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??? 1(091)+821.101.1
?. ?. ??????? *
л????? ????????╗ ?а?????????? ????????????
?а??????? ??????????? ????????? **
? ?????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?а?????????????-??????????? ??????
???????????? ??????????-?????????????? ??????? ?а????? ???????????? ???????
?а?????????? ????????????? ?????. ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? ????????????
????????? ????????????, ??????????? ?а????????? ????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ?а?????????????? ????????, ?а?????????? ???????? ?а?????? ????
????????????? ?????????? (??????????, ???????????, ???????????, ?????? ?а??.),
?????????? ????? ?? ???????????, ????????? ???????????????? ??????????????
???????????? ???????? ???????? ?а???? ?? ??????????????? ?????????????? ??????????? л? ?????╗ ?ал??? ????╗.
???????? ?????: ?????????? ????????????, ??????? ??????????? ?????, ????????
????????????, ????????????, ????? ??????, ????? ????????, ?????? ?????? ?????.
B. N. Tarasov
?Human being's mystery? in the works of Dostoevsky and Russian religious philosophers
The article considers a relation between religious-metaphysical problems and empirical
history and specific activity of the people in the art and philosophical method of Dostoevskij.
The unity, based on the spiritual anthropology of the historiography? s elements, eschatology
and a common life, constitudes the fundamental, genetic and typological community of the
writer?s works and of native thinkers, that discovered, as Dostoevskij, a consequence of the
fundamental strategic alternative of the man?s development and of the world ?with God? and
?without God?.
Keywords: Dostoevskij?s works, Russian religious idea, spiritual anthropology,
historiosophia, Christ?s law, people?s mystery, dark root of being.
*
??????? ????? ?????????? ? ?????? ?????????????? ????, ?????????, ??????????
???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ????????? ??. ?. ?. ????????, ???????????
??????? ????? ??, ?????????????? ????? ????????? ??????, ????? ???? ?а???????, ????????
?а??. ??????? ????????????? ?а????????????? ??????.
**
?????? ????????? ??? ????????? ????, ????? ? 15?34?11091? л??????? ???????????? ?????????? ?а??????? ?????????-???????????? ?????????╗.
??????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????. 2016. ??? 17. ?????? 2
179
I
??? ?а?????? ??????????? ???? ??????????? ????? ????? ???????: л??????? ???? ?????, ?? ???? ?????????, ?а????? ?????? ??????????? ??? ?????,
?? ?? ??????, ??? ??????? ?????; ?а????????? ???? ??????, ??? ???? ????
?????????╗ [5, ?.а28 (??.1), ?.а51].
? ?????????? ??????????? ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?а?????? ?? ???????????????? ???????????? ???????? ???????? ?а???? л? ?????╗
?ал??? ????╗, ?а??????????-?????????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ????????
???????? ????????????, ????????????, ??????????? ?а????????? ?????,
???????????? ?а??????? ?а???????????, ?а????????????? ??????? ???? ?????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????????.
??????????? ???????, ??? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ?а??????????. л??, ????????, ???????? ??????????? ???? ??????????
?????? ??? ????????╗ [5, ?.а11, ?.а184]. ?? ??? ?????????, ??????????????
??????? ???? л? ?????╗ ?а???????? ????? ?ал???????╗ ?????????? ??? ???????????? ???????????? л?????? ?????? ????? ???????╗, ?а??? ?а??????
?а??????????? ????? ??. ????????:
???? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????, ???? ?а????? ?????????????? ???????
?а???????? ?а????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ??????, ??? ??????? ?а???? ?а???
?????????? ?????, ? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ?а??? ?????? ? ?? ???????? ? ?а????
??????????? ???? ?? ????????, ?? ??? ??? ?????????? ??? ??? ??????? ????????? ???? ?а?????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ??????. ??????????? ???? ????? ?????
??????, ??????, ??????????, ?а????? ?? ???? ????? ????????? ??????: л??? ???????╗
???????????? ???????? ????? ?????: ????? ?????????; ???? ?? ?? ??????????,
??? ??? ??? ????, ?а???? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ????????, ??? ??? ??? ??????????
???????? ???? ????????, ?????? ???? ?а???????? ?а??????? ???? ?????????????
?а????????? ???? ????? ?а?????; ?? ??? ???? ?? ???????, ?? ??????? ????? ???
?? ????? [7, ?.а311].
???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????, ??????????? ?а????, ???? ???????????????
?????????? ???????? ?. ?. ????????? (л? ????, ?а???, ?а?????, ?а???╗), ???????
?а???????, ???????????? ?а???????? ??????. ?????-???? ??? ?а?????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ?а??????????? ????????????? ?????????????, ????? ?? ?????? ????????? ???????? ???? ????? ?а??? ??????????????
?????????????? ??????? ?а????????? ????? ?а?????? ????????????? ????.
????????? ???? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ?а??????; ????? ?? ??????????????? ???? ???????; ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ??? ???????,
??? ??? ??? ? ????????? ????? ????????, ??????????? ??????? ??????. ???
???????, ??? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ?а?? ???????, ??????? ??????????
????? ?????? [5, ?.а28. (??. 1), ?.а50].
? ????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????????? ?? ???????? ???????? л??????????????? ????╗ ?а????? ??? ?? ???????????? ?а?????????? ?а?????????????????, ???? ?? ??????????? л?????? ??????
180
????? ???????╗ ?ал??????? ?????╗ ???????? л??????? ??????????╗, ?а???????????? л?????╗ ??? л?????╗ ???????? ?ал????? ???????? ???????╗. ????
??????? ??? ??????, ?? ?? ?? ???????????? ?? ?????? ???? ???????????????
??????? ??????????? ?а?????????????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ???????????????
?????????. ??????????????? ??????? л??? ???????╗ ??? л??? ????????╗, л???
?а???? ???????????╗, ???????????? ?? ?????? ????????????, ?. ?. ???????,
???????, ???????? ??? ????????, ?????? ???????? ?а???????? ???????????????? ????????? ??????????, ??? ?? ????????? ??????????? ??????????????
??????????? ??????? ??? ?? ??????????? л??????? ?????╗ ?????. ?????? ????
????? ??????????? л??????╗ ??????????? ?????????????? ?????, ?????????
??????????? ??????, ??????????? ?а???????????? л???????????????╗ (??.
???????), л??????????????╗ ?ал??????????????╗ ????????, ??????? ?а?????????? ????? ?????????????? ????? ????? ??????????, ??????? ?? ??
?????? ?? ????????? ????????, ?????????? ?? ?????????? ????????-?????????? ????????? ?а???????? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????, ?? ??????
??????? ???????-??????? ?? ????? (???????, ?????????, ???????????, ???????????, ???????????, ???????????, ????????????? ?а?. ?.) ?? ??????-????????
(???????, ??????, ???????, ??????????, ??????????????, ?????, ???????????,
????????????????? ?а?. ?.), ??? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ????, ???????? ???
?а?????????? ??? ?????????????????? ????? ?а???????????? (??а?????????
?а???????????????)л??-??????????╗ ????????????, ??? л??????? ? ??? ??????
?????╗.
??? ????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????
?а????? ??????? ?а??????? ?а????????????? ????????????, ?? ?????????????
?а???????? ????? ??? ????, ?а??????? ??? ?????, ??????????? ????? ??????,
????????? ?? ??????????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????.
????????? ????????, ??? ?????? ????, ?? ???????? ?????????, ? ??????????. ????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????????. ?а????????????. ???? ??????? ???,
?? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?? ???? ?????, ?а???????? ????????? ?а?? ??????
??????? ?????? ?????????? ???????. ????? ??? ????? ????????? ??????, ???
?????? ???????? ?? ?????, ????? ???? ??? ????, ??? ??????????, ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?а?????? ????? ?? ???? (?а????? ????? ????????, ?а?????
?????? ?????????? ????), ???? ??????? ?????, ?????? ?а???? ????? ????? ??????? ????????, ??? ?????????? ????????????, ??????? ????? ??????? ???????
?? ????? ????????, ?? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?, ? ??? ??? ?? ?????????? ???
?,а?????? ??? ??????? ???? ?а??????? ???????????? ?а??????????. ?а??? ?????????? ???????. ????? ???????, ????? ?а????????? ?а??????? ?????????????????
???? ?? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????????????, ?????????????, ?? ??????????,
?а??????????? <?>
????, ??????? ????????? ?? ????? ?а??????, ???????????????? ??? ??????.
????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?а??????, ?? ???? ?? ???????? ??????? ?а?????? ?????? ?а????? ??? ??????? ???????? (?а? ????), ?? ?????????
????????? ?а?????? ??? ????????? ?????? [5, ?.а20, ?.а112?113, 177].
? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ????? ?а??????????? ?а???????????? ????????????, ?а???????? ??? ???????????? ?????, ??????????????
??????????? ????? ????? ?а???? ?а???????? ?а??????????????? ??????
181
??????. л??? ?????╗ ??????????? л??????? ?????????╗, ????????? ????
???????????? ?а??????? ??????????? ????????? ?а?????????.
??????????? ???????????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????????????
??????????, ????????????? ?? ??????????? ???????? ????? ????????? ???????? ?а???????????? ????????? ?а????? ????????? ?????????, ??????????
??????? ???????????? ??????? ????????????. ??? ?????????????-???????????
??????????? ????? ??????????????? ??? ?????????????, ?а??????? ????????
???????? ???????????????, ????????????, ??????????????, ?????????????,
???????????? ?а???? ??????? ???????????? ?а????????????? ?а??? ??? ????
???????????????? ??????? ????????, ?а??? ????????? ???????????????
?а????? ???????, ?а????????? ????????, ?? ???????, ???? ?а?????? ?????.
?????? ??????? ?. ?. ???????, ???? ???? ?а????????? ????????? ???????
???????? ?а????:
??????????? ?????? ???, ?. ?. ????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????
?а????? ????????? ??????, ?? ?? ?а????? ????????????????, ?а?а????? ? ??????
???????? [2, ?.а313].
?? ????????????, ?? ????? ??????? ????????????? ???? ????, ??????? ???
?????????? ????? ??????? ??????: ??? ???? ??????? ? ??????? ?????????
???? ?????? ??? ???????, л?????? ????????????╗, ??? ??????????, ????????,
??????? ?ал??????? ???????????╗ ?а???????? ??? ????????? ?а?????? ???????, ??? ????? ?а??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????????
????????????? ?а????????????? ??????????? ????????? ????, ???????? ??
?????????????????? ????????, ???? ?? ????, ????? ?ал???????? ?????????
????╗ (??? ?????????? ????? л??????? ?? ????????╗), ????? ?????? ?а?????????
????????? ?? ?????-?? ???????? ?а?????? ????? ?????. (??????? ?????????
?? ????????, ????????????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ? ??? ????? ??
??????????? ???????????? ??. ???????? ??? ????????? ???????????, ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ???????????????????
????????????? ?а?????????????? ??????????????.)
? ????????, ???? ??????? ???????????? ???? ??? ????? ?а??????? ?????,
????? ?? ????????????? ?????????, ????? ??? ????? ?????????? ???????????
?а?? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????????????, ?а??? ????????????
???????????? ????????, ?????? ?а??????????? ??????? ?а??????????? ?а???
?????????, ??????????, ?? ????????????, ?? ??????? ???????????, ?а?????????? ?????, ????????? ???????????? ????????? ???? ??????????????
??????, ???????????? ??? ??????????? ????????, ??????????????? ???????????, ???????? ??????????, ?????????????? ???????????, ?????????????
????????, ??????, ??? ???????, ??????? ?а?????? ???????, ????? ?а?????????
???????????? ?а????????????????? ?а????????? ?????????? л???????? ????????? ????╗ ?а?????? ???????????????? ???????? ????????, ???????????
?а??????? ?? ??????????????? ?????. ?? ??? ??????????? ?????????, ??
?????? ?????????? ??? ???? ???????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?а??????????? ????????, ?а?????? ???????? ???????????? ?а??????????? ??????
?а???? ?????, ??????? ??????? ??? ????????? ???????????? ????????????
182
?????????, ??????????? ???? ?а???????, ?? ??????????????? ?????????,
??????? ?а???????? ????? ??????????????? ?а???????????? ??????? ?????
??? ?????????? ??????? ?????, ?????? ????????? ????????, ?????? ??????,
????? ????????????.
?????? ?а????????????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ??? ????????? ? ??????? ?а??????????, ?????? ????? ???????? ?а?????????? ???????? ?ал?????
????????╗, ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?а??????? ?????????? ?а?????
???????????? ??????? ?а?????????? ????????????? ?????.
??????????? ????, ? ????????? ?? ?а????? ?? ?????, ? ??? ??? ???? ?а?????????? ???? (?????????? ???? ?а??? ? ??? ??? ????, ???? ?а?? ?? ????). ???????,
??? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??????, ?????? ?????, ???? ?а???? ?? ????? ??????? ???
??????????-?? ??? ???? ?а???, ???? ?????????? ??? ????, ?а??? ??? ???? ????.
?а???? ???, ?? ?????? ??? (???? ?а?????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ?а??, ???? ??
????????? ??????) ?а?? ???????? ???????, ?? ????????, ?? ?????????? ??? ??????
??? ???? ?? ?? ??????, ??? ????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????, ?а???? ???? ??????! [5,
?.а30, (??. 1), ?.а10].
????, ??????, ????????? ????????????, ??? ???????? ?????????????????
?а??? ????? ????????????????? ?а???????????????? ????????, ????????? ??
????? ??? ?????, ??????? ????? ??? ??????????, ??????? ???? ???????????? ???? ??????, ?? ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?? ??
??????????? ??????????????? л???????╗, ?? ?а?????? ????? ?? ?????.
??? ???????????? ?? л??????? ?а?????????? ??????╗ ???? ????? ???????
?а????????. ?а?????? ?. ?. ????????, ?????? ?? ?????? ?а???????????, ??
?а?а?????? ???? ????????????, ?????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????, ??????????? (??а?????? ???????? ???????????) ?? л??????
?????????????╗ ????????, ?? л????╗, ?а?? л????╗ ?а???, ?? ?? ????????? ???
???????? ??????, ?а?????????????? ?? ?????????? ????? ???????, л?????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?????╗, ?? ???????????:
?????? ???????? ?а?????: л?????????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????, ??,
??????? ??? ??????????╗ ?а??? ??? ????? ?? ?а??? ?? ??? ????? ?а????????????:
л?????, ???????, ????? ??????? ?а??????????, ??? ?????? ????? ?????????╗ ?
?а?????? ?????? ??????? ?а??????????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?а???????????
?????? [5, ?.а30 (??. 1), ?.а68].
??????????? ???????????? ??????????, ??? л?????? ???? ?? ????? ????
????╗ ?а??? ????????? ?????????? ?? ?а?????? ???????? л?????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????????╗. ????? ????, ???? ?а?????????? ???? ????
л???????????? ???????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ? ?????, ????????, ????????
???? ?а???????? ??????? ?а??????????╗, ??? ?????? ?а???? ???????????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ??? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ?????, ?а??????? ?? ??????
????? ??? ?????? ?а????????????? ????????? ??? ?а?????? ?а??????? ??????.
????? ???????, ???? ??????? ???? ????? ?а??????? ?????, ???? ???? ??????????, ?а??? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????, ????? ??????? ????????????? ???? ????????? ??????????? (л????????? ????????? ???????╗)
?а?? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????????????, ???????? ?? ?????183
?? ????????, ????????????? ?????? ?а?????????????? ????, ?? ???????????
????????, ??????? ????????? ??? ????? ??-??? ??? ?????????? ???????????
?а??????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????????, ??????????-??????????????? ????????? ?а?????? ?????, ?? ?????????????? ????????? ????????? ???? ?а?? ?????????? ?? ?а???????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????????????
?а??????? ??????, ?а???????????? ??? ???????? ?а?????. ?????? ?а???? ??????,
?? ????????? ???????????? ???????????, ??????? ?? ?????????????? ??????????? ????????? ????????, ????????? ?а???????????? ?? ?? л???????╗ ???????
?а???????????? ?а?????????? ?? ????????? ????? ???????????? (??????????, ?а?????? ??????? ?а?а???????????? ???????) ??????????????? ????????
?????????????? ?????????? ?а??????????? ????????. ????????? ????,
?????????? ??????, ??? ??????????? ????, ?? ??????????? ?а?????????????
?????????, ??????????? ?а??????????? ?ал????╗ ?ал??????╗ ?????????????
?а??????????? ???? ????????????? ???????? ?а??? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????????????? ?? ?????????????? ???????.
???? ?? ???? ???????, ?????, ???????? ???????????, ?????????? ?????
??????? ?а??????? ???????, ????? ????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????
?а?????? ???????? ????????? ?а?????. ?? ??? ?????????, ???? ?? ????????
???? ???????????? ??????? ??????????? ?а??????????? ????? ??????????? ?
???? ?? ????? ?????, ?? ????? ??????. ???-???, ???????? ?? ????. л??????????
?а???? ????????, ????? ?? ????????????. ?????????? ?а???? ????????, ?????
?? ????????????, ?? ?????? ???? ????? ???????, ?? ?а??????? ???????, ? ???????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ?а???????????, ? ?а????
?????????, ??? ????? ?????????? ? ???????????, ??? ???????, ??? ??????????╗.
????????, ??????? ????????? ???? ?? л???????, ??? ???? ?а?????????? ???,
?? ?????? ?? ?а????? ?а??????? ?а??????????╗, ?. ?. ?????????? ?? ????? ??
??? ?????????? ?а??????????? ??? ?? ????????? ?а????????????? ????????,
??????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ?а???????? л?????? ?????? ????? ???????╗ ? ???? ?? ???? ?а?????, ??????, ???? ??????????? ????, ???????????,
?????, ??????????? ????????, ???????????, ????????, ?????????????????
?????????, ???????????, ?а?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????, ??????????? ???????????, ??????????????? ?а????????, ???????????? ??????,
???????????????? л?????????????? ?????????╗.
? ???????????? ???????? ?????? ?а?? ?????? ??? ????? ?а????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??? ?? ????? ??????????????? ????????, ??? ?а?а????
?????????? ????????: ????????????, ???????????????, ??? ???? ????????????,
?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ????? ?а????????????? ????????????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????
?? ?. ?. ?????????????? ?????????, ??????? ????? ??? ???????? ??????,
????????????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????????
????? ????? ?а???????????? ?????????, ???????????????? ???????????
?? ????????. ?? ????????????, ???????? ????? л?????? ????????╗, ??????
????? ???? ??????? (???? ?????? ????? ?????????, ?. ?. ??????????? ??????????????, ????????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?а?????????????
?????????), ??? ??????? ??????? ?а????? ?????? ????????? ???????????
л????????╗ ?ал????????? ????????. ?а?????? ???????? ????? л?????????184
???╗, ???????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????????
????????????? ?а??????, ?? ?????? ?? ??????????? л?????? ?????? ?????
???????╗, ?? ???????? ?????????, ???????? ?а????????? ?? ??????????????
????????, ?а?????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????????, ?а???????
?а??????????? ??????? ??????????????? ?а???? ??? ?а???????.
? ?а???????, ?????????, ???????? ???????????????? ?????, ?а??
??????????? ????????? ?а ????? ????????? ???? ?? ????? л???????????
?а????????????? ????????????╗ ???????????? л???????╗ ???????? ???????????? ???????, ???? ?? л?????????????╗ ??????????? ?а??????????? ??
????????? ?а?? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????, ????? ?а??? ???
???? ??????? ?а????? ?а?????????????????? ????????, ?? ???????????????????????? ????????????? ?а??????? ??????, ??????? ?а???????????? л?????? ?????╗, ????????? ????????????? ??????????????? ???????,
????????????, ?????? ??????? ????? л??????? ?? ????????╗, ????????????
л???╗ ???????????? ????? ?????????? ????. ????? ?????????????? ????????
???????? ??? ????? ?????????, ??? ?а?а???????????? ???????????? ???????,
???????????? ??????, ???????-?????????????? ????????, ??????????????
???????, ??? л??????╗ ?а?????????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ?а???????, ?????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??????
??????? ?????? ?а???????? ???, ?? ???????, ??? ?????? ????????, ?а????????????????? ??????. ??????????? ????????, ??? ???????? ????? ??????
????? ????????????, ??? ?????, ?а??????? ??? ????????? ?а???????????, ??-??
?????? ????????????? ?????????.
II
????????????????? ?? л????????? ????????? ???????╗ ?ал?????????
???????╗ ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ?а????????????? ???????????????
?????????, ???????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? ???? л?
?????╗ ?ал??? ????╗, ?а?????????? ??????? л???????╗ ?ал???????╗ ?????????
?а????????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????????????.
? ????????????????? ?? л????????? ????????? ???????╗ ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?а????????????? ??????????? ??????????.
?? ??????????? ?. ?. ??????,
?????? ???????? ??????, ?а????? ?????? ???????? ?а????? ???????? ????????? ???????? ?а?а???, ??????????, ??????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????
???????????? ????? ?а????????????? ????????. ?????? ?а??????? ??????????
???? ?? ????? ???????? ??????????? ????????? ?? ????????????, ??????????
?а?????????? ?????????, ?? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? [14, ?.а494].
? ????????????? ???? ?????? ????? ???????? ??? ???? ????????????
????????????.
???????????? ???????, ? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ?? ???????, ? ???
????????? ?????????, ????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????????????????, ?????
???? ?????? ?????: ????????? ?????????, ??????? ??????? ????? ? ?????? ??????????. ??? ????????? ????? ????, ???????, ???????? ??????, ????????????
185
????????, ??? ??? ???????? ???? ????: ?????????. ??? ??????, ????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????, ?????? ??? ????????? ?? ??????? ???????????? [1, ?.а27].
? ???, ????????? ??????? ????????? ????? ????? ?а????????? ????????????? ?а??????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???? ?а????????????? ?? ???????????
???? ????????, ????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ?а???????? ?. ?. ?????????: л?????
??????? ?а?????????? ??? ????????╗ [6, ?.а567].
?????????????? ???????????? ????????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ????
??????? ???????????? (???????? ??? ????? ?????????? ?ал?????╗ ??? ??????????? л??????????? ??????????╗ ?ал???????? ????????╗), ????????????
???????????????, ??? л??? ????????? ??????, ?? ???????????? ????? ????? ??
???????????? ???????????╗ ?а??? ????? ????????? ???? л??????????? ?????╗
??? ?????? ???????, ??????? ?????? ?????????????.
????? ?? ??????????? ?а???????? ????? ????????????????? ?? ????????? ???????? л????? ????????╗ ?а?????????? ??? ????????????? ???????
?? ????????? ?а?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ?а?????????,
???????????????? ?? ???????? ???????????????? ?а???????? ?? ??? ?????,
????????????? ?? ??????? ????? ?????????? ??????? (??????? ?а??????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????) ?а???????? ?а???? ???????????? ?а?????
???????????? ?а????????? ???????????.
??? ????????? ??????, ??????????????? ?????????? ?а????????? ?????????
????????????? ?????, ??? ?? ????? ? ???. ??????? ?? ?????? ???????, ??? ????????? ?а????, ????? ?а????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????.
??, ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? ? ?????? ???????????? ?а???????? ? ???? ???
????-???????????? [13, 321].
????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????????? ?????????????
?????????????, ????????? ??????????? ?а???? ??????????? ?а???????????????, ???????? ?а?????????, ???????? ???????????????? ?а????????? ?????.
? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?а?????, ??? лmisшre╗,
??? ??????? ???????; ?а????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?а???????? ?????????? ???? ????????????? ??????? ?а???????? ????? ?????, ?? ?????? ???? ????? л?? ?????╗,
?? ???????, ?а??????? ?????? ??????????, ??? ???? ?а????????? ???????????.
?? ??? ??? ??????????? ?? ???? ?а????? ?а????? ???? ?????? ?а??? ??? ???????????. <?> ??? ????? ????, ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ???????????
?????? ?а???????? ?а???, ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ? ?????????????, ??? ???
???????? ???????? ?? ????????????? ???? ????????????? ????????. ???? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ????, ???? ????????, ??? ????? ????? ??? ?????
?а?а???? ????, ????????, ??? ???, ?а???????? ??????, ?????????? ???????????????
????????????? ?????, ???? ??? ????? ??? ??????????? ????????, ?. ?. ??? ?????
?а????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????╗ [14, ?.а313].
????? ????????? (???-???) ???????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ????????
????????, ?????????????? ???????????? ?а?????????? ?а???????????????
????? ?а??????????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ?а???????????. ????? ?а??????????? ???????????????? ???? ???? ???? ?а???????? ????? (????????? ???
???????????? ????????? ?????????? ?а?????? ??????????? ???????????? ??186
?????????????), ??????? ????? ???? ????????? (????????? ??? ???? ??????????
??? ???? ?????? ?а???? ????? ?????????????), ????? ?????????? ?а??????????
???????????? ???????????? ?????? ?а?????? ?????? ????? ???? ?а?????????
????????????? ?а?????????????:
???? ?? ??????? ???? ??????? ??? ???????, ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ?а???????? ?а?????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?????, ???? ?? ??? ??????? ?????
??????????? ????? ??? ???? ?а??? ??????????, ??????? ?????????? л???╗. Tertium
non datur╗ ??? datur ?????? ?а?????????? ???????? ?????????? ???? ????? ??????????? ???????? ????????????? ????? [13, ?.а311].
??????????? ???????????????? ???????????? ???????? ?а?? ??????????
?. ?. ???????????. ?а??? ???????????? ???????????? ????? ?? ??????????
?????????????? ???? ??????? ?? ?????????? ?а??????????? ?а?????????, ??
л???????????╗ ?ал??????????╗:
????? ?????? ????, ?а????? л?????╗ ?ал??????╗, ???? ????-??????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???? ???; ??, ???????? ?а????-????????, ???
???? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?а??????????? ?а??????????? ?а????????
?? ?????????? ???????
??????????????? ????????, ?????????????????? ?? ???? ? ???????? ?????????, ?????????? ????????, ????????? ?? ?????????? ?????; ?а???? ??????,
?? ????????? ???????, ????? ???????? ???????? ?а????????. ?? ???? ????????,
??? ??????? ???????????, ????? ?? ????????? ?а????? ???? ???? ????? ? л???
????╗, ? ?? ????????? ????????? ?? ????? ?а????? ?????????, ????? ?а?????
??????? ?а????? ?? ????? ??, ??? ?? ????? ??????, ? ?? ??? ??????? ?????????
л??????????????╗ ?ал?????????????╗, ?? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?а??????????, ? ????? ?? ????? ??, ??? ???????? ?а??????????? ?а????????
?а????????, ?? ????? ???????? ?????, ????? ???? ??? ???? ?а???????????? ?????? ????, ???????????????? ?????? ????. ????? ???????, ? ??? ?????????????
???????? ? ????? ??? ?а???????? ????? ?? ???? ????????? ????????? ?????????
?????????? ???? ????? ?????? ???????????, ??? ????????????, ?а?????? л???????╗ ??????? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ????????????
?а???????? ???? ??-??????, ?а?? ?? ???????, ???? ??? ?????? ?????, ?а??????.
????????? ???? ?????? ???? ?а????? ?а???????, ??? ??? ?а????-?? ?????? ??? <?>
л??? ?а???????? ?? ????? ?????╗, л??? ?а??? ?????? ?? ????╗ ? ??? ??????:
??? ?? ????????????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ??????, ??????? ??, ? ?а??
?????; ??? ??????, ??? ?а???? ???, ????? ???, ???????? ?а????, ? ??????? ????, ? ?? ????? ?????, ??????? ?? ???? ????????? ??, ? ?? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ?? ?а?? ????????? ??????? ???????? ?а???????? ????????? ????.
?ал??????? ????? ?? ????╗ ?а??????? ??????? ?????, ?а????? ?? ?а??????. ????????, ??????????? ?? ???? ? ??? ?а??????????, ?а???, ?а????. ??? ?????????,
?а?????, ?а???????, ?? ? ????? л?? ????╗; ??? ??????????, ??? ?а?????, ? ?????
????-?????, ????-??????, ????-???????, л?? ??????╗. ???? ?а???? л??-??????╗,
?а?????? ? л??-??????╗ [11, ?.а173?174].
??? ?? ????? ?? ???????????, ???????? ?а???????, ?? ?????????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ?а??????? ???? ????????
????? ???????? ?????, ??????? ???????????? ??, ?????? ?а????????? ?????
187
????? ??? ?? ?????, ???????? ??? ?? ????????, ????? ??? ?? ????? ?????????? ?а????????????? ??????????????? ????????. ??? ?????, ???????????
?????? ?? ????? ?????? ?а????????? ?????????????? ?а???? ?а?????? ???????
??????????? ? ??? ?????, ?? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ??????
????????: л??? ?????? ??????, ??? ???????? ?а???????. ???????, ?????
?а???????????: tertium non datur! *╗ [11, ?.а171].
???????????? ?????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????. ?а?????? ?. ?. ??????????? л?????????????? ???????????
????????╗ ????????? ?а???, ??? ???????-??????????????? ????? ?а?? ???????????? ????????????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?а??????????
????????????????? ????????????? ?а???? ??? ?? ??????????? ???????????
????, ?а?????????? ? ??? ?а?????????????? ?????????? ????. ?? ???????,
??? ??? ????? ?????? ?? л?????????╗, ?а????????, ????????????? ?????????????, ?а??? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?а????????? ?????
?????????? ????????????. ??????????? ????? ?????????? ???????? ?а????
?????????? ?а???????????? ???????? ???? ????? ???????????? ????????????.
? ???? ???????? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?а?????????? ???????????????. ?????? ??????, ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ??????????????
???????????, ????????? ???? л?????? ???????╗, ???????? ??????? ?????????????, ?? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????. ?????? ?????????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ????
?а?а?????????????? ?? ????? ?? ????????? ???????? ?????????? [12, ?.а283].
?? ???????????, л?????????? ??????? ?????? ??????, ??? ????? ?
???????????╗. ?а??????? ???????????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??????????????
????????? ?а????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????? ???????? ????????
??????????????? ????????? ?????????????????? ????????, ???????????
???????? ????? ???????? ?? ??????, л?? ??-?????╗? ???????? ???????????
??????? ????? ???????????? ??????????╗. ????? ?? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??????
????????? л???? ???? ???????????? ?????╗, ????? ?а??????????? ???????????
???????? ?????????? л?????????????? ???????????? ?????, ?????? ??????????
?а?????? ?а????? ????, ?а????? ??????? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ???????
????????? [12, ?.а285].
???????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????????????? ??????? ?а???????????????? ????????????????, ?а????? ???????, ?а???????????? ?????? ??
???????? ?а??????? л???? ?????╗, ?? ??????????? ????????????? ????????
?????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ? ?а??????, ?????????? ???????? ?. ?. ?????????: л??????? ?? ????? ?????????? ??????
?????????: ?? ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????, ??? ?????? ?а??????, ???????
??? ?а????, ??? ?а?????╗ [6, c. 217].
??? л???????????╗ ????? ?а???????????? ???????????????, ????????????
????????????? ???????? ?а???????????? ??????????????? ????????????
?????? ?? ??? (л??????????╗ ?ал???????????╗) ?????????? ???????????? ????*
188
???????? ?? ????! (???.)
???? ?а????????? ???? ??? ?????. ?а?????? л???????? ??????? ?а????????
??????????? ??????╗ ?? ?????:
??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?а???? ????????. ?? ???????? ?? ??? ?????, ????
??? ?????????, ?а?????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???????. ?а??? ???????????, ??? ?? ???? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ??????. ??????? ??????
?????????? ?а????? ??? ?? ??????. ?? ?????? ??? ???????? ????, ????????? ???
????????, ??? ??????????? ?а????????, ??????? ???? ??????? ?? ?????, ??? ??
????? ??????? ?а????????????. ?? ????? ???? ??? ??????, ?? ?????, ?а???????
??????? ??????? ???????????, ?а???????? ???? ??? ????? ????. ??? ??????
???? ?????? ?????? ???? ?а???????????, ?а??????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ???????????? [8, ?.а27].
???????????? ????? ?а???, ??????? ?. ?. ????????, ??? ??? ???????, ?. ?.
???????? ?а???????? ??????????????. л????? ?????? ???????? ????? ?а?????? ???, ?а??? ????????? ?????????? ???╗, ? ????????? ??????? ?а????????
?????????, ??? ?а????? ??????? ??-?????? ???????????? ?а???????????????
???????????? ??????? ????????? ?а?????????. ?а??????? ?? ??????????? ???????? ???????, ???????????? ??????, ?а??????? ?? ???????? ???? ???????????
?? ???????????? л?????? ?????? ????? ???????╗, ?? ???? ?а??????? ?????????
?????? ?а??????????? ????????? ?????????????, ?а?????? л??? ?????????╗ ?
??????????????? ?а????????? ????????, ???????????????? ?а??????? ??????,
?????????? ?а????????? ????????????? ???????????? ?а???????. ?а??????????
??????????? ????? ?а??????? ?а?????? ?????????????????? ??????? ?а???????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?а??????????? ??????, ??????????? ?????????,
??????????, ????????? ?а??????? ?????????, ?а???????????? ???????? ??????
??????? ??????? ?а????????????? ??????????? ?????????.
????? ????????? ?а?????? ?????? ??????? ?а???????????? ?а???????
??????-???????????? ????????? л??????╗ ??????? л?????╗ ??????????? ????,
?????? ??????? ?. ?. ????????, ????????, ?? ?????? ????? ? ??????????
??????? ?а???????? ??? ??????? ?а?????????, ?????? ???????? ????? ?? ????????????, ?????? ??????? ?? ???????????? ???????????.
?????????? ??????????, ?а????? ?а?????? ????????? ???????? л????????????╗ ?ал?????????╗ ????? ?а?????????? ???????? (??????????? ?а??????
???????????) ?? л?????? ??????╗ ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????
?а??????????. ????????, ?. ?. ?????? ?ал????????? ????????╗ ????????:
??? ???? ?????????????? ????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ??????? ????????,
?а?????????? ?? ??? ???????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ????????????? ?а????????????? ???????????, ?????? ??? ???? ????????? ???????: ???-??
?а???? ????????? ???????????. ??? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????????
?????????????? ???? [3, ?.а50].
???????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?а?. ?. ?????????
?а???????????? ?ал???????????? ??????╗ ?????????? ???????? ?а????????????, ????????????????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?а??????????? ??????????? ????
????????: л??????? ???????? ??? ?????, ?????? ??? ????????? ????? ?????
???????? ?????? ?а??????????????? ??????????, ?? ???? ??????????????
189
?????? ????? ???????????? ????╗ [10, ?.а267]. ?а???? ?? ????????? ???? ????????? ?а?????? ?. ?. ??????, ???????????: л? ?а???????? ??????? ???????
?????? ?? ?????? ????????????, ???????????? ???????? ?а????????? ???????
????????? ????????, ?а?????????? ?а??????? ??????? ????? ????????????
???????? ?? ??? ?????????╗ [4, ?.а352].
?????????? ?????????????? ????, ????????????? ???????????, ???????????? ????????? ????? ???????? л?????? ????????╗ ????????, ????????? ???
???????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ?а???????????? ??????, ????????
л???????╗ ???? ????????? ??????? ?а????????????, ??????? ????????????
?а???????? ??????, ???? ???????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ????????, ?а????? л??????╗ ????. ?а?????? ????????? ??????? ?а???
?????? ??????????????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ??????-???????????? ????
????????????? ??????, ???????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????????
?а??????????????? ????????, ????????? ?а?. ?., ???????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ?а??????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ?????,
???????? ?????????? ?????? ????????, ??????????????? ????????????
?? ?????????, ??????????? ?а?????????????. ?? ????? ?????? ?а???? ??????
???????????? ????????, ????????? ?а???????????? ????? ?????? ???????????
??????????????, ????????? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ????????? ?а???????,
????????? ?????????????????? ???? ?????. ?а????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ????? ?? ??????????????? ?????? л??????????????? ???????╗,
?а????? ?? ??????????????? ????, ????????????? ???????????? ?а?????????
?????????? ??? ?? ??????????, ????????? ????????????? ?а??????? ????
?????????????????? л????? ??????╗, ????????? ?ал???????????╗, ?????????
???????? ??????????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ?а???????????
????????, ???????????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????????????????? ?????? ?а???? ????????.
л??????? ?а?????? ??????╗, ??????????????? ?????????? ????????????
?а??????? ??????????? ?????????, ?? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ???? ???????? ????????????,
?? ?а????????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ????????. ?? ?????????? ?. ?. ??????????, ??????? ?????????? ???? ?????????, ????????
??? ?????????????? л???????????? ????????????╗ ?? ????????? ?? ?????????,
?? ?????, ?? ???????. ??????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ?а?????????? ???????????????? ???? ?? ??? ?????????????????
?????? ??????????? ???? ?а???????????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????,
?а??? ??? ????? ?????????????? ?а??????????? ???????????? л??????????????
????╗, ?????? л??????╗ ?? ?????? л???????╗ ?а?а???????? ???????????????
?а????????????? ?????? ??????.
?????? ????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?а????????????? ??????????? ?а????????? ???????? ???????? ?а???? л? ?????╗
?ал??? ????╗, ???????? ?????????, ???? ??????? ???????? ??????? ? ??????
л?????╗ ??? ?????? л????╗.
????? ???????? ???? ??????, ???????? ???? ?????? ? ?????????? ?. ?. ???????, ? ????? ??????, ??? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ??? ????
190
??????????; ????? ??????????????????? ?????, ?а????? ????? ??????? ?а??????
?????-???? ???????. ??? ?? ??? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????, ?????????
?????????. ??? ????? ???????? ???????? ???? ????????????? ???, ????? ???????,
?????? ??????????? [15, ?.а26].
??????? ????????, ?. ?. ??? ???????? ???????? ?а???????? ?????????,
?а??? ??????????, ??????????? ?а???????? ?а???????? ?ал????????????╗ ??????, ??? ??? ?????? ?а??? л??????????? ???????? ????????╗ ?а????????????
?????????? ???????????? л????????? ?????╗ ?а?????? ?????, ??? ???? ???????
???????????? ?ал?????? ??????╗ ?ал?????????????? ?????????╗, ?а???????? ??
??????? ? ?ал?????? ????????╗ (?ал??????? ????╗, ?? ?????? ?. ?. ????????).
?а??? ?. ?. ????????? ????????? л??????????? ?????╗ ?ал??????????????????╗
?????????, ??? ?? ???????????? л???????????╗ ?????? ???????? ???????????
?ал??????? ???????????╗ ?а????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ?а???????
л??????╗, л?????╗ ?ал???????????╗, ?????????? ??????????? ????????????????
?????????, ??? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ?а??? л?????????? ??????????????╗, ???????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????? ??????????????
??? л??????????? ?????????? ???╗.
????????? ???? ???????????? ?????????? ??????????, ??? ?????? ?????
???????????? ??????????, ????????? ????????? ?????????, ????????? ????
?????? ?а???????????????, ?????????? ??-?? ????????????? ????????????
????. ?? ?? ?????????, ????????? ?? ?????????????? ????? ????? ??????
????????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ???????????? л?????? ?????? ?????
???????╗, ?? ???????? ?ал????? ?? ??????╗. ?а????????? ?????? ?????????
????? ?а????? (л???????????????╗ ??? л????????????╗, ????????????? ???
????????????) ???????? ????????? ?? ????????? ??????? л????????????╗
?ал???????????? ?????╗, ?????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ??????
л??????? ?????╗ ???????????? ????????? ?а?????????? ??????????. ?а???
????????? ???????????? ?а?????????????? ????????????? ????? ?????
??????????????? ???? (?ал???????????╗, л???????????╗ ???????? ?ал???????????????╗ ??? ????????????? ????????????? ??? ?????) ????????????, ???
?????, ?????? ????????? ??????????, ?????? ?а?????????????? ????????????
?а?????????. ??????? ????? ?????????? ????? ?????, ?? ?? ???? ????? ??????
?? ???? ?? ???????, ???????????? ?. ?. ???????, л????? ????????????╗ ???????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ??????????.
?????? ??????????? ????????? ????? ?????? ???????? ????? ?? ????????? ??
л????? ????????╗, ????? ??? ?а????? ????????? ??????? ????????????: ?????
??????? ?а????????? ???? ?? ?????, ??????? ???????? ?а????.
? ? ? ? ??? ? ??
1. ??????? ?. ?. ????????? ?????? ????????? ???????. ? ?., 1962.
2. ?????? ?. ?. ???????? ?????????? ??????????. ? ?., 1979.
3. ?????? ?. ?. ????. ???.: ?а7 ?. ? ?.а1. ? ?., 2003.
4. ????? ?. ?. ????. ???.: ?а9 ?. ? ?.а9. ? ?., 1967.
5. ??????????? ?. ?. ????. ????. ???.: ?а30 ?. ? ?., 1972?1990.
191
6. ???????????? ??????????. ? ?.а97, ??.1. ? 1988.
7. ???????? ?. ???.: ?а2 ?. ? ?.а2. ? ?.: ?????, 1988.
8. ????????? ?. ????????? ?а??????? (?????? ?а?????? ????? ?а?????????????
??????????? ???????? // ????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? XVI?XXа??. ?
?., 1993.
9. ????????? ?. ???????? ??????? ?а???????? ??????????? ??????. ? ??????
?/?., 1919.
10. ????????? ?. ?. ???. ? ?., 1994.
11. ?????????? ?. ?. ????? ?а??????????? ??????. ? ?.а1, ?.а1. ? ?., 1990.
12. ?????????? ?. ?? ???????? ??????? ?????. ? ?., 1998.
13. ????? ?. ?. ?????????? ?а???????. ? ?., 1997.
14. ????? ?. ?. ???????? ?????? ????????. ? ?., 1992.
15. ??????? ?. ?. ???? ?????. ? ?., 1991.
????, ?а????? ?? ???? ????? ????????? ??????: л??? ???????╗
???????????? ???????? ????? ?????: ????? ?????????; ???? ?? ?? ??????????,
??? ??? ??? ????, ?а???? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ????????, ??? ??? ??? ??????????
???????? ???? ????????, ?????? ???? ?а???????? ?а??????? ???? ?????????????
?а????????? ???? ????? ?а?????; ?? ??? ???? ?? ???????, ?? ??????? ????? ???
?? ????? [7, ?.а311].
???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????, ??????????? ?а????, ???? ???????????????
?????????? ???????? ?. ?. ????????? (л? ????, ?а???, ?а?????, ?а???╗), ???????
?а???????, ???????????? ?а???????? ??????. ?????-???? ??? ?а?????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ?а??????????? ????????????? ?????????????, ????? ?? ?????? ????????? ???????? ???? ????? ?а??? ??????????????
?????????????? ??????? ?а????????? ????? ?а?????? ????????????? ????.
????????? ???? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ?а??????; ????? ?? ??????????????? ???? ???????; ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ??? ???????,
??? ??? ??? ? ????????? ????? ????????, ??????????? ??????? ??????. ???
???????, ??? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ?а?? ???????, ??????? ??????????
????? ?????? [5, ?.а28. (??. 1), ?.а50].
? ????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????????? ?? ???????? ???????? л??????????????? ????╗ ?а????? ??? ?? ???????????? ?а?????????? ?а?????????????????, ???? ?? ??????????? л?????? ??????
180
????? ???????╗ ?ал??????? ?????╗ ???????? л??????? ??????????╗, ?а???????????? л?????╗ ??? л?????╗ ???????? ?ал????? ???????? ???????╗. ????
??????? ??? ??????, ?? ?? ?? ???????????? ?? ?????? ???? ???????????????
??????? ??????????? ?а?????????????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ???????????????
?????????. ??????????????? ??????? л??? ???????╗ ??? л??? ????????╗, л???
?а???? ???????????╗, ???????????? ?? ?????? ????????????, ?. ?. ???????,
???????, ???????? ??? ????????, ?????? ???????? ?а???????? ???????????????? ????????? ??????????, ??? ?? ????????? ??????????? ??????????????
??????????? ??????? ??? ?? ??????????? л??????? ?????╗ ?????. ?????? ????
????? ??????????? л??????╗ ??????????? ?????????????? ?????, ?????????
??????????? ??????, ??????????? ?а???????????? л???????????????╗ (??.
???????), л??????????????╗ ?ал??????????????╗ ????????, ??????? ?а?????????? ????? ?????????????? ????? ????? ??????????, ??????? ?? ??
?????? ?? ????????? ????????, ?????????? ?? ?????????? ????????-?????????? ????????? ?а???????? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????, ?? ??????
??????? ???????-??????? ?? ????? (???????, ?????????, ???????????, ???????????, ???????????, ???????????, ????????????? ?а?. ?.) ?? ??????-????????
(???????, ??????, ???????, ??????????, ??????????????, ?????, ???????????,
????????????????? ?а?. ?.), ??? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ????, ???????? ???
?а?????????? ??? ?????????????????? ????? ?а???????????? (??а?????????
?а???????????????)л??-??????????╗ ????????????, ??? л??????? ? ??? ??????
?????╗.
??? ????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????
?а????? ??????? ?а??????? ?а????????????? ????????????, ?? ?????????????
?а???????? ????? ??? ????, ?а??????? ??? ?????, ??????????? ????? ??????,
????????? ?? ??????????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????.
????????? ????????, ??? ?????? ????, ?? ???????? ?????????, ? ??????????. ????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????????. ?а????????????. ???? ??????? ???,
?? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?? ???? ?????, ?а???????? ????????? ?а?? ??????
??????? ?????? ?????????? ???????. ????? ??? ????? ????????? ??????, ???
?????? ???????? ?? ?????, ????? ???? ??? ????, ??? ??????????, ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?а?????? ????? ?? ???? (?а????? ????? ????????, ?а?????
?????? ?????????? ????), ???? ??????? ?????, ?????? ?а???? ????? ????? ??????? ????????, ??? ?????????? ????????????, ??????? ????? ??????? ???????
?? ????? ????????, ?? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?, ? ??? ??? ?? ?????????? ???
?,а?????? ??? ??????? ???? ?а??????? ???????????? ?а??????????. ?а??? ?????????? ???????. ????? ???????, ????? ?а????????? ?а??????? ?????????????????
???? ?? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????????????, ?????????????, ?? ??????????,
?а??????????? <?>
????, ??????? ????????? ?? ????? ?а??????, ???????????????? ??? ??????.
????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?а??????, ?? ???? ?? ???????? ??????? ?а?????? ?????? ?а????? ??? ??????? ???????? (?а? ????), ?? ?????????
????????? ?а?????? ??? ????????? ?????? [5, ?.а20, ?.а112?113, 177].
? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ????? ?а??????????? ?а???????????? ????????????, ?а???????? ??? ???????????? ?????, ??????????????
??????????? ????? ????? ?а???? ?а???????? ?а??????????????? ??????
181
??????. л??? ?????╗ ??????????? л??????? ?????????╗, ????????? ????
???????????? ?а??????? ??????????? ????????? ?а?????????.
??????????? ???????????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????????????
??????????, ????????????? ?? ??????????? ???????? ????? ????????? ???????? ?а???????????? ????????? ?а????? ????????? ?????????, ??????????
??????? ???????????? ??????? ????????????. ??? ?????????????-???????????
??????????? ????? ??????????????? ??? ?????????????, ?а??????? ????????
???????? ???????????????, ????????????, ??????????????, ?????????????,
???????????? ?а???? ??????? ???????????? ?а????????????? ?а??? ??? ????
???????????????? ??????? ????????, ?а??? ????????? ???????????????
?а????? ???????, ?а????????? ????????, ?? ???????, ???? ?а?????? ?????.
?????? ??????? ?. ?. ???????, ???? ???? ?а????????? ????????? ???????
???????? ?а????:
??????????? ?????? ???, ?. ?. ????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????
?а????? ????????? ??????, ?? ?? ?а????? ????????????????, ?а?а????? ? ??????
???????? [2, ?.а313].
?? ????????????, ?? ????? ??????? ????????????? ???? ????, ??????? ???
?????????? ????? ??????? ??????: ??? ???? ??????? ? ??????? ?????????
???? ?????? ??? ???????, л?????? ????????????╗, ??? ??????????, ????????,
??????? ?ал??????? ???????????╗ ?а???????? ??? ????????? ?а?????? ???????, ??? ????? ?а??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????????
????????????? ?а????????????? ??????????? ????????? ????, ???????? ??
?????????????????? ????????, ???? ?? ????, ????? ?ал???????? ?????????
????╗ (??? ?????????? ????? л??????? ?? ????????╗), ????? ?????? ?а?????????
????????? ?? ?????-?? ???????? ?а?????? ????? ?????. (??????? ?????????
?? ????????, ????????????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ? ??? ????? ??
??????????? ???????????? ??. ???????? ??? ????????? ???????????, ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ???????????????????
????????????? ?а?????????????? ??????????????.)
? ????????, ???? ??????? ???????????? ???? ??? ????? ?а??????? ?????,
????? ?? ????????????? ?????????, ????? ??? ????? ?????????? ???????????
?а?? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????????????, ?а??? ????????????
???????????? ????????, ?????? ?а??????????? ??????? ?а??????????? ?а???
?????????, ??????????, ?? ????????????, ?? ??????? ???????????, ?а?????????? ?????, ????????? ???????????? ????????? ???? ??????????????
??????, ???????????? ??? ??????????? ????????, ??????????????? ???????????, ???????? ??????????, ?????????????? ???????????, ?????????????
????????, ??????, ??? ???????, ??????? ?а?????? ???????, ????? ?а?????????
???????????? ?а????????????????? ?а????????? ?????????? л???????? ????????? ????╗ ?а?????? ???????????????? ???????? ????????, ???????????
?а??????? ?? ??????????????? ?????. ?? ??? ??????????? ?????????, ??
?????? ?????????? ??? ???? ???????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?а??????????? ????????, ?а?????? ???????? ???????????? ?а??????????? ??????
?а???? ?????, ??????? ??????? ??? ????????? ???????????? ????????????
182
?????????, ??????????? ???? ?а???????, ?? ??????????????? ?????????,
??????? ?а???????? ????? ??????????????? ?а???????????? ??????? ?????
??? ?????????? ??????? ?????, ?????? ????????? ????????, ?????? ??????,
????? ????????????.
?????? ?а????????????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ??? ????????? ? ??????? ?а??????????, ?????? ????? ???????? ?а?????????? ???????? ?ал?????
????????╗, ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?а??????? ?????????? ?а?????
???????????? ??????? ?а?????????? ????????????? ?????.
??????????? ????, ? ????????? ?? ?а????? ?? ?????, ? ??? ??? ???? ?а?????????? ???? (?????????? ???? ?а??? ? ??? ??? ????, ???? ?а?? ?? ????). ???????,
??? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??????, ?????? ?????, ???? ?а???? ?? ????? ??????? ???
??????????-?? ??? ???? ?а???, ???? ?????????? ??? ????, ?а??? ??? ???? ????.
?а???? ???, ?? ?????? ??? (???? ?а?????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ?а??, ???? ??
????????? ??????) ?а?? ???????? ???????, ?? ????????, ?? ?????????? ??? ??????
??? ???? ?? ?? ??????, ??? ????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????, ?а???? ???? ??????! [5,
?.а30, (??. 1), ?.а10].
????, ??????, ????????? ????????????, ??? ???????? ?????????????????
?а??? ????? ????????????????? ?а???????????????? ????????, ????????? ??
????? ??? ?????, ??????? ????? ??? ??????????, ??????? ???? ???????????? ???? ??????, ?? ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?? ??
??????????? ??????????????? л???????╗, ?? ?а?????? ????? ?? ?????.
??? ???????????? ?? л??????? ?а?????????? ??????╗ ???? ????? ???????
?а????????. ?а?????? ?. ?. ????????, ?????? ?? ?????? ?а???????????, ??
?а?а?????? ???? ????????????, ?????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????, ??????????? (??а?????? ???????? ???????????) ?? л??????
?????????????╗ ????????, ?? л????╗, ?а?? л????╗ ?а???, ?? ?? ????????? ???
???????? ??????, ?а?????????????? ?? ?????????? ????? ???????, л?????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?????╗, ?? ???????????:
?????? ???????? ?а?????: л?????????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????, ??,
??????? ??? ??????????╗ ?а??? ??? ????? ?? ?а??? ?? ??? ????? ?а????????????:
л?????, ???????, ????? ??????? ?а??????????, ??? ?????? ????? ?????????╗ ?
?а?????? ?????? ??????? ?а??????????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?а???????????
?????? [5, ?.а30 (??. 1), ?.а68].
??????????? ???????????? ??????????, ??? л?????? ???? ?? ????? ????
????╗ ?а??? ????????? ?????????? ?? ?а?????? ???????? л?????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????????╗. ????? ????, ???? ?а?????????? ???? ????
л???????????? ???????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ? ?????, ????????, ????????
???? ?а???????? ??????? ?а??????????╗, ??? ?????? ?а???? ???????????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ??? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ?????, ?а??????? ?? ??????
????? ??? ?????? ?а????????????? ????????? ??? ?а?????? ?а??????? ??????.
????? ???????, ???? ??????? ???? ????? ?а??????? ?????, ???? ???? ??????????, ?а??? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????, ????? ??????? ????????????? ???? ????????? ??????????? (л????????? ????????? ???????╗)
?а?? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????????????, ???????? ?? ?????183
?? ????????, ????????????? ?????? ?а?????????????? ????, ?? ???????????
????????, ??????? ????????? ??? ????? ??-??? ??? ?????????? ???????????
?а??????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????????, ??????????-??????????????? ????????? ?а?????? ?????, ?? ?????????????? ????????? ????????? ???? ?а?? ?????????? ?? ?а???????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????????????
?а??????? ??????, ?а???????????? ??? ???????? ?а?????. ?????? ?а???? ??????,
?? ????????? ???????????? ???????????, ??????? ?? ?????????????? ??????????? ????????? ????????, ????????? ?а???????????? ?? ?? л???????╗ ???????
?а???????????? ?а?????????? ?? ????????? ????? ???????????? (??????????, ?а?????? ??????? ?а?а???????????? ???????) ??????????????? ????????
?????????????? ?????????? ?а??????????? ????????. ????????? ????,
?????????? ??????, ??? ??????????? ????, ?? ??????????? ?а?????????????
?????????, ??????????? ?а??????????? ?ал????╗ ?ал??????╗ ?????????????
?а??????????? ???? ????????????? ???????? ?а??? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????????????? ?? ?????????????? ???????.
???? ?? ???? ???????, ?????, ???????? ???????????, ?????????? ?????
??????? ?а??????? ???????, ????? ????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????
?а?????? ???????? ????????? ?а?????. ?? ??? ?????????, ???? ?? ????????
???? ???????????? ??????? ??????????? ?а??????????? ????? ??????????? ?
???? ?? ????? ?????, ?? ????? ??????. ???-???, ???????? ?? ????. л??????????
?а???? ????????, ????? ?? ????????????. ?????????? ?а???? ????????, ?????
?? ????????????, ?? ?????? ???? ????? ???????, ?? ?а??????? ???????, ? ???????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ?а???????????, ? ?а????
?????????, ??? ????? ?????????? ? ???????????, ??? ???????, ??? ??????????╗.
????????, ??????? ????????? ???? ?? л???????, ??? ???? ?а?????????? ???,
?? ?????? ?? ?а????? ?а??????? ?а??????????╗, ?. ?. ?????????? ?? ????? ??
??? ?????????? ?а??????????? ??? ?? ????????? ?а????????????? ????????,
??????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ?а???????? л?????? ?????? ????? ???????╗ ? ???? ?? ???? ?а?????, ??????, ???? ??????????? ????, ???????????,
?????, ??????????? ????????, ???????????, ????????, ?????????????????
?????????, ???????????, ?а?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????, ??????????? ???????????, ??????????????? ?а????????, ???????????? ??????,
???????????????? л?????????????? ?????????╗.
? ???????????? ???????? ?????? ?а?? ?????? ??? ????? ?а????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??? ?? ????? ??????????????? ????????, ??? ?а?а????
?????????? ????????: ????????????, ???????????????, ??? ???? ????????????,
?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ????? ?а????????????? ????????????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????
?? ?. ?. ?????????????? ?????????, ??????? ????? ??? ???????? ??????,
????????????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????????
????? ????? ?а???????????? ?????????, ???????????????? ???????????
?? ????????. ?? ????????????, ???????? ????? л?????? ????????╗, ??????
????? ???? ??????? (???? ?????? ????? ?????????, ?. ?. ??????????? ??????????????, ????????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?а?????????????
?????????), ??? ??????? ??????? ?а????? ?????? ????????? ???????????
л????????╗ ?ал????????? ????????. ?а?????? ???????? ????? л?????????184
???╗, ???????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????????
????????????? ?а??????, ?? ?????? ?? ??????????? л?????? ?????? ?????
???????╗, ?? ???????? ?????????, ???????? ?а????????? ?? ??????????????
????????, ?а?????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????????, ?а???????
?а??????????? ??????? ??????????????? ?а???? ??? ?а???????.
? ?а???????, ?????????, ???????? ???????????????? ?????, ?а??
??????????? ????????? ?а ????? ????????? ???? ?? ????? л???????????
?а????????????? ????????????╗ ???????????? л???????╗ ???????? ???????????? ???????, ???? ?? л?????????????╗ ??????????? ?а??????????? ??
????????? ?а?? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????, ????? ?а??? ???
???? ??????? ?а????? ?а?????????????????? ????????, ?? ???????????????????????? ????????????? ?а??????? ??????, ??????? ?а???????????? л?????? ?????╗, ????????? ????????????? ??????????????? ???????,
????????????, ?????? ??????? ????? л??????? ?? ????????╗, ????????????
л???╗ ???????????? ????? ?????????? ????. ????? ?????????????? ????????
???????? ??? ????? ?????????, ??? ?а?а???????????? ???????????? ???????,
???????????? ??????, ???????-?????????????? ????????, ??????????????
???????, ??? л??????╗ ?а?????????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ?а???????, ?????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??????
??????? ?????? ?а???????? ???, ?? ???????, ??? ?????? ????????, ?а????????????????? ??????. ??????????? ????????, ??? ???????? ????? ??????
????? ????????????, ??? ?????, ?а??????? ??? ????????? ?а???????????, ??-??
?????? ????????????? ?????????.
II
????????????????? ?? л????????? ????????? ???????╗ ?ал?????????
???????╗ ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ?а????????????? ???????????????
?????????, ???????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? ???? л?
?????╗ ?ал??? ????╗, ?а?????????? ??????? л???????╗ ?ал???????╗ ?????????
?а????????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????????????.
? ????????????????? ?? л????????? ????????? ???????╗ ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?а????????????? ??????????? ??????????.
?? ??????????? ?. ?. ??????,
?????? ???????? ??????, ?а????? ?????? ???????? ?а????? ???????? ????????? ???????? ?а?а???, ??????????, ??????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????
???????????? ????? ?а????????????? ????????. ?????? ?а??????? ??????????
???? ?? ????? ???????? ??????????? ????????? ?? ????????????, ??????????
?а?????????? ?????????, ?? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? [14, ?.а494].
? ????????????? ???? ?????? ????? ???????? ??? ???? ????????????
????????????.
???????????? ???????, ? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ?? ???????, ? ???
????????? ?????????, ????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????????????????, ?????
???? ?????? ?????: ????????? ?????????, ??????? ??????? ????? ? ?????? ??????????. ??? ????????? ????? ????, ???????, ???????? ??????, ????????????
185
????????, ??? ??? ???????? ???? ????: ?????????. ??? ??????, ????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????, ?????? ??? ????????? ?? ??????? ???????????? [1, ?.а27].
? ???, ????????? ??????? ????????? ????? ????? ?а????????? ????????????? ?а??????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???? ?а????????????? ?? ???????????
???? ????????, ????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ?а???????? ?. ?. ?????????: л?????
??????? ?а?????????? ??? ????????╗ [6, ?.а567].
?????????????? ???????????? ????????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ????
??????? ???????????? (???????? ??? ????? ?????????? ?ал?????╗ ??? ??????????? л??????????? ??????????╗ ?ал???????? ????????╗), ????????????
???????????????, ??? л??? ????????? ??????, ?? ???????????? ????? ????? ??
???????????? ???????????╗ ?а??? ????? ????????? ???? л??????????? ?????╗
??? ?????? ???????, ??????? ?????? ?????????????.
????? ?? ??????????? ?а???????? ????? ????????????????? ?? ????????? ???????? л????? ????????╗ ?а?????????? ??? ????????????? ???????
?? ????????? ?а?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ?а?????????,
???????????????? ?? ???????? ???????????????? ?а???????? ?? ??? ?????,
????????????? ?? ??????? ????? ?????????? ??????? (??????? ?а??????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????) ?а???????? ?а???? ???????????? ?а?????
???????????? ?а????????? ???????????.
??? ????????? ??????, ??????????????? ?????????? ?а????????? ?????????
????????????? ?????, ??? ?? ????? ? ???. ??????? ?? ?????? ???????, ??? ????????? ?а????, ????? ?а????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????.
??, ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? ? ?????? ???????????? ?а???????? ? ???? ???
????-???????????? [13, 321].
????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????????? ?????????????
?????????????, ????????? ??????????? ?а???? ??????????? ?а???????????????, ???????? ?а?????????, ???????? ???????????????? ?а????????? ?????.
? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?а?????, ??? лmisшre╗,
??? ??????? ???????; ?а????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?а???????? ?????????? ???? ????????????? ??????? ?а???????? ????? ?????, ?? ?????? ???? ????? л?? ?????╗,
?? ???????, ?а??????? ?????? ??????????, ??? ???? ?а????????? ???????????.
?? ??? ??? ??????????? ?? ???? ?а????? ?а????? ???? ?????? ?а??? ??? ???????????. <?> ??? ????? ????, ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ???????????
?????? ?а???????? ?а???, ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ? ?????????????, ??? ???
???????? ???????? ?? ????????????? ???? ????????????? ????????. ???? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ????, ???? ????????, ??? ????? ????? ??? ?????
?а?а???? ????, ????????, ??? ???, ?а???????? ??????, ?????????? ???????????????
????????????? ?????, ???? ??? ????? ??? ??????????? ????????, ?. ?. ??? ?????
?а????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????╗ [14, ?.а313].
????? ????????? (???-???) ???????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ????????
????????, ?????????????? ???????????? ?а?????????? ?а???????????????
????? ?а??????????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ?а???????????. ????? ?а??????????? ???????????????? ???? ???? ???? ?а???????? ????? (????????? ???
???????????? ????????? ?????????? ?а?????? ??????????? ???????????? ??186
?????????????), ??????? ????? ???? ????????? (????????? ??? ???? ??????????
??? ???? ?????? ?а???? ????? ?????????????), ????? ?????????? ?а??????????
???????????? ???????????? ?????? ?а?????? ?????? ????? ???? ?а?????????
????????????? ?а?????????????:
???? ?? ??????? ???? ??????? ??? ???????, ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ?а???????? ?а?????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?????, ???? ?? ??? ??????? ?????
??????????? ????? ??? ???? ?а??? ??????????, ??????? ?????????? л???╗. Tertium
non datur╗ ??? datur ?????? ?а?????????? ???????? ?????????? ???? ????? ??????????? ???????? ????????????? ????? [13, ?.а311].
??????????? ???????????????? ???????????? ???????? ?а?? ??????????
?. ?. ???????????. ?а??? ???????????? ???????????? ????? ?? ??????????
?????????????? ???? ??????? ?? ?????????? ?а??????????? ?а?????????, ??
л???????????╗ ?ал??????????╗:
????? ?????? ????, ?а????? л?????╗ ?ал??????╗, ???? ????-??????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???? ???; ??, ???????? ?а????-????????, ???
???? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?а??????????? ?а??????????? ?а????????
?? ?????????? ???????
??????????????? ????????, ?????????????????? ?? ???? ? ???????? ?????????, ?????????? ????????, ????????? ?? ?????????? ?????; ?а???? ??????,
?? ????????? ???????, ????? ???????? ???????? ?а????????. ?? ???? ????????,
??? ??????? ???????????, ????? ?? ????????? ?а????? ???? ???? ????? ? л???
????╗, ? ?? ????????? ????????? ?? ????? ?а????? ?????????, ????? ?а?????
??????? ?а????? ?? ????? ??, ??? ?? ????? ??????, ? ?? ??? ??????? ?????????
л??????????????╗ ?ал?????????????╗, ?? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?а??????????, ? ????? ?? ????? ??, ??? ???????? ?а??????????? ?а????????
?а????????, ?? ????? ???????? ?????, ????? ???? ??? ???? ?а???????????? ?????? ????, ???????????????? ?????? ????. ????? ???????, ? ??? ?????????????
???????? ? ????? ??? ?а???????? ????? ?? ???? ????????? ????????? ?????????
?????????? ???? ????? ?????? ???????????, ??? ????????????, ?а?????? л???????╗ ??????? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ????????????
?а???????? ???? ??-??????, ?а?? ?? ???????, ???? ??? ?????? ?????, ?а??????.
????????? ???? ?????? ???? ?а????? ?а???????, ??? ??? ?а????-?? ?????? ??? <?>
л??? ?а???????? ?? ????? ?????╗, л??? ?а??? ?????? ?? ????╗ ? ??? ??????:
??? ?? ????????????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ??????, ??????? ??, ? ?а??
?????; ??? ??????, ??? ?а???? ???, ????? ???, ???????? ?а????, ? ??????? ????, ? ?? ????? ?????, ??????? ?? ???? ????????? ??, ? ?? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ?? ?а?? ????????? ??????? ???????? ?а???????? ????????? ????.
?ал??????? ????? ?? ????╗ ?а??????? ??????? ?????, ?а????? ?? ?а??????. ????????, ??????????? ?? ???? ? ??? ?а??????????, ?а???, ?а????. ??? ?????????,
?а?????, ?а???????, ?? ? ????? л?? ????╗; ??? ??????????, ??? ?а?????, ? ?????
????-?????, ????-??????, ????-???????, л?? ??????╗. ???? ?а???? л??-??????╗,
?а?????? ? л??-??????╗ [11, ?.а173?174].
??? ?? ????? ?? ???????????, ???????? ?а???????, ?? ?????????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ?а??????? ???? ????????
????? ???????? ?????, ??????? ???????????? ??, ?????? ?а????????? ?????
187
????? ??? ?? ?????, ???????? ??? ?? ????????, ????? ??? ?? ????? ?????????? ?а????????????? ??????????????? ????????. ??? ?????, ???????????
?????? ?? ????? ?????? ?а????????? ?????????????? ?а???? ?а?????? ???????
??????????? ? ??? ?????, ?? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ??????
????????: л??? ?????? ??????, ??? ???????? ?а???????. ???????, ?????
?а???????????: tertium non datur! *╗ [11, ?.а171].
???????????? ?????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????. ?а?????? ?. ?. ??????????? л?????????????? ???????????
????????╗ ????????? ?а???, ??? ???????-??????????????? ????? ?а?? ???????????? ????????????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?а??????????
????????????????? ????????????? ?а???? ??? ?? ??????????? ???????????
????, ?а?????????? ? ??? ?а?????????????? ?????????? ????. ?? ???????,
??? ??? ????? ?????? ?? л?????????╗, ?а????????, ????????????? ?????????????, ?а??? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?а????????? ?????
?????????? ????????????. ??????????? ????? ?????????? ???????? ?а????
?????????? ?а???????????? ???????? ???? ????? ???????????? ????????????.
? ???? ???????? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?а?????????? ???????????????. ?????? ??????, ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ??????????????
???????????, ????????? ???? л?????? ???????╗, ???????? ??????? ?????????????, ?? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????. ?????? ?????????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ????
?а?а?????????????? ?? ????? ?? ????????? ???????? ?????????? [12, ?.а283].
?? ???????????, л?????????? ??????? ?????? ??????, ??? ????? ?
???????????╗. ?а??????? ???????????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??????????????
????????? ?а????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????? ???????? ????????
??????????????? ????????? ?????????????????? ????????, ???????????
???????? ????? ???????? ?? ??????, л?? ??-?????╗? ???????? ???????????
??????? ????? ???????????? ??????????╗. ????? ?? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??????
????????? л???? ???? ???????????? ?????╗, ????? ?а??????????? ???????????
???????? ?????????? л?????????????? ???????????? ?????, ?????? ??????????
?а?????? ?а????? ????, ?а????? ??????? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ???????
????????? [12, ?.а285].
???????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????????????? ??????? ?а???????????????? ????????????????, ?а????? ???????, ?а???????????? ?????? ??
???????? ?а??????? л???? ?????╗, ?? ??????????? ????????????? ????????
?????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ? ?а??????, ?????????? ???????? ?. ?. ?????????: л??????? ?? ????? ?????????? ??????
?????????: ?? ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????, ??? ?????? ?а??????, ???????
??? ?а????, ??? ?а?????╗ [6, c. 217].
??? л???????????╗ ????? ?а???????????? ???????????????, ????????????
????????????? ???????? ?а???????????? ??????????????? ????????????
?????? ?? ??? (л??????????╗ ?ал???????????╗) ?????????? ???????????? ????*
188
???????? ?? ????! (???.)
???? ?а????????? ???? ??? ?????. ?а?????? л???????? ??????? ?а????????
??????????? ??????╗ ?? ?????:
??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?а???? ????????. ?? ???????? ?? ??? ?????, ????
??? ?????????, ?а?????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???????. ?а??? ???????????, ??? ?? ???? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ??????. ??????? ??????
?????????? ?а????? ??? ?? ??????. ?? ?????? ??? ???????? ????, ????????? ???
????????, ??? ??????????? ?а????????, ??????? ???? ??????? ?? ?????, ??? ??
????? ??????? ?а????????????. ?? ????? ???? ??? ??????, ?? ?????, ?а???????
??????? ??????? ???????????, ?а???????? ???? ??? ????? ????. ??? ??????
???? ?????? ?????? ???? ?а???????????, ?а??????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ???????????? [8, ?.а27].
???????????? ????? ?а???, ??????? ?. ?. ????????, ??? ??? ???????, ?. ?.
???????? ?а???????? ??????????????. л????? ?????? ???????? ????? ?а?????? ???, ?а??? ????????? ?????????? ???╗, ? ????????? ??????? ?а????????
?????????, ??? ?а????? ??????? ??-?????? ???????????? ?а???????????????
???????????? ??????? ????????? ?а?????????. ?а??????? ?? ??????????? ???????? ???????, ???????????? ??????, ?а??????? ?? ???????? ???? ???????????
?? ???????????? л?????? ?????? ????? ???????╗, ?? ???? ?а??????? ?????????
?????? ?а??????????? ????????? ?????????????, ?а?????? л??? ?????????╗ ?
??????????????? ?а????????? ????????, ???????????????? ?а??????? ??????,
?????????? ?а????????? ????????????? ???????????? ?а???????. ?а??????????
??????????? ????? ?а??????? ?а?????? ?????????????????? ??????? ?а???????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?а??????????? ??????, ??????????? ?????????,
??????????, ????????? ?а??????? ?????????, ?а???????????? ???????? ??????
??????? ??????? ?а????????????? ??????????? ?????????.
????? ????????? ?а?????? ?????? ??????? ?а???????????? ?а???????
??????-???????????? ????????? л??????╗ ??????? л?????╗ ??????????? ????,
?????? ??????? ?. ?. ????????, ????????, ?? ?????? ????? ? ??????????
??????? ?а???????? ??? ??????? ?а?????????, ?????? ???????? ????? ?? ????????????, ?????? ??????? ?? ???????????? ???????????.
?????????? ??????????, ?а????? ?а?????? ????????? ???????? л????????????╗ ?ал?????????╗ ????? ?а?????????? ???????? (??????????? ?а??????
???????????) ?? л?????? ??????╗ ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????
?а??????????. ????????, ?. ?. ?????? ?ал????????? ????????╗ ????????:
??? ???? ?????????????? ????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ??????? ????????,
?а?????????? ?? ??? ???????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ????????????? ?а????????????? ???????????, ?????? ??? ???? ????????? ???????: ???-??
?а???? ????????? ???????????. ??? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????????
?????????????? ???? [3, ?.а50].
???????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?а?. ?. ?????????
?а???????????? ?ал???????????? ??????╗ ?????????? ???????? ?а????????????, ????????????????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?а??????????? ??????????? ????
????????: л??????? ???????? ??? ?????, ?????? ??? ????????? ????? ?????
???????? ?????? ?а??????????????? ??????????, ?? ???? ??????????????
189
?????? ????? ???????????? ????╗ [10, ?.а267]. ?а???? ?? ????????? ???? ????????? ?а?????? ?. ?. ??????, ???????????: л? ?а???????? ??????? ???????
?????? ?? ?????? ????????????, ???????????? ???????? ?а????????? ???????
????????? ????????, ?а?????????? ?а??????? ??????? ????? ????????????
???????? ?? ??? ?????????╗ [4, ?.а352].
?????????? ?????????????? ????, ????????????? ???????????, ???????????? ????????? ????? ???????? л?????? ????????╗ ????????, ????????? ???
???????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ?а???????????? ??????, ????????
л???????╗ ???? ????????? ??????? ?а????????????, ??????? ????????????
?а???????? ??????, ???? ???????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ????????, ?а????? л??????╗ ????. ?а?????? ????????? ??????? ?а???
?????? ??????????????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ??????-???????????? ????
????????????? ??????, ???????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????????
?а??????????????? ????????, ????????? ?а?. ?., ???????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ?а??????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ?????,
???????? ?????????? ?????? ????????, ??????????????? ????????????
?? ?????????, ??????????? ?а?????????????. ?? ????? ?????? ?а???? ??????
???????????? ????????, ????????? ?а???????????? ????? ?????? ???????????
??????????????, ????????? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ????????? ?а???????,
????????? ?????????????????? ???? ?????. ?а????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ????? ?? ??????????????? ?????? л??????????????? ???????╗,
?а????? ?? ??????????????? ????, ????????????? ???????????? ?а?????????
?????????? ??? ?? ??????????, ????????? ????????????? ?а??????? ????
?????????????????? л????? ??????╗, ????????? ?ал???????????╗, ?????????
???????? ??????????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ?а???????????
????????, ???????????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????????????????? ?????? ?а???? ????????.
л??????? ?а?????? ??????╗, ??????????????? ?????????? ????????????
?а??????? ??????????? ?????????, ?? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ???? ???????? ????????????,
?? ?а????????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ????????. ?? ?????????? ?. ?. ??????????, ??????? ?????????? ???? ?????????, ????????
??? ?????????????? л???????????? ????????????╗ ?? ????????? ?? ?????????,
?? ?????, ?? ???????. ??????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ?а?????????? ???????????????? ???? ?? ??? ?????????????????
?????? ??????????? ???? ?а???????????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????,
?а??? ??? ????? ?????????????? ?а??????????? ???????????? л??????????????
????╗, ?????? л??????╗ ?? ?????? л???????╗ ?а?а???????? ???????????????
?а????????????? ?????? ??????.
?????? ????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?а????????????? ??????????? ?а????????? ???????? ???????? ?а???? л? ?????╗
?ал??? ????╗, ???????? ?????????, ???? ??????? ???????? ??????? ? ??????
л?????╗ ??? ?????? л????╗.
????? ???????? ???? ??????, ???????? ???? ?????? ? ?????????? ?. ?. ???????, ? ????? ??????, ??? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ??? ????
190
??????????; ????? ??????????????????? ?????, ?а????? ????? ??????? ?а??????
?????-???? ???????. ??? ?? ??? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????, ?????????
????
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