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СТРУКТУРА И МЕХАНИЧЕСКИЕ СВОЙСТВА СТАЛЕЙ ПОСЛЕ ОБРАБОТОК ПРИ СУБКРИТИЧЕСКИХ ТЕМПЕРАТУРАХ.

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На правах рукописи
КОМИССАРОВ АЛЕКСАНДР АЛЕКСАНДРОВИЧ
СТРУКТУРА И МЕХАНИЧЕСКИЕ СВОЙСТВА СТАЛЕЙ
ПОСЛЕ ОБРАБОТОК ПРИ СУБКРИТИЧЕСКИХ ТЕМПЕРАТУРАХ
Специальность 05.16.01 – Металловедение и термическая обработка металлов и сплавов
Автореферат диссертации на соискание ученой степени
кандидата технических наук
Москва - 2013
Ɋɚɛɨɬɚ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɚ ɜ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɦ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦ ɚɜɬɨɧɨɦɧɨɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɦ
ɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɢ ɜɵɫɲɟɝɨ ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ «ɇɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɫɤɢɣ
ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬ «Ɇɂɋɢɋ»
ɇɚɭɱɧɵɣ ɪɭɤɨɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɶ:
Ʉɚɧɞɢɞɚɬ ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɧɚɭɤ, ɞɨɰɟɧɬ
ɋɚɡɨɧɨɜ ɘɪɢɣ Ȼɨɪɢɫɨɜɢɱ
Ɉɮɢɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɨɩɩɨɧɟɧɬɵ:
Ⱦɨɤɬɨɪ
ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ
ɧɚɭɤ,
ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɨɪ ɆȽɌɍ ɢɦ. ɇ.ɗ. Ȼɚɭɦɚɧɚ
ɍɲɚɤɨɜ Ȼɨɪɢɫ Ʉɨɧɫɬɚɧɬɢɧɨɜɢɱ
Ʉɚɧɞɢɞɚɬ ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɧɚɭɤ,
ɈɈɈ «ɉɪɨɦɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɹ»
Ʉɨɬɥɹɪɨɜ ɂɝɨɪɶ ȼɢɤɬɨɪɨɜɢɱ
ɎȽɍɉ «ɐɟɧɬɪɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɧɚɭɱɧɨɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɫɤɢɣ
ɢɧɫɬɢɬɭɬ
ɱɟɪɧɨɣ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɭɪɝɢɢ ɢɦ. ɂ.ɉ.
Ȼɚɪɞɢɧɚ»
ȼɟɞɭɳɚɹ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹ:
Ɂɚɳɢɬɚ ɞɢɫɫɟɪɬɚɰɢɢ ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬɫɹ 21 ɧɨɹɛɪɹ 2013 ɝ. ɜ 14.00 ɜ ɚɭɞɢɬɨɪɢɢ Ȼ-607 ɧɚ
ɡɚɫɟɞɚɧɢɢ ɞɢɫɫɟɪɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɜɟɬɚ Ⱦ 212.132.08 ɩɪɢ ɎȽȺɈɍ ȼɉɈ «ɇɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɣ
ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɫɤɢɣ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬ «Ɇɂɋɢɋ» ɩɨ ɚɞɪɟɫɭ: 119049, ɝ. Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ,
Ʌɟɧɢɧɫɤɢɣ ɩɪɨɫɩɟɤɬ, ɞ. 4, ɚɭɞ. Ȼ-607.
ɋ ɞɢɫɫɟɪɬɚɰɢɟɣ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɨɡɧɚɤɨɦɢɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɛɢɛɥɢɨɬɟɤɟ ɎȽȺɈɍ ȼɉɈ «ɇɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɣ
ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɫɤɢɣ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬ «Ɇɂɋɢɋ».
Ⱥɜɬɨɪɟɮɟɪɚɬ ɪɚɡɨɫɥɚɧ «_____» ɨɤɬɹɛɪɹ 2013 ɝ.
ɍɱɟɧɵɣ ɫɟɤɪɟɬɚɪɶ
ɞɢɫɫɟɪɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɜɟɬɚ,
ɉɪɨɮ., ɞ.ɮ.-ɦ.ɧ.
ɋ.ɂ.Ɇɭɯɢɧ
1
Ɉɛɳɚɹ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ
Ⱥɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ
ɉɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɟ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ,
ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɧɚɞɺɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚ ɢɡɝɨɬɨɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɢɡɞɟɥɢɣ ɢɡ ɧɢɯ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ
ɩɪɢɨɪɢɬɟɬɧɨɣ ɡɚɞɚɱɟɣ.
Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɵɦ ɬɪɟɧɞɨɦ ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɹ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɣ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɩɟɪɟɯɨɞ ɤ
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɸ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚɦɢ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɧɚ ɜɫɟ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɬɨɧɤɨɦ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɧɨɦ ɭɪɨɜɧɟ ɩɭɬɟɦ,
ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɸɳɢɦ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɦɟɥɤɨɡɟɪɧɢɫɬɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɦɢ ɦɟɬɨɞɚɦɢ.
ɉɟɪɫɩɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɦ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɨɫɬɚɟɬɫɹ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ ɧɨɜɵɯ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ
ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɨɤ.
ȼ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɩɪɟɞɥɚɝɚɟɬɫɹ ɦɟɬɨɞ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɦɟɥɤɨɡɟɪɧɢɫɬɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɩɪɢ
ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɚɯ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ (ɋɄɌ) (ɜ ɭɡɤɨɦ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɨɦ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ Ac1 - (5 ÷ 10) ºɋ) ɫ ɰɟɥɶɸ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɹ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ ɢ
ɪɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɹ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɢɯ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ.
ɐɟɥɶ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ
Ɋɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ ɢ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɜ
ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɫ ɰɟɥɶɸ
ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɢɹ ɭɥɭɱɲɟɧɧɵɯ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤ ɡɚ ɫɱɟɬ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜ ɫɬɚɥɹɯ
ɦɟɥɤɨɡɟɪɧɢɫɬɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ.
Ⱦɥɹ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɣ ɰɟɥɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɛɵɥɢ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɵ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ:
1. ɂɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɫɭɛɡɟɪɟɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɜ ɫɬɚɥɹɯ
ɩɨɫɥɟ ɮɚɡɨɜɨɝɨ ɢ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɧɚɤɥɺɩɚ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ
Ⱥɫ1 - (5 ÷ 10) ºɋ;
2. ɂɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɞɢɮɮɭɡɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɜ ɩɪɢ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɟ ɜ
ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ Ⱥɫ1 - (5 ÷ 10) ºɋ ɧɚ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ
ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɹ ɝɥɭɛɢɧɵ ɞɢɮɮɭɡɢɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɥɨɹ ɩɪɢ ɯɢɦɢɤɨ-ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɟ ɜ
ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ ɛɨɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ;
3. Ɋɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ ɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ
ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɥɹ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɦɟɥɤɨɡɟɪɧɢɫɬɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɢ
ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɬɢɜɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ;
4. ɂɡɭɱɟɧɢɟ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɣ ɡɟɪɟɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɜ
ɞɟɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɢ ɥɢɬɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɹɯ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ
Ⱥɫ1 - (5 ÷ 10) ºɋ ɞɥɹ ɭɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɹɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ
ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɞɟɮɟɤɬɨɜ ɥɢɬɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɫɧɢɠɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɪɨɝɚ
ɯɥɚɞɧɨɥɨɦɤɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɫɬɚɥɹɯ.
ɇɚɭɱɧɚɹ ɧɨɜɢɡɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ
1. ɉɨɤɚɡɚɧɚ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɫɬɚɥɹɯ ɦɟɥɤɨɡɟɪɧɢɫɬɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɡɚ ɫɱɟɬ
ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɫɭɛɡɟɪɟɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ,
ɮɨɪɦɢɪɭɸɳɟɣɫɹ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ;
2. Ɋɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɵ ɪɟɠɢɦɵ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɢ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɨɤ,
ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɸɳɢɟ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɬɶ ɧɚ ɪɹɞɟ ɲɢɪɨɤɨ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɧɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ
ɦɟɥɤɨɡɟɪɧɢɫɬɭɸ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɭ ɢ ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɩɨɜɵɫɢɬɶ ɢɯ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ
ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ (ɭɞɚɪɧɭɸ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ, ɫɬɨɣɤɨɫɬɶ ɤ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɸ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ
2
ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ, ɫɧɢɡɢɬɶ ɩɨɪɨɝ ɯɥɚɞɧɨɥɨɦɤɨɫɬɢ), ɬɟɦ ɫɚɦɵɦ, ɪɚɫɲɢɪɢɜ
ɨɛɥɚɫɬɶ ɢɯ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ, ɜ ɱɚɫɬɧɨɫɬɢ, ɞɨ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣ Ʉɪɚɣɧɟɝɨ ɋɟɜɟɪɚ;
3. Ɋɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɚɧ ɪɟɠɢɦ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɞɥɹ ɥɢɬɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ, ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɸɳɢɣ
ɫɧɢɡɢɬɶ ɢɯ ɫɤɥɨɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɤ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɦɭ ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɢɸ ɢ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɸ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ
ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ;
4. ɉɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɵ ɪɟɠɢɦɵ ɯɢɦɢɤɨ-ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ, ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ
ɩɨɡɜɨɥɢɬ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɩɨɜɵɫɢɬɶ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɚ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɧɚ
ɫɬɚɥɹɯ.
ɉɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ
ɉɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɩɨɞɬɜɟɪɠɞɟɧɚ Ⱥɤɬɚɦɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɜ
ɞɢɫɫɟɪɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɩɪɟɞɩɪɢɹɬɢɹɦɢ ɈȺɈ «Ɋɠɟɜɫɤɢɣ ɤɪɚɧɨɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɡɚɜɨɞ» ɢ
ɈȺɈ «ɋɟɜɟɪɫɬɚɥɶ». Ɋɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɧɵɟ ɪɟɠɢɦɵ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɌɈ ɢ ɌɆɈ ɜɧɟɞɪɟɧɵ ɧɚ
ɦɚɥɨɦ ɢɧɧɨɜɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɦ ɩɪɟɞɩɪɢɹɬɢɢ ɈɈɈ «ɐɋɄɆ», ɫɨɡɞɚɧɧɨɦ ɧɚ ɛɚɡɟ ɇɂɌɍ «Ɇɂɋɢɋ».
ɇɚ ɡɚɳɢɬɭ ɜɵɧɨɫɹɬɫɹ:
– ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɦɟɪɧɨɫɬɢ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɣ ɫɭɛɡɟɪɟɧɧɨɣ
ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɩɪɢ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɟ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ Ⱥɫ1 - (5 ÷ 10) ºɋ ɜ
ɭɝɥɟɪɨɞɢɫɬɵɯ ɢ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ ɥɟɝɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɜ ɫɬɚɥɹɯ ɜ ɥɢɬɨɦ
ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɢ;
– ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɩɨ ɨɰɟɧɤɟ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ ɮɚɡɨɜɨɝɨ ɧɚɤɥɟɩɚ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ ɢ
ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɧɚɤɥɟɩɚ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɯɨɥɨɞɧɨɣ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ ɧɚ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɣ
ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɩɪɢ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɟ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ;
– ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɩɨ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɸ ɦɟɥɤɨɡɟɪɧɢɫɬɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɜ
ɫɬɚɥɹɯ ɩɪɢ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɢ ɧɚɝɪɟɜɟ ɩɨɞ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɭ ɫ
ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ;
– ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɩɨ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɸ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ Ⱥɫ1 - (5 ÷ 10) ºɋ ɧɚ ɭɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɟ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ;
– ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ Ⱥɫ1 - (5 ÷ 10) ºɋ ɧɚ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɸ ɞɢɮɮɭɡɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɜ ɩɪɢ ɯɢɦɢɤɨɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɟ ɧɚ ɩɪɢɦɟɪɟ ɛɨɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ;
– ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ
ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɢ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɨɤ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ ɧɚ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ:
ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɶ, ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɨɫɬɶ, ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ ɢ ɯɥɚɞɧɨɥɨɦɤɨɫɬɶ;
– ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ ɌɈ ɢ ɌɆɈ ɫ ɩɪɨɬɟɤɚɧɢɟɦ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɚ
ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɣ ɫɭɛɡɟɪɟɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɩɪɢ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɟ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ ɫ
ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɢɟɦ ɦɟɥɤɨɡɟɪɧɢɫɬɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɨɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ.
Ⱥɩɪɨɛɚɰɢɹ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ
Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɵɟ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɛɵɥɢ ɞɨɥɨɠɟɧɵ ɢ ɨɛɫɭɠɞɟɧɵ ɧɚ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ ɧɚɭɱɧɵɯ
ɤɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɹɯ:
1. 20th International Symposium on Metastable, Amorphous and Nanostructured
Materials (ISMANAM 2013), 30.06.2013-05.07.2013, Torino, Italia;
2. ɇɚɭɱɧɨ-ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɤɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɹ ɧɚ ɛɚɡɟ ɈȺɈ ɇɉɈ «ɉɪɢɛɨɪ», 26 ɦɚɪɬɚ, 2013,
Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ;
3. 19-th International Symposium on Metastable, Amorphous and Nanostructured
Materials (ISMANAM-2012), 18-22 June, 2012, Moscow;
3
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
VI-ɹ
ȿɜɪɚɡɢɣɫɤɚɹ
ɧɚɭɱɧɨ-ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ
ɤɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɹ
«ɉɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɶ
ɧɟɨɞɧɨɪɨɞɧɵɯ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪ (ɉɊɈɋɌ-2012), 17-19 ɚɩɪɟɥɹ, 2012, ɝ. Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ;
The IV France-Russia Conference “New Achievements in Materials and
Environmental Sciences” (Names’10), 26-29 October, 2010, Nancy, France;
Ɇɟɠɞɭɧɚɪɨɞɧɚɹ ɧɚɭɱɧɨ-ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɤɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɢ «ɍɥɶɬɪɚɦɟɥɤɨɡɟɪɧɢɫɬɵɟ ɢ
ɧɚɧɨɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ (ɍɆɁɇɆ-2010), 11-15 ɨɤɬɹɛɪɹ, 2010, ɝ. ɍɮɚ;
Ɇɟɠɞɭɧɚɪɨɞɧɚɹ
ɧɚɭɱɧɨ-ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ
ɤɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɢ
«ɇɚɧɨɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɢ
ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɫɢɫɬɟɦ (ɇɎɆ -2010)», 20-24 ɫɟɧɬɹɛɪɹ, 2010, ɝ. ɋɚɧɤɬɉɟɬɟɪɛɭɪɝ;
V-ɨɣ
ȿɜɪɚɡɢɣɫɤɨɣ
ɧɚɭɱɧɨ-ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ
ɤɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɹ
«ɉɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɶ
ɧɟɨɞɧɨɪɨɞɧɵɯ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪ (ɉɊɈɋɌ-2010), 20-22 ɚɩɪɟɥɹ, 2010, ɝ. Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ;
V-ɚɹ ɘɛɢɥɟɣɧɚɹ Ʉɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɹ ɦɨɥɨɞɵɯ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɫɬɨɜ «Ɇɟɬɚɥɥɭɪɝɢɹ XXI
ɜɟɤɚ», 10-13 ɮɟɜɪɚɥɹ, 2009, ɝ. Ɂɜɟɧɢɝɨɪɨɞ.
ɉɨ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɚɦ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɩɨɞɚɧɵ ɡɚɹɜɤɢ ɧɚ ɩɚɬɟɧɬɵ ɊɎ:
1. ʋ 2013144255 «ɋɩɨɫɨɛ ɩɪɟɰɢɡɢɨɧɧɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɧɨɥɟɝɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ
ɫɬɚɥɟɣ» ɨɬ 02.10.2013;
2. ʋ 2013144256 «ɋɩɨɫɨɛ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɧɨɥɟɝɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ
ɫɬɚɥɟɣ» ɨɬ 02.10.2013.
Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɨɜɚɧɵ ɜ ɭɱɟɛɧɨɦ ɤɭɪɫɟ «Ɍɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ
ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɜ» ɢ ɥɚɛɨɪɚɬɨɪɧɵɯ ɩɨɫɨɛɢɹɯ, ɜɵɩɭɳɟɧɧɵɯ ɢɡɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɤɢɦ ɞɨɦɨɦ ɇɂɌɍ «Ɇɂɋɢɋ».
Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɵ ɜ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ ɧɚɭɱɧɨ-ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɫɤɢɯ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɨɜ:
1. Ƚɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɣ ɤɨɧɬɪɚɤɬ ʋ ɉ1560 ɨɬ 09 ɫɟɧɬɹɛɪɹ 2009 ɝ. «Ɏɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ
ɧɚɧɨɪɚɡɦɟɪɧɵɯ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪ ɜ ɭɝɥɟɪɨɞɢɫɬɵɯ ɢ ɥɟɝɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɹɯ ɩɭɬɟɦ
ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ» ɜ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ Ɏɐɉ
«ɇɚɭɱɧɵɟ ɢ ɧɚɭɱɧɨ-ɩɟɞɚɝɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɤɚɞɪɵ ɢɧɧɨɜɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɣ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ ɧɚ 2009-2013
ɝɨɞɵ»;
2. Ƚɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɣ ɤɨɧɬɪɚɤɬ ʋ 14.740.11.0536 ɨɬ 01 ɨɤɬɹɛɪɹ 2010 ɝ. «Ɋɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ
ɫɯɟɦ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɢ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɧɨɥɟɝɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ
ɫɬɚɥɟɣ ɫ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɥɹ
ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɦɟɥɤɨɡɟɪɧɢɫɬɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɢ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɚ
ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɢ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜ ɫɬɚɥɢ» ɜ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ Ɏɐɉ «ɇɚɭɱɧɵɟ ɢ
ɧɚɭɱɧɨ-ɩɟɞɚɝɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɤɚɞɪɵ ɢɧɧɨɜɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɣ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ ɧɚ 2009-2013 ɝɨɞɵ»;
3. Ʉɨɧɬɪɚɤɬ ʋ9480ɪ/15298 ɨɬ 01 ɢɸɥɹ 2011 ɝ. «Ɋɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ ɢ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ
ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɢ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ ɞɥɹ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɹ
ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤ ɦɟɬɢɡɧɵɯ ɢɡɞɟɥɢɣ»;
4. Ʉɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɧɵɣ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ ɩɨ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɸ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ
«ɋɨɡɞɚɧɢɟ ɢ ɨɫɜɨɟɧɢɟ ɫɟɪɢɣɧɨɝɨ ɜɵɩɭɫɤɚ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɚ ɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɥɹ
ɫɬɵɤɨɜɨɣ ɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɧɨɣ ɫɜɚɪɤɢ ɢ ɬɟɪɦɨɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɫɜɚɪɧɵɯ ɫɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣ
ɯɥɚɞɨɫɬɨɣɤɢɯ ɬɪɭɛ ɩɪɢ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɟ ɦɨɪɫɤɢɯ ɬɪɭɛɨɩɪɨɜɨɞɨɜ, ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɜ
Ⱥɪɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɡɨɧɟ» ɲɢɮɪ 2012-218-03-256, ɪɟɚɥɢɡɭɟɦɵɣ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ
ɉɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɉɪɚɜɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɊɎ ʋ 218.
ɉɨɥɭɱɟɧɵ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɧɚɝɪɚɞɵ:
1. Ʌɚɭɪɟɚɬɚ ɤɨɧɤɭɪɫɚ «Ɇɨɥɨɞɵɟ ɭɱɟɧɵɟ» ɦɟɠɞɭɧɚɪɨɞɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɨɣ
ɜɵɫɬɚɜɤɢ «Ɇɟɬɚɥɥ-ɗɤɫɩɨ – 2012»;
4
2.
3.
4.
Ⱦɢɩɥɨɦ ɡɚ ɥɭɱɲɢɣ ɞɨɤɥɚɞ ɫɪɟɞɢ ɦɨɥɨɞɵɯ ɭɱɟɧɵɯ ɧɚ VI-ɨɣ ȿɜɪɚɡɢɣɫɤɨɣ
ɧɚɭɱɧɨ-ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɤɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɢ «ɉɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɶ ɧɟɨɞɧɨɪɨɞɧɵɯ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪ.
ɉɊɈɋɌ», 2012, Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ;
Ʌɚɭɪɟɚɬ ɤɨɧɤɭɪɫɚ ɎɋɊ ɆɎɉ ɇɌɋ «ɍɆɇɂɄ ɧɚ ɋɌȺɊɌ – 2010»;
Ʌɚɭɪɟɚɬ ɤɨɧɤɭɪɫɚ ɎɋɊ ɆɎɉ ɇɌɋ «ɍɆɇɂɄ – 2009».
Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɨɟ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟ ɨɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɜɚɧɨ ɜ 20 ɩɟɱɚɬɧɵɯ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɯ, ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɜ 3
ɢɡɞɚɧɢɹɯ, ɪɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ȼȺɄ. Ȼɨɥɶɲɚɹ ɱɚɫɬɶ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɢ
ɪɚɫɱɟɬɨɜ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɚ ɚɜɬɨɪɨɦ ɫɚɦɨɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɶɧɨ.
ɋɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ ɢ ɨɛɴɺɦ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ:
Ⱦɢɫɫɟɪɬɚɰɢɹ ɢɡɥɨɠɟɧɚ ɧɚ 134 ɫɬɪɚɧɢɰɚɯ ɦɚɲɢɧɨɩɢɫɧɨɝɨ ɬɟɤɫɬɚ, ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬ ɢɡ
ɜɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ, 3 ɝɥɚɜ, 7 ɜɵɜɨɞɨɜ. ȼɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ 52 ɪɢɫɭɧɤɚ, 14 ɬɚɛɥɢɰ, ɛɢɛɥɢɨɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɫɩɢɫɨɤ
ɢɡ 101 ɧɚɢɦɟɧɨɜɚɧɢɣ.
Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɨɟ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ
Ƚɥɚɜɚ 1. Ⱥɧɚɥɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɨɛɡɨɪ
ȼ ɚɧɚɥɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɨɛɡɨɪɟ ɪɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɵ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ:
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ, ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɟ, ɷɤɨɧɨɦɧɨ- ɢ ɫɥɨɠɧɨɥɟɝɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɟ. Ɋɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɵ
ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɵ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɩɪɟɞɩɪɟɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ Ⱥɫ1 - (5 ÷ 10) ºɋ, ɷɮɮɟɤɬɵ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɧɨɣ
ɧɚɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ, ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɵ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɡɟɪɟɧɧɨɣ
ɢ ɫɭɛɡɟɪɟɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɦɢ ɦɟɬɨɞɚɦɢ.
Ƚɥɚɜɚ 2. Ɇɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ ɢ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɢ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɏɢɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɫɨɫɬɚɜ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧ ɜ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 1.
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 1 – ɏɢɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɫɨɫɬɚɜ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ
ʋ
ɩ/ɩ
ɋɬɚɥɶ
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
35ɏȽɋȺ
35ɏȽɋɅ
40ɏ
40ɏɇ2ɆȺ
65
ɍ9
9ɏɋ
09ɏɇ2ɆȾ
ɋɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟ ɥɟɝɢɪɭɸɳɟɝɨ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɚ, ɦɚɫɫ. %
ɋ
Si
Mn
Cr
Ni
Cu
S
P
Mo
0,34
0,36
0,42
0,41
0,63
0,91
0,90
0,10
1,20
0,74
0,30
0,37
0,20
0,24
1,20
0,31
0,90
1,10
0,75
0,59
0,64
0,26
0,60
0,40
1,10
0,82
0,98
0,67
0,22
0,11
1,20
0,40
0,30
0,20
1,46
0,19
2,31
0,15
0,18
0,07
0,44
0,02
0,025
0,025
0,018
0,01
0,021
0,019
0,005
0,02
0,025
0,025
0,017
0,01
0,016
0,02
0,008
0,17
0,22
ȼɫɟ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɨɣ ɜɵɩɥɚɜɤɢ ɢ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɨɜɚɥɢ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦ ȽɈɋɌ.
ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɥɢ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɦɟɬɨɞɵ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ:
x ɚɬɨɦɧɨ-ɷɦɢɫɫɢɨɧɧɚɹ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɨɫɤɨɩɢɹ ɞɥɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɯɢɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɚ
ɫɬɚɥɟɣ (ɫɩɟɤɬɪɨɦɟɬɪ Bruker Q4 Tasman);
x ɫɜɟɬɨɜɚɹ ɦɢɤɪɨɫɤɨɩɢɹ ɞɥɹ ɢɡɭɱɟɧɢɹ ɡɟɪɟɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ (ɨɩɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ
ɦɢɤɪɨɫɤɨɩɵ Carl Zeiss AxioVert 40 MAT ɢ AxioScop 40) ɫ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɩɚɤɟɬɚ
ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɢɡɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɣ Image Expert Pro 3;
x ɞɢɥɚɬɨɦɟɬɪɢɹ (Netzsch 402 C) ɞɥɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɣ ɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɨɱɟɤ;
x ɩɪɨɫɜɟɱɢɜɚɸɳɚɹ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɚɹ ɦɢɤɪɨɫɤɨɩɢɹ ɞɥɹ ɢɡɭɱɟɧɢɹ ɬɨɧɤɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ
(ɉɗɆ Jeol JEM1400);
5
x ɫɤɚɧɢɪɭɸɳɚɹ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɚɹ ɦɢɤɪɨɫɤɨɩɢɹ ɫ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɞɢɮɪɚɤɰɢɢ
ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨ ɨɬɪɚɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɨɜ (EBSD) (ɋɗɆ Quanta 600 ɫ EBSD ɩɪɢɫɬɚɜɤɨɣ EDAX
TSL);
x ɪɟɧɬɝɟɧɨɜɫɤɚɹ ɞɢɮɪɚɤɬɨɦɟɬɪɢɹ (ɞɢɮɪɚɤɬɨɦɟɬɪ Rigaku Ultima IV);
x ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹ: ɢɡɦɟɪɟɧɢɟ ɬɜɟɪɞɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɦɢɤɪɨɬɜɟɪɞɨɫɬɢ, ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ
ɩɪɟɞɟɥɚ ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɢ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɢ ɢ ɭɞɚɪɧɨɣ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɢ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ
(ɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɤɨɦɩɚɧɢɢ Instron).
ɂɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɥɢɫɶ ɩɨ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɦ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɚɦ.
Ⱦɥɹ ɩɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɢɹ ɞɢɥɚɬɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɤɪɢɜɵɯ ɢɡɝɨɬɚɜɥɢɜɚɥɢɫɶ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɵ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ
ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɨɜ ɞɢɚɦɟɬɪɨɦ 6 ɦɦ ɢ ɞɥɢɧɨɣ 25 ɦɦ, ɧɚɝɪɟɜ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɥɢ ɫɨ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɸ 3 ºɋ/ɦɢɧ ɜ
ɚɬɦɨɫɮɟɪɟ ɚɪɝɨɧɚ.
ɇɚɝɪɟɜ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɥɫɹ ɜ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɦɭɮɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɩɟɱɢ F 46110 ɮɢɪɦɵ
Barnstead International ɫ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɹ ɜ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɦ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɟ ɩɟɱɢ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ ɩɪɢ ɢɡɨɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɟ ɫ ɬɨɱɧɨɫɬɶɸ ± 2 ºɋ. Ɍɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ
ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ
ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ
ɧɚ
ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɟ
ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ
ɨɛɠɚɬɢɹ
ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɥɚɫɶ
ɧɚ
ɦɨɞɟɪɧɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɦ ɩɪɨɤɚɬɧɨɦ ɫɬɚɧɟ ȾɍɈ 150.
Ɉɛɪɚɡɰɵ ɞɥɹ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɡɟɪɟɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɝɨɬɨɜɢɥɢ ɩɭɬɟɦ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ
ɲɥɢɮɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɩɨɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ. ȼɵɹɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɝɪɚɧɢɰ ɢɫɯɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɚɭɫɬɟɧɢɬɧɨɝɨ ɡɟɪɧɚ
ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɥɨɫɶ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɦ ɯɢɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɬɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɤɨɧɰɟɧɬɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɦ ɜɨɞɧɨɦ ɪɚɫɬɜɨɪɟ
ɩɢɤɪɢɧɨɜɨɣ ɤɢɫɥɨɬɵ ɫ ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨ-ɚɤɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɜɟɳɟɫɬɜ ɩɪɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ 60
÷ 70 ºɋ. Ɂɟɪɟɧɧɭɸ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɭ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɬɟɪɦɨɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɜɵɹɜɥɹɥɢ ɩɭɬɟɦ ɬɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɜ
3%-ɨɦ ɪɚɫɬɜɨɪɟ ɚɡɨɬɧɨɦ ɤɢɫɥɨɬɵ ɫ ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɫɩɢɪɬɚ. Ɏɨɬɨɫɴɺɦɤɭ ɦɢɤɪɨɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɥɢ ɧɚ ɨɩɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɦɢɤɪɨɫɤɨɩɚɯ Carl Zeiss, ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɭɸ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɭ
ɢɡɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɣ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɥɢ ɫ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɩɚɤɟɬɚ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦ Image Expert Pro 3.
ɉɨɫɥɟ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɌɈ ɢ ɌɆɈ ɢɡ ɡɚɝɨɬɨɜɨɤ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ ɢɡɝɨɬɚɜɥɢɜɚɥɢ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɵ ɞɥɹ
ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɫɟɪɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ (Ɍɢɩ 1, ȽɈɋɌ 9454-78), ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɵ ɞɥɹ
ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ (ȽɈɋɌ 1497-84), ɢɡɦɟɪɟɧɢɹ ɬɜɟɪɞɨɫɬɢ (ȽɈɋɌ 9013-59) ɢ
ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ.
Ɋɟɧɬɝɟɧɨɜɫɤɭɸ ɫɴɟɦɤɭ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɥɢ ɜ ɦɨɧɨɯɪɨɦɚɬɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɦ CɨɄĮ-ɢɡɥɭɱɟɧɢɢ.
Ⱦɥɹ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɧɚ ɩɪɨɫɜɟɱɢɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨɦ ɦɢɤɪɨɫɤɨɩɟ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɵ ɨɬɪɟɡɚɥɢɫɶ ɧɚ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɷɪɨɡɢɨɧɧɨɦ ɫɬɚɧɤɟ ȺɊɌȺ 123. Ɍɨɥɳɢɧɚ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ 0,2 ɦɦ. Ⱦɚɥɟɟ
ɨɛɪɚɡɰɵ ɭɬɨɧɹɥɢɫɶ ɧɚ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɟ ɞɥɹ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɥɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɭɬɨɧɟɧɢɹ Struers TenuPol-5 ɫ
ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɩɨɞɛɨɪɨɦ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɚ ɭɬɨɧɟɧɢɹ.
Ⱦɥɹ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɧɚ ɫɤɚɧɢɪɭɸɳɟɦ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨɦ ɦɢɤɪɨɫɤɨɩɟ ɢɡɝɨɬɚɜɥɢɜɚɥɢɫɶ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɵ ɜ
ɮɨɪɦɟ ɤɭɛɢɤɨɜ 5ɯ5ɯ8 ɦɦ. ɉɨɥɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɥɚɫɶ ɧɚ ɩɪɢɛɨɪɟ Struers Lectropol-5.
Ɋɚɡɦɟɪ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ, ɩɨ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɚɦ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɫɬɪɨɢɥɚɫɶ ɤɚɪɬɚ ɪɚɡɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɨɤ,
ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɥɚ 90ɯ90 ɦɤɦ. ɒɚɝ ɫɴɺɦɤɢ – 200 ɧɦ. ɍɫɤɨɪɹɸɳɟɟ ɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɟ ɊɗɆ – 20 ɤȼ.
Ȼɨɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɥɢ ɜ ɩɨɪɨɲɤɨɜɨɣ ɫɦɟɫɢ ɧɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɤɨɪɭɧɞɚ Al2O3
ɦɚɪɤɢ 14A, ɮɪɚɤɰɢɟɣ F100 ɞɨ 85 % ɦɚɫɫɨɜɨɣ ɞɨɥɢ, ɢ ɤɚɪɛɢɞɚ ɛɨɪɚ B4C (ɯɢɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ
ɫɨɫɬɚɜ ȽɈɋɌ 5744-85), ɦɚɪɤɢ 12 ɮɪɚɤɰɢɟɣ F100 (ȽɈɋɌ 3647-80) ɞɨ 15 % ɦɚɫɫɨɜɨɣ ɞɨɥɢ
ɛɨɪɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɢɯ ɜɟɳɟɫɬɜ. ȼ ɫɦɟɫɶ ɜ ɫɭɯɨɦ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɢ ɞɨɛɚɜɥɹɥɢ ɚɤɬɢɜɚɬɨɪ (ɯɢɦɢɱɟɫɤɢ
ɱɢɫɬɵɣ NH4Cl ɞɨ 2 % ɦɚɫɫɨɜɨɣ ɞɨɥɢ) ɢ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɲɢɜɚɥɢ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ 3 ɦɢɧɭɬ ɞɥɹ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɢɹ
ɨɞɧɨɪɨɞɧɨɣ ɦɚɫɫɵ. Ɂɚɬɟɦ ɤɨɧɬɟɣɧɟɪ ɫ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɚɦɢ ɢ ɛɨɪɢɞɧɨɣ ɫɦɟɫɶɸ ɬɳɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ
ɝɟɪɦɟɬɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɥɢɫɶ ɞɜɭɦɹ ɫɥɨɹɦɢ ɝɥɢɧɵ, ɩɨɫɥɟ ɱɟɝɨ ɩɨɦɟɳɚɥɢɫɶ ɜ ɤɚɦɟɪɧɭɸ ɩɟɱɶ ɞɥɹ
ɞɚɥɶɧɟɣɲɟɝɨ ɧɚɝɪɟɜɚ ɩɨ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɦ ɪɟɠɢɦɚɦ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ.
6
Ⱦɥɹ ɨɩɢɫɚɧɢɹ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɨɜ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɢ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɜ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ
ɦɨɞɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɛɵɥɚ ɜɵɛɪɚɧɚ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɨɧɧɚɹ ɫɬɚɥɶ 35ɏȽɋȺ, ɤɚɤ ɫɬɚɥɶ, ɧɚ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɧɚɢɛɨɥɟɟ
ɹɜɧɨ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɵ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɢ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɨɤ.
Ƚɥɚɜɚ 3. Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɢ ɢɯ ɨɛɫɭɠɞɟɧɢɟ
3.1 ȼɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɹ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ ɚɭɫɬɟɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɧɚ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ
ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ
Ⱦɥɹ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɨɣ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɭɥɭɱɲɟɧɢɟ, ɩɪɢɱɟɦ ɜɵɫɨɤɢɣ
ɨɬɩɭɫɤ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɩɪɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ
ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ 475 ÷ 550 ºɋ.
Ⱦɥɹ ɭɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɨɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ ɧɚ ɩɟɪɜɨɦ ɷɬɚɩɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɛɵɥɨ
ɢɡɭɱɟɧɨ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɞɜɨɣɧɨɣ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ ɫ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɨɦ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɹ
ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ (550 ºɋ, 4 ɱɚɫɚ).
ɉɨɫɥɟ ɩɟɪɜɢɱɧɨɣ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɜ ɦɚɫɥɨ ɨɬ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ 880; 920; 1100;
1200; 1250 ºɋ (ɞɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɩɪɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ ɧɚɝɪɟɜɚ 30 ɦɢɧɭɬ) ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɥɚɫɶ
ɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɚɹ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɫ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ 700; 750; 800; 850; 900; 950 ºɋ (ɞɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ 30
ɦɢɧɭɬ), ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶ ɧɚɝɪɟɜɚ ɩɨɞ ɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɭɸ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɭ 1 ÷ 2 ºɋ/ɦɢɧ (ɪɢɫɭɧɨɤ 1, ɚ). ɉɨ ɞɚɧɧɵɦ
ɪɚɛɨɬɵ [1] ɬɚɤɚɹ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɟɬ ɜ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ
ɧɚɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ. Ɉɬɩɭɫɤ 550 ºɋ, 4 ɱɚɫɚ, ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɫ ɩɟɱɶɸ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɥɫɹ ɤɚɤ ɬɟɫɬ ɧɚ
ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ.
ɚ
ɛ
Ɋɢɫɭɧɨɤ 1 – Ⱦɜɭɤɪɚɬɧɚɹ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ:
ɚ – ɞɜɭɤɪɚɬɧɚɹ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ ɫ ɜɚɪɶɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ ɧɚɝɪɟɜɚ ɩɨɞ
ɩɟɪɜɢɱɧɭɸ ɢ ɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɭɸ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɭ ɢ ɨɬɩɭɫɤ ɩɪɢ 550 ºɋ, 4 ɱɚɫɚ, ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɫ ɩɟɱɶɸ
(ɫɯɟɦɚ ʋ1);
ɛ – ɞɜɭɤɪɚɬɧɚɹ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɫ ɩɪɨɦɟɠɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɨɣ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɢ ɨɬɩɭɫɤ (ɫɯɟɦɚ ʋ2)
ȼ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ ɛɵɥɨ ɜɵɹɜɥɟɧɨ, ɱɬɨ ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɦɢ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚɦɢ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɞɜɨɣɧɨɣ
ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ, ɫɧɢɠɚɸɳɢɟ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɚɥɢ
35ɏȽɋȺ, ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɚɹ ɚɭɫɬɟɧɢɡɚɰɢɹ ɩɪɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ 1250 ºɋ ɫ
ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɣ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɨɣ ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ, ɧɚɝɪɟɜ ɩɨɞ ɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɭɸ ɚɭɫɬɟɧɢɡɚɰɢɸ ɫɨ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɹɦɢ
1 ÷ 2 ºC/ɦɢɧ. Ɍɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ ɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɨɣ ɚɭɫɬɟɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɜɵɛɢɪɚɟɬɫɹ ɢɫɯɨɞɹ ɢɡ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɨɝɨ
ɪɟɠɢɦɚ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɞɥɹ ɤɚɠɞɨɣ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ.
ɉɨɥɨɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɨɣ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ ɧɚ ɫɧɢɠɟɧɢɟ ɫɤɥɨɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɤ
ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɩɨ ɫɯɟɦɟ 1 ɛɵɥɢ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɵ ɞɥɹ ɜɚɪɢɚɧɬɚ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɫ ɢɡɨɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɨɣ ɜ
ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɩɟɪɜɨɣ ɢ ɜɬɨɪɨɣ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɨɣ (ɫɯɟɦɚ
7
ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ 2, ɪɢɫɭɧɨɤ 1, ɛ).
ɉɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɧɵɣ
ɜɚɪɢɚɧɬ
ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ
ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ
ɡɚɤɥɸɱɚɥɫɹ
ɜ
ɜɵɫɨɤɨɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɨɣ ɚɭɫɬɟɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ 1250 ºɋ, 30 ɦɢɧɭɬ, ɫ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɣ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɨɣ ɜ ɦɚɫɥɨ,
ɡɚɬɟɦ ɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɥ ɧɚɝɪɟɜ ɫɨ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɸ 15 ÷ 20 ºɋ ɜ ɦɢɧɭɬɭ ɢ ɢɡɨɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɜ
ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ (ɋɄɌ) Ⱥɫ1 - (5 ÷ 10) ºɋ ɫ ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶɸ
ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ 0,5; 1,0; 2,0; 3,0; 5,0 ɱɚɫɨɜ. ɂɧɬɟɪɜɚɥ ɋɄɌ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɥɫɹ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɦ ɞɢɥɚɬɨɦɟɬɪɢɢ ɢ
ɫɨɫɬɚɜɢɥ 745 ÷ 760 ºɋ.
Ɍɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ ɢɡɨɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɜɚɪɶɢɪɨɜɚɥɚɫɶ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ
750 ÷ 755 ºɋ. ɉɨɫɥɟ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ ɡɚɝɨɬɨɜɤɢ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɛɟɡ ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɹ
ɧɚɝɪɟɜɚɥɢɫɶ ɫɨ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɸ 1 ÷ 2 ºɋ/ɦɢɧ ɢ 180 ºɋ /ɦɢɧ ɞɨ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ 840 ºɋ. ɉɨɫɥɟ
ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ 30 ɦɢɧɭɬ ɡɚɝɨɬɨɜɤɢ ɡɚɤɚɥɢɜɚɥɢ ɜ ɦɚɫɥɨ ɫ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɨɦ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ
ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ 550 ºɋ, 4 ɱɚɫɨɜ, ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɫ ɩɟɱɶɸ
(ɫɯɟɦɚ 2, ɪɢɫɭɧɨɤ 1, ɛ).
ȼɨ ɜɬɨɪɨɦ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɦ ɪɟɠɢɦɟ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɚɹ ɚɭɫɬɟɧɢɡɚɰɢɹ
1250 ºɋ, 30 ɦɢɧɭɬ, ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɥɚɫɶ ɫ ɰɟɥɶɸ ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɣ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɟ ɜ
ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ. ȼɵɛɨɪ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɚ ɋɄɌ ɞɥɹ ɢɡɨɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ
ɩɨɫɥɟ ɩɟɪɜɢɱɧɨɣ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ ɛɵɥ ɧɟ ɫɥɭɱɚɟɧ. Ʉɚɤ ɢɡɜɟɫɬɧɨ ɢɡ ɪɹɞɚ ɪɚɛɨɬ ɩɨ
ɫɜɟɪɯɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɬɚɥɢ [2], ɢɦɟɧɧɨ ɜ ɧɟɦ ɞɢɮɮɭɡɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɵ ɜ Į – ɮɟɪɪɢɬɧɨɣ
ɦɚɬɪɢɰɟ ɞɨɫɬɢɝɚɸɬ ɫɜɨɟɣ ɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ. Ɍɚɤɠɟ ɧɚ ɷɬɨ ɤɨɫɜɟɧɧɨ ɭɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ
ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɚɹ ɜ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɝɥɭɛɢɧɚ ɨɛɟɡɭɝɥɟɪɨɠɢɜɚɧɢɹ.
ɉɨɫɥɟ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ ɢ ɨɬɠɢɝɚ ɩɪɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ 200 ÷ 1200 ºɋ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ 100 ɦɢɧ ɜ
ɨɤɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɚɬɦɨɫɮɟɪɟ ɩɟɱɢ ɧɚ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɚɯ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɝɥɭɛɢɧɵ
ɨɛɟɡɭɝɥɟɪɨɠɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɧɟɦɨɧɨɬɨɧɧɚ, ɦɚɤɫɢɦɭɦ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɚɥɫɹ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ – 750 ÷ 760 ºɋ. ɉɨɞɨɛɧɵɣ ɭɪɨɜɟɧɶ ɨɛɟɡɭɝɥɟɪɨɠɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɨɫɬɢɝɚɟɬ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɩɨɫɥɟ
ɨɬɠɢɝɚ ɩɪɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ 1200 ºɋ (ɪɢɫɭɧɨɤ 2).
Ɋɢɫɭɧɨɤ 2 – Ɂɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɬɨɥɳɢɧɵ ɨɛɟɡɭɝɥɟɪɨɠɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɥɨɹ ɢ ɤɨɷɮɮɢɰɢɟɧɬɚ
ɞɢɮɮɭɡɢɢ ɭɝɥɟɪɨɞɚ D ɨɬ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ (ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ 100 ɦɢɧ) ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɜ
ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɨɦ ɢɫɯɨɞɧɨɦ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɢ:
ɚ – ɩɨɫɥɟ ɨɬɠɢɝɚ 1250 ºɋ, 60 ɦɢɧ, ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɫ ɩɟɱɶɸ;
ɛ – ɩɨɫɥɟ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ ɨɬ 1250 ºɋ, 60 ɦɢɧ
Ɏɚɤɬ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɛɟɡɭɝɥɟɪɨɠɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɢ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ
ɭɛɟɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɩɨɞɬɜɟɪɠɞɚɟɬ ɫɞɟɥɚɧɧɨɟ ɜɵɲɟ ɩɪɟɞɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɨ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɣ ɞɢɮɮɭɡɢɨɧɧɨɣ
ɩɨɞɜɢɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɜ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɢ ɩɪɟɞɩɪɟɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ. ɋɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɨɬɦɟɬɢɬɶ, ɱɬɨ ɜ
ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɡɚɤɚɥɟɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɩɪɢ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɚɟɬ ɛóɥɶɲɚɹ
ɞɢɮɮɭɡɢɨɧɧɚɹ ɩɨɞɜɢɠɧɨɫɬɶ, ɱɟɦ ɜ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɨɬɨɠɠɟɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ.
8
Ɍɚɤɠɟ ɞɥɹ ɨɰɟɧɤɢ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɨɜ, ɩɪɨɬɟɤɚɸɳɢɯ ɩɪɢ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɟ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɋɄɌ,
ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɚ ɛɨɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɥɹ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ. ȼ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ
ɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɹ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɵ ɛɵɥɢ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɵ ɩɨ 2 ɪɟɠɢɦɚɦ:
ɂɡɜɟɫɬɧɵɣ ɪɟɠɢɦ, ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɧɵɣ Ɇɢɧɤɟɜɢɱɟɦ Ⱥ.ɇ. [3]: ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫ ɛɨɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɩɪɢ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɟ 900 ÷ 1050 °ɋ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ 4 ɱɚɫɨɜ;
ɗɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɪɟɠɢɦ 1: ɛɨɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ, ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ (750 ÷ 755 °ɋ, 1 ɱɚɫ) ɫ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦ ɧɚɝɪɟɜɨɦ ɞɨ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ 970 °ɋ,
ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ 1 ɱɚɫ.
ȼ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 2 ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɢɡɦɟɪɟɧɢɹ ɝɥɭɛɢɧɵ ɛɨɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɥɨɹ ɜ ɫɬɚɥɢ
ɩɨɫɥɟ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɩɨ ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚɦ.
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 2 – Ƚɥɭɛɢɧɚ ɛɨɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɥɨɹ ɜ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ
ɯɢɦɢɤɨ-ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɨɤ ɩɨ ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚɦ
Ƚɥɭɛɢɧɚ ɛɨɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ
ʋ
Ɉɩɢɫɚɧɢɟ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ
ɫɥɨɹ, ɦɤɦ
ɂɡɜɟɫɬɧɵɣ (Ɇɢɧɤɟɜɢɱ Ⱥ.ɇ.):
ɧɟ ɛɨɥɟɟ 140
1 ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɜ ɧɚɫɵɳɚɸɳɟɣ ɫɪɟɞɟ ɩɪɢ 970 °ɋ,
(4 ɱ)
ɗɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ:
300 ÷ 340
2 ɜ ɧɚɫɵɳɚɟɦɨɣ ɫɪɟɞɟ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɩɪɢ 750 °ɋ (2 ɱ) +
ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɩɪɢ 970 °ɋ (1 ɱ)
Ɍɚɤɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ, ɢɡɨɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ
ɭɜɟɥɢɱɢɜɚɟɬ ɷɮɮɟɤɬ ɛɨɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ, ɝɥɭɛɢɧɚ ɛɨɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɥɨɹ ɜɨɡɪɚɫɬɚɟɬ ɜ 2 ÷ 3 ɪɚɡɚ.
ɉɨɥɭɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɞɨɫɬɢɝɚɸɬɫɹ ɡɚ ɫɱɟɬ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɞɢɮɮɭɡɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɜ ɜ
ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɢ ɩɪɟɞɩɪɟɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ.
Ɋɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɨɟ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɟ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɞɢɮɮɭɡɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɜ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ
ɋɄɌ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɨ ɩɪɢ ɜɵɛɨɪɟ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɩɨ ɫɯɟɦɟ ʋ2.
ɉɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɣ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɨɧɧɨɣ
ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɩɨ ɫɯɟɦɟ ʋ2 (ɪɢɫɭɧɨɤ 1, ɛ) ɢɡɭɱɚɥɢ
ɩɨ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɚɦ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ (ɬɚɛɥɢɰɚ 3).
9
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 3 – Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ
ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ
Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ
Ȟɧ,
IJɫɤɬ,
ʋ
Ɋɟɠɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ
ıɜ,
ı0,2 ,
į,
Ȍ,
KCU,
ɱ
°ɋ/ɦɢɧ
Ɇɉɚ Ɇɉɚ
%
% ɆȾɠ/ɦ2
ɂɫɯɨɞɧɵɣ ɪɟɠɢɦ
ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ: ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɨɬ 880
1120
990
8
39
0,36
1
ºɋ (30 ɦɢɧ), ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ +
± 20
± 25
±1,0 ± 4,5
± 0,05
ɨɬɩɭɫɤ
2
0,5
1÷2
1080
± 35
990
± 17
12
48
± 2,5 ± 3,8
0,78
± 0,15
3
1
1÷2
1120
± 20
1000
± 25
14
51
± 2,0 ± 4,5
0,90
± 0,07
2
1÷2
1160
± 15
1050
± 28
15
54
± 1,5 ± 3,5
1,16
± 0,15
3
1÷2
1150
± 28
1060
± 35
15
± 0,7
52
± 2,3
1,05
± 0,15
6
5
1÷2
1100
± 27
980
± 45
13
49
±1,5 ± 2.5
0,92
± 0,17
7
2
180
1130
± 30
1020
± 37
13
49
± 3,2 ± 5,6
0,98
± 0,20
4
5
ɉɨ ɫɯɟɦɟ 2:
ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ 1250 ºɋ (60 ɦɢɧ),
ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɩɪɢ
ɋɄɌ 750 ºɋ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ IJɫɤɬ
= 0,5 ÷ 5 ɱ + ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɨɬ
840 ºɋ (30 ɦɢɧ), ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ +
ɨɬɩɭɫɤ
Ɉɬɠɢɝ ɩɪɢ 1250 ºɋ (60
ɦɢɧ), ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɫ ɩɟɱɶɸ
1110
990
8
40
0,45
+ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɩɪɢ ɋɄɌ 750
2
1÷2
8
± 35
± 25 ± 2,5 ± 3,8
± 0,15
ºɋ (2 ɱ) + ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɨɬ 840
ºɋ (30 ɦɢɧ), ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ +
ɨɬɩɭɫɤ
Ɉɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ: IJɫɤɬ – ɞɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɜ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ (ɩɪɢ
750 ºɋ); Ȟɧ – ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶ ɧɚɝɪɟɜɚ ɞɨ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ ɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɨɣ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ (840 ºɋ).
ɉɪɢɦɟɱɚɧɢɟ: ɨɬɩɭɫɤ ɩɪɢ 550 ºɋ, 4 ɱɚɫɚ, ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɫ ɩɟɱɶɸ.
ɋɧɢɠɟɧɢɟ ɭɞɚɪɧɨɣ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɦɨɞɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɨɛɭɫɥɨɜɥɟɧɨ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ
ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ ɢ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɚ ɩɪɢ 550 ºɋ,
4 ɱɚɫɨɜ, ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɫ ɩɟɱɶɸ. ɉɨɫɥɟ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɩɨ ɫɯɟɦɟ ʋ2, ɜɤɥɸɱɚɸɳɟɝɨ
ɜɵɫɨɤɨɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɭɸ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɭ ɢ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɭ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ, ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɚɹ ɨɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɶɧɚɹ
ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɢ ɚɧɚɥɨɝɢɱɧɵɣ ɩɟɪɜɨɦɭ ɜɚɪɢɚɧɬɭ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 550 ºɋ , 4 ɱɚɫɨɜ (ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɫ
ɩɟɱɶɸ), ɧɟ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬ ɤ ɩɚɞɟɧɢɸ ɭɞɚɪɧɨɣ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ (ɬɚɛɥɢɰɚ 3).
Ɉɬɦɟɬɢɦ, ɱɬɨ ɧɚɢɥɭɱɲɟɟ ɫɨɱɟɬɚɧɢɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜ ɩɨ ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ, ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ
ɫ ɧɟɱɭɜɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɤ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ, ɧɚɛɥɸɞɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɨɫɥɟ
ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɩɨ ɫɯɟɦɟ 2 ɫ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɨɣ ɩɪɢ ɋɄɌ ɞɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶɸ 2 ɱɚɫɚ (ɬɚɛɥɢɰɚ 3). ɉɨɫɥɟ
ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ ɬɟɪɦɨɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɜ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɚɟɬɫɹ ɢ ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɭɦɟɧɶɲɟɧɢɟ
ɪɚɡɦɟɪɚ ɡɟɪɧɚ. Ɋɚɡɦɟɪ ɡɟɪɧɚ ɜ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɩɨ ɪɟɠɢɦɭ 2 ɫɨɫɬɚɜɢɥ
10 ÷ 15 ɦɤɦ (ɪɢɫɭɧɨɤ 3).
10
ɚ
ɛ
Ɋɢɫɭɧɨɤ 3 – Ɇɢɤɪɨɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ, ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɧɨɣ ɩɨ ɫɯɟɦɟ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ
ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ 2 (ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɟ 500):
ɚ – ɩɟɪɜɢɱɧɚɹ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ 1250 °ɋ, 30 ɦɢɧ, ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɦɚɫɥɨ, + ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɜ
ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ 750 °ɋ, 2 ɱ + ɧɚɝɪɟɜ ɞɨ 800 °ɋ, 30 ɦɢɧ, ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ
ɜ ɜɨɞɟ;
ɛ – ɩɟɪɜɢɱɧɚɹ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ 1250 °ɋ, 30 ɦɢɧ, ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɜ
ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ 750 °ɋ, 2 ɱ + ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɚɹ ɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɚɹ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ 840
°ɋ, 30 ɦɢɧ, ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 550 ºɋ, 4 ɱ
Ɉɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ ɩɨ ɫɯɟɦɟ ʋ2 ɫɧɢɠɚɟɬ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɵɣ ɩɨɪɨɝ ɯɥɚɞɧɨɥɨɦɤɨɫɬɢ ɫɬɚɥɢ
ɛɨɥɟɟ ɱɟɦ ɧɚ 100 ºɋ (ɬɚɛɥɢɰɚ 4). Ɂɚ ɩɨɪɨɝ ɯɥɚɞɧɨɥɨɦɤɨɫɬɢ ɛɟɪɟɬɫɹ ɫɧɢɠɟɧɢɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ
ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɢ ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɢ (ɧɟ ɦɟɧɟɟ 50 % ɨɬ ɭɪɨɜɧɹ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɢ
ɧɨɪɦɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ).
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 4 – ɍɞɚɪɧɚɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɢ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ
ɩɨɫɥɟ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɨɝɨ ɢ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ ɬɟɪɦɨɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ
ɍɞɚɪɧɚɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ KCU, ɆȾɠ/ɦ2
ɋɬɚɥɶ
Ɍɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ
ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹ,
°ɋ
35ɏȽɋȺ
20
0
-20
-40
-60
ɉɨ ɫɯɟɦɟ ʋ2:
ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ 1250 °ɋ (60 ɦɢɧ), ɜ
ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ 750 °ɋ (2
ɋɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɣ ɪɟɠɢɦ:
ɱ) + ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ 840 °ɋ (30
ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɨɬ 880 ºɋ (30 ɦɢɧ),
ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 550 ºɋ (4 ɱ) ɦɢɧ), ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ (ɧɚɝɪɟɜ ɫɨ
ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɸ 1 ÷ 2 ɋ/ɦɢɧ +
ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 550 °ɋ (4 ɱ)
0,36 ± 0,05
1,16 ± 0,15
0,30 ± 0,05
0,78 ± 0,06
0,28 ± 0,11
0,54 ± 0,10
0,27 ± 0,09
0,49 ± 0,15
0,26 ± 0,07
0,45 ± 0,07
ȼɵɹɫɧɟɧɨ, ɱɬɨ ɩɪɢ ɧɚɥɢɱɢɢ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ ɩɨ ɫɯɟɦɟ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ʋ2
ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɡɚɤɚɥɟɧɧɭɸ ɫɬɚɥɶ ɧɟ ɧɭɠɧɨ ɧɚɝɪɟɜɚɬɶ ɦɟɞɥɟɧɧɨ (1 ÷ 2 °ɋ/ɦɢɧ) ɩɨɞ
ɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɭɸ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɭ (ɬɚɛɥɢɰɚ 3). Ɇɟɞɥɟɧɧɵɣ ɧɚɝɪɟɜ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ
ɧɚɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɡɚɦɟɧɹɟɬ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ. Ɂɚɦɟɧɚ ɩɟɪɜɢɱɧɨɣ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ ɧɚ ɩɨɥɧɵɣ
ɨɬɠɢɝ ɧɟ ɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɹ ɭɞɚɪɧɨɣ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɫɬɚɥɢ
35ɏȽɋȺ.
ɋɧɢɠɟɧɢɟ ɱɭɜɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɤ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɩɨɫɥɟ
ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɩɨ ɫɯɟɦɟ 2 (ɪɢɫɭɧɨɤ 1, ɛ) ɨɛɭɫɥɨɜɥɟɧɨ ɪɹɞɨɦ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɧɵɯ ɢ ɞɢɮɮɭɡɢɨɧɧɵɯ
11
ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɜ. ɉɨɫɥɟ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɨɣ ɚɭɫɬɟɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɢ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɤɪɭɩɧɨɟ
ɡɟɪɧɨ ɚɭɫɬɟɧɢɬɚ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɨɦ 200 ÷ 270 ɦɤɦ. ȼɧɭɬɪɢɡɟɪɟɧɧɚɹ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ
ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɫɨɛɨɣ ɝɪɭɛɨɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɦɚɪɬɟɧɫɢɬ, ɢɦɟɸɳɢɣ ɩɚɤɟɬɧɨ-ɪɟɟɱɧɨɟ
ɫɬɪɨɟɧɢɟ ɫ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɣ ɩɥɨɬɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɞɢɫɥɨɤɚɰɢɣ (ɪɢɫɭɧɨɤ 4).
Ɋɢɫɭɧɨɤ 4 – Ɇɢɤɪɨɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ 1250 °ɋ, 30 ɦɢɧɭɬ,
ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ (ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɟ ɯ100)
ɉɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɚɹ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬ ɤ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɸ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɣ
ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ. ȼ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɚɯ ɛɵɜɲɢɯ ɦɚɪɬɟɧɫɢɬɧɵɯ ɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɨɜ ɭɠɟ ɩɨɫɥɟ 30
ɦɢɧ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ Ⱥɫ1 - (5 ÷ 10) ºɋ ɜ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ Į – ɮɚɡɵ
ɨɛɪɚɡɭɸɬɫɹ ɛɥɢɡɤɢɟ ɤ ɪɚɜɧɨɨɫɧɵɦ ɫɭɛɡɟɪɧɚ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɨɦ ɨɬ 1 ɦɤɦ. Ɋɚɡɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɫɭɛɡɟɪɟɧ
ɨɫɬɚɟɬɫɹ ɦɚɥɨɭɝɥɨɜɨɣ. Ʉɪɨɦɟ ɬɨɝɨ, ɩɨɫɥɟ 30 ɦɢɧ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɩɪɢ ɋɄɌ ɜ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɭɫɩɟɜɚɸɬ
ɩɪɨɣɬɢ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɵ ɜɵɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɤɚɪɛɢɞɧɵɯ ɱɚɫɬɢɰ. ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɩɨ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɚɦ ɫɭɛɡɟɪɟɧ
ɪɚɜɧɨɦɟɪɧɨ ɜɵɞɟɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɤɚɪɛɢɞɧɵɟ ɱɚɫɬɢɰɵ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɨɦ 20 ÷ 50 ɧɦ, ɨɛɪɚɡɭɹ
ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɭɸ ɫɟɬɤɭ. ȼ ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɭɛɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɟ ɨɬɦɟɱɟɧɨ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɧɨɟ
ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɭɪɚɜɧɨɜɟɲɟɧɧɵɯ ɞɢɫɥɨɤɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɩɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɢɣ ɜɧɭɬɪɢ ɡɟɪɟɧ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ
ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬ ɤ ɪɚɜɧɨɜɟɪɨɹɬɧɨɦɭ ɨɛɨɝɚɳɟɧɢɸ ɭɝɥɟɪɨɞɨɦ ɝɪɚɧɢɰ ɢ ɫɭɛɝɪɚɧɢɰ [4].
Ʉɚɪɛɢɞɨɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɜɛɥɢɡɢ ɝɪɚɧɢɰ ɢ ɫɭɛɝɪɚɧɢɰ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɪɚɜɧɨɜɟɪɨɹɬɧɨ.
ȼɵɞɟɥɢɜɲɢɟɫɹ ɩɨ ɫɭɛɝɪɚɧɢɰɚɦ ɦɟɥɤɨɞɢɫɩɟɪɫɧɵɟ ɤɚɪɛɢɞɧɵɟ ɱɚɫɬɢɰɵ (ɪɚɡɦɟɪ
ɱɚɫɬɢɰ ɩɪɢ 2-ɯɱɚɫɨɜɨɣ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɟ ɩɪɢ ɋɄɌ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɨɬ 50 ɞɨ 150 ɧɦ) ɫɬɚɛɢɥɢɡɢɪɭɸɬ
ɫɭɛɝɪɚɧɢɰɵ, ɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɭɹ, ɤɚɤ ɢɯ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɦɭ ɪɨɫɬɭ, ɬɚɤ ɢ ɧɚɱɚɥɭ ɪɟɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ.
ɉɪɢ ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɢ ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɡɚɤɚɥɟɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ, ɜ
ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ Ⱥɫ1 - (5 ÷ 10) ºɋ ɪɚɡɦɟɪ ɫɭɛɡɟɪɟɧ ɭɜɟɥɢɱɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ, ɞɨɫɬɢɝɚɹ 1 ÷ 3 ɦɤɦ ɩɨɫɥɟ
ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ 5 ɱ. ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɧɚ ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɚɯ ɫɭɛɝɪɚɧɢɰ ɭɝɨɥ ɪɚɡɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɤɢ ɦɟɠɞɭ
ɫɨɫɟɞɧɢɦɢ ɫɭɛɡɟɪɧɚɦɢ ɞɨɫɬɢɝɚɟɬ 8 ÷ 10 ɝɪɚɞɭɫɨɜ. Ɍɚɤɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ, ɜ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɟ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ
ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɡɚɤɚɥɟɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ, ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɚɹ ɫɭɛɡɟɪɟɧɧɚɹ
ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ (ɪɢɫɭɧɨɤ 5).
12
Ɋɢɫɭɧɨɤ 5 – ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨ-ɦɢɤɪɨɫɤɨɩɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɩɨɫɥɟ
ɩɟɪɜɢɱɧɨɣ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ 1250 °ɋ, 30 ɦɢɧɭɬ, ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ, ɢ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɨɣ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ
ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ 750 °ɋ, 2 ɱɚɫɚ (ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɟ ɯ40 000)
Ɍɚɤɚɹ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɚ ɤ ɧɚɱɚɥɭ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɧɨɣ ɩɟɪɟɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ, ɚ ɫɚɦɨ
ɹɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɨ ɧɚɡɵɜɚɬɶ ɪɟɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɢɡɚɰɢɟɣ ɧɚ ɦɟɫɬɟ [5].
Ɉɛɵɱɧɨ ɩɪɢ ɧɚɝɪɟɜɟ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɫ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɣ ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɨɣ Į ĺ Ȗ
ɩɪɟɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɨɬɟɤɚɟɬ ɩɨ ɫɞɜɢɝɨɜɨɦɭ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɭ, ɟɫɥɢ ɜ ɟɝɨ ɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɦɨɦɟɧɬ ɧɟ
ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɬ ɪɚɫɬɜɨɪɟɧɢɟ ɤɚɪɛɢɞɨɜ [6]. ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɚɹ ɦɚɫɫɚ ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ Į –
ɮɚɡɵ ɩɪɟɜɪɚɳɚɟɬɫɹ ɜ Ȗ – ɮɚɡɭ ɤɚɤ «ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧ ɜ ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧ», ɢɥɢ ɤɚɤ «ɡɟɪɧɨ ɜ ɡɟɪɧɨ». ȼ
ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ ɧɨɜɵɯ ɝɪɚɧɢɰ ɜ Ȗ – ɮɚɡɟ ɧɟ ɨɛɪɚɡɭɟɬɫɹ, ɢ ɜɢɞ ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɭɛɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ
ɜ ɚɭɫɬɟɧɢɬɟ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɞɜɨɣɧɨɣ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ ɧɟ ɦɟɧɹɟɬɫɹ. Ⱦɚɥɶɧɟɣɲɟɟ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɟ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ ɩɪɢ
ɧɚɝɪɟɜɟ ɩɨɞ ɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɭɸ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɭ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬ ɤ ɪɚɫɬɜɨɪɟɧɢɸ ɤɚɪɛɢɞɧɵɯ ɱɚɫɬɢɰ, ɧɨ ɞɚɠɟ
ɩɨɫɥɟ ɩɨɥɧɨɣ ɮɚɡɨɜɨɣ ɩɟɪɟɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɩɪɢ ɧɚɝɪɟɜɟ ɩɨɞ ɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɭɸ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɭ ɞɨ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ 880 ºɋ ɡɟɪɧɨ ɜ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɨɫɬɚɟɬɫɹ ɦɟɥɤɢɦ ɢ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɪɚɡɦɟɪ 10 ÷ 15 ɦɤɦ
(ɪɢɫɭɧɨɤ 3).
ɋɨɜɦɟɳɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ, ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɧɨɣ ɩɨ ɫɯɟɦɟ 2, ɩɪɢ ɢɡɨɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ
ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɟ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ: ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ, ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɞɢɮɮɭɡɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɜ ɢ
ɪɚɜɧɨɜɟɪɨɹɬɧɨɟ ɜɵɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɱɚɫɬɢɰ ɰɟɦɟɧɬɢɬɚ ɩɨ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɚɦ ɡɟɪɟɧ ɢ ɫɭɛɝɪɚɧɢɰɚɦ, –
ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬ ɤ ɩɟɪɟɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɸ ɜɪɟɞɧɵɯ ɫɟɝɪɟɝɚɰɢɣ ɩɪɢɦɟɫɟɣ ɪɚɜɧɨɦɟɪɧɨ ɩɨ ɨɛɴɟɦɭ
ɫɬɚɥɢ, ɭɦɟɧɶɲɚɹ ɢɯ ɤɨɧɰɟɧɬɪɚɰɢɸ ɩɨ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɚɦ ɢɫɯɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɚɭɫɬɟɧɢɬɧɨɝɨ ɡɟɪɧɚ, ɱɬɨ ɢ
ɦɨɠɟɬ ɹɜɥɹɬɶɫɹ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ ɩɪɢɱɢɧɨɣ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɫɧɢɠɟɧɢɹ ɱɭɜɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɨɧɧɨɣ ɥɟɝɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɤ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ.
3.2 ȼɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɧɚɤɥɟɩɚ ɩɪɢ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɟ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ
ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɧɚ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɭ ɢ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɚ
ɋ ɷɬɨɣ ɰɟɥɶɸ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɨ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɯɨɥɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɠɚɬɢɹ: 10 ɢ
30 %. ɂɫɯɨɞɧɨɟ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ – ɩɨɫɥɟ ɨɬɠɢɝɚ. ɋɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɚ ɧɚ
ɪɢɫɭɧɤɟ 6.
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Ɋɢɫɭɧɨɤ 6 – ɋɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ 840 °ɋ, 30 ɦɢɧ, ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ +
ɨɬɩɭɫɤɚ 550 °ɋ, 4 ɱɚɫɚ:
ɚ – ɦɢɤɪɨɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ (ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɟ 200);
ɛ – ɞɚɧɧɵɟ EBSD, ɤɚɪɬɚ ɪɚɡɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɨɤ;
ɜ – ɞɚɧɧɵɟ EBSD, ɝɢɫɬɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ ɪɚɡɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɤɢ
Ɉɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɭ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɥɢ ɩɨ ɫɯɟɦɟ 3 ɩɨ ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚɦ (ɪɢɫɭɧɨɤ 7),
ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɧɵɦ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɨɤ ɩɨ ɫɯɟɦɚɦ 1 ɢ 2 (ɪɢɫɭɧɨɤ 1, ɚ ɢ ɛ).
Ɋɢɫɭɧɨɤ 7 – ɋɯɟɦɚ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ (ɫɯɟɦɚ ʋ3)
Ɋɟɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɩɪɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ 550 ÷ 600 °ɋ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ 30 ɢ 50 % ɪɟɡɤɨ
ɫɧɢɠɚɟɬ ɬɜɟɪɞɨɫɬɶ ɞɨ ɭɪɨɜɧɹ ɢɫɯɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɧɟɞɟɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɹ. Ⱦɥɹ ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ
ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ ɜ 30 % ɛɵɥ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧ EBSD ɚɧɚɥɢɡ, ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɝɨ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɵ ɧɚ
ɪɢɫɭɧɤɟ 8.
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Ɋɢɫɭɧɨɤ 8 – ɋɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ 30 % ɫ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɣ
ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɨɣ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ ɢ ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟɦ ɧɚ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɟ:
ɚ – ɦɢɤɪɨɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ (ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɟ 200)
ɛ – ɞɚɧɧɵɟ EBSD ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ, ɤɚɪɬɚ ɪɚɡɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɨɤ ɡɟɪɟɧ;
ɜ – ɞɚɧɧɵɟ EBSD ɚɧɚɥɢɡ, ɝɢɫɬɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ ɪɚɡɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɤɢ
ɇɚ ɝɢɫɬɨɝɪɚɦɦɟ ɧɚɝɥɹɞɧɨ ɜɢɞɧɨ ɪɚɜɧɨɦɟɪɧɨɟ ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɦɚɥɨ- ɢ
ɛɨɥɶɲɟɭɝɥɨɜɵɯ ɝɪɚɧɢɰ, ɱɬɨ ɫɜɢɞɟɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɨ ɩɪɨɬɟɤɚɧɢɢ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɚ ɪɟɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ.
ɇɚɝɪɟɜ ɜ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ, ɞɟɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɫɨ
ɫɬɟɩɟɧɶɸ 10 %, ɧɟ ɜɵɡɵɜɚɟɬ ɡɚɦɟɬɧɵɯ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɦɢɤɪɨɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɟ. Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ
ɩɪɨɫɜɟɱɢɜɚɸɳɟɣ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨɣ ɦɢɤɪɨɫɤɨɩɢɢ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɚ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɩɪɢ 750 °ɋ ɜ
ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ 2 ɱɚɫɨɜ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɧɚ ɪɢɫɭɧɤɟ 9. ɇɚ ɮɨɬɨɝɪɚɮɢɢ ɜɢɞɧɚ ɫɭɛɡɟɪɟɧɧɚɹ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ
ɩɨɫɥɟ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ Ⱥɫ1 - (5 ÷ 10) ºɋ ɢ
ɫɮɟɪɨɢɞɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɟ ɱɚɫɬɢɰɵ ɤɚɪɛɢɞɨɜ, ɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɨ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɚɦ ɫɭɛɡɟɪɟɧ.
Ɋɢɫɭɧɨɤ 9 – ɋɬɚɥɶ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ ɢ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɟ ɩɪɢ
750 °ɋ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ 2 ɱɚɫɨɜ ɢ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɝɨ ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɟ:
ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ 10% (ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɟ ɯ40 000)
Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɞɥɹ ɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɚ ɛɵɥ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧ EBSD ɚɧɚɥɢɡ. ɇɚ ɪɢɫɭɧɤɟ 10
ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɚ ɤɚɪɬɚ ɪɚɡɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɨɤ ɡɟɪɟɧ, ɩɨɫɥɟ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɛɵɥɚ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɚ
ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɚ ɫɧɹɬɵɯ ɡɟɪɟɧ ɨɬ ɭɝɥɚ ɢɯ ɪɚɡɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɤɢ.
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Ɋɢɫɭɧɨɤ 10 –ɋɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ 10 % ɫ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɣ
ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɨɣ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ ɢ ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟɦ ɧɚ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɟ:
ɚ – ɦɢɤɪɨɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ (ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɟ 200);
ɛ – ɞɚɧɧɵɟ EBSD, ɤɚɪɬɚ ɪɚɡɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɨɤ;
ɜ – ɞɚɧɧɵɟ EBSD, ɝɢɫɬɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ ɪɚɡɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɤɢ
ɂɡ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ EBSD ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɜɢɞɧɨ, ɱɬɨ ɛɨɥɶɲɢɧɫɬɜɨ ɝɪɚɧɢɰ ɡɟɪɟɧ – ɦɚɥɨɭɝɥɨɜɵɟ.
ɂɡ ɨɩɢɫɚɧɧɵɯ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ, ɱɬɨ ɩɪɢ ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ 10 % ɩɪɢ
ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɟ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɜ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɩɪɨɬɟɤɚɸɬ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɵ
ɫɬɚɛɢɥɢɡɢɪɭɸɳɟɣ ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ. Ɉɱɟɜɢɞɧɨ, ɢɫɯɨɞɧɨɣ ɩɥɨɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɞɢɫɥɨɤɚɰɢɣ
ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɛɨɥɶɲɟɭɝɥɨɜɵɯ ɥɟɝɤɨɩɨɞɜɢɠɧɵɯ ɝɪɚɧɢɰ ɫɭɛɡɟɪɟɧ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ
ɦɨɝɥɢ ɛɵ ɫɥɭɠɢɬɶ ɰɟɧɬɪɚɦɢ ɩɟɪɜɢɱɧɨɣ ɪɟɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ.
ɉɪɢ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹɯ 30 % ɹɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɜɨɡɜɪɚɬɚ ɡɚɜɟɪɲɚɸɬɫɹ ɩɪɟɞɪɟɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɢɡɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɣ
ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɢɡɚɰɢɟɣ, ɩɨɫɥɟ ɱɟɝɨ ɧɚɫɬɭɩɚɟɬ ɪɟɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɢɡɚɰɢɹ. ɋ ɪɨɫɬɨɦ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ ɫɭɠɚɟɬɫɹ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɚɹ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɶ ɩɪɨɬɟɤɚɧɢɹ ɜɨɡɜɪɚɬɚ ɢ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɵ ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɧɟ ɭɫɩɟɜɚɸɬ
ɩɪɨɣɬɢ ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ.
EBSD ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɨɛɠɚɬɢɹ 10 % ɢ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɨɣ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ 2 ɱɚɫɨɜ ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɸɬ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɟ ɛɨɥɶɲɨɝɨ ɱɢɫɥɚ ɦɚɥɨɭɝɥɨɜɵɯ
ɝɪɚɧɢɰ. ɗɬɨ ɫɜɢɞɟɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɨ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɢ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɚ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɢ
ɚɭɫɬɟɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɫ ɩɟɪɟɯɨɞɨɦ ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ, ɮɨɪɦɢɪɭɸɳɟɣɫɹ ɩɨɫɥɟ
ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ ɜ ɡɟɪɧɚ ɚɭɫɬɟɧɢɬɚ (ɪɢɫɭɧɨɤ 11).
ɚ
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Ɋɢɫɭɧɨɤ 11 – ɋɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɯɨɥɨɞɧɨɣ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ
ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ 10 % + ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɟ ɩɪɢ 750 °ɋ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ 2 ɱɚɫɨɜ + ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ 840 °ɋ, 30 ɦɢɧ, ɜ
ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɨɬɩɭɫɤɚ 550 °ɋ, 4 ɱɚɫɚ:
ɚ – ɦɢɤɪɨɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ (ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɟ 200);
ɛ – ɞɚɧɧɵɟ EBSD, ɤɚɪɬɚ ɪɚɡɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɨɤ;
ɜ – ɞɚɧɧɵɟ EBSD, ɝɢɫɬɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ ɪɚɡɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɤɢ
16
ɇɚ ɞɚɧɧɨɦ ɷɬɚɩɟ ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɬ ɫɞɜɢɝɨɜɨɟ ɩɪɟɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɟ ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɚ ɜ ɡɟɪɧɨ ɚɭɫɬɟɧɢɬɚ,
ɤɚɤ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɨ ɜ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɯ Ɇ.Ʌ. Ȼɟɪɧɲɬɟɣɧɚ [7], ɢ ɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɟɧɢɟ ɷɬɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɣ
ɡɚɤɚɥɤɨɣ. ɉɨ ɞɚɧɧɵɦ EBSD ɪɚɡɦɟɪ ɡɟɪɧɚ ɩɨɥɭɱɚɟɬɫɹ 5 ÷ 10 ɦɤɦ, ɱɬɨ ɫɨɩɨɫɬɚɜɢɦɨ ɫ
ɪɚɡɦɟɪɨɦ ɫɭɛɡɟɪɟɧ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ.
Ⱦɥɹ ɨɰɟɧɤɢ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɧɚ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɟ
ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ ɞɥɹ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɥɢɫɶ ɫɟɪɢɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɭɞɚɪɧɵɟ
ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹ (ɬɚɛɥɢɰɚ 5).
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 5 – Ⱦɚɧɧɵɟ ɭɞɚɪɧɨɣ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ
ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɨɤ
Ɍɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ
KCU,
ʋ
Ɋɟɠɢɦ ɬɟɪɦɨɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ
ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ, °ɋ
ɆȾɠ/ɦ²
20
0,36 ± 0,08
0
0,30 ± 0,05
ɋɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɣ:
-20
0,28 ± 0,11
1 ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ 10 % + ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ 880 ºɋ (30
ɦɢɧ) + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 550 ºɋ (4 ɱ)
-40
0,27 ± 0,10
-60
0,26 ± 0,09
20
1,07 ± 0,15
ɉɨ ɫɯɟɦɟ ʋ3:
0
1,04 ± 0,12
ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ 10 % + ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɜ ɋɄɌ 750
-20
0,92 ± 0,23
2
ºɋ (2 ɱ) + ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ 840 ºɋ (30 ɦɢɧ) + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ
-40
0,85 ± 0,09
550 ºɋ (4 ɱ)
-60
0,68 ± 0,11
Ⱥɧɚɥɢɡ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɧɚ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɟ
ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ ɩɨ ɞɚɧɧɵɦ ɭɞɚɪɧɵɯ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɥ, ɱɬɨ
ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ ɫ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɨɣ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ
ɭɫɬɪɚɧɹɟɬ ɷɮɮɟɤɬ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ. ɍɞɚɪɧɚɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ ɧɟ ɫɧɢɠɚɟɬɫɹ ɜɨ
ɜɫɺɦ ɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɢ ɞɚɠɟ ɜ 2,5 ÷ 3 ɪɚɡɚ ɩɪɟɜɨɫɯɨɞɢɬ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ
ɭɞɚɪɧɨɣ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɨɣ ɬɟɪɦɨɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ.
Ⱦɥɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɧɢɠɧɟɣ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɵ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɚ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ, ɜ
ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɣ ɫɭɛɡɟɪɟɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ, ɛɵɥɢ
ɨɬɪɚɛɨɬɚɧ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɪɟɠɢɦ ɫ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɨɣ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ 2 ɱɚɫɨɜ ɩɪɢ 720 ºɋ, ɬ.ɟ.
Ⱥɫ1 - (30 ÷ 40) ºɋ. ɋɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɭɞɚɪɧɵɣ ɢɡɝɢɛ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɥɢ, ɱɬɨ ɭɞɚɪɧɚɹ
ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ -20 °ɋ ɫɧɢɡɢɥɚɫɶ ɧɚ 30 % (0,61 ± 0,09 ɆȾɠ/ɦ²) ɩɨ
ɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɸ ɫ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɨɣ ɩɨ ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɯɟɦɟ. Ɍɚɤɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ
ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɣ, ɫɧɢɠɟɧɢɟ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬ ɤ ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɢɸ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɣ ɭɞɚɪɧɨɣ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ.
3.3 ȼɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɧɚ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ
ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɥɢɬɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋɅ
Ʌɢɬɚɹ ɫɬɚɥɶ ɨɛɥɚɞɚɟɬ ɩɨ ɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɸ ɫ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɧɢɡɤɢɦɢ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɢ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚɦɢ ɜ
ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɦ ɩɨ ɞɜɭɦ ɩɪɢɱɢɧɚɦ. ɉɟɪɜɚɹ – ɟɺ ɝɪɭɛɨɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɢɱɧɨɫɬɶ, ɜɬɨɪɚɹ – ɥɢɤɜɚɰɢɹ ɢ
ɫɨɫɪɟɞɨɬɨɱɟɧɢɟ ɨɯɪɭɩɱɢɜɚɸɳɢɯ ɮɚɡ ɢ ɩɪɢɦɟɫɟɣ ɩɨ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɚɦ ɡɟɪɟɧ ɢɥɢ
ɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɨɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɹɦ.
ɉɪɢ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɢ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɞɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɦɟɬɨɞɚɦɢ ɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɧɚ
ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɭ ɥɢɬɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ, ɚ, ɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ, ɢ ɧɚ ɟɺ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɨɫɬɚɸɬɫɹ ɦɟɬɨɞɵ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ
17
ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ, ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɢɡ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɧɟ ɜɫɟɝɞɚ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɹɬ ɤ ɩɨɥɨɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɦɭ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɨɦɭ
ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɭ. ɉɨɷɬɨɦɭ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ ɢɡɨɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ
ɞɥɹ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋɅ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨ ɰɟɥɟɫɨɨɛɪɚɡɧɵɦ (ɫɯɟɦɚ 2, ɪɢɫɭɧɨɤ 1, ɛ).
ȼ ɯɨɞɟ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɜ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɩɨɫɥɟ
ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɩɨ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɦɭ ɪɟɠɢɦɭ ɨɬɦɟɱɚɥɢɫɶ ɫɯɨɠɢɟ
ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɵ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɧɵɯ ɩɪɟɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɣ, ɨɩɢɫɚɧɧɵɯ ɜɵɲɟ, ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ, ɢ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ
ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɣ ɫɭɛɡɟɪɟɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ Ⱥɫ1 - (5 ÷ 10) ºɋ.
ɉɨɫɥɟ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɨɤ ɞɥɹ ɡɚɝɨɬɨɜɨɤ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɨɦ 20ɯ20 ɦɦ ɢɡ
ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋɅ ɩɨ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɦɭ ɪɟɠɢɦɭ ɩɨ ɫɯɟɦɟ 2 (ɪɢɫɭɧɨɤ 1, ɛ) ɢ ɢɡɜɟɫɬɧɨɦɭ
ɪɟɠɢɦɭ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɥɢɬɶɹ, ɨɩɢɫɚɧɧɨɝɨ Ʌɚɯɬɢɧɵɦ ɘ.Ɇ. [8], ɛɵɥɢ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɵ
ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ (ɬɚɛɥɢɰɚ 6).
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 6 – Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɥɢɬɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋɅ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ
ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ
KCU,
ı0,2,
ıɜ,
į,
Ȍ,
ʋ
Ɋɟɠɢɦ ɌɈ
2
Ɇɉɚ Ɇɉɚ
%
%
ɆȾɠ/ɦ
ɗɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ:
ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɨɬ 1250 ºɋ (60 ɦɢɧ), ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ +
0,80 ±
820 ± 950 ± 9,5 ± 26 ±
1
ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ 750 ºɋ (2 ɱ) + ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɨɬ 840
0,05
30
25
0,8
0,95
ºɋ (30 ɦɢɧ), ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 550 ºɋ (4 ɱ)
ɂɡɜɟɫɬɧɵɣ (Ʌɚɯɬɢɧ ɘ.Ɇ.):
0,25 ±
660 ± 700 ± 7,0 ± 24 ±
ɝɨɦɨɝɟɧɢɡɢɪɭɸɳɢɣ ɨɬɠɢɝ ɩɪɢ 1200 ºɋ,
2
0,05
40
50
0,5
1,2
10 ɱɚɫɨɜ + ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɨɬ 880 ºɋ (30 ɦɢɧ), ɜ
ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 550 ºɋ (4 ɱ)
ȼ
ɯɨɞɟ
ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ
ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ
ɜɵɹɜɥɟɧ
ɩɨɥɨɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ
ɷɮɮɟɤɬ
ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɬɟɪɦɨɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɧɚ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɥɢɬɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋɅ.
ɂɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ, ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɧɨɣ ɩɨ ɪɟɠɢɦɭ 1 (ɬɚɛɥɢɰɚ 6), ɧɚ
ɯɥɚɞɧɨɥɨɦɤɨɫɬɶ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɨɬ -100 °ɋ ɞɨ ɤɨɦɧɚɬɧɨɣ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɥɢ
ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɫɧɢɠɟɧɢɟ ɭɞɚɪɧɨɣ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɫɬɚɥɢ, ɫɦɟɳɟɧɢɟ ɩɨɪɨɝɚ ɯɥɚɞɧɨɥɨɦɤɨɫɬɢ ɧɚ 80
°ɋ ɜ ɫɬɨɪɨɧɭ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ (ɬɚɛɥɢɰɚ 7).
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 7 – Ⱦɚɧɧɵɟ ɭɞɚɪɧɨɣ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋɅ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ
ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɨɤ
Ɍɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ
KCU,
ʋ
Ɋɟɠɢɦ ɬɟɪɦɨɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ
ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ, °ɋ
ɆȾɠ/ɦ²
20
0,25 ± 0,03
0
0,22 ± 0,03
ɂɡɜɟɫɬɧɵɣ (Ʌɚɯɬɢɧ ɘ.Ɇ.):
-20
0,16 ± 0,05
ɧɨɪɦɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɹ 880 ºɋ (30 ɦɢɧ) + ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɨɬ
-40
0,13 ± 0,02
1
880 ºɋ (30 ɦɢɧ), ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 550 ºɋ
-60
0,11 ± 0,03
(4 ɱ)
-80
0,10 ± 0,04
-100
0,08 ± 0,03
20
0,86 ± 0,03
0
0,78 ± 0,04
ɗɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ:
-20
0,59 ± 0,07
ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɨɬ 1250 ºɋ (60 ɦɢɧ), ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ +
-40
0,48 ± 0,05
2 ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ 750 ºɋ (2 ɱ) + ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɨɬ 840 ºɋ
(30 ɦɢɧ), ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 550 ºɋ
-60
(4 ɱ)
-80
0,38 ± 0,04
-100
0,25 ± 0,05
18
ɇɢɡɤɢɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɭɞɚɪɧɨɣ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɥɢɬɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ, ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɧɨɣ ɩɨ ɪɟɠɢɦɭ Ʌɚɯɬɢɧɚ
ɘ.Ɇ., ɨɛɴɹɫɧɹɸɬɫɹ, ɜɨ-ɩɟɪɜɵɯ, ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɨɣ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶɸ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɜ ɥɢɬɨɦ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɢ, ɚ ɜɨɜɬɨɪɵɯ, ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɦ ɨɯɪɭɩɱɢɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋɅ, ɫɤɥɨɧɧɨɣ ɤ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ
ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ. Ɉɫɨɛɟɧɧɨ ɨɯɪɭɩɱɢɜɚɧɢɟ ɩɪɨɹɜɢɥɨɫɶ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ 550 °ɋ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ
4 ɱɚɫɨɜ – ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɨɦ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ.
Ɉɯɪɭɩɱɢɜɚɧɢɟ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋɅ ɧɟ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɩɨ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɦɭ
ɪɟɠɢɦɭ.
3.4 ȼɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɧɚ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ
ɭɝɥɟɪɨɞɢɫɬɵɯ ɢ ɥɟɝɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ
Ⱥɧɚɥɨɝɢɱɧɨɟ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɩɨ
ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɫɯɟɦɚɦ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ (ɪɢɫɭɧɤɢ 1, ɛ, ɢ 7) ɧɚ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɟ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɫɬɚɥɢ,
ɫɧɢɠɟɧɢɟ ɟɺ ɫɤɥɨɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɤ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ, ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɢɟ ɩɨɪɨɝɚ
ɯɥɚɞɧɨɥɨɦɤɨɫɬɢ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɚɟɬɫɹ ɢ ɧɚ ɞɪɭɝɢɯ ɦɚɪɤɚɯ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ:
ɚ) ȼ ɫɬɚɥɹɯ ɫ ɪɚɡɧɵɦ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟɦ ɭɝɥɟɪɨɞɚ ɢ ɥɟɝɢɪɭɸɳɢɯ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɨɜ 40ɏ ɢ
40ɏɇ2ɆȺ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɯ ɞɥɹ ɢɡɝɨɬɨɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɤɪɟɩɺɠɧɵɯ ɢɡɞɟɥɢɣ.
ɉɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɢɟ ɞɢɥɚɬɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɤɪɢɜɵɯ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɢɥɨ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɶ ɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɬɨɱɤɢ.
Ⱦɥɹ 40ɏ: Ⱥɫ1 = 720 °ɋ, Ⱥɫ3 = 840 °ɋ, ɞɥɹ ɫɬɚɥɢ 40ɏɇ2ɆȺ: Ⱥɫ1 = 710 °ɋ, Ⱥɫ3 = 840 °ɋ. ɋ
ɭɱɟɬɨɦ ɢɦɟɸɳɢɯɫɹ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɚ ɬɟɪɦɨɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ ɩɨ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɨɦɭ ɢ
ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɦɭ ɪɟɠɢɦɚɦ.
Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɨɝɨ ɢ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ
ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɵ ɜ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 8.
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 8 – ɍɞɚɪɧɚɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ 40ɏ ɢ 40ɏɇ2ɆȺ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɨɣ ɢ
ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɨɤ
ʋ
ɋɬɚɥɶ
1
40ɏ
2
40ɏɇ2ɆȺ
ɍɞɚɪɧɚɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ KCU, ɆȾɠ/ɦ2
Ɍɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ
ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹ, °ɋ
ɋɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɣ ɪɟɠɢɦ*
20
0
-20
-40
-60
20
0
-20
-40
-60
0,74 ± 0,08
0,60 ± 0,16
0,47 ± 0,10
0,37 ± 0,15
0,30 ± 0,16
1,14 ± 0,09
1,05 ± 0,10
0,92 ± 0,07
0,78 ± 0,04
0,66 ± 0,12
ɗɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ
ɪɟɠɢɦ
(ɫɯɟɦɚ ʋ2)*
1,39 ± 0,07
1,27 ± 0,08
1,10 ± 0,12
0,87 ± 0,09
0,61 ± 0,14
1,44 ± 0,13
1,31 ± 0,04
1,24 ± 0,09
1,14 ± 0,08
1,01 ± 0,10
* – Ɋɟɠɢɦɵ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ: ɫɬɚɥɶ 40ɏ – ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɣ: ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ 860 °ɋ (30 ɦɢɧ) + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 550 °ɋ (4 ɱ);
ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ: ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ 1250 °ɋ (60 ɦɢɧ), ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɩɪɢ ɋɄɌ 710 °ɋ (2 ɱ) + ɧɚɝɪɟɜ ɫɨ
ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɸ 1 ÷ 2 °/ɦɢɧ ɞɨ 860 °ɋ, ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ 30 ɦɢɧ + ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 550 °ɋ (4 ɱ); ɫɬɚɥɶ 40ɏɇ2ɆȺ
– ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɣ: ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ 860 °ɋ (30 ɦɢɧ) + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 550 °ɋ (4 ɱ); ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ: ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ 1250 °ɋ (60 ɦɢɧ),
ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɩɪɢ ɋɄɌ 700 °ɋ (2 ɱ) + ɧɚɝɪɟɜ ɫɨ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɸ 1 ÷ 2 °/ɦɢɧ ɞɨ 860 °ɋ, ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ 30 ɦɢɧ +
ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 550 °ɋ (4 ɱ).
ɉɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɩɨ ɫɯɟɦɟ 2 ɩɨɜɵɲɚɟɬ ɭɞɚɪɧɭɸ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ ɧɚ 25 ÷ 30 %,
ɫɧɢɠɚɟɬ ɩɨɪɨɝ ɯɥɚɞɧɨɥɨɦɤɨɫɬɢ ɧɚ 30 ÷ 40 °ɋ, ɚ ɧɚ ɫɬɚɥɹɯ, ɫɤɥɨɧɧɵɯ ɤ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɸ
19
ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ (ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, 40ɏ), ɞɚɧɧɵɣ ɪɟɠɢɦ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ
ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɟɝɨ ɭɫɬɪɚɧɢɬɶ. ȼ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ, ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɧɵɯ ɫɨɜɦɟɫɬɧɨ ɫ ɈȺɈ
Ɋɠɟɜɫɤɢɣ ɤɪɚɧɨɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɡɚɜɨɞ» (ɝ. Ɋɠɟɜ, Ɍɜɟɪɫɤɚɹ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɶ), ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɨ ɡɚɦɟɧɢɬɶ
ɜɵɫɨɤɨɥɟɝɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɭɸ ɫɬɚɥɶ 40ɏɇ2ɆȺ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɨɣ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟ ɩɨɥɭɮɚɛɪɢɤɚɬɨɜ
ɞɥɹ ɤɪɟɩɺɠɧɵɯ ɢɡɞɟɥɢɣ ɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɫɟɱɟɧɢɟɦ 20ɯ20 ɦɦ, ɧɚ
ɷɤɨɧɨɦɧɨɥɟɝɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɭɸ 40ɏ ɛɟɡ ɩɨɬɟɪɢ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜ.
ɛ) ɉɪɢ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɟ ɞɥɹ ɭɝɥɟɪɨɞɢɫɬɨɣ ɩɪɭɠɢɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ 65.
Ɇɟɬɨɞɨɦ ɞɢɥɚɬɨɦɟɬɪɢɢ ɛɵɥɢ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɵ ɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɬɨɱɤɢ: Ⱥɫ1 = 730 °ɋ, Ⱥɫ3 = 755 °ɋ.
Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɩɨ ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɦɭ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɦɭ ɪɟɠɢɦɭ ɢ
ɪɟɠɢɦɭ, ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɧɵɦ Ɇ.Ʌ. Ȼɟɪɧɲɬɟɣɧɨɦ [9], ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɜ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 9.
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 9 – Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɫɬɚɥɢ 65 ɩɨɫɥɟ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɨɤ
Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ
ʋ
Ɉɩɢɫɚɧɢɟ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ
ıɜ,
ı0,2,
į,
ȥ,
KCU,
Ɇɉɚ
Ɇɉɚ
%
% ɆȾɠ/ɦ2
ɗɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ:
1300 ± 1110 ± 14 ± 46 ±
0,55 ±
ɩɪɨɤɚɬɤɚ 10% + ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɩɪɢ ɋɄɌ 715
1
8,0
7,0
3,5
2,0
0,02
°ɋ (2 ɱ) + ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɫ 800 °ɋ ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ +
ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 450 °ɋ (2 ɱ)
ɂɡɜɟɫɬɧɵɣ (Ȼɟɪɧɲɬɟɣɧ Ɇ.Ʌ.):
ɩɪɨɤɚɬɤɚ 40% + ɩɪɟɞɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɢɡɚɰɢɨɧɧɚɹ
1080 ±
890 ±
7 ± 26 ±
0,30 ±
2 ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɩɪɢ 450 °ɋ (2 ɱ) +
10,0
10,0
2,8
2,1
0,015
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɚɝɪɟɜ ɞɨ 800 °ɋ + ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɜ ɫɨɥɢ
+ ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 450 °ɋ (2 ɱ)
ɜ) Ⱦɥɹ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ 9ɏɋ.
Ʉɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɚ: Ⱥɫ1 = 760 °ɋ. Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ
ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɜ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 10.
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 10 – Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɫɬɚɥɢ 9ɏɋ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɌɈ ɢ ɌɆɈ ɩɨ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɦ ɢ
ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɪɟɠɢɦɚɦ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ
Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ
ʋ
Ɉɩɢɫɚɧɢɟ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ
ıɜ ɢɡɝ,
KCU,
Ɇɉɚ
ɆȾɠ/ɦ2
ɋɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɣ:
3550 ± 15,0
0,04 ± 0,015
1 ɤɨɜɤɚ ɩɪɢ 1050 °ɋ, ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɟ + ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ
880 °ɋ, ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 180 °ɋ (2 ɱ)
ɗɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ 1 (ɌɈ): ɤɨɜɤɚ ɩɪɢ 1050 °ɋ,
ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɟ + ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ 880 °ɋ, ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ +
5050 ± 55,0
0,35 ± 0,010
2 ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ 755 °ɋ (2 ɱ) + ɧɚɝɪɟɜ ɫɨ
ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɸ 1 ÷ 2 °ɋ ɞɨ 850 °ɋ (20 ɦɢɧ), ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɜ
ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 180 °ɋ (2 ɱ)
ɗɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ 2 (ɌɆɈ):
ɤɨɜɤɚ ɩɪɢ 1050 °ɋ, ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɟ +
0,30 ± 0,030
3 ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ 755 °ɋ (2 ɱ) + ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ 5150 ± 45,0
40% + ɧɚɝɪɟɜ ɫɨ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɸ 1 ÷ 2 °ɋ ɞɨ 850 °ɋ (20
ɦɢɧ), ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 180 °ɋ (2 ɱ)
20
ɝ) ɍɝɥɟɪɨɞɢɫɬɚɹ ɫɬɚɥɶ ɍ9.
Ʉɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɬɨɱɤɢ: Ⱥɫ1 = 720 °ɋ, Ⱥɫ3 = 750 °ɋ. Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ
ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɩɨ ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɦɭ ɪɟɠɢɦɭ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɜ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 11.
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 11 – Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɍ9 ɜ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɦ ɢ ɥɢɬɨɦ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɢ
ɩɨɫɥɟ ɌɈ ɩɨ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɨɝɨ ɢ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɪɟɠɢɦɚɦ
ʋ
1
2
Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ
Ⱦɟɮɨɪɦ.
Ʌɢɬɨɟ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ
ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ
Ɉɩɢɫɚɧɢɟ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ
ɗɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ:
ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ 1050 °ɋ, 30 ɦɢɧ, ɜ ɜɨɞɟ + ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ
ɩɪɢ ɋɄɌ 715 °ɋ (1,5 ɱ) + ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ ɫ 780 °ɋ
(20 ɦɢɧ), ɜ ɜɨɞɟ + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 300 °ɋ (2 ɱ)
ɋɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɣ:
ɨɬɠɢɝ ɧɚ ɡɟɪɧɢɫɬɵɣ ɩɟɪɥɢɬ + ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ 780
°ɋ (20 ɦɢɧ), ɜ ɜɨɞɟ + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 300 °ɋ (2 ɱ)
ıɜ ɢɡɝ,
Ɇɉɚ
KCU,
ɆȾɠ/ɫɦ2
ıɜ ɢɡɝ,
Ɇɉɚ
KCU,
ɆȾɠ/ɫɦ2
2250 ±
60,0
0,37 ±
0,03
2240 ±
60,0
0,29 ±
0,024
1600 ±
50,0
0,19 ±
0,014
1500 ±
50,0
0,08 ±
0,021
ɞ) ɋɬɚɥɶ 09ɏɇ2ɆȾ (ȺȻ-2-1), ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɚɹ ɜ ɫɭɞɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɢɢ.
Ʉɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɚ Ⱥɫ1 = 720 °ɋ. Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɩɨ
ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɦɭ ɪɟɠɢɦɭ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɜ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 12.
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 12 – Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɫɬɚɥɢ 09ɏɇ2ɆȾ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɬɟɪɦɨɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɩɨ
ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɦ ɢ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɪɟɠɢɦɚɦ
ʋ
1
2
Ɉɩɢɫɚɧɢɟ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ
ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ
ɗɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ:
ɩɪɨɤɚɬɤɚ + ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɜ
ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ 715 °ɋ (1,5 ɱ)
+ ɧɚɝɪɟɜ ɫɨ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɸ 1 ÷ 2
°ɋ ɞɨ 900 °ɋ (20 ɦɢɧ), ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ
ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 590 °ɋ
(50 ɦɢɧ)
ɋɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɣ:
ɩɪɨɤɚɬɤɚ + ɡɚɤɚɥɤɚ 900 °ɋ (20
ɦɢɧ), ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ + ɨɬɩɭɫɤ 590 °ɋ
(50 ɦɢɧ)
Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ
ıɜ, Ɇɉɚ ı0,2, Ɇɉɚ
į, %
KCV, ɆȾɠ/ɦ2
+20
-20
-40
849 ±
2,0
893 ±
2,0
11 ±
1,0
183 ±
8,0
197 ±
5,0
195 ±
9,0
768 ±
2,0
823 ±
3,0
13
±1,0
173 ±
5,0
192 ±
4,0
188 ±
8,0
21
ȼɵɜɨɞɵ
1. ȼɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ Ⱥɫ1 - (5 ÷ 10) ºɋ
ɩɨɫɥɟ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ ɢɥɢ ɯɨɥɨɞɧɨɣ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ 10% ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɨɣ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ ɢ
ɨɬɩɭɫɤɚ ɤ ɢɡɦɟɥɶɱɟɧɢɸ ɡɟɪɧɚ ɢ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɸ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɚ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜ;
2. ɉɨɫɥɟ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ ɢ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ 10% ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨɣ ɦɢɤɪɨɫɤɨɩɢɟɣ ɢ EBSDɚɧɚɥɢɡɨɦ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɨ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɣ ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɫ
ɜɵɞɟɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɧɚɧɨɪɚɡɦɟɪɧɵɯ ɱɚɫɬɢɰ ɰɟɦɟɧɬɢɬɚ ɧɚ ɫɭɛɝɪɚɧɢɰɚɯ;
3. Ɏɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɣ ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɫ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦ
ɩɪɟɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɟɦ ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɚ ɜ ɡɟɪɧɨ ɚɭɫɬɟɧɢɬɚ ɡɚ ɫɱɟɬ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɞɚɺɬ ɜ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɩɪɢ ɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɨɣ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɟ ɢ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɚ 550 ºɋ:
– ɦɟɥɤɨɟ ɡɟɪɧɨ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɨɦ 5 ÷ 10 ɦɤɦ;
– ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɧɭɸ ɭɞɚɪɧɭɸ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ ɜ 2,5 ÷ 3 ɪɚɡɚ;
– ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɵɣ ɩɨɪɨɝ ɯɥɚɞɧɨɥɨɦɤɨɫɬɢ ɧɚ 50 ÷ 60 ºɋ;
– ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɧɨɟ ɭɞɥɢɧɟɧɢɟ ɢ ɫɭɠɟɧɢɟ ɜ 1,5 ÷ 2 ɪɚɡɚ
ɩɨ ɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɸ ɫ ɨɛɵɱɧɨɣ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɨɣ 880 ºɋ ɢ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɨɦ 550 ºɋ.
4. ɉɨɫɥɟ ɯɨɥɨɞɧɨɣ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ ɧɚ 10 % ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɫɨɡɞɚɺɬ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɭɸ ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɭɸ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɭ; ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ ɧɚ 30%
ɩɪɢɜɨɞɹɬ ɤ ɪɟɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ, ɢ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɨɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ ɢɡɦɟɥɶɱɟɧɢɹ ɡɟɪɧɚ ɧɟ
ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɬ;
5. ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɨ, ɱɬɨ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ, ɫɤɥɨɧɧɵɯ ɤ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ
ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɢ
ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɨɤ ɫ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɨɣ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ
ɭɫɬɪɚɧɹɟɬ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɫɬɚɥɹɯ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨɣ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɯɪɭɩɤɨɫɬɢ;
6. ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɨ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɟ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɚ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɨɤ ɫ
ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɨɣ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɧɚ ɪɹɞɟ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ:
a) ɇɚ ɥɢɬɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋɅ ɩɨ ɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɸ ɫ ɢɡɜɟɫɬɧɵɦɢ ɜɚɪɢɚɧɬɚɦɢ
ɢɫɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɥɢɬɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɭɞɚɥɨɫɶ ɩɨɜɵɫɢɬɶ ɭɞɚɪɧɭɸ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ ɫ 0,25 ±
0,05 ɆȾɠ/ɦ2 ɞɨ 0,80 ± 0,05 ɆȾɠ/ɦ2;
b) ɇɚ ɫɬɚɥɢ 40ɏɇ2ɆȺ ɭɞɚɥɨɫɶ ɩɨɜɵɫɢɬɶ ɭɞɚɪɧɭɸ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ ɫ 1,14 ± 0,09
ɆȾɠ/ɦ2 ɞɨ 1,44 ± 0,13 ɆȾɠ/ɦ2;
c) ɇɚ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɹɯ 9ɏɋ ɩɨɜɵɫɢɥɫɹ ɩɪɟɞɟɥ ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɢ ɢɡɝɢɛɟ ɫ
3550 ± 15,0 Ɇɉɚ ɞɨ 5150 ± 45,0 Ɇɉɚ, ɭɞɚɪɧɚɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ ɫ 0,04 ± 0,015
ɆȾɠ/ɦ2 ɞɨ 0,30 ± 0,030 ɆȾɠ/ɦ2; ɧɚ ɍ9 (ɥɢɬɨɟ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ) – ɩɪɟɞɟɥ
ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɢ ɢɡɝɢɛɟ ɫ 1600 ± 50,0 (1500 ± 50,0) Ɇɉɚ ɞɨ 2250 ± 60,0 (2240 ±
60,0) Ɇɉɚ, ɭɞɚɪɧɚɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ ɫ 0,19 ± 0,014 (0,37 ± 0,030) ɆȾɠ/ɦ2 ɞɨ 0,08 ±
0,021 (0.29 ± 0,024) ɆȾɠ/ɦ2;
d) ɇɚ ɪɟɫɫɨɪɧɨ-ɩɪɭɠɢɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ 65 ɩɨɜɵɫɢɥɨɫɶ ɭɞɥɢɧɟɧɢɟ ɫ 7 ± 2,8 % ɞɨ 14 ±
3,5 %, ɫɭɠɟɧɢɟ ɫ 26 ± 2,1 % ɞɨ 46 ± 2,0 %;
e) ɇɚ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɢɡɨɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɋɄɌ ɭɜɟɥɢɱɢɜɚɟɬ
ɷɮɮɟɤɬ ɛɨɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ – ɝɥɭɛɢɧɚ ɛɨɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɥɨɹ ɜɨɡɪɚɫɬɚɟɬ ɜ 2 ÷ 3 ɪɚɡɚ.
7. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɫ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɨɣ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ
ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɢɥɨ ɪɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɨɜɚɬɶ ɡɚɦɟɧɭ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɥɟɝɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ
40ɏɇ2ɆȺ ɧɚ 40ɏ ɫ ɬɟɦ ɠɟ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɨɦ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜ ɞɥɹ ɪɹɞɚ ɢɡɞɟɥɢɣ
ɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɈȺɈ «Ɋɠɟɜɫɤɢɣ ɤɪɚɧɨɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɡɚɜɨɞ», ɝ. Ɋɠɟɜ.
22
Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɵɟ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɞɢɫɫɟɪɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɢɡɥɨɠɟɧɵ ɜ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ
ɩɭɛɥɢɤɚɰɢɹɯ:
1. ɘ.Ȼ. ɋɚɡɨɧɨɜ, Ⱥ.Ⱥ.Ʉɨɦɢɫɫɚɪɨɜ, ɘ.ȼ.ɋɦɢɪɧɨɜɚ, Ⱥ.ɘ. ɋɚɡɨɧɨɜɚ / Ɋɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ
ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɞɥɹ ɦɟɥɤɨɡɟɪɧɢɫɬɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ // ɆɂɌɈɆ. 2009. Ɍɨɦ 5.
ɋ. 24-32;
2. Cɚɡɨɧɨɜ ɘ.Ȼ., Ʉɨɦɢɫɫɚɪɨɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ., ɋɦɢɪɧɨɜɚ ɘ.ȼ., Ɉɠɟɪɟɥɤɨɜ Ⱦ.ɘ., ɒɚɲɢɧɚ
ɂ.ɂ. / ɉɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɫ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɨɣ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ
ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɫɫɨɪɧɨ-ɩɪɭɠɢɧɧɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ // ɋɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɵ
ɧɚɭɤɢ ɢ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ. 2012. ʋ 6;
3. Cɚɡɨɧɨɜ ɘ.Ȼ., Ʉɨɦɢɫɫɚɪɨɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ., ɋɦɢɪɧɨɜɚ ɘ.ȼ., Ɉɠɟɪɟɥɤɨɜ Ⱦ.ɘ. /
ɂɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɢ ɭɞɚɪɧɨɣ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ
ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɫ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɨɣ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ // Ⱦɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ ɢ
ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɢɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ. 2012. ʋ8. ɋ. 39-41;
4. Komissarov Alexander, Sazonov Yury, Smirnova Julia, Ozherelkov Dmitriy.
Development of precision regimes of thermal and thermomechanical steel treatment // Book of
abstracts of 20th International Symposium on Metastable, Amorphous and Nanostructured
Materials (ISMANAM-2013). Italia, Torino, 30.06-05.07, 2013;
5. Ʉɨɦɢɫɫɚɪɨɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ., ɒɚɲɢɧɚ ɂ.ɂ., Ȼɟɥɹɟɜ ȼ.ȼ., Ɉɠɟɪɟɥɤɨɜ Ⱦ.ɘ. ɋɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ
ɩɪɟɰɢɡɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɪɟɠɢɦɵ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɢ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɨɤ ɛɪɨɧɟɜɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ //
ɋɛɨɪɧɢɤ ɬɟɡɢɫɨɜ ɧɚɭɱɧɨ-ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɤɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɢ ɧɚ ɛɚɡɟ ɈȺɈ ɇɉɈ «ɉɪɢɛɨɪ». Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ,
26 ɦɚɪɬɚ, 2013;
6. Komissarov Alexander, Sazonov Yury, Smirnova Julia, Ozherelkov Dmitriy. The
formation of ultrafine grain structure with nanoscale submicrocrystalline secretions of carbides
in the subcritical temperatures to increase the reliability of structural steels // Book of abstracts of
19-th International Symposium on Metastable, Amorphous and Nanostructured Materials
(ISMANAM-2012). Moscow, 18-22 June, 2012, P. 270;
7. Ʉɨɦɢɫɫɚɪɨɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ., ɉɚɜɥɨɜ Ɇ.Ⱦ., Ɉɠɟɪɟɥɤɨɜ Ⱦ.ɘ. Ɋɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ
ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ ɫ ɰɟɥɶɸ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɟɣ
ɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɫɬɢ // ɋɛɨɪɧɢɤ ɬɟɡɢɫɨɜ 67-ɵɯ Ⱦɧɟɣ ɧɚɭɤɢ ɇɂɌɍ «Ɇɂɋɢɋ». Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ, 2012. ɋ. 26;
8. ɋɚɡɨɧɨɜ ɘ.Ȼ., Ʉɨɦɢɫɫɚɪɨɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ., ɋɦɢɪɧɨɜɚ ɘ.ȼ., Ɉɠɟɪɟɥɤɨɜ Ⱦ.ɘ.
Ɉɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɹ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɞɥɹ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɧɨɥɟɝɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ»
// ɋɛɨɪɧɢɤ ɬɪɭɞɨɜ VI-ɨɣ ȿɜɪɚɡɢɣɫɤɨɣ ɧɚɭɱɧɨ-ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɤɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɹ «ɉɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɶ
ɧɟɨɞɧɨɪɨɞɧɵɯ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪ (ɉɊɈɋɌ-2012). ɝ. Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ, ɇɂɌɍ «Ɇɂɋɢɋ», 17-19 ɚɩɪɟɥɹ, 2012.
ɋ. 52;
9. Ʉɨɦɢɫɫɚɪɨɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ., ɉɚɜɥɨɜ Ɇ.Ⱦ. ɂɡɭɱɟɧɢɟ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɧɚ
ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɛɭɪɢɥɶɧɵɯ ɬɪɭɛ ɧɟɮɬɟɝɚɡɨɜɨɣ ɨɬɪɚɫɥɢ ɧɚ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɵɯ ɩɪɢɦɟɪɚɯ // ɋɛɨɪɧɢɤ
ɬɟɡɢɫɨɜ 66-ɵɯ Ⱦɧɟɣ ɧɚɭɤɢ ɇɂɌɍ «Ɇɂɋɢɋ». Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ, 2011. ɋ.34-35;
10. Ʉɨɦɢɫɫɚɪɨɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ., Ɉɠɟɪɟɥɤɨɜ Ⱦ.ɘ. ɉɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɧɵɯ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤ
ɫɬɚɥɢ 40ɏ ɡɚ ɫɱɟɬ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ // ɋɛɨɪɧɢɤ ɬɟɡɢɫɨɜ 66-ɵɯ Ⱦɧɟɣ ɧɚɭɤɢ ɇɂɌɍ «Ɇɂɋɢɋ». Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ, 2011. ɋ.3334;
11. Ʉɨɦɢɫɫɚɪɨɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ., ȼɚɫɢɥɶɟɜ ȼ.ɇ. ȼɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɰɢɤɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɢ ɬɟɪɦɨɰɢɤɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ
ɫɩɨɫɨɛɨɜ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɧɚ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɢ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ ɫɬɚɥɢ 35ɏȽɋȺ // ɋɛɨɪɧɢɤ ɬɟɡɢɫɨɜ 66-ɵɯ
Ⱦɧɟɣ ɧɚɭɤɢ ɇɂɌɍ «Ɇɂɋɢɋ». Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ, 2011. ɋ.27-28;
12. Komissarov A.A., Sazonov Yu.B. Ultra-fine grained structure formation in steels by
heat treatment in the range of subcritical temperatures // Book of Abstract of the IV France23
Russia Conference (Names’10) “New Achievements in Materials and Environmental Sciences”.
France, Nancy, 26-29 October, 2010. P. 62;
13. ɋɚɡɨɧɨɜ ɘ.Ȼ., Ʉɨɦɢɫɫɚɪɨɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ. Ɋɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɢ
ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ // ɋɛɨɪɧɢɤ ɬɟɡɢɫɨɜ Ɇɟɠɞɭɧɚɪɨɞɧɨɣ ɧɚɭɱɧɨ-ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɤɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɢ
«ɍɥɶɬɪɚɦɟɥɤɨɡɟɪɧɢɫɬɵɟ ɢ ɧɚɧɨɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ (ɍɆɁɇɆ-2010). ɝ. ɍɮɚ, 11-15
ɨɤɬɹɛɪɹ, 2010;
14. ɋɚɡɨɧɨɜ ɘ.Ȼ., Ʉɨɦɢɫɫɚɪɨɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ. ɉɨɥɭɱɟɧɢɟ ɭɥɶɬɪɚɦɟɥɤɨɡɟɪɧɢɫɬɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɜ
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɹɯ ɩɭɬɟɦ ɌɆɈ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ // ɋɛɨɪɧɢɤ
ɬɟɡɢɫɨɜ
Ɇɟɠɞɭɧɚɪɨɞɧɨɣ
ɧɚɭɱɧɨ-ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ
ɤɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɢ
«ɇɚɧɨɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɢ
ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɫɢɫɬɟɦ (ɇɎɆ -2010)». ɝ. ɋɚɧɤɬ-ɉɟɬɟɪɛɭɪɝ, 20-24 ɫɟɧɬɹɛɪɹ, 2010;
15. ɋɚɡɨɧɨɜ ɘ.Ȼ., Ʉɨɦɢɫɫɚɪɨɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ., ɋɦɢɪɧɨɜɚ ɘ.ȼ., ɋɚɡɨɧɨɜɚ Ⱥ.ɘ. Ɉɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɹ
ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɞɥɹ ɭɝɥɟɪɨɞɢɫɬɵɯ ɢ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɧɨɥɟɝɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ
ɫɬɚɥɟɣ // ɋɛɨɪɧɢɤ ɬɪɭɞɨɜ V-ɨɣ ȿɜɪɚɡɢɣɫɤɨɣ ɧɚɭɱɧɨ-ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɤɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɹ
«ɉɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɶ ɧɟɨɞɧɨɪɨɞɧɵɯ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪ (ɉɊɈɋɌ-2010). ɝ. Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ, ɇɂɌɍ «Ɇɂɋɢɋ», 20-22
ɚɩɪɟɥɹ, 2010. ɋ. 57;
16. Ʉɨɦɢɫɫɚɪɨɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ., ȼɨɪɨɧɢɧ ɂ.Ⱥ., ȼɚɫɢɥɶɟɜ ȼ.ɇ. ɉɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɟ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɟɣ
ɧɚɞɺɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɭɞɨɫɬɚɥɢ ȺȻ2-1 ɩɭɬɺɦ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ // ɋɛɨɪɧɢɤ ɬɟɡɢɫɨɜ 65-ɯ Ⱦɧɟɣ ɧɚɭɤɢ ɇɂɌɍ Ɇɂɋɢɋ. Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ, 2008. ɋ. 352-353;
17. ɋɚɡɨɧɨɜ ɘ.Ȼ., Ʉɨɦɢɫɫɚɪɨɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ., Ɇɢɬɪɨɮɚɧɨɜ Ⱥ.ȼ., ɓɟɬɢɧɢɧ ɂ.ȼ., ȼɚɫɢɥɶɟɜ
ȼ.ɇ., ȼɨɪɨɧɢɧ ɂ.Ⱥ. ɉɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɟ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɧɚɞɺɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɭɞɨɫɬɚɥɟɣ ɩɭɬɺɦ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ
ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ // ɋɛɨɪɧɢɤ ɬɪɭɞɨɜ V-ɨɣ ȿɜɪɚɡɢɣɫɤɨɣ
ɧɚɭɱɧɨ-ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɤɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɹ «ɉɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɶ ɧɟɨɞɧɨɪɨɞɧɵɯ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪ (ɉɊɈɋɌ-2010).
Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ, ɇɂɌɍ «Ɇɂɋɢɋ», 20-22 ɚɩɪɟɥɹ, 2010. ɋ. 59;
18. Ʉɨɦɢɫɫɚɪɨɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ., ȼɚɫɢɥɶɟɜ ȼ.ɇ. ɉɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɟ ɧɚɞɺɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɛɪɨɧɟɜɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ
ɩɭɬɺɦ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ // ɋɛɨɪɧɢɤ ɬɟɡɢɫɨɜ
64-ɵɯ Ⱦɧɟɣ ɇɚɭɤɢ ɇɂɌɍ Ɇɂɋɢɋ. Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ, 2009. ɋ. 184;
19. ɋɚɡɨɧɨɜ
ɘ.Ȼ.,
Ʉɨɦɢɫɫɚɪɨɜ
Ⱥ.Ⱥ.
ɉɨɥɭɱɟɧɢɟ
ɧɚɧɨɪɚɡɦɟɪɧɵɯ
ɢ
ɫɭɛɦɢɤɪɨɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪ ɜ ɭɝɥɟɪɨɞɢɫɬɵɯ ɢ ɥɟɝɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɹɯ ɩɭɬɟɦ
ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ // ɋɛɨɪɧɢɤ ɬɟɡɢɫɨɜ V-ɨɣ
ɘɛɢɥɟɣɧɚɹ Ʉɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɹ ɦɨɥɨɞɵɯ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɫɬɨɜ «Ɇɟɬɚɥɥɭɪɝɢɹ XXI ɜɟɤɚ». ɝ. Ɂɜɟɧɢɝɨɪɨɞ,
10-13 ɮɟɜɪɚɥɹ, 2009;
20. Ʉɨɦɢɫɫɚɪɨɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ., Ʉɢɫɤɢɧ ɋ.Ⱥ. ȼɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ
ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ (ɉɌɈ) ɫ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɨɣ ɡɚɤɚɥɤɢ ɢ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɝɨ
ɨɬɩɭɫɤɚ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɧɚ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɢ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪ
ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɢɹ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɧɨɥɟɝɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ // ɋɛɨɪɧɢɤ ɬɟɡɢɫɨɜ 63-ɯ
Ⱦɧɟɣ ɧɚɭɤɢ ɇɂɌɍ Ɇɂɋɢɋ. Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ, 2008. ɋ. 144.
ɋɩɢɫɨɤ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɥɢɬɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɵɯ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɜ:
1. ɋɚɞɨɜɫɤɢɣ ȼ.Ⱦ., Ɇɚɥɵɲɟɜ Ʉ.Ⱥ., ɋɚɡɨɧɨɜ Ȼ.Ƚ. ɉɪɟɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɢ ɧɚɝɪɟɜɟ ɫɬɚɥɢ.
Ɇ.: Ɇɟɬɚɥɥɭɪɝɢɡɞɚɬ, 1954, 156 ɫ.;
2. Ƚɭɥɹɟɜ Ⱥ.ɉ. ɋɜɟɪɯɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɨɫɬɶ ɫɬɚɥɢ // Ɇ.: Ɇɟɬɚɥɥɭɪɝɢɹ, 1982, 56 ɫ.;
3. Ɇɢɧɤɟɜɢɱ Ⱥ.ɇ. ɏɢɦɢɤɨ-ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɜ ɢ ɫɩɥɚɜɨɜ. Ɇ.:
Ɇɚɲɢɧɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɢɟ, 1965, 493 ɫ.;
24
4. Ƚɭɥɹɟɜ Ⱥ.ɉ., Ɂɢɤɟɟɜ ȼ.Ɇ., Ʉɨɪɧɸɲɟɧɤɨɜɚ ɘ.ȼ., Ɂɟɦɫɤɢɣ ɋ.ȼ. ȼɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɚ
ɜ ɫɭɛɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɧɚ ɫɨɩɪɨɬɢɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɢɸ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɨɧɧɨɣ
ɫɪɟɞɧɟɭɝɥɟɪɨɞɢɫɬɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ // ɆɂɌɈɆ, 1992, ʋ8, ɋ. 10 – 13;
5. Ȼɟɪɧɲɬɟɣɧ Ɇ.Ʌ., ȼɚɫɢɥɶɟɜ ȼ.ɘ., Ⱦɨɛɚɬɤɢɧ ɋ.ȼ. ɢ ɞɪ. ɉɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɶ ɢ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɝɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɭɩɪɨɱɧɟɧɧɵɯ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ ɏ18ɇ12Ɍ, ɜɵɩɥɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɧɚ
ɨɛɵɱɧɨɣ ɢ ɩɟɪɜɨɪɨɞɧɨɣ ɲɢɯɬɚɯ // Ɇɟɬɚɥɥɵ, 1988, ʋ4, ɋ. 118 – 123;
6. Ƚɨɪɟɥɢɤ ɋ.ɋ. Ɋɟɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɢɡɚɰɢɹ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɜ ɢ ɫɩɥɚɜɨɜ. Ɇ.: Ɇɟɬɚɥɥɭɪɝɢɹ, 1978,
568 ɫ.;
7. Ȼɟɪɧɲɬɟɣɧ Ɇ.Ʌ., Ʉɚɩɭɬɤɢɧɚ Ʌ.Ɇ., ɉɪɨɤɨɲɤɢɧ ɋ.Ⱦ., ɇɢɤɢɲɨɜ ɇ.Ⱥ.
ɇɟɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɜ ɩɪɟɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɣ ɩɪɢ ɧɚɝɪɟɜɟ ɫɬɚɥɟɣ ɜ ɤɨɥɨɧɧɟ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɦɢɤɪɨɫɤɨɩɚ // Ɇɟɬɚɥɥɵ, 1982;
8. Ʌɚɯɬɢɧ ɘ.Ɇ. Ɉɫɧɨɜɵ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ. Ɇ.: Ɇɟɬɚɥɥɭɪɝɢɹ, 1988, 320 ɫ.;
9. Ȼɟɪɧɲɬɟɣɧ Ɇ.Ʌ. Ɍɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɜ ɢ ɫɩɥɚɜɨɜ. Ɍɨɦ 2. Ɇ.:
Ɇɟɬɚɥɥɭɪɝɢɹ, 1968, 1172 ɫ.
25
Ɏɨɪɦɚɬ 60 u 90 1/16 Ɍɢɪɚɠ 100 ɷɤɡ. Ɉɛɴɟɦ 1,5 ɩ.ɥ. Ɂɚɤɚɡ 4033
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ɂɡɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɤɨɝɨ Ⱦɨɦɚ Ɇɂɋɢɋ,
119049, Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ, Ʌɟɧɢɧɫɤɢɣ ɩɪ-ɬ, 4
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