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??? 130.1+17.03
??????? ?????. ???. 17. 2015. ???. 1
?. ?. ??????
? ???, ??? ?????? ???????? л??╗ (?? ????? ? ?? ??????)*
????????? ?????? ???????? ???? ????? ?? ??????????? ?????. ????? ??????????, ??? ????
??????????? ????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????, ?а????????? ?? ?а??? ?????????? ??????? ???????, ??????????? ?а??????? ?а???? ???????????? ????. ??? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ????????? ????????? ?а???????????
?????: л?????? ???????????╗, л??????? ???????????╗ ?ал???????╗. ????? ?а?????? ??????????????? ???? ??????????? ?а???????????, ?????????????, ??? ???????? л??????╗ ?а??? ????????
л??╗, ???????? ??????? л????????-??????╗ ?ал????????-??╗, ???????????? ???????? ???????
????? ????????. ?? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ????? ???????? ?а?????? ?а??????????? ????????????? ?????????? ???? ??????????? ????? ?а???????? ????????-??.
???????? ?????: ?????, ????????, ??????????? ?????, ??????????, ??????????.
A. E. Radeev
WHAT IT MEANS TO SAY ?YES? (ACCORDING TO NIETZSCHE AND NOT ONLY)
The article deals with Nietzsche?s idea of affirmation of life. Author claims that the idea belongs to the
late Nietzsche and is linked with the image of child in legend of spirit?s transformation. To expound
on the idea author gives a detailed description of some moments of value production in Nietzsche?s
philosophy. These moments are ?eternal recurrence?, ?gift-giving virtue? and ?joy?. These moments are
compared with the experience of the positive and the negative. In the article the two types of experience
are analyzed and it is established in what sense the two refer to what is pro and what is contra. Author
suggests that it is possible to invent the notions of pro-movement and contra-movement and to define
some aspects of the notions. Based on this analysis, the author comes to the possibility of comparing the
Nietzsche?s idea of life-affirmation with the notion of pro-movement.
Keywords: Nietzsche, value, affirmation of life, the positive, the negative.
?? ????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ????????? ?а ????????? ?????
?????????? ?а ?????? ???????. ????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ????????
????????? ????? ?а ??? ????????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?????, ?а ?????? ??????
????? ?????????? ???? ???????, ?? ???????? ?а ??????? ???????? ?а ??????????
????????????. ?????????? ????? ???????? ???? ????????????? ?????????????, ??????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????. ???????, ???? ?а ?????
???????????????? ?а???? ????? ???????????, ??? л?????-??????╗, ????? ?????????, ??? ????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ?????????а ? л?????-????????╗ ???
л?????-??????????╗,а? ???????, ?? ??????????, ?????? ????? ????? ?а???????.
????? ???????, ??? ????????????????? ????????? ?а????????? ????? ????? ?????
?????????, ???? ??? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????.
??? ??????? ????????? ???? ????? ???????????? ?а????? ?????. ?а????? ??ал??????????????? ???????????╗ ????? ???? ????? ?????????: л??????? ???????
?????? ????? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ????, ??????, ???????? ????????? ??????????????????? ???????????????? ????????????, ?????????? ?????????, ?????-?????????, 199034,
??????????????? ?????????? 7?9; artem_radeew@mail.ru
Radeev Artem E. ? Candidate of Philosophy, Docent, St. Petersburg State University, 7?9, Universitetskaya
nab., 199034, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation; artem_radeew@mail.ru
* ?????? ???????????? ??? ????????? ???? ? ?????? ??????? ?а13-03-00429 л???????????????? ?Homo aestheticus? ? ??????????? ????????╗.
140
????????, ??? ??????, ?а?????; ??? ?? ???????, ??а????????, ??? ?????? ????-??????
???????╗ [1, ?. 62]. ???? ???????? ??????? ???? ????? (?а?? ????????? ??? ??????
???????? ????? ?? ??????????? ?? ????????????? ?????, ???, ??? ????????, ???????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ???????), ?? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????
л???????????╗ ????????: ?? ?????????????, ???????????? ?а????? ???????? ??????
??? ?????? ?а??????????? ?? ????, ?? ????? ????? ???????? ??????. ????? ?????
??? ???????? ??????: ?? ????????????? ?? ????????? ???, ?а?????? ?????? л???????
??????╗ ??? ?а??????????: л????????? ?а??????╗.
????? ??а????? ?????, ??????????, ???????? ?????????? ???? ???????? ?????
л??╗. ?а ????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ?????????? ??? л?????? ????? ???????????
?????╗. ???? ???? ????????? ????????? ??????????, ?????? ??? ?????????????
?????? ??????, ?а ????????? ??????????? ????? ????? ????????, ??? ????????
?????? ????????? ????? ?а ???????? ??? л??????????? ?????╗ [2, p. 3; 3, p. 169].
?а????? ????, ?а????? ????? ????? л??╗ ?ал???????????╗ (???????? лBejahung╗ ?????? ????????? л???????????╗ ?ал??╗), ?а???? ??????? ??????? ??????????, ????? ???????, ??? ?а????? л??╗ ?????? ??????? ????.
? ???? ?????? ? ????? ??, ??-??????, ??????????? ????? ???? ???????????
?а??????????? ??????????? ?????, ?а??-?????? ? ????????? ??????, ?????????
????? ???? ?????, ?а ?????????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??????, ??????? ???????
???????? ??? ???? ??????????? ?а???? ???????????.
??? ????? л??╗ ?а??????
???? ???????? ?а????????? ?????, ?? ???????? ????????, ??? ????? л?????????? ??╗ ?????????? ?а??? ???????? ?????. ????? ????? ?а?ал?????? ????? ???????????╗, ?а?ал??????? ??????????? ?????╗, ?а?ал????? ?????????, ????? ??????????
?а????????? ??????????? ?????╗ [4, ?. 19, 701, 730]. ????? ??????????? ?????????
?? л??????????? ??????????╗, ?? л??????????? ?а?????????? ????????? ?? ?????,
??? ?? ??? ??? ?????????, ?????????, ??????????╗, ?а ???????????? ???????????
???? ?а ?????? ??????????? ?????????, ??? ??? л?????? ????? ???????????, ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????????╗ [4, ?. 730, 741, 743]. ??? ???? ?????????????
???? л???????????╗ ???????? ????????, ??? ???, ??-??????, ??????????? ????????????? ?а???????, ?????????? ????? л??? ??????? ??????????╗, ?, ??-??????, ????????? ?????? ????? ????? ????, ??????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??? л??╗ ?????,
??????????????? ?????????? л???╗.
????? ???????? ?????????? л??╗, ????? ????? ?????????? ?а???? ?????, ??? ?а???
????????? ???????? ??????????. ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?а??? ??????????
л???? ???????????? ????╗ ??а?????? л??????????╗ (???? ????? ???? ???????????
?а?????? ??? ????????? ????? ???????? ????? ? ?а?????? ??????????). ???????,
??? ???? ???? ?а???? ???????, ???????????? л????????╗, л????╗ ?ал???????╗, ??????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ??? ?????????, ???????? ?а??????????? ?????????.
???? л????????╗ ??????????? ????? ???????? ?????, ????????? ?? ?????????????
? ?а ?? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ???????? ??, ?а л???╗ ????????? ?? ?????????
?а?????, ??????? ??????? ?? л?????? ???╗ ????? ? ?а?? ?? ????? ?а??????????????
????????? л????? ????????╗, ?? л???????╗ ???????????? л???????╗ л???╗ ?а??????????????? ?????, ??????????, ???????????? ????????? ????? [4, ?. 18?19].
141
??? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????????? ????, ??? ??????? ?а ????
??? л??╗, ??а?а??? ????????? ???? ????????? ?????. ?а?????? ?????? ? ??? ???????? ???????? ??? л??? ??????????? ????╗ [5, ?. 24?31], ??????? ?????? ?????? ???
?????? ???????. ??-??????, ?????? ?????, ??? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?а????????, ?а???, л??? ??? ?????????? ?????????, ????? ??????? ?, ???????, ????????
?????????? ???╗ (?????? ???.а? ?. ?.) [4, ?. 18]. ???? ???? ?????? ?а???????????????? ????????????, ??????? ?????, ???? ?????, ???? ????? ?????, ??? ???? л??????????? ????╗. ????? ???????, ??????????????? ????????? ?а????? ????????
?????? ??а??????????, ???????, ?а???? ???????, ???????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ???????? ?а ?????? ????????? ?а ?????. ??-??????, ????? ?а ?????? ?????
???????????, ???????????? ??????? ??????????????: ???? ???, ??? ?????? ?????
????????? ?а????????, ???????? ???????????? ?????????, ?. ?. ???????? л??╗ ?????. ?????????????, ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ?а???, ??? ???? ??? л??╗ ?????:
??, ??????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????????????, ??????? ????? ??ал????????╗
?????????,а? ?а??, ??????? ?? ????? ???? ???????, ?. ?. ?? л??╗, ??????? ??????????
???? ??? ????? ???? ????? ????????????. ?-???????, ????? ????? ????? л????????????╗ ?ал??????????╗. ?? ????, ??? ??? ????? ????? ?????????? ??? ????????:
???? ?? ????????????, ??? ??????????, ???? ?? ??????????, ??? ??????? ????? л??╗;
??? ??????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ?а????????????. ?а????????: ??, ??? ?? ????????,а? ?? ?а?? ??????????.
?? ???? ?? ??????????? ?? ???? ??????????? л???????????╗ л??╗ ?а?????, ??
??????? ??????? ?????? ????????, ??????? ???????? ??? ????? ??????, ??? ?а ??
??????? ???????? ?а?? ?????. ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ????????? ???????????
л??╗ ?????? ???? ??????????? ????, ?а??? ?? ?????? ??????????? ??? л?????? ?????
???????????╗.
???????, ??? ????? ???????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????????? ????? л??╗, ??????? ? ???????? ??????????, ???????, ??? ???????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????????? ???????????.
??-??????, ???? ???? ?а?????? ????? л??╗ ?а???? ??????? ???????????. ??????,
??? ??? ???? ???????????? ????????? л??????? ???????????╗ ??? ???? ????????????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????. ??????а? ??? л?????? ???????????╗ ??????? ?????????? ?а???????????, ?. ?. ?а????? ??????????, ??????? ??? ?????????????? ???????????, ??? ?а??????? ??? ????? ?????? ?а???? ????? ???? ???????????????. ?????
????????? ?а??????????? ?????????????? ??????????, ?а?????? ????????? ???????
?????? ?а??? ??????????,а? ?????? ??? ???????? ?а?????? ?????: л???? ???? ?????????? ?а????????, ????? ?????????, ????, ????????????? ??????, ????????? ????????╗ [4, ?. 19]. л?????? ???????????╗ ?а???? ????, ?. ?. ????????? ?а??????????? ??????, ???????? ??? ???? ???? ???. ?????? ?????? л??????? ???????????╗а? ?а???, ???
??? ??????, ?. ?. ?? ???????????? ????????? ?? ?? ??? ?????????. ???? ?????? ??????
????? ???, ??? ???????????? ???? ??????????? ?????????, ?????? ???? ???? ??
?а?????????? ????? ???????????, ?а?а???, ??? ??????????? ?? ????? ???? ???????????. ???? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ?а ????????????, ????????? ???????а ?
??а?? ?а?????????? ????? ?????????; л??, ??? ???? ?????????? ????? ?????? ?????
???????????╗ [4, ?. 19], ?а???????????, ????????? ????? л??╗ ???????? ???? ?а?????????, ??????а? ?а???????? ????????, ?а?? ?а?????????. ??? ???????? ????????
????????????, ??а?? ??????????, ??? ?а??????, ??????????? л????????╗, ??????????,
142
??а?? ??????? ?? ???? ??????????. ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???????????
????????????? ?????????????? ?? ?????????, ?????????? ?? ?????, ?? ?????? ?????? ?а???-?? ?????????????? ???????а? ?а??? ????? ??? ??????? ???????????
?а?????????, ?а?? ????????? ??? ?????????.
??-??????, ?а ????? ???? ???? ?а ????? ????? л??╗ ?а ??????, ????????????
??????????а? ???????? (?а????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??? л?????????╗), ????????????? ??????????? ?????. ?? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????: ??? ?? ?????????
????????? ???????????? ???????, ?? ??? ?????? ?????????????? ??????????????????? ????? ??????????? ???????????????, ?? ?????????? ?а????????????? ????? ??????? ?????? amor fati, ??, ???????, ????????? ??? л???????╗ ????, ??????????????? л???????╗ ???????????. ??? ???????????? ????? ?????? ?а?????? ??????:
???????а ? ??? ?? ???????????? ??? ?????-???? ???? л??????????╗, ???????????
???????? ????? л??╗, ?а ???????????? ?????????, ?а ??????? ????? ???? ???????
???? ??????????????. ?а?????? ?ал????????╗ ?а??????? ????? ??????? ??????????????, ???????????? л???????╗ л???╗ ?????; ?а?????? ?а????????????? ?а???????
????? ??????? ????? ?? ??????????????? ??????? ?а?????????????; ?а?????? ?аamor
fati ????? ??????????????, ??????????? ???? ??????????? ????????. ?????? ????
?????? ??????? ???????? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ???????????????? ???????
?а??? л???????????????? ??????? ?а????╗. ??? ???????а? ?? ?????????, ??? ???????????? ???????, ??????? ?? ???? ??????????? ?????????; ??? ???????а? ??????
??????? ????, ??? ??????? л???╗ ?????????? ?а ??????? л??╗. ?????? ?а ??? ??? ???????а? ???????????? ????????????? ????, ??? ??????? ?????? ??????, ?а?? ????????????? ??? ???????? ??. л??????? ?????, ??? ???????????? ????? ??????? ???????╗ [4, ?. 528]а? ?а????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???????????? ???? ?????????
???????, ?а?? ????????, ??? ???????? ???? л??????????????╗а? ?а???, ??? ????? ??
???, ?а??????? ??????????? ????????, ?ал??????????? ????╗.
?-???????, л??╗ ??????? ???????? ? ?а ????? ??????? ???????????. ??? ????,
???-?? ?????????? ?а????? ??????????? ??????, ???-?? ????????????? ??? л?????? ?а????????╗, ?????????? л?????? ????????????╗. ??? ?????????? ???? ?а????,
??? ?? ??????????? ?а???????????? ?????? ????? ?? ??, ??? ??? ????? ?????-?? ????????? ?а ?????????? ??? ?а ?????? ?а ??????,а ? ??? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ??? ?? ?????? ???????????????? ????????? ?а?????. ?а???? ????? ??????
????????????? ???????: ???????а ? ?????? ??????; ???? ??, ??? ??????????, ?????
????????? ?а???????? ????. ??а?????????, ??? ??? ??????????, ????????????? ??????? ??????????????: ???????? л??╗ ????? ?а?????? ?????? ????? ????? ????????
???? ??????????? ????????. ?а????? ?????? ?а??????? ??????????? ?????? ????
???????? ???????? ??????????????, ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?а????????? ?а?????. л??????? ???????????╗ ?? ?????а? ????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????, ?? ????????????? ???? ???????? ???? ??????????? ?????;
?а ???? л??????╗ ????? ?????????, ??? ?????, ???? ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ???????, ?????????????? ???????????, ?? л????????╗ ????? ?? ?????
????????? ?????? ???????: ?????, ???? ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ???, ??????????????
???????????. л?? ???????? ??? ??? ?а???? ??????????? (??????? ???????????.а?
?. ?.), ?????? ???, ?????? ?????: ???????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???????????
????! ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ??????????! ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ???????????!╗ [4, ?. 55]а ? ?а ???? ??????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???????
143
???????????: ?а??, ??? ??? ????????????? ????????? (?? ?? ????????), ?а??, ??? ???
????????????? ??????? ???????????, ?а ??, ??? ??? ????????? ????? ??а ????????
??????????? ?????, ?, ???????, ??, ??? ???? ???? ?а????????????? ??????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ?????.
????, ????? ???????, ??? ????? ????????????? ??????????? л??╗ ????????
?????? ???????????, ??????? ?а??????? ???????????. ???? ?????????? ???????? ???
??? ???????????? ?а????? ???????, ????? ??? ????, ??? ?????????? л??╗ ???????
?а??????????, ?? ????? ???? ????? ???????????: ???????? ?????, ???????? л??╗а?
??? ????????? ???, ?а??? ??????? ?а?????? ???????????.
???????? ????????, ??? ?а???? ??????????? ???????????? ?????????????? (?????????, ?????? ???????????), ????????? (???) ?а ???????????? (???????) ???????
????, ??? ?????? ???????? л??╗. ????????, ??? ??? ??????? ?? ??????????? ????? ????? ?????????, ?? ???????? ?? ???? ?а????? ??????????? ????, ??? ?? ????? л?????? ????? ???????????╗. ?? ???????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ?????
????, л??????????? ?????╗а ? ?? ?????? ???????????? ????? ?????, ??а ??????
?????????? ?????, ????????????? ??? ??????? ????, ??? ?????? ???????? л??╗.
????? ????????? ????? ??????? ??а ????? ??????????? ????? ????????????
????? ?? ?? ???? ????????-??????????? ????????, ??? ?? ????? ???????????
???? ????? ?а???-?? ?????
?????????? ????? ??????????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ?а ????????
????? ????? ?????? ?????, ??????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????????
?а ???????????. ?а ????? ????, ?а ????? ?????? ????????? л??╗ ????-????? ??????
??????????? ????? ??????????? (?????????, ??????????, ???????????)? ? ??? ??????? ???? ??????????? (???????????, ???????, ?????????)? ?? ????????????? ??
?????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ???,
???????? ??, ????????? ????????
????? ? ????? ?? ????????? ?? ????????? ????? ?а??????????? ??? ???? ????????: ?????? ????-???? ?а??. ?а????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????????????? ???
??, ??? ???????? ?а ???? л??????╗: ??????????????, ???????????????, ????????????; ??????? ?????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ??? ????????-??????. ?а?????
??????? ?????? ?????? ????????????? ??? ??, ??? ??????? ?а???? ??? л??╗: ????????,
???????????, ????????; ???? ???? ??????????? ? ?? ?????? ?????????-??. ?????????? ??????, ??? ??? ??????а? ????????? ?????? ?а????????? ??.
??? ?????? л??????╗ ?ал??╗?
??? л??????╗ ???????? ????? ?????? ????????а ? ?а ??????????, ?а ?????????, ?а?????????? ?а??????. ?????? ???????, ??? л??????╗а? ??? ???? ??а???? л??╗
(??????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? л??? ???, ??? ??????, ???? ??, ?а??? ??
?? ????????????╗), ??????а? ??? л??????╗ ?? ????????????? ??????? л??╗ (???????
????????? ??????????? ??????? л? ?????? ???? ??????╗).
????????? ????????? ??? ???????? л??????╗.
??-??????, ???? л??????╗а? ?????? ?????? ???????????. ????? ??????????а?
?а??? ??????????????????, ?. ?. ?а??????????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ?????????????. ????? ??????, ?????? ???????????а? ?????? ?????? ???-?? ???? ??? ?????????.
?а???? ?????? ???? ?????? ????-??а? ?????? ??????? ???-?? ????????? ???????????144
???, ??? ??? ?? ??????????? ???? ????????. ????????, ???? ???-?? ???????, ???
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????, ????? ???????? ????????????? ?????????, ????????????: л??? ? ???? ????????
???, ????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??????????╗. ???????, ????? ????????, ????????, ???
????? ?????? ??????, ???? ?а????, ??? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ?а??? ???????.
??-??????, ???? л??????╗а? ?????? ?????? ?????????????. ??????????? ? ??????? ?а???????????? ??? ?????????????а? ??? ??????????????: ????? ?????????????? ???????????, ???? ??? ???????????? ???? ?????? ???? (?????????? ????????????), ???? ????-??, ?????????? ??????????? (??????? ????????????). ???,
? ??????, ??? ? ?????? ??????-?? ??????, ??? ???? ?а???? ??? ?????????????????,
????????? ??? ??????? ???????????? ???? ?????, ??? ???? ?а????, ??? ?? ?? ????????????? ??? ??????, ??????? ? ?????? ???????????. ?а???? ?????? ????? ????????,
????????, ??? ????? ?????? ?????, ???? ?а????, ??? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ??????????????? ?????-?? ??????????? ??????????????.
????? ???????, ???? ?????? ????-??а ? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ??? ????????????????. ? ?????? ????????, ??? ???-?? ????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???,
??а??? л??????╗ ????? ??????????? ??? ????????????????? (?????????? ?????????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????????? ????, ??? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ?????),
??? ???????????? (????????????????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ?а ???, ??? ?????а? ???????? ?а?. ?.).
?????? ???????? ???????? ?а????? л??╗. ???? л??╗а? ?????? ?????? ????? ???
????????? ?а ??? ???????????. ???, ? ??????, ??? ? ?? ????????? ?????, ????
?а????, ??? ???? ?а?? ?????????? ??? ?а??? ?????????, ?а??????? ?а??? ?????????,
?????, ???????????????? ??? ???? ????? ????????? ?а??????, ???, ??????, ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ?а????????????. ??? ? ???? ????????, ??? ? ?? ????????? ??????, ???????????? ?? ?????? ?? ???????????: ? ???? ?а????, ??? ??? ?????????????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ?а?????? ???????????.
????? ???????, ??? ?????????? ???-???? (?. ?. ???????? л??╗) ???? ???????, ???
???????? (?. ?. ???????? л??????╗), ??? ??????????? ???? ?????, ??? ????????? ?????
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???????????? ?а?????????, ??? ????????-??: л????????????╗ ?????? ?? ??????, ???
?????? ???-??, ?????????? ???????? ?????????, ??? ??? ????; ?????? ?? ???????? ????
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???????? ????????-??????, ???? ???????? ?ал??╗ ??????????? ?а?????????????а?
?????? ???? ????? ???????, ????? л??╗ ????????????? ???? л??╗, ?а?? ?????? ???????? л??????╗. ??? ?? ???????????? ????? ??? ????????
?????, ??? ?а????????-?? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ???????. ????????, ????????-?? ????????????? ?????????????, ??????? ?а??? ????? ?? ??????? ?????????, ??????? ???? ???????? ?а ??????? л??╗. ????? ??, ??? ??? ????????
?а??????? л??╗ ?????????????? ???????????? ???? ?? ????, ??????????????? ?а????,
????????? ?? ????????-?? ????? л??╗ ??? ????? ???? ???????? ????? ?? л??????╗. ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??а?????? л???????? ??? ??????? ???????╗: л?? ? ???? ?? ?????????╗а? ?????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????????-??.
145
????? ???? ?? ?а???, ??? ??????? ?????? ??????????, ? ?а???, ??? ????????-?? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ?а?????? ????????-??: ?????? ????????? ????,
??? ???????? ???? ?? ?????????, ?????? ???????????? ???????? ????????, ??? ??.
??-??????, ????????-?? ?????????????, ??? ??? ?? ???????, ?а????? ???????????????: ?? ??????? ???????????? ?а?????? ????????-??, ??????? ??????????????
????????? (??????), ??????? ?????? ??????, ??? ?? ??????????????, ??? ????????,
?а?????????? ???а? ???? ?????? ??????? ?а?????????????. ????????, ?а?????????
????? ?. ????????: л???? ???? ??????, ???? ????? ??????, ?????? ????? ?? ????╗ ?
???????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????????-??: ?????? ??? ?????????????? ??? ????????????, ?????????? ???? ??????????? ??????, ????? ?? ???????. ?а?????????
??????? ????????? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????, ???
??????? ?????????? ??????, ?????????? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ?????????:
??????????? ?а???? ????????????? ????, ??? ???? ??? ??????????, ???? ??? ?? ?????????? ?а????????? ??????.
????? ???????, ???? ?? ???-??а ? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ??? ????????????? ????? ????-??; ??????????????? ????? ??????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ???
??????? ?????????? ??? ?? ????????????? ??????. ? ?????? ????????, ??? ???-??
????? ???? ?? ????????? ?????, ???????????? ??? ???? л??╗ ??????????? ??????????
(???????? ??? ????????? ?????) ??? ??? ????????????? (?????????? ?????? ????????? ????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ?? ???-?? ???????, ???
?????). ?а????????, ????? ??????? ?а???? ?а????? ????: ???-?? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ?????, ????????????, ????????, ??? ??? ???? ???-?? ?????? ??? ?????????
?????????? ?? ????, ?а???? ??? ???????; ??? ?? ????????????, ??? ???? ?а???? ?????? ?а???? ??????????, ??? ??????, ????????? ???????? ??? ????, ??????? ??????
???? ???????.
???????, ????? ????????????? ??????? ????, ??? ????? ????????-??????
?а????????-??, ??? ?. ????? ?а????????? ???????: л??????? ???? ?? ????????, ?????
??? ????? ???????, ????? ?а????? ???????, ????? ?? ??????????╗. л???? ?? ????????╗а? ??? ?????? ????? л??????╗: ????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ?а??????????????, ??? ?а??? ?? ????? ?а????????; л??? ????? ???????╗а? ??? ?????? ?????
л??????╗: ????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ?а ??????????????, ??? ????????
???? ????. ?а???? ??? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ????????-??
(??????????? ?а?????????????), ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ????????-?? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ???????: л? ????? ???????╗а? ????? ???? ???? ?а????? ???????? ??????, ?. ?. ?а??????, ???? ?????, ?а??? ????????, ??а??? ?????? ????????????
??????????, ??? ???а? ??????; л?? ??????????╗а? ????? ????? ???????? ?????????
?????? ???????? л??╗, ??????????? ?а ??????????????, ??а ???? ?? ????????????
??????.
????, ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ?а ??????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ?а????????, ???????????? ????????-?????? ?а????????-??. ???????? ????????, ??? ??????? ??????????? л?????????? ????? ???????????╗ (л??╗ ?????,
?????????, ?????????? ?а ??.) ??????????? ?а ?????????-??. ?а ????? ????, ?????????? л??╗ ???????????? ????? ????????? ???? ????????а? ??????????, ????????????? ?а ???????????????, ?а ?????? ??а ???? ???????? ????? ????????? ?а ????????? ????????-??. л??╗ ??? л??????? ???????????╗ ????? ????????? ?????,
????????? ?????????? ????????????? ???? ?а ?????; л??╗ ??? л???????╗ ?а ?????
146
????? ???????????? ?????, ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????-??; л??╗ ???
л?????? ???????????╗ ????? ?????????????? ?????, ????????? ?????????? ???????????? ?а?????? ???????? ?а??????.
??????, ??? ??а???? ?????????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ?а?????????
?????, ??? ?а????????? ?? ?? ????? ??????.
??? ???????? ????? ????????? ?????, ?? л?????? ????? ???????????╗ ?????
???????? ?? ?????? ?а???? ????????? ??????????? л????? ???????? ???????? ?????!╗, ??а?а????? ?????????а? ??? ????? ????????-??. ?а???? ?????? ????? ??????
??????, ?а ????? ?????? ???????? ????? ??????????. ??? ??????????, ?????????
???????? ????????? ????? ?а??????????????, ????????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ?а???????? ?а???????????? ?а????????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ?????????
???????? ?а??? ?????а? ??? ?????????????? ????????.
?????????????? ???? ??????????? ?а ??????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ????????? ????? ?а ????? ?а ??? ????????????? ?????? ????? ?????,
??а?а?????????????? ????????? ????????-?? ?а????????-?????? ??????, ?? ??????? ??? ?????????. ?а??? ?а????? ??????????? ????????? ?? ??????????? ???-??
?????????????, ??а ?а ?? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ????????? ?а ???????????, ??? ?
?а????? ??????? ????????? ????? ???????, ??? ????????-?? ?? ????? ???? ??????????? ?? ???-?? ???????????. ?а???? ?????? ?????????? ?а???????? ?а?????? ???? ??,
???? ???? ??? ????????-??????.
??????????
1. ????? ?. ???????? ?а??? ????. ?.: REFL-book, 1994. 400а?.
2. Reginster B. The Affirmation of Life: Nietzsche on overcoming nihilism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard
University Press, 2006. 312аp.
3. Hamilton C. Nietzsche on Nobility and the Affirmation of Lifeа//аEthical Theory and Moral Practice.
2000. Vol. 3, No.а2. P. 169?193.
4. ????? ?. ???.: ?а2а?.а/а????., ???., ????? ????. ?. ?. ???????. ?.: ?????, 1990. ?. 2. 829а?.
5. ?????? ?. ?. ????? ?а????????. ???????: ???????????? ?????,а2013. 304а?.
?????? ????????? ?а???????? 10 ???? 2014 ?.
147
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