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Энерготопографический метод исследования износостойкости рабочих органов и сопряжений строительной техники..pdf

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4/2010
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
ɗɇȿɊȽɈɌɈɉɈȽɊȺɎɂɑȿɋɄɂɃ ɆȿɌɈȾ ɂɋɋɅȿȾɈȼȺɇɂə
ɂɁɇɈɋɈɋɌɈɃɄɈɋɌɂ ɊȺȻɈɑɂɏ ɈɊȽȺɇɈȼ ɂ ɋɈɉɊəɀȿɇɂɃ
ɋɌɊɈɂɌȿɅɖɇɈɃ ɌȿɏɇɂɄɂ
ENERGYTOPOGRAPHICAL METHOD OF RESEARCH OF
WEARPROOFNESS OF WORKING ORGANS AND INTERFACES
OF BUILDING TECHNICS
ɘ.ɂ. Ƚɭɫɬɨɜ, ɂ.ȼ. ȼɨɪɨɧɢɧɚ
Y.I. Gustov, I.V. Voronina
ȽɈɍ ȼɉɈ ɆȽɋɍ
ȼ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɢɡɧɚɲɢɜɚɧɢɟ ɤɚɤ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨɝɨ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢ
ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɢɹ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɜ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɡɭɸɳɢɣɫɹ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɭɸɳɟɣɫɹ ɦɢɤɪɨɬɨɩɨɝɪɚɮɢɟɣ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɟɣ
ɬɪɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɩɨɞɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɵɦ ɬɪɢɛɨɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɦ ɭɩɪɨɱɧɟɧɢɟɦ ɢɥɢ ɪɚɡɭɩɪɨɱɧɟɧɢɟɦ.
The article deals with aging as a process of surface deformation and fracture of metals is characterized by the emerging microtopography of friction surfaces and subsurface hardening or softening
tribodeformatsionnym.
Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɵɦɢ ɬɪɢɛɨɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɢ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɹɦɢ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɫɥɨɠɧɨɝɨ ɦɧɨɝɨɮɚɤɬɨɪɧɨɝɨ
ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɚ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɨ ɫɱɢɬɚɬɶ: ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ ɢ ɭɩɪɨɱɧɟɧɢɹ (ɪɚɡɭɩɪɨɱɧɟɧɢɹ) ɜ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨɦ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨɦ ɫɥɨɟ, ɤɨɷɮɮɢɰɢɟɧɬ ɬɪɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɟɝɨ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɨɧɧɭɸ ɢ ɚɞɝɟɡɢɨɧɧɭɸ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɢɟ, ɮɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɢ ɤɨɧɬɭɪɧɨɟ ɞɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɬɪɟɧɢɹ, ɩɪɢɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɭɸ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɭ ɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɭ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɨɜ ɢɡɧɨɫɚ, ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɶ ɮɪɢɤɰɢɨɧɧɨɣ
ɭɫɬɚɥɨɫɬɢ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɚ, ɟɝɨ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɚɪɧɵɣ ɦɢɤɪɨɢɡɧɨɫ ɢ ɞɪ.
Ⱦɥɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɚɧ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɬɨɩɨɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɦɟɬɨɞ [1] ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɧɵɣ ɧɚ ɭɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɢ
Ʉ S1 0,51 t PP / Da
C
>1 G C / 1 G P @1 /\ ,
(1)
ɝɞɟ ɄS = Hs/Ho - ɫɬɟɩɟɧɶ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨɝɨ ɭɩɪɨɱɧɟɧɢɹ — ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɟ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨɣ Hs
ɢ ɢɫɯɨɞɧɨɣ ɇɨ ɦɢɤɪɨɬɜɟɪɞɨɫɬɢ;
tpp= Pc/Pp - ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɟ ɤɨɧɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ Ɋɫ ɢ ɮɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ Ɋɪ ɞɚɜɥɟɧɢɣ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɥɸɫɧɨɦ ɫɛɥɢɠɟɧɢɢ İɪ (ɪɢɫ.1);
Da - ɩɚɪɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɦɢɤɪɨɢɡɧɨɫ ɜ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɚɯ ɲɟɪɨɯɨɜɚɬɨɝɨ ɫɥɨɹ, ɢɦɟɸɳɢɣ ɫɦɵɫɥ ɩɨɩɟɪɟɱɧɨɝɨ ɫɭɠɟɧɢɹ (Da = ȥ) : 0,5(l-tpp) = į -ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɭɞɥɢɧɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɥɸɫɧɨɦ
ɫɛɥɢɠɟɧɢɢ;
įɋ, įɪ - ɫɨɫɪɟɞɨɬɨɱɟɧɧɚɹ ɢ ɪɚɜɧɨɦɟɪɧɚɹ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɚɹ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɭɞɥɢɧɟɧɢɹ į.
Ⱦɥɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɬɪɢɛɨɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨɝɨ ɭɩɪɨɱɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɥɚɝɚɟɬɫɹ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɶ
KS
D
mJ
/ Dm Dm / Da
,
(2)
273
ВЕСТНИК
4/2010
МГСУ
ɝɞɟ Dmy = 0,618 = 1/ d — ɝɚɪɦɨɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɚɪɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɦɢɤɪɨɦɟɬɚɥɥɚ ɜ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɚɯ ɲɟɪɨɯɨɜɚɬɨɝɨ ɫɥɨɹ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɬɪɟɧɢɹ; Dm, Da ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɩɚɪɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɦɢɤɪɨɦɟɬɚɥɥɚ ɢ ɦɢɤɪɨɢɡɧɨɫɚ (Dm+Da=1).
Ɍɪɢɛɨɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɟ ɭɩɪɨɱɧɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɨɜ ɢɡɧɨɫɚ ɞɥɹ ɭɩɪɨɱɧɹɸɳɢɯɫɹ (KS>1)
ɢ ɪɚɡɭɩɪɨɱɧɹɸɳɢɯɫɹ (KS<1) ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɜ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ
Ka
Ka
>
K >K
K S K S0.5 K S 1
S
0.5
2
S
@
@,
K S 1 ,
2
(3)
ɝɞɟ Ʉɚ= ɇɚ/ ɇɨ — ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɢ ɢɫɯɨɞɧɨɣ ɦɢɤɪɨɬɜɟɪɞɨɫɬɢ.
0
İa
İɨİɪ 0,5
İm
1İ
Ɋɢɫ. 1. Ƚɢɩɫɨɰɟɧɬɪɨɢɞɧɚɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ ɢɡɧɚɲɢɜɚɧɢɹ.
Ɋɟɲɟɧɢɟ (1) ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɪɚɜɧɨɦɟɪɧɨɣ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɟɣ įɊ ɞɚɟɬ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɟ
Gɪ
>1 G ɋ @
\ 0,5
1.
(4)
ɋɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɪɚɜɧɨɦɟɪɧɨɟ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɫɭɠɟɧɢɟ ɛɭɞɟɬ
\ɪ
G ɪ / 1 G ɪ (5)
ɋ ɭɱɟɬɨɦ ɫɢɧɟɪɝɢɡɦɚ (ɤɨɨɩɟɪɚɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ) ɬɜɟɪɞɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹ Vȼ/ VɌ= Ks ɞɥɹ ɢɡɧɨɲɟɧɧɨɣ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɢɦɟɟɦ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɶ
H0
>
@
K S 1 \ 1 \ ɪ G Ɍ 1 Ʉ SG \ 2
(6)
Ɋɟɲɟɧɢɟ (6) ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶ ɞɥɹ ɭɩɪɨɱɧɹɸɳɢɯɫɹ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɜ ɜɡɚɢɦɨɫɜɹɡɢ
Vɬ= K1H0, Vɜ = K1KsH0, Sk=K1KSH0[ 1 +ȥ(1 -ȥp)], ɞɥɹ paɡɭɩɪɨɱɧɹɸɳɢɯɫɹ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɜ
ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɢɫɯɨɞɧɨɣ ɬɜɟɪɞɨɫɬɢ
S k K1K S H 0 1 \ 1 \ p
(7)
>
@
ɂɡ ɭɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɹ (6) ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ, ɱɬɨ ɤɨɷɮɮɢɰɢɟɧɬ ɩɪɨɩɨɪɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɨɦ
ɬɟɤɭɱɟɫɬɢ ɢ ɬɜɟɪɞɨɫɬɶɸ ɪɚɜɟɧ
>
@
K1 1 K S 1 \ 1 \ p 1 K S G /\ 274
2
(8)
4/2010
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
ɉɨɥɭɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ (7) ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɸɬ ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɚɬɶ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɶɧɭɸ ɭɞɟɥɶɧɭɸ ɷɧɟɪɝɢɸ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ Wc, ɹɜɥɹɸɳɭɸɫɹ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ ɫɢɧɟɪɝɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɨɣ ɦɚɤɪɨɦɚɫɲɬɚɛɧɨɝɨ ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɨɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨɫɬɢ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɜ. ɉɪɢɦɟɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɤ ɦɢɤɪɨɦɚɫɲɬɚɛɧɨɦɭ ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɢɸ (ɢɡɧɨɫɭ) ɬɪɢɛɨɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɚ Wc ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɤɚɤ ɷɧɟɪɝɨɬɨɩɨɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɤɪɢɬɟɪɢɣ ɢɡɧɨɫɨɫɬɨɣɤɨɫɬɢ
ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɜ. Ɉɧ ɜɵɪɚɠɚɟɬɫɹ ɮɨɪɦɭɥɨɣ
ɐɟɥɶɸ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɜɡɚɢɦɨɫɜɹɡɢ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹɦɢ ɢɡɧɨɫɚ ɢ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɧɵɦɢ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɚɦɢ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɭɞɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɷɧɟɪɝɢɢ ɬɪɢɛɨɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ Wc.
Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɩɪɢɦɟɪɟ ɧɨɠɟɣ ɞɨɪɨɠɧɨɣ ɮɪɟɡɵ [2] ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɵ ɜ
ɬɚɛɥ.1. Ɂɚ ɷɬɚɥɨɧ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɵ ɧɨɠɢ ɢɡ ɫɬɚɥɢ 45, ɞɥɹ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɥɢɧɟɣɧɵɣ ɢɡɧɨɫ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ h=61,56ɦɦ ɢ Wc=350Mɉɚ.
Ƚɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɢɡɧɨɫɨɫɬɨɣɤɨɫɬɢ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ İh ɨɬ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɭɞɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɷɧɟɪɝɢɢ İw ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɚ ɧɚ ɪɢɫ. 2.
ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɚ ɥɢɧɟɣɧɚɹ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɜɢɞɚ
H h 0,6H w 1,25 ,
(10)
ɫɜɢɞɟɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɭɸɳɚɹ ɨ ɬɨɦ, ɱɬɨ ɭɞɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɷɧɟɪɝɢɹ ɬɪɢɛɨɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨɝɨ ɫɥɨɹ Wc ɦɨɠɟɬ ɹɜɥɹɬɶɫɹ ɤɪɢɬɟɪɢɟɦ ɢɡɧɨɫɨɫɬɨɣɤɨɫɬɢ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɜ ɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɨɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨɫɬɢ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ.
Ⱦɥɹ
ɩɨɞɬɜɟɪɠɞɟɧɢɹ
ɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ
ɜɵɜɨɞɚ
ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɥɢ ɷɧɟɪɝɨɬɨɩɨɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɢ ɦɨɞɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɲɚɪɧɢɪɨɜ ɱɟɪɩɚɸɳɟɝɨ ɚɩɩɚɪɚɬɚ ɞɪɚɝ [2].
Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ - ɜ ɬɚɛɥ.2. ɗɬɚɥɨɧɨɦ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɧɚɩɥɚɜɤɚ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɚɦɢ ɈɆȽ-ɇ, ɢɡɧɨɫ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ h=149 ɦɤɦ ɢ Wc=904 Ɇɉɚ.
Ƚɪɚɮɢɤ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ İh=f(İw) ɞɥɹ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɞɪɚɝɢ ɢɥɥɸɫɬɪɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɧɚ ɪɢɫ.3.
Ɉɧ ɚɩɩɪɨɤɫɢɦɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɥɢɧɟɣɧɨɣ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɟɣ ɜɢɞɚ
(11)
H h 2,875H w 0,6 ,
ɱɬɨ ɩɨɞɬɜɟɪɠɞɚɟɬ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɵ Wc ɜ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɤɪɢɬɟɪɢɹ ɢɡɧɨɫɨɫɬɨɣɤɨɫɬɢ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɜ.
275
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
4/2010
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 1.
ɗɧɟɪɝɨɬɨɩɨɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɢ ɧɨɠɟɣ ɞɨɪɨɠɧɨɣ ɮɪɟɡɵ
Ɇɚɬɟɪɢɚɥ
Ks
ɋɬɚɥɶ 45
110ɉɁɅ
ɇɨ
Ɇɉɚ
2250
2080
Da
ɋ
1,51
1,37
0,45
0,60
Sk
Wc
Ɇɉɚ
361 807 350
358 806 533
İh
%
1,22 6,50
1,15 6,81
ɂ-2
4450
1,26
0,44
1,36 4,27
966
1777 795
1,70 2,28
ɗ-3
4600
1,20
0,42
1,43 3,60
1085 1869 804
2,84 2,30
ȼɋɇ-6+ȼɋɇ-8
5000
1,20
0,65
1,22 4,65
1008 2034 1597 3,5
ɋɄȻ
5000
1,19
0,6
1,26 3,77
1140 2063 1110 2,75 3,18
ɐɇ-16
5500
1,18
0,54
1,31 3,78
1237 2278 1365 2,97 3,90
ɍ40ɏ38ȽɁɊɌɘ
Ɍ-620
ɄȻɏ-45
ɏ-5
8000
8200
10600
11300
1,25
0,905
0,882
0,85
0,51
0,62
0,65
0,645
1,29
1,32
1,27
1,24
1680
2480
3201
3571
ȌP,
4,55
2,48
3,42
4,20
Vɬ
3232
1374
1692
1815
1753
1865
2568
2789
İw
1,0 1,0
1,58 1,53
3,78
3,60
4,60
5,9
4,57
5,02
5,34
7,36
8,0
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 2.
ɗɧɟɪɝɨɬɨɩɨɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɢ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɱɟɪɩɚɤɨɜɵɯ ɰɟɩɟɣ ɞɪɚɝ
Ɇɚɬɟɪɢɚɥ
276
ɇɨ
Ɇɉɚ
Ks
ȼɋɇ-12
7500
1,333 0,58
ɈɆȽ-ɇ
4700
1,255 0,455 1,31
4,26 1043 1935
904
1,0
ȼɋɇ-6
6200
1,306 0,406 1,36
4,45 1314 2447
980
1,75 1,08
ɈɁɒ-1
5600
1.214 0,416 1,41
3,70 1310 2279
965
2,10 1,07
ɈɁɂ-1
7300
1,164 0,402 1,44
3,12 1862 3066
1263
2,87 1,40
ɇȽ-2
6500
1,215 0,514 1,31
4,14 1206 2559
1474
2,26 1,63
ɏ-5
10400 0,817 0,32
1,55
3,50 4472 1600
2827
7,09 3,13
Ɍ-620
6720
1,215 0,409 1,40
3,64 1605 2778
1153
3,39 1,28
ɈɁɇ-6
5300
1,24
4,74 1092 2149
1329
1,06 1,47
Da
ɋ
ȌP,
Vɬ
Sk
Wc
İh
İw
%
0,56
Ɇɉɚ
1,20 6,10 1350 2911 1848
1,25
1,91 2,04
1,0
4/2010
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
ȼɵɜɨɞɵ
1. Ɉɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɢɡɧɨɫɨɫɬɨɣɤɨɫɬɶ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɧɵɯ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɜ ɥɢɧɟɣɧɨ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɚ ɫ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɭɞɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɷɧɟɪɝɢɟɣ ɬɪɢɛɨɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ. ɇɚ ɬɨɦ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɚ Wc ɦɨɠɟɬ ɫɥɭɠɢɬɶ ɤɪɢɬɟɪɢɟɦ ɢɡɧɨɫɨɫɬɨɣɤɨɫɬɢ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɨɜ ɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɨɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨɫɬɢ
ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɬɪɢɛɨɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɫɢɫɬɟɦ.
2. ɑɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɷɮɮɢɰɢɟɧɬɚ ɩɪɨɩɨɪɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɨɦ ɬɟɤɭɱɟɫɬɢ ɢ ɬɜɟɪɞɨɫɬɶɸ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɬ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨ — ɫɩɪɚɜɨɱɧɵɦ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɚɦ.
Ɏɢɡɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɫɦɵɫɥ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɤɨɷɮɮɢɰɢɟɧɬɚ ɜɵɬɟɤɚɟɬ ɢɡ ɫɢɧɟɪɝɟɬɢɤɢ ɬɜɟɪɞɨɫɬɢ.
Ʌɢɬɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ
1. Ƚɭɫɬɨɜ ɘ.ɂ., Ƚɭɫɬɨɜ Ⱦ.ɘ., ȼɨɪɨɧɢɧɚ ɂ.ȼ. Ɇɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɬɪɢɛɨɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ. // ɋɛɨɪɧɢɤ ɞɨɤɥɚɞɨɜ XVI ɋɥɨɜɚɰɤɨ–ɪɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨ- ɩɨɥɶɫɤɨɝɨ
ɫɟɦɢɧɚɪɚ «Ɍɟɨɪɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɨɫɧɨɜɵ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ». ɀɢɥɢɧɚ-ȼɚɪɲɚɜɚ - Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ — 2007,
ɫ.339...342.
2. Ƚɭɫɬɨɜ ɘ.ɂ. ɉɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɟ ɢɡɧɨɫɨɫɬɨɣɤɨɫɬɢ ɪɚɛɨɱɢɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɨɜ ɢ ɫɨɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɣ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɦɚɲɢɧ Ⱦɢɫɫ. ɞ.ɬ.ɧ. Ɇ.:1994 - 529 ɫ.
The literature
1. Gustov Y.I., Gustov D.Y., Voronina I.V. Ɇetodologiya opredeleniya tribotehnicheskih pokazateley
metallicheskih materialov.// Sbornik dokladov XVI Slovacko-rossiysko-pol’skogo seminara «Teoreticheskie osnovy stroitel’stva» Zgilina-Varshava-Moskva – 2007,c.339…342
2. Gustov Y.I. Povishenie iznosostoykosti rabochih organov i sopryazheniy stroitel’nyh mashin.
Dis…d.t.n. M.:1994-592c.
Ʉɥɸɱɟɜɵɟ ɫɥɨɜɚ: ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ, ɢɡɧɨɫɨɫɬɨɣɤɨɫɬɶ, ɬɪɢɛɨɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ, ɪɚɛɨɬɨɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨɫɬɶ, ɭɩɪɨɱɧɟɧɢɟ, ɪɚɡɭɩɪɨɱɧɟɧɢɟ, ɩɪɟɞɟɥ ɬɟɤɭɱɟɫɬɢ, ɷɧɟɪɝɢɹ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ.
Key words: materials, durability, tribodeformatsiya, availability, hardening of, loss of strength, yield
strength, energy of deformation.
Email ɚɜɬɨɪɚ: tm@mgsu.ru
Ɋɟɰɟɧɡɟɧɬ: Ȼɚɭɪɨɜɚ ɇ.ɂ., ɤ.ɬ.ɧ., ɞɨɰɟɧɬ ɤɚɮɟɞɪɵ «ɉɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɨ ɢ ɪɟɦɨɧɬ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟɣ ɢ
ɞoɪɨɠɧɵɯ ɦɚɲɢɧ» ɆȺȾɂ
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