close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Проблемы реалистической визуализации организационно-технологических решений в среде AutoCAD.

код для вставкиСкачать
8/2011
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
ɉɊɈȻɅȿɆɕ ɊȿȺɅɂɋɌɂɑȿɋɄɈɃ ȼɂɁɍȺɅɂɁȺɐɂɂ
ɈɊȽȺɇɂɁȺɐɂɈɇɇɈ-ɌȿɏɇɈɅɈȽɂɑȿɋɄɂɏ ɊȿɒȿɇɂɃ ȼ
ɋɊȿȾȿ AUTOCAD
THE PROBLEMS OF REALISTIC VISUALIZATION FOR
ORGANIZATIONAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS IN
AUTOCAD
ɋ.Ⱥ. ɋɢɧɟɧɤɨ, ɂ.Ɇ. Ʌɟɛɟɞɟɜɚ
S.A. Sinenko, I.M. Lebedeva
ɎȽȻɈɍ ȼɉɈ «ɆȽɋɍ»
ȼ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ ɢ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɵɟ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ ɞɥɹ ɨɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ
ɨɮɨɪɦɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɧɵɯ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜ ɫɪɟɞɟ
AutoCAD ɫ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɮɨɬɨɪɟɚɥɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɢɡɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɭɟɦɨɝɨ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ. AutoCAD ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɤɚɤ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɚɥɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɜɢɡɭɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɫɰɟɧɵ
ɢɡ ɬɜɟɪɞɨɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ 3D ɦɨɞɟɥɟɣ. Ɉɰɟɧɢɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɟ ɜɚɪɢɚɧɬɵ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɹ.
The paper analyses available possibilities and tools for final design decisions made in
AutoCAD when photorealistic image of developed object is rendered. AutoCAD is considered as a tool for 3D solid models realistic visualization. Different variants of light settings, shadow calculations and reflected light shaping are evaluated.
Ʉɚɤ ɢɡɜɟɫɬɧɨ, AutoCAD ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɨɣ. ɋ ɟɝɨ
ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɬɶ ɤɚɤ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ, ɬɚɤ ɢ ɦɚɲɢɧɨɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɱɟɪɬɟɠɢ,
ɦɨɠɧɨ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ, ɢɦɢɬɢɪɭɸɳɢɟ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɵ, ɫɨɫɬɨɹɳɢɟ ɢɡ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɥɸɛɨɣ ɫɥɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ, ɢ ɩɨɜɬɨɪɹɸɳɢɟ ɨɬɪɚɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɪɟɥɨɦɥɹɸɳɢɟ ɢ ɪɚɫɫɟɢɜɚɸɳɢɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ.
Ⱦɥɹ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɢɹ ɮɨɬɨɪɟɚɥɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɤɚɪɬɢɧɵ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɨɬɪɟɧ ɚɩɩɚɪɚɬ ɜɢɡɭɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ. ɗɬɨ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɣ ɪɚɫɬɪɨɜɨɣ ɤɚɪɬɢɧɤɢ, ɩɨ ɬɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɨɫɩɪɢɹɬɢɹ,
ɩɪɢɛɥɢɠɟɧɧɨɣ ɤ ɮɨɬɨɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ. ȼɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɜɢɡɭɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɵɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɢ ɨɬɨɛɪɚɠɚɸɬɫɹ ɜɫɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɢ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ.
Ɋɢɫ. 1. ɇɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɟ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɢɟ ɪɟɚɥɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɜɢɡɭɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ
451
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
8/2011
ɑɬɨɛɵ ɢɡɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɟɟ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɥɨɫɶɶ ɩɪɚɜɞɨɩɨɞɨɛɧɵɦ, ɬɪɟɛɭɟɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɨɜɟɫɬɢ
ɢ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɭɸ
ɸ
ɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɢɬɟɟɥɶɧɭɸ ɪɚɛɨɬɬɭ: ɩɨɫɬɚɜɢɬɶɶ ɢ ɧɚɫɬɪɨɢɬɬɶ ɫɜɟɬ, ɩɪɢɫɜɜɨɢɬɶ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɬɚɦ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚ-ɥɵ, ɨɬɤɨɪɪɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɜ ɢɯ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ, ɫɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɬ
ɫ
ɬɶ ɫɰɟɧɭ ɫ ɮɨɧ
ɧɨɦ, ɩɟɪɫɩɟɤɤɬɢɜɨɣ, ɚɬɦɨ-ɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɚɪɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɜɢɡɭɭɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ.
ɫɮɟɪɧɵɦɢ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɚɦɢ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɧɚɫɬɪɨɨɢɬɶ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢ
1. ɉɊɈ
ɈȻɅȿɆɕ Ɉɋ
ɋȼȿɓȿɇɇɈ
ɈɋɌɂ ȼ ɋɊȿ
ȿȾȿ AUTOC
CAD
Ⱦɥɹ ɨɬɨɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ
ɨ
ɢ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɫ ɩɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɢɟɟɦ ɬɟɧɟɣ, ɫɨɛ
ɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɢ
ɩɚɞɚɸɳɢɯ, ɜ AutoCAD ɢɦɟɟɬɫɹ ɜɨɡɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ ɫɨ
ɨɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɢɫɬɨɨɱɧɢɤɨɜ ɫɜɟɬɬɚ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ
ɯ
ɱɟɦ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚɚ ɷɬɢɯ ɢɫɬɨɱɧ
ɧɢɤɨɜ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɧɚɫɬɪɚɢɜɚɬɶɶ ɫɚɦɨɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɥɶɧɨ, ɢɥɢ ɠɟɟ
ɬɢɩɨɜ. ɉɪɢɱ
ɜɨɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɚɬɶɫɹ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɪɬɧɵɦɢ ɮɨɬɨɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ
ɦɢ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢ
ɢɫɬɢɤɚɦɢ ɪɟɚɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɫɜɟ-ɬɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɩɪɢɛɨɪɨɜ.
ɩ
ȼɨɡɦɨɠ
ɠɧɵ ɬɨɱɟɱɧɵɟ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɢ ɫɜɟɬɚ, ɧɚɩɪɚɜɜɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɢ ɭɞ
ɞɚɥɟɧɧɵɟ.
Ɋɢɫ. 2. ɉɪɢɦɟɪ ɨɫɜɟɟɳɟɧɢɹ ɬɨɱɟɱ
ɱɧɵɦɢ ɢɫɬɨɱɧ
ɧɢɤɚɦɢ ɫɜɟɬɚɚ
ȼ AutoC
CAD ɬɨɱɟɱɧɵ
ɵɣ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤ – ɷɬɨ ɬɨɱɤɚ ɫ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɵɦɢ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɚɬɚɦɢ, ɢɫɩɭɫ-ɤɚɸɳɚɹ ɥɭɱ
ɱɢ ɜɨ ɜɫɟɯ ɧɚɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹɯ ɫ ɩɨɫɬɟɩɟɧɧɵ
ɵɦ ɭɝɚɫɚɧɢɟɦ
ɦ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɨɫɬɢ ɨɫɜɟɳɟ-ɧɢɹ. Ɍɚɤɢɟ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɢ
ɢ
ɲ
ɲɢɪɨɤɨ
ɩɪɢɦɟɟɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ
ɨ
ɨɫɜɟɳ
ɳɟɧɢɹ ɫɰɟɧɵ. Ɉɧɢ ɢɦɢɬɢ-ɪɭɸɬ, ɧɚɩɪɢ
ɢɦɟɪ, ɫɜɟɬ ɨɬɬ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɫɜɟɬɢɥɶɧ
ɧɢɤɨɜ. Ʉɨɦɛɢ
ɢɧɢɪɭɹ ɧɟɫɤɨɨɥɶɤɨ ɬɨɱɟɱ-ɧɵɯ ɢɫɬɨɱɧ
ɧɢɤɨɜ ɦɨɠɧɨɨ ɞɨɛɢɬɶɫɹ ɪɚɡɧɨɨɛɪɚɡɧɵ
ɵɯ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɨɜ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɹ. Ʉɪɨɦɟ ɬɨɝɨ,,
ɬɨɱɟɱɧɵɟ ɢɫɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɢ ɩɨɞ
ɞɯɨɞɹɬ ɜ ɤɚɱ
ɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɜɫɩɨɦɨ
ɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɞɥɹ
ɞ ɩɨɞɫɜɟɬɤɤɢ ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɵɯ
ɯ
ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɟɟɣ, ɤɚɤ ɚɥɶɬɟɪɪɧɚɬɢɜɚ ɪɚɫɫɟɟɹɧɧɨɦɭ ɫɜɟɬɬɭ.
Ɋɢɫ. 3. ɉɪɪɢɦɟɪ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɟɧɢɹ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢ
ɢɤɨɦ ɫɜɟɬɚ ɬɢ
ɢɩɚ: ɩɪɨɠɟɤɬɨɨɪ
ɂɫɬɨɱɧ
ɧɢɤ ɫɜɟɬɚ ɬɢɩ
ɩɚ ɩɪɨɠɟɤɬɨɪɪ ɜ AutoCAD – ɷɬɨ ɬɨɠɟ ɬɨɱɤɚ
ɬ
ɫ ɤɨɧɤɤɪɟɬɧɵɦɢ ɤɨ-ɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɚɦɢ, ɧɨ ɢɫɩɭɫɤɚɸ
ɸɳɚɹ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɜɥɟɧɧɵɣ ɤɨɧɭ
ɭɫ ɫɜɟɬɚ. ɂɧɬɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɫɫɜɟɬɚ ɡɚɬɭɯɚ-ɢɟɦ ɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧ
ɧɢɹ ɞɨ ɧɟɝɨ, ɧɨ
ɧ ɢ ɜ ɩɟɪɟɯɨɨɞɧɨɣ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ
ɢ ɨɬ ɫɜɟɬɨɜɨ-ɟɬ ɧɟ ɬɨɥɶɤɨɨ ɫ ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢ
452
8/2011
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
ɝɨ ɩɹɬɧɚ ɧɚɢ
ɢɛɨɥɶɲɟɣ ɹɪɤɨɫɬɢ ɞɨ ɨɛɥɥɚɫɬɢ ɩɨɥɧɨɣ
ɣ ɬɟɧɢ. Ɉɧ ɩɪɪɢɦɟɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɥɹ ɢɦɢɬɚɰɢɢ
ɢ
ɫɜɟɬɚ ɩɪɨɠɟɟɤɬɨɪɨɜ ɢ ɩɨɬɬɨɦɭ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɤɚɱɟɟɫɬɜɟ ɤɥɸɱɟɜɜɵɯ ɢ ɡɚɩɨɥɧɹɹɸɳɢɯ ɨɫɜɟ-ɬɢɬɟɥɟɣ ɞɥɹɹ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɨɪɪɟɨɥɚ ɜɨɤɪɭɝ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ, ɞɥɹɹ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɢɹ ɫɜɟɬɨɜɵɯ
ɫ
ɩɹɬɬɟɧ ɜ ɨɩɪɟɞɟ-ɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɥɚɚɫɬɹɯ.
ɍɞɚɥɟɧ
ɧɧɵɣ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢ
ɢɤ ɫɜɟɬɚ ɧɚɯɨɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɜ ɛɟɫɤɤɨɧɟɱɧɨɫɬɢ. ɉɨɷɬɨɦɭ
ɉ
ɫɱɢ
ɢɬɚɸɬ, ɱɬɨ ɧɚɚ
ɭɪɨɜɧɟ ɡɟɦɥɥɢ ɥɭɱɢ ɨɬ ɧɟɟɝɨ ɩɚɪɚɥɥɟɥɥɶɧɵ ɢ ɢɞɭɬ ɜ ɨɞɧɨɦ ɧɚɩɪɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɢ. ɂɧ
ɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɶɶ
ɫɜɟɬɨɜɨɝɨ ɩɨɬɨɤɚ
ɩ
ɨɫɬɚɟɬɬɫɹ ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧ
ɧɨɣ ɧɚ ɩɪɨɬɹɹɠɟɧɢɢ ɜɫɟɝɨɨ ɩɭɬɢ. Ⱦɚɧɧ
ɧɵɣ ɜɚɪɢɚɧɬɬ
ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨ ɭɞ
ɞɨɛɟɧ ɞɥɹ ɪɚɚɜɧɨɦɟɪɧɨɝɨ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɹ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ
ɨ
ɢɥɢ
ɢ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɩɥɚɚɧɚ ɫɰɟɧɵ, ɚ
ɬɚɤɠɟ ɞɥɹ ɢɦ
ɦɢɬɚɰɢɢ ɫɨɥɧ
ɧɟɱɧɨɝɨ ɫɜɟɬɬɚ.
Ɋɢɫ. 4. ɉɪɢɦɟɪ ɨɫɜɟɟɳɟɧɢɹ ɭɞɚɥɟɟɧɧɵɦ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɦ ɫɜɟɬɚ
ɉɪɢɦɟɪɪɨɦ ɮɨɬɨɦɟɬɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɹ
ɨ
ɦɨ
ɨɠɟɬ ɫɥɭɠɢɬɬɶ ɫɨɥɧɟɱɧɨɟɟ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɟ..
ɋɨɥɧɰɟ – ɷɬɬɨ ɭɞɚɥɟɧɧɵɣ
ɣ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤ ɫɜɜɟɬɚ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɶɧɨɝɨ ɬɢɩɚ ɫɨɨ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵ
ɵɦɢ ɧɚɫɬɪɨɣ-ɤɚɦɢ. ɋɨɥɧɟɟɱɧɨɟ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɟɧɢɟ ɥɨɝɢɱɧɨɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɚɬɶ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɨɟɤɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɡɡɞɚɧɢɣ ɢ ɫɨ-ɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɣ ɢ ɜɩɢɫɵɜɚɧɢɢ ɢɯ ɜ ɨɤɪɭɠɚɚɸɳɭɸ ɫɪɟɞɭ
ɭ.
ɦ
ɜɵɛɨɪɪɨɱɧɵɟ, ɦɹɝɤɤɢɟ ɫ ɬɟɤɫɬɭɊɢɫ. 5. Ɍɢɩɵ ɬɟɧɟɣ (ɫɥɟɜɚ ɧɚɩɪɚɚɜɨ): ɪɟɡɤɢɟ, ɦɹɝɤɢɟ
ɪɚɦɢ
ɨɫɬɨ ɭɞɚɥɟɧɧ
ɧɨɝɨ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢ
ɢɤɚ ɫɜɟɬɚ, ɜɫɟɟ
ɉɪɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɫɨɥɧɰɚ, ɜ ɨɬɬɥɢɱɢɟ ɨɬ ɩɪɨ
ɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɩɚɪɚɦ
ɦɟɬɪɵ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɹ (ɩɨɥɨɠ
ɠɟɧɢɟ ɫɨɥɧɰɚɚ, ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧ
ɧɨɫɬɶ ɢ ɰɜɟɬɬ
ɮɨɬɨɦɟɬɪɢɱ
ɫɜɟɬɨɜɨɝɨ ɩɨɬɨɤɚ)
ɩ
ɭɫɬɚɧ
ɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɤɢ ɧɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɚɧɢɢ ɡɚɞɚɧɧɵ
ɵɯ ɝɟɨɝɪɚɮɢ-ɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ, ɜɪɟɦ
ɦɟɧɢ ɝɨɞɚ, ɜɪɪɟɦɟɧɢ ɫɭɬɨɤɤ. Ɍɚɤɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɚɡɨɦ, ɜɵɹɜɥɹɸ
ɸɬɫɹ ɨɫɨɛɟɧ-ɧɨɫɬɢ ɤɨɧɫɬɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɢ ɩɨɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɡɞɚɚɧɢɹ ɢɥɢ ɫɨɨɪ
ɪɭɠɟɧɢɹ ɫ ɬɨɨɱɤɢ ɡɪɟɧɢɹ ɟɟɝɨ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧ-ɧɨɫɬɢ.
453
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
8/2011
Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧ
ɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɧɟɟɛɟɫɧɨɟ ɨɫɜɟɳ
ɳɟɧɢɟ ɢɦɢɬɢ
ɢɪɭɟɬ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɬ ɫɨɥɧɟɱɧɵɯɯ ɥɭɱɟɣ, ɪɚɫ-ɫɟɢɜɚɟɦɵɯ ɜ ɚɬɦɨɫɮɟɪɟ,, ɪɚɜɧɨɦɟɪɧɨɨ ɨɫɜɟɳɚɟɬ ɜɫɫɸ ɫɰɟɧɭ ɢ ɩɨɞɫɜɟɱɢɜɚɟɬ
ɩ
ɬ ɧɟɨɫɜɟɳɟɧ-ɧɵɟ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ
ɢ. Ɍɟɧɢ ɩɪɢ ɷɬɬɨɦ ɛɭɞɭɬ ɮɨɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɫɹɹ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɨɬ ɫɨɨɥɧɰɚ.
ȼ AutoC
CAD ɟɫɬɶ ɟɳ
ɳɟ ɢ ɬɚɤɨɣ ɬɢ
ɢɩ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨ
ɨɜ ɫɜɟɬɚ ɤɚɤ ɫɜɟɬɨɜɚɹ ɫɟɬɬɤɚ. ɋɜɟɬɨɜɚɹɹ
ɫɟɬɤɚ ɩɨɡɜɨɨɥɹɟɬ ɩɨɥɭɱɢ
ɢɬɶ ɮɨɬɨɦɟɬɪɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɟ, ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɤɤɨɬɨɪɨɝɨ ɧɟ-ɪɚɜɧɨɦɟɪɧɨ ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧ
ɧɚ ɜ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵ
ɵɯ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧ
ɧɢɹɯ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɪɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɪɚɧɫɬɜɚ. Ⱦɚɧ-ɱɢɫɥɟɧɢɹ ɨɫɜɜɟɳɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɦɨɠɧɨ
ɦ
ɜɜɟɫɬɢ
ɢ ɫɚɦɨɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɥɶɧɨ, ɚ ɦɨɠɧ
ɧɨ ɫɱɢɬɚɬɶ ɢɡɡ
ɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɜɵɱ
ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɝɨ ɮɚɣɥɚ ɮɨɬɬɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢ
ɢɯ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɮɨ
ɨɪɦɚɬɚ IES , ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ
ɤ
ɩɪɟɞ
ɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬɫɹɹ
ɡɚɜɨɞɚɦɢ ɢɡɡɝɨɬɨɜɢɬɟɥɹɦɢ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɫɜɟɬɢɬɟɥɶɧɵ
ɨ
ɵɯ ɩɪɢɛɨɪɨɜ.
Ɋɢɫ. 6. ɋɜɟɬɨɜɨɟ ɩɹɬɧɨ
ɩ
ɨɬ ɫɟɬɱ
ɱɚɬɨɝɨ ɢɫɬɨɱɧ
ɧɢɤɚ ɫɜɟɬɚ
2. ɈɋɈ
ɈȻȿɇɇɈɋɌɂ
ɂ ɉɈɋɌɊɈȿ
ȿɇɂə Ɍȿɇȿ
ȿɃ ȼ ɋɊȿȾȿ
ȿ AUTOCAD
D
ȼ AutoC
CAD 2010 ɩɪɪɟɞɥɚɝɚɸɬɫɹ ɬɟɧɢ
ɬ
ɬɪɟɯ ɬɢɩ
ɩɨɜ:
ɪɟɡɤɢɟ,
ɢɟ ɫ ɬɟɤɫɬɭɪɚɦ
ɦɢ
ɦɹɝɤɢ
ɦɹɝɤɢ
ɢɟ ɜɵɛɨɪɨɱɧɵ
ɵɟ.
Ɇɹɝɤɚɹɹ ɬɟɧɶ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɬɟɪɢɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɧɚɚɥɢɱɢɟɦ ɩɟɪɟɟɯɨɞɧɨɣ ɩɨɥɨɨɫɵ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɩɨɨɥɧɨɣ ɬɟɧɶɸ
ɸ
ɢ ɩɨɥɧɨɣ ɨɫɫɜɟɳɟɧɧɨɫɬɶɸ
ɸ. Ɍɟɧɢ ɥɢɛɨɨ ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɵɜɚɸ
ɸɬɫɹ ɬɪɚɫɫɢɪɪɨɜɤɨɣ ɥɭɱɚ, ɥɢɛɨ ɮɨɪɦɢ-ɪɭɸɬɫɹ ɫ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɬɟɧɟɜɜɵɯ ɤɚɪɬ. Ɋɚɫɫɫɱɢɬɚɧɧɵɟ ɬɟɧɢ
ɬ
ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢ
ɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɬɨɱɧɵ
ɵ, ɧɨ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɫ
Ɇ
ɬɟɧɟɜɵ
ɵɯ ɤɚɪɬ ɞɚɟɬɬ
ɜɵɱɢɫɥɟɧɢɹɹ ɡɚɧɢɦɚɟɬ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɟɟ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ. Ɇɟɬɨɞ
ɛɵɫɬɪɵɣ ɪɟɡɡɭɥɶɬɚɬ ɜ ɭɳɟɟɪɛ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɭ ɬɟɧɟɣ.
Ɋɢɫ. 7. Ɍɢɩɵ ɬɟɧɟɣ (ɫɥɟɜɚ ɧɚɩɪɚɚɜɨ): ɪɟɡɤɢɟ, ɦɹɝɤɢɟ
ɦ
ɜɵɛɨɪɪɨɱɧɵɟ, ɦɹɝɤɤɢɟ ɫ ɬɟɤɫɬɭɪɚɦɢ
454
8/2011
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
Ɍɟɧɶ ɫ ɬɢɩɨɦ «ɪɟɡɤɚɹ» (ɪɢɫ.8) ɩɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɚ ɩɨ ɚɥɝɨɪɢɬɦɭ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɣ ɥɭɱɟɜɨɣ ɬɪɚɫɫɢɪɨɜɤɢ. ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɵɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɫ ɭɱɟɬɨɦ ɨɬɪɚɠɟɧɢɣ ɢ ɩɪɟɥɨɦɥɟɧɢɣ
ɥɭɱɚ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɫ ɭɱɟɬɨɦ ɭɦɟɧɶɲɟɧɢɹ ɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɫ ɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɟɦ. Ɍɟɧɶ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢ
ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɚɹ, ɢɦɟɟɬ ɪɟɡɤɭɸ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɭ ɢ ɨɤɪɚɲɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɨɯɨɠɞɟɧɢɢ ɫɜɟɬɚ ɫɤɜɨɡɶ
ɰɜɟɬɧɵɟ ɩɨɥɭɩɪɨɡɪɚɱɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ.
Ɋɢɫ. 8. ȼɢɡɭɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɹ ɫ ɬɢɩɨɦ ɬɟɧɟɣ «Ɋɟɡɤɢɟ»
Ɋɟɡɤɢɟ ɬɟɧɢ ɱɚɫɬɨ ɜɵɝɥɹɞɹɬ ɧɟɪɟɚɥɢɫɬɢɱɧɨ. Ⱦɥɹ ɫɦɹɝɱɟɧɢɹ ɤɪɨɦɤɢ ɬɟɧɢ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɹɸɬ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɟ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɢ. Ɍɟɧɢ ɫ ɬɢɩɨɦ «ɦɹɝɤɢɟ ɜɵɛɨɪɨɱɧɵɟ» (ɪɢɫ.9) ɦɹɝɤɢɟ, ɧɨ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɟ, ɢɦɟɸɬ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɭɸ ɝɭɫɬɨɬɭ ɜ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɨɬ ɩɪɨɡɪɚɱɧɨɫɬɢ
ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɨɜ, ɨɬɛɪɚɫɵɜɚɸɳɢɯ ɬɟɧɶ. ɂ, ɱɬɨ ɨɱɟɧɶ ɜɚɠɧɨ, ɬɟɧɶ ɨɤɪɚɲɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɨɯɨɠɞɟɧɢɢ ɫɜɟɬɚ ɫɤɜɨɡɶ ɩɨɥɭɩɪɨɡɪɚɱɧɵɟ ɰɜɟɬɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ.
Ɋɢɫ. 9. ȼɢɡɭɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɹ ɫ ɬɢɩɨɦ ɬɟɧɟɣ «Ɇɹɝɤɢɟ ɜɵɛɨɪɨɱɧɵɟ»
Ɍɚɤɢɟ ɬɟɧɢ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɬɶ, ɟɫɥɢ ɫɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɩɪɨɬɹɠɟɧɧɵɣ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤ ɫɜɟɬɚ ɢɡ
ɦɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɚ ɬɨɱɟɱɧɵɯ, ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɚɜ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɞɥɹ ɤɚɠɞɨɝɨ ɢɡ ɧɢɯ ɫ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɚɥɝɨɪɢɬɦɚ ɥɭɱɟɜɨɣ ɬɪɚɫɫɢɪɨɜɤɢ. ȿɫɥɢ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɬɨɱɟɱɧɵɯ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɜ ɫɜɟɬɚ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨ ɛɨɥɶɲɢɦ, ɬɨ ɨɛɳɚɹ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɫɰɟɧɵ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɮɢɡɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɣ, ɢɡɨɛɪɚ-
455
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
8/2011
ɠɟɧɢɟ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɪɟɚɥɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ. ɉɨɧɹɬɧɨ, ɱɬɨ ɤɚɠɞɵɣ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤ ɫɜɟɬɚ
ɛɭɞɟɬ ɭɜɟɥɢɱɢɜɚɬɶ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɧɚ ɩɪɨɪɢɫɨɜɤɭ ɢɡɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ.
Ɍɟɧɢ ɬɢɩɚ «Ɇɹɝɤɢɟ ɫ ɬɟɤɫɬɭɪɚɦɢ» ɮɨɪɦɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ ɫ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɬɟɧɟɜɨɣ ɤɚɪɬɵ. ɉɪɢ
ɷɬɨɦ, ɟɞɢɧɨɠɞɵ ɫɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɚɹ ɬɟɧɶ ɧɚɤɥɚɞɵɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɧɚ ɜɫɟ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɵ ɩɨ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɸ ɥɭɱɚ. Ɍɚɤɢɟ ɬɟɧɢ ɬɪɟɛɭɸɬ ɫɨɜɫɟɦ ɦɚɥɨ ɜɵɱɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɡɚɬɪɚɬ, ɧɨ ɧɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɭɱɢɬɵɜɚɬɶ ɨɬɪɚɠɟɧɧɨɟ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɟ, ɧɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɦɟɧɹɬɶ ɝɭɫɬɨɬɭ ɢ ɰɜɟɬ.
Ɋɢɫ. 1. ȼɢɡɭɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɹ ɫ ɬɢɩɨɦ ɬɟɧɟɣ «Ɇɹɝɤɢɟ ɫ ɬɟɤɫɬɭɪɚɦɢ»
ɇɚ ɪɢɫɭɧɤɟ 10 ɞɥɹ ɬɟɧɟɣ ɬɢɩɚ «Ɇɹɝɤɢɟ ɫ ɬɟɤɫɬɭɪɚɦɢ» ɜɵɛɪɚɧɨ ɧɟɛɨɥɶɲɨɟ ɫɦɹɝɱɟɧɢɟ. ɏɨɪɨɲɨ ɜɢɞɧɵ ɜɫɟ ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɤɢ ɦɟɬɨɞɚ: ɡɭɛɱɚɬɚɹ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɚ ɬɟɧɢ, ɨɲɢɛɨɱɧɨɟ ɡɚɬɟɧɟɧɢɟ.
Ⱥɥɢɚɫɢɧɝ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ, ɤɨɝɞɚ ɨɞɧɨɣ ɬɨɱɤɟ ɬɟɧɟɜɨɣ ɤɚɪɬɵ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɨ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟ ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɩɢɤɫɟɥɟɣ ɢɡɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ. Ɍɟɦɧɵɟ ɩɹɬɧɚ ɢ ɩɨɥɨɫɵ ɧɚ ɫɬɵɤɚɯ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɟɣ
ɝɨɜɨɪɹɬ ɨ ɬɨɦ, ɱɬɨ ɜ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɟ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɛɵɥɢ ɨɲɢɛɨɱɧɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɵ
ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɵ ɬɟɧɟɜɨɣ ɤɚɪɬɵ, ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟ ɞɪɭɝɢɦ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɹɦ. ɂ, ɧɚɤɨɧɟɰ, ɧɚ
ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɹɯ, ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɩɪɢɛɥɢɠɚɟɬɫɹ ɤ ɩɚɪɚɥɥɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɸ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɹ, ɩɪɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɚɥɢɚɫɢɧɝ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɧɟɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɬɟɧɟɜɵɯ ɩɨɥɨɫ.
ɉɪɢ ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɢ ɫɦɹɝɱɟɧɢɹ ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɤɢ ɩɨɱɬɢ ɧɟ ɜɢɞɧɵ, ɧɨ ɬɟɧɶ ɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɫɹ ɧɚɫɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɪɚɡɦɵɬɨɣ, ɱɬɨ ɩɨɱɬɢ ɧɟ ɨɬɨɛɪɚɠɚɟɬɫɹ.
3. ɈɋɈȻȿɇɇɈɋɌɂ ɈɌɊȺɀȿɇɇɈȽɈ Ɉɋȼȿɓȿɇɂə ȼ ɋɊȿȾȿ AUTOCAD
ȼ ɠɢɡɧɢ ɦɵ ɧɟ ɡɚɞɭɦɵɜɚɟɦɫɹ ɨ ɬɨɦ, ɩɨɱɟɦɭ ɩɪɢ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɢ ɨɞɧɢɦ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɦ
ɫɜɟɬɚ ɜɫɟ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɨɜ ɨɬɱɟɬɥɢɜɨ ɜɢɞɧɵ. ȼɟɞɶ ɥɭɱɢ ɩɨɩɚɞɚɸɬ ɧɚ ɱɚɫɬɶ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ
ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɫ ɨɞɧɨɣ ɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ. ɇɚ ɫɚɦɨɦ ɞɟɥɟ ɛɨɥɶɲɭɸ ɱɚɫɬɶ ɨɛɳɟɣ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɤɨɦɧɚɬɵ
ɡɚɧɢɦɚɟɬ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɟ ɨɬɪɚɠɟɧɧɵɦ ɫɜɟɬɨɦ. ȼ AutoCAD ɨɬɪɚɠɟɧɧɨɟ ɢ ɨɛɳɟɟ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɟ
ɦɨɠɧɨ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɬɶ, ɩɪɢɦɟɧɹɹ ɷɧɟɪɝɢɸ ɮɨɬɨɧɨɜ.
Ɇɟɬɨɞ ɮɨɬɨɧɧɨɣ ɬɪɚɫɫɢɪɨɜɤɢ ɡɚɤɥɸɱɚɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɦ. ɂɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɦ ɫɜɟɬɚ ɢɫɩɭɫɤɚɟɬɫɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɟ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɮɨɬɨɧɨɜ, ɫɝɭɫɬɤɨɜ ɫɜɟɬɨɜɨɣ ɷɧɟɪɝɢɢ ɡɚɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɵ ɢ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ. ɂɯ ɬɪɚɟɤɬɨɪɢɹ ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɹ ɨɬɫɥɟɠɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ. ȼɫɟ ɞɢɮɮɭɡɧɵɟ ɜɡɚɢɦɨɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɫ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɹɦɢ ɨɛɪɚɡɭɸɬ ɮɨɬɨɧɧɭɸ ɤɚɪɬɭ ɞɥɹ ɤɚɠɞɨɣ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ. Ɏɨ-
456
8/2011
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
ɬɨɧɧɚɹ ɤɚɪɬɚ ɧɨɪɦɚɥɢɡɭɟɬɫɹ, ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɢ ɧɚɤɥɚɞɵɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɧɚ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɟ
ɜɢɡɭɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ, ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɹ ɨɬɪɚɠɟɧɧɨɟ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɟ.
Ɋɟɚɥɢɫɬɢɱɧɨɫɬɶ ɨɬɪɚɠɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɬ ɨɬ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɚ ɮɨɬɨɧɨɜ ɢ ɨɬ ɝɥɭɛɢɧɵ ɬɪɚɫɫɢɪɨɜɤɢ.
Ɋɢɫ. 11. Ʉɚɪɬɢɧɚ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɨɞɧɢɦ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɦ ɫɜɟɬɚ ɩɪɢ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɟɧɧɨɦ ɨɬɪɚɠɟɧɧɨɦ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɢ
Ɋɢɫ. 12. Ʉɚɪɬɢɧɚ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɨɞɧɢɦ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɦ ɫɜɟɬɚ ɫ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɷɧɟɪɝɢɢ ɮɨɬɨɧɨɜ
ɁȺɄɅɘɑȿɇɂȿ
ɍɦɟɧɢɟ ɤɨɪɪɟɤɬɧɨ ɧɚɫɬɪɨɢɬɶ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɟ ɢ ɫɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɪɟɚɥɢɫɬɢɱɧɵɟ ɦɹɝɤɢɟ
ɬɟɧɢ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɨɤɚɡɚɬɶɫɹ ɜɚɠɧɵɦ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɡɞɚɧɢɣ ɢ ɫɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɣ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɜ
ɥɸɛɨɣ ɫɮɟɪɟ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ: ɩɪɢ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɝɟɧɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɥɚɧɚ ɢ ɫɯɟɦ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ ɪɚɛɨɬ, ɫɢɫɬɟɦ ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɚ ɢ ɨɬɨɩɥɟɧɢɹ, ɫɢɫɬɟɦ ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɹ, ɜ ɩɪɢɛɨɪɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɢɢ ɢ ɤɨɦɩɶɸɬɟɪɧɨɣ ɢɧɞɭɫɬɪɢɢ ɢ ɞɪ.
ɋɩɢɫɨɤ ɥɢɬɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ:
1. ɒɢɤɢɧ ȿ.ȼ., Ȼɨɪɟɫɤɨɜ Ⱥ.ȼ. Ʉɨɦɩɶɸɬɟɪɧɚɹ ɝɪɚɮɢɤɚ. Ⱦɢɧɚɦɢɤɚ, ɪɟɚɥɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɢɡɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ. – Ɇ.: ȾɂȺɅɈȽ-ɆɂɎɂ, 1995.
457
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
8/2011
2. ɋɢɜɚɤɨɜ ɂ., ɉɨɩɨɜ Ⱥ.ɂ. ɋɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɵ ɪɟɧɞɟɪɢɧɝɚ: mental ray, VRay,
finalRender, brasil r/s 2004. – http://www.fcenter.ru/online.shtml?articles/hardware/videos/9217
3. Ȼɚɹɤɨɜɫɤɢɣ ɘ.Ɇ., Ƚɚɥɚɤɬɢɨɧɨɜ ȼ.Ⱥ. ɋɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɵ ɤɨɦɩɶɸɬɟɪɧɨɣ (ɦɚɲɢɧɧɨɣ)
ɝɪɚɮɢɤɢ.
4. ɋɢɜɚɤɨɜ ɂ. Ʉɚɤ ɤɨɦɩɶɸɬɟɪ ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɵɜɚɟɬ ɢɡɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ. Ɍɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɢ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɧɨɝɨ ɪɟɧɞɟɪɢɧɝɚ. 2004.
5. Ⱦɟɛɟɥɨɜ ȼ.Ⱥ., ɇɨɜɢɤɨɜ ɂ.ȿ. Ƚɟɧɟɪɚɰɢɹ ɦɹɝɤɢɯ ɬɟɧɟɣ ɩɪɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɚɥɝɨɪɢɬɦɚ
ɬɪɚɫɫɢɪɨɜɤɢ ɥɭɱɟɣ. ɂɧɫɬɢɬɭɬ ɜɵɱɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɦɚɬɟɦɚɬɢɤɢ ɢ ɦɚɬɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɝɟɨɮɢɡɢɤɢ ɋɈ
ɊȺɇ. 2009
6. Ɍɪɢɮɨɧɨɜ Ⱦ. Ɇɹɝɤɢɟ ɬɟɧɢ ɧɚ GPU 2008 http://www.uraldev.ru/articles/id/18
References:
1. Shikin E.V., Boreskov A.V. Computer graphics. Dynamics, realistic images. – Moscow. DIALOG-MIFI, 1995
2. Sivakov I., Popov A.I. Modern rendering programs: mental ray, VRay, finalRender, brasil r/s
2004. – http://www.fcenter.ru/online.shtml?articles/hardware/videos/9217
3. Bayakovsky Y.M., Galaktionov V.A. Modern problems of computer (machine) graphics.
4. Sivakov I. How computer calculates images. Technologies of program rendering. 2004
5. Debelov V.A., Novikov I.E. Generation of soft shadows using ray tracing method. Institute
of computation al mathematics and mathematical geophysics. 2009.
6. Trifonov D. Soft shadows on GPU 2008 http://www.uraldev.ru/articles/id/18
Ʉɥɸɱɟɜɵɟ ɫɥɨɜɚ: AutoCAD, realistic image, rendering, soft shadows, light, modeling process,
visualization
Key-words: AutoCAD, ɪɟɚɥɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɢɡɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɟ, ɬɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ, ɦɹɝɤɢɟ ɬɟɧɢ, ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɟ,
ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ, ɜɢɡɭɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɹ.
e-mail ɚɜɬɨɪɚ: istac@mgsu.ru
Ɋɟɰɟɧɡɟɧɬ: ȼɚɣɧɲɬɟɣɧ Ɇ.ɋ., ɞ.ɬ.ɧ., ɩɪɨɮ., ɈȺɈ «Ɇɨɫɩɪɨɟɤɬ»
458
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
11
Размер файла
2 652 Кб
Теги
технологическая, среды, autocad, решение, организационно, проблемы, визуализация, реалистической
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа