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Библейские сюжеты в осмыслении печорского книжника XIX века И. С. Мяндина.pdf

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(1823?1894) ??а ???? ????-?????? (???????? ????? ?????????? ????).
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?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ?. 100. ?????????? ?????
?????????????? ????-????????? ???????????? ??? ?????? ???????????
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?????? [7], ?????????? ?а????? ????? ??а?????? ????????
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93
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??а?????????? ????╗1); ?? 267, ?. 5?259 ??. (? ??????? ???????????????? ????-????????? ??????????: л?????, ?????????? ???????????, ?????? ???????????? ???????? ?????
??а ?????? ??????? ??а ?????????╗2) ?а ??? ???? ?. 100 (?????а ? ??3.), ?. 120?180 (? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????: л???????? ??а ????? ?????????? ??????? ????????
?а ???????? ?????, ???? ??? ???????????? ??? ????? ??????╗). ?а ???????? ????, ?? 69 ??? ?????????? ??????
???????????? ?а?????? ??????????? ??????????.
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???????? ?????????? ??а ??????????? ?. ?.а ???????а ?
л???????? ?? ?????? ??????????╗, ???????? ?а ??????? ????????? ???? ?????????. ???????????? ???? ??????????
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?????????? ???????? ????????? ???????????????? ????????4 ?ал?????╗ 104 ??а?????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????
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(????? ???????, ?????????? ?а?. ?.). ??а???????? ???????????
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?а???????╗ (?. 138?138 ??.). ?а?????? ????? ????? ?а?????? ??.
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??? ?? ?????????? ????╗ (?. 42), ?? ?а?????? ??, 66 ??? ?????????? ?а?????? ??а??????? ????? ?а??????????, ?????? ??
???????? ??, ?а? ???????????? ?????? ????? ??а?????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??а?????? ?????а? ?????? ?а?????, ???
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34 ??.? 35). ?????? ?а? ???? ?????? ????????? ????? л????????? ???╗ ???????, ??а? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ??????
??-?????. ?а?????? ??, 267 ?????? ?а???? ????? ???????? ?????????? л????????╗, ??? л???????????╗ ??а ?????????? ?????? л???????╗, л???? ??? ?а ??? ????????????? ???????╗,
??? ???? ?а л????????? ???? ?????╗ ?а л???????? ??????╗.
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??? ????????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ???????: л?????? ??, ??? ??а ??????? ?????? ??а ??????, ??а ????????
???? ??????????, ??????? ???? ???????? ??????╗ (?. 35 ??.).
??? ???? ????? ?????????????? ?? ???????: л? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ?а?????? ?????╗ (??? ??). ?а?????? ??,
66 ?а ????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ?а ????????????
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????????╗ (?. 37). ?а ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? (?????? ??.) ?а?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????????????
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?????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ?а?????: ??????, ??????, ???
?????, ??????? ????? ????? ?а????? ????????╗ (?. 138).
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?????, ????? ?????????????? ????? ??????????? ?. ?.а???????,а? ?а???? ????????, ???? ?????? ?а????????, ???????
???? ??????????-?????????? ???????, ????? ????????? ???????? (970/969?931 ??. ??а ?.?.) ???????? л??????? ?????╗,
????????? ??????? ?а ???? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????. ????????? ?????? ???????? ?а???????? ????
??????????? ?. ?.а ?????????? [8]. ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?а?????? ?????????????????, ??????????? ??????? ????????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ???????,
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?????????? ?а ??????????? ?????? ?а ??????????? ??? ??
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?????? ??а???????? ??, 267 ???????? ?????? ?????? ?а?????? ???????, ??, 66а? ??????, ?а?????? ??.а? ?????????,
???????????.
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??? ???????????? ??????. ??а ?????? ?????а ? ?а ?????? ??,
267а? ??? ????????? ??? ???????? ???????-??????????????
98
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?????????? ??а???????). ??а?????? ????? (?????? ??, 66) ???????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ???????????: ?а????? ???????, ?. ?.а?????? ?????????? ????????? ????? ?????????
(????????? ?????????? л??????╗ ???????? ?а?????: ???????
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????? ???????? ??????? ?а ???????????? ???????, ????????????? ?а??, 267, ?а? ?????????? ?????????????? ????
??????? ???????????; ??????? ?а ???, ??? ???????, ????????? ??? ???????????? л??????╗ ?а???????? ???? ????? ???????????????, ?????????? ???????: ?????? ???, ??? ??????????? ???? ?????, ?????????? л?? ???? ????╗, ??а???????
???? ??????????? л?????????╗6.
????????? ?????? ???????? ?а ?????? ??, 66 ?????????? ??????????. ????????, ????? ????????? ????????,
?????????????? ?а? ??????????, ?а? ?????? ??, 267, ??а?????? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ????????, ?а ??????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ?????, ??????????????
?а ?????????????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????
XIXа ????7: л...???? ???????? ?а ??????????? ?????????
?а ???????? ??????? ?а ??????????? ??????? ??????????.
?а ?????? ????? ????? ???????????? ??а ?????????? ?????
?а?????? ?а???? ?? ???????? ?а?????????? ?а???????????? ???????╗ (?. 81?81 ??.). ??? ???????? ?а ??, 66 ?????
??а ?????? ????????????????, ??а ? ???????????? ???????: ???????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????????-
?????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ????????...
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??????? ?????????? ???? ??а????????? ??????, ?ал????????
?????????╗ ??а ????? ????. ??????, ??а ?????? ???????, ???
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?а?????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ?а?????? ??, 66 л????????? ?????????????? ????? ????
????????: ??? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????
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л??????╗ (??????? ??а????? ???????????? ?????????), ????????? ?а???????? ????????, ????????? ?а????? ?????????
?а?????????-????????????, ?????????? ?а??????? ??????
?????????? ??а???????-???????????╗ [8, 80].
??а??????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ?. ?.а???????а?
?а?????? ??.а? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????????????? ?????? ??а ??????????? ?????? ????????. ???
????????? ??? ?а ????? ?????? ?????????????: ????????
?????????? ???????? ??а ???????????? ?а ???? ?????? ???????????? ?????? л????????? ??????╗, ?а?????????? ????????
??????? ???????? ??а ???? ??? ???????????, ????? ???? ??
?????????? ?а????????? ??????? ?а?????????? ??????, ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ?а ????????????? л????????????? ????? ??????????╗, ??????? ???????????? ???????? ??? л????????? ???????╗ ?????? ????, ?а ?? ??????
??? ?????????? ????????? ????. ??????????? ????? ???????????? ?а?????????? ??а?????? ???????? ??а???? ????? ??????????? ?а???? ????????, ????????? ????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ??а ??????? ??????????????
??????а? ??????? ????? ?????????? ?????????, ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ?а????? ???????????, ?????????? ????
???? ?а?????? ???? ??????. ???, ?а?????? ??. ??????????? ?????? л????????╗ ???????? ?а????????, ????? ?? ???????? ??
?а??? ?? ??????????? ?????; ????????? ???? ????????? ????????: ???? ?а???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??а???????????
100
?. ?. ???????
????????, ?а ???????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????????. ??????????????? ?а ?????? ??. ?а ???????????? ?а ?????????? ?а ??????????? ?????? ???????? ????? ?а ????????
????????. ???????? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? (??????????
?????????? ??????), ??? ??? ?? ???? л?? ?????????? ???????? ?а ????????? ????? (?), ??а ?????? ??а ?????????
??а????????? ????╗ (?. 174 ??.). ?а?????????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ?а?????? ??. ?а?????? ?????? ??????????? ?????
?????????? ??????? ?????????, ??????? ?????? ?????????
?а??????? ???????? ????????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????????? ?а???????? ??а????????? ???????????? ????????.
??????? ????????? ?а?????????? ????????? ??????????
?а ?? ??????????? ?????????????? ?а ? ???? ??????????
??????? ???????? ?а?????, ?????????? ??? ?а??? ?? ?????????а? ????, ??, 267 (?. 196?211 ??), ??, 66 (?. 86?94 ??.)
?а??. (?. 147?154)8.
?????????? ????? ?????а ? ???? ??а ????? ???????
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???????? ??????? ??????????? ??а ?. ?. ?а ?????????? ????????????? ?а ????? ??????????, ????????, ??????????
????????? ???? ????????, ???????? ????????? ???????
?а ?????????? ?????? ????????, ??????????? ??а ???????????? ??????????; ?????????? (???????????) ???? ????????????? (?????? ?а605?562 ??. ??а?. ?.) ?????? ???????? ???????????, ?а ??? ??????????? ?????? ????????а ? ???????,
??????? ??а????? ???? ???? ????????? ??? ??? ????? ????????????? ?а612 ????. ??? ??? ??????????????? ?а???????????
????????? ???????? ?а ?????. ?а ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?????, ??????????? ?????, ?????????? ??????????????? ?а ?????????????? ??????????а ? л?????????╗,
??????????????????? ?а ?????? ????? ???????????? ???????? ????? ??????, ?????? ?а?????, ????????? ?а??????. ???
???????????? ????? ????????????? ???????, ??????? ?????
????????? ??а??? ?а????, ????? ?????????? ??????????????
??? ??? ???????? ?????-???? ??????????? ?????, ??????????? ????????? ??? [4, 426]. ???????? ?а????? ??????-
?????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ????????...
101
?? ????? ??а????? ??????????? ???????, ??????????? ??а?????? ?????? ????????, ?а ??????? ??? ??а ????? ?????
????????? ?а ????????? ???????????? ???????. ?????????
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III Oxa, ??????? ?????????? ?а359?338 ??. ??а?. ?., ??? ????????????? ????????, ??? ??? ??????????????????, ??? ?а ?
?????????? ????????, ????? ????????? ?а??? ??? ?????????? ??? ????? ?????, ????? ???????????? ?а ??????????
?????????????. ???????? ?? ????? ??????????? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ?а??? ????? ???????? ???????а? ?? II
???? ??а ?. ?., ?а ???? ???????, ????? ?а ?????, ????????????
??? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????????, ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?????????. ???????, ???????? ???????
?а ?????, ?????????? ????????? ????? ?а ????, ??? ????
??а??????? ???? ????? ?а??????????? ?а?????????? ???????
??? ???????, ???????????? ??? ?а?????????? ?а?????????
?а???????? ????????????? [4, 427?428].
??? ?????? ???????? ?а ?????, ????????? ?. ?.а ????????, ????????? ??-??? ??? ????, ??-????????, ?а??? ?? ??????????????????, ??? ?а?????? ???? ?????? ?????????????
???? ????????: ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ?а??????
???? ?? 267, ?????????а? ?а?????? ?? 66, ?а???????????
???? ???????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????а ?
?а?????? ??.
???????????????? ?????? ??????? ???????, ??????????? ?????? ?а ?????? ?????????? ???????, ??? ?а ???? ???????
????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ??а ? ?????????????????
????????, ?а ??????? ??????? ???????????????? ??а ????????? ??????????? ???? ???????, ?а? ??????????? ?????????????, ?а ??????? ????????? ???????????????? ?????????
???????. ?????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ????????, ??????? ???????????????? ????????, ???????? ???????? ??
???? ???? ???????. ???, ????????? ??????? ????? ??а ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ?а??????? ?а???? ???????
?????????? (?????? ??????? ??????? ???????, ?????????? ?????????, ????? ????????? ????????? ??????????
102
?. ?. ???????
???????????), ?????????? ???????? ????? ????????, ??????? л???????? ?? ????? ????????, ?а?????, ?а????????
??????? ????? ????, ?а ???????? ?? ???????╗, ????? ???
??а???? л? ?????????? ?????????, ?а??? ?а?????????, ?а?????? ?а???????????╗. ??? ??????????? ????????? ?а???? ???????????? ?????? ??????????????? ??????????????
?????????? ??????? ?а ??????? ????? ??????????? ?а ?????? ??????: л? ?????? ??????? ????? ???, ?а????? ??? ?????? ???? ????╗ (?. 198 ??.а? 199). ????? ???????, ?????
????????? ?а???????, ??? ?а? ?????????? ????????, ??????????? ????, ?????????? ?????? ????????? ?????. ?????????
?. ?.а ?????? ?а ?????? ???????????????? ?????, ??????????? ????? ?а??????: ????? ?? ????? ?????????? ?? ?а?????? ???????? ?????????а? ????? ???????а? ????????????
????? ?а?????: л? ????????? ?а???? ?а?????, ?а????????? ??
?????????, ?а???????? ????, ?? ???????? ???? ??╗ (?. 204).
????????????????? ???????? ???????? ?а ?. ?.а ???????
???????????? ?а ???????? ????????, ??? ?а ????????? ??????????? ????????????? ?????? ??а???????? ?????? ??а?????????? ??????????? ?????? ?а ????? ?а ?????, ??? ???????????? ?? ????? ??????????????? ???????????? ????.
???????? ?. ?.а?????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ?а?????????
?????????? ???????? ?????????, ??????????? ?????????
?а ????? ?????? (????????? ?????????? ?а ??????????), ???
??? ??? ?????????, ??? ????????????? ?????????? ???????
??????????? ???? ???????, ????????????? ????????????
???????? ??? ???????. ??? ?????????? ?а ???????????????? ????????????? (??????? ??а?????? ?????????????? ?а????????????? ???????) ?????????????? ?а? ?????? ????????????
?????????? ????????.
??????? ????? ??? ???? ?????????? ??????? ????????
?а ????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ?а ??? ?????
????????, ?????????? ?а ??????????? ??????, ?????????
?а?????????????? ???????????? ???? ???????. ?????? ??,
267 ???????? ????? ?????????, ???????? ??????? ?а??????????а ? ??????????? ?а ????????????????? ?????????.
?а??? ?????????? ??? ????????, ??????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ?????? ???????: ???????? ?а ???????
?????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ????????...
103
????????? ???? ?????????????? (????? ?а ??????????),
???????????????? ?????? ????????, ?а ?????????????
???? ?????; ?? ???????? ?? ?а????? ?????? ?? ????? ?а?????????, ?а?????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?а?????????? ????, ???????? ??????????? ????? ????? ?????
???????? ????????, ?????? ?а?????????? ????? ?????. ???
??? ?????? ??????????? ?а???? ?????? ??????? ???????.
?????? ??, 66 ?а??. ???????? ??????????? ???????????
???????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????. ??? ??????
??а ?????????? ?а ??????. ??а ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ????????, ??????? ???????? ?а?????? ??, 267,
???????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?а ?????????????,
?а????????? ??????? ??????????? ??-??????. ???? ?а??????,
?????????? ?а?????? ??, 267 ??????? ????????????? ???????
??????, ?????????????? ??????????? ?????? ??а ?????????
????????, ?а ??????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??????
?а ???????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?а ????? ?????? ?????????????, ?? ?а?????????? ??????? ?? 66 ?а??. ??????? ??????????? ????? ????? ?????????? ???????, ?а ???????? ???????? ????????????????? ??а???????? ???????? ?????.
???????? ?. ?.а?????? ?а??????????????? ???? ???????
?а???? ??а????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????, ????????
????????? ????? ??????????а? ?а???, ??? ????? ????????
л??????? ?????? ??????╗, ?????????? ????????? ?????, ?а?
?????? ???????? л????? ????????╗. ???? ?а????????? ????????, ?????????? ?а?????, ??????????? ?????, ?????????????
?а??, 267,а? л???????? ??а????????? ?????╗, ???????????
л???? ??????? ??????? ????????? ???????╗. ??? ?????????
????????, ?а ??????? ?????????? ?а ?????????? ?????????????, ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?а??? л?????????? ????╗а ? ?????, ?. ?. ???????, ??а ?????? ???? ?????????? ???????, ??????????? ??а ?????? ????????? ??????
?а?????????? ??????, ??а? ????????? л???╗ ????.
??а??????????? ?а??????? ??, 66 ?а??. ?а????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??????
??а ??????????. ??? ?????????? ????? ???? ?????? ????????. ???? ????? л???????? ??????╗, ????? ???????????
104
?. ?. ???????
??????? ?а??????, ??????? ????????????? ?а???????????
?????????????, ????? ????? ???????????? ???????? ?а???
???????????? ??????, ????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ????????, л?????????╗ ?????.
?????????? ??-?????? ?а ??????? ??, 66 ?а ??. ?????
????????? ????????, ?????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????????. ?а?????? ??????, ??????? ?а??????????, ??? ?????????? ???????? ???????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????, ??????? ??? ???? ?????????????? ????? ?????,
??????????? ?а ??????? ?????????????. ??а ?????? ??????,
??? ????? ???????????? ???? ????? ??а ??? ???, л???????
??????? ???????? ???╗. ???? ?? ??? ??????????? ??а ?????,
л????? ???? ??????????? ?а???????? ???╗ ?а???? ??????. ?????? ??,а? ????????? ???????? ?????, ????? ?????? ??????????, ?????????? ??? ???? ?а????, ????????? л???? ???????? ?????????╗, л??? ????????? ?а??????? ?????╗, ???
???????? ??а???? ????????? ?????? ?а?????? ??????? ?????
?? ????? ??????. ??????? ??? ?а ???????? ??????????
??а?????? ?????. ?а??? ????????? ???????, ????? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????? ?а????????????, ??? ??????
???????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ????, ???????
л?????????╗ ?? л???? ????????? ???? ???╗ ?????????????,
?а??? ??????? ?? ???? ????????.
????????????? ????? ????????, ?????? ???????? ?? ??????, ??а??????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ?а????????
?? ??????? ?а???????? ?а?? 267. ??????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?а???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ??а??????????. ??? ????, ??? ?а? ?????? ?????????? ???????, ????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? л??????????????╗ ?а????????
??? ?????????, ??? ?а????? ????????????? ????????, ?????????? ????????? ?????: ??а?? ??????, ??? ?????????? ?????
л?????????????????╗, л??? ????? ?????????? ??? ?????
??????? ??????, ?????? ??????????? ???╗, ??а ????????????? ??а?????? ??а????? ?? ??????, ??а??????? ?? л?? ??????╗
?а ????? ???????? ???? ?? л????? ?а ?????? ??????????╗.
??? ????? ?а???????? ????? ??????? ????? л? ????? ???????╗. ????? ???????, ???????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????, ????? ????????????? ????? ???????? ??а????-
?????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ????????...
105
??, ???????????? ???????? ???????? ?а ??????????
??????????? ???????? ?а ??????? ?а ??? ?????? ??, 267,
??а?????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ???????
???????? ???????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????а? ??????
????? ??а????????????? ?а?????? ?????????.
???????? ?????? ?а???? ??????????? ??????? ????????
?а ???????? ??????, ?????????? ?а ?????????? ??????
??а?? ?????? ???????? (л? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????????
?а??? ?????? ???????? ?а????, ?а???????????╗), ?а?? ??????
????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?а?????? ??????. ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ?а ??????? ??, 66 ?а ??.
??????? ????????? ?а???????????? ??????????? ????? ??????? ??????????, ?????????? ????? ?????? ?а ???????????? ??а??? ?????? ???? ?ал??????????? ??????╗.
??? ???? ???????? ??????? ?? 66 ?а ??. ?а ????????? ??????? ?????? ??а ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ?а ?????????????? ??? ?????????. ?????? ????????? ???????
??а??????? ???????, ?????????? ????? ??а???????????????
?????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?а ???????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????????????
??? ?????????????.
?? 267
?а???????? ?а?????
??????????, ?а????
?????????? ??? ???, ??
????????, ?????? ????
??? ???????? ????????
??????? ??? ??а?????,
л?? ????????? ?а???????╗. ?а?????
?????????????,
?а?????? ?? ?????
?????, ????? ?? ?????
??? ??а???????. ???? ??
????? ?? ?????????,
??????????, ?????
?а???????, ?а?????? ???
??? ????? ??????,
????????? ??????,
?а????? ????? ????? (?.
209 ??.).
?? 66
??.
????? ?? ??????????
????????? ?? ?а?????
???????????, ??????? ? ????? ????????
?а????? ??????????
?а????, ?????????: л?
????????? ???, ??
??????? ????, ?? ?????
???????? ??????.
????????? ??? ????!
??????, ?? ????? ???╗. ?а??а????????? ???
?а??а????? ?????. ?а??? ?????????. ?а????
?????? ?а??????? ???
?? ??а?????????
?а??????? ????????
????????? ???, ????
????????????, ?а?????????????? ?????
???? (?. 153 ??.а? 154).
??????? ?а???????,
?????????: ?????
????? ???????????
?????? (?. 93 ??.).
106
?. ?. ???????
??? ?????, ???????????????? ??????? ?????? ?? 267 ???
??а?????? ????? ??????????? ??????а? ?а?????? ?? 66а? ??????? ???????????: ??????????? ?????? ?????-?????????????, ?а ???????? ??????? ?????????? ????? ????????, ????????? ?????????? ??? ?а ?????????? ?а ???????? ???????
??????????; ????????? ????, ?????????? ??? ?????????,
??????????? ?а ??????; ?????????? ????????????? ????????????? ?а???, ??? ??????? ??? ???? л?? ???????╗ ?а????????? ?а???, ??? ????? ?? ????????? ??? ??а??? ????. ?а?????? ??. ????? ????? ????????? ??? ????? ???????????, ??????
???? ?????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ?а?????????, ???
???? ?а?????????? ???????????? ??? ??а???????????, ?а??????????? ?????? ????? ????? л??????╗, ?а??????? ?а?????
???????? ?????? ????????????? ?????????. ?????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????, ???????? ???? ???????? ?????
?????? ??, 66, ????? ???????? ??? ?? л????????????╗ ??????
???????? ????? ?????? ??.
???????? ?????????????? ????????? ?????? ?а ?????? ??.
?????????, ?а?????????, ?а????????? ??????? ???????????
??? ????????. ???? ?а?????? ??, 267 ??????? ?????? ??????
?????????????? ?????????????? ??? ?????-???? ?????????????, ?а? ??, 66 ?? л???????? ???????╗, ?? ?а?????? ??. ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????????: л????????
?а ??????? ????????????╗. ??????????? ?а ??????????????
?????: ?а ?? 267 ??? л????? ???? ?а ??????╗, ?а ?? 66а ?
л????? ?а?????? ?????╗, ?а?????? ??.а? л????? ?а?????? ??????? ?а????? ?????╗. ??? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?а ????????? ?????? ???????, ????????????, ??????
?????????????? ??????? ??????, ??????? ??а ??????? ?????
???????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ????????, ???????? ???????? ?а ???????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????? ???????????
?а???????? ???? ??????? ?а?????????????? ??????.
?? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??????, ??????????
???????? ??????????? ?. ?.а???????, ?????? ??а???????
??? ?? ?????? ???????????. ??? ???? ???????????? ?????????? ?а??? ??а?????? ??????? ??????????? ????????
?????? ??а ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????, ??а ? ?????????-
?????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ????????...
107
????? ???? ?????? ?а?????? ?а???? ?? ??????????, ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ???????. ??? ?????????,
?а ????? ???????, ??????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????, ??????????????
????? ????????????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ????????
???????????? ?????? ???????-???????????? ?????, ?а ??????а? ??????????, ???? ?? ?????????????, ??????????????????
??????????? ???????? ????? ???????????? ?????????.
??????????
*
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
???????????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ????, ?????
?а13-14-11002 ?а(?).
??. ???????? ????????: [6, 112?115].
??. ???????? ????????: [5, 604].
??????? ??????????? ?. ?.а ????????, ??????? ??????? ???
??а?. ?.а????????.
?????? ?????, ???? ???????????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ?. ?.а?????? ?????? ??а??????????????? ??? ???????????
??????????, ??????? ?????? ?а??? ????? ?????????? ??? ???????
???????? ???????? ?. ?.а????????? ?а????? ??а?????? ??а???????? (??. ?????? ?. ?.а ??????? ?????-?????????????? ????-????????????? (????, ?? 301) ?а???????? ????????? ?а??????? ??? ????????? ?????).
????? 104 ??а ?????????? ?????? ?????? ?а ?????? ??????????
???? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????????. ??????????? 4 ?????? ?????, ?????????? ??а??????: ???, ???. ????., ?а153, ?. 260?285
(???. ?VI ?.); ???? ?? 8, ?. 46?75 ??. (???. ??. ????. XVII ?.); ????
?? 12, ?. 100 ??.?125 ??. (???. XVII ?.); ???? ?? ?. 183, ?. 96?128 ??.
(????. ??. XVIII ?.), ???????? ????????а? ????? ?а????а? ??-???? ?.
?.а ???????. ????? ????, ?а ????-????????? ???????? ?? ??????
??????? ???????? ???????????????? ???????, ?????????? ???
?????: ????? ????? ?а???? ???????. ????????. ??????: ???.
???????????, 1787, ????????. 2░, 523 ?. (?? ?. 29).
??? ?????? ??????????????? ?а???????? ?а???????? ?????? ????????????? ?а???????????? ???????: ????????????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ????????????.
??а???? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?. ?.а???????? [9, 232].
??? ?????? ???? ???? ??????????? ????????? ?а ?. ?.а ??????????
?а???? ????????? ?? ????????? ?????? (????????? ?. ?.а??????????
?. ?. ???????
108
???????? ?а????????? ?????????? ???????? ?. ?.а??????? (???????? ?? ??????, ?????? ?а??????). ?????????, 2009).
?????? ??????????
1. ??????? ?.а?. ???? ?????????? ??????а? ???????? ?????????????
???????? (????????? ????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????)а// ?????. ???., 2006. ?.а57. ?.а839?890.
2. ??????? ?.а?. ???????? ?а?????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ????????
?????????? ????????-???????????? ?. ?.а ???????а // ??????????
??а ??????-??????? ??????????? ????? ??????. ?????????, 2006.
?.а52?91.
3. ??????? ?.а ?., ????????? ?. ?.а ???????? ?? ?????? ??????????
?а ????????? ?????????? ???????? ?. ?.а ???????а // ?????. ???.,
2009. ?.а60. ?.а529?555.
4. ??????????? 3. ?????????? ????????. ?., 1987. 464 c.
5. ??????? ?. ?.а ????-????????? ???????? XVII?XIX ??. ?????????????, ????????????? ?а???????? ??????????а// ?????. ?.; ?., 1961.
?.а17. ?.а561?604.
6. ??????? ?. ?. ????-????????? ?????????? ???????? XVI?XX ??.
?????????: ???? ??????? ????????????, 1960. 213 c.
7. ??????? ?. ?.а ????-????????? ?????????? ?а ???????? XIX ?.
?. ?.а ??????а // ????????????? ?????????. (?? ?????????? ??????????? ????). ?., 1985. ?.а323?337.
8. ????????? ?. ?.а?????????? ????? ?а???? ???????? ?а???????????????? ?а????????? ?????????а// ???????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ????: ??????? ?а ?????????????: ????????? ??????. ????.-?????. ????. л?????? ????? ?а ?????? ??????????? ?????????,
???????, ??????╗ (? 20-????? ?????? ?????? ?а ?????????? ?????
??????? ?????????? ??????. ?????????, 15?16 ??? 2008 ?.). ?????????, 2009. ?.а72?82.
9. ???????? ?. ?.а ????????? ??????? ?а ???????????? ????-?????????
?????????а // ?????????? ???????? ??????? ????: (?? ??????????
??????????? ????) ?., 1972. ?.а228?241.
?????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ????????...
109
Tatyana Fedorovna Volkova
Ph.D., Associate Professor of Syktyvkar University
(Syktyvkar, Russian Federation)
volkovatf777@gmail.com
BIBlIcal motIfs In the understandIng
the manuscrIpts of a scrIBe from pechora
I. s. myandIn
Abstract. The paper offers a survey of manuscripts of a peasant, Old
Believer and knizhnik I.аS.аMiandin (1823?1894, Ust?-Tsilma, Komi Republic)
from the Old Manuscript Division of the IRLI (Institute of Russian Literature
of the Russian Academy of Science or Pushkinskiy Dom). Knizhnik, in the
Russian tradition, is a scribe, who also can recite from memory the Scripture
texts and the patristic tradition.
Miandin left his recapitulations of the Old Believers literary tradition.
He left few compilations, transcribed a number of Old Russian texts of
various genres. In four convolutes, he collected Biblical stories taken from
chronographs. Most of Miandin?s stories recapitulate the Old Testament
texts, but there are also legends from the early Christian history (e.g., The
Story of Emperor Constantine and His Mother Helen). His major source
was, in all probability, the copy of the Chronograph from the Old Believers
tradition which he had in his possession (he lent it to a writer S.аV.аMaksimov
and never received it back). The whereabouts of the Chronographer are not
known.
Some of the stories were significantly reworked by Miandin in comparison
with the chronographic version. The latter include the stories of Joseph the
Beautiful, King Solomon and Judith. Results of the study of Miandin?s
manuscripts: the first stage of his work is reflected in the IRLI reduction (Ust?Tsil?ma collection #267), the second ? idem, #66, the third ? RNB NSRK
?.100. The Biblical protagonists were interpreted according to the
understanding of life by Pechora peasants. The peripeteias were related with
an empathy as if they concerned next-door people. This attitude compelled
the narrator to seek, from one version to the other, realistically convincing
motivations for the action of the heroes.
Keywords: Old Believers reductions of chronographic legends of the Old
Testament heroes, Pechora manuscript tradition.
References
1. VolkovaаT.аF. Ivan Stepanovich Myandin, editor of ancient stories (some
results of the study of the literary heritage of the Pechora knizhnik,
(scribe).[Ivan Stepanovich Myandin ? redactor drevnerusskih povestey
(Nekotorye itogi izucheniya literaturnogo naslediya pechorskogo
knizhnika]. Proceedings of the Department of Old Russian Literature
110
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
?. ?. ???????
[Trudy Otdela drevnerusskoy literatury]. St. Petersburg, 2006., vol. 57, pp.
839?890.
VolkovaаT.аF. Tales of Biblical heroes in manuscript heritage of Pechora
knizhnik and an Old Believer I.а S.а Myandin [Skazaniya o bibleyskih
geroyah v rukopisnom nasledii pechorskogo knizhnika-staroobryadtsa
I.а S.а Myandina]. Old Believers in the Northeast of the European part of
Russia [Staroverie na severo-vostoke evropeyskoy chasti Rossii]. Syktyvkar,
2006, pp. 5?91.
VolkovaаT.аF., MikhaylovaаM.аV. The story of Joseph the Beautiful edited
by Pechora knizhnik I.а S.а Myandin [Skazanie ob Iosife Prekrasnom v
obrabotke pechorskogo knizhnika I.а S.а Myandina]. Proceedings of the
Department of Old Russian Literature [Trudy Otdela drevnerusskoy
literatury]. St. Petersburg, 2009, vol. 60, pp.а529?555.
Kosidovskiy Z. Biblical stories [Bibleyskie skazaniya]. Moscow, 1987.
Malyshevа V.а I. Ust-Tsilma manuscripts of the XVII?XIX centuries:
Historical, literary and domestic content [Ust-Tsilemskie rukopisi XVII?
XIX vekov istoricheskogo, literaturnogo i bytovogo soderzhaniya].
Proceedings of the Department of Old Russian Literature [Trudy Otdela
drevnerusskoy literatury]. Moscow; Leningrad, 1961, vol. 17, pp.а561?604.
Malyshevа V.а I. Collections of Ust-Tsilma manuscripts of the XVI?XX
centuries [Ust'-Tsilemskie rukopisnye sborniki XVI?XX vv.]. Syktyvkar,
Komi book publisher, 2006.
Malyshevа V.а I. Ust-Tsilma scribe and writer of the XIX century
I.аS.аMyandin [Ust-Tsilemskiy knigopisets I pisatel XIXаv. I.аS.аMyandin].
Old Russian literature (adapted from the sources of Pushkin House
[Drevnerusskaya knizhnost (po materialam Pushkinskogo Doma)].
Leningrad, 1985, pp.а323?337.
MikhaylovaаM.аV. The biblical story of King Solomon in chronological
and Pechora editions [Bibleyskiy syuzhet o tsare Solomone v
hronograficheskoy i pechorskoy redaktsiyah]. Spiritual heritage of
peoples of the Republic of Komi: The history and the present: Materials of
the Russian scientific and practical conference ?Rare books in the collections
of modern libraries, archives and museums? (the 20th anniversary of the
Department of Rare Books and Manuscripts of the SyktSU Scientific
Library. Syktyvkar, May 15?16, 2008) [Duhovnoe nasledie narodov
Respubliki Komi: Istoriya I sovremennost: materialy Vserossiyskoy
nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii ?Redkie knigi v fondah sovremennyh
bibliotek, arhivov, muzeev (k 20-letiyu Otdela redkoy i rukopisnoy knigi
Nauchnoy biblioteki Syktgu. Syktyvkar, 15?16 maya 2008 g.]. Syktyvkar,
2009, pp.а72?82.
?????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ????????...
111
9. TvorogovаO.аV. Trojan history revised by Ust-Tsilma scribes [Troyanskaya
istoriya v pererabotkah ust-tsilemskih knizhnikov]. Manuscript heritage
of ancient Russia (adapted from the sources of Pushkin House) [Rukopisnoe
nasledie Drevney Rusi (po materialam Pushkinskogo Doma)]. Leningrad,
1972, pp.а228?241.
й ??????? ?.а?., 2014
?????????? ??????, ?а?? ??????????????а? ??????, ?а?? ?? ???????????????? ?????????. ?а ??? ????????? ?а ??????? ???????????????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ?а???????? ???????? ?а?????? ?????????????
????? ??????: ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????, ?????? ?а??????, ?а????????????? ?????????? ??????а? ??????,
??????, ?????? ??????, ?а ????? ??????, ????????, ?????,
?а ?????????? ?????????а ? ??????, ??????. ??а ???????,
????????? ?а ???????????? ????????, ??????? ???????? л?
???? ??????????? ?а ?????? ??? ?????╗. ?????? ???? ???????? ????????????? ?а ??????? ?????????? ?????????а ?
????, ????-????????? ????. (????? ??) 66, ?. 1?115 (? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????: л???????????? ????????
??а?????????? ????╗1); ?? 267, ?. 5?259 ??. (? ??????? ???????????????? ????-????????? ??????????: л?????, ?????????? ???????????, ?????? ???????????? ???????? ?????
??а ?????? ??????? ??а ?????????╗2) ?а ??? ???? ?. 100 (?????а ? ??3.), ?. 120?180 (? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????: л???????? ??а ????? ?????????? ??????? ????????
?а ???????? ?????, ???? ??? ???????????? ??? ????? ??????╗). ?а ???????? ????, ?? 69 ??? ?????????? ??????
???????????? ?а?????? ??????????? ??????????.
?а ????????? ????? ???????? ?а ??? ???????? ????????
?а?????????? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ??а???????????, ?а?????????? ???? ?? ?????????????? ?????? ??а?????? ?????????????? ?????????. ?????? ????????? ???????? ??а ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ????????? [2].
???????? ?????????? ??а ??????????? ?. ?.а ???????а ?
л???????? ?? ?????? ??????????╗, ???????? ?а ??????? ????????? ???? ?????????. ???????????? ???? ??????????
94
?. ?. ???????
??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????????, ??? ???? ?????????
?????????? ????? ????????? ?. ?.а ???????? ???????????? ??????????? [3]. ????????????????? ??????????? ???
?????????? ???????? ????????? ???????????????? ????????4 ?ал?????╗ 104 ??а?????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????
??????????5. ?????? ?а ??????? ?. ?.а ??????? ??????????
????? ??????? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??а????????? ?а??????????? ?а?????? ?????? ??????, ??? ????
?. ?.а ?????? ????????? ???????, ???????? ????????????
?????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ??????, ?????????? ?????? ????????. ?а?????????, ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? л?????╗ ?а???, ?????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ??????
(????? ???????, ?????????? ?а?. ?.). ??а???????? ???????????
???????? ?ал?????╗ ?????? ?????? ????????? ?а?????????
?????? ?????? (????????, л??? ????????╗, ?а??????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???????????? ???? ????????),
?а????? ???? ????????? ?????? ???????? ????? ??? ??????????. ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ????????? ????????
?????? ??????????? ?а?? ????????? ??????? ??????? ??????,
?а?? ?????? ???????? ???????, ?а?? ?????, ??? ?????????
?? ????????????? ??? ??????????????? ????????, ?????????
????????? ?????????. ???? ?а ?????? ???????? (??????
????, ?? 267) ??????, ???????? ????????? ?????? ??????
??????? ???????, ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ??????????, ???????? ???????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ????????? (????????????? ???????, ??????? ???? ????????
?????????? ??? ?а ??????????? ?? ???????, ?????????? ???
?а???????), ?? ?? ?????? ???????? (?????? ????, ?? 66) ???????? ?а???? ?????-??????????, ??????????? ???????????
?а ????? ????? ??????????, ?????????? ?????? ?а ?????? ???????? ???? ??а ???????? л??????????╗: ????? ?а ????????,
????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ?а? ???? ????
????????? л?????????? ??????????╗ (л?? ????????? ?????
????????╗ ?? ????????? ??а ????????? л?????╗ ?а ????? ????? л????╗, ???????? ?? ??????? ?а??????? ???? ?????????? ???? л?????? ????????? ????????╗). ?а??????? ????????
(?????? ??.) ????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??????.
?????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ????????...
95
?а????? ??????????? ????? ???????? ????? ??а?????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ?а?????????? ???????, ???????, ???? ????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????,
???????? ?????????? ?а????? ???????????? ???????, ??? ????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? (??? ?? ?????? ?а??????? ????????? ????????? ???? ????????), ??????? л????????????????, ????? ??????, ??? ???????????, ????????? ?а????
?а???????╗ (?. 138?138 ??.). ?а?????? ????? ????? ?а?????? ??.
????? л???????? ???? ?????? (???????, ??????? ?????????? ?а ???? ???????? ???????.а ? ?.а ?.) ?а ??????╗, ?а л????
?????? ??а ???? ???????? ???? ??а ????╗, ??????? ???? ????
?а????? ??????.
???????? ??а???????? ?а???????? ?а????? ???????????????? ??????. ???? ?а ?????????????? ?????? ??, 267 ???
????????? ??? ???????? ????????, ?? ??? ?? ?????? ???????? (??, 66) ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ????????????????, ????????? ???????. ??? ????? ??????? ??? ???????????? ?а ??????? ?а ?????????? ??а ?????????????
????? ???????, ??????? ???????? ?а???????? ??а?????????,
?а?????? ?????????? ?а???????????. ????????? ?ал?????????╗
?????? ?????? ??????? ?а?????? (?????????????? ?? ????
?????????????? ??????? ??????) ?а??, 66 ????????? ????????????????: ?????????? ?????????? ?а??, 267 ??????????
?ал??????? ???????╗ ??? ????????? л????????? ??????╗, ???
???????? л??????╗ (л??????? ???????╗), ??????? ?????????
???????? ???????, ??? л?? ????? ??? ????????╗. ??????????
????????? ?а?????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ?а?? ????, ?????????? ?а?????? ?а????? ???????????. ????
?а ?????? ???????? ???? ???????? ??????? ?????? (???
?а??????????), ????????? ?а??????: л???? ??а????, ??????,
??? ?? ?????????? ????╗ (?. 42), ?? ?а?????? ??, 66 ??? ?????????? ?а?????? ??а??????? ????? ?а??????????, ?????? ??
???????? ??, ?а? ???????????? ?????? ????? ??а?????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??а?????? ?????а? ?????? ?а?????, ???
?? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????: л? ????? ??????, ???? ???? ?????????? ????, ??????? ?????, ??????????? ???? ?????????? ????? ????????
?а?? ???????????? ??а????, ????? ??а????? ?а??? ???????,
96
?. ?. ???????
??? ?? ?а?? ???? ???? ?????????╗ ????? ???? л?????? ??а?????? ??????????, ???????? ????? ?? ???????? ?????╗ (?.
34 ??.? 35). ?????? ?а? ???? ?????? ????????? ????? л????????? ???╗ ???????, ??а? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ??????
??-?????. ?а?????? ??, 267 ?????? ?а???? ????? ???????? ?????????? л????????╗, ??? л???????????╗ ??а ?????????? ?????? л???????╗, л???? ??? ?а ??? ????????????? ???????╗,
??? ???? ?а л????????? ???? ?????╗ ?а л???????? ??????╗.
?а?????? ??, 66 ???? ???? ?????? ?????????????? ?????а?
??? ????????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ???????: л?????? ??, ??? ??а ??????? ?????? ??а ??????, ??а ????????
???? ??????????, ??????? ???? ???????? ??????╗ (?. 35 ??.).
??? ???? ????? ?????????????? ?? ???????: л? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ?а?????? ?????╗ (??? ??). ?а?????? ??,
66 ?а ????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ?а ????????????
??????. ?????????? ?????? ??а????? ????? ????? ???? ?????
?а???????????? ?а?????? ?а???????. ??а??? ?? ???? ?????????????: ?? ???????????? ???????? ???? ?а?? ??? ????????
??а????? ???????? ???????. ???????????? ?а????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ?а????????? ????? ????? ???????: л?????
???????????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????, ???? ?а ????? ??????
????????╗ (?. 37). ?а ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? (?????? ??.) ?а?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????????????
??????????? ?? ??????. ?а????? ??????????? ??????? ?? ?а??????? ???????? ???????? ??? ?????????, ?а ?? ???????????? ???????, ?а ??? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???????????
???????? ?????????. ???? ??????, ?????????? ?а ??????,
????? ???????????, ????? ?????????? ????? ??????????, ???????? ?????? ????? ??????????????. ???? ??????, ?????????? ??а?????? ??????? ??????, ???????? ????? ?а???????
??????, ?????????????? ?? ??? ?????????: л? ??а ??????
?????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ?а?????: ??????, ??????, ???
?????, ??????? ????? ????? ?а????? ????????╗ (?. 138).
??? ????? ??а ??????????? ????????, ?????????? ?????
????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ????-?????????
???????????? ???? ?а? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????, ??а ??? ?????? ??????????? ??а ????????? ????????? ?? ????? ?а ??? ??????????? ?????????
?????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ????????...
97
??????. ????????????? ????????, ?а??????? ??? ????????,
?????????????? ?? ??а ???????????, ?а ? ????? ????????,
??????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ??а???????? ?а????????
???????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ?? ?????????,
????? ?а ?????, ?????????? ?? ???????? ?????????, ?а ???????????? ???? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????, ??????? ?а ?????-??????? ??а ???????? ???????????? ???? ???????????? ??? ??????????, ?????? ?а????? ????????? ??????????
???????? ??????? ?????, ????????? ?????????? ??????????
??? ?????????? ???? ????? ??????? ??????.
?а ??? ?? ???? ?????????? ?????????а ? ????, ??, 267,
??, 66 ?а ??.а ? ???????? ?а ?????? ???????? ??а ??????????
?????, ????? ?????????????? ????? ??????????? ?. ?.а???????,а? ?а???? ????????, ???? ?????? ?а????????, ???????
???? ??????????-?????????? ???????, ????? ????????? ???????? (970/969?931 ??. ??а ?.?.) ???????? л??????? ?????╗,
????????? ??????? ?а ???? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????. ????????? ?????? ???????? ?а???????? ????
??????????? ?. ?.а ?????????? [8]. ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?а?????? ?????????????????, ??????????? ??????? ????????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ???????,
?????????? ??а?????????? ???????, ???????? ?а???????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????.
??? ?а ??? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????????,
?????? ?????????? ?а??? ??????????? ?????? ?а????????
?а???????? ????????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????,
?????????? ?а ??????????? ?????? ?а ??????????? ??? ??
???? ???????? ???????. ????????? ?а ???????? ????????
??????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?а?????????????????? ????????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?а????????, ????? ?????????????? ????? ??? ?????? ????????? ???????? ????????.
?????? ??а???????? ??, 267 ???????? ?????? ?????? ?а?????? ???????, ??, 66а? ??????, ?а?????? ??.а? ?????????,
???????????.
?????????????? ??????? ????????? ?а ? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ??а?????? ??????
??? ???????????? ??????. ??а ?????? ?????а ? ?а ?????? ??,
267а? ??? ????????? ??? ???????? ???????-??????????????
98
?. ?. ???????
???????? ????????????????? ?????????????, ?????????
??а ??????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ???
???????, ??? ???????? ?????, ??а??? ?????? ?????? ??а?????????? ?????? ?????????, ??????????? ??? ???????????
??????? (????????, ?????? ????????????? ??????? ?????????? ?а???????? ???????? ?а???????????? ????? ????? ???
?????????? ??а???????). ??а?????? ????? (?????? ??, 66) ???????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ???????????: ?а????? ???????, ?. ?.а?????? ?????????? ????????? ????? ?????????
(????????? ?????????? л??????╗ ???????? ?а?????: ???????
???????? ???? ???? ???? ???а ? ?а ?????? ??? ?????????а ?
????? ???????? ???? ??????; ??????? ???????? ?а ??????
?????? ??????? ?а ????????, ?а ???????????, ?????????
???? ????? ?а????????? ??а??? ??????????), ?а??????а? ????????? ????????? ??????? ?а ?????? ?????, ??????????
?а?????????????? ?????????? (??????????? ??????? ?? ????????????? ????????? ??????????? л??????╗ ??? ????,
????? ???????? ??????? ?а ???????????? ???????, ????????????? ?а??, 267, ?а? ?????????? ?????????????? ????
??????? ???????????; ??????? ?а ???, ??? ???????, ????????? ??? ???????????? л??????╗ ?а???????? ???? ????? ???????????????, ?????????? ???????: ?????? ???, ??? ??????????? ???? ?????, ?????????? л?? ???? ????╗, ??а???????
???? ??????????? л?????????╗6.
????????? ?????? ???????? ?а ?????? ??, 66 ?????????? ??????????. ????????, ????? ????????? ????????,
?????????????? ?а? ??????????, ?а? ?????? ??, 267, ??а?????? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ????????, ?а ??????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ?????, ??????????????
?а ?????????????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????
XIXа ????7: л...???? ???????? ?а ??????????? ?????????
?а ???????? ??????? ?а ??????????? ??????? ??????????.
?а ?????? ????? ????? ???????????? ??а ?????????? ?????
?а?????? ?а???? ?? ???????? ?а?????????? ?а???????????? ???????╗ (?. 81?81 ??.). ??? ???????? ?а ??, 66 ?????
??а ?????? ????????????????, ??а ? ???????????? ???????: ???????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????????-
?????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ????????...
99
??? ?а?????? ????????, ??????????? ????? ??а??, ??? ?? ?????
??а?????? ?а????? ???-???????, ??? ??? ????? ??? ??????????
?а???????? ??????????? ???? ?ал?????????? ???????? ?а???????╗. ???? ????? ????? ?????????? ???? ??а?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?а ????????. ????? ???????? ???????????? ????? л??????????? ????????╗а ? ????????
??????? ?????????? ???? ??а????????? ??????, ?ал????????
?????????╗ ??а ????? ????. ??????, ??а ?????? ???????, ???
??а???? ??? ??? ??а??????? ???????? ??? ??????.
?а?????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ?а?????? ??, 66 л????????? ?????????????? ????? ????
????????: ??? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????
?ал??????????╗, ???????? ?а????????. ????? ???? ?????????
л??????╗ (??????? ??а????? ???????????? ?????????), ????????? ?а???????? ????????, ????????? ?а????? ?????????
?а?????????-????????????, ?????????? ?а??????? ??????
?????????? ??а???????-???????????╗ [8, 80].
??а??????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ?. ?.а???????а?
?а?????? ??.а? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????????????? ?????? ??а ??????????? ?????? ????????. ???
????????? ??? ?а ????? ?????? ?????????????: ????????
?????????? ???????? ??а ???????????? ?а ???? ?????? ???????????? ?????? л????????? ??????╗, ?а?????????? ????????
??????? ???????? ??а ???? ??? ???????????, ????? ???? ??
?????????? ?а????????? ??????? ?а?????????? ??????, ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ?а ????????????? л????????????? ????? ??????????╗, ??????? ???????????? ???????? ??? л????????? ???????╗ ?????? ????, ?а ?? ??????
??? ?????????? ????????? ????. ??????????? ????? ???????????? ?а?????????? ??а?????? ???????? ??а???? ????? ??????????? ?а???? ????????, ????????? ????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ??а ??????? ??????????????
??????а? ??????? ????? ?????????? ?????????, ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ?а????? ???????????, ?????????? ????
???? ?а?????? ???? ??????. ???, ?а?????? ??. ??????????? ?????? л????????╗ ???????? ?а????????, ????? ?? ???????? ??
?а??? ?? ??????????? ?????; ????????? ???? ????????? ????????: ???? ?а???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??а???????????
100
?. ?. ???????
????????, ?а ???????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????????. ??????????????? ?а ?????? ??. ?а ???????????? ?а ?????????? ?а ??????????? ?????? ???????? ????? ?а ????????
????????. ???????? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? (??????????
?????????? ??????), ??? ??? ?? ???? л?? ?????????? ???????? ?а ????????? ????? (?), ??а ?????? ??а ?????????
??а????????? ????╗ (?. 174 ??.). ?а?????????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ?а?????? ??. ?а?????? ?????? ??????????? ?????
?????????? ??????? ?????????, ??????? ?????? ?????????
?а??????? ???????? ????????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????????? ?а???????? ??а????????? ???????????? ????????.
??????? ????????? ?а?????????? ????????? ??????????
?а ?? ??????????? ?????????????? ?а ? ???? ??????????
??????? ???????? ?а?????, ?????????? ??? ?а??? ?? ?????????а? ????, ??, 267 (?. 196?211 ??), ??, 66 (?. 86?94 ??.)
?а??. (?. 147?154)8.
?????????? ????? ?????а ? ???? ??а ????? ???????
??а???????????? ?????? ???? ??????: ??????? ??, ????????
??а?????????? ????? ????? ????????? ???????????? ????????, ?а?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?а?????? ??????
???????? ??????? ??????????? ??а ?. ?. ?а ?????????? ????????????? ?а ????? ??????????, ????????, ??????????
????????? ???? ????????, ???????? ????????? ???????
?а ?????????? ?????? ????????, ??????????? ??а ???????????? ??????????; ?????????? (???????????) ???? ????????????? (?????? ?а605?562 ??. ??а?. ?.) ?????? ???????? ???????????, ?а ??? ??????????? ?????? ????????а ? ???????,
??????? ??а????? ???? ???? ????????? ??? ??? ????? ????????????? ?а612 ????. ??? ??? ??????????????? ?а???????????
????????? ???????? ?а ?????. ?а ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?????, ??????????? ?????, ?????????? ??????????????? ?а ?????????????? ??????????а ? л?????????╗,
??????????????????? ?а ?????? ????? ???????????? ???????? ????? ??????, ?????? ?а?????, ????????? ?а??????. ???
???????????? ????? ????????????? ???????, ??????? ?????
????????? ??а??? ?а????, ????? ?????????? ??????????????
??? ??? ???????? ?????-???? ??????????? ?????, ??????????? ????????? ??? [4, 426]. ???????? ?а????? ??????-
?????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ????????...
101
?? ????? ??а????? ??????????? ???????, ??????????? ??а?????? ?????? ????????, ?а ??????? ??? ??а ????? ?????
????????? ?а ????????? ???????????? ???????. ?????????
???????????? ??????, ??????? ?а?????? ????????, ???????
?????????????? ?а?????? ?а???, ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?а????? ??????? ????? ??????????? ???? ???????????
III Oxa, ??????? ?????????? ?а359?338 ??. ??а?. ?., ??? ????????????? ????????, ??? ??? ??????????????????, ??? ?а ?
?????????? ????????, ????? ????????? ?а??? ??? ?????????? ??? ????? ?????, ????? ???????????? ?а ??????????
?????????????. ???????? ?? ????? ??????????? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ?а??? ????? ???????? ???????а? ?? II
???? ??а ?. ?., ?а ???? ???????, ????? ?а ?????, ????????????
??? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????????, ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?????????. ???????, ???????? ???????
?а ?????, ?????????? ????????? ????? ?а ????, ??? ????
??а??????? ???? ????? ?а??????????? ?а?????????? ???????
??? ???????, ???????????? ??? ?а?????????? ?а?????????
?а???????? ????????????? [4, 427?428].
??? ?????? ???????? ?а ?????, ????????? ?. ?.а ????????, ????????? ??-??? ??? ????, ??-????????, ?а??? ?? ??????????????????, ??? ?а?????? ???? ?????? ?????????????
???? ????????: ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ?а??????
???? ?? 267, ?????????а? ?а?????? ?? 66, ?а???????????
???? ???????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????а ?
?а?????? ??.
???????????????? ?????? ??????? ???????, ??????????? ?????? ?а ?????? ?????????? ???????, ??? ?а ???? ???????
????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ??а ? ?????????????????
????????, ?а ??????? ??????? ???????????????? ??а ????????? ??????????? ???? ???????, ?а? ??????????? ?????????????, ?а ??????? ????????? ???????????????? ?????????
???????. ?????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ????????, ??????? ???????????????? ????????, ???????? ???????? ??
???? ???? ???????. ???, ????????? ??????? ????? ??а ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ?а??????? ?а???? ???????
?????????? (?????? ??????? ??????? ???????, ?????????? ?????????, ????? ????????? ????????? ??????????
102
?. ?. ???????
???????????), ?????????? ???????? ????? ????????, ??????? л???????? ?? ????? ????????, ?а?????, ?а????????
??????? ????? ????, ?а ???????? ?? ???????╗, ????? ???
??а???? л? ?????????? ?????????, ?а??? ?а?????????, ?а?????? ?а???????????╗. ??? ??????????? ????????? ?а???? ???????????? ?????? ??????????????? ??????????????
?????????? ??????? ?а ??????? ????? ??????????? ?а ?????? ??????: л? ?????? ??????? ????? ???, ?а????? ??? ?????? ???? ????╗ (?. 198 ??.а? 199). ????? ???????, ?????
????????? ?а???????, ??? ?а? ?????????? ????????, ??????????? ????, ?????????? ?????? ????????? ?????. ?????????
?. ?.а ?????? ?а ?????? ???????????????? ?????, ??????????? ????? ?а??????: ????? ?? ????? ?????????? ?? ?а?????? ???????? ?????????а? ????? ???????а? ????????????
????? ?а?????: л? ????????? ?а???? ?а?????, ?а????????? ??
?????????, ?а???????? ????, ?? ???????? ???? ??╗ (?. 204).
????????????????? ???????? ???????? ?а ?. ?.а ???????
???????????? ?а ???????? ????????, ??? ?а ????????? ??????????? ????????????? ?????? ??а???????? ?????? ??а?????????? ??????????? ?????? ?а ????? ?а ?????, ??? ???????????? ?? ????? ??????????????? ???????????? ????.
???????? ?. ?.а?????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ?а?????????
?????????? ???????? ?????????, ??????????? ?????????
?а ????? ?????? (????????? ?????????? ?а ??????????), ???
??? ??? ?????????, ??? ????????????? ?????????? ???????
??????????? ???? ???????, ????????????? ????????????
???????? ??? ???????. ??? ?????????? ?а ???????????????? ????????????? (??????? ??а?????? ?????????????? ?а????????????? ???????) ?????????????? ?а? ?????? ????????????
?????????? ????????.
??????? ????? ??? ???? ?????????? ??????? ????????
?а ????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ?а ??? ?????
????????, ?????????? ?а ??????????? ??????, ?????????
?а?????????????? ???????????? ???? ???????. ?????? ??,
267 ???????? ????? ?????????, ???????? ??????? ?а??????????а ? ??????????? ?а ????????????????? ?????????.
?а??? ?????????? ??? ????????, ??????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ?????? ???????: ???????? ?а ???????
?????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ????????...
103
????????? ???? ?????????????? (????? ?а ??????????),
???????????????? ?????? ????????, ?а ?????????????
???? ?????; ?? ???????? ?? ?а????? ?????? ?? ????? ?а?????????, ?а?????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?а?????????? ????, ???????? ??????????? ????? ????? ?????
???????? ????????, ?????? ?а?????????? ????? ?????. ???
??? ?????? ??????????? ?а???? ?????? ??????? ???????.
?????? ??, 66 ?а??. ???????? ??????????? ???????????
???????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????. ??? ??????
??а ?????????? ?а ??????. ??а ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ????????, ??????? ???????? ?а?????? ??, 267,
???????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?а ?????????????,
?а????????? ??????? ??????????? ??-??????. ???? ?а??????,
?????????? ?а?????? ??, 267 ??????? ????????????? ???????
??????, ?????????????? ??????????? ?????? ??а ?????????
????????, ?а ??????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??????
?а ???????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?а ????? ?????? ?????????????, ?? ?а?????????? ??????? ?? 66 ?а??. ??????? ??????????? ????? ????? ?????????? ???????, ?а ???????? ???????? ????????????????? ??а???????? ???????? ?????.
???????? ?. ?.а?????? ?а??????????????? ???? ???????
?а???? ??а????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????, ????????
????????? ????? ??????????а? ?а???, ??? ????? ????????
л??????? ?????? ??????╗, ?????????? ????????? ?????, ?а?
?????? ???????? л????? ????????╗. ???? ?а????????? ????????, ?????????? ?а?????, ??????????? ?????, ?????????????
?а??, 267,а? л???????? ??а????????? ?????╗, ???????????
л???? ??????? ??????? ????????? ???????╗. ??? ?????????
????????, ?а ??????? ?????????? ?а ?????????? ?????????????, ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?а??? л?????????? ????╗а ? ?????, ?. ?. ???????, ??а ?????? ???? ?????????? ???????, ??????????? ??а ?????? ????????? ??????
?а?????????? ??????, ??а? ????????? л???╗ ????.
??а??????????? ?а??????? ??, 66 ?а??. ?а????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??????
??а ??????????. ??? ?????????? ????? ???? ?????? ????????. ???? ????? л???????? ??????╗, ????? ???????????
104
?. ?. ???????
??????? ?а??????, ??????? ????????????? ?а???????????
?????????????, ????? ????? ???????????? ???????? ?а???
???????????? ??????, ????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ????????, л?????????╗ ?????.
?????????? ??-?????? ?а ??????? ??, 66 ?а ??. ?????
????????? ????????, ?????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????????. ?а?????? ??????, ??????? ?а??????????, ??? ?????????? ???????? ???????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????, ??????? ??? ???? ?????????????? ????? ?????,
??????????? ?а ??????? ?????????????. ??а ?????? ??????,
??? ????? ???????????? ???? ????? ??а ??? ???, л???????
??????? ???????? ???╗. ???? ?? ??? ??????????? ??а ?????,
л????? ???? ??????????? ?а???????? ???╗ ?а???? ??????. ?????? ??,а? ????????? ???????? ?????, ????? ?????? ??????????, ?????????? ??? ???? ?а????, ????????? л???? ???????? ?????????╗, л??? ????????? ?а??????? ?????╗, ???
???????? ??а???? ????????? ?????? ?а?????? ??????? ?????
?? ????? ??????. ??????? ??? ?а ???????? ??????????
??а?????? ?????. ?а??? ????????? ???????, ????? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????? ?а????????????, ??? ??????
???????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ????, ???????
л?????????╗ ?? л???? ????????? ???? ???╗ ?????????????,
?а??? ??????? ?? ???? ????????.
????????????? ????? ????????, ?????? ???????? ?? ??????, ??а??????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ?а????????
?? ??????? ?а???????? ?а?? 267. ??????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?а???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ??а??????????. ??? ????, ??? ?а? ?????? ?????????? ???????, ????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? л??????????????╗ ?а????????
??? ?????????, ??? ?а????? ????????????? ????????, ?????????? ????????? ?????: ??а?? ??????, ??? ?????????? ?????
л?????????????????╗, л??? ????? ?????????? ??? ?????
??????? ??????, ?????? ??????????? ???╗, ??а ????????????? ??а?????? ??а????? ?? ??????, ??а??????? ?? л?? ??????╗
?а ????? ???????? ???? ?? л????? ?а ?????? ??????????╗.
??? ????? ?а???????? ????? ??????? ????? л? ????? ???????╗. ????? ???????, ???????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????, ????? ????????????? ????? ???????? ??а????-
?????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ????????...
105
??, ???????????? ???????? ???????? ?а ??????????
??????????? ???????? ?а ??????? ?а ??? ?????? ??, 267,
??а?????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ???????
???????? ???????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????а? ??????
????? ??а????????????? ?а?????? ?????????.
???????? ?????? ?а???? ??????????? ??????? ????????
?а ???????? ??????, ?????????? ?а ?????????? ??????
??а?? ?????? ???????? (л? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????????
?а??? ?????? ???????? ?а????, ?а???????????╗), ?а?? ??????
????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?а?????? ??????. ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ?а ??????? ??, 66 ?а ??.
??????? ????????? ?а???????????? ??????????? ????? ??????? ??????????, ?????????? ????? ?????? ?а ???????????? ??а??? ?????? ???? ?ал??????????? ??????╗.
??? ???? ???????? ??????? ?? 66 ?а ??. ?а ????????? ??????? ?????? ??а ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ?а ?????????????? ??? ?????????. ?????? ????????? ???????
??а??????? ???????, ?????????? ????? ??а???????????????
?????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?а ???????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????????????
??? ?????????????.
?? 267
?а???????? ?а?????
??????????, ?а????
?????????? ??? ???, ??
????????, ?????? ????
??? ???????? ????????
??????? ??? ??а?????,
л?? ????????? ?а???????╗. ?а?????
?????????????,
?а?????? ?? ?????
?????, ????? ?? ?????
??? ??а???????. ???? ??
????? ?? ?????????,
??????????, ?????
?а???????, ?а?????? ???
??? ????? ??????,
????????? ??????,
?а????? ????? ????? (?.
209 ??.).
?? 66
??.
????? ?? ??????????
????????? ?? ?а?????
???????????, ??????? ? ????? ????????
?а????? ??????????
?а????, ?????????: л?
????????? ???, ??
??????? ????, ?? ?????
???????? ??????.
????????? ??? ????!
??????, ?? ????? ???╗. ?а??а????????? ???
?а??а????? ?????. ?а??? ?????????. ?а????
?????? ?а??????? ???
?? ??а?????????
?а??????? ????????
????????? ???, ????
????????????, ?а?????????????? ?????
???? (?. 153 ??.а? 154).
??????? ?а???????,
?????????: ?????
????? ???????????
?????? (?. 93 ??.).
106
?. ?. ???????
??? ?????, ???????????????? ??????? ?????? ?? 267 ???
??а?????? ????? ??????????? ??????а? ?а?????? ?? 66а? ??????? ???????????: ??????????? ?????? ?????-?????????????, ?а ???????? ??????? ?????????? ????? ????????, ????????? ?????????? ??? ?а ?????????? ?а ???????? ???????
??????????; ????????? ????, ?????????? ??? ?????????,
??????????? ?а ??????; ?????????? ????????????? ????????????? ?а???, ??? ??????? ??? ???? л?? ???????╗ ?а????????? ?а???, ??? ????? ?? ????????? ??? ??а??? ????. ?а?????? ??. ????? ????? ????????? ??? ????? ???????????, ??????
???? ?????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ?а?????????, ???
???? ?а?????????? ???????????? ??? ??а???????????, ?а??????????? ?????? ????? ????? л??????╗, ?а??????? ?а?????
???????? ?????? ????????????? ?????????. ?????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????, ???????? ???? ???????? ?????
?????? ??, 66, ????? ???????? ??? ?? л????????????╗ ??????
???????? ????? ?????? ??.
???????? ?????????????? ????????? ?????? ?а ?????? ??.
?????????, ?а?????????, ?а????????? ??????? ???????????
??? ????????. ???? ?а?????? ??, 267 ??????? ?????? ??????
?????????????? ?????????????? ??? ?????-???? ?????????????, ?а? ??, 66 ?? л???????? ???????╗, ?? ?а?????? ??. ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????????: л????????
?а ??????? ????????????╗. ??????????? ?а ??????????????
?????: ?а ?? 267 ??? л????? ???? ?а ??????╗, ?а ?? 66а ?
л????? ?а?????? ?????╗, ?а?????? ??.а? л????? ?а?????? ??????? ?а????? ?????╗. ??? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?а ????????? ?????? ???????, ????????????, ??????
?????????????? ??????? ??????, ??????? ??а ??????? ?????
???????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ????????, ???????? ???????? ?а ???????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????? ???????????
?а???????? ???? ??????? ?а?????????????? ??????.
?? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??????, ??????????
???????? ??????????? ?. ?.а???????, ?????? ??а???????
??? ?? ?????? ???????????. ??? ???? ???????????? ?????????? ?а??? ??а?????? ??????? ??????????? ????????
?????? ??а ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????, ??а ? ?????????-
?????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ????????...
107
????? ???? ?????? ?а?????? ?а???? ?? ??????????, ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ???????. ??? ?????????,
?а ????? ???????, ??????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????, ??????????????
????? ????????????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ????????
???????????? ?????? ???????-???????????? ?????, ?а ??????а? ??????????, ???? ?? ?????????????, ??????????????????
??????????? ???????? ????? ???????????? ?????????.
??????????
*
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
???????????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ????, ?????
?а13-14-11002 ?а(?).
??. ???????? ????????: [6, 112?115].
??. ???????? ????????: [5, 604].
??????? ??????????? ?. ?.а ????????, ??????? ??????? ???
??а?. ?.а????????.
?????? ?????, ???? ???????????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ?. ?.а?????? ?????? ??а??????????????? ??? ???????????
??????????, ??????? ?????? ?а??? ????? ?????????? ??? ???????
???????? ???????? ?. ?.а????????? ?а????? ??а?????? ??а???????? (??. ?????? ?. ?.а ??????? ?????-?????????????? ????-????????????? (????, ?? 301) ?а???????? ????????? ?а??????? ??? ????????? ?????).
????? 104 ??а ?????????? ?????? ?????? ?а ?????? ??????????
???? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????????. ??????????? 4 ?????? ?????, ?????????? ??а??????: ???, ???. ????., ?а153, ?. 260?285
(???. ?VI ?.); ???? ?? 8, ?. 46?75 ??. (???. ??. ????. XVII ?.); ????
?? 12, ?. 100 ??.?125 ??. (???. XVII ?.); ???? ?? ?. 183, ?. 96?128 ??.
(????. ??. XVIII ?.), ???????? ????????а? ????? ?а????а? ??-???? ?.
?.а ???????. ????? ????, ?а ????-????????? ???????? ?? ??????
??????? ???????? ???????????????? ???????, ?????????? ???
?????: ????? ????? ?а???? ???????. ????????. ??????: ???.
???????????, 1787, ????????. 2░, 523 ?. (?? ?. 29).
??? ?????? ??????????????? ?а???????? ?а???????? ?????? ????????????? ?а???????????? ???????: ????????????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ????????????.
??а???? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?. ?.а???????? [9, 232].
??? ?????? ???? ???? ??????????? ????????? ?а ?. ?.а ??????????
?а???? ????????? ?? ????????? ?????? (????????? ?. ?.а??????????
?. ?. ???????
108
???????? ?а????????? ?????????? ???????? ?. ?.а??????? (???????? ?? ??????, ?????? ?а??????). ?????????, 2009).
?????? ??????????
1. ??????? ?.а?. ???? ?????????? ??????а? ???????? ?????????????
???????? (????????? ????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????)а// ?????. ???., 2006. ?.а57. ?.а839?890.
2. ??????? ?.а?. ???????? ?а?????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ????????
?????????? ????????-???????????? ?. ?.а ???????а // ??????????
??а ??????-??????? ??????????? ????? ??????. ?????????, 2006.
?.а52?91.
3. ??????? ?.а ?., ????????? ?. ?.а ???????? ?? ?????? ??????????
?а ????????? ?????????? ???????? ?. ?.а ???????а // ?????. ???.,
2009. ?.а60. ?.а529?555.
4. ??????????? 3. ?????????? ????????. ?., 1987. 464 c.
5. ??????? ?. ?.а ????-????????? ???????? XVII?XIX ??. ?????????????, ????????????? ?а???????? ??????????а// ?????. ?.; ?., 1961.
?.а17. ?.а561?604.
6. ??????? ?. ?. ????-????????? ?????????? ???????? XVI?XX ??.
?????????: ???? ??????? ????????????, 1960. 213 c.
7. ??????? ?. ?.а ????-????????? ?????????? ?а ???????? XIX ?.
?. ?.а ??????а // ????????????? ?????????. (?? ?????????? ??????????? ????). ?., 1985. ?.а323?337.
8. ????????? ?. ?.а?????????? ????? ?а???? ???????? ?а???????????????? ?а????????? ?????????а// ???????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ????: ??????? ?а ?????????????: ????????? ??????. ????.-?????. ????. л?????? ????? ?а ?????? ??????????? ?????????,
???????, ??????╗ (? 20-????? ?????? ?????? ?а ?????????? ?????
??????? ?????????? ??????. ?????????, 15?16 ??? 2008 ?.). ?????????, 2009. ?.а72?82.
9. ???????? ?. ?.а ????????? ??????? ?а ???????????? ????-?????????
?????????а // ?????????? ???????? ??????? ????: (?? ??????????
??????????? ????) ?., 1972. ?.а228?241.
?????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?????????? ????????...
109
Tatyana Fedorovna Volkova
Ph.D., Associate Professor of Syktyvkar University
(Syktyvkar, Russian Federation)
volkovatf777@gmail.com
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