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Section 9. Philosophy
3. ???????.??.???????????? ?а?????????/?.??.??????//????. ????. ???.: 5?? ???.??.: ??????????, 1962?1981. ?.а33.
?.а1?120.
4. ???????.??.?????????? ??а????????. ??????????/?.??.??????//????. ????. ???.: 5?? ???.?? ?.: ??????????, 1962?
1981. ?.а44. ?.а360?361.
5. ???????.??.???? ???????/?.??.??????//????. ????. ???.: 5?? ???.?? ?.: ??????????, 1963?1981. ?.а6. ?.а1?192.
6. ???????.????????? ?????????/?.??????, ?.????????//???. 2?? ???.?? ?.: ??????????, 1955?1975. ?.а3. ?.а7?544.
7. ???????., ?????????.????????? ???????????????? ??????/?.??????, ?.????????//???. 2?? ???.?? ?.: ??????????,
1955?1975. ?.а4. ?.а419?459.
8. ??????????.??.?????????????????? ?????? ??????/?.??.?????????//???. ?.?? ?.: ????????, 1923?1927. ?.??VI.??. 285?298.
9. ??????????.??.?????????? ?а???????????? ??????/?.??.?????????//???. ?.?? ?.: ????????, 1923?1927. ?.аII.??. 27?90.
10. ????????. л?????? ?а ????╗. ?????. 25/10/2005. URL: http://www.topos.ru/article/4128 (???? ?????????:
29.08.13). 2а?.
11. ????????.?????????? ??? ???????: ????????????? ?а??????????? ?????????.?? ?.: ????? ???????????? ?????????, 2009. 136а?.
12. ????????.?????????????. ?????????. ?????. 14/07/2005. URL: http://www.topos.ru/article/3812 (???? ?????????:
29.08.13). 2а?.
13. ????????.?????????, ?????, ??????. ???????????? ????????? ?а????? ??????????? ??????????.?? ?.: ????????????
л?????╗, 2006. 208а?.
14. ????????.??????????????. ?????-??????: ?????, ????????, 1992. 224а?.
15. ????????.??.???? ???????? ????????. ?аXII ????????? ???????/?.??.???????//??????? ?????????. 11?? ???.?? ?.:
?????????????, 1952. ?.а294?305.
16. ????????.??. ??а??????? ?????????. ??????, ???????? ?а???????????? ????????????/?.??.???????//??????? ?????????. 11?? ???.?? ?.: ?????????????, 1952. ?.а1?80.
17. ?????????.??.???????????? ????? (?????? ??а???????????? ?????????аIII ?????? ??????????? ?а??????????? ??????
???. ?а??. ?????????). URL: http://www.litres.ru/lev-trockiy/mobilizaciya-truda-doklad-na-obedine nnom-zasedanii-iiisezda-sovnarhozov-i?moskovskogo-soveta-rab-i?kr-depu tatov/(???? ?????????: 28.08.13). 13а?.
18. ?????????.??. ??а ???? ?а ??????????. ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? (??????????).
URL: http://www.litres.ru/lev-trockiy/na-puti-k?socializmu-hozyaystvennoe-stroitelstvo-sovetskoy-respublа ikiprilozheniya/?just_bought=1 (???? ?????????: 28.08.13). 9а?.
19. ???????? ?.??.? ????? ???? (?а???????? 1924а?.). URL: http://www.litres.ru/lev-trockiy/novyy-kurs-v?redakcii?1924/(????
?????????: 28.08.13). 59а?.
20. ?????????.??. ?а??????????? ??????????????? ????????????, ???????? ??????????, ????????????? ?????????
?а?????????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????????????? ???? (?????? ?? ???). URL: http://www.litres.ru/lev-trockiy/
o?mobilizacii-industrialnogo-proletariata-tr udovoy-povinnosti-militarizacii-hozyaystva-i?primenenii-voinskih-chasteydlya-hozyaystvenny h?nuzhd -tezisy-ck-rkp/(???? ?????????: 28.08.13). 13а?.
21. ?????????.??.????????????? ?????????. URL: http://www.magister.msk.ru/library/trotsky/trotl004.htm (???? ?????????: 28.08.13). 76а?.
22. ?????????.??.?????????? ?а?????????. URL: http://www.magister.msk.ru/library/trotsky/trotl033.htm (???? ?????????: 28.08.13). 135а?.
23. ?????????.????????? ?а?????? ?.??????? л??????????? ????? ??а???????╗/?.??????, ?.????????//???. 2?? ???.??.:
??????????, 1955?1975. ?.а22. ?.а189?201.
24. ???????.????????. ?????????? ?а????????/?.??????//???????. ?????????? ?а????????; ????????? ???????????;
?а????. ???.: ?????, 2000. ?.а55?440.
Seregina Tatiana Nikolaevna,
Financial University
under the Russian Federation Government,
E?mail: seregina.tatiana@gmail.com
Axiological basis of the global world
Abstract: The article considers the problem of the formation ofаvalue orientationsаin a globalized world, especially
theаinterrelation of cultural and civilizational processes as definedаin the global world. Theаvalues of the modern w
?н orld
64
Axiological basis of the global world
must be seen through the prism of historical continuum and philosophical heritage and are formed by the passage
of a state of crisis and stability.
Keywords: globalization, culture, civilization, Russian philosophy.
???????? ??????? ??????????,
?????????? ???????????
??? ????????????? ?????????? ?????????
E?mail: seregina.tatiana@gmail.com
??????????????? ????????? ??????????? ????
???????????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ???? ?а?????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????
(л????????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?а????????????? ??????╗), ?????? ?а15?23?21002.
?????????: ?а?????? ??????????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?а??????????
????, ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?а??????????????? ????????? ??? ???????????? ?а??????????
????. ???????? ???????????? ???? ?????? ??????????????? ????? ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ?а???????????? ???????? ?а??????????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ?а????????????.
???????? ?????: ????????????, ????????, ???????????, ??????? ?н?????????.
?????????? ??? ????????????? ?а??а????, ???????
??????? ?????, ?????????, ?????????? ??????????
????????????? ?????????. л???????? ??????????? ????? ???????. ??? ???????????? ???? ?а???????? ??????
????????╗ [4, 39]. ?????? ?????????????? ??????????
????????? ????????????, ?????, ????? ????????????
????????, ??????? ?????????? ????? ??а?????????????
?????. ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?а???????????
?????????, ?а???????? ????????? ???????.
?? ??а???? ????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???????????. ???????????? ????????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ??а????????????, ???????????? ?????????,
????????? ????????????, ????????????, ???? ?а???????
?а????? ????????. л????? ????????? ????? ????????, ???
?ал???? ????????╗ ??? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? (????????) ??????? ??????????? ????? ????????, ???????? ??? ?????? ????????????? ??????? ?а????????????,
??а????а?? ??? ????????? ??а??????????? ????? ?а????????, ??????? ???????? ???? ??? ?????????, ??????
?а ???????? ?а ????? ????????????? ??а ?? ???????????
?????. ??а????????, ???????????? ????????? ?а????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ??а???????? ??????????? ???????????????, ??????????? ??а ????????? ????????????
????????????? ??????????? ???????? ??? ????? ??????????╗ [5, 17].
?? ????? ??????????? ??????????????? ????????
???? ??????????????? ???????, ?? ???????????? ????
?а????? [5, 18]. ???????????????? ????????? ????????
?а ????????? ??????? ?а ?????????????? ?а ??????????
?????? ?????????????, ??????????????????? ????. ?????????? ????????? ????????????? ???? ??а ?????????
???????????? ??????? ????? 19?20??а?????, ??? ??а??????
??????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ????????
?а??а?????????? ????, ??????? ?????? ??а???????. ??????
?а???? ????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ??????????????, ????? ??а??? ????? ????????? ?н??????????.
??????? ?а???????????? ??????????????????? ???????? ?????? ??а?????? ?????????-?????????? ?????????.
?а ????????? ?????? ????????????????? ??? ???????,
??????????????? ??????????? ?а???????а? ??? ??????????? ?а????????. ????????????а? ??? ??????? ???????????????, ??а???????????? ??а????????? ??????????????
?а????????????, ???, ??? ?????????? ?????? ????????. ???????????? ????? ?????, ???? ?????????? ?а?????????????
??? ???????????? ???????, ????????? ?????????? ?????.
?а??????????????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ??????????.
?????????? ????? ????? ??а???????????? ???????????????? ????????, ??а?? ?????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????. ?????????, ????????????? ?а????????????, ????? ???? ?????? ??????????? ?а?????????
?????? ????????? ????.
??????????????? ???????????? ???????????? ????
?????????? ????????????, ??? ????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????????????, ??? ??????? ??????????, ???????????? ????????? ????????. ???????? ?????????? ??????
??????????? ???????? ????, ?.???????? ??????, ??? ????????а? л???????? ????, ????????? ???????????? ?????????, ?????????? ????? ???? ????????, ?????????
????╗. ????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????, ??? ????? ???????????, ??? ????? ?????????-?????????? ????????.
????????????, ???????? ???, ?а ??????? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????
?????????, ???????????? ?а????. ?а??а???? ????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ??а ????? ????? ??????????.??.?????? ?а?????? л??????? ?а???????╗: л?????
?????? ????? ?а??????? ??????? ??????????????, ?????,
????????, ??????? ????? ????????? ?а????? ????????,
?а????? ???? ?????? ??а?????╗. ???????????? ???????? ???
????????????? ?а?????????????, ???, ?????, ???? ?????????, ???????? ??а???????? ??а??????????? ??????? ????????????. ???? ??а??? ??????????? ????? ?а?н???????????
65
Section 9. Philosophy
?????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ????????, ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?а???????. ????????? ??????? ???? ????????? ??????? ?а???????? ??????? ????????????? ?????,
???????? ????????, ??????????? ???????? ?а ?????????
?а???? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????? ?????????.
??????? ????????? ????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????. ???????????? ?????? ?а????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????, ??? ????????????а? ??? ?????????????? ???? ??????????, ???????????? ??????????
????????, ??????? ??а??????????, ??а??????. ??? ???????????????????, ?а??????? ????? ??????? ?????????????
(????????????, ????????) ?а????????????????? (????????,
??????????, ???????) ?а????????? ???????? ???????а?
??? ?? ?????????? ?а?????? ?? ?????????????. ??? ?????????а? ???????? ???????? ??а??????????, ????????????
?????????? ?а??????????????.
? ??????? ????????? ?????? ??а???? ????? ???? ???????????? ?????? ????????? ?а?????????????, ??????????? ?а??????????? ?????. ?????? ???? ?? ????????
?а??????????? ????????????? ????? ????????? ??????
??????????? ???????, ????????? ??? ????????????. ?????? ???????? ???? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ????????, ??????? ?????? ?????????? ?а????????
???. ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????, ???????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ????? ????????????,
??????????? ????????, ???????? ?????. ?????? ???????
??????? ????????, ?????? ????? ?????? ??а??????? ????
??????? ?а???????? л????╗. ??????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ????????? ????????, ??? ????????, ??? ????????? ????? ?????? ?а?????? ???????? ????????. ????????
?????? ??????? л????????????? ????????╗, ????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ???. ???????? ?????????? ???????, ????? ??? ???????????? ???????? ?????? ?????, ???
?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ?????, ??????.
?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??а?????????? ????????,
??????, ???????. ??? ?????? ?а???????? ?????? ??????????????, ?????????? ?а?????? ??????? ????????? ???
????? ??????? ?а???? ??????? ???????????? ???????????
??????? ??????? ?а?????? ???????????? ??????????.
??? ????????, ????????, ??????? ??????? ?????
?????? ?????????? ???????? ???? ????????, ??? ????????,
????? ????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ???????
???????? ????????? ????????, ?а?а????? ?????????????
???????? ????????. ??? ?а???? ???, ?а??????? ????? ???????, ???????? ???????? ????? ????????????, ??????????,
????????? ??а????????? ????. ???, ??? ??????? ????????
???????? ?????????? ???????? ????????, ????????????.
??а?????? ?а???????? ??????? ???????? ?а?????? ???? ????
?????????? ???????????, ???????? ????????? ?а???? ?????????? ????????? ????????????? ????, ??? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ?а?????? ?????????.
??????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ??????????????
???????, ??????? ????????????, ???????????? ?????
????????? ?? ??а????????. ??????????? ??????????????
?н
66
?????? ???????? ????????????????, ??? ?????????? ????????? ?а????, ??-?????????? ???????. ???????? ?а???
?????? ???????? ???????? ?а???????? ?????????. ???????? ?а????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?а???????
????. ????????а? ???????? ?????????, ??? ??а????? ????
?????????? ??????????, ??? ?а?????????, ??? ??а????????? ?????????, ??? ?????? ????????? ??????????????,
?а??а?????????, ??а???????? ??????. ???????? ??? ????????а? ??? ????????? ???????, ?? ?????????? ????????.
???????????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????.
??? ?????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????????,
?????????, ????????? ???????.
?? ???????? ???-???? ??????????? ?а???? ????????????, ??? ??а?????? ????? ????????? ??????, ?а??? ??????
????? ??а???????? ?????: ?????? ??????????? ?а?????? ??????????????, ???????????? ???????????, ??????????????
???????? ?а?????? ???????????????, ??????????? ?????????, ??????? ???????? ?а????????????? ???????? ?а??????????, ?а???????????? ??????????? ?а???????????. ???????
????? ??????? ????? ???????????, ??? ????????? ????????
?а?????? ????????????? ????, ???? ?а??????? ??????? ??а????? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????,
??а????? ??????????? ??а????????????? ????????? ?????.
?????? ???? ??????? ????????, ??????? ???? ?а????
????????? ?????? ??а????. ?????? ????????, ?? ?????????, ?????????, ???????????????, ???????????? ????????
?а????? ?а???, ??? ?????????? ????? ??а???????? ?????????? ?а???????? ???????. ??а???? ?????????? ?????????
??а???????? ????? ????? ??а????, ?а??? ??? ?????????????,
?????????. ??????? ?а20?? ????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?а????? ??????? ?????? ??а???? ?????? ???????? ????????, ????????. ????????а? ???????????? ?????????? ????, ??????? ???????? ????????, ?а?????? ?????
????????? ???????????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??? ?????????, ???? ???. ??????? ????????
??????? ???????????, ??? ??? ????????а? ??? ??????????,
?????????????, ??а???????????????, ??а??????? ??а????
???? ?????????????. ??????????? ??????? ???? ?????
?а?????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ????? ????а?
???????, ??????????.
? ???? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ??????
????, ?? ????????? ???????? ??? ????? ????????????, ???
?????????, ??? ????? ??????? ????? ????, ?а??? ?????
???????? ????????. ?????? ??????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ????????. ??????? ????? ????????? ?????? ???????????????? ?????????? ????,
?????? ?????????, ??????? ???????? ?а????? ??????????.
??? ???????? ??????? ???????? ??а?? ???????????? ?????????????, ??? ????? ?????????, ?а??а????? ?а????????
?а?????????. ???????? ????? ????????????. ???????????
????????? ?????, ????????????, ?а???????? ???????? ??????
?а????????????. ??????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ??????, ???????? ???????? ?а?? ??????, ?а??а?а???????
??? ???????????. ???????? ?????? ??а???? ???????????,
???????????? ???????? ?????????? ?н????.
Axiological basis of the global world
? ???????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ?а?????????????. ???????????? ????????? ?а?????????????,
?а??????? ?????, ????? ??? ???????? ?а??????????????????. ???????????? ????????а? ?????????????, ??? л?????╗ ?????? ??а????????????????, ?а???? ???????? ??????????? ????????. ?????? ??а????а? ??? ????? ??????,
??? ????, ??? ????????. ??а??????? ???? ????????????
??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????????, ??а?????? ????????,?? ??? ???????? ?а????????????. ????????? ?????
?????????????? ?????????? ???????. ??а?а???? ????????, ??????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ????????????
????????, ??а?????????????, ????????? ????а? ???????
?????.
???????? ??а ?????? ???????? ????????????, ???
????? ???????? ?????? ????????. ?а ?????? л?????
???????╗ ?? ?????: л??? ???????????? ???? ?????? ?а ????????, ?а ??????????? ?а ??????? ??????; ?????а? ?а??????, ????? ?а???????????? ?????????????;
???????а? ?а?????? ?????? ?а????????, ?а??????? ?а????????????? ??????????, ?а ????????? ?а ???????????
??????????????; ????????????а? ???? ?а?????? ?а??????????? ?????????╗ [2, 163].
???????????а? ????????? ????????, ?а??????? ?????
???????, ??? ????? ??????????????, ????? ???????? ????
?а?????, ??????? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????????, ??? ??????? ???????????, ??а?а????? ????
?????????? ????? ???????? ??????????, ??????????,
????????????. ???? ???????? ?а????? ???? ??????????
??????. ???????? ??а???????? ???????? ?а???????????????? ????????, ??? ??????????? ?а???????? ???????, ???
??????? ?????????? ?а???????. ??????????? ?????? ??????????? ?а???????, ??? ????????????, ??? ?а??????????? ?????????? ??????, ??а????????????. ???????? ?а????? ??????????????? ??????а? ????????????? ????????,
???????????? ?????, ??а ?????? ????????, ??????????.
??????? ???????? ????? 4а?????: л??????????, ????????,
??????????? ?а??????????? ????????????╗. ??? ??а?????
?а?????? ??????????????????, ??? ????????? ????.
??????? ????? ?а ???????? ??????????? ?????????
??????????????, ????????????? ?а???????? ??????. ???????? ?????? ????????а? ???????? ???????? ??? ????????, ????????? ??? ????????? ??????? ?а?????????? ???
?????????? ???????????? ?а????????. ???????? ???????
??????? ?а????????????? ???????? ?????. ??а??????
?????????????? ?????????? ????????, ???????????????????? ???? ???????? ?а????????? ??а??????? ???????????? ????????? л????????????? ?????????? ????????????
?а??????????? ???????? ?а???????? ???????? ??а????
??????? ????????╗ [3, 16]. ????????а?? ??????? ???????, ??? ?????????? ???????? ????. ???? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????. ?????? ??????????? ???
?????????а? ??? ???????????? ???????? ??? ?????????
?а???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????. ???????? ???? ????? ???????? ?а???????????? ????? ?????, ?а????? ??н ???????????
????????. ??????????? ???????? ??????? ????? ?а????????? ??????????????? ?????, ??? ???????? ?????????
???????????? ?????. ???????? ??а ?????? ?????????
?а?????????, ?? ??????а? ??????? ?а??????????, ????????, ??????????? ??а???? ???????, ??а??????????????
???? ?????????, ?? ?????? ????? ????. ?а????? ???????
??????? ?????? ?????? ??а???????????? ??????? ???????????? ????????????, ??????????, ??????? ???????
???????? ?а???????? ??? ???????????. ?? ???????, ???
???????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ???????? ??????
????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????
?а ??????. ?????????? ?????????? ?а ???????? ??????
???????? ???????????? ???????? ?а???????? ???????
????????. ?а??????? ??а?????? ?????????????? ???????
?????????, ??????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ?а??????????? ????????????? ???????? ?а??????, ?? ??????,
??? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????? л???????╗
????????, ?????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????????.
?????????????????? ?????? ?а????????? ????????,
??? ?а ?????? ??? ?????????????, ?????????? ??????
?????????????. ?а????? ???????, ????? ????? ????????
???????? ????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????, ???????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ???????????????? ????????? ??а??????? ?а??????? ????????, ?????????
?????. ???????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?а????.
??????? ????????? ???? ???????????? ?????????, ???????????????? ???????? ?а????????. ?а???? л?????????? ???????????? ???????? ???????????╗, ???????????
??а???????????????, ????? ?а??????? ???????????. ??????? ?????? ??????? ?????????: л???????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???????? ????╗ [6, 17]. ?????????
??а ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????,
??? ????? ???? ?? ?????????? ??а???????. л????? ???????
????????? ?а??????????????, ??? ???????????? ???????
????? ????? ?????? ??-???????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ??????╗ [6, 17]. ???? ??????? ???????? ?а???????
???????а? ??? ??????? ????????, ??????, ??????. ?? ????????, ??? ??? ???? ????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????????, ??????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??а????? ????????
?????? ?а?????? ?????, ?????????????, ?????????? ??????,
????????? ???????????? ??????????? ????????. ???????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ???????: ???????????????
?а?????????????????. ??? ????? ????? ???????? ??????
?????, ?а?????? ?? ????? ???????????? ????, ???????????????? ??????????????? ???????? ?а ?????? ?????????
???????????????, ?????????????, ??????? ??????????
??? ???????, ??а???????? ?????????, ??????????? ??????.
????????????? ??????????? ???????????? ?? ??????, ???????????????? ?а????????? ??????? ??????????.
?????????? ?? ????, ??а?????? ????????, ??????? ?а???????????? ??????????? ???????????, ?а??????? ???????????? ???????? ?а????????????? ??????? ??????????. ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????
???????? ??????? ?н????????.
67
Section 9. Philosophy
?????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????
??????????? ????????, ??????? ?????????????? ?а20??
????, ?а?????????, ?а???????? ???????? л???????????╗.
??? ??? ???????? ?????????? ??? ????????????? ????????. ?а????????, ???????? ???? ?????????, ??????? ???
?а???? ????????, ????????????? ???????? ?????????????,
???????????? ?????? ?а??????????, ?а???????????? ?????,
?????? ?а????????. ??? ???? ???????? ??? ??????????????? ????? ??????, ??? ?????? ???????????, ?????? ??????????? ??? ????. ?????? ???????? ?????????? ????????.
????????? ????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????
????, ??????? ????? ?????????? ????????? ????????, ???????? ???????. ??????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?а??????
????????? ?????? ????????? ?а????????? ?????????.
????? ????????, ??? ?????????? ??а??????????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??? ??? ?????????????? ????????? ??????? ????????, ?а????????? ?????????
???? ?????? ??а???? ????????? ?а?????, ??? ??????? ???
????????? ???? ???????? ????????? ???? ????????, ????????? ??? ?????????? ?а????????. ??????? ???? ???????
???????? ?а?????????? ?????????, ??? ??????????? ??????? ???? ?а????????. ????????? ?????? ???? ?????????
???????? ???????????? ?а ???????????????? ?????
?????????, ?а????? ?????? ??а???????.
???????? ?а??????????? ???? ?????????? ???????????
??????? ??? ??????????????, ?????? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ????? ?????????????????
??а ???????, ?????????? ?а ????? ????????? л????????
????╗, ?а?????? ????????? ????????? ?а?????????? ???????? ???????? ??а??????? ?а?????????????? ??????????
?????????? ?????. ?????? ?а???? ?? ????????????? ????????
???????????? ????? ???????????, ?а??????? ????????????
????????? ???????????, ???????????? ????????. ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ??а????
??????????, ?а?????? ????? ?????? ????????????? ?а?а?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????.
??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????????. ?? ??????????? ?а?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ??????????? ????????. ??????????? ??????????? ????????
??????????? ?а????????????? ???? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????: ???????? ????????????, ?а???????
????????? ?????? ?а???????? ??????????????? ?????????? ???????? ?а????????????? ????????????. ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????,
??а?а???????? ?????????? ??????????, ????????????
???????? ??????. ???????? ?????????? ?????????, ??????? ???? ???????????? л?????????╗ ?????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ???????????
???????????.
??????? ???? ???? ??????? ?а ???????? ????????
????????? ????? ???????? ??? ???????? ?? ?????????:
???????? ??? ?????????, ??????????????? ?а???????? ???
???????????, ?????????? ?а ???????????????-????????? ??????????. ???????????????? ?????? ?а????????
68
??н ???????? ???????? ?а?????, ??? ???????????????? ???????? ??? ??а??????????, ??? ????? ??????????. ??а?а??????? ??????????????? ????????? ????? ???? ??????
???????: ??? ???????????? ???????? ??? ????????, ?????????????? ?а?????????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ??а?????? ??????.
????? ?????????????? ?????????????????? ??????
??????? ?????????? ???????????, ??????. ??????????
??? ??????? ????????????? ???????????? ????? ????????. ?а???????????, ?????????????? ?а?????????????????? ???? ????? ??????????????, ??? ?????????? ????????? ????????, ?????? ?? ??? ??-??????? ???????????
????????? ??? ??????? ?????, ??-??????? ?????????????
???????? ?????????, ??а?????, ??? ??? ??? ????????????
?а???????, ?а??-???????? ?????? ????????? ?? ???????
?а?????????? ?????.
???????? ??????????? ???? ????????? ??????????
??????? ??а????????, ??? ?????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ?а???? ????. ???????????
??????? ??а??????? ???? ?????????? ?а?????????? ?????????: ????????????????, ???????????????, ?????????.
?? ???????? ????????-????????????, ??????? ?а????????????????????, ???????? ???????? ???????? ?а??????????????? ?????????, ?????? ?? ???????? ????????????
?а??????, ?????????. ???????? ??????????? ????????
?????????? ????????????? ?????????, ????????? ?????????? ???????????? ?а?????????? ??????. ????????
??????????? ?а ??????????, ??????????????, ??????????????? ?а????? ???????????, ??????????????, ??????,
??????????????.
??????? ???????? ????????? ???????????????????? ?????????? ????, ?? ??????????? ?а?????????????
????????, ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ?????????, ??а??????? ???????? ????????????, ??а?????? ????????????, ??????? ??а?????? ??????,
??????????? ??? ????????????, ?а???????????? ??? ????????????. ????????, ????????? ???????? ??а????????? ?????? ?а????????, ??? ??а??????????? ???????????? ??????,
???????????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?а?????????
????????, ?а??а?а????????, ????????? ????????. ??а????????, ???????????? ??а?? ?????? ???????????? ?????????,
???????????????????? ????? ???????, ?????????? ?а????
????????? ?????????? ?????????, ???????? ???????????
??? ???????????? ??????????? ???????? ????. ??????????, ??????????????, ???????????????? ????? ??????
???????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ????????. ??? ???????? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????????????????? ??????? ????????.
??????????????? ????????? ??????? ????????????
????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????? ?а?????????? ????????, ???????, ??? ?????
?????????????????? ????? ?а???, ?????? ?а??????????.
??? ??а????????? ???????, ?????? ?а?????? ???? ?а????
?????? ??? ??????, ??? ???????????? ??????????? ?а??????????? ??????????? ????????? ??? ??????. ?????
?н
Axiological basis of the global world
???????????? ????????? ?????????-????????????? ???????? ????? ????? ?????????? ??а????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????????. ??????? ??? ????????
????????? ??????????? ???????? ????? ????? ???????????
???????????а? ????????????? ?а??? ????????????? ?????????? ?а???????????? ???????.
Environmental History, ??? ?а?????? ?????????? ??????? Big History, Cross-cultural studies, ???-????????? ??????а? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????? ?а????????? ???????. ?а?????????? ????? ??????????????????
??????? ???????? ???? ??????????? ?а?????? ????????????? ?????.
????????????? ???????а? ???????????, ???????????
?????????, ???????????? ????? ????? ????????????
???????, ???????? ??а?а???????, ?а?а??????, ??????? ????? ??а???????. ??? ????????????? ????????? ??????????
?????????? ???????????? ????????? ??а?????? ???????????? ?????????.
?????????? ??????? ??????????? ?а???? ????????????:
??????????????? ????????? ???????, ???-????????? ??????, ??????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????
???????????, ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????.
?????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ????????, ?????? ?? ?????????????? ?а????, ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ?а?????? ?? ???????.
????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?а?? ??????????????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ??а????????? ???????????????? ?? ????? ??? ???????????????? ????????.
?.??.????????????? ???? ????????? ?? ???????????: л???????? ????????-????????????? ????????, ???????? ?????????? ????? ?а???????? ?????????????? ?????????, ???????
?????? ??????????????? ?????????? ????; ???????????
?а?????????? ????????, ???????? ???????? ???????????,
????????????? ?а???????????? ?а?????????? ?????????????
?а??????? ??????; ?????????? ???????????? ??????????
?а?????????? ?????????? ???????╗ [1, 762].
?????? ?????????? ????????- ????????????????
????????. ????????????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ??????????????-????????????
????????, ????????? ?а????????, ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ?а?????????????????? ????????. ?????????????, ??? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??а??????????????, ??????????
????????, ?? ?????? ?????, ?????? ?а????????? ???????????.
?????????? ????????? ?а????????а? ???, ?????? ?????,
????????? ?а?????????? ????? ?????? ?а????????, ????????????? ????????. ?????????????? ???????? ????????
????? ?????????????, ??????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????. ????????? ??????????? ???, ??? ????????? ????????? ?а????? ???????? ?????? ???????.
?????????? ???, ???????????? ?а???????? ??а????????????? ???????????? ?а????????? ??????????? ????, ???
?????? ???????? ???????????. ?????????? ??? ?н????????
??????? ??а?????? ??????????, ?? ??а???????? ??а???????
?????????, ?????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???????,
??? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ?а?????????
????? ?????, ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????.
??????????? ??????????? ??а???????????????, ??? ???
???????? ??а?????????? ????????? ?? ??????????????
?а?а?????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????, ??????? ???????? ?а?????????? ????????. ?????
???, ???????????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????
????, ?????????, ????? ??????????????? ?а????? ?а???????????? ?????????? ????????.
???????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????? ?????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ??????, ?????????????, ????????????? ??????????.
?????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????, ??а???????
????? ???????? ????????????. ?????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ??а?????? ??????????? ?????????, ??а??? ???????? ??????????? ????????, ??? ?????
?а????? ?????????????????? ?????? ????????? ?а??? ????????? ?????????????????? ???????? ????????????????
????????.
????? ???????????? ??? ??????, ??? ??????????? ????????, ????????? ??????? ?а????????? ?? ?????????????.
??????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ???
???????? ??????????? ????????????? ?а?????????? ?????? ???????. ????????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????,
??????????, ????? ????????? ????? ??????. ?????, ???
???? ???????? ????????????? ??? ???????? ???????????????? ???????, ??? ??????????? ??? ???????? ?????????????? ????????.
?????????? ???????? ????????????? ??????????? ??а??
?????????? ?а??????????? ????????????, ????????????,
????????? ?????????. ???????????? ??? ???????? ????
????????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ??а ????.
??????? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ????????а?
??? ?? ??????????????, ??? ???????? ?а????????????????????? ????????? ????, ?а??????????????? ?а??? ?????????
?а??????????. ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????? ????????? ??? ????????. ???????? ?????????? ??????????????, ????????? ??????????, ????????
??а?????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ???? ?а????
????, ?а?? ???????????? ?а????????, ?а??????? ?????? ????????: ??????-????????а? ?????? ?????????, ????????,
?.???????а? ?????????? ?????? ???????????????, ??????
л?╗, ?????? ????????а? ????????????????, ???????????? ????????а? ?.????????. ??? ??? ???????? ??а??????
?а??????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????, ??а?а??????
?????? ???????????? ????????????.
???????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ?а???????? ????????, ??? ???????? ????????? ??????? ????????
????????????. ??????? ?а????? ???????? ????????? ????
?????????. ??? ???????? ?????????????????????, ?а??????? ?????? ????????? ?????????????????? ?а??а????????????, л?╗ ???????????? ?а?????.
???????????? ??????? ???????????? ?а ?н??????????
????????, ??????? ???? ???????? ??а?????????? ??а????,
69
Section 9. Philosophy
????? ?????? ??????? ??а?????????, ????????. ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ??а?????? ???????????????
????????? ???????? ????????. ???????????? ?а????????
??????? ??а???????????, ?? ?????? ????????? ??а????
????????, ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ???? ????????. ???????? ?????????? ??? ????? ???????????
????????. ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????????, ??????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ????????? ??????????
?а????????? ?а??? ???????? ???????, ???????????????
????????.
??? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????? ??????????.
????????? ???? ???????? ????????????? ??????, ??????? ??а???????? ????????????????? ?а??? ?а?н??????????
????????? ?????????? ???? ??????????. ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????, ???????????? ??а????????? ??,
??????? ?????????-?????????????? ??????. ??а????????? ?????? ?????, ????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ??а???? ??? ???????????? ?????????? ???????????
??????????.
?????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????, ??а???????????? ???????????????? ??????????, ???????????? ????
???????, ????????? ?а?????????????? ??а?? ?????? ???????? ?????????. ??????? ?????? ??????? ?а???????????
???????????? ????? ?????? ????????, ??а??? ????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??????, ????????????
?????? ?н????????????.
?????? ??????????:
1. ??????????????.??.?????????. ???????? ??????????? ???????: 3?? ???., ???????.?? ??.: ??????? ???, 2013.??
1280а?.
2. ?????????.??.?????? ???????.?? ?.: ?????, 1990. 176а?.
3. ????????.??.??????? ?а????? ?????? (??????????-???????????? ???????????? ?.??.?????????)//?????????.??.???????
?а????? ??????. ???., 1991?1992. ?.а1.
4. ?????????.??.???????????????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ????????//????????. ????????. ????????.
5. ????????.??.?????????????? ?а????????? ????????//?????????????. 1997.?? ?а2?3.
6. ?????????.??.?????? ?? ??????//??????????? ???????. 1935,?? ?а?н58.
70
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