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Ковалев А.А. Участие Национальной гвардии России в обеспечении военной безопасности

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В статье рассматриваются место и роль Национальной гвардии, созданной указом Президента Российской Федерации в апреле 2016 г., в системе институтов обеспечения военной безопасности. Проблемы ее формирования и функционирования анализируются в контекс
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senator23@yandex.ru
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?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?а?????? 2016а?., ?а??????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????????. ???????? ?? ???????????? ?а???????????????? ????????????? ?а????????? ????????? ???????????? ???????????? ??????, ??? ??????????,
??? ????????? ????????????? ?? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???? ???????????? ????????? ?а???????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????, ?а????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????????? ??????? ?а??????????? ?????. ???????????????
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??????? ?????????╗. ??????????, ??? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ?а?????????? ??? ?? ?????????? ???????????, ??? ?а?? ?? ?????????, ??? ???????? ????? ?а???????? ??????? л????????? ????╗.
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Kovalevа A.?A.
Participation of National Guard of Russia in Ensuring Military Safety
Kovalev Andrey Andreevich
Military offiser (Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation)
PhD in Political Sciences
senator23@yandex.ru
ABSTRACT
The article examines the place and role of the National Guard established in April 2016 by the
decree of the President of the Russian Federation aаyear, the system of military security institutions. The problems of its formation and functioning are analyzed in the context of Russia?s National Security Strategy, which states that improving the efficiency of its maintenance is possible
due to the perfection of the structure and activities of the federal bodies of executive power, as
well as the integrated development of the law enforcement bodies and special services. We also
consider the main provisions of the decree of the President of the Russian Federation, dedicated
to the creation of the National Guard and its troops, the draft federal law лOn the Russian Federation, National Guard troops╗. It is noted that the National Guard is designed to improve the
efficiency of counteraction to extremism and terrorism, both within the state and outside it, which
is especially important in the conduct of ?hybrid warfare?. It determines the value of such institutions operating in other countries. Reins analysis of the main tasks and responsibilities of the
52
?????????????? ???????????????? . ? 9 . 2016
KEYWORDS
National Guard, military security, national security, extremism, terrorism, Institute
??????? ??????? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????
??? ???????? ???????????? ?а??????а? ?а????? ??? ??????? ????а? ?????????
?а???????????? ???????? ???. ?а??????????? ????, ?а????? ?а?????????? ?????
???? ??????? ??????? ???????? (??????????????, ????????? ?????) ?? ??????????
??? ??????? ?????????. ?????????????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???????????
?а???, ??? л??????? ???????????? ????? ??????? ????????????? ????????? ????? ????????? л???????? ?????╗ ???????? ???????? ?а?? ?????? ?????????????
????????. ????????? ????????, ??????? ?а???? ??????? ????????? ?????????
?а???????????? ???? ??????????????? ?а?????????????? ?а?????????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ?? ???????????? ??????╗ [2]. ?а???? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ?а???????? ?а??????????? ????? ??????? ????????????.
? ???? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????, ?? ?????? ????
????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????, ??????? ??????? ?ал???????? ?????╗ ?а? ???????
??????? ?????? ???????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?а??????? ???????.
?????????????? ???????? ????????, ????????????????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?? ????????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????????. ??????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????????, ???????????? ?а????
????? ??????? ?а????? ?а????????? ?а?????? ????? ??????? ?????????а? ???????????? ???????.
5а?????? 2016а?. ????????? ??????, ????????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ?.??.а????? ???????, ??? ?????? ???????
?а???????? ?? ???? ?????????? ????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ???????. ??? ????
?.??.а????? ??????: л?? ??????? ????????? ???????, ????????? ?а?????????????????? ?????? ?????????????????? ??????? ?а??????? ?? ????????????, ?а??????????, ?????? ?а???, ??? ??? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ????????????. ??????? ???????. ?? ??????? ????? ??????????? ????? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????????? ????? ???а? ??????? ???????????? ???????...╗1.
?????, ?а???? л?????? ?????╗ 14а??????а?.??., ????????? ??????????, ??? ???????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????? ??????? ????? ????????????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ????????? ????? ?? ???? ??????????? ????????, ??????
????? ??????????????? ?а???????? ??????????2.
???????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ????????????. ???, 31а??????? 2015а?. ?а???????????? ?а????????????
???????? л? ????????????╗ 3 ?ал? ?????????????? ???????????? ?а??????????
1?
??????????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? [??????????? ??????]. URL: http://
kremlin.ru/events/president/news/51643 (???? ?????????: 20.04.2016).
2?
??????????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? [??????????? ??????]. URL: http://
kremlin.ru/events/president/news/51716 (???? ?????????: 20.04.2016).
3?
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?????????????? ???????????????? . ? 9 . 2016
53
? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ? ?? ? ? ? ? ? ?
newly created Institute, within which it is possible to ensure the military security of Russia, particularly in the martial law regime and other special legal regimes. It provided aаnumber of problems
associated with the creation of aаnew institution: the need for aаclear division of powers and tasks
with other law enforcement agencies, making certainty in the terminology related to the national
security sphere. It is concluded that the creation of the National Guard opens new possibilities in
the field of military security of the country.
? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ? ?? ? ? ? ? ? ?
?????????╗1 ????????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ???????????? 2,
?????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????????, ????????????
?? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ??. ?а???????? ??????????? ?а????????
???????????? ??????? ?а?????????????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????????.
?а??????: ???????????? ??????????? ?? ???????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ??????, ??????????????? ?а??????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????. ?а????????? ?????????, ??? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????
??????? ?????? ?????????????? ?а?????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ?????
????????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????, ???? ?а???????? ?????????? ??????????? ???, ?????? ?????, ???????? ????????????. ????????????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ?? ?????? ????????????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ???????????, ??????????? ?????????? ??????????, ????????? ??????????? ???, ?????? ?????, ???????? ????????????
??????????? ???????????, ??????? ?а??????????? ????????, ??????????????
???????? ????????-????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????. ??????
???????, ????????? ???????????????, ??? ??????????? ??????????????? ?а???????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ????? ????????? ????????????? ???????????? ?????????????????? ??????? ?а??????????? ?????. ?а??? ???????? ?? ????
????????????????? ????????? ?а???????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????, ?а????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????????? ??????? ?а??????????? ?????, ???????? ?? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????? ?а???????, ???????? ??????? ???????????????? ?????????? ?а??????? ???????????
???????????? ????????????.
????? ???????, ??????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ??? ???????? ????????????
???????. ?а?????? ??????? ??? ????????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ??? ?а???? ?????? ?????????????
?а????? ?????? ?а??????????? ?а????????????, ??????????????? ???????, ??????
??????????????? ???????. ??-??????, ?????????? ????? ????????? ??????????????
?????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????????????????, ??? ???????? ????????????? ???????????? ?? ??????????? ??????. ?-???????, ???????? ?????????? ?????
?а????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????? ?а?? ?????????????, ??????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ??-????? ?а?????????? ?????? (????????, ????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ?????????? ?????).
???? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????????? л??????? ??????????? ?????? ?????
???????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????╗3. ??????????? ????????, ??? ????
???????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ?а??????? ?????????? ???. ??????????
??????????????, ??? ?а???????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????????????
???????а? ?????????????? ?а?????????? ???????? ???????????4. ?? ?а?????
??????? ????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????.
????????? ???????? ?? ?а????????? ??????????? ????? ?а?????? ???????. ????????, ???????????? ??????? ??? ??????????????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ???
?а????? ????????????? ?а??????? ????????? (?? ????????? ????а? ?а???????????
?а?????). ?????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????
1?
?а?????????????? ???????????? ?а?????????? ?????????: ?????. ????? ???.?????????
?? 28а???? 2014а?. ?а172-??.
2?
?а????????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????: ???? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?а683 ?? 31а??????? 2015а?.
3?
??????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????: ????
?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?а157 ?? 5а?????? 2016а?.
4?
????? ????????: ????? ?а????? ??????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? [???????????
??????]. URL: http://www.rbc.ru/politics/05/04/2016/5703ed1d9a794798356bbca1 (???? ?????????: 20.04.2016).
54
?????????????? ???????????????? . ? 9 . 2016
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????? ????????: ????? ?а????? ??????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? [???????????
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5?
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?????????????? ???????????????? . ? 9 . 2016
55
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???1, ??? ????? ????????? ?а???? ??????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????,
?????????? ??????????? ????????? ????????.
????? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ?а? ???????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ?а?????, ??????? ?????? ???????? л????????????? ????????╗. ??????????? ?? ?а??????? ?? ????????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ?? ????????????
??????, ?? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ???????????? ????, ??????? ???????????
??????? ??????? ?а??????? ?????? ?????, ????????? ?а???????????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ?а?????? ?а??????????? ?а???????? ???????????? 2.
?а?????????, ????????????? ???? ??????? ????????? ?а?????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ?????3.
?????????? ???????????? ??????? ?а? ???? ????? ?????????????? ????????????.
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??????????? ???4.
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?а????????????5, ?????????? ??? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?а?????? ?????????
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?а???????????) ???????????? ???????, ??????????? ?а??, ?а?????? ??????? ???.
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??????????? ?????????? ????? ??? ??????, ?а??? ????? ?? ??????????????, ????????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????.
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?????????????? ??????????-???????? ????, ???????????????? ???????????? ???н
?? ???????????? ???????. ??? ?????????? ?????, ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????
?????????????? ?????????? ????? ??? ??????. ?? ???? ?а5а?????? 2016а?. ?????????? ?????? ????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ?а?????????
????? ??????. ?????? ?????????? ?а??? ????????????? ????????: ???????????
?????? ???????? ???????????? ?а????????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????, ????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ????????????
?а??????????? ????????????? ??? ??????, ?а????? ????????????? ?а????? ??????? ??????, ??????? ???????? ???????????? ?а???????????????? ??????.
????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????????? ?????? ?а????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? ????????????.
??? ????????, ?? ??? ??? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ???????????? ???? ????????? ?? ????????????? ??????????, ???, ???, ???, ???, ???, ???? ??????а[1].
?? ????? ????? ?????????????? ?????? ????? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ?????,
?????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????????: ??????? ?а??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????, ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?а?????? ??????????????? ???????. ?а??????????? ???????????? ??????? ?а??????? ??????????? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ??????? ?а??????????? ??????
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???????? ???????, ??????????? ??????? ?а???????? ???????? ???????, ?а????? ??????? ?а?????????? ????????? ?а???????????? ??????, ????????? ??????????????
?а???????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????, ???????????? ?? ??????????? ??? ?????????????? ?????????????? ???? ?а????????????. ??????? ????????, ??? ?????? ?????-???? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ?? ????????????, ????? ??? ??????????а? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ????????????
?????.
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?? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ????? ????????????? (??? ?? ??????????), ????????????? ?????????? ????????????, ?????????????, ??????? ?а?????? ????????, ??????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? (??????? ????????). ?????
????? ??????, ??? ??????? ????????????а? ??? ?????????. ?а???????????? ???
л????????? ?? ?????? ?????╗ ???????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? (??????),
??????????? ??? ?? ???????????, ??? ?а? ?????????. ??? ?????? ??? ??? ?а?????? ?????????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????. ?а?????
??????? ?????????: ??????? ?????????а? ?а?????? ???????? ?????? ??????????
????????? ??? ???????????????? ?????? ????????1; ???????????? ?????????а?
??? ????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ??????? ?а?????? ???????????? ??????, ???????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????????? 2; ??????? ???1?
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?а3-???.
2?
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7?
??????????? ?????????? ?????????: ??????????? ?????.
8?
??? ??, ?.а5 ??.а13; ?.а3 ??.а55; ?.а1 ??.а82.
9?
??? ??, ?.ал?╗ ?.а1 ??.а114.
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??? ??, ?.ал?╗ ?.а1 ??.а72.
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??? ??, ?. л?╗ ??.а71.
2?
?????????????? ???????????????? . ? 9 . 2016
57
? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ? ?? ? ? ? ? ? ?
??а? ?????????? ?а??????? ?????????? ????????? ????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ??????? ????????1; ??????????? ???????а? ??? ??????? ??????????? ??
?????? ????????? ?? ??????????, ??????????? ??? ??????? ?????????? 2; ??????????????? ???????а? ??? ??????? ?????? ?а??????? ???????, ?????? ??????????????? ?а??????????? ????????, ?????? ?а??????????? ???????????? ??????????????3.
5а?????? 2016а?. ?а???????????? ?а??????? л?╗ ??.а84 ??????????? ??????????
????????? ????????? ?????? ???? ?а??????????????? ???? ?????? ????????????
?????? л? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????╗4. ?????????????? ????????????????? ?????????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????
?????????, ?? ??????, ???????? ???????????? ?а??????????, ????????????? ???????, ????????? ?а???????????? ?а??????????? ???, ??????????????? ??????
????????, ???????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????????? ????? ????????????
???????, ?а????? ?а?? ?????????? ?а???????????-??????????? ????????????.
22а???? 2016а?. ???????????? ??? ?????? ??????????????? ?????, 29а???? 2016а?.
??????? ??????? ?????????, ?а??? 3а???? 2016а?. ????????? ?????? ????????
??????????? ????? л? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????╗ 5.
? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ??????????? ????????? ????????????????
????????? ?????. ??????? ???????, ??? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????
????????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????, ???????????????
??? ??????????? ??????????????? ????????????.
11а?????? 2016а?. ?? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ????????
????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?? л????????? ?а??????????? ??????
????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????╗6. ?а????????????? ???????
???????, ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ??????, ?????????? ?а??????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????, ?а????? ?? ?????????.
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?? ????????? ???????? ????????????7: ??? ???????????? ???????????8, ??????????????? ????????????9, ???????????? ????????????10, ??????? ?а????????????11,
? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ? ?? ? ? ? ? ? ?
????????????? ????????????1, ???????????? ???????2, ???????????? ?????3, ?а?????
???????????? ?????4. ??????? ????? л? ????????????╗ ?????? ?? ???????? ???????
??????????? ??????? ???????. ?а???? ?????? ??????? ????????, ??????????, ???????? ??????, ?????????? ??????? ?????? ?а??????? ???????????? ?а?.а?. ??????
?????? ??????????? ???. ?????????? ?????? ?????????, ?? ??????? ?? ?????????
???????????? ???????????? ?а?????????? ?????????, ???????????? ???????????
?? ?а2013а?. ??? ???????????? ????????????? ?????????? ????? ????????? ???????????? ???????? ?а??????????, ???????????? ?а???????? ????????? ???????? ??
?????????? ?а???? ?????????????? ?????????????, ?????????? ?а???????????????
??????????, ?а????? ?? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ?а???????????? ?????????5. ?? ?????????а? ??? ???? ??????? ????????. ?а???? ??????? ????????? ???????????? ????????????6 ????????, ??? ???????????? ???????????? ???????? ?а???? ??????? ?????? ?а??? ???? ????????????, ??????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ?а????????????????? ?????????? ?????????а? ?????? ?????
???????????????, ????????????, ??????????????, ?????????????, ?????????????,
????????????, ?????????????? ????????????, ???????????? ????????. ????? ???????,
????? ?? ????????? ???????? ????????, ????? ???????, ??? ????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ???????????? ????????????. ???
?????? ??? ????????????? ????????. ?????????? ????? ?? ??????????????? ??????
????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????, ?? ??????? л??????? ????????????╗ ?а??????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????.
???????????????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ????????????, ?? ??? ??????, ???????? ?а???? ????????? ?????????????:
? ???????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ??????????;
? ???????????? ??????? ??? ?? ????????? ????????????? ????? ???? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ????????, ?????? ?а????????? ????? ???? ??????
?????????????? ?? ????????????;
? ? ???????? ??????????????? ????????? ???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ????? ??????????????? ??? ?????????, ??????????????????
?????????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??а? ???????? ??????, ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ???????, ?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????? ?а??.
?????????? ?а??????????? ?.??.а?????????, ??????? ????????????, ??? л??
?????? ???????? ?? ????, ??? ??????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????. ?? ?????? ????? ?? ????????????? ???????? ??? ?? ?????? ???????? ??
??????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????????????????? ?????????. ?? ?????? ????????? ???? ????????????, ???????????? ????????? ?а??????????????? ????????
?????? ???? ??????????? ??????? ????????, ??? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ????
??????????? ?а???????? ????????? ???????????? ?а????????????... ?????? ???????????????? ?????, ???????????? ?а??????????????? ???????????, ????????????
????????????, ????????????? ?а?????????? ????????????, ??????????? ??????????
??????? ?а??????????? ????????????, ???????? ?????????????? ??????????????
1?
??? ??, ?.ал?╗ ?.а1 ??.а72.
??? ??, ?.а1 ??.а56.
3?
??? ??, ?.а2 ??.а74; ?.а1 ??.а98.
4?
??? ??, ?.а3 ??.а37.
5?
????????? ???????????? ???????????? ?а?????????? ?????????: ???. ???????????
?????????? ????????? 14а?????? 2013а?. ?а??-2685
6?
?а????????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????: ???? ?????????? ???н
??????? ????????? ?а683 ?? 31а??????? 2015а?.
2?
58
?????????????? ???????????????? . ? 9 . 2016
??????????
1. ???????а ?.??. ???????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ????н
?????а: ???. ... ????. ?????. ????. ???., 2015.
2. ???????а ?.??. ???????????? ???????????? ??? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ??????: ???????? ???????? ??????????а// ???????????? ??????????: ????????. 2007. ?.а3. ?а1.
?.а64?82.
3. ???????а ?.??. ???????????? ????????: ?????????? ??? ???????а// ??????? ???????????
????????????. ???.а12: ???????????? ?????. 2010. ?а4. ?.а5?11.
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1. Kovalevа A.?A. Power mechanisms of ensuring military safety of the Russian Federation [Vlastnye
mekhanizmy obespecheniya voennoi bezopasnosti Rossiiskoi Federatsii]: dissertation. SPb.,
2015. (rus)
2. Radikovа I.?V. National security as main national project of Russia: typical problems of realization
[Natsional?naya bezopasnost? kak glavnyi natsional?nyi proekt Rossii: tipichnye problemy realizatsii]а// Political expertiseа: POLITEX [Politicheskaya ekspertiza: POLITEKS]. 2007. V.а3. Nа1.
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?????????????? ???????????????? . ? 9 . 2016
59
? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ? ?? ? ? ? ? ? ?
?а???????? ????? ???????? ?а??????? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ????????, ???????? ???????, ????????? ???????? ???????????а? ????????????? ???????? ????????╗ [2].
????? ???????, ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ????? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????, ????? ?а?????????? ???????? ??? ?????????????
????????, ??????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????.
1.????????, ???????? ???????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????? ?? ??????????? ???????????? ???????????? ?а?? ??????? ???????. ????????? ????? ??????? ????????, ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ?????????
??????????? ???????????? ???????????, ??????????????? ?????????? ?а???????
?????????????? ?????.
2.????????? ??? ????????, ?????????? ????? ?а?????????? ?а????? ???????????
??????? ????????????. ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?а??????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? (???, ???), ???????? ??????????? ??????? ???? ????????. ?????????? ?????????? ????????
??????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ?????? ????????? ?а?? ????????????? ?? ????????.
3.????????? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????????????? ?а????????
????? ??????? л??????????????? ????????????╗, ??????? ?????? ??????????????
?а????????? ??????, ?а????? ???? ????????? ?? ???????????????? ????????
л???????????? ????????????╗. ?а?????? ??? ??????????? ?а???????????? ?а???????? ??????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????????, ??????? ??????? ???????, ??????????? ?а??????? ?????? ????????????.
? ????? ?????????? ????????, ??? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ????? ??????????? ?а????? ??????????? ??????? ????????????, ?а?????????,
??? ????????????? ?????? ???????? ???????, ?????????? ????????????????????
?а????-?????????????? ????????. ?? ????????? ?а??????? ?????????? ???? ???????????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ???????? ????????????.
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