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Anthropologie des cambodgiens. By G. Olivier. 430 pp. and 55 ill. Ecole Franaise d'Extrme-Orient Adrien-Maisonneuve Paris

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156
BOOK REVIEWS
hominids. The instructor who uses Brace’s
book must be cautious in analyzing evolutionary principles for students. Chapter 7,
“Evolutionary Principles,” is much too cursory and there are many things in it that
can be confusing if the instructor is not
fully cognizant of the pitfalls and misinterpretations that are possible. This is a useful if brief text that can be an aid in
freshman courses. It is not, in my opinion,
a substitute for a course in physical anthropology or human evolution and could
only be used a s supplementary reading in
a course in general anthropology.
BUETTNER-JANUSCH
Departments of Anatomy and Zoology,
Duke University
JOHN
ANTHROPOLOGIEDES CAMBODGIENS.
By G .
Olivier. 430 pp. and 55 ill. Ecole FranCaise dExtr6me-Orient, Adrien-Maisonneuve, Paris. 1968.
In his introduction, the author writes:
“The aim of this study would be to give
historians, linguists and archeologists more
complete anthropological data and to provide a morphological background for discussions on hand about the Khmer culture
and the importance of outside influences.”
Dr. Olivier’s work appears therefore as a
monograph in which he has gathered together original and bibliographical information on the populations of Cambodia.
He has also attempted to relate the data
to the demographic and cultural history of
this complex region.
The first part of the volume contains a
detailed description of anthropological
characteristics and a chapter by J. Moullec,
on blood groups. The second part is placed
under the heading: “Racial components of
the Cambodians.”
We are indebted to the author, not only
for assembling many scattered data, but
also for bringing new information. He is
conscious of the fact and admits that his
material is as yet fragmentary and that
often many of the samples are unrepresentative due to their origin. But one should
bear in mind that the populations of the
Indochinese Peninsula are so complex to
begin with that they would not easily lend
themselves to analysis even if there had
been a complete anthropological survey and
a systematic exploration. Even though extensive ethnological and socio-demographic
data are not available, the author has set
himself the difficult task of elaborating in
several directions, taking advantage of
whatever material there is. He starts out
with a brief attempt at a “typological”analysis, inspired by the methods of Schlaginhaufen and the work of Czekanowski and
Wanke, but the results are not too convincing. Dr. Olivier is the f i s t to admit it,
which is not surprising; the analysis was
mainly undertaken for the sake of thoroughness, and the outcome confirms this
reviewer’s belief that typologolical methods lack significance.
Taking up his material again, but this
time according to classical, statistical
methods, the author places the different
groups in relation to one another and uses
the correlations and associations found
among the Khmers, in order to discover
any existing cross-breeding. His conclusion
is that the Khmer characteristics as such
are due to local differentiation rather than
to wide cross-breeding. On the other hand,
the genetic study attached to this anthropometric analysis seems not as satisfactory, Some interpretations on heterosis
would need more background. Further, one
regrets not to find a blood group analysis
of dihybridism and trihybridism. The material brought by Moullec on blood groups
hardly throws any light on this matter, because the sample is insufficient and of
dispersed origin, and it is more a sample
survey than an actual study of the problem.
Dr. Olivier’s work may well be considered as an intermediary stage between
previous researches of which it is the report and the synthesis - and a systematic
analysis to be undertaken in the future
according to the standards of contemporary
anthropology requiring means that have
not been available up to now.
This publication is not only excellently
produced, but must also be given credit for
bringing, in an appendix, every individual
data collected by the author, which makes
it an indispensable documentary source
157
BOOK REVIEWS
for all those who are interested in the populations of the Indochinese Peninsula.
sis is given in modes, medians, means, annual growth increments, standard deviations, coefficients of variation and ranges
JEAN BENOIST
for each category. In some charts, the reUniuersitd de Montrgal,
Canada
sults are compared with earlier Peruvian
work and other selected world-wide studies.
For the physical anthropologist, the
DESARROLO
SOM~TICO
Y RENDIMIENTO
Ffs- study can be a teaser. By age 11, the puICO DEL ESCOLAR PERUANO.
By Ernest0 bertal growth spurt is under way in several
Esteblin A. and Rolland G . Paulston. 312 characteristics, and not yet finished by
pp., 180 tables, 6 charts, 1 map, 5 ap- age 20 in others. When do they begin and
pendices and a selected and annotated
end‘? Why does increase in stature become
bibliography. Publicaciones del Centro “negative” by age 19 in certain groups?
de Investigaciones Pedag6gicas NO. 7, There seems to be a real lack of thoracic
Lima, Perb. 1968.
circumference difference between highThis book is primarily a guide-book for land and lowland males, while it is quite
teachers of physical education in Peru, a apparent in females. Highland female
progress report, a compendium of vast breathing patterns seem to suddenly shift
amounts of data, and in several ways it is at age 14 or 15, or is this female bashfula model report. It is not a finished mono- ness or faulty technique? These and a segraph intended for physical anthropolo- ries of other interesting questions arise
gists, although the interested scholar will from a careful perusal of the data; answers
to them can only be guessed.
find it valua.ble.
On the whole, the book serves its purThe study contains growth data and
physical fitness standards for over 30,000 pose and is a worthwhile contribution. The
Peruvian secondary school children - writing is good and background explanamales and females - from ages 11 to 20; tion lucid. Tables and charts are clear and
more specifically, stature, weight, maxi- well-constructed. And the annotated biblimum and minimum chest circumferences ography compiled by the Sra. de VQsquez
and thoracic elasticity, and fitness stand- provides the scholar a useful summary of
ards (but not data) for the 100 meter and some past theoretical and substantive arti50 meter runs, running long jump, and cles concerning growth. It is hoped that
basket-ball throw. Data were gathered by the tremendous amount of data amassed
physical education teachers from all over for the study will be reanalyzed in detail
Peru who were given instructions and in- by the excellent physical anthropoIogists
struments. The analysis is divided geo- that have traditionally formed a part of the
graphically into seven regions : north, cen- Peruvian academic community.
tral and southern coasts, north, central
JOHN M. MCCULLOUGH
and southern highlands, and the eastern
Uniuersitu of Utah
lowlands (Oriente).
The book begins with a review of statistical formulae used in the data analysis, a HALDANE
AND MODERNBIOLOGY.
Edited by
happy addition. This is followed by a brief
K. R. Dronamraju. xviii 333 pp. Johns
discussion of theories of growth, including
Hopkins Press, Baltimore. 1968. $10.95.
factors probably operating to produce variation, then four very short chapters, each
This is a memorial to the late J. B. S.
modeled on a standard format, explaining Ilaldane, one of the founders of the biothe measurement, how it is taken, and the logical, or synthetic, theory of evolution
basic results for each of the seven regions. (the other founders having been R. A.
After each chapter are placed the appro- Fisher, S. S. Tchetverikov, and Sewall
priate charts and diagrams in which the Wright). In addition to the editor’s preface,
data summaries are presented. The data the book contains 27 articles (5 of them
are divided by region, age, and sex with called “appendices”) by 32 authors, most
sample number and percent; data analy- of them American and British, but also
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