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- trccJreAoBarb
B3alrMoAeficrsze
l;;paBa
Koploparl'tBHblM
c
y-racrrrfl,
n rracrHbrM uHTepecoM; paccMoTperb npaBo Yracrnfl. qepe3 o6Iqne noJloxeHut
o cy6lemuBHoM
rpaBe, BblAenllrb ero cTpyKTypy, Aarb onpeAeJleHlle npaBy
wacTvrfl;
- AaTb onpeAeneHr.reaKTaMKopnopaqvrvru ee yracTHI{KoB, BbIAenLITbUX O6UIZe
U pa3HOBHAHOCTI4;
rrpr43HaKl4
- [poaHaJrr{3r{poBaTbpa3HoBkrAHocTr{
aKToBKopllopalll4u 14ee yqacTHI4KoB,I{X
Mecro B cl{creMe roplrAlrqecKr{x Qar<ron c rorIKLI 3peHLIt AorMbI rpaxAaHcKoro
rrpaBa;
- u3rluTb
vr
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ocHoBaHI4t
I,I3MeHeHI{g
BO3HI4KHOB9HU[,,
Lr npeKparqeHkrfl, npaBa yY.acrvrfl. B KopnopalJkrvr.
paMKax uccJIeAoBanvrfl,
ocHoBa rrccJreAoBaHrrr. B
MeroAonor[qecKafl
ncrronb3oB€IllrcbcJreAyrcrql{eMeroAbr: rrcropnuecrzfi, cl{creMHblit, anatturuuectrufi,
r{HAyKTrrBlrtstit, JIon{qe cKufi , crpyrryp Horo aHaJrvr3a.
ocHoBy
TeopernuecKyro
rrccJreAoBaunr, cocraBJlslor
rpyau
BI4AHrIx
AopeBoJrroqproHHbrx,coBercKr{x 14 coBpeMeHHbrx III{B}InI{croB. I4cnonrsoBaHkre
o6nrupHoro ilepeqHr pIcrorIHnKoB rro3BoirLIJIonpocneAl4TbgBoJIIoIII{Io nsrrsAoB Ha
paccMarpvrBurr4 6omrue
coBercKrle yrreHble
EcrrE AopeBonroquoHHbre v
3arpan{BaeMbre upo6reuu.
o6qze
Borrpochr cyrrlHocrlr roprlAlrqecKoro rur\a, ero
opfaHoB, To coBpeMeHHbre aBTopbr Harr€urrr I,r3r{eHr.re KoHKperHbIX BorlpocoB
BHyrpeHHrrx ornoruenufi
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rcpuAr{qecKoro Jrr4rla. B
[poBoArrcr
cBf,3r4 c reM, qro
leprloA
HerrpoAonxuremnrrfi
raKlae
BpeMeHkI,
parpaboraHHocrb srofi TeMbrrro cpaBHeHr{roc rrHocrpaHHbrMrrrrcroqHklKauu rcpafine
Malra.
llpo6neivrrr,
B rpyAax
rocraBJreHHbre B
raKkrx BeJII4KIIx poccuficrux
E. B. Bacrnoncrurfi,
A.A.fpuulr,
K. lI. flo6eAonocrtreB, H. C. Cynopon,
f. (D.IllepureueBr4q.
nacrosulefi
pa6ore,
III{BLIJII{CTOB,
KaK:
B. E. Ertrrrtenuu,
VI.T.Tapacoe,
3arparvB€urllcb
I.14. Aaapenrau,
A.Vl. Kauunra,
n. |I. I{nronnu,
B coBercKyro gnoxy BaxHbre p.JrflHacro.f,rrlefipa6oru rpyAbl HarrucaJrr4
M. M. Arapron, C. C. Arexcees, C.H.Eparycr, B. n. fpn6auon, O. C. I4o$$e,
M. I4. Kynaruu,E. E. tlepeuaxvn.
O. A. Kpacaa.rnron,
Terr,ry[paB yrracrHr,rKaKoploparlun n rcpr,rAr,rqecKr{x
Sarron pacKpbIBilJII{
B cBorrx rpyAax raKrre coBpeMeHHbre
aBTopbr,KaK: A. E. Ea6aen, B. A. Eenon,
C. C. BunrraH,
A. B. fa6oe,
A. A. fryrueqrufi,
B.VI.,{o6ponoltcruft,
B. B. .{omancrax, B. C. Evr, M. H. Irfurouzua, T. B. Karuauuua, H. B. Koenona,
A. B. Jloruarzu,
C. A. Morurescrcuir,
A. A. MaroncKar,
B. II. Mosolun,
C. B. Cap6aru, il\.14.CrenaHon, II. B. Crenanoe, E. A. Cyxanon, f. B. I{enon,
V. C. L[urruna.
HayuHan HoBrr3Harrcc.rreAoBaHrrfl.
llpe4crameHHar pa6ora flBrrngrcs,
nepBbrM
r4ccJreAoBaHHeM,
B KoropoM B paMKaxcyrqecrnyroqefi B HayKeKoHrlenqur4noHrTkrs,
rrpeAMerarr coAepxaHurs.
Kop[oparr{BHbx orHorrreHr4fi,c yreroM 3aKperrJreHr{{
s I-K
peurenuft co6panufi KaKcaMocrorreJrbHororoplrAkrqecKoroSarcm nupa6orano HoBoe
KOMIIIeKCHOe
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[peACTaBneHI4e
kr rIpeKpaIIIeHI4JI npaBa yracrus.
O MeXaHII3Me
BO3HLIKHOBSHI4fl, I{3MeHeHLIt
B Kopnopaqur4 KaK eArdHoro (ylrurapnoro)
cy6mruBHoro nrpaBa,Ha ocHoBeoco6ofi rpynnbr ropr44ruecKaxfiarron -
aKToB
Koprropaquvu ee )nracrHuKos.B Aannoft AucceprarlLrprBnepBbreuccJreAoBaHo
Brrkrnnr4e
yK€BaHHbrxropr4AaqecKaxSarron Ha Ar.rHaMr4r(y
eAr{Horo [paBa yqacrLrfl..
flpz erou B paMKax HoBoro KoMrrJreKcHoroHayqHoro [peAcraBneHtrfl:
- cQopuynupoBaH caMocrorremnnfi
noAXoA K onpeAeJreHr4roMexaHra3Ma
ABI{xeHI,It [paBa y.uacrus.Ha ocHoBaHvLrHosofi rpyrrrrbr ropr4Ar.rqecKrax
Qarron,
KOpUOpaTLTBHbTX
aKTOB;
- o[peAeneHa ponb KoplopaTrIBHbIX aKToB B rIeJroM, a TaKXe r{X OTAenbHbrX
pa3HoBliAnocrefi [pI{ Bo3HLrKHoBeHr{Lr,
Lr3MeHeHuvrv [peKparqenun
- IOpI4AI4TIeCKI{e
fiarrrr,
[paBa y-i;acrufl;
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BrIAeJIeHrI He roJIbKo rlo ux coorHorrleHl{Io c soreft cy6rerra
ylacrkrfl,,
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Ho raKxe eule r4 no orpacneBoMy nplrHrlrlny z c$epe Bnufr:nvrfl;
9
- B[epBbIe
B KarIecTBe caMocTo.f,TeJIbHoLI rpyrrnbr
IopuAurIecKLIX $arron
p ac cMoTp eHbI Aeft c TBvrfl. rracrHl4Ko B Kopn o p arJkrvr,BbrAeiIeHhI r,rx o6lque [prI3HaKLI,
ocyulecrBJreHaux KJlacc[Suraqrar;
- aKTbrKop[oparlvrkrLr ee rracTHuKoBr{ccJreAoBaHbl
KaKIop[AkIrIecK[e Qarru,
KOTOpbre cyqecTByroT
trcKJlroquTeJrbHo B KopuopaTLIBHbIX oTHOIIIeHVflX U BJIIItrcT
ToJrbKo Ha orHorrreHvrn, cKJraAbrBarourlec.n BHyrpId xossficrseHHblx
o6qecrn;
noHtrl{Io
(f{acrue
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KoTopofo
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caMocroflrenrnrrfi
rroAXoA K
(4eficrnraton 6es4eficrnuro);
B Kopnopaqun) KaKrroBeAeHlIIo
paccMarpprBaerc., uccneAoBaHo KaK eAr{Hoe (ynurapnoe) cy6reKruBnoe rlpaBo Bo
B3aI{MocBr3I{Bcex ero rrpaBououzft, rroH{TI4t (flacrl{e
a rarcKe
B Koplopar\prr4>>,
KoplopaTr4BHofo14rracTHofo I4HTepecoB;
- crpyKTypa
yrracTufl. krccJreAoBaHa B
[paBa
acleKTe
BlrvflHns.
Ha
aKToBKoplopaquv v ee
BO3HHKHOBeHLTe,
rr3MeHeHrren [peKparrleHue ee SJIeMeHToB
rracTHr{KoB.
[o.noxeHr{fl , BbrHocIrMbIeHa 3aIIIrITy:
1. KopnoparlrBHbre aKrbr
LIMeIOuII4x caMocTotTenbHylo
oro
HoB€uI fpymla
[pLIpOAy,
rcpllAurlecKvx
KOTOpa.u Bblpax(aeTct B
Qamon,
nOnenOfi,
Ha[paBnennoft AerreJrbHocrlr KoprroparlLru Lr ee rrJreHoB B cBfl3r4 c f{acrrreM
B Kopnoparlr4kr 14 ynpaBJreHHeM €b,
u
rrpeKparqeHlre rpaB
v
BireKyrrlux Bo3Hr4KHoBeHue,r,r3MeHeHr4e
o6.ssaHHocrefi HerrocpeAcrBeHHo roJrbKo y
cauofi
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MarepualbHbrx qennocrefi .
,{auurte }opI4AI{rIecKI{eSarrrr
rpy[ilLrpyrorcs rro [pnHrlr4rry orpacneeofi
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rraccuQuKarln14 B paMKax KJraccr{rrecKoro AeJreHr4t ropr4Ar4qecKr{x Qarron
lpax{AaHcKofo npaBa.
K ropuoparplBHbrMaKTaMorHocrrcr aKTbrKopnopaquuu ee f{acrHr{KoB.
2. PeureHz.flo6ulero co6panut fracrHr{KoB Koplopar\ur4, coBera AprpeKTopoB,
KoJIJIeruaJIbHoroI4cnoJlulrreirbHoro opraHa rro cBoeft [plrpoAe orHocf,Tcs r oAnofi
l0
lpynrre rcprrAlrqecKuxSaruon, o6oco6uenHblxor Apyrux rcpl,IAurlecKllxSarton.
Bg4elenrr
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rpytrny, ux upoqe4ypnufi xapaKrep, cnequQuqecKrle ocHoBaHLIflrIplI3HaHHf,
ToJrbKor{M [pncyq]Ie
HeAeficrBureJrbHbrMl{,
upaBoBblenocJleAcrBut. Bnepuue
orrpeAeJreHo caMocTo.trTenbHoe MecTo 3TI{X KOpnOpaT[BHbIX aKTOB B CI{CTeMe
ropl4AlrqecKl{x
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qro
BHecrLI
norpe6onaro
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cneAyloullle
n o6ulenpr{HrrryronnaccuQuKarlnrorcpr{ALrqecKLIX
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eAI4HonIlqHbIe
eAr4Horr{qHue 6y4yr AeJlurbct Ha IopI{AI4qecKpIeaKrLI (c4emu)
r4 KoJrJrerr{€lJrbHbre;
v ropLrqvrirecKlre[ocryrrK]U Konnerr4€urbHblegeitcrvnx (ronlerz€LllbHble BoJIeBbIe
arru) 6ylyr BKJrrorrarbBoJreBbreaKTbr,[pr{HI4MaeMbIep€t:nuqHblIraucoo6rqecrBaMu,
B ToM qr.rcfle aKTbr KoJrJrerr{aJrbHbrxopraHoB Kopnopalluu. Peueuue
o6ulero
co6panux cneAyer rcnaluQuqrrpoBarb KaK lopuAllqecxptfi Qaxr, uueroqufi
ycraHoBJreHHyro3aKoHoMrIlIcbMeHHFo Qopvty AoKyMeHra.
Arru
eA[HorrlrrHoro
vcrroJrHr.rreJrbHoro opraHa Koplopaqzll
B paMKax
Kopnoparr{BHbrx orHorrreHnft ornocflTcfl K IopLIAI4qecKLIMnocrynKaM, nocKoJlbKy
coBeprnarorc.fl B
rrpoqecce
ynpaBJreHqecrofi AetrenbHocrll,
xr{3HeAerreJrbHocrb Koprroparlr4r,r.Tarue
o6ecnequBalor
aKTbI IlMe}or eoneeofi xapaKTep, Ho
prx Ha rrpaBoBbrerrocJreAcTBrl.[
3HaqeHLI.f,.
He pIMeeTIopLlALIqecKOrO
HanpaBneHHocTb
3. Yqacrze
B Kop[oparllrrr
9ro
npaBoMepHoe v[rur HerlpaBoMepHoe
loBeAeHlre (4eficru4e vrru 6esAeficrnue) .meHa Koplopawrr4, Koropoe oKa3blBaer
Ha Kop[opaqurc u ee yqacrHtlKoB. flon.srla.f, (f{acrl4e
HerrocpeAcrBeHHoeBrrvrfl:nare
Kopllopalll4kt) He tBJltroTcfl
B Kopnopa\vu>> rr (yqacTr{e B ycTaBHoM KarrLTTaJIe
pa3Hbre acneKTbl cBt3LI Kopnopallnn n ee
TaK KaK OTpaX{arOT
TOXAeCTBeHHbTMT{,
rracrHLrKa.
Teopuu KopnoparllBHoro npaBa fracrl{e
YcraHasrkrBaercfl, rrro c p€r3Br{Tr4eM
B Kop[opar\krr4 Moxer 6urr
LrMeror cBfl3v c Koprropaqneit,
Taruu
paclpocrpaHeHo Ha JIuII, Koropble IopI{AI,IqecKI{ He
no QarrzqecKLr y[paBJltrcT
IopLI,qI{qecKLIM nI4IIoM.
o6pasou, yqacrrre B KoploparJLrLtHe 6yAer cB.f,3blBarbc.rrIcKnroqI{TeJIbHo
c rrpaBoBbrMcTaTycoMyrIacTHI,IKa.
n
KopropaTliBHblx
aKToB (amon
BO3HLIKHOBeHI4TI
npeArrocbllrofr
opraHLr3arIUOUnOfi
4. Kffo.resofi
Koplopaquu
vr
ee
flBJIfleTcf,
yracruurou)
craryca fIacrHI4Ka Kopllopar\vlvt, B cl'Iny qero y Hero
upuo6pereHl{e cy6terroM
OKa3bIBaTb
BblpaxarcilIeecf, B BO3MOX(HOCTII
eAXHOe IIpaBo y::qra}TvIfl.,
BO3HLIKaeT
Ha Kop[opaqlilo
oAHOcTOpoHHeeBJII4JIHLIS
n ee yqacTH]IKoB. O6remoru
rBJlfleTcf, aKTLIBHoenpaBoMepuoe noBeAeHLIe (yuacrne B ropnopaqvu)
npaBa
caMoro
VqACTHLIKA.
Crpyrrypy
npeAocraBJItIOTCfl yrlacrHl{Ky
ilpaBoMorll4t,
cocTaBJI,IIoT
yqacTufl
npaBa
B CI4ny oAHOfO JII4ITIL Qarra
KOTOpbIe
Bo3HI{KHOBeHI{,
rrJreHcKoro upaBoorHorueu?Irl. BrrAeneH cJreAytoqrafiuoerrfi cocras upanououufi
npaBa Yracrufl.i
- npaBoMorll{eHa r{acT}Ie B yrIpaBJIeHIrI',I
KOpnOpaIII4eI{;
- rrpaBoMoqueHa noryrreHr{e un$oprualllll{ o AesreJlbHocrl{ KopnopaIII4LI;
[paBOMorII4e
;
KOHTpOJIbHO-peBI{3[OHHOe
lpaBoMorlue Ha rpeKpalqeHrle Y{.acrvfl. B Koplopa\wr;
lpaBoMoque
flpano
Ha 3aIqI,ITy KOpIOpaTIIBHO|O
yqacTvlfi,
B
BI4Ae
II qaCTHOIO LIHTepeCa.
[epeqLIcIeHHbIX
npaBoMorIpIH
peaJII,I3yeTCt
BHyrpId o6lqecrna ra He oKa3blBaer BlrtrflHufl' Ha TpeTbI{x JIllII,
trcKJrrorllaTeJrbHo
Ha Kopnopaql4lo I4 ee yqacrHt4KoB,
cBq3aHoc oAHocTopoHHHMIIpaBOBbIMBJIIIf,HkIeM
He rrofarllaeTcfl nOcJIecBOeftpeaJII{3aIII4v\He OlocpeAyeT ABUXeHEeMarepuEuIbHbIX
rlenHocrefi.
B rrpaBey'{'acrkrfl\peaJll,l3ylorctyqacrHl4KoM
5. BosN,roxHocrtl,3aKrroqeHHbre
Aeficrsufi. Taxue AeircrBr4fl'orHoctrct
rrocpeAcrBoMaKrr{BHbrxoAHocropoHHI,IX
K KopnoparraBHbrM aKTaM, kr prx cneAyer
rnaccnQullnpoBarb
B KaqecrBe
oAHocroposge-o6s3brBaroulux c,qeJroK.Ha erona ocHoBaHuu neo6xoAllMo BrIAeJITITI
TaKofi
BrrI
oAHocropoHHe-o6r3brB€lroqnx cAeJIoK, KaK
aKTbI yqacrHl{KoB
KopnopaqruI.
Tarcze aKTbr r{Meror noreeoft
xapaKTep u HaIIpaBneHbI Ha ynpaBJIeHI'Ie
o6qecrsoM, co6rroAeHl4eI{ AocrLIXeHLIeero I{HTepecoB.
t2
14 npeKpalqeHne
6. BosHI,IrHoBeHI{e
IIpaBa
Yla;cTk1fl' BcerAa
cBt3aHo
rLnu aKI,JJ/.vr
c Bo3HrrKHoBeHLreMLTnpeKparqeHueM qJleHcKoro [paBoorHoIrIeHLIx. flonu
(npano )ruracrr,rr)He rrepexoAf,TK o6rqecrey u o6paruo K yracrHl4KaM. Onu
BO3HI{Ka}OTnpu
troflBJIeHIII{ oAHoft u3 cTopoH rIJIeHcKoro [paBooTHoIueHI{rI
lr flpeKpaqalorct
OcnosaHlaeM Ant Bo3HI{KHoBeHI{t
B cBfl3l{ c ee ncqe3HoBeHI,IeN{.
rrpaBa yracrvfl, rBlrrerc.n unu Qam frpe)KAeHl{f, Kopnopa\ur4,I4Jl}I BHeceHLIeBKJIaAa
B r{MylrlecrBo KopropaIIIaLI (ustuenenne crpyKrypbl
Ocnonanneu \IIfl
IIpeKpaIqeHvIs,rpaBa fIacTLIt
Koplopauuu (r. e. r{crre3HoBeHrlecy6rerra
ee ycTaBHoro KarlnraJla).
tBJIteTct rrpeKpalqeHl{e caMoft
rIJIeHcKoro rlpaBoorHolrleHl4.fl),nuxo4
nOprAKe, B pe3ynbTaTe Koropofo yMeHblxaeTct
r{acTHHKa B OAHOCTOpOHHeM
lr3MeHeHrre cTpyKTypbl
KOlLrqeaTBo yqacTHprKoB Koprroparlzu, npollcxoArrr
ycTaBHofo KaTILITa[4.
Arr yracrHr.rKa Kopropaqr4r4BJrerrersa co6ofi npnuqunl4aJlbHo IlHbIe npaBoBble
IIocJIeAcTBI{r, Hexenu
rpaxAaHcKo-IlpaBoBat
cAeJIKa, B paMKax MexaHI{3Ma
ABHxteHU t ilpABa YIACTVrfl..
tr{sl,reHeHlderrpaBa y.qracrtrfl,Moxer 6uru KoJIIlqecrBeHHbIMI{ KarIecrBeHHbIM.
pa3Mepa AonLI }^racrHllKa
Konu.recrBeHHbre r{3MeHeHr{rrcBr3aHbI c I,I3MeHeHLIeM
c I{3MeHeHI4eMo6reua
r{ coorHorrreHlrr s o6uecrBe Aonefi, a rauecrBeHHbl
npaBoMorruitrtpanay'racrufl.I4nI{rIop{AKaHXpeuwuar\Ltr4.
sergerct BKJTaAB klMylqecrBo
OcHosaHLreMAJu KoJrrrqecrBeHHbrxLr3MeHeHLIit
Kopropaquu
tu6o upuo6pereHlre AonH (arqufi)
yqacrHnKoM Kop[opallnu'
ecJIlI
coorHolrlelnfl, Aolefi s o6qecrse.
yKa3aHHbreAeficrBur BneKyr r43MeHeHr4e
HoBofipeAaKIII'Iu
cBr3aHbrc Sarrovr cyulecrBoBanufl,
r{3MeHeHprs
Ka.recrseHHbre
ycraBa Kopropaqw
vfirvr ee BHyrpeHHnx AoKyMeHToB.
7. KonlerualbHbre
BoneBbre
aKTbr
HI{KorAa
He
tBJltrorct
rIpaBoBbIM
ocHoBaHr{eM AJrf, Bo3HtrKHoBeHvrfl,rr3MeHeHI{t I4 flpeKparl\eHLrfl.npaBa Yracrhrfl,. Tarue
aKTbr ycTaHaBJILrBaroTirr4rrrb npaBlrira ocyuIecTBJIeHI{s [pOIIeAypbI,
roropofi
Moxrer upozsoftrz
TaKoro ABr{xeHus. Arrrr
B pe3ynbTaTe
ABrnKeHHenpaBa yv.acrvrfl., co3AaIor npeAnocbIJIKlI
}rqacrHrrKa Koplopa\ur4 He sBrlslorct ocHoBaHIleM AJII
13
VT r43MeHeHr{r [paBa YlacTrrfl., oAHaKo oHIA MOryT tBJItTbCf,
BO3HUKHOBeHT{.f,
B xo3tfi crBeHHbIXo6ulecrnax.
ocHoBaHHeMAJrr rpeKpaq envrflrrpaBa v-tracrvrfl,
r.r [paKTurrecKas 3HarrrrMocrb p$yJlbraroB
ArlcceprallrloHHoro
IfccJleAoBanilfl, npoflBJrrercr B ToM, qro oHr{ MoryT 6urr
ucnoJlb3oBaHbl: [pLI
Hayvnan
locJleAyrouleM
r{ccneAoBaHuu
Hero
vr [por43BoAHbrx or
rrJreHcKoro
rrpaBoorHoureHufi, ocnonanufi
Bo3Hr{KHoBenvrfl, rr3MeHeHurr, rrpeKparrleHlrr;
oTHoIIreHu.s
KopnopaTl4BHoro
rlpv
vr MexaHIl3Ma r4x
parpa6orre
Aamsefiueft
clerlr4€urbHbrxc[oco6oe 3arrluTbr rrpaB yqacrHlrKos xogxficrBeHHblx o6qecrn; upu
pa3perrreHur4crropoB, BbrreKaroqrlx r{3 Koploparr4BHbrx otHoureuufi,
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25
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