match the beginning of the phrase with its ending
Part 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
The disease
The seals were
He was a
He was pleased
He looked proud
They are testing
People used to day
The water came
from
9. The sewage works
put
Part 2
got worse
eating diseased fish
of himself
I was a unlucky man
too much nasty
things into the river
2 km upstream
samples of water
for her daughter
success
10. Our company
11. work very hard
12. clean up the
river
13. we must drink
14. we must wish
15. at the end
16. let me get you
17. the sound of
18. He stood still
to find the reason for
them luck
quite laughter
another drink
to their future
of the garden
thinking
cares about the
environment
c) Transcribe the following words
sewage ......................worse .................. laughter ...................
2. Answer the questions:
1. How did the disease among seals get worse?
2. Who came one day to the factory? What for? Who asked to make that special
experiment?
3. Who might/ must be interested in the results?
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4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Why did he listen for the sound of quiet laughter behind him, but he heard nothing?
What was the party like after the church? Where did they celebrate their wedding?
What was Mrs McDonald pleased with?
What was John thinking about?
Did he get in touch with Mary? How?
Part 2 Working with the vocabulary
3. Read the sentences taken from the chapter & Insert the right
preposition & translate the sentences.
1. He watched them quietly …… several
minutes.
2. he looked pleased, proud ……..
himself.
3. Our company cares ……. the
environment, doesn't it?
4. As John walked ……, he listened ….
the sound of quiet laughter behind him.
5. Christine and Simon were married
…….. a fine day in June.
6. Simon will help you …… this river.
7. they had a party in the garden …….
John's house.
8. 'You have a beautiful house with a
lovely river …… the end of the
garden.'
9. Simon told me he's going to work very
hard to find the reason ….. that, and
clean ……. the river.
10.'We must drink …… our children's
future, and wish them luck.'
11.….. the bar in the house he met Mary.
Grammar notes
4. (1) Questions in indirect speech: "No one was sure what the reasons
were.'
1. Скажи сколько времени?
3. Я не знаю, как ее зовут
2. Спроси у него, сколько ему лет? 4. Мне интересно, куда он положил деньги
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. ......................................................
4. ..........................................................
2. .......................................................
5. ..........................................................
3. .......................................................
6. ......................................................
(5) Confusing vocabulary: "But he had always been able to talk to them.'
8.
9.
Translation exercise
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5. Listen or Read again. While listening/ reading find English
equivalents for the Russian words & sentences. Comment on the
grammar.
1. Ситуация среди тюленей ухудшилась
…………………………………………...........................................................
2. Никто не знал в чем причина
……………………........................................................……………………
3. Он выглядел довольным и гордым за себя
………………………………...................................................................
4. Они поженились в июне
…………………........................................................………………………..
5. Они отпраздновали свадьбу в саду дома у Джона
……………………………...............................................................................
6. У вас хороший дом и замечательная река в конце сада
.........................................................................................
7. Раньше все считали, что я неудачник
…………………………………………………...............................................
8. Он спокойно стоял и думал
...........................................................................................................................
9. Он всегда умел разговаривать со своими детьми
………………………………………………............
10.Да мне повезло. У меня такой зять ………………………..
...............................................................................
11.Мы будем много работать , чтобы найти причину заболевания и очистить реку
.....................................................................................
12.Он вспомнил их с Рейчел свадьбу и надежды, которые у них были
……………………….. .....................................................................................
13.Давайте я вам налью еще. Нам надо выпить за будущее наших детей и пожелать
им удачи
……………………….. .....................................................................................
14.Он приезжал к ней в гости в Шотландию
………………………………………………………………..
15.Он заботливо взял ее руку
……………………….. .....................................................................................
16.В баре в доме он увидел Мэри
……………………….. .....................................................................................
17. Я сделал все от себя зависящее, но это их жизнь
……………………….. ..............................................................................
6. Think up sentences with the words from this chapter (at least
10)
2.
3.
4.
1. make an experiment?
tail (n)
sewage (n)
sample (n)
9.
10.
11.
12.
get worse
care about the environment
diseased fish
be proud of oneself
18.
19.
20.
21.
quiet laughter
wish you luck
drink to
at the end of the garden
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5.
6.
7.
8.
unemployed
reason for (n)
test smth
be unlucky man
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
put nasty things into the river
be pleased for / about / with
be a great success
get in touch
stand still
22. at John’s house
23. let me get you another
drink
24. son in law (daughter in
law)
7. a) Discuss (or write a paragraph):
“He had been unemployed then, with no money to buy good things for his children. But he
had always been able to talk to them. Now he was a rich man, a success, and his children
didn't want to talk to him”.
Chapter 9
I don't believe you
1. Words to be studied before reading or listening.
a) Match the English word with its Russian equivalent.
immediately (adv) enquiry (n) government
(n) officials (n) lawyer (n) discover the
truth (v) be diluted (v) instead of (pr) after
all
вместо, узнать правду, расследование,
правительство, чиновники, растворится,
юристы, в конце концов, сразу же
b) Match the beginning of the phrase with its ending
Part 1
1.
They stared at each
other
moment
officials
2. frightening
Public enquiry
3.
write to newspapers angrily
4. The article was
sides of the argument
5. They would have this the truth
6. He agreed to hide
many bad things
7. There would be a
immediately
8. government
completely untrue
9. try to discover
argument
10. speak on both
Part 2
one thing didn’t
waste products
the seals are out
I’ll say the same
thing
15. forget about the
seals
16. what are they
going
17. after all
11.
12.
13.
14.
are diluted in the water
at sea
for a while
to live on?
at the enquiry
I´m a biologist
make difference
c) Transcribe the following words
enquiry ......................liar .................. biologist ................... government
…………………… official …………………..instead of ………………
2. Read the chapter & Answer the questions at the
end:
Chapter 9 I don't believe you
'It's not true, Christine. Simon's information is wrong.'
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'I don't believe you, Father.'
John and Christine stared at each other angrily. It was a miserable, frightening moment
for them both. It was a night three months after the wedding, and Christine had come with
some happy news. She had come to tell her father that she was going to have a baby - his
first grandchild! For a while they had talked about that, but then Christine had begun to talk
about Simon's new job. Simon had found some information about the waste products from
the paint factory. His information was dangerous for the company. Simon had written an
article in the newspaper, saying that waste products from the paint factory could be killing
the baby seals. David Wilson had written to the newspaper immediately, saying that Simon's
article was completely untrue.
And so instead of talking happily about the baby,
Christine and her father had argued all evening. John had known for a long time that
they would have this argument. And next week in the town there would be a Public Enquiry,
when government officials would try to discover the truth. Scientists and lawyers would
speak on both sides of the argument. Everyone in the town was talking about the Enquiry and about Simon's newspaper article.
'Why did David Wilson write to the paper, Father?' Christine asked. 'He's not a scientist, he's
just a businessman. Why didn't you write to the paper?'
'I have written to the paper,' said John, sadly. 'You'll probably read my letter
tomorrow.'
'Oh. What did you say?' Christine asked.
John felt sad. He hadn't wanted to write the letter. He and David Wilson had had a big
argument about it. But in the end he had agreed. He had agreed to hide many bad things
before, so one more didn't make any difference.
'I said that our waste products don't make the river water dangerous. We've tested them very
carefully for many years, and if they are diluted in water, they are not dangerous at all. There
are usually only one and a half parts per million in the river water, that's all. And the seals
aren't in the river. They're out at sea. I wrote that in my letter, and I'll say the same thing at
the Enquiry next week.'
Christine was watching him carefully as he spoke. She saw how tired and sad his face
was. He was looking at his hands most of the time, not at her.
'Father, I want to believe you. But I can't,' she said softly.
He looked up. 'Don't then!' he said angrily. 'You believe Simon, if you want to! He's a
journalist, after all -I'm only a biologist, and your father. Why should you believe me?' He
stood up angrily, walked to the door, and opened it. 'I'm sorry, Christine. I've had a hard day,
I'm tired, and I don't want to sit here listening to my daughter telling me I'm a liar. Go home
to Simon. I'm going to bed!'
She got up slowly. 'It's important, Father,' she said slowly. 'It's important for everyone.'
'I know it is, Christine. But the paint factory's important too. It's given a lot to you, and
me, and to the people of this town. Try to remember that, and forget about the seals for a
while, can't you?'
'There are more important things than money, Father.'
'Are there? You tell that to all the people who work in the company, and live in this town.
What are they going to live on, when the factory's closed because of Simon's stupid articles?
Can they give their children photographs of baby seals to eat?'
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Christine looked at him for a long moment before she went out of the door. 'And what about
children who play by the river, Father? What if they drink the river water? What then?'
'Nobody drinks water from that part of the river,' he said. 'And I've told you it isn't
dangerous to children.'
Christine closed the door quietly behind her.
1. Why did Christine come to her father’s & when?
2. What were Christine & John arguing about?
3. What information had Simon found?
4. What is Public Enquiry? What provoked it?
5. Did John expect that argument?
6. What question did Christine ask her father? What was his answer?
7. What made Christine not believe her father?
8. How did John react to all this?
9. What was his argument he asked Christine to answer?
10.What was the end of their talk like?
Part 2 Working with the vocabulary
3. Read the sentences taken from the chapter & Insert the right
preposition & translate the sentences.
1. John and Christine stared……….. each other
angrily.
2. Christine had come ……. some happy news.
3. David Wilson had written ….. the newspaper
immediately
4. And so instead …… talking happily about
the baby,
5. Scientists and lawyers would speak …… both
sides of the argument.
6. There are usually only one and a half parts
…. million in the river water, that's all. And
the seals aren't in the river. They're out ……
sea.
7. I'll say the same thing ….. the Enquiry …..
next week.
8. It's given a lot …..you, and me, and to the
people of this town.
9. Try to remember that, and forget about the
seals ….. a while, can't you?'
10. You tell that …… all the people who work in
the company
11. What are they going to live …., when the
factory's closed
12. what about children who play …… the river,
Father?
13. 'And I've told you it isn't dangerous…..
children.'
Grammar notes
4. (1) Future in the past: "John had known for a long time They would have this'
Direct speech
Indirect speech
´I will go there´
I said I would go there
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1. Он сказал, что пойдет туда
завтра
2. Я знала , что так будет
3. Я не сказала , что я буду делать потом
4. Он сомневался, что я скажу ему
5. Он спросил, когда он сдаст экзамены
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. ......................................................
4. ..........................................................
2. .......................................................
5. ..........................................................
3. .......................................................
6. ......................................................
(5) Modal verb ´should´´: "'You believe Simon, if you want to! He's a journalist, after
all -I'm only a biologist, and your father. Why should you believe me?'.'
1. C какой стати тебе туда идти? 3. Зачем мне его слушать?
2. С чего бы мне так говорить? 4. С какой стати я буду мыть посуду?
(3) Translate & comment on the following
1. 'Father, I want to believe you. But I can't,' she said softly. He looked up. 'Don't then!'
he said angrily.
2. Try to remember that, and forget about the seals for a while, can't you?'
3. 'There are more important things than money, Father.' 'Are there? You
Translation exercise
5. Listen or Read again. While listening/ reading find English
equivalents for the Russian words & sentences. Comment on the
grammar.
1. Они смотрели друг на друга с ненавистью
…………………………………………...........................................................
2. Это был ужасный момент для них обоих
……………………........................................................……………………
3. Это был вечер спустя 3 месяца после свадьбы
………………………………...................................................................
4. Она пришла к отцу, чтобы сообщить ему одну новость
…………………........................................................………………………..
5. Ученые и юристы исследуют обе стороны конфликта
……………………………...............................................................................
6. Отходы с фабрики постепенно убивают детенышей тюленей
.........................................................................................
7. Это абсолютная неправда
…………………………………………………...............................................
8. Джон знал, что они будут ругаться по этому поводу
...........................................................................................................................
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9. Чиновники попытаются узнать правду
………………………………………………............
10.Все в городе говори о расследовании ………………………..
...............................................................................
11.Он согласился утаить некоторую информацию. Еще одна уже не играет роли
.....................................................................................
12.Наши отходы не загрязняют реку
……………………….. ...................................................- ..................................
13.«Я хочу тебе верить, но я не могу» «Так не верь»
……………………….. .....................................................................................
14.В конце концов я биолог и твой отец
………………………………………………………………..
15.Забудь ты о своих тюленях ненадолго, пожалуйста
……………………….. .....................................................................................
16.На что они будут жить?
……………………….. .....................................................................................
17. Я не хочу сидеть здесь и слушать, как моя дочь говорит мне, что я вру
……………………….. ..............................................................................
6. Think up sentences with the words from this chapter (at least
10)
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
1. immediately (adv)
enquiry (n)
government (n)
officials (n)
lawyer (n)
discover the truth (v)
be diluted (v)
instead of (pr)
after all
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Frightening moment
Write to paper
At the enquiry
Have argument
Discover the truth
Make difference
Speak on both side of the
argument
17. Hide some things
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
To live on
For a while
Be out at sea
Play by the river
Come with some news
7. a) Discuss (or write a paragraph):
 How would you answer this question?
'There are more important things than money, Father.' 'Are there? You tell that to all the
people who work in the company, and live in this town. What are they going to live on, when
the factory's closed because of Simon's stupid articles? Can they give their children
photographs of baby seals to eat?'
Chapter 10
Green World
1. Words to be studied before reading or listening.
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a) Match the English word with its Russian equivalent.
knock at (v) reach (v) pipe (n) cement (n)
pass smth to smb (v) catch hold of (v) rock
(n) manage to do smth (v) breathe deeply
(v) drown (v) float (v) downstream (adv)
hurriedly (adv) be unconscious (adj) be
further away (adj) kick with your legs (v)
feel for (0) point (at) (v) shiver (with) (v)
wet (adj) post (n) backwards (adv)
дрожать , вниз по течению, камень,
труба, схватить, передать что-то комуто, суметь что-то сделать, достичь
(добраться), дышать глубоко, тонуть,
плавать по поверхности, цемент, стучать
по, быть без сознания, указывать
(пальцем), потрогать (прикоснуться),
быстро, далеко (дальше), пинаться
(лягаться, брыкаться) мокрый , назад
b) Match the beginning of the phrase with its ending
Part 1
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Part 2
1. In fact
They sailed
upstream
factory
They reach the
towards the wind
The pipe took the the pipe
building cement
waste products
He turned the boat
She caught hold
The bags were filled
They passed bags
The mouth of
It’ll be hard
of the post
out of the factory
as a rock
John wasn’t there
11. They smiled
12. The held up
13. It hit her hard
on
14. He took
15. He felt for
16. Her heart
wasn’t
17. He head fell
18. He swam harder
19. He
a long white sheet
the back of her head
her heart
a deep breath
kicking with his legs
beating
backwards
at the photographs
c) Transcribe the following words
knock ......................cement .................. drown ................... frightening
…………………… breathe …………………..breath ……………… float …………….
heart ……………….
Read chapter 10 and answer the questions below the text
Chapter 10 Green world
Two days later Christine and Simon arrived at John's house. It was very early - five
o'clock in the morning -and they didn't knock at the door, or try to wake anyone up. In fact
John wasn't there; Christine knew he had gone to Scotland to see Mary. He was coming back
on the morning of the Enquiry.
Christine and Simon walked quietly down to the boathouse by the river. Without
talking, they put the boat in the water, and sailed away across the river.
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On the other side of the river they met two friends, Peter and Susan. Their friends were
wearing white clothes, with Green world written on them. Simon and Christine also put on
white clothes. Then they all got into the boat and sailed upstream, towards the paint factory.
It was a windy morning, and the waves on the river were quite big. But Christine was a
good sailor, and in about half an hour, they reached the factory. Two photographers stood by
the river, taking photos of them.
'OK, Simon, where is it?' shouted Christine.
'Over there, look - in front of that post!' he said. Christine sailed the boat towards the
post. When they were near it, they соuld see under the water. It was the pipe that took the
waste products out of the factory.
'OK, here!' shouted Simon. Christine turned the boat towards the wind, and Susan
caught hold of the post. Then Simon and Peter climbed out of the boat into the water.
The water was moving fast here, and they had
to hold onto the pipe and the boat. Peter then took
several strong paper bags out of the boat. The bags
were small but very heavy, because they were filled
with building cement. Peter passed the bags one at a
time to Simon, and Simon went down under the water
and pushed each bag into the pipe. A few minutes
later the mouth of the pipe was full of bags of
cement.
Simon came up out of the water for the last
time. 'It's OK!' he shouted. 'We've done it! The
cement is wet already, and in a few hours it'll be as
hard as a rock. Nothing can come out of that pipe
now!' The two men climbed back into the boat and
smiled at the photographers. Then Simon stood up in
the boat with Christine, and held up a long white
sheet. On the sheet was written: GREEN WORLD
This pipe kills seals!
At that moment two things happened. A man
ran out of the factory, shouting angrily. And the wind
suddenly became stronger. It caught the sail and sent
it quickly from one side of the boat to the other. The
back of the sail hit Christine hard on the back of the head. She fell into the water, like a bag
of potatoes. Then the wind caught the sail again and threw it back across the boat. This time
the boat fell over on its side and lay with its sail under the water.
Simon was under the sail. The sail and the sheet were all around him, and for several
seconds he could see nothing. Then he came up, into the air. He saw a foot kicking hard in
the water beside him. Someone was moving under the sail. Quickly, he went down under the
water again, and tried to help Peter. But Peter caught hold of Simon, and pulled him under
water too. There was a quick, frightening fight, and then Simon managed to pull them both
up, into the air again. They held onto the side of the boat together, breathing deeply.
Simon saw Susan holding onto the back of the boat. Then he heard someone shouting.
He looked behind him and saw the man from the factory. He was shouting and pointing
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downstream. But Simon had water in his
ears, and at first he couldn't hear the words
very well. Then he understood.
'Look!' the man said. 'The girl! She's
drowning!'
Simon looked downstream, where the
man was pointing. He saw something white,
floating, far away. It was not doing
anything, just floating round and round, like
a bag of old clothes on the water. Christine!
The river was taking her quickly
downstream, towards the sea.
Hurriedly, Simon began to swim after
her. He was a good swimmer, but the white
clothes slowed him down. He swam as fast
as he could, but he seemed to go slowly, so
slowly. The water seemed heavy, and held
him back. For the rest of his life he would
dream about that long, slow swim, towards
a white body that floated quickly away in
front of him.
At last he reached Christine. She was
floating with her face down, unconscious.
He tried to turn her over, but it was so
difficult. She was heavy, and her arms fell
back in the water when he dropped them. He got her face out of the water but her head fell
backwards, lifeless, and she was not breathing. He caught hold of her face then, put his
mouth over hers, and blew into it. He rested, and then blew into her mouth again, and again.
Nothing happened.
He looked around him. They were in the middle of the river, moving quickly
downstream. Here, it was about twenty-five metres to the bank, but about two hundred
metres downstream a second river came in from the left. The bank was further away there,
and the water moved faster. Simon was tired, and afraid. It had rained last night, and there
was a lot of water moving downstream to the sea. The strong wind blew little waves into his
face.
He began to swim on his back, pulling Christine towards the trees on the bank. He
swam for half a minute, then stopped, and blew four times into her mouth. Once, he thought
he saw her breathe, but he couldn't be sure. Her face was very white, and he had no idea if
her heart was beating. The river was taking them quickly to the sea.
He swam harder, kicking strongly with his legs. Nearer - only five metres to go now.
But the bank was moving past very quickly. There was a tree near the bank. Its branches
were low over the water. Simon kicked hard, caught the branch, and held onto it. The water
tried to pull him away. He took a deep breath, and blew strongly into Christine's mouth
again. And this time, he was sure, she took a breath by herself, afterwards.
It took him nearly five minutes to pull her on to the bank. When they got there, he put
her on the ground, breathed into her mouth again, and then felt for her heart.
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At first he couldn't find it - his hands were too cold. Then - yes! - it was beating.
For another five minutes he helped her breathe, until he was sure she could do it by
herself. Then he began to shiver. The wind made his wet clothes cold on his body. He
wondered what to do. Then he looked down, and saw that Christine's eyes were open.
'Chris,' he said. 'Are you all right?'
She said something, but very quietly and he could not hear it. He lay down, and put his
arms around her, to keep her warm. He could feel her heart beating, and her body breathing
under him. Simon began to cry.
2. Answer the questions:
1. Why did Christine arrive at her father’s & when? Why was her father there? When was
he coming?
2. Who was waiting for them on the other side of the river? What were they wearing?
3. What was the weather like that day?
4. Who stood by the river at the factory? What were they doing there?
5. What was in front of the post?
6. Why did Christine catch hold of the post & the boys climb out of the boat in to the
water? What did they intend to do there?
7. Why did they smile at the photographers?
8. What two things happened then? How did Christine fall in the water?
9. What happened to the boat?
10.How could they see Christine drowning?
11.How did Christine feel? Was she OK?
12.How did Simon help her?
13.Why did Simon cry?
Part 2 Working with the vocabulary
3. Read the sentences taken from the chapter & Insert the right
preposition & translate the sentences.
1. They arrived ………….. John's house.
2. They didn't knock ………… the door,
3. He was coming back ………………
the morning of the Enquiry.
4. Christine and Simon walked quietly
………… ………….. the boathouse
……………the river.
5. Then they all got …………………the
boat and sailed upstream
6. , towards the paint factory.
7. Two photographers stood …………..
the river, taking photos ……….. them.
8. 'OK, Simon, where is it?' shouted
Christine.
10.The water was moving fast here, and
they had to hold ……..the pipe
11.Peter then took several strong paper
bags …….. …… the boat.
12.they were filled ……. building cement.
13.Peter passed the bags one …… a time
….. Simon
14.…….a few hours it'll be as hard as a
rock.
15.Nothing can come …….. …… that
pipe now!'
16.The two men climbed back …… the
boat and smiled …….. the photographers.
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9. It was the pipe that took the waste
products …….. …….. the factory.
17.Then Simon stood …… in the boat
with Christine, and held …….. a long
white sheet.
18. At first he couldn't find it - his hands
were too cold. Then - yes! - it was
beating.
Grammar notes
4. (1) Emphatic construction: " It was the pipe that took the waste products out of
the factory.
'
1. Именно я помог ей в этом 3. Тот кто написал ей об это был Олег
2. Как раз таки он сделал это
4. Именно эту книгу я прочитал
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. ...................................................... 4. ..........................................................
2. ...................................................... 5. ..........................................................
.
6. ......................................................
3. ......................................................
.
(2) The comparatives of the irregular adjectives: "He was further away'.'
Say the positive degree of the following adjectives. Consult any
reference book about the meaning of the adjectives in the
comparative degree – far , old, small (little).
worst farther better less elder older further more
10.Он стал учиться хуже
11.Все к лучшему
12. Эта комната меньше той
13. Она моя старшая сестра
14. Езжай дальше
15. Что случилось дальше?
(3) Infinitive : "He managed to pull them both up”
1. Он смог подготовить доклад
2. Я смогла узнать все
3. Он не сможет сказать все
4. Мы не смогли помочь ему
Think up your sentences on this grammar pattern (in Russian & in
English)
1. ...................................................... 4. ..........................................................
2. ...................................................... 5. ..........................................................
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.
6. ......................................................
3. ......................................................
.
(4) –wards…. : “Her head fell backwards”
-ward(s) [-wəd(z)] - образует прилагательные и наречия со значением направления
движения или направленности в какую-л. сторону
towards
backwards
forward, etc
south-westward — в юго-западном направлении
skyward(s) — к небу
eastward — на восток, к востоку
shoreward — по направлению к берегу
seaward — направленный к морю, в сторону моря
(5) Comment on the following & translate the sentences
1. Peter then took several strong paper bags out of the boat
2. Peter passed the bags one at a time to Simon
3. He was sure she could do it by herself.
4. For another five minutes he helped her breathe
5. He put his arms around her to keep her warm.
(6) Reread the episode with the incident, highlight the verbs with
prepositions & comment on the change of the use and meaning of
the verbs in the phrase.
Continue the list …
turn over pull up ……
Find the equivalent
Translation exercise
5. Listen or Read again. While listening/ reading find English
equivalents for the Russian words & sentences. Comment on the
grammar.
1. Он не знал что делать
…………………………………………...........................................................
2. Он обнял ее, чтобы согреть
……………………........................................................……………………
3. Она плыла по реке головой вниз без сознания
………………………………...................................................................
4. Саймон посмотрел вниз по течению куда показывал мужчина
…………………........................................................………………………..
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5. Течение реки несло ее вниз
……………………………...............................................................................
6. Берег реки был далеко
.........................................................................................
7. Саймон оттолкнулся , схватился за ветку и держался за нее
…………………………………………………...............................................
8. Он плыл сильнее отталкиваясь ногами
...........................................................................................................................
9. На этот раз она вдохнула воздух сама
………………………………………………............
10.Он знал бьется ли ее сердце ………………………..
...............................................................................
11.Питер схватил Саймона и потянул его под воду
.....................................................................................
12.Он начал дрожать от холода
……………………….. ...................................................- ..................................
13.Ветер обдувал его одежду и ему было холодно
……………………….. .....................................................................................
14.Пять минут он вытаскивал ее на берег
………………………………………………………………..
15.Через пять минут труба была наполнена мешками с цементом
……………………….. .....................................................................................
16.Они передавали мешки по одному Саймону и Саймон затыкал ими трубу
……………………….. .....................................................................................
17. Он быстро поплыл за ней
……………………….. ..............................................................................
6. Think up sentences with the words from this chapter (at least
10)
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
1. knock at (v)
reach the factory
pipe (n)
cement (n)
pass smth to smb (v)
catch hold of (v)
one at a time
rock (n)
manage to do smth (v)
breathe deeply (v)
drown (v)
float (v)
(look / swim) downstream (adv)
hurriedly (adv)
be unconscious (adj)
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
be further away (adj)
kick with your legs (v)
kick hard
feel for her heart
point (at) (v)
shiver (with) (v)
wet (adj)
post (n)
(fall) backwards (adv)
in fact
her heart was beating
be filled with
be hard as a rock
hold smth up
30. hit on the back of her
head
31. take a deep breath
32. put his arms around her
33. to keep her warm
34. the mouth of the pipe
35. hold onto the pipe/post
36. fall over on the side
Read the last two chapters & make up the exercises by yourselves
on the base of the exercises of the previous chapters
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Chapter 11 Public enquiry
The Enquiry room was crowded. There were a lot of journalists and photographers there, and
a lot of people from the town and the factory too. John's train was late, and he caught a taxi
from the station. When he came into the room, he saw Simon, sitting with the journalists.
Christine was near him, with Andrew and some young people from Greenworld. John smiled
at her, but she didn't smile back. She looks very white and ill, he thought. It's probably the
baby. He remembered how ill his wife Rachel had been in the mornings, before Christine
was born, and he smiled sadly to himself.
'Mr John Duncan, please!'
He walked to the front of the room. As he sat down, he saw David Wilson's cold, grey eyes
watching him from the other side of the room. That man should be up here instead, he
thought. He should tell his own lies.
A lawyer began to ask him questions. At first it was easy. John explained how long he had
worked for the company, and how much paint the factory produced. Then the lawyer asked
about the waste products.
'These are very dangerous chemicals, aren't they?' the lawyer said.
'Well yes, of course,' John answered. 'Most chemicals are dangerous if people aren't careful
with them. But we're very careful with them in our factory. Everyone wears special clothing.
We haven't had a single serious accident in three years.'
'I'm pleased to hear it,' said the lawyer. 'But what happens outside the factory? Do you really
put these very dangerous chemicals into the river?'
'Yes, we do,' said John. There was a noise in the room. Someone near Christine shouted
something angrily, and a policewoman told him to be quiet. John went on. 'Of course we put
these chemicals in the river, but we don't put a lot in. Only two or three hundred litres every
day. That's not much. And we check the river all the time -three times every day. There are
usually only two parts per million, or less, in the water near the factory, and there is much
less downstream. That's not dangerous.'
'Not dangerous, Mr Duncan?' said the lawyer slowly. 'Are you sure?'
'Yes, I am,' John said. He looked up, at the hundreds of eyes watching him. David Wilson's
eyes, Christine's eyes, Simon's.
'I understand', the lawyer said slowly, 'that there has been an experiment with some rats.
Some mother rats were given these chemicals in their drinking water, and some of their
babies were born without legs. Is that right, Mr Duncan?'
John looked at the lawyer for the first time. He was a small, uninteresting-looking man in
grey clothes, with grey hair and a thin face. He looks like a rat himself, John thought. The
man's eyes were small and bright, and for some strange reason he had a newspaper in his
hand. John began to feel afraid of him.
'Yes,' he said. 'That's right. But rats are much smaller than people, and they were given nearly
five parts per
million in their drinking water for ten days. That's very different. No one drinks the river
water. It goes straight out to sea.'
He looked at the lawyer, and waited for the question about the seals. But it didn't come.
Instead, the lawyer said: 'So you won't be worried, Mr Duncan, if someone falls into the river
by accident, and drinks a lot of river water. Your own daughter, for example. There's no
danger in an accident like that - is that right?'
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John looked at Christine across the room. How big her eyes look in that white face, he
thought. It must be because of the baby.
'No,' he said. 'There's no danger at all.'
There was the sound of voices in the room. The lawyer smiled a small, rat-like smile. He
held his newspaper out towards John.
'You've been away in Scotland, Mr Duncan,' he said. 'Have you seen this?'
As John read the newspaper, his hands began to shake, and he had to hold the side of the
table. There was a picture of Christine, standing up in a boat near the factory, and another
picture of her lying in an ambulance, with Simon beside her. The headline said:
BIOLOGIST'S DAUGHTER NEARLY DROWNS IN RIVER
There was a long silence. He tried to read the newspaper carefully, but there was something
wrong with his eyes. And his head was full of pictures of
Christine in the river, drowning. And his wife, Rachel, drowning in the storm, long ago.
He shook his head quickly from side to side, then took his glasses off and cleaned them.
'No,' he said in a quiet voice. 'I haven't read
this before.'
'It's all right, Mr Duncan,' said the lawyer
softly. 'Your daughter is safe. Her husband
saved her, and she hasn't lost her baby. But
she did drink a lot of river water. It was near
the factory, too. You're not worried about
that, are you?'
The lawyer's bright eyes were staring at him,
like a rat that has just seen its food. Behind
him, David Wilson suddenly stood up.
'That is a terrible question!' he shouted into
the silence. 'You can't ask a man questions
like that! Of course he's worried about his
daughter! You must stop this Enquiry at
once!'
'Just a minute, Mr Wilson,' said the lawyer.
'Mr Duncan can go in a minute. He just has
to answer one question. Are you worried,
because your daughter has drunk so much
river water, Mr Duncan? Are you worried
about her baby?'
John Duncan stared at the lawyer with fear in
his eyes. Suddenly he hated him. He picked
up the newspaper and threw it into the little
man's rat-like face. 'Yes, he shouted wildly.
'Yes! Yes! Yes! Of course I'm worried about
the baby! Of course it's dangerous! Now let
me go!'
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He ran down the room, out of the door,
into the street. A hundred staring eyes watched
him go.
Six months later, John Duncan was living in a
small flat near the sea. He had lost his job, and
had had to sell his expensive house. He
couldn't afford the payments on it.
From a window in his flat, he could look at the
sea. He sat and looked at the cold, grey sea for
hours, every day.
Christine would have her baby soon. He had
bought lots of baby clothes to give her. His
bedroom was full of baby clothes - little pink
coats and trousers for a girl, blue ones for a
boy. There were little soft toys too — teddy
bears and small animals with blue, empty eyes.
But he hadn't given any of these things to her,
because she wouldn't talk to him. When he
went to see her, she closed the door in his face;
when he rang, she put the phone down; when
he wrote, she sent the letters back unopened.
There were a lot of books and magazines in his
bedroom, too. But he kept them under his bed.
He read them sometimes at night, but he didn't
like to see them during the day. They were
about babies, and the diseases that babies could get, before they were born. There were some
terrible things in the books, terrible pictures. He didn't like to think about them, but he
couldn't stop. He thought about them all day, all the time.
Today, as he sat staring out of the window at the sea, he could not stop his hands shaking.
Every morning he rang the hospital, to ask if his daughter Christine
Chapter 12 The future
MacDonald was there. He had rung this morning, and a nurse had said yes, Christine
was there, and the baby was coming. That had been four hours ago. For two hours John had
sat by the telephone, afraid to ring the hospital again. Three times he had picked it up, and
three times he had put it down again.
He picked it up again, and rang the number. Seven . . . five . . . eight . . . three ... it was
no good. He put the phone down again. He could not hear the news from the cold voice of a
nurse over the telephone. He had to see the baby for himself.
He got up, put on his coat, and went downstairs. There was a cold wind outside,
blowing from the sea. The sea and the sky were grey and miserable. He went into a shop and
bought some flowers. He chose them carefully -bright red and yellow colours - and the
shopkeeper put paper around them to keep them safe. John took them and walked quickly,
nervously, along the windy road by the sea, towards the hospital.
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It was raining out at sea. Already the rain was falling on the sandbanks where the seals
used to live. Soon it would be falling on the town. John Duncan shivered, and turned his coat
collar up. Then, with his bright flowers in his hand, he walked on, into the winter wind.
Your word Bank. The vocabulary of the whole story
Chapter 1 A new start
1. commit a crime
2. do it with your eyes
open / closed
3. intend to do
15. be dressed in
16. discover paint
17. be silent for a moment
18. borrow money from
19. do smth to make sure
20. feel uncomfortable
21. make smb do smth
22. chemistry (chemist /
chemical )
23. in fact
24. welcome smb
25. perks
4.
5.
6.
7.
greed
violence
anger
obvious
8. law
9. (dis) honest
10. murder (er)
11. take the job
12. protect his children
13. we know in our hearts
14. pretend
26. shake hands with smb
27. smile at
28. top pocket.
29. feel miserable
30. sailor
31. government (govern -v)
32. the business went (go) well
33. at first
34. grow old grow older
grow taller grow pale
35. be like
36. Congratulations!
(congratulate smb on )
37. work at a university
38. work for a company
39. sail around the world
alone in a small boat.'
40. reports of the storm and
the lives lost at sea
41. hold out his hand
42. as soon as possible
43. at first
55. eat his terrible dinner
56. he tried for lots of jobs
57. he got none of them
58. push smth across the table
59. take children on holiday to
60. go on holiday
61. his luck has ended
62. be terribly unhappy
63. lights
64. get himself a drink
65. be on good terms with
66. be good at schoolwork
67. throw the letter away
68. rob the bank
69. his heart beat
70. Turn that TV off
71. live in this miserable flat
72. they ate awful food
73. boat-building company
74. move to
75. sound exciting
76. fried
77. go abroad
Chapter 2 At home
44. break the news
45. the letter read / say
46. dirty (adj)
47. thick (adj)
48. suppose (v)
49. put away
50. dirty (adj)
51. thick (adj)
52. suppose (v)
53. furniture (n)
54. wallpaper (n)
Chapter 3 Rich man
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
thoughtfully (adv)
painful (adj) (pain (n))
skin (n)
the waste products (n)
nasty (adj)
chemicals (n)
field (n)
can (cannot) afford (v)
lawyers (n)
spill (v)
upstream (adv) (stream)
damage (v)
55. show smb round the factory
56. test smth
57. develop the paint
58. the cars look like new
59. make a lot of money
60. cleaned off
61. it kept him awake
62. be in hurry
63. teach smb to sail
64. at last
67. the skin will stay red
68. be careful with smth
69. special safe clothing
70. be pleased to hear that
71. be carefully checked
72. the river mouth
73. heaven
74. for heaven's sake
for one's sake
75. he had to make sure
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52. acid (n) salt (n)
53. develop (v)
54. a day / an hour / a year
65.
66.
neither ..... nor
be busy doing smth
76. go fishing
77. be alive
Chapter 4 The seals
78.
79.
80.
81.
82.
83.
84.
85.
86.
87.
88.
89.
seal (n)
tasteless (adj)
soft (adj)
pretend (v)
feel proud of ( be proud of)
(v) clear (adj)
bank ( sandbanks (n))
point to (v)
excitedly
shiny (adj)
lift one's head (v)
in the shallow (adj) water
90. The evening went
badly
91. be angry with
92. tidy up the kitchen
93. John felt his smile
come onto his face
94. The sailing was fun
95. the sky was clear
96. notice (v)
97. stare at (v)
98. wave (n)
99. climb over smth
100.it made me feel happy
101.I wish I could do this
102.a few months later
103.come for meal
104.be nervous about
105.sail over white-topped waves
106.sail down to the bank
107.live so close to the town
108.the world was a good place
109.Nothing can be wrong with
the world
Chapter 5 The new experiment
110. sheet (n)
111. a sheet of paper (n)
112. comfort smb (v)
113. magnifying glass (n)
114. shadow (n)
115. lift (v)
116. stare at (v)
117. test smth
118.what an awful thing to do
119.say smth excitedly
120.face smb
121. five parts per million
122. unsuccessful
123. feel ill
124.it'll take years to do smth
125.build machines
126.a few days later
127.hundreds of
128.be full of smth
Chapter 6 The report
129. run a business
130. light ( lit) a cigarette
131. the woods (n)
132. feel sick (v)
133. stomach (n)
134. indeed (part.)
135. scientist
136. employ (v)
137. borrow (v) from
138. liar (n)
139. both
140. make money
141. money doesn't grow on trees
142. His report took longer than
143. he felt cold
144. feel sick in the stomach
145. he felt cold
146. his mouth was dry
147. shiver (v)
148. we are doing very well
149.
150.
151.
152.
153.
154.
155.
156.
if people get ill
No one will ever be hurt
stand still
we are lucky to have you here
your report says that....
he felt his hand shaking
shake hands with (v)
take a drink of water
Chapter 7 Christine and Simon
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
adult (n)
intelligent (adj)
earrings (n)
at first (adv)
disease (n)
argument (n)
argue (v)
lively (adj)
full-page article (n) on
on one's own (adv) (as a father on
my own)
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
be built with the money from
mean smth for
it’s family matter
make smb feel important
I suppose
The headline (read)
Look at smb thoughtfully
Work for the local newspaper
do one's best (v)
Employer (employ / employee)
Be grateful to ... for
Sing to oneself
23. We’ll manage to have money
24. I wonder if you could ….
25. Have mother to discuss things with
26. Try hard to smth
27. Belong to
28. Be nasty to smb
29. manage to do smth (v)
30. bald (adj)
31. environment (al)
32. on her last day
Chapter 8 The wedding day
2.
1. make an experiment?
tail (n)
9. get worse
10. care about the environment
18. quiet laughter
19. wish you luck
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3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
sewage (n)
sample (n)
unemployed
reason for (n)
test smth
be unlucky man
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
diseased fish
be proud of oneself
put nasty things into the river
be pleased for / about / with
be a great success
get in touch
stand still
20.
21.
22.
23.
drink to
at the end of the garden
at John’s house
let me get you another
drink
24. son in law (daughter in
law)
Chapter 9 I don't believe you
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
1. immediately (adv)
enquiry (n)
government (n)
officials (n)
lawyer (n)
discover the truth (v)
be diluted (v)
instead of (pr)
after all
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Frightening moment
Write to paper
At the enquiry
Have argument
Discover the truth
Make difference
Speak on both side of the
argument
17. Hide some things
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
To live on
For a while
Be out at sea
Play by the river
Come with some news
Chapter 10 Green world
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
1. knock at (v)
reach the factory
pipe (n)
cement (n)
pass smth to smb (v)
catch hold of (v)
one at a time
rock (n)
manage to do smth (v)
breathe deeply (v)
drown (v)
12. to keep her warm
13. float (v)
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
be further away (adj)
kick with your legs (v)
kick hard
feel for her heart
point (at) (v)
shiver (with) (v)
wet (adj)
post (n)
(fall) backwards (adv)
in fact
her heart was beating
be filled with
be hard as a rock
27. hit on the back of her
head
28. take a deep breath
29. put his arms around her
30. the mouth of the pipe
31. hold onto the pipe/post
32. look / swim) downstream
(adv)
33. hurriedly (adv)
34. hold smth up
35. be unconscious (adj) fall
over on the side
Chapter 11 The Public Enquiry
Chapter 12 The future
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Учебное издание
Войткова Анастасия Николаевна
Дидактические материалы к рассказу Ф.Форсив
¨Chemical Secret¨
Методические рекомендации
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