close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Методика испытаний на одноосное растяжение однонаправленных композиционных материалов при пониженных температурах..pdf

код для вставкиСкачать
ȼȿɋɌɇɂɄ ɉɇɂɉɍ
Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɤɚ
2012
ʋ4
ɍȾɄ 620.172
Ⱦ.ɋ. Ʌɨɛɚɧɨɜ, Ⱥ.ȼ. Ȼɚɛɭɲɤɢɧ
ɉɟɪɦɫɤɢɣ ɧɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɫɤɢɣ ɩɨɥɢɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬ,
ɉɟɪɦɶ, Ɋɨɫɫɢɹ
ɆȿɌɈȾɂɄȺ ɂɋɉɕɌȺɇɂɃ ɇȺ ɈȾɇɈɈɋɇɈȿ ɊȺɋɌəɀȿɇɂȿ
ɈȾɇɈɇȺɉɊȺȼɅȿɇɇɕɏ ɄɈɆɉɈɁɂɐɂɈɇɇɕɏ ɆȺɌȿɊɂȺɅɈȼ
ɉɊɂ ɉɈɇɂɀȿɇɇɕɏ ɌȿɆɉȿɊȺɌɍɊȺɏ
ɉɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɧɚɹ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɚ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɤɨɦɩɨɡɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɧɚ
ɨɞɧɨɨɫɧɨɟ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɬɶ ɩɪɟɞɟɥ ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ
ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɤɨɦɩɨɡɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɩɪɢ ɧɨɪɦɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɢ ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ.
ɉɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɨ ɨɩɪɨɛɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɢ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ 0 °ɋ ɢ –30 °ɋ. ȼ ɯɨɞɟ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɜɫɟ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɵ ɪɚɡɪɭɲɚɥɢɫɶ ɜ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɣ ɱɚɫɬɢ, ɱɬɨ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɢɥɨ
ɩɨɥɭɱɢɬɶ ɩɪɟɞɟɥ ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɦɨɞɭɥɶ ɭɩɪɭɝɨɫɬɢ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɚ ɫ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟɦ ɜɨɥɨɤɧɚ 70 %. ɉɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɵ ɞɢɚɝɪɚɦɦɵ ɧɚɝɪɭɠɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ. ɉɨɥɭɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɸɬ ɫɞɟɥɚɬɶ ɜɵɜɨɞ ɨ ɩɪɢɟɦɥɟɦɨɫɬɢ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɢ
ɩɪɢ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹɯ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɤɨɦɩɨɡɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɧɚ ɨɞɧɨɨɫɧɨɟ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɢ ɧɨɪɦɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɢ ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ. Ⱦɚɧɵ ɪɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɚɰɢɢ ɩɨ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɸ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɯ
ɤɨɦɩɨɡɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ.
Ʉɥɸɱɟɜɵɟ ɫɥɨɜɚ: ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɢ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ, ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɤɨɦɩɨɡɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ,
ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ, ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɤɚ, ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɵɟ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ
D.S. Lobanov, A.V. Babushkin
Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm, Russian Federation
TECHNIQUE OF UNIDIRECTIONAL COMPOSITE MATERIALS
AT LOW TEMPERATURES TENSILE TESTS
The technique of unidirectional composite materials at low temperatures uniaxial tension tests.
This method allows determining the tensile strength of unidirectional composite materials under normal
and low temperatures. The approbation technique at low temperature of 0 °C and –30 °C. During the
research all tests specimens were destroyed in the «work area», which allowed for the tensile strength
and modulus of unidirectional glass fiber with 70 %. The diagrams of loading and deformation. The obtained experimental results suggest the acceptability of this method for testing of unidirectional composite materials uniaxial tension at normal and low temperatures. Recommendations of unidirectional
composite materials at high temperatures test.
Keywords: techniques of tests, unidirectional composite materials, tensile test, experimental
mechanics, low temperature tests.
33
Ⱦ.ɋ. Ʌɨɛɚɧɨɜ, Ⱥ.ȼ. Ȼɚɛɭɲɤɢɧ
ȼ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɟ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɩɨɥɢɦɟɪɧɵɟ ɜɨɥɨɤɧɢɫɬɵɟ ɤɨɦɩɨɡɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ
ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ (ɉȼɄɆ) ɲɢɪɨɤɨ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɹɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɨɬɪɚɫɥɹɯ. Ⱦɥɹ
ɪɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɉȼɄɆ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɜɫɟɫɬɨɪɨɧɧɟɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜ, ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɜ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ ɪɚɛɨɱɢɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ. ɂɡɞɟɥɢɹ ɢɡ ɉȼɄɆ ɨɛɥɚɞɚɸɬ ɪɹɞɨɦ ɧɟɨɫɩɨɪɢɦɵɯ
ɩɪɟɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜ, ɬɚɤɢɯ ɤɚɤ ɧɟɛɨɥɶɲɨɣ ɜɟɫ, ɨɛɭɫɥɨɜɥɟɧɧɵɣ ɧɟɛɨɥɶɲɨɣ
ɩɥɨɬɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚ, ɧɟ ɜɵɫɨɤɚɹ ɰɟɧɚ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ; ɥɟɝɤɨɫɬɶ ɢ ɩɪɨɫɬɨɬɚ ɩɟɪɟɜɨɡɤɢ. ɇɚɪɹɞɭ ɫ ɩɪɟɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɦɢ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɢ ɪɹɞ
ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɤɨɜ. ɗɬɢ ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɤɢ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɵ ɫ ɢɡɝɨɬɨɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ, ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ
ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɨɣ, ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɟɣ ɢ ɩɪɟɠɞɟ ɜɫɟɝɨ ɫ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜ ɉȼɄɆ ɢ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɣ ɢɡ ɧɢɯ [1]. Ɍɚɤɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ, ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤ ɉȼɄɆ ɢ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɚ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ
ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɟɣ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤ ɤɨɦɩɨɡɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɨɬ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɚɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɚɞɚɱɟɣ [2].
ɐɟɥɶɸ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɹɜɥɹɥɢɫɶ ɞɨɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ ɢ ɨɩɪɨɛɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɢ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɚ, ɨɩɢɫɚɧɧɨɣ ɜ [3, 4], ɫ ɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɨ ɜɵɫɨɤɢɦ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɭɟɦɵɦ ɧɚɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟɦ ɯɪɭɩɤɢɦɢ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɦɨɞɭɥɶɧɵɦɢ ɜɨɥɨɤɧɚɦɢ ɧɚ ɨɞɧɨɨɫɧɨɟ
ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɢ ɧɨɪɦɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɢ ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ. Ɉɛɴɟɤɬɨɦ
ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɹɜɥɹɥɫɹ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɣ ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤ Direct "E"
Roving 0,7 – ortophtalic polyester resin 0,3 ɫ 70%-ɧɵɦ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟɦ ɚɪɦɢɪɭɸɳɟɝɨ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɚ.
ɉɨɜɵɲɟɧɧɨɟ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟ ɨɛɴɟɦɧɨɣ ɞɨɥɢ ɜɨɥɨɤɧɚ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬ ɤ
ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɸ ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚ ɜɞɨɥɶ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɚɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɤ
ɪɟɡɤɨɦɭ ɭɦɟɧɶɲɟɧɢɸ ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɩɨɩɟɪɟɱɧɨɦ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɢ ɚɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ. Ɍɚɤɠɟ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ
ɩɟɪɜɢɱɧɨɝɨ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɚ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ – ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɣ ɥɟɧɬɵ ɩɨɩɟɪɟɱɧɵɦ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɨɦ 40×5 ɦɦ ɫ ɩɟɪɢɮɟɪɢɣɧɨɣ ɨɛɫɵɩɤɨɣ ɤɜɚɪɰɟɜɵɦ ɩɟɫɤɨɦ. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɯ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɜ ɞɥɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤ ɧɟ ɜɫɟɝɞɚ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨ. ȼ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɫɥɭɱɚɹɯ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɢ ɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɬɫɹ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɚɦɢ [3–7].
Ⱦɥɹ ɭɱɟɬɚ ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɛɵɥɚ ɫɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɚ ɢ
ɢɡɝɨɬɨɜɥɟɧɚ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɡɚɯɜɚɬɧɚɹ ɱɚɫɬɶ. Ɉɛɪɚɡɟɰ ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɚ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɫɬɟɪɠɧɹ ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɟɱɟɧɢɹ. Ɂɚɯɜɚɬɧɵɟ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɢɦɟɸɬ ɮɨɪɦɭ ɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɝɢɥɶɡɵ (ɪɢɫ. 1, ɚ), ɨɞɢɧ ɤɨɧɟɰ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɡɚɯɜɚɬɚɯ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɦɚɲɢɧɵ, ɚ ɜ ɞɪɭɝɨɦ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɝɥɭɛɨɤɨɟ ɤɨɧɭɫɧɨɟ ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɟ ɞɥɹ ɩɨɝɪɭɠɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɧɟɝɨ ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɨɜɨɝɨ
34
Ɇɟɬɨɞɢɤɚ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɧɚ ɨɞɧɨɨɫɧɨɟ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ
ɨɛɪɚɡɰɚ. Ɂɚɤɪɟɩɥɟɧɢɟ ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɨɜɨɝɨ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɚ ɜ ɤɨɧɭɫɧɨɦ ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɢ ɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɝɢɥɶɡɵ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨɦ ɷɩɨɤɫɢɞɧɨɝɨ ɤɥɟɹ, ɛɟɡ
ɩɨɩɟɪɟɱɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɠɚɬɢɹ. ɋɬɟɩɟɧɶ ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɡɚɯɜɚɬɚ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɟɬɫɹ
ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚɦɢ ɫɜɹɡɭɸɳɟɝɨ, ɝɥɭɛɢɧɨɣ ɩɨɝɪɭɠɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɭɝɥɨɦ ɤɨɧɭɫɚ. ȼɤɥɟɢɜɚɧɢɟ ɫɬɟɪɠɧɟɣ ɜ ɝɢɥɶɡɵ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɥɨɫɶ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɦɨɳɢ ɷɩɨɤɫɢɞɧɨɝɨ ɤɥɟɹ
ɫ ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɧɨɣ ɞɨɥɟɣ ɨɬɜɟɪɞɢɬɟɥɹ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɧɚɧɟɫɟɧɢɟɦ ɦɟɬɨɤ ɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɱɭɸ ɱɚɫɬɶ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɚ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɦɨɳɢ ɦɚɪɤɟɪɚ ɞɥɹ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɛɟɫɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɧɨɝɨ ɨɩɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɷɤɫɬɟɧɡɨɦɟɬɪɚ (ɪɢɫ. 1, ɛ).
ɚ
ɛ
Ɋɢɫ. 1. ɗɫɤɢɡ ɡɚɯɜɚɬɧɨɣ ɱɚɫɬɢ (ɚ) ɢ ɜɧɟɲɧɢɣ ɜɢɞ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɚ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɧɚɩɨɥɧɟɧɧɨɝɨ
ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɚ ɞɥɹ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɧɚ ɨɞɧɨɨɫɧɨɟ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ ɫ ɧɚɧɟɫɟɧɧɵɦɢ
ɦɟɬɤɚɦɢ ɞɥɹ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɛɟɫɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɧɨɝɨ ɜɢɞɟɨɷɤɫɬɟɧɡɨɦɟɬɪɚ (ɛ)
ɂɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɚ ɩɪɢ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɢ
ɜɞɨɥɶ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɚɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ ɤɨɦɧɚɬɧɨɣ ɢ ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɵɯ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɥɢɫɶ ɧɚ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɟ Instron 5882. ȼ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɢɡɦɟɪɢɬɟɥɹ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɣ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɥɫɹ
ɛɟɫɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɧɵɣ ɜɢɞɟɨɷɤɫɬɟɧɡɨɦɟɬɪ Instron AVE. ɇɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɢ35
Ⱦ.ɋ. Ʌɨɛɚɧɨɜ, Ⱥ.ȼ. Ȼɚɛɭɲɤɢɧ
ɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɨɩɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɷɤɫɬɟɧɡɨɦɟɬɪɚ AVE ɢɥɢ ɢɧɨɝɨ ɛɟɫɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɧɨɝɨ
ɷɤɫɬɟɧɡɨɦɟɬɪɚ ɨɛɭɫɥɨɜɥɟɧɚ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɨɦ ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ
ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚ. ɉɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɵɟ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ ɞɨɫɬɢɝɚɥɢɫɶ ɜ ɬɟɪɦɨɤɚɦɟɪɟ ɩɪɢ
ɩɨɦɨɳɢ ɠɢɞɤɨɝɨ ɚɡɨɬɚ [7]. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɬɟɪɦɨɤɚɦɟɪɵ ɞɚɟɬ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ ɬɟɪɦɨɫɬɚɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɫɚɦɨɝɨ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɢ
ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɢ ɜɵɛɪɚɧɧɨɣ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ. Ɋɟɠɢɦ ɬɟɪɦɨɫɬɚɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɥ
ɜ ɫɟɛɹ ɥɢɧɟɣɧɨɟ ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɢ ɜɫɟɣ ɧɚɝɪɭɠɚɸɳɟɣ ɰɟɩɢ ɞɨ
ɜɵɛɪɚɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɫɨ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɸ 5°C/ɦɢɧ ɢ ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɭ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ 2 ɱɚɫɨɜ, ɢɡ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ 20 ɦɢɧɭɬ ɧɚ ɦɢɥɥɢɦɟɬɪ ɬɨɥɳɢɧɵ.
ɉɪɢ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹɯ ɨɫɟɜɨɟ ɧɚɝɪɭɠɟɧɢɟ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɥɨɫɶ ɫɨ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɸ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɳɟɧɢɹ ɬɪɚɜɟɪɫɵ 5 ɦɦ/ɦɢɧ.
Ɍɢɩɨɜɵɟ ɞɢɚɝɪɚɦɦɵ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɚ ɢɡ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɧɚ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɢ 0 °ɋ ɢ –30 °ɋ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɵ ɧɚ ɪɢɫ. 2 ɢ 3.
Ɋɢɫ. 2. Ɍɢɩɨɜɚɹ ɞɢɚɝɪɚɦɦɚ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ
ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɚ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɨɣ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ 0 °ɋ
ȼɫɟɝɨ ɛɵɥɨ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɨ 8 ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɧɚɩɨɥɧɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɚ Direct "E" Roving 0,7- ortophtalic polyester
resin 0,3 ɧɚ ɨɞɧɨɨɫɧɨɟ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ ɜɞɨɥɶ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɚɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɢ
ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ: 4 ɨɛɪɚɡɰɚ ɩɪɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ –30 °ɋ ɢ 4 ɨɛɪɚɡɰɚ ɩɪɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ 0 °ɋ. Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ
ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɚ ɧɚ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ –30 °ɋ
ɢ 0 °ɋ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɜ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ.
36
Ɇɟɬɨɞɢɤɚ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɧɚ ɨɞɧɨɨɫɧɨɟ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ
Ɋɢɫ. 3. Ɍɢɩɨɜɚɹ ɞɢɚɝɪɚɦɦɚ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ
ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɚ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɨɣ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ –30 °ɋ
Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɚ
ɧɚ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ
ɉɪɟɞɟɥ ɩɪɨɱɉɪɟɞɟɥ
ɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɢ
ɆɚɤɫɢɆɨɞɭɥɶ ɘɧɪɚɡɪɵɜɟ ıɜ
ɇɨɦɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ
ɝɚ ɩɪɢ ɪɚɫɌ,
ɫ ɞɨɜɟɪɢɬɟɥɶɦɟɪ
ɧɚɝɪɭɡɤɚ ɩɪɢ ɪɚɡɬɹɠɟɧɢɢ ȿ,
°ɋ
ɩɪɢ ɪɚɡɪɵ- ɪɵɜɟ ıȼ,
ɧɨɣ ɜɟɪɨɹɬɨɛɪ.
Ƚɉɚ
ɜɟ Ɋmax, ɤɇ
ɧɨɫɬɶɸ 0,95,
Ɇɉɚ
Ɇɉɚ
1
24,992
695,968
35,8
2
30,321
1144,191
40,1
–30
922,11±91,54
3
31,376
917,524
32,6
4
22,338
930,753
28,1
1
36,135
1021,355
39,3
2
33,942
959,369
35,5
0
980,223±21,58
3
24,008
1010,441
41,7
4
29,872
929,727
30,8
*
22
–
–
–
987,14±164,58
Ɇɨɞɭɥɶ ɘɧɝɚ
ɩɪɢ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɢ ȿ ɫ ɞɨɜɟɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ
ɜɟɪɨɹɬɧɨɫɬɶɸ
0,95, Ƚɉɚ
34,15±2,54
36,83±2,38
47,80±2,68
ɉɪɢɦɟɱɚɧɢɟ: ɫɪɟɞɧɢɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɚ ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɦɨɞɭɥɹ ɘɧɝɚ ɩɪɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ
22 °ɋ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɵ ɜ [3] ɩɨ 12 ɨɛɪɚɡɰɚɦ ɢ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɞɥɹ ɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɹ.
Ⱦɥɹ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ, ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ, ɫɬɚɬɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɞɨɫɬɨɜɟɪɧɨ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɵ ɦɨɞɭɥɶ ɘɧɝɚ ɢ ɩɪɟɞɟɥ ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ.
ȼɫɟ ɢɫɩɵɬɵɜɚɟɦɵɟ ɧɚ ɨɞɧɨɨɫɧɨɟ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɵ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɚ Direct "E" Roving 0,7- ortophtalic polyester resin 0,3
ɩɪɢ ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ –30 °ɋ ɢ 0 °ɋ ɪɚɡɪɭɲɢɥɢɫɶ (ɪɢɫ. 4)
ɜ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɣ ɡɨɧɟ, ɱɬɨ ɫɜɢɞɟɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɨ ɫɩɪɚɜɟɞɥɢɜɨɫɬɢ ɦɧɟɧɢɹ ɨ ɞɨɪɚ37
Ⱦ.ɋ. Ʌɨɛɚɧɨɜ, Ⱥ.ȼ. Ȼɚɛɭɲɤɢɧ
ɛɨɬɤɟ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɡɚɯɜɚɬɧɵɯ ɱɚɫɬɟɣ, ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɜ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɯ [3, 4].
Ɍɚɤɨɣ ɜɢɞ ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɬ ɨɬ ɪɚɡɪɵɜɚ ɢ ɨɬɫɥɨɟɧɢɹ ɜɨɥɨɤɨɧ
ɩɪɢ ɩɨɥɧɨɦ ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɢɢ ɦɚɬɪɢɰɵ [8].
ȼ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɪɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɚɰɢɣ ɞɥɹ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɜ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ
ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɜɦɟɫɬɨ ɷɩɨɤɫɢɞɧɨɝɨ ɤɥɟɹ ɩɪɟɞɥɚɝɚɟɬɫɹ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɵɣ ɤɥɟɣ ɦɚɪɤɢ Ʉ 300-61 ɫ ɪɚɛɨɱɢɦ ɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧɨɦ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɨɬ –60 °ɋ ɞɨ +300 °ɋ ɥɢɛɨ ɤɥɟɣ ɦɚɪɤɢ ȼɄ-9 ɫ ɪɚɛɨɱɢɦ ɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧɨɦ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɨɬ –60 °ɋ ɞɨ +250 °ɋ.
Ɋɢɫ. 4. ȼɢɞ ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ
ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɚ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɨɞɧɨɨɫɧɨɟ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ
ɩɪɢ ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ
Ɍɚɤɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ, ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɥɨ, ɱɬɨ
ɞɚɧɧɚɹ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɚ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɧɚ ɨɞɧɨɨɫɧɨɟ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ ɜ
ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɬɶ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ
ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɢ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɤɨɦɩɨɡɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɩɪɢ
ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɢɢ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɜ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɣ ɱɚɫɬɢ.
Ɋɚɛɨɬɚ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɚ ɩɪɢ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɨɣ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɟ ɊɎɎɂ (ɝɪɚɧɬ
ʋ12-08-31336ɦɨɥ_ɚ)
Ȼɢɛɥɢɨɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɫɩɢɫɨɤ
1. Ɍɚɪɧɨɩɨɥɶɫɤɢɣ ɘ.Ɇ., Ʉɢɧɰɢɫ Ɍ.ə. Ɇɟɬɨɞɵ ɫɬɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɚɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɨɜ. – Ɇ.: ɏɢɦɢɹ, 1981. – 272 ɫ.
2. ɋɥɨɜɢɤɨɜ ɋ.ȼ. Ɇɟɬɨɞɢɤɚ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜ ɩɨɥɢɭɪɟɬɚɧɨɜɵɯ ɢɡɞɟɥɢɣ ɨɬ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ // ȼɟɫɬɧɢɤ
ɉɇɂɉɍ. Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɤɚ. – ɉɟɪɦɶ: ɂɡɞ-ɜɨ ɉɟɪɦ. ɧɚɰ. ɢɫɫɥɟɞ. ɩɨɥɢɬɟɯɧ. ɭɧɬɚ, 2012. – ʋ 2. – ɋ. 177–189
38
Ɇɟɬɨɞɢɤɚ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɧɚ ɨɞɧɨɨɫɧɨɟ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ
3. Ȼɚɛɭɲɤɢɧ Ⱥ.ȼ., ȼɢɥɶɞɟɦɚɧ ȼ.ɗ., Ʌɨɛɚɧɨɜ Ⱦ.ɋ. ɂɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɟ ɧɚ
ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɧɚɩɨɥɧɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɚ
ɩɪɢ ɧɨɪɦɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɢ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ // Ɂɚɜɨɞɫɤɚɹ ɥɚɛɨɪɚɬɨɪɢɹ. Ⱦɢɚɝɧɨɫɬɢɤɚ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ. – 2010. – ʋ 7. – ɋ. 57–59
4. Ȼɚɛɭɲɤɢɧ Ⱥ.ȼ., Ʌɨɛɚɧɨɜ Ⱦ.ɋ. ɗɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɢ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜ ɤɨɦɩɨɡɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɜ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ
ɫɥɨɠɧɵɯ ɬɟɪɦɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɣ // ȼɟɫɬɧ. ɇɢɠɟɝɨɪɨɞ. ɭɧ-ɬɚ
ɢɦ. ɇ.ɂ. Ʌɨɛɚɱɟɜɫɤɨɝɨ. – ɇ.ɇɨɜɝɨɪɨɞ: ɂɡɞ-ɜɨ ɇɢɠɟɝɨɪɨɞ. ɝɨɫ. ɭɧ-ɬɚ
ɢɦ. ɇ.ɂ. Ʌɨɛɚɱɟɜɫɤɨɝɨ, 2011. – ʋ 4(5). – ɋ. 1984–1986.
5. ɗɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɢ ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɧɵɯ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜ ɧɚɧɨɦɨɞɢɮɢɰɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɫɬɟɤɥɨɬɟɤɫɬɨɥɢɬɨɜ / ȼ.ɗ. ȼɢɥɶɞɟɦɚɧ, Ⱥ.ȼ. Ȼɚɛɭɲɤɢɧ, ɋ.Ɇ. ɇɢɤɭɥɢɧ, Ɇ.ɉ. Ɍɪɟɬɶɹɤɨɜ [ɢ ɞɪ.] // Ɂɚɜɨɞɫɤɚɹ ɥɚɛɨɪɚɬɨɪɢɹ. Ⱦɢɚɝɧɨɫɬɢɤɚ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ. – 2012. – Ɍ. 78. – ʋ 7. –
ɋ. 57–61
6. Ɂɭɣɤɨ ȼ.ɘ., Ʌɨɛɚɧɨɜ Ⱦ.ɋ., Ⱥɧɨɲɤɢɧ Ⱥ.ɇ. Ɇɟɬɨɞɢɤɢ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɚ ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɥɭɧɚɬɭɪɧɵɯ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ-ɩɚɧɟɥɟɣ ɢɡ ɤɨɦɩɨɡɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɩɪɢ ɫɬɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹɯ ɧɚ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ, ɫɠɚɬɢɟ ɢ ɫɞɜɢɝ // ȼɟɫɬɧɢɤ ɉɇɂɉɍ. Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɤɚ. – ɉɟɪɦɶ: ɂɡɞ-ɜɨ ɉɟɪɦ. ɧɚɰ.
ɢɫɫɥɟɞ. ɩɨɥɢɬɟɯɧ. ɭɧ-ɬɚ, 2012. – ʋ 2. – ɋ. 99–111.
7. Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɤɚ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ. Ɇɟɬɨɞɵ ɢ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ
ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ: ɭɱɟɛ. ɩɨɫɨɛɢɟ / ȼ.ɗ. ȼɢɥɶɞɟɦɚɧ [ɢ ɞɪ.]; ɩɨɞ ɪɟɞ. ȼ.ɗ. ȼɢɥɶɞɟɦɚɧɚ. – ɉɟɪɦɶ: ɂɡɞ-ɜɨ ɉɟɪɦ. ɧɚɰ. ɢɫɫɥɟɞ. ɩɨɥɢɬɟɯɧ. ɭɧ-ɬɚ, 2011. – 165 ɫ.
8. ȼɢɥɶɞɟɦɚɧ ȼ.ɗ. Ɂɚɤɨɧɨɦɟɪɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɜ ɧɚɤɨɩɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɣ, ɡɚɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɦɩɨɡɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ // ȼɟɫɬɧɢɤ ɉȽɌɍ. Ⱦɢɧɚɦɢɤɚ ɢ ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɶ ɦɚɲɢɧ / ɉɟɪɦ. ɝɨɫ. ɬɟɯɧ. ɭɧ-ɬ. – ɉɟɪɦɶ, 2001. –
ʋ 2. – ɋ. 37–44.
References
1. Tarnopolsky Y.M., Kintsis T.Y. Metody statitcheskikh ispytaniy
armirovannykh plastikov [Methods for static tests of reinforced plastics.
Chemistry]. Moscow: Khimiya, 1981. – 272p.
2. Slovikov S.V. Metodika issledovaniya zavisimosty mekhanicheskikh svoystv poliuritanovykh izdeliy ot temperatury [Exploratory procedure
of the dependence mechanical properties of polyurethane products on temperature]. Vestnik Permskogo natsionalnogo issledovatelskogo polytekhnicheskogo universiteta. Mehanica, 2012, no. 2, pp. 177–189.
39
Ⱦ.ɋ. Ʌɨɛɚɧɨɜ, Ⱥ.ȼ. Ȼɚɛɭɲɤɢɧ
3. Babushkin A.V., Wildemann V.E., Lobanov D.S. Ispytaniya na
rastyazhenie odnonapravlennogo vysokonapolnennogo stekloplastika pri
normalnoy I povyshennoy temperaturakh [Tensile tests of unidirectional
high-filled fiberglass composite at normal and high temperatures]. Zavodskaya laboratoriya. Diagnostika materialov, 2010, vol. 76, no. 7, pp. 57–59.
4. Babushkin A.V., Lobanov D.S. Eksperimentalnoe issledovanie i
modelirovanie svoystv kompozitsionnykh materialov v usloviyakh slozhnykh termomekhanicheskikh vozdeystviy [Experimental research and modeling of the composite materials properties under combined thermo-mekhanical loading conditions]. Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im.
N.I. Lobachevskogo, 2001, no. 4, part 5, pp. 1984–1986.
5. Vildeman V.E., Babushkin A.V, Nikulin S.M., Tret’yakov M.P.,
Lobanov D.S., Struk N.V. Eksperimentalnye issledovaniya deformatsionnykh i prochnostnykh svoystv nanomodificirovannykh steklotekstolitov
[Experimental research of deformation and strength properties of nanomodified glass fiber laminate]. Zavodskaya laboratoriya. Diagnostika materialov, 2012, vol. 78, no. 7, pp. 57–61.
6. Zuyko V.Y., Lobanov D.S., Anoshkin A.N. Metodiki opredeleniya
predela prochnosti polynaturnyh obrazcov-paneley iz kompozitsionnykh
materialov pri statitcheskikh ispytaniyah na rastyazhenie, szhatie i sdvig
[Procedure for experimental determination of ultimate strength for
composite sandwich-panel specimens under static tension, compression and
shear]. Vestnik Permskogo natsionalnogo issledovatelskogo polytekhnicheskogo universiteta. Mehanica, 2012, no. 2, pp. 99–111.
7. Wildeman V.E. [et al.] Mehanika materialov. Metody i sredstva
eksperimental’nykh issledovaniy: uchebnoe posobie [Mechanics of materials. Methods and means of experimental research: tutorial]. Ed by V.E. Wildemann. Perm: Permskiy natsional'niy issledovatel'skiy polytekhnicheskiy
unieversitet, 2011, 165 p.
8. Wildemann V.E. Zakonomernosti i modeli protsessov nakopleniya
povrezhdeniy, zakriticheskogo deformirovaniay i strukturnogo razrusheniya
kompozitsionnykh materialov [Regularities and models for damage accumulation process, post-critical deformation and failure of composite materials].
Vestnik Permskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. Dynamics and strength of machines, 2001, no. 2, p. 37–44.
40
Ɇɟɬɨɞɢɤɚ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ ɧɚ ɨɞɧɨɨɫɧɨɟ ɪɚɫɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ
Ɉɛ ɚɜɬɨɪɚɯ
Ʌɨɛɚɧɨɜ Ⱦɦɢɬɪɢɣ ɋɟɪɝɟɟɜɢɱ (ɉɟɪɦɶ, Ɋɨɫɫɢɹ) – ɚɫɩɢɪɚɧɬ,
ɦɥɚɞɲɢɣ ɧɚɭɱɧɵɣ ɫɨɬɪɭɞɧɢɤ, ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪ ɐɟɧɬɪɚ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɤɢ ɉɟɪɦɫɤɨɝɨ ɧɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɫɤɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɢɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬɚ (614990, ɝ. ɉɟɪɦɶ, Ʉɨɦɫɨɦɨɥɶɫɤɢɣ ɩɪ., 29, e-mail:
cem_lobanov@mail.ru).
Ȼɚɛɭɲɤɢɧ Ⱥɧɞɪɟɣ ȼɢɤɬɨɪɨɜɢɱ (ɉɟɪɦɶ, Ɋɨɫɫɢɹ) – ɤɚɧɞɢɞɚɬ ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɧɚɭɤ, ɞɨɰɟɧɬ ɤɚɮɟɞɪɵ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɤɢ ɤɨɦɩɨɡɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɢ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɣ, ɫɬɚɪɲɢɣ ɧɚɭɱɧɵɣ ɫɨɬɪɭɞɧɢɤ ɐɟɧɬɪɚ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɤɢ ɉɟɪɦɫɤɨɝɨ ɧɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɫɤɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɢɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬɚ (614990, ɝ. ɉɟɪɦɶ, Ʉɨɦɫɨɦɨɥɶɫɤɢɣ ɩɪ.,
29, e-mail: bav651@yandex.ru).
About the authors
Lobanov Dmitry Sergeevich (Perm, Russian Federation) – Graduate
student, Junior Scientific Associate and Engineer of the Center of Experimental
Mechanics, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (29, Komsomolsky
av., Perm, 614990, Russian Federation, e-mail: cem_lobanov@mail.ru).
Babushkin Andrey Victorovich (Perm, Russian Federation) –
Ph.D. in Technical Sciences, Associate professor of the Mechanics for
Composite Materials and Structures Department, Senior researcher of the
Center of Experimental Mechanics, Perm National Research Polytechnic
University (29, Komsomolsky av., Perm, 614990, Russian Federation, email: bav651@yandex.ru).
ɉɨɥɭɱɟɧɨ 20.11.2012
41
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа