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and chemical transformation of pollutants in the troposphere. This sixth volume concentrates on the sub-project
considering tropospheric ozone in the regional and sub-regional context. The first chapter is a summary of the Tropospheric Ozone Research (TOR) sub-project itself. It details
the aims of the project, the instrumentation, calibration and
the data network, and finishes with a summary of the findings of the four task groups set up by TOR. The task
groups were set up to answer the questions outlined by
TOR as its main aims. The first task group was to provide
information on the distribution and spatial and temporal
trends of tropospheric ozone, principally within the
boundary layer. The second task group addressed the problem of finding the emissions and distributions of the precursors of the excess ozone. The third task group examined the
manner in which this excess ozone infiltrates the background
atmosphere and the transference of ozone from the stratosphere into the troposphere. The fourth task group addressed the problem of measuring the transport of ozone
and its precursors across regional boundaries in Europe. Detailed reports from the four task groups make up chapters
2–7. Chapters 8 – 12 are individual reports from each of the
TOR contributors. Each chapter focuses on one particular
aspect of the project, with every subsection being an independent contribution from each group working on TOR.
The final chapter is an index of TOR publications from
1988 to 1995.
For many of the authors, their first language is not English and the lack of a consistent style to this report makes
it very laborious to read. Although this may be acceptable
for a report I think a firmer editorial hand should be used
for a book — especially one published in book form to bring
it ‘to the notice of a large audience’. Presumably it is the
first seven chapters that would most interest a mass audience. In these chapters, the style ranges from an over-formal
passive voice to the active voice used by the authors of
chapter 5. I must congratulate Task Group 3a for clearly
demonstrating their enthusiasm and interest, which I am
sure all the investigators had for their topics. The book
suffers from poor proof-reading and other errors such as
the use of ‘data’ in the singular in some chapters. All this
makes an already technical report very difficult to read. The
explanation for this might lie in one very telling sentence
in chapter one. The sentence comments on the effort required to mount such a large scale project and says ‘As a
result, most of the groups were completely exhausted by just
producing the data and doing the quality control.’ This
work represents a massive effort, is well referenced and provides up-to-date information on tropospheric ozone research
in Europe. The book, however, is really a project report
written by and for researchers in the speciality. It is not a
large audience book but represents a slice of research in the
Uni6ersity of Leeds
Copyright © 1999 Royal Meteorological Society
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CLIMATE AND WEATHER, Volumes 1 and 2. S.H. Schneider (ed), Oxford University Press,
New York, 1996. No. of pages: volume 1, XVI +459; volume
2, 461 – 851. Price: 2 volumes £145.00. ISBN 0-19-509485-9
(set), 0-19-510440-4 (volume 1), 0-19-510441-2 (volume 2).
The study of climate and weather involves much more than
meteorology, since it requires a knowledge and experience from
many disciplines ranging from physics to history. Weather and
climate are important because they partly determine the suitability of crops for specific localities, the preservation or
extinction of species, the prospects of floods or famine, the
degradation of human health, and the availability of recreational amenities. Climate change arising from either human or
natural origins has the potential to impact on a wide range of
activities including agriculture, water supply, forestry, biodiversity and human health. Thus, a knowledge of both present and
likely future changes in weather and climate is essential to
understanding the problems and prospects for development in
the twenty-first century.
The encyclopedia is edited by Stephen Schneider, supported
by 35 topic editors and some 200 contributing authors, mostly
from North America. According to the preface, the Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather is deliberately designed to encompass a wide range of natural scientific subjects, as well as the
social sciences, that have contributed to the understanding of
both the causes of weather and climate change, and their effects
on environment and society. The broad coverage of the encyclopedia is intended to make it useful to the scholars, engineers,
students and decision-makers of the twenty-first century. The
actual range of topics is vast, ranging from bibliographies of
distinguished climatologists through traditional meteorology
and climatology, to such practical topics as aviation and
health. The most obvious competitor is the Encyclopedia of
Climatology (Oliver and Fairbridge, 1987), since this covers
much of the same ground and is directed at both climatologists
and also educated laymen. It aims to provide the basis for the
understanding of many aspects of climate while, at the same
time, providing information on recent advances in the field.
The general academic level of the Encyclopedia of Climatology
is, therefore, noticeably higher than that of the Encyclopedia of
Climate and Weather. Nevertheless, the Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather tends to give a better coverage to recent
research areas including, for example, an entry on entropy.
The Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather is both an interesting read and a useful reference source. The price puts the
encyclopedia beyond the reach of most individuals, but it most
certainly should be in libraries aiming to provide a general
reference service to both the general public and university
Uni6ersity of Leeds, UK
Oliver, J.E. and Fairbridge, R.W. 1987. The Encyclopedia of
Climatology, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York,
886 pp.
Int. J. Climatol. 19: 457 – 459 (1999)
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