An X-ray atlas of the royal mummies. Edited by J.E. Harris and E.F. Wente. The University of Chicago Press Chicago 1980. xxviii + 403 pp references figures tables index microfiche. $60код для вставкиСкачать
BOOK REVIEWS 207 loom large in current debates about the selective process. Any evolutionary change must occur somewhere along the life history trajectory of an organism, and we should not be fooled by a seeming overemphasis on adult forms. Paleoanthropology has had an unfortunate role to play in our view of evolution as concerning adults only. Craig’s volume is a useful reminder that the evolutionary play involves all the ages recited by Jacques in As You Like It. As an anthropologist, what I find lacking in Human Development is the sense of mystery and passion that confronts students of development. The cross-cultural data have been stripped of their flesh and made to fit into current psychological models. There is no effort to compare and contrast developmental models except as differences arise within Western psychology. All societies develop taxonomies of human development. What accounts for this cross-cultural variation? This is not considered an important question, nor as mentioned, are questions of life history strategies broached. As an educator, I believe that a more proper placement for Craig’s book is a t the secondary education level. The data contained in the book should be made known to all our children and not the select few who make it to a psychology class in university. The language is simple and the format appropriate. In a very real sense Craig has written a life-history ethnography that is catholic and vivid in its portrayal of Western societies’ beliefs about development. Being as it is eclectic, most sides of controversial issues - e.g. pregnancy, medication, treatment of old people - are dealt with evenhandedly. The important point is that many sides are exposed, many theories, many perceptions, many differences. The problem of variation is more properly dealt with at the university level and requires a text that engages the student in mental exercises other than rote learning. AN X-RAY ATLAS OF THE ROYAL MUMMIES. Edited by J. E. Harris and E. F. Wente. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1980. xxviii 4-403 pp, references, figures, tables, index, microfiche. $60.00 (cloth). the radiologic techniques and findings and determinations of age a t death from radiologic evidence and historical sources. The text concludes with an assessment of relationships among the pharaohs based on consideration of craniofacial variations. Almost a postscript, placed after the index, is the actual “Atlas” of the title, consisting of a microfiche file of 266 radiographs of the 34 mummies, computer-derived cephalometric tracings of all but one of the mummies, and 57 color slides. Little of this material, 4 of the slides and fewer than 20 of the X-rays, has been previously published. The major strength of the book is the expertise of the 12 authors in their various fields of dentistry, Egyptology, medicine and medical history, radiology, and forensic anthropology. The chapters are essentially self-contained entities that cover these areas thoroughly. Multiple authorship is not without risks and potential weaknesses, however, even if the inevitable stylistic variation of this approach is discounted. The very self-sufficiency of the chapters is a disappointment, in that correlation between obviously related chapters is lacking. For example, there is no single chart comparing the ages of the mummies derived from X-ray data and historical sources. The potential value of these two chapters, which This book has been eagerly awaited since Harris and Weeks’ 1973 publication of X-Raying the Pharaohs, which was aimed at a broader, more general readership. The University of Michigan group directed by James E. Harris, Chairman of the Department of Orthodontics, was presented with a priceless opportunity to examine the mummies of New Kingdom royalty in the Cairo Museum. Invasive techniques are inappropriate for this collection, and Harris’ group has been remarkably successful in deriving the maximum amount of information from technically difficult and often technologically ingenious radiologic studies. The ten chapters include thorough reviews of current knowledge of ancient Egyptian mummification, medicine, dentistry and royal genealogy. The results of the study are presented in great detail in chapters covering USHERFLEEING University of Calgary 208 BOOK REVIEWS together constitute a quarter of the book, is thus not quite realized. Lack of correlation among chapters is also seen in the occasional repetition of information and illustrations, There are three lateral X-rays of the head of Ramessess 11, with only one, incorrect, index entry under “Ramessess 11, X-rays of.” Many of the references are unavoidably repetitive as well, such as the six listings of the 1973 Harris and Weeks book. Editorial shortcomings are also seen in the frequent typographical errors. I counted eight, unacceptable in a book in this price range. Tighter editing might have helped lower the price; at $60 most readers would consider this purchase carefully. From the point of view of the physical anthropologist, I found much of the historical information, particularly on the royal genealogy, to be confusingly detailed, although it may well be elementary to sophisticates in Egyptology. On the other hand, the physical anthropologist or paleopathologist must decide whether the new information and superb illustrations justify the expense. My concern is with value received much of the information is available in the easily read and much less expensive 1973 book, and the new information is available in the periodical literature. In the Preface the editors suggest that the reader draw his own conclusions from the illustrations. I would have appreciated more insight into the editor’s conclusions. In this vein, I would recommend the purchase of this book only to those directly involved in Egyptian paleopathology, although a reading would be of benefit to anyone interested in the general study of paleopathology or ancient Egypt. MICHAEL R. ZIMMERMAN Hahnemann Medical College Hospital University of Pennsylvania LITERATURE CITED Harris,J.E., and Weeks, K.R. (1973)X-Raying the Pharaohs, New York: Scribner’s. BOOKS RECEIVED Astrom, P., and S.A. Eriksson (1981) Fingerprints and Archaeology. Atlantic Highlands: Humanities Press. Pp. 88. $42.00 (paper). Cavalli-Sforza,L.L., and M.W. Feldman (1981) Cultural Transmission and Evolution: A Quantitative Approach. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Pp. 388. $25.00 (cloth). Erwin, J., and T.L. Maple (eds) (1981) American Journal of Primatology, Volume 1, Number 1. New York: Alan R. Liss. Pp. 123. $70.00 U.S.; $80.00 Europe, the Middle East, Africa; $77.00 other countries. Flynn, J.R. (1980)Race, I Q and Jensen. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Pp. 313. $27.50 (cloth). Gregory, J.T., J.A. Bacskai, and G.V. Shkurkin (1981) Bibliography of Fossil Vertebrates 1978. Falls Church: The American Geological Institute. Pp. 380. $50.00 (paper). Hanson, E.D. (1981) Understanding Evolution. New York: Oxford University Press. Pp. 556. $21.95 (cloth). Harris, D.R. (1980) Human Ecology in Sauannu Environments. New York: Academic Press. Pp. 522. $52.50 (cloth). Jurmain, R., H. Nelson, H. Kurashina, and W.A. Turnbaugh (1981) Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archeology. St. Paul: West Publishing Company. Pp. 511. $16.95 (paper). Jurmain, R., H. Nelson, H. Kurashina, and W.A. Turnbaugh (1981) Instructor’s Manual to Accompany Understanding Physical A n thropology and Archaeology. St. Paul: West Publishing Company, Pp. 135. $7.95 (paper). Morbeck, M.E., H. Preuschoft, and N. Gomberg (1979)Environment, Behavior and Morphology. New York: Gustav Fischer. Pp. 424. $29.50 (cloth). Weiss, M.L., and A.E. Mann (1981)Human Biology and Behavior (3rd ed). Boston: Little, Brown and Company. Pp. 559. $17.95 (cloth). Wilbert, J., and M. Layrisse (eds)(1980)Demographic and Biological Studies of the Warao Indians. Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Centre Publications. Pp. 252. $29.50 (cloth).