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Ветхозаветные пророчества и эсхатологические образы нового Завета в лирике С. А. Есенина 1918-1919 гг.pdf

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432
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mariasim@mail.ru
????????????? ???????????
? ???????????????? ?????? ?????? ??????
? ?????? ?.??. ??????? 1918?1919 ??.1
?????????. ?????? ????????? ???????????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? 1918?1919 ??. ????????????? ?ал?????????╗ ????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ?а ????? ????,
???????? ???? ?а ?????? ??????????. ???????????? ??????????, ???
??? ????????? ?????? ???? ??????????? ??????????? ???????????
????? ??????????????? ???? ?. ?.а ???????. ????????? ??????????
??????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ????????????? ????????????, ?????????? ?? ?а??????? ?а?????????? ????. ?????????????
?????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ?а ????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??а ?????????? ????? ???????????
???? ?????. ?а л?????????╗ ?????? ?а ?????????????? 1918?1919 ??. ???????????????? ????????? ?а????????? ?????????????? ??????. ??????
?????????? ?????? ?а????????? ??????????, ??????? ?????????? ???????, ?а ?????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ?а ????????? ??????, ??????????? ??????. ?????????? ?а ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ?а ????????, ???????????????? ????
??????? ??????? ???????????? ?а??????? ????????????? ???????. ??????? ????????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?а ??????
?а???? ?????????? ???????????? ?а????????????? ??????????, ?а????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?а???????. ?а????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ???? ????????????? ??????????. ?а ????????
???????????????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????? ?????????????? ???? ???????, ????????? ?а??????? ????????????? ???????: ??????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????????, ???????????? ????????? ????????? ?????. ?????????????? ?????????? ????????????
?????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????????.
???????? ?????: ???????????, ???????????, ???????????? ????????????, ????????? ?а????????? ?????????????? ??????, ?????? ?. ?.а???????, ???????.
?
1918 ???? ??????, ??а????????????? ?????????????, ????????? ?а??????????? ?????????? ?????????????: ??
???????? ????? ????????? ??????????? л?????????? ??????╗. ??? ???????? ????? ???????????????? ??????????
????????????? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ???????
433
??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????????? ????, ?а???????
л????????? ????? ????? ??????? ???????????? ?а ?????????? ????????, ????? ?????? ?а ?????? ??????╗ [17, 18].
?а??????? ?а??????????????????? ????????????? ?????? ???
???? ??????? ????????? ??????????: л?????????????╗,
л?????????????╗, л?????????????╗. ??????? ??????????
??????????? ?????????? ?а???? ?????? ?????????? ??????, л?
???????????? ?а ?????????? ???? ???????? ??а ?????╗ [22,
220]. ?????? ?????? ?а?????????????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?а???? ?????, ????????, ??????? ?а???????, ???????????????? ?а?????????????? ????? ?а??????? ?????.
???? ???????????, ????? ?????? ?а??????????? ????????
??????а? ???? ??а??????? ???, ??????? ???????? ???? ?????????? ??а?????? ?а??????????, ??а? ?а????????? ?а??????????
?????? XX ????. ?????? ??-?????? ???????????? ?а????????? ?а ????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ?????????????, ???????, ????????? ??????????? ????, ??? ????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????? ??????????
??? ?????????????? ???????. ?????? ?? ???????? ??????,
??????? ??????? ??????????? ??а?????? ?????? 1918?1919 ??.,
??а ? ????? ?????????? ?а ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ??????, ??? ?а???????, ??? ?????? ????????? ????, ????? ?а???????????? ???????? ????????.
??? ?????????? ??????? ????????????????, ??????
?а ???? ???????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????????
?????????? ??????????? ??????????, ???????????? ???
?????????????? ????????? ????? [2, 80?106], [16, 212], [20,
34?40]. ??????? ?а?????????????а? ?????? ???????? ?????
?????????. ?????? ????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ???????, ????????, ???????? ?а ?????????
???????????. ???? ???????????? ??? ?????? ??? ???????
?а??????? ???, ????? ????, ?? ?????????? ????????? ??? ?а?????????? ???? ??а?????? ?а??????? ????? ?а?????????????,
?а????? ?? ????????????? ??????????? ????? ?а????-????????. ?????? ??????????????? ???????? ?????, ?????????
?а?????? ????????? ?????, ??????????? ?а????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ?а??-??????? ??????????? ??а?????????? ??? ??????????? ????:
434
?. ?. ?????????
1. ?а ??????????? ??????????? ????, ???? ??????? ???
???? ???????, ?а ??????? ???????? ???????? (л???????
???? ??а ?????а / ?????? ??????? ??????╗2, л????? ?????
??????? ??????а/ ??? ??????? ???? ???????? (I, 125), л?а??????? ??????а/ ??????? ???????? ??????╗ (I, 55), л?? ?????
?????? ????????а/ ???????? ??????╗ (I, 46?47).
2. ?а?????????????? ?а??????? ??????? л???????╗ ?ал?????????╗. ????? ????? ????????? ?????? л???????????╗ [12,
180?205] ?а ??? ????????, ??????? ??????? ??? ?. ?.а ???????. ?а?????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ??????????? ??????? ?а?????????, ??????? ?????? ????????? ??????????????????? ?а ???? ?????????????????? ?а ????????
?????? ???????????? л????????╗ ?ал??????╗ ???????. ???
??????????? ???????????, ????????, ?а ??????????? ?????? ?а?????? ??????, ????????????? ??а??????? (л? ????,
??????? ????????╗), ?а ???????? ??????????? ??????
??а????? (л??????╗).
3. ?а л?????????????╗ ?????? ?????????? ???? ???????????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????. ????????????? ?????? ??????? ????????????? ??????????? ??? ?а???????, ??????? ???????? ????????????,
????????? ?а??? ????? ??а?????????? ??а?????????? ???????, ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?а ???????????
???????. ?а л?????????╗ ?????? ?а ?????????????? 1918?
1919 ??. ??????? ????????? ?????????, ??????-????????????? ???????????, ???????-????????????? ??????? ??????? ????????????.
4. ???????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????
??а ????????? ???????? ?а ????????????? ??а ??????????
??????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ????????????, ??? ???????? ???????.
5. ????????? л????????????╗, ??????????? ?а ????????
?????? ????????????? ????????????, ????? ???? ????????? ?? ????? ?????????? ???????, ??? ??????????????
?ал???????????╗, л????????? ??????????╗ (? ???????????? ?а??????? ?????????? ??. [4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 19]).
6. ????????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ?а?
?????????????? ????? ??? ????????. ???? ????????? ???-
????????????? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ???????
435
?? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? л????? ?????╗.
???????, ?????????????????? ?????? ??? л??????????
?????╗, ??????? л????????????? ?????╗ ?а?????? ???????
???????????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? ??????????????? [11, 227?242].
?????? ?????????? л?????????╗ ???? ?а ?????????????
1918?1919 ??., ?а????????? л?????????╗ ????? л???????? ????????╗, ??????????, ??? ?а?????????? ???? ????????? ????
?а ????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????
?а ????????? ????????????? ????????????. ?????? ?а ????????? ??а ?????????? ??????? ?а ??????????? ??????????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?а????? ?????????.
????????????? ???????? ????, ??? ?????? ????????????
???? л??????╗, ?????? ???????? ????????? л????????? ?????????╗
????? 34 ??????:
????? ???? [???????????] ??????????
????
[????????]
[??????? ?????????]
[??????? [??????] ??а??????]
[??????]
[????????].
[????? ????????? ???]
[????]
????? ?????? ?????
[?????]
????????. (II, 305)
????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??а ??????: л?????
???? ??????????? ??? ????!╗3, ????????????? ?????? ??а??????????????? ?????????? л??????? ?????????, (???????)!╗4,
???????? ??????? ?а??????? ?????5, ?????? ??? ??? ??????
???????????? ????????? л????????╗.
??????????? ???????????? л?????????╗, ?????????
?а???? ?а?????????? ?????? ????????? ????????????? ?????? ????????????? ??????????, ???????? ????????? ???????? ??а???, ?????????? ??????????? ???????, ?????? ???-
?. ?. ?????????
436
???????. ??????, ??? ????? ????????, ????? ??? ?????????
????????? ??????, ?????????????, ????? ????????????.
???, ????????, ????????? ????? ????????? ????? л??????╗ ?????????? ?а???????????:
л?????? ?а ??????!╗ (II, 41?45). ??? ?????????? ??????
????? ?? ????? ??????????????? ?????? ????? ??а ???????? ?????? ?а? ??????????? ?????? ????6. ????????? ?????
????? ????? ?????????? ?а ??????????? ????????? ?а ???????????:
?а????
?????! ?
???? ?????? <...> (II, 42);
?а????, ????,
?? ??
??????? ????? ?а????? (II, 43)
?а??????, ??????????
?а?????????? ???!(II, 41)
?а??????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ?а????? ????????????
??????????:
??????? ?????????????
?а?????????? ???????. (II, 41)
л???????╗а ? ??? ???????????-?????? ????????? ?а ????
????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????, ????? ????????, ??? ????? ????????? ?а ????????? ?????? ???????????. ?????????? ???? ????? ?а???????, ????????, ???????? ???? ??а?????
????????? ?а????????????? ?????????? ??????????, ??????? ?????? ?а??????? ????? ??????? ????? ?а?????????? ???????: л???????, ????? ??????????!╗7
???????? ?????? ??а?????????? ???????? ????????? ????? л??????╗ ?а? ???? ????????: л?????? ???? ????? ??, ???????╗. ?????? ????????? ?а???????? ?????? ???????? л?.
?.╗а? ????????? ?????? (II, 314). ????? ??????????? ??????
??????, ??????? ????????????? ?а ?????? ?????? ????, ?????? ???: л????? ?? ??а?????? ???????? ???????, ??????? ?????? ??, ??а ????????? ????? ????????, ???? ???????
??а???? ????? ???????? ??????╗8. ?а???? ?????? 4-?? ?????,
????????????? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ???????
437
??????? ??????? ?????????? ?а???????? ???????? ???????
???????????, ???????? ???????????? ???? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?а????????? ?а??? ???? ??????????. ???????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?а ?????? ??????, ??????? ???????? ????? ???????????? ?а???????????? ?а?????
??????? ??????????? ?????? ????а? ????????? ???????а?
?а ???????????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????????,
???????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ????????, ??? ???????????? ??? ???????? ????????. ?а?????? ??? ?????????? ???????????? ???? л?????????????╗ ?????? ???????
?а??????????? ??а???? ??????? ??????: ?а??????? ?а???????,
??????? ???? ?а ?????????????. ???? ???????? ??????? ????????? ?а?????? л?????????╗ ???? л???????╗, л???????
???╗, л???????? ????????╗, ?а ????????? ?а ????? ??????????а? ?а????????? ????? л??╗.
?ал??????╗ ?????? ???????????:
???????, ?????,
???????? ???? ????! (II, 68)
????? ?????????????? ?а ?????????? ????? ????? ?????????? ?а ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??а л??????? ???????╗: л???????, ????? ??????, ???? ???????, ????? ??????: ?? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ????????????╗9,
?а??????? ??а???????? ?а?????? ????: л??????? ?а????????
????? ?????, ???????? ?а??????? ?????? ?????!╗10 ???? ????? ?а???????? ??????????? ?????????? ?а????????? ???????
л??????╗: л????? ?а??????????а/ ?????? ???????.а/ ?????
??а??????а/ ???? ?а???? ????╗ (II, 68).
?а????????? ????? л??????? ???╗:
?а??????,
??? ??????? ????,
?а??, ??????? ?? <...>
??????? ????! (II, 26)
?????, ????????, ?????????????? ???? ????????? ???????
(??. 148, 149, 150) ?а????????? ??????, ??????????? ??а????????? ??????. ??а ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ??????:
438
?. ?. ?????????
л?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???????!╗, л??????? ??????? ?а?????, ??????? ??? ?а??????!╗11
??????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?а ? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? л??????????╗.
????????? ??????????? ??????????, ??????? ???????
???? ????? ?а ??????, ????????? ??????????? ??????? л?????????╗ ???? (л???? ??????╗ (II, 38), л????? ????╗ л????
?а???? ???? ?????? ?а???╗ (II, 41?45), л????? ???? ?а????╗ (II,
51), л?????? ????? ?а???╗ (II, 68) ?а???????????? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ???????????.
????? ???????, ?а ??????? ??????????? л??????????????╗
????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ?а ???????-???????????? ????????? ???????????? ????????????. ??????????? ????? ???????????? ?????????, ?а????? ???????, ???
??????? ?????????? ??????????а? ??????? ????????????? ?а??????????? ?????, ??????? ????? ?????? ?а????????????? ????????????. ?а?????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ?а?????
??????? ????? ???????, ????? ???? ??а??????????? ?а???????????? ???????? л??????╗, ?а????????? ????? ?а????, ???
?? ???? ????????? ?????????? ???????????. ??? ????????
??????? ?а???????????? ???????????? ?????? ?а??????????
?????? ?????????? ?а ?????????? ??????? ????? ??????
???????????? ??????????? [1].
?а ?????? ???????, ???????-???????????? ?а ?????????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????????????, ?????????? ?а ???? ???????? ??????? ??? ??????????, ????? ????, ?????? ???????? ??????, ?????? ????????
??? ????????? ?а?????????? ?????? ????? ??????????.
????? ???????????? ?а ???????????? ???????-????????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ?а?????? ???????
?а??????????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?ал????????╗ ???????????, ??? ???? ????? ????? ??????????? ???????????.
?????? ?????????? ??????????? ??? ??????? ???????????
??????? ????????????. ??????????? ?????? ?????????
???????? ??????, ???????-???????????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????????????. ?а ???? ??????? ????? ??????????
???? ???????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? (л????? ????-
????????????? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ???????
439
???а / ????? ????.а / ??? ?????? ???????а / ??? ????.а / ????
??а??????...╗ (II, 26?27).
?а????????? ????????? л?????????? ??????╗ ??????? ?а??,
??? ????????? ????? л?????????╗ ???? ?а??????? ????? л???????????╗ ??? ????????? ????????????, ??????????? ?а???
??? ???? ???????. ???, ?а????????? ???????? ????????? ????? ????????? ????? л?????????? ????????╗ ??????????
??? ??????????????? ???????????? [18, 336].
л?????????????╗ ?????? ??????? ????????????? ?а???????-?????????????? ??????????? ??????????, ?а ?????????
?????????????, ??????12. ???? ??а ?????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? ??????, ?а??? ??????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ?а????????? ??????, ??????????? ??????. ???, ?а ????????? ?????
л????????????╗ ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????
?????? ???????????? ????????а ? ??????????????? ?????? ?????. ??а ?????????????? ?????????????, ???? ???
?а???????? ??а????? ?????? ??????: л? ????? ??????, ???????
???????:а? ?? ?????????: ???????, ???????! ?? ???, ?? ????? ??????????: ??-???-??, ?-??-????!.. ??????.. ???? ?а??????: ???????а? ???????!?╗13. л?????, ???????, ????????
?а?????????╗,а? ???? ??????? ??????????а? ???????????
????????а? ????? ??????????????? ???????, ?а??????? ?????????? ???????????? ???? ??а???????????? ?????? ??????,
?а??????? ???????????? ????? ???????????????? ???? ?а????? ?а???? ?а????? ????????. ?а?????????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ?а???? ??????, ??? ??а????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????, ??????? ????????? ?а ??????
????? ???????????? ?а ????????? ???????. ???????, ???
?????? ????? ?а???????????? ????????? ?ал?????? ?????╗,
??? ??????? ?? ?????? ???????? ????? ?а???? ??????? ??????? ?а?? ???????. ????????? ?????? л???????? ???????? ??????-????╗ ????????????, ?а ????? ???????, ????????????
???????? ??? ???????????????, ?а? ??????а? ?????????????
???????? ????????? ????????? ??????. ??? ????????, ?????
???????? ??? ????????, ??????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?а?????, ??а??????, ??????? ?????????????, ?а????? ???????, ??????????? ????, ?а? ??????а?
440
?. ?. ?????????
???? ?????????. ?????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????
?а ????????, ??????? ????????????? ?????? ?????? ?а ?????????.
?а ??????????????? ???????, ??????? ?????????????
?а????? ??????????? ?????? ??????, ?????????? ?????? ????????????, ??????????? ????? ?а?????????, ??? ???? ?а???????????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???????, ????????? ?а ???????, ??? ??? ????????????? ?а ????????. ???
????? ?????????? ???????? (??????), л? ???????? ??????
??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ???????: ??????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????, ??????? ??????? ??????????? ??????, ????????? ??а???????? ????????,
?а???????????????? ??????? ????????, ????????????? ???????????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ?????. ???????,
????????? ?а??????? ????????? ?а?????? ????????????.
?? ???? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?а?????: ???????? ???? ??????? ??? ????????. ???????? ????????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???????????? ??а?????????? ???? ?????? ??а????????????????? ??????? ?????,
??????? ?????????????? ??а??? ?????????, ?а??? ??? ??????????╗ [9, 341].
??? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????, ?а ??????? ?????????? ????????? ?????
?а???????, ???? ????????? ?а???????????, ????????????
?а??????????, ????????????? ?????????? ?а???????? ????
?а??????? ??????, ???????????? ??????? ?а??????????, ?????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????????
????????? ?????? ??????, ??????, ???????? ?а????????????
?а ????????? ??????. ??? ????? ????. ????????? ??????,
л???????? ?????? ??????? ??а ??????, ??????, ???????, ?????. ??????? ???????, ?а??? ?????????? ???????, ?????????,
?а ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???? ?а ??????,
?а?????? ?а???? ??????????? ???????????? ?? ???????? ????????╗ [21].
????? ?????????????????? ????????? ?а ??????? ???????, ?????????? ?? ????????? ???? ?а??????????? ??? ?????????????. ?а ???????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ??????????, ??????????????, ?????????? ??????????:
????????????? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ???????
441
л?????????!а/ ????? ?????????а/ ????? ??????! <...>а/ ?а????
????????а / ????╗ (II, 26). ??? ??????????? ????: л? ????
??????????? ??? ?а????? ?????????? ??????. ?а?????? ??????? ??а??????. <...> ?а??а????? ????? ???????? ????????
????. ??? ?????? ??? ???????????. ?? ?а???? ????? ??????
?????╗14.
??? ?? ??? ?а? ????????????? ??????, ?а????????? ???????????????? ???? ?а??????? ????????????????? ????????????? ?а???????????? ?????? ?а??????. ??? ???? ?????????
??? ????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????
?????? ???????? ???????, ?????????, ?????, ?????
?а?????, ??????? ?? ????? ?а?????? ????????? ?а??????????
????????????? ?а?? ??????????.
??? ???????????? ????? ?а???????? ???? ?????????????
?????????? ?а????? ?????????? ??????????? л??????????????╗ ????? ????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????
?а ????????? ????????????? ????????????. ?????? ?????
?а ???????????? ?????????а ? л???? ??????? ????╗. ?а ????????? ????????????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????
?????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ???????? ?????. ??? ????? ??????????? ??? (????), л????? ????? ???????? ?????
??????? ????????, ??????????????, ??а??? ??а??????????????? ???????? ?????, ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?а???????? ?а??????????? ?а??????? ?? ???????? ????? ???????
?????????? ??????╗; л???????? ??????? ???????, ??????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????, ???? ???, ??? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ????
?? ???????? ?? ???????????? ??????????????, ?а ????????,
??????? ???? ?????? ?а???? ????, ??? ?а??????????????? ??????????? ??? ?а???????????? ???????????╗ [10].
?????????????? ????????? ????а ? л?????????? ??????╗а? ???? ??????? ?а??????? ???????, ????? ??а????????????? ???????????? л????? ?а????? ???????╗ ?ал??????? ??????? ?????????╗, ???????? ??????? ?а ?????????.
?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ??а?????? ???????????-?????????? ?????, ?а?????? ??????? ????????? ?а??????????? ???????????? ????????. ?а ?????????????? ????????????
???????????
??????
?????
?????????,
442
?. ?. ?????????
л???????????? ??а????????? ???? ?а??????╗а? ??????? ???????????? ?????, ????а? ??????? ?а?????????? ??? л?????????? ????????????╗, ???????а ? ?????. ????? ????, ???????? ??????????????? ???????, ???????????? ??????????
??????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ?а??????? ????????, ??????????????.
?а ?????????? ??????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????
?????? ???? ????????: ???????, ???????? ??????????? л?????????╗ ????? л??????╗, ?а????? ?а????????????? л? ?????, ?????, ?????...╗. ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ????????
???????????? ??????????? (л????????????? ???? ??????╗ (IV,
178)); ??? ???????????? ?а?????? ?????????? ??? ????????
?????? ???????????? ?????? ?а?? ??????? (????? ??а?????
??????? ?????, ?????????? ?ал?????? ?????╗, ?ал????????
?????????╗а? ?а???? ???????, ???????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ?а ????????????? л?????????? ??????...╗); ??? ?????????? ?а?????????? ?а???????? ??????? ???????? ?а????????? ???? ???????????? ???????? ???????.
?а????? ?????????? л?????????? ??????╗ ?????? ?????????? ?а???????? ???????? ???? ?а?????????? ????? ???
????????? ???????.
??-??????, ??? ??????????? ????? ??????? ????, ??????????? л?????????╗ ?а ?????????? л??????╗, ?а ????? ???????
?????????? ??? ???? ?????? ????, ?????????? ?а??????????
???????????? ??? ?а????????, ??? ?а? ???????? ?????, ???????
???? ??????????? ????? ???????.
??-??????, ??? ?????????? ??????: ?????????? ????????
??????????? ?????????????, ?????, л????? ?????╗ ?ал??????? ???????╗, ??????????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??????.
????????????? ????????????? ?????? ?????, ????, ?????????????, ??? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?а ?????, ?????????? ??????????? ????? ???????. ??????? ???????? ????? ?а ????????????? ?????? ??????????
????????????? ??????? л????? ?????╗.
???? ??а?????????? ????????? ?а????????? ???? ????????????? ?????????? ?а ???????а ? л??????-??????╗. ????
??????? ????????? ?а??????? л?????????? ??????╗ ???????
???? ???????, ?????????? ?а ?????????????? ??? ??????-
????????????? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ???????
443
???? ???????, ?а?? ??????????? ??????????. ?а?????????
??????? л??????-??????╗а ? ???? ??а ???????? ???????,
???????????? ??? ????????????? ?а ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?а ?????????? ?а ???????? ?????? ??????
??? ??????? ????. ????????????? ????????? ?а ????????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????: ?а ?????????????? ??? ?????????? ??а ?????? ??а ????
??????, ?а???????? ????????а? ??? ???????? ????? ????????????? ????? ?????, ??? ????????? ???? ????? ?????.
?????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?а??????????????
?????????-????????? ?а????? ???????? ????????а? ?а?????????? ?????? ??????. ??? ??? ??????????, ??? ??????
???????? ??а???????? ???? ????????????? ???????? ???, ???
?????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?а ? ??????
????????????? ????, ???????????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????, ??????? ?а????? ????а? ???? л? ???? ?а??????╗.
????? ????, ???????? ???? ???????? ??-??????? ???????
?а????????? л???????-???????╗.
?а ????????????? л?, ?????, ?????, ?????...╗ ?????????? ????? ???????: л? ??? ??а???? ?????а/ ???? ?????? ?????╗ (I, 121),а ? ??? ????? ??????????? ???? ????????
?а???????? ?а?????????? ???????? ??????. ????? ???????? ????????????? ?????????, ??? ??????????? ???????? ????? ?а ???????? ??????????????? ?? ???????????? ????????,
??? ??????????? ?а????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????
????? ???? ?а ??????????? ?????? ?????????. ????? ????,
?????????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????????? ???????? ?????? ???????. ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ????????, ???????, ????????? ??? ??????, ???????? ?????? ?????? ???????????? ???????? ?а ??????????, ??????????
??? ????????? л??????? ????????╗ [14, 84].
?????? ???????? ?????, ????? ?а??????? ??????? ?а????
????????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???? ???????,
????????? ?а ??????? ????????????? ???????, ?а ???????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????. ?а л?????? ?????╗
?????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??а ????? ?????:
л??а??а???? ?а?? ??????? ???,а? ?а??????, ?а???????? ???? ??????? ???????,а ? ????? ?????? ????╗ (V, 189). ?а ??????
444
?. ?. ?????????
????? ?????? ???: л? ??а?????? ?а?? ??? ???????; ?а??? ?????? ?а??????? ????????╗ (??. 7:14). ?ал???????? ?????????╗
??? ???????? ????? ????????:
??????? ??????? ?
??? ?? ??????..
?????? ???? ?????????? ???????
?а??????,
?????? ???? ?????? ?? ??????,
?????? ????, ??? ???? ???? ??? ?????... ( IV, 175)
?а ?????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?а ???, ??? ??????????? ???????????? ?????? ??????????? ?а???????????
??????, ?а??????? ??????????? ??????????? ?а????????????????. ?а??????? ????? ????? л?????╗ ?ал?????????╗ ???????? ?????????? (??. 2:6). л????? ??????? ?????????? ???
?????????? ???????: ???????? ?а ?????????. <?> ???????????? ?а ??????? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ????? ????????? ????????????╗ [15, 325?326].
??????? ????????????? ????? ?а ????? ???, ??? ??????
?а?????????????, ????? ?а????? ??????? ???????. ??? ?? ???
?а????, ?? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ?а???????????.
??????? л??????? ???????╗ ????????? ????? л??????╗,
????????????? ?а???????? ????????????? ????????, ?????
?????????? л??????????╗. ??? ????????, ??????????
?а ??????? л?????? ??????╗ ??????? ?? ?? ?????????. ??????? ????? ??????? ?а????? ?????? ???????? ????????? л???????????╗. ??? ????? ?. ?.а ??????????, л??????? ??????
??????? ?а????? ?????? ????????????? ????????? ?а??? ?????? ???╗ [22, 220].
???????, ??? ????? ?. ?. ????,а ? ??? ?????? ??????,
??????????? ????? л????? ?????╗ ????? ??? ??а???? ?????
??а????????? ?????????. ??? ??????, ??????? ???????? ??,
??? ???? ????????? ??? ??????, ?а????????? л??????? ??????╗: л?????? ??????? ??????? ?а????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ?а ?????? ??? ????? ???????, ??????? ????? ????????
?а???????????? ???????. ?????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ?а??????? ?а????????????? ?? ???????????. ??а?
???????? ????????????? ????????????? ?? ???? ?а ???????
????????????? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ???????
445
(?? 4:23) <?>╗ [15, 375?376]. ??????????? ??????? ???????
??? ?????? ???????????? ??????, ??? ??????? ?????????????.
??????????, ??????? ???? л??????╗а? ???? ?????? ?????
?????????? ??????, ?а? ???????? ??????? ?а?????? ????????, ????????, ????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????
?????.
???????? ??а ???????????? ????????? ?а ????????? ?????????????? ??????, ?????????? ??????? л??????????????
?????╗ ???????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????.
????? ??? ???? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?а ??????? ?а ??????? ??????, ???????????? ?????????? ?а ?????????? ??????????, ?а л??????╗ ?????????? ????? ????????: л????, ???????? ????а / ?????????? ??? ???╗ (II, 61).
?а?????? ??????????????? ?????? ?а????????? ??а?????????? ??????????а ? ?а л????????╗ ??????: л?????? ??? ???????????╗. ?а???????? ?. ?.а????? ???? ????? ??????: ??????
???????, ??? ??????????? ????????? л?? ??а?????????, ?а??
???? ????????, ??????????╗ [13, 81]. ??? ???? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ????????
?а??????? ???????? ???. ?а?????????? ??а???????, ???? ?а?
??????????? ?????, ?? ??????? ?а? л?????? ?????╗.
?а ???? ?????????????? ???????????????? ??????????
???????? ???????????? ?????а? ????? ?????? ???????????? ????????. ?????? ?а ??????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ?а?????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??? ?????????? ?а ?????????? ????????????,
?????????? ???????? ?а???? ???????????, ??? ?а??????????? ??????????? ?а ???????????? ?а ???????? ?????????????
?????? ??????????? ?а???????.
?????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ?а????????????
???????????, ?а ??????????? ??? ???????. ??????????? ??
???? ??????????? ????? ??? ???????????, ???????? ?а???????????? ?а????????? ?? ?а??????? ???????????? ????????
????.
?а ?????? ???????, ?а ???? ????????? ?????? л??????╗,
?а????????? л????, ???????? ????а/ ?????????? ??а???╗ (II,
61) ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????????, ??????? ??????????? ?а ? ??????, ?а ? ?????????????????? ??-
446
?. ?. ?????????
???????????, ?, ??а?????????????? ???????????, ?а??????????????? ???? ??? ????????. ????????, ?а?????? ??????: л?
???? ?????, ???????, ????,а/ ??? ?а??????? ????.а/ ??а?а? ????-?????? ??????а/ ??? ??????? ?????╗ (I, 69), ?а???????: л??
??????, ??? ?а? ???? ??а?????а?а/ ?а?????? ??? ??а?????╗
(IV, 280). ??????? ???? ??????????????а? ?ал?????? ????????╗. ??? ???? ???????????: л? ??????? ?а ???? ????? ??????
????????: ?? ?????? ???????????, ?? ???????????? ????????, ?????? ??а????????????. ?а????? ?а? ?????????? ????
???? ????? ??????╗15. ??а????????????? ?. ?.а??????????:
л????? ??????? ???????. ??? ???????? ???? ?а ??? ??????,
?????? ?а?????????? ?????╗ [3, 102].
????? ??? ??????? ????????????? ?а????????? ?????????? ??а ?????, ?????????? ????? л??????╗ ??? ???????? ???????????? ?????????. ?а ???? ?а ?????? ???????????? ??
л?????? ?????? ??????╗, ??????? ??????? л?? ??????╗, ??
????? ?? ????????????? ?а?????? ????????????:
???????? ????????????? ??????
??а?????? ???? ?????? ????. (II, 62)
????? ?? ????? ??????????? ??? ????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? ??????? ?а??????
??????: ?а ???????а ? ??? ??????????? ??????? ?а ??????????? ??. ???????? ?????? ?????????. ??? ?????, ??????? ???????? ?????????-?????????????а ? л?? ?????? ?????????
????╗ (II, 64), ????????, ????? ?????????? ????? ??????
????????????, ??????? л???????? ?????? ???? ???? ??а????,
?а????? ??а?????╗ (????. 10:2).
?????????? ????? ??????? л???? ??????,а/ ??? ????? ???????? ?????╗ (II, 62), ?а? ???? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????????? ?а ????? ?????????? ?а ???????????
??????? ?? ??????????, ??? л?? ????? ????? ?????????
??а???????? ????? ?????? ??????╗. ??а???? ?а???? ????, ?а??????? ?????, ?а????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????????? ???????????????? ???????, ??? ??????? ?а????????????.
?????? ????? л???????? ???? ??????╗, ?????? ?????? л?
???????? ??????? ???╗. ??????????? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ?а????????? ?????????? л????? ?а??????
????????????? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ???????
447
????!╗ (II, 68), л???????, ?????,а/ ???????? ???? ????╗ (II, 68).
?а ????????? ????????????? л?????????╗ ????? ?а ??????
???? ??????? ???????????? л????? ????╗, ??????? л????
??а??????╗: ?а???????????? ????? ????? ??а????? ???? ???????? ?а ????? ????????? ???? (????. 19:11). ?????????????? ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ???? л??????? ??????╗: л????
????а? ?а????,а/ ???? ??????а? ?а???╗ (II, 68). ?а??? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???????, ??????? ???????? ?а??????? ???????: л?? ??? ?????, ??????? ?а??????? ?а????? ?????????? ????? ??? ????, ??????? ???????: ????? ????? ???
?? ???????????? ?? ?а?? ??????? ?? ?????? ???, ?а???? ??
?????, ?а??? ????? ???? ???????╗16, ?а????????? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????: л???????? ????? ?????? ??? ????╗20. ?????????? ?????? ????????????????? ?а??
??????? ??. ?????????? ????????: л?? ?а???? ???, ?а? ??????!╗
???????????????? ??????????? ?а ???????? ???? ???????????????? ?а?????????? ??????????? ????? ????????????
??????, ?????? ?а ????, ??????? ????, ???? ?а ????, ???????
????? ?а????? ?а?????: л?????? ??? ??????╗ (II, 51), л????? ?????????? ????╗ (II, 52), л??????????? ??? ??? ?????, ??????
?а ???╗ (II, 38), л??? ?????? ???? ????? ?????╗ (II, 54), л????????-?????? ?????? ????╗ (II, 50).
???? ????????? ???????????? ?а ???????????????? ?????? ????????? ????, ??????? ?? ????? ???????????? ???????????? ?а?????????? ??????? ?а???????? ????????????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ?????????????????
????????:
? ??????? ???????????? (? ????????? ????? л??????╗ л????? ????? ??????? ???????╗ (II, 53), ?а????? л???????╗
??????????? ??????? ????????? ???? ?????????? ?а ?????? ?а????: л??? ????? ????????? ??????╗ (II, 31));
? ???????? ???? (л???? ?????? ?? ??а???,а/ ????? ????, ???
?????╗ (II, 38.));
? ????? (л??? ??а? ?????? ?а?????а/ ???????? ????.а/ ???
??а ? ??????? ?????????а / ???????? ????.а / ??а ???????
???? ??? ??????а/ ?а????? ?а?????!╗ (II, 28));
? ?????? ?а?????? ?а?????? (? л??? ?????? ????????╗ л??? ??????? ??? ???????а? ?????? ????? ???????╗ (II, 59));
448
?. ?. ?????????
? ??????????? ??????? (л?? ??? ?????????????а/ ??????????? ????,а/ C ???? ?????????? ??????,а/ ????? ?а???????? ???╗ (II, 57), л??? ????? ?????, ??????????? ??а???╗
(II, 28));
? ????????? ???????? (л???? ???????? ??????а /
???????? ????????╗ ( II, 41));
? ???????? ???? ?????????????? ????????? ??а ?????
(л?????????? ?а?????а/ ???????????? ???╗ (II, 38)).
?а ??????? л?????????????? ?????╗, ?????????????? ???
?????? ?????????, ????? ????? ????????????? ????????????. ???? ??????????? ????? ???????????? ?а??????????????
???????????? ????????????? ????????. ????????????? ?????? ?а ??????????? ?а ????????? ???????????????? ??????
?????? ?????? ?а ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? ????????
?а???? ??????? ?а???????????? ?а?? ???????????? ?????????. ??????????, ????????????? ?????? ??????? ?а??????? ???????????? ??а???????? ???????????? ??? ??????? ????????
??????? ????????????? ????????????. ?????????????? ???????? ???????, ??? ??? ???? ???????, ???????????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????????????, ??????????????.
?? ?????????? ??????, ????????? ??????? ????????????
????????????? ?????????? (л??????? ????!╗ (II, 26), л?????? ?а??????!╗ (II, 41?45), л????? ?а?????? ????!╗ (II, 68), ?а?
?? ?? ????? ?????? ????????????? ?а????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????: л???? ?а??????? ??????╗ (II, 62), л????, ???????? ????а / ?????????? ??? ???╗ (II, 61). ??? ???????????
??????? л?????????????? ?????╗ ????????? ?????? ???????,
??????????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????, ?????????????? ?а?????? ???????????? ???????, ?а????????? ????????? ????????????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????????
???????????????? ????????? ???????????.
?а л?????????????╗ ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ?????, ???????????? ?????????
?а??????????? ???????? ??????????? ????. ??? ???? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ????? ??????? ?а ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ?а ?????????
????????????? ???????????? ?а ?????????? ???????, ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ?а ??????? ?????????? ??-
????????????? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ???????
449
?????, ????????? ?? ?а ??????? ?а ?????????? ???? ?а ?????
????????????? ???????????? ?а?? ????? ??????? ?а???????
?а????????????? ??????????? ??????.
??????????
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
?????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ????? ?а14-18-02709 л???????? ?????? ?а?????? ?а?????????? ?а????????? ???????? ??????????╗ (2014?2016).
?????? ?. ?.а????. ????. ???.: ?а7 ?. ?.: ?????; ?????, 1995?2002. ?.а1.
1995. ?.а131. ????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?а??????? ??????? ?а????????? ???? ?а????????.
????????. ?.: ???. ????? ??????? ???????????? ??????, 2002. ?.а64.
????? ???????????. ?.: ??????? ?????????; ???. ????? ?????????? ??????????; ??? л????????? ????╗, 1993. ?. 190.
?????? ???????. ?.: ???-?? ?????????? ??????????, 1975. ?.а4, 8.
?????? ???????. ?. 2. ?.: ???. ????? ??????? ???????????? ??????,
2002. ?.а391, 392.
?????? ???????. ?.: ???-?? ?????????? ??????????, 1975. ?.а15.
??????. ?.: ???-?? ?????????? ??????????, 1962. ?.а162.
??????. ????. ???., 1962. ?.а131.
?????? ???????. ?. 2. ???????????? ????? ??????? ????????????
??????, 2002. ?.а392.
????????. ?.: ???. ????? ??????? ???????????? ??????, 2002. ?.а60,
??????. ?.: ???-?? ?????????? ??????????, 1981. ?.а53.
????????? ??.: ????????? ?. ?.а????? ?. ?.а??????? л???????? ????????╗: ????? ?а ??????????а // ?????? ?????? ?а ??????? ???????: ??.
?????? ??а ?????????? ??????????. ????. ????., ???????????
117-????? ??а ??? ???????? ?. ?.а ??????? ?а ???? ?????????? ???????. ??????-?????????????-??????. 2013. ?.а303?304.
?. ?.а?????? ?а????????????? ?????????????╗а/ ?????. ??????, ????.
?а???????. ?. ?.а???????????. ?.: ?????. ???., 1986. ?.а1. ?.а265.
?????????????? ??. ?????? ??????а// ?. ?.а?????? ?а?????????????
?????????????. ????. ???. ?.а2. ?.а124.
?. ?.а?????? ?а????????????? ?????????????. ????. ???. ?.а1. ?.а299.
?????? ???????. ?. 2. ?.: ???. ????? ??????? ???????????? ??????,
2002. ?.а498.
?. ?. ?????????
450
?????? ??????????
1. ???????. ?., ?????. ????????? ?а????????????а// ???? ???????????
??????????. http://uvarovo-temple.ru/?p=1648#respond (???? ?????????: 01.07.2014)
2. ???????? ?. ?.а????????? ????-????? ?а????????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ?. ?.а???????а// ?????? ?????? ?а??????? ???????? ????????: ??????: ????????, 2002. ?.а80?106.
3. ????????? ?. ?.а?? ?????????а// ?а???????а/ ????. ?. ?.а????????.
?.: ??????, 1990. ?.а102.
4. ??????? ?. ?.а ?????????? ??????? ?а ??????? ????????????а // ???????????? ????? ?а??????? ?????????? XVIII?XX ?????. ???. 2. ????????????, 1998. ?.а349?362.
5. ??????? ?. ?. ???????????? ???????? ???????????. ?., 2004. 562а?.
6. ??????? ?. ?.а????????? ????????????? ????????? ?а?????????????
????????????а// ????? ??????? ?а???????? ????????????. ????????????, 1994. ?.а37?49.
7. ??????? ?. ?.а?????????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????????а//
???????????? ????? ?а??????? ?????????? XVIII?XX ?????. ????????????, 1994. ?.а249?261.
8. ???????? ?. ?. л???? ???????. ?????? ???? ???????????╗ ?. ?.а????
(???????? ?????)а// ???????????? ????? ?а??????? ?????????? XVIII?
XX ?????. ???. 2. ????????????, 1998. ?.а283?294.
9. ???????? (??????), ??????. ???????????: ?а 2а ?. ?.: ???-?? ??????????? ?????????, 2009. ?.а2. ?.а341.
10. ??? (????), ?????. л?? ????? ?????? ?а????????...╗ (???????????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ???? ???? ????????? ???????)а// ????????? ???????????? ????. ??????? ???????????? ?????? л???????????????? ?????? ??????╗ (??????, 14?17 ?????? 2005а?.).
???? ??????????? ?????????-???????????? ???????? ???. http://
www.theolcom.ru/doc/day2.sect2.04.Getcha.pdf (???? ?????????:
01.07.2014)
11. ???????? ?. ?.а ????? ?а ???????? ?а ?????? ?????? ??????? 1914?
1917а??.а// C. ?.а?????? ?а???????????. ?.: ??? ?????. ??? л? ????????!╗, 2011. ?.а227?242.
12. ??????? ?. ?.а??????????? ?????????? ???? ?а?????? ?????? ???????а// C. ?.а?????? ?а???????????. ?.: ??? ?????. ??? л? ????????!╗,
2011. ?.а180?205.
13. ???????? ????? ?а?????????? ?. ?.а???????: ?а5 ?.а/ ???; ??-? ??????? ???. ??. ?. ?.а????????. ?.: ???? ???, 2005. ?.а2: 1917?1920.
?.а81.
????????????? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ???????
451
14. ???? ?., ????. ??????? ???????. ?а??????? ????, ?????? ?а?????:
?а7 ?. ?.а5: ???????? ??????? ?????. ?????????? ??????? ??а?????
??а ??????????? (VIII?IV ??. ??а ?. ?.). ?.: ???-?? ????????-??????????? ??????????? ??????????? л?????╗, 1992. ?.а84.
15. ????. ?., ????. ?????????. ???? ??а???????? ?????????? ???????.
?????? ?????а/ ???? ??. ?. ????. ????????????? ????????????
???????????, ?????????? ????. ?. ?????. ?.: 2000. ?.а325?326, 375?
376.
16. ?????????? ?. ?.а ??????? ????а // ?????? ???????????. ??????.
????. ????????. ?????: ???????, 1999. ?.а212.
17. ?????????? ?. ?.а?????? ?????????? ?.а?.а??????? ?а????????-?????????? ????????? (л????????╗ 1916 ?. ?а ????????? ????? 1917?
1918а ??.). ???????. ???.... ????. ?????. ????. ?.: ???? ???, 1995.
?.а18.
18. ???????? ?. ?.а???????????а// ?????? ?. ?.а?????? ???????? ?????????: ?а7 ?. ?.: ?????: ?????, 1995?2002. ?.а2: ????????????? (????????? ?????). 1997. ?.а336.
19. ??????? ?. ?.а ?????????? ?????? ?а ?????????? ?. ?.а ????а // ???????????? ????? ?а??????? ?????????? XVIII?XX ?????. ???. 2. ????????????, 1998. ?.а295?302.
20. ???????? ?. ?.а ???????????? ?????? ?а ?????? ?????? ??????
?.а???????а// ??????? ????. 2010. ?а4. ?.а34?40.
21. ?????? ?., ????. ???????????? ????????????. ????????а // ??????????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????????. http://www.
odinblago.ru/liturgika/shmeman_liturgiya/
(????
?????????:
01.07.2014)
22. ??????????. ?. ?.а??? ????? ?????? (1915?1925)а// C. ?.а?????? ?а????????????? ?????????????: ?а2 ?. ?.: ?????. ???., 1986. ?.а1. ?.а220.
?. ?. ?????????
452
Marija Aleksandrovna Solovyova
postgraduate student of
World Literature Institute named after M. Gorky
(Moscow, Russian Federation)
mariasim@mail.ru
Old TesTamenT prOphecies
and eschaTOlOgical imagery in
sergei esenin's pOeTry (1918-1919)
Abstract. The article discusses the features of the poetics of Yesenin lyrics
of 1918-1919. Poems of this period form a single metatekst about the end of
the time, and the coming of the Day of Judgment.
Research shows that the disclosure of eschatology theme by the poet
exhibits characteristic features of the artistic world of S. A.аYesenin. The most
important source of Yesenin`s poetic imagery is the experience of Orthodox
worship gained by him in childhood and adolescence. Liturgical foundations of
Yesenin`s artistic thinking implemented in different planes content poetics
throughout the career of the poet. In the "little poems" and poems of 19181919 the structure and symbolism of the liturgical text is presented. Yesenin
uses quotes and paraphrases hymns and texts of Scripture; liturgical symbols
and actions of church utensils, iconographic images are reflected in his poetry.
The content and the relationship of poetic images and symbols, the interplay
of these images are in compliance with the poetics of liturgical texts. Complex
semiotic structure of worship is reflected in the poetry in the form of
correlations of the New Testament and the Old Testament prophecies,
combined with various biblical images and motifs. Theme of Old Testament
prophecy is reproduced in liturgical discourse. In the development of
eschatological themes the characters of prophets also form an additional field of
meanings associated with the spirit of the revolutionary events: the
prophets becomes representatives of the common people, the spokesmen of
the national spiritual experience. The poetic text had borne the additional
connotations with biblical stories on the ministry of the prophets.
Keywords: eschatology, prophecy, Orthodox worship, the structure and
symbolism of the liturgical text, S. A.аEsenin poetry, poetics.
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й ????????? ?. ?., 2014
?? ???? [???????????] ??????????
????
[????????]
[??????? ?????????]
[??????? [??????] ??а??????]
[??????]
[????????].
[????? ????????? ???]
[????]
????? ?????? ?????
[?????]
????????. (II, 305)
????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??а ??????: л?????
???? ??????????? ??? ????!╗3, ????????????? ?????? ??а??????????????? ?????????? л??????? ?????????, (???????)!╗4,
???????? ??????? ?а??????? ?????5, ?????? ??? ??? ??????
???????????? ????????? л????????╗.
??????????? ???????????? л?????????╗, ?????????
?а???? ?а?????????? ?????? ????????? ????????????? ?????? ????????????? ??????????, ???????? ????????? ???????? ??а???, ?????????? ??????????? ???????, ?????? ???-
?. ?. ?????????
436
???????. ??????, ??? ????? ????????, ????? ??? ?????????
????????? ??????, ?????????????, ????? ????????????.
???, ????????, ????????? ????? ????????? ????? л??????╗ ?????????? ?а???????????:
л?????? ?а ??????!╗ (II, 41?45). ??? ?????????? ??????
????? ?? ????? ??????????????? ?????? ????? ??а ???????? ?????? ?а? ??????????? ?????? ????6. ????????? ?????
????? ????? ?????????? ?а ??????????? ????????? ?а ???????????:
?а????
?????! ?
???? ?????? <...> (II, 42);
?а????, ????,
?? ??
??????? ????? ?а????? (II, 43)
?а??????, ??????????
?а?????????? ???!(II, 41)
?а??????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ?а????? ????????????
??????????:
??????? ?????????????
?а?????????? ???????. (II, 41)
л???????╗а ? ??? ???????????-?????? ????????? ?а ????
????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????, ????? ????????, ??? ????? ????????? ?а ????????? ?????? ???????????. ?????????? ???? ????? ?а???????, ????????, ???????? ???? ??а?????
????????? ?а????????????? ?????????? ??????????, ??????? ?????? ?а??????? ????? ??????? ????? ?а?????????? ???????: л???????, ????? ??????????!╗7
???????? ?????? ??а?????????? ???????? ????????? ????? л??????╗ ?а? ???? ????????: л?????? ???? ????? ??, ???????╗. ?????? ????????? ?а???????? ?????? ???????? л?.
?.╗а? ????????? ?????? (II, 314). ????? ??????????? ??????
??????, ??????? ????????????? ?а ?????? ?????? ????, ?????? ???: л????? ?? ??а?????? ???????? ???????, ??????? ?????? ??, ??а ????????? ????? ????????, ???? ???????
??а???? ????? ???????? ??????╗8. ?а???? ?????? 4-?? ?????,
????????????? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ???????
437
??????? ??????? ?????????? ?а???????? ???????? ???????
???????????, ???????? ???????????? ???? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?а????????? ?а??? ???? ??????????. ???????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?а ?????? ??????, ??????? ???????? ????? ???????????? ?а???????????? ?а?????
??????? ??????????? ?????? ????а? ????????? ???????а?
?а ???????????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????????,
???????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ????????, ??? ???????????? ??? ???????? ????????. ?а?????? ??? ?????????? ???????????? ???? л?????????????╗ ?????? ???????
?а??????????? ??а???? ??????? ??????: ?а??????? ?а???????,
??????? ???? ?а ?????????????. ???? ???????? ??????? ????????? ?а?????? л?????????╗ ???? л???????╗, л???????
???╗, л???????? ????????╗, ?а ????????? ?а ????? ??????????а? ?а????????? ????? л??╗.
?ал??????╗ ?????? ???????????:
???????, ?????,
???????? ???? ????! (II, 68)
????? ?????????????? ?а ?????????? ????? ????? ?????????? ?а ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??а л??????? ???????╗: л???????, ????? ??????, ???? ???????, ????? ??????: ?? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ????????????╗9,
?а??????? ??а???????? ?а?????? ????: л??????? ?а????????
????? ?????, ???????? ?а??????? ?????? ?????!╗10 ???? ????? ?а???????? ??????????? ?????????? ?а????????? ???????
л??????╗: л????? ?а??????????а/ ?????? ???????.а/ ?????
??а??????а/ ???? ?а???? ????╗ (II, 68).
?а????????? ????? л??????? ???╗:
?а??????,
??? ??????? ????,
?а??, ??????? ?? <...>
??????? ????! (II, 26)
?????, ????????, ?????????????? ???? ????????? ???????
(??. 148, 149, 150) ?а????????? ??????, ??????????? ??а????????? ??????. ??а ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ??????:
438
?. ?. ?????????
л?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???????!╗, л??????? ??????? ?а?????, ??????? ??? ?а??????!╗11
??????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?а ? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? л??????????╗.
????????? ??????????? ??????????, ??????? ???????
???? ????? ?а ??????, ????????? ??????????? ??????? л?????????╗ ???? (л???? ??????╗ (II, 38), л????? ????╗ л????
?а???? ???? ?????? ?а???╗ (II, 41?45), л????? ???? ?а????╗ (II,
51), л?????? ????? ?а???╗ (II, 68) ?а???????????? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ???????????.
????? ???????, ?а ??????? ??????????? л??????????????╗
????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ?а ???????-???????????? ????????? ???????????? ????????????. ??????????? ????? ???????????? ?????????, ?а????? ???????, ???
??????? ?????????? ??????????а? ??????? ????????????? ?а??????????? ?????, ??????? ????? ?????? ?а????????????? ????????????. ?а?????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ?а?????
??????? ????? ???????, ????? ???? ??а??????????? ?а???????????? ???????? л??????╗, ?а????????? ????? ?а????, ???
?? ???? ????????? ?????????? ???????????. ??? ????????
??????? ?а???????????? ???????????? ?????? ?а??????????
?????? ?????????? ?а ?????????? ??????? ????? ??????
???????????? ??????????? [1].
?а ?????? ???????, ???????-???????????? ?а ?????????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????????????, ?????????? ?а ???? ???????? ??????? ??? ??????????, ????? ????, ?????? ???????? ??????, ?????? ????????
??? ????????? ?а?????????? ?????? ????? ??????????.
????? ???????????? ?а ???????????? ???????-????????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ?а?????? ???????
?а??????????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?ал????????╗ ???????????, ??? ???? ????? ????? ??????????? ???????????.
?????? ?????????? ??????????? ??? ??????? ???????????
??????? ????????????. ??????????? ?????? ?????????
???????? ??????, ???????-???????????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????????????. ?а ???? ??????? ????? ??????????
???? ???????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? (л????? ????-
????????????? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ???????
439
???а / ????? ????.а / ??? ?????? ???????а / ??? ????.а / ????
??а??????...╗ (II, 26?27).
?а????????? ????????? л?????????? ??????╗ ??????? ?а??,
??? ????????? ????? л?????????╗ ???? ?а??????? ????? л???????????╗ ??? ????????? ????????????, ??????????? ?а???
??? ???? ???????. ???, ?а????????? ???????? ????????? ????? ????????? ????? л?????????? ????????╗ ??????????
??? ??????????????? ???????????? [18, 336].
л?????????????╗ ?????? ??????? ????????????? ?а???????-?????????????? ??????????? ??????????, ?а ?????????
?????????????, ??????12. ???? ??а ?????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? ??????, ?а??? ??????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ?а????????? ??????, ??????????? ??????. ???, ?а ????????? ?????
л????????????╗ ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????
?????? ???????????? ????????а ? ??????????????? ?????? ?????. ??а ?????????????? ?????????????, ???? ???
?а???????? ??а????? ?????? ??????: л? ????? ??????, ???????
???????:а? ?? ?????????: ???????, ???????! ?? ???, ?? ????? ??????????: ??-???-??, ?-??-????!.. ??????.. ???? ?а??????: ???????а? ???????!?╗13. л?????, ???????, ????????
?а?????????╗,а? ???? ??????? ??????????а? ???????????
????????а? ????? ??????????????? ???????, ?а??????? ?????????? ???????????? ???? ??а???????????? ?????? ??????,
?а??????? ???????????? ????? ???????????????? ???? ?а????? ?а???? ?а????? ????????. ?а?????????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ?а???? ??????, ??? ??а????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????, ??????? ????????? ?а ??????
????? ???????????? ?а ????????? ???????. ???????, ???
?????? ????? ?а???????????? ????????? ?ал?????? ?????╗,
??? ??????? ?? ?????? ???????? ????? ?а???? ??????? ??????? ?а?? ???????. ????????? ?????? л???????? ???????? ??????-????╗ ????????????, ?а ????? ???????, ????????????
???????? ??? ???????????????, ?а? ??????а? ?????????????
???????? ????????? ????????? ??????. ??? ????????, ?????
???????? ??? ????????, ??????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?а?????, ??а??????, ??????? ?????????????, ?а????? ???????, ??????????? ????, ?а? ??????а?
440
?. ?. ?????????
???? ?????????. ?????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????
?а ????????, ??????? ????????????? ?????? ?????? ?а ?????????.
?а ??????????????? ???????, ??????? ?????????????
?а????? ??????????? ?????? ??????, ?????????? ?????? ????????????, ??????????? ????? ?а?????????, ??? ???? ?а???????????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???????, ????????? ?а ???????, ??? ??? ????????????? ?а ????????. ???
????? ?????????? ???????? (??????), л? ???????? ??????
??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ???????: ??????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????, ??????? ??????? ??????????? ??????, ????????? ??а???????? ????????,
?а???????????????? ??????? ????????, ????????????? ???????????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ?????. ???????,
????????? ?а??????? ????????? ?а?????? ????????????.
?? ???? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?а?????: ???????? ???? ??????? ??? ????????. ???????? ????????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???????????? ??а?????????? ???? ?????? ??а????????????????? ??????? ?????,
??????? ?????????????? ??а??? ?????????, ?а??? ??? ??????????╗ [9, 341].
??? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????, ?а ??????? ?????????? ????????? ?????
?а???????, ???? ????????? ?а???????????, ????????????
?а??????????, ????????????? ?????????? ?а???????? ????
?а??????? ??????, ???????????? ??????? ?а??????????, ?????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????????
????????? ?????? ??????, ??????, ???????? ?а????????????
?а ????????? ??????. ??? ????? ????. ????????? ??????,
л???????? ?????? ??????? ??а ??????, ??????, ???????, ?????. ??????? ???????, ?а??? ?????????? ???????, ?????????,
?а ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???? ?а ??????,
?а?????? ?а???? ??????????? ???????????? ?? ???????? ????????╗ [21].
????? ?????????????????? ????????? ?а ??????? ???????, ?????????? ?? ????????? ???? ?а??????????? ??? ?????????????. ?а ???????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ??????????, ??????????????, ?????????? ??????????:
????????????? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ???????
441
л?????????!а/ ????? ?????????а/ ????? ??????! <...>а/ ?а????
????????а / ????╗ (II, 26). ??? ??????????? ????: л? ????
??????????? ??? ?а????? ?????????? ??????. ?а?????? ??????? ??а??????. <...> ?а??а????? ????? ???????? ????????
????. ??? ?????? ??? ???????????. ?? ?а???? ????? ??????
?????╗14.
??? ?? ??? ?а? ????????????? ??????, ?а????????? ???????????????? ???? ?а??????? ????????????????? ????????????? ?а???????????? ?????? ?а??????. ??? ???? ?????????
??? ????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????
?????? ???????? ???????, ?????????, ?????, ?????
?а?????, ??????? ?? ????? ?а?????? ????????? ?а??????????
????????????? ?а?? ??????????.
??? ???????????? ????? ?а???????? ???? ?????????????
?????????? ?а????? ?????????? ??????????? л??????????????╗ ????? ????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????
?а ????????? ????????????? ????????????. ?????? ?????
?а ???????????? ?????????а ? л???? ??????? ????╗. ?а ????????? ????????????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????
?????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ???????? ?????. ??? ????? ??????????? ??? (????), л????? ????? ???????? ?????
??????? ????????, ??????????????, ??а??? ??а??????????????? ???????? ?????, ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?а???????? ?а??????????? ?а??????? ?? ???????? ????? ???????
?????????? ??????╗; л???????? ??????? ???????, ??????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????, ???? ???, ??? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ????
?? ???????? ?? ???????????? ??????????????, ?а ????????,
??????? ???? ?????? ?а???? ????, ??? ?а??????????????? ??????????? ??? ?а???????????? ???????????╗ [10].
?????????????? ????????? ????а ? л?????????? ??????╗а? ???? ??????? ?а??????? ???????, ????? ??а????????????? ???????????? л????? ?а????? ???????╗ ?ал??????? ??????? ?????????╗, ???????? ??????? ?а ?????????.
?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ??а?????? ???????????-?????????? ?????, ?а?????? ??????? ????????? ?а??????????? ???????????? ????????. ?а ?????????????? ????????????
???????????
??????
?????
?????????,
442
?. ?. ?????????
л???????????? ??а????????? ???? ?а??????╗а? ??????? ???????????? ?????, ????а? ??????? ?а?????????? ??? л?????????? ????????????╗, ???????а ? ?????. ????? ????, ???????? ??????????????? ???????, ???????????? ??????????
??????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ?а??????? ????????, ??????????????.
?а ?????????? ??????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????
?????? ???? ????????: ???????, ???????? ??????????? л?????????╗ ????? л??????╗, ?а????? ?а????????????? л? ?????, ?????, ?????...╗. ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ????????
???????????? ??????????? (л????????????? ???? ??????╗ (IV,
178)); ??? ???????????? ?а?????? ?????????? ??? ????????
?????? ???????????? ?????? ?а?? ??????? (????? ??а?????
??????? ?????, ?????????? ?ал?????? ?????╗, ?ал????????
?????????╗а? ?а???? ???????, ???????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ?а ????????????? л?????????? ??????...╗); ??? ?????????? ?а?????????? ?а???????? ??????? ???????? ?а????????? ???? ???????????? ???????? ???????.
?а????? ?????????? л?????????? ??????╗ ?????? ?????????? ?а???????? ???????? ???? ?а?????????? ????? ???
????????? ???????.
??-??????, ??? ??????????? ????? ??????? ????, ??????????? л?????????╗ ?а ?????????? л??????╗, ?а ????? ???????
?????????? ??? ???? ?????? ????, ?????????? ?а??????????
???????????? ??? ?а????????, ??? ?а? ???????? ?????, ???????
???? ??????????? ????? ???????.
??-??????, ??? ?????????? ??????: ?????????? ????????
??????????? ?????????????, ?????, л????? ?????╗ ?ал??????? ???????╗, ??????????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??????.
????????????? ????????????? ?????? ?????, ????, ?????????????, ??? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?а ?????, ?????????? ??????????? ????? ???????. ??????? ???????? ????? ?а ????????????? ?????? ??????????
????????????? ??????? л????? ?????╗.
???? ??а?????????? ????????? ?а????????? ???? ????????????? ?????????? ?а ???????а ? л??????-??????╗. ????
??????? ????????? ?а??????? л?????????? ??????╗ ???????
???? ???????, ?????????? ?а ?????????????? ??? ??????-
????????????? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ???????
443
???? ???????, ?а?? ??????????? ??????????. ?а?????????
??????? л??????-??????╗а ? ???? ??а ???????? ???????,
???????????? ??? ????????????? ?а ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?а ?????????? ?а ???????? ?????? ??????
??? ??????? ????. ????????????? ????????? ?а ????????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????: ?а ?????????????? ??? ?????????? ??а ?????? ??а ????
??????, ?а???????? ????????а? ??? ???????? ????? ????????????? ????? ?????, ??? ????????? ???? ????? ?????.
?????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?а??????????????
?????????-????????? ?а????? ???????? ????????а? ?а?????????? ?????? ??????. ??? ??? ??????????, ??? ??????
???????? ??а???????? ???? ????????????? ???????? ???, ???
?????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?а ? ??????
????????????? ????, ???????????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????, ??????? ?а????? ????а? ???? л? ???? ?а??????╗.
????? ????, ???????? ???? ???????? ??-??????? ???????
?а????????? л???????-???????╗.
?а ????????????? л?, ?????, ?????, ?????...╗ ?????????? ????? ???????: л? ??? ??а???? ?????а/ ???? ?????? ?????╗ (I, 121),а ? ??? ????? ??????????? ???? ????????
?а???????? ?а?????????? ???????? ??????. ????? ???????? ????????????? ?????????, ??? ??????????? ???????? ????? ?а ???????? ??????????????? ?? ???????????? ????????,
??? ??????????? ?а????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????
????? ???? ?а ??????????? ?????? ?????????. ????? ????,
?????????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????????? ???????? ?????? ???????. ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ????????, ???????, ????????? ??? ??????, ???????? ?????? ?????? ???????????? ???????? ?а ??????????, ??????????
??? ????????? л??????? ????????╗ [14, 84].
?????? ???????? ?????, ????? ?а??????? ??????? ?а????
????????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???? ???????,
????????? ?а ??????? ????????????? ???????, ?а ???????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????. ?а л?????? ?????╗
?????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??а ????? ?????:
л??а??а???? ?а?? ??????? ???,а? ?а??????, ?а???????? ???? ??????? ???????,а ? ????? ?????? ????╗ (V, 189). ?а ??????
444
?. ?. ?????????
????? ?????? ???: л? ??а?????? ?а?? ??? ???????; ?а??? ?????? ?а??????? ????????╗ (??. 7:14). ?ал???????? ?????????╗
??? ???????? ????? ????????:
??????? ??????? ?
??? ?? ??????..
?????? ???? ?????????? ???????
?а??????,
?????? ???? ?????? ?? ??????,
?????? ????, ??? ???? ???? ??? ?????... ( IV, 175)
?а ?????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?а ???, ??? ??????????? ???????????? ?????? ??????????? ?а???????????
??????, ?а??????? ??????????? ??????????? ?а????????????????. ?а??????? ????? ????? л?????╗ ?ал?????????╗ ???????? ?????????? (??. 2:6). л????? ??????? ?????????? ???
?????????? ???????: ???????? ?а ?????????. <?> ???????????? ?а ??????? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ????? ????????? ????????????╗ [15, 325?326].
??????? ????????????? ????? ?а ????? ???, ??? ??????
?а?????????????, ????? ?а????? ??????? ???????. ??? ?? ???
?а????, ?? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ?а???????????.
??????? л??????? ???????╗ ????????? ????? л??????╗,
????????????? ?а???????? ????????????? ????????, ?????
?????????? л??????????╗. ??? ????????, ??????????
?а ??????? л?????? ??????╗ ??????? ?? ?? ?????????. ??????? ????? ??????? ?а????? ?????? ???????? ????????? л???????????╗. ??? ????? ?. ?.а ??????????, л??????? ??????
??????? ?а????? ?????? ????????????? ????????? ?а??? ?????? ???╗ [22, 220].
???????, ??? ????? ?. ?. ????,а ? ??? ?????? ??????,
??????????? ????? л????? ?????╗ ????? ??? ??а???? ?????
??а????????? ?????????. ??? ??????, ??????? ???????? ??,
??? ???? ????????? ??? ??????, ?а????????? л??????? ??????╗: л?????? ??????? ??????? ?а????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ?а ?????? ??? ????? ???????, ??????? ????? ????????
?а???????????? ???????. ?????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ?а??????? ?а????????????? ?? ???????????. ??а?
???????? ????????????? ????????????? ?? ???? ?а ???????
????????????? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ???????
445
(?? 4:23) <?>╗ [15, 375?376]. ??????????? ??????? ???????
??? ?????? ???????????? ??????, ??? ??????? ?????????????.
??????????, ??????? ???? л??????╗а? ???? ?????? ?????
?????????? ??????, ?а? ???????? ??????? ?а?????? ????????, ????????, ????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????
?????.
???????? ??а ???????????? ????????? ?а ????????? ?????????????? ??????, ?????????? ??????? л??????????????
?????╗ ???????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????.
????? ??? ???? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?а ??????? ?а ??????? ??????, ???????????? ?????????? ?а ?????????? ??????????, ?а л??????╗ ?????????? ????? ????????: л????, ???????? ????а / ?????????? ??? ???╗ (II, 61).
?а?????? ??????????????? ?????? ?а????????? ??а?????????? ??????????а ? ?а л????????╗ ??????: л?????? ??? ???????????╗. ?а???????? ?. ?.а????? ???? ????? ??????: ??????
???????, ??? ??????????? ????????? л?? ??а?????????, ?а??
???? ????????, ??????????╗ [13, 81]. ??? ???? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ????????
?а??????? ???????? ???. ?а?????????? ??а???????, ???? ?а?
??????????? ?????, ?? ??????? ?а? л?????? ?????╗.
?а ???? ?????????????? ???????????????? ??????????
???????? ???????????? ?????а? ????? ?????? ???????????? ????????. ?????? ?а ??????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ?а?????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??? ?????????? ?а ?????????? ????????????,
?????????? ???????? ?а???? ???????????, ??? ?а??????????? ??????????? ?а ???????????? ?а ???????? ?????????????
?????? ??????????? ?а???????.
?????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ?а????????????
???????????, ?а ??????????? ??? ???????. ??????????? ??
???? ??????????? ????? ??? ???????????, ???????? ?а???????????? ?а????????? ?? ?а??????? ???????????? ????????
????.
?а ?????? ???????, ?а ???? ????????? ?????? л??????╗,
?а????????? л????, ???????? ????а/ ?????????? ??а???╗ (II,
61) ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????????, ??????? ??????????? ?а ? ??????, ?а ? ?????????????????? ??-
446
?. ?. ?????????
???????????, ?, ??а?????????????? ???????????, ?а??????????????? ???? ??? ????????. ????????, ?а?????? ??????: л?
???? ?????, ???????, ????,а/ ??? ?а??????? ????.а/ ??а?а? ????-?????? ??????а/ ??? ??????? ?????╗ (I, 69), ?а???????: л??
??????, ??? ?а? ???? ??а?????а?а/ ?а?????? ??? ??а?????╗
(IV, 280). ??????? ???? ??????????????а? ?ал?????? ????????╗. ??? ???? ???????????: л? ??????? ?а ???? ????? ??????
????????: ?? ?????? ???????????, ?? ???????????? ????????, ?????? ??а????????????. ?а????? ?а? ?????????? ????
???? ????? ??????╗15. ??а????????????? ?. ?.а??????????:
л????? ??????? ???????. ??? ???????? ???? ?а ??? ??????,
?????? ?а?????????? ?????╗ [3, 102].
????? ??? ??????? ????????????? ?а????????? ?????????? ??а ?????, ?????????? ????? л??????╗ ??? ???????? ???????????? ?????????. ?а ???? ?а ?????? ???????????? ??
л?????? ?????? ??????╗, ??????? ??????? л?? ??????╗, ??
????? ?? ????????????? ?а?????? ????????????:
???????? ????????????? ??????
??а?????? ???? ?????? ????. (II, 62)
????? ?? ????? ??????????? ??? ????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? ??????? ?а??????
??????: ?а ???????а ? ??? ??????????? ??????? ?а ??????????? ??. ???????? ?????? ?????????. ??? ?????, ??????? ???????? ?????????-?????????????а ? л?? ?????? ?????????
????╗ (II, 64), ????????, ????? ?????????? ????? ??????
????????????, ??????? л???????? ?????? ???? ???? ??а????,
?а????? ??а?????╗ (????. 10:2).
?????????? ????? ??????? л???? ??????,а/ ??? ????? ???????? ?????╗ (II, 62), ?а? ???? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????????? ?а ????? ?????????? ?а ???????????
??????? ?? ??????????, ??? л?? ????? ????? ?????????
??а???????? ????? ?????? ??????╗. ??а???? ?а???? ????, ?а??????? ?????, ?а????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????????? ???????????????? ???????, ??? ??????? ?а????????????.
?????? ????? л???????? ???? ??????╗, ?????? ?????? л?
???????? ??????? ???╗. ??????????? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ?а????????? ?????????? л????? ?а??????
????????????? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ???????
447
????!╗ (II, 68), л???????, ?????,а/ ???????? ???? ????╗ (II, 68).
?а ????????? ????????????? л?????????╗ ????? ?а ??????
???? ??????? ???????????? л????? ????╗, ??????? л????
??а??????╗: ?а???????????? ????? ????? ??а????? ???? ???????? ?а ????? ????????? ???? (????. 19:11). ?????????????? ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ???? л??????? ??????╗: л????
????а? ?а????,а/ ???? ??????а? ?а???╗ (II, 68). ?а??? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???????, ??????? ???????? ?а??????? ???????: л?? ??? ?????, ??????? ?а??????? ?а????? ?????????? ????? ??? ????, ??????? ???????: ????? ????? ???
?? ???????????? ?? ?а?? ??????? ?? ?????? ???, ?а???? ??
?????, ?а??? ????? ???? ???????╗16, ?а????????? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????: л???????? ????? ?????? ??? ????╗20. ?????????? ?????? ????????????????? ?а??
??????? ??. ?????????? ????????: л?? ?а???? ???, ?а? ??????!╗
???????????????? ??????????? ?а ???????? ???? ???????????????? ?а?????????? ??????????? ????? ????????????
??????, ?????? ?а ????, ??????? ????, ???? ?а ????, ???????
????? ?а????? ?а?????: л?????? ??? ??????╗ (II, 51), л????? ?????????? ????╗ (II, 52), л??????????? ??? ??? ?????, ??????
?а ???╗ (II, 38), л??? ?????? ???? ????? ?????╗ (II, 54), л????????-?????? ?????? ????╗ (II, 50).
???? ????????? ???????????? ?а ???????????????? ?????? ????????? ????, ??????? ?? ????? ???????????? ???????????? ?а?????????? ??????? ?а???????? ????????????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ?????????????????
????????:
? ??????? ???????????? (? ????????? ????? л??????╗ л????? ????? ??????? ???????╗ (II, 53), ?а????? л???????╗
??????????? ??????? ????????? ???? ?????????? ?а ?????? ?а????: л??? ????? ????????? ??????╗ (II, 31));
? ???????? ???? (л???? ?????? ?? ??а???,а/ ????? ????, ???
?????╗ (II, 38.));
? ????? (л??? ??а? ?????? ?а?????а/ ???????? ????.а/ ???
??а ? ??????? ?????????а / ???????? ????.а / ??а ???????
???? ??? ??????а/ ?а????? ?а?????!╗ (II, 28));
? ?????? ?а?????? ?а?????? (? л??? ?????? ????????╗ л??? ??????? ??? ???????а? ?????? ????? ???????╗ (II, 59));
448
?. ?. ?????????
? ??????????? ??????? (л?? ??? ?????????????а/ ??????????? ????,а/ C ???? ?????????? ??????,а/ ????? ?а???????? ???╗ (II, 57), л??? ????? ?????, ??????????? ??а???╗
(II, 28));
? ????????? ???????? (л???? ???????? ??????а /
???????? ????????╗ ( II, 41));
? ???????? ???? ?????????????? ????????? ??а ?????
(л?????????? ?а?????а/ ???????????? ???╗ (II, 38)).
?а ??????? л?????????????? ?????╗, ?????????????? ???
?????? ?????????, ????? ????? ????????????? ????????????. ???? ??????????? ????? ???????????? ?а??????????????
???????????? ????????????? ????????. ????????????? ?????? ?а ??????????? ?а ????????? ???????????????? ??????
?????? ?????? ?а ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? ????????
?а???? ??????? ?а???????????? ?а?? ???????????? ?????????. ??????????, ????????????? ?????? ??????? ?а??????? ???????????? ??а???????? ???????????? ??? ??????? ????????
??????? ????????????? ????????????. ?????????????? ???????? ???????, ??? ??? ???? ???????, ???????????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????????????, ??????????????.
?? ?????????? ??????, ????????? ??????? ????????????
????????????? ?????????? (л??????? ????!╗ (II, 26), л?????? ?а??????!╗ (II, 41?45), л????? ?а?????? ????!╗ (II, 68), ?а?
?? ?? ????? ?????? ????????????? ?а????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????: л???? ?а??????? ??????╗ (II, 62), л????, ???????? ????а / ?????????? ??? ???╗ (II, 61). ??? ???????????
??????? л?????????????? ?????╗ ????????? ?????? ???????,
??????????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????, ?????????????? ?а?????? ???????????? ???????, ?а????????? ????????? ????????????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????????
???????????????? ????????? ???????????.
?а л?????????????╗ ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ?????, ???????????? ?????????
?а??????????? ???????? ??????????? ????. ??? ???? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ????? ??????? ?а ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ?а ?????????
????????????? ???????????? ?а ?????????? ???????, ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ?а ??????? ?????????? ??-
????????????? ??????????? ?а???????????????? ???????
449
?????, ????????? ?? ?а ??????? ?а ?????????? ???? ?а ?????
????????????? ???????????? ?а?? ????? ??????? ?а???????
?а????????????? ??????????? ??????.
??????????
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
?????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ????? ?а14-18-02709 л???????? ?????? ?а?????? ?а?????????? ?а????????? ???????? ??????????╗ (2014?2016).
?????? ?. ?.а????. ????. ???.: ?а7 ?. ?.: ?????; ?????, 1995?2002. ?.а1.
1995. ?.а131. ????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?а??????? ??????? ?а????????? ???? ?а????????.
????????. ?.: ???. ????? ??????? ???????????? ??????, 2002. ?.а64.
????? ???????????. ?.: ??????? ?????????; ???. ????? ?????????? ??????????; ??? л????????? ????╗, 1993. ?. 190.
?????? ???????. ?.: ???-?? ?????????? ??????????, 1975. ?.а4, 8.
?????? ???????. ?. 2. ?.: ???. ????? ??????? ???????????? ??????,
2002. ?.а391, 392.
?????? ???????. ?.: ???-?? ?????????? ??????????, 1975. ?.а15.
??????. ?.: ???-?? ?????????? ??????????, 1962. ?.а162.
??????. ????. ???., 1962. ?.а131.
?????? ???????. ?. 2. ???????????? ????? ??????? ????????????
??????, 2002. ?.а392.
????????. ?.: ???. ????? ??????? ???????????? ??????, 2002. ?.а60,
??????. ?.: ???-?? ?????????? ??????????, 1981. ?.а53.
????????? ??.: ????????? ?. ?.а????? ?. ?.а??????? л???????? ????????╗: ????? ?а ??????????а // ?????? ?????? ?а ??????? ???????: ??.
?????? ??а ?????????? ??????????. ????. ????., ???????????
117-????? ??а ??? ???????? ?. ?.а ??????? ?а ???? ?????????? ???????. ??????-?????????????-??????. 2013. ?.а303?304.
?. ?.а?????? ?а????????????? ?????????????╗а/ ?????. ??????, ????.
?а???????. ?. ?.а???????????. ?.: ?????. ???., 1986. ?.а1. ?.а265.
?????????????? ??. ?????? ??????а// ?. ?.а?????? ?а?????????????
?????????????. ????. ???. ?.а2. ?.а124.
?. ?.а?????? ?а????????????? ?????????????. ????. ???. ?.а1. ?.а299.
?????? ???????. ?. 2. ?.: ???. ????? ??????? ???????????? ??????,
2002. ?.а498.
?. ?. ?????????
450
?????? ??????????
1. ???????. ?., ?????. ????????? ?а????????????а// ???? ???????????
??????????. http://uvarovo-temple.ru/?p=1648#respond (???? ?????????: 01.07.2014)
2. ???????? ?. ?.а????????? ????-????? ?а????????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ?. ?.а???????а// ?????? ?????? ?а??????? ???????? ????????: ??????: ????????, 2002. ?.а80?106.
3. ????????? ?. ?.а?? ?????????а// ?а???????а/ ????. ?. ?.а????????.
?.: ??????, 1990. ?.а102.
4. ??????? ?. ?.а ?????????? ??????? ?а ??????? ????????????а // ???????????? ????? ?а??????? ?????????? XVIII?XX ?????. ???. 2. ????????????, 1998. ?.а349?362.
5. ??????? ?. ?. ???????????? ??
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