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Нагрузки и воздействия на здания и сооружения. Явление космогенной эволюции интенсивности глобальных колебаний среднесуточной скорости ветра на урбанизированных территориях

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ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
2/2011
ɇȺȽɊɍɁɄɂ ɂ ȼɈɁȾȿɃɋɌȼɂə ɇȺ ɁȾȺɇɂə ɂ ɋɈɈɊɍɀȿɇɂə.
əȼɅȿɇɂȿ ɄɈɋɆɈȽȿɇɇɈɃ ɗȼɈɅɘɐɂɂ ɂɇɌȿɇɋɂȼɇɈɋɌɂ
ȽɅɈȻȺɅɖɇɕɏ ɄɈɅȿȻȺɇɂɃ ɋɊȿȾɇȿɋɍɌɈɑɇɈɃ ɋɄɈɊɈɋɌɂ
ȼȿɌɊȺ ɇȺ ɍɊȻȺɇɂɁɂɊɈȼȺɇɇɕɏ ɌȿɊɊɂɌɈɊɂəɏ
LOADINGS AND INFLUENCES ON BUILDINGS AND CONSTRUCTIONS. THE SPACEGENIC EVOLUTIONS PHENOMENON
OF A WIND DAILY AVERAGE SPEED GLOBAL FLUCTUATIONS
INTENSITY IN THE URBANIZED TERRITORIES
ȼ.ɂ.Ɍɟɥɢɱɟɧɤɨ, Ɇ.ɋ.ɏɥɵɫɬɭɧɨɜ, ȼ.ɂ.ɉɪɨɤɨɩɶɟɜ, ɀ.Ƚ.Ɇɨɝɢɥɸɤ
V.I. Telichenko, M.S. Hlystunov, V.I. Prokopjev, J.G. Mogiluk
ɆȽɋɍ (ɇɂɍ)
ȼ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɢɹ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɦ ɜɚɪɢɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɧɟɢɡɜɟɫɬɧɨɝɨ ɪɚɧɟɟ ɹɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɝɥɨɛɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɜ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɝɪɚɜɢɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɜɨɡɦɭɳɟɧɢɣ ɜ
ɨɤɨɥɨɡɟɦɧɨɦ ɤɨɫɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɟ.
In article are presented materials of opening by a spectral variametric analysis method
of the unknown person before phenomenon of a wind daily average speed global fluctuations intensity as a gravidynamic indignations action result in a circumterraneous space.
ȼ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɟ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɚ ɚɷɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɫɬɢ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɣ ɡɞɚɧɢɣ ɢ ɫɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɣ, ɤɚɤ ɜ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ, ɬɚɤ ɢ ɡɚ ɪɭɛɟɠɨɦ, ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɨɛɨɫɬɪɹɟɬɫɹ ɧɟ ɩɪɨɝɧɨɡɢɪɭɟɦɵɦ ɪɚɧɟɟ ɪɨɫɬɨɦ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɚɜɚɪɢɣɧɨ ɨɩɚɫɧɵɯ ɚɷɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɜ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɩɪɢɱɢɧɨɣ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɧɨɜɵɯ, ɦɚɥɨɢɡɭɱɟɧɧɵɯ ɪɚɧɟɟ ɢ, ɤɚɤ ɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɢɟ, ɧɟɧɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɫɜɟɪɯɩɪɨɟɤɬɧɵɯ ɜɟɬɪɨɜɵɯ ɧɚɝɪɭɡɨɤ ɢ
ɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɣ ɧɚ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɫɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɹ.
Ɍɪɟɛɭɟɦɚɹ ɝɥɭɛɢɧɚ ɩɪɨɝɧɨɡɚ ɨɠɢɞɚɟɦɨɣ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɢ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɨɜɵɯ ɧɚɝɪɭɡɨɤ ɢ ɢɯ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɞɟɝɪɚɞɚɰɢɸ ɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɞɨɥɠɧɚ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶ ɝɥɭɛɢɧɟ ɝɪɚɞɨɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɥɚɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ (ɞɨ 100 ɥɟɬ), ɧɨ ɧɟ ɦɟɧɟɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɧɨɝɨ ɫɪɨɤɚ ɢɯ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɣ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ.
ɇɚɫɬɨɹɳɚɹ ɫɬɚɬɶɹ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɫɹ ɤ ɫɟɪɢɢ ɩɭɛɥɢɤɚɰɢɣ ɩɨ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɸ ɧɚɭɱɧɨɣ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɭɧɢɤɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɦɟɠɞɢɫɰɢɩɥɢɧɚɪɧɵɯ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɜ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɚɜɬɨɪɨɜ ɜ
ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɧɟɢɡɜɟɫɬɧɵɯ ɪɚɧɟɟ ɹɜɥɟɧɢɣ ɚɤɬɢɜɚɰɢɢ ɝɪɚɜɢɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɪɢɱɢɧɧɨɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɨɜ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ ɤɨɫɦɨ-ɡɟɦɧɵɯ ɫɜɹɡɟɣ ɧɚ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɢɪɨɞɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɜ ɧɚ ɧɚɲɟɣ ɩɥɚɧɟɬɟ [1-8].
ȼ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɚɜɬɨɪɨɜ ɩɨ ɨɛɧɚɪɭɠɟɧɢɸ, ɤɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ, ɢɧɬɟɪɩɪɟɬɚɰɢɢ ɢ ɜɟɪɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɝɥɨɛɚɥɶɧɵɯ (ɩɥɚɧɟɬɚɪɧɨɝɨ
ɦɚɫɲɬɚɛɚ) ɤɨɥɟɛɚɧɢɣ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɨɜɵɯ ɧɚɝɪɭɡɨɤ, ɜ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɛɵɥɨ
60
2/2011
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
ɨɬɤɪɵɬɨ ɧɟɢɡɜɟɫɬɧɨɟ ɪɚɧɟɟ ɹɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɤɨɫɦɨɝɟɧɧɨɣ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɢ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɝɥɨɛɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɤɨɥɟɛɚɧɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɧɚ ɭɪɛɚɧɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɹɯ ɜ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɝɪɚɜɢɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɜɨɡɦɭɳɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɨɤɨɥɨɡɟɦɧɨɦ ɤɨɫɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɟ.
Ⱦɥɹ ɜɟɪɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɹɜɥɟɧɢɹ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɜ ɰɟɥɹɯ ɢɞɟɧɬɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɩɪɢɱɢɧɧɨɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɫɜɹɡɟɣ ɢ ɝɪɚɜɢɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɚ ɟɝɨ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ, ɚɜɬɨɪɚɦɢ ɛɵɥ
ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧ ɦɟɬɨɞ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɜɚɪɢɚɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɜ
ɩɨ ɞɚɧɧɵɦ ɦɟɬɟɨɪɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɣ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ
ɜ ɪɹɞɟ ɝɟɨɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɪɚɡɧɟɫɟɧɧɵɯ ɝɨɪɨɞɨɜ Ɂɟɦɥɢ (Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ, Ʌɨɧɞɨɧ, Ⱥɧɤɨɪɢɞɠ, Ȼɭɷɧɨɫ-Ⱥɣɪɟɫ, Ʉɚɧɛɟɪɪɚ, Ɍɨɤɢɨ ɢ ɞɪ.), ɜ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɵ: ɞɨ ɢ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɜɡɪɵɜɚ ɤɨɦɟɬɵ ɒɭɦɟɣɤɟɪɚ-Ʌɟɜɢ ɧɚ ɘɩɢɬɟɪɟ. Ɍɚɤɨɟ ɫɨɩɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ «ɞɨ ɢ ɩɨɫɥɟ» ɛɵɥɨ ɜɵɛɪɚɧɨ ɜ ɰɟɥɹɯ ɨɛɧɚɪɭɠɟɧɢɹ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ ɜɫɩɥɟɫɤɚ ɝɪɚɜɢɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɜɨɡɦɭɳɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ ɜɡɪɵɜɚ ɤɨɦɟɬɵ
ɧɚ ɘɩɢɬɟɪɟ (ɫ 16 ɩɨ 22 ɢɸɥɹ 1994 ɝɨɞɚ) ɜ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɚɯ ɫɨɥɧɟɱɧɨɣ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɧɚ ɚɤɬɢɜɚɰɢɸ
ɤɨɫɦɨ-ɡɟɦɧɵɯ ɫɜɹɡɟɣ ɢ ɨɠɢɞɚɟɦɨɟ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ «ɜɨɡɛɭɠɞɟɧɢɟ» ɩɪɢɪɨɞɧɵɯ ɚɷɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɜ ɧɚ Ɂɟɦɥɟ ɢɥɢ ɨɬɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɟ ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ.
Ⱦɥɹ ɩɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɛɵɥɚ ɫɮɨɪɦɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɚ ɝɢɩɨɬɟɡɚ, ɜ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ ɨɛɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɛɵɥɚ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɚ ɫɯɟɦɚ (ɪɢɫ.1) ɩɪɟɞɩɨɥɚɝɚɟɦɨɝɨ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɚ
ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ ɝɪɚɜɢɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɜɨɡɦɭɳɟɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɢ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɤɨɥɟɛɚɧɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɜ ɩɪɢɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨɦ ɫɥɨɟ ɚɬɦɨɫɮɟɪɵ, ɞɨɫɬɨɜɟɪɧɨ ɪɟɝɢɫɬɪɢɪɭɟɦɵɟ ɫɟɬɶɸ ɦɟɬɟɨɪɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɫɬɚɧɰɢɣ.
Ɋɢɫ.1. ɋɯɟɦɚ ɩɪɟɞɩɨɥɚɝɚɟɦɨɝɨ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɚ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ ɝɪɚɜɢɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɜɨɡɦɭɳɟɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɢ
ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɤɨɥɟɛɚɧɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɜ ɩɪɢɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨɦ ɫɥɨɟ ɚɬɦɨɫɮɟɪɵ
Ɂɟɦɥɢ
Ɉɩɟɪɚɰɢɨɧɧɚɹ ɫɯɟɦɚ, ɨɬɪɚɠɚɸɳɚɹ ɨɞɢɧ ɢɡ ɜɚɪɢɚɧɬɨɜ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɦɟɬɨɞɚ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɜɚɪɢɚɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɢ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɤɨɥɟɛɚɧɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɜ ɩɪɢɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨɦ ɫɥɨɟ ɚɬɦɨɫɮɟɪɵ Ɂɟɦɥɢ, ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɚ
ɛɥɨɤ-ɫɯɟɦɨɣ ɚɥɝɨɪɢɬɦɚ ɟɝɨ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɧɚ ɪɢɫɭɧɤɟ 2, ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɜ ɩɟɪɜɨɦ ɛɥɨɤɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɦɚɫɫɢɜ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɦɟɬɟɨɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ
ɜɟɬɪɚ V(t) ɡɚ ɩɟɪɢɨɞ [t1,t2], ɜɨ ɜɬɨɪɨɦ – ɜɵɞɟɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɢ ɧɨɪɦɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ ɩɨ ɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɦɭ
ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɸ ɡɚ ɩɟɪɢɨɞ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɣ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɢ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚ, ɧɚ ɬɪɟɬɶɟɦ – ɜɵɱɢɫɥɹɟɬɫɹ
ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɨɛɪɚɡ ɷɬɢɯ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ.
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Ɋɢɫ.2. Ȼɥɨɤ-ɫɯɟɦɚ ɚɥɝɨɪɢɬɦɚ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɜɚɪɢɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɢ
ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɜ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɵ [t1,t2] ɢ [t3,t4]
Ⱦɚɥɟɟ, ɧɚ ɱɟɬɜɟɪɬɨɦ ɷɬɚɩɟ, ɮɨɪɦɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɬɟɨɪɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɝɢɩɨɬɟɡɚ ɢɥɢ ɢɧɬɟɪɩɪɟɬɚɰɢɹ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɚ, ɩɪɢɱɢɧɧɨ-ɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɫɜɹɡɟɣ ɢ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɦɟɪɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɚ, ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɨɛɪɚɡ ɦɚɬɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɝɨ ɆV(f), ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɧɵɣ ɩɭɬɟɦ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ Ɏɭɪɶɟ ɟɝɨ ɧɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ, ɫɨɩɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ (ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɹ «5») ɫɨ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɦɢ ɧɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɣ. ȼ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɫɨɜɩɚɞɟɧɢɹ ɧɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɨɜ ɦɨɞɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɢ ɧɚɬɭɪɧɵɯ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ
ɬɟɨɪɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɜɟɪɢɮɢɰɢɪɨɜɚɧɚ, ɤɚɤ ɚɞɟɤɜɚɬɧɚɹ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɚɟɦɨɦɭ
ɹɜɥɟɧɢɸ ɤɨɫɦɨɝɟɧɧɨɣ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɢ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɝɥɨɛɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɤɨɥɟɛɚɧɢɣ ɚɦɩɥɢɬɭɞɵ
ɚɷɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɜɟɬɪɨɜɵɯ ɧɚɝɪɭɡɨɤ ɧɚ ɭɪɛɚɧɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɹɯ ɜ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ
ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɝɪɚɜɢɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɜɨɡɦɭɳɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɨɤɨɥɨɡɟɦɧɨɦ ɤɨɫɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɟ.
ɋɨɩɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɨɜ (2-1) ɢ (2-1ɚ) ɩɨɡɜɨɥɢɬ ɜɵɹɜɢɬɶ ɧɨɜɵɟ ɢɥɢ ɪɨɫɬ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɭɱɬɟɧɧɵɯ ɪɚɧɟɟ ɩɪɢɱɢɧɧɨ-ɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɫɜɹɡɟɣ ɤɨɫɦɨɝɟɧɧɨɣ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɢ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɤɨɥɟɛɚɧɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɜ ɩɪɢɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨɦ ɫɥɨɟ ɚɬɦɨɫɮɟɪɵ
Ɂɟɦɥɢ ɜ ɩɟɪɢɨɞ [t3,t4] ɩɨɫɥɟ ɜɡɪɵɜɚ ɤɨɦɟɬɵ ɩɨ ɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɸ ɫ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɪɚɧɧɢɦ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɨɦ
ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɣ ɞɨ ɜɡɪɵɜɚ [t1,t2].
ɉɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɟɦ ɚɞɟɤɜɚɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɬɟɨɪɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɜ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɛɭɞɟɬ
ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɤɨɷɮɮɢɰɢɟɧɬɚ ɤɪɨɫɫɤɨɪɪɟɥɹɰɢɢ ɢɥɢ ɫɜɟɪɬɤɢ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɚɟɦɨɝɨ ɢ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɭɟɦɨɝɨ ɩɨ ɝɢɩɨɬɟɡɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɚ (ɪɢɫ.3).
Ɋɢɫ.3. ȼɚɪɢɚɧɬ ɛɥɨɤ-ɫɯɟɦɵ ɚɥɝɨɪɢɬɦɚ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ ɩɨ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɜɟɪɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɬɟɨɪɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ
ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɤɨɫɦɨɝɟɧɧɨɣ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɢ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɜ ɩɪɢɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨɦ
ɫɥɨɟ ɚɬɦɨɫɮɟɪɵ
62
2/2011
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
ȼɚɪɢɚɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɢ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɜ
ɩɪɢɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨɦ ɫɥɨɟ ɚɬɦɨɫɮɟɪɵ, ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɧɵɣ ɚɜɬɨɪɚɦɢ ɩɨ ɞɚɧɧɵɦ ɦɟɬɟɨɪɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɪɹɞɟ ɝɟɨɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɪɚɡɧɟɫɟɧɧɵɯ ɝɨɪɨɞɨɜ Ɂɟɦɥɢ (Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ, Ʌɨɧɞɨɧ, Ⱥɧɤɨɪɢɞɠ, Ȼɭɷɧɨɫ-Ⱥɣɪɟɫ, Ʉɚɧɛɟɪɪɚ, Ɍɨɤɢɨ ɢ ɞɪ.), ɩɨɤɚɡɚɥ, ɱɬɨ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɹ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɜɨ ɜɫɟɯ ɝɨɪɨɞɚɯ, ɬɚɤɠɟ ɤɚɤ ɢ ɞɥɹ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɜ, ɤɚɤ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɨ, ɫɨɞɟɪɠɢɬ ɞɜɟ ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɵ: ɨɞɧɚ ɢɡ ɧɢɯ ɧɨɫɢɬ
ɝɥɨɛɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪ ɢ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɚɟɬɫɹ ɜɨ ɜɫɟɯ ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɝɨɪɨɞɚɯ, ɚ ɜɬɨɪɚɹ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɫɨɛɨɣ ɨɬɪɚɠɟɧɢɟ ɥɨɤɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɩɪɢɪɨɞɧɵɯ ɢ ɬɟɯɧɨɝɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɣ ɤɥɢɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɢ ɨɪɨɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɩɪɢɥɟɠɚɳɟɣ ɤ ɝɨɪɨɞɚɦ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɢ ɢ ɩɨɞɥɟɠɢɬ ɤɥɢɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɦɭ ɪɚɣɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɸ ɩɨ ɜɟɬɪɨɜɵɦ ɧɚɝɪɭɡɤɚɦ, ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɧɚ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬ
ɜɵɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɢɥɢ ɢɞɟɧɬɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɢɯ ɞɨɦɢɧɢɪɭɸɳɢɯ ɥɨɤɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɰɢɤɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ (ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ) ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬ.
ɇɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɞɥɹ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɨɝɨ j-ɝɨ ɝɨɪɨɞɚ ɢɥɢ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɨɣ j-ɨɣ ɭɪɛɚɧɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ
ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɢ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɹ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɜ
ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɦ ɨɬɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɢ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɚ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɢ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɢ kVj ( f ) , ɬɨ ɬɨɝɞɚ ɝɥɨɛɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɚɹ KVɝɥ ( f ) ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɜɵɞɟɥɟɧɚ ɜ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ ɤɪɨɫɫɤɨɪɪɟɥɹɰɢɢ ɜ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ
ɮɭɧɤɰɢɣ ɩɨ ɜɫɟɦ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɵɦ ɝɨɪɨɞɚɦ ɢɥɢ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɹɦ, ɬɨ ɟɫɬɶ
1
KVɝɥ ( f )
ª J
ºJ
k
(
f
)
«– Vj
» ,
¬j1
¼
ɝɞɟ J – ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɥɨɤɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɬɨɱɟɤ (ɪɚɣɨɧɨɜ) ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ.
ȼ ɫɜɨɸ ɨɱɟɪɟɞɶ, ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɚɹ ɥɨɤɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɣ ɦɟɫɬɧɵɯ (ɥɨɤɚɥɶɧɵɯ) ɡɚɤɨɧɨɦɟɪɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɢ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɜ
ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɦ ɨɬɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɢ ɞɥɹ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɨɝɨ j-ɝɨ ɝɨɪɨɞɚ ɢɥɢ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɨɣ j-ɨɣ ɭɪɛɚɧɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɢ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɚ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɟɦ:
1
2
KVɥɨɤ ( f ) KVj ( f ) kVj ( f ) ª¬kVj ( f ) KVɝɥ ( f ) º¼ .
Ɋɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɵɟ ɜɟɪɫɢɢ ɚɥɝɨɪɢɬɦɨɜ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɜɚɪɢɚɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɸɬ ɫɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɞɥɹ
ɤɚɠɞɨɣ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɢ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɵɟ «ɷɬɚɥɨɧɵ» ɪɟɡɨɧɚɧɫɧɵɯ ɢ/ɢɥɢ ɰɢɤɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɤɥɢɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɣ ɝɥɨɛɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɢ ɥɨɤɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɩɪɢɪɨɞɧɵɯ ɢ ɬɟɯɧɨɝɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɜ, ɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɸɳɢɯ ɞɨɦɢɧɢɪɭɸɳɟɟ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɦɟɫɬɧɵɯ ɚɷɪɨɞɢɧɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣ, ɚ, ɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ, ɜɟɬɪɨɜɵɯ ɧɚɝɪɭɡɨɤ ɧɚ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɫɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɹ. ȼ ɢɧɢɰɢɚɬɢɜɧɨɦ ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ ɭɱɚɫɬɧɢɤɚɦɢ ɧɚɭɱɧɨɣ ɲɤɨɥɵ ɚɤɚɞɟɦɢɤɚ ɊȺȺɋɇ Ɍɟɥɢɱɟɧɤɨ ȼ.ɂ. ɛɵɥ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɚɧ ɩɚɤɟɬ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦ «Evolution-V» ɞɥɹ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɢ ɟɠɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɩɪɢ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɢ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɧɵɯ ɡɚɞɚɱ ɨɰɟɧɤɢ ɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɢ
ɬɟɤɭɳɟɝɨ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɹ ɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨɝɨ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɚ ɚɷɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɫɬɢ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɣ ɢ ɡɚɩɚɫɚ ɝɟɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɫɬɢ ɫɢɫɬɟɦ ɬɢɩɚ «ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɟ».
Ɋɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɢɦ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɚɧɚɥɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ ɩɨ ɨɛɧɚɪɭɠɟɧɢɸ ɢ ɜɟɪɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɦɟɪɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ ɜɫɩɥɟɫɤɚ ɝɪɚɜɢɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɜɨɡɦɭɳɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ ɜɡɪɵɜɚ ɤɨɦɟɬɵ ɧɚ ɘɩɢɬɟɪɟ ɧɚ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɸ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ (Mean wind speed) ¢V(t)² ɩɨ ɨɮɢɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɦ
63
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
2/2011
ɞɚɧɧɵɦ ɦɟɬɟɨɪɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɝɨɪɨɞɚɯ: Ʌɨɧɞɨɧ, Ⱥɧɤɨɪɢɞɠ, Ȼɭɷɧɨɫ-Ⱥɣɪɟɫ
ɢ Ʉɚɧɛɟɪɪɚ.
Ⱦɥɹ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɜɟɪɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ, ɜ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɩɨɞɬɜɟɪɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɝɢɩɨɬɟɡɵ, ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɝɨ ɹɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɛɵɥɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɵ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɦɟɬɟɨɪɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɜ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɯ ɜɵɲɟ ɝɨɪɨɞɚɯ ɜ ɩɟɪɢɨɞ ɫ ɹɧɜɚɪɹ 1973 ɝɨɞɚ ɩɨ
ɚɜɝɭɫɬ 2009 ɝɨɞɚ ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ.
ɉɪɢ ɩɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɢɢ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɨɜ ɤɨɥɟɛɚɧɢɣ ɢ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɥɢɫɶ ɞɜɚ ɦɚɫɫɢɜɚ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ: ɞɨ ([t1,t2] - ɫ ɹɧɜɚɪɹ 1973 ɝɨɞɚ ɩɨ ɞɟɤɚɛɪɶ 1993
ɝɨɞɚ, ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ) ɢ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɩɚɞɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɦɟɬɵ ɒɭɦɟɣɤɟɪɚ - Ʌɟɜɢ ɧɚ ɩɥɚɧɟɬɭ ɘɩɢɬɟɪ
([t3,t4] - ɫ ɚɜɝɭɫɬɚ 1994 ɝɨɞɚ ɩɨ ɚɜɝɭɫɬ 2009 ɝɨɞɚ ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ). Ʉɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɫɭɬɨɤ ɩɟɪɜɨɝɨ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɚ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ 7670, ɱɬɨ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɩɪɢ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɦ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɟ ɦɢɧɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɜɵɞɟɥɹɟɦɨɣ ɱɚɫɬɨɬɟ fmin=1,50900575*10-9 Ƚɰ, ɚ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɫɭɬɨɤ ɜɬɨɪɨɝɨ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɚ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ 5488, ɱɬɨ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɩɪɢ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɦ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɟ ɦɢɧɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɣ
ɜɵɞɟɥɹɟɦɨɣ ɱɚɫɬɨɬɟ fmin=2,10897851*10-9 Ƚɰ. ɍɱɢɬɵɜɚɹ ɧɟɪɟɝɭɥɹɪɧɵɣ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪ ɜɵɛɨɪɨɤ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ, ɜɟɪɯɧɹɹ ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɚɹ ɱɚɫɬɨɬɚ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ
ɛɵɥɚ ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɚ ɞɨ fmɚɯ =2.89*10-6 Ƚɰ, ɱɬɨ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ 4 ɫɭɬɤɚɦ ɩɨ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɭ ɰɢɤɥɚ.
Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɵɟ ɱɚɫɬɨɬɵ ɝɪɚɜɢɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɜɨɡɦɭɳɟɧɢɣ, ɜɵɡɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟɦ ɩɥɚɧɟɬ
ɫɨɥɧɟɱɧɨɣ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɢ Ʌɭɧɵ, ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɚɦ ɨɛɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ, ɪɚɞɢɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɝɪɚɜɢɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɪɟɡɨɧɚɧɫɚɦ ɢ ɢɯ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɦ ɥɢɧɟɣɧɵɦ ɢ ɤɨɦɛɢɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɦ ɝɚɪɦɨɧɢɤɚɦ, ɛɵɥɢ ɜɡɹɬɵ ɢɡ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɵ 1 ɩɟɪɜɨɣ ɫɬɚɬɶɢ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɟɪɢɢ ɩɭɛɥɢɤɚɰɢɣ, ɜ ɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧɟ
ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ (fmin-fmɚɯ), ɬɨ ɟɫɬɶ ɨɬ 2,1*10-9 ɞɨ 2,89*10-6 Ƚɰ, ɱɬɨ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɚɦ ɨɬ 4 ɞɨ 5488 ɫɭɬɨɤ.
ɍɱɢɬɵɜɚɹ ɨɬɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɟ ɜ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɦɟɬɟɨɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɣ ɩɨ Ɇɨɫɤɜɟ ɢ Ɍɨɤɢɨ ɦɧɨɝɨɫɭɬɨɱɧɵɯ ɮɪɚɝɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɡɚɩɢɫɟɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ, ɜ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɦ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɛɭɞɭɬ ɪɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɵ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɩɨ Ʌɨɧɞɨɧɭ, Ȼɭɷɧɨɫ-Ⱥɣɪɟɫɭ, Ʉɚɧɛɟɪɪɟ ɢ Ⱥɧɤɨɪɢɞɠɭ.
ɇɚ ɪɢɫ.4 ɞɥɹ ɢɥɥɸɫɬɪɚɰɢɢ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɵ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɨɜ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɜ Ʌɨɧɞɨɧɟ, Ⱥɧɤɨɪɢɞɠɟ, Ȼɭɷɧɨɫ-Ⱥɣɪɟɫɟ ɢ Ʉɚɧɛɟɪɪɟ (ɫɢɧɹɹ ɢɥɢ
ɧɢɠɧɹɹ ɨɝɢɛɚɸɳɚɹ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚ - ɩɨ ɞɚɧɧɵɦ ɫ ɹɧɜɚɪɹ 1973 ɝɨɞɚ ɩɨ ɞɟɤɚɛɪɶ 1993 ɝɨɞɚ,
ɤɪɚɫɧɚɹ ɢɥɢ ɜɟɪɯɧɹɹ - ɫ ɚɜɝɭɫɬɚ 1994 ɝɨɞɚ ɩɨ ɚɜɝɭɫɬ 2009 ɝɨɞɚ ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ).
Ɋɢɫ.4. ɋɩɟɤɬɪ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɜ Ʌɨɧɞɨɧɟ ɢ Ⱥɧɤɨɪɢɞɠɟ
ɇɚ ɪɢɫ.5 ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɤɪɨɫɫɤɨɪɪɟ-ɥɹɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɵ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ
ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɜ ɝɨɪɨɞɚɯ Ʌɨɧɞɨɧɟ, Ⱥɧɤɨɪɢɞɠɟ, Ȼɭɷɧɨɫ-Ⱥɣɪɟɫɟ ɢ Ʉɚɧɛɟɪɪɟ (ɫɢɧɹɹ ɢɥɢ
ɧɢɠɧɹɹ ɨɝɢɛɚɸɳɚɹ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚ - ɩɨ ɞɚɧɧɵɦ ɫ ɹɧɜɚɪɹ 1973 ɝɨɞɚ ɩɨ ɞɟɤɚɛɪɶ 1993 ɝɨɞɚ,
ɤɪɚɫɧɚɹ ɢɥɢ ɜɟɪɯɧɹɹ - ɫ ɚɜɝɭɫɬɚ 1994 ɝɨɞɚ ɩɨ ɚɜɝɭɫɬ 2009 ɝɨɞɚ ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ)
64
2/2011
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
Ɋɢɫ.6. Ʉɪɨɫɫɤɨɪɪɟɥɹɰɢɨɧɧɵɣ ɫɩɟɤɬɪ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɜ Ʌɨɧɞɨɧɟ, Ⱥɧɤɨɪɢɞɠɟ, Ȼɭɷɧɨɫ-Ⱥɣɪɟɫɟ ɢ Ʉɚɧɛɟɪɪɟ
ȼ ɨɬɥɢɱɢɟ ɨɬ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɨɜ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɵɯ ɢ ɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɫɭɬɨɱɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɜ ɤɪɨɫɫɤɨɪɪɟɥɹɰɢɨɧɧɨɦ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɟ ɝɥɨɛɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ (ɩɨ ɞɚɧɧɵɦ ɦɟɬɟɨɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɣ ɜ Ʌɨɧɞɨɧɟ, Ⱥɧɤɨɪɢɞɠɟ, Ȼɭɷɧɨɫ-Ⱥɣɪɟɫɟ ɢ
Ʉɚɧɛɟɪɪɟ) ɛɨɥɟɟ ɪɟɥɶɟɮɧɨ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɵ ɰɢɤɥɵ ɢ ɪɟɡɨɧɚɧɫɵ ɝɪɚɜɢɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɜɨɡɦɭɳɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɨɤɨɥɨɡɟɦɧɨɦ ɤɨɫɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɟ, ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ, ɜ ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ ɭɛɵɜɚɧɢɹ
ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɚɷɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɩɪɢɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨɦ ɫɥɨɟ ɚɬɦɨɫɮɟɪɵ
Ɂɟɦɥɢ:
ɜɬɨɪɚɹ ɝɚɪɦɨɧɢɤɚ ɪɚɞɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɝɪɚɜɢɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɪɟɡɨɧɚɧɫɚ ɘɩɢɬɟɪɚ,
ɫ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɨɦ -1531,57 ɫɭɬɨɤ;
ɤɨɦɛɢɧɚɰɢɨɧɧɚɹ ɝɚɪɦɨɧɢɤɚ ɪɚɡɧɨɫɬɢ ɱɚɫɬɨɬ ɨɛɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ Ɂɟɦɥɢ ɢ ɪɚɞɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɝɪɚɜɢɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɪɟɡɨɧɚɧɫɚ ɘɩɢɬɟɪɚ, ɫ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɨɦ - 414,7 ɫɭɬɨɤ;
ɤɨɦɛɢɧɚɰɢɨɧɧɚɹ ɝɚɪɦɨɧɢɤɚ ɪɚɡɧɨɫɬɢ ɱɚɫɬɨɬ ɨɛɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ Ɂɟɦɥɢ ɢ ȼɟɧɟɪɵ,
ɫ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɨɦ - 583,9 ɫɭɬɨɤ;
ɤɨɦɛɢɧɚɰɢɨɧɧɚɹ ɝɚɪɦɨɧɢɤɚ ɪɚɡɧɨɫɬɢ ɱɚɫɬɨɬ ɨɛɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɝɪɚɜɢɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɪɚɞɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɪɟɡɨɧɚɧɫɚ Ɂɟɦɥɢ, ɫ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɨɦ - 881,8 ɫɭɬɨɤ;
ɱɚɫɬɨɬɚ ɨɛɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ Ɇɚɪɫɚ, ɫ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɨɦ - 686,68 ɫɭɬɨɤ.
ȼ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɜɵɫɨɤɢɯ ɱɚɫɬɨɬ ɢɥɢ ɦɚɥɵɯ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɨɜ ɰɢɤɥɨɜ ɢ ɪɟɡɨɧɚɧɫɨɜ ɬɟɪɦɵ
ɫɩɟɤɬɪɨɜ ɜɟɬɪɨɜɵɯ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɣ ɢɦɟɸɬ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨ ɜɵɫɨɤɭɸ ɩɥɨɬɧɨɫɬɶ, ɨɛɭɫɥɨɜɥɟɧɧɭɸ ɫɦɟɲɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɚɷɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɢ ɢ ɬɟɪɦɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɢ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɹɦɢ ɤɨɦɛɢɧɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɝɚɪɦɨɧɢɤ ɱɚɫɬɨɬ ɨɛɪɚɳɟɧɢɣ ɢ ɪɚɞɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɝɪɚɜɢɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɪɟɡɨɧɚɧɫɨɜ
ɩɥɚɧɟɬ, Ɂɟɦɥɢ ɢ Ʌɭɧɵ, ɜɤɥɸɱɚɹ ɤɨɦɛɢɧɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɝɚɪɦɨɧɢɤɢ ɱɚɫɬɨɬ ɝɪɚɜɢɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɜɨɡɦɭɳɟɧɢɣ ɋɨɥɧɰɚ.
Ɍɚɤɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ, ɫɩɟɤɬɪɵ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɜ Ʌɨɧɞɨɧɟ,
Ⱥɧɤɨɪɢɞɠɟ, Ȼɭɷɧɨɫ-Ⱥɣɪɟɫɟ ɢ Ʉɚɧɛɟɪɪɟ ɜ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɵ ɞɨ ɢ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɜɡɪɵɜɚ ɤɨɦɟɬɵ ɒɭɦɟɣɤɟɪɚ-Ʌɟɜɢ ɧɚ ɘɩɢɬɟɪɟ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɢɯ ɤɪɨɫɫɤɨɪɪɟɥɹɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɵ, ɩɨɞɬɜɟɪɠɞɚɸɬ ɝɢɩɨɬɟɡɭ ɨ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɧɟɢɡɜɟɫɬɧɨɝɨ ɪɚɧɟɟ ɹɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɫɦɨɝɟɧɧɨɣ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɢ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɝɥɨɛɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɤɨɥɟɛɚɧɢɣ ɜɟɬɪɨɜɵɯ ɧɚɝɪɭɡɨɤ ɧɚ ɭɪɛɚɧɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɹɯ ɝɪɚɜɢɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɠɞɟɧɢɹ. Ⱦɨɦɢɧɢɪɭɸɳɢɟ ɰɢɤɥɵ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɤɨɫɦɨɝɟɧɧɵɯ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ, ɤɚɤ ɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɵɟ, ɢɦɟɸɬ ɱɚɫɬɨɬɵ ɨɬɥɢɱɧɵɟ ɨɬ ɫɟɡɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɝɨɞɢɱɧɨɝɨ ɰɢɤɥɚ, ɜɵɡɵɜɚɹ, ɬɟɦ ɫɚɦɵɦ, ɧɟ
ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɪɨɫɬ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɬɪɨɜɵɯ ɧɚɝɪɭɡɨɤ, ɧɨ ɢ ɫɦɟɳɟɧɢɟ ɢɯ ɫɟɡɨɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟ-
65
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ɧɢɣ ɜ ɫɩɨɤɨɣɧɵɟ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɵ ɨɬɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɹ ɜɫɩɥɟɫɤɨɜ ɝɪɚɜɢɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɜɨɡɦɭɳɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɨɤɨɥɨɡɟɦɧɨɦ ɤɨɫɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɟ.
ɇɚɪɹɞɭ ɫ ɷɬɢɦ ɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɨɜ ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ
ɜɟɬɪɚ ɢ ɫɟɬɤɢ ɝɪɚɜɢɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɪɟɡɨɧɚɧɫɨɜ ɩɥɚɧɟɬ ɫɨɥɧɟɱɧɨɣ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɢ ɢɯ ɝɚɪɦɨɧɢɤ,
ɩɨɞɬɜɟɪɠɞɚɟɬ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɭɸ ɪɨɥɶ, ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɷɬɢɯ ɪɟɡɨɧɚɧɫɨɜ, ɜ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɢ ɚɷɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɜ ɜ ɩɪɢɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɵɯ ɫɥɨɹɯ ɚɬɦɨɫɮɟɪɵ, ɤɚɤ ɜɚɠɧɨɣ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɟɣ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɣ ɠɢɡɧɟɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤɚ ɢ ɛɢɨɫɮɟɪɵ ɜ ɰɟɥɨɦ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɨɞɧɢɦ ɢɡ ɞɨɦɢɧɢɪɭɸɳɢɯ ɮɚɤɬɨɪɨɜ ɩɨɬɟɧɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɫɧɢɠɟɧɢɹ ɚɷɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɫɬɢ ɢ
ɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɜ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ ɝɥɨɛɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɤɥɢɦɚɬɚ.
Ʌɢɬɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ:
1. Ⱦɠɚɧɢɛɟɤɨɜ ȼ.Ⱥ. ɏɥɵɫɬɭɧɨɜ Ɇ.ɋ., ɉɨɞɭɜɚɥɶɰɟɜ ȼ.ȼ. ȼɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɝɟɨɷɤɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɢɪɨɞɧɵɯ ɢ ɬɟɯɧɨɝɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɜ ɧɚ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɢ ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɧɵɯ ɤɨɦɦɭɧɢɤɚɰɢɣ. IV ȼɫɟɪɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɚɹ ɧɚɭɱɧɚɹ ɤɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɹ «Ɏɢɡɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɵ ɷɤɨɥɨɝɢɢ
(ɗɤɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɮɢɡɢɤɚ)». ɋɛ. ɬɪɭɞɨɜ. –Ɇ.: ɂɉɆ ɊȺɇ –ɆȽɍ ɢɦ.Ʌɨɦɨɧɨɫɨɜɚ Ɇ.ȼ., 2004
2. ɇɢɤɢɬɫɤɢɣ ȼ.ɉ., ɏɥɵɫɬɭɧɨɜ Ɇ.ɋ. ɉɪɨɛɥɟɦɚ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɹ ɭɪɨɜɧɹ ɦɢɤɪɨɝɪɚɜɢɬɚɰɢɢ ɧɚ ɛɨɪɬɭ
ɤɨɫɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɫɬɚɧɰɢɢ ɦɟɠɞɭɧɚɪɨɞɧɚɹ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɚ ɝɥɨɛɚɨɬɧɵɯ ɤɚɬɚɫɬɪɨɮ. Theses " International aerospace congress IAC "94" –Ɇ-H.: NASA, Org. committee IAC " 94, 1994
3. ɇɢɤɢɬɫɤɢɣ ȼ.ɉ., ɏɥɵɫɬɭɧɨɜ Ɇ.ɋ. Ƚɪɚɜɢɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɚɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ ɤɚɬɚɫɬɪɨɮ. –Ɇ.: "Aerospace
courier", January –February, 1999
4. Ɍɟɥɢɱɟɧɤɨ ȼ.ɂ., Ʉɨɪɨɥɶ ȿ.Ⱥ., ɏɥɵɫɬɭɧɨɜ Ɇ.ɋ. Ⱦɟɬɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ɦɚɥɨ ɢɡɭɱɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɢɱɢɧɧɨ-ɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɫɜɹɡɟɣ ɢ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɨɜ ɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɤɢ ɢ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɚɜɚɪɢɣ ɧɚ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɯ. - Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ-ɂɜɚɧɨɜɨ: ȼɟɫɬɧɢɤ ɨɬɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɧɚɭɤ ɊȺȺɋɇ, ɬɨɦ 2, 2010,
ɫɬɪ.324
5. Ɍɟɥɢɱɟɧɤɨ ȼ.ɂ., Ɂɚɜɚɥɢɲɢɧ ɋ.ɂ., ɏɥɵɫɬɭɧɨɜ Ɇ.ɋ. Ƚɥɨɛɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɪɢɫɤɢ ɢ ɧɨɜɵɟ ɭɝɪɨɡɵ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɦɟɝɚɩɨɥɢɫɚ. –Ɇ.: Ⱥɋȼ, ɇɚɭɱɧɨ-ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɠɭɪɧɚɥ «ȼɟɫɬɧɢɤ ɆȽɋɍ» ɉɟɪɢɨɞɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɧɚɭɱɧɨɟ ɢɡɞɚɧɢɟ, ɋɩɟɰɜɵɩɭɫɤ ʋ2, 2009, ɫ.4
6. Ɍɟɥɢɱɟɧɤɨ ȼ.ɂ. , Ʉɨɪɨɥɶ ȿ.Ⱥ., ɏɥɵɫɬɭɧɨɜ Ɇ.ɋ. Ƚɪɚɜɢɫɟɣɫɦɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɦɨɧɢɬɨɪɢɧɝ ɜɵɫɨɬɧɵɯ ɡɞɚɧɢɣ. –Ɇ.: ɀɭɪɧɚɥ «ȼɵɫɨɬɧɵɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ», ʋ1, 2008
7. ɏɥɵɫɬɭɧɨɜ Ɇ.ɋ. Ƚɪɚɜɢɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɬɟɨɪɢɹ ɫɬɢɯɢɣɧɵɯ ɛɟɞɫɬɜɢɣ. ɋɛɨɪɧɢɤ ɬɪɭɞɨɜ IV ȼɫɟɪɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɝɨ ɷɤɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɫɟɦɢɧɚɪɚ. - Ɇ.: ɘɇȿɋɄɈ-ɐɉɄ ɢɦ.ɘ.Ⱥ.Ƚɚɝɚɪɢɧɚ, 2000
8. ɏɥɵɫɬɭɧɨɜ Ɇ.ɋ., Ɂɚɜɚɥɢɲɢɧ ɋ.ɂ. ɉɨɞɭɜɚɥɶɰɟɜ ȼ.ȼ. Ʉɨɫɦɨɝɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɵ ɞɟɝɪɚɞɚɰɢɢ
ɝɟɨɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɢ ɬɟɯɧɨɫɮɟɪɵ ɦɟɝɚɩɨɥɢɫɨɜ. IV ȼɫɟɪɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɚɹ ɧɚɭɱɧɚɹ ɤɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɹ «Ɏɢɡɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɵ ɷɤɨɥɨɝɢɢ (ɗɤɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɮɢɡɢɤɚ)». ɋɛ. ɬɪɭɞɨɜ. –
Ɇ.: ɂɉɆ ɊȺɇ –ɆȽɍ ɢɦ.Ʌɨɦɨɧɨɫɨɜɚ Ɇ.ȼ., 2004
Literature:
1. Djanibekov V.A. Hlystunov M.S., Poduval'cev V.V. Vliyanie geoekologicheskoi
effektivnost' prirodnyh i tehnogennyh processov na bezopasnost' promyshlennyh ob'ektov i injenernyh
kommunikacii. IV Vserossiiskaya nauchnaya konferenciya «Fizicheskie problemy ekologii
(Ekologicheskaya fizika)». Sb. trudov. –M.: IPM RAN –MGU im.Lomonosova M.V., 2004
2. Nikitskii V.P., Hlystunov M.S. Problema kontrolya urovnya mikrogravitacii na bortu kosmicheskoi stancii mejdunarodnaya problema globaotnyh katastrof. Theses " International aerospace
congress IAC "94" –M-H.: NASA, Org. committee IAC " 94, 1994
3. Nikitskii V.P., Hlystunov M.S. Gravitacionnaya model' katastrof. –M.: "Aerospace courier",
January –February, 1999
4. Telichenko V.I., Korol' E.A., Hlystunov M.S. Detal'nye issledovaniya i analiz malo izuchennyh prichinno-sledstvennyh svyazei i mehanizmov podgotovki i realizacii avarii na stroitel'nyh ob'ektah. - Moskva-Ivanovo: Vestnik otdeleniya stroitel'nyh nauk RAASN, tom 2, 2010, str.324
5. Telichenko V.I., Zavalishin S.I., Hlystunov M.S. Global'nye riski i novye ugrozy bezopas-
66
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nosti otvetstvennyh stroitel'nyh ob'ektov megapolisa. –M.: ASV, Nauchno-tehnicheskii jurnal «Vestnik MGSU» Periodicheskoe nauchnoe izdanie, Specvypusk ʋ2, 2009, s.4
6.
Telichenko V.I. , Korol' E.A., Hlystunov M.S. Graviseismometricheskii monitoring vysotnyh zdanii. –M.: Jurnal «Vysotnye zdaniya», ʋ1, 2008
7. Hlystunov M.S. Gravidinamicheskaya teoriya stihiinyh bedstvii. Sbornik trudov IV Vserossiiskogo ekologicheskogo seminara. - M.: YuNESKO-CPK im.Yu.A.Gagarina, 2000
8. Hlystunov M.S., Zavalishin S.I. Poduval'cev V.V. Kosmogennye processy degradacii
geotehnicheskoi nadejnosti promyshlennyh ob'ektov i tehnosfery megapolisov. IV Vserossii-skaya
nauchnaya konferenciya «Fizicheskie problemy ekologii (Ekologicheskaya fizika)». Sb. trudov. –M.:
IPM RAN –MGU im.Lomonosova M.V., 2004
Ʉɥɸɱɟɜɵɟ ɫɥɨɜɚ: ɡɞɚɧɢɹ, ɫɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɹ, ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɹ, ɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɫɬɶ, ɝɥɨɛɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ
ɤɥɢɦɚɬɚ, ɫɪɟɞɧɟɫɭɬɨɱɧɚɹ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶ ɜɟɬɪɚ, ɜɚɪɢɚɰɢɢ, ɨɤɨɥɨɡɟɦɧɨɟ ɤɨɫɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɨ,
ɝɪɚɜɢɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɜɨɡɦɭɳɟɧɢɹ, ɧɟɢɡɜɟɫɬɧɨɟ ɪɚɧɟɟ ɹɜɥɟɧɢɟ, ɤɨɫɦɨɝɟɧɧɚɹ ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɹ, ɜɚɪɢɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɦɟɬɨɞ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ, ɷɜɨɥɸɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɰɢɤɥɵ, ɚɥɝɨɪɢɬɦɵ ɜɟɪɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ, ɩɪɨɝɧɨɡ
Keywords: buildings, constructions, bases, reliability, climate global changes, wind daily speed,
variations, circumterraneous space, gravidynamic indignations, unknown earlier phenomenon, spacegenic evolution, variametric analysis method, evolutionary cycles, verification algorithms, forecast
Ɋɟɰɟɧɡɟɧɬɵ: ɞ.ɬ.ɧ., ɩɪɨɮ. ȼ.Ȼ.ɇɢɤɨɥɚɟɜ, ɡɚɦ. ɧɚɭɱɧɨɝɨ ɪɭɤɨɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɹ ɈȺɈ «ɇɂɂ ɗɧɟɪɝɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɫɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɣ Ɋɨɫɝɢɞɪɨ» - ɡɚɦ. ɞɢɪɟɤɬɨɪɚ ɇɌɐ ɋɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɣ, ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɣ ɢ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ; Ɂɚɦ.ɞɢɪɟɤɬɨɪɚ ɩɨ ɧɚɭɤɟ ȼɇɂɂȽɂɆ, ɤ.ɬ.ɧ. Ɇ.Ⱥ.ȼɨɥɵɧɨɜ, ɋ.ɧ.ɫ. ȼɇɂɂȽɂɆ,
ɞ.ɮ.-ɦ.ɧ. ɇ.Ɇ. ȿɜɫɬɢɝɧɟɟɜ
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