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Мир как иллюзия в произведениях Виктора Пелевина..pdf

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G.A. Ilopymsux. Map
KaK ItJIJII031t1i B
npoaaseneaasx
BItKTOpa
51
Ileneeuna
MHP KAK HJIJII03H5I B npOH3BE,[(EHH5IX BHKTOPA nEJIEBHHA
O.A. rrOPYTQIIK
Karpeztpa mrreparypu
rocyztapcrseansni
Y:yBallIcKHH
HM.
H...K
nenaroraxecxaii yHHBepCHTeT
RKOBJleBa
yn. K. Mapxca, 38, 428000, l{e6oKcapbI, LIyBauHIH,
POCCHS!
B .naHHoH CTaTbe aHaJIH3HpyeTCH KOHuenUHH MHpa B TBOplJeCTBe cOBpeMeHHorn
pyccxoro nHCaTeJIH
BHKTOpa
Ilenesana. MbICJlb aaropa
B3aHMo.neikTBI1H epHJlOCOepCKI1X B3fJlH.nOB nHCaTeJlH
CTaTbH pa3BHBaeTcH B KOHTeKCTe
C nocTMo.nepHHCTCKOH H.neeH
0
BHp1)'aJIbHbIX MHpax.
xareropnn coapeuemrsrx
nHCaTeJIeH, 0 KOTOpbIX B Kpl1THKe He CJlO)l{HJIOCb ennaoro MHeHHH . Ern HJIH pyraror,
Ha3bIBIDI "neauov aapaapcxoji nupsr" (E. EpMOJ1HH), "HOBbIM , crapuu KaK MHp"
nacarenev (11. oacHHcKHH), nncarene« nepexonnoa :mOXH, I1JIH, Ha060poT, XBaJIHT aa
coapeaeuaocrs, "CBOHCKOCTb" (0. CJlaBHHKoBa), .na)l{e sa "nnoxoe nacsuo" (B.
KypHUbIH), sa "JIerKOCTb nOlJTH nyunomcxoro nepa" (JI. <1>HJlHnnoB). O.nHH KpHTHKI1
Ha3bIBaIOT ern caMblM nonynapnsrv Internet-nacarenev (C. Kyaaeuos), ztpyrae ­
coxpaasror HeHTpaJlHTeT, Ha3bIBaH KYJlbTOBbIM nacarenev, H aHaJlH3HpylOT npHlJHHbI
BHKTOp OJlerOBHlJ
Ileneaan npanannexorr
K TOH
ern norrynspaocra.
OeJleBHH snepasre aucrynan B nareparype C pOMaHOM ")J{H3Hb nacexovux"
(1993). POMaH cpasy cnenan ern 3HaMeHHTbIM B caasrx llIHpOKHX lJHTaTeJlbCKHX
xpyrax, Ilosnaee nOHBHJlCH C60pHHK paCCKa30B "CHHHH <pOHaPb", npHHeCllIHH
nacaremo nareparypnyro npeMHIO Manoro Byxepa, B 2000 r. asnuen B CBeT C60pHHK
paCCKa30B ")J{eJITM crpena" , B HeM
npencrasneast nOBeCTH ")J{eJlTaH crpena",
"3aTBopHHK H Illecrananua", "npHHU Focnnaaa'' H KopOTKHe paCCKa3bI, xoropue
pausure BXO.nHJlH B nepBbIH C60pHHK. E)I{ern)),HO B CBeT BbIXO)),HT O)),HH - )),Ba poxana
nHCaTeJlH , nexoropsre H3 KOTOpbIX yxce CHHCKaJIH llIHpOK)'1O H3BeCTHOCTb: "Hanaes H
Ilycrora", "Generation "Il", ",[{HaJleKTHKa nepexoznroro nepaoaa" .
TBOplJeCKHH MeTO)), BHKTopa Ileneaana oueHHBaeTCH B cOBpeMeHHoH KpHTHKe KaK
nocrvonepnacrcxaa. Xapaxrepuue xeprta nareparypu aroro aanpasneuaa ­
)l.HaJIOfH3M, arposoe nasano, arrreprexcryansuocrs, pH30MaTHlJHOCTb CTPYKTYpbI.
ITo)), pH30MaTHlJHOCTbIO
("pH30Ma"
-
rpafinuua,
xopnesauie)
nOHHMaeTCH raxoe
CBOHCTBO npOH3Be)),eHHH, KaK "BeTBHll.{HHCH CIO)I{eT".
BHKTopa
Ileneaaua -
npo HCXO)),H ll.{He
B
nHCaTeJlH
06JlaCTH
npescne
C03HaHHH
H
scero
HHTepeCYIOT
KOJlJleKTHBHoro
npoueccsr,
6ecc03HaTeJlbHOrO ,
HH)l.HBH)),YaJIbHOH nCHXHKH, HX B03)),eHcTBHe aa xon HCTOpHH, COUHaJIbHOe noaeneaae
JlIO)l.eH .
H,
KaK CJle)),CTBHe ,
y
asropa
aKTYaJIH3HpyeTcH BHHMaHHe K <peHoMeHy
H)l.eOJlOfHH, peKJIaMbI, B03MO)l{HOCTHM KOMnblOTepHblx TeXHOJlOrHH, ncaxonenaxe,
HCCJle)),OBaHHIO cospeaenaoro COCTOHHHH pyccxoro HaUHOHaJIbHOro apxernna.
PaCCKa3bI
H pOMaHbI
OCBoeHHIO MHpa.
nHCaTeJlH
OTJlHlJalOTCH
CTpeMJleHHeM
Fnasnue sonpocsr, xoropsre peuiaer neJIeBHH:
K <pHJlOC0<pCKOMY
KTO MbI TaKHe? H lJTO
raxoe MHp, B KOTOpOM Mbl )I{HBeM? B3fJlH)),bI nHCaTeJlH BO MHornM opHeHTHpOBaHbI aa
52
BeCTHHK PYLlH, cep. Jlumepamypoeeoeuue. )J(YPHaJlUCmW(a, 2008, NQ 1
peJIHrHJO H cPHJIOCOcPHJO BOcTOKa (B lIaCTHOCTH, .IueH-6Y.lLUH3M), cornacno KOTOPbJM
6bITHe lIeJIOBeKa -
JIHWb HJIJIJ03H}I,
HeCOBepWeHHa}l KOrrH}I
CKpbITOro OT nenonrorosnennoro B30pa.
KOMnblOTepHOH
YllaCTHHK).
nrpsr,
TaK,
Cyfisexr
MHpa
aaeansaoro,
B TaKOM MHpe, CJIOBHO BO BpeM}I
nepexcaaaer 3cPcPeKT )lBOHHOro rrpacyrcrsns (Ha6JIJO,UaTeJIb H
H,UeH
)l3eH-6Y)l)lH3Ma
HaWIIH
npasynnaaoe
coxeranae
c
nOCTMO)lepHHCTCKHMH npe,UCTaBJIeHH}lMH 0 BHpryaJIbHOH peaJIbHOCTH, B KOTOpyJO ace
60JIbWe norpyacaercs COBpeMeHHbIH lIeJIOBeK. 11 n03TOMY 3BYllaHHe neJIeBHHCKHX
nponaseneaari
Heo6bIlIaHHO
MHTepeCHO
asropa
)leMOHCTpMpyeT M)leH
M aKT)'a.IJbHO.
Manas
nposa
mfCaTeJI5I
0 ,UBOHHOM KO)lMpOBaHHM MMpa: MHp B paCCKa3aX
Ilpeztverov uaurero
npencraer M KaK "peaJIbHOCTb" , M KaK "npencraanenae" 0 HeH .
HCCJIe,UOBaHH}I CTaJIa nOBeCTb ")J(eJITaJI CTpeJIa". 113 nee "BbIPOCJIH" TeMbI, 06Pa3bI H
MOTHBbI MHorHX npyrax npOH3Be,UeHHH fIeJIeBHHa.
CTpYKT)'pa nOBeCTH }lBJI}leT C060H 06pa3eU nOCTMO)lepHHcTcKOro raneprexcra,
nocrpoenaoro no ofipasuy KOMnbJOTepHOH
0,
BHyTpeHHe
yCMoTpeHHIO.
caMOCTO}lTeJIbHbI,
3aJIO)f(eHHbIH
B
a
nrpsr: rrrassr, nponyvepoaaaasre OT 12)l0
lIHTaTeJIb
KOMnbIOTep,
MO)f(eT
TeKCT
MeH}lTb
HX
MO)f(eT 6bITb
no
caoevy
npo-nrran
BO
MHO)f(eCTBe BapHaHTOB. ")J(eJITa}l CTpeJIa" - Ha3BaHHe rtoesna, B KOTOpOM ener maBHbIH
report ,
a BMeCTe C HHM BC}I crpana.
Bens,
TOJIbKO Cpe)lCTBO nepenarosenas: ee
CHMBOJIOB
CTpaH&I,
CHMBOJI
KaK H3BeCTHO , )f(eJIe3Ha}l nopora y Hac He
"nepeaomaior" KaK O,UHH H3 MHCTHlIeCKHX
MbITapCTBa ,UyWH
pyccxoro
lIeJIOBeKa.
mrreparypsr,
HanOMHHaeT HaM 0 pane npOH3Be)leHHH pyCCKOH
nyreurecraas peanaayer H,UelO npaB,UOHCKaTeJIbCTBa. TaKOBbI
fIOBeCTb
B KOTOpbIX MOTHB
"Ilyreiuecraae
Ilerepfiypra B Mocxsy" A. Panamesa, "KOMY na PyCH )f(HTb XOPOWo" H.
"Hesenryp" A. fIJIaTOHOBa, "Mocxsa-Ileryurxa'' BeH . Eporpeesa H ,Up.
H3
HeKpaCOBa,
MOTHB )f(H3HH-nOe3)la }lBJI}leTC}I 'raxzce aJIJIJ03HeH aa CTHXOTBopeHHe H. ryMHJIeBa
"3a6JIy)lHBWHHC}I
TpaMBaH".
CTpeJIa"
-
CHMBOJI
H)leOJIOrHlIecKoro
naccaxapon no Y3 KOKOJIeHxe, K paspymennovy
Iloesn CTaHOBH"FC}I H CHMBOJIOM cxoporesaocra )f(H3HH:
snecs pO)f()laIOTC}I, nnasar )f(aJIKOe KOHcPOpMHcTcKoe cyuiecraoaaaae. Cnsr na nOJIKaX
60K 0 60K C qy)f(HMH JIIO)l&MH MHOrHe ronst. Iloyrpy nO)lHHMaIOTC}I non HaB}l311HBOe
"MeHHCTpHMa":
noeaa
")J(eJITa}l
Be3eT CBOHX
MOCry, a COHTH C Hero HeJIb3}1.
"6YJIbKaHbe"
panao
(OHO
Y
fIeJIeBHHa,
KaK
H ztpyrae cpencrsa Macc-Me,UHa,
­
HHcTpyMeHT BJIaCTH), rronysator ropenyio xaury B MHcKe, eaxr na rp}l3HOH cxareprn B
saroae-pecropaac,
CMOTp}lT B OKHO, MHOro nbJOT. B o6meM, KaK repoa
snoncxoro
cPHJI&Ma, "3aHHMaIOTC}I )leJIaMH, KOTOpbIe C nOJIHbIM rrpaaov MO)f(HO Ha3BaTb Ba)f(HbIMH
H cepseansnra, - 3TO MeJIKOOnTOBa}l TOproBJI}I, Me)lJIeHHOe yMHpaHHe C ronozty,
BOpOBCTBO,
neropoxneane
nOCJIe cMepTH
rrpsvo
3aMe)lJIeHHOrO
)leHCTBH}I,
TIpOBO,UHHKH
H TaK nanee"
lIepe3
6,UHTeJIbHO
(1,
c.
44).
3)leCb )f(e
yxapaior,
OKHO rroeana non OTKOC. BpeM}I,
sener
06paTHbIH
CJIe)l}lT
3a
TpaBecTHpOBaHH&IH 06pa3 MHcPHlIecKOro
OTClIeT,
nOp}l)lKoM.
OTnpaBJI}I}lCb
nO)l06HO MHHe
xaracrporpa
HeH36e)f(Ha.
fIpOBO)lHHK'
Xapona - rrpoaozcaroro
3)leCb
B 3arpo6HbIH MHp.
AH.IlpeH (JIHpHlIeCKoe "}I" asropa) - O,UHH H3 HeMHorHX naccasorpos rroesna, KTO
cnocofien 3a)lYMbIBaTbC}I
nazi npoacxonsuma ,
nOrp}l3JIH B pYTHHe, Be,UyT cepyio )f(H3Hb. B
nurer caaoro cefia . OCTaJIbHbJe
ueJIOM nOBeCTb npencraanser C060H
paaaopaaaaaeuyro MeTacPopy "xasneanoro nYTH". "BOT CTpaHHO, ­
CKa3aJI OH. - .5I ceronas B pecropaae KaK pas )lyMaJI 0 )f(eJITbIX crperrax, Tosnee, He 0
)f(eJITbIX CTpeJIaX, a TaK. 0 )f(H3HH" (1, c. 18).
nOCJIe)lOBaTeJIbHO
a.A. Ilopymuux. MHp KaK HJIJII03HlI B npoaaaeaeuaax BHKTOpa Ilenesana
53
UeJIa~ 1060HMa" peaJIH30BaHHblX 6yKBaJIbHO MeTaepOp, arpa CJIOB CJIy)KaT
Cpe,n:CTBaM HpOHHH Ha,a 06pa30M )KH3HH naCCa)KHpOB noeszta . "Ila 6pOCbTe Bbl, ­
CKa3aJI AH,apeH. - Bsr )Ke He B no,aCTaKaHHHKe pO,aHJIHCb. I1 He B JIO)KKe" (l, c . 37).
qHTaTeJIb noransrsaercs: PO,aHJIHCb B "cosxe'' (B COBeTcKOM COI03e) . A B nOCJIe,aHHH
rryrs OTnpaBJI~IOT, cfipacsrsas sa OKHO C oprannrosoro unrra C 3amYTblMH Kpa~MH,
npossamroro B aapozte "rroncraxaaaaxoa". I1JIH B TeKCTe nexoncrpyapyercs CMblCJI
supaxeaas "orfinecx suciuea rapvonaa": repoio npencrasanocs, lJTO OrpOMHblH
nh~HblH My)KHK C rapMOllJKOH no nefia pOCTOM ua " 3TOH CBoeH rapvourxe arpaer H
f10eT KaKYIO-TO nypayio neCHJO, y)Ke nonro-nonro, A rapaourxa BC~ 3aCaJIeHHa~ H
6JIeCTHT. I1 xorna BHH3Y 3TO 3aMelJalOT, 3TO Ha3bIBaeTC~ oT6JIeCKOM BblcrneH
rapMOHHH"
Ilpaev
(l, c. 15).
OBeI.UeCTBJIeHH~
MeTaepophl
He06bllJaHHO
nonynapen
B
f10CTMo,aepHHcTcKOH rnrreparype. Ozmaxo saenpeaae ero He npxsras ee sacnyra.
)J;OCTaTOlJHO BcnOMHHTb npHTlJH <1>. KaepKH, pouaau ,l],. ,l],)KOHCa HJIH, euie paasure,
"crpaunrsre" nOBeCTH B. rOepMaHa. ,l],a, nOCTMo,aepHH3M BO MHorOM cnenyer
Mo,aepHH3MY. Ho H npHHUHn pOMaHTHlJeCKOH HpOHHH naxoznrr OTKJIHK B Mo,aepHH3Me
H npononxaercs B nOCTMo,aepHH3Me KaK ~BJIeHHe rrrofiarrsnoro MHpOB033peHlJeCKoro
3HalJeHH~ . TaK, OH aKTHBHO npHMeH~eT 16yKBaJIH3HpoBaHHylO" MeTaepopy B
COOTBeTCTBHH co CBOHMH H,aeOJIOrHlJeCKHMH n03HUH~MH, a HMeHHO ,aJI~ roro, lJT06bl
noxaaars,
lJTO
COBpeMeHHblH
lJeJIOBeK
)KHBeT
ace
60JIbllJe
BHellJHHMH,
f10BepXHOCTHbIMH CMbICJIaMH, socnpanaaaer MHp KaK Ha60p roroasix nOH~THH H
06pa30B. Era B3m~,a CKOJIb3HT no peaJIbHOCTH, He npOHHKa~ srnytis, BCJIe,aCTBHe xero
po)J()J;aIOTC~ CHMYJI~KPbI - crpannsre 06Pa3bl 6e3 noaofiaa, HCKa)KeHHble B KpHBOM
sepxane sannecaesesurero C03HaHH~.
rJIaBHblH repoii peuiaer ,aJI~ ce6~ sonpocu 0 CYI.UHOCTH 6b1TH~ H MeCTe B HeM
'leJIOBeKa.
OepHUHaJIbHa~
KapTHHa
MHpa
npencrasnena
B
6pollJlOpe,
pacnpocrpaaaewoii npOBo,aHHKaMH cpena naCCa)KHpOB, "Ilyresonarem, no
)J(eJIe3HbIM noporax I1H,aHH".
fleJIeBHH nonsepraer KpHTHlJeCKoMy nepecvorpy
peJIHrH03HO-epHJIOcoepCKHe YlJeHH~,
OTpHI..{alOI.UHe ueHHOCTb 3eMHOH )KH3HH, B
'lacTHOCTH, HH,ayH3M. ComaCHO 3TO H 6pollJlOpe, )KH3Hb - 3TO cosepuairae.
"EOJIbllJe acero B )KH3HH ~ JII06JIIO nononry CTO~Tb y orxpsrroro OKHa B xopaztope
<...>. He 3aMelJaJIH JIH ssr, ,aOPOroH lJHTaTeJIb, lJTO, xorna nonro CMOTpHllJb aa MHp H
3a6bIBaellJb 0 ce6e, OCTaeTC~ TOJIbKO TO, lJTO BH,aHllJb: HeBblCOKHH CKJIOH B ryCTbIX
3 apO CJI ~ X KOHOnJIH (KOTOpylO, CTOHT noeaay 3aMe,aJIHTb XO,a, psyr CneUHaJIbHblMH
f1aJIKaMH H3 cocenaax OKOH), OnJIeTeHHa~ JIHaHaMH uens nansa, ornenarouraa
)J(eJIe3HYIO nopory OT OCTaJIbHOro MHpa <... >. Kyna B 3TO BpeM~ nesarocs x? I1 xyna
.LIeBaIOTC~ 3TH zrepeass H
uinarfiayasr, xorna aa HHXHHKTO He CMOTpHT? ,l],a xaxas MHe
paanuua... " (l, c. 41).
)l(H3Hb 60JIbllJHHCTBa JIIO,aeH, TaKHM 06pa30M, nporexaer B HJIJII03HH, CHMYJI~KpaX
6hITH~. He CJIylJaHHO K HapKOTHlJeCKoMy (3apOCJIH KOHOnJIH) HJIH aJIKOroJIbHOMY
("oT6JIeCK BbICllJeH rapaomra" B pyxax nssnoro
npapaenasaerca H,aeOJIOrHlJeCKOe onypvaaaeaaae.
My)KHKa)
onb~HeHHIO
ABTOP npenynpeacaaer 06 onaCHOCTH )KH3HH B MHpe HJIJII03HH. 3a OKHaMH nocszta
npofieraer HaCTO~ma~ )KH3Hb: CBeT COJIHua, 3eJIeHb nyros, a yooroe cyurecrsoaaane
BHyTpH Hero CMepTH no,a06HO.
"Paznro Me)K TeM BOCKJIHKHyJIO: - 0, KaK rporarensnsr nOnbITKH ztyur, 6bIOmHXC~
non BeTpaMH B03,L(yllJHbIX MblTapcTB, ysepars ce6~, lJTO HHlJerO He npOH30llJJIO!.. 0
54
BeCTHI1K PYLlH, cep. Jlum epamypoeeoeuue. )/(ypHQJlUCmUKa , 2008, N2 I
yxcac cOBeTCKOH: CMepTH! B TaKHe crpannsre nrpst HrpaIOT, nOfH6aR, nIO):{H! He
3HaBllJHe HWlero, xpoxe )f(H3HH, OHM npHHHMaIOT sa )f(H3Hh cveprs. nYCTh )f(e
opxecrp 6ananaeK non ynpasneaaea Heroasr 3prallJeBa pa36y):{HT sac saarpa. I1
nycrs saure aaerpa 6y):{eT TaKHM »ce, KaK cerOJ1HSI, flO MrHoBeHHR, xorna H3)J. TeM. q:TO
KTO-TO H3 sac npMHHMaeT aa CBOH: xonxos, KTO-TO - aa nO):{Bo):{HyIO nO):{KY, KTO-TO - aa
TponneH:6YCHhlH: napx, H TaK nansure, - sorna uazr acex TeM, BO 'ITO sauia ):{YllJH
HapR)f(aIOT cxeprs, pa30nheTCSI 3a):{YMlJHBaR MenO):{HR naponnoro nanesa CapaTOBCKOH
ry6epmm "Yw. Bb! , serpsr" ("Been"! 113 Henana") (!, c. 2! 7).
Msrcns 0 60nbllJeM npeaaasna-renaa xenosexa, lJeM npocro 6bITb B )f(H3HH
naccaxcapoa (aaecs euie H B 3HalJCHHH " naCCHBHbIH:" ), He naer asropy Hero reporo
nOKOR. Y)f(e B :n OH nOBeCTH nOSlBnSleTCSI MOTHB nOHCKa "aaxona" H3 MHpa
KOnneKTHBHOH HnnI03HH. nOSlBnSlIOTCSI BeCTOlJKH 0 B03MO)f(HOCTH ansrepaaraanoro
6bITHR ("3HaKH nOBCIO):{y"), OHH yzce HalJaJIH npOCalJHBaTbCR B BH):{e cnyxos : TO xaxas­
TO "cyaacurernuas crapyxa" sanena "caexcnoro xenosexa'' sa OKHOM noeaaa, rne, no
0cPHI..\HaJIbHOH: BepCHH, )f(H3HH HeT, a TO uenoe raiiuoe ofiuiecrao c06HpaeTCR ua
xpsnue noeaaa (aunerpayan Ha060pOT).
Tpynnee scero, nOHHMaeT AH):{peH:, nepecrars, XOTSI 6bl na BpeMSI , 6blTb
naCCa)f(HpOM. 3To 1HalJHT nOCTapaTbCSI H36e)f(aTb B03):{eHCTBHSI BnaCTH, 'ITO nOqTH
HeB03MO)f(HO, H60, no asrpascenmo M. <I>yKO, "anacrs npacyrcrsyer nOBcIO):{y: OHa He
CKOHQeHTpHpOBaHa B HH):{HBH):{ax, He orpaaaseua paMKaMH COQHaJIbHbIX KJlaCCOB, HO
06HTaeT B crpyxrypax H CHCTeMax. BbI MO)f(eTe COnpOTI1BnSlTbCSI BnaCTH, HO He
MO)f(eTe OKa3aTbCSI BHe ee" (2, c. 20). O):{HaKo MO)f(HO XOTSI 6bl conporaansrsca, H B
3TOM conpOTHBneHHI1, no MblcnH asropa, ecrs Ba)f(HblH: CMblcn. B nOBeCTH
npHBO):{HTCSI HCTOpHSI "TpaMBaH:HOrO cyaacuremuero ", repos cPHnbMa AKHPbl
Kypocassr . 3TOT xcnoeex, HaXO):{SlCb BMeCTe co BceMH B O):{HOM rroesne, soofipascaer
ce6R BO):{I1TeneM coocrseaaoro MaJIeHbKoro rpaaaas, OH "6eraeT aaan-anepen no
xopnnopy saroua 11 KpI1'IHT: "Ilonecxa-naa ! )J,0):{ecKa-):{3H!", HMHTHpySl CTyK
CyrueCTByIOruHX ronsxo B ero C03HaHHH KOJleC ornensnoro ManeHbKoro noesna.
CTHxoTBopeHHe H. fyMHneBa "3a6nY):{HBllJl1H:CSI TpaMBaH:" CTaHOBHTCSI O):{HOH H3
peMHHHCl..\eHQHH: npOM3Be):{eHHSI Ilenesana. Fepoii fyMHneBa rozce MelJeTCSI B
nOHCKax asrxozra H3 sarona rpausas :
"Msancs OH 6ypeH TeMHoH, xpsrnaroa,
OH 3a6ny):{HncR B 6e3):{He speaeu ...
OCTaHoBHTe, BarOHOBO)f(aTbIH,
OCTaHoBHTe ceiiuac aaron" (3, c. 143).
3THM )f(e aonpocov MY4aeTcSI repoii Ilenesaaa, "51 X04Y COHTH C 310ro noesna
)f(HBbIM. 51 3HaIO, 'ITO 3TO HeB03MO)f(HO, HO R 310ro X04Y, rrorovy 'ITO XOTeTb xero­
HH6y):{b ztpyroro npOCTO cyvacurecraae . .. " (1, c. 33). nOKHHyTb noesn ):{nSl repos - 3TO
nonsrrxa npeononers CHMnTOMbl BnaCTH, nonnepxaaaromea rauarcnztansnsre
nopsisu (nopuau K cvepra) nIO):{e~L B 3TOM nnane anosenrea nexoacrpyxnaa
nO):{BepraIOTcSI H cvucn neCHH fpe6eHlUHKoBa ("3TOT noeszt Borne, H HaM He ua 'ITO
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JUITEPATYPA
I. TIeJIeBHH, B. )KeJlTa~ CTpeJIa - M.: Barpayc, 2002.
2. ArInHHb~He3H P., Fapper K., Capnap 3., Kappa D. 3HaKoMbTecb, rrocraonepaasa ­
CTI6.: AKa,aeMHlJeCKHH npoexr; 2004.
3. fyMHlleB H. C. YI36paHHoe - M.: Ilpocaeuieaae.lv'Xl.
THE WORLD AS AN ILLUSION IN THE WORKS OF VICTOR PELEVIN
O.A. PORUTCHIK
The Chair of Literature
Chuvash Teachers Training University named after LV. Yakovlev
K. Marks str. 38,428000, Cheboksary, Chuvashia, Russia
The concept of the world in the creativity of the modern Russian writer Victor Pelevin
is analysed in the given article. The idea of the author develops in a context of interact ion
of philosophical sights of the writer with the postmodernist idea about virtual worlds.
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