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Book Review Advanced Practical Organic Chemistry. By M. Casey J. Leonard B. Lygo and G

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from a general use standpoint; these have all benefited from
a high level of expertise and the authors’ practical experience.
The book offers a wealth of useful information not only
for newcomers but also for “insiders”, who certainly are not
equally familiar with every one of the separation methods,
and will find here a valuable overview of the current state of
the art (the one exception to this is capillary electrophoresis,
which has made a huge step forward in the past year). The
book can therefore be recommended for buying not only by
libraries but also by everyone working in this field.
Gerhard Seipke [NB 1079 IE]
Pharma Forschung
Hoechst AG, Frankfurt/Main (FRG)
Advanced Practical Organic Chemistry. By M . Cusey, J.
Leonard, B. Lygo and G . Procter. Blackie, Glasgow 1990.
xii, 264 pp., paperback, E 14.95.--ISBN 0-216-92796-X
This book is concerned solely with the practical side of
preparative organic chemistry. The groups of readers for
whom it is intended include not only undergraduates and
graduate students of organic chemistry, but also particularly
those “non-specialists”, such as biologists, biochemists, materials scientists and polymer chemists, for whom, according
to the authors, the book can serve as a useful information
source.
A general introduction in Chapter 1 is followed by a second chapter which describes in detail how to keep a laboratory notebook (experiment number, date, reaction scheme,
references to relevant literature, etc.). Here, as also in other
parts of the book, the text seems to be aimed more at the
“non-specialists” than at organic chemistry undergraduates
and graduate students, who should already have learned
these procedures in their elementary practical work.
Chapter 3 describes in detail the fitting out of an individual work-bench station and of the laboratory as a whole. It is
of particular interest to anyone who needs to set up a new
organic chemistry laboratory. He or she will find here a
useful survey of general laboratory equipment (rotary evaporators. balances, vacuum pumps, drying ovens etc.) and a
detailed list of all the items required at the laboratory bench
(numbers and sizes of flasks, and so forth). There is also a
good description of modern vacuum systems which have
additional facilities for working under inert gases.
Chapter 4 deals with the purification and drying of solvents, and Chapter 5 with the purification and handling of
reagents (e.g. transfering liquids under an inert gas, and the
preparation of diazomethane). There then follows a chapter
on working with gases and another on the various types of
vacuum pumps and their capabilities.
Chapter 8 describes how one carries out an organic reaction. Special attention is devoted to reactions using air-sensitive reagents, and there is a very good account of various
techniques for working under inert gases. Some simple methods that the organic chemist can use to monitor the progress
of a reaction are also described. The following chapter then
deals with the work-up of a reaction mixture, including the
various methods available for purifying reaction products.
The next two chapters are concerned with special points that
arise when carrying out reactions on either a very small or a
very large scale.
The chapter on methods of characterization deals with the
various spectroscopic techniques (NMR, IR, UV, MS), but
unfortunately only very superficially. One must ask whether,
Angeu. Chenr. Inr. Ed. EnxI. 30 ( 1 9 9 t ) No. 2
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instead of this really very scanty treatment of such an important subject, it would not have been more useful to refer the
reader to appropriate books on spectroscopic methods
where these matters are covered in detail.
Towards the end of the book, in a sequence which seems
to make little sense, come chapters on the chemical literature
(Chemical Abstracts, Beilstein, computer databases), special
techniques (photolysis, ozonolysis, vacuum flash pyrolysis
etc.), advice on what to do when a reaction goes wrong,
examples of particular reactions (the preparation of n-butyllithium, the aldol reaction, Claisen rearrangements etc.), and
lastly-incredibly placed at the end of the book-a chapter
on safety. Especially in view of the authors’ claim, referred to
earlier, to have addressed the book in part to a readership
less familiar with preparative organic chemistry, the placing
of the chapter on safety at the end strikes this reviewer as
highly questionable. Paradoxically, this chapter begins by
stating that “safety is your primary responsibility”.
Despite the criticisms made here concerning a few points,
the book as a whole provides a very useful survey of modern
preparative techniques used in the organic chemistry laboratory. It can be recommended for advanced students, who
should be able to afford it in view of the low price.
Hans-Joachim Knolker [NB 1082 IE]
Institut fur Organische Chemie
der Universitat Hannover (FRG)
Chemically Modified Carbon Fibers and their Applications.
By I. N . Ermolenko, I. P . Lyubliner and N . C.: Gulko. VCH
Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim/VCH Publishers, New
York 1990. x, 304 pp., hardcover, DM 184.00.-ISBN 3527-26027-410-89573-873-2
This monograph summarizes in about 300 pages the considerable amount of knowledge gained during the last two
decades on carbon fibers (C-fibers). In 1982 the authors published in book form in the USSR a summary of research on
doped C-fibers. The present book is an English translation of
a revised and considerably enlarged edition of the earlier
work. This review of a specialized field is intended not only
for specialists but also for graduate students and scientists
who wish to become involved in the area of modern fibers.
The introduction describes the various types of C-fibers
and classifies them on the basis of their heat treatment and
mechanical properties. Here the authors explain that the
emphasis in the chapters that follow is on doped C-fibers,
which they call “element-carbon-fibers’’ ; for information on
undoped C-fibers the reader is referred to other reviews.
In Chapter 2 the structures of C-fibers are discussed with
the help of models and experimental results. The pyrolysis
process which is an essential part of the preparation of the
fibers can be considerably influenced by elements and compounds introduced as dopants, and this causes variations in
the (supermolecular) structure of the resulting fibers and in
the distribution and chemical form of the dopants in the
matrix. Chapter 3 deals with mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of C-fibers and their chemical stabilities. In
particular the relationship between microscopic ordering
and mechanical strength is discussed. Two special sections
are devoted to the activation of adsorption and desorption
and that of ion-exchange processes by chemical modification
of the C-fibers.
Chapter 4 deals with the pyrolysis of cellulose fibers as a
four-stage process. For each temperature range in the process the characteristic chemical changes undergone by the
Verlugsgesellschuft mhH, W-6940 Wemheim, 1991
OS70-0833/9t/0202-0213$3.50+ .25/0
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