close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

К вопросу об апокрифах в Хождении игумена Даниила..pdf

код для вставкиСкачать
? ???????
?? ?????????
? ????????
??????? ???????*
On the Apocrypha
in the Pilgrimage by
Daniel the Traveler
????? ????????????
????????
Irina V. Fedorova
???????? ??????? ??????????
(?????????? ???) ??? (?.-?????????)
Institute of Russian Literature (Pushkin
House) of the Russian Academy of
Sciences (St. Petersburg)
??????1
????????? ??????????????? ?????????, ????????????? ? ???????? ???????
???????, ?? ??? ??????????? ????????? ???????????? ????????????. ??????
???????????? ? ???? ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ??
????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ? ?? ????????? ??? ???????????? ????н
???. ? ?????? ????????, ??? ?????????????? ?????? ????? ???? ??-???????
???????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? (??????????????? ? ??н
??????????) ? ??? ??????????? X?I?X?II ??. ???????, ? ???????, ??????? ?
????????, ???????? ???????? ? ???????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???н
??? ????????????, ???, ? ??????? ?? ????????????? ?????? (?? 1:18?25, ??а1:26?
28), ?????????????? ? ????-???????????? ? ???????, ???? ????? ?????? ?? ??н
???, ? ????? ? ??????? ?? ????????? ???????? ? ??????. ? ?????? ??н???н???н???
??????? X?I ?., ???????????? ?? ???????-??????????? ???????, ??? ??н??н
????? ???????, ? ? ???????? ??????? ??????, ??? ??? ?????????? ?? ??????(?)??
?????????. ????? ???????, ??????????? ????????, ?????????? ? ???н??н???н
???н??? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???????, ????????? ????????? ????н???н
??? ??????????, ????????? ? ???????????? ??????????????.
??????? ????????????? ? ?????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ?????????,
??? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ? ?????, ??????????? ???????????,
*
?????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ?????????, ??????
????????? ??????? ??????? ? ????????????? ????????? X? ? ???. ???. X?I ?.
(???????????? ? ??????)?, ? 14-64-01001?.
Slov?ne
2015 ? 1
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative
Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Irina V. Fedorova
??? ? ?????????? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????????. ?????? ???нн???н
????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??н
????? ?????????? ?????????, ????????????? ???????????? ??????? ???н??
????????????.н
?????????????
???????? ??????? ???????, ????????????? ??????????, ???????, ????н??н
???????? ?????, ???????????, ???????????? ???????, ????????, ??????
Abstract
The abundance of apocryphal material in the text of the Pilgrimage by Daniel the
Traveler has become the subject of several special studies in the past, by Ya.?I.?Goн
rozhansky, M.?A.?Venevitinov, P.?A.?Zabolotsky, V.?P.?Adrianova-Peretts, and M.?Garн
zaniti. All of these studies, however, were based on the text of the First Reнdactн
ion of the Pilgrimage (according to Venevitinov?s classification) and they did not
consider the work?s literary history. The present study reveals the various ways in
which the reproduction of apocryphal subjects appears in different redactions of
the Pilgrimage (both full-text and abridged) and its later adaptations made in the
16th and 17th centuries. One of the examples is the description of Nazareth, which
is accompanied by an apocryphal version of the Annunciation in the Pilgrimage.
This version differs from the Bible text (Mt 1:18?25, Lk 1:26?28) in that it tells about
the events directly preceding the Annunciation: the pre-Annunciation at the well,
where Mary comes to draw water, and the appearance of the Archangel Gabriel to
her in a cave. In the group of abridged copies of the 16th century from the KirilloBelozersky Monastery, this information is missing, and the only thing said about
Nazareth is that ?Archangel Gabriel announced to Her [Mary] there.? Thus, the
complete story appearing in the full-text redactions of Daniel?s Pilgrimage was
replaced by a compact report consistent with the Bible narrative.
The nature of the variant readings presented in this paper remains to be
interpreted, as these variants may be later interpolations in the text made by
redactors or they may represent traces of the earlier period of the history of the
text. At the same time, any reconstruction of the literary history of the Pilgrimage
has to take into account the peculiarities of the reproduction of apocryphal
subjects in different redactions of the text.
Keywords
Pilgrimage by Daniel the Traveler, pilgrimage literature, apocrypha, non-canonicн
al subject, textual study, literary history, redaction, copy
????????? ??????????????? ????????? ? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?
?????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ?
??? ?? ??? ??????????? ????????? ???????????? ????????????1. ??????
????? ? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ?.а?.а???????????? [1899:
??., ? ???????: [??????????? 1884: 308?310; Garzaniti 1998;
???????????????2004]. ?. ?. ?????????-?????? [1941: 73] ????????, ???
?????? ??-?? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?
X?I ?. ???? ???????? ? ?????? ??????????? ?????.
1
2015 ?1
Slov?ne
| 527
528 |
On the Apocrypha in the Pilgrimage by Daniel the Traveler
9?52], ??????? ??????? ? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????,
?????????? ? ????? ?????????. ???????????? ?.а?.а???????????? ? ???н
??? ?????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ? ??????н? ???н
??? ???????????? ?????????, ??? ??????????????, ?? ?????????????
?.а?.а????????????, ?????? ???????? ????????? [??????????? 1883;
1885]2 , ? ?? ????????? ??? ???????????? ???????. ??????, ??? ????н??н
???? ???? ???????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???????, ???н
??н? ????? ????? ???????? ????????????????? ? ??????? ????????
???н??? ? ?????? ?????????? ????? ???????????? ?????????????? ? ?
???????? ??? ?????????????? ???????. ? ????? ? ???? ?? ??????????
???н????????, ??? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ??н
???н????? ? ????????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????.
* * *
? ????????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????н
????, ? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????????, ????????? ????? ??????,
??????????? ? ??а11:23 ? ??а10:15, ???????? ??? ? ??? ? ????? ????н??н
??? ??????????: ?? ? ???? ?????????? ????????? ???????: л? ???? ??н
??, ??????????! ?????????? ??? ?? ?????? ? ?? ??? ???????╗. ??? ????
?? ????? ????? ???????? ??????????? [???????????а1883: 89]3. ?? ???н
??? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????????????? ?????????? ? ???, ??? ?????н
??н? ? ? ???? ?????? ??????????: ??? ?? ?? ?????? ??????????? [????н??н
??, ????????а2007: 230]. ? ?????? ??????????? ??????? X?Iа?., ???н???н
??????? ???????-??????????? ??????????, ? ????-1305, ???-16.8.13,
???-1409 ? ??????????? ? ??????? ???????, ? ????????? ?????? ??????
???????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????: ??? ??????? ?? ??????????
?????? ?????? 8; ???? ???????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? [???-1409:
107; ?????? ???. ? ?.а?.].
????? ? ????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????, ???????????? ????
?????????????? [???????????а1883: ?I?IX]. ??????????? ?????? ???????? ??
?????????, ?.а?.а??????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?? ?????????? ????????:
??? ????? ????????? ???????? ????????????; ?????????? ???? ? ?? ????????;
??????????? ? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ????????; ? ?????? ??? ???????????
???????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????; ??????? ???????? ? ?????? ????
???? ?????? ? ????? ?? ????? ?????????; ??????? ? ??????? ??? ??? ?????
?????????????; ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ? ???????, ?????????? ????????
??? ??????????? ? ????? ??.а????? [?? ??а1884: 86?96]. ????????????
?????????? ?????? ???????? ????? ???????? ???????? ? ?? ???????? ??
??????????????? ? ?????????????????? ?????????????.
2
?.а?.а??????????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??, ??? ? ???????? ????????????
???????? ??????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ????????????? ?
??????????? ? ???????????? ????, ? ?????????? ????? ??????? ?????
?????????, ???????????? ? ?????????? ?? ?????? ? ???? ? ??????????
????????????? [???????????а1899: 24].
3
Slov?ne
2015 ?1
Irina V. Fedorova
???? ??????????? ? ??????? ? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????????
? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ?
??н???????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ??????, ?? ????? ??н
???н? ?????????? ?????, ????????? ?? ??????????????? ?????? ??н??н
??? ??????????: ? ????? ????????? ???????:
.а.а.а?? 4 ???? ? ?? 40 ???? ?? ????????? ????????? ????????? ??? ?????: ????????,
????????, ??????????. ?? ???? ?? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?????, ??? ???????
????????. ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ????????? ?????? ?????, ?????
??????? ?????, ??? ?? ??? ???????? ????????? ????????. ??? ?? ????????
?????? ? ???? ???????? ?????, ????? ?? ?????????? ? ???????? ?? ?? ????,
??????? ???, ? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ? ??? ???? ??????, ???????? ??????????. ?
??????? ???, ????? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?????, ?????????? ????????; ??
???? ?? ????? ??????????? ??????, ? ? ?????????? ??????????? ??????. ???? ????
?????? ???????: ????? ????, ????????! ???? ????, ????????! ? ??, ??????????,
?????????? ?? ??????, ? ?? ??? ???????????? [??????????а1863: 262].
?? ???? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ????, ??
?????? ?????? ??????? ????????????? [?????????а1872: 97]4, ???????
???н????????? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ??????? ???????. ?????? ???н
??н??? ?????? ???????? ???????? ? ???????????? ?????? ??????? ??
??н??????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ? ? ??????? ?????
??н????? ?????????? ? ????? ????????????????? ? ?????? ????, ??? ?
???н???н? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ???? ?? ??? ????????????
???н??н???, ??????? ?????????? ????????????? ?? ??????????5, ? ???,
??? ????????, ????? ????????? ? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? [????н
???н????а 1885].
????????? ? ??????? ????????? ???????????? ???????, ???????
???н????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???? ??????. ?????????????? ??????
???н??? ? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????????
????н????????? ???????? ?????????????? ???? ????????: ??????? ??
?? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????; ?? ???? ? ???? ??? ????. ?? ???? ????н
?? ?????? ??????? ? ???????? ????????? ? ????????. ?????? ????
?????-???.а.а.? [???????????а1883: 25]6. ?.а?.а??????????? ? ???? ??????
????????? ? ????????????? ????????? ????????? ????? ??.: [??????а1897: 121?174].а
4
?? ?????? ???????? ????????, ??? ?????? ?????????? ? ????? ?????? ? ??????
?????? ????? ? ????? ????? ???????????: ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ??
????? ???? ????? ? ????? ??????, ? ?????? ??????? [??????????? 1883: 4].
???????? ? ???, ??? ? ????? ?? ??? ?????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ??? ??
???? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ????????, ????????????
???????????? ?? ?????? ????? ??????????. ?????? ????? ??????????
????????????? ???????? ? ? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????, ??., ? ???????:
[??????????????, ??????? 2001: 56].
5
??. ?? ?????? ?????????: ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????, ?? ?????
???????? ?????????. ?????? ?????? ????? ???. . .? [????????, ???????? 2007: 180].
6
2015 ?1
Slov?ne
| 529
530 |
On the Apocrypha in the Pilgrimage by Daniel the Traveler
??????, ??????????? ????????? ???????? ? ????????, ????? ??????
??????????? ????????? [???????????а1899: 9?48]. ? ????????????
??????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ??????????: ??????? ?? ??? ???????
??????? ??????, ??? ???????? ????? 3000, ? ????? ?????? ??? ?????.а.а.?
[???-1409: 92; ?????? ???. ? ?.а?.]. ????????, ? ???? ?????? ????????н
???? ??????? ? ?????????? ???? ????????? ?????????????? ????? ?
????н??н??? ????? ??????? 365-??а???????, ????????? ?? ?????????
?????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????????7 ? ????????? ? ?????????: ??????
?? ????н???? ????? ?? ???????? ???? 300 ? 60 ? 5? [?????-??????????,
???н???????а1999: 168].
??? ???? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ? ???????? ? ?????н???н
???? ??????? ????. ??????? ? ???, ???????????? ?????? ? ?????? ??н
???н????? ?????????, ? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????: ?? ??н
???? ?? ???? 2а??????: ????? ?????? ? ???? ?????? [???-1409: 106??.], ?
?? ????? ???????? ?????????, ????????????? ? ??????????? ??н??н? ?н???
??????? ??????? ????????: ?.а.а.а???? ? ???????? ?????? 14000?8 . ???н
????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? (???. 29а???????) ??
????? ?? ???????????? ????? (??а2:16?18), ?? ????????? ?? ??? ???н??н
????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???????. ?? ? ????? ?? ????н??н
??? ????????, ?????????? ?????? X?I ? ???. X?IIа?., ????????????? ?
???????? ???????? ??????????? (???-811), ????? ???????? ??? ?????н
???: ?.а.а.а?????? ???? ??????? 4000, ?????????? ?? ????? ????? [????н
??н?????а1889: 16]9.
????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ????????: ????н?? ?
14а000 ???????? ?? ????????????? ????????, ? ?????????? ????н??н?? ??н
??????? ? ??????? ????????, ? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ?? 64?000,
?? ? ???? ???????? ???????????? ? 144а???. ?????????? [?.??.??.а2004:
604]. ????????? ? 14000 ????????? ????????? ?????н??н??н?? ? ?????????
??????? ????? ???????? ?? ????????????? ????? ????? ?????????? ?
????????????? ??????? ???????, ???????????? ? X?II ?. ?? ??????? ????
???????? ?????????: ?. . . ?? ????? ????? ????????? ???????? 150 ???????
[?????? 1883: 7].
7
??. ? ?????? ????????: ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ????,
? ? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????????: л????? ? ???? ??????? ?????, ?????
? ??????? ?? ???? ??, ?????? ????????? ???? ?????? ? ?? ?????? ?????????,
??? ?? ????╗. ? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??????, ? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????.
? ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ????, ? ?? ???? ???????
????????????. ? ?? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????????
[??????????? 1883: 85?86; ?????? ???. ? ?. ?.].а
8
???????, ??? ? ?????? X?III?XIX ?., ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?? ????????
???????? ??????????? [?????-2037: 112??.; ?????-4511: 255], ??????? ???
?14?000 ?????????? ???????????. ? ?????????, ???????? ???-811 ???
????????? ??????????, ??????? ???????, ???????? ???????? ?? 4 000 ?????????,
??????????? ? ?????? ?. ?. ?????????????, ????????? ??? ??????????
????????? ?????? ????? ??????, ?? ?? ??????.
9
Slov?ne
2015 ?1
Irina V. Fedorova
????????? ?????????????? X?Iа?.10 ?? ???? ?????????н? ?????? ? ?????н
??? XI?а?. ? ????? ???????: ?.а.а.а? ?????? ?????? ??? 14а??н? ?? ?????????
???????? ?? ????? ????? [??????а1884: 8], ? ? ??н??????? ?????? ???н
??н??: ?????????? ??????? ? ????????? (??н???н??н?????? 1704а?.)11, ???н
?????? ?????? ???????? [??????а1874: 35]. ???н????????? ??? ????????
?????????? ? ? ????????? ?????????? XIXа? ???. XXа?.12 ??? ??? ???н
???????????? ? ??????????????? ???????? ????? ??????????, ?? ????
?? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????????????н
??? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ??????, ???????????? ????н??
?? ????????, ???? ?????? ??????.
????, ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ?????? ????????????
??????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????????, ??? ???
??? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ? ?????, ??????????? ???????н
???, ??? ? ???????? ? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????????. ?????
????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????: ???????? ?? ??, ???
??н?????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ? ??????????? ????, ? ??
?????? ??????????????? ???????????, ??????????? ??? ??? ???????н
??? ????????? ???????? ????????, ?????????? ?.а?.а?????????????
[1884: 90?91]. ?.а?.а?????????-?????? ?????? ????????? ????????????
?? ???? ????????? ? ?????? ? ??????. ? ?????? ???????? ????????
??? ???????? ??????, ???????????? ?? ???????????????? ? ???н???н? ??
???????? [?????????-?????? 1961: 249]. ?? ?????? ?????????н????н
????, ???????????? ?????? ? ?????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????
X?а?., ? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ????? ???????
[??? ??]. ???? ????????????? ????????????????? ?????, ?? ?????
????????, ??? ? ????????? ? ?????????? ?????? ? ?????? ????????
???????? ? ???????????? ?????? ??????? ??-??????? ???????? ???н
????, ?????????? ? ?????? ?? ????????. ???????????? ????? ?? ??????
? ????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????? ???? ?????? ??н
??????? ???????????? ???? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???????.
?????? ??? ?? ??????????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ????н
??? ????????? ????? ????? ?????? ????, ??? ?????????????? ??????
??., ? ???????, ??????? ? ?????? ????? ???????????: ??????? ?? ???????
?????? ????, ????? ????????? ????? ????????, ?????? ?????????? ????,
???????? ??? ????? ????, 14 ??????, ? ?? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????????
[??????????-????????, ???????? 1896: 85].
10
?. . . ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ??????, ?? ??????? ?????? ??????
???????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? [?????? 1874: 11].
11
?? ???? ?????? ? ???????????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ??????
???? ?????????? ? ????? ????????? ???????????: ?. . . ???? ??, ?? ??????, ?
???????? 14 ??????, ?? ????? ??????????? [?????-1307: 17]. ??? ?? ????????
? ???. XX ?. ??????? ????????? ???? ?????????: ?. . . ? ??????????? ????? ????
????? ???????????, ??? ????? 40 ??????, ???, ?? ????????, ???? ????? ????????
14-?? ????? ????????? ?? ??????? [????????? 1909: 29; ?????? ???. ? ?. ?.].
12
2015 ?1
Slov?ne
| 531
532 |
On the Apocrypha in the Pilgrimage by Daniel the Traveler
????????????? ???????, ?????????? ? ???????? XIIа?., ? ?????????? ??н
???? ????????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ?????????.
??? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ????????, ???????? ??н??н
???? ? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???н
??? ????????????, ? ??????? ?? ????????????? ?????? (??а1:18?25;
??а1:26?28), ?????????????? ? ????-???????????? ? ???????, ???? ??н
??? ?????? ?? ?????, ? ????? ? ??????? ?? ????????? ???????? ? ????н
??, ??? ????? ?????? ???????, ??? ???? ??????????? [???????????а1885:
119]. ? ??? ????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? X?Iа?., ????? ?????н??н??н
??? ?? ???????-??????????? ???????13 [?????-244; ???-1449; ???-1453],
??? ????????? ???????, ? ? ???????? ??????? ??????, ??? ??? ??????????
?? ??????(?)?? ????????? [???-1453: 127??.]. ????? ???????, ???н??н???н
??? ????????, ???????????? ?????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??н??????, ???н
??н???? ????????? ?????????? ??????????, ????????? ? ????н????н????
??????????????14. ???????????? ? ???? ????????? ????????, ???н??н
????н? ??????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ????н??? ???????? ??н
??н?????????? ?????? ????????????, ?????????? ???н????? ?????н???.
?? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? X?IIIа?. ?????????? ?????????????? ??н?????
???????????15 ???????? ???????? ? ????-???????????? ??????н??: ??? ???
??????: ???????????? ???? ???? ? ????????? [??н???н??н??-??н????? 1926:
7]. ???? ? ????? X?Iа?., ????????????? ???????? ??????? ????н???, ???н
??????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????????? ????? ?????? ?????????,
13
???????? ????????????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ???????, ??????????
????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ? ??????????? ????, ????? ??????? ???? ?
??????????? ??????, ??????????? ?? ????????????????? ????????.
??? ??????????? ???????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ????????????
??????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ? ???????????, ?????? ? ??????????????
??????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ??????????. ???, ? ??????
?????? ???????????? ??????? [????-1305; ???-16.8.13; ???-1409] ????? ???????????????? ????????, ? ? ????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ????????
??????? ??????? 1475 ?. [???-???-9: 130??.?193] ?????????????? ?????
????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ????? ? ?????? ??????. ???????????
?????? ???????? ??????? ???????, ?????????????? ??? ????????? ????????,
? <????????> ?????? ???????? ? ??????????? ?????????? [???????????а1883:
?iii], ? ????????? ????? ???????? ???????? ??????????. ? ??????????
?????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ??????? ???, ??? ???????,
???????????? ? ????????????, ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????.
??????? ??? ????????? ? ?????? ?????? ???????, ????????????????? ? ????????
???????????????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????????.
14
???????? ? ???, ??? ??????????? ?????? ??????? ? ????? ??????? ??????
???????? ????????????? ? 1592 ?. ? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????????,
?????????? ? ????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??????????????, ??????
?????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???????,
?????????? ??? ?? ?????? ???????????, ?? ? ????????????? ???????? ?????
?????????????? ???????, ????? ??????? ???? ??????????? ? ????????????
?????? ???????? ?? ????????? ?????? ???????. ????????? ?? ???? ??.:
[?????????-?????? 1926: 11?18].
15
Slov?ne
2015 ?1
Irina V. Fedorova
?? ? 1709а?. ????????? ??????? ??????????, ???????н??? ??? ?????????
?????????????? ??????? ???????????, ????????н??н???? ???????? ???н
????. ?? ???? ????? ??????? ?????, ??? ??????????н???? ???н??? ???н??н
??н????? ?? ??????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????????????, ??н?????, ??
???н??? ?????????, ?? ????????? ?? ???? ???????? [??? ??].
? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ????????? ? ??????н??н
?????? ????????, ????????? ? ???????? ??????? ??????? ? ???н
? ?,
????н?? ????? ?????????? ???? ???? ????, ????? ????????, ? ???н???
?????????? [??????????? 1883: 62]. ?????????? ??? ?.а?.а??н??н???н
???? ?????? ????? ?????????????? [??????????? 1899: 36?37]. ? ????
?? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?????, ??????
????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????, ???? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??, ????
?????? [??? ??: 36]. ??? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ? ???????
???? ???????????? ???????, ?????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ??н
??????. ? ????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????-244, ???-1449 ? ???-1453
????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ????????,
???????????????? ???????? ?????????.
? ??????????????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????????????? ??н
??? ????????. ??? ???????? ?????, ??? ?? ????? ??????? ? ?????? ???н
??? ????????? ???????? ?????????, ? ?????? ???????? ???????, ???
???н? ?? ? ???????????, ????????? ??????? ? ??????? ??? ??? ? ?????:
?.а.а.а?????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ????????, ? ?? ????????, ? ?? ??н??н
????? [???????????а1883: 49]. ?.а?.а??????????? ??????? ???????? ??
??, ??? ???????? ?? ??????? ? ???? ??????? ???????? ???? ? ?????? ?
?????????? ?????? ? ????????? ??????? ??????????????? ?????н????н
??н???, ??? ????? ??????????? ????????????? ?????????? [???????н
????а1899: 38, ????.а2]. ??? ????????? ?????? ??????? ???????, ?? ??н
????????? ?????????????, ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????
??н???????, ??? ????? ???????????? ?????? [??? ??: 37?38]. ?????? ?
?????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ?? ?????? ???????????
[????????, ????????а2007: 198]16 , ??????? ? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????н
??н?? ????? ? ??????? ? ?????? ????????????? ??а2:13?15, ??? ??????н??н
?????? ?? ???? ???????: ?.а.а.а?? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????
? ??????? ????? ? ?? ????????? [????????, ????????а2007: 212].
?????????????? ???? ???????, ??? ?. ?. ???????????, ???????? ??????
???????? ????????, ????? ??????????? ?? ??????? [??????????? 1883: 49,
????. 16], ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?? ??? ??????????
??????????? [??? ??: xxiii]. ? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ????????
???????????? 1475 ?. ??? ?????? ?????? ?????????: ??? ??? ????? ??????
?????????? ?? ???????? ? ?? ???????, ? ?? ??????? ??????? ????????, ????
?????? ?? ??????? [???-???-9: 158], ? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????????,
? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ???????, ????? ????????????????? ? ??????
?????? ??? ????????? ????????.
16
2015 ?1
Slov?ne
| 533
534 |
On the Apocrypha in the Pilgrimage by Daniel the Traveler
?.а?.а???????????, ????????, ??? ??????? ?????? ??????????????
????????? ? ???????? ???????, X?а?., ???? ???????, ??? ? ????? ???????
??? ??????????, ??????????? ??????? ???????? [???????????а1899:
34]. ? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????? ???н
??н???????, ??????????? ? ????????, ??????????????? ??? ??? ??????н
?????? ?????????? ? ??????????????? [??????????а1895: 28?29], ??? ?
????????????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ?????????: ???????н
???н????? ???????? ?????, ???????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???;
?????????????????? ????????, ? ??????? ????????? ???? ????? ????
?????: ???????? ????? ???? ? ????, ?? ???? ????????, ?? ????? ?????
?????, ?, ?????? ???????? ????, ?????, ???????? ?? ??? ???????
[???????????а1886: 121].
??? ?? ???????? ? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ???н
??н????????? ? ???, ??? ????????? ? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??
?????? ????? ? ????, ???????? ?? ? ??????: ?л????, ????? ?????? ??
??н????!╗ ? ???? ?????????? ???? ? ?????? ?? [???????????а1883: 84]17.
? ???????????? ??????? ????????? ????-1305, ???-16.8.13 ? ???-1409
???? ?????????????? ????? ????????, ?? ? ???????????? ? ??????????
????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ????: ?? ?????? ????????? ?????
????? ?? ????, ????? ????????? ???? ? ????? ????? ? ? ???????, ?????
???н???? ??????, ???????????? ??????????; ? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?
????????? ??? [???-1409: 106?106??.]. ? ? ??????? ?????-244, ???-1449
? ???-1453 ??? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????18.
????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???????
?? ??????????????? ????????? ?????? ?. ?. ??????????, ???? ? ??????????,
??? ?. . . ???? ?? ?????? ???????? ??????????, ??? ??????????? ???? ??? ???????
????? ??????? ????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????. ??.; ???????? ? ??, ???
??????????? ??? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????, ???????, ? ?????
???????, ???? ??????????? ? ?????????, ? ?????? ? ????? ? ?????????. ??.?
[?????????? 1895: 17]. ?????????????? ??????? ? ????, ? ??????? ????????
????????? ? ????????? ???????, ???????? ? ? ????????????? ???????
????????, ?? ? ???? ????????? X?II ?. ?? ??????? ? ??????????? ????????.
??????? ??????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ?? ????????: ?? ??? ???? ??????
?? ????????? ??: ????????? ??, ???? ?????????, ?????? ?????? ?????,
?????????? ????????, ?????????? ?????? ????, ?????????? ??????, ??????
?? ????. ????? ??, ???????, ????? ?? ????? ??. ????????? ??, ???????, ???????
?? ????, ????????, ??? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ??, ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????
?????? ????, ??????? ?? ???, ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ?????, ?
??????? ???? ???: ????, ????, ????? ?????? ?? ??????. ? ???? ??????? ??????,
????????? ????, ???? ?, ??????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ????, ??? ?????? ????????? ?? ??
????, ????? ???. ?????? ??, ???????? ?? ????? ??, ?????????, ? ?? ???????,
?????? ????????????; ? ????????? ?? ???????? ?? ?? ???????? ????????
[?????????? 1889: 201?202].
17
????????????????? ??????????? ????????? ???? ????????? ???????? ?? ?? ?????
??????? ????????, ???????????? ? ???????? ??????? ???????, ????????????
?????? ???????? ??????? ???? ??????????????? ???????. ??? ????? ?????
????? ??????? ???? ????? ???????????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ????? ?? ????, ?
18
Slov?ne
2015 ?1
Irina V. Fedorova
???????? ?? ??, ??? ? ??????? ????????? ????? ????????????? ??н
?????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????????, ??? ????н??н
?????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ????, ??? ?????????? ?????????
??????????? ??????????????? ????????, ??????????????? ?? ??????
????????????? ????????. ????? ??????? ????????, ??????? ??н? ??н
??н????, ????? ????????????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ???. ? ?????? ???н
??? ???? ???? ?? ????? ?? ????????? ??????? ????????? ????-189 (??н
???аX?а?.), ? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ? ????????? ????????? ???н
?????? ????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???????? X?а?. ???????? ????????
? ?????????? ? ????? ? ??? ??????? ? ???????? ??????? ??????????.
????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????
?????? ????????? ??????????-??????????????? ?????????19. ?????н
???, ? ?????? ???????, ??????? ? ????????: ?.а.а.а????? ???? ?? ????????
?????? ??????? ????????? ????????. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ??????, ???
?? ?????????? ?? ??????? [????????????а1886: xxi?]. ?????? ?? ???
??? ?? ??????? ?????????? ??????, ? ??????? ??? ?????????? ???? ??
??????????????? ? ????? ?????? ??????????? ????????. ???????
???н????? ? ?? ?????? ? ????? ?? ??????? X?IIа?. ??????-132, ? ???????
??????? ? ????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ? ??????????
??н?????? ?????????? ? ???, ??? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ????????,
??? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????????? ?? ???????? ?????????. ?
???? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ?.а?.а??????????? ?????????? ????н
??? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ??????????, ????????? ????? ??? ??????
???н??н??????? ?????????????? ? ???????? ??????????? [????????н
???а1887: 3].
??? ???? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ??н
??н????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????????н
?? ???-811. ??????? ???????? ? ???, ??? ? ??????? ????????? ? ??????
?? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ??????, ???????? ??????,
?????? ? ????????? ???????? ????????? 20. ? ?????? ???-811 ?????????
?????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ???? ?? ????,
??????????????, ??? ??????? ?.а?.а???????????, ?? ??????????????
?????????? ???????? ????? ????????????, ????????? ?????????????? ????????.
????? ???????, ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????????,
??????? ??? ?????????, ???? ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????
????????, ?? ????????? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? X? ?., ????? ?????????? ??????
????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????.
???????? ?? ??.: [????? 2003: 63?65]. ????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????????
??????? ??????? ???????????? ?. ?. ??????? [????? 1864: 45, ????. ?; 46?47,
????. ?; 54, ????. ?; 76, ????. ?; 81, ????. ?].
19
????????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?
???????????? ??????????????, ?????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ? ????;
????????? ?? ???? ??.: [??????????? 1899: 9?11].
20
2015 ?1
Slov?ne
| 535
536 |
On the Apocrypha in the Pilgrimage by Daniel the Traveler
?????????: ?.а.а.а?? ?? ?????? ????????? ? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????, ?
?????????, ? ???????? ?? ???? ?, ??????????? ??????, ???????? ??н? ??н
???? ????: ????? ? ?????? ? ??????. ??? ??? ?? ?????? ? ???? ????????
?? ???????.а.а.? [???????????а1889: 16; ?????? ???. ? ?.а?.]21.
????, ????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ????н???
?????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??????????,
??? ?????????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ????? ?? ?????? ???
?????????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ??????????, ?? ????? ????????н
?? ????????? ??? ????????????? ??????? ? ????????????? ??? ????н
?????н??? ???????. ????????, ?????????? ???????????????? ????????
????н??????? ??н???н???? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ?????????
? ??? ???????н??? ? ?????? ?????????????? ??????, ??? ???????? ??н
??? ????? ????н? ??н???? ????????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ???????
???н??н??? XIIа?. ? ??????? ?? ?????????.
????????????
??????????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????????????
???
?????
???
???
?????
????
??????????????? ???????????? ????? (??????), ????? ?????????.
?????????? ??????????????? ????? ??????? ????? (??????).
?????????? ??????????????? ?????????? (??????), ??????-?????????????????
????? ?????????.
?????????? ???????????? ?????????? (?.-?????????), ????? ?????????.
?????-????????????? ???????? ??????? ???.
?????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ?????.
????????
???-16.8.13
???, 16.8.13, ???????, X?Iа?., ???????? ??. [????????а1965: 118?121].
???-???-9
???, ???????-??????????? ????., ?а9/1086, ???????, X?а?., ???????? ??.: [????? ?
??.а1980: 105?143].
????-189
???, ?.а205 (????. ????), ?189, ???????, X?а?., ???????? ??.: [?????а2003: 58?65].
????-1305
????, ?.а834, ??.а2, ?а1305, ???????, ???.аX? ? ???.аX?Iа?., ???????? ??.:
[????????а1906: 77?81].
???-811
???, ??????????? ????., ?а811, ???????, ???. X?IIIа?., ???????? ??.: [???????а1891:
115?116].
??? ?? ?????? ????????? ??? ????????? ????? ? ???????? ???-811: ?????-2037
[113] ? ?????-4511 [255??.].
21
Slov?ne
2015 ?1
Irina V. Fedorova
???-1409
???, ????????? ????., ?а1409, ???????, X?Iа?., ???????? ??.: [???????а1891: 43?44;
?????????а1910: 72?73].
???-1449
???, ????????? ????., ?а1449, ???????, ???.аX?I ? ???.аX?IIа?., ???????? ??.:
[???????а1891: 61?66; ?????????а1910: 186?204].
???-1453
???, ????????? ????., ?а1453, ???????, X?Iа?., ???????? ??.: [???????а1891: 46?48;
?????????а1910: 217?220].
?????-244
????? ???, ?.а11, ??.а1. ?а244, ???????, X?Iа?., ???????? ??.: [???????а1907: 8?13].
?????-1307
???, ????. ?.а?.а??????, ?а1307, ??????????? ???? ??????????, ???. XIXа?.,
?????-2037
???, ????. ?.а?.а??????, ?а2037, ???????, X?IIIа?.
?????-4511
???, ????. ?.а?.а??????, ?а4511, ???????, XIXа?.
??????-132
???, ????. ???????, ?а132, 8░, ???????, X?IIа?., ???????? ??.: [???????????а1887: 3].
?????????? ? ???????
?????????а1910
?????????а?.а?., ????????? ??????????, ?.-?????????, 3, 1910.
?????????-??????а1926
?????????-??????а?.а?., ??????? ??????????? ? ???????? X?I?X?II ?????, ???????
I????????-????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ????, 9, 1926, 1?18.
???а1941
?????????-??????а?.а?., ??????????, ?: ??????? ??????? ??????????, 1, ??????,
?????????, 1941, 71?86.
???а1961
?????????-??????а?.а?., ??? ??????? ??????-?????????? ???????????? ??????
? X?IIа???? (?????????? ???????? л????????╗ ??????? ??????? ? л????????
???????????╗)?, ?: ???????????? ? ????????? ?? ????????????? ??????????, ??????,
1961, 245?292.
????????????а1886
????????????а?.а?., ???. ???., ???????., ??????. ??????, ??????? ???????? ? ??????????
? ????? ? ??? ???? ?????? ???????? IXа???? (=а???????????? ???????????? ???????,
11), ?.-?????????, 1886.
???????????а1883
???????????а?.а?., ???. ???., ???????., ??????. ??????, ????? ? ??????? ??????,
???????? ????? ???????. 1106?1108а??. (= ???????????? ???????????? ???????, 3),
?.-?????????, 1883.
???а1884
???????????а?.а?., ????????? ??????? ??????? ? ?????? ????? ? ?????? XIIа??.?,
???????? ??????? ???????????????? ????????, 7, 1884, 3?138.
2015 ?1
Slov?ne
| 537
538 |
On the Apocrypha in the Pilgrimage by Daniel the Traveler
???а1885
???????????а?.а?., ???. ???., ???????., ??????. ??????, ????? ? ??????? ??????,
???????? ????? ???????. 1106?1108а??. (= ???????????? ???????????? ???????, 9),
?.-?????????, 1885.
???а1887
???????????а?.а?., ?????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? (??????), ??????, 1887.
???а1889
???????????а?.а?., ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ? ???????? ??.а????????
????????????, ?????? ? ???????? ??????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????
????????????, 3, 1889, 1?25.
???????????а1885
???????????а?.а?., ?? ??????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ? ??????????, ??????
???????????? ????????? ???????????, 5, 1885, 166?183.
???????????а1884
???????????а?.а?., ????????? ???????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????:
???????????? ????????? ? ???????????? ? ???????, ??????? ?????????????? ???????, 4,
1884, 251?312.
???????????а1899
???????????а?.а?., ??????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ? ???????? ??.а???????
? ??????? ? ??????? ??????? ????????????? ? ???????? ??????? ? ???????? (??????),
???????, 1899.
??????????а1889
??????????а?.а?., ???. ???., ???????., ??????. ??????, ????????????? ???????
???????? (=а???????????? ???????????? ???????, 21), ?.-?????????, 1889.
??????а1897
??????а?., ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? ?
???????????? ? ???????-??????? ???????????: ???????????? ? ??????, ??????, 1897.
????? ? ??.а1980
?????а?.а?., ???????а?.а?., ?????????????? ?.а?., ????????? ????????? X?а?.
?????????? ?????????, ????? ?????? ????????????? ??????????, 35, 1980, 3?300.
?????-??????????, ??????????а1999
?????-??????????а?.а?., ??????????а?.а?., ??????. ??????, ???. ? ???????., ?????? ?
????????, ??? ???????? ???? ??????? ??????, ?: ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ????,
3, 1999, 166?168.
?????а2003
?????а?.а?., ??????? л??????? ??????? ???????╗ ????? X?а?. ? ???????????
?????????????, ?: ?????? ?????????? ??????, 7, ??????, 2003, 58?65.
?????????а1909
??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????-??????? ????????? ???? ??????????
?? ?????? ???? ????????? ? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????????, ?????, ???-????? ? ???? ?
1907 ? 1908а??., ????????, 1909.
??????а1874
??????,а?????., ?????????-???????? ??????????? ? ???????????????? ??????? ???
??????? ?? ?????? ???? ????????? (??????), ??????, 1874.
???а1883
??????, ?????., ???????., ??????. ??????, ????????????? ?????? ???? ???????
????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ?
????????? ? ??????? ? 1679а????, ? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ?????????
Slov?ne
2015 ?1
Irina V. Fedorova
????? ??????? ? 1686а???? (?? ??????????? ????????, ?а543) (=а????????? ???????
???????????? ? ?????????, 46), ?.-?????????, 1883.
???а1884
??????,а?????., ???????., ??????. ??????, ??????? ????? ??????? (=а????????????
???????????? ???????, 6), ?.-?????????, 1884.
?????а1864
?????а?.а?., ???. ???., ??????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ? ?????? XIIа????
(1113?1115), ?.-?????????, 1864.
?.а?.а?.а2004
?.а?.а?., ???????????? ?????????, ???????????? ????????????, 8, 2004, 604?605.
????????а1906
???????? ?????????, ?????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ?????????????????? ??????,
?.-?????????, 2/1, 1906.
???а1965
???????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???? ????, ??????, ?????????,
3/2, 1965.
??????????-????????, ????????а1896
??????????-????????а?.а?., ????????а?.а?., ???????, ???., ??????. ??????, ???
????????? ?????????? ????????????? X?Iа???? (=а???????????? ????????????
???????, 46), ?.-?????????, 1896.
?????????а1872
?????????а?., ?????????????? ???????? ? ????????????? ????? ? ????????, ??????, 1872.
??????????????а2004
??????????????а?.а?., ????????? ? ???????? X?Iа?. ?? ????????????? ???????????
?????????? (?а797)?, ?: ????? ?????? ????????????? ??????????, 55, ?.-?????????,
2004, 387?393.
??????????????, ???????а2001
??????????????а?.а?., ???????а?.а?., ????????? ? ?????????? ? ???????
?????????????, ?: ???????????? ????????????, 3, ??????, 2001, 55?57.
???????а1891
???????а?а ?., ????????? ? ?????????, ?????????? ? ???? ???????? ? ?????? ?????
???????? ??????? ??????? ? ?????? XIIа?????, ?????? ? ???????? ??????? ? ??????????
?????????? ??? ?????????? ????????????, 3, 1891, 6?133.
???????а1907
???????а?.а?., ????????? ????????????? ???????????????? ????????. ??????
????????????, ???????? ??????? ????????????? ???????????????? ???????? ??
1904а???, 1907, 1?32.
??????????а1895
??????????а?., ?????????? ?????????????? ????????? (????? ?????), ??????, 1895.
??????????а1863
??????????а?., ????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????, 2, ??????, 1863.
????????, ????????а2007
????????а?.а?., ??????. ??????, ????????а?.а?., ???., ?л????????╗ ? ?????? ????????
л???????╗ ??????? ????????, ?: ????????? ??????? ??????? ? ?????? ????? ? ??????
XIIа?., ?.-?????????, 2007, 160?269.
Garzanitiа1998
GarzanitiаM., ?Les apocryphes dans la littщrature slave ecclщsiastique des pшlerinage en
Palestine,? Apocrypha, 9, 1998, 151?177.
2015 ?1
Slov?ne
| 539
540 |
On the Apocrypha in the Pilgrimage by Daniel the Traveler
References
Adryanova-PerettsаV.аP., ?Danylo Korsun?skyi
? palomnyk XVI?XVII viku,? Zapysky Istorychnofiнloнloнhichnoho viddilu Ukraяnskoя akademiя nauk, 9,
1926, 1?18.
Adryanova-PerettsаV.аP., ?Apokrify,? in: Istoriia
russkoi literatury, 1, Moscow, Leningrad, 1941, 71?86.
Adrianova-PerettsаV.аP., ?Iz istorii russko-ukн
raнinskikh literaturnykh sviazei v XVII veke (Ukнraн
inнskie perevody лKhozhdeniia╗ igumena Daniila i
лSkazaniia Afroditiana╗),? in: Issledovaniia i mateнriнaнly
po drevnerusskoi literature, Moscow, 1961, 245?292.
FedorovaаI.аV., ed., ProkhorovаG.аM., transl.,
?лPalomnik╗ ? vtoraia redaktsiia лKhozheniia╗
iguнmena Daniila,? in: ?Khozhenie? igumena Daniila v
Sviatuiu Zemliu v nachale XIIаv., St.аPetersburg, 2007,
160?269.
GarzanitiаM., ?Les apocryphes dans la litteщrature
slave ecclщsiastique des pшlerinage en Palestine,?
Apocrypha, 9, 1998, 151?177.
KaganаM.аD., PonyrkoаN.аV., Rozhdestн
venн
skayaаM.аV., ?Opisanie sbornikov XVаv. knigopistsa
Efrosina,? in: Trudy Otdela drevnerusskoi literatury,
35, Leningrad, 1980, 3?300.
Kagan-TarkovskayaаM.аD., TarkovskiyаR.аB.,
eds., ?Slovo o Psaltyri, kak napisana byla Davidom
tsaнrem,? in: Biblioteka literatury Drevnei Rusi, 3,
1999, 166?168.
KobiakаN.аA., ?Spisok лKhozheniia iguнmeнna Daн
niнila╗ kontsa XVаv. s rukopisnymi dopolнneнniнiami,? in:
Ocherki feodal?noi Rossii, 7, Moscow, 2003, 58?65.
RozhdestvenskayaаM.аV., ?Apokrify v sbornike
XVIаv. iz Stokgol?mskoi Korolevskoi biblioteki
(Aа797),? in: Trudy Otdela drevnerusskoi literatury,
55, St.аPetersburg, 2004, 387?393.
RozhdestvenskayaаM.аV., TurilovаA.аA., ?Apoн
kriнfy v slavianskoi i russkoi pis?mennosti,? in: Praн
voнslavnaia entsiklopediia, 3, Moscow, 2001, 55?57.
???????? ????? ????????????, ????. ?????. ????
??????? ??????? ?????????
????????? ??????? ?????????? (?????????? ???) ???
199034 ?????-?????????
???. ????????, ?.а4
?????? / Russia
irirad@mail.ru
Slov?ne
2015 ?1
???, ????????? ????????? ????н???н
??? ??????????, ????????? ? ???????????? ??????????????.
??????? ????????????? ? ?????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ?????????,
??? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ? ?????, ??????????? ???????????,
*
?????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ?????????, ??????
????????? ??????? ??????? ? ????????????? ????????? X? ? ???. ???. X?I ?.
(???????????? ? ??????)?, ? 14-64-01001?.
Slov?ne
2015 ? 1
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative
Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Irina V. Fedorova
??? ? ?????????? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????????. ?????? ???нн???н
????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??н
????? ?????????? ?????????, ????????????? ???????????? ??????? ???н??
????????????.н
?????????????
???????? ??????? ???????, ????????????? ??????????, ???????, ????н??н
???????? ?????, ???????????, ???????????? ???????, ????????, ??????
Abstract
The abundance of apocryphal material in the text of the Pilgrimage by Daniel the
Traveler has become the subject of several special studies in the past, by Ya.?I.?Goн
rozhansky, M.?A.?Venevitinov, P.?A.?Zabolotsky, V.?P.?Adrianova-Peretts, and M.?Garн
zaniti. All of these studies, however, were based on the text of the First Reнdactн
ion of the Pilgrimage (according to Venevitinov?s classification) and they did not
consider the work?s literary history. The present study reveals the various ways in
which the reproduction of apocryphal subjects appears in different redactions of
the Pilgrimage (both full-text and abridged) and its later adaptations made in the
16th and 17th centuries. One of the examples is the description of Nazareth, which
is accompanied by an apocryphal version of the Annunciation in the Pilgrimage.
This version differs from the Bible text (Mt 1:18?25, Lk 1:26?28) in that it tells about
the events directly preceding the Annunciation: the pre-Annunciation at the well,
where Mary comes to draw water, and the appearance of the Archangel Gabriel to
her in a cave. In the group of abridged copies of the 16th century from the KirilloBelozersky Monastery, this information is missing, and the only thing said about
Nazareth is that ?Archangel Gabriel announced to Her [Mary] there.? Thus, the
complete story appearing in the full-text redactions of Daniel?s Pilgrimage was
replaced by a compact report consistent with the Bible narrative.
The nature of the variant readings presented in this paper remains to be
interpreted, as these variants may be later interpolations in the text made by
redactors or they may represent traces of the earlier period of the history of the
text. At the same time, any reconstruction of the literary history of the Pilgrimage
has to take into account the peculiarities of the reproduction of apocryphal
subjects in different redactions of the text.
Keywords
Pilgrimage by Daniel the Traveler, pilgrimage literature, apocrypha, non-canonicн
al subject, textual study, literary history, redaction, copy
????????? ??????????????? ????????? ? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?
?????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ?
??? ?? ??? ??????????? ????????? ???????????? ????????????1. ??????
????? ? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ?.а?.а???????????? [1899:
??., ? ???????: [??????????? 1884: 308?310; Garzaniti 1998;
???????????????2004]. ?. ?. ?????????-?????? [1941: 73] ????????, ???
?????? ??-?? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?
X?I ?. ???? ???????? ? ?????? ??????????? ?????.
1
2015 ?1
Slov?ne
| 527
528 |
On the Apocrypha in the Pilgrimage by Daniel the Traveler
9?52], ??????? ??????? ? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????,
?????????? ? ????? ?????????. ???????????? ?.а?.а???????????? ? ???н
??? ?????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ? ??????н? ???н
??? ???????????? ?????????, ??? ??????????????, ?? ?????????????
?.а?.а????????????, ?????? ???????? ????????? [??????????? 1883;
1885]2 , ? ?? ????????? ??? ???????????? ???????. ??????, ??? ????н??н
???? ???? ???????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???????, ???н
??н? ????? ????? ???????? ????????????????? ? ??????? ????????
???н??? ? ?????? ?????????? ????? ???????????? ?????????????? ? ?
???????? ??? ?????????????? ???????. ? ????? ? ???? ?? ??????????
???н????????, ??? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ??н
???н????? ? ????????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????.
* * *
? ????????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????н
????, ? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????????, ????????? ????? ??????,
??????????? ? ??а11:23 ? ??а10:15, ???????? ??? ? ??? ? ????? ????н??н
??? ??????????: ?? ? ???? ?????????? ????????? ???????: л? ???? ??н
??, ??????????! ?????????? ??? ?? ?????? ? ?? ??? ???????╗. ??? ????
?? ????? ????? ???????? ??????????? [???????????а1883: 89]3. ?? ???н
??? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????????????? ?????????? ? ???, ??? ?????н
??н? ? ? ???? ?????? ??????????: ??? ?? ?? ?????? ??????????? [????н??н
??, ????????а2007: 230]. ? ?????? ??????????? ??????? X?Iа?., ???н???н
??????? ???????-??????????? ??????????, ? ????-1305, ???-16.8.13,
???-1409 ? ??????????? ? ??????? ???????, ? ????????? ?????? ??????
???????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????: ??? ??????? ?? ??????????
?????? ?????? 8; ???? ???????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? [???-1409:
107; ?????? ???. ? ?.а?.].
????? ? ????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????, ???????????? ????
?????????????? [???????????а1883: ?I?IX]. ??????????? ?????? ???????? ??
?????????, ?.а?.а??????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?? ?????????? ????????:
??? ????? ????????? ???????? ????????????; ?????????? ???? ? ?? ????????;
??????????? ? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ????????; ? ?????? ??? ???????????
???????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????; ??????? ???????? ? ?????? ????
???? ?????? ? ????? ?? ????? ?????????; ??????? ? ??????? ??? ??? ?????
?????????????; ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ? ???????, ?????????? ????????
??? ??????????? ? ????? ??.а????? [?? ??а1884: 86?96]. ????????????
?????????? ?????? ???????? ????? ???????? ???????? ? ?? ???????? ??
??????????????? ? ?????????????????? ?????????????.
2
?.а?.а??????????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??, ??? ? ???????? ????????????
???????? ??????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ????????????? ?
??????????? ? ???????????? ????, ? ?????????? ????? ??????? ?????
?????????, ???????????? ? ?????????? ?? ?????? ? ???? ? ??????????
????????????? [???????????а1899: 24].
3
Slov?ne
2015 ?1
Irina V. Fedorova
???? ??????????? ? ??????? ? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????????
? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ?
??н???????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ??????, ?? ????? ??н
???н? ?????????? ?????, ????????? ?? ??????????????? ?????? ??н??н
??? ??????????: ? ????? ????????? ???????:
.а.а.а?? 4 ???? ? ?? 40 ???? ?? ????????? ????????? ????????? ??? ?????: ????????,
????????, ??????????. ?? ???? ?? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?????, ??? ???????
????????. ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ????????? ?????? ?????, ?????
??????? ?????, ??? ?? ??? ???????? ????????? ????????. ??? ?? ????????
?????? ? ???? ???????? ?????, ????? ?? ?????????? ? ???????? ?? ?? ????,
??????? ???, ? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ? ??? ???? ??????, ???????? ??????????. ?
??????? ???, ????? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?????, ?????????? ????????; ??
???? ?? ????? ??????????? ??????, ? ? ?????????? ??????????? ??????. ???? ????
?????? ???????: ????? ????, ????????! ???? ????, ????????! ? ??, ??????????,
?????????? ?? ??????, ? ?? ??? ???????????? [??????????а1863: 262].
?? ???? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ????, ??
?????? ?????? ??????? ????????????? [?????????а1872: 97]4, ???????
???н????????? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ??????? ???????. ?????? ???н
??н??? ?????? ???????? ???????? ? ???????????? ?????? ??????? ??
??н??????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ? ? ??????? ?????
??н????? ?????????? ? ????? ????????????????? ? ?????? ????, ??? ?
???н???н? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ???? ?? ??? ????????????
???н??н???, ??????? ?????????? ????????????? ?? ??????????5, ? ???,
??? ????????, ????? ????????? ? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? [????н
???н????а 1885].
????????? ? ??????? ????????? ???????????? ???????, ???????
???н????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???? ??????. ?????????????? ??????
???н??? ? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????????
????н????????? ???????? ?????????????? ???? ????????: ??????? ??
?? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????; ?? ???? ? ???? ??? ????. ?? ???? ????н
?? ?????? ??????? ? ???????? ????????? ? ????????. ?????? ????
?????-???.а.а.? [???????????а1883: 25]6. ?.а?.а??????????? ? ???? ??????
????????? ? ????????????? ????????? ????????? ????? ??.: [??????а1897: 121?174].а
4
?? ?????? ???????? ????????, ??? ?????? ?????????? ? ????? ?????? ? ??????
?????? ????? ? ????? ????? ???????????: ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ??
????? ???? ????? ? ????? ??????, ? ?????? ??????? [??????????? 1883: 4].
???????? ? ???, ??? ? ????? ?? ??? ?????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ??? ??
???? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ????????, ????????????
???????????? ?? ?????? ????? ??????????. ?????? ????? ??????????
????????????? ???????? ? ? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????, ??., ? ???????:
[??????????????, ??????? 2001: 56].
5
??. ?? ?????? ?????????: ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????, ?? ?????
???????? ?????????. ?????? ?????? ????? ???. . .? [????????, ???????? 2007: 180].
6
2015 ?1
Slov?ne
| 529
530 |
On the Apocrypha in the Pilgrimage by Daniel the Traveler
??????, ??????????? ????????? ???????? ? ????????, ????? ??????
??????????? ????????? [???????????а1899: 9?48]. ? ????????????
??????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ??????????: ??????? ?? ??? ???????
??????? ??????, ??? ???????? ????? 3000, ? ????? ?????? ??? ?????.а.а.?
[???-1409: 92; ?????? ???. ? ?.а?.]. ????????, ? ???? ?????? ????????н
???? ??????? ? ?????????? ???? ????????? ?????????????? ????? ?
????н??н??? ????? ??????? 365-??а???????, ????????? ?? ?????????
?????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????????7 ? ????????? ? ?????????: ??????
?? ????н???? ????? ?? ???????? ???? 300 ? 60 ? 5? [?????-??????????,
???н???????а1999: 168].
??? ???? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ? ???????? ? ?????н???н
???? ??????? ????. ??????? ? ???, ???????????? ?????? ? ?????? ??н
???н????? ?????????, ? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????: ?? ??н
???? ?? ???? 2а??????: ????? ?????? ? ???? ?????? [???-1409: 106??.], ?
?? ????? ???????? ?????????, ????????????? ? ??????????? ??н??н? ?н???
??????? ??????? ????????: ?.а.а.а???? ? ???????? ?????? 14000?8 . ???н
????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? (???. 29а???????) ??
????? ?? ???????????? ????? (??а2:16?18), ?? ????????? ?? ??? ???н??н
????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???????. ?? ? ????? ?? ????н??н
??? ????????, ?????????? ?????? X?I ? ???. X?IIа?., ????????????? ?
???????? ???????? ??????????? (???-811), ????? ???????? ??? ?????н
???: ?.а.а.а?????? ???? ??????? 4000, ?????????? ?? ????? ????? [????н
??н?????а1889: 16]9.
????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ????????: ????н?? ?
14а000 ???????? ?? ????????????? ????????, ? ?????????? ????н??н?? ??н
??????? ? ??????? ????????, ? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ?? 64?000,
?? ? ???? ???????? ???????????? ? 144а???. ?????????? [?.??.??.а2004:
604]. ????????? ? 14000 ????????? ????????? ?????н??н??н?? ? ?????????
??????? ????? ???????? ?? ????????????? ????? ????? ?????????? ?
????????????? ??????? ???????, ???????????? ? X?II ?. ?? ??????? ????
???????? ?????????: ?. . . ?? ????? ????? ????????? ???????? 150 ???????
[?????? 1883: 7].
7
??. ? ?????? ????????: ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ????,
? ? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????????: л????? ? ???? ??????? ?????, ?????
? ??????? ?? ???? ??, ?????? ????????? ???? ?????? ? ?? ?????? ?????????,
??? ?? ????╗. ? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??????, ? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????.
? ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ????, ? ?? ???? ???????
????????????. ? ?? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????????
[??????????? 1883: 85?86; ?????? ???. ? ?. ?.].а
8
???????, ??? ? ?????? X?III?XIX ?., ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?? ????????
???????? ??????????? [?????-2037: 112??.; ?????-4511: 255], ??????? ???
?14?000 ?????????? ???????????. ? ?????????, ???????? ???-811 ???
????????? ??????????, ??????? ???????, ???????? ???????? ?? 4 000 ?????????,
??????????? ? ?????? ?. ?. ?????????????, ????????? ??? ??????????
????????? ?????? ????? ??????, ?? ?? ??????.
9
Slov?ne
2015 ?1
Irina V. Fedorova
????????? ?????????????? X?Iа?.10 ?? ???? ?????????н? ?????? ? ?????н
??? XI?а?. ? ????? ???????: ?.а.а.а? ?????? ?????? ??? 14а??н? ?? ?????????
???????? ?? ????? ????? [??????а1884: 8], ? ? ??н??????? ?????? ???н
??н??: ?????????? ??????? ? ????????? (??н???н??н?????? 1704а?.)11, ???н
?????? ?????? ???????? [??????а1874: 35]. ???н????????? ??? ????????
?????????? ? ? ????????? ?????????? XIXа? ???. XXа?.12 ??? ??? ???н
???????????? ? ??????????????? ???????? ????? ??????????, ?? ????
?? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????????????н
??? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ??????, ???????????? ????н??
?? ????????, ???? ?????? ??????.
????, ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ?????? ????????????
??????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????????, ??? ???
??? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ? ?????, ??????????? ???????н
???, ??? ? ???????? ? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????????. ?????
????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????: ???????? ?? ??, ???
??н?????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ? ??????????? ????, ? ??
?????? ??????????????? ???????????, ??????????? ??? ??? ???????н
??? ????????? ???????? ????????, ?????????? ?.а?.а?????????????
[1884: 90?91]. ?.а?.а?????????-?????? ?????? ????????? ????????????
?? ???? ????????? ? ?????? ? ??????. ? ?????? ???????? ????????
??? ???????? ??????, ???????????? ?? ???????????????? ? ???н???н? ??
???????? [?????????-?????? 1961: 249]. ?? ?????? ?????????н????н
????, ???????????? ?????? ? ?????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????
X?а?., ? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ????? ???????
[??? ??]. ???? ????????????? ????????????????? ?????, ?? ?????
????????, ??? ? ????????? ? ?????????? ?????? ? ?????? ????????
???????? ? ???????????? ?????? ??????? ??-??????? ???????? ???н
????, ?????????? ? ?????? ?? ????????. ???????????? ????? ?? ??????
? ????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????? ???? ?????? ??н
??????? ???????????? ???? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???????.
?????? ??? ?? ??????????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ????н
??? ????????? ????? ????? ?????? ????, ??? ?????????????? ??????
??., ? ???????, ??????? ? ?????? ????? ???????????: ??????? ?? ???????
?????? ????, ????? ????????? ????? ????????, ?????? ?????????? ????,
???????? ??? ????? ????, 14 ??????, ? ?? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????????
[??????????-????????, ???????? 1896: 85].
10
?. . . ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ??????, ?? ??????? ?????? ??????
???????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? [?????? 1874: 11].
11
?? ???? ?????? ? ???????????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ??????
???? ?????????? ? ????? ????????? ???????????: ?. . . ???? ??, ?? ??????, ?
???????? 14 ??????, ?? ????? ??????????? [?????-1307: 17]. ??? ?? ????????
? ???. XX ?. ??????? ????????? ???? ?????????: ?. . . ? ??????????? ????? ????
????? ???????????, ??? ????? 40 ??????, ???, ?? ????????, ???? ????? ????????
14-?? ????? ????????? ?? ??????? [????????? 1909: 29; ?????? ???. ? ?. ?.].
12
2015 ?1
Slov?ne
| 531
532 |
On the Apocrypha in the Pilgrimage by Daniel the Traveler
????????????? ???????, ?????????? ? ???????? XIIа?., ? ?????????? ??н
???? ????????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ?????????.
??? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ????????, ???????? ??н??н
???? ? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???н
??? ????????????, ? ??????? ?? ????????????? ?????? (??а1:18?25;
??а1:26?28), ?????????????? ? ????-???????????? ? ???????, ???? ??н
??? ?????? ?? ?????, ? ????? ? ??????? ?? ????????? ???????? ? ????н
??, ??? ????? ?????? ???????, ??? ???? ??????????? [???????????а1885:
119]. ? ??? ????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? X?Iа?., ????? ?????н??н??н
??? ?? ???????-??????????? ???????13 [?????-244; ???-1449; ???-1453],
??? ????????? ???????, ? ? ???????? ??????? ??????, ??? ??? ??????????
?? ??????(?)?? ????????? [???-1453: 127??.]. ????? ???????, ???н??н???н
??? ????????, ???????????? ?????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??н??????, ???н
??н???? ????????? ?????????? ??????????, ????????? ? ????н????н????
??????????????14. ???????????? ? ???? ????????? ????????, ???н??н
????н? ??????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ????н??? ???????? ??н
??н?????????? ?????? ????????????, ?????????? ???н????? ?????н???.
?? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? X?IIIа?. ?????????? ?????????????? ??н?????
???????????15 ???????? ???????? ? ????-???????????? ??????н??: ??? ???
??????: ???????????? ???? ???? ? ????????? [??н???н??н??-??н????? 1926:
7]. ???? ? ????? X?Iа?., ????????????? ???????? ??????? ????н???, ???н
??????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????????? ????? ?????? ?????????,
13
???????? ????????????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ???????, ??????????
????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ? ??????????? ????, ????? ??????? ???? ?
??????????? ??????, ??????????? ?? ????????????????? ????????.
??? ??????????? ???????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ????????????
??????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ? ???????????, ?????? ? ??????????????
??????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ??????????. ???, ? ??????
?????? ???????????? ??????? [????-1305; ???-16.8.13; ???-1409] ????? ???????????????? ????????, ? ? ????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ????????
??????? ??????? 1475 ?. [???-???-9: 130??.?193] ?????????????? ?????
????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ????? ? ?????? ??????. ???????????
?????? ???????? ??????? ???????, ?????????????? ??? ????????? ????????,
? <????????> ?????? ???????? ? ??????????? ?????????? [???????????а1883:
?iii], ? ????????? ????? ???????? ???????? ??????????. ? ??????????
?????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ??????? ???, ??? ???????,
???????????? ? ????????????, ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????.
??????? ??? ????????? ? ?????? ?????? ???????, ????????????????? ? ????????
???????????????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????????.
14
???????? ? ???, ??? ??????????? ?????? ??????? ? ????? ??????? ??????
???????? ????????????? ? 1592 ?. ? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????????,
?????????? ? ????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??????????????, ??????
?????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???????,
?????????? ??? ?? ?????? ???????????, ?? ? ????????????? ???????? ?????
?????????????? ???????, ????? ??????? ???? ??????????? ? ????????????
?????? ???????? ?? ????????? ?????? ???????. ????????? ?? ???? ??.:
[?????????-?????? 1926: 11?18].
15
Slov?ne
2015 ?1
Irina V. Fedorova
?? ? 1709а?. ????????? ??????? ??????????, ???????н??? ??? ?????????
?????????????? ??????? ???????????, ????????н??н???? ???????? ???н
????. ?? ???? ????? ??????? ?????, ??? ??????????н???? ???н??? ???н??н
??н????? ?? ??????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????????????, ??н?????, ??
???н??? ?????????, ?? ????????? ?? ???? ???????? [??? ??].
? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ????????? ? ??????н??н
?????? ????????, ????????? ? ???????? ??????? ??????? ? ???н
? ?,
????н?? ????? ?????????? ???? ???? ????, ????? ????????, ? ???н???
?????????? [??????????? 1883: 62]. ?????????? ??? ?.а?.а??н??н???н
???? ?????? ????? ?????????????? [??????????? 1899: 36?37]. ? ????
?? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?????, ??????
????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????, ???? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??, ????
?????? [??? ??: 36]. ??? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ? ???????
???? ???????????? ???????, ?????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ??н
??????. ? ????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????-244, ???-1449 ? ???-1453
????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ????????,
???????????????? ???????? ?????????.
? ??????????????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????????????? ??н
??? ????????. ??? ???????? ?????, ??? ?? ????? ??????? ? ?????? ???н
??? ????????? ???????? ?????????, ? ?????? ???????? ???????, ???
???н? ?? ? ???????????, ????????? ??????? ? ??????? ??? ??? ? ?????:
?.а.а.а?????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ????????, ? ?? ????????, ? ?? ??н??н
????? [???????????а1883: 49]. ?.а?.а??????????? ??????? ???????? ??
??, ??? ???????? ?? ??????? ? ???? ??????? ???????? ???? ? ?????? ?
?????????? ?????? ? ????????? ??????? ??????????????? ?????н????н
??н???, ??? ????? ??????????? ????????????? ?????????? [???????н
????а1899: 38, ????.а2]. ??? ????????? ?????? ??????? ???????, ?? ??н
????????? ?????????????, ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????
??н???????, ??? ????? ???????????? ?????? [??? ??: 37?38]. ?????? ?
?????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ?? ?????? ???????????
[????????, ????????а2007: 198]16 , ??????? ? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????н
??н?? ????? ? ??????? ? ?????? ????????????? ??а2:13?15, ??? ??????н??н
?????? ?? ???? ???????: ?.а.а.а?? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????
? ??????? ????? ? ?? ????????? [????????, ????????а2007: 212].
?????????????? ???? ???????, ??? ?. ?. ???????????, ???????? ??????
???????? ????????, ????? ??????????? ?? ??????? [??????????? 1883: 49,
????. 16], ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?? ??? ??????????
??????????? [??? ??: xxiii]. ? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ????????
???????????? 1475 ?. ??? ?????? ?????? ?????????: ??? ??? ????? ??????
?????????? ?? ???????? ? ?? ???????, ? ?? ??????? ??????? ????????, ????
?????? ?? ??????? [???-???-9: 158], ? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????????,
? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ???????, ????? ????????????????? ? ??????
?????? ??? ????????? ????????.
16
2015 ?1
Slov?ne
| 533
534 |
On the Apocrypha in the Pilgrimage by Daniel the Traveler
?.а?.а???????????, ????????, ??? ??????? ?????? ??????????????
????????? ? ???????? ???????, X?а?., ???? ???????, ??? ? ????? ???????
??? ??????????, ??????????? ??????? ???????? [???????????а1899:
34]. ? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????? ???н
??н???????, ??????????? ? ????????, ??????????????? ??? ??? ??????н
?????? ?????????? ? ??????????????? [??????????а1895: 28?29], ??? ?
????????????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ?????????: ???????н
???н????? ???????? ?????, ???????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???;
?????????????????? ????????, ? ??????? ????????? ???? ????? ????
?????: ???????? ????? ???? ? ????, ?? ???? ????????, ?? ????? ?????
?????, ?, ?????? ???????? ????, ?????, ???????? ?? ??? ???????
[???????????а1886: 121].
??? ?? ???????? ? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ???н
??н????????? ? ???, ??? ????????? ? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??
?????? ????? ? ????, ???????? ?? ? ??????: ?л????, ????? ?????? ??
??н????!╗ ? ???? ?????????? ???? ? ?????? ?? [???????????а1883: 84]17.
? ???????????? ??????? ????????? ????-1305, ???-16.8.13 ? ???-1409
???? ?????????????? ????? ????????, ?? ? ???????????? ? ??????????
????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ????: ?? ?????? ????????? ?????
????? ?? ????, ????? ????????? ???? ? ????? ????? ? ? ???????, ?????
???н???? ??????, ???????????? ??????????; ? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?
????????? ??? [???-1409: 106?106??.]. ? ? ??????? ?????-244, ???-1449
? ???-1453 ??? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????18.
????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???????
?? ??????????????? ????????? ?????? ?. ?. ??????????, ???? ? ??????????,
??? ?. . . ???? ?? ?????? ???????? ??????????, ??? ??????????? ???? ??? ???????
????? ??????? ????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????. ??.; ???????? ? ??, ???
??????????? ??? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????, ???????, ? ?????
???????, ???? ??????????? ? ?????????, ? ?????? ? ????? ? ?????????. ??.?
[?????????? 1895: 17]. ?????????????? ??????? ? ????, ? ??????? ????????
????????? ? ????????? ???????, ???????? ? ? ????????????? ???????
????????, ?? ? ???? ????????? X?II ?. ?? ??????? ? ??????????? ????????.
??????? ??????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ?? ????????: ?? ??? ???? ??????
?? ????????? ??: ????????? ??, ???? ?????????, ?????? ?????? ?????,
?????????? ????????, ?????????? ?????? ????, ?????????? ??????, ??????
?? ????. ????? ??, ???????, ????? ?? ????? ??. ????????? ??, ???????, ???????
?? ????, ????????, ??? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ??, ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????
?????? ????, ??????? ?? ???, ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ?????, ?
??????? ???? ???: ????, ????, ????? ?????? ?? ??????. ? ???? ??????? ??????,
????????? ????, ???? ?, ??????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ????, ??? ?????? ????????? ?? ??
????, ????? ???. ?????? ??, ???????? ?? ????? ??, ?????????, ? ?? ???????,
?????? ????????????; ? ????????? ?? ???????? ?? ?? ???????? ????????
[?????????? 1889: 201?202].
17
????????????????? ??????????? ????????? ???? ????????? ???????? ?? ?? ?????
??????? ????????, ???????????? ? ???????? ??????? ???????, ????????????
?????? ???????? ??????? ???? ??????????????? ???????. ??? ????? ?????
????? ??????? ???? ????? ???????????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ????? ?? ????, ?
18
Slov?ne
2015 ?1
Irina V. Fedorova
???????? ?? ??, ??? ? ??????? ????????? ????? ????????????? ??н
?????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????????, ??? ????н??н
?????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ????, ??? ?????????? ?????????
??????????? ??????????????? ????????, ??????????????? ?? ??????
????????????? ????????. ????? ??????? ????????, ??????? ??н? ??н
??н????, ????? ????????????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ???. ? ?????? ???н
??? ???? ???? ?? ????? ?? ????????? ??????? ????????? ????-189 (??н
???аX?а?.), ? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ? ????????? ????????? ???н
?????? ????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???????? X?а?. ???????? ????????
? ?????????? ? ????? ? ??? ??????? ? ???????? ??????? ??????????.
????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????
?????? ????????? ??????????-??????????????? ?????????19. ?????н
???, ? ?????? ???????, ??????? ? ????????: ?.а.а.а????? ???? ?? ????????
?????? ??????? ????????? ????????. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ??????, ???
?? ?????????? ?? ??????? [????????????а1886: xxi?]. ?????? ?? ???
??? ?? ??????? ?????????? ??????, ? ??????? ??? ?????????? ???? ??
??????????????? ? ????? ?????? ??????????? ????????. ???????
???н????? ? ?? ?????? ? ????? ?? ??????? X?IIа?. ??????-132, ? ???????
??????? ? ????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ? ??????????
??н?????? ?????????? ? ???, ??? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ????????,
??? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????????? ?? ???????? ?????????. ?
???? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ?.а?.а??????????? ?????????? ????н
??? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ??????????, ????????? ????? ??? ??????
???н??н??????? ?????????????? ? ???????? ??????????? [????????н
???а1887: 3].
??? ???? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ??н
??н????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????????н
?? ???-811. ??????? ???????? ? ???, ??? ? ??????? ????????? ? ??????
?? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ??????, ???????? ??????,
?????? ? ????????? ???????? ????????? 20. ? ?????? ???-811 ?????????
?????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ???? ?? ????,
??????????????, ??? ??????? ?.а?.а???????????, ?? ??????????????
?????????? ???????? ????? ????????????, ????????? ?????????????? ????????.
????? ???????, ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????????,
??????? ??? ?????????, ???? ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????
????????, ?? ????????? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? X? ?., ????? ?????????? ??????
????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????.
???????? ?? ??.: [????? 2003: 63?65]. ????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????????
??????? ??????? ???????????? ?. ?. ??????? [????? 1864: 45, ????. ?; 46?47,
????. ?; 54, ????. ?; 76, ????. ?; 81, ????. ?].
19
????????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?
???????????? ??????????????, ?????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ? ????;
????????? ?? ???? ??.: [??????????? 1899: 9?11].
20
2015 ?1
Slov?ne
| 535
536 |
On the Apocrypha in the Pilgrimage by Daniel the Traveler
?????????: ?.а.а.а?? ?? ?????? ????????? ? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????, ?
?????????, ? ???????? ?? ???? ?, ??????????? ??????, ???????? ??н? ??н
???? ????: ????? ? ?????? ? ??????. ??? ??? ?? ?????? ? ???? ????????
?? ???????.а.а.? [???????????а1889: 16; ?????? ???. ? ?.а?.]21.
????, ????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ????н???
?????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??????????,
??? ?????????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ????? ?? ?????? ???
?????????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ??????????, ?? ????? ????????н
?? ????????? ??? ????????????? ??????? ? ????????????? ??? ????н
?????н??? ???????. ????????, ?????????? ???????????????? ????????
????н??????? ??н???н???? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ?????????
? ??? ???????н??? ? ?????? ?????????????? ??????, ??? ???????? ??н
??? ????? ????н? ??н???? ????????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ???????
???н??н??? XIIа?. ? ??????? ?? ?????????.
????????????
??????????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????????????
???
?????
???
???
?????
????
??????????????? ???????????? ????? (??????), ????? ?????????.
?????????? ??????????????? ????? ??????? ????? (??????).
?????????? ??????????????? ?????????? (??????), ??????-?????????????????
????? ?????????.
?????????? ???????????? ?????????? (?.-?????????), ????? ?????????.
?????-????????????? ???????? ??????? ???.
?????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ?????.
????????
???-16.8.13
???, 16.8.13, ???????, X?Iа?., ???????? ??. [????????а1965: 118?121].
???-???-9
???, ???????-??????????? ????., ?а9/1086, ???????, X?а?., ???????? ??.: [????? ?
??.а1980: 105?143].
????-189
???, ?.а205 (????. ????), ?189, ???????, X?а?., ???????? ??.: [?????а2003: 58?65].
????-1305
????, ?.а834, ??.а2, ?а1305, ???????, ???.аX? ? ???.аX?Iа?., ???????? ??.:
[????????а1906: 77?81].
???-811
???, ??????????? ????., ?а811, ???????, ???. X?IIIа?., ???????? ??.: [???????а1891:
115?116].
??? ?? ?????? ????????? ??? ????????? ????? ? ???????? ???-811: ?????-2037
[113] ? ?????-4511 [255??.].
21
Slov?ne
2015 ?1
Irina V. Fedorova
???-1409
???, ????????? ????., ?а1409, ???????, X?Iа?., ???????? ??.: [???????а1891: 43?44;
?????????а1910: 72?73].
???-1449
???, ????????? ????., ?а1449, ???????, ???.аX?I ? ???.аX?IIа?., ???????? ??.:
[???????а1891: 61?66; ?????????а1910: 186?204].
???-1453
???, ????????? ????., ?а1453, ???????, X?Iа?., ???????? ??.: [???????а1891: 46?48;
?????????а1910: 217?220].
?????-244
????? ???, ?.а11, ??.а1. ?а244, ???????, X?Iа?., ???????? ??.: [???????а1907: 8?13].
?????-1307
???, ????. ?.а?.а??????, ?а1307, ??????????? ???? ??????????, ???. XIXа?.,
?????-2037
???, ????. ?.а?.а??????, ?а2037, ???????, X?IIIа?.
?????-4511
???, ????. ?.а?.а??????, ?а4511, ???????, XIXа?.
??????-132
???, ????. ???????, ?а132, 8░, ???????, X?IIа?., ???????? ??.: [???????????а1887: 3].
?????????? ? ???????
?????????а1910
?????????а?.а?., ????????? ??????????, ?.-?????????, 3, 1910.
?????????-??????а1926
?????????-??????а?.а?., ??????? ??????????? ? ???????? X?I?X?II ?????, ???????
I????????-????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ????, 9, 1926, 1?18.
???а1941
?????????-??????а?.а?., ??????????, ?: ??????? ??????? ??????????, 1, ??????,
?????????, 1941, 71?86.
???а1961
?????????-??????а?.а?., ??? ??????? ??????-?????????? ???????????? ??????
? X?IIа???? (?????????? ???????? л????????╗ ??????? ??????? ? л????????
???????????╗)?, ?: ???????????? ? ????????? ?? ????????????? ??????????, ??????,
1961, 245?292.
????????????а1886
????????????а?.а?., ???. ???., ???????., ??????. ??????, ??????? ???????? ? ??????????
? ????? ? ??? ???? ?????? ???????? IXа???? (=а???????????? ???????????? ???????,
11), ?.-?????????, 1886.
???????????а1883
???????????а?.а?., ???. ???., ???????., ??????. ??????, ????? ? ??????? ??????,
???????? ????? ???????. 1106?1108а??. (= ???????????? ???????????? ???????, 3),
?.-?????????, 1883.
???а1884
???????????а?.а?., ????????? ??????? ??????? ? ?????? ????? ? ?????? XIIа??.?,
???????? ??????? ???????????????? ????????, 7, 1884, 3?138.
2015 ?1
Slov?ne
| 537
538 |
On the Apocrypha in the Pilgrimage by Daniel the Traveler
???а1885
???????????а?.а?., ???. ???., ???????., ??????. ??????, ????? ? ??????? ??????,
???????? ????? ???????. 1106?1108а??. (= ???????????? ???????????? ???????, 9),
?.-?????????, 1885.
???а1887
???????????а?.а?., ?????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? (??????), ??????, 1887.
???а1889
???????????а?.а?., ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ? ???????? ??.а????????
????????????, ?????? ? ???????? ??????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????
????????????, 3, 1889, 1?25.
???????????а1885
???????????а?.а?., ?? ??????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ? ??????????, ??????
???????????? ????????? ???????????, 5, 1885, 166?183.
???????????а1884
???????????а?.а?., ????????? ???????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????:
???????????? ????????? ? ???????????? ? ???????, ??????? ?????????????? ???????, 4,
1884, 251?312.
???????????а1899
???????????а?.а?., ??????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ? ???????? ??.а???????
? ??????? ? ??????? ??????? ????????????? ? ???????? ??????? ? ???????? (??????),
???????, 1899.
??????????а1889
??????????а?.а?., ???. ???., ???????., ??????. ??????, ????????????? ???????
???????? (=а???????????? ???????????? ???????, 21), ?.-?????????, 1889.
??????а1897
??????а?., ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? ?
???????????? ? ???????-??????? ???????????: ???????????? ? ??????, ??????, 1897.
????? ? ??.а1980
?????а?.а?., ???????а?.а?., ?????????????? ?.а?., ????????? ????????? X?а?.
?????????? ?????????, ????? ?????? ????????????? ??????????, 35, 1980, 3?300.
?????-??????????, ??????????а1999
?????-??????????а?.а?., ??????????а?.а?., ??????. ??????, ???. ? ???????., ?????? ?
????????, ??? ???????? ???? ??????? ??????, ?: ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ????,
3, 1999, 166?168.
?????а2003
?????а?.а?., ??????? л??????? ??????? ???????╗ ????? X?а?. ? ???????????
?????????????, ?: ?????? ?????????? ??????, 7, ??????, 2003, 58?65.
?????????а1909
??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????-??????? ????????? ???? ??????????
?? ?????? ???? ????????? ? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????????, ?????, ???-????? ? ???? ?
1907 ? 1908а??., ????????, 1909.
??????а1874
??????,а?????., ?????????-???????? ??????????? ? ???????????????? ??????? ???
??????? ?? ?????? ???? ????????? (??????), ??????, 1874.
???а1883
??????, ?????., ???????., ??????. ??????, ????????????? ?????? ???? ???????
????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ?
????????? ? ??????? ? 1679а????, ? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ?????????
Slov?ne
2015 ?1
Irina V. Fedorova
????? ??????? ? 1686а???? (?? ??????????? ????????, ?а543) (=а????????? ???????
???????????? ? ?????????, 46), ?.-?????????, 1883.
???а1884
??????,а?????., ???????., ??????. ??????, ??????? ????? ??????? (=а????????????
???????????? ???????, 6), ?.-?????????, 1884.
?????а1864
?????а?.а?., ???. ???., ??????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ? ?????? XIIа????
(1113?1115), ?.-?????????, 1864.
?.а?.а?.а2004
?.а?.а?., ???????????? ?????????, ???????????? ????????????, 8, 2004, 604?605.
????????а1906
???????? ?????????, ?????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ?????????????????? ??????,
?.-?????????, 2/1, 1906.
???а1965
???????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???? ????, ??????, ?????????,
3/2, 1965.
??????????-????????, ????????а1896
??????????-????????а?.а?., ????????а?.а?., ???????, ???., ??????. ??????, ???
????????? ?????????? ????????????? X?Iа???? (=а???????????? ????????????
???????, 46), ?.-?????????, 1896.
?????????а1872
?????????а?., ?????????????? ???????? ? ????????????? ????? ? ????????, ??????, 1872.
??????????????а2004
??????????????а?.а?., ????????? ? ???????? X?Iа?. ?? ????????????? ???????????
?????????? (?а797)?, ?: ????? ?????? ????????????? ??????????, 55, ?.-?????????,
2004, 387?393.
??????????????, ???????а2001
??????????????а?.а?., ???????а?.а?., ????????? ? ?????????? ? ???????
?????????????, ?: ???????????? ????????????, 3, ??????, 2001, 55?57.
???????а1891
???????а?а ?., ????????? ? ?????????, ?????????? ? ???? ???????? ? ?????? ?????
???????? ??????? ??????? ? ?????? XIIа?????, ?????? ? ???????? ??????? ? ??????????
?????????? ??? ?????????? ????????????, 3, 1891, 6?133.
???????а1907
???????а?.а?., ????????? ????????????? ???????????????? ????????. ??????
????????????, ???????? ??????? ????????????? ???????????????? ???????? ??
1904а???, 1907, 1?32.
??????????а1895
??????????а?., ?????????? ?????????????? ????????? (????? ?????), ??????, 1895.
??????????а1863
??????????а?., ????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????, 2, ??????, 1863.
????????, ????????а2007
????????а?.а?., ??????. ??????, ????????а?.а?., ???., ?л????????╗ ? ?????? ????????
л???????╗ ??????? ????????, ?: ????????? ??????? ??????? ? ?????? ????? ? ??????
XIIа?., ?.-?????????, 2007, 160?269.
Garzanitiа1998
GarzanitiаM., ?Les apocryphes dans la littщrature sla
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
3
Размер файла
643 Кб
Теги
вопрос, игумена, pdf, апокрифах, даниила, хождение
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа