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Book Review Advanced Inorganic Chemistry. 5th Edition. By F. A. Cotton and G. Wilkinson

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Industrielle Organische Pigmente. Herstellung, Eigenschaften, Anwendung. By W. Herbst and K. Hunger. VCH
Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim 1987. xiv, 637 pp., hard
cover, DM 320.00. -ISBN 3-527-263 19-5
The chemistry, properties and methods of use of organic
dyes and pigments as colorants for textiles, paper, leather
and similar substrates have already been the subject of numerous monographs, and have also to varying degrees found
their way into many organic chemistry textbooks, and thus
even into undergraduate courses. However, this is not true of
the second large group of organic coloring media, namely
those pigments that are used mainly in the manufacture of
printing inks, paints and varnishes, and as colorants forplastics. In view of the continual growth in the technological and
economic importance of this latter group of products, and
also the scientific problems which they present, the appearance now of a substantial and comprehensive monograph on
this subject is very much to be welcomed; the book deals with
all the different types of industrially manufactured pigments,
mainly from the practitioner’s point of view.
The general part of the book (190 pp.) begins by defining
the book’s subject of organic pigments, as distinct from inorganic pigments and organic dyes, then goes on to give a brief
classification of the different types of pigments according to
their chemical structures. The chemical and physical properties of each group, and their important behavioral characteristics when in use (e.g. color shade and strength, fastness,
crystallinity, polymorphism, particle size distribution, coloring behavior), are described, together with the relevant test
methods. Next the reader learns about the different areas of
application of organic pigments.
The main part of the book contains a tersely written, but
nevertheless almost exhaustive, description of the large class
of the azo pigments (230 pp.), e.g. mono- and bis-azo, naphthol-AS, benzimidazolone, and metal complex pigments, followed by polycyclic pigments (1 34 pp.), such as the phthalocyanines, the quinacridones, the dioxazines, the perylene
and perinone derivatives, and other types related to these in
the wider sense. In every case the structures, synthetic methods, properties and applications are described, and the various commercially available products are summarized.
A further section (12 pp.) deals with the environmental
aspects and toxicology of pigments, and with relevant legis!ation. The book ends with a set of formula schemes describing the synthetic methods used for making the most important pigments (32 pp.), together with a reference table of
pigments and a subject index.
Because of its comprehensiveness, and the convenient
arrangement and competent treatment of the material, the
book is an almost ideal information source both for the
practitioner in the field and for the reader about to enter it.
The important aspects of the synthesis and applications of
organic pigments are dealt with very fully, in a clear style and
with a rational sub-division of the material. The excellent
layout is a considerable aid to the reader, and it is a pleasure
to open the book. The price seems an acceptable one for the
readership envisaged by the authors, but the same does not
apply for university departmental libraries or others interested in the topic.
In the reviewer’s opinion, specialists in other fields who
want to try something new could usefully consult this book.
For example, a solid state physicist or materials scientist
who. in his own studies (unrelated to pigments), wishes to
investigate a range of different chemical structures, could
hardly find a greater variety of easily prepared, crystallizable
substances with well-defined structures than the pigments
A n g m Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 28 (1989) No. 8
described here. To summarize, in this book by W. Herbst and
K. Hunger we now have a standard work which will hold its
place in the literature for a long time to come.
Wolfgang Liittke [NB 981 IE]
Organisch-Chemisches Institut
der Universitat Gottingen (FRG)
Advanced Inorganic Chemistry. 5th Edition. By E A . Cotton
and G. Wilkinson. Wiley, Chichester 1988, xvii, 1455 pp.,
hard cover, $44.95. -ISBN 0-471-84997-9
Eight years after the publication of the previous edition
there is now a new “Cotton& Wilkinson” in its original
English version. For a book which is aimed not only at
advanced students but at everyone with interests in modern
inorganic chemistry, this time interval is just about long
enough for the most recent developments to be treated at a
textbook distance. This already highlights one of the undoubted merits of the concept followed since the appearance
of the first edition in 1962; the evidence of the authors’ own
productive research activities (more than 1000 scientific
papers by E A . Cotton) guarantees a careful selection and
critical appraisal of results from the current literature.
What, then, can long-standing “subscribers” to this work
and first-time readers expect to find? The manuscript deadline was mid-1987, and consequently the new superconducting materials are represented only by five lines tucked away
in the chapter on copper oxides and one literature citation
(Whungbo and WiNiums). For reasons of space, only citations later than 1979 are included, and one therefore needs to
refer to previous editions for work published earlier. Although the text itself contains very few printing errors, the
citations themselves are marred by some repeated annoying
mistakes in German names (e.g. Hiittner, Sherer).
The overemphasis in “Cotton & Wilkinson” on transition
metal and coordination chemistry at the expense of Main
Group element and molecular compounds is perceived as
such especially in the German-speaking world and is still
clearly detectable despite the claim to the opposite in the
book’s blurb. This is apparent both from the choice of literature references and from the (too scanty) list of contents.
A short introduction to coordination geometry and ligand
classification is followed by a systematic treatment of the
elements of the Periodic Table and their compounds; the
enlarged section on Main Group elements is essentially due
to the new system of classifying complex ligands under the
respective coordinating atoms. In this section, moreover, the
treatment is not always up-to-date; for example, the description of the photoreactivity of chlorophyll is identical to that
in the third edition of 1972, and has therefore long been
outdated.
In the transition metals section the compounds of the 4d
and 5d elements are particularly strongly represented; furthermore, the comprehensively discussed topics of systems
with metal-metal, metal-carbon and metal-hydride bonds,
homogeneous catalysis, reaction mechanisms and bioinorganic chemistry are almost entirely concerned with transition
metal compounds.
The still rapidly expanding field of organo-transition metal chemistry (metal carbonyl clusters, complexes containing
C-ligands, catalysis) has been given increased emphasis compared with previous editions. The chapter which appeared in
the fourth edition as “Transition Metal to Carbon Bonds in
Synthesis” has now been given the more explicit title “Oxidative-Addition and Insertion Reactions”. It would have been
desirable to include a comprehensive review of the photo-
$> VCH Verlagsgesell.whaft mhH. 0.6940 Wernheim, 1989
057Cj-O833/89j08OX-1(173B 02.50/0
1073
chemistry of organometallic and coordination compounds, a
topic which has become increasingly important in the last
few years.
The relatively small increase in size of about 60 pages
compared with the previous edition gives a total of 1455
pages, still just about compact enough for convenient use.
This modest increase has been achieved at the cost of excluding some “theoretical” material; as the authors note tersely
in the preface, “something had to go”. The original conception of “Cotton & Wilkinson” thus becomes even more
strongly evident, one aspect being a consistent emphasis on
experimental facts, especially on structural information, as
opposed to interpretations and theoretical models; as the
preface puts it, “theories come and go”. However, in actual
work (or examination) situations such maxims are scarcely
helpful; models, even though they may change with time, are
indispensable for the development of chemical knowledge
(as is the process of disproving them). The approach adopted
by the authors follows the current trend in the USA towards
more “descriptive” chemistry; however, the book is by no
means devoid of necessary theoretical discussions and popular concepts. For example, one finds the planarity of silyl
amines explained in terms of unoccupied silicon d-orbitals
(illustrated by a diagram), isolobal and valence electron rules
are used throughout, and the coordination geometries of the
elements are classified according to their not always meaningful oxidation states.
Thus “Cotton&Wilkinson” can only be recommended to
the student in combination with a textbook such as “Holleman & Wiberg” in which the emphasis is on fundamentals
and Main Group element chemistry; a recent serious alterna-
tive is “Greenwood & Earnshaw”, which covers both fields
equally well. Furthermore, using “Cotton & Wilkinson” as a
work of reference has taken a certain amount of getting used
to; it is true that, in contrast to the still inadequate contents
list, the subject index has been enlarged by 50 % compared
with the previous edition, but the mixing of names with
chemical formulas now results, for example, in “RHgX”
being listed between “Rhenium” and “Rhodium”. To sum
up, however, “Cotton & Wilkinson” in this new edition will
maintain, and may further extend, its unique standing as a
classic work amongst the available literature for students
and teachers of inorganic chemistry; being more ambitions
than a conventional textbook, but now deliberately omitting
the treatment of basic elementary material, this edition provides a selective “eight-year review”, a bonanza of information on important results and developments which could
otherwise easily be overlooked in the general deluge of publications.
Worfsang Kuim fNB 951 IE]
Institut fur Anorganische Chemie
der Universitiit Stuttgart (FRG)
Corrigendum
In the communication entitled “Electron Densities, Deformation Densities, and Chemical Bonding” (Angew. Chem.
Int. Ed. Engl. 28 (1989) 597), the name of one author was
inadvertently omitted. The authors are W. H. Eugen
Schwarz, * Klaus Ruedenberg, Lothar Mensching, Lance L.
Miller, R. Jacobson, Petros Valtazanos, and Wolfgang von
Niessen.
Regi.vrerrd names. trademarks, erc. used in fhisjournal, even when nor marked m such. ore nor ro be consrdered unprorecred hi. / R W .
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Angew. Chem. Inl. Ed. Engl. 28 (1989) No. 8
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