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??? 821.133.1:635.9а
??????? ?????. ???. 9. 2013. ???. 2
?.??.??????????? 1
????????????? л?????? ????╗ ?а?????? ?.????????
???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????????????, ????? ?????????
?а????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????: ???????????????????? ???????,
???????? л??????? ????╗ ?а??????????? ???? ??? ??????а? ???????????. ?????
л???????? ????╗ ???????? ????????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ?????: ?? ????????
л????????????? ?????????????╗ (1866) ?? л????? ?а???????╗ (1884), л???????????╗
(1889) ?а????????? 1890-?а?????.
?????????????а? ??? ????????? ????????????????, ??????????? ??????? ?а?????? ??????? ????????? ?? ???? ??????????, ?а??? ??????????? ?а???, ?????? ??????
??????????? ?а ???????????. ?а ????????????? л?????╗ (лL`Angoisse╗) (л????????????? ?????????????╗, 1866) ?????? ??????? ?а ????? ?????????? ????????? ??
???????, ?????????, ???????? ?а ????. ???????а ? ??????, ?а ???? ?? ??????????.
?? ?????, ??? л?????╗ ?? л?????????? ?????╗, ?? ??????????, ?? л???????????????
???????╗, ?.??. ????? ??? ?? ??????? ????????, ??? ?а?? ???? ??????? ?а?????????.
?? ??????????, ??? ????? ??????, ??????????? л? ????? ????? ????╗ ?а ?????????? ?????, ??? л????????????? ??????, ???????? ?? ????????, ?? ???????╗. ????
????? ?????????, л?????????? ?????╗ (??????? ???????, ??? ?? ??? ???? ???????
?ал????????? ??????╗) ????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??????? ????? ?????????? л????? ????╗ ?а?????????? ????????????? л??????? ?????╗.
???????? ?? ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ?а ?????
??????? 1860?1890-?а?????, ?????????? ??????? ??????? ?а????????? ?????????
???????????? ????????, ??? ???????? ????????????, ??? ??????????????? ????????????. ???????? ?? ?????? ???????????? ??????? (????????? ???????, ????????????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??????????, ??????? ?а????????? ???????
?а?.??.) ????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ????, ???????? ????????
??????, ?????????, ????????. ?????? ???????? ??????? ????? л????? ????╗, ??????? ?? ???????????? ?ал??????? ??????? ???????╗, ?? ????? ???????? ?????????
????. ???? ?????? ?? ????, ??????? ???????? ?? ?? ????, ? ?а???? ???????? ??????
???? ?а??????????????? ??????????. ??? ?????????? ?????а? ??? ?????? ??????
??????????, ??????? ????????? ?? ??? ??а??????? ???? ???? ??? ????????. ???
?????????? ??????? ?а???? ?????????? ????? ??? л???????? ????╗, ?а??????? ???
????? ????????????.
????? ????????, ??? л?????? ????╗ ??????????? ?а??????? ?? ????????? ???????? ??? ??????????????? ????. ??? ????? ?а ???????? ?? ??????? ?а ????? ?????
???? ??? ????? ????????. ??? ???????? ???? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????. ???? ???? ?ал????????╗ ??????, ??????, ??????????, ? ????? ?ал????????╗ ??????????????, ???? ?????????. ????????? ????????, ??????? ?????? ?????? ???
???????? ??? ??????????? ???????, ???????? ?????: ??? ???????? ????????? ?????
?????????? ???????? ????????а ? ????. ?????. ????, ??????, ?????-????????????? ??????????????? ???????????; e-mail: vard_05@mail.ru
й ?.??.???????????, 2013
10
??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????, ???????? ?? ?????????? ??????. ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?а??????? ?????, ????? ??????, ?????????? ???? ??????????? ???????.
??? л?????? ????????╗ ??? л?????? ????????????╗ ?а?????????, ?????????.
? ???????????? л???????? ????╗ ???????? ???????????? ?????? л????╗,
л????????╗ ??????? ???????, ?а????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?а1870?1890-?а????
???? ?а????????? ?????????????? ????????? (??????????, ???????, ?????). ???
??????? ??????, ????, ???????? ?????????, ? ?а??????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ????? ???? ????? ????: ????????? л????????????╗ ??????? ?ал????????╗ ?????, ????????????? ?????? 1870-?а?????. ??, ?????? ????????? ???? ????? ?????????????,
?????? ??????? ???? ??????, ?????????? ???????????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????.
???? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????????? л?????? ????╗ ?а????????????? л?????? ????╗ ??а???????? л????????? ???????????╗, ??? ??????? ??????????? ??? ?а?????? ???????? ??? ?????? л????????????? ?????????????╗. ?а???? ?????,
?а????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?????? (?????? ??????) ???????????
???????, ???????? ???????, ?????? ???????? ???? л???????? ????╗, ??????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??????????????. ??????? ??????? ??????
???????? ????? ????????? ???? ???????? ?, ????????, ???? ???????? ??????????
?а???? ???????. л?????? ????╗ ?????????? ????? ????? ???, ????, ??????, ????? ?????????? ????? ?а???????? ???????? ?а????????????.
? ????????????? л?????? ??????╗ (лEffet de nuit╗) (л????????????? ?????╗)
л?????? ????╗ ???????? ???????? ??????, ?????. ?????? ?????????? ????? ?????.
?? ??????, ???? ??????, ?а????? ??????? ?а?? ???. ??? ????? ?????????? ?????, ????????? ??????? ?????????. ????? ????? ?? ??????, ?????? ??? ????????? ????????
????? ?а????? ??????? ??? ??????. ??????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?а??????, ?????????? ????????. ??????? ????????а? ???????? ???? ?а????????????, ??????? ?а????? ??? ?ал???????????? ???????╗ ?????, ????????????? ??????, ????, ????????? ?????????: лQuelques buissons d?щpine щpars, et quelques houx /Dressant l?horreur
de leur feuillage р droite, р gauche?╗ [1, ?.?54] (л???-??? ???????? ???? ?а????????????
?????? /а??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????╗ [2, ?.?43]). ???????? ?а?????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ???????????. ???? ?????? ??????????? ??????? ??????,
??? ?????? ?? ?а???????, ? ?а?????? ?а???????? ?????????? ?????. ????? ??? ??????
?????? ???????? ??????????? ?а?????????? ????????? ????? ?????? ???????, ?? ??
????????????, ?а?????? ???? ??????????, ?????????????? ?????.
???????? ??????, ????? ?????????? ?а?????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ????.
??? ????? ??? ??????? ????????. ?????? ??????, ?а??????? ???? ????????? ???????????? ???, ????? ????, ??????? ?????????? ?????? ????, ??????????? ?а ????????????? л? ?????╗ (лDans les bois╗). ?????? ??????????, ??? ?а??????? ?? ?????,
????????? ?а ???? ?а ?????????????? ??? ??? ???????????? ??? ??????? ?а ??????? ?а????????, ??, л?????? ????????? ????╗ (лPar les forъts je tremble р la faчon d?un
lтche╗), ??????? ????????, ???????????????? ?????. ????? ????????? ???????,
????????? ?а?????? ???????? ??а??????, ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????.
?????? ????????, ????? ??????????? ?????? ??????????, ??? ????? (лgrands rameaux
jamais apaisщs, comme l?onde╗), ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??????, ??? ???? ?????????, ?а??????? ???????, ??????? ?????????.
? ?а ????? л??????? ???????╗, ? ?а ????????????? л? ?????╗ ????????? ?????
????? ????? ????? ???????, ??????? ?????. ???? ?????? ?а ??? ?????? ????? ??11
?????? ??????? л????????╗ ?а????????, ?а????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????, ???????? л???????? ???????????╗. ????????, ????? ????? ???????
???????? ?? ?????????? ?а???????? ????? ??????а? ?????? ??????? ????????????
?а????????? ?? ????? ?????. ??? ??????? ?????а? ??? ???????????? ????? ?????
???????? ?а????, ???????? ???? ????????? ?а?????? ????????? ????, ?а???? ?????????? ???????????, ??????? ???????, ??? ????? ????????а? ??? ???? ????? ????,
???????? ???????????? ??????.
???????? л?????? ????╗, ???????? ???? ?????????? ?а?????, ??????? ?а?????????????? ??а ?????, ??????? ??? ?а ?????????? л???????? ???????╗ (лPaysages
tristes╗): л??????╗ (лSoleils couchants╗), л??????? ????????????? ??????╗ ??? л??????????? ???????╗ (лCrщpuscule du soir mystique╗), л??????????????? ????????╗
(лPromenade sentimentale╗), л??????? ?????╗ (лChanson d`automne╗), л??? ???????╗
(лL`heure du berger╗), л???????╗ (лLe Rossignol╗) ?а?.??. ?а??????? ?? л??????? ???????╗ ?ал? ?????╗ ????? ???????????? ????? ????????? ????? ??????, ?? ????????? ??
???????, ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ??????, ????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????????????, ????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?а???????? ????????????? ??????????? ????????? ???? ??????.
? ?????????????? л???????╗ ?а л??? ???????╗ ????????? ???????????, ?????????? ???? ???? ?а???, ??а??? ???? ???????????, ?????????. ???? ???? ?ал???????? ??????╗, ??? ????? ????????? ?а л?????? ?????╗ (лL?arbre qui frissonne et
l?oiseau qui pleure╗) [1, ?.?36?37]. ????? ????, л????????╗, ??????, ?????? ?а???????? ?а?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ?????, ???????, ????????, ?????????
???? ?а???????? ?а??? ????. ???? ??? ?а??????? ????????????? ???????? ?????
л?????? ??????? ?????╗, ?????? ????????, ??????? ??????? ????????? ?? ????.
?ал???? ???????╗ ??????, ?????? ???????, ???????? ???????? ????? ????? ??????
????? (лDes peupliers profilent aux lointains,/Droits et serrщs, leurs spectres incertains╗)
[1, ?.?35], ?????? ????? ?а???? ????? ??????? ????? ??????, ?????????? ???????????. ????? ????????? ????? ???????? ????????, ????????? ????: лLes fleurs des
eaux referment leurs corolles╗ [1, ?.?35]. ?????????????? ?????? ??????, л??????╗,
???????? ???????????, ?????????? ??? ???????? ???? ?а??? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ??????????, ???????, ????????????? ?????????? ???????, ???????
???????????? ???? ?? ??? ?????, ??? ?? ???????, ??????? ????? ?????, ????? ????
??? ?????. ??? ??????? ?? ??? ????, ?а???? ??? ?????? ??????????: ????????, ????????, ?????????, ?????? ???? ?а?? ??????? ?а???? ?????.
? л??????????????? ????????╗ ???? л?????? ??????╗ ?????? ?????? (????????) ?? ???? ?????. ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????????, ??? л??????╗, л?????? ?????? ?????-?????????╗, л??????? ???????╗, ??? ???????? ????? ????????, ???????
???????? ????????? ?а??????? ???????? ??? ????????????. ??????????? ????? ?????????? ??????? л??????╗ ????? ?ал??????╗ ?????. ????????а? ?????, ????????? ?а????????????, ???????????. ?????? ?????, ?? ??????? ??? ??????, ????? ???????? ?????. ?а??????? ????? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????, ??????????, ??????? ??????? ????? ?а?????? ?????, ????????? ?????????? ?а?????,
?? ?????? ????? ???????? ????????? ???????? ????? ??? ?????????. ??????, ??????? ????????? ????? ?? ????? ????????, ?????????? ????????? ?а?????? ????????????????? ?????. ?? ????? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ?????, ???????? ????.
???????? ?????????????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????, ?а??????? ?????? ????? ????
12
????????, ??????????? ?а????????????? л???? ???????? ?а????, ???????? ???????╗
(лL?ombre des arbres dans la riviшre embrumщe╗) (л??????? ??? ????╗, 1874). ????? ????????? ????? л???? ????????╗, ???????? ?а?????. ???????а? ??????????, ????????,
??? ???????? ????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????????. ??????? ???????? ?а?????
???????????? ?????, ??? ?? ???????? ?????????????, ?????? ??? ??????????????
??? ??? ???? ??а?????????? ????? ?????????, ?????????? ???????? ??? ?а?????????????, ??? ????????, ?? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????. ????? ????????????? ?????????, ???????????? ??? ?????????????, ????????
?????????? ?ал???????? ?а???????╗, ??а???? ?а????? ??????? ???????? ??????????
??????? ?а ????????? ???? ?????, ?? ?а ??????? ??????? ????????? ???н???, ???
??????? ?а???? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????, ??????? ?????????? ????? ???????:
?а????? ?а??????????, ?а?????? ????, ?а????, ?а????. ?а??? ???????? ??????? ???
???????? ????????, ?а??? ??????? ????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ????????????????, ????? ??????? ????????????, ???????, ??????????????. ?а???? ????? ??
???????, ????? ?? ????????????.
? ???? ????????? л??????? ????╗ ??? ?ал????????????? ??????????????╗ ????????? ????? ???????????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ???????. ????? ??? ?????????? ?? ??????? ???, ??? ???????, ????????? ??? ?????? ????????????, ???? ????
???????????? ?? ??? ??? ?а??????. ?а???? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????, ??а???????? ??????? ??????? ?а???, ??? ??? ???? ????????, ?? ???? ?????? ??? ???????.
?а????????????? л????? ??? ????╗ (лAprшs trois ans╗) (л????????????? ?????╗) ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ?а ???? ?????????? ????, ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??
?? ?а??????????, ?? ?? ?а?????? ? ?а??????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????: ??а??
???? ?а?? ?? ?????, ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ?а?????? ?????????, ??а??? ??? ???????, ???
??? ???????????? ?ал?????? ????╗, ?а??????????????? ???????????? ?а??????? ???
????? ?????, ??? ?а?????????? ?? ????? ?????-?? ?????? ?а????????????. ????????
?а???? ?????????????а? ???????????? ???? ?а?????. ?а??????? ?а??????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ??? ?а ?????? ??????, ?????????????? ???????,
??? ?а?????, ??? ? ?а??????. ?????? ?? ????? ?? ?а????????? ???????, ??? ?????
???? ?????? ?а????????????? ?а???????.
? ????????????? л??????? ????????????? ??????╗ (лCrщpuscule du soir
mystique╗) ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ??а?????? ??????, ????????? ?а?????????????,а ? ???????, ???????, ?????, ??????. ????????????, ??????, ?????, л?????????╗
??а???? ??????, ????????? ?ал???????? ?????╗ ????????????? л??????? ????╗. ????? ???????? л???????? ??????╗, ???????????? ????? ??????????? ?ал???????╗ ???
л???????╗ (лune pтmoison╗), ?а??????? л????????????, ????????? ?????????╗:
De parfums lourds et chauds, dont le poison
? Dahlia, lys, tulipe et renonculeа?
Noyant mes sens, mon тme et ma raison
Mъle, dans une immense pтmoison,
Le Souvenir avec le Crщpuscule. [1, ?. 28].
лCrщpuscule du soir mystique╗
? ?????? ????, ?????????? ???????,
? ???????, ???????, ?????, ??????,а?
???? ??? ???, ?а?????, ?а??????,
13
? ???????? ???????? ???????
???????????? ?а???????? ?????. [3, ?.?89].
(???. ?.????????)
? ????????????? лNevermore╗ (л??????? ??????╗) ??а ??????? л??????????╗
????????? ????? л?????? ??????╗, ?????????? ?????? ??????. ?????? ?????????
???????????? ?а ???????? ?? ????, ??????????? ?????? ??а ???, ?? ??????? ??????
??????????. ?а????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ????? ???????,
???????????? ?? ??????? ??????: лAh! les premiшres fleurs qu?elles sont parfumщes╗
(? ?????? ?????, ??? ?? ??????????!). ??? ?????? ???????, ??????? л??????? ?????
?????╗, ??? ?????? ??? ??????, ??а?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?а???, ??? ??????
?а??? ??????? ????.
?????? ?????? (????, ??????, ?????, ??????, ???????) ??????? ?????????? ?????????. ????????, ??????????????? ???????, ?????????????? ????? ?а?????
???????, ????? ??? ??????? ?а ????? ?????? ???????? ?а ????????????? ????????????. ??? ?????? ?а ????????????????? ????? ????????? ?????? ?а ???????????
?????. ?а1884а???? ?а???????? л????? ?а???????╗ ?а????????????? л??????????? ?????????╗, ??????? ??????? ????? ??а?????????? ??????????, ?????? ?????? ??????????? ?а?????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????????? ?????? л???? ?а?????╗. ?????? ?????? л???????╗ ??????? ?а ???????, ?????? ??????? ??? ??????, ??
?????? л????????╗ ?????? ???????.
??? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ?????????? ????? ????????. ??? ?? ?????? ?????, ??а???????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ?а????????,
?????? ??????, ??????????????? ???????. л??????? ?????╗ ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ?а??????????, ?а???, ??? ?????????? ???????. ?а???????? л????? ?а???????╗ ?????? ??????? ?а????? ?????????? л??????╗ ?а????????????? л???????????╗
(лKalщidoscope╗): лLes mots anciens comme un bouquets des fleurs fanщes?╗ [4, ?.?13?14]
(??????? ?????, ??? ????? ??????? ???????). ???? ?????????? ????? ?? ???????.
?? ???? ???? ?? ?ал?????? ????????╗, ?а?а??????????????? ???? ????, ?? ?? ??????
??????????? ?? ????????, ???????? ????, ????? ???? ?а???? ?????? ????????, ?????????? ????????? ???? ?а??????? ???????? ? ?а???????????? ???????.
????? ??а????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????, ?а???????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?а????? ?????, ???? л????? ????╗ ??ал??????? ?????╗. ????? ????,
??????? ??????, л?? ?а???? ???????, ?? ?а??????╗, ?????? ?????? ????????? ???????
??а ????????????? л?????╗, ???????? ????? ?? ???????? ?а ??????, ?? ???????????
?????. ?? ????????? ???? ????????, ????????. ?? ?? ???????? ?а???? ?????, ??????
?а????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ???? ???? ?а???????????. л????? ????╗ ????????????? л?????????? ?????╗, ?? ????????? ?????????, ????????????? ?? ???????
???????, ??????????? ?????.
????? ????????? ???????????, ??? ??????????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ????????? ???????, ??????, ????????? ????????? ????????? ??????, ??а??? ?? ??????
???. ????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ???? ????????? ?????? ???????а? л????????? ???????????╗ (1869) ?ал?????? ?????╗ (1870). л?????? ????╗ ?а???? ????????? ???? ???????????? ???? ?? ?а?????????????, ?? ?а????? ??????, ???????, ????????? ???????. ?а??? ????? ?а?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???????? ????, ??????, ?????, ???????, ????, ?????? ?а ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????.
?????? ??????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?а1860-?а????? ???????? ?а???????? ??????.
14
? л????????? ????????????╗ ?????? ????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????????
???????? XVIIIа?., ?? ??????????? ??????? ?а????. ?? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???, ???? ????????????? ?а??????? ???????? ??????. ????????, ?а??????????
?а????????? ??????, ??????? ??????????? ?а??? ??????, ?? ????? ???? ????? ??????
????????, ?а????????????? ???????????? ??????, ????????? ?а?????? ?а???????????? ??????.
? ????????????? л?????? ????╗ ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ????, ?????????? ???????? ?????, ???????? ??????? ?а ???? ????, ?а ????
??????? ??? ????????????? л???????? ????????╗ ?а л???????? ????╗ ??а ????????????? л???????╗. ????? ????????, ?????????? ?????????? ????, ????? ??????????? ?а ????????????? л?? ????????╗. л?????? ???????╗ л?????????╗ ??? ????
?????????? (лles arbres si grъles/Semblent sourire р nos costumes clairs╗). ????? ????
???????? ??????? ?а?????????. ?а????????????? л?????????╗ ????, ??????????
??????, ??????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????. ?????? ????? ????? ???????? ?а??????????? ?????? ?????? ?а??????, ??????????? ??? ????????? XVIIIа?.
????, ?а??????, ?????? ???? ???????? ????? ??????? ????????????? л??????╗, ????????? ???????? ?а????????? ??????? ???? ?а??????? ???????????? ????????. ????
?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ???????. ?????? ???????,
??????????? л??????╗ ?????? л??? ???????╗, ????? л?????????? ??????╗, ???????? ????, ??а????????????? л?????╗. ???, ???????????? ??????, ?а?????? ???????, ???????? ????? ?????, ?? ??????? ???? ???????????? ?????, ???????? ???????????? ?????????, ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????, ??? ?а????????????, ?????
??????? ??а ?????? ????????. ???????, ??????, ?????? ???????, ??????????????
??????, ??????? ???????? ?а???????? ???????,а? ??? ??? ??????, ??? ????? ??????? ?а???????? ??????, ??? ??????? ?????, ??????? ?а????? ???? ???????.
??????? л?????? ?????╗ (1870) ???????? ??????? ?????, ????????? ????????
???????? ???????? ?????. ??? ?? ??? ?ал????????? ????????????╗, ?а???? ????????
????? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????????????? л?????? ????? ????? ????? ?а???????╗
(лLe soleil du matin doucement chauffe et dore╗). ?а?????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???????, ?????, ???? ?а???????, ???????????? ?? ??????, ??????????? ??? ???????
????? ????. ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????: ????? ?????? ?а?????
?????, ????, ??????? ?? ??????. ?? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??????????, ?а ?????? ??????? ????????: лC?est tout╗ (л??? ???╗), ?? ?????????? ????????
?а???? ??????????? ???, ?????????: лMais le songeur aime ce paysage╗ (л?????????
????? ????? ???????╗). л????? ??????╗а? ??? ????? ????????????, ?? ????????,
?? ?????, ?.??. ?????? ?а??? ???????? ??? ???? ?????????, ??????? ??????????? ?????. ?????? ????? ?? ?а ???????? ?????? ???????, ?а ?а л????????????╗ ?а ???. ???
???????????? ????????? ????? ???? ?а?????? л??????? ??а???╗ (л???, ?а???????
? ?????????╗ ??а ????? л????????????? ?????????????╗). ???? ?а ???????? ?????
?а???, ??? ??????? ????? ??, ??? ????? ?а???? ????, ??, ??? ?????? ??? ?а????? ???????????? ??? ?????. ?а????????????? л?????? ??? ?? ??????╗ (лAvant que tu ne
t?en ailles╗) ????????? ????? ??? ????????????, ?????????? ????????? ??????? ?????. л?????? ?????????, ?????? ?а???????? ?????╗, л???? ???????? ???????? ?а?????
????╗, ?? ??????? ???????????? л??????? ?а????????? ????????? ????╗. ??? ???????: ?? ????, ???? ?? ???? ?а????????? ? ???????????? ???????. ????? ??????, ????????? ?а?????????? ?????????, ?????? ???????? ???????, ??????? ?а??? ????. ???
15
??????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????. ????????? ????????????? ????????
?????? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ???????, ??? ????? ?а??? ????: л???? ?????????: ????
?????????╗. ?????? ???????????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ?????, ???????? ?????? ?????? ?а??? ????. ???? ????? л????????╗, ?????? ????????? ?????? ???????:
лJ?ai depuis un an le printemps dans l?тme/Et le vert retour du doux florщal╗ (?? ??? ?????
?а???? ???? /а???????? ?????? ????????). ????? ???????, ????? ?????? ?.????????
???????? ?????? ???? л??????? ????╗, ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ????,
?а????? ????????????? ??????? ?????. ?????????? ?а???? ?ал????????????? ??????????????╗, ?????????? ?а????????? ?ал?????? ?????╗.
? ?????????, ?????? ???????? ????? ???? ??????? ????????, ?? ???????? ???
?????????? ?а ?????, ?, ?а ?????????, ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??????????? ????????
?а ?????. ????? ???????, ??????? ?? ???????? ?а ?????? лelle╗ (л???╗), ??????
?????? ??? ?????????? ????? ?а ??????????? ?????? ??????????? ?а ????????????
л??????? ????╗, ?а??????? ???? ?а?????? ?????.
????????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ?а??????????? ?.??????. ?? ???? ????????? ????? ?????? л??? ?а????? ???╗ ?ал????? ??? ???╗. ???????????? л???╗,
??? ???? ???? л?????????? ????????╗, ?????? ????????? ???????????, ??а?? ?????? ????. ??? ???? ?????? ???????, ??????, ????????????????? ????????? ???????????? л?╗ ???????, ?????????, ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????,
??? ?а??????????, ??? ?а?? л????, ?а???????? ?????????╗.
???????????? л?????? ????╗ ????? ????????? ??????? ????????????. ?а?????
?ал?????? ?а???╗ ???? ?????? ?????? лle Paradis de tristesse╗ (л??? ??????╗), лgazon sans
fleurs╗ (????? ??? ??????); ?а ?.?????????а ? л??????????? ?????????╗ (л????? ??
???????? ??????????? ?а?????╗), ?а?.?????????а? л????????????????╗ ?????????
?а???????? ?????? л???????-????????????╗ (1893), ?а?.?????????? л????????????
?????? ????╗ (лLes vies encloses╗) (л???????? ?????╗, 1896), ?а ??????????а ? л????????? ??????╗ (лSerres d`ennui╗, 1889) [5, ?.?255?264]. ????? л???????????????╗
??????, ??? ???????????????????? ??????, ??????? ????? ??????????? ?а ??????????. ?? ?????? ???? ?????, ??????? ????? ??????????? ???????? ?а???????????
????. ????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????????
? ??? ?????????? л???????? ????╗а ? ????????????? ?а ?????????? ???, ???????
?????? ????????, ???????? ?а?????????? ???????????? ??????? ?а???? ??????????,
?? ?????? ???????? ?а?????? ????????, ?а????? ????? ???????? ?????? ???????????: ??а????????? ??????????, ????????? ?????????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ????????? ???????, ??????? ??????????? ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????.
????? ????????, ??? ?? ???? ????????????? ???? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????, ??????? ?????? ???????? л???????????╗, ??????????? ??????? ???
?????????? ?????, ??а ?????????? ????????, ??? ???????? ? ??????? ????????
???????, ???? ????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ??????? ??????????
???? л???????? ????╗. ??? ????????????? ?????????? ?? ????????, ??? ???????
?????? ???????? ?а?? ??????? ????? л???????? ???????╗ ?? ?????????? ?? ??????
???????????? ?а??????????????.
16
??????????
1.Verlaine P. ?uvres complшtes. P.?: Vanier, 1902. (3аe щd.). T.?I. 420а?.
2.?????? ?. ?????, ????????? ?а???????????? ?.??????????. 2-? ???.; ????. ?а???. ?????????; ?.,
1923. 110а?.
3.?????? ?. ????????? /а???. ?а??., ???????. ?а????. ?.????????. ?.: ?????????? ???????, 1996.
273а?.
4.Verlaine P. Jadis et naguшre. P.?: Lщon Vanier, 1884. 122а?.
5.Leray M. Des jardins originels aux parcs fin-de-siecle: exemples de mythographie decadentiste //аG.?Peylet Les mythologies du jardin de l?Antiquitщ р la fin du XIXe siшcle. Bordeaux: Presses Univ de Bordeaux, 2006.
?.?255?266.
?????? ????????? ? ???????? 15 ?????? 2013 ?.
17
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