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Boilers Evaporators and Condensers by S. Kacak. John Wiley and Sons Inc. New York USA (1991). 835 pp

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Units 2-4 cover the fundamental concepts of tuning, namely the modes of
feedback control, the characterization and measurement of process dynamic response,
the selection of controller performance, and the adjustment of the tuning parameters.
Unit 5 is concerned with selection of controller modes and tuning parameters for
some typical control loops. Unit 6 is devoted to the specific problem of tuning
computer- and microprocessor-based control algorithms. The latter part of the book
(units 7-10) demonstrates how to tune the more advanced industrial control strategies,
namely cascade, feedforward, multivariable, and adaptive control systems. The book
concentrates on how the tuning methods relate to the dynamic characteristics of the
controlled process. The aim is to provide insight on the tuning procedures rather than
a mass of information to be memorised. Techniques based on frequency response,
root locus, and state space analysis are not included. My only reservation is that the
inclusion of more worked examples would have been a valuable addition. Without a
teachedtutor, an independent learning module must rely heavily upon examples to
illustrate the use of the text material.
In summary, I highly recommend this book to students (to supplement formal
taught courses in process control) and to practicing engineers. I hope that the reader
does not assume that this is the whole story/extent of knowledge on this topic. It
achieves its objectives and is a valuable and useful learning module. The aim is to
produce four such volumes per year, I eagerly look forward to the arrival of the
subsequent modules.
Martyn S. Ray
Boilers, Evaporators and Condensers, by S. Kacak. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.,
New York, USA (1991). 835 pp. ISBN 0471-62170-6.
This is an excellent book that has been very thoroughly and professionally edited.
I have seen many multi-authored texts under the overall direction of an editor that
have still needed tidying up to make the final copy appear as a uniform book rather
than a collection of paperskhapters independently thrown together. Thankfully this
book does not fall into this category. It is well edited and despite separate
nomenclatures for each chapter, which is probably inevitable, it reads as a carefully
thought out treatise on the subject. I found very few typographical (or other) mistakes
while performing this review. The coherence of the book is probably helped by the
fact that Professor Kacak wrote the Introduction (Chapter 1) and also co- authored
Chapters 2, 3 and 4. There is often bias against edited books (even Perry), the
detractors claiming that a single author presents a more balanced and consistent
approach to the material. There is some merit in this argument, however it also makes
sense to use the expertise of leaders in particular fields especially for a topic as large
as Boilers, Evaporators and Condensers.
The book consists of 13 chapters, plus an appendix of thermophysical properties.
There is a useful index, although an author index would have been appreciated its
omission is not serious. Also included are a good number of worked
examples/calculations illustrating the design methods discussed. This book should
become an essential reference text for undergraduate engineering students to
compliment their basic heat transfer units. It will be an invaluable reference source
when faced with the design of systems involving change of phase. Evaporator design
is already covered quite well in the literature, but boiling and condensation design
65
methods and data are fairly fragmented. Students involved in design studies usually
go to Perry or Kern (the latter even after 40 years!) as an initial reference source.
While useful, they hardly present an in-depth coverage of design methods and
associated topics. This book fills the gap in the literature very well, and the inclusion
of evaporators is logical and welcome.
This book is not written as a student text, although undergraduates taking heat
transfer units will find it well written and presented, and easy to follow. No weighty
academic tome this, but a clear concise design guide. The keener students will find
their appreciationhnderstanding of the practical aspects of heat transfer very much
enhanced by extended reading of the course material from this book.
The book is aimed at professional engineers and as reference for the engineering
design units of an undergraduate curriculum - in these areas it provides admirable
coverage. It includes practical aspects such as Chapter 4: Heat Exchanger Fouling
(only one mention of T.R. Bott, perhaps the leading UK expert!), start-up systems and
feed-water control of boilers (in Chapter 7), common problems in boiler operation (in
Chapter 9), etc. The material extensively covers shell-and-tube-type equipment,
however a separate chapter specifically on plate heat exchangers (by a suitable expert
in the field) would have been a useful addition. Associated topics such as design of
heat exchanger networks and the use of pinch technology would also have valuable
additions, however the editor must draw the line somewhere (and there is a wealth of
literature already published on these topics).
In summary, an excellent book which will be a valuable reference source for both
practicing engineers and final year undergraduate students. It will make a good
alternative to Kern in the area of heat transfer with change of phase. If you can’t
afford a personal copy, make sure there is one available in the library - it. will see
plenty of use!
Martyn S. Ray
Process Design Case Studles, by R. Scott and N. Macleod. IChemE, UK (1992).
123 pp. ISBN 0-85295-2767.
This is a great little book. Every undergraduate chemical engineer should read it
before they graduate, and it should have been written a long time ago. As per the title
it is a set of case studies illustrating the stages and pitfalls in the design process. This
book should be required reading prior to starting the Design Project - to ensure that
the students realise that the real world is not comprised of textbook type problems
with a single exam-type answer. The main problem will probably be that it does not
contain a broad enough coverage to compete with established plant design texts such
as Peters and Timmerhaus, and with the shrinking student dollar it is unlikely to
achieve the sales it undoubtedly deserves. Quantity is no indicator of quality, as
evidenced by the excellent concise writings of Trevor Kletz on safety, and this book
is a little gem. However, that could be its main problem and my only criticism is that
it is too short! I would have enjoyed reading another 100 pages of design examples
of the real world-type problems. I wish the authors great success and many reprints,
and I hope they produce an expanded second edition sometime in the not-too-distant
future.
Martyn S. Ray
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condensed, 835, inc, sons, new, john, 1991, york, usa, boilers, kacak, wiley, evaporators
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