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Polymer International 39 (1996) 161-164
Book Reviews
Advances in polymer science 114: Polymer analysis and characterisation
Edited by A. Abe, H. Benoit, H.-J. Cantow et al.
Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1994.
pp. vii + 299, price DM228.00, Sfr215.00, 081778.40.
ISBN 3-540-57238-4
Advanced materials '93, I1
Part A: Biomaterials, organic and intelligent materials
Edited by H. Aoki, K. Segawa, T. Nishi, H. Hasegawa,
I. Karube, T. Kajiyama and K. Takahashi.
Part B: Information storage materials
Edited by M. Abe, H. Yokoyama, K. Kawakami,
S. Takayama, J. K. Howard and M. Naoe.
Elsevier Science BV, Amsterdam, 1994.
pp. 1320, price US$497.00, Df1845.00.
ISBN 0-444-81992-4
The use of a suite of complementary techniques is a great
advantage in the analysis and characterisation of polymers.
This is particularly the case in complex or demanding
environments-in engineering or biomedical applications, for
example-where measurement of a variety of properties is
required. This volume, which comprises reviews of chromatographic, electrophoretic, spectroscopic and scattering techniques, exemplifies the diversity of analytical methods
available.
In their opening chapter, Separation of Macromolecules in
Gels: Permeation Chromatography and Electrophoresis,
Viovy and Lesec succinctly review basic aspects of GPC and
gel electrophoresis and then describe the present experimental
state-of-the-art. Aspects including gel media, instruments and
detection are discussed, and the complementarity, and limitations, of the two techniques are emphasised. Bershtein and
Ryzhov then review Far Infrared Spectroscopy of Polymers
and demonstrate its emergence as an important tool for characterising the molecular dynamics and intermolecular interactions which are important determinants of the physical
properties of a polymer. Selective Spectroscopy of Chromophore Doped Polymers and Glasses (Osad'ko) covers methods
such as photochemical and photophysical hole-burning and
fluorescence line narrowing.
The remaining two revinws are devoted to scattering techniques. Matsuoka and Ise contribute Small-Angle and UltraSmall Angle Scattering Study (sic) of the Ordered Structure in
Polyelectrolytc Solutions and Colloidal Dispersions, which
surveys the use of X-ray techniques. The collection concludes
with Static and Dynamic Light Scattering on Moderately
Concentrated Solutions: Isotropic Solutions of Flexible and
Rodlike Chains and Nematic Solutions of Rodlike Chains by
Berry. The author reviews the use of polarized and depolarized light scattering to elucidate thermodynamic and dynamic
data on a variety of polymer systems.
The reviews in this volume are consistently well structured
and presented, and each affords a useful overview of its topic.
A total of 748 references are cited, fairly evenly distributed
over the five chapters, the latest dating from 1992.
The Third International Union of Materials Research
Societies (IUMRS) International Conference on Advanced
Materials (ICAM) was held in Tokyo in 1993. This meeting
encompassed 37 symposia, whose proceedings have been
published as a six volume series, Advanced Materials '93.
Volume 11, reviewed here, is divided into two parts.
Part A : Biomaterials, Organic and Intelligent Materials
comprises contributions from seven different symposia. The
first chapter, devoted to Biomaterials consists of 10 papers
and extends to 53 pages. Two papers describe hyaluronanbased materials and their applications, the remainder dealing
predominantly with ceramics. Catalytic Materials, which
follows, covers an extensive range of systems and processes in
24 papers and 104 pages. Ordered Polymers (23 papers, 100
pages) includes several notable articles, particularly that of
Matsuoka on Cooperative Conformational Relaxation and
Kim on Recent Developments in IPN Materials. The chapter
entitled Photo- and Electro-responsive Materials (36 papers,
150 pages) includes accounts of the applications of liquid crystalline systems, nonlinear optical materials and novel photopolymers. Biosensors (14 papers, 60 pages) then precedes
Construction and Function of Organic Thin Films (40 papers,
170 pages). The latter features several excellent contributions,
a particular highlight being Supramolecular Structures and
Reactivity in Bilayers and Langmuir-Blodgett Assemblies
Formed via Self-Assembly of Polyfunctional Amphiphiles by
Ulman and co-workers. Part A closes with Intelligent
Materials (8 papers, 35 pages). There are two outstanding contributions here: Intelligent Thermo-Responsive HydrogelsMechanism of On-Off Switches for Drug Release by Yoshida
et al., and Intelligent Polymers: Examples of Response Determination via Macromolecule Architecture by Vert.
Part B : Information Storage Materials differs from Part A
in that it contains papers from a single symposium. These are
arranged in six chapters, namely Magnetic Recording,
Magneto-Optical Recording, Phase-Change Type and Novel
Type Recordings, Giant Magnetoresistance, Novel Thin Films
and Physics of Materials for Information Storage. A total of
98 papers occupy 505 pages.
M. D. Purbrick
161
Polymer International 0959-8103/96/$09.00 0 1996 SCI. Printed in Great Britain
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