900 Навчально-методичні рекомендації з англійської мови Feelings and Emotions для самостійної роботи студентів всіх форм навкод для вставкиСкачать
МІНІСТЕРСТВО ОСВІТИ І НАУКИ УКРАЇНИ ЗАПОРІЗЬКИЙ НАЦІОНАЛЬНИЙ ТЕХНІЧНИЙ УНІВЕРСИТЕТ Навчвльно-методичні рекомендації з англійської мови “Feelings and Emotions” для самостійної роботи студентів всіх форм навчання зі спеціальності 6.030102 «Психологія» 2016 Навчально-методичні рекомендації з англійської мови “Feelings and Emotions” для самостійної роботи студентів всіх форм навчання зі спеціальності 6.030102 «Психологія» Укл: Шейко О.С. – Запоріжжя: ЗНТУ, 2016. - 18 с. Укладач: Шейко Ольга Станіславівна, к.філос.н., доцент кафедри іноземної мови професійного спілкування ЗНТУ Затверджено на засіданні кафедри іноземної мови професійного спілкування Протокол № 7 від 4 лютого 2016р. Рецензенти: Латун Л.М., проректор з науково-педагогічної роботи – директор Інституту іноземної філології Класичного приватного університету, к.п.н., професор Смурова Л.І., к.філ.н., професор кафедри теорії та практики перекладу Класичного приватного університету 3 The purpose of the seminar is to give information on human feelings and emotions, their significance in everyday life, to practice positive and negative emotions and feelings as nouns, adjectives, Participle II and sentences with the verb to be in Present, Past and Future Simple forms. The main idea is that students know all the shades in expressing emotions and feelings in mother tongue so it is necessary to get to know them in English, especially for future psychologists. All tasks can be done in class or at home as individual or team oral and written assignments. There is a question for each person in the group: How are you? How do you feel today? Our life is full of positive and negative emotions and feelings. You can be in high or low spirits, in good mood or in a mood. Look at the ancient Greek masks of Comedy and Tragedy. An image of smile is nothing new in the history of humankind (its birthday is on the 19 of September), but it signifies the Internet epoch. Emotion is a momentary reflection of inner Self as a reaction on surrounding stimulus. Feeling is a deep set of emotions, it is quite steady. Feelings can be contradictive, as you know there is only one step from love to hate. Emotions and feelings are expressed by both non-verbal mostly and verbal communication. What feelings and emotions do you express and how? – it is a question for a students` group. There are 6 inborn internationally distinguished emotions: Happiness, Sorrow, Disgust, Surprise, Anger, Fear (“Cry” by E.Munk). The teacher shows pictures of them and students are trying to guess (National Geographic, March 2005, P.62-63). What a surprising fact: a newborn starts mocking his parents` emotions for the first weeks of life! (Berk, Laura Child Development, 1994, P.147) But the majority of emotions are uncertain, look at the mysterious image of Mona Liza, icons and various portraits. There are personal and national differences in expressing emotions and feelings (for example, Scandinavian, Italian, Japanese, American peculiarities). A task is to think how Ukrainians express their emotions and feelings. The next 2 questions are the following: What feelings and emotions do you share and how? 4 What feelings and emotions do you hide and why? The task is the following: each of students writes as many positive and negative emotions and feelings as possible and fill in the proposed blank table, then creates an adjective and Participle II, composes a sentence, adds a personal attitude: I am happy because… I am happy when… There are various expressions for a range of mood sets in the English language (state of mind and soul): to feel (well) bad; to be in (low) high spirits; to be (up) down; to be in a (good) mood; to be in edgy mood; to be down hearted; to feel at a loss; to feel low; to be in temper. In Ukrainian it is the same word “pochuttya” but in English there are at least three of them: feeling of love, spirit of adventure, sense of humor, common sense, state of mind and soul. Feelings can be of physical state (a lurch of hunger starvation, thirst, exhaustion) too. Our life is like running zebras: black and white, white and black. You go from positive emotions and feelings to negative and then back to positive ones – it is a regularity of human life. You should always stay on the BRIGHT side and not stop to HOPE that every cloud has its silver linking – LIGHT of WISDOM. A noun Positive emotions and feelings An adjective, A sentence Participle II acknowledge acknowledging acknowledged adequate adequate adjustment Problems of adjusting adjusted It is acknowledging theory. He is acknowledged by public. It is adequate. I am adequate. I am adjusting to a new status. Negative emotions and feelings An A sentence adjective Participle II abandonment abandoned He was abandoned. A noun addiction addicting addicted Her addiction is shopping. 5 psychological and professional adjustment admiration adventure adventurism He is adjusted. admirable admired adorable adventurous affection affectionate agreement agreeable amazement amazing amazed ambition amusement ambitious amusing amused anticipation anticipating anticipated appeal apprehension approval appealing apprehensive approving approved achievement achieving achieved astonishment astonishing astonished attachment attached attraction attractive attracted well The baby is admirable. She is admired. She is adorable. It is a spirit of adventurism. He is adventurous. I feel a rush of affection. It is nice to have sense of agreement. They are agreeable. It is amazing. They were amazed. I am ambitious. It is amusing. I am amused. I am anticipating a lot. It was anticipated. It is appealing. It is apprehensive. It is approving. His point of view was approved. We are achieving our goal. He achieved a lot. It is an astonishing fact. I am astonished. It is a strong emotional attachment. He is attractive. I am attracted by her wisdom. affect (a person who has committed a crime in this state is considered to be not under jurisdiction) affliction He killed him under affect. affliction afflicted Youth can have the afflictions of the elderly. 6 balance balanced beauty (sense of beauty) beautiful blamelessness blameless brevity calmness care brave calm caring cared carefulness careful careless challenging challenged cheerful cheered challenge cheer comfort comfortable comforting companionshi p compassion companionable concentration control concentrating concentrated confident constructive constructed controlled courage courageous curiosity decency curious decent dedication dedicating dedicated confidence construction compassionate Déjà vu deliberate delight delightful She is quite balanced. Sense of beauty is different in various cultures. They were blameless. He is brave. She is calm. She is a caring person. He is cared about. They are careful. It is challenging. I am challenged. He is cheerful. We are cheered up. His words were comforting. aggression aggressive He is aggressive. She stares at it aghast. aghast aghast agitation agitating agitated She agitated. alarm alarming alarmed anger angry It is an alarming situation. I was alarmed. I was angry. anguish anguished annoyance annoying You are companionable. She is compassionate. You are concentrating. He is confident. He is constructive. We are in control of the situation. They are courageous. She is so curious. She is decent person. She is dedicating her life to the family. It is a Déjà vu. It is deliberate decision. It is delightful. was He looked with anguish. He was so 7 delighted I am delighted. annoyed antipathetic antipathy anxiety general, situation states anxiety aversion desire desirable destiny to destine, be fated determination determined devotion devoting devoted It is desirable to learn the order of the things. You are my destiny/ They are always determined to do right. She is devoting her soul to the God. They were devoted to each other. anxious of dignified Your sense of dignity is strong. aversive He is aversive person. You are so awkward. I am baffled by your behavior. They have been betrayed. I was bewildered. He has such a bitter soul. awkwardness awkward to baffle baffled betrayal betrayed bewilderment bewildered bitterness bitter boredom boring bored I was bored. It is boring. He is such a bore. bother bothering What is bothering you? He is such a bother. brutality brutal concern concerning concerned conflicting conflicted You are so brutal. It is her main concern. He is a conflicted person. It is a cruel confrontation. I was lefthanded confused. Usually you have a confusing conflict dignity annoyed. I feel antipathy toward ungrateful people. I am anxious. confrontation confronted confusion confused confusing 8 discipline disciplining disciplined He is disciplined one. consternation contradiction dream duty (sense of duty) eagerness dreaming dreamt dutiful What are you dreaming about? He is dutiful. conviction cross convicting convicted cross eager I am eager to do new things and see the Light. I am at ease. Every moment of their life people should be empathetic to each other. He was encouraged by them. They are enthusiastic. We are enjoying the movie. cruelty cruel ease empathy Your understandin g of empathy easy empathetic encourageme nt encouraging encouraged enthusiasm enthusiastic enjoyment enjoying enjoyed euphoria euphoric excitement exciting excited excusing excused excuse expectation expecting expected experience experiencing experienced fascination fascinating fascinated faithful firm faith firm consternati ng consternate d contradictiv e It is euphoria of the victory. It is exciting. We were exited. What is your excuse? I would like to be excused by the God. Are you expecting something? What are your life expectations and priorities? He is an experienced doctor of human souls. Life is fascinating. You are faithful. He is firm. situation. She is pale with consternation. I had contradictive feelings. He was convicted/ He has got really cross. Life is cruel. 9 fondness fond gay generous gingerly glad I am fond of reading and teaching. It is a hard job of forgiving. It is a feeling of foreseeing. Are you fortunate? I am free. They are friendly family. They are gay. You are generous. They are gingerly. We are glad. forgiveness foresight forgiving forgiven foreseeing fortune fortunate freedom friendship free friendly gayety generosity ginger gladness danger dangerous glory glorious She is glorious. deceit deceitful deceived deprived deprivation gratitude grateful They are grateful. depression depressive depressing depressed gullible gullible Don`t be gullible. desperation desperate despondency despondent destruction destructive destructing devastation devastating devastated disagreeabl e disagreement disappointme nt disaster disappointi ng disappointe d disastrous It is dangerous. You are in danger. I was deceived. She was deprived of happiness. It is depressive. Why are you depressed? She was in despair. He is despondent. His behavior is very destructive. She was devastated. It is a constant disagreement between them. He was disappointed. It is a complete 10 disbelief disgrace disgust disillusion disintegration distraction (distraction of attention) distress disbelievin g disbelieved disgraceful disgraced disgusting disgusted disillusione d disintegrati ng disintegrate d distracting distracted disturbance distressing distressed disturbed dizziness doubt dizzy doubtful drain drained dread edge dreadful edgy embarrassme nt emergency embarrassin g embarrasse d emergent envy envious disaster. It is a general disbelief. They will be disgraced by their sinful actions. It is disgusting. She was disillusioned. The team was disintegrated. We are distracted by temptation. She was in distress. I was disturbed by inhumanity of official system. She was dizzy. He is doubtful and so he doesn`t take any responsibility. They were drained by grief. It is dreadful. I am in edgy mood. What do you do when you are edgy? How do you reconstruct your equilibrium? It is an embarrassing fact in the history. It is a case of emergency. Do you envy anybody and 11 escapism exaggeration exasperation To escape or not to escape? exaggeratin g exaggerated exasperatin g exhaustion exhausting exhausted extreme extreme failure failed fraud fake fear What kinds of phobias do you know? fright fearful frustration frustrating frustrated fury furious fuzz gloom grave greed guilt hate fuzzy gloomy grave greedy guilty hateful hatred helplessness hatred helpless hesitation hesitant hurt hurtful frightened what for? Does escapism do any good to anyone? Don`t be exaggerated. He is flicking the paper in exasperation. It is so exhausting. They worked hard and were exhausted . Do you feel an extreme? It is all my failure. His intentions are fraud so his actions are fake. He is so fearful to start anything new. The child is frightened. What are you afraid of and why? It is a frustrating situation. I am furious with the absence of need for Enlightment. She is so fuzzy. He is gloomy. He is so grave. He is greedy. Are you guilty? Hate is distractive. It is a hatred. She was helpless. You are hesitant. It is so hurtful. 12 happiness happy harmony harmonic hedonism hedonistic help helpful honesty honest hope hopeful hospitality hospitable humor (sense of humor) imagination humorous improvement improving improved independence Your notion of independenc e innocence independent imaginative innocent insight Every day is happy for me because… May your life be harmonic. Do you practice a hedonism? She tries to be helpful. You should be honest with your inner Self. Everyone should be hopeful. They are hospitable people. It is nice to have a sense of humor. She has a wild imagination. Self-improvement is a permanent process of selfdevelopment. He is independent. Children are innocent. Is there place for insight in your life? inspiration inspiring inspired What are you inspired by? intimacy intuition intimate intuitive They are intimate. Are you rational and intuitive or emotional and impulsive? irony ironic He is ironic. horror horrible horrified They were horrified. It is horrible. hostility hostile They hostile. humiliation humiliating humiliated They are humiliated. hurt hysteric hurting hurt hysterical She feels very hurt. She is a hysterical person. impudence impudent impulse impulsive indignation indignant insult insulting He was impudent. She is impulsive. It is general indignation. It is an awful were 13 irritation joy joyful Kids are joyful. jealousy irritable irritating irritated jealous justice just jerk jerky kindness kind You should be just. They are very kind. loneliness lonely looser liberation love loyalty liberative liberating liberated loving beloved loyal luck lucky magic magical mercy merciful merriment merry mesmerism mesmerizing mesmerized modesty motivation modest motivational motivating mystery mysterious mystified norm normal I feel liberated. Love everywhere. He is loyal. is You are lucky to be with us. Magic is everywhere. She tries to be merciful. All kids are merry. I was mesmerized by Eternal Beauty of Kindness. She is not modest. You have a strong sense of motivation. She is mysterious. They were mystified. He is quite insult. It is irritating. so Are you a jealous person? He is jerky. Everyone is lonely. Are you a looser or a winner and why do you consider yourself the one of them? He is mad. madness mad marginality marginal They marginal. melancholy misery melancholi c miserable misunderstan ding misundersta nding nervе nervous Melancholy is bad. She is miserable. It is a result of misunderstandin g. They always are nervous. obsession mania idea fixe obsessive He is obsessive about cars racing. Are you a gambler? offense offending offended I was offended. are 14 obedience obedient openness opened optimism optimistic order (sense of order) patience patient peace peaceable pleasure pleasing pleased possessive possessivenes s normal. The child should be obedient. He is such an opened person. What are you optimistic about? Your sense of order is strong. Every mother is patient. We are peaceable people. I am pleased with your behavior. He is possessive. preoccupation preoccupied pride proud privacy private prosperity prosperous protectiveness protective purity purposefulnes s purified purposeful rationality readiness rational ready reassurance reassuring reassured She is preoccupied He is proud of himself. It is a question of my privacy. They are finally purified. You should be protective toward your Soul. He was purified. She was purposeful in obtaining degrees. He is rational. Are you ready for the party? They were reassured. relaxing relaxed relieving relieved It is his spiritual rebirth. It is so relaxing to be together. These words are relieving. respectful respected They are respectful to all rebirth relax relief respect pain painful It is so painful. panic panic They are panic. paralyse paralyzed He was paralyzed by information. passion passionate pessimism pessimistic He is so passionate. What are you pessimistic about and why? in 15 responsibility responsible sensible people. Everyone should be responsible of their choice. pity pitiful prejudice prejudiced protest protesting protested puzzled puzzle rage outrageous enraged rattle rattled revelry regret regretful revival rejection resentment rejecting rejected remote reproaching reproached resentful resistance resistant restlessness restless revenge revenged ridicule risk ridiculous risky risked ruining ruined Rest peace romance It is very important to feel rest and peace in each situation. and romantic She is romantic. remoteness reproach ruin sadness scorn sad scornful selfishness selfish shake shaky shame shameful ashamed Nobody should be pitiful. It is such a pity. We are prejudiced by many things. He feels an inner protest. He will be puzzled by them. I am in rage. It is outrageous behavior. I am rattled by their inhumanity. It is such a regret. He was rejected. She was remote. It was reproach of her voice. They are resentful. People can be resistant. Children are restless. She was revenged. It is ridiculous. He is risky. He is in risk. He has been ruined by his own rationality. They were sad They were scornful. He is very selfish. Sometimes I feel shaky. It is such a shame. He was ashamed. 16 safe and sound sarcasm sarcastic I wish you always to be safe and sound. He was sarcastic. shock shocking shocked I was shocked. shrill shrilling shrilled shyness shy solitude solitary sorrow sorry She was shrilled by their attitude toward studying. Do you know how to overcome shyness? Megapolis is full of solitude. I am sorry. stiffness stiff stiffening stiffen straining strained satisfaction satisfying satisfied This result is satisfying. We were satisfied. skepticism skeptical security secure selffulfillment self-fulfilled Don`t be skeptical just believe. Each kid should feel secure first of all in his family. She is selffulfilled. serenity serene It is a Serenity of Heart and Soul. stress stressful stressing stressed sincerity sincere She is sincere. stubbornness stubborn strength strong It is inner strength. He is strong. Their struggle is right. She was stunned by Beauty. She is supportive. He is always be supported by the family. Don`t be so sure about everything, just look around. subdued subdued suffer suffering suffered struggle stunned support sureness stunning stunned supportive supported sure strain He is stiff. She was strained by the situation. It is stressful situation. She is under permanent stress. He is so stubborn. The passions should be subdued. She is suffering a lot. 17 surprise sympathy surprising surprised sympathetic sympathized It is surprising fact. I am not surprised. She is very sympathetic. tact team (spirit of team, spirit of unity) tenderness thankfulness tactful He is tactful. A spirit of unity is necessary for a team. tender thankful thrill tolerance tranquility thrilling thrilled tolerant tranquil triumph triumphal She is so tender. They will be thankful. We are thrilled by the performance. They are tolerant. We feel tranquility. It will be a triumph for them. trust trustful trusted He can be trusted. suffocation suffocating suffocated she was suffocated. superstition suspicion superstitiou s suspicious It is a general superstition. It is suspicious. temptation tempted tension terror tense terrified threat threatening tiredness trick tired tricky trouble uncertainty troubling troubled troublesom e uncertain unease uneasy It is a great temptation for me. I feel tension. They were terrified by the war. It is a threatening situation. I am not tired. It is tricky tricky. Don`t trouble trouble. Teenagers can be troublesome. Sometimes everybody is uncertain. I am unease. urgency vanity urgent vain vulnerability vulnerable It is urgent. Everything will be in vain if you don`t know the right order. Women are vulnerable 18 truth truthful success successful succeed unity uniting united victorious winning won wonderful victory winner wonder worship worshipping worshipped It is truth for everyone. If you try hard you will finally achieve a success. People should be united by faith. It is our victory. The peaceable are winning. It is the world of wonder. The emperor was worshipped by them. weakness weak I am weak. wretchedness wretched They wretched greed. were by !!!Remember that a balance of positive and negative emotions and feelings can enhance or ruin your INNER SELF and influence your selfesteem. As ancient Roman philosopher Epicurus has said: “Happiness is an absence of unhappiness”. There was a classical experiment: if you smile the anecdote will be funnier, it is the same with human interaction (a feedback depends on your attitude toward a partner). So, smile sincere and the World will smile with you. Keep on smiling all your life long. Be on the bright side, practice constructive and positive way of thinking and Life will be tired of upsetting you.