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Исследование коррозионной устойчивости металлических корпусов судов обработанных эффективным наполнителем..pdf

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5. Ʉɟɥɶɡɨɧ Ⱥ. ɋ. Ⱦɢɧɚɦɢɤɚ ɪɨɬɨɪɚ ɞɜɨɹɤɨɣ ɠɟɫɬɤɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɭɩɪɭɝɢɯ ɨɩɨɪɚɯ / Ⱥ. ɋ. Ʉɟɥɶɡɨɧ,
Ȼ. Ɏ. Ʉɥɨɱɤɨɜ // Ⱦɢɧɚɦɢɤɚ ɫɢɫɬɟɦ. — Ƚɨɪɶɤɢɣ, 1976. — ȼɵɩ. 10.
6. Ʉɥɨɱɤɨɜ Ȼ. Ɏ. ȼɵɱɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚ ɧɚ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɟ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɣ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɨɛɵɤɧɨɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɥɢɧɟɣɧɵɯ ɞɢɮɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɣ (ɚɥɝɨɪɢɬɦ ʋ ɉ001219) /
Ȼ. Ɏ. Ʉɥɨɱɤɨɜ // Ⱥɥɝɨɪɢɬɦɵ ɢ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɵ: ɢɧɮɨɪɦ. ɛɸɥ. — Ɇ.: ȼɂɇɂɌɂ, 1975. — ʋ 2.
ȁDzǸ 620.197:629.12(4)
ǰ. dz. ǹȓȜțȜȐ,
Ȓ-Ȟ Ƞȓȣț. țȎȡȘ, ȝȞȜȢȓȟȟȜȞ,
ȃȓȞȟȜțȟȘȎȭ ȑȜȟȡȒȎȞȟȠȐȓțțȎȭ ȚȜȞȟȘȎȭ ȎȘȎȒȓȚȖȭ;
Ƕ. Ƕ. ǾȡȏșȓȐ,
ȎȟȝȖȞȎțȠ,
ȃȓȞȟȜțȟȘȎȭ ȑȜȟȡȒȎȞȟȠȐȓțțȎȭ ȚȜȞȟȘȎȭ ȎȘȎȒȓȚȖȭ
ɂɋɋɅȿȾɈȼȺɇɂȿ ɄɈɊɊɈɁɂɈɇɇɈɃ ɍɋɌɈɃɑɂȼɈɋɌɂ
ɆȿɌȺɅɅɂɑȿɋɄɂɏ ɄɈɊɉɍɋɈȼ ɋɍȾɈȼ,
ɈȻɊȺȻɈɌȺɇɇɕɏ ɗɎɎȿɄɌɂȼɇɕɆ ɇȺɉɈɅɇɂɌȿɅȿɆ
STUDY OF CORROSION RESISTANCE OF METALLIC HULLS
OF SHIPS TREATED BY EFFECTIVE FILLERS
ȼ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɜ ɡɚɳɢɬɵ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɤɨɪɩɭɫɨɜ ɫɭɞɨɜ, ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɨ ɧɨɜɨɟ ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɟ ɩɨ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɦɭ ɧɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɸ, ɨɛɥɚɞɚɸɳɟɦɭ ɛɨɥɶɲɟɣ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɫɬɶɸ ɤ ɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɨɧɧɨɣ ɞɟɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɩɨ ɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɸ ɫɨ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɦɢ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɦɢ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹɦɢ. Ɋɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɚɧ ɢ
ɩɪɨɬɟɫɬɢɪɨɜɚɧ ɧɨɜɵɣ ɷɤɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɵɣ ɞɥɹ ɦɨɪɫɤɨɣ, ɨɤɪɭɠɚɸɳɟɣ ɫɪɟɞɵ ɧɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶ. ɉɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵ
ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɵ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɩɨ ɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɸ ɫ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɦ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɦ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɟɦ ɨɛɥɚɞɚɟɬ ɷɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɨɫɬɶɸ. Ⱦɚɧɧɨɟ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɟ ɧɟ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɚɧɚɥɨɝɨɜ ɜ ɦɢɪɟ ɢ ɨɛɥɚɞɚɟɬ
ɧɢɡɤɨɣ ɫɬɨɢɦɨɫɬɶɸ, ɩɨɫɤɨɥɶɤɭ ɜ ɟɝɨ ɫɨɫɬɚɜ ɜɯɨɞɹɬ ɨɬɯɨɞɵ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɫɟɥɶɫɤɨɝɨ ɯɨɡɹɣɫɬɜɚ. ɉɨɤɪɵɬɢɟ, ɨɛɥɚɞɚɹ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɣ ɚɞɝɟɡɢɟɣ, ɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨ ɭɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɧɚ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɢ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ
ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚɯ ɜɧɟɲɧɟɣ ɫɪɟɞɵ, ɱɬɨ ɩɨɞɬɜɟɪɠɞɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɦɢ, ɨɩɢɫɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɜ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ
ɫɬɚɬɶɟ.
In the article the analysis of existing methods for protecting metal hulls is carried out, a new technical solution for the effective Þller having greater resistance to corrosive degradation in comparison with the conventional
protective coatings is made. A new environmentally safe for marine, environmental Þller is developed and tested.
The practical uses of this coating, which as compared with the current standard coating is elastic are shown. This
coverage does not have any existing analogues and has a relatively low cost because it is composed of industry and
agriculture waste products. Covering having a high adhesion ability can keep on the metal surface with various
parameters of the environment, as evidenced by the above experiments described in this article.
Выпуск 3
Ʉɥɸɱɟɜɵɟ ɫɥɨɜɚ: ɧɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶ, ɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɟ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɟ, ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬ ɧɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɹ, ɫɵɪɚɹ ɪɟɡɢɧɚ, ɚɝɪɟɫɫɢɜɧɚɹ ɫɪɟɞɚ, ɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɹ, ɤɨɪɩɭɫ, ɫɭɞɧɨ, ɦɟɬɚɥɥ, ɦɨɪɫɤɚɹ ɫɪɟɞɚ.
Key words: Þller protective coating, Þller component, crude rubber, aggressive environment, corrosion,
corps, ship, steel, marine environment.
99
ȼɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ
Ɇɟɬɚɥɥɵ ɡɚɳɢɳɚɸɬ ɨɬ ɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɢ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɦɢ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɚɦɢ, ɜ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɨɬ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ ɧɚɩɵɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɢɥɢ ɧɚɧɟɫɟɧɢɟɦ ɧɚ ɢɯ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɶ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ. ȼ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ
ɨɬ ɬɢɩɚ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɣ ɩɥɟɧɤɢ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ ɩɨɞɪɚɡɞɟɥɹɸɬ ɧɚ ɥɚɤɨɤɪɚɫɨɱɧɵɟ, ɨɤɫɢɞɧɵɟ, ɦɟɬɚɥɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ,
ɧɟɦɟɬɚɥɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ, ɩɥɚɤɢɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɟ. Ⱦɚɧɧɚɹ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɚ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɥɚ ɨɫɨɛɭɸ ɚɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɜ ɫɬɪɚɧɚɯ ɫ
ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɨ ɪɚɡɜɢɬɨɣ ɢɧɮɪɚɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɨɣ ɢ ɛɨɥɶɲɢɦ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɮɨɧɞɨɦ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɜ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɜ ɚɝɪɟɫɫɢɜɧɵɯ ɫɪɟɞɚɯ, ɩɪɢ ɜɵɫɨɤɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ, ɞɚɜɥɟɧɢɹɯ, ɱɬɨ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬ
ɤ ɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɨɧɧɨɦɭ ɪɚɫɬɪɟɫɤɢɜɚɧɢɸ, ɦɟɠɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɢɬɧɨɣ ɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɢ, ɩɢɬɬɢɧɝɚɦ ɢ ɜ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɨɦ ɫɱɟɬɟ ɤ
ɩɨɬɟɪɟ ɦɚɫɫɵ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɚ.
Выпуск 3
Ⱥɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɗɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɧɨɜɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ ɨɰɟɧɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɰɟɥɨɦ ɤɚɤ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɨɧɧɵɯ, ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɨɛɪɚɫɬɚɸɳɢɯ, ɞɟɤɨɪɚɬɢɜɧɵɯ, ɢɡɧɨɫɨɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɞɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ ɟɝɨ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ. Ɋɟɲɚɸɳɢɦ ɮɚɤɬɨɪɨɦ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɟɝɨ ɞɨɥɝɨɜɟɱɧɨɫɬɶ. ɉɨɦɢɦɨ ɷɬɨɝɨ, ɭɱɢɬɵɜɚɟɬɫɹ, ɱɬɨ ɡɚɬɪɚɬɵ ɧɚ ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɟ
ɷɬɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ ɱɚɫɬɨ ɩɪɟɜɵɲɚɸɬ ɪɟɫɭɪɫ ɡɚɬɪɚɬ ɧɚ ɟɝɨ ɩɟɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɧɚɧɟɫɟɧɢɟ, ɚ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɧɢɠɟ.
Ⱦɥɹ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɫɩɨɪɧɵɯ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɨɜ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɳɢɤɚɦɢ ɢ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɢɤɚɦɢ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɪɚɡɞɟɥɹɬɶ ɩɨɧɹɬɢɹ «ɞɨɥɝɨɜɟɱɧɨɫɬɶ» ɢ «ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɵɣ ɫɪɨɤ ɫɥɭɠɛɵ». ɋɬɚɧɞɚɪɬ ISO [1] ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɟɬ ɷɬɢ ɩɨɧɹɬɢɹ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ:
«Ⱦɨɥɝɨɜɟɱɧɨɫɬɶ — ɨɠɢɞɚɟɦɵɣ ɫɪɨɤ ɫɥɭɠɛɵ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɯ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɣ ɞɨ ɩɟɪɜɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɧɨɝɨ ɪɟɦɨɧɬɧɨɝɨ ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɹ. ɗɬɨ ɩɨɧɹɬɢɟ ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɚ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɩɨɦɨɝɚɟɬ ɜɥɚɞɟɥɶɰɭ ɨɛɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɧɨ ɩɥɚɧɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɟ ɨɤɪɚɲɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ».
«Ƚɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɵɣ ɫɪɨɤ ɫɥɭɠɛɵ — ɩɨɧɹɬɢɟ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɚ, ɢɦɟɸɳɟɟ ɡɚɤɨɧɧɭɸ ɫɢɥɭ
ɢ ɹɜɥɹɸɳɟɟɫɹ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɨɦ ɤɨɧɬɪɚɤɬɚ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɡɚɤɚɡɱɢɤɨɦ ɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɟɦ ɪɚɛɨɬ. ɗɬɨ ɩɨɧɹɬɢɟ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɟɬ ɞɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ ɨɤɪɚɲɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ, ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɝɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶ ɧɟɫɟɬ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɭɸ ɢ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɭɸ ɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɡɚ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɯ ɢ/ɢɥɢ ɞɟɤɨɪɚɬɢɜɧɵɯ
ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ ɩɨ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɵɦ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚɦ: ɫɨɯɪɚɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ ɧɚ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɣ
ɩɥɨɳɚɞɢ, ɫɨɩɪɨɬɢɜɥɟɧɢɟ, ɰɜɟɬ, ɛɥɟɫɤ.
ȿɫɥɢ ɫɬɨɢɬ ɡɚɞɚɱɚ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɬɶ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɟ, ɬɨ ɧɟɰɟɥɟɫɨɨɛɪɚɡɧɨ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɬɶ
ɧɚ ɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɤɟ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɞ ɨɤɪɚɫɤɭ, ɯɨɬɹ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɚɹ ɞɪɨɛɟɫɬɪɭɣɧɚɹ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ ɫɬɨɢɬ ɞɨɪɨɝɨ — ɜ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɦ ɪɚɫɯɨɞɵ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬ 60–70 % ɨɬ ɨɛɳɢɯ ɪɚɫɯɨɞɨɜ ɩɨ ɧɚɧɟɫɟɧɢɸ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ, ɜɤɥɸɱɚɹ ɫɬɨɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ [2].
ȼ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɟ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ ɫɭɞɨɜ ɤɨɪɩɭɫ ɢɯ ɩɨɤɪɵɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɫɥɨɟɦ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɨɜ ɛɢɨɨɛɪɚɫɬɚɧɢɹ.
ɉɪɨɞɭɤɬɵ ɛɢɨɨɛɪɚɫɬɚɧɢɹ ɤɨɪɩɭɫɨɜ ɫɭɞɨɜ ɭɫɤɨɪɹɸɬ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɵ ɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɢ [3; 4, ɫ. 197–199; 5, ɫ. 87–91].
Ȼɢɨɨɛɪɚɫɬɚɧɢɟ ɩɨɞɜɨɞɧɨɣ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɤɨɪɩɭɫɨɜ ɫɭɞɨɜ ɧɟɝɚɬɢɜɧɨ ɨɬɪɚɠɚɟɬɫɹ ɧɚ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɦ ɪɟɠɢɦɟ
ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ, ɜ ɫɜɨɸ ɨɱɟɪɟɞɶ, ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬ ɤ ɫɧɢɠɟɧɢɸ ɦɨɪɟɯɨɞɧɵɯ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜ ɫɭɞɧɚ, ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɸ ɛɚɥɥɚɫɬɧɨɣ ɦɚɫɫɵ, ɭɯɭɞɲɟɧɢɸ ɬɟɯɧɢɤɨ-ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɪɟɣɫɚ, ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɸ
ɪɚɫɯɨɞɚ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɚ.
100
ɉɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ
Ɂɚɦɟɧɢɬɶ ɞɨɪɨɝɨɫɬɨɹɳɭɸ ɢ ɷɤɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɨɩɚɫɧɭɸ ɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɭ ɩɨɤɪɚɫɤɢ ɤɨɪɩɭɫɨɜ ɫɭɞɨɜ ɧɚ
ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɟ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɵ ɡɚɳɢɬɵ. ɗɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɩɪɨɳɟ ɧɚɧɨɫɢɬɶ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ, ɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɫɶ
ɜɵɫɨɤɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɷɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɦɢ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚɦɢ. Ɂɚɬɪɚɬɵ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɚɦɢ ɞɨɤɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɛɭɞɭɬ
ɦɟɧɶɲɟ ɡɚ ɫɱɟɬ ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɹ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ ɩɪɨɛɟɝɚ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ.
Ɂɚɞɚɱɟɣ ɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɟ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ, ɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɬɶ ɰɟɥɨɫɬɧɭɸ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɭ, ɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚɳɚɸɳɭɸ ɞɨɫɬɭɩ ɚɝɪɟɫɫɢɜɧɨɣ ɦɨɪɫɤɨɣ ɫɪɟɞɵ ɢ ɨɤɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɟɣ ɤ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɚ. ȼ ɨɛɳɟɣ ɫɬɨɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɨɤɪɚɲɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ ɢ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɡɚɬɪɚɬ ɜɟɫɶɦɚ
ɛɨɥɶɲɭɸ ɪɨɥɶ ɢɝɪɚɟɬ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɩɨɤɪɚɫɨɱɧɨɝɨ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚ ɢ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɧɟɛɨɥɶɲɭɸ ɪɨɥɶ — ɟɟ
ɰɟɧɚ. ɇɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɫɬɨɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɨɤɪɚɫɤɢ ɫ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɞɪɨɛɟɫɬɪɭɣɧɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɨɣ
ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɨɬ 30 ɞɨ 50 ɞɨɥɥ. ɡɚ 1 ɦ2, ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɫɬɨɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɯɨɪɨɲɟɣ ɤɪɚɫɤɢ, ɪɚɫɯɨɞɭɟɦɨɣ ɧɚ 1 ɦ2,
ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɜ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɦ ɨɤɨɥɨ 4 ɞɨɥɥ., ɚ ɷɬɨ ɨɤɨɥɨ 10 % ɨɬ ɫɬɨɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɨɤɪɚɫɤɢ. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɞɟɲɟɜɨɣ ɤɪɚɫɤɢ ɧɟɜɵɫɨɤɨɝɨ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɢɬ ɫɧɢɡɢɬɶ ɨɛɳɢɟ ɪɚɫɯɨɞɵ ɧɚ 4–6 %, ɧɨ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɬ ɤ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɱɚɫɬɨɝɨ ɜɨɡɨɛɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ.
ɉɨɤɪɵɬɢɟ ɞɨɥɠɧɨ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɬɶ ɷɤɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɧɟ ɡɚɝɪɹɡɧɹɸɬ
ɦɨɪɫɤɭɸ ɫɪɟɞɭ, ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨ ɫɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɦɢ ɬɹɠɟɥɵɯ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɜ, ɩɨɷɬɨɦɭ ɰɟɥɶɸ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɟ ɷɤɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɝɨ ɢ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɨɛɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ. ɉɨɫɤɨɥɶɤɭ ɜ
ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɟ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɦ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨɦ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɨɧɧɨɣ ɡɚɳɢɬɵ ɤɨɪɩɭɫɨɜ ɫɭɞɨɜ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ
ɥɚɤɨɤɪɚɫɨɱɧɵɟ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ, ɬɨ ɜɩɨɥɧɟ ɩɨɧɹɬɧɨ, ɧɚɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɜɚɠɧɵ ɢ ɚɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɵ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ
ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɯ, ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɞɥɹ ɧɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɟɣ ɢ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɢɯ ɧɚɧɟɫɟɧɢɹ [1–3].
Выпуск 3
Ɇɟɬɨɞɢɤɚ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚ
Ⱦɥɹ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɜɵɛɪɚɧɵ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɵ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚ, ɢɡɝɨɬɨɜɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɢɡ ɩɪɨɤɚɬɧɨɣ ɥɢɫɬɨɜɨɣ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɦɚɪɤɢ ɋɬ-20, ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɨɱɢɳɟɧɵ ɨɬ ɫɥɟɞɨɜ ɝɪɹɡɢ, ɪɠɚɜɱɢɧɵ, ɠɢɪɚ. Ⱦɥɹ
ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɜɟɫɚ ɛɵɥɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɵ ɥɚɛɨɪɚɬɨɪɧɵɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɵɟ ɜɟɫɵ ɦɚɪɤɢ BTU-210 Axis 3
ɤɥɚɫɫɚ ɬɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɫ ɚɛɫɨɥɸɬɧɨɣ ɩɨɝɪɟɲɧɨɫɬɶɸ 0,005 ɝ.
ȼɡɜɟɲɢɜɚɧɢɟ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɥɨɫɶ ɫ ɞɚɥɶɧɟɣɲɢɦ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɨɦ ɚɛɫɨɥɸɬɧɨɣ ɢ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɩɨɝɪɟɲɧɨɫɬɢ, ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɜ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ [4].
ɂɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɢ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɥɨɫɶ ɜɟɫɨɜɵɦ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɦ. ɋɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɣ ɨɛɪɚɡɟɰ ʋ 1 ɛɵɥ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɨɱɢɳɟɧ, ɨɛɟɡɠɢɪɟɧ ɢ ɩɨɤɪɵɬ ɠɟɥɟɡɧɵɦ ɫɭɪɢɤɨɦ, ɩɨɫɥɟ ɩɪɨɫɭɲɤɢ ɩɨɤɪɵɬ ɚɥɤɢɞɧɨɣ
ɷɦɚɥɶɸ ɉɎ-115, ɩɪɢɧɹɬ ɜ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɚ.
ȼɬɨɪɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɡɟɰ ɨɱɢɳɟɧ, ɨɛɟɡɠɢɪɟɧ ɢ ɩɨɤɪɵɬ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɨɞɧɨɪɨɞɧɨɣ ɫɦɟɫɶɸ ɜ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɟ ɫɵɪɨɣ ɪɟɡɢɧɵ ɢ ɧɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɹ ɪɚɫɬɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ 1:1 ɩɨ ɦɚɫɫɟ.
ɉɨɤɪɵɬɢɟ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɥɨɫɶ ɜ ɬɪɢ ɫɥɨɹ ɫ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɨɦ ɩɪɨɫɭɲɤɢ 3–5 ɦɢɧ.
Ɍɪɟɬɢɣ ɨɛɪɚɡɟɰ ɛɵɥ ɨɱɢɳɟɧ, ɨɛɟɡɠɢɪɟɧ ɢ ɩɨɤɪɵɬ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɨɞɧɨɪɨɞɧɨɣ ɫɦɟɫɶɸ
ɜ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɟ ɫɵɪɨɣ ɪɟɡɢɧɵ ɢ ɧɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɹ ɪɚɫɬɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ 1:1 ɢ ɩɨɫɥɟ
ɩɪɨɫɭɲɤɢ ɩɨɤɪɵɬ ɚɥɤɢɞɧɨɣ ɷɦɚɥɶɸ ɉɎ-115. Ⱦɥɹ ɭɫɤɨɪɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɚ «ɫɬɚɪɟɧɢɹ» ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ ɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚ ɛɵɥ ɭɠɟɫɬɨɱɟɧ, ɜ ɱɚɫɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɸ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ.
ȼ ɯɨɞɟ ɬɪɟɬɶɟɝɨ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚ ɧɨɜɨɟ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɟ ɩɪɨɪɟɚɝɢɪɨɜɚɥɨ ɫ ɚɥɤɢɞɧɨɣ ɷɦɚɥɶɸ ɉɎ-115,
ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɜ ɜɹɡɤɭɸ ɩɥɟɧɤɭ, ɢɦɟɸɳɭɸ ɜɢɞ «ɧɟɡɚɫɬɵɜɲɟɣ» ɮɚɡɵ ɬɜɟɪɞɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ.
ɂɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɥɢɫɶ ɩɪɢ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚɯ ɦɢɤɪɨɤɥɢɦɚɬɚ. Ⱦɥɹ ɢɦɢɬɚɰɢɢ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɞɥɹ ɭɫɤɨɪɟɧɢɹ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣ ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɢɹ ɢ «ɫɬɚɪɟɧɢɹ»
ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɹɥɢɫɶ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɧɵɟ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ. ɇɚ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɟ ɩɪɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ 21 °ɋ, ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɜɥɚɠɧɨɫɬɢ 72 % ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɬɪɟɯ ɧɟɞɟɥɶ.
ȼ ɦɨɪɫɤɨɣ ɜɨɞɟ ɩɪɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ 20 °ɋ, ɫɨɥɟɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɢ ɦɨɪɫɤɨɣ ɜɨɞɵ 39 ɪɪm (ɞɥɹ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣ
ɋɪɟɞɢɡɟɦɧɨɝɨ ɦɨɪɹ) ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɞɜɭɯ ɦɟɫɹɰɟɜ, ɜ ɦɨɪɫɤɨɣ ɜɨɞɟ ɩɪɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ 46 °ɋ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɞɜɭɯ
ɧɟɞɟɥɶ. Ɍɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɥɚɫɶ ɟɠɟɞɧɟɜɧɨ ɫ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɜ ɩɟɪɢɨɞ ɫ
09.00 ɞɨ 17.00.
ȼ ɦɨɪɫɤɨɣ ɜɨɞɟ ɩɪɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ 4 °ɋ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɨɞɧɨɣ ɧɟɞɟɥɢ ɧɟɩɪɟɪɵɜɧɨ.
ɇɚ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɟ ɩɪɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ 35 °ɋ ɩɨɞ ɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟɦ ɫɨɥɧɟɱɧɵɯ ɥɭɱɟɣ — ɩɨɥɬɨɪɚ ɦɟɫɹɰɚ.
Ⱦɨ ɢ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɥɚɫɶ ɮɨɬɨɫɴɟɦɤɚ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɧɚ ɧɚɥɢɱɢɟ ɬɪɟɳɢɧ ɢ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɡɨɧ ɞɢɫɥɨɤɚɰɢɢ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɦɨɳɢ ɦɢɤɪɨɫɤɨɩɚ. Ⱥɧɚɥɢɡ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɨɝɨ
ɢ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧ ɛɢɧɨɤɭɥɹɪɧɵɦ ɦɢɤɪɨɫɤɨɩɨɦ 40-1000ɯ 9011 80 00 00
XSM-20. Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɤɢ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɯ ɢ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɜɡɜɟɲɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɨɜ ɧɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɹ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɜ [5].
Ɇɢɤɪɨɮɨɬɨɝɪɚɮɢɢ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɧɚ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɟ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɧɚ ɪɢɫ. 1. ɋɧɢɦɤɢ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɵ ɫ ɤɪɚɬɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɹ 40ɯ. Ɉɛɪɚɡɰɵ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɜ ɦɨɪɫɤɨɣ ɜɨɞɟ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɧɚ
ɪɢɫ. 2. Ɉɛɪɚɡɰɵ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɜɫɟɝɨ ɰɢɤɥɚ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɧɚ ɪɢɫ. 3.
101
ɚ
ɛ
ɜ
Ɋɢɫ. 1. Ɇɢɤɪɨɮɨɬɨɝɪɚɮɢɢ: ɚ — ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɣ ɨɛɪɚɡɟɰ ʋ 1; ɛ — ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɨɛɪɚɡɟɰ ʋ 2;
ɜ — ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɨɛɪɚɡɟɰ ʋ 3 (ɞɨ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɨɜ)
ɚ
ɛ
ɜ
Ɋɢɫ. 2. Ɇɢɤɪɨɮɨɬɨɝɪɚɮɢɢ: ɚ — ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɣ ɨɛɪɚɡɟɰ ʋ 1; ɛ — ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɨɛɪɚɡɟɰ ʋ 2;
ɜ — ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɨɛɪɚɡɟɰ ʋ 3
ɚ
ɛ
ɜ
Выпуск 3
Ɋɢɫ. 3. Ɇɢɤɪɨɮɨɬɨɝɪɚɮɢɢ: ɚ — ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɣ ɨɛɪɚɡɟɰ ʋ 1; ɛ — ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɨɛɪɚɡɟɰ ʋ 2;
ɜ — ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɨɛɪɚɡɟɰ ʋ 3 (ɩɨɫɥɟ ɜɫɟɯ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɨɜ)
102
ɉɪɢ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɟ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɧɚ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɟ, ɜ ɦɨɪɫɤɨɣ ɜɨɞɟ ɩɨɞ ɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟɦ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɧɚ ɪɢɫ. 3,
ɚ, ɜ ɨɱɟɜɢɞɟɧ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬ ɪɟɚɤɰɢɢ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ ɧɚ ɨɛɴɟɦɧɨɟ ɪɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɟ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɚ ɢ ɫɚɦɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ. ȼ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɟ ʋ 1 ɩɪɨɢɡɨɲɟɥ ɪɚɡɪɵɜ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɝɨ ɫɥɨɹ, ɱɬɨ ɩɪɢɜɟɥɨ
ɤ ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɢɸ ɰɟɥɨɫɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ, ɚ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɨɛɪɚɡɟɰ ʋ 3, ɢɦɟɹ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɭɸ ɷɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɨɫɬɶ ɢ ɜɵɫɨɤɭɸ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ, ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɥ ɰɟɥɨɫɬɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ (ɪɢɫ. 3, ɚ, ɜ).
Ⱦɥɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɦɚɫɫɵ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɚ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɧɚ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɟ ɢ ɜ ɦɨɪɫɤɨɣ ɜɨɞɟ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɛɵɥɨ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɭɞɚɥɢɬɶ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɟ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɟ.
ɍɞɚɥɟɧɢɟ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɝɨ ɫɥɨɹ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɥɨɫɶ ɫ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɪɚɫɬɜɨɪɢɬɟɥɹ ɋɉ-6 ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɫɭɬɨɤ. ɑɟɪɟɡ ɫɭɬɤɢ ɜɫɟ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɵ ɩɟɪɟɜɨɪɚɱɢɜɚɥɢɫɶ ɢ ɫɥɚɛɵɦ ɭɫɢɥɢɟɦ ɩɨɥɢɦɟɪɧɨɝɨ ɫɤɪɟɛɤɚ
ɭɞɚɥɹɥɢɫɶ ɨɫɬɚɬɤɢ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ. ɉɨɫɥɟ ɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɵ ɫɧɹɬɢɹ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ ɫ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɢ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɥɫɹ ɪɚɫɬɜɨɪ ɨɪɬɨɮɨɫɮɨɪɧɨɣ ɤɢɫɥɨɬɵ ɞɥɹ ɭɞɚɥɟɧɢɹ ɨɫɬɚɬɤɨɜ ɨɤɫɢɞɨɜ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɚ — ɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɨɜ ɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɢ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɚ.
ȼɟɫ ɨɱɢɳɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɧ ɞɨ ɢ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧ ɜ ɬɚɛɥ. 1.
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 1
Ɇɚɫɫɵ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɞɨ ɢ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɨɜ
ɂɫɯɨɞɧɵɣ ɜɟɫ
ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɞɨ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚ, ɝ
Ɉɛɪɚɡɰɵ ɩɨɫɥɟ
ɫɧɹɬɢɹ
ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ, ɝ
Ɋɚɡɧɨɫɬɶ
ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɦɚɫɫ,
¨m, ɝ
1. Ɉɛɪɚɡɟɰ (ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɣ) ɝɪɭɧɬɨɜɤɚ + ɤɪɚɫɤɚ
44,014
41,364
–2,65
2. Ɉɛɪɚɡɟɰ (ɛɟɡ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ)
44,6006
39,831
–4,7696
3. Ɉɛɪɚɡɟɰ ɧɨɜɵɣ (ɧɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶ + ɤɪɚɫɤɚ)
43,051
41,707
–1,344
Ɉɛɪɚɡɰɵ
Ɋɚɫɱɟɬ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɢ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɚ ɤɨɪɩɭɫɚ ɫɭɞɨɜ, r, ɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧ ɩɨ ɮɨɪɦɭɥɟ
ɝɞɟ
¨m — ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ ɦɚɫɫɵ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɚ, ɝ; S — ɩɥɨɳɚɞɶ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɚ, ɦ2; IJ — ɜɪɟɦɹ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚ, ɝɨɞ.
;
;
ɝɞɟ IJ = 3 — ɜɪɟɦɹ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚ, ɦɟɫ; ɦɧɞɟɤɫɵ 1, 2 ɢ 3 ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɬ ɧɨɦɟɪɚɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɜ ɬɚɛɥ. 1
ɪɚɡ (1,9 ɪɚɡɚ).
ɋɤɨɪɨɫɬɶ ɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɢ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɚ, ɩɨɤɪɵɬɨɝɨ ɧɨɜɵɦ ɷɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɦ ɧɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɟɦ, ɫɧɢɠɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɨ
ɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɸ ɫɨ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɨɣ ɡɚɳɢɬɨɣ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɚ ɜ 1,9 ɪɚɡɚ.
Выпуск 3
ȼɵɜɨɞɵ
1. Ɋɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɚɧ ɫɨɫɬɚɜ ɧɨɜɨɝɨ ɷɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ ɧɚ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɫ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɢ ɫɟɥɶɫɤɨɯɨɡɹɣɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ.
2. ɉɪɢɝɨɬɨɜɥɟɧɵ ɨɩɵɬɧɵɟ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɵ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɣ ɞɥɹ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɜ, ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɧɵɯ ɬɪɚɞɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɦ
ɢ ɧɨɜɵɦ ɧɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɟɦ.
3. ɇɨɜɨɟ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɟ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɬɶ ɰɟɥɨɫɬɧɭɸ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɭ ɩɪɢ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚɯ
ɜɧɟɲɧɟɣ ɫɪɟɞɵ, ɩɪɢ ɞɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɦ ɫɪɨɤɟ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ ɜ ɦɨɪɫɤɨɣ ɫɪɟɞɟ ɩɪɢ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ.
4. ɋɪɨɤ ɫɥɭɠɛɵ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɚ, ɩɨɤɪɵɬɨɝɨ ɧɨɜɵɦ ɤɨɦɩɨɡɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɦ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɦ, ɜɵɲɟ,
ɱɟɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɚ, ɩɨɤɪɵɬɨɝɨ ɬɪɚɞɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɦ ɧɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɟɦ.
5. ɋɤɨɪɨɫɬɶ ɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɢ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɚ, ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɧɨɜɵɦ ɧɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɟɦ, ɜ ɫɨɩɨɫɬɚɜɢɦɵɯ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ ɜ ɦɨɪɫɤɨɣ ɫɪɟɞɟ ɜ 1,9 ɪɚɡɚ ɦɟɧɶɲɟ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɢ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɤɨɪɩɭɫɨɜ ɫɭɞɨɜ, ɩɨɤɪɵɬɵɯ ɬɪɚɞɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɦ ɧɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɟɦ.
6. Ɋɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɭɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɨɜɟɫɬɢ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹ ɧɨɜɨɝɨ ɧɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɹ ɧɚ ɫɭɞɚɯ ɜ ɲɬɚɬɧɵɯ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ
ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ, ɜ ɦɨɪɫɤɨɣ ɫɪɟɞɟ.
103
ɋɩɢɫɨɤ ɥɢɬɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ
Выпуск 3
1. ɋɬɚɧɞɚɪɬ ISO 12944-1 (Ʌɚɤɢ ɢ ɤɪɚɫɤɢ. Ɂɚɳɢɬɚ ɨɬ ɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɢ ɫɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɣ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚɦɢ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɯ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɣ — International Organization for Standardization ISO Central Secretariat). — 1998. — 19 ɫ.
2. Ʌɟɨɧɨɜ ȼ. ȿ. Ɉɫɧɨɜɵ ɷɤɨɥɨɝɢɢ ɢ ɨɯɪɚɧɚ ɨɤɪɭɠɚɸɳɟɣ ɫɪɟɞɵ: ɦɨɧɨɝɪ. / ȼ. ȿ. Ʌɟɨɧɨɜ,
ȼ. Ɏ. ɏɨɞɚɤɨɜɫɤɢɣ, Ʌ. Ȼ. Ʉɭɥɢɤɨɜɚ; ɩɨɞ ɪɟɞ. ȼ. ȿ. Ʌɟɨɧɨɜɚ. — ɏɟɪɫɨɧ: ɂɡɞ-ɜɨ ɏȽɆɂ. 2010. —
352 ɫ.: ɪɨɫ. ɦɨɜɨɸ.
3. Ɉɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɥɚɜɚɧɢɹ ɫɭɞɨɜ ɢ ɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɟ ɡɚɝɪɹɡɧɟɧɢɹ ɨɤɪɭɠɚɸɳɟɣ
ɫɪɟɞɵ: ɦɨɧɨɝɪ. / ȼ. ɂ. Ⱦɦɢɬɪɢɟɜ [ɢ ɞɪ.]; ɩɨɞ ɪɟɞ. ȼ. ɂ. Ⱦɦɢɬɪɢɟɜɚ, ȼ. ȿ. Ʌɟɨɧɨɜɚ. — ɏɟɪɫɨɧ : ɏȽɆȺ,
2012. — 397 ɫ.: ɪɨɫ. ɦɨɜɨɸ.
4. Ʌɟɨɧɨɜ ȼ. ȿ. ɂɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɢ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ ɫɬɨɣɤɢɯ ɷɤɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɵɯ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɣ ɤɨɪɩɭɫɨɜ ɫɭɞɨɜ / ȼ. ȿ. Ʌɟɨɧɨɜ, ȱ. ȱ. Ɋɭɛɥɶɨɜ // Ɏɭɧɞɚɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɢ ɩɪɢɤɥɚɞɧɵɟ ɧɚɭɤɢ ɫɟɝɨɞɧɹ: ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ Ɇɟɠɞɭɧɚɪ. ɧɚɭɱ.-ɩɪɚɤɬ. ɤɨɧɮ. — Ɇ., 2013. — ɋ. 197–199. = Fundamental and applied sciences
today. — North Charleston, SC, USA: LaCross Road, 29409. — Vol. 2: Create Spaɫe 4900.
5. Ʌɟɨɧɨɜ ȼ. ȿ. Ɇɟɬɨɞɢɤɚ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɫɬɨɣɤɢɯ ɷɤɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɵɯ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɣ ɤɨɪɩɭɫɨɜ ɫɭɞɨɜ / ȼ. ȿ. Ʌɟɨɧɨɜ, ɂ. ɂ. Ɋɭɛɥɟɜ // ɋɭɱɚɫɧɿ ɟɧɟɪɝɟɬɢɱɧɿ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɧɚ ɬɪɚɧɫɩɨɪɬɿ
ɿ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɿʀ ɬɚ ɨɛɥɚɞɧɚɧɧɹ ɞɥɹ ʀɯ ɨɛɫɥɭɝɨɜɭɜɚɧɧɹ: ɦɚɬɟɪɿɚɥɢ ȼɫɟɭɤɪɚʀɧɫɶɤɨʀ ɧɚɭɤɨɜɨ-ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɧɨʀ
ɤɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɿʀ. — ɏɟɪɫɨɧ: ȼɵɞɚɜɧɢɰɬɜɨ ɏȾɆȺ, 2012.
6. Ⱥɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɢ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɚɫɩɟɤɬɵ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɵ ɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɢ ɢ ɡɚɳɢɬɵ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɫɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɣ: ɫɬ. ɧɚ ɫɚɣɬɟ ɈɈɈ «ɉɪɨɦɤɪɚɫɤɚ Ɍɐ». — Ɇ., 2010 — [ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɵɣ ɪɟɫɭɪɫ]. — ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɧ.
ɞɚɧ. — Ɋɟɠɢɦ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɚ: http://pkraska.ru/articles/view/korroziya
7. Ƚɭɪɟɜɢɱ ȿ. ɋ. Ɂɚɳɢɬɚ ɨɬ ɨɛɪɚɫɬɚɧɢɹ / ȿ. ɋ. Ƚɭɪɟɜɢɱ. — Ɇ.: ɇɚɭɤɚ, 1989. — Ʉɧ. 1. — 432 ɫ.
8. Ɋɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ ɧɨɜɵɯ ɤɨɦɩɨɡɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ. — Ɍɜɟɪɶ: ɌȽɌɍ, 1999. — Ʉɧ. 2: Ⱥɧɚɥɢɡ
ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ ɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɢɨɧɢɡɢɪɭɸɳɢɯ ɢɡɥɭɱɟɧɢɣ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɨɝɨ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɚ ɧɚ ɠɢɡɧɟɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɨɞɜɨɞɧɨɣ ɮɥɨɪɵ ɢ ɮɚɭɧɵ. — ɑ. 3: ɗɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ ɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɢɨɧɢɡɢɪɭɸɳɢɯ ɢɡɥɭɱɟɧɢɣ ɧɚ ɩɨɞɜɨɞɧɭɸ ɦɢɤɪɨɮɥɨɪɭ. — 239 ɫ.
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