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Заметки и рассуждения о поэме С. А. Есенина «Черный человек» в сравнении с маленькой трагедией А. С. Пушкина «Моцарт и Сальери».pdf

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??? ?а??????? ???????.
???????, ??а??? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ???????, ??? ?????? ?????? ????? л?????? ???????╗
???????? ?а???????:
?.??.?????????
л????????? ??????? ??????! ??? ????? ??????
???? ??????? ??????. ?????-?? ?а??? ?а?????????
??????? ??? ???? ?????? ???????. ???, ??? ??????,
??? ????! ???????, ??????????, ???а?? ??, ?а?????
????а?? ??? ???? ?а?????? ????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?а??????? ??? ???? ???????╗.
?.??.??????? ??????????: л???????, ?????????,
??? ????-????, ????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????, ????????,
??? ???????╗. л????????? ??????? ?????????,??
???????,?? ??? ?а????? ?? ?????? ????????? ?????╗?
??????. ???????. ????????а? ?????? ???????
????? ?а??????? ????? ?????????. ????? ??????
?а????? ??а???? ???????????а? ??-??а?????. ?а?а????????а? ??а??. ?а??а??а? ?а??????? ?????????
?а????? ?.??.???????? ??? ??а?????? ??а????????? ???????? ?.??.????????. ??а????? ????? ??????
???????????? ??????? ????. ??????а? ?а????, ???
?????-???????? ??????? ?а??????? ???-?? ???????? ???????: ??????а? ????????? ?????????а(??),
??????а? ?????? ????????????? (??). ??? ?????????? ????-??????? ???????????? ?????? ????????:
??? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???а? ??а???
????, ??? ???????????? ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ?а???? ?.??.??????????? [?????????
1960]: [??? ????]. ?????? ??????? ??????? ?а???????, ?? ????? ?а???? ??????????? ???????:
?а??? ??а??????? ??????? ?????
???????? ??????????? ?????,
?а???????????, ???????, ??а??????,
??а??????? ?а??а??????? ??????.
????? ?????? ???????? ???? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????? ?.??.????????, ??а??? ????? ??????? ????????,
????????? ?????????? ?а????? ????? ??????? ????
1
63
?????????????? ???????????????
? 2015?
? ? 1?2?( 13?14)?
?? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????????????
??? ?а???????? ????? ????? ??????.
??? ?а??? ????? ??????? ????????? ????????
?а????? ??????????? ?????
[??????? 2005:а57?58]
?.??.??????? ????? ???а??, ??? ?????? ?????, ??????? ??а????? ?а???? ???? ??а??????. ??а?а???????? ?????? ????? ??, ????????, ???????? ??????? л??????╗:
?????? ??? ????? ?????,
??? ???????? ?????.
?? ??а??? ????
?????? ??????? ???????.
[?????? 1977, 1]
?а??????????? ????? ????????????? ??????
??????? ?????????? ??? ???????????: ?а??????, ???????????, ???? ??а?????? ??????-????, ???????? ???
?????, ??а??? ?а????. ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ????
?????? ??????, ?? ?? ????????, ?а??? ??????????
??????, ?а?????? ??? ?????? <???????>. ?а????????
??? ?????? ???????????? ????? ???????: ???а? ?????????, ?????? ????????? ????????? ????????
????????, л?????????????╗ ???? ?а????а? ??????!
???????, ????? ????? ??а??????? ?а????? ????????
????-?? ??????????????? ??????, ?а??а????? ???? ??????????? ?????? ?????????. ??? ???? ?а???? ??????
???????????, ??? ???? ?а?????? ??????? ??а??? ?????????? ????? ???????. ??,а?????а?? ???? ????????
????? ?а???, ??? ??? ??????? ?ал??????? ????????????
?????╗, ??? ??, ???? ????????, ??????????? ?а?????.
л??,а???????, ?а??? ?а?l?а????а? ???????а?? ??????а? ???? ??????????? ???? ????????, ??? ?а?????
???????? ??а????????? ?????????. ??,а??.а?а?????????
???-???? ?????! ??а? ?а??????????. ?а????????╗
??? ??? ???????, ??????? ????????? ?????????,??
??????-?? ??????????? ????? ????????:
?а?????-?? ???????,
?????? ?а?????? ???,
??????? ???????? ????????
?а????? ??????
??????? ???а? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????а(1877?1927). ??а??? ?????????. ??? ???????
????????-????????, ???а? ???????? ??????. ?а?????
???????????? ???????????? ???? ?а???? ???????!
???а? ????? ??? ????а? ????????? ??????? ?а?????
(?????-??а? ?????? ????!). ??,а???? ??????? ?а?????
??????????????, ??????, ?а????? ?????? ???????
???????? ????? ???-?????? ??а?????: л?а????? ?????????? ??????? ????????╗. ?????? ?????????
?????????? ??? ???? ???????? ???????? ??????
??????? ????????, ????? ??а?????, ??? ??????
???????а? ??? ?? ???. ?????, ?а?а?????? ??а??????
64
?????, ?а??а?? ???? ???-????, ???????, ???, ??????
??? ???? ?? ????? ?а????? ????????, ?а?????? ?????
???а? ????? ????????? ???????.
???????? ???????, ??????,?? ????? ?????? ????,
?? ????? ??????? ????, ?????? ??? ?????? ???????,
??????????, ??????, ???????? <???? ?а??????????
?????>, ?а???? ??? ???????, ??а?????????? ?????
??? ??а?????, ?а????? ?????????а? ??а???а?? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????????, ???
???? ???????, ?а???????? ?????? ???????-??????.
??? ?? ????? ??????????: ???а? ??? ??????????
????????? ???????. ?а?????? ??? ?????? ?а??????:
л??????????, ?????????? ???? ?а????. ?а???? ?????? ????? ????????!╗.
***
?????? ????????? ?????? ????????а?? ???????
?а??а????, ?????? ???????????? ??????? ????????а? ???????????? ????? ????, л??????????╗
???????????, ????????????? ??????? ??????????
?а???????? ???????? ?????? ??????????? ???????????????, ???, ????????, ????????? ?????????????
?а?????????? ?????????, ????????????? ??????? ????????? ??а??????. ?а????? ??а???? ??????? ?а??????
л?????????? ?????? ???????╗. ?а??????????
????????? ??? ???????, ??а???? ?????? ????????
???????, ?а?а???????? ??а???а? ?а??????? ??а????????? ?а????????? [??????? 2000:а195?198].
***
?.??.????????? ??? ????? ??????? ?,а?????
????, ????? ????????? ??а??? ??????, ??????? ?а???????? ??? ?????? ?а??????? ??????? ???? ?????
??????????. ?а?а???? ??? ?а?????? ??????? ?????
??????? ??????????, ???? ????? ????? ???а?? ??????
?а????? ?а???? ??????. ???????? ?????? ??????????:
??? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????
[?????????? 2004], ???????, ??а?????? ???? ??????,
????????? ?????????, ??а?????? ?а?? ??????. ???
?????????? ???? ???????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ???????????. ?а??? ??????????? ????????? ?????
???? ?????????? ??????? ???? ????? ??а???????:
??????????-??????????? ???????????? (?а???????
?а?.?????????) ??а???????? ?а??? ????????? ????
??? ?????? ???????. ???????,?? ?а??а?????? ?а???!
[??????? л??? ?????????..╗ 2000:а66?72; ??????????
?????? 69?72; л???????? ??????????╗ 118?120;
л??а????, ????? 133?134; ????? ??а????? 153?158].
????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ??? ???? ??????? ???????, ??????????? ????????? ?а????, ??????,
??????? ????, ????? ??а???? ?????????? ?????
?????? ????????? л?а???????????? ?????╗а(1993)
?а190 ???????. ?а??а??? ??????? ???????, ?????????????? ????????!
????????. ??????? ???????.
??????. ?????? ??? ????
??,а??? ?????? ?а???????? ?????,
?а??????? ?
???????? ?????.
??? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ????????????? ???? ????????? ????? ???????? ?????????
?а??????? ????????? (??????, ??????а?а??.)а?
??а<???????? ????????>. ???? ?а??а?? ??а??? ?????
?????а? <?????? ????????>; ??? ????? ????
?а ?а ???? ?????, ??????? ?????? ?а ?????????,
?а???????а? ???? ?а??а??!
??????? ??? ????????????
??а?????? л??а????? ??????╗,
????????????
????? ????? ????
?а????? ???? ????????!
????? ?????. ?,а???????, ??а????: л??? ??а?????????? ?????????? ???? ???? ??????? ???а? ???????, ?а??? ????????╗. ??? ???? ??????? ??. ?????,
?а?????????, ?а??,а?а?????? ???? <?????????>.
??????????????, ???? ???????? ?ал???????
?а???????╗, ??? ??а????????????! ??а???? ??????? ???? ?????: л?????? ??? ????╗:
???? ???????????? ????????
?? ?????? ??а????????,
??? ???????????? л???????╗
??а???????
?а???????.
???, ???????????, ?а??? ????. ?????????, ??? ????
????????, ??? ??????? ?а????????. ?а?? ?????? ??
?????? ??а???????? ?? ??? ??а??????????? ?а???????????? ?а???????! ?а????????, ???????! ???????,
??????????. ??а?а? ????а?? ???????, ???????????,
???????. ?а???а??, ??? ????????-????????????, ???а??
??????-???????! ?а???????а??а? ??а????????, ????
??а? ???? ????? ?а???? ???????. ????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ??? ????а? ???? ????????!
?а??????????? ???????? (??, ??? ?????, ??? ????????? ?????) ????? ????????? ???????????? ???????:
??? ????? ???????? ??????
????????
?а?????? ?а????,
?а????? ?? ?????
??????,
????? ???????? ?а????,
??? ???????????? ?????????
????????????
??а?????.
??-??-??! ????? ??а?????? ??????????????, ????????????????, ????????а? ????? ???? ?????????,
?????а? ?.??.???????????, ?????????? ??а???????
?.??.???????? ?а?????????? ??????? ????? ???????? ?????. ?а???? ???????? ??? ????, ?а????? ???
??а??????. ?а???????? ?? ?????????? ????? ????????? ?а?????. ??? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????
??? ???? ???? ????????а? ????? ????? ??а?????
??????? ???????а? ????? ??????.
??? ?????? ?? ?а????????а? ?а??????????!
????? ????а? ?а???? ?????????. ???? ?????????
????????????? ????? ??????? ??????? (л????????╗) ??????? ??а???? ?????????? ?????? ????
???? ???? (????????? ????????), ????? ??? ?????????? (???а? ??? ???? ??????, ????????????
???, ?????????, ???????? ?????????? ???????
л?????????╗: ????????? ???????????????, ?????
???? ??????? ???????? ?????, ????? ???????????????? ????!). ??????? ??? ????????? ?????? ????
??а????? ?????????? ???????? ?а??? ??????????
??????????а? ?а?????????? ?а????? ????: ???????????? ??????? ?а??????? ????-?????? ?????????!
????? ?????? ??? ?????????????? ??????, ?????
???????? ????????? ??????? ???, ??? ???? ??? ?????
??а???????? ??????? ?.??.??????????.
??????? ??????????а? ????? (?????? ?????????, ???????? ???, ?????????). ??а??? ???????
??а???? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ?,а??????, ??????????? ?????. ?а??? ???? ?????????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????, ????
??? ????????? ?а??????, ????? ?????? ????????????
????????, ????? ????????, ??????? ??????????? ?????????. ?????? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ??а?????.
?? ?????? ??? л????╗ ?а?????????????? ????????,
???? ?????? ????? ??а???????? ??а?????? ??????
?????????, ?????? ??????, ?а??а??? ????????????
??а??? ?????????? ??????, ?????????? ?а???????,
??????, ????? ?????????? ?а????? ?????? ???????,
???? ?а???? ??????? ?а??????????? ??????????.
???????????, ???????????? ?????? ???????! ?????????? ?а????????? ?????? ?а??????????? ??????????. ?а?? ?????????? ?????? ?а??????????а? ????
??????????. ?????????????? ?????? ??????????
???? ?????: ???? ????????? ??а????????? ??????.
?а???????? ??а???? ???????? ?????: л????????╗а? ??????????? ????????, ??????? ??а????????
? ??????? ?а??????????? ?а????? ?.??.???????? л?????? ???????╗? ?
????? ?ал?????? ????????╗ ?ал?????-??????╗
?????????????? ?????????? ????????????? (?????
?????? л??????╗). ??. ??? ????????? ????????????? л?????? ??а?????????╗:
?а?????????
?????????? ?а??????,
?а?а???????? ??????!
?.??.?????????
***
65
? ? 1?2?( 13?14)?
? 2015?
?????????????? ???????????????
???????, ??????? ?а? ???????. ?????? ??????????
??а???? ????????????? ?????? ?????? ???, ??? ??
?????? ??????? ???????? ?а????? ???? ?а??а???????
??а???? ???????, ????, ??????????, ???????????,
??? ??? ?????????? ??????: л???, ?????? ?????????????, ?а??? ??? ?????? ??а??????? ????????:
?? ???а? ??????????? ??????. ?а??? ?а?????? ????,
??? ??????а? ???????????? ??? ???????? ?а???????? ????, ??, ???????, ?????. ?????? ???? ????
????????? ??????. ?а??? ??? ??а????? ??????????.
?а??а??????? ???????????? ?а??????? ??? ??????
????????!╗
***
?? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????:
??а????? ??? ??? ?????
????? ???? ?а???.
??а?????? ???? ??????????,
??? ??? ?????? ?????.
??а??? ????????????? ?? ??????? ????????
?????, ??? ??? ???????, ?????????? ?а????? ??????? ?????????:
?????????? ???????
???? ??????????? ?? ?????:
????? ????????? ????????
???????? ??? ?????? ?а???????
??а???? ?????????? ?а???????.
???? ??????????? ??а????? ????? ?
?а????????, ??????а? ????!
??а??а????? ?а?????? ????:
??? ????, ??? ??????а? ??????!
??? ???????? ?а?????? ?
?????????? ????, ??????????? ?????.
?а??????, ??? ?а???? ?????? ??,
???, ??а???? ???? ??????.
????????? ????????? ?????,
??, ??? ?????,?? ???? ?????? ?а?????.
?а????? ??а???????? ??????.
?а???? ??а???????? ?а??????????.
?????, 1989
[??????? 2000].
UDC 82
? ? ? ? ??? ? ??
??????????.??.??????? л????????? ?????╗. ??????? ?????????? ??????а(1932?1973)?//????????????? ?а?????
????? ?????????. ????? ??????: ????????????. ??????????. ??????? ?а???????????? ????????. ??????, 2007.
????????.??.????? ???.: ?а6 ?. ?.аI. ?., 1977.
????????.??????. ????? ??????????????/?????. ?а???????.
????????.??.???????, 2006.
????????.а?а???, ??? ?а???????? ?????. ??????????/?????.
?.??.???????. ?., 2003.
????????????.??.????????? ???????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????? (??а????????? ??????????? ???????
??????? ?????????). ??????, 2004.
????????.??.??????? ????. ???.: ?а10 ?. ?.,1964. ?.а5.
?????????.??.???????????? ???? ????????//??.??.????????.
????. ???.: ?а6 ?. ?.а3. ??????, 2000.
?????????.??.???????????? ????? (?????? ????? ???????
???????а[1932?1973])?//??.??.????????. ????. ???.:
?а6а?. ?.а3. ??????, 2000.
?????????.?????????? ???????????. ????????????? ?а????????? ????. ??????, 2005.
?????????.??.??????????? ????? л???????????? ?????╗
(?а????? ?????? ??????? ?????????)?//??.??.????????.
????. ???.: ?а6 ?. ?.а3. ??????, 2000.
?????????.??.ал??а????, ????, ??? ??????!╗ (????? ??а??????????? ?????? ?.??????? ?а????? ?????? ?.?????????
л???? ?а???????╗?//??.??.????????. ????. ???.: ?а6 ?.
?.а3. ??????, 2000.
?????????.???а??????? ?а??????//??.??.????????. ????. ???.:
?а6 ?. ?.а3. ??????, 2000.
?????????.??.а?а?????? ?????? ??????? ???????.?//??.??.????????. ????. ???.: ?а6 ?. ?.а3. ??????, 2000.
?????????.??.??????????. ?????????????. ??????, 2007.
?????????.??.ал????????, ????????? ???????? ???????????╗. (?а???????? ?.??.???????? ??а??????? ??????
?.????????? л?????? ???????╗?//? ?.??.????????. ????.
???.: ?а6 ?. ?.а3. ??????, 2000.
?????????.??.?????? ??а??????//??.??.????????. ????. ???.:
?а6 ?. ?.а3. ??????, 2000.
?????????.??.ал??? ????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????╗ (???????? ??а????? ??????? ????????? л???????
??????н????????!╗) [????????, ??????, 1978]?//??.??.????????. ????. ???.: ?а6 ?. ?.а3. ??????, 2000.
???????????.??.??????? ?????????. ?., 1960.
????? ??? л?????????? ???????????????
??????????? ????? ?.??.??????????╗.
????????? ?а???????? 09.04.2015??.
Notes andаdiscussions concerning
S.?A.?Esenin's poem ?Black man? inаcomparison
withаtheаlittle tragedy byаA.?S.?Pushkin ?Mozart andаSaljeri?
V.?G.?Rudelev
Theаarticle shows germeneutic analysis ofаlittle tragedy byаA.?S.?Pushkinа?Mozart andаSaljeri?
(1826?1830)а? itаgives theаestimation ofаmainаcharacters: V.?A.?Mozart andаA.?Saljeri withаtheаcheн
cking ofаtheаtruth byаA.?S.?Pushkinаthatаgenius andаevil man is theаdifferent points ofаview. There is also
66
? ??????? ?а??????????? ?а????? ?.??.???????? л?????? ???????╗? ?
? R udelev V l a dimir? G .
Doctor ofаPhilology, Professor ofаDepartment ofаRussian language ofаTambov State University
named after G.?R.?Derzhavin
E-mail: ifg06@mail.ru
?.??.?????????
anаestimation ofаdifferent concepts: love, friendship, jealousy, envy andаaccording toаthis an author gives
anаproclamation ofаpoeteme's semantic border Black man. Images ofаan Author (Pushkin) andаhis Character
(Mozart) are shown inаtheаunique one, inаmirror reflections. Both poetic pieces (PushkinаandаEsenin)
are genious one, itаhas high moral idea. Poets fromаmemory lists (E.?Osipov, E.?Markin, E.?Kharlanov)
are mental co-writers forаan author ofаthis article.
Evgenij Osipov (1932?1973) is aаtalanted actor andаthinking director, greatаpoet-fabler. He gave number ofаproductive ideas, which is developing inаthis article: forаexample, combining ofаPushkinаandаhis
characters: Tight Knight andаespecially Mozart. Gold ofаTight Knight is aаgreatаPuskhin's vocabulary,
sad destiny ofаgenious Morazt is aаdestiny ofаPushkinаitself, who was killed onаtheаduel, etc. Discovery
?Genious andаevil man are two different things? is Puskhin's proclamation, but itаwas predicted byаMozart.
Evgenij Markinа(1937?1979) ? clean consciousness of Russian (Ryazan) poetry, brilliant master ofаRussian ironic verse, legacy of Esenin talent and noble follower, who believe in comparison of his lyric hero
and creative analogies by Esenin and Pushkin.
Evgenij Kharlanovа(1943?1993) is aаgreatаpoet-philosopher, who can found out inаcreative byаPushkinаpanchroncial idea.
An author ofаtheаarticle should just toаtie ideas ofаhis friends byаhis own ideas andаfound out genious
combining byаPushkinаandаEsenin, which is reflected inа?Black Evil?, which is not our opposite, but is
also part ofаus.
K ey w ords : A.?S.?Pushkin, S.?A.?Esenin, E.?V.?Osipov, E.?F.?Markin, E.?I.?Kharlanov; V.?A.?Mozart,
A.?Saljeri; Black man, concepts Love, Friendship, Jealousy, Envy, Genious, Evil.
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