close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Дункан В.Р. - Введение в свод знаний по управлению проектами (2005).pdf

код для вставкиСкачать
A GUIDE TO THE
PROJECT MANAGEMENT
BODY OF KNOWLEDGE
PMI Standards Committee
William R. Duncan, Director of Standards
Project Management Institute
130 South State Road
Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
!"
Project Management Institute
130 South State Road
Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
A guide to the project management body of knowledge.
p. cm.
?1996 ed.??Pref.
?This ... supersedes PMI?s Project Management Body of Knowledge
(PMBOK) document that was published in 1987??Pref.
Includes index.
ISBN: 1-880410-12-5 (pbk. : alk. paper)
ISBN: 1-880410-13-3 (hdbk)
1. Industrial project management. I. Project Management
Institute. II. Project management body of knowledge (PMBOK)
HD69.P75G845 1996
658.4?04?dc20 95-39934
CIP
PMI Communications welcomes corrections and comments on its documents. In addition to com-ments
directed to the PMI Standards Committee about the substance of A Guide to the Project
Management Body of Knowledge, please feel free to send comments on typographical, formatting,
or other errors. Simply make a copy of the relevant page of the PMBOK Guide, mark the error, and
send it to: PMI Communications, 40 Colonial Square, Sylva, NC 28779 USA, phone: 704/5863715, fax: 704/586-4020, e-mail: pmicom@ix.netcom.com.
Copyright �96 by the Project Management Institute. All rights reserved. Permission to republish
in full is granted freely. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by
any means, electronic, manual, photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and re-trieval
system, without prior written permission of the publisher. Send permission request to Per-missions,
PMI Communications, 40 Colonial Square, Sylva, NC 28779 USA.
Printed and bound by Automated Graphic Systems, Charlotte, NC, USA.
PMI publications are available at special quantity discounts. For more information, please write to
the Business Manager, PMI Communications, 40 Colonial Square, Sylva, NC 28779 USA or con-tact
your local bookstore.
The paper used in this book complies with the Permanent Paper Standard issued by the National
Information Standards Organization (Z39.48?1984).
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
#
c
!"#
$#!"!
%#&'
#
(#
)#
#
*#
!
#
#
+,!
-
#
+./!01&#
+2!""
+
+3245
+63"5!
+7&'"8'&&#
&
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
29:''&&#!
290
!
29'';+!.
29+!<='"0>,
%***?@@ A
29 +!<=
29$+!5!<=5
29%+!'
<
=B
29!"8
29(C
!!
29)9!
290'!
29*.!
290!
29!!
2 9+
!
5"
2 9"
!
5"
2 9 &+
5
2 9$:4+
!!!.
2 9%:4+
!
2 94+
!".
2 9(4+
!.
2 9)4+
!"
2$9:'
!"!
2$9!&!
2%9:'
&'
2%9
&!''D
'&8=:'"
2%9 &!<&5.
2%9$
&!<".
29:'
!
29E<5
4?FGHA.
29 &&""8
&?IGHA
29$"+'FJKL
29%0""
295
29(58?"8'"&A
29)04'
2(9:'
2(9-'+'
2)9:'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
2)939?MNOPQKRSNTUVW<
Quality Management for Projects and Programs, Project Management Institute, 1991) 86
2)9 '98"!?MNOPQKRSNTUVW<
Quality Management for Projects and Programs, Project Management Institute, 1991) 87
2)9$"&5"?MNOPQKRSNTUVW<
Quality Management for Projects and Programs, Project Management Institute, 1991) 90
2)9%3
29:'
29=
29 -
.
2*9:'
!
2*9-5'.
2*9 -''!".
29:'
!.
290
&
29 2
"
=9.
29$!
29%34&
29:'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
$%&&'(
.
X;&
-
#0>,?FHRYZIA<
�
[<
'"&)(
3<'"
B
<"'""4<"
"
1. .
)(01#\"<'
"
!"<""!
[:<
01#
2. !"#X"&2
]
$<
+!B
"
%<"&'"<
9
+"&!<+
<4<"';
"
&<"<&
"
B"
3. #="8&<
'"'""?9'<
;<;AB"?
'<
<
A="
;
;&
4<&&
"X'"
"
"8&]'
(.
4. )
&#
)(5"
2"+!="B
4+"&!'5<
+!9
5. *!(*+&,
-#^\5
!["\B!9
[-
!
6. +(
##+
+
;4
'+<#
"!$<#"
!<5!+B
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
7. �-)
#_B+
"<B
'&X<
#
""
<"
"
"
8. .
(**&#
8;'44
)( (\!
[+"&!
8"8"8<"8"8"8<8""
"8""?8""8"A9B
"?
<;&
'A
"'D"?<'A
="9B8"<"8"8"8"8"
"
;<"&8
8
;]
:+
'&"8"8!
8
3
&'&-8
'"
+"
'!<!<
!'
;
;
!
!"+
8X<"=+
&
:!0!?RZ`***A"5!
;8
'!
9. &#8'D
&
!'<"8Z9'"8"8<!9B
4<
'
10. /0#X+'!<&
)(;&]
!"#
*0"01#
0
:"
0
:'
0
-
$&';8
,#&'
.#
#
#
3#
6#
7#
1#
!
$"#
./!FHR\$
�
1. ?"A
2. ?+"!"A
1) 2"
2) 2"
3) 2"
3. !"
4. #!&
Ra&
%#&'
)#
#
(#
#
#
#
*#
!
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
11. 1&
&,+&-#3"&
<
)(
<'
!&
<8
B55"5!9"8<"
"'D;9!"8'""8
9"8<B"
'&
!<
"
"
="
'"&
="+'
"
4+
&<"&8
]
PMI Standards Committee Phone: 610/734?3330
130 South State Road Fax: 610/734?3266
Upper Darby, PA 19082 E-mail: pmieo@ix.netcom.com
USA World Wide Web: http://www.pmi.org
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
)*
1. 2. !
3. +*
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
i
1
/2345609'';;&<";&
&<;85
858<8<
!<!<'
8&
<#&
5<"B
"&FHb`c'"<!""<
!"<
"<44;4
'
3'D"""';&'
&:'
;"2"]
1.1 %#"
1.2 &'
1.3 &
'
1.4 ()*#
"#+
1.5 (,#
1.1 ,$-(
:&&&&&
<(
\';[
<"""'4
'4
;
48!
+"&<""
+"'d
<'8+
3+'';&5<
';8'
#eB
!<<
"8"
;8+<
;
8
'"88
/"!'<
5
0+"8"8!'<
]
=+ 8
"
2
+
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
1
8
C
!"8+<'""
&<'
;8#
+"!
!#
8+"8'8
-
<'";8'
;"
.
'!&<B";&<'D;&
+ '
++45<+3
"
&5!'
3+
-
# ?FHRYZIA!8
''&
"85<
;8]
05!5"8=+(PMPs)
,!'"8
<;8
&
1.2 ./
:!
;3'4
&<<
:!
"'+8+88d<
]
"
."""
85"<"
:+
!e<!"
<""
"^'<
+'"88'"88]
(.
^<'&"
4^
"&<"
""'"
+
;
;8
"
;'
!:
"&38"+'**'*******
"
;&!&!&<
!"'"<B
"88"88
"
"&
!X+""'"8]
2'
:
;
<'"!
2'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
2''&5!&5!&"
&
+
&
&&!
"!
1.2.1 "&
^
'<+"&
414
<!<
!'
'"
";"&
'd"+
:+
+d"
"
<"&+'"
<
&
.4
:<<8!!
'
<"&+
;
="<
X<&'e'
&9
;<5"<<"'"<
.+
"8!&<<"
'"!)'
<
;<++'"
;
]
&+<4"'"'""'"e
"
<<+e'4
;<"!!8"<
4<5"
"
1.2.2 #
"'&<'"
<<3+
<;
4&<
'"
"X<"5"8&
+'"<+
+
+
"e
!"<&<+<
"8;8
B';
!X]
'B&+'"8
.
""+'"
8"&
++
"8'D.
+
"<8<"
<
'";'"^
'\
;"&B<"[<
('\'"8d;
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
![fg/"8';"8
8<
4
4'
"8'8
<8''
;'8
+'"84
"&'<'<
"
<'e'<
'8"e<&<<
8
&4&&'
4+
&'
'
'
+
%
X+"<
;!&;&'
"8'8
08&'8&'
!"88/8
'"8'";835!<
<&+"8'<;8"&
<88'";8
'
"4+'"+<
""8"8
'8"
'"""
<"
;'"
+/
;?'A8++8\
["&&4&B
!<8
"5"8"8&
-
9'95+
'"\8"&;,.[<
<4'""&;"<
+'"
'\8"5"<"8"
5"<8"5" [X
;B!&
'+5
"&5"e!
"X"8B8"<
5!<'&&"&5",
" 9&C"
1.3 .!/
eB!&<"<<
8&&!8+"4+&
3<'"
"4+
<
'
'
;8
;8'&]
^'&&'<<
^'&
8"+
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
:"8'&?'&A"8'&?+&).
^ 8!
;""!'"&8<"&'
'"'"?hUVUiPVijklSmnNopQA<"
""8!&"!8
X<#4"
!&<
;8
<''
+8
++&'
1'
'"
""
3
"82<""+
1.3.1 0
#
qe
#e'
. /#.""'';&'&
-. 0
."
<&8
+B'4&e
+"5
!"!8'8
4
"<
1. +
."'';"&<'"
&
'"!"
B8&&
!+"
<+8$e
1.3.2 :'
qe'#e"
#8"8!/!"'""
'&&<"8++"829$
2. * "+ + . " !"<
" ' ! "8 B 0 8 '
<"';&&
3. * # ) . " !"< '8" < '" '
" '" '"< "
'8" 4 " !! '< & '< & '< + & ' &&'
$. *.'
"4
/!"'<
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
'<!
+'<'
"8?A<
""8?A
!. * ) . " !"< '8" < '
" 8 '+ 0 <!<''+
. *%."!"<'8"'
< +"< ' "8 '" <'
. *%%
."!"<'8"
''B55&<&"8/
!"!<!'<"
4. * + . " !"< '8" ' 5< '< < 8 + 5! 0 !&<
5!< ' 4
. * . " !"< " <
; < !
< '
-. *."!"<'
"
'
' < +&< +&< "' < <"
1.4 $!!(+
!
1&<'8"8
4
<
&
&&5?<<
0
!'A:<
9<01&#+<;
!
:';'
'<!<'
<"!&"';:';
+''"+;!"<:
<<
<
'
1FHb`c';'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
8'8e8'"!<5
82$''
+
';8
+ ) 9 < " '; B"< ; 8805"+'"]
/ 8 !< < < ' "8 <
5!<
? A< < < " '
: "4< < < ' 8 "4
5"
+3''
+5+
1.5 0#
:""&"8+:"+
" e B < "8 "8 "< +"8 +" fg = " + B" " ;&
X]
r0 ,.s " ' < " 8; 5' &'
+"8
8
= 5" e B r+ s< "
"
"8 ?"A< ! &"8
"
?""&!A
"
+;8!8&&<]
" +'" +& r s e &<
"&<'
= ! r
' s e "
5& +< "8<<<
!
- " +
+ & e '"&<+"&"&"
"8 58 < " ' "d 8< # +
<'<
+ / ! " '
< '" +
'
+#
&
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
# " " "< .
" & 4& ! 5
!
2 ! 9 "
]
:5?5""2A
#"8
'B8&
, "8 '
'
= + 8 "& 5!'
^<!e<
'4&
<
"-
B& " ; ' �96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
!
2
"#8'4
+<
+B'4&9
+"5
!"!8'8
4
"<3"""
<"'
+"B&:'
+"B&"
]
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
5+
*%
/"+
0%6
(+)78%
1%2$*#$*+
"
"<"&
:!<";<'"'+"&
+'
4
<+
;8&"
;!!e
5")
&.
_5
14+&5"8
+'
(deliverables)2
eB;
"&<"&
'"<&<
"&<"&'&2
"<<5"
';&&<&'
+&5"'"
"8
<"!A<+
+8
5
'A&
;"4'
4/!+&5""+
* (phase exits), ?QpUiNiUpNQA (kill points).
+5'"8
<
"8
+
.4B8
4
5"<'"5"
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
8
]'<'<&<<
<'
X+"8!"2 _+!
7"&!
+!X<
!5!
+<+'"<
""&<'"4<
:+!+<'
"&!
5"&<"&
:+!+<'"<;
8"&4&+!<
<9^'<+"&!+
""!<8;!e
5<+"!<'"B
8&]'"'
;<
&<'
&
2
""
;&5"'"+"'"'"<
'
;&5-<<'5
+
4&<B
"^
"5" (fast tracking).
7"!"'"]
8'+'""+&5?<
'85"'5""tA
+'"+&5?<"8+"8'<
<
+<'"<'
"'
<
+B5'&A
:+!
'"';"
""
+5<5
'&&
"'"&"&8
"&
.4+"8!2';88]
#&B<
"4+
43!
59
44'&<<<
'""8B8+
44<<
;"4
+
""8
"4&
++:&B55<"
4'"4
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
X
+'""+"8!.
X<<"&""
<4&5&+!B
X<+"!"88+58+
'
'"<8"'4
%5<'""43+
&5"
+
'"e+"&!'
&!&+
5
'<
!'
"5"5
!&&
'
"
+'"+"!
X<8
'<'5<
&
5"'<85"!
+
""'"=+
8
"&
'
'"5"<!!'
!
",8"
+'
+
!""8'"'"5
"+"8!
0
;"'""'"!'"8
"88
"""d
"<
" +
<5"
""
/3='"0>,%***<5
<"5"8'"&<"89
:'8"8&e
+'
!!
2!!e
+!&
!!
3!!e
+'
-+"4'e
+
1
"e"""!
+;'
()=?HmSSPQfgA"+"&!<
"&9 ]
-+&e5
<"&<'
+!5"4
@
9'<"""<
<!B&5""
"
e"4<<"'"<!
45"
+4
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
0e
+B
!9
'
+!
5"
+8B
!
5+.=5?HuSlvkfgA"+"&!5!
'0"8>8<
9$]
:"&e""
;e"
e'"?PVwPpSmA""+"8?PV
wPwmA'B55<+5"9
-
XE0-XE0?RVwNQpPiUpPmVUTxNOGSui<RxGA
2!?A9C< 8"&?-A
1XE01XE0?xNOGSuiIllTPoUpPmV<xGIA
e"'"<'
;
8+1XE0;&E&,!
9""#
=B?HuNVov<NpUTf gA"
'
<;$!"<
9%]
y
+!!e'&"<!&
+!!<'!
&<'
+!!<'&<
!
"&"&!e'&<!&
!<'&<
'<'&<!!
'!&
&"&!e'&<!&
!<5&&<'<'&
<!!'!&
C"&!e"'"8'&4
<"&
&<5'<
<"<"
!
11-
eB!!<"<
<"
"
4+"
<8
'+<
"B+
4":
'
+"z<<
&"&'&<'
&4
"'
t
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
0"8
+]
=+e!<
1e!!, "'
<'""&
=
;
&X<
5!
+<"
"""&<!<;8<+8"<
";
;
8
:!9e!<
+;&'"
'
0"e"!
"!
!9<"
'"'"5""
"!<
;
+
8!&
e
4<!""<;"<"
"8<"&5!<"
+<''
;!<';!'
'
<
'"<5!!'
2
"<
55
<"&
#+
'""<
"!<"
5X]
=+<"&&5!&
;&
"<++8<'"+
8
4
<!<;",+
'"!8'"&
!95<'";&B
<+
4
'8'&8<!9
+'
+
"8<<!9
'
"8
!+
+
"<"""
""<
B+'
!&
+;
<+'+;8&
<+'"
';!<8
+"'"4"
/<+<<"
8
+"!X&4'5e
+<"8'5+.
13($+
'4
"'"!<"4;&
e!&<"8<8"<
+
"8!&<5"8!!&3+
'!&?"<""&
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
A<"+'
!!&<
"28<+"8+<"""<
'4'"!"
"
"
:!""
9"!eB<"8
&^!'"]
:!<
;8"
8!&
e8
"'<"5"<"5"<"
5"<5"<";""
:!<48 (managing by project) ?
2 A
^!"
<;
X<85""
!
'"'
8<+
;
X9"!e"<5"
e'
<;B55
':
9"8
#'+"!"8
8<9"!'
"
"<"
9"'
;. +<!""X<
!+5
!"8+"8
"88
<+
'B55
"'"!&
.4!&'
'"/
+!<<++<"2
+;
!d&!
!d!4
+
85:!
&
X]
<;'""&"&8<'44
'&&!
=+<'"
4
8!<
'8&!<+
"
'
+'"'&
!
:!"
"
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
0
!e
'+"
<'8"82'"!"
"
8+&
!'"8
*!&29
""8
"8!"8
"8&!
'''
+2<!
+&&<9(<8&<
+"&
+;&
!<<<<<+<'
88
<&42+8&B&
C
!"!""<"
5
!"]+"&5
!&!'
"
'"X<
5
!&!'""&
<5
"rs+6
"<88&
!
<"&
3
+5!8&!+
B
3
&!+"8!"8
&
<'+&89)&!
"
'D";.4
!&'<+"'
"&&!
"
!"!"<""<B
"'
+
<''
"8
&<9-9eB8
5
!&&!0'""!8
85
!"8!&<+8eB
B<+X<""!
'8"8e+"&
"&"&"&
.4"8!&"
"
<9X<+5
5
!!
+!
"<
;^+'8
"&!]&+'o&
"85
!"8<+''"!"!
"<
++'&<5&"
14-*56*!
eB4&<8";&+"&
&
;
8<B&]
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
C"'
8
<'"<'
<
0<<!
:!"
"<!<
<;<
""
#'4!<!&<'<
&'"<
5"
!<
8
#'&<
,
8
:';"
'
"
:
'";+
' '"!
';
B2"';"
<
""9
;/"4"
';
<88
+!
<
8'8
0
;
+';8"
<""
""8'8X<'
"&'&8"88
'8'"8
$E
f$g+
)?
A<+
'8<
]'
<<
848
:<+'r
+"8
<+"8
s<
']
:e'""'
;<
&<'8"8+B8
0'"&e
88<
'
+
=!
4e
+"&B
8<'8
"8
&
<'
<+'4
+
<
+'
:<5
!
+]+"
"8"8B8E+8
8
?<8<A
$
!
%&''5!&:5!
<'"<
"<<'";&
5!
5!<
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
'"5!'"
&50
;
&
!&]
<
45
?
A4?<&5!<
';A
C?"<'
+A5?<!"'"<
A
?88&!A?
&A
:';"
'
!&"<"<"
#
!?&*A
!'
4"&'D&<"&
"
<]
=
ee'&<
!"'"<
"'"e';&5<e&<
5"
"<"&
0e<
+&<
"'
^8e"+<&"8!"8
^8
e<45"8
!&
#
!eB8B8';8&
!5
+d<4<<<&5
"
"
$ $'"!+
""8
&404
'
+"
&9';d;8'"e
'+
"
8<<"8
8<'
'
+
9'+
;]
'<<""
-&'<"8
#
X
2
"
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
$$24'"8
!&
!.*&
'!"'
4&/'<"
+?
<!"'A
"+
'"
?"&'"
&A4
?4<'8'<+A'"
'"8
?"
4''
A<
?5
!
"'
A<
+"?5&&&A
.
''5!"84&<
"'+
24
'""
"?<"<
5
!+A:+""<4+"'""
+24+5ers4+'"
r
4s<44
$%!
$&'r;'s/'
5"8<5"8
8!&<
&"8e!e<<<8
"8!+8
<
"55f%g
r!
'<8'"&
<&;<"
'"s08"'</fg<r<
&
"&<"
""
X"&"<<<"B"
''!"<"
+&
&+s
2.6 +78-
'; <!9B4&
+<
;!B&
'
']'4+"<
'"&+&<5-8
!"8!9B8&&<!4"<
"'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
%0"
=+
:!0!?RZ`A
;+
]
(standard)eBr
<'"&
&!&<"&
'<<<
<
8
<!
<"8
's0
;
"
""8'8
<&'&+"8
(regulation) eBr
<"&"8
<!
<
;"'<
's0"&
X
+'"+"'
+<+
;
8X]
0"
<";
4&8<<
'4'<de facto?
"8'4"8A
0+8"8
8?"&<
!9<A
38<"?"
A84"<
++8&
8
8<8
+8
%-!!
<'4'4!&&!"
<'4'4+
"!"
!"!!&'<<<
++B55""8<!"8
"8<'8
4&"8<
5!&<
e
% "
eBr';!"8<
<"<
!&
8
"sf)g+"&+
&&'
"8/'&
B
<
<5<'<B
<B<<
'
&<"&<"&&<
!&
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
+*!
3
#eB"&!d&<
"
&<&''""
'
&
'"""<
'"'"
"X<&''
""<"
&"'+
"!e<'"
&'<8+
&
#
B&
q'"
<
+
!<B"#
B
!8&/!!#
"8!<'<'
''B8"8!<8$e
;"]
3.1 +
3.2 +
3.3 /)+
3.4 #"
3%+*
! &eBr&&<;8
sfg!"
"'4
"]
&"!&'
!"
<""'4
'4
<"B&<''98$9
'&"
9"!"'"+"!
?2A
5?'
++{A
!"
9"!""
&
+X<'+
'"
8'"';<
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
319!*+
!"#
'""%
<+"8
'!]
!"!!e<5+'"
;<
'8"B&
!"e+&
;&8"+
"8!&<"8'"
!""e!&
8
"
!"e++!&
;'8"8
;8&&
!""e5%"5"
;
4
"!"+
'&
<"e
"88
0!&
"<
e'"
<'
88<'&4
&/
9
<
"!
"<
"'"d";&<"&
"858X 9<
"!"
85"
X!<&
!'!"5<"
&5"'""!!
;&X<"5"
''
'
+<
"&
5""/
9 !!!+&5"5
8
"8!8<"8'"^+B+'
<'"
'"
<'
+
;
"<'
&'3"
''''
+2
%<!!
X< 9 '+5"!""<"88
'
'+&!<<+
''"<
'8
44
;&5"<++'
"'<"'8
;&5/
" (
(rolling wave planning).
33$+
+&
!<
"!""8""8"
804"88<"++"&!
]
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
8"8"8e
"8<"8'
&
=e8<;88"""8"
"8"8"8e
"8<;8
!
!"
<';'4'45
+<"B2'''
+
8$9X<
"'8!<2
<'
+''""
&!+"'4&
'4'&2 $'
+8"
8
!<8&&
!"!!
X 9$"&!B&
"
-!!?%Ae
!
;&5"
!"
9'+"&<
;&<'"
<
!&
":<!"<
#eB
e'D+
&'<
&8
5!
4+
!" 9%?B5
"5 9<""Br!"A
/!"<'
4X<
4&<+'"'8"
<<+&'<
&
&e""
'""
+
+X"!<
'8"8"'4X<
'"+"'""+<++'
!8
+/& (core planning processes)
'&&5":]
&'?%Ae'
<;
'<"&44&
:& ' ?% A e ! "8 4<'
""
: ' ?A 9 !58 &&< "
'8"+"8
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
:'?Ae
+
&&"8'
:!+&'? A9!<'8"8
"&'"
2'?$A9'<+'8
'
8!"'
?(A9<
"?<'
<"A<
88'8""'
:! ?(A e ' ?A ! <
'8"8"'
2''+?( A9"8"
2'?$A9
8!
8"&<"&"&
/")+&+
!
'4&""X<"88
"&
+'"
8
<!'
4
<
""""<
'<"X<
&?|UoPTPpUpPVilSmoNQQNQA"
'8<
'":']
?)A 9 < ;8 < '
:! ?A 9 < "8&<4&
!'?A9''"
!& ?*A 9 5!"8 !"8
'& ] < < & 5 5!
-5! ?A 9 "8 '"&< '"8 "<8
:!?Ae!'"&"8'"&
!"8"8?
A
2'? A9'"&
'"8'"&++
'"8'"&";88
?A?A9 <
+& ?A 9 '& !"8
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
!""
!"""!""!"<!
+
"2 <!"2 9
<
&
;'"]
"?$A9!
""8
'
+&'?%$A9!5&&'
:' ?)A 9 ! & ! '; " +<'
"
2"? A9
"8
"8"5!
4"
2 5! ?*A 9 '8& 5! +& ? A 9 8;8 < "8 +&<
+&
"'?$A9"'!"8;
2
?%A9
4&!
$!"
0 " + & "8 & ?8< " " !& A< ;8 ! X< " " & '" + ' & 8
< 8
"8 "' +
4 5 '+
+ ' ; "8 && ;+"8'
! " " !"< ! +
"2 <!"
:';& & ?$ A 9! & !< & & ' ?%%A 9 &
'
?%A9&?A
?($A9&<;8'+
?) Ae!"!5
! 8 "' ;8
&&
&
"
'?* A9'5!8
"!'
;
<<"
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
" '" ?$A 9 +8"
%!""
2 9)
&
;8!]
, 4 ?*$A 9 < ' 5! 545"
1" ?A 94 " < 4 8
"8
3.4 -$#!+
!"&<""2 <
';"e"'4&'4
:<
B!"'
'8"8X]
:!<
;
;<+<
8B8!"
:
!<+'""+
!<'8"
4"
"<;
"8
?'8
"8
<'95!A
&'<<+'"<+
;8
X""8!
'""
X<+
4<
!
.
""
'4&X<
+'"2"8<"8<
88"8
8'88<'48
&
'
!"<"'""
?<
'+<'
"&A<
!"<"'
;"'"?<;$
&<+'"5
+
!&A
'8&<+"'""<
!"<"
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
)5
4(+*+
:5
'
7. 8. -
9. --!
10.!+
11.
12.
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
ii
(+*
+
4
#!"!!"<'8"
<'"B"
:
!"'+
;!<'"
"+
+"
X<!"
#&<!"<"&<
"X$9'
;8"8!]
297 )
)#
",+
,%#.#)"#
2-/7+
%,
"
21 6 ) 7 #+ +. "
%
/!"&
<+ ! 8 '& &
+"& ! + ' & ' " & '&+"&!';
+"+&5
X < !" " " B" 84
" 5&< " &
" '< "8 " & ! '
'
+2 3 5
!< < "8 ! ! X< !"
! &< " " '
8"8 + < " 8 "8 :< < '" '" " 4<
!++
8'&X]
2' + '" c " ; !
!e
' ' +" '" "
?!+
"'
'
+
5).
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
2
"< " "8 5
!"8 ! ?< "<
B 8 + + A +" '"
"
4%$5
2' "8" 8 ! <
<"&+
+&
" < / ! X< "& + '';" " " 5
'"< < "& + !5
"""
]
X"
3
+&
3
44"'"8
: "8 4 +< + :
/,#
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
3
"8"
-
5!
:!
:
+
:##
1. ="
2. X"
3. -5!
/,#
1.
2.
3
5!
$8"
1. 7*#"8"!
8'&&
?2 B8!A8
!'"8"
8!
"
"<<0
!<"
="
+'8&5!<
!5&&'&?<'4"8
'
+"8A
2. 1+&#-;5!?<
"'""8<""
;8A+
!&8+
8!
/5!++'"
&'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
;+&'
"<
"B!
3. "&#+!<"<
5
5
<B55"&+"'"
"!&<"'"+"'"
"<%]
#e!<!
4
#e
'
<+
"'
C"&e""<""<
'
8<'
4. "#:5<"'
+
"X<"&'+<
'4&'
+"4
&'<
"
<'''
5. )#+5<"<!8<'
"<""X<"
&5
""<+
!5
+'""&
$="'
1. #=eB
"&8<
"&"
':
'"""<5""
?'
B"<5"5"A+"<
'
!?<=
A.4
'!r+8s
<8<"
"
<r'8s
<
"85
2. 8#+"&
"<
"
'""'+
'
<&
&
;&
?+2 <"AB<'
<+X]
"88<""&8&!<
5"&+ 9B&8
+&<'D"
<"&<
"
"&<'"'"
"8+&
&
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
3. 1+&(PMIS).-5!"
'<
"8
8!
:
+8!!"';
"<""
$ "8"!'
1.
#5"<
+"
<
"
":+'"<
!?<"
!e
'';'4&<
+'
A"8
'8<'
.
3+'"+
&
'
<"
<
&5!
:
'&
<';
+
<!
+&'
6
&!<';
+"
"?B
"8'
+
88A]
#
:8
?
"8
8'&&A
3
<;&
'?3::<ZomlNZpUpNhNVp<"&
"!
0
!?032<}bZA
<'
8
0"<""<
032<
'
;
:"8
:""'"?8A!""+
:&'8"&
:"<+<""
+"&
"
"<
&'<
0""8
+"84&
3
"+"'""5"&
++X<'4'
!
8
!e
2. 7+&#35!
]
"8"
8!<""
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
3
5!
!<"'
'
?<&+&<"'""
A
^8
!<
<'<!5!<&
3
!
;
/+'"<'8'
"
$"
"eB"&!
;e'4
'+'
8"B!B!<
++'"
8!"5&"<
;
;-B
!'"5"+<8&'
:##
/,#
1.
2.
3.
4.
3
5!
:!
;
&
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
:';"
^8
"
0
!
'
:"
-5!
:!"
!
"
/,#
1.
2.
2
"'
1"
$8""
#2$ "
"
?
&'<
<
A"
"
8"
2. 7+&#35!2$ 3. "&#:!2$ E'
!<"<
5
5
<+"
4. %(
#
;&eB'"&<
"<'"
'+&4
1.
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
;&"8"8!
e8!"<4'&<
'8&'B55"
4.2.2. =""
9#"(# :';"
<<<
!<
;B55"
:';"
"2$
2. :*#+
;
'
"&<;8
X'8"""
?'
<2(A'
!'?2A
3. &#0!'5&
!
&!'
<'"
"'"
&"&
8'"&!&'&
"
'"!'
+''
&X<888'"
!
4. "#:"9B
"<
"'5!&
'4< "
'
&&"8
8?<
++
'+eA
5. 1+&#32$ 6. "&&#E'!<""<
5"5"!
"<"
"8"
$ "8""
1. !#2
"'eB"8"'<""88!
-5!
'e
"
"<e<
&
""<"'"4"<8
'+e'!"
?2* <''
+
A
2. #1"?<4
'
<"""A
"'
43)56$
:';&&A&5"<"<
'&'A+;8&
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
A
":';&
&
]
+!e
+"+"'"+"<
&'
"
+<&'
+
&'?+
"'
'
+%A
!&"8'8&<"8$9
X<+"
'
<<
<"&
:##
/,#
1.
2.
3.
'
1"
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
0"
&
#
5
!&
:
"
3
-5!
/,#
1.
2.
3.
=5!
;
&
#"
$ 8"';&&
#'
<&+"
?2$ A
2. '
?""2* A'5!"
'
+'"
"<"
&4"'"
3. #1"
858e
&
&<&&<!&
<+
+"
'"
1.
$ ="';&
1. #0&eB5"8<
"8!
<"+"4
5!"8
:'
'
+
'
<"
+<
'<'8"!&
8
8<!e'
&<
+'"rs:<
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
;8
<'
="&&?~vUViN
omVpSmTjmUSW<~~b<-A<
++
:-+'"&&
+
"
'48<+"88+
;
-"'
0"&+"+!
"''&<
"
'"
+"'d<
"&"8
!&
<&
rs
&/+
+"'"
"8"<<'"+"'
2. +&##5
!<5
!"&
+eB'
!
<
88"8]
:
5
!"8588'D
"
'"8&B88
18
'D+8'
8'8<5
!"&++
&
+"
:<"8'8<
+&
)
'&"
&
3. "#^8
"<<
"&""8'?"82* $A<
<'
;8&&
4. 7#"
"
"
'"8"8<
5!"8&'<
8
&
5. 1+&#:"2$
$ "8"';&
1. +&#=5!"'
+&5!?28$ <
$ A0
;
+"'";"
'8
2. %(
#:"$$
3. #"&<'"'
;8&&
"
"8
+"'"
"<'"
&'""8<';&
8!e
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
5
5
#&''!"<'8"<
'"'
"'"'"<"
'8"
4"fg
B'&
<2%9
';&'"8!
&']
5.1 ;++7
%"+%)%#
<
"+
5.2 # = )" #
.
#6" #
). # > #
6
5.3 ##7
#+,
)
)>.
#%
%>"
5.4 ###=<)+#
5.5 0) # 7 0) #
/!"&
<+ ! 8 '& &
+"& ! + ' & ' " & '&+"&!';
+"+&5
X < !" " " B" 84
" 5&< " &
" '< "8 " & ! '
'
+2 <r's+]
& ' e " 5
!< " +" '" ; ' e '< '8 4 !8 <';"85
!
3 5
!< < "8 & ' !"< " < " & ' < 5" + '" + ! ?+" !" '
+A
"8 < B " "
B"< +"& "8 '
'
< + 'X<5 '" $
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
"8 B e '
< '< '
" & ' '< < &'4
:'
& ' +" '" 84 " < '" < '"
:%;++
-!!eB!5<"&
;
;
;&8
5
?2<'
'
+5"A/5!!""&
!e"8!8<
5!"<"&<"&<
e'
B5<'+!
X""<'"'
8
"
<!
5<"&"&
'D'<'"5
+<'8
5&!!"'"'"!"
;8
]
X'"?<5
58''A
X&'8?<
"4'"8'"&A
X?<B
+
&!'
+"4A
X8"?<5<;B
<
"&5A
X8'&?<
';A
/
"+
'""'<+"
':&"8B8eB<
'"+
4<
+;&
:##
/,#
1.
2.
3.
4.
:
0&
"'
-
5!
1.
2.
=""'
/"!
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
/,#
1.
2.
3.
4.
#
X
+
:
+
%8"!!
1. "#3
8
<
&'""&:
'"'
4&858'4e8<<'
'"8
:
++
4+
&<<&'"
<"&
+&
?<"&"4A<5
+
+<'B8+"'"
'"&+'&
=""8&<!?!A'
&!&?
A'"8'8<
.6'
'
<
<""
"'?2 ).
2. #"+"+!!e
e!!e+"
54&"'
3. %#/'""8
8"'<"
?5<
"<
A
4. 1+&#-5!
8"
;84&"'
<""
;8+
"8
!!
+
;&5"<+
&5!"
;85
%="!!
1. #/"';'48
"]
=""e"8"<'"<
B
="!&9<
;&"<
&"<<"<
e'D"""
/".
=4&
''';""?4&<"
+"&"'A<+
!""?!&8<&8"
A+"8'+&
&5&
;#<&# /"!'
'8"8"8
B!'B+'"''&
&!<
';!""
"
;8
]
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
3
8!"8!!e
"85
5"888!!&
-
"8
% "8"!!
##"
<"&5
;:+
<;"
"<
;
5!]
3"
+"<
"8'"
:
?2%A
#+'"+<8;<&
+:'+
!&
;
<"&';
+
2. 8)#';<++'"
+4=++'"
"?2$A+<
'
4!?!"
"2 A
3. "#:eB5"<"'
+
"X<"&'+<
'4&'
+"4
&'<<"8
"
<''4&
'
4. )#+5<"<!8<'
"<""X<"
&5
""<+
!5
+'""&
:
'""B&'""8
?2A
1.
:15
&'eB!'
<
;
'<"'
;4&
<<<5'"4"
4"&3
<;&
'<'8
<X<+5<4
5'";<+'"&
<
;&!"'"
3
<;&
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
'<5
4+
&
!&<
"8
6B"
<
+;
'<
"
?<'+
"
"<
+!A<B!'
'4<5
:##
/,#
1.
2.
3.
4.
:
#
:
+
1.
2.
3.
4.
,
,"@
:
/"!
/,#
1.
2.
3.
3
<
;&
!
'
3
5!
&
'
%8"&'
1. "#:
'
+2%
2. :2% 3. "#:"2% 4. )#:"2% $
%="&'
1. =#,
'<
:8<"&+<
&+<&<5
!"&<
5
!
2. =>#3"&'""8"8
8?"A"8"88<8
5"8!&
!
&&&"
3. "#/';&'&8<
&!8
"'"88
0
;
'"';8
<"'"
!<''""eB
&4
'
+
4. <&#/"!"2%
% "8"&'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
1. 7(
#3"&
'
'
;84&
+
';&'+
<
<
+;&
'<+
+
8+&&'3"&
+
<
"
"<
;
5!]
:'?lSmnNopnuQpP|PoUpPmVAe"8'8&<
"8'":''
!'
;
e+
?2%A
2
"?lSmnNopWNTPwNSUjTNQAe
<
"8'
+4
X<"8
+';""<
'
;&
1"+"'""<&
"
<'
"
y?lSmnNopmjnNopPwNQAe<;
<
"+
<'"
44"y
+"
<y
+"''
?<A<!?<YZA<
'&&&?<<%Ay<
;
?<r
sA
"
"8'8<
""!<
!"5
8
2. 7+&#35!
<
+;
'<+"'"
""<'8
'8
8!8
3
5!+
!85!"8
+&&:'D"8&
5"+
3. #/
"<'
''&''
:++!
&'&'
?<<+A
3"&++<&
''
"5!"?'+"e<
'<4'8"e
<8
;
'
+A
&'+'"5"5"<
"';'&:
"
';?2$ A
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
% :&'
:&''"8
?"8
3
<;
'A'
""
!]
"<
0
"
0&
&'
8r
'8<"""
"4
"8e+"8&<';8<"";8
'8'<"4;8"<+;8
"&
8
:##
/,#
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
3
<
;&
'
:
+
3
"8"
-
5!
1.
2.
^"
"
!'
3!
/,#
1.
0
!
'
% 8"&'
1. 7(
#:2% 2. "#:"2% "
<'
'
+"5&'
3. )#:"2% $
4. 7*#"8"!
8'&&+"
+&'
5. 1+&#-5!"
;88++
&'&+
5!'4'8
;8<
;"8
88
5.3.2 ="&'
1. :
&#0
!'?032<
}bZ<2% A"
;8+'"
&_+"&
"<
032
'""<'4'
&
"X<'4
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
2.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
&!e'
"&8"&+"&
!<'<'
"&8"&
+&
5"
858
;
"
9"032<"
'"""8&X<=:'"0>,
"032<;8'"C&
"%9
7&#3!'"8
4<
'
""8<
!
'
"+;8'
?<"<
"A3!
;"4]
:"B"';"<"B
'
"
:<"B"+"
'""<'
X]
C"+!
'"""&
!
<B%9 :!"&!<
"&+&032<+<
%9$
24<
"!'"'"+B
1+8
e
!
<"&+'"
'
;<+'"
+"3+B<84
?$A
"8
&4
? A8eB<"B"
"
+
:"B"
:+"'"";
"<
+"
"<'"'
"
q"8B<8"B"+"'""
<&'
'"
:;
"<
"
"
"<
?<
?QpUpuQSNlmSpPViA+'")
?ONN�TkQpUpuQSNlmSpQAd'D<;
B"+""4"8
A4?A+B
!]
z!+
'8""+
'
t6<;B"+"'"5!"
?'"<
"<"A
z+!
"!&t6
<+'"'4
=++!
;'t=+
'"'
"&'+t=+'"
;
!
?<!A<"&
'
44&!t6<'8"
'
5.3.3 "8"&'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
1. &0
!'
e
"'
B<"&
']'<8;032<8
&'q
<
+;
'<
032
+';&
'+"&'+&
!
B2% "'"&8
032032'"5<%9<%9 %9$d<
032'e'+
'5&5'
032
+&!032'"&
"&dB
';"?omWNm|UoomuVpQA!+
032"?OmS�lUo�UiNQA/"'
'"
"&4&!<2<'
:B''0320032'"
'
5!<"
<"<
032
r's<
"
5!
3
"<"'"
"8'8<]
!'?032A<
<"&!+'
032'"
4&<032<
!
&'&
:!
!?:03A<
<'"
<B"!"
0
!
?032A<!&:03'"
<B"'"
"!
0?0=A<"&8!"';&
''
"<"'8""4
"
0
!?03A<';'&+<
032^034
8'8
<0324'
'0=
:4#5
#+&'eB!5&&'
?<<
<A:
'"<'"
'<'"
"
6;88<!
+&'+
4
#+&'?2) A<
'<
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
:##
/,#
1.
2.
2
"'
3
!
1.
-!
/,#
1.
C
%$8"
+&'
1. !#2
'e
"'"
"<"'"4"8
'+<e
"8"?'
+2$A
2. 7&#3
"<"
<+"
'"
"
^"<
"B8
?"<
!5!<8
!<+A
5"
+
%$="
+&'
1. 1&#-!'
<<B"
<"<'"<
"
"'-!&'""'"<
<<
""858<B
"""
!"
%$ "8"
+&'
1. ?3
+<
5"<+'"
3.5 $5
&'?A&5"<"
!
&'<'"
'"&<
?'A<&'?A
"
&&'+'"
"
!?<
<
8<'
+"8$ A
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
1.
2.
3.
4.
0
!
'
'
1"
&
'
/,#
:##
/,#
1.
2.
3.
0
&'
:
"
3
1.
2.
3.
-
&
'
;
&
#"
%%8"&&'
1. &##0322% :"
&'
2. #'<
'
+2* <'5!"&
'<<+
"
"'"
"<:
'++';""<"
'
;"'"
3. #:
"858e
&&<
&&<!&
<
+&
'&-
'4&'
.4
]
4'"?<"88A
:4'
;&'
?<
+&8
!&"A
:4'
;&'?<
&!'A
-<"4;!?<
+;&
"+"
8<'"
&'A
4. #:2% %%="&&'
1. #/!
"<
"+
':'
+
'
<
"+<
+<'8"!
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
&0+'"&';&<
&2$ <<'&&<"
&'
"
<
&'++'8"
2. "#/8<"2* <
+<+&
&'<""<
4&<'
"
;8
&&
3. 7#X"
"
>&'
'&032
"88
%% "8"&&'
1. -
#-&'"'
5!&&'<&
+&032
-&''
"8
&<<
8!&
-&'
'!<
8
""''8
;
;'
2. %(
#/'"&<"
+'
;"
3. #"&<""'
;8&&
"
<"8&'<+"'"
"<'"B5!&'""8
<
<""&!&
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
6
#!"<'
"
4X9';&'
;8"8!]
1.1 #7#%+<%,#.
,#)##%,
)
1.2 *#)=##
#
1.3 +#)7+%.,#,#
#)
1.4 9 7 #) . #) , , +) #" 1.5 0)7)#?@
/!"&
<+ ! 8 '& &
+"& ! + ' & ' " & '&+"&!';
+"+&5
X < !" " " B" 84
" 5&< " &
" '< "8 " & ! '
'
+2 "8 8< ' '48< '< !
+& '< ' "< ! ? < '" "" & +
A : " " !"<
"+8"
; < ;
5"8 + +
(activities) (tasks):
858+<<'"/'
4
""
8<;'
:<<&
<<'<
+
"<
<'
"
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
'%)5
:'
8!58'<
"
'"""<<'"
'8
<
"8
&!/!
'8
8'<"'8"+!
:##
/,#
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
0
!
'
3
<
;&
'
-
5!
:
+
1.
2.
3!
^"
/,#
1.
2.
3.
'
3
5!
:'
&
!
'
8"'
1. &#032"
'?''2% A
2. 7(
#:'!<
+;
<;
'<+"'""
'?''
2% A
3. 1+&#-5!?'"
'"
;8<'"88A+
'
4. "#:eB5"<"'
+"
5. )#+5<"<!8<'
"<""+'"
"&
:
'""B&'""8
?2A
="'
1. 7&#3!'"8
4<
'
""'
4
3!"'48'82% :!
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
+
!&<&B&:&'
<""8""'
'?"
4A<
&'&
8
?;
"8'D8A"8'8<032'
'"
2. :'?"&! A<"
;
+'"&<
'B032
;+&
8
8+8B032
"8"'
#'+'"<"'
""
:+'"4032<'"
'
8'<"'8"
&'032<'++&
'"<'"
<&<+'"
"'
2. 7+&#35!'+'"
<'8<
'
!
35!+
!+:'D"8"8
5"+
3. +&
&#-
032<
'"'8"<+'
+
;
"
<
+
E'"
8&+"'"+"032&&
!<&<
"/'"
?SN|PVNhNVpQA'
<
8
1.
:'
:'
&+
'2'"+"'"
+"<
'"++
:+'";?<
"8
A
2
''
'B55&888B8?58A
'48<'4&
"2
''++'"'!
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
:##
/,#
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
'
:
3"
^8
4
:
+
1.
2.
3.
4.
5&
4
?=A
=
"8&
?=0=A
="
"8
^""
/,#
1.
2.
0
:'
'
8"'
1. #:2 2. "#:'
+2%_
'?<+<"&
+<
&'
A
<
BB55""'<
';
"4
3. 7#/<"
;&'"<
":
5?
+
'5
dB
<+'"<'"+'""A
3"")
(hard logic).
4. :*#/<"&
-8
++?
8A<
'+
^8'"&]
rX
488s&5+
X"8'""88<+!5
'<+
+"
^8
+'""
(preferred
TmiPoA<
(soft logic).
5. $.#/<"&+
""'X<'
'
+'"
;
'
48<;
'"8
4&8
+;&"
6. "#:"2$
7. )#:"2%
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
="'
1. @+
. /@ Precedence Diagramming Method, PDM). /
"8 < & '" " \4[
?
+A " +
'& .<'"<& +" '"
"" ? + 2 A 2 9 " &4& &
"=/8+"A.
(Activity-on-node, I`xA<
'""8
#=+"
;
:$&<4&]
:ee'rs+<++'rs
:ee'rs+<+'rs
0ee'rs+<+'rs
0e54e'rs++<'rs
3= ' " & e <
e < '" 5"
'&-4&e<e
e 54 & # + "
<
B44"
2. * /Arrow diagramming method, ADM). / <'""
?A<"84
!<&+"""'"?
^+ 2 A 2 9 " &4& & "<
&IGH/+"A (Arrow-onnode, I`IAd 8 4 "&< FGH< + "858+/
e
+ ' 5"8 ' &IGH+"
3. * # ^ " < 丣KL
(Graphical Evaluation and Review Technique, 8 5& ! 'A 0& 3 " '"< ?< < "& + '" ' A " ?< < '8 !
'
+ 4'A X FGH< IGH < "
4. : # 0" " ! & " : < q & " " (subnets) + (fragnets)'"'"< "8 "8 < 8< 58 <
" 5! < " '
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
"8"'
1. #0(project network diagram) eB'
8'8&+
29
9 "8 8 "8 0
+ '" ; : +
"8'?A3
+ + " < 'D; " 8 E'" '"" +" '"
"
0 " & FJKL ?Program
Evaluation and Review Technique, ^8:':!"A/5
!5&<"&
2. +& # ^+< ! ' + 032<
& " + " < '" +" '"
2" " < '" "8
88
'3)+#5
3"&!
!
<'8"8"
+& & '" E! " < ' "8 & & '"< +" '& !< 8 '"
+
"
" '8 < '8 4 '"< '
+
X<r8"'s'
$ < + $ A&!'A"8"
' .4 "8 # B& '&
+ + + '" " < "8 < ' " "8 !
'?2$A
:##
/,#
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
'
:
+
^'
X"
"
-
5!
1.
2.
3.
/"!
:!
=
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
/,#
1. :!
+&
'
2. :'!
3. :'
'
8"!
+&'
1. #:2 2. ":"2$
3. )#:"2%
4. : # 1" " " 2 ( X +
'4 ' '
" "< "" 8
X< &< ';8 < " '
<'
"&+'"-
<
<
<';
&'<';'
'4<'"'&
5. 8 # + '4 ' '
& +& & 8 "8 < " 8 "
X< ' < ""& '
"
+'
'<
6. 1 +&# - 5! " +
8 & ' '" & ' ;8
]
" 8" e ' !&< "8 " , 8 "
;8 < " & ! +& "8 58 +<
"""
'"
'""8!+&e5! + '" & / '" "8 '" '
" + ' 8 ?<
8" '< '" "& ""A
1 " e " " " "
; ! !5" X < '" '"
"< 8 '" & < "
"
6.3.2. ="!+&'
1.
2.
< &# : " 2 % + '"
""95<
;88?<
"&
<
A/"!< ; 5!<
+" + ; 6 ' B < !
'"""?<#A
= &# ," !< "" ! 8
<
"8+&"
;88+8'
" " + '
;8 ' : " + < ;
5! ?< 8 58A , ! 5&
B&!?&2 A
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
,!'"'+<A"
;'"'";
;
< 5 'A < ; !
< ' +" B&
#
=
"
+"8
+& " ' +& X' "
, = e < "8 +& '" " "8
!?+2 <&A
3.
"8"!+&'
1. "& )
# / " + '8<'
"&'"
:! +& ' " '
+"8
X]
�<'&'&)
%�"4 <
;
"
e)%�9<'& 4
< # < ' '
+
"8!
2. " &# +< " ' !< +" '"
"
3. +&#:"2 '4$5
2'eB'6B"
"<<B
"
3"&!?+!<;&8"<'
+ ! &A :##
/,#
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
0
:!
+&
'
^'
:
5
:
+
:+
+
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
=&
r0+s
+&
=
r'
+s
'#
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
/,#
1.
2.
3.
4.
2
3
5!
=5!
"
$8"'
#:2 "&)
:"2 :#:"2 $
" +# 1 < " '
"< ' + X< 2" " '
' + < 8 + '" &
&
:'D & !5! 5 X< ' ! +
< '
" "& : + + < "'
"
5. %# " " "< " ' +
" " ?< " " " '""8 '8 < '
' " "A ! !5& ?<"+'"
+d
&
+ ' "8 ' "
A
6. "# :" 2 $ 6 "8 &< "
+"'"
"']
*#X'8+"8
&
+ (reqquired by) <
<
8
e ' 8 48 5 ?< 4 " e '
8 d ' + 4 +;&"A
0% , 14 + & + . (requested by) < 6+" < B +&+'"4'4
1.
2.
3.
4.
7. B)#:"2%
8. ") )# E'" ' +& + < '" ! 4 ?< +
'
!&+'"9+A
$="'
1. #=&"88
8 ' ' & "
2
;& 5!& < " +
< " ) '
& " 8 "8 & X' 4 " ]
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
2.
3.
4.
5.
= ?Critical Path Method, ~FHA e " <
4 +& '" !5!&<
& & ?8 A & !
+C
" (float) < '" <
'"'4&':""
88
^8 5& ! ' ?丣KLA 9 ''
& < ! +& ' ?< " '" '; "< " e " < +" "
'A
^8:!:'"?FJKLAe
4
+ " +
X 8" < FJKL ~FH " (mean, + A '
"8!<"~FH?29$A0'<FJKL
< " FJKL !
"8~FH
C)D )
# / e '"& & < "&
; & ; ' & ' ?<
+ " " !A 0+
;8]
-5! e & " < '"
< '4& " + 4 "4 / +'" " "4
#"& e " 8 '< " '" '"
?< 4" " '
+ ' 5
5'";+<4%�+A
#"&
'8"4
#:2 C% )D# =& < '
'4 "&
< < '
& "
" " / r 8
'"
s+'"'
<'
+'""
+ "
-B
8
"r2
e"s<'
'&!&
! (resource constrained scheduling) e B
'"& & " < B "8
# : 4 < '" '&/
"
"
' + < '< '" �96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
8+&:4
"
'+"8!'
$ "8"'
1. %
/0 : " "
+ +& & '" ?1] "&
"<
+:'"
B
+4'<2$A
"& + '" & 5 ?r&
"& sA 8 _ + '" '& 5<
;5
;85]
0 '& 5!& 8 ? 2 9%A / 5
'" < '" ?
2 &"8A
5<<'
"5(29A<";"
'" +< +
+< '" "; -8 < B
5 "8 '"& ?8A ? 2 9(A< 8+ 5 < ; " " 4 + "8
"848&&
0" " 4' ? 2 9)A &<
"8"5<"
<+'<5!&
2. 7+&#35!
! '
+" +
:'D"8&
5"+X]
<''
"<
"
"<!<+
B'
""
-5!< "8 &< < ;]
^'
+
<5
"8
," ?< 4& & 8
4& &< +"8'A
2"!?2 A
3. # / < '" " "& : + '" 5" 5"< " "
';'&:"B
';?2$A
4. +&# '+5!'
+ "& B55 '8 "
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
6.6 A & 5"< ""; <
< '" '< '
+"< 'A A
" <
+'"
!<
2$ <';&&
/,#
1.
2.
3.
4.
"&
'
1"
/,#
:##
1.
2.
3.
4.
0
&
:!
"
3
'#
1. =5!
2. ;
&
3. #"
%8"
1. %
# : 2 $ #+"& "& < ""& & < '; <2$ :'
"
2. / "< '
+" 2 * <
'< < 5! " < " " '" "< e '
+';"'"<"
"'"'
;
3. # : "8 58 e & &<
&&<!&
<
+&
'& - ' 4 '"
4. #:2$ %="
1. # / !
" : '
+
'
< " +< �96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
+< '8" ! & &
+ '" & '; &<
&2$ 2. " # ^8 < < < " 2 * < " ' < " +& 4& < ; ; & X< &
'" + B55 < < ' ' '" + '
"8&&
3. 7 # X " " ; ' "8 "8 !
+& '< & ' "8
4. #:"2$%+'"8
" " "8 B55
; < !< 8
"
!"8
% "8"
1. +& ^ " ' 5! 5!<
;& "8 < 0
; '
" '8 :'
'< ' & 8 ';
" ! 5! & "
"8 +
"8
8<+
'"
+<'8rs'"8"8
2. %( # / &< " +"8 '
;8 " " ;
& ' ] '" &<
" < '" '< ' '
&+&+&
3. # " &< ' "'"8 ;8
&&< " "8 ! +" '" " < '" & '" "8 <
8<""8&!&
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
7
#!"<'8"<
'
"8
'+X(9'
;8
"8!]
7.1. 7#".
?#.
#.
@,%,,##
>">
7.2. +7+
.,#,#
7.3. 9 # 7 # #", #)
7.4. 0)7)#
/!"&
<+ ! 8 '& &
+"& ! + ' & ' " & '&+"&!';
+"+&5
X < !" " " B" 84
" 5&< " &
" '< "8 " & ! '
'
+2 #
"<
'8"":<B2#++
B55"84&"
X<+"&
!+';
<
""/'4&
"&
)& (life-cycle
costing).
858<5
;
8?<A
B'+
'""
<
'
"
!"'4';8
<8<!&<
"&+&<
.
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
$"
"
%%
"!
%!
"
&!
!
!
!"
"
'(
!
"
!)
!
!"
"
"!"
!*"
"
"*
"
'
+!
!"%
,"-
.'/'0'/1
!
!
!%!!
!"
!"
!
!"
"%
"
"
"
"!
!
'
2
!*
*
3*"
"
%
"!"
,
!"!
!
"
"
3
"
1'
"
!
!
!
!
""!
%*!'
4"
""
"
!,
"
!1"*
"*
*!
3"
3
' %
!"
,"
-
5'01'(
6
+
%!
!
!'
#
"
"
!*"!*
"'
!
"!
!
!
!
!
!
!
*
!*%
!
7
"!
!*
!**'
+"
"%!
3
*
"'!
!
!
"
!
""
*
"
"&
""
'
!
"
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
1. #
"
7.1.1. 2*!""
"'
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
,-"-
8'/'/'91
7
!
!
""
"!"*""
"'2
"
"
"!*!*
""%!!
!-
'
!
"
"*%
!"
!*
*%!"
"
'
!"-
8'0'/'9
%"
"!
%
!
""
"'
:
!,"
!1
!
"
3
*"
"'
)
"
%
""'
(
**
%
%
";3*
3*%
"<"3*
"*'""
*
!*
"7%
"
*!
!
**'
4&
!""%!
""
"
"'
5'9'0=
!
""
"'
1.
2.
!" !
"
"*""!
'#7
%
!"
*
!
!!!
*"6
*!*
&
'
+"'
4
!*
*
*'
4!3
!*'
#"-
8'0'/'/'
5'9'/2!*!"
"'
1. $##
"
"
!
"*
"*%*7
"-' !!
!"
*
,"-
.'01"
,""
901'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
"
"
!
!
"
3
'
+
"!
"*%
!
(cost
estimating) "
(pricing)'-
"
"
"
&
&
"
*!'$"
&7
"
3
6
&
&!
"
"
"
"
!*%
'
"
!*
"!*
""'(
"3"
%
, ""
!
"
3"
!""'4
%
"!
!*
"
7
!
!'
#
"
"
%
#
"
4
"
"
""
*
+
!
!
!
4"
5'0'92*!"
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
"-
8'/'/'9'>
"
"
!
!
!"
'
$##
"
!"-
7.1.3.1.
#?!"
!%!,
!"
"
&*
!
"
*1%
"!
!*'@
"
!
!
!*!"
%
*"!'
%
%
,!"-
A'/1
"
!
"%
"
"
",
"'1
*
"!"
*
"6
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
B*"!
'
&"
*
"
!*
"!
!
!
'2
!**
!
*
"!'
+
!
!!*&
!"
"
'
:!
&"!
!!
!
!
!'4!
"!
!
"
!
"!
!'
6. $##
"!"
"
"
&
"
'
!
%!
!"!"
"
*
'
5'0'0'=
!
"
" 4!
!!"
!
"
*""
"
!*
!**%*
""!"
'=
"!
*
!*
)
,
**1'
B"!
!"7
,"-
5'9'0'91'
B"!
!!
3*
!%
"
"
!'!"
"
!1
!
!
"
*%
"
1!
"
!
*!
!'
2. &
#"
"
!**
,
"1
!*'
=
!!,%%
"!
%"1%!,
"
9/
!*"%!!*
%8&5"1'
+!
"
"'!"
"
!1
!
1 !
!
"
"
"
!"1
"3,
!*
"%
*1'
3. #'##() "
7
!
"
"!*
"!
!'
"!*
7
"!6
7
!
"!3
!'+
%
3
%"!3
"!3
'
4. *"
"+
!
!
!
!
!$43"
'!
!
"
!*"!3
""!
3
"!*
"'
1.
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
5'0'/2!*!
1.
2.
"
!&7
"
"
!*
"
*!*"
3
'!
"
!"
"
"
*'
:!%!!"!
!"
*
"!
""
'
"
"
"
!
"'
!""
""
%!*
*,!
!''1
!"
"
"
%
'
!
"
&!%
"*7%
"
,
"%"
!
1'2
!**
!
*
""
*
""
'
!"
3
"
*
"
%
!*
"3*!'2
!*
*%
"
!
%!"!
"%
!"
'(
CCDEFGHIJGKHLMGKN
8
"
!*"!
%
6"
"
"
"
!"
"
"
'
%!
"6
!*'O
"
!-'
%""
!"!
"
!'
"
!
%
'
"%!*
"
9PPPPQRST&9PPPQRS
%.PPPQRS99PPPQRS'
)
!
!*
"
""
!%
'%
*
!*
"%
!
!!
'
3. &# !"
"!
,
""
*"!
!"
!
1' %
!!
!"!
"!"
"%"
'"
"
!7
,"-
U'9'/'91'
!!"
-%
"
"
"!
!
"
"!
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
!
-
1.
=
!
"
"
1. >"
5'/'92*!"%
"!"-
5'0'/'9'
-,"-
8'/'/'91
7
!
!*%!
'
3. +-
,
"-
A'U'/'91"
"!
!
*
"!*%!
' *,!"!
"
"
!
7!"
!'
1.
2.
5'/'0=
!
"%
'
1.
,
"
##=
!
"!
"-
5'0'0'
!*
%
%
!*'
5'/'/2!*!%
'
1.
-#>"&7%
!
!"
!
!
"
"
'!"
!*
"
"
"
""
S&"7
"
'5&0'
2*
*
3*
"%
"
!
"!
!*
"
"
'(
%"
"!'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
#$%
+"1"
"
!!"
"
!"
1
"1"
!
,
"'
+"
"
6
=
%
'
V"
"
"
"
"
!"'
4
"
"
!*
!*
"!*
"'
"
"
"*"
"!*
*'
+"
;<"!*
"!*
'
%
!
"
,
"%
!"
-
U'/1'(
!
"
!
"!*
"!"
!"
"
!"
%
"
'
>"
4
"
:!
4
"
"!
"
+
!
!
4
!
!
=
%
+
"
"
"
3
$"
!
5'U'92*!"'
-#"-
5'/'/'9'
&
#4
"
!
"-
9P'/'/'9
"
"**"!*%
"
%*&
' !%
"
!
!!
"
3
"!"
!'
3. ."""**&
""
%%
"
"
'
""!3
%
'
1.
2.
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
4.
&#"-
5'0'/'0'
5'U'0=
!
"'
!
!*%
!
'"
%
%"""
%
*!
"
' %!
"
"
-
U'/'
2. #" !!
"-
9P'/'0
"
!*
!
"'B
"!
!*!"-
9P'/'0'U"
!"
'2%"
3
%
"
"
'
3. #(
!"!"'
>
""!*
!*
"!**"'
4. *"
"+
!
!
!
!
!$43
%""!*"
!*
7
'
1.
5'U'/2!*!
1.
2.
3.
4.
&""4
!
!&7
"
'"
"
"
*!"
!'4
!
!
"
"
*
"
'
,
%=%
&
!*
' "
&7"
""
%
' !"
""
'2
!**
!"!*
;
"<
!
!
"!
'
*#
# "
"
"!
"
'
#/ (Estimate at completion, ECD1&"
""
!"!
'(
!
*
&7"
*6
EAC W
!
!
3
"3%
"!
"-
9P'/'0'U' *
,
"!
'
ECDW
!
!
3
"
"
*"3*' *
!"!
!"
!
!!
"
!3
"
"'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
ECDW
!
!
3
"3%
' *"
"
"
!
!
"3
"
'
+%!!**"%
!"!%
"!'
5.
0#"4!
!"!
!*
*
"
"
!""
!*"
%!!
"!!
!!*7
"
*
*
"&
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
&
8
$"
""
"
!
*!
"
"
%!
!*!
'"
;"
!
"
!
"
"
"
"
*"%
""
"
"
""
3
""
"!
"
"
!
"<X9Y'('Z&9
"
*"!*
"
"
""
6
8.1. 8.2. !
"
8.3. #"
$
%
$"
"&
&
$ "
!"
"%
* '
+%! %
" "
! "
"
'+%!
"
"
%!%
'
(
! "
! !
7
! *3
! !" "
""
! !* ! ' 2
" " %"-
/'
"*"
"!"7"
"
""
"
=
%,FS[1
"!"
*
"""FS[.PPPFS[9PPPP' *%
%
!"
"
"1O!*"
"
"!\I]LG^
_`JKGDJMabc1*
$"
+
",dMHKNe`KNLHcfKGK^I]IGHdef14!$3
'
$"
""
%"
'(
"!
"
""
""7*0
%
"!"
!
""
*"
'(
6
$"
"
"
!
%
"!"
"!
"""
"!3
"
"'
$"
"
"
"%
"
"!
"3
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
+
"&7;*
"%
"
"
"!*
!*%<X0Y'+
"
""
&7
*
"
!*%"
"!
"
""
8'
+
%*123$4 (quality) 0+453, (grade)'$"
&7
;
!
)
"
"
!
"
"<X/Y'(
"&"
g
"
%
'(
!%
!
"!
",
"!*
"
1"
,
"%
1
",
"*
"
"""
1"!","%
1'
%
"
"*
"""
"
"
%
!
'
+
%
%!
"
!
"
"!
"
""
!
"
'(
!"%6
$"
"
&
"
"
"
!%
!!
"!3
!' ## (conformance to specifications - %
"
!""
1 (fitness to use %!"
"
!%1'
4
"
&!
%
3"
%
!
*"
'
"
"
""&
*
"
*
"!
"
*
3"
3
"
"
"'
4
""&"&
&"
&
"
!
*%
""
V"
/4
!"
'
+
"!"!3
"
!
&
,
def
3
''1"!
""
%
"'
"
"%
%"&"
"
"3
"
"
"*
%!
"
&
%
%
'
'&
4"
""
"
""
"*
7*"' "!*
"""
!"
,'-
/'/'04
!"1U%
"
"'(
%
"
"
%
"
%
"
%
"
!'2
c
"FS[.PPP
"!
##,
3%
"#.
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
%
!
"
"&7
!
"
*'@*!
!
!"
!*
*"
!*
*
'
+
%%
!
!*"
"
"
"&
"
"
'
1) B
4
"
!"
2!*!
*
"
B"!/
#
4
&*
4"
7
"
4"
"
)
"
2*!"
!
8.1.1 2*!""
"'
6&#4
"&7;
"
!
"""
"
!"!3
""'<4
"&
%
!
""
'
&
"
"
"
&
,"
"
!
1
"
'
(
"*%
"
"
"
"
"
,
"
"-
9P'01'
2. !"-
8'0'/'9
"
"!"*""
"
"!
!
%
!
%
"
"%!*"
'
3. h7
!,"-
8'9'9'91
!"
!"
%
*
*%
"
"
"'
4. "#+
%!""
!"
!
!%
!
"
'!
"%"-
0'8'9'
5. 4"(
"
(#2
!"
!*
%
!
"!*!!
%!!
!"
"
"'(
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
"
",-
90'91%
"
""
%!%
"
"
"'
Z'9'0=
!
""
"'
1.
2.
3.
4.
1#" 7 "
"%
"
"!i"-
8'0'0'0'4
""!"
"
"
"j7
3
"!"
!"!3
"
"
'4
"!
!
"
"
"
"&7*!"!
"
""
'"
"
"!!
"
3"!'
$ (benchmarking). "
"
!*
"!*
!
""*
*
"
"
3
""7*"!
!
""!
'
!!
&
&"
3
%
%
&'
&8( (flowcharting)'>&*
&7!"
!
7
!
!'#
*
&*
!
""
""6
!&
"
!"
!
3"
;-!<!
!
!!
"
"!
!
!7
!'('Z&0
"
!'
!
&*
!&*
!
"!
!"""!
!
7
!
!'('Z&/
"
&*
!
*"'
>&*
!
"
!"!
"
!*!"
"*'
&#9#4"
7
"&7
!"
!
!"3
"
' ,
"!
!%
"
3
"!
3
!
*
1'
7
%
%
!
"
!"&'(
3
%
!3
3
*%%"
%"
'4"
"!7
,"
"
"
!**3*3*%
"1"
3
"""'
8.1.2 2!*!"
"'
1.
&## %
!"
""
"'2
FS[.PPP%
!"
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
#6;!
!"
"
!
!
!
*!
"
"
"<X8Y .
4"
"
"
"*"
,!"-
U'9
1%
"
"
"
3
"
'
4"
"%
!!
!"!
"!""%
'
2. !""
!*
* ,
&
"
*"
"'(
"
"
"!*"&7
"
g
%%
%%""
"""
g
!
!
!
*
!
'2
!**
%
!".
3. :# )
"!"
"!
!
!!
!%
!
"
%
!*3"!"!
' )
"
!!
!'!"
"
,
&k1"
"
,2!%
7l1=
"
)
"
"
"
"*
*'2*
*
)
"%
%"
"
'
4. 4(
"#
"4
!"
"
*
3
!"&'
8.2 !&&
"&7"
"!
!"!
!
"
*
!
"
"
"!
"XAY'%!
"%
"
'
"FS[.PPP!!
"
##!3
"
!"
"'
""
+
"*
!"
!7
'
"%
"!
"!3
""
&
,"
"1*
"
"""
!*"!
,"
3
"1'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
4
"
"
-
!
"
2.
=
!
"
"
"
4"
"
1. "
3
""
"
Z'0'92*!"
"'
&##'"-
Z'9'/'9'
+"#
"&7
"
""
"
'
3. !"-
Z'9'/'0'
1.
2.
Z'0'0=
!
"
"'
,
"
###'=
!
""
"
!
"-
Z'9'0%
!"!"
"'
2. &##4"
"&7"!*
"
"'m
"
"!
"
!
!
3"!
*
"&
'4"
"!
!!
"!"
"3"
"
"
!
"
"'
1.
Z'0'/2!*!
"
1. #/###"
3
""
""
"
"!3
7
"
!*"!
'2**
"
3
"
""
"
*"
"%
"!""
"
"-
4.3.
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
8.3 $%&
+
""
"
"
"
"
%
"
"
!*
"'-
!
"
!
!#&
"'
+
""!
++
"*
!"
7
'
O
!!
%!
"
""
"!
"
!
"!*!
"'
*
"%!
%6
4
"
,
3
1
,
3
"'
"!,
!"
"1"!
!*
,
!%
!"3
"
1'
!,
!!!1!,!
1'
,
"
!
!!"
!
1!
,
"
!
!
1'
-
!
4 "
"
)
"
6.
*
!
!4
"!
4
&*
B
5.
"
3
""
"
-
3
4"
"
!
)
"
+
"
3
"
Z'/'92*!
"
+"'-
!!
"-
U'0'/'9'"
!
'"!*%
!*
*,
1%!"
!*
*'
2. &##"-
Z'9'/'9'
3. !"-
Z'9'/'0'
4. :#!"-
Z'9'/'/'
1.
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Z'/'0=
!
"
"'
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
"
!
"
"
!
"
"
!
"'
""
,
"
!
!
!
1 . !"&6
!
"
g"
!*
*
%
7
!
'
("*
!
%
!
""
'
!*
,
"!
"
!!
!%!!
!"
!l1'+
*
%"'4
%
!
!3
%"
*
'
*
!!"!
!"!*!*
!*'h
7
"
""%
"
"
!
3
!*
"*
""
*
"
'('Z&U"
!"!
'
"&4
!"
""
!"
*!*
"!"
"
"
!
"
"
!,'-'Z&81'-"!
!%
"
*"
"&
%
"
!
"!!"3
"
"'!4
"!
:4
!!3
"!
"
3
"'
#"
"!""
"!
"
,
"!9P%
!*
%
"581'
4"
"!
!
"'
"
"
!)
"! ;"
!*
*
*!
!!
!!
"
"!'
&;(>&*
!!"-
Z'9'0'/'2
"
"
!"
'
1
B
"
"
*
"
*"!*""
*
"'B
6
*
"!
&3
"!%
"
g
"&
"
!"!
!
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Z'/'/2!*!
"
#/###"-
Z'0'/'9'
+/
"!
)
!!"
!'
"
!
)
!
"
,-
Z'/'/'/1'
3. &#
#4"
"!"
"
!
)
"
"
'4"
""
"
!
!""!*
%
""*
*
'+
%
"
"%!
'
4. ":#'-
Z'9'/'/'+)
"
"!
!
)
"%!*"
'
5. *
#/#"
!
"
"
"'
2
!**
"
%!!"!
!"*
!*
,'-
U'/1'
1.
2.
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
&&
9
$"
"
"
"
!
*!
7
""
""!*"
'4
;
<"
)
"
*"
&""
"!*""*!*"-
0'0'('.&0
"
*"!*
"6
9.1. $
'
9.2. 9.3. ($
$
" '
!"
"%
* '
+%! %
" "
! "
"
'+%!
"
"
%!%
'
(
! "
! !
7
! *3
! !" "
""
! !* ! ' 2
" " %"-
/'
"
3)
!
"
"
!"
'(
!
*%
!*
"
!%
6
?
"
"!
!%
!
"-
0'U+
"!
"!"
'
"
"
%
"
!
3
"'
4
!
3
"
!
3
'
%
"%
!
3
"
*!"
!
"
"
"
'
>37
"
"
"
"
7
%
%!!!'
%
%!!"!"3
7
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
(
6
2
"
!
!
3
"
"
!"!'+
%"!
*!
*
!*3
'
4"
"%
!"
%
'2
*7
"!
!
!7
"!'+
%
"
*!
"
%
'
B"!
"
"
"
"
!
'%!"
"!*
"*
"
"'
() "
"
"
"
"
3
"
'-"
"
3
!
!
%
!
%'
!
!!&
"
33
'2
!
3
!
%
!
"!
*
'
23"
"3""
*
'
!7
%!
"
"
"
!"
*
'@
3
"
7
"%!"
"
'
"
""
,"
-
9P'91
!""
"
"
'
!
#
"
#"!
3
"
"
*
"
#
B"
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
-
""
4"
*
.'9'92*!"
"
'
"2
6
!
!&!
!
3
%
!!
'!
!!
!
!'(
!%
"!
""
*
""
"3!"
"
3
"
"
"
3
'
#
*
!&!
!
3
%
!
*
'#
*
!""
!
,
%
)
!
%
&
%!"!"%
&
1
%
,
"!*
"
!"
!3
"
%""
!
"%3!1'
=
%!
!&!
!
3
%
!
'
!""
*
!
"
"
)
"!
%
"
'
1.
2.
3.
$# "
"!"!""*"
!*
*
*"
' ""%
"
*
"
!*""
"
",'-
5'91'
&7!
"%!
'
!
"%
!
!'!!
!!
!"
%
!6
&
&"
"
"
%
"
,-
0'/'/
!%
!*1'
+
"!
3
&!
3
*
"
!*
3
"
"
,"""
1'
4
!
&
!!
*"3
!
!"
"
"
*%
"
'
%"3
&"
"
"!""%
!*
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
.'9'0=
!
""'
1. $#"
(
%
3"
"
"
'"
"
"
3
*
%
"
"
"'
2. ##(#=
3
*
"*"
!
"!*
*"'(
"
%
";
"<"
"!
7
'
3. "
"
!)
!!"
%
%!"'h
3
%
"7
!
"
%!"
!
3
"
"
'
4. 1#(%!!*"
%!!
"!*
""
"
!'2-
9P'9'0'9"
%
"3
"
'
.'9'/2!*!"
1. +
##4
!
,
1"
"
,
3
1%!!
!
%"
"
'
-"
"
""""
'>3"
"
"
!
!
"""
!"
%
!!
"!
"'
-"
"
%
!!3"
"
"""
!%
'
-"
"
%!!
"!
'=
"
"
,Responsibility Assignment Matrix, nCf'
-'.&01
7
'2
!*
*nCf%
!
!*"*'(
nCf"!"%
"
%!7
opS""
nCf
"
"!
"
"
!
!
%
!'
2. &#' !"
!
!
!""
!"!"
!"!
'4%
!!
!
!""
'"
"
!7
,'-
U .1, -
1'
4"
"
!
!'.&/'
"
%
!!
,!1
"%3
%!
'+
!
!
6
!
%
%
;
<
"
%!
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
3.
4.
4"!!*
%
%
"
*"%
"'
( *
&7
%
3
"
'%
!!
!
!""
'(
"
"
/&U
"
%
*
"
"
/PPP
"
"
'
,1"
! *
!,
!"
"
"
7
!'
""""
!%
3
'
"
"
"
%"*
"
"
6
2
&
"!
'
%!*
&
!
*!*
%"!""
"
%
*
*
*!*"!
!'#%
"#
.
4
"
&
!
"!"
*!*"
7"!%""*
'
(!
"
*!*
"
*
",1
*
!
!
'23
;3
<
!
!!
!
!
!"
"
'
1.
2.
3.
4"
"
*
"
4
"
1.
2.
3.
2
""
4
&
43
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
1. (
%
2. "!
.'0'92*!"
"'
1. &#"-
.'9'/'0'"
"
!
"-
.'9'9'0'
2. #(#+
%
"!
%!"*
!*"'
%
",
"1
6
4
!!&"!!*"
%
l
h37
l
?!
!&
"!!"
l
?!
*
&
"
!*3
"
l
&
%
!
!!"
*!
%"
l
3. &
#
""
!*"
"
"
!
!"
"'+
"
"'
.'0'0=
!
"
"'
1. 4
##23"
""
*""'
(
%
"
""6
"
"
!!
%
"
""
"%
"
'
"&
"
"
*
"!*
"'
("!"
,'-
0'U'8"
1"%
""
""
%
""
!*
'(
!
%
%
!"%
"
""
' %
!%
"
"
"
!
'
2. &
;2
!**
%
!
&
' *1
"
%
%
1
"
"
"!
!
!"
'
3. & /43
,"""
",
1"
""
901%
"
!*"!
'2
3
&
"
"!
,
"
3
*""
"
"
"
"
!
%
!
!"
*
"1'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
.'0'/2!*!
"
1. 5
%4
"
"
%!
%
"
!!
'4
%
!
"*"*""
'
2. #
""!
!"
"
*
"!
*
"!*"
' %
!
!
!
!""
'
( *
-"
!"
"!3
"%
"!*"
""""
"
!"
'?
"
,"
*
1"
"
*
"!'-"
!"
"
'
-"
!
!"
%
"!
!!
!
%
%
,'-
0'/'/
%
!*!*1' "!
%
7*
"!*3
!"
*
!"*"
%
'
h"
!"""
/
""
7
"
""
**
'
5.
4
4
4
"
4
"
"
%
"
!
"!
"
+
$3
"!
"!
!
.'/'92*!""
!
&4
"-
.'0'/'9'(
"
!
!
"!!
"!!
!"
!'
2. &4
"-
U'9'/'9'4
!"
*
"
'
3. &#4"
"-
.'9'/'0'
1.
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
&
#4
"
!
"-
9P'/'/'9'
""!
"3
'
5. #%+
%
"
%
**""
'
4.
.'/'0=
!
""!
1##
" """
"!
"
!
%
"
3
!!'=
"
""
"!
*"
"
"
"!*"%"%"
""
"
7
3
"!'-!
"!""!*""
3
*
!
3
%!*3
%
'
"
3)
!"!'+
%!"
!
""!'
2. #"# "!!
"-
0'U"
*"!'
3. "!"
"
%
!"
'!!
7
"!
!%!
"
"
%
"%
'(
%
""!
"
%
%!"
3
""'
4
!%!
"
!
!&
!*'(
%
"
*
!"
"
"
"
%!
"%
g%
"
*"
*
"
%'
!
%!%
"!
%'(
"
*
!"
"
%
!
%!
'
4. *
+
&7
"
*
"
*
"!*
"!"%
"!3
*
'+&3
"3*
*
%
%
!7
"
*,
"
;!
"!*
"<
"
!"!1'
5. "
"
""
!
"!3
"!"
"%
"!'(
!
"!
"
"
""!3!'
%
!
!,
"
1
!
,
"
!1'
"
!)
!
"
"!*'
@
"!
*"
*!*"
*
*
*
"!"!
"!%!!"!
%!!
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
!3
"
'4!
!
!
!
&
'
.'/'/2!*!"!
1.
2.
0/#"
4
"!"!*
"!
"
3
"!
'$3
**
""!
!"!
6
$3
!*"!""
"
7
"
"!"'
$3
"
,
%"
3
"1%
"
!
"3
*"
*
'
$3
!*"!""%
!%
""
"3*
"!
'
#"
"4
%
!
"*!
!
"
"!
"
!
"
"
""
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
+
10
$"
"
"
!
*!
"
"
"
*
%
'
"
"
%
*
*'2
""
"
%!!
"!!
;!
<%!
"
"!
""
!""
"
'('9P&9
"
*"!*
"6
10.1. %
)!
%
%
!"
10.2. (
%
%
10.3. * %
"& &
$
$
10.4. +
$'
%
%"$'
!"
"%
* '
+%! %
" "
! "
"
'+%!
"
"
%!%
'
(
! "
! !
7
! *3
! !" "
""
! !* ! ' 2
" " %"-
/'
"!"
"3
,%"-
0'U'01"
!
!"
"
'+"
3
"3!)
!
"
!
'(
6
=
"
&
&
"!
!''
2!
"&""
!
!
''
&"!"!
%
"''
#
*
&%
!*
"''
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
#
*"
"
&""
3
"'''
,
4"
"
!*!*
%"
6"
%'2"
"
!
*
!
%!
!
3"'
!*%"
**""
"
7*%"
"%!
*
'
23"
"3""
*
'
7
%
""
"
"!"
**
'
4"
!"
"!"
"-
.'9
!"
"
!
"
'
#
"
+
*
4
%
1.
B"
1. 4"
9P'9'92*!""
1.
$# ""!*
"
"
'#
"
7'-
!
%!
*
*
"
**
"
'!
"
"
%
6
3
"
"
%
'
!
!
""
!
"
'
!
""
!"
"'
2
3
!
,
""
1'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
*"( #
*
!
!
%7
""6*""
3
!*"
!*
!*
"
!*
!*"!*'q!!*
*!
"
"6
"&"
*
"
"
"!*
!*
"l
*&"
%
"
l
%
!
!"
&"
%
"!"
"
l
4%
&
"
*
!"
"
*l
3. &7!!
"%!
'
(
3
"
""
"
3
"%!
"
"'
+
"
"
!
!
""
'
4. &
%4
%
&7!!
"
*"
"""!
!
!
'4
%
'!
!"
"!*
,'-
99'91'
2.
9P'9'0=
!
""'
1. 1# * ! % !
"
"*!
!"
"
!*
,
%
"-
0'08'91'B%
!"
!
**
!
*'(%
"
!
%
"
%
*
*'
9P'9'/2!*!"
1. & # 4 "
!" "6
+
" !
! "! *
!* " ' !
%! %
" "
" '
,
! "!
!
!
!
*
''1
!
,
"
' '1 " �96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
!* " ' % ! " "
"
3
!'
%
" %
"
%
"i
!
"'
+
!
!""!"
"
'
=
! " ! % "! !
'
=
! "
"
"
'
4 "
%
! ! ! "!
"! " " ' "
"
!7
,'-
U'91'
,-
-
"
* ' "
"!
"
%
"
!
%!
!'
1.
2.
3.
-
!
4"
4
1.
2.
3.
+!
"!
!
!
1. 4
!
9P'0'92*!
'
1. +"!"-
U'0'/'9'
2. &#"-
9P'9'/'9'
3. &"-
U'9'/'9'
9P'0'0=
!
"
1. *" #" "! ' 4!
"
"
! !
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
2.
3.
" "
" "' 4
"
"
! " " '+"*
*6
4
!
!
3
'
2
,"
1"
3
,
""
"
''1
q!
,
!''1
!
,"!''1
2
!
,""
*"
1!
'
" %
" % !
" "!
"!
! 7
!
"!
! !* !
! $4 ! "
*
%
!
%'
"4
%
!
"
%
" " " !
"
"
!*
" " 7
! !* 7
"
"
'
9P'0'/2!*!
'
1. &"4
!
" ! ! !"
' % 7 "% * "
"
'O
!!
"
!
"
'
,&!
4
"
" "!
" !%
' !"6
!
"!
(status reporting) &
*
'
!
(progress reporting) - '
4
(forecasting) & %
'
4
"
%! " " "' 2 * * %
"' ! ! "
! "!'
!
B
B
B
"!
!*
5. =
!
"
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road,
Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
1.
2.
3.
4
-
!
!
1.
2.
3.
4.
1. 4
"
2. :!
9P'/'92*!
"
1. & 4 " -
U'9'/'9' 4 % !
"!!
"
"!
'
2. +" -
! & ! ! ! ! ! "
3
! * % '' & "
"!* "!
,' -
U'0'/'9'1' -
! %!
!" "
! ! "
"
'B
"
" ! "
" "
"!
'
3. " 4
!
% " -
9P'0'/'9' 2 "
%
""
% " "!
'
9P'/'0=
!
"
"
1. " #" "!
!" "
"!
' ! ! " ""!
!%
'
2. 1 "
"
"
!*
"
"! %
!' O
"
" " " " !"%
%
"%!'
3. 1 " "
" " "
"!"
3
*3
"!
'
4. 1 #""( (Earned Value Analysis). ! "
!* * "
! "!
'
)
"!
!*"
! " "!
' "!
/
"!*"
%!6
>%
%
!"
!""!*, budgeted cost work
scheduled, pDoS1 & 7 "
%
! " %
"
!
%"
'
-
!"
"!
, actual
cost of work planned, CDor1&7"
!*
!*
!*
%
"
!
%"
'
"!
!* !"
" "!*,budgeted cost of work planned, pDor1&7
%
"!
"
"
3
!'2**
!*
,
/Ps5Ps.Ps9PP
s1 !*' 2 !* * "
! P s 9PP s & & )
"
"!
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
"
!"
!
! "!
"' (
! " ,Dt, cost variance W pDor & CDor1 "
"!
,St, schedule variance WpDor&pDoS1
,DrF, cost
performance index W pDoriCDor1' +"! DrF , "
* "!* pDor
"
* "!* CDor1 3 "
"
3
' 2 !* * " ,SrF, schedule performance index W pDoripDoS1 !
'
5. ,
" # 4
"
"
"
"!*"-
9P'0'0'
9P'/'/2!*!
"
1. &
# 4
"
"
!'
!%!
"!"
!
!
" "
7 %
" "
'
!!
! "
" !
! ,%
!"
!
V1 S&!
"!
! !' ( ' 9P&0 S&
!
"!
%
"!* !* "!
!*""
'9P&/%
!!
"!!*
"
'
2. ." B "!
! !* " ' :! !" "
!* * ,
"
!*"''1
,#. /
4
! ! * & ! !' B"
"
3
*"
%
"
"
"
*
'"
!*
"
%
%
!
* 7
" *""
"
7 "'
" " "
3
%! !" ! '
+% % ! %! ! ! 3
"%
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
1.
2.
3.
"!
!
1.
=
!
"
"
1. B*"!
2. q
3. $"
!
9P'U'92*!""
"
3
1. #"2
!"
!
"!
" ! "!
%!!!
""
"!'
2. !"
!
,! *
% 7
!
! ' ' &
""
!%
1%%
!
"
"!'
3. "%"-
9P'0'/'9'
9P'U'0=
!
"" "
3
.
1. ,
"
#
##!"-
9P'/'0'
9P'U'/2!*!" "
3
1. 1(#" 4
"!* !* % !
"
*" "
" ' ? &
!* %
! "
' + ! " "
% *"! "!
'
2. "
% !
%!"
'
3. 0#"%"-
U'/'/'/'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
11
$"
"
"
!"!
"
" ' "
" "!* ! " ' ( ' 99&9 "
* "!*
"6
,,, -
%
" !
$
11.2 $
$! $"
11.3 ($
$
& !
&
$!
&
$ $
11.4 #" $
!
!"
"%
* '
+%! %
" "
! "
"
'+%!
"
"
%!%
'
(
! "
! !
7
! *3
! !" "
""
! !* ! ' 2
" " %"-
/'
2 !* * !
" "!3
!* "'
(
6
!
7"!
%
"
'
- " " !"
"
"
'
-
"
"
""!
!
!
!%
"
"
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
"
3
"
!""
"
**
'
&7
"
!
g%"
"
"
'
%""
"
3
'2
&7
"
!
%
" !
%
" " ! ' 2
3
& 7 "
!
% "!
"%
!
""
"'
" "
"% !"' " %
"
"% ,"!
"!*!1 !
,
"!
"!*!1'
%
! " , %
7 "
1 " ,* "!*" %!*%
"1'
1.
2.
3.
"!*!
"
1.
2.
3.
)
"
4
&*
!
1. 2. 4
"!
!
3. !
4. 2*!"
!
99'9'92*!"
1. 4 !" ! 7
!
' 4! !
"
* "
*
* "!* * 3 !
" ' - "!
!" * " ! !
' 2 -
8'9'9'9 %
!
"
'
2. #"(
" # 2!*! " * %! !
!
"%!*"'(
6
& !
*! "
% "% !
! "! " " !* " "
%
'
! " & "!
! ! ! ! "
)
3
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
4 & !
! ! !
"!
!
" !
" "*'
4 "
" & " ! " 7 %"%%
'
3. "
"
!* * %
3 " !* "' !"
*"6
4
!
*"! j ""
!* " "!
* " !* " !
" " %
' 2 !* * %
"!
!!
"
!
'
+
! !* %
j %
! "
' ! !* ! ! %
" * " ,
*"!"
! "
"
! "
!
!"1'
: ! j "!
! ! !
!' (
!
" !
! * ! " "!
!'
11'9'0=
!
"
'
1. :# )
" ! "!" "
" "' %
! ,' V" 01
"!*!*
",'-
99'9'9'01!
*
"
"! " ! , * "
1' 2 !*
*
3!
!"'
2. & ;( >&*
! ,!
" -
Z'9'0'/1 3
!
"'
3. " "!
" ! !
""
"':
&
!* " ,
* !
" " "
1
%
!!'
11'9'/2!*!
'
1. & 7 "%!* "!* !
,
" " "
!
! !1 !
" 3
*3
' " %
!
!
%
"
""
!
!"
"
! "
"
"
! ! ' !!
""6
"'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
2.
3.
4.
3
'
4*
!
!
"
"
'
4*
!'
(
!!
'
"!%"
1"
!
"
!
1 "%!* "!*" "1 %
!
"
!
1%
"!*!7'
+ "
"!*! ! ! !"!
,"!
"
9PPPPPQ98PPPPQ1
!
,
1'+
"!
"
"!*"
!
* * 3 "
3 !
"
'
& #" " 4
"!
! & 7 !
*!
" * ! !
" ' 4
"!
! %! ! ! " " "
* ""
"
! "
3 ,;"
"
< "
" " 1' 2 "
"!
! !" ! !
%
!!*"!
'(
6
- " * * "
"
"7
"
*"
"%'
4
!* 3" "%
" 3
&
*'
"!* ! " %! " "!
1
"
""
1 "!* "%!* "!*" "1
%
!*"
!*"1!"
,
%
!
"
1'
+ "
"!*! ! ! !"!
,"!
"
9PPPPPQ98PPPPQ1
!
,
1'+
"!
"
"!*"
!
* * 3 "
3 !
"
'
" # ! " !"
!
"! "
! "
* "!* !' (
* ! *
%
! " " *!"
**%
!*"
!'
4(
" # " 4
%
"!" * "
3*
"*"'(
%
"
!"
"
'
-""*"
!
%
'
11
"
"
"
"*"
"!
"%!* "!*" ' " " " �96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
"!
! "' %
"
"*
"*
6
2% ! "
"" " "
!* * ,
%"
"
%
1'
@
"
!
%
"
" " "!* " "!!"
"!3
%
% "!
"
'
2% ,%
1 ,%
!
!1'
!
! %
"
"
'
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
"
4
!
"!
!
!
%
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
%
%
!
=
"
"
3
!
1. !
"
2. !
"
11'0'92*!"
"
1. # -!
"'(
6
+ " "! ! %
*
8PP PPPQ %
9 PPP PPP PPPQ " "
"
!
*
7
'
%
98s"
"!3
%
"!
"
""
"7
'
"
"
"*!"!*!
'
2. '!"-
99'9'/'9'
3. &#""!"-
99'9'/'0'
4. "'!"-
5'0'/'9'
5. %!"-
A'/'/'9'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
11'0'0=
!
"
"
1. %
% (Expected Monetary Value, EMV)."
""
"*6
2
" ! & "
"
!
"
"'
:
" ! & ! " "!'
:
" ! %
!
!
!' (
B
>"!""!
"
9PPPPPQ"
" " %
' @ " B %
! !
7
"
"""
>
!7
"
"! 7 "* 7*
"
7""
!'
4!
!""
!
7
!"!
"!
%
!
""
3
3"
3
3"
'
%
% " "* " 3 " " 3
1 "
!
%
" "
"
'
2. " ! " "!
* !* "
"!
!'
,2!
"
!* "
3
"
"-
99'0'/0'/1'
* !* %
" "
"!* %
" %
' -' 99&0
"
* ;
"< "!
'
3. ,
#=
"
"
!
"
!' (
" "
"
"
" ! '
>3" "!"
& =
&+'
"!""
"
;!"
<
"!
!* " '99&/'
-
!
""
"
!* " !* !* !* *" "!*'
=
"
% " " !* !* %!* *
!
*
=
+
4
,Drf1#
*
-
4!,rEnd1
!"
,
1 ,' -' 99&U1 " %
'
B =
& + ! " %
! "! "%!*'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
4. #/
"
3
&7%
"!
"
"
% 3
"! 7 "
3
'2
"
"
"
3
,!
"1
,!%1'('99&8
"
"
3
'
5. !" !
" "
"
! "!3
' (
"
!
%
!
"!"
%
"
'
11'0'/2!*!
'
1. " # " "!* " & 7 "%
!
!!
*"'
2. " #4
"%
%
"
1 " "!
! !
3
"1
3
"!3
!*
"*'
!)+
-
""
3"""%
"!'=
!
"!"
/
6
%
& ! !' + %
% "
!
"!
! !
%
!'
& %
%
% "
! " ! %
"
""
,
"
! * %
"% 1 %
"
!
"!,
*"17'
4
&
"'4
%
!"!,
"
! %
! " " "
" !1
"! ,
* !
" %
"!
!*1'
1. !
"
2. !
"
1. 4"
"
2. 4"
*"!*
""
3. B
"!
4. *"
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
1. 4"
2. 2*!"
!
3. 4!*"!*
""
4. -
"!
5. +!
3
99'/'92*!"
"'
1. " #'!"-
99'0'/'9'
2. " #' ! " -
99'0'/'0' ! "
"* " " %! !
"!"
"
,"-
99'/'/'91'
99'/'0=
!
"
"'
1. &# #' 4" " "
" " !
! "'
(
"! "
* %
! "
!!
*
'
4" " ' (
"
%
"
"!
!* "' 4! ! "
*
" %
" "!
"!
%
'
$"
""
""
90'
2. &#(#"(##!""
3"
!
*
"
!
"
%
,'
%
%
*""-
99'U'0'9'1'
3. 1#" -"
!
%
! "
" *' (
""%
"
!
"
""
! "!
' 2 * * "
!)
!
!*
"!*
'
4. (#*"
!
*"
"
" ! ! " ! "'
!;!<
"""
!%
'
11.3.32!*!"
"'
1. &#!%
"
!!
"
"
%
"
'2
"
"
"
"!%
%
!""
"
"
!"
!
*
!!
"!*!
"
"!!
!*
!
"!'
4"
%
!!
!
"!
""
'"
"
!7
,"-
U'91
2. 4(
"#
"!
%
!
"!
!
*"!*
""!"
"!
"!*!%!
""*"
"*
""**'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
3. &"(#"(##4!*"!*
""j7
!
3
!
%!!
!"
""
"!'
!
!"
""
%
!
"!"
,
"
"
"1'
3. +#"-
"!j7
"
"
"'!
!
,
""
"*"!*
""
"1'
3*
!"'
"
""
!
%
'
5. *" /!
3
!"*!!!
"*!!*"!**" "*
7
"
%
'"!
"!"
!7
"
%
#$%)+
+
""
"!
"
"
*
""!
!
"
'+"
"
"
"
"'2%
%
!!
!
%
"
"
g
*!"
'
1. 4"
2. "
!
"!
!
3. 1. "
"
2. !
!%
1. +
"
"
2. =
"
99'U'92*!
"'
1. &#"-
99'/'/'9'
2. #"#"" (
!
!*"!*!"
*
j
'#
!
"!"
!"!
!
%
!
"!
"!
!
"'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
3. 4
"!
,'-
9P'/1"!"
"!
!
"
!
'
99'U'0'=
!
"
""!
!'
1. # #
"
"
j7
"!
!
"
"!
"!
!'"
"!"
!
!
"
!
! "
"!'
2. ""%@"
!
!
7
3
%"!
!
!
"!
"
!"
""%
'
99'U'/'2!*!
"'
1. *#
#+
"
"""
"!
"!*
","!
*"!*
""*"1'
2. ,
#4
"!
"
"
"
7
!*"!*!
*"
%
!"
%!
!"
!'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
12
$"
""
"
!
"""
&
'
!"!"
"
""
!"
'
(
90'9
"
*"!*
"6
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.6
./
"
!
"
!
$ !
!
$
"
(
'
0
$'
$
& $'
!"
"%
* '
+%! %
" "
! "
"
'+%!
"
"
%!%
'
(
! "
! !
7
! *3
! !" "
""
! !* ! ' 2
" " %"-
/'
0##%
#/(
8
#4!
3
""*"*
'2"
!%
"
%
!"
""'
&
#!
"
'2!**6
&"
"!
"'
+
#%!"
"
"
!
'
$""
"!"*!!"
!"'
+%
"
%
!
,
"!
!
"!
!
!!
1%
""%
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
!
,
"%
!*
*
"
%
3
"
1'
"
"
"
"
3&
'
3"%
%
!*""
%!
&
'
+
!*"*
!
!!
"
"
.,"
"
1""
9P,"
1
4"
"j7
%!
"
"
j
'"
""
"""""'
+
!"
&
"
! "
%
,-
90'01!,-
90'A1
"
%!%'2
*
%
"
"""'
+
"
&
"
!
"
%
(-
90'01!",-
90'A1
"'
#
"
*
""&
*
*
"*
3*u3*v
* ,!
%
"
3
3
"!
!7
!*
"'4"
"%%
"
!*!*"'
*
"
"
3
'
1. 2. 3. "
4. $"!
5. "!*!
"
6. 7. 1. B;
<
2.
!
3. 2!
3. +
"
"
4. =
"
90'9'92*!""
"
1. #%
!
,' -
8'0'/'9'1
!"
!
'
"
%
!
%!!
!"
""
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
2.
,'-
8'9'9'9'1
"
"%
"
*
*
**
*!
%!!
!"
""'
!3
"!
'
!
g
"!
,'-
90'9'/'0'1
!"
%
""
'
&
3
""
"
%"
"
'
3. #@&
!
%
"
7
"
"
%
""
'
0#"4
""%
!"
!
"!!
"'
#"(
"#2
"!
"!*!"
%
%!!"""
""'
"!*!!
%!
!"
!
"
!
!
!!
"
"!
%
!
!"!"'
&7!"
"%
'
*
*
""
"'
&
% 4
%
"!
"
*"
"!
!
"!
'
90'9'0=
!
"""'
1. 1<
;;=(Make ? or ? buy analysis). !&7
"
!%
"
%
!!
"
&
%
!!7
'
!"!
!
!'(
;
%"
"
!
!;<
!
!"
7
'
!%
%
"!&
!
%!
'(
!*
",
1!
7
"
*
'
& %"
*
!
,%
!
%
!'
2. !" !
"*!*!*"!
'47
%
!
!"!!*""6
&
"
&
*
!3
!
!'
3. 4"-!
!""
!
!*"'+!"
3
6
+ " (fixed price, or lump sum contract)' " "
" ! " ! "
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
' 4 "!
" " ! "
!
!
"! %
"!
!* *
"!
'
+!"
(cost reimbursable contract)'
"
"
, "
1 !* ' :! !
" ! ,! !
"
" ! 1 #" ! ,
"
"%
!
" ! "!
"!
1'+"
!
!!!""
3
!* ' +! "
" " !
"! %
"!
!*
*"!
'
!'
+! (unit proie contract)' + "
"
,
6Q5P
!*Q9'PZ
1' "
" " *!*"
3
!'
90'9'/2!*!""'
1. &##4"
"%
!"
""3
!"
"" %
!'(
6
+
!""'
@"
"
!*
"
"!
!
*
""'
@"&
"
"
%
"!'
@
*!!
!"
!
!'
+"%
"
!"'
+"
,
!
!
"
'
4"
"%
!!
!
"!
""
'"
"
!
,"-
U'9''/'91'
#"
"!
(Statement of work, S[o1!"
"
!)
"
"
!""%!"
")
'
"
%
""""!)
%
%
!
'
2
!*
*
"!
!S[o'
"
4"
%
"
"
"
*!*
%
%
,
%
"-
90'/1'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
1. 4"
"
2. "!
3. "!*!
"
5. !
!
6. !
1. !
"
2. +
3. B
90'0'92*!""
%
'
&##."-
90'9'/'9'
#"'"-
90'9'/'0
#"(
"#'
"!*!",-
90'9'9'8'1!
!
!"
"
""%!!
!
'2
"
%
%!
"
!
'
90'0'9=
!
""
'
""'!
!"!
!
!
)
""!
"
"
*
"
*!*",'-
90'0'91'
!
)
!,%!
7*
""!'
!"!"-
90'9'0'0'
90'0'/'2!*!"
'
1. "#
%
"%!*""'#
!u"vu
%
v!
3
"!
,"
*
"1""
u
%
v!
"
!
"!
!
*
"!*"
!*'7
!"
!%!"
!
!
"!*
%
!
'
!*"!*"
"""
6
3
(Invitation for Bid, Iwp1
%
,Request for Proposal, RFP),
!,Request for Quatation, nwe13
"!!
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
"
'
!"%!!"!
!*!*"
""%!*""'"
%!"
"
"
"!
%
!"
"
,
!!
%
''1
(
"
%
""
"
!*"
"
!
"!
!
"
"'
!"%!!
"!*"
"!"
%
""
3*
"!
"'
*+
"%"
%
'!)
"!,
;
!
%
%
!
"!4
!=
%
4
<1
)
"!,
;
!
%
%
"
%
!%!*%
<1'
+
"
""'+
!
!
"
)
"
!*"',m
"
"
"
)
"
"
!
"'12
%!!
!
"!
'
(
6
4
&
%
"'
%
&
",
!
!1
#
*
"%&
%
"
*!
"!
'
4*"
'
%
"
!
"
*!
3
'
q"!
"%&
%
"
*!
"!
!'
3. 1
"!
%
"-
90'9'/'0'
2
"
!"
!"
"!
'
&"
4
%
" ,
%
1 !* "" ! "
"
! %! '
>3 !* " 7 "
"
"
"" !
7!"
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
1.
!
"
1.
!*
""
1.
2. +"!
+
"
"
-
1.
4
%
90'/'92*!"
%
1. "#!"-
90'0'/'9'
2. *#" "( ## (
!
*
! !* "*' ! "
"
!
* *
* !*
""'
@ !
! !"
"
"
!
' *"" "
"* !* "!* " !* "'
" * * %
" 3*
"!!
!
'
! " ! ! ! "
!
'
90'/'0=
!
"
%
'
1. *
##'+
"
" ,%
!"
! " "" &"! 1 !" "
! " " %
' ""
*
!*"",
*
"!
" ' '1' "
! "! ! "
! " ! " "
"
'
2. +
"
!*""%
!3
!* )"
" * * * * ! !* * * !* %*' (
!
"
"
!
"!
! "
!* "
)
" "g 3 "
"
!* "!* " "
""
"
!'
90'/'/2!*!
%
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
1. &
% 4
%
,' #%
%
"!* " " %
" -
90'0'/'91 !" "
!
" !
!"
"%%
""
'
"""
"
""
"*
""'
#*!&
2! " !* %
"
"!"' !"
!6
m
%
!
"
%
%
!
%
"
"
!
'
4
%
*
,*1 ,
1
"-
'
*"
"%
"
!
'
=
! " !
%
" " '
(
""
3"%
!"6
2! "
'
-%" " "
* %
"
"
""'
2 3
"!* )
" " 7 %
"' ( "
%
"! !* "" "
%
"
! !
'
2. 4
%
3. +
4. 2.
3.
4.
5.
+!
"!
""
3"
(
"!
90'U'92*!"!'
&
%!"-
90'/'/'9'
*!"-
90'0'/'0'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
2. +
?"
""
!
"
"
%
'
90'U'0'=
!
""!'
*" #"+!
"!""!
%
"
'
!!
%
"%%!
3
'
%
!
!"
"6
"
"
g"
"""g*
"
*
"
g!"
'
!*)
""!
"!!6
"!
""*,
!!*1"!*
,
1'
+!
"!&7!
"
!"
;"
""<'
!
!"
""3%"
"
.
##/#
!""
3"&7
"
"
!*
!*7
%
""!
'
>3"!*
"
6914"
""
%
"
'01-%"
&"
"%
!*""
%
"'/1$%
"
'U1"
""'
2
"
!*
""!
"
'
(
"%
"
"
%
"
!
%
"
%
'
5#"*)
""&"%
"""
!
"
%
!':
!
"!*
*!
S[o
"
"!
!"
"
"
"S[o'
(
"!
%
!"
;%<'
90'U'/'2!*!"!'
*'+&7"!"
3
!"
"
!
&
' *#
/
%
#'3
%
!
!
!!,
"
1%
'
%
!"!3
'$3"
"
"
!
%
!"
3
'
(
"
!
!
!
"
%
"!"
,
7
"
"
%
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
2"
**
"
%
"
"
!!"
!"
"
!%'2
3*
"
!*
"
!
%
%
"
3
'
0
-""&7
!"!
"
"
"!
"'
2!*
*%
"
!"""!"
""
"
"
"!
"'>
"(/
"
"(/#
("(
#
"(
#.
-"""
"
"*
"$"
4
"!*3
*
"!*"7*
""
"
' "*"*
"
"
!%
"
!
"!%
"
!
!'4
!
$"
4
!
%!
"6
2!
"-
U'0"
"
"
'
4
"
!
"-
9P'/
%"
"
*
"!
'
+
"!"-
Z'/
""
%
"
!
+
!"-
U'/
!
!
""
%
!!"
%!,!"
!*
*'
-""%
""
'$"!
%!!
!"
%!"
"
%
!
"!
'
1. +
2. -
!
3. :!
4. ""
1. 2. 4
"
"!
3. !
1. +
2. 3. :!
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
90'8'9'2*!"""'
*'"-
90'U'/'9'
+"-
!"&
!!!
&
"
"!
"
!"
3
!*
%
&"!
,-
U'0'
"
3
"!
1'
.":!
""
"
'
@"
"
"
3
"
%
""
'!
&
"!*
"
"
""
'
##4"%
"
"
"
!"!
'#
"
,"
%"
,
!
"
'
12.5.0'=
!
"""'
!
'"
%
%" ,
!
3
!*""""
%
,
*!
"
'
%!
""
,-
4.3.)
&
#
"
"
!
7
""
'
4
"
%!!
"!"
"!
'
3. "4
%"!""*
!!
"
"*"&
'2!*
*3%
""
%
""
%
'2
%""
"
!"
%
'
90'8'/2!*!""'
*
$"
"
!*
""
'+
%
"!
2. ,"
%
!
"
%
!
1
*
"
"
!""
'
2
"
"
"
"
!'
."
"
3
%
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
2
""
!"!*
!"
%'
1
*
:!
*%
"
!
,-
9P'U1"
"
%
,!""!
""
"
l1
"
!
,"
%
!*
"
*""
"1'
$"
!"
!!'
-
"&7!!'
1. +
1. 4"
"
1. +
*"
2. q
!
90'A'9'2*!"!
'
*
+
"
,
"
1
%
"
%"
,
"!
"
%
!
"
*
"
"
""
!
!,
!!*"!*
'
90'A'0=
!
"!'
1. &##4"
"&7"
"""'
m
"
"
"!"
*"
"!
*
)
""7
&
'
90'A'/'2!*!!'
*
(#'4!
"!*
%
!"
"
"
!
,
-
9P'U'/'1
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
?"'?"
"
!
""%
"
"
%
!'#
"!
!!
!"
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
"+
B'4
"
"
$"
4
>' "2"
"":
$"
4
2'-
!"!
V'+
'-3
@'
!
"
x'+!*
$"
4
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
iii
+
2+
! ! ! " "
"
"
4"
"$"
4
"
9../'
+,1234
!
!rfF&7
!
"!
!
!
!"
!
"
"
6
4#
##
.#.
0#
.#.
!
!!"
!7
rfF
"
V! 4
-" rfF' !
! !
! "! rfF ! *
'
!
!!"""
" ;+
!* < (?Code of Good Practice for Standartization?) ! =
%
,FS[1'
+5($
"
!
! !
" ! "
! rfF!"
6
- %
' %
%
%
'
"
%
"
"
3
' @ %
"
"!3
! %
"!
" "
%
%
4"
"rfF'
%"
"*
!
!!"
'
+ " "
%
"
"
%
" ' %
* * " ' (
"
!* " 3
+ # (Exposure Draft). " ! "*"rfF
-
"
'
- "
" 7 + 4 rfF %
"
"+"3
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
-"
!"
*
' +% -
"
" * !
%! ! "
"
'
2 !
"
"
"
"*
' @ "%
%
"! "
-
"
'2
%
!
!
! +4- "
%
' +
%
1"
""
"!
"
1"
"1
""
!
-
"
'
+6
"
!
! !
" * !"
6
? "
%
"
" rfF " "
rfF' / * " ' @ " "! " %
+4
"%!*"3
"
'
4
%
% " "
%
"% & "
" ! % "
%
4"
"rfF"
*"!*""'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
3++
!
7,8"$
rfF ! " " 9.A. " " 3
" *!*
"
" !* * !
' + "
"
& " =
" 9.5A 3%
!
*!
%! ! "!
!<' 2 " 7 "
" "!
$"
4
'
" 9.Z9 4"
" rfF *!* " * % "
' 4
%
"/*6
!
*
,71'
%
",!1'
4
!*%
,
1'
2"
%
!
"
V"
7
, B1' *
"6
? Matthew H. Parry, Chair ? Charles E. Oliver
? David C. Aird ? William H. Robinson
? Frederick R. Fisher ? Douglas J. Ronson
? David Haeney ? Paul Sims
? Harvey Kolodney ? Eric W. Smythe
V
08"
""
!*
'
$"
%
7!"
"23
""
?B
'
"
"
!
7
"!*"
*!y%"
Dave Mac-Donald,
\KzI {MJ]KG pMb S|IG}I pMb ~KNN fKHH rKJJc' "
"
!7
"!*"
*
"
\KzI ~KIGIc KJJc ~KJJLaMG' ! ! ! V
$"
B' B
! John Adams " $"
:+!"
!
"!
4
!*=
%
"4
,rfr1"" Dean Martin.
-
!
B!"!"
" Project Management Journal
""
9.Z/'
"6
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
+
7
!
%
'
! % A "!* 6 "
"
"
"
"
" "
"
"
'
-"" ,"
" "
!
"
!"
1 ,"
"
!*
1'
"
3
%"(!*4B
rfF' fKaHIJ \I^JII $"
+! $"
4
!
" " 9.Z/ "! 4
! =
%
4
,rfr1 !
""9.ZU'
75
,9:;:<
4 " B %
"
!
" rfF " "' 2 9.ZU 4"
" rfF "
"
; "
"
'''' "
"* * B<' :
! " A " ! A
! ' +
" &
9.Z8!"'
2 7* "
! ! " "
%
4"
"rfF"
""Project Management Journal""
9.ZA
'!
"!7"
!6
? R. Max Wideman, Chair (during development)
? William Kane
? John R. Adams, Chair (when issued)
? Colin Morris
? Joseph R. Beck
? Joe Muhlberger
? Peter Bibbes
? Philip Nunn
? Jim Blethen
? Pat Patrick
? Richard Cockfield
? David Pym
? Peggy Day
? Linn C. Stuckenbruck
? William Dixon
? George Vallance
? Peter C. Georgas
? Larry C. Woolslager
? Shirl Holingsworth
? Shakir Zuberi
2 3
" * !
""!
6
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
"! $"
4
! ! "3
%
"
3%
%"
%
'
$"
! "
" * 3
'
$"
i" ! "
" *
3
'
"
"
"
!"
3
"
*"4"
" rfF "
" 9.Z5 ' ! ! "
!
"
!;#
#<""
9.Z5
'
76
%
,99;
%
!
%!
"!*!*
"rfF
% " "
9.Z5 ' 2 "
9..9 "
rfFB
"
"
"
!*
"'4
!
!""
*
3
3 !**"
* * & * rfF "
4
'
2"
9..U+
r{fF"! -"
!!
""
9PPPP
rfF"
0P*
!*
*
*'
! "
"
3
" " 9..9 '
"!
!
!"%
2'+9..A
9.Z5""
"
"
9..A'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
**
!"
"""!
"
7
'
rfF
%'
,#
!+
rfF""
"
rfp[�6
? William R. Duncan, Duncan?Nevison, Director of Standards
? Frederick Ayer, Defense Systems Management College
? Cynthia Berg, Medtronic Micro-Rel
? Mark Burgess, KnowledgeWorks
? Helen Cooke, Cooke & Cooke
? Judy Doll, Searle
? Drew Fetters, PECO Energy Company
? Brian Fletcher, ABRINN Project Management Services
? Earl Glenwright, A.S.S.I.S.T.
? Eric Jenett, Consultant
? Deborah O?Bray, Manitoba Telephone System
? Diane Quinn, Eastman Kodak Co.
? Anthony Rizzotto, Miles Diagnostics
? Alan Stretton, University of Technology, Sydney
? Douglas E. Tryloff, TASC
51
2
"
+
"
"!
!*"6
? John Adams, Western Carolina University (V"/4
!"
)
? Keely Brunner, Ball Aerospace (V"5$"
"
)
? Louis J. Cabano, Pathfinder, Inc. (V"8$"
)
? David Curling, Loday Systems (V"90$"
""
)
? Douglas Gordon, Special Projects Coordinations (V"5$"
"
)
? David T. Hulett, D.T. Hulett & Associates (V"99$"
"
)
? Edward Ionata, Bechtel/Parsons Brinckerhoff (V"9P$"
"
)
? John M. Nevison, Duncan?Nevison (V".$"
"
"
)
? Hadley Reynolds, Reynolds Associates (V"0+
"
)
? Agnes Salvo, CUNA Mutual Insurance (V"99$"
"
)
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
? W. Stephen Sawle, Consultants to Management, Inc. (V"8$"
)
? Leonard Stolba, Parsons, Brinckerhoff, Douglas & Quade (V"Z$"
""
)
? Ahmet Taspinar, MBP Network (V"A$"
"
"
)
? Francis M. Webster (V"9
)
6($
2
+
"
"
!"
6
? Edward L. Averill, Edward Averill & Associates
? A.C. ?Fred? Baker, Scott, Madden & Associates
? F.J. ?Bud? Baker, Wright State University
? Tom Belanger, The Sterling Planning Group
? John A. Bing, Coastline Community College
? Brian Bock, Ziff Desktop Information
? Paul Bosakowski, Fluor Daniel
? Dorothy J. Burton, Management Systems Associates, Ltd.
? Cohort ?93, University of Technology, Sydney
? Cohort ?94, University of Technology, Sydney
? Kim Colenso, Applied Business Technologies
? Samuel K. Collier, Mead Corporation
? Karen Condos-Alfonsi, PMI Executive Office
? E.J. Coyle, VDO Yazaki
? Darlene Crane, Crane Consulting
? Russ Darnall, Fluor Daniel
? Maureen Dougherty, GPS Technologies
? John J. Downing, Digital Equipment Corporation
? Daniel D. Dudek, Optimum Technologies, Inc.
? Lawrence East, Westinghouse
? Quentin W. Fleming, Primavera Systems, Inc.
? Rick Fletcher, Acres
? Greg Githens, Maxicomm Project Services, Inc.
? Leo Giulianeti, Keane Inc.
? Martha D. Hammonds, AMEX TSG Systems
? Abdulrazak Hajibrahim, Bombardier
? G. Alan Hellawell, Eastman Kodak
? Paul Hinkley, Meta Consultants
? Wayne L. Hinthorn, PMI Orange Co.
? Mark E. Hodson, Eli Lilly & Company
? Lew Ireland, L.R. Ireland Associates
? Elvin Isgrig, North Dakota State University
? Murray Janzen, Procter & Gamble
? Frank Jenes
? Walter Karpowski, Management Assoc.
? William F. Kerrigan, Bechtel International, Inc.
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
? Harold Kerzner, Baldwin-Wallace College
? Robert L. Kimmons, Kimmons-Asaro Group Ltd., Inc.
? Richard King, AT&T
? J.D. ?Kaay? Koch, Koch Associates
? Lauri Koskela, VTT Building Technology
? Richard E. Little, Project Performance Management
? Lyle W. Lockwood, Universal Technology Inc.
? Lawrence Mack, PMI Pittsburgh
? Christopher Madigan, Sandia National Laboratories
? Michael L. McCauley, Integrated Project Systems
? Hugh McLaughlin, Broadstar Inc.
? Frank McNeely, National Contract Management Association
? Pierre Menard, University of Quebec at Montreal
? Rick Michaels
? Raymond Miller, AT&T
? Alan Minson, A&R Minson
? Colin Morris, Delcan Hatch
? R. Bruce Morris
? David J. Mueller, Westinghouse
? Gary Nelson, Athena Consulting Inc.
? John P. Nolan, AACE International
? Louise C. Novakowski, Cominco Engineering Services, Ltd.
? James O?Brien, O?Brien-Kreitzberg
? JoAnn C. Osmer, Arbella Mutual Insurance Co.
? Jon V. Palmquist, Allstate Insurance
? Matthew Parry, Target Consultants
? John G. Phippen, JGP Quality Services
? Hans E. Picard, P&A Consultants Corporation
? Serge Y. Piotte, Cartier Group
? PMI, Houston Chapter
? PMI, Manitoba Chapter
? PMI, New Zealand Chapter
? Charles J. Pospisil, Procon, Inc.
? Janice Y. Preston, Pacifica Companies
? Mark T. Price, GE Nuclear Energy
? Christopher Quaife, Symmetric Resources
? Peter E. Quinn, Canadian Air Force
? Steven F. Ritter, Mead Corporation
? William S. Ruggles, Ruggles & Associates
? Ralph B. Sackman, Levi Strauss & Co.
? Alice Sapienza, Simmons College
? Darryl M. Selleck
? Melvin Silverman, Atrium Associates, Inc.
? Roy Smith, Decision Planning Corp.
? Craig T. Stone, Management Counseling Corp.
? Hiroshi Tanaka, JGC Corporation
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
? Robert Templeton, MW Kellogg
? Dick Thiel, King County (WA) DPW
? Saul Thomashow, Andersen Consulting
? J. Tidhar, Oranatech Management Systems Ltd.
? Vijay K. Verma, TRIUMF
? Janet Toepfer, Business Office Systems
? Alex Walton, Harris Corporation
? Jack Way, Simetra, Inc.
? R. Max Wideman, AEW Services
? Rebecca Winston, EG&G Idaho Inc.
? Hugh M. Woodward, Proctor & Gamble
? Robert Youker, Management Planning & Control Systems
? Shakir H. Zuberi, ICF Kaiser Engineers Hanford
? Dirk Zwart, Computer Sciences Corp.
=>
$"234
"
%!
+rfF6
? Jeannette M. Cabanis, Editor, Book Division
? Misty N. Dillard, Administrative Assistant
? Linda V. Gillman, Office Administrator
? Bobby R. Hensley, Publications Coordinator
? Jonathan Hicks, Systems Administrator
? Sandy Jenkins, Associate Editor
? Mark S. Parker, Production Coordinator
? Dewey L. Messer, Managing Editor
? Danell Moses, Marketing Promotion Coordinator
? Shirley B. Parker, Business/Marketing Manager
? Melissa Pendergast, Information Services Coordinator
? James S. Pennypacker, Publisher/Editor-In-Chief
? Michelle Triggs, Graphic Designer
? Lisa Woodring, Administrative Assistant
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
$
V"9'
2"
1. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition.
1992. Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Company.
2. Turner, J. Rodney. 1992. The Handbook of Project-Based Management. New
York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill.
V"0'
+
"
1. Morris, Peter W.G. 1981. Managing Project Interfaces: Key Points for Project
Success. In Cleland and King, Project Management Handbook, Second Edition. En-glewood
Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.
2. Murphy, Patrice L. 1989. Pharmaceutical Project Management: Is It Differ-ent?
Project Management Journal (September).
3. Muench, Dean. 1994. The Sybase Development Framework. Oakland, Calif.:
Sybase Inc.
4. Kotter, John P. 1990. A Force for Change: How Leadership Differs from Man-agement.
New York, N.Y.: The Free Press.
5. Pfeffer, Jeffrey. 1992. Managing with Power: Politics and Influence in Organi-zations.
HBS Press. Quoted in [6].
6. Eccles, Robert, et al. 1992. Beyond the Hype. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard
University Press.
7. International Organization for Standardization. 1994. Code of Good Practice
for Standardization (Draft International Standard). Geneva, Switzerland: ISO Press.
8. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition.
1992. Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Company.
V"/'
4
!$"
4
1. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition.
1992. Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Company.
V"U'$"
!
"
'
+
"
V"8'$"
1. Turner, J. Rodney, op cit, Ch. 1.
0'4cL^Gf'�zIG'9../'C\I}LaLMGS`||MJHScaHI]侻Jn僜rJM処}HSI&NI}HLMG
and Resource Allocation Under Uncertainty. Project Management Journal
(December).
3. Scope Definition and Control, Publication 6?2, p. 45. 1986 (July). Austin,
Tex.: Construction Industry Institute
V"A'$"
"
"
+
"
'
V"5'$"
"
+
"
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
)
V"Z'$"
""
1. International Organization for Standardization. 1993. Quality?Vocabulary
(Draft International Standard 8402). Geneva, Switzerland: ISO Press.
2. Ibid.
3. Ibid.
4. Ibid.
5. Ibid.
V".'$"
"
"
+
"
'
V"9P'$"
"
+
"
'
V"99'$"
"
+
"
'
V"90'$"
""
+
"
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
/*4
!
?,8
"'
!
3
*!
!
"
,
%
1 !
" ! "
* " * '-3
!*
%6
$!
!!
! %
!
% "!"
7
"'
!
! 3 7
" " "!
,
!
!
1'
4 !
!* " " ""i
"&!*
*
"
%
!
!
"'(
6
2 "
"
! "! " "!
"!
"
*
"'
2 * " "!"!
! %
!
*"
*
"'
2 "
"
!* * !
"
"
!
!
!"
*
"'
2
"
"!
"
"
%
"
3
%!
!*
"'
-3
" " " 9 & 90 *' -3
%! ! "! " "
" "
!* !%
'2!*
*%
%
!
*
!
! -
!
! !
"
"
" " " 7
! !
"'
?5#
$
-3
!" * !
"
6
@ "
! )
!
&
"!!
!'
"
,
V * " rfF *
1 *
"
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
"
"
! % rfF " "
"
'
!!
%
%
"
"
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
5%*&
-
$"
4
& 7 " "!
' 4
!
%
"
!
! !
! ! "
'
@,%
"
$"
4
匓,rfFRSC1'B
6
Project Management Institute Phone: 610/734-3330
130 South State Road Fax: 610/734-3266
Upper Darby, PA 19082 E-mail: pmieo@ix.netcom.com
USA World Wide Web: www.pmi.org
2
rfF
"!
"
6
AACE International
Phone: 304/296-8444 Fax: 304/291-5728
.2+
Australian Institute of Project Managers (AIPM)
Phone: +61-02-9960-0058 Fax: +61-02-9960-0052
.++%.
Construction Management Association of America (CMAA)
Phone: 703/356-2622 Fax: 703/356-6388
6+.+ +2")
Engineering Advancement Association of Japan (ENAA)
Phone: +81-3-3502-4441 Fax: +81-3-3502-5500
2*/*42"
Institute of Industrial Engineers (IIE)
Phone: 770/449-0460 Fax: 770/263-8532
2+2
Institute of Project Management (IPM-Ireland)
Phone: +353-1-661-4677 Fax: +353-1-661-3588
7")+.++
International Project Management Association (IPMA)
Phone: +45-45-76-46-76 Fax: +45-45-76-80-20
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
$2+84)+
Korean Institute of Project Management and Technology (PROMAT)
Phone: +822-510-5835 Fax: +822-510-5380
.++
Performance Management Association (PMA)
Phone: 714/443-0373 Fax: 714/443-0374
2+$*
Project Management Institute of Canada
Phone: Fax: 403/281-3068
+.++
Russian Project Management Association (SOVNET)
Phone: +7-095-133-24-41 Fax: +7-095-131-85-29
9.+.++
Western Australian Project Management Association, Inc. (WAPMA)
Phone: 619/383-3849 Fax: 619/383-3849
2
"
%
"*""
!**!
"
'(
6
.!:$+$&
American Society for Quality Control
2%*/
Construction Industry Institute
;%+.++
National Association for Purchasing Management
;%+.++$
National Contract Management Association
!:+<&
Society for Human Resource Management
.!:2"=:)%
American Society of Civil Engineers
#
7***"
%
"
!
""3
'
@5#
$"
=
" $"
4
"
!
' +
" !
"6
Addison-Wesley
AMACOM
Gower Press
John Wiley & Sons
Marcel Dekker
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
McGraw-Hill
Prentice-Hall
Probus
Van Nostrand Reinhold
>3"$47*
"%
rfF'=
!
"
!*
"*"3!
'
@6(
+ "
!
! ! " "
!' rfF
%
*
%
"rfF{IH哅J噂*!
!"
!"*
!*"@'9'
@=$"
=
"
!
%
%
!
"
!
!$4
%! !' (!
7* " %
! %
' rfF %
* " rfF
Network.
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
$! ! "
A
4-
"
! "
! "!
!*7
"
'2
6
- &"
" * " " *
"
"
!
"
!"!
'
2!
&
"!
"
!*"
'
&
"
"
'
A
"&
4-
"
!"
!
*!
!
"""
!
!
!!
*!
3"!
'2
6
&
%
'
4"
j "
%
"!
3
"
'
& "!* " 3
"
!
!
3
'
4"
%
j ! '
+ & " '
.
A
4-
"
!"
!
!
"
"
"
3
'2
6
"!&
*
"!
*"!%
!*
"
'
$"
"
j
"
""
%'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
%
& "" "
*!* "!
!'
- & "
%
*
"
*
"
"!
'
+&
"
,1
'
A
"&
4-
"
!"
!
*!
"!
"*"
%
'2
6
4"
"&
!,"
!1"*
"*
*!
3"
3
'
&
"
*!*"!
'
- %
& !* ! '
+&
%
'
A
4-
"
!"
!
*!
"
"
%!
!*!
'
2
6
4"
"&
"
"*
"
"
"'
" & "!
"
%
"
"!
"'
+
"&
!
* "
" " "! * "
"
"
"
"!
'
A
4-
"
!"
!
*!
7
""
""!*"
'2
6
"
&
"
"
"
3
"
'
4
"&
"!
'
-"
! & "
"!* "!* "!" 3
"!
'
A
4-
"
!"
!
*!
"
"
"
*
%
'2
6
4"
&
"
"
*6%"
%!
"
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
-
&
"
*
"
'
4
"
& *
"!
" "
' 2
"
'
B"
"
3
& " "
3
'
.
A
4-
"
! "
! "!
"
"
'2
6
& "!* ! !* " "!
"
*
%*'
& "!
"
" ! "
"
"!*!
"%!*
"
'
- " " & ! "
"
!* ! %
"%
!*!"!
**
'
+
""!
!&
"
%
"
*"!
'
A
4-
"
!"
!
"""
&
'2
6
4"
","1&
"'
4"
%
& "
" !*"'
4
%
& ** " !* %
%
"'
2!&"!
!*"""'
-""&
"
3
"'
:!
& "
3
!
" 3
"
* !*
""'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
>?.2@
V
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
iv
B
V?B-�
,&
&
!"
"
!!
6
$! ! %
%
,
!
1'
(
%
%
!
!
"%
%
"
"
!
"
" ,
1'
!"
"
"
6
!
! ! ,
6 &
!""
"%1'
#
! !* " %
%
*
"
"
,
61'
"!
!
!*
*"!*
'
"
"
,
*"
"
&
1'
+
"!3
!*"
!"
"
6
>3" " * $"
4
$"
2
" '' " !* " 7* "* *
"
!%
%
'
=
!$"
+
"4
''7
!"
"
""
"%'
3
" " * $"
O
"
-
"
$"
-"
$"
+"
'' 3" " !* " !* * "
!*""
"%'
3
" " * $"
4
$"
4" + " '' "
!*"!*
*
'
5
ACWP
AD
ADM
AF
AOA
AON
AS
BAC
BCWP
BCWS
q
!"!
("
!
=
"!*
,16;-!j<
q
-&
-&"
3
q
>%
"
3
4""!
!*
4""!*
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
CCB
CPFF
CPIF
CPI
CPM
CV
DD
DU
EAC
EF
ES
ETC
EV
FF
FFP
FPIF
FS
"
+"
"
"%
,1
+"
"%
!
"!
!*
=
-
!*
4%
"
3
"
3
"!
!*
"!
"";
&
<
#"
"
+ " "%
!
:";
&(<
GERT C
%
$./
IFB
LF
LOE
LS
MPM
OBS
PC
PDM
PERT
PF
PM
PMBOK
PMP
PS
QA
QC
RAM
RDU
RFP
RFQ
SF
SOW
SPI
SS
SV
TC
TF
TS
43
$"
"
!%
%
!
"
3
!
V
3
"";!j"
3!<
#
*
!,
1
"
4%
%
4%
%
>%
%
4
"%
%
4"
"
+
"
=
"
"
"3%
:
%
:
!
%
-
";(&
<
&
!
""!
-
";(&(<
"
""
3
""
""
3
"
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
TQM
WBS
"
"
6
=
!* " " 3
" !*
*
"!
'
4"
"
6
#
!"!
!
"7
@ "
! ! " %
"
,
'#").
"
!*
"!
"
!
!
"
,
'%
#").
D**EFGHIJKLKHMNIHOKP
''##
D*HKQKHMR( "!
!"
"
'-!
%
%
!
!' -
-
'
Activity definition - ' *
"!
*"!%
!*
"
'
Activity description (AD) - 8$
'+
"
"
"
'!
,
%
1!'
Activity Duration Estimating ? !
" ' ""
"
*!*"!
!'
Activity on Arrow .++/ ? ( ' ,
# # "
<"8
=.
D*HKQKHM SG TEUV .+T/ R ('
' @ /##
"<"8#/"=
Actual Cost of Work Performed (ACWP) - W
$ & "!,!
"
!
1"!
!"
"
''%
#""(.
Actual Finish Date (AF) - W
=
"
!
' ,46 2 !* * %
"!
"
3
'1
Actual Start Date (AS) - W
=
"
!
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Administrative Closure - +
$'
4" "
3
'
Application Area ? 1% !
+
" !
7
!
"
" * *' 4!
! " * ,
*% * !3
! 1 ,
"
"
3
"
"
!
1'
!%
'
Arrow - ?./V
"
!','%
ADM).
Arrow Diagramming Method (ADM) - =
"
" " ! "
! " "
,
1' ;h"< ! ;
< & ,
%
! "
"
1' -! " * !"
!* "
3 ,1
,! %
!* " * %"1 "
"
%!"!!
!''%
PDM.
As-of-Date - '+
"(
Backward Pass - ' -
" * * "
3
!* "
* ' "
%!!"
3
!
'
"
3
%
!"!
(
"
"
"
"''%
#.
XIOYZIOHR[
.
%
/ 'V
%
" ' 2 ! ! !
7
!
"
*"
"
!!""
*!
%
%
""
!*
,1"3
"
!*""
"'#%
!"
@.
XI\VLKGV R 7$
"' *! "
"!* ' 4
"!
,"
%
!1 , !1 "!
,!
1 ' ! !;<;<;<
"!
''
Baseline Finish Date - 7$
''#
.
Baseline Start Date - 7$
''#
.
Budget at Completion (BAC) - 7&!$'
"
3
'
Budget Estimate - &!''
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Budgeted Cost of Work Performed (BCWP) ? " "!* ," !
!!
!1 ! , 1
"!
!* " "
"
,! 1' '
%
#""(.
Budgeted Cost of Work Scheduled (BCWS) ? " $
.
"!* ," !!
1 ! , 1
!* "!
" " "
,! 1''%
#""(
Calendar Unit - # ' (
3 "
"
'+
!
!"""**
* %
! "
! " * %
" *' 4
"
"!**%
%
'
Change Control Board (CCB) - 1 & $ $
" "
"
" *
"
'
Change in Scope - -$
'
.
Chart of Accounts - 1 ' ? " " %"
,
6 " !1' *
" !"!"
*
"
''%
#.
YZIOHVORA''#.
Code of Accounts - # ' ? " " %7
"
''%
(#.
Communications Planning - ' !* !*
"
'
Concurrent Engineering ? # !
' 4* "
" " "
3
7
"' O #".
Contingencies ? 8
$ ''##
#
"(.
Contingency Allowance ? ?
$ ''.
Contingency Planning ? $ ' - "
! "!
!
%
"
*
"%
"!*!'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Contingency Reserve - ($ " ' "
"
3
* "%!* !
!
"! 3 , !"
!
u"
! "
v1' (
!
" " * )
"
'
-
"! "
!
" " "
"
'
!
""
"
"
% "!
' ! " " *! "
'
YEGHOI*H R #' 3
!"
4"
" "
! 4
& ' +! " "
3
6
+"
' ""
"
!
" ! " ' 4 "!
" " ! "
! !
"! %
"!
!* * "!
'
+! "
' " "
,
"
1 !* ' :! ! -
!
! ,! !
"
" ! 1 "
!
! ,
" "%
!
" ! "!
"!
1'+"
!
!!!""
3
!*
' +! "
" " !
"! %
"!
!* * "!
'
!'
+!
'+"
"
,
6 Q5P !* Q9'PZ 1'
"
" " *!* "
3
!'
Contract Administration - (' "
3
"'
Contract Close-out - 0
' :"
3
!
"
3
"
*!*""'
Control ? #"' 4
"
"!
"! "%!*
"
"
* (
#"
%
!*
""
'
Control Charts - #"%
' %
"
"
"
3
!"
'
*
u
v
"
"
'
Corrective Action - #
& ' "!
"
"!
""
"
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Cost Budgeting ? ($ &!' -
!* !
'
Cost control - #"$'+
*%
'
YE\H]\HKNIHKG^R
'
"
*!*"!
,
"
1'
Cost of Quality - 1
"':!
*!
%
"
"' " "
"
" " "
!
!,"1'
Cost Performance Index (CPI) - - 3
! ,pDoriCDor1' DrF "
"
! "% "
" !6
" !
!iDrF W "
3
' ' %
#""(
Cost plus fixed fee contract (CPFF contract) - # $
$ &
%
$!
# "
"
!
! ,
!
1 " "
!
,1'
Cost plus incentive fee contract (CPIF contract) - # $
$! &
" $!
# "
"
!
%,
!
1"
!
!*
""!
'
Cost variance (CV) - ,91 ? % "!
%
',012ECn{E\tCRE&pDor
CDor' 2 "!
!* 6 !'
Crashing ? 1!
' 2!
" %
" " %
%
3**'
Critical Activity - #
' - % ' 2
3"
"
",
* &.
Critical Path - #
"' 2 " ,
1 & "
"
3
' +
"
"
" " "
3 ! %
"!*
"'h!
"!
"
%
!
%
"( " # +
! "
!
""
!*
3
"
"
"
''
.
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Critical Path Method .Y23/ ' #
* " "
,1 %
"
, 1 3 "
##' -
"! (
"
"
! '
4
"! (
"
!
"
3
'
Current Finish Date - C ' " "
3
! " "
'
Current Start Date C ' " ! " "
'
Data Date .__/ ? ($
' #
"
! ,
1 !
* ,"!*1 !*' (!"
%
;
<'
_V`KGKHKQV]\HKNIHV"''
Deliverable ? ($"?
!
!
!;"!*<
! %
! "
3
' !
" 3
"
3 !
"
)
"
%
'
Dependence ? 0
"'' /A##B.
Dummy Activity - W
'-
"%
#"C\f'q"!
!
"
! " ! !!* &' q"!
!!"
""
'
_FOIHKEG ._a/ R !
""' O * " ,
" !1
*!*"
3
!7
'
!"!%"***
*''%
.
Duration Compression - 1!
!
"
' %
'%
%
"
"%
"
'
Early Finish Date .]b/?
'2
"%! "
"
3
!
! , 1 !
"
3
! * ' !
"!
"
" '
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Early Start Date .]c/ ? ' 2 "%!
"
"
3
!
!,
1!!
!* ' ! "!
"
"
'
Earned Value (EV) R 1 " ' ,91 =
*
"!
' !"
)
"!* "!
!
"!
'
6"
"''%
CDorpDoSpDorDt
DrFStSrF',014""!
!!'
Early Value Analysis - +
$
.'
,91"
#""(ACDB
Effort ? A
' +
" "!* *!* "
3
! &7
'!"!%
"*
"
&*"
"
&
**
*"
!*
'(
%.
Estimate ? ' -
"%!* "
!* "' ! %
7
"' % "
" "
& ,
�hs1' ! " !*
* ,
"
"
1' (
!
!
%
!
!
" "
!
!,
6
"
!
%
"
%"!*
!*
*1'
Estimate At Completion .]DY/ R $ $'
& ' %
!!
'>3"
" " @B " " !
! "
"
"!
*
"!
'#%
"
u
"
3
v'O
@BW
q
! ! T @#' ' %
#""(
.
Estimate to Complete .@C1/ $ $'
' %
*"
3
!!
'>3"
"
" @# " " ! " " "!
*
"!
' #%
"
u
"
3
v' ' %
#""(
#/
Event-on-Node 1
'
' #
* " " " !
"
! " "
"
3 %
!* %
! ! "
%!"!'
"&3+$.
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Exception Report - '
""!
,""
*
1'
Expected Monetary Value - !
! "' -
"
"
!!!
!'(
"
8Ps
"
%%!"Q9PP%
!
%!
!7%&Q8P,P'8奞9PP1'
bI\H dOI*eKG^ R A
' %
"
"!
!
!"!!
"
,
"
"1'
"% Finish Date - ?
'=
"
"
3
'!
" 6 "
"
'
Finish - to - Finish .bb/ 0
" f
g ' /#%
.
Finish - to- Start .bc/ 0
" f
8g ' /
#%
.
Firm Fixed Price contract - # %
.bb2/ # " ,
1"
"
%
'
Fixed Price Contract - # %
' ' + #
#"
Fixed Price Incentive Fee contract (FPIF) - # %
&
" $!
$ $" # %
%
!* " "!
'
bLEIH R ($' +
" "
%
! % ! "
3
' -
" j 7 "
" ' %
"!
%
"
"
'
6
"!
"
"''
%
#
"#
Forecast Final Cost - $
''#/.
Forward Path - 4
"!
!*
"
*
''%
#"(
.
bOI^GVHW
'
.
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Free Float (FF) - 1 $' +
" "
%
! %
"!
!
!
"
!''%
#.
Functional Manager - W
" !' =
%
"
"
! ! "
" ,
6 % ""
1'
Functional Organization - W
"
$
'"
* " ,
6 "" % *
"!3
"g % "
*
7
''1'
Gantt Chart - B%
B''" .
Grade ? #
' " * "
,
6 1 * !
" " ,
6
!!!1'
Graphical Evolution and Review Technique .h]id/C
%
$
./#
*
" "
"!
"
!
," '' "!
1 3
,
6 !
! ! "!
!1'
Hammock ? B'B
,!""!*
*
"
3
!
"
"
*
"
1'#%
%
"
"
'%
.
Hanger ? ' (
!"
" " ' !"! !
"!!"
*"
'
Information Distribution - (
%
' 4
"
*
"
'
4GKHKIHKEG R -
' 4
%
'
4GHV^OIHVU YE\Hjc*ZVUFLV OVkEOHKG^ 1 " $j%
''#""(
Invitation for bid .4bX/
'
'2
7""
%' " !* !* * %
'
Key Event Schedule - (
&
'',;.
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Lag ? 0!' = * 3
"
% "
% ' (
" " ; ; 5= %9P
%
!
*
9P
"
3
3
"
!''%
%.
Late Finish Date .lb/?$
'2
!
"
%
! "
3
% "
!* "
"
3
!*!,!6!
1'
Late Start Date .lc/ ? $ ' 2 ! "
%
!
%"
!*""
3
!*!,!6!
1'
lVIU R !
' = * 3
"
% !' (
6 " " ;
& (< %
" 9P %
! 9P 3
"''%
%.
Level of Effort .lm]/ A" ' - %
"
"
,
"
%"
1
"
'2
*
!"
"
"
'
Leveling - ''4"## %##.
lK`VYM*LV YE\HKG^ R !
$ ' +
"
"
"
"
!*
"'
Line Manager - [
!' ,91 =
%
! "
"!"
',01 ?"
%.
lKGeR$
$"'' /.
Logic ? [
''# .
Logic Diagram - [
''#
.
Logical Relationship - [
'
.$
$
/ ' :" % "
% "! !
' ' %
/
/##' O
! "%! * 3
,""
1
"6
;
&(<6
3
"%
%
'
;
& <6 3
" % '
;(&(<6
3
"%
%
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
;( & <6 3
" % %
'
lEEk R n
' 4 * %
"
3 ,
1 "%!' m! " ! * " -= PERT' m!
"亄f丒nd'
Management Reserve - ($ ' "
"
"
" !
"%
, !"
!
u
"
!
"
v1' %
"
3
%
!*
" "
' "
" "
"
"
'
Master Schedule ? $
"
"
!
! ,7!1 "!
!' ' %
"("
Mathematical Analysis - $ ''#.
Matrix Organization - $
? " %
-
"
"
! %
" """
""
!*"
'
Milestone - #"
.fg/ :
!
"
!"
3
"!*
"'
Milestone Schedule R (
" -
"
%
!*!7"''%
;
3KHK^IHKEG 1
' 4
%
" %
"
" ! i %
'
Modern Project Management .(/ 1 ! ! #
! 3 %
%
,
"
" ''1 "
'
Monitoring R
!*
"
""!
!""
*"!
*"
"'
Monte Carlo Analysis R+
# #
*
"
"
"!
"
"'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Near-Critical Activity ( $ - 3 "
"
'
Network R1"'#
A
B
Network Analysis 1 $ 4
"
3
!*
''%
ECFGGERT.
Network Logic 1 ( "
% !
" # A
B " !
%!!"!
!'
Network Path 1 " ? !" "
"!* % "#
A
B.
TEUV R '
.$/' * g " ! "
" ,"
31' ' %
,
#"(
/##.
Order of Magnitude Estimate ''.
Organizational Breakdown Structure .mXc/ R ?$
$
.$
$
/ "!
'
Organizational Planning $
"
!*
"
"
3
'
Overall Change Control " $
+ " "
"
'
Overlap R
O
"
"
''%.
Parametric Estimating #
* " 3
%
!
!,
6
1 "!
'
Pareto Diagram ?
V"!
!
* !"
" ! "!" % !*
'
Path R " " "
!* "
3 , "
i!1"#
.
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Path Convergence #
.
/ 2 !* " %
%"
"
3
"!"7
'
2IHZbLEIH($
'#.
Percent Complete .2Y/ ? $' 2!%
" * )�
!!"!
'
Performance Reporting *
"!
"
"
'
Performing Organization -& $
"
""
!"
'
2]id YZIOH B%
.
/ @(C ! # A
"B
''PERT.
Phase RW$''.
Planning Finish Date .2b/?
'
Planning Start Date .2c/?'
Precedence Diagramming Method .2_3/ R B%
'
#
*
"!*"!
"
! ;"
3< ,
%1' -! "! % " /## !
"
"%!!"!
!'
Precedence Relationship '
'
#
" /## %
( /' 4 ! 3
3
"" 3
" & 3
"
,
" " /##).
Predecessor Activity '&,912
#"(
"*""
3,
1',012
3
""&uv'2**&
""!
!'
Procurement Planning ./ ' "'
Program R V ""!* " "
!
'4!!""
7
!"
'
Program Evaluation and Review Technique .2]id/ C
$ #
* " ;"
3!< & !' �96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
%
"! "
%
!* ' rEnd "!
%
'
Project R 2
'
2OEoV*H YZIOHVO A ! "!3
! "
%
" " ! "!
'
Project Communications Management A
-
%
%
"
!
!
"
' # ##(
#"
# "
Project Cost Management A
"& -
%
%
"
!
*!
"
%
%
'
# # # " % Project Human Resource Management A
-
%
%
" ! !
7
"
" ""
" ' #
#
"
2OEoV*H4GHV^OIHKEG3IGI^VNVGHA
-
%
%
" ! ! "
"
!* 7
" ' "* #" #
Project Life-Cycle p
$ (
"
!* "
!* % ""
!* "
'
Project Management .(/ ! ! "
"!" "
" * "!
%
"!3
%
"
'
Project Management Body Of Knowledge .23Xmq/7$$
!! !
!""*
%
%
'+
" * !* * ,
*
'1 > "" !
' rf p[� "
" "
!
! ! ! 3 " %
"""
"
!"
"
!'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Project Management Professional .((/ %
! ! ?
"
4%
=
%
,rfF1'
Project Management Software ! ! +
!*!*
""
*
"
'
Project Management Team #
O
! ! !
"
""
! " ! %
%
' 2 * * 7 %
""
"
*
"
".
Project Manager .(/! ?"
"
"
'
Project Network Diagram 1 ?
*
"
* ""
% ' 2
%
" " %
*
'O
;4@-#<'
Project Phase W$ ( ""!* " "
3
!*
"!*
"
'
Project Plan q! "
%
! ! "" "!
' "
"
" " !* %
3
" % " '4
%
!
!
!'
Project Plan Development ($ "
" *
""*"
"
!
"
!"!
'
Project Plan Execution -
"!
"
!*"
'
Project Planning -"%
'
Project Procurement Management A
-
%
%
"
!
!
""
"
2
"
####
%
%#"#
##"
#
Project Quality Management A
-
%
%
" " ! *!
"
"
!*!
'2
##
##
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Project Risk Management A
-
%
%
""
!"!
"
"
" " ' 2
# #
# # # # #
2OEoV*H c*ZVUFLV (
4"!
! "!
"!
!
!*,
"!*1!,;"
*<1''
Project Scope Management A
"& -
%
%
" " ! *!
" "
! "
!
! ! !
*! 3
"
3
' 2
# #%
Project Team Members r ? !
"
!
%
'
Projectized Organization R $
? "
%
!
"
"""
!*!"*
'
sFILKHM D\\FOIG*V .sD/ ,91 4
"!
"
%
"
" !
"',01
"
"
"'
sFILKHM YEGHOEL .sY/ #" ,91 4
! * "
" " "!
* "
" " "
"
"!
'01
"
"
"'
Quality Planning " " * ""
"'
iVNIKGKG^_FOIHKEG.i_a/'!
"" 2
*
"!
!'
Request for Proposal .ib2/ 0 !
.t
& !
/
# ! %
!
" " ' 2 !* %
* 7 %
'
Request for Quotation .ibs/ 0 !
2 7 7""
% " !* * %
%
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Reserve 0 ! 3
!* i "
!*
"!*""
'!
"!**,
6
# #
" (
" 1 !
*
!*""'
"
""'
Resource Leveling R1!
.
/ ? " "
3
" " " ,
6 ! ! "
"
!*
"1'
Resource Limited Schedule (
-
! !* % %
"' "
%!"
'
Resource Planning ! , "
!1"*
"*
*!"!
'
Responsibility Assignment Matrix .iD3/ """
"
,[pS1
,opS1 "
"
!* % '
Responsibility Chart 1
',
##.
Responsibility Matrix
##.
'
,
Retainage RA!
O!
%"
"
3
"!
"
*"'
Risk Event R(
!
"
"*3
3'
Risk Identification -
%
"!* ! !*
""!
'
Risk Quantification 2!
"
"!
"'
Risk Response Control #" -
"
%
"
*"!
'
Risk Response Development ($ -
! "
"
!* ! �96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
%
"% !* ! "!
* * '
S-Curve c$ V
%
" "
"!*
"!* " * "
!* ' ("
* S&
! " ,
" " 1 %
!
""
'
Schedule R(
+
!''
Schedule Analysis +
$
'###
Schedule Compression 1!
'%
%.
Schedule Control #" + " ,1
'
Schedule Development ($ B "
%
* " * "
"!
'
Schedule Performance Index .c24/ - $
3
" "!
! ! " "
,pDoripDoS1''#""(
Schedule Variance .cu/
,91-
%"!"
3
! "
3
' ,01 - #""(
#"(#pDorpDoS'
Schedule Finish Date .cb/R(
=
"
" "
3 ' -
! * "
"
%
'
Schedule Start Date .cc/ R ( =
"
"'-
!*"
"
%
'
Scope " " " "" !* %
!
"*
"
'
Scope Baseline 7$
4
"
%
*
''.
Scope Change -$
?!
"!
" ' ! '
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Scope Change Control #"
$
+
"
'
Scope Definition "!*
"
3
"
!
!
3
'
Scope Planning - "
"
%
"
6 "
"!
! %
!
3"
3
'
Scope Verification !
4
"
%
"
"
!
"
!
!"!
!"
"
'
Should-Cost Estimates " !*
%
'
Slack R1"#
!"4@-#"
#
Solicitation R
!
4
**"
!*
%
%
"'
Solicitation Planning !
"
"
!*"'
Source Selection 2! !* "" "'
Staff Acquisition !
'
Stakeholders R A
q
!
"
""
!"
!!!
"
'
Start Date ?=
"
"!!!
* 6 " ""
'
Start-to-Finish (SF) 0
"
f8
g ' /.
Start-to-Start (SS) 0
"
f88g ' /
Statement of Work .cmv/ ? %
""!*i"
!*""
"'
Subnet R " .% / 4%
" " ! !
"
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
cFJGVHwEOeRW
'
.
Successor Activity &-"!
" "
"!
3
"
!'
Target Completion Date .C1/ ?
$'
" "!
"
3
'
Target Schedule R?
./
'.
Task 0
.$/'.
Team Development ($
-"
"!* "!* "!" "3
"!
'
Team Members r'"
".
Time-Scaled Network Diagram 1 " .
/ ' ?
#
%
!
%
%
"!
'
"
7
"
'
Target Finish Date .db/ ?
$'
" !
"
3
'
Target Start Date .dc/ ?
" !
'
Total Float $'#.
Total Quality Management .ds3/ ! * "
!"!3
""'
Workaround R ?
" =
! " "
"
!
'
"
"%
"!'
Work Breakdown Structure .vXc/ 1 $
*
""!
!
' +%! %
"
! "
7
"!3
"
' %
!
'
Work Item ($'
.
Work Package %
"opS'=%
!!'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
& " '
.
A
4-
"
!"
!
!
"
"
"
3
'2
6
"!&
*
"!
*"!%
!*
"
'
$"
"
j
"
""
%'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
%
& "" "
*!* "!
!'
- & "
%
*
"
*
"
"!
'
+&
"
,1
'
A
"&
4-
"
!"
!
*!
"!
"*"
%
'2
6
4"
"&
!,"
!1"*
"*
*!
3"
3
'
&
"
*!*"!
'
- %
& !* ! '
+&
%
'
A
4-
"
!"
!
*!
"
"
%!
!*!
'
2
6
4"
"&
"
"*
"
"
"'
" & "!
"
%
"
"!
"'
+
"&
!
* "
" " "! * "
"
"
"
"!
'
A
4-
"
!"
!
*!
7
""
""!*"
'2
6
"
&
"
"
"
3
"
'
4
"&
"!
'
-"
! & "
"!* "!* "!" 3
"!
'
A
4-
"
!"
!
*!
"
"
"
*
%
'2
6
4"
&
"
"
*6%"
%!
"
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
-
&
"
*
"
'
4
"
& *
"!
" "
' 2
"
'
B"
"
3
& " "
3
'
.
A
4-
"
! "
! "!
"
"
'2
6
& "!* ! !* " "!
"
*
%*'
& "!
"
" ! "
"
"!*!
"%!*
"
'
- " " & ! "
"
!* ! %
"%
!*!"!
**
'
+
""!
!&
"
%
"
*"!
'
A
4-
"
!"
!
"""
&
'2
6
4"
","1&
"'
4"
%
& "
" !*"'
4
%
& ** " !* %
%
"'
2!&"!
!*"""'
-""&
"
3
"'
:!
& "
3
!
" 3
"
* !*
""'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
>?.2@
V
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
iv
B
V?B-�
,&
&
!"
"
!!
6
$! ! %
%
,
!
1'
(
%
%
!
!
"%
%
"
"
!
"
" ,
1'
!"
"
"
6
!
! ! ,
6 &
!""
"%1'
#
! !* " %
%
*
"
"
,
61'
"!
!
!*
*"!*
'
"
"
,
*"
"
&
1'
+
"!3
!*"
!"
"
6
>3" " * $"
4
$"
2
" '' " !* " 7* "* *
"
!%
%
'
=
!$"
+
"4
''7
!"
"
""
"%'
3
" " * $"
O
"
-
"
$"
-"
$"
+"
'' 3" " !* " !* * "
!*""
"%'
3
" " * $"
4
$"
4" + " '' "
!*"!*
*
'
5
ACWP
AD
ADM
AF
AOA
AON
AS
BAC
BCWP
BCWS
q
!"!
("
!
=
"!*
,16;-!j<
q
-&
-&"
3
q
>%
"
3
4""!
!*
4""!*
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
CCB
CPFF
CPIF
CPI
CPM
CV
DD
DU
EAC
EF
ES
ETC
EV
FF
FFP
FPIF
FS
"
+"
"
"%
,1
+"
"%
!
"!
!*
=
-
!*
4%
"
3
"
3
"!
!*
"!
"";
&
<
#"
"
+ " "%
!
:";
&(<
GERT C
%
$./
IFB
LF
LOE
LS
MPM
OBS
PC
PDM
PERT
PF
PM
PMBOK
PMP
PS
QA
QC
RAM
RDU
RFP
RFQ
SF
SOW
SPI
SS
SV
TC
TF
TS
43
$"
"
!%
%
!
"
3
!
V
3
"";!j"
3!<
#
*
!,
1
"
4%
%
4%
%
>%
%
4
"%
%
4"
"
+
"
=
"
"
"3%
:
%
:
!
%
-
";(&
<
&
!
""!
-
";(&(<
"
""
3
""
""
3
"
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
TQM
WBS
"
"
6
=
!* " " 3
" !*
*
"!
'
4"
"
6
#
!"!
!
"7
@ "
! ! " %
"
,
'#").
"
!*
"!
"
!
!
"
,
'%
#").
D**EFGHIJKLKHMNIHOKP
''##
D*HKQKHMR( "!
!"
"
'-!
%
%
!
!' -
-
'
Activity definition - ' *
"!
*"!%
!*
"
'
Activity description (AD) - 8$
'+
"
"
"
'!
,
%
1!'
Activity Duration Estimating ? !
" ' ""
"
*!*"!
!'
Activity on Arrow .++/ ? ( ' ,
# # "
<"8
=.
D*HKQKHM SG TEUV .+T/ R ('
' @ /##
"<"8#/"=
Actual Cost of Work Performed (ACWP) - W
$ & "!,!
"
!
1"!
!"
"
''%
#""(.
Actual Finish Date (AF) - W
=
"
!
' ,46 2 !* * %
"!
"
3
'1
Actual Start Date (AS) - W
=
"
!
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Administrative Closure - +
$'
4" "
3
'
Application Area ? 1% !
+
" !
7
!
"
" * *' 4!
! " * ,
*% * !3
! 1 ,
"
"
3
"
"
!
1'
!%
'
Arrow - ?./V
"
!','%
ADM).
Arrow Diagramming Method (ADM) - =
"
" " ! "
! " "
,
1' ;h"< ! ;
< & ,
%
! "
"
1' -! " * !"
!* "
3 ,1
,! %
!* " * %"1 "
"
%!"!!
!''%
PDM.
As-of-Date - '+
"(
Backward Pass - ' -
" * * "
3
!* "
* ' "
%!!"
3
!
'
"
3
%
!"!
(
"
"
"
"''%
#.
XIOYZIOHR[
.
%
/ 'V
%
" ' 2 ! ! !
7
!
"
*"
"
!!""
*!
%
%
""
!*
,1"3
"
!*""
"'#%
!"
@.
XI\VLKGV R 7$
"' *! "
"!* ' 4
"!
,"
%
!1 , !1 "!
,!
1 ' ! !;<;<;<
"!
''
Baseline Finish Date - 7$
''#
.
Baseline Start Date - 7$
''#
.
Budget at Completion (BAC) - 7&!$'
"
3
'
Budget Estimate - &!''
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Budgeted Cost of Work Performed (BCWP) ? " "!* ," !
!!
!1 ! , 1
"!
!* " "
"
,! 1' '
%
#""(.
Budgeted Cost of Work Scheduled (BCWS) ? " $
.
"!* ," !!
1 ! , 1
!* "!
" " "
,! 1''%
#""(
Calendar Unit - # ' (
3 "
"
'+
!
!"""**
* %
! "
! " * %
" *' 4
"
"!**%
%
'
Change Control Board (CCB) - 1 & $ $
" "
"
" *
"
'
Change in Scope - -$
'
.
Chart of Accounts - 1 ' ? " " %"
,
6 " !1' *
" !"!"
*
"
''%
#.
YZIOHVORA''#.
Code of Accounts - # ' ? " " %7
"
''%
(#.
Communications Planning - ' !* !*
"
'
Concurrent Engineering ? # !
' 4* "
" " "
3
7
"' O #".
Contingencies ? 8
$ ''##
#
"(.
Contingency Allowance ? ?
$ ''.
Contingency Planning ? $ ' - "
! "!
!
%
"
*
"%
"!*!'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Contingency Reserve - ($ " ' "
"
3
* "%!* !
!
"! 3 , !"
!
u"
! "
v1' (
!
" " * )
"
'
-
"! "
!
" " "
"
'
!
""
"
"
% "!
' ! " " *! "
'
YEGHOI*H R #' 3
!"
4"
" "
! 4
& ' +! " "
3
6
+"
' ""
"
!
" ! " ' 4 "!
" " ! "
! !
"! %
"!
!* * "!
'
+! "
' " "
,
"
1 !* ' :! ! -
!
! ,! !
"
" ! 1 "
!
! ,
" "%
!
" ! "!
"!
1'+"
!
!!!""
3
!*
' +! "
" " !
"! %
"!
!* * "!
'
!'
+!
'+"
"
,
6 Q5P !* Q9'PZ 1'
"
" " *!* "
3
!'
Contract Administration - (' "
3
"'
Contract Close-out - 0
' :"
3
!
"
3
"
*!*""'
Control ? #"' 4
"
"!
"! "%!*
"
"
* (
#"
%
!*
""
'
Control Charts - #"%
' %
"
"
"
3
!"
'
*
u
v
"
"
'
Corrective Action - #
& ' "!
"
"!
""
"
'
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Cost Budgeting ? ($ &!' -
!* !
'
Cost control - #"$'+
*%
'
YE\H]\HKNIHKG^R
'
"
*!*"!
,
"
1'
Cost of Quality - 1
"':!
*!
%
"
"' " "
"
" " "
!
!,"1'
Cost Performance Index (CPI) - - 3
! ,pDoriCDor1' DrF "
"
! "% "
" !6
" !
!iDrF W "
3
' ' %
#""(
Cost plus fixed fee contract (CPFF contract) - # $
$ &
%
$!
# "
"
!
! ,
!
1 " "
!
,1'
Cost plus incentive fee contract (CPIF contract) - # $
$! &
" $!
# "
"
!
%,
!
1"
!
!*
""!
'
Cost variance (CV) - ,91 ? % "!
%
',012ECn{E\tCRE&pDor
CDor' 2 "!
!* 6 !'
Crashing ? 1!
' 2!
" %
" " %
%
3**'
Critical Activity - #
' - % ' 2
3"
"
",
* &.
Critical Path - #
"' 2 " ,
1 & "
"
3
' +
"
"
" " "
3 ! %
"!*
"'h!
"!
"
%
!
%
"( " # +
! "
!
""
!*
3
"
"
"
''
.
�96 Project Management Institute, 130 South State Road, Upper Darby, PA 19082 USA
Critical Path Method .Y23/ ' #
* " "
,1 %
"
, 1 3 "
##' -
"! (
"
"
! '
4
"! (
"
!
"
3
'
Current Finish Date - C ' " "
3
! " "
'
Current Start Date C ' " ! " "
'
Data Date .__/ ? ($
' #
"
! ,
1 !
* ,"!*1 !*' (!"
%
;
<'
_V`KGKHKQV]\HKNIHV"''
Deliverable ? ($"?
!
!
!;"!*<
!
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
2
Размер файла
811 Кб
Теги
знание, дункан, проектам, pdf, управления, 2005, свода, введение
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа