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(??????, ?????????? ?????????)
yulyasytina@yandex.ru
???????????? ?????? ? ???????? ? ?????
? ?????????? ?.??. ??????????1
?????????. ????? ?а???????????? ?. ?.а??????????а? ????????, ???????????????? ???????, ???????,а? ???? ????????? ??????, ?? ????????, ?????, ????????. ???????????? ???????? ?а????????????? ???????? ????? ??????, ?????? ????? ?????????, ?а ????? ?????? ?????
???????????? ??????, ????????? ?а л????????????╗. ????? ??а ????????? ?а?????????????? ???????????? ????? ???? ??? ??????????
?????? ?а ????????. ?а ???????? ?? ??????????????? ?а ?????? ??????????????? ?а ?????????? ?????? ??а ????? ?????? ????? ????????,
?а ??? ????????, ????????????, ??????. ????????? ??? ?????? ?а ????????????? ????????? ?????????, ?а??? ??????? ????? ?????? ?а???,
?а??? ?? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???? ?а?????. ????? ??? ????????
???? ????? ?????, ??а ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????, ?????????????, ?????????? ?а ??????????????. ????? ?а ?????????????
?????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ?а????? ??????? ?????,
????? ??????????????? ?а??? ?????????? ?а????????????? ????????
???????????? ?а ?????????? ????? ????????. ?????? ????????????,
??а??????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?а???? ?а? ??????????.
???????? ?????: ?. ?.а ?????????, ???????, ?????????, л????????????╗, ?????? ?а ????????, ????????? ????, ???????????? ??????????????.
?
???? ???????? ????????? ????????? (1804?1869)а ?
???? ??а????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?а??????????????? ????? ?????? ???????. ??? ????? ?а ???????????? ??? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????, ?? ????????,
?????, ????????.
??????? ???? ????, ??? ?а?????? ?????! ?? ??а??????, ???????,
??????? ???? ??а??? ?????; ??????? ??????? ??а???? ?? ???????????
?????, ??????? ???????? ??? ?а?????????? ????; <?> ???????
??????? ?????? ?????; ??????? ?????????? ??-??? ????? ????? ??
?????????. ??? ????? ??а ????? ?????? ??????, ????? ???????
????? ?а??????, ??????? ???????? ??????, ????????? ??????. ???
??????? ????!2 ? ????????? ????????? ?а????? ?????.
190
?. ?. ??????
?????? ???????? ????, ??????????? ?а ???????????? ?????? ?????? ?а????????? ??а?????? ????? ??а??????? ???????? ????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????????, ?????????, ??а ?????? ?. ?.а ?????????, л????? ?? ????? ?????
???????? ??????????╗ [3, 473]. ???????????? ???????? ????? Monmorancy russe (??????? ??????????) [1, 472]. ???
????????? ????????? ?а????????????? ?????, ?????? ?????,
??? ?а??????? ??????????????? ?ал?????? ???? ???????????,
??????????-????????? ???????? ???????? ??а????? ???????, ????? ?? ??а ?????????? ??? ?????? <?> ????????
??а ????????, ????? ??????????, ??? ???? ???????????
???????╗ [5, 200].
????????? ???? ??????????а ? ????????-????????, ???????????????? ???????, ???????а? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?а???????? ??? ?????? ???????, ????????? ?а???? ?????
????? ?????????? ?а ?????????????? ?, ????????, ?????????? ????????. ????????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ??????, ???????? ?а????????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????,
л?????????╗ ???????? ????????????, ??? ?а???????????? ?????????? ?а??????????????? ?????.
????????? ???????? ???? ?????????? ??? ??а ??????????? ???????? ?а??????? ??????????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????-??????? ?а???????-????????. ?????? ?а??? ???????????? ???????? ?а ????????????? ???????? ????? ??????,
?????? ????? ?????????, ?а?????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ??????. ?а ?????????? ?????????? ??а ???????????????
???????, ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ?а ????????????? ??????? л????????????╗, ?а?? ?? ??????? ??а????
??????????????? ??? ???????? ?а?????? ?а?.??.а???????????:
????? ????, ?а???????? ?? ??????? ????? ??? ?????????
л????????????╗. <?> ?а??? ?? ??????? ????? ????????, ?????????, ????????????а? ????? ??????, ????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ?а ??????????? ??? ??????????
????????? [4].
л??????╗ ?????? ???????? ?? ??????, ?а ??????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ????????, ???????? ?а ?????
??????, ??????? ????? ???????, ??? ?а???????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????? [4].
???????????? ?????? ? ???????? ? ????? ? ??????????....
191
????? ??а ????????? ?а ?????????????? ????????????
????? ???? ??? ?????????? ?????? ?а????????. ?а????????
1842 ???? ?? ?????:
??а?? ?? ????? ???а? ???? ?а?????? ???????! ???????? ???,
??? ????????? ????, ?а?? ??????? ????? ??а????; ?????? ??????
???????????? ?????????? ??????????????, ???? ?????????, ???
?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?а ????? ?а ??????? ??? ?а ????? ???
???????????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ?????, ?????????? ???????
??????????? ?а????? ??? ??а???????? ????????, ??????? ?? ????????????? ????? ????. ?! ???? ???? ????, ???????????! [2, 459].
??????????а? ???????? ?????? ?а????????????? ??????????а? ??????? ????? ?????? ?а???, ?а??? ?? ??????? ????????
???????? ???? ?а?????. ???????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????? ?а????????, ?а??? ???? ????, ?????? ?????, ?а??????????? ???????? ??а ???????? ????????. ??а ???????? ????????????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ?????:
л?????? ???? ??? ?????, ?а ????? ??а ????????? ??? ???????╗3,а? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ?а?????.
????? ?????? ??? ?????????, ???????? ?????????????
?а ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ??????
??????? ???????? ?????.
???? ?? ?а?? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???? ????????? ?а????
?????, ?а?????????? ?????????? ?????? ???????????, ?? ?????
?? ???????? ?а ?????-?????? ????????? ??? ??????? <?> [2,
460]а? ????? ?? ?а??? ?? ???????? 1842 ????.
?????? ?а ??? ?? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????????: ?а?????? ????????? ??? ?а????? ?????, ?? ???? ?а?????????? ??? ?? ?а??????????????? ?а???????????? ??????? ????
?????? ????? ?????????? ??а?????????? ??а?????? ??????????? ?а?? ??? ????????? ?а?????????? ????????.
????????? ?????????? ?а ???????????? ????????????
?а ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ??????? I
???? ??????? ?а ?????????????. ?а л????????????? ???????╗, ?????????????? ?а1835 ????, ????????, ???????? ????
??????? ???????? ?????? ?????????, ???? ?? ??а? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????????? ??? л???? ??????╗, ??????? ????????
192
?. ?. ??????
?? л?????? ??????? ???????? ??????????╗4, ??? ??? ?????
л???????а? ?а??????? ?а?????? ?????? ????? ?????╗.
?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????????? ??????? ?????? ?????,
???????, ??? ??? ???????? ???? ????????а? ??? ??? ???????????,
?? ??а? ???,а? ????? ???????? ????? ?а????????,а? ??? ?а??? ???????????а? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ???, ??????? ?????? ??а??????. ???? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???а? ???? ????????? ??а????????
??а???? ????? ????????? ?а??? ??? ??????? ????????? ???? ???????
??? ???????? ?? ??а??????????; ?а??? ??? ???????????, ??????????????? ?????????? ?а ???????????5,а ? ???????? ?????????
?????.
??????????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ?????????????????? ????????: ?а1826 ???? ????????? ???? ????????? ?????????? ??а л???? ??????╗ ?а ????????? ???? ??????????????? ??????. ??а??????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???
??????.
?????? ??, ???? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????????, ?? ??? ????????????? ??а л?????????? ????╗ ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????
?????????????? ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ??????
??????:
????? ???? ???? ??а? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??а?????? ?????????? ???????, ??а? ?????? ???????, ??а?????????????? ?????????, ?а??????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????? 6,а ? ??????????? ???????? ?? ?????
??????????.
???????? ????? ?а ????????? ????????, ????????????
????????? ???? ?а????? ??? ????????? ?????? ??????????
?????????? ?????????. ??????? ??????????? ??а ????????
л????????? ??????? ?????????╗ ?ал????????? ???╗ ????????
????? ???????? л???????????╗7 (?????? ?. ?.а ??????????),
?????????? ?а?????????? ??????????? ???????, л? ????? ????????? ????????? ???? ???????? ???????? ???????╗8.
?????? ???? ????? ????????? ????????? ?а??????? Opere
del Cavaliere Giambattista Piranesi [????? ???????? ???????????? ????????]. ?????? ???? ?а?? ????????? ?????? ??????? (?????? ?ал??????? ?????╗):
???????????? ?????? ? ???????? ? ????? ? ??????????....
193
???? ??????, ??а ????? ?????????? ?????? ????????, ???????? ?? ??? ??????, ????????? ???, ??? ??????? ???????????? ??????, ????????? ???????? ??а ???????? ?а ????????? ????????????? ?????, ??? ?????????? ??????? ???? ?? ???????????? ?????
?????? ????? ?а?????? ?????????? ??????9.
??????? ????, ?а????, ???????? ??????????? ?а???, ??? ??,
?????????? ?????? ????? ?а??????? ??????????, ??????????? ????????????, ???????????? ??????? ?????????, ????????????? ??а ?? ???????????? ?а ????????? ????, ?а ??
??? ?????????????, ????? ???? ???????, л?????????? ??
?а?????╗ (??. 25:18). ???????? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ?а???
???????, ????????? ??а? ????????? ??????? ?????, ??а? ?????????? ??????????? ?????.
л??????? ????????╗ ?????? ????????? ?а ???????? ??????? л????????╗, ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ?а ?????????
????? ???????????? ?а????????? ????? ????? ???????? ?????, ??????? ???? ??????? ??????????? ?а ????????? ?????,
?????? ?????, ?а ???, ??? ???????, ?????????? ?а ????????
??? ??? ?????????? ????????, ???????? ???? ??????? ?а?????.
????????, ?????, ?а???????????? ???????? ????? ?а?????? ??а???????? ???? ???????? ??????????, ???????????? ??????????? ????:
<?> ???????? ???????? ???????? ??? ?????, ?а??? ?????? ????? ?а???? ????. ???, ??? ???????? ???? ????????, ?????????? ??????? ?????????????, <?> ???????? ?а ?????? ????; ????? ????
?????????? ?????? ????? ?а????????????? ????????????. ????????? ????? ????? ?????, ?????????? ??????? ????????????,
????????? ?а??? ??????а? ?а??? ??? ?а?? ??????, ????? ??? ?????
???? ????????????10.
??????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??? ?????????
?????????, ????????? ?????? ?????: л??? ??? ??а ????!╗11а ?
?????????? ?? ?а???????? (?????? ?. ?.а??????????).
??????? ?????????? ?а??????, ???????? ??????? ??????
????; ?? ???? ???? ???????? ?а ??????, ????????? ??а ???
?????, ??????? ????? ??ал???????? ????????╗, ???? ????????????????? ?а ?????????? ????????, ??? ????????? ???????????? ??? ??????. ????? ?????? ???????? ?????????
194
?. ?. ??????
??ал???????? ????????╗ ?а?????? ???? ??а???????????
???????.
????? ????????? ???? ????????, ????? ????? ?а?????, ??????????? ??????? ?а????????? ???? ??????????????, ??????? ?????? ??????? ????????? л???????? ????????╗12, ???
????????? ??? ????? ??????? л????????╗. ?а??? ????? ??????????????? ???????????? ?а ??????????? ???????? ???????? ????? ????????. ??????? ??????????? ????????? ????????????? ?а ??????. ??а ?????, ??а ?????? ???? ??а ?????
????????????? ??? ????????? ?а????????????? ??????? ???.
????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ???????????, ??, ??? ??
л?????? ???? ??????╗13, ?????? ????? ???????, ??????
??а????????? ?а?? ??????. ???????? ??? ?а???? ???????? ????????? ????????? ?а???????????, ?а??????????? ???????
??????????? ???????? л?????????? ??????? ????????????? ????????, ?? ???? ?а ??????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????╗14. ??а?????? ???????????????? ????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????
?а ???????????? ?????????? ??? ?а ?????? ????????? ?????.
?а ???? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????
?а????????????? ????, ?????????? ??а?? ??????? ???????
???????, ??а ?? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????, ??????? ???????? ????????? ???? ???????? ?а ?????? ?? ?а ???
???????????, ??а?? ????? ???? ???????, ???????????? ?????,
???????????? ?а?????. ????????? ????? ?. ?.а???????????
?а ????????? ??????????? ?а ??????????????? ??????? ???
?а ???, ??? л?????????? ??????, ??????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ??????? ?а???????, ??а?????? ??????? ?????? ????, ??????? ?а???????? ???????????!╗ [5]. ????? ???,
????? ?? ?????, ?????????? ?????? л???? ???? ?а?????????
???????????, ?а???????? ????, ?а???????? ???????????? ????????? ???? <?> ????!╗ [5].
????? ???? ??? ?????????? ????? ?????, ??а??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????, ?????????????, ?, ???????,
???????
...?????????, ????? ????????, ????? ?????????????, ????? ??????????, ????? ???????????а? ?? ???╗15 (?????? ?. ?.а??????????).
???????????? ?????? ? ???????? ? ????? ? ??????????....
195
????? ?а ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????
??????????? ?а????? ??????? ?????, ????? ??????????????? ?а??? ?????????? ?а????????????? ???????? ???????????? ?а?????????? ????? ????????.
?ал???? I╗ ??ал??????? ?????╗ ?????????? ?????? ?????
?а?????????????? ?а????????? ??????????? ??????????. ??
?а ?????? ????????????? ?а ????????????????, ?а ????????
л??????╗, л???????? ??????, ????? ??? ???????????? ?а???????????? ??? ?????╗, ?а ????????? л?? ????? ???????
?????? ?а???????????╗16 . ???????? ??????????? ????????
??????? ????? ????????? ??а ????? ?а ????? ?????????????
?????????????, ????? ???????????? ?а????????? ???????????: л??? ??? ?????, ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ?а?????, ?? ???
??? ??????? ????? ???, ??????? ?? ???????? ??? ????? ?а???
?????? ????????, ??? ????? ????? ???? ??? ????????╗ (????.
6:12). ?а ??? ?? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????а ? ????????????, ??а ??????? ?????? ??????????? ??? ???? ????
?а???? ?а? ??????????.
?а???????? 1840-? ????? ??????, ???????????? ?а???????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ??? ?????
??????????. ???? ???? ??а??????????, ??? ?а???????? ?ал????????????? ???????╗, ???????? ????????? ???:
?а?????? ??? ??? ??а?????????? ????????????, ??а??????????
??????? ??? ????????. ?а ????? ????? ???????????? ??а ????????,
?????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???????????????? ???? ?? ??? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ??а????????? ??????? ????????, ???????? ??????, ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? <?>17.
??а ??????? ???????????? ????????????, ????????? ????????? ???? ?????????????? ??????????, ??????????? ?????? ??а??????????? ?а??????????? ??????? ?????????.
?а ????? ?????, ??????? ??а ?????? ???????? л????????╗
?. ?.а?????????, ????????? ??????? л??????????╗, ??? ?????? ?а?????? ??????????:
????? ??????! ????? ?????????????? ???????! ??а ???? ?а ?
????, ?а?? ?????????? ?а???? ????? ?????????? <?> ??а???????
??????????? ????, ??а ????? ?а ?????? ?????? ???????????.
?????, ??????? ?а?????? ???????, ??????? ??????, ????? ???, ?????
?????? ???18.
?. ?. ??????
196
?а??????, ?а??? ?????????????????? ??а??? ???????? ??????????, ????? ???, ?????? ????????? ????????, ?????????? ????. ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ?а ?????????
????????????, ??? ????????? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????????????? ????????, ?????? ????, ???????? ?а ????????????
????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????. ??????? ??????? ??а???????? ??????? ??????, ??????
????? ?????????. ????????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?????
?????? ?а????????. ??? ?????????? ?а? ?????????????, ?а?
?????, ?а? ?????????? ????????, ??? ?а?????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?а ???????? ??????????, ??????? ??????????
??????????????, ?а ????????????? ??? ??????? ?а ?????
????????.
??????????
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
?????????? ???????????? ? ?????? ????????????? ???? ????????
??????? ? 14-34-01225
????????? ?. ?.а??????? ????: ?????. ???????. ????????. ??????. ?.:
?????, 2007. ?.а10.
????????????. ??????? ?????: ??????-???????? ?????, 1992. ?.а 2.
?.а577.
????????? ?. ?.а????????????? ??????а// ?????????? ???????????.
1835. ?. I, ?а1. ?.а57.
??? ??. ?.а58.
????????? ?. ?.а?????????: ?а2 ?. ?.: ???. ???. 1981. ?.а1. ?.а151.
??? ??. ?.а169.
??? ??. ?.а151.
????????? ?. ?.аOpere del Cavaliere Giambattista Piranesiа// ????????
????? ??а1832 ???. ?.: ?????, 1980. C. 26.
????????? ?. ?.а?????????: ?а2 ?. ?.а1. ?.а75.
??? ??. ?.а71.
??? ??. ?.а292.
????????? ?. ?.а?????????: ?а2 ?. ?.а2. ?.а71.
??? ??. ?.а71.
????????? ?. ?.а?????????: ?а2 ?. ?.а1. ?.а168.
??? ??. ?.а35?37.
????????? ?. ?.а ??????????-???????????? ????????. ?.: ???. ???.
???-??, 1956. ?.а517.
???????????? ?????? ? ???????? ? ????? ? ??????????....
18
197
????????? ?. ?.а?????????: ?а2 ?. ?.а1. ?.а318.
?????? ??????????
1. ???? ?. ?.а??????????? ????????? ?а??????????а// ?????????а?. ?.
??????? ??? ????? ???????????. ?.: ??????? ???, 2006. ?.а470?473.
2. ??????? ?. ?.а??а??????? ???????? ?????????. ??. ?. ?.а?????????.
?????????-????????: ?а2 ?. ?., 1913. ?.а1. 621 ?.
3. ???????? ?. ?.а???????????? ?а????? ?. ?.а?????????а// ?????????
?. ?.а??????? ??? ????? ???????????. ?.: ??????? ???, 2006. ?.а473?
475.
4. ?????? ?. ?.а???????? ????????? ?а?????????: ?а??????? ??????????? ??????а // ????? ???????: http://odoevskiy.lit-info.ru/review/
odoevskiy/002/175.htm
5. ?????? ?. ?.а???????? ??? ??????: ?а????? ????????? ??????????
??????????. ?.: ?????, 1991. 400 ?.
Yuliya Nikolaevna Sytina
Ph.D., junior researcher
Moscow Regional State University
(Moscow, Russian Federation)
yulyasytina@yandex.ru
The Gospel parable of The TalenTs
in The life and work of V.?f. odoeVskiy
Abstract. The life and work of Vladimir Odoyevsky who was a writer, a
statesman and a scientist were dedicated to his Motherland, its culture,
science and society. The Bible, especially the Gospel and the works of the
Orthodox Fathers published in Dobrotolyubiye determined the writer?s view
of the world. The Parable of the Talents was one of the most important and
key parables of the New Testament for Odoyevsky. This importance is attested
by the writer?s life whichwas full of selfless and relentless hard work for the
good of Russia, as well as his diaries, works and letters. Odoyevsky was a rich
and multi-talanted person who was deeply concerned by the question of the
essence of true service for God and people. Existence for Odoyevsky was the
battleground where distresses, uncertainty, self-deception and self-delusion
lie in wait for an individual. Sometimes in Odoevsky?s works of there
appeared sad reflections about the vanity of carnal existence that deeply
contrasted with his opinion about the necessity of activ work and realization
of one?s talents. However, the only firm support for him had always been the
faith in God and Providence.
Keywords: Vladimirа Odoyevsky, religion, the Gospel, Dobrotolyubiye,
the Parable of the Talents, way of life, human destiny.
?. ?. ??????
198
References
1. Lents V. F. Liflander?s adventures in St. Petersburg [Priklyucheniya
liflyandtsa v Peterburge]. Odoevskiy V. F. The notes for my great-grandson
[Zapiski dlya moego prapravnuka]. Moscow, Russian world Publ., 2006,
pp. 470?473.
2. Sakulin P. N. From the history of Russian idealism. Prince V.аF.аOdoyevskiy.
Thinker and writer: in 2 vol. [Iz istorii russkogo idealizma. Kn.
V.аF.аOdoevskiy. Myslitel-pisatel]. ?oscow, 1913, 621 p.
3. Sologub V. A. Memoirs of Prince V. F. Odoevskiy [Vospominanie o
knyaze V. F. Odoevskom]. Odoevskiy V. F. The notes for my great-grandson
[Zapiski dlya moego prapravnuka]. Moscow, Russian world Publ, 2006,
pp.а473?475.
4. Turian M. A. Vladimir Odoevskiy and Lermontov: To the origins of religious
disputes [Vladimir Odoevskiy i Lermontov: K istokam religioznych sporov].
?vailable at: http://odoevskiy.lit-info.ru/review/odoevskiy/002/175.htm
5. Turian M. A. Strange is my destiny: Life of Vladimir Odoyevskiy [Strannaya
moya sydiba: o zhizni Vladimira Fedorovicha Odoevskogo]. Moscow, Book
Publ., 1991, 400 p.
й ?????? ?.а?., 2014
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