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209
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?.а?.а????????, ?????????? ????? ????????? ?а????? ?????????????? л????????????╗, ???????????? ?а?????? ??????????? ?? ?????? [???????, 1913,
?.а2, ?.а294?347; ?.а3, ?.а120?194]. ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ?а??????? ??????
?????????????? [???????, 1969; ???????????, 1980; ??????????, 2007 ?а??.].
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10.01.00 ????????????????? / LITERARY STUDIES ? 12(48) / 2015
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?.а ?.а ?????????? [1999]. ?????? ?????, ?? ?????????? ?????? ??? ???????:
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1999, ?.а45?47]. ??? ???? ?? ?? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???????-??????,
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??? ????????а... ??????? ???????? [????????, 1978, ?.а66].
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10.01.00 ????????????????? / LITERARY STUDIES ? 12(48) / 2015
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????????? ??? л?????? ?а ???????????╗. ?????????? ??? ?????? ???????
???а????? ????????? ???????? ??????, ??????? ?а??????? ???????????: ?????? ??????? ?? ????, /а? ???????, ?????????, ?а??????? ????????? [????????, 1978, c.а74]. ????? ????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ????? ????? ???????????, ??? ??? ?????????? ?? ???? ????????, ?? ?????, ????????, ??????? ????,
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???? ????????????????, ?? ??????? ?? ????? ????????????. ?? ?????? ?????,
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????????. ?????? ??, ??? ???????? ??????? ??? ???????, ?????, ????????, ?????? ????????, ???????? ??? ?а?? ??????????? ?????: ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ????????? ????? ??????. ????????, ?????? ?????? ????????? ?? ???????? ??????????? ????, ??? ?? ?????? ????? ?а??????? ?????.
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?а?? ?? ????а? ?????? ???????! [????????, 1978, c.а80?81]. ?а????? ???????,
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?? ??????????? ???????? ?а?????? [???а??].
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??????? ?а???????. ??? ???? ???????????? ??????? ????? ?а???????? ???????? ????????:
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? ????а..., ????????, ???? ?????????,
?, ?????? ?а???, ???????: л??╗ [????????, 1978, ?.а82].
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?????? ?? ????????? ????????, ??????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ??? ???????????? ??? ????????. ?? ????? ???? ??? ????????, ??? ???????? ????. ???
????? ????????? ???????? ?? ??? л????????╗ ?а?????? LIIIа?????? ?????, л??????????╗ ???, ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????????? ?а????????????????? ?а???????
?? ?????????? ?, ??? ???????, ??????????? ?????? ?? ??????????:
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? ?? ??????а? ????????? ????? [????????, 1978, ?.а86].
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л?????? ??????╗, ??????? ???????????? ?? ???????? ????? (?? ?? ??????
?а???????: л?? ????????╗, /а?, ????? ??????, ??-?? ?????? /а?? ?????? ????????
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???? ?а???????? ???????, ????????, ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????????????.
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??? ?????? ???????? ?а?????? ?????, ?а?????? ?а???????? ???????:
216
10.01.00 ????????????????? / LITERARY STUDIES ? 12(48) / 2015
?????? ???????? ???: ?? ???????
????????? ?а????? ???????? ??????а...
? ???а?? ??? ???? ?????? ?а??????;
???? ?а???? ??? ??????????? ?????????а... [????????, 1978, ?.а67].
??? л?????????╗ ?? ???? л????????╗ ?? ???? ??????, ?? ?а???, ??? ???
???? л???????????╗ ?????? ???????, ???????? ?????? ???????? ????? ?? ????.
?????????? ??? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ????? ???????? ????????
????????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????. ?????? ??? ??? ?а????????
??????????? ????????????. ?а?а???? ????????????????? ???????????, ????????????, ??????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ???? ???????, ?а???????
??????? ????, ?????? ????????????? ???????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????.
4.а??????
?????а ???????, ???????????, ??? ????????? ???????, ?а ??????? ?????,
???а????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??????, ????????????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ??????? л?????????????? ?????╗, ?а ??????? ???????? ???? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????. ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????
???а????????? ???????, ?????????? ????????? ?а?? ???????? ?а?????? ?????????, ???????? ????? ??????? ?????????, ??????????? ??????, ??? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ??? ????????, ?а ?????????? ??????????? ?а ???
????????? ???????, ????????? ????????? ??????? ?а ????? ????? ????????,
?????????????, ??????? ?? ????? ?????????? ??????, ?а????? ??????? ?? ?????????????? ????????? ???????.
????????
????????а?.а?. ?????? / ?.а?.а????????.а? ?а?????а: ????????а?.а?. ?????? ???????? ????????? ?а????? ?а30а????? /а?.а?.а????????.а? ??????а: ?????, 1978.а? ?.а1.а?
?.а66?93.
??????????
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2.а???????а?.а?. ?????? ????? ?.а?.а????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? (?? ????????? ????? л??????╗) /а?.а?.а???????.а? ???????а: [?.а?.],
1968.а? 60а?.
3.а???????а?.а?. ??????? ?????? ?а?????????? ????????? /а?.а?.а???????.а? ??????а:
????, 2005.а? 250а?.
4.а????????а?.а?. ?????????? ???????? ?а?????????? ?.а?.а????????? 1840-?а? ?????? 1850-?а?????а: ??????????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ???? /а?.а?.а????????.а??
??????а: 2011.а? 203а?.
5.а??????????а?.а?. ?????????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?.а?.а????????? 40?50-? ?????
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6.а???????а?.а?. л?????? ??????╗ ?.а?.а????????? (1834?1855)а: ???? ??????????
?????????? /а?.а?.а??????? // ???????? ????????? ???????? ????? ?а??????????? ???????? ????. ?.аXVIII. ?? ?????-?????????а: ????????????? ???????? ????, 1913.а?
??.а2.а? ?.а294?347.а? ??.а3.а? ?.а120?194.
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1978.а? ?.а25?31.
8.а???????????а?.а?. ?.а?.а???????? ?а??????? ?????????? /а?.а?.а???????????. ?? ??????а: ???????????, 1980.а? 192а?.
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10.а ?????????а ?.а ?. ???? ?????????? ????????????? ?а ?????????????? ?????
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11.а?????????а?.а?. ?????????? ???????? /а?.а?.а????????? ?? ??????а: ????а???,
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?.аXXVIII.а? ???.а3.а? ?.а232?242.
Functions of Portrait Descriptions in I.аS.аTurgenev?s Poem ?Parasha?
Tsay Min (2015), post-graduate student, History of Russian Literature of XIXth Century Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University (Moscow, Russia), caiming@mail.ru.
The results of the analysis of the early poetic work by I.аS.аTurgenev ?Parasha?, particularly of
the innovative techniques used by the author to create portraits ofаtheаcharacters are considered. It is
pointed out that this work is the first poem by Turgenev and is not very popular among the researchers of
his work, as well as other early poetic works, which, in the opinion of some researchers, have aаstudent
character. The poem ?Parasha? is considered by the author of the article as the product of aаbudding
poet who contributed to the development of aаnew poetical form of the realistic poem. The relevance
ofаthe study is determined by the fact that the analysis of the portrait characteristics helps to reveal
theаinnovative techniques used by Turgenev in the process of creating aаrealistic poem. Theаemphasis is
on static and dynamic portrait descriptions of the characters, it is shown how these descriptions complement each other to create the completed image of the characters. The reflection of the inner world of the
heroine in the portrait characteristics as well as theаattitude towards her and her fate of the author, who
speaks in the poem the role ofаtheаlyrical hero is analyzed. In conclusion, it is noted that Turgenev managed to develop theаplot and deepen the content of the poem with the help of appearance description
and detailing of the movements of the young heroine.
Key words: I.аS.аTurgenev; narrative; portrait description; realistic poem.
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