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Animal and human calorimetry. By J.A. McLean and C. Tobin. New York Cambridge University Press. 1987. xiii + 338 pp. figures tables index. $69

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spite the sketchiness of data over a ZOO-year
Those of us interested in vervet monkeys
and those of us interested in this rare example of a natural evolutionary experiment are
indebted to Denham for offering plausible
alternatives to a previously unchallenged explanation of the origin of these populations.
However, there are some areas in which this
monograph could have been stronger.
Much of the book is devoted to the Barbados animals. Because most behavioral studies of vervets have been done on St. Kitts,
more emphasis on the St. Kitts animals’
origins and history would have been welcome. Denham argues that one of the current
phenotypic variants, mottled face depigmentation, indicates heterogeneity of origin. It is
unclear whether this trait is genetic and
what, if any, utility it has as a population
marker. Finally, as Denham himself suggests, this work seems to be premature. He
has not yet explored the unpublished material such as wills and other local records that
might bear on his hypothesis. As is, the book
is a composite of two articles published in the
Journal of the Barbados Museum and Historical Society plus a n appendix of the 34 primary sources. Making this work more
accessible is of value, but Denham could have
rendered a greater service by completing and
including additional work in this volume so
that we might be closer to answering the
important questions raised.
in the technology of calorimetry, because the
emphasis is on methodology and instrumentation rather than biochemical, physiological, or nutritional implications and applications.
Details of the very latest “direct” calorimetry (heat-sink, convection, differential,
gradient layer) and “indirect” (gaseous exchange, labelled water) methods and instruments for measuring heat generation or
dissipation from humadanimal bodies are
presented. They are applied to determinations not only of gross energy metabolism
but also of individual chemical elements and
major food categories (carbohydrates, fats,
proteins). Pros and cons and limitations of
the various methods are discussed together
with information on calibrations and standards for every aspect of the processes and
instruments used. There is a wealth of reference information including a comprehensive
review of published values for the various
methods, equations, tables of contents, and
reference standards to facilitate calculations.
For the troubleshooter in calorimetry research dealing with malfunctions or discrepancies in the calorimetry system, this book
may hold the answer.
Foods and Nutrition
Oregon State University
Corvallis, Oregon
Department of Anthropology
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
By Martin Daly and Margo Wilson. Hawthorne, NY: Walter de Gruyter,
Inc. 1988. xii + 321 pp., tables, figures,
index. $42.95 (cloth), $18.95 (paper).
By J.A.
McLean and C. Tobin. New York: Cambridge University Press. 1987. xiii + 338
pp., figures, tables, index. $69.50 (cloth).
This is no mere criminological tract. Although analyses of modern crime statisticsfrom Canada, Detroit, Miami, Iceland, Australia, and Belgium-are central to the work,
this Darwinian investigation of intrasocietal
killings includes equally significant discussions of familiar ethnographic cases, from
Myans and New Guineans to the Tiv, !Kung
San, and Yanomamo, several controlled crosscultural comparisons, and some British legal
history from the 14th century on. The work
is a n outgrowth of over a decade of work on
interpersonal violence and the Darwinian
theory of behavior. Daly and Wilson justify
their choice of homicide as a salient, if extreme, human behavior for which more reliable data exist than for other nonfatal
This book is a comprehensive compilation
of research and development in the complex
field of animalhuman calorimetry measurements. There are more than 450 reference
publications cited. The history of calorimetry
is traced from its beginnings 200 years ago
with the observations of Lavoisier up to present-day highly sophisticated electronic methods of gas analysis, automatic control
systems, and computer-controlled data logging. However, usefulness of this publication
is probably limited to those directly involved
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figuren, xiii, tobin, university, calorimetric, index, 1987, human, new, mclean, cambridge, york, animals, tablet, 338, pres
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