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Базовые понятия постмодернистской эстетики..pdf

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56
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KOllHqeCTBO npH6JIH3HTellbHo paBH03HaqHbIX <paMHllHH XYJ:(O)l(HHKOB, apXHTeKTOpOB,
cxynsrrropos H My3bIKaHToB, a TaK)I(e J:(lljl <pHllOC0<pHH H scero xovrrnexca
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nareparype, KaK B 3apy6e:>KHOH, TaK H B OTeqeCTBeHHOH (npasna, OHH pa3BHBalOTcH
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113 MHoroqHClleHHblX pa60T, nOCBjlIl.{eHHbIX XYJ:(O)l(eCTBeHHOH xynsrype BTOPOH
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C03J:(aHO, H rnc TOllbKO B C03J:(aHHOM OHH H npoRBRTCR [7, c . 321].
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nacyunro He06xoJ:(HM, H60 nensas noaepsrs fionsure nanpaansrourea BOlle paccyzixa.
11 B 3TOM HaXOJ:(HT csoe BOnnOIl.{eHHe nosas, npacyuias COBpeMeHHOCTH MOIl.{b
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xaoca npe.n;JIO)l(HJIH B xonue 1970 - 1990-x rr. <ppaHl.lY3cKHe <pHJIOC0<pbl )K.-<1>.
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)I(H3HeHHbIM HBJIeHHHM - xepra, xapaxrepnas .n;JIH nocrxonepancrcxoro 3HaHHH.
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cornacno )1(. Bonpaaapy, neanocrnoro rrepaencrsa, CTOHT TOJIbKO 3HaKy nosepnyrsca
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rrpenenaxa
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MHpa, TO napanarxarnxecxoe nOCTMo.n;epHH3Ma - 3TO ranepperpnexcaa , arHOCTHl.lH3M,
HHrHJIH3M (l.lHHH3M), TOTaJlbHbIH peJUlTHBH3M, CMex (HpOHHH, CapKa3M). KaK H BCHKoe
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KOTOPbIH npencraer KaK OTCyTcTBHe oaaaxaeaoro. Osnasaiomee (rpopaa) 3)J;eCb
CaMOl.leJIbHO H CaMO.l.lOCTaTOlJHO, B OTJIHlJHe OT KJIaCCHlJeCKOrO peaJIH3Ma,
yraepacaasurero aHTponOl.leHTpHlJeCKHH 06pa3 MHpa - 60JIee HJIH MeHee ropnoe
npeacrasnenae qeJIOBeKa 0 ce6e, KaK TeXHHKa npacyrcrsyroutee cpezra npOlJHX B
IIpOCTpaHCTBe coapeveanoro HCKYCCTBa. O.n;HaKO cerozms peaJIHCTHlJeCKHe <pOPMbI
58
BeCTHIlK
PYAH,
cep . Jlumepamypoeeoeuue. )[(ypHOJIUCmUKD,
2008, N2 I
(runeppeamrsv) - sro TOJIbKO cnocof H306pa)KeHHH, "orofipaacaiouiae", KOTOpbIM
uexero orofipaxars. B :nOM CMbICJIe fieccacrejaaocrs, XaOTHqeCKaH M03aHKa
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npe.llCTaBJIeHHH H 6ecnOMOlI\HOCTH HCKyccTBa, naumeureroca my6HHbI, npansrmoro
xona, npencraansaurero TaHHy MHp03.uaHHH.
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.llHHaMHKH, npocroro HIIH CJIOJKHoro, rapxonan HJ!H .lleC-TpyKI..{HH, KOHKpeTHOro HIm
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B HCKyccTBe
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CTHJIb "roBOpHT" nOMHMO BOJIH roaopsuiero. 3KcnpeCCHH )KeCTHKyJIHUHOHHOH
)KHBOnHCH He MeHee HH<popMaTHBHa, qeM HaTypanHCTHQeCKHH CIO)KeT. B azreane
xy.uO)KeCTBeHHbIH 06pa3 - sro euie He napeseaaaa He MbICJIb, HO ee rrpaaaa. CKOJIbKO
6bI MbI HH BOnpOWaJIH, xy.uO)KHHK scerna CK~eT MeHbwe roro, 'ITO roBOpHT ero
npOH3Be.ueHHH.
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qaCTHOCTH B TpaKTOBKe CKB03HbIX CIO)KeToB . TaKHM 06pa30M, C03HaHHe
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pe<pJIeKCHeH no nosony n03THKH H 3CTeTHKH.
I1CKyCCTBO nOCTMo.uepHH3Ma - B TOH Mepe, B KaKOH OHO COXpaHHeT <pyHKUHH
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HO H nonsrrxa npeononers KaTaCTpO<pHqeCKyJO pa306l1.leHHOCTb qeJIOBeKa H MHpa.
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I1xa6 Xaccan Ha3bIBaeT TaKHe OCHOBOnOJIaralOl1.lHe npH3HaKH nocrvonepaasaa:
1) aeonpeneneaaocrs, KyJIbT aeacaocreji, oWH60K, nponycxos;
2) <!>parMeHTapHocTb H npHHUHn MOHTa)Ka;
3) ".ueKaHOHH3aUHH", 60pb6a C Tpa.uHUHOHHbIMH ueHHOCTHbIMH uerrrpaaa:
4) "see npoucxonar
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5) "MbI OCTaeMCH C arpoa H3bIKa, 6e3 3ro": MOJIqaHHe, OTKa3 OT MHMeCHca H
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7) cxeureaae )KaHpOB, BbICOKOro H HH3KOro, CTHJIeBOH cHHKpeTH3M;
8) TeaTpaJIbHOCTb cOBpeMeHHoH xynsrypu, patiora na ny6JIHKy, 06H3aTeJIbHbIH
yxer ay.uHTOpHH;
9)
cpacranae C03HaHHH co cpencrsaua KOMMyHHKaUHH, cnocofiaocrs
upacnocafinasarsca K HX 06HOBJleHHJO H pe<pJ1eKTHpOBaTb Ha.u HHMH [4].
59
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rrpoaaaenenaa, cxopee - B acnexre MaHepbI nOBeCTBOBaHHjj, npHeMOB H cP0PMbI.
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npe,IIJIO)l(HBllIHH LIJIjj xapaKTepHCTHKH
coapeueaaoro HCKyccTBa TepMHH
"He06apOKKO". TIPH sceii He06blqHOCTH cpaaaeaas XVII sexa H HallIHX, XX H XXI,
Me)l():(y HHMH .neHcTBHTeJIbHO ofinapyacaeaerca ueJIbIH psn napanneneji. B qaCTHOCTH,
euie :>K .-<D. Jlnorap 3ajjBJIjjJI: "TIocTMo.nepHH3M HCXO.nHT H3 aezroaepas K
MeTapaCCKa3y" [5, c. 213-214]. MeTapaCCKa3 - 31'0 "aceorrsscaarouias CHCTeMa", a
xapaxrepaoa -reproit nOCTMo.nepHHCTCKHX npOH3Be.neHHH KaK paa H 51BJI5IeTCjj
OTCyTcTBHe pacsnazrstsaaas no nOJIOqKaM H yqHTeJIbHOCTH, a raicse aepenxo H
asipaacenas MopanH. KaK H qHTaTeJIb "revaoro CTHJI5I B nnreparype'', CTHJI5I Tonropsr
(8), nonysaaurero 6ypHbIH paCUBeT B sn oxy fiapoxxo, aapecar nponaaezreaait
nocrnonepa H3Ma nOCTaBJIeH B yCJIOBH5I He06xo.nHMOCTH caMOCT05lTeJIbHoro
HCTOJIKOBaHH5I TeKCTa, aepezrxo qpe3BblqaHHO CJIO)l(HOrO CTHJIHCTHqeCKH H
JIeKCHqeCKH,
nomroro
aJIJII03HH,
KO.nOB,
OTCbIJIOK
K
napaJIJIeJIbHOH
H
npeznnecrayrourea nnreparype H aBTopCKOH nrpsr. .lJ:JIjj npo-rrenas-aareprrperauaa
npOH3Be.neHH5I He06xo.nHMa He TOJIbKO BbICOKajj 3py.nHUHjj H HaJIHqHe llIHpOKHX
cP0HOBbIX 3HaHHH, HO ratoxe 'repneaae H BHHMaTeJIbHOCTb. HHTb asropcxoro
nOBeCTBOBaHHjj sasacryro HaCTOJIbKO TOHKa, qTO nOqTH acsesaer B JIa6HpHHTe
npOH3Be.neHH5I, a aaorna HaCTOJIbKO jjBHO H HaBjj3qHBO BbI.neJIjjeTC5I, qTO HaBo.nHT aa
MbICJIb 0 CTHJIHCTHqeCKOH nozronnexe H OTCbIJIKe K .npyrHM Ko.naM. B pe3YJIbTaTe
nponaaeaeaae nepenxo xapaxrepusyer TaKa51 CJIO)l(HOCTb npo-rrenas, qTO npaxonarcs
roaopars 0 C03HaTeJIbHOM yCTpaHeHHH ero re.nOHHCTHqeCKOH cPyHKUHH (narrpauep,
TaKOH oc06eHHOCTbIO OTJIHqaIOTCjj npoassenerras YM6epTO 3KO, oc06eHHO 51pKO eIO
aanenea "Ma5ITHHK <DYKO") . KaK H B snoxy 6apOKKO, npOH3Be.neHH5I nHllIYTC5I .nJIjj
H36paHHOH xareropaa qHTaTeJIeH (XOT5I, MO)l(eT 6bITb, asropsr H 3ajjBJI5IIOT ofiparnoe):
3TO HHTeJIJIeKTyaJIbHbIe pacPHHHpOBaHHbIe pOMaHbI C 51BHO BbIpa)l(eHHbIM
cPHJIOCOcPCKHM H MHcP0JIOrHqeCKHM HaqaJIOM.
TaKHM 06pa30M, JII06ajj nonsrrxa CKOHCTpyHpoBaTb MHp, ziaace B xy.nO)l(eCTBeHHOM
npOH3Be.neHHH, asuasansno H C03HaTeJIbHO ofipexaercs nHCaTeJIjjMH aa aeyaasy,
sens, no :>K. Bonpnaapy, "oaaasaexoe - JIHllIb HJIJII03Hjj". :>K. ,[(eppH.na (9) .n06aBJI5IeT,
qTO K CMbICJIY Bo06IlIe aano OTHOCHTCjj KaK K HeKOH arpe, BbI.nBHra51 H.neIO
.nHCCHMHJIjjUHH (r.e , paccensaaaa) JII060ro CMbICJIa . Hrax, nocrvozrepnacrsr
C03HaTeJIbHO He BbI):(eJIjjIOT O.nHH CMbICJI, a KaK·6 bI 6pocaIOT qHTaTeJIIO ueJIyIO ropers
CMbICJIOB, l-IT06bI OH cav BbI6paJI .nJIjj cefis KaKOH-JIH60 noztxonsutait. reM caMbIM,
C03HaTeJIbHO nccrynapyercs xaoc MHpa, rne see 51BJIjjeTC5I ueHHbIM H HHqTO)l(HbIM
o.nHOBpeMeHHO . 3.neCb HeT npe06JIa.naHH5I ozmoro CMbICJIa nazt .npyrHM, see rHnOTe3bI
HMelOT npaso aa CYIlIeCTBOBaHHe. QT06bI np06paTbC5I K JII060My CMbICJIY, qHTaTeJIIO
np Hx o.nHTC5I nponenars T5!)I(eJIYIO yMcTBeHHyIO pafiory, HHqTO He JIe)l(HT aa
nOBepXHOCTH, ace nOCTHraeTC5I ynopasrx 'rpyaov. Ho 3TO CH3HcP0B Tpy.n: T5I)I(eJIbIe
yCHJIH5I He rtpasonar HH K qeMy, ace He 60JIee qeM arposaa peansnocrs. Onaaxo OHa
peaJIbHee peaJIbHOH, TaK KaK H3 Hee BwpaCTaeT rHnep60JIH3HpOBaHHa5I
.neHCTBHTeJIbHOCTb (KaK B "Ma5ITHHKe <DYKO").
E.R. Jlanuua. Basoasre
61
nOHliTlUI nOCTMOAepHHCTCKOH )CTeTHKH
3ToT nOCT)'naT CHHMaeT npofinexu MeTOjI,a (nOjI,OHjI,eT mo60H), HCTHHbI (HCTHHbI
He cyutecrsyer, HCTHH cnHWKOM MHoro HnH HCTHHaHenOCTH)I(HMa), XYjI,O)l(eCTBeHHOH
MOjI,enH MHpa (MHpOB 6eCKOHellHO MHoro, OjI,HH
nopoxnaer
npyroit, KaKOH H3 HHX
peansnuii").
XYjI,O)l(eCTBeHHbIH TeKCT BblfJ151jI,HT caMOBocnpOH3BOjI,CTBOM
orpazceao
enos
(3TO OlleHb 51pKO
YM6epTO 3KO "6aYjI,OnHHO"). B C03HaHHH llHTaTen5l­
cauoro nHCaTen51 HjI,eT nenpepusnsrk nOHCK HCTHHHOro 513blKa,
B poxane
anrepnperaropa H
nenonanacrnoro XY.LJ.O)l(eCTBeHHbIM KO.lI.aM.
B cany
CBoeH CnO)l(HOCTH npOH3BejI,eHHe
HaBH3bIBaeT ronsxo OjI,HH MeTOjI, HHTepnpeTaUHH: pa36HBKY na MenbllaHWHe
cerverrru
- BbICKa3bIBaHHH, HCTonKOBaHHe COjI,ep)l(aIl..{eHC5I HjI,eH (paCWHCppOBKa),
3aTeM
HCTonKOBaHHe HjI,eH B COCTaBe epparMeHTa,
nOTOM
B KOTOpbIH OHH BXOjI,51T,
HHTepnpeTaUHH B COCTaBe uenoro H, HaKOHeu, HHTepnpeTaUH5I uenoro B OTHoweHHH
K era COCTaBHbIM llaCTHM H uenoro B ero OTHoweHHH K sneuraeuy MHpy, - no CYTH
nena, TeKCTOBbIH aaanas no
Ponaay Eapry, Kaxcnaa
COCTaBn5llOIl..{M aascaa , H 3TO y)l(e
He npOCTO 513bIK npOH3BejI,eHH5I HnH asropa - 3TO HOBbIH 513bIK B HCKyccTBe.
ComaCHO
P. Bapry,
KOTOpbIH 51Bn5leTCH H306peTaTeneM naaaoro nOjI,XOjI,a, naura
saaaxa COCTOHT B TOM, llT06bI paccsmars TeKCT, a He cofipars ero BoejI,HlIO.
Hccnenoearens ztoroxen, scnen sa caMHM aaropca, cneuaansno opHeHTHpOBaTbCH na
HHTePTeKCT)'anbHoCTb, UHTHpOBaHHe. B 3TOM OTHoweHHH nOCTMOjI,epHH3M ormrraer
MapKHpOBaHHa51 HHTepTeKCT)'anbHOCTb, r.e. 3aHMCTBOBaHHe UHTaT, H 3TO CTaHOBHTC5I
caaouensro H3bIKa nOCTMOjI,epHHCTCKOH mrreparypsr.
Euie OjI,HH npHMeH5IeMbIH nOCTMOjI,epHH3MOM MeTOjI, - naCTHW (OT aransaacxoro
pasticcio - onepa, COCTaBneHHa51 H3 OTpbIBKOB jI,pymx onep, CMecb, nonyppa,
CTHnH3aUH5I). 3To crrocofi COOTHeCeHH5I TeKCTOB Me)l(jJ,y C060H, a raioxe MeTOjI,
opraHH3aUHH TeKCTa KaK 3KneKTHllHOH KOHCTpyKUHH )I(aHpOBO-CTHnHCTHlleCKHX
epparMeHToB
(9). B
MOjI,epHH3Me naCTHW 6bIn npHeMOM naponaposaaaa, HHOrjI,a ­
cavonapoztapoeaaas. KaK
pas orreaox
caMonap0jI,HpOBaHH5I nO)l(HTC5I H B OCHOBy
nOCTMOjI,epHHCTcKOH KOHuenUHH nacraura.
TIocTMOjI,epHH3M
xacro
acnonssyer
xonnaae
(sxnexrasecxoe
CoejI,HHeHHe
Pa3HOP0jI,HbIX CTHneBblX H )I(aHpOBbIX 3neMeHToB) H cHMyn5lUHlO, KOTOpylO
)!C
EOjI,pHHap onpenennn KaK rropozcnenae C nOMOIl..{blO MOjI,enel1 peansnoro 6e3
paavsraanae rpana Me)l(jJ,y
peansnsrv H appeansnsns. Bee 3TO osem, HpKO npOCne)l(HBaeTC5I B coapexeansrx
peansnocra runeppeansnoro, r.e. npaxraxecxa nonnoe
poxaaax, y roro )I(e YM6epTO 3KO.
KpaHHHM BOnnOIl..{eHHeM nOCTMOjI,epHHCTcKHX TeHjI,eHUHH cneziyer Ha3BaTb
pOMaHbI eppaHuY3cKoro nOCTMOjI,epHliCTa <1>.
Conepca, npesparaamero eppaHuY3cKHH
pOMaH HOBOH 3nOXH C03HaHH5I B nesro COBepweHHO HOBoe. Ero uens saxmoxanacs B
TOM, llT06bI HCTpe6HTb ace
cnensr poxaaa. Ilacarens HCXOjI,Hn H3 npanuana
CTpyKT)'pHOH nHHrBHCTHKH,
yraepacaaiouiero, llTO cnOBO H 06U3Ha4aeMoe HM
nOH51THe HHKOrjI,a He MoryT 6bITb OjI,HHM H TeM )I(e, nOTOMY -rro TO, llTO 0603HallaeTC5I,
HHKor,n,a He nanaxecrsyer B 3HaKe (cp. C. 6eKKeT
"B O)l(HjJ,aHHH rOjI,O").
He npnxornacs, H y)l(e nocne 70-x ronos 3KcnepHMeHT <1>.
OjI,HaKO HjI,eH
Conepca cowen ua HeT.
OOCTMo.aepHHCTCKHH pOMaH CTaHOBHTCH y)l(e He TaKHM a6CTpaKTHbIM. <1>paHUy3cKHe
06pa3UbI HallHHaJTH nepepafiarsraarscs B zrpyrax HaUHOHanbHbIX xynsrypax: B
aMepHKaHCKOH, aHfJ1Hl1cKOH, HeMeUKOH, HTanb5lHCKOH, HBHB HaM TaKHe HMeHa, KaK 11.
KanbBHHO, Y. 3KO,
A. Ilepec-Pesepre,
TI. 3lOCKHH.a H MHorHe ztpyrne.
62
BeCTHHK PY,UH, cep. Jlumepamypoeeoeuue . )/(ypHaJlUCmUKa, 2008, N~ I
TIPI1ME4AHIDI
1. Or <pp. Postmodemisme - nocne MO.L\epHH3Ma.
2. :>KaH <I>paHcya Jlaorap (Lyotard), P0.L\. B 1924 r. <I>p. <pHllOC0<P, BblcrynaJl C KpHTHKOH
MapKcH3Ma H <ppeH.L\H3Ma ("3KOHOMH~ )f(ellaHH~", 1974), B 1979 saen nO~THe
InOCTMO.L\epHH3Ma" KaK OCHOBHOH npofinevu cOBpeMeHHocTH, xapasrepasyromeacs
npoTHBo6opCTBOM Pa3HOP0.L\HbIX cnocofios MblllIlleHH~ H )f(H3HeHHblX <pOpM.
3. Bom.rpranr Bem.ru (Welsch) - HeMeUKHM TeOpeTHK KYJHiryPb! nocraonepaasva,
060~C~BllIHH nOCTMO.L\epHH3M BTepMHHax MO.L\epHH3Ma. TIo ero MbICllH, TO, "ITO 6bIllO
asrpafioraao MO.L\epHOM B BbICllIHX 330TepH"IeCKHX <popMax, nOCTMO.L\epH
ocyuiecranser aa llIHpOKOM <ppOHTe 06bI.L\eHHOH peaJIbHOCTH; 3TO naer npaao Ha3BaTb
nOCTMO.L\epH 3K30TepH"IeCKOH <pOpMOH 330TepH"IeCKOrO MO.L\epHa.
4. :>KaH oO.L\pHHap (BaudniJard) (p0.L\. B 1929) - <pp. <pHllOCO<p. Orpauarensno OTHOCHTCjJ
K TepMHHaM "nOCTMO.L\epHH3M" H "nocTcTpYKTYPaJIH3M", nOTOMY "ITO OHH HCKa)f(eHbI
MHO)f(eCTBOM n03.L\HHX BYllbrapH30BaHHbIX HHTepnpeTaUHH. :>K. OO.L\pHUap C"IHTaeT, "ITO
cekxac saaepuranacs KaK HCTOPH~, TaK H peansnocrs.
5. Hxa6 Xaccan (Hassan) - aMep. MbICllHTellb, .L\aBllIHU O.L\HY H3 causrx "IeTKHX
xapaxrepacrax
nOCTMO.L\epHH3Ma.
Xacan nepaua ynorpefian TepMHH
InOCTMO.L\epHH3M" npHMeHHTellbHo K rnrreparype.
6. :>KlOllH (lOllH~) Kpncresa (Kristeva) (p0,D.. B 1941) - <pp. accneztoaarensnaua
rnrreparypu H Sl.3bIKa. PO.L\HllaCb B Bonrapaa, C 1960-x r.r. )f(JolBeT BO <I>paHUHH.
TIpe.L\CTaBHTellbHHua CTpYKryparIH3Ma. Y"IeHHua P. Bapra, nponaraazracr H
HCTOllKOBaTellb H.L\eU M.M. EaxTHHa.
7. Ponan Bapr (Barthes) (1915 - 1980), <pp. KpHTHK, nareparop, CeMJolOTHK. ABTOP pa60T
no npofinevaa 3HaKa, CHMBOlla, MH<pa, HX couaansaon H xynsrypuoil
otiycnosnennocra. OCHoBHble pa60TbI: IMH<p0llorHH" (1957, pyc. nepeson 1934),
"3lleMeHTbI ceMHOllOfHH" (1965), "CHCTeMa MO.L\bl" (1967), asrofiaorpadiaa "Ponaa
Eapr'' (1975), "<I>parMeHTbI rnofioaaoro AHcKypca" (1977). Taxzce B KOHTeKCTe
pasfiapaeaoii np06lleMbI aacnyacasaer BHHMaHHjJ CTaTbSl., nocsauremraa aHaJIH3Y
HOBeJlJlbI 3 . TIo "TIpaB.L\a 0 TOM, "ITO CllY"lHJlOCb CMeCbe BOJIb.L\eMapOM" (1973).
8. Jlyac .L\e Ioaropa-a-Aprore (Gongora y Argote) (1561 - 1627), HcnaHcKHu n03T 3nOXH
6apoKKo, OCHOBOnOllO)f(HHK T. Ha3. "revaoro" CTHlljJ, "roaropasaa"
apHCTOKpaTH"IeCKOU n03TH"IeCKOU llIKOllbI B pOMaHcKHx nareparypax. ,lVIjJ Hero
xapaxrepnu 06pa3HaSl. ynnoraennocrs, MeTaq)QpI1YHOCTb (1103MbI "TIOllH<peM", 1612­
13 H "Ye.L\HHeHHjJ", 1613; C6-K "CO"lHHeHH~ B craxax ucnaacxoro Iouepa'', orryfin . B
1627, B TOM xacne CTHXH B Tpa.L\HUHOHHbIX Hap0.L\HbIX )f(aHpax).
9. :>KaK ,[{eppH.L\a (Derrida) (1930 - 2004) - <ppaHU. <pHllOCO<p, TeOpeTHK jJ3bIKa. KpHTHK
MeTa<pH3HKH, CBSl.3bIBalOlUHu ee npeO.L\OJIeHHe C ".L\eKOHcTpYKuHeH", T.e.
aHaJIHTH"IeCKHM pacxneaeaaea ee OCHOBHbIX nOHjJTHu H npezcne scero - nO~THSI
6bITHSI. 'T paMMaTOllOr HSI " (nayxa 0 nacsve) :>K. ,[{eppH.L\bI yraepacnaer npHOpHTeT
nHCbMeHHOCTH Ha.L\ norocox (3BY"lalllHM CJIOBOM).
JIUTEPATYPA
I. Bapr P. C/Z. - M.: Ad Marginem, 1994 (c. 8 - 46).
£.B. Jlanuua. Baaosste nonxras nOCTMOllepHHCTcKOll 3CTeTliKH
63
2. Bonpnaap )K. CHMBOnHqeCKI1H o6MeH 11 cveprt; - M.: ,lJ,06pOCBeT, 2000.
3. Bensur B. IDOCTMo.nepH". Teneanoraa H auasenae oznroro cnopnoro nOH$lHUI II Ilyrs,
- 1992. - NQ 1. - C. 109-136.
4. BU3eJlb M. Ilosnnne pOMaHbI I1TaJIO Ka'lbB!1HO KaK 06pa3UbI rnneprexcra II
http://www.netslova.ru/viesel/viesel.htm
5. MnbHH M.D. Ilocrcrpyxrypanaau. ,lJ,eKoHcTpyKTHBH3M. DocTMo.nepHH3M. - M:
Hnrpana, 1996.
6. li'1bJ.JH If.Il, Ilccrvoztepnaaa CT nCTOKCB no KOHua aaruero CTOJleTM~: 3BO.rHO!.U4~q
aaysnoro MH<pa. - M: Hirrpana, 1998 (MHTepHeT-BepcH$I),
7. Jlaorap )1(.-<1>. Orser na aonpoc : 'ITO raxoe nocruonepa? II Ad Marginem'93:
E)I(ero.nHHK. - M.: Ad Marginem, 1994. - C. 321;
8. MHTepHeT-3HUHKJIOne.nllil IDocTMo.nepHH3M" II COCT. AA Fpauanoa, M.A MO)l(eHKo.
http://infolio.asf.ru/PhiloslPostmod/postmodchuvst.html
9. HOBeHllIHH <pHJIOCO<pCKHH CJIOBapb. - MHHCK, 200 I (I1HTepHeT-BepcH$I).
BASIC CONCEPTS OF POSTMODERN AESTHETICS.
E.V. LAPINA
Department of World Literature
Russian Peoples' Friendship University
Mikluho-Maklay str., 6, 117198 Moscow, Russia
The article deals with basic concepts of postmodem aesthetics which are the key to
reading and interpreting the majority of contemporary literary texts.
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